Methods To Increase Morale At The Workplace Term Paper

Length: 7 pages Sources: 9 Subject: Leadership Type: Term Paper Paper: #69904683 Related Topics: Costing Methods, Employee Morale, Unethical Practice, Attribution Theory
Excerpt from Term Paper :

Organizaion Behavior

Organization Behavior

Organization Behavior / Army Morale

Organization Behavior / Army Morale

Performance among military personnel is always based on their commitment and morale towards the achievemnt of organizational goals. The outcomes are not necessarily based on the quality of skills of the employees. Scores of top military managers with an understanding of human resource motivation models identify the workplace motivators as accustomed to specific employees. The consequence is that there are elements of sound motivation systems that encourage supportive supervision.

According to Fennell (2011), the diffusion and displacement of responsibility mechanisms continue to obscure morale agencies in terms of the potential actors. Responsibility of displacement refers to responsibility attribution for an individual's actions and authority figures with tacit condoning or explicit directed behaviors. Diffusion of responsibility is applicable in similar ways while referring to ways of dispersing responsibility among people's actions for group members. Distortion of dehumanization, consequences, and the blame attribution mechanisms serves towards reducing or eliminating the distress perceived to be inflicting harm.

According to Rowland & Weaver (2008), Army morale identifies various categories of constructs where logical network propensities determine the morale disengagement. First, there is an element of morale relevance where individual personality traits and morale reasoning orientations and abilities from the dispositional morale emotions. The categories and constructs are explained based on the inclusion rationale and expected relationships between network factors are based on propensities of morale disengagement and focal construct for developing for criterion variables for unethical behavior. The intention aims at exhaustively tapping into the possible categories and constructs of potential relevance and propensity of morale disengagement while theoretically choosing salient representative constructs for the conceptual categories.

Morale disengagement happens on the basis of cognitive mechanisms that are inter-related while facilitating unethical behavior. Advantageous comparison, morale justification, and euphemistic labeling are some of the morale disengagement mechanisms that cognitively restructure the army's unethical acts and appear less harmful. Cognitive morale justification reframes the unethical acts based on the service provided to the greater good. Illustrations involve the justification of military atrocities that serve as worthy goals and re-cast inappropriate behavior.

According to Lang (2012), some of the critical considerations include unfair treatment for the appropriation of protecting friends and the organization. Euphemistic labeling involves the application of sanitized language for purposes of renaming harmful actions and making them appear benign. For instance, corrupt sections of the army allow for collusion with positive labels of 'teamwork'. Advantageous comparison is a prospect of exploiting contrast between the behavior within its consideration and the reprehensible behaviors of making the former appear innocuous. For intake, there are actions that conceive misrepresentation of lies regarding expense reports viewed as acceptable as compared to report violations with more egregious expense.

According to Bender (2012), morale leadership among top leaders is based on trickle-down effects into middle management and is affected both negative and positive outcomes from the followers in the operational levels. For instance, there is a negative relationship between followers' group deviance level and morale of top leaders as defined through voluntary membership's behaviors and workgroup outcomes. There is a relationship between morale orientation of top leaders and the commitment to the organization by the followers such as organizational citizenship behavior. According to Fennell (2011), this means that a morale leadership by top leadership determines the morale orientation of sub-leaders, which later influences the efforts and morale among followers down the main hierarchy. Such a trickle down the implication works based on combinations of social exchange and social learning mechanisms. The social learning theory appropriates that people through witnessing and emulating the behavior and values of morale models deemed attractive and credible. Individuals continue learning through direct experience while observing other entrants as well as how treatment is awarded to them.

According to Robbins and Judge (2013), leaders factor in the element of influencing their followers through virtue of their position while dissociating legitimate models for behavior among followers. The behavior of leaders is observed by the subordinates and serves as extensive cues in appropriating morale and motivation. Conversely, unmotivated leaders have a high likelihood of having followers that are engaged in plenty of unethical behaviors. According to Lang (2012), the alternative other influence and learning source relates to how leaders reward morale behavior and punish unethical practices. While followers learn the approach over time, morale and motivation is...


From this, the acquisition of leadership presupposes and morale leadership based on new emerging leadership trends through morale transactions and morale role modeling.

