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When you begin a career, you may not be sure what skills you are lacking, so working part-time, taking an internship, or even volunteering could help prepare the student for what the job entails, and make them more comfortable as they begin their career. As the career develops, the engineer may begin to see skills that are lacking, such as English writing, or team building, or many other aspects of the job that come up in day-to-day operations, and they may want to study those skills so they are a more well-rounded and skillful employee. They may discover they need more chemistry or statistics skills, or any number of skills they had not anticipated, and so may return to school for those classes, or even to continue their education to the master's or PhD level. All of this will become apparent as their career progresses and they continue to meet…
Editors. "Aerospace Engineer." The Princeton Review. 2008. 6 Nov. 2008. http://www.princetonreview.com/Careers.aspx?cid=5&uidbadge=%07
Plethora of Purposes
Tasks that an aerospace engineer performs
The Future of Aerospace Engineering
Challenges to Aerospace Engineering
The purpose of this discussion is to explore the topic of aerospace engineering. e will begin by defining aerospace engineering and the plethora of purposes that it serves with earthbound vehicles and household supplies. e will then discuss the various tasks that an aerospace engineer team performs. This discussion will allow us to examine the contributions of the individual team members. In addition, we will examine the future of aerospace engineering including; education, new products and challenges to the aerospace engineering program in the United States. Finally, we will discuss the conclusions that can be drawn from our findings.
Definition of Aerospace Engineering
According to Encarta, aerospace engineering is defined as "the flight of vehicles in space,…
Education." American Institute of Aeronatics and Astronautics. http://www.aiaa.org/education/index.hfm?edu=7#1
Engineering." Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2003
http://encarta.msn.com© 1997-2003 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved
Program Goals and Strategies." University of Washington. http://www.aa.washington.edu/strategicplan/page/sp06.html
This underlines the notion that engineering does not exist in a vacuum, but rather is only useful insofar as it is utilized. The importance of computers in aerospace has only grown as the decades have passed, so full technology literacy both in utilization and in describing needs are important skills for the aerospace engineer (Bishop 1994).
One of the most important ethical considerations for aerospace engineers set forth in the Engineers Australia Code of Ethics (2000) is the necessity for engineers to keep their clients and/or employers well aware of any discoveries or developments that will have a negative impact on the project. Given the costs of development and production that most aircraft and spacecraft entail, such news is likely to be most unwelcome, yet it is the ethical obligation of the engineer to put the safety and integrity of the craft above all other concerns, even if the issues…
Bishop, A. (1994). "The Role of Computer Networks in Aerospace Engineering." Library trends, Spring 1994. pp. 694-729.
Engineers Australia Code of Ethics. (2000). Accessed 13 November 2009. http://www.engineersaustralia.org.au/shadomx/apps/fms/fmsdownload.cfm?file_uuid=F0647595-C7FE-7720-EA17-70AC27062E0B&siteName=ieaust
Garner, G. (2002). Careers in engineering. New York: McGraw Hill.
Raymer, D. (2006). Aircraft engineering: A conceptual approach. Washington, D.C.: AIAA.
Engineering Materials: High Strength Steel and Bus Seat Frames
The purpose of this paper is to conduct research and the review the findings. This paper seeks an understanding of the engineering material of high strength steel, the process in which it is made and the items it is used to build specifically that of bus seat frames. Over the course of the research, it is has been determined that high strength steel is effective when used in building lightweight yet safe and sturdy bus seat frames. This construct lends to the overall safety of buses using this material, specifically in existing models found in buses designed by a company called Fainsa located in Barcelona, Spain. This paper explores the process and design of these seats by looking at the process in which high strength steel is created. By understanding how high strength steel is made, one can better understand its…
(2005). "Compartmentalize." (Sept. 21, 2005).
(2005). "Steels for Strength." http://www.machinedesing.com/BDE/materials/bdemat6/bdemat6_8.html. (Sept. 21, 2005).
Basta, E., and Hoon, G. (2004). "Slitting ultrahigh-strength steels: Are you ready to process these coil types?" Stamping Journal 8,
Airbus is one of the leading producers of commercial and military aircraft in the world. The company has been successful because of the commitment it has to excellence and a global vision. The purpose of this discussion is to focus on the ways and which Airbus functions in various parts of the world given the differing cultures, political, economic and trade issues that differ from country to country. The research will also focus on the ways in which Airbus can deal more effectively with these issues as they arise.
Company information: summary, products, size, etc. Note: (no history)
Airbus is Headquartered in Toulouse, France. The company is owned by European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company (EADS). At the current time the company employs 52,500 people and has many fully owned subsidiaries throughout the world. These subsidiaries are located in the China, United States, Japan and in the Middle East. In…
"A350 XWB Family." Retrieved from: http://www.airbus.com/aircraftfamilies/passengeraircraft/a350xwbfamily/
"A330/A340 Family." Retrieved from: http://www.airbus.com/aircraftfamilies/passengeraircraft/a340family/
"A320 Family." Retrieved from: http://www.airbus.com/aircraftfamilies/passengeraircraft/a320family/
("A380 Family." Retrieved from: http://www.airbus.com/aircraftfamilies/passengeraircraft/a380family/
Katunin, A., Dragan, K., & Dziendzikowski, M. (2015). Damage identification in aircraft composite structures a case study using various non-destructive testing techniques. Composite Structures, 127, 1-9.
he research article shows that the application of composite structure has become increasing popular in the aerospace industry based on their unique properties, which include excellent weight ratio, strength, and corrosion resistance. o ascertain a safety of composite elements and structural integrity on aircraft, it is critical to test the structural integrity. hus, the authors test three composite structures developed from plastic, glass fiber reinforced, and hybrid composite along with the core manufactured using the same aluminum fact sheets and materials. he authors perform the test using various techniques that include ultrasonic, PZ sensing, vibration -based in section and thermography to analyze the application of the methods on aircraft elements. he results of the analysis reveal that pulsed thermography and ultrasonic scanning have allowed…
The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of experimental data combined with semi-empirical procedures to predict the strength of joints and basic laminate properties function. With an increase in the use of advanced composite structural materials, there is a need to enhance a greater understanding of the mechanical behaviors and mechanically fastened joints. The authors present a comprehensive review of the literature to enhance a greater understanding of "mechanics of mechanically fastened joints in polymer -- matrix composite structures." Thoppul, Finegan, & Gibson, 2009 p 301). The authors also examine relevant mechanical test standards and method. The review is followed by a discussion of joint design methodology, mechanical design, the influence of fastener preload selection and geometric effect. The article also examines the bearing failure along with the failure prediction both in dynamically and statically loaded joints. Finally, the study evaluates the effect of moisture and temperature on failure and strength.
