Achievements Essays (Examples)

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Achievement of African-American Students in Civilian Public

Words: 1931 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11979243

achievement of African-American students in civilian public schools vs. African-American students in the Depart of Defense (DOD) school system

The methods section of this dissertation provides the rationale for the proposed study based on my hypothesis comparing African-American students in the DOD school system with African-American students in civilian school systems.

It also highlights the key questions that were examined, how the study was conducted and the measuring criteria for analysis. The paper will provide detailed information that should be a sufficient foundation for anyone who wishes to conduct a parallel study.

This portion of the paper will provide an outline of the following:

Purpose - which will define my reason for doing this study

Background Information - will provide information on the level of measurement I have selected, i.e. The SAT scores and information on the Department of Defense (DOD) school system itself

Procedure - outlines the steps that…… [Read More]

Fact Sheet. The National Center for Fair and Open Testing. Cambridge, MA. August 2001.

George A. Clowes. "Defense Dept. Knows How to Operate Good Schools, Too." School Reform News. January 2002.

Defense Department Taps Distance Learning Tools., No.22. February
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Achievement Testing

Words: 325 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50136462

Achievement Testing

Howell and ueda in their article Achievement Testing with Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students question the veracity of the widely used Standardized Norm-eferenced Achievement Test (SNAT) in measuring systematic differences among group means. As they point out, SNAT characteristics, are: completely nonaligned with instruction; assume a uniform curriculum, schooling, language proficiency and sociocultural experience across student groups; and are designed for an outside purpose of formulating education policy. Given the limitations of SNATs, Howell and ueda explore the alternative Curriculum-Based Measurement (CBM) and the Performance Assessment (PA) approaches to student achievement. Though more aligned to classroom curriculum and instruction, these alternatives too have their limitations. The CBM focus on task-analytic decomposition of complex domains, for example, is of concern for teachers of language minority students who commonly use more holistic or 'whole-language' approaches. Similarly, the reliance of PA on the use of complex and interactive tasks is more…… [Read More]


Howell, K.W. & Rueda, R. Achievement Testing with Culturally and Linguistically Diverse

Students. Handbook of Multicultural Assessment. p. 253-284

Weiler, J. (Apr. 1998). Recent Changes in School Desegregation. ERIC/CUE Digest. No. 133
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Achievement Outside of the Classroom My Parents

Words: 717 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27445119

Achievement Outside of the Classroom

My parents were against the idea of a dog, but I was determined that we would get a puppy. I did my research, and, information in hand, pitched the idea of raising an assistance dog to my parents. We would raise a puppy for a year, providing it with care and teaching basic commands. If she passed her tests, she would be trained as an assistance dog. If not, we would have the option of keeping her. My parents fell for it, hook, line, and sinker, and two months later we picked up Frito, a yellow-lab puppy. Between chewed-up shoes, obedience school, ruined carpet, romps in the park, and playing ball, the year flew by more quickly than I ever imagined it would, and the day came to have Frito's skills assessed. I watched nervously, half-hoping that he would mess up as the trainer tested…… [Read More]

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Achievement Levels Teaching Methods the

Words: 690 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7504409

The issues raised in this article are very important. I agree with the proposition that thinking and writing are linked; so that you can understand elements of thinking through writing. However, I am not certain that it is such a strong correlation that you can determine thinking through writing. Thinking is much more complex than what can be discerned from what a student places on the script as a response. I would also add that to place a response requires thinking processes that are not mapped. By this, I mean that I am not sure what is actually measured when you assess the students writing. What level of thinking are you assessing? Some students may be able to provide the correct response but they cannot successfully articulate the processes that were employed to arrive at that position.

I am in complete agreement with the need to create tools that are…… [Read More]


Kwan, F. (2010). True/false test: Enhancing its power through writing. Journal of Instructional

Pedagogies, 4, 1-10. Retrieved February 22, 2011, from ABI/INFORM Global.

(Document ID: 2170766341)
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Achievement or of Influence That One Finds

Words: 1043 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51902617

achievement, or of influence, that one finds one's self in, regarding education, health, self-esteem, business, politics, housing; class, as a sociological concept, is based upon the relationship an individual has to the means of production and distribution at his or her disposal. The "upper class" is wealthy, and the "lower class" struggles for subsistence. And when a group of "working class" individuals band together to petition management for better wages and working conditions, they may decide to join a union.

"Status" on the other hand refers to the standing a person achieves or experiences with respect to the way in which that person is treated in part of a social order. Everyone has a "status" -- even the person with no money and no home, a "homeless" person has that "status" -- although most people strive to achieve a higher status than what they start out with, with the exception…… [Read More]


Richter, Konstanze. (2003). A report on the 47th session: UN Commission on the Status

Of Women. Women Magazine, 56, 47-51.

United States General Accounting Office. (2003, October). Report to Congressional

Requesters: Women's Earnings: Work Patterns Partially Explain Difference between
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Achievement Inside American Schools Has

Words: 904 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49537403

These various elements will allow everyone to show how well they comprehend the material and provide areas for identifying critical weaknesses. These insights will be used to improve performance and enhance their comprehension of different areas. (Walvoord, 2010)

Create a fully developed holistic rubric.

The best way to develop a holistic rubric is to use Bloom's Taxonomy. This is designed to promote the most effective areas of evaluating student performance (utilizing testing) and determining if a particular approach is producing results. This is achieved by concentrating on their ability to use cognitive skills. The most notable include: recalling key ideas, focusing on their understanding, application, creativity, evaluation and analysis of them. (Weil, 2004)

emembering the information is the most important part of helping a student to utilize the skills they are taught in the future. Understanding is when they can explain how it works in their own words. Application is…… [Read More]


US Students Still Lag Behind. (2012). Huffington Post. Retrieved from: 

Walvoord, B. (2010). Assessment Clear and Simple. San Francisco, CA: Josey Bass.

Weil, D. (2004). Critical Thinking and Learning. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
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Metacognition and Academic Achievement

Words: 3068 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76506495

Metacognition and Academic Achievement in College Students


Constituent Elements of Metacognition

Metacognitive Awareness Inventory

Gender differences in metacognitive skills

elationship to Other Concepts

Growth of Metacognition Over Time

The elationship between Metacognition and Academic Achievement in College Students

It is obvious today those college professors are being faced with classrooms that are full of students who are coming to them with different levels of knowledge in regards to the way they are learning. Some students are active, self-directed learners who know how they learn and are able to apply what they recognize to numerous learning circumstances. Also, others could possibly be average students that are actually working hard and who are able to know what their learning weaknesses and strengths, but who may not sufficiently control their learning. Still others possibly will be inert learners who have little consciousness of how they learn and…… [Read More]


Brown, A. (1987). Metacognition, executive control, self-regulation, and other more mysterious mechanisms. In F. Weinert, & R. Kluwe (Eds.), Metacognition, motivation, and understanding (pp. 65-116). Hillsdale, NJ, Erlbaum.

