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Fast Food Industry
In recent times, the fast food industry has grown by leaps and bounds. Today, one can confidently say that the industry, whose background is relatively modest, has in a big way affected the way of life in America. In this text, I concern myself with the impact the fast food industry has had on both the health of the American society and the environment. I also give a personal opinion on whether it is ethical for the fast food industry to rake in profits given the adverse effects of fast foods on consumer health.
Apart from the well documented impact on the health of consumers, the fast food industry has also had far reaching implications on the nation from the cultural and social perspective. Some of the well-known pertinent issues in relation to fast food restaurants include workplace injuries, advent of food-borne infections and obesity (from a…
DeMaria, A.N. "Of Fast Food and Franchises. "Journal of the American College of Cardiology" 2003; 41:1227-1228.
Shalala, Donna E. And David Satcher. Healthy People, 2010: Conference Edition. DIANE Publishing, 2010. Print.
In the United States right now the country is facing an epidemic of obesity which means that too many people are overweight to an unhealthy level which is very bad. More and more people are becoming unhealthy because they do not eat the right things. People live a very hectic lifestyle in the current time and this makes them want to get things fast. Instead of going home and cooking a healthy meal, people go through the drive thru lane of the fast food restaurant and get their food there. They feel that they do not have time to eat healthy because this takes work and time which they do not have. Although this is a fast way of getting food, the things that you buy are very unhealthy. Eating too much fast food is very bad for you and can have many negative effects for your health…
French, S.A., Story, M., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Fulkerson, J.A., and Hannan, P. "Fast Food
Restaurant Use Among Adolescents: Associations with Nutrient Intake, Food Choices and Behavioral and Psychosocial Variables." Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity. 25(12). 2001. 1823-33. Print.
Paeratakul, S., Ferdinand, D.P., Champagne, C.M., Ryan, DH, and Bray, G.A. "Fast-Food
Consumption Among U.S. Adults and Children: Dietary and Nutrition Intake Profile." Journal of the American Dietetic Association. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana UP. 103(10), 2003. 1332-38. Print.
Therefore from the results of this study alone it would be quite easy to conclude that access to fast food is responsible for increased obesity. Other evidence may however dispute this conclusion though.
A very recent study by Morland & Evenson found examined the relationship between the presence of different types of food establishments and a number of different diet-related health outcomes, including obesity, in the southern region of the U.S. The study utilized data collected from almost 1300 participants and found that the prevalence of obesity was associated with distance to a fast food restaurant, although not in the direction expected: "each mile closer to a fast food restaurant was associated with a lower prevalence of obesity" (493). This may help to explain the comment made by Schlosser that "in Italy and Spain...spending on fast food is relatively low." Although in these countries there remains a high density of…
Jeffery, Robert W., Judy Baxter, Maureen McGuire & Jennifer Linde. "Are fast food restaurants an environmental risk factor for obesity?" International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 3(2006): 2-7.
Maddock, J. "The relationship between obesity and the prevalence of fast food restaurants: State-level analysis." American Journal of Health Promotion 19.2(2004): 137-143.
Morland, Kimberly B. & Kelly R. Evenson. "Obesity prevalence and the local food environment." Health & Place 25 (2009): 491-495.
Schlosser, Eric. Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2001.
The industry leaders often attempt to utilize the standards of this and other associations, as well as their literature and logos to associate their own food offerings with health consciousness, a claim that is occasionally challenged by the anti-fast food movement.
Sweet 8) Industry leaders such as McDonalds as well as many others even offer pamphlets that are meant to guide the consumer to healthier choices, these offerings are also available online, a copycat system offered by almost all major fast food chains, in response to public demands for information. This niche has created a system where many if not most of product offerings are seen through health conscious eyes, if the individual takes the time to seek them out. This electronic market channel is entirely new, and those seeking an online menu to help them make choices before they arrive in the store are bombarded with health information that…
Chicken Chain to Drop Trans Fats; Two Fast-Food Giants to Follow." The Washington Times 31 Oct. 2006: C09.
Fast Food for THOUGHT; Eric Schlosser's Expose of America's Burger Industry Has Finally Made it to the Big Screen. But Will it Really Change the Way We Eat?." The Evening Standard (London, England) 19 Apr. 2007: NA.
Health Claims Are Junk, Say Fast Food Firms." The Birmingham Post (England) 27 Jan. 2007: 24.
Sweet, Cheryl a. "Rethinking Eating Out." FDA Consumer Nov. 1989: 8.
These firms are now multinationals with strong presence in almost every major country of the world. The consumption of this food can only be limited by individual action where each person decided to resort to healthier food and thus avoid this kind of non-nutritional meals. The frightening side of fast food consumption has created awareness in some sections of the society and people are making an effort to resort to healthier eating. However it will be some time before we can see a serious reversal in the trend. It will only be then that we can expect a complete change in our diet and health.
Fast food is closely linked to our perception of Americanization as well. It is our trademark diet for the rest of the world and that has given rise to political and social problems as well. These have been identified by Schlosser in his book. However…
Eric Schlosser. Fast Food Nation. The Dark Side of the All-American Meal. Perennial. 2003.
Effects of Fast-Food Consumption on Energy Intake and Diet Quality Among Children in a National Household Survey," Volume 4, Number 12 Feb 2004 http://www.healthinschools.org/ejournal/2004/feb4.htm
Fast Food Business
Advisory for Fast Food Business and Takeaway
Here, we will give a brief intro on fast food business, explain what it is and its pros and cons. We will also look at some facts surrounding fast foods just to give an amateur reader the idea of the whole business. "The Fast Food is the type of food which is fast (in avail), more convenient and in many cases inexpensive." (Harvey, 2004, p. 144) It can be bought from any place which sells foods or different kinds of snacks such as in different kinds of restaurants, stores or even the vending machines. It is made very popular mainly because of its cheap price, like in less than five dollars a person can get its desired filling meal. "It is also considered to be cheap because it is made out of less expensive ingredients like meat which is of…
Lazer, W. (1971). Marketing Management, New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Adkins, S. (1999). Cause Related Marketing, Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Reynolds, P. (2005). Management of Marketing, Burlington: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Sheaff, R. (2002). Marketing for a Public Service, Philadelphia: Open University Press.
Fast Food advertising has been allowed to profess anything, from the 'healthy quality' of their food to the food company's contribution to homeless kids. While fast food giants are quick to take any of their detractors to court for any erroneous allegations made by members of the public, it doesn't stop these same companies from committing libel themselves through their promotions. However, most fast food companies steer clear of making outrageous claims such any health benefits, preferring to concentrate on marketing their service's convenience, economy and perceived lifestyle. This paper endeavors to highlight this discrepancy in the industry and showcases three fast food companies and their advertising efforts in that regard. Only when the general population breaks free from the cycle of apathy and addiction that compels us to tolerate the abuses of these fast food giants, will these companies finally be made accountable for their advertising claims.
Hendricks, Kevin D. (2001) Book Reviews: Fast Food Nation. http://www.realmagazine.com/new/reviews/books/schlosser1.html
KFC® Claims Burger Chains Offer "Taste Blandness" Launches Latest Salvo in Highly Competitive Fast Food Wars. http://www.kfc.com/news/pr/072701.htm
McDonalds is Getting Sued Again," Hypocrisy Today. http://hyprocrisytoday.com/mcdonald.htm
McTasty? McDonalds Arouses More Emotional Responses Than Your Average Multi-national. But Why? http://nttrcn.8m.com/mcdonalds.html
"While a handful of workers manage to rise up the corporate ladder, the vast majority lack full-time employment, receive no benefits, learn few skills" (chlosser 6). The companies actually receive tax credits for hiring low-income workers although "in 1996 an investigation by the U.. Department of Labor concluded that 92% of these workers would have been hired by the companies anyway" (chlosser 72).
