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Feeding intolerance has been identified as a significant problem for infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Inquiry has revealed massage therapy as a possible nursing intervention for the problem (Shaeri et al., 2017). Additional knowledge is desired to determine if new research findings present clinically significant evidence for use of the intervention in the NICU patient population. Toward this end, a PICO question has been formulated: does massage application given to infants born at less than 37 weeks gestation reduce feeding intolerance?
Given the increased prominence of theory-based nursing, identifying an applicable nursing framework is important. One model that can be used in addressing the identified problem is Roy’s adaptation model (RAM). Indeed, RAM is one of the most common nursing models. Essentially, the model emphasises patient adaptation to the environment (Saini et al., 2017). As per the model, the nurse focuses on improving the patient’s ability to…
Sr. Callista oy
Sister Callista oy was named after Saint Callistus, a pope and martyr, from the oman calendar on the day of her birth, October 14, 1939 at the Los Angeles Country General Hospital to a big family, which was deeply devoted to God and the service of others (Office of the Nurse Theorist 2002). Her mother was a nurse who lived and taught the values of faith, hope and love to her children, so that at 14, Sister Callista herself worked at a large general hospital as a pantry girl, as a maid and then as a nurse's aid. She entered the convent and became one of the sisters of Saint Joseph of Carondolet for 40 years. During that time, she earned a bachelor's degree, major in Nursing, at Mount St. Mary's College in Los Angeles (Office of the Nurse Theorist). As a young nun and nurse, she…
1. Gray, C. (2003). The Roy Adaptation Model. Nurses Network. http://www.nursesnetwork.co.uk/envo/modules.php?
2. Office of the Nurse Theorist. (2002). The Personal Biography and Professional Bio-sketch of Sister Callista Roy. Boston College. http://www2.bc.edu/2royca
3. Shener, H. (2004). Environment as a Phenomenon in Nursing: Reflections from Nurse Theorists. The Nightingale Institute for Health and the Environment. http://www.nihe.org/enviropn.html
4. Stein, RW. (2000). A Comparison and Contrast of Nursing Models by Roy and Neuman. Legal Nurse Consulting Services, Inc. http://pages.prodigy.net/bobstein/legalnurse/neuman.htm
Brockton, Massachusetts: Use of the Adaptation Model, Nursing Process and Guidelines for a Comprehensive Community Assessment
This work in writing will utilize the Adaptation Model, nursing process and guidelines to complete a community assessment, analyze gathered data for implications for health care, formulate a nursing diagnosis for the community, and incorporate findings into the nursing process and formulate a care plan for a specific community problem.
According to the Public Health Nursing: Leadership Guide and esource Manual" published by the Massachusetts Association of Public Health Nurses (2005) nurses employed in public health nursing are constantly conducting assessments of the community's needs and resources both those available to the individual and groups. Public health nurses are focused on organization and working with a diverse network in promoting ensuring and strengthening the well-being and health in the community with goals for high standards of health care for the population. Public health is…
Challenges and Successes in Addressing the Health Care Needs of Underserved Populations in Southeastern Massachusetts - Needs Assessment Conducted by AHEC: The Area Health Education Center of Massachusetts - A Program of Health Care of Southeastern Massachusetts, Inc. In partnership with JSI Research and Training Institute, Inc. 44 Farnsworth Street, Boston MA Jan 2005. Retrieved from: http://www.healthimperatives.com/ahec/pdf/needs%20assessment%20AHEC%20of%20SEM.pdf
Nursing Theorist: Sr. oy Adaptation Model
The oy Adaptation model for Nursing had its beginning when Sister Callista oy happened to get admitted in the Masters Program of pediatric nursing in the University of California, Los Angeles, in the year 1964. At that time, Sr. Callista was familiar with the idea of 'adaptation' in nursing, and it must be mentioned that Sr. Callista's adviser at that time was Dorothy E. Johnson, who believed firmly in the need to define nursing as a means of focusing the development of knowledge, for the practice of nursing. When Sr. Callista oy started working with children in the pediatric ward of the hospital, she was quite impressed with the basic resiliency of the small children who had been admitted into the wards for treatment. This was why when the first seminar in pediatric nursing was called for; Sr. Callista oy proposed that the basic…
"Callista Roy's Adaptation Model" Retrieved From
http://www.geocities.com/ninquiry2002/callistaroy Accessed 28 October, 2005
'Case Study" Retrieved From
http://www.geocities.com/ninquiry2002/casestudy.html Accessed 28 October, 2005
The theory that I propose to work with is Sister Callista oy's Adaptation Theory. This theory was developed by Sister Callista oy in 1970, when she described it in the journal Nursing Outlook.
There are two reasons why this theory might benefit the unit. The first is that if adopted it should improve patient outcomes by providing them with a better environment. The second is that nurses will be providing the patient with the sense of purposefulness that they need to recover. The theory is rooted in the idea that humans are holistic beings who are in constant interaction with their environment. The environment is comprised of three types of stimuli -- focal, contextual and residual. Focal stimuli are the things that immediate confront the human and require the most attention. Contextual stimuli are the rest of the immediate items, which residual stimuli are and added environmental factors present…
Vera, M. (2014). Sister Callista Roy's Adaptation Model of Nursing. Nurse Labs. Retrieved May 6, 2016 from http://nurseslabs.com/sister-callista-roys-adaptation-model/
The patient history for Tory is the following: She is a 28-year-old professional in the H division at a managing firm, who suffers from debilitating obsessive-compulsive disorder, which for the past few months has intruded into every sector of her personal and public life, even causing her to miss work. She is also now having suicidal thoughts, which are reoccurring for the past two weeks. She has considered jumping from the window of her apartment, even though she says she would not do it -- she simply imagines herself doing this and therefore fears that she might actually leap if she does not get control of herself. For years her work has been the only comfort in her life and now even that is in danger of being lost. Her background is that she is an only child of parents who divorced when she was 7. Her father…
Rambo, B. (2004). Adaptive Nursing. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company.
Roy, C. (1980) "The Roy Adaptation Model." In Riehl, J. P.; Roy, C. Conceptual Models
for Nursing Practice. Norwalk: Appleton: Century Crofts.
Roy, C. (1997). Future of the Roy Model: Challenge to Redefine Adaptation. Nursing Science Quarterly, 10(1): 42-48.
For the past several decades, nursing theory has evolved with considerable considerations towards transcultural care. The concept of culture was derived from anthropology and the concept of care was derived from nursing. When one understands the derivative of nursing knowledge and the basis for cultural sensitivity, one may tailor and provide the best nursing care for diverse groups. Each group may have specific needs that may help or hinder healthcare delivery. Hence, if one fully understands the meanings, patterns, and processes, one can explain and predict health and well-being. Although many nursing theories exist, a closer evaluation will be given to Cultural Care Diversity & Universality and Purnell Model for Cultural Competence.
Cultural Competence & Influence
Cultural competence is deemed as essential component in providing healthcare today. Healthcare professionals in healthcare organizations are addressing multicultural diversity and ethnic disparities in health (Wilson, 2004). To better serve…
Kim-Godwin, Y.S., Clarke, P.N. And Barton, L. (2001), A model for the delivery of culturally competent community care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 35: 918 -- 925. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2648.2001.01929.x
Maier-Lorentz, M. (2008). Transcultural nursing: its importance in nursing practice. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 15(1), 37-43.
Nelson, J. (2006). Madeleine Leininger's Culture Care Theory: The Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality. International Journal For Human Caring, 10(4), 50.
SNJourney. (2007). Purnell's model of cultural competence. Retrieved from http://www.snjourney.com/ClinicalInfo/Select%20Topics/Transcultural/PurnellModel2.pdf
The main problem that Harmon Hotels is facing is that of cultural differences. As a corollary of this problem, the organization has no experience as a global company: all its hotels are in the United States and the expansion to France is the first part of a larger expansion project to Europe. As a consequence, the company will face communication and integration problems as it moves to the European market.
There are several additional issues to this core problem, which need to be listed before recommendations are made. First, the European market in general, and the French one in particular, is a pretentious, difficult market. Customers have particular expectations and it will not be enough to replicate the Harmon Hotels business model that works in the United States to the European market. A certain level of customization will be required.
Second, the managers that are moving to France…
Multiple Therapeutic Models of a Family
The main components of structural therapy
Structural therapy is a family treatment model founded on the frameworks of systems theory. The distinctive component of this model is the emphasis it has placed on structural adjustments as the primary objective of the therapy session. This emphasis is prominent over details of adjustments in individual behaviors. This model is distinctive because the therapist is the most active agent and receives much attention in the course of family restructuring (Lock & Strong, 2012).