Ciascai, L., & Lavinia, H. (2011). Gender differences in metacognitive skills. A study of the 8th grade pupils in Romania. International Conference on Education and Educational Psychology - ICEEPSY 2011 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 29, 396 -- 401

Coutinho, S.A. (2007). The relationship between goals, metacognition, and academic success. Educate~, 7(1), 39-47.

Cross, D.R. & Paris, S.G. (1988). Developmental and instructional analyses of children's metacognition and reading comprehension. Journal of Educational Psychology, 80(2), 131-142.
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Math Achievement African-American vs White

Words: 6588 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67509072

In grade four white males performing "At or Above asic" math skills is stated at 90% while black males were performing at only 59% "At or Above asic" skill levels. White males in the "At or Above Proficient" skills level is stated at 49% with black males in this category stated at a mere 13%.

The following labeled Figure 2 shows the statistical report of NAEP (2005) in relation to achievement differences among African-American and White American males.

NAEP STATISTICAL REPORT: Minority Male Achievement Gaps Relative to White Males, Grade 4, 2005


y the time these students reach 8th grade white males "At or Above asic Achievement Levels" totals 76% while only 43% of the African-American males are "At or Above asic Achievement Levels" the negative value in the Achievement Gap of African-American Males as relative to White Males indicates that a lower percentage of…… [Read More]


Henry, Ardail Rashad (2005) Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement in African-American Students with Learning Disabilities. July 2005 School or Education Curriculum and Instruction, Special Education, Williamsburg VA. Online available at

David, James Earl (2006) Early Schooling and Academic Achievement of African-American Males. Abstract. Sage Publications. Online available at

Babco, Eleanor (2004) Uphill Climb: the Status of African-Americans in Science and Engineering. Making Strides. Online available at .

McMillian, Monique M. (2003-2004) Is No Child Left Behind 'Wise Schooling' for African-American Male Students?" published in the High School Journal - Volume 87, Number 2 in December 2003-January 2004, and on pages 25-33.
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Teaching Styles Achievement Teaching Styles and

Words: 1533 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46855853

Students that have adapted, whethe it is fo cultual easons o because an anothe style was bette suited fo the subject, may continue to show highe achievement even in futue classooms that do not implement the teaching styles that have been found to be ideal fo achievement levels. Futue eseach should also look to see if teaching styles beyond the ecommendations of No Child Left Behind can acquie the impovement in achievement NCLB seeks.


Bouque J., Bouchamma, Y., & Laose, F. (2010). Aboiginal Students' Achievement in Science Education: The Effect of Teaching Methods. The Albeta Jounal of Educational Reseach, 56(1), 57-71.

Cabo, M. (2009). Match the Style of Instuction to the Style of Reading. Phi Delta Kappan, 90(5), 373-378.

Mogan, H. (2010). Impoving Schooling fo Cultual Minoities: The Right Teaching Styles Can Make a Big Diffeence. Educational Hoizons, 88(2), 114-120.

Payne-Tsoupos, C. (2010). No Child Left Behind: Disincentives to…… [Read More]

references for teaching styles matter in academic achievement: scientific and practical implications. Educational Psychology, 28(6), 615-625.
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School Librarians Impact Stduents Achievement

Words: 1488 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 349923

(Lance, 2001)

Lance additionally states that "one of the most consistent strands of research on this topic is evidenced by studied that demonstrate the value of" those as follows:

(1) quality collections of books and other materials selected to support the curriculum;

(2) State-of-the-art technology that is integrated into the learning / teaching processes; and (3) Cooperation between school and other types of libraries, especially public libraries. (Lance, 2001)

Stated as a key role of the library media specialist and one that has only been the focus of research for about the last decade is program administration since in today's schools "library media specialists are not only managers of the library media center but also advocates for information literacy with the principal, at faculty meetings, and in standards and curriculum committee meetings." (Lance, 2001) Library media specialists are further stated to be "trainers who provide in-service programs for teachers on…… [Read More]


Todd, Ross J. (2007) School Administrators' Support for School Libraries: The Impact on Student Academic Achievement. Learning & Media Vol. 35 No. 1 Winter 2007.

Houston, Cynthia R. (2007) Measuring Up: Academic Achievement of 'Beyond Proficiency' Standards in School Library Media Centers Across Kentucky. Kentucky Libraries Vol. 71 No. 3 Summer 2007.

Collier, Jackie (2007) School Librarians Rock: Librarian's Powerful Impact on Literacy Development: Reflections of Teacher Candidates. Ohio Media Spectrum 50 No. 1 Fall 2007.

Lance, Keith Curry (2001) Proof of the Power: Quality Library Media Programs Affect Academic Achievement. MultiMedia Schools September 2001.
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Personal Achievement Everyone Has Achieved

Words: 975 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82789809

My biggest challenge was recognizing that I had to stand out from other students. To accomplish this I worked outside of school to enhance my directing skills. I also worked with my band instructor to improve my abilities. I never gave up in the face of challenge. I committed myself to extra hours practicing, despite a busy course load and family obligations. I never once wavered from my path and my vision.

When I became field commander, I realized I was more than the average student. The marching band has more than 200 members, and there were thirty people that tried out for the filed commander position. I knew that my efforts had been worthwhile, and that I had been true to myself along the way. During my journey toward field commander, I studied directing patterns and used band music on CD's at home in order to practice learning the…… [Read More]


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, 1998, MICRA Inc.
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Closing the Achievement Gap

Words: 1074 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91201368


There is much to be said about the achievement gap. Indeed, there is an alarming chasm between top performers and many others that are further down the scoring and achievement spectrum. The most disturbing part of the problem is that the gaps are often along income, racial and other pronounced socioeconomic lines. As with any other problem, there are possible interventions that can be used to curtail and prevent this problem from getting larger and harder to manage. The interventions that were sought and found for this literature review were found in academic databases such as EBSCO. As one might expect, “achievement gap” and other similar search strings were the parameters used to find the results. Generally speaking, the use of targeted interventions that address the root of the problem at the cultural and economic levels are what it takes to stem the problems in question. While there are…… [Read More]

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Academic Achievement Through Block Scheduling

Words: 6471 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88937476

That responsibility is of the school -- to ensure that the adult citizens so needed by contemporary society are produced by the school system -- those individuals being responsible for their views and able to analyze and synergize information so they may "vote intelligently." For Dewey, the central tendency of individuals was to act appropriately to perpetuate the "good and just" society (Tozer, 2008).