"While the real value of the wages paid to restaurant workers has declined for the past three decades, the earnings of restaurant company executives have risen considerably" (chlosser 73). This turns the concept of a company making an investment in its workforce on its head, and may be one reason for the resentful behavior of many fast food employees, as witnessed by the recent scandal of the YouTube video featuring disgruntled Dominos Pizza workers doing unsanitary things to their food. Poor treatment of workers within the industry…
Schlosser admits as much: "I do not mean to suggest that fast food is solely responsible for every social problem now haunting the United States. In some cases (such as the malling and sprawling of the West) the fast food industry has been a catalyst and a symptom of larger economic trends. In other cases (such as the rise of franchising and the spread of obesity) fast food has played a more central role" (Schlosser 9). Fast food robs the land, numbs the soul to worker abuses, and numbs the palate. Unsanitary and unhealthy food sold with toys is what people crave, rather than fresh produce or even fresh versions of these comfort foods. Thousands of calories can be consumed in minutes, behind the wheel of the car, and obesity makes it difficult for individuals to enjoy life, much less 'real food.' The health costs and the psychological costs of obesity, a condition facilitated by the fast food industry, are incalculable.
Schlosser, Eric. Fast Food Nation. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2001.
However, as bad as the conditions may be working inside the restaurants, conditions in the meat-processing plants that provide the animal products used by the industry are far worse. orkers safety laws are ignored, and disease is prevalent. Schlosser reports a heart-rending tale of a young boy who died from E.coli bacteria after eating a tainted Jack-in-the-Box burger. It is difficult to track the source of an infection because "a single fast-food hamburger now contains meat from dozens or even hundreds of different cattle" (Schlosser 2004). . Despite the fact that cows are herbivores, they are fed scraps of animals to inexpensively fatten them up for slaughter. Cattle, chickens, and pigs themselves suffer under terrible, confining and unsanitary conditions to sate the insatiable appetite for beef, chicken, and pork of the major American fast food companies
Schlosser's book is dark, even depressing at times, but his anecdotal style gives it…
Schlosser, Eric. Fast Food Nation. New York: Harper Perennial, 2002.
Fast Food Nation -- Chapter 2
merica without McDonald's, Burger King, Wendy's and other fast food restaurants is difficult to imagine these days, but before Ray Kroc bought the franchise rights to McDonald's in the mid-twentieth century, fast food was not an entrenched part of our culture. In Fast Food Nation,' Eric Schlosser spends the second chapter of his book describing how Ray Kroc paralleled the work of Walt Disney and filled a cultural void in merica. Because merica was a relatively young country, there was no established food culture like there was in older countries such as France, Italy and Spain. Until Ray Kroc's innovations, there was no food that could be described as "merican," and in the ironically titled chapter "Your Trusted Friends," Schlosser described exactly how Kroc helped create merica's fast food culture.
Schlosser begins chapter two of Fast Food Nation by describing McDonald's as it exists…
Another way in which McDonald's has made itself a part of American culture is by linking with manufacturers of toys and giving away prizes in Happy Meals. Again, Kroc's idea that fast food is not just about the food is demonstrated with the success of the Happy Meal; Schlosser writes that when McDonald's gave away Beenie Babies in its Happy Meals, they sold about 10 million Happy Meals in a typical week. In 1996, McDonald's finally connected with its inspiration, Disney, and signed a ten-year marketing agreement with the Walt Disney Company. This connection between Disney and McDonald's seemed to ensure that both would remain significant parts of American culture, food and otherwise, and as Schlosser says, the work of Walt Disney and Ray Kroc "had come full circle."
Schlosser ends his chapter by pointing out how McDonald's role in American food culture is creating problems, particularly for children. By convincing families that McDonald's is a "trusted friend," a partner in life, they implied that McDonald's cared about the health and well-being of its customers. In fact, the phrase, found in confidential marketing materials never meant for public consumption, implied that McDonald's was primarily about food, which Schlosser contends it is not. He goes on to point out that McDonald's uses corporate sponsorship to gets its products in schools and influence students to eat its products, and this has a detrimental effect on the health of Americans, especially children.
Schlosser does not deny the impressive level of influence that companies like McDonald's and Disney have had on Americans, but he seems to be cautioning that America's lack of a true food culture has led us down a road toward poor health and obesity. It's important to understand just how deeply McDonald's is ingrained in our everyday lives; this understanding goes hand in hand with making better choices about what we eat. We also need to understand that choosing to eat fast food isn't usually a fully conscious choice at all thanks to Ray Kroc; instead, eating burgers, shakes and fries feels normal to Americans thanks to McDonald's extensive marketing efforts. If we had an established food culture at the time of Kroc's rise, McDonald's might just be another novelty, secondary to real American food. Instead, McDonald's has become synonymous with American food and the company helps shape our tastes and desires through marketing.
This is the construction Schlosser follows in this chapter.
Schlosser's style and progression in this chapter both builds and strengthens his argument in several ways. The picture plays on typical views of families while also detailing a specific instance of the problems that occur in the slaughterhouse and meat packing world. The passage that follows does the same thing, at first noting that nothing seems especially amiss, but then notes sees the workers, "about half of them women, almost all of them young and Latino," and that a few of the women...are sweating, even though the place is freezing cold." These subtle problems, like the subtlety of the man's odd posture in the photograph at the start of the passage, reveal deeper issues -- like the blood running down the man's arm. His description of the armor that the workers wear and his comment that the knife makes it through,…
Why are we feeding our children things that we wouldn't even feed our pets?
The bottom line is that Pollan makes a very good point about how we as humans have come to be so separated from the natural world. Animals in the wild don't worry about food like we do (well, they might worry where their next meal is coming from, but they don't have to worry about what kinds of chemicals and strange genetically modified foods they are eating). If we eat "industrially," we are essentially eating corn all the time. It is in everything we eat -- soda, chicken nuggets, even in meat we buy at the store and cook ourselves because it is used to fatten the meat. The idea that we humans are now essentially ridden with corn in our bodies is disturbing. How is this going to effect the human race down the line?…
The Surgeon General produces estimates, such as the rising costs of healthcare due to obesity related illnesses. Congress issues law and regulation aimed at the safety and fairness in society. FDA has interests in the safety and protection of consumer products. Economist also issue reports, such as studying the Body Mass Index (BMI) and determining that obesity is caused by higher caloric intake, lower work activity, technological change reducing the costs of food, so consumers eat more, and the failure to provide nutritional information. Animal activists groups have interest in how livestock is fed and cared for to produce food products. Trial lawyers have interest in the issues to prosecute tort claims. Healthcare providers have interest in the teaching of public health. News media has interest in getting the information out to the public. and, product associations have interests in the keeping of the quality and safety of their products.…
Sara had worked all day and then picked the children up from the day care center. On the way home she knew there was no time to cook before her class. Going back to school had been a hard decision, especially when she was a single mother to Ben, age four and Sally age 5. The children would benefit in the end she constantly reminded herself as she pushed the mommy guilt to the back of her mind. "Mommy I'm hungry," chirped Sally. In true little brother fashion Ben chimed in right behind big sister. "Me too Mommy ....VEY hungry!." Sara knew they did not have time to get home and cook dinner. She wanted time to play with the children, read stories and cuddle with them a bit before her mother arrived to babysit while Sara attended night school. She pulled into the KFC parking lot and…
A Fast Food Nation (accessed 12-12-04)
Fast Food History (Accessed 12-12-04)
Fast food: Placing the blame
In Morgan Spurlock's documentary Supersize Me, the fast food corporation of McDonald's is portrayed as making food that is particularly damaging to human health. On a month-long diet of McDonald's cuisine, Spurlock's weight balloons and his health rapidly deteriorates. Of course, he consistently consumed more calories than he burned, even when not feeling hungry. He also reduced his activity level. But while Spurlock's one-man experiment may not have been perfectly 'controlled' and the effects on his body may have been exaggerated, his anecdotal experience, reinforced by the experiences of other fast food consumers underlines what many people have observed about fast food: its addictive properties. The carefully-constructed blending of salty and sweet is designed to encourage consumers not to merely eat, but to over-eat.