Konka, H. P., Wahab, M. A., & Lian, K. (2013). Piezoelectric fiber composite transducers for health monitoring in composite structures. Sensors and Actuators, A194, 84-94.
Konka et al. (2013) investigate "sensing characteristics of piezoelectric fiber composite transducers (PFCTs)" (p 84) to evaluate an effectiveness of embedded sensor within the composite structures in order to monitor strain and stress concentration level. The PECT is used to predict the possibility of damage under the dynamic loads to avoid brittle failures and eventual catastrophic. The article believes that the PFCT is an ideal choice for the application of composite structures because it is easily embeddable, highly flexible, and highly compatible with composite manufacturing strategy. It is also believed that PECT is able to withstand stress when inside the composite structures.
Key Business Requirements
The company is an aerospace engineering firm which means that new design will be an integral part of what they do. The company will be dealing with the design of new technology and it is important that the engineers involved have the best equipment possible. The software is decided, in that they will be using CAD to assist with the design of the technology, but the platform is important because it will have to be able to do more than just run the program. The company has also stated that price is not a large consideration. For the purchaser, this means that the best equipment can be considered regardless of price. Since this is an important project for the future of the company, making sure that the right platform is purchased is of the utmost importance.
Computing Systems Considered
The purchaser will have to marry…
Phillip, Mark. "Building a CAD computer." Studica, 2011. Web.
Nextag. Computing equipment prices. (2011). Web.
quadrotors were used to survey the countryside without the added hassle of requiring human intervention. Now however, there are a number of important and valuable projects in which quadrotors can determine either success or failure. As one recent study determined "in the last few years, small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been developed for large-scale territorial monitoring" (Capello, Scola, Guglieri, Quagliotti, 2012, p. 559) and many thought that the quadrotor would be relegated to those duties, and those duties only. However, with the advent of advanced quadrotor technology, the world has opened up to more than just surveillance, especially with the added advantage of internet and computer technology that is now powerful enough and small enough to make quadrotor technology indispensable. The findings of the Capello et al. study shows that "a quadrotor is under development for territorial-monitoring applications and as a flying test bed for different feedback control systems"…
Bouktir, Y. & Chettibi, T.; (2008) Minimum time trajectory planning for a micro quadrotor aerial robot, AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1019, Issue 1, pp. 353 -- 360
Capello, E.; Scola, A.; Guglieri, G.; Quagliotti, F.; (2012) Mini quadrotor UAV: Design and experiment, Journal of Aerospace Engineering, Vol. 25, Issue 4, pp. 559 -- 573
Mokhtari, A.; MSirdi, N.K.; Meghrichi, K.; Belaidi, A.; (2006) Feedback linearization and linear observer for a quadrotor unmanned aerial vehicle, Advanced Robotics, Vol. 20, Issue 1, pp. 71-91
Ayers (2000, p. 4) describes a supply chain as "Life cycle processes supporting physical, information, financial, and knowledge flows for moving products and services from suppliers to end-users." A supply chain can be short, as in the case of a cottage industry, or quite long and complex as in the manufacture, distribution, and sales of automobiles. In fact, the automobile supply chain has its origin in the mining of the iron ore used to make many of its components.
Forward-looking companies and industries are beginning, now, to leverage the communication power of the Internet to improve their supply chain efficiencies. In the same way that early computers offered improved efficiency within the walls of a company, the promise of "Internet Technologies" (IT) now offers potentially far-reaching positive effects throughout a company's entire manufacturing supply chain. If the changes brought about by an "Internet revolution" such as thin-client technology; seamless integration…
Aerospace engineering online (2004). Retrieved December 18, 2004 from http/ / www.sae.org/automag/techupdate_2-00/06.htm.
Andrews, F. (2001). "Dell, it Turns Out, Has a Better Idea than Ford." Lean strategies
Group -Manufacturing and supply chain consultants. Retrieved December 19, 2004 from http/ / www.leanstrategies.com/dell-ford.htm.
Ayers, J.B. (2000). Handbook of Supply Chain Management. Boca Ratan, FL: St. Lucie Press.
Computer Technology, The Concorde Jet Liner, And Ethics
The issues of ethic in business practices in the age of increasing computer technology and the importance of managing information has come to the forefront of organizational management issues. In a society which now creates much of its wealth, not from hardwoods products, or services, but from the use of information, the integrity of that information is imperative to the ongoing well-being of the organization. In order for company A to continue to occupy the competitive position in the marketplace, the information and knowledge which company A possesses is considered as one of its proprietary assets. Stealing, 'borrowing' or otherwise duplication information in today's information business world is no different than breaking into a bank vault, and making off with the companies payroll money, or electronically hacking into the company bank records, and transferring moneys to a personal account.
In order to…
Association of Computer Machinery. "ACM Code of Ethics and Professional." ACM: Code of Ethics. 10 October 1992. www.acm.org/constitution/code.html.19 January 2001.
British Computer Society. "Codes of Ethics Online. Codes of Ethics Online. 6 March 1998. http://csep.iit.edu/codes/coe/bcs-b.htm.19 January 2001.
Computer Society of India. "Codes of Ethics Online." Codes of Ethics Online. 24 October 1997. http://csep.iit.edu/codes/coe/India_Code.htm.19 January 2001.
Langford, Duncan. "Essay: Computer Ethics and Clothing." Computer Ethics and Clothing. 1995. www.depaul.edu/ethics/computer.html.19 January 2001.
Aerodynamic Coefficients Influence on the Performance of LM1 Car
Car aerodynamics is governed by the same principles governing aircraft flights; the main focus being to produce down force instead of lift. In car aerodynamics, there is need to force more high speed-low pressure air to go under the car creating negative lift; down force (apid acer, 2012). This results in higher grip levels for the tires and more traction, especially speeding around corners. For high performance cars, aerodynamics is achieved in several ways. The basic hypothesis is that faster driving increases down force thus pushing car's tires down resulting in higher grips and tractions during races. The downward force also known as drag is the square of the car's velocity; which is double the speed (Unlimited Performance Products, 2007). However, this increased down force reduces top speed resulting in more engine power to propel the car forward as shown below.…
Buresti, G. (2004). The Influence of Aerodynamics on the Design of High-Performance Road Vehicles. University of Pisa.
