Therefore from the results of this study alone it would be quite easy to conclude that access to fast food is responsible for increased obesity. Other evidence may however dispute this conclusion though.
A very recent study by Morland & Evenson found examined the relationship between the presence of different types of food establishments and a number of different diet-related health outcomes, including obesity, in the southern region of the U.S. The study utilized data collected from almost 1300 participants and found that the prevalence of obesity was associated with distance to a fast food restaurant, although not in the direction expected: "each mile closer to a fast food restaurant was associated with a lower prevalence of obesity" (493). This may help to explain the comment made by Schlosser that "in Italy and Spain...spending on fast food is relatively low." Although in these countries there remains a high density of fast food restaurants, Schlosser admits that the rate of obesity is much lower in these countries. This would suggest that there are possibly other factors to consider in the impact of fast food access on obesity levels, which is supported by the findings of Morland & Evenson. The results of this study therefore are not in complete...
They suggest that access to fast food is not an isolated causative factor of increased consumption and therefore increased risk of obesity.
In conclusion, it is possible to draw from the information in subsequent studies to support the comments made by Schlosser in Fast Food Nation. It is however also clear that there may be other factors not considered in his arguments, which mean that the facts given by the author do not necessarily speak for themselves. Considering access to fast food in isolation may not be enough to explain trends in obesity. It cannot adequately explain why some populations have experienced increased obesity levels and others have not where the density of fast food restaurants may be similar. Therefore the assertions made in the book that the doubling of obesity in Britain is due to a doubling of fast food restaurants may be somewhat crude. Further investigation into a full interplay of causative factors may be necessary to fully understand the complexity of the situation.
Jeffery, Robert W., Judy Baxter, Maureen McGuire & Jennifer Linde. "Are fast food restaurants an environmental risk factor for obesity?" International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 3(2006): 2-7.
Maddock, J. "The relationship between obesity and the prevalence of fast food restaurants: State-level analysis." American Journal of Health Promotion 19.2(2004): 137-143.
Morland, Kimberly B. & Kelly R. Evenson. "Obesity prevalence and the local food environment." Health & Place 25 (2009): 491-495.
Schlosser, Eric. Fast Food Nation: The Dark…
However, as bad as the conditions may be working inside the restaurants, conditions in the meat-processing plants that provide the animal products used by the industry are far worse. Workers safety laws are ignored, and disease is prevalent. Schlosser reports a heart-rending tale of a young boy who died from E.coli bacteria after eating a tainted Jack-in-the-Box burger. It is difficult to track the source of an infection because
"While a handful of workers manage to rise up the corporate ladder, the vast majority lack full-time employment, receive no benefits, learn few skills" (Schlosser 6). The companies actually receive tax credits for hiring low-income workers although "in 1996 an investigation by the U.S. Department of Labor concluded that 92% of these workers would have been hired by the companies anyway" (Schlosser 72). "While the real value of the wages
The author talks about one farmer who refuses to use the tactics other big ranchers use to fatten up their cattle for the biggest profits at the consumers' expense. He writes, "None of the cattle used in Lasater Grasslands Beef spend any time at a feedlot. The meat is much lower in fat than grain-fed beef, and has a much stronger, most distinctive flavor" (Schlosser, 2002, p. 257). If
Schlosser: Fast Food Nation The fast food industry has been infused into the every nook and corner of American Society over the last three decades. The industry seen to have originated with a few modest hot dog and hamburger of Southern California have been perceived to have extended to every nook and corner of the nation, marketing an extensive range of food products to which affordable customers are found widely. Fast
Jungle and Fast Food Nation The American meat industry has been a source of public contention ever since industrialization, periodically brought to the fore by investigations into and revelations of unsafe labor and food safety practices. In particular, Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle reveals the realities of the meat industry at the beginning of the twentieth century, and Eric Schlosser's book Fast Food Nation reexamines this same industry nearly a hundred
Animals & Their Place Inside the Fast Food Nation Animals and Their Place inside the Fast Food Nation The 1950's were a time of elegance, charm, and were truly the apex of American power. When one listens to music from this era or looks at photographs, one can almost feel the happiness that people felt during that time, especially after the war-torn decade preceding the 1950's. However, when looking at old photographs