Current Global Financial Crisis And Resurgence Of Keynesian Economic Model Essay

Length: 4 pages Sources: 4 Subject: Economics Type: Essay Paper: #73046865 Related Topics: Keynesian Theory, Neoliberalism, Financial Crisis, Lehman Brothers
Excerpt from Essay :

¶ … Global Financial Crisis and Resurgence of Keynesian Economic Model

The 2007-2008 global financial crises have been identified as the worst financial crisis apart from the 1930s Great Depression. The collapse of Lehman Brothers and two Bear Stearns in 2007 had been attributed to subprime mortgage crisis that led to the credit crunch, dry up of liquidity, bank failures, massive layoffs and private defaults. Moreover, the crisis threatens the collapse of many large financial institutions, which the national government prevented through the bailout operations. In the contemporary economic environment, global economy is interdependence making the U.S. financial crisis to contribute to the European debt crisis. The crisis has been the primary cause of failure of key businesses, prolonged unemployment and foreclosure. Financial crisis is the disruption of financial markets where markets fail to channel fund efficiently, which consequently prevent productive investment opportunities.

Several factors have been attributed to the global financial crisis. One of the major factors is the subprime lending characterized with corruption and greed on Wall Street. Other factors include decline in equity markets, collapse of the U.S. housing markets and crisis in credit and financial markets. The outcomes of financial crisis lead to the resurgence of the Keynesian economic model.

Objective of this paper is to investigate the root cause of financial crisis and how it has led to the resurgence of the Keynesian economic model. Moreover, the paper analyzes the main argument of Keynesian macroeconomics as well as policy measures that has been derived from the...

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The study also recommends the policy measures to solve the global financial crisis in advanced nations.

Root Causes of Global Financial Crisis

The collapse of the U.S. mortgage financial institution is one of the root causes of financial crisis. Several states in the United States have rules and regulations guiding the lending policies. The lending law forbids banks or financial institutions to offer mortgage loans to individuals with bad credits. By consequence, the sub-prime lending emerges because people with bad credits are unable to have access to standard bank loans. Subprime lending is the loans offered to people having bad credits histories. In other words, the sub-prime lending is the loans offered to risky borrowers.

The sub-prime lending gained a national attention in 1990s because of the emergence of laws that allowed mortgage financial institutions to grant loans to individual with bad credit histories. (Chomsisengphet and Pennington-Cross 2006, Investopedia 2009). In 2000s, there was a rapid growth of sub-prime lending and lenders aggressively offered mortgage equities to large number of borrowers especially people with lower income of between $15,000 and $25,000. (Temkin, Johnson, and Levy 2002). Between 2001 and 2006, millions of Americans became homeowners based on the borrowing opportunities offered by sub-prime lending. However, starting from 2006, there was a housing crash because the prices of housing units were devalued. The U.S. housing bubble reached a peak in 2006 and the value of mortgage securities fell and damaged the global financial institutions.

Homeowners in the United States were unable to sell their houses because housing prices are below the price paid for the housing units. By consequence, many homeowners were unable to honor their payments leading to acute shortage or scarcity of liquidity. Outcomes of the inquiry by the Financial Crisis Commission revealed that only 54% of the 900,000 mortgage loans issued between 2006 and 2007 met the…

Sources Used in Documents:

Reference

Bianco, K.M.(2008). The Subprime Lending Crisis: Causes and Effects of the Mortgage Meltdown.CCH Mortgage Compliance Guide and Bank Digest.

Chomsisengphet, S, and Pennington-Cross, A, (2006), The Evolution of the Subprime Mortgage Market, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review, 88(1), pp. 31-56.

Genetski (2011) Links the global financial crisis to the Keynesian economic theory by pointing out that policy making mistakes have contributed to the financial crisis. Afro Articles.

Investopedia (2009), What is a subprime mortgage, Accessed 07 July 2015, From http://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/07/subprime-mortgage.asp
Mavroudeas, D.S. & Papadatos. D. (2005). Neoliberalism and the Washington Consensus. Available at http://www.econ.uoa.gr/UA/files/1435329852..pdf


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