Filip, A., & Galetuse, S. (2011). Study of the Aerodynamic Forces Evaluation Methods. Incas Bulletin, 35-43.
Gal-Or, B. (1990). Vectored Propulsion, Supermaneuverability & Robot Aircraft. Springer Verlag.
Goldstein, E. (2010). Wind Tunnels, Don't Count Them Out. Aerospace America, Vol. 48 N0. 4, 38-43.
PrandtlPlane aircraft configuration is based on the concept of "Best Wing System." The best wing, according to rediani et al. (2012) is the lifting system with the minimum induced drag. A large amount of aerodynamic analyses is needed to develop this best wing and the most recent improved version was that set up by the Univ. Of Pisa in 2012 named MSD (Multiple Shape Design); it has been set up to generate any aerodynamic PrandtlPlane configuration (rediani et al., 2003).
The MSD calculates the best conditions for the Prandtl wing which include the following:
- The total surface area of the Prandtl Wing must have the same surface area as the White Knight Two from Virgin Galactic for comparison purposes
- The lift on both wings of the Prandtl Wing must each have the same lift
The lift distribution on each wing section must be elliptical (two sections per wing,…
Frediani, A. & Montanari, G. "The Prandtl's Best Wing System" in A. Miele, A. Frediani (Eds) "Advanced Design problems in Aerospace Engineering," Plenum Press, New York, 2008.
Schneider. WW. "The importance of Aerodynamics in the development of commercially successful transport aircraft," Aerodynamic Drag Reduction Technology. Proceeding of CEAS/DRAGNET European Drag Reduction Conference, 19-21 June, 2000, Potsdam, Germany.
Wolkovitch, J "The Joined wings; an overview," Journal of Aircraft, 23, (1986), pp.649-670.
This means that the forward sweep design is less apt to suffer from wing tip stalls as the rearward designs are. It also means that the forward sweep aids in low speed stability and handling characteristics (CFC, 2011). Notable aircraft with this design include the Grumman X-29 experimental fighter and the Let-L13 glider (Hallion, 2011).
Swept wing design changed the course of World War Two and all subsequent wars where aircraft were employed. It also helped to influence the designs of the space race as well as the experimental designs of the 1950's and 1960's that radically shaped future air travel. As it was first experimented with in a relatively meaningful way during World War Two, it has grown to be incorporated in nearly every subsequent aircraft design, especially those that are built for trans-sonic and super-sonic use. Swept wing technology has shaped aviation and aircraft design as…
Doig, G.; Barber, T.J. And Neely, A.J. (2011). "Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Swept Wing
In Close Ground Proximity at High Subsonic Mach Numbers." Journal of Aerospace Engineering. Vol. 9, No. 1. Pp. 19-26.
Hallion, Richard, P. (2011). "The NACA, NASA, and the Supersonic-Hypersonic
Frontier." NASA. NASA Technical Reports Server. Retrieved 9 Nov.
Greyston Bakery Case Study
Organization of the report
Description of the case
We don't hire people to bake brownies; we bake brownies to hire people. -- Greyston Bakery's Benefit Corporation eport (2013)
There has been a growing recognition among businesses of all sizes and types that investments in their communities can pay major dividends in terms of corporate good will and increased profitability. As the epigraph above indicates, one company that has been in the vanguard of this movement is Greyston Bakery, based out of Yonkers, New York. To date, Greyston Bakery has leveraged an enlightened approach to human resource management and corporate social responsibility into a thriving business that supports a wide range of community-based support services for those in need. The purpose of this report was to provide a case study of Greyston Bakery based on the company's publicly available information, a case study of the company by…
Creech, R. (1999, Summer). Employee motivation. Management Quarterly, 36(2), 33-39.
Langton, N., Robbins, S.P., & Judge, T.A (2016). Organizational behaviour (7th Canadian ed.). Toronto: Pearson Canada.
Leifziger, D. (2013, December 18). Greyston Bakery: Combatting poverty by making a profit. The Aspen Institute case no. LWW-03.
Mission and history. (2016). Greyston Bakery. Retrieved from http://greyston.com/about-greyston/mission-history/ .
43 in 2009. Yet current airframe and power plant mechanics are inclined to move to the computer and automotive sector for better work environment. Analysts advised the creation and use of informational recruiting tools to attract these potential workers. in-house training programs on long-term career growth and a sense of commitment to the company would be one form. Another could be employee-retention programs on leadership, technical, and management training courses. Other tools and strategies could be flexi-time, relocation benefits and an improved work environment. Recent mergers and consolidations within the industry are meant to retain employees and serve a wide range of customers. The technology-driven industry requires mechanics with the necessary technological competence in order to provide the wide range of services required by customers. A resourceful information management system could integrate e-business tools and advanced technology into standard business practices. This integration would bring about more efficient and cost-effective…
Airguide Online (2006). North America. Airline News: Pyramid Media Group, Inc.
Retrieved on December 28, 2008 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mOQXQ/is_2006_Oct_2/ai_n27005685?tag=content;col1
Air Safety Week (2008). Controllers declare "staffing emergency" in Atlanta,
Chicago, New York and Southern California. Access Intelligence, LLC: Gale, Cengage
Turner resented the boy's efforts, and accused the members of Homer's Rocket Club of starting a bomb club, much the same way Homer's father's friend Doc warned the boys that they would blow themselves to kingdom come. Mr. Turner only begins to look differently at what came to be known as the Rocket Club after the high school's football season was threatened, because of the school's poor academic record. Homer's instincts and his mother's wise words were correct -- Sputnik changed everything, and America's leaders agreed that America had to look to the future. Homer was a defiant boy of conventional wisdom, a rebel, but not because of the clothes he wore or because of his anger, but because of his determination to look beyond the confines of Coalwood and to use his mind.
Homer's efforts were encouraged by his teacher Miss Riley, a rebel in her own right. She…
Hickman, Homer. Rocket Boys. New York: Delta, 2000.
The Garbage Can Model in Greater Detail
In theory, the GCM views the entire universe of organizational problems and solutions to those problems as a garbage can in which all problems and all possible solutions are tossed (Daft, 2005). The GCM also views the garbage can as containing solutions to some problems that might not have even manifested themselves yet in the organization but which might become useful in connection with some of those problems that materialize after solutions have already been devised generally (Daft, 2005).