This of course set the stage for continuous criticism and requestioning just what it was that the school systems can do. For the last few decades, pedagoglical theory has undergone a number of paradigm shifts. As the classroom changes, so does the theorietical structure behind it -- diversity, technology, globalism -- all contribute to the need to find a robust way to communicate learning activities, to help students move beyond rote understanding, and most especially a way to evaluate progress that is meaningful to not only…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Prisoners of Time. (1994, march). Retrieved July 2011, from National Education Commission on Time and Learning: 

Critiques of Multiple Intelligence Theory. (2006, January). Retrieved July 2011, from Courland, edu:

Abernathy, S. (2007). No Child Left Behind and the Public Schools. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Anderson, L. a. (1993). Timepiece: Extending and Enhancing Learning and Time. Reston, VA: National Association of Secondary School Principals.
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Parental Involvement and School Achievement

Words: 1393 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70499390

(Bennet 1996)

Negative Factors

The Journal of School Health reported in February 2001 that according to the National Education Goals, every child will start school ready to learn. However, this is unfortunately not always the case because families are not ready to deliver that child prepared for school. Specifically, those without proper socioeconomic support will have conditions outside of the classroom that will lead to an increased chance for academic failure. In communities where social services are provided that might make parental involvement more positive for elementary school students, parents are often unaware of the availability of these services. Additionally, parents may be less likely to participate in their child's schooling because of their own negative school experiences and lack of trust for the school staff. "During parenting programs, parents often described a perceived lack of communication and respect from the teachers, and the teachers often expressed similar frustrations. Staff…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Beale, a.V., & Ericksen-Radtke, M.M. (2001, September)

Preparing students with learning disabilities for college: pointers for parents. (Elementary to Middle School: Part 1). The Exceptional Parent, v31 i9 p64(4).

Bennet, D. (1996, April) Should parents be involved in all school decisions? Yes. NEA Today, v14 n8 p31(1).

Browning, S., McMahon, B, & Rose-Colley, M. (2001, February)
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Causes of Low Student Achievement

Words: 1070 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20310551

Causes of Low Student Achievement

Does the grading system accurately measure how well a student is learning?

This question itself implies that the grading system used by many teachers cannot be fully accurate in assessing what a given student has learned. Psychology Professor James D. Allen (the School of Psychology at the College of Saint Rose in New York State) explains that while the grading system is supposed to "accurately" reflect a student's academic achievement, it is very likely that in most cases grades do not truly reflect progress in academics, i.e., learning (Allen, 2005, p. 218).

Moreover, Allen says that teachers are required to give grades that supposedly summarize the knowledge a student has obtained, and this is called a "summative evaluation" (219). The teacher should also provide "formative" assessments by directly giving the student feedback and training them to become "self-regulated learners" (219). The grade is supposed to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Allen, J.D. (2005). Grades as Valid Measures of Academic Achievement of Classroom

Learning. The Clearing House, 78(5), 218-228.

Edutopia. (2008). How Should We Measure Student Learning? The Many Forms of Assessment.

The George Lucas Educational Foundation. Retrieved September 25, 2013, from .
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Improving Student Achievement and Parental Involvement

Words: 401 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60797442

Improving student achievement and parental involvement can be achieved by creating an action plan that incentivizes both groups, provides support for each, and promotes positive interactions. This action plan will describe how student achievement and parental involvement can be boosted in the school.

To improve student achievement, the first step is to offer them incentives to want to be successful. Incentives could be as simple as this: Perfect attendance for the quarter earns a student a ticket to a community event or a free pizza or a gift card to a local book store. Second, it is important that students also receive discipline, as this sets parameters and provides support for them as they grow and develop. For example, students must make a visit during a teacher’s office hours if their grades in the class reach below a C level grade point average to assess what issues the student is…… [Read More]

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Teacher Perceptions of Student Achievement

Words: 4946 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87569866

Everywhere we look, individuals use body language and non-verbal signals. We've seen evidence of politicians and the media using signals to improve their veracity (or the contrary), but non-verbal clues have even been studied by anthropologists as a way to recognize subtleties of communication. In fact, anthropologist ay Birdswhistell found that most humans can recognize over 250,000 facial expressions that impart meaning (Pease 2006, 10).

Sources of Nonverbal Communication- Psychologists believe that nonverbal communication is both part of individual behavior and the result of that behavior. The environment plays a huge part in how we as individuals "feel" and therefore express ourselves. The difference, say, between a well lit hotel atrium with classical music playing, numerous plants, and earth tones vs. A dark and dingy hallway in a public building will certainly provide different nonverbal impetus. In addition, the following are part of the entire nonvernal universe:



Physical…… [Read More]


Alleyne, L.P. (2003). Black Educators' Views on Middle School Students' Dress. Journal of Negro Education, 72(4), 418-26.

Darwin, C. The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. New York: Oxford University

Press, 2009.

Dress Codes - Pros and Cons. (2004, March). Retrieved October 2010, from the Public School Parent's Network:
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Raise Achievement Levels Raising Achievement

Words: 337 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62921193

Drama, music, and the arts and experiential science learning are fun ways to teach students while avoiding the sense that students are in 'summer school.'

Step 3: Establish mentors for 7th and 8th grades in the high school. Have high-achieving high school students who present strong and realistic role models come to the school, talk about their success, and provide academic and/or emotional support to older middle school students.

Step 4: Providing tutoring assistance on the high school level for standardized tests needed for graduation and the SATs would be valuable. Reinforce the connection between expanded life opportunities and success in school by getting local speakers to come to the school to lecture about their profession, to encourage students to avail themselves of tutoring services. Create internship programs for qualified juniors and seniors within the community. Making students want to succeed in school and come to school in the first…… [Read More]

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Sea Power to the Achievement

Words: 1698 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92102628

Things got no better for d'Estaing and the French navy in 1779 when they were defeated near Savannah, Georgia, by the British. But what such skeptics fail to realize is that even though the British triumphed in these early attempts of France's Navy to provide some form of power at sea, the final victory was, of course, France's and the colonialists', largely because of the effort end expenditure that such battles took on the British. The Colonial war was fought over a period of six years, during which time the British were fighting a war on multiple fronts against multiple opponents. The aggregate of British victories, then, became so pyrrhic that British forces were eventually defeated.

Despite the fact that the French fleet suffered some early losses, it was able to gain the final victory largely because of its prowess on the waterways and the aid it was able to…… [Read More]


Brecher, F.W. (2003). Securing American Independence: John Jay and the French Alliance. Westport: Praeger Publishers.

Chartrand, R. Francis, R. (1991). The French Army in the American War of Independence. Long Island City: Osprey.

Corwin, E.S. (1962) French Policy and the American Alliance of 1778. North Haven: Archon Books.

Dull, J.R. (1985). A Diplomatic History of the American Revolution. New Haven: Yale U. Press.
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Block Included Success or Achievement or Dropout

Words: 1058 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81207030

block included success O achievement O dropout*, with the second block included distance learn* O distance education O distance learning*, and the third block included distance learners* O distance education*. The findings from this search activity form the foundation of this analysis.

eview of Three Library Articles

The first of the three articles that were found while completing this analysis is

Academic success among students at risk for school failure (Finn, ock, 1997) asks the question via research hypothesis what subsegments or audiences of monitory students succeed in high school and graduate while other students with comparable backgrounds do not. The survey methodology included interviews with 1,803 minority students, across a broad spectrum of ethnic and family backgrounders. The study also sought to isolate demographic and psychographic factors that could have potentially influenced the longevity of students staying in school and graduating. Secondary hypotheses were designed to quantify the specific…… [Read More]


Callaway, S., & Alflayyeh, S.. (2011). Understanding Critical Distance Learning Issues: Toward a Comprehensive Model Predicting Student Satisfaction. Information Resources Management Journal, 24(4), 61.

