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For example an award in a field might indicate a person's competence and knowledge but it can never really show how an experience has changed a person from within and how the person has evolved due to it.
When I worked with indigenous people, I realized how it feels being a minority in a world that is otherwise dominated by mainstream cultures. Small ethnic minorities have a culture very deep and a heritage worth preserving but still their culture faces threat of extinction and they face numerous challenges as they try to hold on to their values and traditions. It helped me understand that humanity has one face but many colors and each color is worth preserving because that's what makes us human and without any of those colors, we may lose some of the essence that makes us human.
I have worked with Karen refugees for a very long…… [Read More]
The U.S. foreign policy of the period between 1930 and 1956 validated the efficacy of diplomacy over war, just as it does today.
Cumings, Bruce. "Korean ar." Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia, 2007. February 28, 2007. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761559607_3/Korean_ar.html
Kennan and Containment." U.S. Department of State. N.d. February 28, 2007. http://future.state.gov/when/timeline/1946_cold_war/kennan_and_containment.html
Thomas, Helen. "Pearl Harbor: It might have been avoided." Oakland Tribune. December 7, 2003. Feberuary 28, 2007. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4176/is_20031207/ai_n14564445
orld ar II: Combatants and Casualties (1937-45)." Joseph V. O'Brien John J. College of Criminal Justice. N.d. February 28, 2007. http://web.jjay.cuny.edu/~jobrien/reference/ob62.html
To jaw, jaw is always better than to war, war," is a famous quotation of inston Churchill, the war-time British PM. Coming as it did from someone who knew all there is to know about making war and peace and a politician who can hardly accused of being a supporter of "appeasement" -- the quote carries immense weight
Revisionist' historians such…… [Read More]
S. In fact, I took it as a challenge for me to learn and gain skill in the English language. Hence, I took up 2 months classes in English language in the U.S. This is to prepare me in my coming college study in the country.
Currently, my main objective in the U.S. is to pursue and finish my college studies. Afterwards, perhaps, I also hope to further my studies by taking up a masteral degree. Aside from this, to be able to support my living in the U.S., I am also planning to take part-time jobs or perhaps full-time job that can meet my schedules during my college studies. I believe that this will not be a problem to me because I already have work experiences in Brazil. and, working to be able to support my living and my studies is a new challenge that I am eager to…… [Read More]
These values about friendship, family, and community are ones that will guide me through my career in sports management or sports/entertainment law, allowing me to be a positive force behind an industry with the potential to do so much good.
Academically, I have been highly successful because of football. For some students, sports can be a distraction, but for me it has always helped me to focus on my priorities. I excelled at reading early on so that I could stay up-to-date on the articles in Sports Illustrated and read the biographies of my football heroes. Football advanced my cognitive processing skills as I completely absorbed the strategic and logistical elements of the game. In school, I knew that every class lesson could be applied to improving my understanding of football in some way, and every subject from math, to biology, to physics, to English gave me greater insight into…… [Read More]
Differential achievements education ritain - Sociology 1.Class - Trends achievement (Statistics). 2/3 factors affecting achievement - e.g. social class, neo-liberalism 2. Gender -Trends achievement (Statistics) .
Class trends in achievement: Prejudice and culture
According to the ritish Educational Research Association: "Some 31% of white pupils on free school meals -- a key indicator of poverty -- achieve five As to Cs, compared with 63% of white pupils not eligible for free school meals" (Shepherd 2010). However "this gap between social classes -- of 32 percentage points -- is far higher for white pupils than for other ethnic groups" (Shepherd 2010). Statistics thus suggest that while class prejudice may have an impact upon student test scores, a culture in some white, working-class homes that does not support education must also be taken into consideration as a factor, given that the effects of poverty are not nearly as obvious as they are…… [Read More]
Parenting Attitude and Style and Its Effect on Children's School Achievements.
This reading assessment examines the connection between parenting attitudes and styles and children's school achievements.
Kordi and Baharudin (2010) identify three distinct parenting style constructs. These include the authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative parenting styles. Inherent in these are characteristics such as certain levels of maturity, various types of communication style, levels of nurturance, warmth, and involvement.
According to the authors, the authoritarian parenting style creates an environment in which children are required to be submissive to their parents, while the parents' attitude are generally strict and directive while being emotionally distant and detached. The permissive parenting style, on the other hand, involves an attitude that includes fewer restrictions and limitations on the child. Children are, instead, expected to regulate themselves and their own activities. The authoritative parenting style is similar to the authoritarian style in terms of clear and…… [Read More]
educate our children. As increasing numbers of affluent parents enroll their children in pre-school programs that offer more than just the traditional "play and supervision," but also provide early instruction in basics like reading and math, the question arises as to whether these children are obtaining a competitive edge over the less-fortunate peers. hile free pre-school, that is free pre-kindergarten, education is rare, many school districts have responded to the needs of working parents by establishing full-day kindergarten programs, while others have continued to maintain the older half-day system. Unfortunately, the newer system, particularly where it includes genuine introductory academic instruction, is expensive and therefore often unavailable in poorer areas. An excellent example of this situation is to be found in New York's Inner City schools. Here, a largely minority population must often face a shortage of qualified teachers, and a lack of funds, equipment, and supplies. New York uses…… [Read More]
As Frank Ching (2003) indicated,
Interestingly, China appears intent on widening its influence through both antiterrorism and trade efforts. It has already reached agreement on creating a free trade area with the 10-member ASEAN, and last week Wen, the Chinese prime minister, proposed that SCO, too, establish its own free trade area
This good trading relation of China to Asian countries causes the diverse products of China to be present in the Asian market which in turn influences the living and lifestyle of the Asian society.
