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Achievement of African-American Students in Civilian Public
Words: 1931 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 11979243
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achievement of African-American students in civilian public schools vs. African-American students in the Depart of Defense (DOD) school system

The methods section of this dissertation provides the rationale for the proposed study based on my hypothesis comparing African-American students in the DOD school system with African-American students in civilian school systems.

It also highlights the key questions that were examined, how the study was conducted and the measuring criteria for analysis. The paper will provide detailed information that should be a sufficient foundation for anyone who wishes to conduct a parallel study.

This portion of the paper will provide an outline of the following:

Purpose - which will define my reason for doing this study

Background Information - will provide information on the level of measurement I have selected, i.e. The SAT scores and information on the Department of Defense (DOD) school system itself

Procedure - outlines the steps that…

Fact Sheet. The National Center for Fair and Open Testing. Cambridge, MA. August 2001.

George A. Clowes. "Defense Dept. Knows How to Operate Good Schools, Too." School Reform News. January 2002.

Defense Department Taps Distance Learning Tools., No.22. February

Achievement Testing
Words: 325 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50136462
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Achievement Testing

Howell and ueda in their article Achievement Testing with Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students question the veracity of the widely used Standardized Norm-eferenced Achievement Test (SNAT) in measuring systematic differences among group means. As they point out, SNAT characteristics, are: completely nonaligned with instruction; assume a uniform curriculum, schooling, language proficiency and sociocultural experience across student groups; and are designed for an outside purpose of formulating education policy. Given the limitations of SNATs, Howell and ueda explore the alternative Curriculum-Based Measurement (CBM) and the Performance Assessment (PA) approaches to student achievement. Though more aligned to classroom curriculum and instruction, these alternatives too have their limitations. The CBM focus on task-analytic decomposition of complex domains, for example, is of concern for teachers of language minority students who commonly use more holistic or 'whole-language' approaches. Similarly, the reliance of PA on the use of complex and interactive tasks is more…


Howell, K.W. & Rueda, R. Achievement Testing with Culturally and Linguistically Diverse

Students. Handbook of Multicultural Assessment. p. 253-284

Weiler, J. (Apr. 1998). Recent Changes in School Desegregation. ERIC/CUE Digest. No. 133

Achievement Outside of the Classroom My Parents
Words: 717 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27445119
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Achievement Outside of the Classroom

My parents were against the idea of a dog, but I was determined that we would get a puppy. I did my research, and, information in hand, pitched the idea of raising an assistance dog to my parents. We would raise a puppy for a year, providing it with care and teaching basic commands. If she passed her tests, she would be trained as an assistance dog. If not, we would have the option of keeping her. My parents fell for it, hook, line, and sinker, and two months later we picked up Frito, a yellow-lab puppy. Between chewed-up shoes, obedience school, ruined carpet, romps in the park, and playing ball, the year flew by more quickly than I ever imagined it would, and the day came to have Frito's skills assessed. I watched nervously, half-hoping that he would mess up as the trainer tested…

Achievement Levels Teaching Methods the
Words: 690 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7504409
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The issues raised in this article are very important. I agree with the proposition that thinking and writing are linked; so that you can understand elements of thinking through writing. However, I am not certain that it is such a strong correlation that you can determine thinking through writing. Thinking is much more complex than what can be discerned from what a student places on the script as a response. I would also add that to place a response requires thinking processes that are not mapped. By this, I mean that I am not sure what is actually measured when you assess the students writing. What level of thinking are you assessing? Some students may be able to provide the correct response but they cannot successfully articulate the processes that were employed to arrive at that position.

I am in complete agreement with the need to create tools that are…


Kwan, F. (2010). True/false test: Enhancing its power through writing. Journal of Instructional

Pedagogies, 4, 1-10. Retrieved February 22, 2011, from ABI/INFORM Global.

(Document ID: 2170766341)

Achievement or of Influence That One Finds
Words: 1043 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51902617
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achievement, or of influence, that one finds one's self in, regarding education, health, self-esteem, business, politics, housing; class, as a sociological concept, is based upon the relationship an individual has to the means of production and distribution at his or her disposal. The "upper class" is wealthy, and the "lower class" struggles for subsistence. And when a group of "working class" individuals band together to petition management for better wages and working conditions, they may decide to join a union.

"Status" on the other hand refers to the standing a person achieves or experiences with respect to the way in which that person is treated in part of a social order. Everyone has a "status" -- even the person with no money and no home, a "homeless" person has that "status" -- although most people strive to achieve a higher status than what they start out with, with the exception…


Richter, Konstanze. (2003). A report on the 47th session: UN Commission on the Status

Of Women. Women Magazine, 56, 47-51.

United States General Accounting Office. (2003, October). Report to Congressional

Requesters: Women's Earnings: Work Patterns Partially Explain Difference between

Achievement Inside American Schools Has
Words: 904 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49537403
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These various elements will allow everyone to show how well they comprehend the material and provide areas for identifying critical weaknesses. These insights will be used to improve performance and enhance their comprehension of different areas. (Walvoord, 2010)

Create a fully developed holistic rubric.

The best way to develop a holistic rubric is to use Bloom's Taxonomy. This is designed to promote the most effective areas of evaluating student performance (utilizing testing) and determining if a particular approach is producing results. This is achieved by concentrating on their ability to use cognitive skills. The most notable include: recalling key ideas, focusing on their understanding, application, creativity, evaluation and analysis of them. (Weil, 2004)

emembering the information is the most important part of helping a student to utilize the skills they are taught in the future. Understanding is when they can explain how it works in their own words. Application is…


US Students Still Lag Behind. (2012). Huffington Post. Retrieved from: 

Walvoord, B. (2010). Assessment Clear and Simple. San Francisco, CA: Josey Bass.

Weil, D. (2004). Critical Thinking and Learning. Westport, CT: Greenwood.

Math Achievement African-American vs White
Words: 6588 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67509072
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In grade four white males performing "At or Above asic" math skills is stated at 90% while black males were performing at only 59% "At or Above asic" skill levels. White males in the "At or Above Proficient" skills level is stated at 49% with black males in this category stated at a mere 13%.

The following labeled Figure 2 shows the statistical report of NAEP (2005) in relation to achievement differences among African-American and White American males.

NAEP STATISTICAL REPORT: Minority Male Achievement Gaps Relative to White Males, Grade 4, 2005


y the time these students reach 8th grade white males "At or Above asic Achievement Levels" totals 76% while only 43% of the African-American males are "At or Above asic Achievement Levels" the negative value in the Achievement Gap of African-American Males as relative to White Males indicates that a lower percentage of…


Henry, Ardail Rashad (2005) Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement in African-American Students with Learning Disabilities. July 2005 School or Education Curriculum and Instruction, Special Education, Williamsburg VA. Online available at 

David, James Earl (2006) Early Schooling and Academic Achievement of African-American Males. Abstract. Sage Publications. Online available at 

Babco, Eleanor (2004) Uphill Climb: the Status of African-Americans in Science and Engineering. Making Strides. Online available at .