The main purpose of structural family therapy is prevention of sequences from repetition by coveting the hierarchical structures of families. This encompasses shifts in power distribution among family members by adjusting interaction styles. Nevertheless, structural family therapy operates by making alterations on the dysfunctional family structure through encouragement and promotion of growth among family members with the primary intention of re-building the family (Petridis,…
Goldenberg, H., & Goldenberg, I. (2008). Family therapy: An overview. Australia: Thompson Brooks/Cole.
Lock, A., & Strong, T. (2012). Discursive perspectives in therapeutic practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Peterson, G.W., Steinmetz, S.K., & Sussman, M.B. (2009). Handbook of marriage and the family. New York: Plenum Press.
Petridis, N., Pichorides, S.K., & Varopoulos, N. (2010). Harmonic analysis, Iraklion 1978: Proceedings of a conference held at the University of Crete. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Attitude-Influence model of reading involves teaching good attitudes about reading in an effort to influence how children feel about the reading experience. Attitude was chosen as the most important component of the model because it plays such a strong role in research done on a psychological level. However, attitude can be hard to measure, because it is very subjective and can fluctuate wildly. That is one of the cons of the attitude-influence model, and one of the cons of attempting to address attitude in general when it comes to research. However, in this model, attitude is not all that is considered. Influence is also very important. Influence means how a person is influenced to read and how he or she sees reading. If a person's attitude is good but there is no influence, reading might not take place. The same is true if the attitude is bad but there is…
Psychodynamic Model, The Model's Developmental Processes, And Use In Assessment And Treatment Psychodynamic Model
A large proportion of this research relied on historical data. Most of the data originated from institutions that take care of the aged, books, and journal articles. The views of health experts and professionals in mental health also shaped the judgement of this paper. The paper focused on extracting information from the four models under its analysis. Most of the findings originated from the four frameworks. ( The psychodynamic, the cognitive behavior, the stress and coping model, and the family systems model).
Given the demographics of the present age, almost all adult mental shape practice will certainly include older adults. As people grow older, various changes occur, more valuable is the vulnerability to stress and illnesses. The challenges one faces through the years like the death of loved ones, loneliness and others exposes one to the…
ReferencesTop of For
Top of F
Blaikie, A. (2009). Ageing And Popular Culture. Cambridge U.A.: Cambridge Univ. Press.
Kerry Kelly, N., & Jack, N. (n.d). A New Model of Techniques for Concurrent Psychodynamic
Work with Parents of Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy Patients. Child And
Innovative Nursing Care Delivery Models a.This website detailed profiles 24 successful innovative nursing care delivery models. These profiles developed part a research project conducted Health Workforce Solutions LLC (HWS) funded obert Wood Johnson Foundation (WJF).
Innovative nursing care model: The Care Transitions Intervention
Innovative nursing care model
I chose the Care Transitions Intervention Model on which to focus because of the increasing importance of geriatric care in the field of nursing. Although my organization serves the needs of persons of all ages, elderly patients are an increasingly large proportion of the patient base. The Model stresses the need for the empowerment and self-care even of patients with high-risk conditions. The Care Transitions Intervention Model allows elderly patients the maximum amount of mobility and autonomy possible given the limits of the patient's condition and enables them to stay in a home setting as long as possible. As its name suggests, the…
Care Transitions Intervention. (2013). Innovative Care Models. Retrieved:
Kurt Lewin Change Model. (2013). Change Management Coach. Retrieved:
"Morris goes to School" by B. Wiseman.
Your name, whole group, 5th grade, all, 09/03/2012.
Objectives for Lesson
The students will engage in reading and writing activities with reflection and understanding.
The students will be motivated to connect the story to their own particular cultural/ethnic / routine experiences
The students will be encouraged to generate situations and to apply to new circumstances using the story as their base
The students will be encouraged to imagine a recipient of their story and to direct the writing of their story to this recipient.
CSO's or SOLs (WV New Generation Content Standards and Objectives)
Engage in reading of the text with understanding and motivation
Apply the story to their own circumstance be able to find launch pads from the story with which they can craft their own informative and meaningful tale.
Participate in collaborative conversation with partners and…
Thomas Malthus Model
Thomas Malthus authored the Malthusian growth model or the exponential growth model, one of the earliest and significant theories on population growth. This model is based on a mathematical proposition that population increased by a fixed proportion over any given period of time in the absence of constraints. Therefore, if the population increased from 1000 to 1200 over a certain number of years, then a population of 10,000 will increase to 12,000 during the same period. In other words, population grows at a constant rate every year. He described that the population will check itself and will not grow beyond the subsistence level and the birth rate will be fairly equal to the death rate. This is because when population increased beyond a certain level, the resources required to provide food will not increase and therefore, this will result in famine and starvation that will…
Cyrus Chu, C.Y; Tai, Ching. "Ecosystem resilience, specialized adaptation and population decline: A modern Malthusian theory." Journal of Population Economics. May 2001: 7.
Morton, John; Shaw, Jane; Stroup, Richard. "Overpopulation: Where Malthus Went Wrong?" Social Education. October 1997: 342-46.
As governments look to eradicate deficits, it is often organization that fall under discretionary spending categories that bear the brunt of those cuts. Not only does the productive capacity of these organizations suffer but so, too, does morale. ith declining funding, public sector organizations also often have difficult recruiting top talent into their organizations.
Another issue that arises with public organization decline is that there is a lack of motivation and a lack of innovation. Innovation in particular is a challenge. hen considering Sayre's Model it is not hard to see how excessive bureaucracy can stifle the innovative capabilities of public organizations. Pathak (2007) argues that middle management needs to take a lead role in not only keeping up morale, but encouraging high levels of performance in public organizations as a policy to stem decline.
Cutbacks can be particularly challenging for public organizations. The most important aspect of cutbacks is…
McCarthy, R. & Aronson, J. (2001). Analyzing the balance between consumer, business and government: The emergent Internet privacy legal framework. IACIS 2001. Retrieved November 19, 2012 from http://iacis.org/iis/2001/mccarthy275.PDF
Padhi, N. (2010). The eight elements of TQM. iSixSigma.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012 from http://www.isixsigma.com/methodology/total-quality-management-tqm/eight-elements-tqm/
Pathak, P. (2007). The decline of public sector organizations: Can middle managers play the role of saviour? Indian School of Mines. Retrieved November 19, 2012 from http://www.ediindia.org/Creed/data/Govind%20Swaroop%20Pathak%20&%20Pallavi%20Pathak.htm
Sheppard, G. (2009). Public sector reward: More than motivation. Personnel Today. Retrieved November 19, 2012 from http://www.personneltoday.com/articles/06/07/2009/51319/public-sector-reward-more-than-motivation.htm
It was found that academic exam stress caused significant increases in P and TAI scores, which were related to high levels of serum, significantly more so in males than females, who only had an increase in serum sgp130 when taking birth control drugs. Males were found to have significantly more serum sCD8. The results suggest that psychological stress induces immune-inflammatory changes with complex regulatory responses in IL-6 signaling, decreased anti-inflammatory capacity of serum and interactions with T-cell and monocytic activation. The results of this study also suggest that sex hormones may modify stress-induced immune-inflammatory responses (ong et al. p. 293).
Anxiolytic drugs of the benzodiazepine class and other drugs that affect catecholamine, GABAA, histamine and serotonin receptors, alter the stress response and regulate stress hormone secretion. It has been shown that exposure to hostile conditions induces lowered immune system and cardiovascular responses, as well as neural circuits and neurotransmitter system…
Song, C, Kenis, G., van Gastel, a., Bosmans, E., Lin, a., de Jong, R., Neels, H., Scharpe, et al. (1999). Influence of psychological stress on immune-inflammatory variables in normal humans. Part II. Altered serum concentrations of natural anti-inflammatory agents and soluble membrane antigens of monocytes and T. lymphocytes. Psychiatry Research, Vol. 85, 3. Retrieved at http://www.psy-journal.com/article/PIIS0165178199000128/abstract .
Tait, M. (2007). Music 'enhances ecstasy effects.' Focus. Retrieved at http://www.geocities.com/Omegaman_UK/drugs.html.
Van de Kar, L.D., Blair, M.L. (1999). Forebrain pathways mediating stress-induced hormone secretion. PubMed: A service of the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health. Chicago: Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine.
In the 1992 adaptation of The Last of the Mohicans, Hawkeye, played by Daniel Day-Lewis is forced to become a leader as he attempts to provide safe passage for Alice and Cora Munro and the daughters of Colonel Edmund Munro, a British officer during the Seven Years' War, and Major Duncan Heyward, who was originally tasked with escorting the sisters to safety.