Jeremy D. Finn, & Donald A Rock. (1997). Academic success among students at risk for school failure. Journal of Applied Psychology, 82(2), 221-234.

Kanev, K., Kimura, S., & Orr, T.. (2009). A Framework for Collaborative Learning in Dynamic Group Environments. International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 7(1), 58-77.

Karen Kovacs. (1998). Preventing failure at school. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. The OECD Observer,(214), 8-10.
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Disproportionate Levels of Educational Achievement Among White

Words: 858 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27660007

disproportionate levels of educational achievement among hite and African-American students, titled "Powerful Pedagogy for African-American Students: A Case of Four Teachers," researcher Tyrone C. Howard examines the role of teacher effectiveness in terms of reaching this distinct student population. As Howard observes in the opening of his article, "effectively teaching African-American students continues to be one of the most pressing issues facing educators ... (and) despite the plethora of school restructuring and educational reforms, the disproportionate underachievement of African-American students is a consistent occurrence in U.S. schools" (179), and this alarming phenomenon provides the central premise of his subsequent investigation. Howard elects to focus his qualitative study on the diverse range of socioeconomic, cultural, and regional factors which are likely to exert an impact on the continued underachievement trend within African-American student groups. He is also concerned with assessing the role that teacher effectiveness plays in influencing the eventual achievement…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Howard, Tyrone C. "Powerful Pedagogy for African-American Students A Case of Four

Teachers." Urban education 36.2 (2001): 179-202.

Shujaa, Mwalimu J. "Education and Schooling: You Can Have One without the Other." Urban

Education 27.4 (1993): 328-351.
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Raising Student Achievement in a High Need

Words: 699 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88343360

Raising Student Achievement in a High Need School

To me, the major issue that people consistently fail to adequately address when discussing raising achievement in a high need school is the generational impact of educational disparity. For many people, providing equal educational facilities and equal quality of education is the only remedy to solving educational disparity. However, that ignores the critical role that parents play in a child's education. This role goes far beyond parents and the PTA; in fact, while those parents may help to contribute to the overall quality of a school, they do not necessarily impact individual student education in the necessary manner. Instead, I am talking about the critical role that parents play in education and learning-readiness, if only in an ancillary manner in their children's lives.

For example, I grew up with a father who had a graduate-school level professional education and a mother who…… [Read More]

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Kinesthetic Learners Achievement Levels in Technology Rich

Words: 5427 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86589281

Kinesthetic Learners Achievement Levels in Technology Rich Classrooms

Hypothesis With Operational Definitions

Computers and Kinesthetic Learning

Existing Research

The Challenge 2000 Multimedia Project

Collaborative Visualization (CoVis) Project

Apple Classroom of Tomorrow Project

American Culture in Context: Enrichment for Secondary Schools

SchoolNet / Rescol Report: The emerging contribution of online resources and tools to classroom learning and teaching

Lehrer HyperAuthor Study

The Highly Interactive Computing Environments (HI-CE) Group

Lego/Logo Project

Interactive technologies that are appealing to kinesthetic learning such as multimedia, hypermedia, and visualization in virtual learning environments hold great promise for enhancing the learning experience. A variety of research studies have produced results ranging from the ability of interactive computing not only to enhance the student's ability to absorb complex information, but also to fundamentally reshape the learning process.

Interactive computing holds exciting potential to create student-controlled learning environments in which students are more responsible for their own instruction. And,…… [Read More]


About learning and power. Retreived March 14, 2003 from Power Learning

Network Web Site:

Bracewell, R., Breuleux, A., Laferriere, T., Benoit, J., and Abdous, M.

1998). The emerging contribution of online resources and tools to classroom learning and teaching.
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Staff Faculty Development for Raising Achievement

Words: 1608 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66056476

Peers and staff at major universities will review information collected in order to test for reliability and validity. Follow up studies will be necessary in order to determine the future efficacy of the theory proposed.


The researcher suggests that the results of the study will reveal the critical factors that are likely to impact student's success in the classroom with regard to multicultural education. From the results of the fieldwork the researcher proposes that several factors will need to be adopted by faculty and staff in order to improve student outcome in the classroom.


Banks, J.A. (2001). Cultural diversity and education: Foundations, curriculum and teaching. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Banks, JA, & Banks, C.A.M. (1995). Handbook of research on multicultural education.

New York: Macmillan.

Benz, C.. & Newman, I. (1998). Qualitative-quantitative research methodology:

Exploring the interactive continuum. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, p. 9.

Capella-Santana, N. (2003). "Voices…… [Read More]


Banks, J.A. (2001). Cultural diversity and education: Foundations, curriculum and teaching. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Banks, JA, & Banks, C.A.M. (1995). Handbook of research on multicultural education.

New York: Macmillan.

Benz, C.R. & Newman, I. (1998). Qualitative-quantitative research methodology:
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Economic Issues of Student Achievement in a Non-Profit School Environment

Words: 2879 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41984590

Economic Issues of Student Achievement in a Non-Profit School Environment

The objective of this work in writing is to examine the economic issues of student achievement in a non-profit school environment. Toward this end, this work will examine literature across many areas of study to produce a synthesis of the information and knowledge available on the economic impacts of achievement among students who attend a non-profit school. Examined will be issues relating to accountability of non-profits, the accountability levels required for producing higher achievement among students and the availability of resources for student learning that results in achievement. Many non-profit schools are reported as failing. For example, it was reported that a non-profit school district in New Orleans intends to focus on failing New Orleans public schools and specifically that "A ecovery School District official plans to launch a nonprofit charter-management organization aimed at taking over and turning around failing…… [Read More]


Brenner, Christine Thurlow, Sullivan, Gary L. And Dalton, Elizabeth (2002) Effective Best Practices for School Boards: Linking Local Governance with Student Achievement Success. IPED Technical Reports. Institute for Policy and Economic Development. 1 Jan 20-02. Retrieved from:

Charter School Facility Finance Landscape (2010) Educational Facilities Financing Center, 2010. June. Retrieved from:

Ebrahim, Alnoor (2010) The Many Faces of Nonprofit Accountability. Harvard Business School Working Knowledge. 11 Mar 2010. Retrieved from:

Evaluation of the Public Charter Schools Program -- Final Report (2004) Policy and Program Studies Services. Retrieved from:
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Academic Achievement of African-American Students

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73000802

Board of Education for African-American: "gains in educational attainment." (Guiffrida, 2006) it is pointed out in this work that the school counselor is in a particularly special or 'unique' position to offer assistance to both students and the families of students during the transition into college as well as in the provision of referrals to programs and counseling needs. African-American programs also exist that provide support for students. Guiffrida points out work conducted prior to the present research report in which it was concluded by Guiffrida (2005) "...that it was important for African-American students whose families provided emotional, academic, and financial supports, and who allowed and encouraged their children to make healthy separations" when the student made the transition to college to strengthen the capacity for the student to achieve academically.