McMillian, Monique M. (2003-2004) Is No Child Left Behind 'Wise Schooling' for African-American Male Students?" published in the High School Journal - Volume 87, Number 2 in December 2003-January 2004, and on pages 25-33.

Teaching Styles Achievement Teaching Styles and
Words: 1533 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 46855853
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Students that have adapted, whethe it is fo cultual easons o because an anothe style was bette suited fo the subject, may continue to show highe achievement even in futue classooms that do not implement the teaching styles that have been found to be ideal fo achievement levels. Futue eseach should also look to see if teaching styles beyond the ecommendations of No Child Left Behind can acquie the impovement in achievement NCLB seeks.


Bouque J., Bouchamma, Y., & Laose, F. (2010). Aboiginal Students' Achievement in Science Education: The Effect of Teaching Methods. The Albeta Jounal of Educational Reseach, 56(1), 57-71.

Cabo, M. (2009). Match the Style of Instuction to the Style of Reading. Phi Delta Kappan, 90(5), 373-378.

Mogan, H. (2010). Impoving Schooling fo Cultual Minoities: The Right Teaching Styles Can Make a Big Diffeence. Educational Hoizons, 88(2), 114-120.

Payne-Tsoupos, C. (2010). No Child Left Behind: Disincentives to…

references for teaching styles matter in academic achievement: scientific and practical implications. Educational Psychology, 28(6), 615-625.

School Librarians Impact Stduents Achievement
Words: 1488 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 349923
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(Lance, 2001)

Lance additionally states that "one of the most consistent strands of research on this topic is evidenced by studied that demonstrate the value of" those as follows:

(1) quality collections of books and other materials selected to support the curriculum;

(2) State-of-the-art technology that is integrated into the learning / teaching processes; and (3) Cooperation between school and other types of libraries, especially public libraries. (Lance, 2001)

Stated as a key role of the library media specialist and one that has only been the focus of research for about the last decade is program administration since in today's schools "library media specialists are not only managers of the library media center but also advocates for information literacy with the principal, at faculty meetings, and in standards and curriculum committee meetings." (Lance, 2001) Library media specialists are further stated to be "trainers who provide in-service programs for teachers on…


Todd, Ross J. (2007) School Administrators' Support for School Libraries: The Impact on Student Academic Achievement. Learning & Media Vol. 35 No. 1 Winter 2007.

Houston, Cynthia R. (2007) Measuring Up: Academic Achievement of 'Beyond Proficiency' Standards in School Library Media Centers Across Kentucky. Kentucky Libraries Vol. 71 No. 3 Summer 2007.

Collier, Jackie (2007) School Librarians Rock: Librarian's Powerful Impact on Literacy Development: Reflections of Teacher Candidates. Ohio Media Spectrum 50 No. 1 Fall 2007.

Lance, Keith Curry (2001) Proof of the Power: Quality Library Media Programs Affect Academic Achievement. MultiMedia Schools September 2001.

Personal Achievement Everyone Has Achieved
Words: 975 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82789809
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My biggest challenge was recognizing that I had to stand out from other students. To accomplish this I worked outside of school to enhance my directing skills. I also worked with my band instructor to improve my abilities. I never gave up in the face of challenge. I committed myself to extra hours practicing, despite a busy course load and family obligations. I never once wavered from my path and my vision.

When I became field commander, I realized I was more than the average student. The marching band has more than 200 members, and there were thirty people that tried out for the filed commander position. I knew that my efforts had been worthwhile, and that I had been true to myself along the way. During my journey toward field commander, I studied directing patterns and used band music on CD's at home in order to practice learning the…


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, 1998, MICRA Inc.

Closing the Achievement Gap
Words: 1074 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91201368
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There is much to be said about the achievement gap. Indeed, there is an alarming chasm between top performers and many others that are further down the scoring and achievement spectrum. The most disturbing part of the problem is that the gaps are often along income, racial and other pronounced socioeconomic lines. As with any other problem, there are possible interventions that can be used to curtail and prevent this problem from getting larger and harder to manage. The interventions that were sought and found for this literature review were found in academic databases such as EBSCO. As one might expect, “achievement gap” and other similar search strings were the parameters used to find the results. Generally speaking, the use of targeted interventions that address the root of the problem at the cultural and economic levels are what it takes to stem the problems in question. While there are…

Raise Achievement Levels Raising Achievement
Words: 337 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62921193
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Drama, music, and the arts and experiential science learning are fun ways to teach students while avoiding the sense that students are in 'summer school.'

Step 3: Establish mentors for 7th and 8th grades in the high school. Have high-achieving high school students who present strong and realistic role models come to the school, talk about their success, and provide academic and/or emotional support to older middle school students.

Step 4: Providing tutoring assistance on the high school level for standardized tests needed for graduation and the SATs would be valuable. Reinforce the connection between expanded life opportunities and success in school by getting local speakers to come to the school to lecture about their profession, to encourage students to avail themselves of tutoring services. Create internship programs for qualified juniors and seniors within the community. Making students want to succeed in school and come to school in the first…

Sea Power to the Achievement
Words: 1698 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92102628
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Things got no better for d'Estaing and the French navy in 1779 when they were defeated near Savannah, Georgia, by the British. But what such skeptics fail to realize is that even though the British triumphed in these early attempts of France's Navy to provide some form of power at sea, the final victory was, of course, France's and the colonialists', largely because of the effort end expenditure that such battles took on the British. The Colonial war was fought over a period of six years, during which time the British were fighting a war on multiple fronts against multiple opponents. The aggregate of British victories, then, became so pyrrhic that British forces were eventually defeated.

Despite the fact that the French fleet suffered some early losses, it was able to gain the final victory largely because of its prowess on the waterways and the aid it was able to…


Brecher, F.W. (2003). Securing American Independence: John Jay and the French Alliance. Westport: Praeger Publishers.

Chartrand, R. Francis, R. (1991). The French Army in the American War of Independence. Long Island City: Osprey.

Corwin, E.S. (1962) French Policy and the American Alliance of 1778. North Haven: Archon Books.

Dull, J.R. (1985). A Diplomatic History of the American Revolution. New Haven: Yale U. Press.