Although it may seem that only the consumer is to blame for over-eating fast food, much like cigarette companies must bear…
Tweedie, Neil. (2010). Old-fashioned hunger doesn't come into it. BBC. Retrieved:
Supersize Me. (2003). Directed by Morgan Spurlock.
Why are U.S. kids obese? Just look around them. (2007). Impact Lab. Retrieved:
Fast Food on Health: Obesity
Fast food restaurants are a major contributor to the deterioration of health in America.
e all know the importance of healthy eating and how it can affect our health. Fast food is one way which can affect our health in a bad way. Excessive fast food intake results in obesity and thus opens the gateway to many or health problems. For years people have been waging a strong battle against large multinational fast food, partly complicit in these results.
A recent study has once again made clear the negative effect of junk food on the health and its inevitable effect on weight gain and obesity. It has been found that fast foods (soft drinks, burgers, pizzas, hot dogs, chips etc.) are not only unhealthy, but replace the diet with other foods such as fish, fruit, cereals, vegetables and dairy products. Fast food contains saturated fats,…
Castaneda-Sanchez, O. Rocha-Dias, JC. MG Ramos-Aispuromg. "Assessment of dietary habits and nutritional status in adolescents Sonora, Mexico. " Archives of Family Medicine, Mexico. Vol 10 (1). Pp. 7-9. 2008.
Friend, H. Busto, P. Erazo, M. Cusmille, P. And Silva, C. Factors determinants of overweight in school. " Research article. Review. Phys. Chile: Vol.135 No. 12 pages 1510-1518. 2007.
Molini, Cabrera M.D. "Impact of fast food in the society." Disorders of eating behavior. Sevilla, No. 6, pp.. 635-659. 2007.
Ramos-Morales, N, Marin-Flores, J. Rivera-Maldonado, S. et al. "Obesity in schoolchildren and the relation to food intake fast ." Index Enfrem. Mexico: Vol 15, No. 55 -. Pp.: 9-12. 2006.
Fast Food Nation" Chapter 3 "Behind the Counter"
Process essay: The process of coaching children in youth sports
In his chapter, "Behind the Counter," of his expose Fast Food Nation, the author Eric Schlosser highlights the darker side of working at a fast food restaurant. The labor is frequently young, often exploited, and regarded as a disposable commodity by the managers. In fact, it works to the company's advantage if there is a quick turn-around of labor. This means that the company does not have to pay raises or benefits to cheap, teenage labor, and one worker is easily replaced by another. By keeping labor costs down, the price of fast food remains inexpensive. However, Schlosser believes the customer should know that the hamburger served at McDonalds was prepared by a teenager encouraged to work past the legally-mandated hours for someone his age. That teen might feel pressured to skip…
Brody, Jane. "For children in sports, a breaking point." The New York Times. 22 May 2010.
[20 Jun 2012]. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/25/health/25brod.html
Davis, Matthew. "Pressure driving young to steroids." BBC News. 3 May 2005. [20 Jun 2012].
The author talks about one farmer who refuses to use the tactics other big ranchers use to fatten up their cattle for the biggest profits at the consumers' expense. He writes, "None of the cattle used in Lasater Grasslands Beef spend any time at a feedlot. The meat is much lower in fat than grain-fed beef, and has a much stronger, most distinctive flavor" (Schlosser, 2002, p. 257). If Americans are really concerned about the quality of the food they eat, they need to seek out businesses like these and others that the author profiles, and support them instead of the fast food outlets that support the mega-huge agriculture and packing facilities that are so unsafe for workers and animals. If more people knew the background behind the food they eat, they probably would not eat it, and they would call for stricter regulations, which are also necessary for food…
Schlosser, E. (2002). Fast food nation: The dark side of the all-American meal. New York: Harper Perennial.
Fast Food Nation
Effects of technology on personal, national, and global levels in "Fast Food Nation" by Eric Schlosser
Eric Schlosser, in his expose entitled, "Fast Food Nation: The dark side of the all- American meal," had revealed to the general public information about the fast food industry, practices and facts that illustrated how, with the advent of new technologies, negative effects abound that threatened the welfare of human society, who are consumers as well. This discovery was implicitly discussed in the book, using the context of the fast food industry as an example in which technology had proved to be more harmful to humanity than its purported benefits.
The effects of technology are directly linked with the emergence and development of the fast food industry; its effect surpasses the personal and national to include the global level as well. ith the development of machinery that made possible manufacturing, more…
Schlosser, E. (2002). Fast Food Nation: the dark side of the all-American meal. NY: Perennial Books.
Fast Food Nation" Chapter 3 "Behind the Counter"
ould you like to be exploited with those fries?
In Chapter 3, "Behind the Counter," of Eric Schlosser's Fast Food Nation Schlosser portrays an underage teenage workforce exploited by managers and often forced to work in unsafe conditions. Companies justify this by stating that young workers benefit from the discipline and skills learned on the job. However, time spent behind the fast food counter is time spent away from studying or building a resume for college with valuable extracurricular activities. Students are seduced with a relatively tiny paycheck to give up a better future. Furthermore, it is often the poorer members of the student population, who need a good college education the most to succeed.
ealthier students can afford to take unpaid internships where they learn real skills. ealthier workers can afford to take classes to improve their skills and get a…
Schlosser, Eric. Fast Food Nation. New York: Mariner, 2012.
Many tourists have their picture taken in front of the McDonald's sign or with the Ronald McDonald statue outside the restaurant to document their contact with an exotic culture. " (1999)
5) Location, location, location - Over a period-of-time, Kwan's study notes that "...as the number of fast food outlets increased, the reasons why people go to fast food places changed. All the interviewees who have become accustomed to the presence of the fast food chains now cite the numerous locations as a major reason for going to fast food outlets. Some of the students said while they would never make a special trip to go to a fast food place, they sometimes ate fast food because they happened to walk by a fast food place when they were hungry." (1999) Additionally, other than the number of fast food outlets, the locations were noted to play an integral role in…
Balasubramanian, D. (2008) Fast Food: Faster Way to Ill Health. The Hindu 10 Jan 2008. India's National Newspaper. Online available at http://www.hindu.com/seta/2008/01/10/stories/2008011050171400.htm
Dindyal, Shiva; and Dindyal, Sanjay (2008) How Personal Factors, Including Culture and Ethnicity, Affect the Choices and Selection of Food We Make. The Internet Journal of Third World Medicine. Online available at http://www.ispub.com/ostia/index.php?xmlFilePath=journals/ijtwm/vol1n2/food.xml
Fast Food Nation Book Review (nd) http://www.complete-review.com/reviews/food/schlosse.htm
Fast food Reports (nd) http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=334236
Fast Food Nation
The Ramifications of Technology on Health Care and elfare of Animals and Meatpacking orkers in "Fast Food Nation" by Eric Schlosser
In the book "Fast Food Nation" by Eric Schlosser, newfound information about the behind-the-scenes operations of fast food establishments such as the well-known McDonald's, had been discussed critically. In revealing the 'hidden operations' behind the production of merchandise associated with the fast food industry such as meat production, Schlosser was able to convey his message that technology had been more of a detriment than beneficial to consumers of these fast food establishments.
In arguing his position that the fast food industry was detrimental to consumers, he provided examples in which the technology of machinery had led to developments that only increased the chances of dangerous diseases to spread and thrive and worsened the conditions in which meatpackers worked. Moreover, these detrimental effects of technology had important…
Schlosser, E. (2002). Fast Food Nation: the dark side of the all-American meal. NY: Perennial Books.
Fast food advertisements should not be shown during TV shows for children
Obesity is on an unprecedented rise in America, and the rate of obesity for children has doubled if not tripled during the last decades. There are various reasons given for this epidemic of childhood obesity, but one prominent reason may well be simply the fact that children eat too much. And part of the reason that children eat too much and that much of the food that they are stimulated to eat ids junk food is due to the fast food advertisements that are shown during TV shows for children.