he work edited by Denbo and Beaulier entitled: "Improving Schools for African-American Students" relates that institutional racism is a…… [Read More]

The work edited by Denbo and Beaulier entitled: "Improving Schools for African-American Students" relates that institutional racism is a discussion that may be tough for most individuals to handle and even highly "...stressful or shocking" to some individuals. (2002) Several issues are addressed in this work that: "...together form many of the components of institutional racism." (2002) Following this the issues that are "related to the effects of institutional racism are addressed." (2002) Also addressed are the factors related to special education and the underachievement of African-American students. Stated in this work is the fact that culture is an experience of a very "powerful" nature in the lives of both "individuals and groups of people." (Denbo and Beaulier, 2002) Denbo and Beaulier describe culture as: " ever-evolving constellation of influences...shapes the essence, experiences, and worldviews of individuals, groups, communities and institutions alike." (2002)

The work of Henry explores the academic achievement of African-American students and specifically those with Learning Disabilities. This is especially important in the light of the fact that African-Americans are represented: " special education classrooms..." (2005) Interventions this work notes to be successful in assisting academic achievement among these students includes: "...positive teacher feedback, active parental involvement, use of multiple intelligence theory, validation of cultural heritage, making instruction relevant to student lives, and increase choice and responsibility in learning." (Henry, 2005) Wimberly (2002) states findings that a gap exists between the expectations that African-American students hold for themselves and the actual participation in postsecondary education two years following graduation from high school. (Wimberly, paraphrased; 2002) the gap is identified as being evidenced in the fact that 88% of these students had expectations to earn an advanced degree or college degree but that the reality is that only 56% were actually moving in the direction that they had expected toward reaching that goal. (2002)

The work of Harriet Tyson entitled: "Overcoming Structural Barriers to Good Textbooks" states that a recent research study reports that:.." mathematic and science textbooks are just as splintered as the system itself..." additionally stating that this reported study: "...has been preceded by nearly three decades of research on textbooks, virtually all showing that textbooks flit from topic to topic covering only a few in the depth a beginner would need to understand, remember and integrate the knowledge." (nd) There has been adoption of certain elemental specifications by some U.S. states however research state that
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Alberta's Provincial Achievement Testing - Analysis and Critique

Words: 1596 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52608720

Alberta's Provincial Achievement Testing - Analysis and Critique

Achievement tests can generally be considered to be a way for the education system to gain a better understanding of how students accumulate information and of how effective teaching methods are. Also, these respective tests aim to encourage students to get actively involved in the learning process and to demonstrate their abilities. Alberta's educational system acknowledges limitations associated with achievement tests and thus collaborates with provincial programs of study. Through taking on such attitudes, educational institutes are able to have a more complex comprehension of how students reach to achievement tests and of how they can improve these respective tests. Even with the fact that the achievement tests proved to be successful in many ways, it is still difficult to determine whether or not they have an overall positive effect on Alberta's education system. Most controversies are owed to many teachers being…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Vlaardingerbroek, B, & Taylor, N. "Secondary School External Examination Systems: Reliability, Robustness and Resilience." (Cambria Press, 2009)

Thomas, K. "An Analysis of Alberta's First Nations, Metis, and Inuit School-Community Learning Environment Project." (ProQuest, 2008)

"Achievement testing fails independent review," Retrieved May 20, 2015, from

"Alberta Provincial Achievement Testing," Retrieved May 20, 2015, from
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Correlation of Parental Involvement and Academic Achievement

Words: 2988 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37054428

Correlation of Parental Involvement and Academic Achievement

History of the Parents' Involvement

Growing Public Awareness

esearch Findings on Procedural Progress

The Ongoing Effect

Development of Academics under the Perspective of Parental Involvement

The Montessori System

The Philosophy behind the Educational System

Linking Educational Materials to Practical Life Tools

The Environment and Students' Achievements in Subjects

Factors Affecting Parental Involvement

Importance of Parental Involvement

Effects of Parental Involvement

Benefits of the Effects

As educationalists search for ways to improve the modern educational system and to eradicate the problems in it, it is indispensable for them to investigate the causality of these problems and system's shortcomings. It is apparent that the drawbacks do not come into being completely from academics. As a result, it is obvious that a dynamic involvement of parents in the education of their children is a requisite.

In order for student to achieve success academically, a relationship based…… [Read More]


Anderson, S. (2000). How parental involvement makes a difference in reading achievement. Reading Improvement 37 (2). Retrieved April 8, 2002 from Wilson Select Database.

Becher, R. (1986). Eric clearinghouse on elementary and early childhood education. Parents and schools. Retrieved February 26, 2002 from Eric Digests database.

Brant, R.S. (Ed.).(1979). Partners: Parents and schools. Alexandria, Va.: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Chapter 1 in public schools: The chapter 1 implementation study final report. (1993). Cambridge, Mass: Policy Studies Associates.
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Affects of Block Scheduling on Student Academic Achievement

Words: 5757 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83160922


The Affects of Block Scheduling on Student Academic Achievement

The overall strategy of utilizing block scheduling is to organize the day into fewer, but longer, class periods to allow flexibility for instructional activities. Block scheduling is used primarily at middle school and high school levels. Currently, block scheduling is defined as a restructuring of the school day into classes longer than the traditional fifty-minute period classes (Adams & Salvaterra, 1997; Georgia Department of Education, 1998). Gordon Cawelti (1994) agrees with this concept and verifies the definition supplied by Adams and Salvaterra along with the Georgia Department of Education as one that works to meet the needs of all models. The expressed goal of block scheduling programs is to improve student academic performance. Some other benefits of this schedule are increased student and teacher morale, encouragement for the use of innovative teaching methods that address multiple learning styles, and an…… [Read More]


Adams, D., & Salvaterra, M. (1997). Structural and teacher changes: Necessities for successful block scheduling. High School Journal, 81, 98-106.

Bateson, D. 1990. Science achievement in semester and all-year courses. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27, 230-40.

Canady, R., and M. Rettig. 1995. Block scheduling: A catalyst for change in high schools.

Gardiner, NY: Eye on Education.
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Parental Involvement and Student Academic Achievement

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39934806

Parent Involvement and Student Achievement

Parental Involvement and Student Academic Achievement

TA administration and staff believe schools are seeing a decrease in parental involvement as students enter high school. Research conducted by the Kentucky Department of Education (KDE) Dropout Prevention Resource Guide (2008) has demonstrated the positive effects of parental involvement in schools.

Parental involvement in the eighth grade had a strong positive effect on the grade point average of 10th graders (Keith, T.Z., Keith, Quirk, Sperduto, Santillo, & Killings, 1998). In contrast, Balen and Moles (1994) and Hurst (2002) suggest when parents have a positive attitude regarding education and demonstrate trust that their children can do well, children perform better in school. However, parental involvement tends to decrease as students become older (p. 3).