Two of the theories that can be applied to Hawkeye's leadership and managerial style are the Path-Goal Theory and the Leader-Member Exchange Theory. Moreover, aspects of French and Raven's Five Bases of Power can also be attributed to Hawkeye's successes and failures as a leader. The Path-Goal Theory maintains that followers' satisfaction, motivation, and performance is dependent on a leader's behavior. As such, the leader is forced to adapt to his or her followers' needs with such adaptations and behavioral modifications made with the purpose of fulfilling…
open and closed system models in criminal justice. Specifically it will define open and closed system models of organizations and explain why it is important that the criminal justice professional should know the differences between these models. It will also provide a specific organizational example of each type of organization, one for open systems and one for closed systems, and describe how these organizations meet the criteria of either the open or closed system perspective. There are vast differences in management and outcome between open and closed system models in organizations, and these differences are especially important to the criminal justice system. An open system allows for change and growth, while a closed system is less flexible and far more bureaucratic.
The open and closed ideas of system models in organizations were originated by organizational experts obert L. Kahn and Daniel Katz in the 1960s. There are three basic system…
Ciarkowski, Arthur A. "8 Influencing Structure: From Hierarchy to Chaos." How Public Organizations Work: Learning from Experience. Ed. Bellavita, Christopher. New York: Praeger, 1990. 111-122.
Hartmann, Francis and Charles Wellford. "Panel III Changing Nature of Criminal Justice System Responses and Its Professions." U.S. Department of Justice. 1998. 10 June 2005.
Roeckelein, Jon E. Dictionary of Theories, Laws, and Concepts in Psychology. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998.
A context of economic stability strengthens the country's status in the world, increases the value of the national currency and attracts foreign investors. But there should also exist a certain level of flexibility in order to encourage investors to open businesses within the country. Foreign investors need both security but also the promises of adaptability and flexibility, which will help them conduct organizational operations.
Stability should be offered by most industries and sectors, as well as national institutions. Among the sectors which reveal increased importance in offering stability are the financial sector and the banking sector. The financial sector, supervised by the country's central bank, must be stable as to develop and implement fair financial regulations, maintain an appropriate value of the national currency and reduce inflation. The banking sector has to be stable as to offer numerous credit and savings opportunities for entrepreneurs.
Benito, C.A., Neo-Classical Growth Model,…
Benito, C.A., Neo-Classical Growth Model, Development Economics Sonoma State University, retrieved from www.sonoma.edu/users/b/benito/econ403/units/NeoClassical.ppton February 7, 2008
Elbaum, B., Lazonick, W., 1984, the Decline of the British Economy: An Institutional Perspective, the Journal of Economic History, Volume 44, Number 2
Gourvish, T., 2000, Entrepreneurship in Britain 1870-1914 - Failure or Adaptation, London School of Economics, Retrieved at http://www.dieboldinstitute.org/paper3b.pdfon February 7, 2008
Meade, J.E., 1962, a Neoclassical Theory of Economic Growth, Retrieved at http://www.economyprofessor.com/economictheories/neo-classical-growth-theory.phpon February 7, 2008
Scientific Models and eligious Myths
Differences between scientific models and religious myths
There are several approaches toward s the creation issue, some of them are scientific and others are religious. All the approaches are postulates towards the search for the cradle of man. They may therefore be divided into scientific models and religious myths. Although people view these theories and models from different perspectives, they too have their similarities. Therefore this paper will contain an in depth study of the two different ideologies that is from the religious view on creation and the scientific view of creation. The types of theories that will be discussed here will be the big bang theory which will be a scientific view and the creation theory which is based from the religious point-of-view. An in depth look into the evolution theory will be looked at.
The scientific theory is based on scientific modeling of…
Alister, E. McGrath. (2010). "Science & Religion" 2nd Edition
Charles Darwin, (1859). On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life,," p. 162.
Eliade, Mircea, (1960), Myth and reality. New York: Harper & Row
Futuyma, Douglas J. (2005). Evolution,. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, Inc.
global strategy ought to be to manage the extensive dissimilarities that come about at the borders of markets. Considering this, Professor Pankaj Ghemawat offers a new strategic framework for taking into account the challenges of globalization. The AAA global framework consists of three effective strategic approaches, which include adaptation, aggregation and arbitrage (IESE, 2007). Adaptation is the approach employed by firms when they try to increase proceeds and market share by taking full advantage of local significance. Aggregation defines the endeavor to convey economies of scale by generating regional or at times international operations. Lastly, arbitrage is when corporations make the most of differences between nationwide or local markets, every so often by finding dissimilar fragments of the supply chain in different places (IESE, 2007). The purpose of this paper is to discuss how McDonald's Corporation have made use of this theory in their quest of their business in India,…
deKluyver, C. (2010). Fundamentals of Global Strategy: A Business Model Approach. New York: Expert Press, LLC.
Ghemawat, P. (2007). Managing Differences: The Central Challenge of Global Strategy. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved 11 January, 2016 from: https://hbr.org/2007/03/managing-differences-the-central-challenge-of-global-strategy
IESE. (2007). The AAA Triangle: Managing Differences at Market Borders. Retrieved 11 January, 2016 from: http://www.iese.edu/Aplicaciones/News/view.asp?id=1084&k=
Sidhpuria, M. V. (2009). Retail Franchising. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishers.
According to Cummings and Worley (2014), the relevance of organizational diagnostic models cannot be overstated when it comes to the identification of the appropriate data required to highlight the deficiencies as well as strengths of a company, and the existing opportunities to improve operations and processes. For this discussion, the following organizational diagnostic models will be highlighted; the 7S model, the congruence model, the Burke-Litwin model, Leavitt’s model, force field analysis, and the Weisbord’s six-box model.
The 7S Model
This model seeks to highlight the organizational design of an entity by focusing of seven primary internal elements. The said elements include; strategy, structure, skills, style, staff, systems, and shared values (Falletta, 2005). In essence, the goal in this case is to determine whether these elements are aligned in a way that permits an entity to effectively pursue its objectives. It is important to note that as per the 7S model,…
In order to motivate their staff, the successful expatriate manager will have to utilize the specific characteristics of the culture in which they are operating. A culture with a high degree of masculinity according to the Five Dimension would require a manager to exhibit this masculinity and a certain level of aggressiveness and direct dominance in order to motivate employees, for example (MindTools 2011). A highly affective culture, on the other hand, would require a great deal of emotional connection and exhortation to achieve the same degree of motivation amongst employees (Binder 2007). One or both of these needs might prove very difficult for a given manager based on their personal and cultural proclivities, but these models can help them identify where they are likely to face challenges and where changes in approach are needed.
Practical Applications: Training Expatriates
esearch has shown that training soon-to-be expatriates can have an enormous…
Adler, N. & Gundersen, a. (2008). International dimensions of organizational behavior. Mason, OH: Thomson.
Binder, J. (2007). Trompenaars' dimensions. Accessed 15 January 2011. http://www.globalprojectmanagement.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=23
ChangingMinds. (2011). Trompenaars' four diversity cultures. Accessed 15 January 2011. http://changingminds.org/explanations/culture/trompenaars_four_cultures.htm
GH. (2011). Accessed 15 January 2011. http://www.geert-hofstede.com/
Pedagogic Model for Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students
Almost thirty years ago, the American federal government passed an act mandating the availability of a free and appropriate public education for all handicapped children. In 1990, this act was updated and reformed as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which itself was reformed in 1997. At each step, the goal was to make education more equitable and more accessible to those with special educational needs. During the last presidential term, the "No Child Left Behind" Act attempted to assure that individuals with disabilities were increasingly mainstreamed and assured of high educational results. All of these legislative mandates were aimed at insuring that children with disabilities were not defrauded of the public education which has become the birthright of all American children. The latest reforms to IDEA, for example, provided sweeping reforms which not only expanded the classification of special…
Community Mental Health "ecovery Model"
What is the recovery orientation/paradigm model of treatment?
A mental health ecovery Model is a treatment alternative in which the service delivery is such that clients have the primary and final decision-making ability over their own treatment. This is unlike the majority of most conventional forms of treatment, in which physicians have the primary control over decisions or clients are just consulted as a formality. The underlying principle of the ecovery Model is that if a client is empowered to have greater choice and control over their service delivery, then he or she will have a greater incentive and drive to take increased initiative and control of their lives (NASW Practice Snapshot: The Transformation of the Mental Health System, 2006).
b. What is the medical model and what are the differences between the medical model and the recovery model of treatment?