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than one in six children and teenagers are obese - this is three-fold more than a generation ago (HuffPost (arch 9, 2012 )) and although specialists believe that there are various reasons for obesity, TV advertisements are…
MSNBC.com (6/1/2007) Kids' TV shows contain more junk food ads now http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/18989237/ns/health-childrens_health/t/kids-tv-shows-contain-more-junk-food-ads-now/
ScienceDaily (Apr. 24, 2007) TV Food Advertisements Increase Obese Children's Appetite By 134%
As with many consumer-oriented businesses, fast food restaurants need to maintain a strong but unobtrusive security profile. Their structures and access points need to remain accessible while still preventing malicious behavior. This security survey of a fast food restaurant provides an example of how to perform a total security audit, identify weaknesses and risks particularly with regards to customer and employee safety, and offer suggestions for improvement.
Property and Perimeter
The outermost boundaries of the fast food restaurant are the limits of the company’s locus of control. There is a lot the fast food restaurant can do to improve its perimeter security, without deterring customers. In fact, making upgrades to the perimeter security can serve a dual purpose as improving aesthetics. The current perimeter is empty, dark, and exposed. These weaknesses open the possibility for criminal behavior, as the access points are “obscured by low light,” (Locknet, n.d., p. 1).…
S. that is no reason to sue the fast food franchises. These lawsuits "are an embarrassment to our legal system, and an embarrassment to the people who are saying they were so dumb not to know they might get fat" (Abrams, 2004). In fact on the day that Abrams wrote that piece for MSNBC the U.S. House of Representatives passed the so-called "Cheeseburger bill" which was legislation to "protect the fast food industry from frivolous lawsuits." (Abrams).
Abrams attacked John Banzhaf, the lawyer that has launched some of the suits against the fast food industry. Abrams says that Banzhaf is wrong to link the suits against tobacco with the need to sue junk food companies. In the case of tobacco companies, Abrams continues, "people were misled about what was in cigarettes" but the same deception doesn't apply to fast food. "People should know fast food isn't good for you," Abrams…
Abrams, Dan. "Lawsuits against fast food companies are ridiculous." MSNBC. Retrieved May
18, 2011, from http://www.msnbc.com .
CNN. "House bans fast-food lawsuits." CNN Justice. Retrieved May 18, 2011, from http://articles.cnn.com. (2004).
Ebert, Roger. "Super Size Me." Retrieved May 18, 2011, from http://rogerebert.suntimes.com .
Fast Food and Child Obesity
This study identifies the underlying correlation of fast food consumption and the increasing rate of child obesity. The system of fast food is prevalent in all countries, with each country having its own variations of types of items served and the nature of establishments serving. The popularity of fast food is due to the convenience of fast service, packaged food and low cost. Now major fast food industries try to make their product seem as healthy as possible. It is likely that the convenience is influencing the growth of childhood obesity in the United States. In addition, the factors of media, family, and environment bring about differences within our community. Understanding the correlation between these factors is vital in producing a solution. However, there needs to be a better support for causation, not just correlation. The children and youth will one-day influence the…
Chou, S. (2008). Fast Food Restaurants Advertising on Television and its Influence on Childhood Obesity. The Journal of Law & Economics, 51, 599-618.
Darwin, A. (2008). Childhood Obesity: Is it Abuse? The Children's Voice, 17, 4-24.
Eagle, T. (2012). Understanding Childhood Obesity in America: Linkages between Household Income, Community Resources, and Children's Behaviors. The American Heart Journal, 163, 816-837.
Fraser, L. (1998). Fast Food and Obesity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 14, 245-248.
Fast food is a phenomenon that has become part of the American way of life during the past few decades. However the convenience of fast foods has resulted in major health issues in the country, as well as in the rest of the world. The prevalence of fast food in American society is evident from the fact that "Americans now spend more money on fast food than they do on higher education, personal computers, software or new cars. They spend more on fast food than on movies, books, magazines, newspapers, videos and recorded music ? combined." (Schlosser Eric. 1998)
It is now become common news that obesity has become a major health concern in both developed "Westernized" and less developed countries around the world. One of the major factors that have been blamed for this increase in obesity and obesity related diseases is fast food -- often termed 'junk food."…
Adams. M. The real reason why processed meats are so dangerous to your health. 2005. Accessed August 25, 2005. http://www.newstarget.com/011148.html
(This is an extremely useful article as it covers some of the main reasons why fast food products are detrimental to health. The article was particularly good at outlining the negative aspects of processed foods.)
Berlau, John. "Big Food Fight: When Big Tobacco Was Taken Down by a Rash of Lawsuits, Consumers Were Assured That Other 'Bad' Products Wouldn't Be Targeted. But the Fast-Food Industry Appears to Be Next." Insight on the News 15 July 2002: 12+. Questia. 27 Aug. 2005 .
(An important article that deals not only with the health issues facing the fast food industry but also with the legal aspects and the comparison between the tobacco and fast food industries.)
Internalization of Fast Food Business
Internationalisation of Fast-food Business
PEST Analysis for India
PEST Analysis for United States
Comparison between the two Countries
Changes in the Global Environment due to Financial Crisis
Impact of Financial Crisis on Internationalisation
Fast food has transformed the eating habits of the entire population, whether they are resided in UK, U.S., Asia or any other country. The changing trend of the eating habits evidently exhibits that fast food industry is one of the industries that have developed over the time. Even though fast food consumption has shown an increasing pattern of factors that has affected the health in many ways such as increased overall calorie intake, contribution to weight gain, and elevation in the risk for various diseases, yet, the consumption trend at the same time has represented an escalation in the recent years (Parsa & Kwansa,…
Brauch, H.G. 2009. Facing Global Environmental Change: Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concepts. Springer. Wurzburg.
Griffin, D. 2010. Business with a Purpose: Starting, Building, Managing and Protecting Your New Business. Easy Brain Labs Inc. USA.
Haberberg, A. & Rieple, A. 2007. Strategic Management: Theory and Application. Oxford University Press. New York, USA.
IMF. 2008. IMF Survey. International Monetary Fund. USA.
Childhood Obesity and Fast Food
The paper is a research based on the topic of "The influence of fast food on child obesity." The study aims to evaluate and identify the root cause of child obesity. The study is based on a scientific approach by developing a hypothesis and then proving it through data collected.