Problem Statement

Historical and current studies have investigated the impact of parental involvement and student achievement. Diverse studies have considered how well students perform academically…… [Read More]

On a much larger sample of children (6,400 Americans, 14-18 years old) (Steinberg, 1992) conducted within the same two years that the previous researchers had started their study (1987-1988), Steinberg et al. (1992) found that parental involvement is more likely to promote adolescent school success as long as this academic involvement occurred in the context of an authoritative home environment.

This study was structured so as to examine long-term parenting style, including parental academic involvement with school performance in a sample of high school youth. Nine high schools from Wisconsin and North California were used in this study (Steinberg, 1992). Diversity was achieved as far as possible between different communities, ethnic population, family structures, and socioeconomic status levels. Self-report surveys were filled out by the students on two days of survey administration during the schools years of 1987-1988 and of 1988-1989 (Hill, 2004). In this case, I agree with the emphasis on self-reporting but the analytical framework, again, needs to be much stronger for truly measuring student perceptions as that is where the core of the mechanisms emerges.

The standard active consent form for ethical procedures was not used here since studies have shown that it would screen out individuals with possibly disengaged parents and it was precisely these individuals whom the researchers wished to include. Their procedure, therefore, was to request active consent from adolescents and passive consent from parents
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Academic Achievement and Racial Background Is There a Relationship

Words: 2817 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42726921

ace, Ethnicity, and Academic Achievement - Proposal of esearch Design

This research will study the relationship between race and ethnicity and academic achievement.

This study will look at whether students from five racial classifications - White, Asian, Black, Hispanic and Native American - show statistically significant differences in their scores in reading and math. Using disaggregated data, this study will also examine whether significant differences occur within these racial classifications. In addition, this paper will study whether socio-economic status and language proficiency have a significant effect on a child's reading and math skills.

Because of many socio-economic factors linked to the construction of race, this paper predicts that white and Asian students will show higher test scores in reading and math. However, because racial classifications can obscure the differences between ethnicities, this paper also predicts that there will be significant differences in test scores within the racial categories themselves. In…… [Read More]


Dozier, Arthur Lee and Michael James Barnes (1997). "Ethnicity, drug user status and academic performance." Adolescence. 32(128): 825-837.

Hale, Janice E. (2001). Learning While Black: Creating educational excellence for African-American children. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.

Jencks, Christopher and Meredith Phillips (1998). The Black-White Test Score Gap. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.

Liu, Eric (1999). The Accidental Asian: Notes of a native speaker. New York: Random House.
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Effect of Harmonic Accompaniment on the Development of Music Aptitude and Singing Achievement

Words: 3111 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64296266

Harmonic Accompaniment on the Development of Music Aptitude and Singing Achievement

The rationale of the scrutinize was to investigate the effect of xylophones harmonic accompaniment on the tone realization and tone improvisation of young children[aged eight].It provide the children cognitive development, multiple intelligence emphasis on music and bodily kinesthetic intelligence which will involve auditory, visual and kinesthetic stimuli.

It entails rhythmic development, music amptitude which test the effect of harmonic accompaniment on music development and music amptitude children vocal development and finally the effect of harmonic accompaniment on singing achievement.Even though result based on research on singing achievement between the children which had song instruction with a root melody accompaniment had no significant on tone attainment according to Gordon's (1982)IMMA, there was significance effect on singing achievement between children who received song instruction with root melody accompaniment.Xylophones which comes from a Greek word 'xylon'meaning wooden sound.It is from percussion family…… [Read More]

Work cited

ATHERTON JS (2010) Learning and Teaching; Piaget's developmental theory [Online] UK: Available:  Accessed: 27 January 2011

Azzara, C.D. (1999). An aural approach to improvisation. Music Educators Journal, 86(3), 21 -- 25.

Gardner, Howard (1983; 1993) Frames of Mind: The theory of multiple intelligences, New York: Basic Books.

Gordon, E.E. (1979). Primary Measures of Music Audiation. Chicago: GIA Publications.
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Reading and the Achievement Gap

Words: 739 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37579632

Diagnosing the Problem
As Palardy (2015) shows, first grade is where the achievement gap begins to develop among students. Ferrer et al. (2015) show that the achievement gap begins in first grade and persists well into adolescence: in order to address the achievement gap, the best step is to take preventive measures. This action research study plans to address the problem of the achievement gap by getting first graders to focus on reading and get them interested in reading by following the recommendation of Moses and Kelly (2018), which is to condition young learners to love reading by continuously promoting it in a favorable and positive light. In other words, by socializing reading and using child-centered teaching methods (Kikas, Pakarinen, Soodla, Peets & Lerkkanen, 2017; Moses & Kelly, 2018), first grade teachers can help to close the achievement gap.
The study setting is my first grade classroom. This setting was…… [Read More]

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Parental Involvement and Student Achievement

Words: 1565 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73776641

Studies also confirm that parental involvement may benefit not only students but also parents and communities. Parents who are more involved in their children's academic life are more likely to report positive perceptions of school and their children's achievements and more likely to participate in community events and activities.

More and more researchers are adapting their views and emphasizing the need for increasing parental involvement at all levels of education. Educators and administrators are also changing their view and realizing that teachers must work in partnership with community members and parents to benefit children in the long-term. Parents in many situations need support and encouragement as well as greater flexibility of scheduling to enable better involvement in their children's academic pursuits.

The research suggests that involvement is advantageous at all levels of the educational process, from the elementary level up through high school and beyond. Parental involvement leads to better…… [Read More]


Hawes, Carmen & Plourde, Lee. A. "Parental Involvement and It's Influence on the Reading Achievement of 6th Grade Students." Reading Improvement, 42(1): 2000. p. 47.

Machen, Sandra M., Wilson, Janell D. & Notar, Charles. E. Parental Involvement in the Classroom." Journal of Instructional Psychology, 32(1): 2005. p. 13.

Munoz, M.A. Parental volunteerism in kindergarten: Assessing its impact in reading and mathematics test. (Report No. PS030368). University of Louisville, KY. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED464745), (2000).

Nistler, R.J., & Angela, M. Stopping the silence: Hearing parents' voices in an urban first-grade family literacy program. Reading Teacher, 53(8), 2000. pp. 670-681.
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Ei and Academic Achievement

Words: 1392 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36278306

Education and Emotions esearch

The idea of emotional intelligence arose in the business community, where it was felt that traditional intelligence measures such as IQ testing were inadequate to explain all forms of intelligence. The idea of emotional intelligence was developed in the works of Daniel Goleman, and other scholars have sought to refine the concept. Frameworks such as those provided by Salovey and Mayer (1990) sought to define the traits of emotional intelligence and differentiate them from the more patterns and systems-based IQ-type intelligence. Indeed, by the mid-1990s, Goleman (1996) wrote that "school success is predicted largely by emotional and social measures," highlighting that scholars of emotion already recognized the value of developing emotional intelligence in order for students to perform better academically. It should not surprise anybody who works in education that emotional intelligence plays a role in success -- how a student handles stress, interacts with peers…… [Read More]


Barchard, K. (2003). Does emotional intelligence assist in the prediction of academic success? Educational and psychological measurement. Vol. 63 (2003) 840-858.

