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Realism and Sentimentality: The Double Nature and the Symbol in Smith's A Tree Grows in Brooklyn
Betty's Smith 1943 novel A Tree Grows in Brooklyn can be read as a war-time novel situated in a landscape of nostalgia and longing. In this sense, it is often viewed as a sentimental work that appeals more strongly to the emotions and the heart than it does to the head or to the intellect, in a way that a more grotesque work, such as something by Flannery O'Connor of the same era, for instance, might do. Smith's novel, though realistic in many ways, is not a novel of realism or a novel of the bildungsroman genre: it is, rather, a sentimental ode to a way of life and the tenacious ways by which those who persevere can claim some sort of satisfaction at the end of a life well-traveled. The book contains moments…
Bryant, Jennings. "Foreward." Sex in Consumer Culture: The Erotic Content of Media
and Marketing. NY: Routledge, 2006.
Gelfant, Blanche. "Sister to Faust: The City's 'Hungry Woman' as Heroine." NOVEL:
A Forum on Fiction, vol. 15, no. 1 (Autumn, 1981): 23-38.
Bernard Malamud, a Natural Writer
Bernard Malamud, was the oldest son of an immigrant grocer. His parents, Max and Bertha, were ussian-Jewish immigrants and would frequently work late, and Bernard would spend many hours in the Gravesend section of Brooklyn absorbing the atmosphere of the area. Times were different then and he was allowed to stay out late as a child, and "wander in the neighbor hood." He would skate on the streets, go sledding with friends, climb trees and play games late into the evening. His first trip to Coney Island allowed him to see the ocean, and he fell in love with its movements (Biography esource Center, 2004).
Malamud also enjoyed literature. He attended Erasmus Hall High School where he began to write. He made good grades and his stories and drawings began to be printed in the high school magazine.
He graduated from high school in 1932,…
Boaz, Amy. "The Complete Stories." Library Journal. 117 (1997): 129.
Bernard Malamud." Authors and Artists for Young Adults. Vol. 16. Gale Research, 1995. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: The Gale Group. 2004. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC
Field, Leslie, "Bernard Malamud," Dictionary of Literary Biography, 28, Gale, 2002, pp. 166-175.
Helterman, Jeffrey. Understanding Bernard Malamud. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press. 1985.
it's been fun, but I don't really know anyone here. I don't really do the bar scene, and that's pretty much what everyone else who lives in my building does. So I guess it's time to look for somewhere else."
equired: A Little Extra Green
Although those living in Manhattan would probably still think of the neighborhood as a bargain, by a more objective standard (and during a recession), the rents are certainly not conducive to anyone without a firm standing in the upper ranges of the middle class.
A 1000-foot apartment at Bedford and Third, for example, boasts "recent renovation" at $2,900 a month.
Whatever might be left over after rent might be spent at Antidote Chocolate. One particularly interesting aspect of the fact that this chain has moved into the neighborhood is that most of its stores reside in far-pricier and more established neighborhoods.
This suggests not only…
Antidote Chocolate. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.antidotechoco.com/flavors.php
Duane Reade Cracks the Secret to Williamsburg Success: Beer! (2011). Retrieved from http://ny.curbed.com/archives/2011/01/14/duane_reade_cracks_the_secret_to_williamsburg_success_beer.php#reader_comments
Free Williamsburg. (2005). Retrieved from http://www.freewilliamsburg.com/bars/archives/bedford_avenue_stop/
Hotpads.com. (2011). Retrieved from http://hotpads.com/apartments/Bedford-Avenue-and-N-3rd-Street-Brooklyn-NY-11211 -- 1rjevj0kynq3v#lat=40.715583&lon=-73.960139&zoom=20&previewId=1rjevj0kynq3v&previewType=listing&detailsOpen=true&listingTypes=rental, sublet, room, corporate&loan=30,0.0525,0
There are so many things that make successful storytelling. One of the major components that stick out is the events in the story. Selecting and arranging the events is highly important in the process of composing the story passage. ithout the events, there really is not kind of story. Brainstorming and writing down an important list of the things that have gone on is something that is very vital. The more ideas a story has the better it will be to the reader. hat makes good storytelling is the fact they a writer knows how to capture the reader's attention without having to go back and repeat themselves over and over. It is also important to make sure that the story has a lot of detail and also the links that are between them. The details make a story really good because it draws the reader into the…
Buss, H.M. "Gender, genre and identity in women's travel writing." Biography 21.6 (2005): 444-447,514.