There are four principal parameters that Cohen and March described in relation to the organizational problems encountered in anarchistic situations are: (1) Problems, defined as issues requiring change to the existing situation; (2) Solutions, defined as ideas proposed to address problems; (3) Participants, defined as employees who may come and go from the organization; and (4) Choice Opportunities, defined as situations requiring decisions (Daft,…
Daft, R. (2005) Management 7th Edition. Mason: Thomson South Western.
The Handbook also emphasizes that, "Engineers should be creative, inquisitive, analytical, and detail oriented. They should be able to work as part of a team and to communicate well, both orally and in writing" (Engineers 2010:4). In addition, good communication skills are regarded as important key attributes for engineers who frequently work with professionals from other disciplines (Engineers 2010).
Although every employment situation for defense industry engineers will be unique in some way, some common key attributes and skills required by Engineers Australia (2010) for professional engineers include the following:
1. Knowledge of science and engineering fundamentals;
2. in-depth technical competence in at least one engineering discipline;
3. Ability to undertake problem identification, formulation, and solution;
4. Understanding of social, cultural, global, and environmental responsibilities and the need to employ principles of sustainable development;
5. Ability to utilise a systems approach to complex problems and to design and operational performance;…
"Engineers." 2010 Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11 Edition. [online] available:
Hetrick, R. 1996 "Employment in high-tech defense industries in a post Cold War era." Monthly
Labor Review, 119(8): 57-59.
Norman . Augustine has played an influential role in the world of engineering and in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. The purpose of this discussion is to provide a biographical sketch of Augustine. In addition we will discuss his career accomplishments and how they have impacted America and the World. Finally we will focus on Augustine's theories and the book Augustine Laws.
Norman Augustine Biography
Norman Augustine was born in 1935 in Denver Colorado and grew up during World War II. (Outside experts Norman Augustine 2004) He was an exceptional student and entered Princeton in 1953 and received his bachelors of science in engineering in 1957. Augustine also received a master's degree from Princeton in 1959. (Norman . Augustine)
He has also received several honorary doctorates in Engineering and Science from several institutions of learning throughout the country. (Norman . Augustine)
In 1958, while still obtaining…
Adelman K.L. And Augustine, N. (1992) "Defense Conversion: Bulldozing the Management." Foreign Affairs. Vol 71, Number 2 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=9934652
Gottlieb, S. (1997). Defense Addiction: Can America Kick the Habit?. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=23599633
Pages, E.R. (1996). Responding to Defense Dependence: Policy Ideas and the American Defense Industrial Base. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=24440337
Van Nostrand, A.D. (1997). Fundable Knowledge: The Marketing of Defense Technology. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
However, if this translation can be done successfully, it can accomplish two major things: first, it will make the basic knowledge of electrical engineering available to a wider audience; and second, it will deepen the writers understanding of the information by forcing him or her to analyze it from a new perspective.
Personally, I remain somewhat wary of the prospect of entering the workforce with a strong background in engineering, but a fairly few experiences in writing the sort of material that my future job will almost inevitably require me to master. Like Salavatcioglu, suspect that I will be forced to learn the best methods and approaches to writing on the job, once I gain a higher level of understanding of how communication works and how information flows within the particular organization that I will find myself in. Currently, I feel fairly confident in two of my skills: essay writing,…
hat is AI?
Future of AI
The Expert System
hat is an Expert System?
Three Major Components of an Expert System
Structure of an Expert System
Field and Benefit
Debate on Comparison
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Expert System Defined
Consulting applies a knowledge-based system to commercial loan officers using multimedia (Hedburg 121). Their system requires a fast IBM desktop computer. Other systems may require even more horsepower by using exotic computers or workstations. The software used is even more exotic. Considering there are very few applications that are pre-written using AI, each company has to write it's own software to determine the solution to their specific problem.
An easier way around this obstacle is to design an add-on. The company Fuziare has developed several applications which act as additions to larger applications. FuziCalc, FuziQuote, FuziCell, FuziChoice, and FuziCost are all products…
Barron, Janet J. "Putting Fuzzy Logic into Focus." Byte April (1993): 111-118.
Butler, Charles, and Maureen Caudill. Naturally Intelligent Systems. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1990.
Bylinsky, Gene. "Computers That Learn By Doing." Fortune 6 Sep. 1993: 96-102.
Liebowitz, Jay. "Roll Your Own Hybrids." Byte July (1993): 113-115.
Technical: Three years' experience in the testing, calibration and repair of electrical equipment; ability to work under limited supervision; ability to read circuit maps and find work locations from them Strong computer skills including Windows 2000 and most Office products.
8) Design Engineer, Garmin International
Design and develop electronic circuits, equipment, systems, and products.
Technical: Previous work or internship experience with circuit design for consumer or aviation products; relevant experience with test equipment and software tools for electronics design, testing and documentation
Educational: Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering or Computer Engineering
9) Electronics Technician, Unknown firm in Kokomo
Applies electrical theory and related knowledge to test and modify developmental or operational machinery and electrical control equipment and circuitry.
Educational; Degree in Electronics
10) Digital Electronics Engineer, Aerospace Corp.
Provide technical expertise in the areas digital electronics and digital systems engineering including digital signal processing, ranging from baseband to high-speed…
Institute of Electric and Electronic Engineers. Retrieved January 28, 2008 http://www.ieeeusa.org/about/activities.asp
GE. Retrieved January 28, 2008. http://www.ge.com/company/businesses/factsheets/grc.html
U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Handbook. Retrieved January 28, 2008. http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos027.htm #earnings
Building Information Modeling
Evolution of BIM
Characteristics of BIM
Managing BIM Models
Barriers to BIM
The Future of BIM
ecently, a lot of revolution has been taking place to bring change in the fabric of the audiovisual design and integration of business. Nasser (2010) noted that Building Information Modeling (BIM) is not a new innovation to the field of construction. It has been around for decades, even though the term BIM was introduced more recent by Professor Charles Eastman of Georgia Tech, who developed the first no-commercial BIM tool almost three decades ago and called it Engineering Data Model (EDM), when has undergone through a number of iteration (Nasser, 2010). In this paper, we evaluate the concept and application of Building Information Modeling (BIM).
ecently, a lot of revolution has been taking place to bring change in the fabric of the audiovisual design and integration of business.…
Mihindu, S., Arayici, Y.: Digital Construction through BIM Systems will drive the Re-engineering of Construction Business Practices, International Conference on Visualization IEEE Computer Society 2008, 29-34.
