Nursing Theory Nurses can then not only administer care, but take the time to coach the patient through the care. The nurse can encourage the patient while administering care, providing encouragement to rise above the challenge
Laura Polk's theory of resilience holds that an individual has the ability to rise above adversity. There are a number of factors that contribute to how this occurs -- dispositional, relational, situational and philosophical factors all play into this ability to be resilient (Jackson, 2015). This theory has significant implications for nursing practice, and can be evaluated through the lens of evidence-based practice.
Polk's Theory of Resilience
Individuals rise above adversity
Dispositional, relational, situational, philosophical
Can be evaluated through evidence-based practice
Nurses can influence the different factors that contribute to resilience. The theory was developed on the basis of Polk's own real-life experience. She recognized that nurses can put themselves in the position of the patient, at least to some extent, and by doing this can empathize with the patient. This empathy allows the nurse to see the
Nurses can influence the resilience of patients
Nurses can empathize with the patient
They see the treatment through the eyes of the patient
Not only administer treatment, but coach
The patient receives encouragement to rise above
Slide 3: By encouraging the patient to combat adversity, the nurse is improving the disposition of the patient, relaying better situational information, and building a positive philosophy with the patient that the patient can then be in a better frame of mind to be resilient in the face of adversity. Patients are less likely to lose hope, and are more likely to fight for their own well-being, when nurses apply Polk's theory of resilience.
Relays better situational information
Improves patient philosophy
Builds stronger mental patients, who are more likely to recover
By encouraging the patient to be resilient, the nurse will help improve patient outcomes
Slide 4: At the core of the theory is the idea that we can "transform disaster into growth experience." One of the central roles of the nurse is to work with patients in their process of overcoming adversity. Polk arrived at this conclusion through the study of nursing, and used evidence to help refine her theory (Polk, 1997).
Transform disaster into growth experience
Work with patients to overcome adversity
Polk formulated the theory, then tested it…
Nurses can then not only administer care, but take the time to coach the patient through the care. The nurse can encourage the patient while administering care, providing encouragement to rise above the challenge
Nursing is a tough profession to perform well. There are constant innovations and changes in healthcare that make research and education a top priority among nurses to achieve the goal of providing high quality care. Evidence-based practice offers nurses a way to use the research continuously developed to create strategies and techniques that better suit the needs of patients. However, it is a daunting task that many nurses have not
During the monitoring phase, it was found that the fatigue levels of cancer patients after treatment were significantly improved. The article suggests that therapies other than exercise, as well as alternative exercise therapies can benefit from further research and refinement. Reaching the stage of Evidence-based practice in the Grove model will therefore be a process of increasingly refined and focused research. The Virginia Henderson theory of nursing focuses upon the
The evidence base suggests that approaches such as exercise, screening for treatable risk factors, energy conservation and activity management, progressive muscle relaxation, and education and anticipatory guidance are likely to be effective in reducing fatigue. Anticipating which interventions are likely to be effective can assist clinicians in the design of a multi-component fatigue treatment approaches. Clinicians also can use these results to examine their own practices, identifying intervention strategies
Evidence-based nursing practice allows nursing students into developing an understanding of evaluation methods for healthcare research and integrating their findings into practice for he improvement of their practice, education and management of nursing practice. It is a learning method, which introduces nursing students into the process of using evidence in their practice. The nursing practice and handling of patients demand the best practices from nurses (Williams, & Wilkins, 2008).
Evidence-based nursing is the need of time in order to ensure that the patient outcome is improved and enhanced. Instead of relying only on the information acquired through the nursing education, nurses should incorporate new researches and studies into their daily clinical routine and practices. Despite of its importance, the approach of evidence-based nursing is still not fully registered in the minds of the people and requires clarification. Apart from
For example, although many nurses were taught to place infants in the prone sleeping position to prevent aspiration, there is now persuasive evidence that supine (back) sleeping position decreases the risk for sudden infant death syndrome." (p. 28) This also implicates the practice dimensions of nursing. According to the primary text, evidence-based practice is particularly important as a way to dissuade against poorly informed or assumption-driven decision-making. Where non-evidence-based practice