A mental health medical…
(MHALA) Mental Health America of Los Angeles (2002) Retrieved 19 January 2016 from http://static1.1.sqspcdn.com/static/f/1084149/15460123/1323368260403/07theFourStagesofRecovery.pdf?token=QVu5IU26jUq7rItXobfRwvf4yW8%3D
(SAMHSA) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2015). Treatments for Mental Disorders Retrieved 19 January 2016 from http://www.samhsa.gov/treatment/mental-disorders
Buckley, P., M.D., Bahmiller, D., M.D., Kenna, C. A., M.S., Shevitz, S., M.D., Powell, I., & Fricks, L. (2007). Resident education and perceptions of recovery in serious mental illness: Observations and commentary. Academic Psychiatry, 31(6), 435-8. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/196531576?accountid=28844
Duckworth, K. (2015). NAMI: National Alliance on Mental Illness -- Science Meets the Human Experience: Integrating the Medical and Recovery Models. Retrieved January 19, 2016, from https://www.nami.org/Blogs/NAMI-Blog/April-2015/Science-Meets-the-Human-Experience-Integrating-th
A dominant healthcare practice for many Mexican-Americans is the hot and cold theory of food selection, where illness or trauma may require adjustments in the hot and cold balance of foods to restore body equilibrium. In lower socioeconomic groups is a wide-scale deficiency of vitamin a and iron, as well as lactose intolerance.
Mexican-American birth rates are 3.45 per household compared to 2.6 per household among other minority groups (Chapa & Valencia, 1993 as cited in Purnell & Paulanka, 1998). Multiple births are common, particularly in the economically disadvantaged groups. Men see a larger number of children as evidence of their virility. If a woman does not conceive by the age of 24, it may be considered too late. Given their predominant Catholic beliefs, the tendency is only to use acceptable forms of birth control, although many will use other unacceptable forms. Abortion is morally wrong. Family planning is an…
Lopez, P. (2003) Mexican-American Health Issues for the 21st Century. Californian Journal of National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (2000) Health Disparities: Bridging the Gap. Washington: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Purnell, L, & Paulanka, B. (1998). Transcultural Healthcare. Philadelphia: Davis Company.
Purnell, L. & Paulanka, B. (1998a) Purnell Model for Cultural Competence. in
Nava, G. (director) Quintanilla, a. (executive producer) (1997) Selena. Q Productions.
(1958: 191) (Scott, 2003, p.50) Simon states that a hierarchy of goals is established in which each level is "...considered as an end relative to the levels below it and as a means relative to the levels above it. Through the hierarchical structure of ends, behavior attains integration and consistency, for each member of a set of behavior alternatives is then weighted in terms of a comprehensive scale of values -- the "ultimate" ends. (Simon, 1997: 74) "In addition to simplifying decisions for participants in all these ways, organizations also support participants in the decisions they are expected to make.
WEER'S THEORY of UREAUCRACY
DESCRIPTION of THEORY
Scott (2003) notes that it was observed by Collins (1986) that there is nothing "...known in the field of organizations, perhaps in all sociology, than Weber's model of bureaucracy. It also happens that there is no more complete misunderstanding of a major sociological…
Scott, W. Richard (2003) Organizations; Rational, Natural and Open Systems. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.
Dual Coding Theory (DCT) was originally developed for memory research. The basic notion is that images and words influence memory differently. DCT has been applied to reading and has been used to improve reading programs. The assertion is that learning to read a new word is more efficient if more than one part of the brain is activated, by paring verbal and nonverbal codes. Verbal code would be language in any form; nonverbal codes are tangible objects, pictures, feelings, and events. If one code is forgotten, the second code can serve as a backup during word retrieval. By paring written words, pronunciations, pictures, and experience we are focusing on all levels of processing in DCT which fosters learning. The following paper describes the basic elements of DCT.
According to Dual Coding Theory (DCT) information is represented in the brain via both verbal and imagined codes (Paivio, 1971). These two…
Darwinism and the Standard Social Science Model
If the Standard Social Science Model is mistaken, then we are less altruistic than would otherwise be the case'.
Put another way, the same statement could read, "If culture is not the underlying cause of human behavior, then human beings are more selfish than they would be if culture were the underlying cause of human behavior." An evaluation of this statement rests not only on an assessment of the truth of each part, but also on the relationship between the two parts of the claim. Is having A (a false presumption put forth by the SSSM) the condition for having B (self-centered human beings)? Let us investigate the premise as well as the argument.
The Standard Social Science Model claims that "only genetically determined human behavior is 'natural' or biological" (Zimmer, 1.) This means that when an infant pulls away from fire, or…
Young, J. Valid Argument Forms. As retrieved June 11, 2004 from http://www.uncfsu.edu/jyoung/chapter_4_notes.htm
Dawkins, Richard. Interview as retrieved June 11, 2004 at http://www.pbs.org/faithandreason/transcript/dawk-body.html
Social Science Model as retrieved June 11, 2004 at http://www.facub.stjohns.edu/~beasleyt/socialsciencemodel.pdf
Zimmer, J.Raymond. Evolutionary Psychology Challenges the Current Social Sciences. As retrieved June 11, 2004 at http://www.asa3.org/ASA/topics/Evolution-PSCF9-98Zimmer.html
Public Program Quality Evaluation
Overview of the Program and the Program ationale
In 2011, approximately 23% of all children in the United States were children of immigrants. Many of these children have come from countries where the educational systems have not prepared them with competitive skills that will support a good standard of living. Various policies to address this issue have been proposed. Of the feasible options, the policy most likely to achieve popular approval is the provision of preschool education to all low-immigrant children. In part, the basis for this support is the historical national approval of programs such as Head Start. ecently, the nation has seen an upswing in state-funded pre-K programs that focus on preparing low-income 4-year-old children for kindergarten and elementary school. Head Start programs continue in a parallel manner, and necessarily so, as only a handful of states offer pubic school-based pre-K programs to all…
Haskins, R. & Tienda, M. (2011). The future of immigrant children. The Future of Children. Princeton University and the Brookings Institution.
Lawrence L. Martin, L.L. & Kettner, P.M. (1996). Measuring the performance of human service programs. Sage Publications.
Neuman, W.L. (2012). Basics of social research: qualitative and quantitative approaches (3rd ed.).
Puma, M. Bell, S., Cook, R., & Heid, C. (2010, January). Head Start Impact Study Final Report, Executive Summary. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. Washington, DC.
Nursing Theory -- oy Adaptation Model
The oy Adaptation Model is one of the most commonly cited and used options when it comes to nursing theories. It has been in existence since 1976, and has had a number of years to be adjusted and changed to work with the adjustments that have occurred in the field of nursing over time (Alligood, 2011). Being able to adapt and change is a very important part of nursing, because all patients are different. Additionally, treatments and medications change rapidly, and that can be difficult to keep up with if a nurse is not focused on adapting his or her style and beliefs to the changing nature of medicine. Here, the importance of nursing theory will be explored, along with the key points that are used in the oy Adaptation Model. The views and ideas that the model provides when it comes to nursing…
Alligood, M.R. (2011). The power of theoretical knowledge. Nursing science quarterly, 24(4), 304-305.
Polit, D.F., & Beck, C.T. (2013). Essentials of nursing research. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Roy, C. (2011). Extending the Roy adaptation model to meet changing global needs. Nursing science quarterly, 24(4), 345-351.
Roy, C. (2011). Research based on the Roy Adaptation Model last 25 years. Nursing science quarterly, 24(4), 312-320.
The adaptation model of nursing presumes that the individual patient is fully cognitive after an injury and during recovery. During this consciousness, each patient creates a unique relationship with their environment. Actual adaptation is a product of combining the cognitive mind and the environment which surrounds it.
The Roy adaptation model believes that the human mind has heightened creative abilities, along with the conception of fate. This version of the adaptation method involves steps to nursing which asses the situation and recognizes clues within the immediate environment of injured patients. Once these clues are diagnosed, the goal of the nurse is to best assist the individual patient in cognitive and behavioral healing. Some of Roy's recent projects include working on intervention studies of recently injured patients. She involves the family members of injured patients to help in the recovery of their cognitive functions which were damaged.
Data gathering becomes much…
Boston College. "The Roy Adaptation Model." www2.bc.edu/~royaca/htm/ram.htm Found on October 4.
Boston College. "Sr. Callista Roy, PhD, RN, FAAN: Professor and Nurse Theorist." http://www.bc.edu/schools/son/faculty/theorist.html . Found on October 4, 2007.