Goleman, D. (1996). Emotional intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ. Learning. Vol. 24 (6) 49-50.

Marquez, P., Martin, R. & Brackett, M. (2006). Relating emotional intelligence to social competence and academic achievement in high school students. Psiothema. Vol 18 supp, 118-123.

Parker, J., Creque, R., Barnhard, D., Harris, J., Majeski, S., Wood, L., Bond, B. & Hogan, M. (2004). Academic achievement in high school: Does emotional intelligence matter? Personality and Individual Differences. Vol. 37 (2004) 1321-1330.
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Assessment Between Learning Styles and Overall Academic Achievement

Words: 691 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50505983

Learning Styles

Different researchers have described learning styles largely as an indication for individual differences. These dissimilarities might become a manifestation of themselves in life styles and also in personality types. In particular, learning styles can be perceived as the preferred or characteristic ways of an individual in dispensing and converting knowledge. They can also be deemed to be the reasoning, emotional, and psychosomatic individualities that serve as comparatively unchanging pointers of how learners distinguish, interrelate with, and react to the learning environment. Learning styles have an influence on the academic achievement and performance of individuals (Abidin et al., 2011). This research paper encompasses a synthesis of different literature reviews that cover learning styles and academic performance.

There are several different conceptions and measures that seek to define learning styles. Learning styles can be distinguished into three methods, which include pragmatic (surface), intrinsic (deep), and competitive (achieving) (Furnham, 2012). Every…… [Read More]


Abidin, M. J., Rezaee, A. A., Abdullah, H. N. (2011). Learning Styles and Overall Academic Achievement in a Specific Educational System. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Vol. 1 No. 10.

Boyle, E. A., Duffy, T., & Dunleavy, K. (2003). Learning styles and academic outcome: The validity and utility of Vermunt's Inventory of Learning Styles in a British higher education setting. British Journal of Educational Psychology,73(2), 267-290.

Furnham, A. (2012). Learning style, personality traits and intelligence as predictors of college academic performance. Individual Differences Research,10(3), 117-128.

Pellon, M., Nome, S., & Aran, A. (2013). Relationship between learning styles and academic performance of fifth graders enrolled in the medical course. Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia, 72(3), 181-184.
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Technology to Support Academic Achievement

Words: 2982 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32219532

197). There have also been a number of software applications developed specifically for use in the classroom that can provide at-risk students with the opportunity to catch up with their peers, but here again it is important to recognize that at-risk students may lack the same level of computer expertise as their peers and steps must be taken to ensure that they have been provided with the initial training necessary to use these tools effectively.

One approach that has shown significant promise in teaching at-risk students how to use computer technology effectively and in improving their academic performance is the Constructionist Alternative Learning Laboratory in the Maine Youth Center, a state facility for at-risk students who have been court-ordered to attend the program. Some educators might shake their heads and suggest that there was little that could be done with young people who had reached the point in their academic…… [Read More]


Armijo, E.J., Stowitschek, J.J., Smith, A.J., Mckee, C.M., Solheim, K.J. & Phillips, R.D.

(1999). CARAS: A school-based, case management system for at-risk students THE

Journal, 21(11), 66-67.

Ballard, S., Carroll, E., & Stapleton, J. (2004). Students' perceptions of course Web sites used in face-to-face instruction. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 15(3), 197.
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School Achievement of Kindergarten Pupils

Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18799022

While monolingual students have built in deficits to their native tongue due to their upraising, bilingual children are not so limited. In fact, because they must learn a completely new language they pay more specific attention in the mastery of vocabulary and other key indicators to future success within literary and reading comprehension.

urthermore, it is shown that children with English as their second language are ultimately better off in the long run due to several factors. They are more likely to leave their entry level school system and enter into separate school systems than monolingual children. Several factors contribute to this, high achievement with bilinguals means that they are often selected to magnet schools, and also their immigrant roots causes much more living adjustment than monolingual children. Also, bilingual children are also less likely to be referred to correctional services or the Child Adjustment Services than monolingual children.

Rogers…… [Read More]

Furthermore, it is shown that children with English as their second language are ultimately better off in the long run due to several factors. They are more likely to leave their entry level school system and enter into separate school systems than monolingual children. Several factors contribute to this, high achievement with bilinguals means that they are often selected to magnet schools, and also their immigrant roots causes much more living adjustment than monolingual children. Also, bilingual children are also less likely to be referred to correctional services or the Child Adjustment Services than monolingual children.

Rogers concludes that being bilingual is a built in advantage rather than disadvantage. Although it is true that initially children will suffer and be at the low end within classroom performance, their bilingual advantage causes greater benefits in the long-term. Exposure to two languages raises their overall school performance because they must work harder and therefore have an early ingrained work ethic that monolinguals do not have. The reflection of Rogers' analysis shows that in the short-term children with English as a second language fall behind, however in the long run their bilingual roots actually helps them outperform their peers who are monolingual and at the same time they are much more disciplined.

Rogers, R.S., & Wright, E.N. (1969, July 7). The School Achievement of Kindergarten Pupils for Whom English is a Second Language. Canadian Education Journal. Retrieved December 17, 2006, from ERIC database.
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Iago Villainous Lifetime Achievement Award

Words: 1122 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85609508

iii.37) to reassure Othello that he knows nothing about Desdemona and Cassio and what they might be doing behind closed doors. This scene allows us to see how manipulative Iago is and how he will say anything to get what he wants. He lies, he plants, seeds of doubt, and he uses Othello's jealousy as a weapon against him. It is important to note that Iago knows something about jealousy because he is jealous himself. It was his jealousy of Cassio's promotion that sparked his motives and he can turn the jealous screw tighter and tighter because he knows how it feels to burn with jealousy. e can call him an expert in the field with firsthand knowledge and, like most criminals, he chooses to use that knowledge for destruction rather than anything else.