The will-power of the Chinese government to establish China as among the fast-developing nations and among the nations with stabilized politics, similarly causes its influences to its neighboring countries.
The Chinese Produced the Most rilliant Society in the World
Several literatures indicate that the Chinese society has indeed contributed a lot of knowledge and inventions that are essential in the modernization of the world.…… [Read More]
Quality of Life; Achievements and Lessons from Norway
Question 1; What are the unique aspects of Norway that made its advantages and successes so great?
Norway's success n the twentieth century, and its ability to gain the number 1 ranking in as the best place to live in the U.N. Human Development Report. The developments in Norway reflect some unique conditions which indicate the advantages and successes achieved were great. The starting point for these considerations is the condition of the country and the situation prior to the developments; with Norway being one of the poorest European countries at the beginning of the twentieth century (Williams). This alone is not a unique position, as Norway was not the poorest, but given the current quality of life, this starting point does indicate the achievement that has been seen.
It may be argued that the austerity of the poverty created a…… [Read More]
ichard Nixon Achievements as a U.S. President
ichard M. Nixon was the thirty-seventh American President whose administration started functioning in January1969 and concluded in August 1974 in an abrupt manner following the Watergate scandal. Despite the consequences brought by the scandal, Nixon's presidential terms can be remembered in good words considering the fact that they brought the nation success on many fronts (Collins, 2000).
The President is most positively remembered in the foreign policy arena. In addition to this, Nixon demonstrated his character as a bold president when he successfully negotiated with the Soviet Union and Maoist China, thus producing persistent revolution in East-West relations (Collins, 2000). His summit meetings with USS leader Leonid I. Brezhnev formed an agreement to restrict intentional nuclear weapons. He also declared an accord with North Vietnam after which American involvement in Indochina ended. Disengagement agreements were also negotiated in 1974 between Israel, Egypt and…… [Read More]
First and foremost, it would boost morale amongst the staff. Despite their strengths, they face many stresses as caregivers when they deal with patients who are elderly and suffer life-compromising comorbidities. Caring for our caregivers ultimately improves the quality of the care they bestow and boosts organization retention levels.
By inviting the wider community to an on-site event, the public would be able to be educated about the work that we do and become privy to hearing and reading various patient testimonials regarding the success of the TAVR. The event would offer heart-healthy food and drink, free exercise programs, and informational sessions. This would enable us to market the program to the potential patients, educate the public and healthcare providers about the program's benefits, and increase acceptance and appreciation of the program. Ideally, these commemorative events of program milestones would become a regular occurrence for the TARV facility.
The budget…… [Read More]
Smoking and Health Changes in Society
he rising cost of healthcare continues to be one of the most important contemporary social issues in the United States. Among other things, a focus on the importance of preventative medicine will be necessary to make meaningful improvements to American healthcare and to the overall health of the American population. Smoking cessation will necessarily play a crucial role that respect, because of the magnitude of the harms to society. Accomplishing that on a meaningful level will require a fully integrated approach that encompasses, legislative changes, increased regulation of the tobacco industry, community education, and, of course, a fundamental emphasis of smoking cessation throughout the healthcare community.
he Magnitude of Social Harm Caused by Smoking
In the U.S. alone, smoking-related illness is directly responsible for approximately 400,000 preventable premature deaths from disease every year. hat is more than the number of deaths from illicit drug…… [Read More]
My Ultimate Goal
I sincerely thank you for your consideration of my application to attain a Master's Degree in Public Administration (MPA) at the University of Colorado Denver. My main professional objective is to achieve a professorship at Kuwait University. But first I must obtain my MPA and gain the necessary skills and experience in that field, which I am very eager -- and highly qualified -- to do.
My Relevant Experiences
My educational and professional experiences clearly reflect that I have a very strong personal commitment to scholarship, leadership and learning. I currently hold a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration and Logistics, and I hold a Master of Science in Accounting and Finance.
In the Bachelor of Science program at the Arab Academy for Science and Technology and Maritime Transport in Alexandria, Egypt, in 2013, I finished my degree in the top 1% of my class;…… [Read More]
achievement of African-American students in civilian public schools vs. African-American students in the Depart of Defense (DOD) school system
The methods section of this dissertation provides the rationale for the proposed study based on my hypothesis comparing African-American students in the DOD school system with African-American students in civilian school systems.
It also highlights the key questions that were examined, how the study was conducted and the measuring criteria for analysis. The paper will provide detailed information that should be a sufficient foundation for anyone who wishes to conduct a parallel study.