Senesac, P. "Implementing the Roy Adaptation: From Theory to Practice." The Roy
Adaptation Model in Progress. http://www.bc.edu/schools/son/faculty/theorist/RAM/practice.html . Found on October 4, 2007
Theoretical Foundations of Nursing:
Nursing can be described as a science and practice that enlarges adaptive capabilities and improves the transformation of an individual and the environment. This profession focuses on promoting health, improving the quality of life, and facilitating dying with dignity. The nursing profession has certain theoretical foundations that govern the nurses in promoting adaptation for individuals and groups. These theoretical foundations include theories, theory integration, reflection, research and practice, and assimilation.
Grand Nursing Theory:
There are several grand nursing theories that were developed by various theorists including the Science of Unitary Human Beings by Martha ogers, Sister Callista oy's Adaptation Model, and Systems Model by Betty Neuman. Sister Callista oy's Adaptation Model is based on the consideration of the human being as an open system. She argues that the system reacts to environmental stimuli via cognator and regulator coping techniques for individuals. On the other hand, the…
American Sentinel (2012). 5 Steps for Nurses to Stay Updated with Health Care Changes.
Retrieved September 4, 2013, from http://www.nursetogether.com/5-steps-for-nurses-to-stay-updated-with-health-care-changes
Andershed, B. & Olsson, K. (2009). Review of Research Related to Kristen Swanson's Middle-range Theory of Caring. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 23, 598-610.
"Application of Theory in Nursing Process." (2012, January 28). Nursing Theories: A
Theoretical-Empirical Structure (CTE) Evaluation of the oy Adaptation Model
There are a number of valuable outcomes that can be achieved using conceptual models, theories, and empirical indicators for advanced nursing practice, including the application of models or theories to real-world nursing practice, research, and education. To develop some first-hand experience in this area, this paper examines how the Conceptual-Theoretical-Empirical (CTE) structure translates into nursing practice based on the oy Adaptation Model. A translation and application of this theory to nursing practice using actual examples is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the CTE structure and its implications for nursing practice in the conclusion.
Evaluation of the conceptual-theoretical-empirical linkages
There is an inextricable linkage between the conceptual, theoretical and empirical models that can help guide its application to nursing practice, research and education. For instance, according to Fawcett (2009), "It is impossible to conduct nursing research…
Alkrisat, M. & Dee, V. (2014, December 1). The validation of the coping and adaptation processing scale based on the Roy Adaptation Model. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 22(3), 368-370.
Cowling, R. W. & Taliaferro, D. (2004, Fall). Emergence of a healing-caring perspective: Contemporary conceptual and theoretical directions. Journal of Theory Construction and Testing, 8(2), 54-58.
Fawcett, J. (2009, September/December). Using the Roy Adaptation Model to guide research and/or practice: Construction of conceptual-theoretical-empirical systems of knowledge. Aquichan, 9(3), 16-21.
Smith, M. C. (2001, March/April). Analysis and evaluation of contemporary nursing knowledge: Nursing models and theories. Nursing and Health Care Perspectives, 22(2), 92-95.
oy Adaptation Theory
Callista oy: Adaptation Theory
Not every idea is perfect and neither is any person, so the propagation of theoretical stances proliferate. In the field of nursing it makes sense that there would be theories which were designed to advance the fields of care, patient psychology and of medicine's effect on the body, but care, the essence of nursing seems the most crucial. Care theories have been advanced providing guidance for every facet of the practice, and the concept of the oy adaptive model is just one of the many. This essay will examine the oy adaptive theory from every angle in an attempt to recognize its place in nursing.
"Sister Callista oy was born in 1939 in Los Angeles, CA" (Masters, 2011). This seems to be where all of the discussions of Ms. oy begin, and it tells the researcher three crucial items about the…
Basavanthappa, B.T. (2007). Nursing theories. New Delhi: Japee Brothers Publishing.
Butts, J.B., & rich, K.L. (2010). Philosophies and theories for advanced nursing practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Chesnay, M.D. (2007). Caring for the vulnerable: Perspectives in nursing theory, practice, and research. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Current Nursing. (2010). Roy's adaptation model. Retrieved from http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/Roy_adaptation_model.html
Sister Callista oy Theory
At the age of 14 years old, Callista oy had already started working in large general hospital where she moved from being a pantry, to maid to the nurse's maid. After considerations, Callista decided to join the Sisters of Saint Joseph Carondelet where she became a member for more that 40 years of her entire life. She joined college and pursued liberal arts program where she successfully completed a program in Bachelor of Arts majoring in nursing at Mount St. Mary's College in Los Angeles (The Trustees of Boston College, 2013).
She further pursed successfully her masters in Sociology and a doctorate in sociology as well both at University of California (Jones & Barlett, 2013). It was at this point that oy wanted to fuse both sociological approach and nursing approach to the nursing care of the patients. She is accredited for coming up with and…
Current Nursing, (2012). Application of Roy's Adaptation Model (RAM). Retrieved September 11, 2013 from http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/application_Roy%27s_adaptation_model.html
Gonzalo, (2011). Theoretical Foundations of Nursing. Retrieved September 11, 2013 from http://nursingtheories.weebly.com/sister-callista-roy.html
Jones & Barlett, (2013). Nursing Theories: A Framework for Professional Practice. Retrieved September 11, 2013 from http://samples.jbpub.com/9781449626013/72376_CH10_Masters.pdf
The Trustees of Boston College, (2013). Sr. Callista Roy, Ph.D., RN, FAAN Retrieved September 11, 2013 from http://www.bc.edu/schools/son/faculty/featured/theorist.html
In the pantheon of nursing theories, borrowed theories are those that derive from other disciplines and have been adapted to the nursing context. Many such borrowed theories come from the different social sciences, such as psychology or sociology, because they directly reflect critical issues in care such as human nature and the role of human interactions in well-being. One could apply religious theories to care for religious people, and it is possible even to consider things like motivational theories as well, if the nurse is trying to motivate the patient (for example, to change behavior as a means of changing health outcomes). Borrowed theories have perhaps received less study than either grand theories or mid-level theories, but they are nevertheless an important source of insight for the nursing educator, and it is important to understand the theory, where it comes from, and how it has been adapted to apply…
Villarruel, A., Bishop, T., Simpson, E., Jemmott, L. & Fawcett, J. (2001). Borrowed theories, shared theories and the advancement of nursing knowledge. Nursing Science Quarterly. Vol. 14 (2) 158-163.
Zalenski, R. & Raspa, R. (2006). Maslow's hierarchy of needs: A framework for achieving human potential in hospice. Journal of Palliative Medicine. Vol. 9 (5) 1120-1127.
Zhan, L. (2000). Cognitive adaptation and self-consistency in hearing-impaired older persons: Testing Roy's adaptation model. Nursing Science Quarterly. Vol. 13 (2) 158-165.
One mid-range nursing philosophy is that of Barbara esnick, with her "Middle ange Theory of Self-Efficacy." This theory states that 'self-efficacy expectations and outcome expectations are not only influenced by behavior, but also by verbal encouragement, physiological sensations and exposure to role models or self-modeling" (Nurses.info, 2014).
esnick is an Associate Professor at the University of Maryland School of Nursing. She is also a geriatric nurse practitioner at oland Park Place. Her research is focused on motivation, particularly with older adults. She has written papers on motivation for older adults to recover from disabling events, for example, noting that where motivation is high recovery is more likely to be successful, and life prolonged. She found support for her theory in this study (esnick, 1998), for example, lending credence to her prior work on finding ways to enhance the likelihood of recovery in all populations, but particularly in older and…
Nurses.info. (2014). Barbara Resnick. Nurses.info. Retrieved March 21, 2014 from http://www.nurses.info/nursing_theory_midrange_theories_barbara_resnick.htm
Resnick, B. (1998). Efficacy beliefs in geriatric rehabilitation. Journal of Gerontological Nursing. Vol. 24 (7) 34-44
Resnick, B. & Jenkins, L. (2000) Testing the reliability and validity of the self-efficacy for exercise scale. Nursing Research. Vol. 49 (3) 154-159.
Weber, B., Roberts, B., Resnick, M., Deimling, G., Zauszniewski, J., Musil, C. & Yarandi, H. (2004). The effect of dyadic intervention on self-efficacy, social support, and depression for men with prostate cancer. Psycho-oncology. Vol. 13 (2004) 47-60.
Concept Synthesis on Personal Nursing Philosophy
My interest in nursing peaked at an early age when I attended Clara Barton High School for health professions in Brooklyn NY and graduated in 1991. I first worked as a nurse's aide and home health aide for about two years and found this position to be quite rewarding. I subsequently moved to North Carolina where I took the CNA course in 1995 and began working as a CNA at various nursing homes and hospitals in the regional area. My experience as a CNA certainly helped me in my journey and provided the foundation for the later developments in my career.