The hypothesis of this research has been developed after a number of general observations. These observations came from generally observing the school friends, cafes and restaurants, and family members. It was observed that children who were eating fast food regularly were fat. Another observation was that when we talk to obese people they often mention that they blame fast food restaurants for their obesity. Since we have developed specific conclusions from general observations, it is an inductive approach.…
Fast food case study: Jollibee Foods Corporation
Define the problem
The Philippine-based hamburger chain Jollibee Foods Corporation is currently contemplating international expansion. The first question it must answer is where: should it expand into America, Hong Kong, or the developing world market of Papua New Guinea? If it decides to expand into America it faces another choice: should it focus on mainstream America consumers or recent immigrants and Philippine expatriates? (Bartlett & O'Connell 2001: 34)
Outside concepts that can be applied: The challenges of globalization
egionalization was vital in Jollibee's original success: it offered larger spicy hamburger patties more attuned to local diners' palates vs. McDonald's more generic offerings. Political instability in the region resulted in reluctance for foreign companies to make incursions into the fast food landscape and enabled Jollibee to establish a secure foothold in its home nation. However, poor initial selection of partners abroad, poor quality…
Bartlett, C & O'Connell. (2001). Jollibee Foods Corporation. Harvard Business School
Fernholtz, T. (2013). The Big Mac mirage. QZ. Retrieved:
Schlosser: Fast Food Nation
The fast food industry has been infused into the every nook and corner of American Society over the last three decades. The industry seen to have originated with a few modest hot dog and hamburger of Southern California have been perceived to have extended to every nook and corner of the nation, marketing an extensive range of food products to which affordable customers are found widely. Fast food is presently provided at restaurants and drive-through, at stadiums, airports, zoos, high schools, elementary schools and universities, on cruise ships, trains, and airplanes, at K-Marts, Wal-Marts, gas stations, and also at hospital cafeterias. As per an estimate the total expenditure of Americans on fast food during 1970 was about $6 billion. (Introduction: Fast Food Nation - The Dark Side of the All-American Meal)
The expenditure had a massive increase to about $110 billion in 2000. Americans presently perceive…
Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser: A Book Club Reading Guide. Retrieved from http://www.bookbrowse.com/reading_guides/detail/index.cfm?book_number=769 Accessed on 25 May, 2005
Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal by Eric Schlosser. Retrieved from http://www.readinggroupguides.com/guides3/fast_food_nation1.asp Accessed on 25 May, 2005
Introduction: Fast Food Nation - The Dark Side of the All-American Meal. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/books/first/s/schlosser-fast.html Accessed on 25 May, 2005
Rosenberg, Matt. T. Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser. February 2, 2001. Retrieved from http://geography.about.com/library/misc/blffn.htm Accessed on 25 May, 2005
These kinds of lawsuits are often upsetting to the fast food industry, because it is not the restaurants' fault that someone has chosen to eat their food to excess. However, the idea of being sued because of this or because they allegedly did not tell the consumer how much fat, etc., was in their food is a real possibility in today's society.
There are changes being made because of the legal concerns, but there are also changes being made because of the health concerns that many people are facing as well. The fast food industry has made some changes to the menu, as more fast food restaurants realize that there are some very health-conscious people that still will not eat at their establishments because the amount of sugar and fat that they would receive is just too much. As some of the changes are being implemented, however, those that are…
Hoovers. 2006. www.hoovers.com
The mother and grandmother responded to being observed by facial expressions of disapproval, but these were short lived, and both women became more focused on their plates and the child, ignoring that they were being observed. This was an amazing defense mechanism, a false consciousness, which that allowed them to continue manifesting their disorder in a public setting. It was difficult not to experience a sense of empathy for the child, who would no doubt become a product of habitus, or a product of her environment. She is a young child whose own destiny has been sidetracked by her mother's and grandmother's overeating maladies.
Today, the term "McDonaldization" has been applied to the system and syndromes revolving around the fast food industry (Cohen, . And Kennedy, P. 2000, Global Sociology, MacMillan, London, p. 378). However, the hypothesis that is presented here, as a result of this observation study, is that…
Henslin, J.M., (DATE), Essentials of Sociology a Down to Earth Approach by. Henslin 7th Edition, (PUBLISHER).
Cohen, R. And Kennedy, P. 2000, Global Sociology, MacMillan, London.
WWLTV.com, 2008, found online at: http://www.wwltv.com/local/stories/wwl010208tpbuffetfight__.1c12476.html , retrieved 29 January 2008.
McDonald's the largest fast-food chain across the globe. This is through spanning of approximately 30,000 restaurants across the globe with the aim of maximizing its revenues and profits at the end of the financial year. McDonald's Organization aims at being the customers' favourite place and way to eat and drink as its mission to meet the needs and preferences of its consumers. The pattern of internationalisation of McDonald's Company proves to be similar in the countries of operation because of the tendency of the organization to establish contracts of areas of development with local businesspersons.
How does international business achieve its internationalisation objectives in the contemporary context?
Brief overview of the organisation and its mission/objectives related to international business
McDonalds Company is one of the most effective and explosive business entities across the 21st century (Company Spotlight, 2005). The organization focuses on the provision of quality products and services to…
Company Spotlight: McDonald's Corporation. (2005). Market Watch: Global Round-up,
Gerhardt, S., Dudley, D., & Hazen, S. (2012). Franchising and the Impact of McDonald's.
Journal Of Management & Marketing Research, 101-10.
Parents and Fast Food
What Drives Adults to Consume Fast Food with Their Children: TV, Toys, and Time
Television advertisements play a role in deciding what we consume, and that marketing is geared toward children no less than it is toward adults. McDonald's fast-food chain, for instance, gears an entire production line called the Happy Meal to children, who -- lured by the toys and tiny meals that are packaged together -- drive their parents to eat with them there (Schlosser, 2001). This is one example of what drives parents to consume fast food with their children. The rationale for this study is to understand some of reasons why parents consume fast food with their children.
Karen Campbell (2006) states that "it is likely that a child's eating behaviours are learnt in early childhood and that the home environment exerts substantial influence on the development of these behaviours (Birch and…
Campbell, K. (2006). Australian parents' views on their 5-6-year-old children's food choices. Health Promotion International. doi:10.1093/heapro/dal035
Halford, Jason et al. (2007). Beyond-brand effect of television food
advertisements/commercials on caloric intake and food choice of 5-7-year-old children. Appetite 49: 263-267.
Sanigorski, A. (2007). Association of key foods and beverages with obesity in Australian schoolchildren. Public Health Nutrition 10(2): 152-157. DOI: 10.1017/S1368980007246634
PESTLE analysis: Fast food industry
The recent backlash against unhealthy eating could prove to be difficult for the fast food industry. There are calls to limit the marketing of fast food products to children and to limit the sale of fast foods in schools. Given that children are such an important driver of sales, this could curtail the efficacy of many fast food campaigns, particular those with tie-ins to children's films and television shows. Campaigns like Michelle Obama's "Let's Move" campaign underline the importance of healthy eating and eating minimally processed foods. Although President Obama and the First Lady have been photographed eating burgers and they say that they are not against all fast food, the overall emphasis on the administration has been on restricting access to 'junk food' (Michelle Obama loves fast food, 2010, Slashfood).
The economic uncertainty in America has proved to be…
David, Brennan & Christopher Carpenter. (2009). Proximity of fast-food restaurants to schools and adolescent obesity. American Journal of Public Health, 99 (3). Retrieved:
Fast food nation: The sequel. (2009). The Guardian. Retrieved:
One study indicates that "Although fast food provided one-third of some respondents' daily caloric intakes, those meals included almost no milk, fruit or fruit juices, which are important nutrient sources among key food groups. In fact, as the frequency of fast food consumption increased from zero days to two days, the intake levels of vitamins A and C, carotenes, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium decreased..." ("Fast food consumption increase obesity risk")
We must make it clear that our basic enemies in this case are the fast food companies and not the fast food itself. This is because despite being criticized repeatedly for lack of ethical consideration in preparing food, they have continued offering people with food that contains very high levels of fat and absolutely no real nutritional value. When we ask companies like Enron, Exxon and others to develop code of ethics and incorporate ethical values in way they do…
TV, lots of fast food triple obesity risk. Monday, March 10, 2003 http://www.cnn.com/2003/HEALTH/diet.fitness/03/10/fastfood.tv.ap/
Fast food consumption increases obesity risk (24/05/2004)
Robert W. Jeffery, Judy Baxter, Maureen McGuire and Jennifer Linde. Are fast food restaurants an environmental risk factor for obesity? Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2006
Weintraub's "The Battle Against Fast Food Begins Home."
Although Daniel Weintraub's "The battle against fast food begins in the home" was published nearly 10 years ago in the Sacramento Bee, it is as relevant today as it was during the time it which it was written. The general premise of the article is that parents need to shoulder more of the responsibility of the prevention of childhood obesity. The article was written at a time in which the state of California, largely led by the efforts of former governor Gray Davis, was making attempts to address the issue from an administrative perspective via its Center for Public Health Advocacy.