This portion of the paper will provide an outline of the following:
Purpose - which will define my reason for doing this study
Background Information - will provide information on the level of measurement I have selected, i.e. The SAT scores and information on the Department of Defense (DOD) school system itself
Procedure - outlines the steps that…… [Read More]
Howell and ueda in their article Achievement Testing with Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students question the veracity of the widely used Standardized Norm-eferenced Achievement Test (SNAT) in measuring systematic differences among group means. As they point out, SNAT characteristics, are: completely nonaligned with instruction; assume a uniform curriculum, schooling, language proficiency and sociocultural experience across student groups; and are designed for an outside purpose of formulating education policy. Given the limitations of SNATs, Howell and ueda explore the alternative Curriculum-Based Measurement (CBM) and the Performance Assessment (PA) approaches to student achievement. Though more aligned to classroom curriculum and instruction, these alternatives too have their limitations. The CBM focus on task-analytic decomposition of complex domains, for example, is of concern for teachers of language minority students who commonly use more holistic or 'whole-language' approaches. Similarly, the reliance of PA on the use of complex and interactive tasks is more…… [Read More]
Achievement Outside of the Classroom
My parents were against the idea of a dog, but I was determined that we would get a puppy. I did my research, and, information in hand, pitched the idea of raising an assistance dog to my parents. We would raise a puppy for a year, providing it with care and teaching basic commands. If she passed her tests, she would be trained as an assistance dog. If not, we would have the option of keeping her. My parents fell for it, hook, line, and sinker, and two months later we picked up Frito, a yellow-lab puppy. Between chewed-up shoes, obedience school, ruined carpet, romps in the park, and playing ball, the year flew by more quickly than I ever imagined it would, and the day came to have Frito's skills assessed. I watched nervously, half-hoping that he would mess up as the trainer tested…… [Read More]
The issues raised in this article are very important. I agree with the proposition that thinking and writing are linked; so that you can understand elements of thinking through writing. However, I am not certain that it is such a strong correlation that you can determine thinking through writing. Thinking is much more complex than what can be discerned from what a student places on the script as a response. I would also add that to place a response requires thinking processes that are not mapped. By this, I mean that I am not sure what is actually measured when you assess the students writing. What level of thinking are you assessing? Some students may be able to provide the correct response but they cannot successfully articulate the processes that were employed to arrive at that position.
I am in complete agreement with the need to create tools that are…… [Read More]
achievement, or of influence, that one finds one's self in, regarding education, health, self-esteem, business, politics, housing; class, as a sociological concept, is based upon the relationship an individual has to the means of production and distribution at his or her disposal. The "upper class" is wealthy, and the "lower class" struggles for subsistence. And when a group of "working class" individuals band together to petition management for better wages and working conditions, they may decide to join a union.
"Status" on the other hand refers to the standing a person achieves or experiences with respect to the way in which that person is treated in part of a social order. Everyone has a "status" -- even the person with no money and no home, a "homeless" person has that "status" -- although most people strive to achieve a higher status than what they start out with, with the exception…… [Read More]
These various elements will allow everyone to show how well they comprehend the material and provide areas for identifying critical weaknesses. These insights will be used to improve performance and enhance their comprehension of different areas. (Walvoord, 2010)
Create a fully developed holistic rubric.
The best way to develop a holistic rubric is to use Bloom's Taxonomy. This is designed to promote the most effective areas of evaluating student performance (utilizing testing) and determining if a particular approach is producing results. This is achieved by concentrating on their ability to use cognitive skills. The most notable include: recalling key ideas, focusing on their understanding, application, creativity, evaluation and analysis of them. (Weil, 2004)
emembering the information is the most important part of helping a student to utilize the skills they are taught in the future. Understanding is when they can explain how it works in their own words. Application is…… [Read More]
In grade four white males performing "At or Above asic" math skills is stated at 90% while black males were performing at only 59% "At or Above asic" skill levels. White males in the "At or Above Proficient" skills level is stated at 49% with black males in this category stated at a mere 13%.
The following labeled Figure 2 shows the statistical report of NAEP (2005) in relation to achievement differences among African-American and White American males.
NAEP STATISTICAL REPORT: Minority Male Achievement Gaps Relative to White Males, Grade 4, 2005
Source: NAEP STATISTICAL REPORT (2005)
y the time these students reach 8th grade white males "At or Above asic Achievement Levels" totals 76% while only 43% of the African-American males are "At or Above asic Achievement Levels" the negative value in the Achievement Gap of African-American Males as relative to White Males indicates that a lower percentage of…… [Read More]
Students that have adapted, whethe it is fo cultual easons o because an anothe style was bette suited fo the subject, may continue to show highe achievement even in futue classooms that do not implement the teaching styles that have been found to be ideal fo achievement levels. Futue eseach should also look to see if teaching styles beyond the ecommendations of No Child Left Behind can acquie the impovement in achievement NCLB seeks.
Bouque J., Bouchamma, Y., & Laose, F. (2010). Aboiginal Students' Achievement in Science Education: The Effect of Teaching Methods. The Albeta Jounal of Educational Reseach, 56(1), 57-71.
Cabo, M. (2009). Match the Style of Instuction to the Style of Reading. Phi Delta Kappan, 90(5), 373-378.
Mogan, H. (2010). Impoving Schooling fo Cultual Minoities: The Right Teaching Styles Can Make a Big Diffeence. Educational Hoizons, 88(2), 114-120.
Payne-Tsoupos, C. (2010). No Child Left Behind: Disincentives to…… [Read More]
Lance additionally states that "one of the most consistent strands of research on this topic is evidenced by studied that demonstrate the value of" those as follows:
(1) quality collections of books and other materials selected to support the curriculum;
(2) State-of-the-art technology that is integrated into the learning / teaching processes; and (3) Cooperation between school and other types of libraries, especially public libraries. (Lance, 2001)
Stated as a key role of the library media specialist and one that has only been the focus of research for about the last decade is program administration since in today's schools "library media specialists are not only managers of the library media center but also advocates for information literacy with the principal, at faculty meetings, and in standards and curriculum committee meetings." (Lance, 2001) Library media specialists are further stated to be "trainers who provide in-service programs for teachers on…… [Read More]
My biggest challenge was recognizing that I had to stand out from other students. To accomplish this I worked outside of school to enhance my directing skills. I also worked with my band instructor to improve my abilities. I never gave up in the face of challenge. I committed myself to extra hours practicing, despite a busy course load and family obligations. I never once wavered from my path and my vision.