According to Robbins and Judge (2013), separate measures of psychological distress and morale have broader elements of differential consequences and antecedents leading to heuristic models of psychological differences in processes. There are positive working conditions that develop strong relationships with morale as compared to psychological distress. Negative work experiences have a relationship to psychological distress. The initial process proceeds to excellent performance and adaptive functioning while the alternative approach leads to health impairment and maladaptive functioning. The process of positive working conditions for job resources leads to the engagement of positive outcomes and work for individuals within the organization.

According to Rowland and Weaver (2008), job resources have significance within organizational, social, psychological, or physical aspects aimed at reducing job demands and associating performance to psychological and physiological costs. The concept also covers functionalism of achieving work goals and stimulate personal learning, development, and growth with the ultimate result of excellent performance. The process focuses on the relevance within military contexts based on job resources that boost work engagement while focusing on high job demands. There are empirical illustrations of the job demands with high soldiering will while engaging in the job report without psychological distress elevation for soldiers with disengaged the job. According to Sheffield (2014), the process shows stressors on job demands and leading constant substantives in managing psychological distress.

In the end, there are negative consequences to individuals and the army as an organization. Job demands are a representation of characteristics for the job while potentially evoking strain for case for exceeding adaptive capabilities and military personnel. Therefore, army morale associated concern with certain psychological and physiological costs through overcoming breakdown. The presence of issues does not aim to be a predictor of psychological distress from interpretation for perception and appraisal while coping attempts have increased perceptions of effective. According to Bender (2012), the different psychological processes have important premise for the establishing job demands and resources management models.

According to Feaver (2009), an important implication of the fourth Chemical Company and its approach to human resource management is that elements of employee motivation are best handled through consultative meetings. High motivation is a lead into greater productivity and high army morale. Motivated army officers always perform at their best within their respective divisions. The scope of performance remains loyal while committing allegiance to fourth Chemical Company. Further, a transparent and responsive motivation system in an army division has features of superior performance within which there are reasonable rewards and optimal acknowledgment.

Further, the army officers prefer dealings of fairness and equitable approaches. Obstacles and grievances that army officers face should be dealt with instantly and fairly. Fourth Chemical Company can implement carrot and stick techniques as ways of motivating efficient and effective army officers. The offers also consider dealing with negative consequences such as fear of punishment through push moving against it. Such techniques are critical in making positive consequences such as rewards for pulling performance towards the set standards. Viable motivation systems require inclusiveness and due modification based on the scope of jobs where individuals are under consideration.

According to Solovey (2013), the outlined tasks should be redesigned or restructured for purposes of fitting requirements of an ideal military situation. The subsequent indicatives regarding job specialization include job rotation, job enrichment, and job enlargement that work well with military field tasks. According to Kitchen (2014), the motivation systems involve a comprehensive approach to non- monetary reward system. Monetary rewards correlate with the performance of the army officers. The fourth Chemical Company supervisors have the freedom of sharing their views, experiences with the subordinates, and listen to the views of subordinates while assisting in the performance of the designated jobs. The performance of such motivation components are letters of marks within which provisions are made for drastic non-compliance penalties.

The performance appraisal systems in a military setting should prove extremely effective as soldiers are highly sensitive to variances. The top leadership of military squads should ensure flexibility within working arrangements based on mutually agreeable motivation systems correlating to different organizational goals. In the end, the goals of individuals and employees are harmonized through organizational goals. Motivational systems are modified based on suitability of the situations and organization of the army members. The squad management approach should be participative to yield high self-esteem levels among the subordinates and stakeholders employees at fourth Chemical Company. According to Leftwich (2013), the concept of…

Sources Used in Documents:


Bender, B., (2012). Army morale declines in survey. Retrieved from

England: Pearson Education Limited Shimoni,

Feaver, P.D. (2009). Armed Servants: Agency, Oversight, and Civil-Military Relations. New York: Harvard University Press.

Fennell, J. (2011). Combat and Morale in the North African Campaign: The Eighth Army and the Path to El Alamein. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lorette, K., (2014). Methods to Increase Morale at the Workplace. Retrieved from
Rowland, A., & Weaver, T. (2008). Troops in Korea see benefit in bringing families. Retrieved from

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