Campisi, D., Costa, R., & Mancuso, P. "The effects of low cost airlines growth in italy." Modern Economy, 18.5 (2010): 59-67.
Folks, J.J. "Mediterranean travel writing: From etruscan places to under the tuscan sun." Papers on Language and Literature 14.7 (2006): 102-112.
Iannone, F. "A model optimizing the port-hinterland logistics of containers: The case of the campania region in southern italy." Maritime Economics & Logistics 14.1 (2012): 33-72.
Deployment and Administration - Windows Server 2012
Deployment and Server Additions
The number of servers required the roles to be combined.
Careful evaluation of present and projected activity considerations helps decide the server configuration. The number of servers required will correspond directly to the amount of functional data handling for the next three to five years. If a growth of 33% is projected, then it would be prudent to use a AM of 16 GB in the physical server. Generally, it is good enough practice to start with a 12 GB AM in a virtual operation computer, and monitor for the need to upgrade as the project and operations expand (Serhad MAKBULOGLU, 2012).
Estimate Memory (example)
Base Operating System ecommended AM (Windows Server 2008)
LSASS internal tasks
Database (Global Catalog)
Cushion for backup to run, administrators to log on without impact…
Davide Costantini. (2015, Septemeber 9). How to configure a Distributed File System (DFS) Namespace. Retrieved from The Solving: http://thesolving.com/storage/how-to-configure-distributed-file-system-dfs-namespace/
Adam Brown. (2013, April 15). Active Directory Domain Naming in the Modern Age. Retrieved from AC Brown's IT World: https://acbrownit.com/2013/04/15/active-directory-domain-naming-in-the-modern-age/
Best Practice Active Directory Design for Managing Windows Networks. (n.d.). Retrieved from Microsoft Developer Network: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb727085.aspx
Dishan Francis. (2015, March 3). Step-by-Step: Setting Up Active Directory Sites, Subnets & Site-Links. Retrieved from Microsoft Technet Blogs: https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/canitpro/2015/03/03/step-by-step-setting-up-active-directory-sites-subnets-site-links/
New York City
Use of Temporary Space
(NYC Department of Parks & ecreation)
Images & Charts
Illy Push Button House
Store Front Library
Brooklyn Bridge Park
Images & Charts
According to the NYC Department of Parks & ecreation, Dutch traders established farming communities and villages east of Manhattan around 1652. One such village, Vlackebos, literally translated into the "wooded plain." This wooded plane area at the time consisted of virgin thick forests coupled with flat terrain so it eventually was called Flatbush. The area stayed in this overgrown natural state for nearly three centuries. "But, in the 1920s, the new Interborough apid Transit linked Flatbush to the rest of the city, sparking new developments that began welcoming successive generations of immigrants. As with the Dutch traders, these newcomers built homes and roads, only more quickly and densely. iding through East Flatbush today, there are still trees that line…
Vega, Eric. (2009). "New York Social Society." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://www.nycsocialsociety.com/index2.html
Yahoo Finance. (2009). "Commercial Real Estate Loans A Growing Problem For Banks." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://finance.yahoo.com/news/Commercial-Real-Estate-Loans-ibd-3654392109.html?x=0&.v=1
Zip Car. (2009). "Zip Car." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://www.zipcar.com .
These pastel-colored etches influenced Degas' late-life paintings. Those were characterized by women frequently engaged in some type of grooming, such as bathing. Rather than the tightly-structured lines of his earlier works, these later works seemed more hurriedly-drawn and less meticulous than his early works.
For example, in oman Drying Her Hair, a pastel on paper, Degas depicts the back of a nude woman, drying her hair. Unlike many of his works, which overtly differentiate between women of different classes and different occupations, this image in the photo is very every-woman. The bather is classically female, but the painting holds no clues as to her lifestyle outside of the bath. Moreover, the work demonstrates Degas' unique use of light, as it contains unrealistic amounts of shadow, almost as if the bather is caste in an artificial light. Though Degas rejected much of what has come to be associated with Impressionism, his…
Degas, Edgar. Dancer at Rest, Hands Behind her Back, Right Leg Forward. Brooklyn Museum,
Brooklyn, NY, 1882-1895.