When I became field commander, I realized I was more than the average student. The marching band has more than 200 members, and there were thirty people that tried out for the filed commander position. I knew that my efforts had been worthwhile, and that I had been true to myself along the way. During my journey toward field commander, I studied directing patterns and used band music on CD's at home in order to practice learning the…… [Read More]
There is much to be said about the achievement gap. Indeed, there is an alarming chasm between top performers and many others that are further down the scoring and achievement spectrum. The most disturbing part of the problem is that the gaps are often along income, racial and other pronounced socioeconomic lines. As with any other problem, there are possible interventions that can be used to curtail and prevent this problem from getting larger and harder to manage. The interventions that were sought and found for this literature review were found in academic databases such as EBSCO. As one might expect, “achievement gap” and other similar search strings were the parameters used to find the results. Generally speaking, the use of targeted interventions that address the root of the problem at the cultural and economic levels are what it takes to stem the problems in question. While there are…… [Read More]
The Journal of School Health reported in February 2001 that according to the National Education Goals, every child will start school ready to learn. However, this is unfortunately not always the case because families are not ready to deliver that child prepared for school. Specifically, those without proper socioeconomic support will have conditions outside of the classroom that will lead to an increased chance for academic failure. In communities where social services are provided that might make parental involvement more positive for elementary school students, parents are often unaware of the availability of these services. Additionally, parents may be less likely to participate in their child's schooling because of their own negative school experiences and lack of trust for the school staff. "During parenting programs, parents often described a perceived lack of communication and respect from the teachers, and the teachers often expressed similar frustrations. Staff…… [Read More]
Drama, music, and the arts and experiential science learning are fun ways to teach students while avoiding the sense that students are in 'summer school.'
Step 3: Establish mentors for 7th and 8th grades in the high school. Have high-achieving high school students who present strong and realistic role models come to the school, talk about their success, and provide academic and/or emotional support to older middle school students.
Step 4: Providing tutoring assistance on the high school level for standardized tests needed for graduation and the SATs would be valuable. Reinforce the connection between expanded life opportunities and success in school by getting local speakers to come to the school to lecture about their profession, to encourage students to avail themselves of tutoring services. Create internship programs for qualified juniors and seniors within the community. Making students want to succeed in school and come to school in the first…… [Read More]
Things got no better for d'Estaing and the French navy in 1779 when they were defeated near Savannah, Georgia, by the British. But what such skeptics fail to realize is that even though the British triumphed in these early attempts of France's Navy to provide some form of power at sea, the final victory was, of course, France's and the colonialists', largely because of the effort end expenditure that such battles took on the British. The Colonial war was fought over a period of six years, during which time the British were fighting a war on multiple fronts against multiple opponents. The aggregate of British victories, then, became so pyrrhic that British forces were eventually defeated.
Despite the fact that the French fleet suffered some early losses, it was able to gain the final victory largely because of its prowess on the waterways and the aid it was able to…… [Read More]
block included success O achievement O dropout*, with the second block included distance learn* O distance education O distance learning*, and the third block included distance learners* O distance education*. The findings from this search activity form the foundation of this analysis.
eview of Three Library Articles
The first of the three articles that were found while completing this analysis is
Academic success among students at risk for school failure (Finn, ock, 1997) asks the question via research hypothesis what subsegments or audiences of monitory students succeed in high school and graduate while other students with comparable backgrounds do not. The survey methodology included interviews with 1,803 minority students, across a broad spectrum of ethnic and family backgrounders. The study also sought to isolate demographic and psychographic factors that could have potentially influenced the longevity of students staying in school and graduating. Secondary hypotheses were designed to quantify the specific…… [Read More]
disproportionate levels of educational achievement among hite and African-American students, titled "Powerful Pedagogy for African-American Students: A Case of Four Teachers," researcher Tyrone C. Howard examines the role of teacher effectiveness in terms of reaching this distinct student population. As Howard observes in the opening of his article, "effectively teaching African-American students continues to be one of the most pressing issues facing educators ... (and) despite the plethora of school restructuring and educational reforms, the disproportionate underachievement of African-American students is a consistent occurrence in U.S. schools" (179), and this alarming phenomenon provides the central premise of his subsequent investigation. Howard elects to focus his qualitative study on the diverse range of socioeconomic, cultural, and regional factors which are likely to exert an impact on the continued underachievement trend within African-American student groups. He is also concerned with assessing the role that teacher effectiveness plays in influencing the eventual achievement…… [Read More]
Kinesthetic Learners Achievement Levels in Technology Rich Classrooms
Hypothesis With Operational Definitions
Computers and Kinesthetic Learning
The Challenge 2000 Multimedia Project
Collaborative Visualization (CoVis) Project
Apple Classroom of Tomorrow Project
American Culture in Context: Enrichment for Secondary Schools
SchoolNet / Rescol Report: The emerging contribution of online resources and tools to classroom learning and teaching
Lehrer HyperAuthor Study
The Highly Interactive Computing Environments (HI-CE) Group
Interactive technologies that are appealing to kinesthetic learning such as multimedia, hypermedia, and visualization in virtual learning environments hold great promise for enhancing the learning experience. A variety of research studies have produced results ranging from the ability of interactive computing not only to enhance the student's ability to absorb complex information, but also to fundamentally reshape the learning process.