Later I moved to Las Vegas in 1997 where I got married in 1998. After forming this union I went back to school for my BSN in 2002 while working as a CNA. I finished my BSN from Nevada…
Andrews, H., & Roy, C. (1991). The Adaptive Model. Norwalk: Appleton and Lange.
Denler, H., Wolters, C., & Benzon, M. (2013). Social Cognitive Theory. Retrieved from Education: http://www.education.com/reference/article/social-cognitive-theory/
Farlex. (2011). The Medical Dictionary. Retrieved from Farlex: http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/adaptation+model
Nursing Theory. (2011). Sister Callista Roy. Retrieved from Nursing Theory: http://nursing-theory.org/nursing-theorists/Sister-Callista-Roy.php
Green provides some clear guidelines to assist health education and promotion specialists in the identification and design of health promotion techniques for implementation in health promotion and disease prevention programs. Discuss how five of the guidelines presented by Dr. Green could assist you in the selection of an appropriate health promotion technique. Support your answer with appropriate examples.
The module gives really simple guidelines as to the how the process of health education promotion can work in today's world. Healthcare is a social industry and hence understanding the community structure and its needs is the primary concern. According to the directions given by Dr. Green, the following factors have to be considered before designing and implementing health promotion and disease prevention programs. Hence the process is structured by first identifying the needs of the community and then setting the goals (short-term and long-term) accordingly. Once this is done the following…
Adair, J.E. And Thomas, N. (2004). The Concise Adair on Teambuilding and Motivation. Thorogood. London.
Agron P, Berends V, Ellis K, Gonzalez M. (2010). School wellness policies: perceptions, barriers, and needs among school leaders and wellness advocates. J Sch Health. 2010; 80: 527-535.
Eddy, J. Module 5. Policy Development as a Health Promotion Technique- Dr. James Eddy (59:40). Accessed from: mms://mediasrv1.ccs.ua.edu/CCS-AO2/HHE530/HHE530_Module5_D_combined.wmv
Fitzhugh, E. Module 5a. The Focus Group- Dr. Eugene Fitzhugh (1:00:14). Accessed from: mms://mediasrv1.ccs.ua.edu/CCS-AO2/HHE530/HHE530_Module5_A_combined.wmv
Interdisciplinary Theory Evaluation
Middle range and interdisciplinary theories can significantly inform clinical practice. This is particularly true for Alberta Bendura's self-efficacy theory and Sister Callista oy's adaptation model. This paper evaluates the applicability of the two models in breast cancer care. First, a description of breast cancer is provided. Next, the two theories are summarized. Attention is then paid to critical evaluation of the two theories. Finally, the most appropriate theory for breast cancer care is highlighted.
Description of Practice Problem
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer and top cause of cancer death in women across the globe (Jemal, 2011). Statistics indicate that breast cancer accounts for approximately a quarter of all cancers in women, with majority of the victims falling in the 40-49 years age group (Mousavi et al., 2007). Lifestyle factors such as smoking, physical inactivity, and unhealthy eating have been found to be the…
Bandura A. (1977). Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioural change. Psychological review, 84(2), 191-215.
Jemal A., Bray, F., Center, M., Ferlay, J., Ward, D., & Forman, D. (2011). Global cancer statistics. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 61(2), 69-90.
Jeng, C., & Braun, L. (1994). Bandura's self-efficacy theory. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 12(4), 425-436.
Kardong-Edgren, S. (2013). Bandura's self-efficacy theory. .. something is missing. Clinical Simulation in Nursing, 9(9), e327-e328.
Likewise, Callista oy's Adaptation Model of Nursing provides a contextual bridge between the internal physiological determinants of patient health and the crucial aspects of external environment that typically influence patient health and (especially) patient perceptions and attitudes about health and medical or nursing interventions. Together, application of the principles promoted by Watson's Caring Model and by oy's Adaptation Model of nursing complement my clinical training in a manner that I believe enables me to contribute the most to my patients, to my profession, and to myself as a nurse.
Dobratz, M.C. "Moving nursing science forward within the framework of the oy
Adaptation Model." Nursing Science Quarterly, Vol. 21; (2008): 255-259.
Fawcett, J. (2005). Analysis and Evaluation of Conceptual Models of Nursing, St. Louis,
Pipe, T.B., Kelly, a., LeBrun, G.; Schmidt, D., Atherton, P., and obinson, C. "A
prospective descriptive study exploring hope, spiritual well-being, and quality of…
Dobratz, M.C. "Moving nursing science forward within the framework of the Roy
Adaptation Model." Nursing Science Quarterly, Vol. 21; (2008): 255-259.
Fawcett, J. (2005). Analysis and Evaluation of Conceptual Models of Nursing, St. Louis,
Despite major medical advancements over several decades, nearly 10 percent of births in the US continue to occur prematurely each year (Martin, Hamilton, Osterman, Driscoll, & Matthews, 2017). Creating a significant socioeconomic burden, preterm birth is one of the leading causes of infant morbidity and mortality in the United States resulting in approximately $16.9 billion in medical care costs annually (Institute of Medicine [IOM], 2007). After days, weeks, or even months of intensive care, weight gain becomes a major criterion for hospital discharge. Feeding intolerance (FI) is a common complication among these preterm infants, which disrupts enteral feeding, resulting in feeding advancement delays, prolonging adequate weight gain and growth, and increasing hospital stays (Carter, 2012). Additionally, FI is associated with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a gastrointestinal emergency and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in this group of patients (Moore & Wilson, 2011). The underlying cause for these problems…
Nursing Theories Practices
Sister Callista oy initiated the Adaptation Model of Nursing in 1976. The theory has since then evolved to be one of the prominent nursing theories. The nursing theory defines and explains the nursing care provisions. The model by oy sees an individual as a composite of systems with an interrelationship (including biological, social, and psychological). According to Haaf (2008), a person strives towards retaining a balance across the systems and the outside world, although absolute balance levels do not exist. Individuals work towards living in unique bands that they can adequately cope. The model has four major concepts of environment, person, nursing, and health and its application has six steps.
According to Kraszeski & McEwen (2010), a person is a representation of societal standards, principles, or focus. oy's model positions the individual as the bio-psychosocial being throughout a continually changing environment. The person allows for…
Butts, J.B., & Rich, K., (2012). Nursing Ethics: Across the Curriculum and Into Practice. New York: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Clark, C., (2008). Creative Nursing Leadership and Management. New York: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Clarke, V., & Walsh, A., (eds) (2009). Fundamentals of mental health nursing. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
Cowen, M. Maier, P. Price, G. (2009). Study skills for nursing and healthcare students. Harlow: Pearson Longman.
In critically ill adults (p), how does the daily use of chlorohexidine (I) compared to sterile water reduce VAP (ventilator-associated pneumonia) (O) during hospitalized stay (T)?
oy's Adaptation Model (AM) states that the "nursing process is a problem solving approach for gathering data, identifying the capacities and needs of the human adaptive system, selecting and implementing approaches for nursing care, and evaluation the outcome of care provided" ("Application of oy's Adaptation Model," 2012). This approach seems uniquely well-suited to the question of how to reduce ventilator-associated pneumonia, a common complaint of patients during hospital stays. AM focuses on objective analysis of the problem and attempting to provide solutions which address human needs through a scientific approach to care. The first step of the nursing process is gathering data, in this case determining why pneumonia is so common amongst patients. Next identifying "internal and external stimuli" that give rise to…
Application of Roy's Adaptation Model. (2012). Current Nursing. Retrieved from:
Gonzalo, A. (2011). Betty Neuman: The Neuman Systems Model. Theoretical Foundations of Nursing. Retrieved from: http://nursingtheories.weebly.com/betty-neuman.html
ABC/123 Version X
Nursing Philosophies, Models, and Theories Worksheet
Nursing Philosophies, Models, and Theories Worksheet
Choose a separate nursing philosophy, model, and theory and complete the following matrix, or create a matrix of your own for each of the following:
Formal Name of the philosophy, model or theory
Explanation of the main concept of the philosophy, model, and theory.
An example how you would apply the philosophy, model, and theory in your project setting.
Include a minimum of three peer-reviewed journal references. You may include one electronic peer-reviewed source, such as Sigma Theta Tau International, and one reference book, such as a theory textbook.
Complete the grids provided using the information from the textbook and your research.
Main concept of Philosophy
oy Adaptation Model (AM)
The oy Adaptation Model (AM) for Nursing originated with the lifelong work of Sister Callista oy. The Adaptive Model…
Andrews, H., & Roy, C. (1991). The Adaptive Model. Norwalk: Appleton and Lange.