Block Included Success or Achievement or Dropout
Words: 1058 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81207030
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block included success O achievement O dropout*, with the second block included distance learn* O distance education O distance learning*, and the third block included distance learners* O distance education*. The findings from this search activity form the foundation of this analysis.

eview of Three Library Articles

The first of the three articles that were found while completing this analysis is

Academic success among students at risk for school failure (Finn, ock, 1997) asks the question via research hypothesis what subsegments or audiences of monitory students succeed in high school and graduate while other students with comparable backgrounds do not. The survey methodology included interviews with 1,803 minority students, across a broad spectrum of ethnic and family backgrounders. The study also sought to isolate demographic and psychographic factors that could have potentially influenced the longevity of students staying in school and graduating. Secondary hypotheses were designed to quantify the specific…


Callaway, S., & Alflayyeh, S.. (2011). Understanding Critical Distance Learning Issues: Toward a Comprehensive Model Predicting Student Satisfaction. Information Resources Management Journal, 24(4), 61.

Jeremy D. Finn, & Donald A Rock. (1997). Academic success among students at risk for school failure. Journal of Applied Psychology, 82(2), 221-234.

Kanev, K., Kimura, S., & Orr, T.. (2009). A Framework for Collaborative Learning in Dynamic Group Environments. International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 7(1), 58-77.

Karen Kovacs. (1998). Preventing failure at school. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. The OECD Observer,(214), 8-10.

Disproportionate Levels of Educational Achievement Among White
Words: 858 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27660007
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disproportionate levels of educational achievement among hite and African-American students, titled "Powerful Pedagogy for African-American Students: A Case of Four Teachers," researcher Tyrone C. Howard examines the role of teacher effectiveness in terms of reaching this distinct student population. As Howard observes in the opening of his article, "effectively teaching African-American students continues to be one of the most pressing issues facing educators ... (and) despite the plethora of school restructuring and educational reforms, the disproportionate underachievement of African-American students is a consistent occurrence in U.S. schools" (179), and this alarming phenomenon provides the central premise of his subsequent investigation. Howard elects to focus his qualitative study on the diverse range of socioeconomic, cultural, and regional factors which are likely to exert an impact on the continued underachievement trend within African-American student groups. He is also concerned with assessing the role that teacher effectiveness plays in influencing the eventual achievement…

Works Cited

Howard, Tyrone C. "Powerful Pedagogy for African-American Students A Case of Four

Teachers." Urban education 36.2 (2001): 179-202.

Shujaa, Mwalimu J. "Education and Schooling: You Can Have One without the Other." Urban

Education 27.4 (1993): 328-351.

Kinesthetic Learners Achievement Levels in Technology Rich
Words: 5427 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86589281
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Kinesthetic Learners Achievement Levels in Technology Rich Classrooms

Hypothesis With Operational Definitions

Computers and Kinesthetic Learning

Existing Research

The Challenge 2000 Multimedia Project

Collaborative Visualization (CoVis) Project

Apple Classroom of Tomorrow Project

American Culture in Context: Enrichment for Secondary Schools

SchoolNet / Rescol Report: The emerging contribution of online resources and tools to classroom learning and teaching

Lehrer HyperAuthor Study

The Highly Interactive Computing Environments (HI-CE) Group

Lego/Logo Project

Interactive technologies that are appealing to kinesthetic learning such as multimedia, hypermedia, and visualization in virtual learning environments hold great promise for enhancing the learning experience. A variety of research studies have produced results ranging from the ability of interactive computing not only to enhance the student's ability to absorb complex information, but also to fundamentally reshape the learning process.

Interactive computing holds exciting potential to create student-controlled learning environments in which students are more responsible for their own instruction. And,…


About learning and power. Retreived March 14, 2003 from Power Learning

Network Web Site:

Bracewell, R., Breuleux, A., Laferriere, T., Benoit, J., and Abdous, M.

1998). The emerging contribution of online resources and tools to classroom learning and teaching.

Staff Faculty Development for Raising Achievement
Words: 1608 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66056476
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Peers and staff at major universities will review information collected in order to test for reliability and validity. Follow up studies will be necessary in order to determine the future efficacy of the theory proposed.


The researcher suggests that the results of the study will reveal the critical factors that are likely to impact student's success in the classroom with regard to multicultural education. From the results of the fieldwork the researcher proposes that several factors will need to be adopted by faculty and staff in order to improve student outcome in the classroom.


Banks, J.A. (2001). Cultural diversity and education: Foundations, curriculum and teaching. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Banks, JA, & Banks, C.A.M. (1995). Handbook of research on multicultural education.

New York: Macmillan.

Benz, C.. & Newman, I. (1998). Qualitative-quantitative research methodology:

Exploring the interactive continuum. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, p. 9.

Capella-Santana, N. (2003). "Voices…


Banks, J.A. (2001). Cultural diversity and education: Foundations, curriculum and teaching. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Banks, JA, & Banks, C.A.M. (1995). Handbook of research on multicultural education.

New York: Macmillan.

Benz, C.R. & Newman, I. (1998). Qualitative-quantitative research methodology:

Alberta's Provincial Achievement Testing - Analysis and Critique
Words: 1596 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52608720
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Alberta's Provincial Achievement Testing - Analysis and Critique

Achievement tests can generally be considered to be a way for the education system to gain a better understanding of how students accumulate information and of how effective teaching methods are. Also, these respective tests aim to encourage students to get actively involved in the learning process and to demonstrate their abilities. Alberta's educational system acknowledges limitations associated with achievement tests and thus collaborates with provincial programs of study. Through taking on such attitudes, educational institutes are able to have a more complex comprehension of how students reach to achievement tests and of how they can improve these respective tests. Even with the fact that the achievement tests proved to be successful in many ways, it is still difficult to determine whether or not they have an overall positive effect on Alberta's education system. Most controversies are owed to many teachers being…

Works cited:

Vlaardingerbroek, B, & Taylor, N. "Secondary School External Examination Systems: Reliability, Robustness and Resilience." (Cambria Press, 2009)

Thomas, K. "An Analysis of Alberta's First Nations, Metis, and Inuit School-Community Learning Environment Project." (ProQuest, 2008)

"Achievement testing fails independent review," Retrieved May 20, 2015, from 

"Alberta Provincial Achievement Testing," Retrieved May 20, 2015, from

Parental Involvement and Student Academic Achievement
Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 39934806
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Parent Involvement and Student Achievement

Parental Involvement and Student Academic Achievement

TA administration and staff believe schools are seeing a decrease in parental involvement as students enter high school. Research conducted by the Kentucky Department of Education (KDE) Dropout Prevention Resource Guide (2008) has demonstrated the positive effects of parental involvement in schools.