Interactive computing holds exciting potential to create student-controlled learning environments in which students are more responsible for their own instruction. And,…… [Read More]
Peers and staff at major universities will review information collected in order to test for reliability and validity. Follow up studies will be necessary in order to determine the future efficacy of the theory proposed.
The researcher suggests that the results of the study will reveal the critical factors that are likely to impact student's success in the classroom with regard to multicultural education. From the results of the fieldwork the researcher proposes that several factors will need to be adopted by faculty and staff in order to improve student outcome in the classroom.
Banks, J.A. (2001). Cultural diversity and education: Foundations, curriculum and teaching. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Banks, JA, & Banks, C.A.M. (1995). Handbook of research on multicultural education.
New York: Macmillan.
Benz, C.. & Newman, I. (1998). Qualitative-quantitative research methodology:
Exploring the interactive continuum. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, p. 9.
Capella-Santana, N. (2003). "Voices…… [Read More]
Alberta's Provincial Achievement Testing - Analysis and Critique
Achievement tests can generally be considered to be a way for the education system to gain a better understanding of how students accumulate information and of how effective teaching methods are. Also, these respective tests aim to encourage students to get actively involved in the learning process and to demonstrate their abilities. Alberta's educational system acknowledges limitations associated with achievement tests and thus collaborates with provincial programs of study. Through taking on such attitudes, educational institutes are able to have a more complex comprehension of how students reach to achievement tests and of how they can improve these respective tests. Even with the fact that the achievement tests proved to be successful in many ways, it is still difficult to determine whether or not they have an overall positive effect on Alberta's education system. Most controversies are owed to many teachers being…… [Read More]
Parent Involvement and Student Achievement
Parental Involvement and Student Academic Achievement
TA administration and staff believe schools are seeing a decrease in parental involvement as students enter high school. Research conducted by the Kentucky Department of Education (KDE) Dropout Prevention Resource Guide (2008) has demonstrated the positive effects of parental involvement in schools.
Parental involvement in the eighth grade had a strong positive effect on the grade point average of 10th graders (Keith, T.Z., Keith, Quirk, Sperduto, Santillo, & Killings, 1998). In contrast, Balen and Moles (1994) and Hurst (2002) suggest when parents have a positive attitude regarding education and demonstrate trust that their children can do well, children perform better in school. However, parental involvement tends to decrease as students become older (p. 3).
Historical and current studies have investigated the impact of parental involvement and student achievement. Diverse studies have considered how well students perform academically…… [Read More]
Harmonic Accompaniment on the Development of Music Aptitude and Singing Achievement
The rationale of the scrutinize was to investigate the effect of xylophones harmonic accompaniment on the tone realization and tone improvisation of young children[aged eight].It provide the children cognitive development, multiple intelligence emphasis on music and bodily kinesthetic intelligence which will involve auditory, visual and kinesthetic stimuli.
It entails rhythmic development, music amptitude which test the effect of harmonic accompaniment on music development and music amptitude children vocal development and finally the effect of harmonic accompaniment on singing achievement.Even though result based on research on singing achievement between the children which had song instruction with a root melody accompaniment had no significant on tone attainment according to Gordon's (1982)IMMA, there was significance effect on singing achievement between children who received song instruction with root melody accompaniment.Xylophones which comes from a Greek word 'xylon'meaning wooden sound.It is from percussion family…… [Read More]
Diagnosing the Problem
As Palardy (2015) shows, first grade is where the achievement gap begins to develop among students. Ferrer et al. (2015) show that the achievement gap begins in first grade and persists well into adolescence: in order to address the achievement gap, the best step is to take preventive measures. This action research study plans to address the problem of the achievement gap by getting first graders to focus on reading and get them interested in reading by following the recommendation of Moses and Kelly (2018), which is to condition young learners to love reading by continuously promoting it in a favorable and positive light. In other words, by socializing reading and using child-centered teaching methods (Kikas, Pakarinen, Soodla, Peets & Lerkkanen, 2017; Moses & Kelly, 2018), first grade teachers can help to close the achievement gap.
The study setting is my first grade classroom. This setting was…… [Read More]
iii.37) to reassure Othello that he knows nothing about Desdemona and Cassio and what they might be doing behind closed doors. This scene allows us to see how manipulative Iago is and how he will say anything to get what he wants. He lies, he plants, seeds of doubt, and he uses Othello's jealousy as a weapon against him. It is important to note that Iago knows something about jealousy because he is jealous himself. It was his jealousy of Cassio's promotion that sparked his motives and he can turn the jealous screw tighter and tighter because he knows how it feels to burn with jealousy. e can call him an expert in the field with firsthand knowledge and, like most criminals, he chooses to use that knowledge for destruction rather than anything else.
Iago is malevolent because he is not just being cruel to rather innocent victims, he is…… [Read More]
block and the response to intervention (TI) tiered approaches to education. Block education can best be defined as a method of manipulating the time available for teaching in the daily curriculum in a high school environment in a comprehensive and efficient manner in order to most effectively teach students. The TI tiered approach is an approach that is systematic in its design, and allows for students to move at their own respective pace while still demanding results in a structured manner. The TI approach in education takes place as a way of intervening in a student's progress (or lack thereof) before the overall effect of the non-progression leads to severe educational handicaps. The block education is used in a more physical educational setting and is used to allow a more flexible approach to education.