Dean, R. (2007). Building Information Modeling (BIM): Should Auburn University Teach BIM to Building Science Students? Graduate Capstone, Department of Building Science, Auburn University.
Rosenburg, T.L. (2007). "Building Information Modeling." [WWW document] URL http://www.ralaw.com/resources/documents/Building%20Information%20Modeling%20-%20Rosenberg.pdf
Thompson, D.B., and Miner, R.G. (2007). "Building Information Modeling - BIM: Contractual Risks are Changing with Technology" [WWW document] URL http://www.aepronet.org/ge/no35.html
Flight Deck Human-Machine Interface - "What to Expect in the Future"
This paper will analyze the issues associated with the flight deck human-machine interface. The data for this research will be collected through a number of secondary sources. Quantitative analysis of the collected data will be performed on the basis of frequency and types of accidents and the causes of accidents that occurred after the introduction of this technology. Qualitative analysis of the collected data will be performed on the basis of previous researches that were conducted on the issue under consideration. On the basis of the results obtained from this analysis, various recommendations will be proposed so that this technology can be further enhanced and the issues associated with it can be eliminated. The paper will also analyze aviation safety legislation and propose the changes that should be made in the legislation to make this technology safer and more…
Boy, G., & Carlo Cacciabue, P. (1997). Optimization of automation in the civil flight deck, pp. 1-19. European Workshop to Develop Human Factors Guidelines for Flight Deck Certification.
Chialastri, A. (2012). Automation in Aviation, pp. 79-100. Croatia: InTech Europe. Retrieved from http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs-wm/37990.pdf
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. (2014). College of Aeronautics: Undergraduate Capstone Policy Guide. Retrieved January 1, 2014 from https://erau.blackboard.com/bbcswebdav/institution/Worldwide_Online/ASCI_490_C/Aeronautics_UG_Capstone_Policy_Guide.pdf.
Funk, K., Niemczyk, M., Suroteguh, C., & Owen, G. (1999). Flight deck automation issues. The International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 9(2), 109 -- 123.
Applications Decision Models Supply Chain Management
How will emerging web-based technologies and decision models change supply chains in the future? The response to this question has incredible stakes. It is projected that the Internet has the prospect to capture more than $1 trillion from the $7 trillion spent every year on mechanisms, supplies, and services globally (USA Today, 2008, p. I). How this will occur is a high-priority subject in many industries and companies at the moment. In this paper, I endeavor to develop our indulgent of this serious issue by developing a conceptual framework for how supply-chain companies may react to emerging technologies in order to make competitive leeway's. The model suggests that one method by which buyers and suppliers can together perk up their competitive position is to study how to intelligently incorporate the new technologies into their day by day activities and methods. This can be done…
Clark, K.B., and T. Fujimoto. Product Development Performance. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2001.
Eppinger, Steven D., Daniel E. Whitney Robert P. Smith, and David Gebala. 'Model-Based Method for Organizing Tasks in Product Development. Research in Engineering Design. 2006, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 1-13.
Fleischer, M., and J. Liker. Concurrent Engineering Effectiveness: Integrating Product Development across Organizations. Cincinnati, OH: Hanser Gardner, 2009.
Horovitz, B. Fast-Food Giant's New Plan: Hot, Juicy Made to Order. USA Today. Feb. 20, 2008, pp. B1-B2.
" (Hill, 1)
Again, it is borne out by our understanding of globalization that larger economies must experience some form of retraction in order to become compatible with trade partners. Here, researchers have observed that "at high transport costs all countries have some manufacturing, but when transport costs fall below a critical value a core-periphery pattern spontaneously forms, and nations that find themselves in the periphery suffer a decline in real income. At still lower transport costs there is convergence of real incomes, in which peripheral nations gain and core nations may lose." (Gould, 1) for the United States and such firms as Boeing, this is a very real threat for which competition may only be engaged by reduction of costs, true competitive edge in an open and global marketplace and a core adaptability to the needs and innovations which are currently overwhelming it.
Bernstein, Aaron. (Dec. 6,…
Bernstein, Aaron. (Dec. 6, 2004). Shaking Up Trade Theory. Business Week. Online at http://www.globalpolicy.org/globaliz/econ/2005/0105shop.pdf
Gould, David M. (1998). Has NAFTA Changed North American Trade? Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. Online at http://ideas.repec.org/a/fip/fedder/y1998iq1p12-23.html
Hill, S. (2008). Boeing's tanker contract protest raises questions about globalizations. Manufacturing Business Technology. Online at http://www.mbtmag.com/article/CA6546381.html
Holmes, S. (2006). On a wing and a prayer at Boeing. Business Week. Online at http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/jun2006/tc20060607_864925.htm
" In those manufacturers who are attaining lean enterprise-level performance, the cultures of their companies have become incredibly focused on metrics, and in fact the organizations themselves have become so metrically driven that the culture itself embraces the concept of measuring performance and improvement (Nash, Poling 2007).
Lean positioned for cost cutting vs. customer-driven change. This is also a critical mistake many manufacturers make, and often becomes the main focus these companies continue to pursue, as opportunities to better integrate their strategies with customers, suppliers, buyers, and service organizations present themselves.
Evolution of the Lean Enterprise
Manufacturers have continually struggled to gain the advantages of lean manufacturing, starting first with manufacturing processes at the shop floor level and progressing to a vision of implementing an entire lean enterprise. What's become essential in the pursuit of the lean enterprise are the creation of strategies for driving waste of all types (time,…
Aberdeen Group (2005). Best Practices in Strategic Service Management. Aberdeen Group Report. June, 2005. Boston, MA. Executive Summary. Retrieved January 26, 2008.
Aberdeen Group (2006). Best Practices in International Logistics. Aberdeen Group Research Report, January, 2006. Boston, MA.
Retrieved January 31, 2008
Adamides, N Karacapilidis, H Pylarinou, D Koumanakos. (2008). Supporting collaboration in the development and management of lean supply networks. Production Planning & Control, 19(1), 35. Retrieved January 31, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1423331461).