Parental involvement in the eighth grade had a strong positive effect on the grade point average of 10th graders (Keith, T.Z., Keith, Quirk, Sperduto, Santillo, & Killings, 1998). In contrast, Balen and Moles (1994) and Hurst (2002) suggest when parents have a positive attitude regarding education and demonstrate trust that their children can do well, children perform better in school. However, parental involvement tends to decrease as students become older (p. 3).

Problem Statement

Historical and current studies have investigated the impact of parental involvement and student achievement. Diverse studies have considered how well students perform academically…

On a much larger sample of children (6,400 Americans, 14-18 years old) (Steinberg, 1992) conducted within the same two years that the previous researchers had started their study (1987-1988), Steinberg et al. (1992) found that parental involvement is more likely to promote adolescent school success as long as this academic involvement occurred in the context of an authoritative home environment.

This study was structured so as to examine long-term parenting style, including parental academic involvement with school performance in a sample of high school youth. Nine high schools from Wisconsin and North California were used in this study (Steinberg, 1992). Diversity was achieved as far as possible between different communities, ethnic population, family structures, and socioeconomic status levels. Self-report surveys were filled out by the students on two days of survey administration during the schools years of 1987-1988 and of 1988-1989 (Hill, 2004). In this case, I agree with the emphasis on self-reporting but the analytical framework, again, needs to be much stronger for truly measuring student perceptions as that is where the core of the mechanisms emerges.

The standard active consent form for ethical procedures was not used here since studies have shown that it would screen out individuals with possibly disengaged parents and it was precisely these individuals whom the researchers wished to include. Their procedure, therefore, was to request active consent from adolescents and passive consent from parents

Effect of Harmonic Accompaniment on the Development of Music Aptitude and Singing Achievement
Words: 3111 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 64296266
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Harmonic Accompaniment on the Development of Music Aptitude and Singing Achievement

The rationale of the scrutinize was to investigate the effect of xylophones harmonic accompaniment on the tone realization and tone improvisation of young children[aged eight].It provide the children cognitive development, multiple intelligence emphasis on music and bodily kinesthetic intelligence which will involve auditory, visual and kinesthetic stimuli.

It entails rhythmic development, music amptitude which test the effect of harmonic accompaniment on music development and music amptitude children vocal development and finally the effect of harmonic accompaniment on singing achievement.Even though result based on research on singing achievement between the children which had song instruction with a root melody accompaniment had no significant on tone attainment according to Gordon's (1982)IMMA, there was significance effect on singing achievement between children who received song instruction with root melody accompaniment.Xylophones which comes from a Greek word 'xylon'meaning wooden sound.It is from percussion family…

Work cited

ATHERTON JS (2010) Learning and Teaching; Piaget's developmental theory [Online] UK: Available: Accessed: 27 January 2011

Azzara, C.D. (1999). An aural approach to improvisation. Music Educators Journal, 86(3), 21 -- 25.

Gardner, Howard (1983; 1993) Frames of Mind: The theory of multiple intelligences, New York: Basic Books.

Gordon, E.E. (1979). Primary Measures of Music Audiation. Chicago: GIA Publications.

Reading and the Achievement Gap
Words: 739 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37579632
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Diagnosing the Problem
As Palardy (2015) shows, first grade is where the achievement gap begins to develop among students. Ferrer et al. (2015) show that the achievement gap begins in first grade and persists well into adolescence: in order to address the achievement gap, the best step is to take preventive measures. This action research study plans to address the problem of the achievement gap by getting first graders to focus on reading and get them interested in reading by following the recommendation of Moses and Kelly (2018), which is to condition young learners to love reading by continuously promoting it in a favorable and positive light. In other words, by socializing reading and using child-centered teaching methods (Kikas, Pakarinen, Soodla, Peets & Lerkkanen, 2017; Moses & Kelly, 2018), first grade teachers can help to close the achievement gap.
The study setting is my first grade classroom. This setting was…

Iago Villainous Lifetime Achievement Award
Words: 1122 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 85609508
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iii.37) to reassure Othello that he knows nothing about Desdemona and Cassio and what they might be doing behind closed doors. This scene allows us to see how manipulative Iago is and how he will say anything to get what he wants. He lies, he plants, seeds of doubt, and he uses Othello's jealousy as a weapon against him. It is important to note that Iago knows something about jealousy because he is jealous himself. It was his jealousy of Cassio's promotion that sparked his motives and he can turn the jealous screw tighter and tighter because he knows how it feels to burn with jealousy. e can call him an expert in the field with firsthand knowledge and, like most criminals, he chooses to use that knowledge for destruction rather than anything else.

Iago is malevolent because he is not just being cruel to rather innocent victims, he is…

Works Cited

Shakespeare, William. Othello. Kenneth Muir, ed. New York: Penguin Books. 1968.

Improving Academic Achievement Tiered Instruction RTI vs Block Scheduling
Words: 3721 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 84895964
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block and the response to intervention (TI) tiered approaches to education. Block education can best be defined as a method of manipulating the time available for teaching in the daily curriculum in a high school environment in a comprehensive and efficient manner in order to most effectively teach students. The TI tiered approach is an approach that is systematic in its design, and allows for students to move at their own respective pace while still demanding results in a structured manner. The TI approach in education takes place as a way of intervening in a student's progress (or lack thereof) before the overall effect of the non-progression leads to severe educational handicaps. The block education is used in a more physical educational setting and is used to allow a more flexible approach to education.

This literature review seeks to determine how effective the TI educational approach is compared to the…


Bollman, K.A.; Silbergitt, B.; Gibbons, K.A.; (2007) The St. Croix River education district model: Incorporating systems-level organization and a multi-tiered problem-solving process for intervention delivery, Handbook of Response to Intervention: The Science and Practice of Assessment and Intervention, New York: Springer, pp. 319 -- 330

Canady, R.L. & Rettig, M.D. (1994) Block scheduling: A catalyst for change in high schools, Princeton, NJ: Eye on Education

Dunn, M. (2010) Response to Intervention and reading difficulties: A conceptual model that includes reading recovery, Learning Disabilities -- A Contemporary Journal, Vol. 8, Issue 1, pp. 21 -- 40

Fisher, D. & Frey, N. (2007) A tale of two middle schools: The differences in structure and instruction, Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, Vol. 51, Issue 3, pp. 204 -- 211

Low SES and Achievement- Revised
Words: 2739 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 85364955
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Congruence of Mother and Teacher Educational Expectations and Low-Income Youth's Academic Competence

By: Aprile D. Benner and Rashmita S. Mistry

The authors of this article want to examine the independent effects of teacher and mother expectations on the youth achievement outcomes, the relationship between adult expectation and child performance, and whether identical or different adult expectations impacts on youth performance. Specifically, the study, which examined over 745 families, showed that mother and teacher expectations had a direct effect on a student's educational expectations, competency beliefs and academic outcomes. Particularly noticeable was the impact that mother expectations had on a youth's educational expectations. The study also concluded that a congruence between adult expectations, with the mother and teacher, had an even more pronounced effect on student expectations and achievement. Finally, the study found that teacher expectations were consistently lowered when mother/parent expectations were also low.