This literature review seeks to determine how effective the TI educational approach is compared to the…… [Read More]
Congruence of Mother and Teacher Educational Expectations and Low-Income Youth's Academic Competence
By: Aprile D. Benner and Rashmita S. Mistry
The authors of this article want to examine the independent effects of teacher and mother expectations on the youth achievement outcomes, the relationship between adult expectation and child performance, and whether identical or different adult expectations impacts on youth performance. Specifically, the study, which examined over 745 families, showed that mother and teacher expectations had a direct effect on a student's educational expectations, competency beliefs and academic outcomes. Particularly noticeable was the impact that mother expectations had on a youth's educational expectations. The study also concluded that a congruence between adult expectations, with the mother and teacher, had an even more pronounced effect on student expectations and achievement. Finally, the study found that teacher expectations were consistently lowered when mother/parent expectations were also low.
This study used a comparatively higher…… [Read More]
g., the finding last year at Athens of the hand of Zeus of the east pediment)" the Parthenon continues to yield intellectual fruit through archeological excavation and discovery (Bruno xiv). As age replaces age with new speculations, scholars reappraise this epic piece of architecture, for "speculations of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries are already mostly out of date, and original source materials are rare" (Bruno xiv). hat historians do, as a rule, have to go on are the stories preserved by Plutarch, who reflects a "spirit that undoubtedly prevailed at Athens as a plan took shape to reconstruct the sanctuary which had been left in ruins by the Persians" (Bruno xiv). This plan was so Athenian to the core that even (as Plutarch mentions) the animals seemed to throw their very being into the operation.
In conclusion, Greek architecture has produced some of the world's finest marvels, and was…… [Read More]
Building and Assumptions
Use the Best Subsets approach to refine the predictive models constructed using multiple linear regression
Employ techniques (including residual analysis) to test the assumptions of predictive models obtained through multiple linear regression
The core of predictive modeling is the search for useful predictors. Prediction is centered on a problem that is defined by the size of the data set (the number of cases or observations) and the number or width of potential predictors that can be used to address the problem. A common issue for problem solution is the enormous number of potential predictors that have a weak association with the solution. Computer modeling enables the huge number of models to be fit to subsets of the data and tested across additional data subsets. Each test provides an evaluation of the strength of each individual predictor. The focus, then, of predictive modeling is the search for good…… [Read More]
Exploiting the Interrelation Between Creativity, Intelligence, Memory and Learning to Promote Academic Achievement
One of the more mysterious aspects of the human condition concerns how some people are enormously creative throughout their lives while others appear mired in a pattern that precludes any creative thought. In many cases, high levels of creativity are also characterized by correspondingly high levels of intelligence, memory and learning abilities. While more research in this area is needed, a growing body of evidence, indicates that creativity, intelligence, memory, and learning are interrelated. To determine how with specificity, this paper provides an exploration of the interrelations of these ideas and predicts how they can best be harnessed to enhance student outcomes. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning creativity, intelligence, memory and learning are presented in the conclusion.
Analysis of the interrelation of creativity, intelligence, memory, and learning
At first blush, the interrelation…… [Read More]
I was pretty enthusiastic when I returned to the 56th ACT having been ordered to assume responsibility as the deputy brigade commander (DCO). I felt proud and lucky. I had held the proud and shinny image of the 56th ACT in my head for the last two years. When I returned, there had been some significant changes. It has not been long since I returned, and with the division commander losing confidence in the ability of COL Timmons to be an effective commander of the brigade, I now command the 56th ACT. On my mind always was how I was going to restore the image of the 56th. I know it will be hard and challenging, but one thing I am sure of is that it can be done. I have had vast experience in the brigade. Drawing from this experience and the CGSOC L100'S themes - notably…… [Read More]
A consistent class attendance is an important factor in academic success of any student. In defense to this, several studies have since quantitatively confirmed this, revealing that absenteeism negatively affects the students’ performance. This because, the students that miss classes on a given date are meaningfully more likely to give incorrect response to questions provided to them in relation to the session materials as compared to those that were present. Nevertheless, there also exist other external factors apart from absenteeism that affects the students’ performance such as, the quiz performance, academic ability and the student’s gender. Institutions should ensure that they are responsive to issues pertaining to student absenteeism. Programs can also be adopted, those that are designed to assist the student with tendency of absenteeism; community juvenile justice agencies and community based programs. The institution can also adapt to practices and policies ensuring that the students attend classes rather…… [Read More]
Library Resources vs. ikipedia," authors Colon-Aguirre & Fleming-May (2012) illustrate that modern scholars are very often more likely to look for quick solutions to research issues, such as exploiting ikipedia which is not peer reviewed and therefore has always been synonymous with a lack of truth or evidence. There are a myriad of reasons why students are so much more likely to access easy information like ikipedia rather than going through the trouble of studying that campus's library resources and the researchers tried to ascertain some of the reasons directly responsible for the growing dependency on internet materials. In this study, twenty-one undergraduate students from a public university in the United States which is not named in the study for the sake of anonymity of the participants were questioned about their study and research practices. hat started out as a statistical evaluation of the percentage of students who use internet-based…… [Read More]
populations, factors, or variables.
The objective of carrying out this statistical analysis is to learn more about the relations between variables that may influence student performance in the Lincoln County schools. The specific variables of interest in this analysis are the region of the county and the curriculum. One relationship of interest is whether a difference in student performance can be attributed to the region of the county in which the schools are located and the curriculum that is being used at the various schools. There is also interest in exploring if student performance seem to change based on the combination of curriculum used at the school the students attend and the region in which the school is located.