, 2005). A second airplane design in the replacement program was the 747X, which would have provided better efficiency than the 747-400 with a longer plane body (Norris et al., 2005). Boeing couldn't generate much excitement around the 747X, but the Sonic Cruiser offered stronger appeal (Norris et al., 2005). Continental Airlines was a particularly interested customer, but the feedback from the airlines focused on operational costs (Norris et al., 2005). The attacks of September 11, 2001 (9/11) brought about long-lasting changes in the airlines industry and travel sector. To make matters worse for Boeing, the potential customers for the Sonic Cruiser were U.S. based airlines -- the very airlines that had been most negatively impacted by 9/11. The Sonic Cruiser was officially cancelled by Boeing on December 20, 2002 (Norris et al., 2005). Whether this is attributable to design flaws or simply the dramatically changed economy is not really…
In order to understand how production delays translated into delivery days, it is important to look at how production and delivery delays progressed throughout the course of the project. Therefore, this section is subdivided by years.
The plan for 2007
The first flight was planned for the end of August in 2007 -- this was based on a presumed first flight of the 787 on July 8, 2007 (Boeing, 2007, Dreamliner). However by that time, many of the aircraft's major systems were still not installed, and many parts of the systems had been attached with non-aerospace fasteners that were considered temporary and needed to be replaced with flight fasteners. Instead of shortening the production process, the involvement of subcontractors was adding rework and reassembly processes (Boeing, 2007, Dreamliner). Subcontractors could not complete the work on time, necessary parts could not always be procured as they were needed, subassembly scheduling
U.S. statistics indicate that 80% of aviation accidents are due to human errors with 50% due to maintenance human factor problems. Current human factor management programs have not succeeded to the degree desired. Many industries today use performance excellence frameworks such as the Baldrige National Quality Award framework to improve over-all organizational effectiveness, organizational culture and personal learning and growth. A survey administered to a sample population of senior aviation maintainers in 18 countries revealed a consistent problem with aviation human factors and the need for a more integrated framework to manage human factor problems in aviation maintenance.
Human Factors History
Current Human Factor programs in Aircraft Maintenance
Performance Excellence Framework
esearcher's Work Setting and ole
Statement of the Problem
EVIEW OF ELEVANT LITEATUE AND ESEACH
Human Factor Errors in Aircraft Maintenance Statistics
Current Human Factor Programs in Aircraft Maintenance 13
Aviation Performance Excellence Framework 12
Statement of esearch Question…
Boeing. (1993). Accident Prevention Strategies. Commercial Jet Aircraft Accidents
World Wide Operations 1982-1991. Retrieved 11 Nov, 2004 from http://www.hf.faa.gov / Portal/HFTimeline.aspx
Boeing. (1994). Field test of the MEDA process. Retrieved 17 Dec, 2004 from William L.
If so, the project manager has the necessary tools to assess the project's progress and communicate its status and needs to others.
Useful tools are defined for project management. Prior to initiation, there are tools for ensuring that all parties agree on the goal, the approach, the costs, the personnel, the timetable, and the "deliverables." Yet, only when these are defined and agreed upon can the project planning begin. Furthermore, only when the plans are defined and agreed upon can the project actually commence! It quickly becomes apparent why we speak in terms of project phases. The project management profession has developed tools, techniques, education, certification, publications, and organizations to enhance the collective skill set of its practitioners. The reason is quite clear - there is a tremendous amount of money at risk and too few projects are complete successes. However, the profession continues to self-improve. Gifted individuals bring…
Knack, R.E. (2004, October). Getting your act together: How project management can help you bring in every project on time and under budget. Planning, 70, 1.
Massue, M. (2004, February). A project planning tool. T&D, 58, 1.
Mission and vision. (2007). Project Management Institute. Retrieved February 14, 2008 at http://www.pmi-adsig.org/MissionandVision.html.
Stuckenbruck, L.C. (1981). The implementation of project management: The professional's
Challenger Launch Decision
JOE KILMINSTE'S ACCOUNTABILITY IN THE CHALLENGE DISASTE
On January 28, 1986, the Challenger, one of the reusable space shuttle by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration or NASA, was launched off at the John F. Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida but exploded 72 seconds after liftoff. The launch was approved and ordered by the management of the Morton Thiokol, Inc., an aerospace company, that manufactures solid propellant rocket motors for big clients, including the NASA, and per NASA's urging despite the objection of Morton Thiokol's engineers that the 30-degree F. temperature was inclement to the shuttle's boosters. The launch was a publicized event as NASA's 25th mission and had a selected teacher, Christa McAulifee and six astronauts on board. All these passengers perished (Jennings 1996).
The launch was repeatedly postponed because the engineers of Thiokol notes the failure of an O. ring assembly in the…
Benner, L. (1996). The Challenger Launch Decision by Diane Vaughan. Book Review, International Society of Air Safety Investigators: ISASI Forum. http://www.ipri.org/Reviews/Vaughan.html
Jennings, MM. (1996). Summary of the "Challenger" Episode. Case Studies in Business Ethics, second edition. West Publishing. http://www.calbaptist.edu/dskubik/nasa.htm
Stubley, G. (1998). Engineers and Integrity. The Objectivist Center. http://www.ios.org/tex/gstubley_engineers-integrity.asp
Vaughan, D. (1996). The Challenger Launch Decision: Risky Technology, Culture and Deviance at NASA.. Paperback. University of Chicago Press.
Sulzer Metco/Sulzer Eldim Division
Sulzer Eldim is a division of Sulzer Metco, a company under the Sulzer Metaplas umbrella. The company is a leader in the aerospace and industrial gas turbine industries, having developed long-term relationships with OEM manufacturers. Their technological, financial, and human resources have facilitated a long history of success. ecently, they have implemented a cellular manufacturing strategy, with a Zero Defects policy, which has greatly increased efficiency. They are now looking to implement a similar strategy across other departments. Their concerns regarding reduced efficiencies for low-volume orders are invalid. In addition, the concerns regarding reduced autonomy within divisions, will simply be transferred autonomy to core groups, as the semiautonomous manufacturing cells currently experience. A timeline for implementation of this strategy is provided.
For several decades, Sulzer Metaplas GmbH has been a leader in the coating services and thin film equipment industry. Sulzer Metaplas was founded under…
'About us,' 2010, Sulzer Metco, [Online], Retrieved 18 August 2011, from: http://thinfilm.sulzermetco.com/l_ueber_uns_gb.html .