This study used a comparatively higher…

Parthenon Was an Architectural Achievement
Words: 1819 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 53532653
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g., the finding last year at Athens of the hand of Zeus of the east pediment)" the Parthenon continues to yield intellectual fruit through archeological excavation and discovery (Bruno xiv). As age replaces age with new speculations, scholars reappraise this epic piece of architecture, for "speculations of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries are already mostly out of date, and original source materials are rare" (Bruno xiv). hat historians do, as a rule, have to go on are the stories preserved by Plutarch, who reflects a "spirit that undoubtedly prevailed at Athens as a plan took shape to reconstruct the sanctuary which had been left in ruins by the Persians" (Bruno xiv). This plan was so Athenian to the core that even (as Plutarch mentions) the animals seemed to throw their very being into the operation.


In conclusion, Greek architecture has produced some of the world's finest marvels, and was…

Works Cited

Bruno, Vincent. The Parthenon. NY W.W. Norton & Company, 1996. Print.

Fergusson, James. The Parthenon. London: William Clowes and Sons, Limited, 1883.


"The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization." PBS. Web. 28 Nov 2011.

Predictive Modeling to Ascertain Student Achievement
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86003027
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Building and Assumptions

Use the Best Subsets approach to refine the predictive models constructed using multiple linear regression

Employ techniques (including residual analysis) to test the assumptions of predictive models obtained through multiple linear regression

The core of predictive modeling is the search for useful predictors. Prediction is centered on a problem that is defined by the size of the data set (the number of cases or observations) and the number or width of potential predictors that can be used to address the problem. A common issue for problem solution is the enormous number of potential predictors that have a weak association with the solution. Computer modeling enables the huge number of models to be fit to subsets of the data and tested across additional data subsets. Each test provides an evaluation of the strength of each individual predictor. The focus, then, of predictive modeling is the search for good…

Exploiting the Interrelation Between Creativity, Intelligence, Memory and Learning to Promote Academic Achievement

One of the more mysterious aspects of the human condition concerns how some people are enormously creative throughout their lives while others appear mired in a pattern that precludes any creative thought. In many cases, high levels of creativity are also characterized by correspondingly high levels of intelligence, memory and learning abilities. While more research in this area is needed, a growing body of evidence, indicates that creativity, intelligence, memory, and learning are interrelated. To determine how with specificity, this paper provides an exploration of the interrelations of these ideas and predicts how they can best be harnessed to enhance student outcomes. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning creativity, intelligence, memory and learning are presented in the conclusion.

Analysis of the interrelation of creativity, intelligence, memory, and learning

At first blush, the interrelation…


Bouchard, T. J. (2014, March 7). Genes, evolution and intelligence. Behavioral Genetics. DOI 10.1007/s10519-014-9646-x.

DeLellis, A. J. (1999, November). Tapping creativity in others. Training & Development, 45(11), 48-53.

Eyster, L. (2010, September). Encouraging creativity in the science lab: A series of activities designed to help students think outside the box. The Science Teacher, 77(6), 32.

Galagan, P. (2009, June). Creativity and work. Training & Development Journal, 43(6), 23-25.

Field Grade Officers and Achievement of Organizational Results
Words: 2116 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56908028
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ILE L100

I was pretty enthusiastic when I returned to the 56th ACT having been ordered to assume responsibility as the deputy brigade commander (DCO). I felt proud and lucky. I had held the proud and shinny image of the 56th ACT in my head for the last two years. When I returned, there had been some significant changes. It has not been long since I returned, and with the division commander losing confidence in the ability of COL Timmons to be an effective commander of the brigade, I now command the 56th ACT. On my mind always was how I was going to restore the image of the 56th. I know it will be hard and challenging, but one thing I am sure of is that it can be done. I have had vast experience in the brigade. Drawing from this experience and the CGSOC L100'S themes - notably…


Aldweiri, Maj Bashar. (2012). n.d.  (accessed November 24, 2014).

Chandler, Diane J. "The Perfect Storm of Leaders' Unethical Behavior: A Conceptual Framework." International Journal of Leadership Studies, 2009.

Keltner, D., Langner, C.A., & Allison, M.L. (2006).Power and moral leadership. In D. Rhode (Ed.), Moral leadership: The theory and practice of power, judgment, and policy (pp. 177-194). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Lipman-Blumen, J. (2005). The allure of toxic leaders: Why we follow destructive bosses and corrupt politicians - and how we can survive them. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Pilot'study on absenteeism and Achievement
Words: 361 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29209920
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A consistent class attendance is an important factor in academic success of any student. In defense to this, several studies have since quantitatively confirmed this, revealing that absenteeism negatively affects the students’ performance. This because, the students that miss classes on a given date are meaningfully more likely to give incorrect response to questions provided to them in relation to the session materials as compared to those that were present. Nevertheless, there also exist other external factors apart from absenteeism that affects the students’ performance such as, the quiz performance, academic ability and the student’s gender. Institutions should ensure that they are responsive to issues pertaining to student absenteeism. Programs can also be adopted, those that are designed to assist the student with tendency of absenteeism; community juvenile justice agencies and community based programs. The institution can also adapt to practices and policies ensuring that the students attend classes rather…

Library Resources vs. ikipedia," authors Colon-Aguirre & Fleming-May (2012) illustrate that modern scholars are very often more likely to look for quick solutions to research issues, such as exploiting ikipedia which is not peer reviewed and therefore has always been synonymous with a lack of truth or evidence. There are a myriad of reasons why students are so much more likely to access easy information like ikipedia rather than going through the trouble of studying that campus's library resources and the researchers tried to ascertain some of the reasons directly responsible for the growing dependency on internet materials. In this study, twenty-one undergraduate students from a public university in the United States which is not named in the study for the sake of anonymity of the participants were questioned about their study and research practices. hat started out as a statistical evaluation of the percentage of students who use internet-based…

Works Cited

Colon-Aguirre, M. & Fleming-May, R. (2012). You just type in what you are looking for:

undergraduates' use of library resources vs. Wikipedia. The Journal of Academic Librarianship. Elsevier. 38 (6). 381-99.