(a) Data Samples
A randomization generator accessible on the Web was used to select the sample. Twenty individual students were selected with each student identified only by the number indicating their…… [Read More]
In fact, PBS is an inclusive approach since it becomes increasingly applicable to different segments of society such as multicultural youth and urban youth (Utley, Kozleski, Smith, & Draper, 2002). Perhaps, the reason this form of support applies so universally because it uses a collaborative team of people whom know and care about the troubled teenager. hese individuals such as family members, teachers, counselors, and administrators come together and determine functionally the processes which this individual performs and which ones he/she has trouble with or, in other words, together -- with the assistance of the student too -- they put together a functional behavioral assessment and then determine the specific, individualized needs of the student (Carr, 2002). Based upon that particular student's needs, the team derives approaches to help reduce the problem behavior and replace it with appropriate behavior. he reason that this process is said to have lasting effects…… [Read More]
Some of those are as follows:
1) Affect the environment;
2) Either save or expend energy;
3) Economically feasible or expensive to maintain, heat and cool.
4) Affect student learning;
5) Affect the health of students and teachers alike and 6) Affect the retention of teachers. (Olson and Carney, 2004)
Criteria involved in the design, operation and maintenance of these 'sustainable' buildings are those as follows:
Sustainable site planning and landscaping design that decrease the use of pesticides and provide an outdoor learning environment for students;
Good building envelope design such as efficient windows and high R-value insulation that reduce draftiness and increase student and teacher comfort levels;
Proper lighting along with increased use of daylighting to improve student performance and increase comfort levels;
Good indoor air quality from adequate air filtration and exchange systems and the banning of idling buses or delivery trucks near buildings that eliminate toxins, allergens…… [Read More]
When they see the library staff in this light, teachers are more willing to work with others in improving the effectiveness of their lesson planning (by incorporating more tools and techniques). (Gregory, 2003, pp. 100-109)
Task 4: Change can be difficult for some. Think about a change you would like to see in your educational or work environment. How would you implement this change? Consider and discuss the possible resistance that you may encounter from your professional community. How would you support them throughout the change process? How would you overcome any resistance to the change?
A change that can be implemented inside an educational environment is to unify the approach educators are using in reaching out to students. What normally happens is most teachers have different theories and practices they are following. This can be problematic as some of the most experience educators may be reluctant to alter their…… [Read More]
Bsba Integrative Project
Internal Business Processes
Employee training hours, employee satisfaction,
New loans created, new accounts, new products introduced, cross sells, and referrals.
Number of products per customer, number of new customers, customer satisfaction, customer retention, sales calls to customers, and thank you calls to existing customers.
Outstanding Loan Balances, Deposit Balances, Noninterest income,
Internal Business Process
Objectives and Performance Measures
VISION & STATEGY
Learning & Growth
Objectives and Performance Measures
The causal chain indicates that objectives of the company in relation to the balanced scorecard depend significantly on the vision and strategies of the business entity. The objectives and measures in relation to the consumers of the company play a critical role in achievement of the three main financial goals: loan balances, deposit balances, and noninterest income. The company should focus on improving services to their…… [Read More]
Discrepancies in Achievement: Aspirations vs. Expectations Among Students
HISTOICAL OIGINS OF DIFFEENCES
There is a large body of research that focuses on the educational and occupational aspirations and expectations of minority students as well as between male vs. female students. Expectation is defined as a concrete or realistic plan students have and may differ from aspirations, which are generally more abstract and ideological (Trusty, 2002). As Hanson (1994) describes, a student may well have a high aspiration, as evidenced in the national statistics, such as to achieve a college degree; however many students might not actually expect to earn that degree during the course of their education (Trusty, 2002).
Why the discrepancy? In the past little effort has been made to differentiate between aspirations and expectations; and example given is a study conducted in 1991 by Marjoribanks, who used the term 'aspirations' to describe his study, but actually measured student…… [Read More]
Racial and Ethnic Achievement Gap Trends: Reversing the Progress toward Equity? By Jaekyung Lee. This article discusses setbacks in the achievement of racial and ethnic minorities, and identifies some of the key factors affecting these setbacks. The author believes variations in the data are not fully discussed, and there are strong implications toward future setbacks.
The United States has always been a melting pot, and this blending of cultures and ethnicities continues throughout the new millennium. The fight for Civil Rights in the 1950s and 60s brought new opportunities to minorities in our country, but many studies and data indicate these opportunities may in fact be decreasing. Minorities tend to achieve less in mathematics and reading testing, and while these gaps narrowed in the 70s and 80s, they appear to be widening again (Lee 3). The author notes there are a wide variety of social and economic trends…… [Read More]
Integrating Students Who Change Schools
When students change schools often, and particularly when they enter and exit schools at times other than the actual starting and ending dates, they can experience academic, psychological, and social setbacks. When a student body is in a relatively constant state of flux, the impact is felt by all students in the classrooms, and not just by students who are referred to as frequent movers. While the size of the stable core of students ranges widely, the mobility of frequent movers generates a chaos factor -- a term used to identify the inevitable disruption that occurs from having to constantly adapt to the unexpected change.