Arslan-Ozkan, I., Okumus, H., & Buldukoglu, K. (2013). A randomized controlled trial of the effects of nursing care based on. Journal of Advanced Nursing Watson's Theory of Human Caring on distress, self-efficacy and adjustment in infertile women, 1801-1812.
Wolf, Z., & Bailey, D. (2013). Paterson and Zderad's Humanistic Nursing Theory: Concepts and Applications. Interantional Journal of Human Caring, 60-73.
Copyright © XXXX by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.
IT Acquisition Management for a new Video Shop
Individual Project Activities
Identification of a problem
Showtime Video Store
Business Capture Group
The problem is that there is no real information technology security measure employed in the video shop. There is very little awareness of the necessary IT security measures amongst the current management heads which is why they need an effective IT security plan and structure to implement to ensure there is no copyright infringement and stealing from their shop.
Business Activities and Processes Affected by the Problem
The problem directly affects all products and videos that are at the disposal of the customers online as well as on-site.
Actual Performance (e.g., current baseline)
The guidelines associated to the informational security strategy should incorporate contingency actions which will facilitate the video shop to endure any discrepancy or calamity and tackle it audaciously. Actions like incorporating data storage and…
Abt Associates, Inc. 2004a. Summary of findings from the second round of MedPAC hospital IT investment interviews. Deliverable submitted to MedPAC. Cambridge, MA: Abt Associates.
Abt Associates, Inc. 2004b. Summary of findings from the first round of MedPAC hospital IT investment interviews. Deliverable submitted to MedPAC. Cambridge, MA: Abt Associates.
Brailer, D.J., and E.L. Terasawa. 2003. Use and adoption of computer-based patient records in the United States: A review and update. Manuscript. California Healthcare Foundation. March 28. Oakland, CA.
Glaser, J.P. 2002. The strategic application of information technology in health care organizations. Hoboken, NJ: Jossey Bass.
1) Connor (2002) states that studies report findings that mothers of children with Autism "who showed greater satisfaction" in life were those "who made the clearest redefinitions and who were most willing to follow alternative ways of gaining self-fulfillment." (p. 1)
II. EFFECTS on LIFE of FAMILY in NORMAL ACTIVITIES
In the work entitled: 'Autism and the Family" reported is a study conducted in a 12th grade classroom at 'Our Lady of Loures High School through survey instruments completed by the children of mothers with autistic children in the age range of 4 to 36 years of age. This study reports that family outings "can be quite an ordeal for these families." (Hart, nd, p.1) for instance, when these families go on an outing, in families where it is possible two cars travel to the outing in case the child needs to be suddenly removed from the public setting due…
Greenspan, Stanley I. (2008) Understanding Autism. Parent & Child. 2008. Online available at: http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=10118
Parents of Autistic Children Twice as Likely to be Mentally Ill (2008) Fox News 5 May 2008. Online available at: http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,354192,00.html?sPage=fnc/health/mentalhealth
Autistic Spectrum Disorders: Best Practice Guidelines for Screening, Diagnosis and Assessment (2002) California Department of Developmental Services: 2002. Online available at: http://www.athealth.com/Consumer/disorders/Autism.html
Gold N. 1993 Depression and social adjustment in siblings of boys with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 23 147-163
253). Based on their review of 20 existing education for sustainability initiatives, Ferreira and her associates identified three primary models that exist along a continuum from local to more broad-based approaches as follows:
1. Collaborative esource Development and Adaptation model: This model seeks to bring about change through the development and adaptation of high quality curriculum and pedagogy resources. It does not usually seek to bring about change across a whole teacher education system;
2. Action esearch model: This model aims to build capacity by engaging the initiative participants in a 'deep' process of reflective action. This model thus targets change at the practitioner and institutional level; and,
3. Whole-of-System model: This is a radically different model from the other two in that it seeks change in a multi-faceted and system-wide manner (2007, p. 46).
An analysis of these three models by Ferreira et al. showed that while each model…
Companion, M., Laurie, J. & Shaw, G. (2002, Summer). Education for sustainability: an ecological approach. Green Teacher, 68, 6-7.
Davies, J., Engdahl, I., Otieno, L., Pramling-Samuelson, I., Siraj-Blatchford, J. & Vallabh
(2009). Early childhood education for sustainability: Recommendations for development.
International Journal of Early Childhood, 41(2), 113-115.
Interdisciplinary Theory Evaluation
Understanding Interdisciplinary Theory Evaluation
Caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's Dementia have massive responsibilities that come to them in the form of demands. These responsibilities are sometimes overwhelming and make them wear out and even experience burnout in some instances. These responsibilities present them with limited alternatives over their situations (DeSanto-Madeya & Fawcett, 2009). When burnouts occur, caregivers find challenges when administering their duties and sustaining their psychological and physical health. The experiences they undergo are always demanding, calling for many of them to consider alternative measures of offering their caregiver services to the patients with Alzheimer's Dementia. Burnout begins with stress developed within the normative working conditions of the caregivers. Stress takes effect upon the health, relationship, and even the families of persons involved. It is imperative for the caregivers to have some time where they take rest and resort to simple avenues that will assist them…
Cowen, P. S., & Moorhead, S. (2014). Current Issues in Nursing. London: Elsevier Health Sciences.
DeSanto-Madeya, S., & Fawcett, J. (2009). Toward Understanding and Measuring Adaptation Level in the Context of the Roy Adaptation Model. Nursing Science Quarterly, 22(4), 355-359.
Fawcett, J., & Garity, J. (2009). Chapter 6: Evaluation of middle-range theories. Evaluating Research for Evidence-Based Nursing. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: F. A. Davis.
Grove, S. K., Burns, N., & Gray, J. (2013). The practice of nursing research: Appraisal, Synthesis, and Generation of Evidence. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Saunders.
PESONAL OBJECTIVES FO TEACHING
My personal objectives for teaching are to inspire students to continue to pursue learning. I do not believe that my goal as a teacher of nursing is to simply impart insight related to whatever module or learning objectives that I have at that particular moment in time in which I am working with students. Instead, my true aim is to impart such insight so well and in such an accessible, interactive way that it actually fosters a passion for learning about nursing in general for my students. I want them to learn from me, but I also want them to see that what I am teaching them is only part of a larger, evolving truth related to this profession. I desire for them to understand that they too, can conduct research and attain a status within this profession in which they can learn more…
De Jesus, Olga. (2012). Differentiated instruction: can differentiated instruction provide success for all learners? National Teacher Education Journal. 5(3) 5-11.
Helding, L. (2009). Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences. Journal of Singing. 66(2), 193-199.
Mattila, L-R, Rekola, L., Koponen, L., Eriksson, E. (2013). Journal club interventions in promoting evidence-based nursing: Perceptions of nursing students. Nurse Education in Practice. 13, 423-428.
Moreno-Fergusson, M.E., Alvarado-Garcia, A.M. (2009). Application of Callista Roy's adaptation model in Latin America: A review of the literature. Aquichan. 9(1), 62-72.
Sociological and Therapeutic Implications of the Brain Disease
Inspiration for professionals who authored the account on chronic brain illnesses came from findings on drugs' impacts on the human brain. The assurance that strong anti-addiction medicines can be found appeared great. The budding scientific branch, addiction biology, implies that addiction --a condition which starts off with the clear, intentional decision to have a go at drugs, spiraling quickly down to an irrepressible, involuntary state --would now be considered seriously, and forever, as an ailment. Using this knowledge, authors hoped to sensitize lawmakers as well as the society to drug-addicts' needs, including improved coverage of private insurance and public treatment access. The agenda also included moderating of puritanical outlooks and smoothing of penal law enforcement. The neuro-centric approach supports unjustified optimism with regard to pharmaceutical treatments, overrating the requirement of professional aid. Conditions characteristically remitted in young adulthood are branded as "chronic."…
Clark, M. (2011).Conceptualizing addiction: How useful is the construct. International Journal of Humanities & Social Science, 1(13), 55-64.
Deviance and Addiction. (n.d.). Retrieved November 17, 2015, from http://alcoholrehab.com/addiction-articles/deviance-and-addiction/
GOODE, E. (2011, March 19). THE SOCIOLOGY OF DRUG USE. Retrieved November 17, 2015, from https://edge.sagepub.com/system/files/Ballantine5e_6.2SK_0.pdf
May, C. (2001).Pathology, Identity and the Social Construction of Alcohol Dependence Sociology 35, 385-40.