Using Analysis of Variance to Study Student Achievement
Words: 1313 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26383738
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populations, factors, or variables.

The objective of carrying out this statistical analysis is to learn more about the relations between variables that may influence student performance in the Lincoln County schools. The specific variables of interest in this analysis are the region of the county and the curriculum. One relationship of interest is whether a difference in student performance can be attributed to the region of the county in which the schools are located and the curriculum that is being used at the various schools. There is also interest in exploring if student performance seem to change based on the combination of curriculum used at the school the students attend and the region in which the school is located.

(a) Data Samples

A randomization generator accessible on the Web was used to select the sample. Twenty individual students were selected with each student identified only by the number indicating their…

Extra Page for Pagination Purposes
Words: 5371 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 9785054
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In fact, PBS is an inclusive approach since it becomes increasingly applicable to different segments of society such as multicultural youth and urban youth (Utley, Kozleski, Smith, & Draper, 2002). Perhaps, the reason this form of support applies so universally because it uses a collaborative team of people whom know and care about the troubled teenager. hese individuals such as family members, teachers, counselors, and administrators come together and determine functionally the processes which this individual performs and which ones he/she has trouble with or, in other words, together -- with the assistance of the student too -- they put together a functional behavioral assessment and then determine the specific, individualized needs of the student (Carr, 2002). Based upon that particular student's needs, the team derives approaches to help reduce the problem behavior and replace it with appropriate behavior. he reason that this process is said to have lasting effects…

Twenty-second Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disability Act. Washington, D.C.: Author.

Utley, C.A., Kozleski, E., Smith, A., & Draper, I.L. (2002). Positive Behavior Support: A Proactive Strategy for Minimizing Behavior Problems in Urban Multicultural Youth. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 4(4), 196+. doi:10.1177/10983007020040040301

doi:10.1177/10983007030050020301Warren, J.S., Edmonson, H.M., Griggs, P., Lassen, S.R., Mccart, A., Turnbull, A., et al. (2003). Urban Applications of School-Wide Positive Behavior Support: Critical Issues and Lessons Learned. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 5(2), 80+.

Relationship of School Facilities Conditions
Words: 5393 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46028571
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Some of those are as follows:

1) Affect the environment;

2) Either save or expend energy;

3) Economically feasible or expensive to maintain, heat and cool.

4) Affect student learning;

5) Affect the health of students and teachers alike and 6) Affect the retention of teachers. (Olson and Carney, 2004)

Criteria involved in the design, operation and maintenance of these 'sustainable' buildings are those as follows:

Sustainable site planning and landscaping design that decrease the use of pesticides and provide an outdoor learning environment for students;

Good building envelope design such as efficient windows and high R-value insulation that reduce draftiness and increase student and teacher comfort levels;

Proper lighting along with increased use of daylighting to improve student performance and increase comfort levels;

Good indoor air quality from adequate air filtration and exchange systems and the banning of idling buses or delivery trucks near buildings that eliminate toxins, allergens…


American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, (Apr 2005). 2005 Report Card for America's Infrastructure. Online available at 

Benner, a.D. 2000. "The Cost of Teacher Turnover." Austin, Texas: Texas Center for Educational Research. Online available at

Benya, J.R. 2001. "Lighting for Schools." Washington, D.C.: National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities. Online available at 

Berry, Michael (2002) Healthy School Environment and Enhanced Educational Performance: The Case of Charles Young Elementary School, Washington DC. 12 Jan 2002. The Carpet and Rug Institute.

Education Over the last'several
Words: 4983 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79674112
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When they see the library staff in this light, teachers are more willing to work with others in improving the effectiveness of their lesson planning (by incorporating more tools and techniques). (Gregory, 2003, pp. 100-109)

Task 4: Change can be difficult for some. Think about a change you would like to see in your educational or work environment. How would you implement this change? Consider and discuss the possible resistance that you may encounter from your professional community. How would you support them throughout the change process? How would you overcome any resistance to the change?

A change that can be implemented inside an educational environment is to unify the approach educators are using in reaching out to students. What normally happens is most teachers have different theories and practices they are following. This can be problematic as some of the most experience educators may be reluctant to alter their…


Adams, C. (2006). Differeniating Instruction. Waco, TX: Puff Rock Press.

Bender, W. (2009). Differentiating Math Instruction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Demmitt, C. (2007). Evidence-Based Counseling. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Dryer, W. (2007). Team Building. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.

Bsba Integrative Project Learning Growth Internal Business
Words: 1295 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42142576
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Bsba Integrative Project

Learning Growth

Internal Business Processes

Customer Service


Employee training hours, employee satisfaction,

New loans created, new accounts, new products introduced, cross sells, and referrals.

Number of products per customer, number of new customers, customer satisfaction, customer retention, sales calls to customers, and thank you calls to existing customers.

Outstanding Loan Balances, Deposit Balances, Noninterest income,


Performance Measures

Internal Business Process

Objectives and Performance Measures

Customer Objectives

and Performance



Learning & Growth

Objectives and Performance Measures

The causal chain indicates that objectives of the company in relation to the balanced scorecard depend significantly on the vision and strategies of the business entity. The objectives and measures in relation to the consumers of the company play a critical role in achievement of the three main financial goals: loan balances, deposit balances, and noninterest income. The company should focus on improving services to their…


Albright, T.; Davis, S.; & Hibbets, A. (2001, October). Tri-Cities Community Bank: A Balanced Scorecard Case. Strategic Finance, 83(4), 54-60.Retrieved May 17, 2010, from the library: 

Silverthorne, S. (2008). Executing Strategy with the Balanced Scorecard. Retrieved May 17, 2010, from 

Raab, G. (2008). Customer relationship management: A global perspective. Aldershop: Gower.

Postsecondary Expectations of 10th Graders
Words: 1338 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90427597
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Discrepancies in Achievement: Aspirations vs. Expectations Among Students


There is a large body of research that focuses on the educational and occupational aspirations and expectations of minority students as well as between male vs. female students. Expectation is defined as a concrete or realistic plan students have and may differ from aspirations, which are generally more abstract and ideological (Trusty, 2002). As Hanson (1994) describes, a student may well have a high aspiration, as evidenced in the national statistics, such as to achieve a college degree; however many students might not actually expect to earn that degree during the course of their education (Trusty, 2002).

Why the discrepancy? In the past little effort has been made to differentiate between aspirations and expectations; and example given is a study conducted in 1991 by Marjoribanks, who used the term 'aspirations' to describe his study, but actually measured student…


Fisher, T.A., & Padmawidjaja, I. "Parental influences on career development perceived by African-American and Mexican-American college students." Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 27, 1999: 136-152.