The state's efforts were focused on virtually everything except for the parents' responsibilities in the issue. It found that obesity was worse for minorities in the inner cities (and for boys more than girls), and that by taking systematic measures to…
consumer who has read Fast Food Nation, I personally believe that I can make an informed choice to NOT eat fast food burgers at McDonald's. However, even as someone who actively solicits information about the food I eat, it can be difficult to know what is good to buy. First of all, in regards to meat, there are many conflicting studies about its health, some proclaiming the superiority of a high-protein, low-fat diet, the others stating that a vegetarian diet is superior. Secondly, many products purport to be healthy because the burgers are said to be organic, or are from grass-fed cows, or because they are 'prime' and 'choice.' These health claims may mean little to consumers. A consumer must be very vigilant about dietary information in today's America. Furthermore, he or she must also continually weigh the merits of one study over others when making decisions.
The average fast…
It is often said that 'we eat with our eyes' first, and children are no different. hen hamburgers are in attractive packaging emblazoned with cartoon characters, children will want to eat the burgers more than broiled chicken and whole wheat pasta. Conversely, Cornell's Center for Behavioral Economics in Child Nutrition Programs found that children eat more fruit when the fruit is displayed in attractive baskets rather than in stainless-steel buckets (Aubrey 2011). However, the presence of fast food offerings is too powerful to resist, even when fruit is present. In my own experience, I notice that when children beg to go to McDonald's, they show no interest in the healthier menu. One study of McDonald's located on hospital premises found: "hen apple dippers and milk jugs were on the menu...families rarely ordered them. Apple dippers were purchased by anywhere from 0.3% to 3.6% of kids; milk from 1.1% to 6.6%…
Aubrey, Alison. "Cheap marketing techniques help kids choose more fruit." NPR.
October 3, 2011. [October 4, 2011] NPR. http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2011/10/03/141003800/cheap-marketing-techniques-help-kids-choose-more-fruit
"Fast food linked to child obesity." CBS. January 1, 2004. [October 4, 2011]
Improve Employee Motivation
It is well-known that motivated employees a number of benefits to employers, reducing potential attrition levels, as well as increasing productivity and innovation (Buchanan & Huczynski, 2011). For a fast company, such as McDonald's or Burger King, where there are high levels of attrition, and many staff may include students who do not see the company providing long-term career opportunities, motivation can be particularly challenging (Kroc, 2012). This paper provides an outline of how to improve motivation in a fast food operation, taking into account the circumstances which are prevalent within the fast food industry. The outline considers some of the topics and the theoretical basis, with the subsequent section providing practical advice and the implementation of strategies specifically for the fast food chain.
Outline of topics and subtopics for recommendations
Motivation of employees is an important consideration for employers. It is important to understand what does…
Autor, DH (2014). Skills, Education, and the Rise of Earnings Inequality Among the 'Other 99%. Science, 344(6186), 843-851.
Buchanan, D., & Huczynski, A. (2011). Organisational Behaviour. Harlow: FT/Prentice Hall.
Cook, S. (2008). The Essential Guide to Employee Engagement: Better Business Performance Through Staff Satisfaction. London: Kogan Page Publishers.
Herzberg, F. (1968). One more time: how do you motivate employees? Harvard Business Review, 46(1), 53-62.
Food Menu and Nutrition
Food Menu Overview
The objective of this study is to create two food menus as follows: (1) one healthy food menu; and (2) one unhealthy food menu, from a local fast food restaurant. Following the creation of these menus, this work will write a nutritional analysis of the meal created, discuss the reaction of the writer to this information and describe how this will affect the food choices of the writer in the future in terms of food choices from fast food restaurants.
The food choices that one makes when dining at fast food restaurants make a great difference in the amount of nutrition received from dining at fast food restaurants as well as the total calories that are consumed and the other factors that make foods either healthy or unhealthy for consumption. One might assume that dining at a fast food restaurant is in general…
McDonald's USA Nutrition Facts for Popular Menu Items (nd) Nutrition McDonalds. Retrieved from: http://nutrition.mcdonalds.com/getnutrition/nutritionfacts.pdf
Nutrition Calculator (nd) McDonalds. Retrieved from: http://www.mcdonalds.ca/ca/en/food/nutrition_calculator.html
Food Intake Analysis
Food Inake Analysis
Who does not want to be healthy? However, to achieve such an admirable goal, it will require diligence, motivation, and consistency. To many, this is quite a daunting task that is met with much resistance because of the level of commitment and consistency that it requires. Insomuch, with all the various types of fast foods available and society's life style, the challenge to reach and to maintain an ideal rate seems impossible. According to the Center for Disease Control (2012), the U.S. obesity rate at 35.7%; this demonstrates a significant increase since the 1990s. Since I am concern about my health and refuse to become a statistic, I will analyze my food intake for three days.
Below is my recorded 3-day food intake. Based on the data, several adjustments will should be made to reach the recommended dietary reference intake (USDA, 2012).…
Build a Heathy Body (n.d.). Let the pyramid guide your food choices.
Retrieved from http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2000/document/build.htm
Center for Disease Control -- CDC. (2012). Adult obesity facts. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html
MyFitnessPal. (2012). Charts and reports. Retrieved from http://www.myfitnesspal.com/
All of these attributes are more likely to be provided by multiple sourcing.
However, multiple sourcing can make it difficult to encourage a continued commitment by suppliers to offer consistent and competitive prices. Adjusting or 'tweaking' the menus seasonally offers a potential risk management strategy. Frequent menu changes means Ms. Nok will never be at the mercy of an individual supplier and without bargaining power if, for example, the price of beef suddenly escalates. On the other hand, she will be unable to reduce her orders substantially without incurring a large price 'hike' given that she does not have an exclusive, close relationship with a supplier. Having bulk vegetables, meats, and fish from a single supplier that can be seasoned in unique ways to allow for diversity might be one way to make single sourcing work, and if sympathetic high-quality producers were found with which to establish a relationship, this…
Food Security and Feeling Secure in the World:
The critical links between food security and social justice
When evaluating the relative security of a nation, it is only natural to focus upon 'showier' aspects of security, such as the need to ensure that a nation's borders are protected from a military onslaught or terrorist attack. However, security must be conceptualized in a broader fashion to also include socio-economic equality and the right to feel safe and secure in one's person. The issue of food security and food distribution is an area of increasing concern in America and in the world at large. Food security affects the health of the nation and also the relative contentment of people and their belief in the ability to secure the American dream of social mobility. General issues of community health and hygiene are intimately related to food security, given that the concerns about access…
Access to healthy affordable food. (2014). Public Health Law Center.
Food security in the U.S. (2014). USDA. Retrieved from:
Food, Technology and Class
The digestive divide:
Food, technology, and class and the changing eating habits of Americans and people around the globe
Much has been written about the 'digital divide,' or the fact that poorer people tend to have less access to cutting-edge technology and are thus disenfranchised from many educational, vocational, and personal opportunities for self-improvement. However, this digital divide is also seen in the different eating habits of the social classes, only in reverse. Today, wealthier people have access to simpler, healthier food that requires less technology to produce. Once upon a time, bitter greens like arugula and fish like salmon were the foods of the poor while the rich dined on heavily spiced meats and alcohol. Today, the equation has been reversed. Wealthy people can afford to eat organic produce and wild-caught fish. But walk into any disadvantaged neighborhood and you will find a bodega that…
Blatt, Harvey. (2008). America's food: What you don't know about what you eat.
Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press, 2008.
Mintz, Stanley. (1986). Sweetness and power. Penguin.
Winne, Mark. (2008). Closing the food gap. Boston, MA, USA: Beacon Press.
Fast Food Delivery
Green Bean Delivery delivers fresh produce to the door of customers who sign up for deliveries. So instead of purchasing produce (fruits, vegetables, dairies) from the grocery store (and not knowing where they come from -- Mexico, California, South America), Green Bean Delivery does all the work for you. The only question is: where do Green Bean's products come from? To find out, some investigative work was needed. This paper will show who is behind the produce that Green Bean Delivery delivers straight to the door of its customers, how it is produced, what goes into the process of growing, harvesting, transporting and preparing the items that are then sorted and shipped to customers.