Adaptation theory, memoir, and dance
The writer of the grant proposal introduces adaptation theory for the English literature review related to dance. Writer notes how dance has been used to capture literature. However, what has not been explored is dance becoming literature. Meaning notable American modern dance choreographers and their memoirs, how-to guides, autobiographies, and criticisms. These various forms of literature on dance provide an idea of how dance can be turned into something worth of review from a literary standpoint. Moreover, the writer points out the choreographic memoir as the best example of such form.
Therefore, the writer aims to explore choreographic memoirs and autobiographies and how they should be considered their own literary genre to allow future generations to better understand dance in a literary sense. By performing various choreographic memoirs, the writer wishes to discover the criteria and components for the ‘new genre’. This literary…
Cultural Distance: How Is it Measured, And How it Impact on Global Marketing Operations
The persistence of cultural distances is relevant for the global multinational marketing operations exposed to multiple cultures in their everyday activities. This indicates that marketing across border introduces complexities because it forces global marketers to tailor their approaches and practices to each cultural context they carry out their business activities. As a result, this paper will discuss concepts applicable to different aspects of cross-border operations. The primary focus of the paper is on multinational business corporations (Baumann, 2007).
This study shows how Hofstede's model is still the most relevant piece of reference for a successive cross-cultural analysis despite it being a widely criticized. The paper compares and contrasts Hofstede's famous concepts with Turner and Schwartz, Trompenaars and Hampden's valued inventory. It will attempt to provide empirical evidence of how cultural diversity influences the global markets by…
Baumann, A. (2007). Influences of culture on the style of business behavior between Western and Arab managers. Mu-nchen: GRIN Verlag GmbH.
Baumu-ller, M. (2007). Managing cultural diversity: An empirical examination of cultural networks and organizational structures as governance mechanisms in multinational corporations. Bern: Lang.
Cavusgil, T. & Ghauri, P.N. (2009). New challenges to international marketing. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Curry, J.E. (2009). A short course in international marketing: Approaching and penetrating the global marketplace. Petaluma, CA: World Trade Press.
Accessed 08 Feb, 2012 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0U/is_12_27/ai_n17165803/pg_4/?tag=content;col1
Quality improvement research enables hospitals and doctors a means of maximize their services and ensuring that the patients receive the utmost care. A difficult area for doctors to find a solution was the area of compliance. Many patients fail to accept a physician's advice and their illness continues resulting in repeat hospitalizations and further injury to the patient.
In a study conducted in 1976, concerned physicians wanted to find a means of getting patients to better cooperate with their recommended treatment options. Prior to the study, less than half of the hospital's patients followed their doctor's advice and took their medication as prescribed. The one group that was most notorious for this was high blood pressure patients. So, this was the group that the study targeted and tried to improve the outcome of.
uring the study, doctors were trained on a new…
During the study, doctors were trained on a new communication technique known as patient centered communication. This technique required the doctors to fully listen to the patient's description of symptoms, probe deeper with followup questions, educate the patient on their condition and explain the purpose of the recommended treatment in improving the condition. Half of the patients were treated using this technique while the other half were treated using the standard technique. The result was that the technique doubled the amount of patients who took their medication.
This study followed a Stetler model where the problem of non-compliance was identified and reasons for the problem theorized. A solution was then constructed and attempted alongside a control group and the results were tracked. In this case, the intervention proved successful and the results revealed the improved success rate.
Inui TS, Yourtee EL, Williamson JW (1976). Improved outcomes in hypertension after physician tutorials. A controlled trial. Ann Intern Med. 84(6), 646 -- 651.
influential theories related to deviance by Robert K. Merton. Firstly, the paper provides the historical context within which the theorist produced their ideas. Secondly, the paper provides a summary of their original theory. Thirdly, the paper provides a discussion of how the model has been critiqued and altered as new research has emerged. Lastly, the paper delves into the theory's current usage/popularity within criminology.
The historical context within which the theorist produced their ideas
There is huge contribution of influential theories related to deviance by Robert K. Merton. As a matter of fact, He is considered one of the most significant sociologists of modern times. Moreover, he has also made large number of contributions to the criminology field. Undoubtedly, Merton influenced various fields of science, humanities, law, political theories, economics and anthropology (Cole, 2004, p.37). Merton's introduced numerous concepts like anomie, deviant behavior, self-fulfilling prophecy, strain, middle range theory and…
American Sociological Review (2012). Retrieved January 29, 2014 from http://garfield.library.upenn.edu/histcomp/index-merton.html
Bernanke, Ben, S. (1995) 'The Macroeconomics of the Great Depression: A Comparative Approach', Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 27 February.
Bivens, T. (2004). Robert K. Merton Draft. Florida State University Publications
Calhoun, C. (2003). Remembering Robert K. Merton. Papers in Honor of Robert K. Merton. 175-220. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Secondly, there is the Unitary Model. This theory is most attributed to Martha E. Rogers, practicing in the South and around the East Coast. The Science of Unitary Human Beings Theory is heavily influenced as her time spent as a public nurse, with the theory stemming from her experiences in rural practices.
The two theories share an emphasis on the importance of the environment, where resources play a huge role in facilitating greater and more effective nursing strategies in contemporary care. From this theoretical perspective, the energy of the human patients is intertwined with the energy of the environment in which the care is taking place. Harmonizing the energy in the environment would mean a greater positive change for the human energy as well within the patient. As such, it is clear that both theories present a way of utilizing the environment as a resource for balancing health. In this…
Lewin model of change can be useful as a way of encouraging people to get motivated about changing an ingrained policy that is no longer serving the organization. The first, foundational step of the model is the need to 'unfreeze' current standard operating procedures and to convince workers of the need for change. In the scenario you described, it seems as though there was a base level of understanding of the workers about the need for more effective use of bar code medication administration (BCMA) at the end of twelve months, given the organization had already had this program in existence for one year with a compliance rate of 90%. However, there was clearly a failure in terms of the implementation of the actual change component in terms of the design of the training program. The 'refreezing' should not take place until the standard operating procedures have taken hold in…
A survey questionnaire design is employed to gather data to be used in the lazy user model test, with details on the sample population in which the questionnaire is to be administered. An innovative method to increase response rate is offered, followed by a data analysis plan. Finally, a conclusion and recommendation will complete this research project.
2. Literature Review
2.1 Information Technology and the Internet
The Information Age has changed our world in many different areas, from mankind's first steps into the space frontier, to the development of consumer items of convenience. Computers where once virtually inaccessible to the average person, and at that time were used only for information processing and logical calculations on a grand scale for large corporations and military endeavors. Indeed, only in the military did the information age really begin to develop, with the need for advanced military operations driving the information technology race.…
Bellaaj, M. (2010). The competitive value of the internet: an empirical investigation. International Journal of Technology Marketing, 238.
Bagozzi, R.P. (2007). The Legacy of the Technology Acceptance Model and a Proposal
for a Paradigm Shift. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 8, 244-
Chau, M., Wong, C.H., Zhou, Y., Qin, J., & Chen, H. (2009). Evaluating the use of search engine development tools in it education. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 288-299.
Lectures, on the other hand, provide information for helping people in Contemplation move into Preparation and Action." (Lach et al., p. 91)
Partners for execution of this intervention should include local health organizations such as area clinics, hospitals and long-term care facilities as well as the local chapter of the AARP. Their support will provide the project with direct channels of communication for outreach and ongoing involvement in collective and individual health behavior changes.
Resources will be gathered through public fundraising efforts and through the charitable donation of meeting facilities and health professional expertise.
Adams, J. & hite, M. (2003). Are activity promotion interventions based on the transtheoretical model effective? A critical review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 37, 106 -- 114. Retrieved from: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1724627/pdf/v037p00106.pdf
Burbank, P.M.; Reibe, D.; Padula, C.A. & Nigg, C. (2002). Exercise and Older Adults: Changing Behavior with the Transtheoretical Model. Orthopedic…
Adams, J. & White, M. (2003). Are activity promotion interventions based on the transtheoretical model effective? A critical review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 37, 106 -- 114. Retrieved from: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1724627/pdf/v037p00106.pdf
Burbank, P.M.; Reibe, D.; Padula, C.A. & Nigg, C. (2002). Exercise and Older Adults: Changing Behavior with the Transtheoretical Model. Orthopedic Nursing, 4, 51-61.
Lach, H.W.; Everard, K.M.; Highstein, G. & Brownson, C.A. (2004). Application of the Transtheoretical Model to Heath Education for Older Adults. Health Promotion Practice, 5(1), 88-93.
Marquez, D.X.; Bustamante, E.E.; Blissmer, B.J. & Prohaska, T.R. (2008). Health Promotion for Successful Aging. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 3(1), 12-19.