Hanson, S.L. "Lost talent: Unrealized educational aspirations and expectations among U.S. youths." Sociology of Education, 67, 1994: 159-183.

Kao, G., & Tienda, M. "Educational aspirations of minority youth. American Journal of Education," 106, 1998: 349-384.

Smith-Maddox, R. "The social networks and resources of African-American eighth

Equity Diversity and Accountability
Words: 373 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69813873
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Racial and Ethnic Achievement Gap Trends: Reversing the Progress toward Equity? By Jaekyung Lee. This article discusses setbacks in the achievement of racial and ethnic minorities, and identifies some of the key factors affecting these setbacks. The author believes variations in the data are not fully discussed, and there are strong implications toward future setbacks.

Reflective Review

The United States has always been a melting pot, and this blending of cultures and ethnicities continues throughout the new millennium. The fight for Civil Rights in the 1950s and 60s brought new opportunities to minorities in our country, but many studies and data indicate these opportunities may in fact be decreasing. Minorities tend to achieve less in mathematics and reading testing, and while these gaps narrowed in the 70s and 80s, they appear to be widening again (Lee 3). The author notes there are a wide variety of social and economic trends…

Works Cited

Lee, Jaekyung. " Racial and Ethnic Achievement Gap Trends: Reversing the Progress toward Equity." Educational Researcher, Vol. 31, No.1, Jan./Feb. 2002, pp. 3-11.

Integration of Students Moving Schools
Words: 875 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 7358199
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Integrating Students Who Change Schools

When students change schools often, and particularly when they enter and exit schools at times other than the actual starting and ending dates, they can experience academic, psychological, and social setbacks. When a student body is in a relatively constant state of flux, the impact is felt by all students in the classrooms, and not just by students who are referred to as frequent movers. While the size of the stable core of students ranges widely, the mobility of frequent movers generates a chaos factor -- a term used to identify the inevitable disruption that occurs from having to constantly adapt to the unexpected change.

The literature shows a negative correlation between school switching and academic achievement; a correlation that is evident in schools that have experienced multiple years of non-compliance with federal academic achievement regulations due to high numbers of students who are frequent…

Enhancing Teacher-Student Connectedness an Increasing
Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 72670701
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Persistence: Students that received long-term contact with teachers were more likely to foster feelings of belonging. The persistent contact acted as encouragement which promoted student motivation (Edgar & Johnson, 1995). Teachers that continually worked with students were sending nonverbal messages affirming their belief in the students. Edgar & Johnson (1995) found counselors were more successful when students perceived them as trusting and helpful. Actions that earned counselors the respect of the students were: demonstrating continual interest in the students, doing favors to show care, and by being respectful and courteous in return to the students (Edgar & Johnson, 1995). According to Wheatley (2002), teacher persistence was especially beneficial for students who had low self-expectations and whom others viewed with lower expectations. Teacher persistence has been noted to promote higher expectations among their students (Wheatley, 2002).

Fairness: Edgar & Johnson (1995) cited findings that encouraged schools to review their school rules…

Literature Review- Scholarly examination on the subject of student-teacher relationships shows only marginal and very sporadic accounts within the educational field prior to 1980. Edgar & Johnson (1995) suggested using relationship building strategies that have been approved by three federally financed prevention programs for middle school and high school youth for promoting teacher-student connectedness. Strategies presented were: maintaining persistence, establishing fairness procedures, and increasing student affiliation (Edgar & Johnson, 1995).

Persistence: Students that received long-term contact with teachers were more likely to foster feelings of belonging. The persistent contact acted as encouragement which promoted student motivation (Edgar & Johnson, 1995). Teachers that continually worked with students were sending nonverbal messages affirming their belief in the students. Edgar & Johnson (1995) found counselors were more successful when students perceived them as trusting and helpful. Actions that earned counselors the respect of the students were: demonstrating continual interest in the students, doing favors to show care, and by being respectful and courteous in return to the students (Edgar & Johnson, 1995). According to Wheatley (2002), teacher persistence was especially beneficial for students who had low self-expectations and whom others viewed with lower expectations. Teacher persistence has been noted to promote higher expectations among their students (Wheatley, 2002).

Fairness: Edgar & Johnson (1995) cited findings that encouraged schools to review their school rules to ensure that the discipline procedures supported equal treatment for all students. By treating all students the same, in regards to discipline matters, demonstrated a sense of caring across all individual students' backgrounds (Edgar & Johnson, 1995). Regardless of ethnic or socioeconomic background, all students appreciated the core value that fairness be practiced by all school staff. Students quickly observed and perceived adult responses and made judgments as to whether or not they were

Technology on Disruptive Behavior What
Words: 5645 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Multiple Chapters Paper #: 88322181
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The teachers acknowledge that the other disruptive behaviors propagates the destruction of the school property therefore computer-based management results in the upstaging of the security of the school properties. This eminent vandalism is prominent in the cases where the students would like to have money selling the school properties.

The teachers separately attribute the poor morals of the students to inexperience and the ignorance of the students. Involving of computer-based programs in the student behavior management clears the doubt in the effectiveness of the management of the issues entailed. The perspective to the approach assists in the enhancement of the Developmental period of the basis of the Phase learner. They view the approach to increase the contact between the teacher and the student in the countering of the trends emergent in the process. They attribute the computer approach to the advancement in the mastery of the life skills for the…


Dziegielewski, S.F. (2010). DSM-IV-TR in action. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

O'Donnell, a.M., Reeve, J., & Smith, J.K. (2011). Educational psychology: Reflection for action. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley.

Spiegler, M.D., & Guevremont, D.C. (2010). Contemporary behavior therapy. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Leaman, L. (2009). Managing very challenging behaviour. New York: Continuum

Teacher Instructional Technology With New Literacy Instruction
Words: 1140 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4005931
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teacher instructional technology with new literacy instruction to improve elementary (K-5) student achievement in reading vocabulary?

The alternative hypothesis would be that new literacy instruction does have th potential to improve elementary (K-5) student achievement in reading vocabulary. In other words that significant difference is found between classrooms that employ new literacy instructions and classrooms that do not use this method.

The null hypothesis would be that no significant difference is found between classrooms that employ new literacy instructions and classrooms that do not use this method.

The study will choose 2 different schools in a certain district with classes k-5 where one school has introduced new literacy techniques (namely technological strategies), and the other school is still employing traditional instruction.

The schools would be as closely matched as possible with students coming from a similar socio-economic background and with their parents generally sharing a similar educational niche (i.e. either…


Babchuk, W. (1996). Glaser or Strauss? Grounded theory and adult education. Presented at the Midwest Research-to-Practice Conference in Adult, Continuing, and Community Education, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, October 17-19, 1996.