The number one claim of Green Bean Delivery is that it uses organic produce and natural groceries to please its customers. This is a great claim and one that makes a lot of…
Claren, R. (2005). The Green Motel. Ms. Magazine.
Gottlieb, R., & Joshi, A. (2010). Food Justice. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
Schlosser, E. (2012). Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal.
Boston: Mariner Books
food increasingly popular a leisure activity. Background Information: Food people solely 'food fuel'. Food,, aspects a leisure activity: shopping [ farmer's markets], eating, cooking, reading, TV viewing, blogging .
Food as a Leisure Activity
Conditions in the contemporary society have made it possible for people to change their perspective regarding some concepts and things as simple as food have come to represent a leisure activity. Individuals are no longer interested in eating with the purpose to satisfy this need, as many people presently regard cooking and eating as an art. Moreover, one needs to focus expansively on these concepts in order to harvest all the benefits associated with making and eating food. Food has reached a whole new level in first-world countries, considering that the financial condition that people in these countries have virtually enabled them to see food as being more than just a necessity. Numerous individuals are actively…
Adema, Pauline, "Vicarious Comsumption: Food, Television and the Ambiguity of Modernity,"Journal of American and Comparative Cultures 23.3 (2000)
Allen, Gary J., The Business of Food: Encyclopedia of the Food and Drink Industries, (ABC-CLIO, 2007)
Counihan, Carole, Food and culture: a reader, (Routledge, 2008)
Roberts, Kenneth, Leisure in contemporary society, (CABI, 2006)
Food Choices in Australia Today
Consumers in many developed nations are experiencing a veritable epidemic of obesity, a trend that has been exacerbated both by an increasingly sedentary lifestyle as well as the types of foods that are consumed. Fast food and high fat content have also contributed to these trends, and the healthcare costs associated with treating obesity are enormous. Furthermore, unhealthy food choices during the formative years in early childhood can also result in a lifetime of weight-related problems, making the need to identify factors that influence food choices in a given setting a timely and important enterprise. To this end, this paper provides a discussion concerning three of the most important factors that have been identified by researchers as potentially influencing food choices in Australia households, which are food availability, individual preferences for flavor and taste and, increasingly, the environmentally responsible manner in which foods are produced.…
Bellisle, F. (2012, January 3). The determinants of food choice. EUFIC Review. Retrieved from http://www.eufic.org/article/en/expid/review-food-choice/ .
Craig, L. (2005). The money or the care. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 40(4), 521-523.
Introduction. Contributors: Emma Costantino - author, Sian Supski - author. Journal Title: Journal of Australian Studies. Issue: 87. Publication Year: 2006. Page Number: 1+.
Grainger, C., Senauer, B. & Runge, C.F. (2007). Nutritional improvements and student food choices in a school lunch program. Journal of Consumer Affairs, 41(2), 265-267.
Health Public Good
Public Health as a Public Good
The United States has one of the lowest cost food options available to its consumers in the world. For an extended period, people assumed that this was a benefit of capitalism and that competition had helped push down the prices and made food available at lower costs through the market. However, many externalities have arisen in these circumstances that are now pointing researchers to question the consequences of having mass processed food available to consumers. The United States, as well as many other industrialized nations, currently has epidemic rates of obesity as well as the related obesity diseases such as heart disease and diabetes.
This trend is not restricted to just adult and the obesity rates among children have subsequently risen as well. This has made many instructions and activists compare the effects of poor diets and their health consequences to…
Adams, R. "Fat is a financial issue: Litigation over obesity could consign Big Mac, large fries and bucket-sized." 27 December 2002. The Guardian. Web. 28 March 2013.
Benloulou, J. "Pelman v. McDonald's: An In-depth Case Study of a Fast Food -- Obesity Lawsuit." April 2005.
"CASE 2-7." McDonald's and Obesity. N.d.
Chicago Defender. "Obesity and Fat Farm Subsidies." Chicago Defender (2003): 1. Online.
As far as society is concerned, the effects of high obesity rates would include: an increase in health care costs, less productivity and increasing disability rates. This is significant, because the information provides a way of seeing the total impact that obesity is having on the individual and society. Where, the overall long-term costs for the individual will mean the possibility of being exposed to a number of different conditions simultaneously. At the same time, society will have to bear the economic impact that obesity rates will have on the economy, as it will lead to higher costs and less productivity. (Vissche 2010 pp. 355 -- 375)
Describe the Way in which the Issue is being Reported
The issue is being reported as a major health crisis that will have long-term implications on the country. During these reports, the high statistics and the total amounts of obesity are usually highlighted.…
F as in Fat, 2007, American Trails, viewed 4 Aug. 2010,
Doane, S, Battling Obesity in America, 2010, viewed 4 Aug. 2010,
Himba, T, 5 Causes of Obesity, 2010, viewed 4 Aug. 2010,
Visscher, T, 2010, 'The Public Health Impact of Obesity', Annual Review of Public Health, vol. 22, pp. 355 -375.
consumer issues concerning health and nutrition that have an impact on planning food service operations? Why? How do these concerns impact menu planning and trends in the industry?
From the perspective of operators of a food service organization, the rise of food intolerances and allergies has the clearest, immediate impact on their day-to-day work and planning. Clearly labeling foods for common allergens, particularly foods which do not obviously contain the offending substance (like foods fried in peanut oil, for example) is essential to avoid liability concerns. It is also important to have a variety of options for consumers with food-related issues, such as dairy-free options and nut-free options. Having proper practices in place such as hand-washing and wearing gloves is also essential. Even if customers do not have to go gluten-free, dairy-free, wheat-free, or meat-free for life-threatening reasons, many are doing so because of the perception (real or imagined) that…
Aubrey, A. (2014). Want a calorie count with that? FDA issues new rules for restaurants. NPR.
Retrieved from: http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2014/11/24/366405949/want-a-calorie-count-with-that-fda-issues-new-rules-for-restaurants
Baskin, K. (2014).With more patrons with food allergies, restaurants cater to every need.
The Boston Globe. Retrieved from:
Food Justice Movement and Its Themes
Intersectional Theory is the study of systems that intersect in terms of power structure dichotomies -- oppression vs. hegemony -- and approaches this intersection from the standpoint of focusing on how various variables (such as gender, age, class, etc.) interact with cultural, ecological, environmental, economical categories in different ways. In the food justice movement, "the social relations of food have been organized along lines of gender" with women predominantly in the role of food preparer, thus projecting woman's role in the world "in deep, complex, and often contradictory ways" (Allen, Sachs, 2007, p. 1). Yet, with the globalization of food through the rise of multinationals, the powerful role held by women in food preparation and production has been taken from them and placed in the hands of the corporations (Shiva, 2009, p. 17). Food simultaneously elevates and impoverishes women in terms of the social…
Allen, P. & Sachs, C. (2007). Women and Food Chains: The Gendered Politics of Food.
International Journal of Sociology of Food and Agriculture, 15(1), 1-23.
Patel, R. C. (2012). Food Sovereignty: Power, Gender, and the Right to Food. PLoS
In "McDonald's in Taipei," u describes the radical changes to Taiwanese culture that took place during the 1980s. The introduction of American fast food to Taiwanese markets symbolized the nature of the changes to Taiwanese culture that ensued. McDonald's is not singularly to blame for the decimation of the diversity of traditional Chinese food from the mainland, but prior to its introduction, there was a cornucopia of independent eateries boasting food from various regions. However, u also discusses the symbolic role of McDonald's in Taiwan in relation to the development of Taiwanese national identity.
According to u, Taiwanese identity has formed largely in response to its need to politically and culturally distance itself from mainland China. As Taiwanese people sought new ways of expressing its food culture as being distinct from the mainland cuisines that once flourished there, it turned to the indigenous foods of the island as well…
Kottack, Conrad P. "Rituals at McDonald's."