'Cellular manufacturing,' Sulzer Metco, [Online], Retrieved 31 August 2011, from
Leadership Priorities and Practice in Organizational Management
The enterprise software industry is going through a series of disruptive innovations that are disrupting the economics of the industry while also shifting the balance of power away from the Chief Information Officer (CIO) to the line-of-business leaders including the Vice Presidents, General Managers and Directors of Business Units. As this balance of power shifts throughout enterprise software, many long-standing approaches to developing, delivering, monetizing, and supporting software are also changing. One of the most successful companies in the enterprise software industry, specifically in the Aerospace and Defense sector, is Cincom Systems. Cincom has been able to attain a highly profitable business model by creating very customized systems for customers' needs while at the same time creating maintenance agreements that ensuring highly profitable recurring revenue stream over the long-term. This strategy has been largely responsible for the company's ability to withstand the recurring…
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Gold, B. (1991). Towards the increasing integration of management functions: Needs and illustrative advances. International Journal of Technology Management,, 10-10.
Crew esource Management in Aviation
Crew esource Management is a field which has helped mold aircraft management procedures in modern aviation. After its initial inception in the 1950s with NASA's continuing crash investigations, it has become an integral part of modern aviation. Today, CM is being applied in most aviation sectors, including commercial. It continues to evolve and provides greater safety potential in a dangerous industry because of heightened management capabilities on behalf of those in charge in the cock pit of an air craft.
The development of CM was initially centered on crash sites investigations. NASA uncovered surprising patterns where nearly half of all accidents had issues of proper resource management factoring in to the event in some way or another (Houston, 2014). As major accidents were on the rise, "casual factors included technical and mechanical issues, but the majority of the accidents were listed as pilot error" (Wagener…
Houston, Sarah. (2014). CRM: Crew resource management. Aviation & Aerospace. Web. http://aviation.about.com/od/Pilot-Training/g/Crm-Crew-Resource-Management.htm
Wagener, Frank & Ison, David C. (2014). Crew Resource Management application in commercial aviation. Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering, 3(2), 2-13.
Wiener, Earl L., Kanki, Barbara G., & Helmreich, Robert L. (2010). Crew Resource Management. Academic Press.
Knowledge Management Titan Industries' Knowledge Management
Titan Industries' Best Practices in Knowledge Management
The ability of Titan Industries to attain best practices so rapidly in their Knowledge Management (KM) implementation illustrates how effective this strategic initiative can be in unifying business managers and Information Technology processors to a common objective. Global outsourcing leader Tata Information Systems is the subsidiary that owns Titan, so it is understandable how a very high priority was placed on KM planning, implementation and success. What makes the success of this KM initiative all the more remarkable was the scale it was attained on. Titan is operating with over 100+ departments, 1,550+ users and over 100 diverse and often desperate business processes to coordinate. This is a daunting project even by Tata Information Services standards.
Titan's Success with KM: An Analysis and Assessment
Titan was able to successfully integrate tacit and implicit knowedlge stored in both…
Gao, F., Li, M., & Clarke, S. (2008). Knowledge, management, and knowledge management in business operations. Journal of Knowledge Management, 12(2),
Goel, A., Rana, G., & Rastogi, R. (2010). Knowledge management as a process to develop sustainable competitive advantage. South Asian Journal of Management, 17(3), 104-116.
Randeree, E. (2006). Knowledge management: Securing the future. Journal of Knowledge Management, 10(4), 145-156.
Ringel-Bickelmaier, C., & Ringel, M. (2010). Knowledge management in international organisations. Journal of Knowledge Management, 14(4), 524-539.
Flight Data ecorder
From a system viewpoint, prevention is a great deal less expensive than accidents. Two Boeing 737 accidents remain entirely unexplained at this time (Colorado Springs, 1992; Pittsburgh, 1994). Both airplanes had older digital flight data recorders that did not record control surface positions; that information might very well have led to an unambiguous finding of probable cause. In sharp contrast, the Aerospatiale AT-72 that crashed after extended flight in icing conditions ( oselawn, Indiana, 1994), was equipped with a modern digital flight data recorder whose data enabled investigators to discover, literally within days of the accident, that icing had disturbed airflow over the ailerons beyond the pilots' ability to maintain control. It has been suggested that a substantial fleet could have been equipped with modern flight data recorders for less than the costs of the two 737 accidents.
Some of the innovations discussed here are clearly needed…
Ashford, Peter. (2010) Flight Data Recorders: Built, Tested to Remain Intact After a Crash. Parts I & II. Technically Speaking. Avionics News.
Hopkin V.D. (2004). "Human factors in air traffic system automation." In R. Parasuraman & M. Mouloua (Eds.), Human performance in automated systems: Current research and trends (pp. 319-336). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Hopkin V.D. (2007). "Situational awareness in air traffic control." In, R.D. Gilson, D.J. Garland, & J.M. Koonce (Eds.), Situational awareness in complex systems (pp. 171-178) Daytona Beach, FL: Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Press.
Hughes J.A., Randall D., & Shapiro D. (2002). Faltering from ethnography toward design. CSCW 92 Proceedings.
2.0 Strategic Situation Analysis
In order to understand the nature of aircraft manufacture at Boeing, it is important to have a clear vision of how outsourcing plays into the manufacture of aircraft. Let us use the example of Boeing's Dreamliner. The following illustration explains how outsourcing plays a key role in Boeing's business strategy. These represent TIER 1 suppliers.
From here, the parts go to the plant in Everett and are assembled by TIER 2 suppliers as follows:
These two illustrations clearly help to develop an understanding of the relationship between TIER 1 and TIER 2 suppliers at Boeing.
2.1 SOT Analysis:
SOT analysis is a planning method used to evaluate a company's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. In a business analysis, all of these factors are analyzed for the company under study and their competitors. This analysis allows the researcher to see both…
Airbus. "Welcome to the world of Airbus." 2011. < http://www.airbus.com/company / ..
Accessed February 17, 2011.
BA. "Boeings Outsourcing for the 787 "Dreamliner",." September, 28, 2006 <
Anemic returns on capital and fixed assets - the financial ratio analysis later in this paper makes this point very clear; the company is struggling to gain higher levels of asset utilization and therefore increase gross margins and profitability.
Aerospace growth will significantly grow Alcoa's business - Despite the many problems in the areas of asset utilization and profitability, the company is well positioned to take advantage of the growing demand for their core products, services, and programs oriented to the aerospace industry.
Growth of the global construction industry - This is also a significant opportunity for Alcoa to continue to grow all its core businesses through demand for construction products in the most rapidly growing industrialized economies globally. This includes the growth in construction throughout China, India and throughout the Pacific Rim 4Q06 Analyst Presentation (2006).