Glaser, B. (1993). Examples of grounded theory: a reader. Mill Valley, CA:

Sociology Press.

Glaser, B. (1998). Doing grounded theory. Mill Valley: Sociology Press.

Norman Conquest on England the
Words: 2065 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10501753
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Among the practices of the Anglo-Saxon in England before the conquest include, the introduction of their religious beliefs into the country. England became a Christianity practicing nation, as most of the Anglo-Saxons were Catholic Christians. Additionally, their political landscape had the organization of a divided nation, which devolved power to the states, then later the unified state. Therefore, due to this dynamic organization of the states in England, England was the most organized of all states in estern Europe. The country had divisions into shires, which are equivalent of counties and hundreds also called wapentakes (arren et al., p 78). Under these divisions, taxation assessment continued progressively, from hundreds to the shires, then the central kingdom. Tax collection was a duty of the local appointed agents of the kingdom, who after assessing the people, levied them. The tax was in the form of coins, with fresh coins minted three times…

Works cited

Warren Hollister, Robert Stacey, and Robin Chapman Stacey, the Making of England to 1399.

8th edition, Houghton Mifflin, 2000. ISBN 0618001018.

Lacey Baldwin Smith, This Realm of England, 1399-1688. 8th edition. Houghton Mifflin,

2000. ISBN 0618001026.

Historically Track the Concept of the Measurement
Words: 1432 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64541187
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individual is someone who has a distinct personality of his/her own that differentiates him from a group or class of people. This individual has a distinguishing intelligence level, achievement abilities and aptitude. As far as intelligence is concerned, it can be defined as the "ability to reason about personality and personality-relevant information and to use that information to guide one's actions and more generally, one's life" (as qtd. In Mayer, Panter & Caruso, 2012, p. 124). In other words, intelligence is a basic psychological capability in an individual that allows him/her to give explanation, plan and prepare and get to the bottom of troubles. Intelligence is something that is not acquired by reading books or being academically bright. In the similar fashion, achievement is the way a task is performed in a successful manner (Travers. 1970, p. 447). However, aptitude is a natural ability/tendency to carry out a task.



Fagan, T., & Wise, P.S. (1995). School psychology: Past, present and future. Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill.

Huss, M.T. (2009). Forensic psychology: research, practice, and applications. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publications.

Kaplan, R.M., & Saccuzzo, D.P. (2013).Psychological testing: principles, applications, & issues. Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.

Mayer, J.D., Panter, A.T., & Caruso, D.R. (2012). Does Personal Intelligence Exist? Evidence From a New Ability-Based Measure. Journal of Personality Assessment, 94(2), 124-140.

Personnel Economics
Words: 1500 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 2072095
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Teacher Quality: The Effect of Compensation

The objective of this study is to report the importance of teacher quality in achieving good educational outcomes for children and to discuss the potential for a well-designed compensation contract to improve the performance of teachers.

All too often, those in charge of teaching children and essentially in forming the world's future leaders and business executives are compensated very poorly when compared to other working roles in society. Compensation for teachers whose work is so essential in securing the future of the economy and society-at-large is incredibly poor as compared to the compensation of business executives and even blue-collar workers. This is a significant problem in attracting and retaining top talent in the field of teaching.

Teacher Compensation

The work of Hightower, et al. (2011) states that the relationship between teacher quality and student achievement is little understood however what is known is "compensation…

Works Cited

Biggs, A. (2012) The Compensation Question. EducationNext. Fall 2012, Vol. 12, No. 4. Retrieved from: . [Accessed 7 Oct 2013]

Hightower, AM, et al. (2011) Improving Student Learning by Supporting Quality Teaching: Key Issues, Effective Strategies. Retrieved from: . [Accessed 7 Oct 2013]

Johnson, SM and Papay, JP (2009) Redesigning the Teacher Pay: A System for the Next Generation of Educators. EPI Series on Alternative Teacher Compensation Systems • No. 2. Economic Policy Institute. Retrieved from: . [Accessed 7 Oct 2013]

Lazear, EP (2003) Teacher Incentives. Swedish Economic Policy Review 10. Retrieved from: [Accessed 7 Oct 2013]

Team and Tension the Major Components of
Words: 1222 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64291966
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Team and Tension

The major components of House's Path-Goal Theory are directive leaderships, supportive leadership, participative leadership, and achievement-oriented leadership. Each leadership style has its own unique attributes which correlate directly to an individual's personality traits. For instance, directive leaders tend to have a more authoritarian approach to leadership. They tend to establish working hierarchies of relationships and reporting structures. Directive leaders also tend to operate as a single leader with sole responsibility over a limited amount of resources. As such directive leaders are particularly effective in routine and repetitive environments that adhere to strict requirements. Manufacturing and retail management positions tend to be very effective positions for directive leaders. Directive leaders give subordinates instructions about their task, how it is to be performed, and the time frame in which it needs to be completed. There is often very little freedom in regards to how the task should be accomplished.…

Instructional Leader I Believe Student
Words: 866 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 49606680
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Once a reasonable decision has been arrived upon, I must take on the role of the leader who ensures that it is implemented.

In order to do this, it will be my role to confer with my colleagues to determine if the change is being implemented, how it is affecting the faculty and students, and what other changes can be made to better accommodate this primary change. Furthermore, it will be my role to defend the change when others may question it, in addition to listening to the concerns that they have, many of which may be valid. Finally, as a leader responsible for change, I have the task of evaluating the changes that have taken place, determining by the facts, with others, if the change was truly beneficial or should be repealed or altered.

Thus, while change is often difficult, and even more often necessary, it is the responsibility…

Updated PDP
Words: 1482 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Hypothesis Chapter Paper #: 39689679
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Goals Related to This Course:

The baccalaureate nurse leader should be proficient in current leadership and management techniques, as well as developing an awareness of his or her strengths and weaknesses as a leader. Managerial tools such as change theory, quality improvement processes, budget analyses, strategic planning and performance appraisal are crucial to the baccalaureate educational experience. It is the purpose of this assignment to evaluate how knowledge of Leadership and Management in the Changing Healthcare Environment relates to the achievement of my professional goal

Investigation into recent requirements on patient care delivery and the role of the professional nurse shows me the extent to which critical thinking tools have become a core requirement of nurse practicum (as evidence, for instance, in the extremely popular approach called 'evidence-based nursing). Contemporary nursing has changed diametrically from that that it was, a half a century ago. Nurses then were expected to follow…


Ennis, R.H. (1985). A logical basis for measuring critical thinking skills. Educational Leadership, 43, 44- 48.

Center to Champion Nursing in America

Change Management