Iago is malevolent because he is not just being cruel to rather innocent victims, he is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Shakespeare, William. Othello. Kenneth Muir, ed. New York: Penguin Books. 1968.
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Personal My Most Important Non-Academic Achievement Was

Words: 574 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67002002


My most important non-academic achievement was volunteer work I did against child abuse. I love children and feel that they need protection more than anyone else. They are delicate and need adults' attention, love and care. However in our country and in many around the world, children are constantly being neglected and subjected to inhumane treatment by bad parents or uncaring guardians. I started working for children in high school by joining the society for child abuse and child protection. As a volunteer, I was required to spread the message around and make students more aware of this problem. It was a spiritually very enlightening since it put me in direct contact with children whose life had been put in danger by some adults but who could now benefit from love and care provided by volunteers of the society. We were also required to hold small seminars at various…… [Read More]

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Using Technology in a 2nd Grade Classroom to Improve Student Achievement in Math

Words: 4360 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37504594

Technology in a 2nd grade classroom to improve student achievement in math

Of late, there has been a push to bring in technology to schools where teachers as well as students would be able to reap the benefits of the World Wide Web, the Internet, and other related technologies. In many schools across the United States of America, this fact has been acknowledged and recognized, and many teachers and educators are being trained in the techniques and methods of using these technologies. However, it is also a fact that most teachers have admitted to the truth that they have not been using these technologies, simply because they do not know and they have not been taught, how to, and nor do they have the basic technical support to use these technologies effectively. Power Point, White Boards, Laptops, LCD Projectors, CDOMS, the internet, and others are some of the technologies available…… [Read More]


Aggarwal, Anil. (2003) "Web-based Learning and Teaching Technologies, Opportunities and Challenges" Idea Group Inc. (IGI)

"Definition of Power Point" Retrieved From lr=& oi=defmore& defl=en& q=define:PowerPoint Accessed 28 October, 2005

"Definition of Technology." Retrieved From
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Improving Academic Achievement Tiered Instruction RTI vs Block Scheduling

Words: 3721 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84895964

block and the response to intervention (TI) tiered approaches to education. Block education can best be defined as a method of manipulating the time available for teaching in the daily curriculum in a high school environment in a comprehensive and efficient manner in order to most effectively teach students. The TI tiered approach is an approach that is systematic in its design, and allows for students to move at their own respective pace while still demanding results in a structured manner. The TI approach in education takes place as a way of intervening in a student's progress (or lack thereof) before the overall effect of the non-progression leads to severe educational handicaps. The block education is used in a more physical educational setting and is used to allow a more flexible approach to education.

This literature review seeks to determine how effective the TI educational approach is compared to the…… [Read More]


Bollman, K.A.; Silbergitt, B.; Gibbons, K.A.; (2007) The St. Croix River education district model: Incorporating systems-level organization and a multi-tiered problem-solving process for intervention delivery, Handbook of Response to Intervention: The Science and Practice of Assessment and Intervention, New York: Springer, pp. 319 -- 330

Canady, R.L. & Rettig, M.D. (1994) Block scheduling: A catalyst for change in high schools, Princeton, NJ: Eye on Education

Dunn, M. (2010) Response to Intervention and reading difficulties: A conceptual model that includes reading recovery, Learning Disabilities -- A Contemporary Journal, Vol. 8, Issue 1, pp. 21 -- 40

Fisher, D. & Frey, N. (2007) A tale of two middle schools: The differences in structure and instruction, Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, Vol. 51, Issue 3, pp. 204 -- 211
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Low SES and Achievement- Revised

Words: 2739 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85364955

Congruence of Mother and Teacher Educational Expectations and Low-Income Youth's Academic Competence

By: Aprile D. Benner and Rashmita S. Mistry

The authors of this article want to examine the independent effects of teacher and mother expectations on the youth achievement outcomes, the relationship between adult expectation and child performance, and whether identical or different adult expectations impacts on youth performance. Specifically, the study, which examined over 745 families, showed that mother and teacher expectations had a direct effect on a student's educational expectations, competency beliefs and academic outcomes. Particularly noticeable was the impact that mother expectations had on a youth's educational expectations. The study also concluded that a congruence between adult expectations, with the mother and teacher, had an even more pronounced effect on student expectations and achievement. Finally, the study found that teacher expectations were consistently lowered when mother/parent expectations were also low.

This study used a comparatively higher…… [Read More]

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Organization of the Elementary Classroom Delivery Model and Its Effect on Student Achievement

Words: 2878 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4445555

Elementary Classroom Delivery Model and its

Effect on Student Achievement

Departmentalized Classrooms


Typically, a school is organized with either a departmentalized or a self-contained structure. (Self-contained classrooms will be discussed in the next section). A departmentalized class structure allows the student to learn from subject area experts who have specific knowledge in one subject area. The student is able study a subject in a more in depth manner, and learn new facets of that single subject. This specific design type is generally used in middle and high schools rather than middle schools. Students in these higher grades are generally given more leeway as to the specificity of subject matter as they prepare for a more imminent adulthood (Greenfield & Klemm, 2001).

"Departmentalized instruction is characterized by teachers with subject-matter rather than whole child orientation" (Parker, 2009). This may sound like a negative comment, and it can be construed as…… [Read More]


Chan, T.C., Terry, D., & Bessette, H. (2009). Fourth and fifth grade departmentalization: A transition to middle school. Journal for the Liberal Arts and Sciences, 13(2). 5-13.

Greenfield, T.A., & Klemm, E.B. (2001). When "good" school restructuring efforts still fail. American Secondary Education, 30(1). 2-11.

Hackman, D.G. (2004). Constructivism and block scheduling: Making the connection. Phi Delta Kappan, 85(9). 697-713.

Harlin, R.P. (2009). Research into practice: Innovations and international perspectives. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 23(3). 393-401.
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Student Achievement

Words: 564 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62356125

Student Achievement on the Elementary Level

One of the most helpful journals in this regard has been the Teacher's College Board. This online periodical is highly searchable and very-user friendly. It also appears to have a tremendous number of articles written from the perspective of teachers who are currently teaching and thus running into common problems or obstacles of student development and achievement. Thus, the articles and research published have a stronger sense of timeliness and relevancy than other journals. Furthermore, there appear to be a higher caliber of conclusions drawn from these articles with findings which point to concrete advice for teachers currently teaching and the challenges they face along with how to meet them. Another journal which has been found to be extremely enlightening and illuminating in this regard is the Journal of School Health. This Journal tends to have articles which are more qualitative in nature, and…… [Read More]

References (2014) American Educational Research Journal. Retrieved from: abid/12607/Default.aspx
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Parthenon Was an Architectural Achievement

Words: 1819 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53532653

g., the finding last year at Athens of the hand of Zeus of the east pediment)" the Parthenon continues to yield intellectual fruit through archeological excavation and discovery (Bruno xiv). As age replaces age with new speculations, scholars reappraise this epic piece of architecture, for "speculations of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries are already mostly out of date, and original source materials are rare" (Bruno xiv). hat historians do, as a rule, have to go on are the stories preserved by Plutarch, who reflects a "spirit that undoubtedly prevailed at Athens as a plan took shape to reconstruct the sanctuary which had been left in ruins by the Persians" (Bruno xiv). This plan was so Athenian to the core that even (as Plutarch mentions) the animals seemed to throw their very being into the operation.


In conclusion, Greek architecture has produced some of the world's finest marvels, and was…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bruno, Vincent. The Parthenon. NY W.W. Norton & Company, 1996. Print.

Fergusson, James. The Parthenon. London: William Clowes and Sons, Limited, 1883.


"The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization." PBS. Web. 28 Nov 2011.