Degas, Edgar. Portrait of Mlle Fiocre in the Ballet "La Source." Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn,
, in 1963 brought him worldwide attention. He spearheaded the Aug., 1963, March on Washington, which brought together more than 200,000 people. In 1964 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize." (Columbia Encyclopedia, 2003)
However, King's leadership in the civil-rights movement was challenged in the mid-1960s as others such as Malcolm X grew more militant. Indeed, his life paralleled the life of his hero Mahatma Gandhi. The originator of the nonviolent protest, Gandhi too took criticism as more militant colleagues pushed against non-violence in his later years.
Martin Luther King Jr.'s interests, however, broadened from civil rights to subsume criticism of the Vietnam War and a deeper concern over poverty. His plans for a Poor People's March to Washington were interrupted (1968) for a trip to Memphis, Tenn., in support of striking sanitation workers. On Apr. 4, 1968, he was shot and killed as he stood on the balcony of…
Adams, Russell. (1963) Great Negroes Past and Present, pp. 106-107. Chicago, Afro-Am Publishing Co.
Bennett, Lerone, Jr. (1964) What Manner of Man: A Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr. Chicago, Johnson.
Have a Dream: The Story of Martin Luther King in Text and Pictures. New York, Time Life Books, 1968.
African-American Desk Reference. (2005). Thomas W. Burton. New York: Schaumberg.
1950's through to the 1970's, immigration was a way out for many of Ireland's people due to a shift in the economy after the war for independence. Immigration was not confined to the educated classes. People from the richest and poorest places in Ireland immigrated in large numbers during this time. Socially, Ireland was a drab and morose place to be because of its strict conservatism. Many of the nation's young longed to get out. During this time, there was a lack of suitable employment, which also ensured the constant stream of immigration.
This immigration project was conducted using information obtained through two interviews. The respondents are an Irish couple named Mary and John Taylor, who have been married for nearly 30 years. oth Mary and John moved from Ireland to New York, although at separate times and from separate counties.
Mary was born in Cavan, a small rural county…
Miller, Kirby. Emigrants and Exiles: Ireland and the Irish Exodus to North America. Oxford University, 1988.
Coogan, Tim. Wherever Green Is Worn. Palgrave, 2001.
Kenny, Kevin. The American Irish. Longman, 2000.
NYC Smart Growth
In 2007, then-Mayor Michael Bloomberg initiated PlaNYC. Based on the principles of Smart Growth, the PlaNYC aims to prepare for and balance New York City's population growth, economy development, and environmental issues. By the year 2010, the city of New York received the National Award for Smart Growth Achievement from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency with an overall excellence. Taking the direction of a greener and more efficient development means that it is time for the city that never sleeps to rest.
One of the main concerns of American urban governments today is to limit urban sprawl, to expand revenue sharing, to increase affordable housing, and Smart Growth fits in with these objectives. Bloomberg's approach for New York's development is an example of American metropolitan governments have returned to regionalism, yet with a newer perspective and strategies. A city with a long history and great economy, such as…
EPA (2014). This is Smart Growth. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 13, 2015 from http://www2.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2014-04/documents/this-is-smart-growth.pdf
Feuer, W. (2010). Overall excellent in Smart Growth. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 13, 2015 from http://www2.epa.gov/smart-growth/2010-national-award-smart-growth-achievement#overallexcellence
Greenway.org (2015). The East Coast Greenway in New York Greenway.org. Retrieved May 13, 2015 from https://www.greenway.org/pdf/nyc_guide.pdf
NYC.gov (2015). Stronger buildings. NYC Mayor's Office of Sustainability. Retrieved May 13, 2015 from http://www.nyc.gov/html/planyc/html/resiliency/stronger-buildings.shtml
People are fascinated by success stories, especially the rags-to-riches stories wherein someone starts from nothing and, through a combination of hard work and extraordinary luck, becomes famous and rich. In his book Outliers: The Story of Success, author Malcolm Gladwell profiles a number of individuals who have been tremendously successful. Some of the names are well-known: Bill Gates, the Beatles, obert Oppenheimer. The stories of their success are much more complex and interesting than one could ever imagine. Gladwell also provides plenty of examples of people for whom success has been elusive. They appear to have much in their favor and yet circumstances such as culture, class, family and even date of birth relegated them to an existence of missed opportunities and mediocrity. Talent, hard work and luck are certainly components of success but, as Gladwell shows, the back story is often richer and more complicated.
In the beginning…
Gladwell's Outliers: Timing is almost everything. (2008). BusinessWeek 11/20/08. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_48/b4110110545672.htm
Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers: The story of success. New York: Little, Brown.