Wu, David Y.H. "McDonald's in Taipei."
childhood obesity and its correlation to social-economic background. he researchers argued that attention to childhood obesity focuses on genetic and environmental factors, and there is the increasingly prevalent belief that pediatric obesity may be a combination of both. Environmental factors can limit obesity but what -- the researchers wondered - stimulated the influencing environmental factors
Previous study: What has the previous study found out?
A previous study that the researchers had conducted stipulated three prime factors that were environmentally responsible for obesity. hese were: low weekly levels of moderate physical exercise, high levels of daily television viewing, and routine participation in a school lunch program.
he hypothesis of this study was that certain socio-economic backgrounds were more conducive for introducing these factors than were others in that -- and this was their hypothesis - median household income influenced nutrition and recreational activities.
Investigation of this suggestion was the purpose…
The correlation may be there but it pertains just to Massachusetts and indicates correlation rather than causality.
Eagle, T. et al. (2012). Understanding childhood obesity in America: Linkages between household income, community resources, and children's behaviors. The American Heart Journal, 163, 816-837.
The topic for this project is sustainability in the way food is processed and packaged. This paper will investigate the cost effectiveness of processing and packaging food in a sustainable manner over the long-term. Industries are slowly making sustainable changes in the packaging of products, but not necessarily in the processing of the foods (Pollan, 2002). Sustainability has been a major marketing factor in the way food is delivered (Author). Research has demonstrated that the current food system plays an important role in causing climate change and how better food choices could significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This makes the production of the food supply an important factor in sustainability with environmentally and social affects.
The "Our Common Future" report describes sustainability as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (owden, 2011). As the meanings…
Author, U. (2012). Connecting family, community, and health from a food system perspective. Retrieved from Iowa State University: http://www.liopold.iastate.edu/sites/default/files/grants/M2010-30.pdf
Author, U. (n.d.). Soil Association. Retrieved from Feeding the Olympics.
Bowden, C. (2011, Aug 16). Woodbury University. Retrieved from The Sustainability Reading List: Sustainability_Reading_List_2_0-1/pdf.
Davis, A.S. (2012). Increasing cropping system diversity balances, productivity, profitability and environmental health. PloS ONE, 7(10), E47, 149.
Food and Beverage Management
Articles eview myriad of ingredients go into the stew that is successful food and beverage service, including: good equipment, good location, excellent product, pleasant atmosphere, quality middle-level management, forward-thinking administration-level hierarchy, and sincere / consistent customer service. And moreover, a vitally essential component which completes the recipe for food and beverage success is a terrific staff, which springs from the planning that goes into finding talent, followed by the training and maintenance of staff excellence through intelligent processes. This paper reviews those issues, and the research which delves into how notably competent H and hands-on management can bring - and keep - high-caliber employees on board successfully.
Article #1: "How the achievement of human-resources goals drives restaurant performance," by Daniel J. Koys, Cornell Hotel & estaurant Administration Quarterly
Attitude" has a different meaning in the 21st Century than it did in previous years. To often today,…
Kay, Christine; & Russette, John (2000). Hospitality-management Competencies.
Cornell Hotel & Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 41, 52.
Koys, Daniel J. (2003). How the achievement of human-resource goals drives restaurant performance. Cornell Hotel & Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 44, 17025.
When Paul le Von took over the food service director (FSD) at St. Mark's Hospital in Salt Lake City, he faced a number of challenges. Like other FSDs who are new to a job, le Von wanted to make numerous dramatic changes in a short period of time - renovating the facility, upgrading the menu, creating more responsive customer service - to show he was worth his salt. Also, he knew that in order to get the things done that were first on his agenda - such as a customer service overhaul "...a friendlier way of talking with customers, more like a waiter in a restaurant" (Bond, 2002) - he full cooperation with
How Fast Food Restaurants are Reacting to the Shift to More Organic Foods:
To remain competitive, fast food restaurants have had to turn to
innovative products, often redeveloping their product lines, to meet the
changing demands of consumers for organic foods specifically, and healthier
foods in general. The demand for organic foods has been the mechanism for
industry evolution. As noted, McDonalds phased out their supersize menu
items, in response to society's growing health concerns. In addition,
they've begun to offer more healthy menu choices, such as low-fat items and
fresh salads, to their customers, as well as promoting healthy lifestyles
in their marketing campaigns. In the New England area, McDonald's even
replaced their coffee with Newman's Own Organic blend, in an attempt to
take further advantage of more organically-discriminating tastes of
consumers. This move has been well-received in the region. In
addition, new fast food restaurants are being introduced…
Abelson, J., "An Overarching Goal: Innovation," Boston Globe (September 24,
2006): E2 (database online); available from ProQuest, ProQuest ID:
Brunning, R. "Organic Fast-Food Restaurant to Open in Boulder," Knight
Ridder Tribune (October 12, 2006): 1 (database online); available from
ProQuest, ProQuest ID: 1157712541.
"Fast Food in the United States." Market Line (August 2005) Database
online. Available from Datamonitor.
Americanization of Foods:
Food is traditionally considered as a simple means of subsistence but has developed to become filled with cultural, psychological, religious, and emotional significance. Consequently, food is currently used as a means of defining shared identities and symbolizes religious and group customs. In the early 17th and 18th centuries, this mere means of subsistence was considered as a class maker but developed to become a symbol of national identity in the 19th centuries. In the United States, food has been influenced by various cultures such as Native American, Latin America, and Asian cultures. Consequently, Americans have constantly Americanized the foods of different cultures to become American foods. The process on how Americans have Americanized different cultures' foods and reasons for the Americanization is an important topic of discussion.
As previously mentioned, food was traditionally considered as a mere means of subsistence, especially in the 17th and…
"America's Take on Ethnic Food." Ai InSite - Culinary. The Art Institutes, 2 Mar. 2012. Web. 31 Mar. 2014. .
Ikerd, John. "The New American Food Culture." Agricultural Economics. University of Missouri, n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. .
Jevgenijs. "Americanization." Transatlantic MA Program in East-Central European Studies. West Virginia University, 30 Jan. 20143. Web. 31 Mar. 2014. .
Kikomr. "Food and Globalization!" Food Communication. James Madison University, 4 June 2012. Web. 26 Mar. 2014. .
and, lastly, due to Australian's tendency to work longer and longer hours, chicken has an appeal to the fast-food orientated consumer, with a limited amount of time in the day to take meals.
However, one of the largest international influences for Australian restaurants is Asia, in general. As Henly (2001) surmises, Australians want simpler lives but more complex food experiences. They want value, but also flavor and visual appeal.
As noted earlier, the food service industry is steadily growing due to increased consumer incomes and lifestyle changes.
Fast-food hamburgers are being replaced by Chinese takeaways.
However, Chinese takeaways is only a small portion of the picture. With more than 2,000 Chinese restaurants in the country, Chinese is clearly the most popular choice of Asian restaurants in Australia. However, Thai and Japanese restaurants are becoming increasingly popular. In fact, according to Elizabeth Chong, a Hong Kong Goodwill Ambassador, who has run…
Food service in Australia, (July 2007), [Online], Available: http://library.marketlineinfo.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/library/Download.aspx?R=E461A761-E53E-4043-915F-8602D6A30CC4&pType=MarketProfile&itemHref=E461A761-E53E-4043-915F-8602D6A30CC4.pdf [11/03/08].
Gatfield, T. 2006, "Australia's gone chicken! An examination of consumer behaviour and trends related to chicken and beef meats in Australia," Journal of Food Products Marketing vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 29-43.
New wagyu farms," Dec. 2007, Food Service - Grill vol. 5, no. 11, p. 22.
Nourse, P. (2008), Australian Gourmet Traveler 2008 Restaurant Guide Awards, [Online], Available: http://gourmettraveller.com.au/australian_gourmet_traveller_2008_restaurant_guide_awards.htm [11/03/08].