The literature shows a negative correlation between school switching and academic achievement; a correlation that is evident in schools that have experienced multiple years of non-compliance with federal academic achievement regulations due to high numbers of students who are frequent…… [Read More]
Persistence: Students that received long-term contact with teachers were more likely to foster feelings of belonging. The persistent contact acted as encouragement which promoted student motivation (Edgar & Johnson, 1995). Teachers that continually worked with students were sending nonverbal messages affirming their belief in the students. Edgar & Johnson (1995) found counselors were more successful when students perceived them as trusting and helpful. Actions that earned counselors the respect of the students were: demonstrating continual interest in the students, doing favors to show care, and by being respectful and courteous in return to the students (Edgar & Johnson, 1995). According to Wheatley (2002), teacher persistence was especially beneficial for students who had low self-expectations and whom others viewed with lower expectations. Teacher persistence has been noted to promote higher expectations among their students (Wheatley, 2002).
Fairness: Edgar & Johnson (1995) cited findings that encouraged schools to review their school rules…… [Read More]
The teachers acknowledge that the other disruptive behaviors propagates the destruction of the school property therefore computer-based management results in the upstaging of the security of the school properties. This eminent vandalism is prominent in the cases where the students would like to have money selling the school properties.
The teachers separately attribute the poor morals of the students to inexperience and the ignorance of the students. Involving of computer-based programs in the student behavior management clears the doubt in the effectiveness of the management of the issues entailed. The perspective to the approach assists in the enhancement of the Developmental period of the basis of the Phase learner. They view the approach to increase the contact between the teacher and the student in the countering of the trends emergent in the process. They attribute the computer approach to the advancement in the mastery of the life skills for the…… [Read More]
teacher instructional technology with new literacy instruction to improve elementary (K-5) student achievement in reading vocabulary?
The alternative hypothesis would be that new literacy instruction does have th potential to improve elementary (K-5) student achievement in reading vocabulary. In other words that significant difference is found between classrooms that employ new literacy instructions and classrooms that do not use this method.
The null hypothesis would be that no significant difference is found between classrooms that employ new literacy instructions and classrooms that do not use this method.
The study will choose 2 different schools in a certain district with classes k-5 where one school has introduced new literacy techniques (namely technological strategies), and the other school is still employing traditional instruction.
The schools would be as closely matched as possible with students coming from a similar socio-economic background and with their parents generally sharing a similar educational niche (i.e. either…… [Read More]
Among the practices of the Anglo-Saxon in England before the conquest include, the introduction of their religious beliefs into the country. England became a Christianity practicing nation, as most of the Anglo-Saxons were Catholic Christians. Additionally, their political landscape had the organization of a divided nation, which devolved power to the states, then later the unified state. Therefore, due to this dynamic organization of the states in England, England was the most organized of all states in estern Europe. The country had divisions into shires, which are equivalent of counties and hundreds also called wapentakes (arren et al., p 78). Under these divisions, taxation assessment continued progressively, from hundreds to the shires, then the central kingdom. Tax collection was a duty of the local appointed agents of the kingdom, who after assessing the people, levied them. The tax was in the form of coins, with fresh coins minted three times…… [Read More]
individual is someone who has a distinct personality of his/her own that differentiates him from a group or class of people. This individual has a distinguishing intelligence level, achievement abilities and aptitude. As far as intelligence is concerned, it can be defined as the "ability to reason about personality and personality-relevant information and to use that information to guide one's actions and more generally, one's life" (as qtd. In Mayer, Panter & Caruso, 2012, p. 124). In other words, intelligence is a basic psychological capability in an individual that allows him/her to give explanation, plan and prepare and get to the bottom of troubles. Intelligence is something that is not acquired by reading books or being academically bright. In the similar fashion, achievement is the way a task is performed in a successful manner (Travers. 1970, p. 447). However, aptitude is a natural ability/tendency to carry out a task.
In…… [Read More]
Teacher Quality: The Effect of Compensation
The objective of this study is to report the importance of teacher quality in achieving good educational outcomes for children and to discuss the potential for a well-designed compensation contract to improve the performance of teachers.
All too often, those in charge of teaching children and essentially in forming the world's future leaders and business executives are compensated very poorly when compared to other working roles in society. Compensation for teachers whose work is so essential in securing the future of the economy and society-at-large is incredibly poor as compared to the compensation of business executives and even blue-collar workers. This is a significant problem in attracting and retaining top talent in the field of teaching.
The work of Hightower, et al. (2011) states that the relationship between teacher quality and student achievement is little understood however what is known is "compensation…… [Read More]
Team and Tension
The major components of House's Path-Goal Theory are directive leaderships, supportive leadership, participative leadership, and achievement-oriented leadership. Each leadership style has its own unique attributes which correlate directly to an individual's personality traits. For instance, directive leaders tend to have a more authoritarian approach to leadership. They tend to establish working hierarchies of relationships and reporting structures. Directive leaders also tend to operate as a single leader with sole responsibility over a limited amount of resources. As such directive leaders are particularly effective in routine and repetitive environments that adhere to strict requirements. Manufacturing and retail management positions tend to be very effective positions for directive leaders. Directive leaders give subordinates instructions about their task, how it is to be performed, and the time frame in which it needs to be completed. There is often very little freedom in regards to how the task should be accomplished.…… [Read More]
Once a reasonable decision has been arrived upon, I must take on the role of the leader who ensures that it is implemented.
In order to do this, it will be my role to confer with my colleagues to determine if the change is being implemented, how it is affecting the faculty and students, and what other changes can be made to better accommodate this primary change. Furthermore, it will be my role to defend the change when others may question it, in addition to listening to the concerns that they have, many of which may be valid. Finally, as a leader responsible for change, I have the task of evaluating the changes that have taken place, determining by the facts, with others, if the change was truly beneficial or should be repealed or altered.
Thus, while change is often difficult, and even more often necessary, it is the responsibility…… [Read More]