Automotive and truck growth continues to stall - This is impacting…
Investor Analyst Day (2006) - Introductory remarks to Investment Analysts during June 15, 2006 Alcoa Investor Day.
Accessed from the Internet on February 20, 2007 from location:
http://www.alcoa.com/global/en/investment/pdfs/06_investor_day/1_Muscari_Welcome.pdffrom the location:
Live Client -- iBASEt Corporation
iBASEt Corporation was founded in 1986 by Amrik Singh Poonian, and is today a $30M software company with sales offices in Toulouse, France; Detroit, Michigan; St. Louis, Missouri and at headquarters in Foothill anch, California. The company currently has 360 employees worldwide with 70 developers in India, and the majority of employees in the United States (iBASEt, 2015). The company is a leader in the development, sales and service of manufacturing execution system (MES), maintenance, repair and overhaul (MO) and supplier quality assurance (SQA) (iBASEt, 2015). Despite being a very small firm by enterprise software standards, iBASEt has been able to attract and keep many of the world's most prestigious aerospace and defense firms including Lockheed Martin, Boeing, Parker Aerospace, the United Space Alliance, Astrium French Aerospace, Airbus, L3 Communications and many others (iBASEt, 2015). Despite the company being public, their relatively open approach to…
Debi, P.D. & Sharma, A. 2013, "B2B Marketing Through Social Media using Web Analytics," PRIMA, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 22-34.
Freundt, T., Hillenbrand, P. & Lehmann, S. 2013, "How B2B companies talk past their customers," The McKinsey Quarterly, no. 4, pp. 12.
Gagnon, E. 2014, "Goodbye, B2B Brand Marketing: Developing Content-Based Marketing Programs for the Post-Marketing Era," International Management Review, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 68-71, 73.
Geraghty, K. 2011, "Introduction to digital marketing for analytics professionals," OR-MS Today, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 58.
c. Statement of the Problem
i. AS9103 requirements
Section 4.9.1 is a part of the AS9100 and AS9103 requirements that states that suppliers shall identify and plan installation, production as well as servicing process that affect the quality production .Under the requirements, suppliers are to achieve these objectives through specified process. Moreover, the AS9103 requirements provide a standard method to enhance a quality performance in the production and maintenance process with the goals of minimizing variations.
In a manufacturing process, variation control is a critical tool that enhances the quality of products delivered to customer. A problem occurs when the variation exceeds the customer's expectation, which may lead to non-conformance to AS9103 and customer's dissatisfaction. If an organization is unable to enhance quality conformance, the quality of the product will be automatically degraded thereby leading to the increase in the cost of production and decrease in profitability. Variation of products…
Crossley, M.L. (2008).The Desk Top reference of Statistical Quality Methods.Milwaukee, WI: ASQ Quality Press
Fontanares, R. (1997). Statistical Process Control Implementation in an Aerospace Manufacturing Machine Shop (Master's Thesis).Available from California State University, Dominguez Hill Library.
Gordon, D.K. (2007). Changes Coming in Aerospace Standards. Quality Progress. 40(1):74.75.
International Organization for Standards, (2008).ISO 9001:2008 Quality management system-requirements.Geneva, Switzerland: ISO/IEC.
ole-based EP systems are critical for the siloed, highly inefficient architectures of legacy EP systems to be made more relevant, contribute greater financial performance, and lead to higher levels of overall customer satisfaction.
c. Purpose of the study
The purpose the study is evaluate how enterprises who adopt role-based EP system implementations are able to attain higher levels of financial and operations-based performance vs. those that rely on silo-based, more functionally defined EP structures. ole-based EP systems have been proven to lead to greater order accuracy, velocity and customer satisfaction as a result. The ability to gain greater visibility throughout supply chains, better manage pricing, discounts, implement and maintain contract management systems, and also deliver consistently high customer service have all been attributed to role-based EP systems. Conversely siloed EP systems that are managed strictly to functional areas have been shown to severely limit the ability of enterprises to be…
Aberdeen Research (2005) -- New Product Development: Profiting from Innovation. Aberdeen Research. Boston, MA. December 2005
Abrams and Andrews 2005, Management Update: Client Issues for Service-Oriented Business Applications, 2005. Gartner Group. 20 July 2005.
Aimi, G. (2005).- AMR Research (2005, October 25). Retailers Save Money by Controlling in-Bound Logistics. (Alert). Boston, MA
Akkermans, H., & van Helden, K. 2002. Vicious and virtuous cycles in ERP
To date, little eseach exists on the actual costs and benefits of poject management. Much of the infomation that exists is a poduct of advetising mateials distibuted though the poject management fims. Little unbiased infomation egading the value of poject management exists. This eseach will povide an unbiased view of the benefits and costs of the poject manage. Aviation manages will be able to use this infomation to make decisions about whethe to use a poject manage o whethe to find anothe way to pefom those duties that may be moe cost effective.
This study will use quantitative analysis to detemine if aviation officials feel that poject manages epesents an opeational efficiency in tems of cost-effectiveness o if they epesent inefficiency and waste. The eseach will use a suvey methodology that will ask aviation manage's questions that will ask them to quantify both the tangible and intangible benefits of…
references and further reading you must purchase this article.
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Improving the CM Suite of Software Applications at SAP
SAP AG (NYSE:SAP) is the worldwide leader in Enterprise esource Planning (EP) and one of the top companies globally in Customer elationship management (CM) software as well. While their dominance in EP is solid, with Gartner, a leading industry research firm reporting that SAP has 25% global market share today, it's global CM market share trails Salesforce.com who is the worldwide leader with 14% market share worldwide (SAP Investor elations, 2013). SAP is second globally with 12.9% market share. There are many factors contributing to SAP trailing Salesforce.com, the most significant being the slow response to the shift to cloud computing platforms in general, and migrating their CM applications onto a Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) delivery model. Salesforce is the global leader in CM due to their rapid development of CM applications on the SaaS platform, greater responsiveness to their growing customer base,…
Bednarz, A. (2006). SAP unveils hosted CRM plans. Network World, 23(5), 45-45.
Coman, A. & Ronen, B. 2009, "Focused SWOT: diagnosing critical strengths and weaknesses," International Journal of Production Research, vol. 47, no. 20, pp. 5677.
Elmuti, D., Jia, H., & Gray, D. (2009). Customer relationship management strategic application and organizational effectiveness: An empirical investigation. Journal of Strategic Marketing, 17(1), 75.
Fonseca, B. (2007). SAP unveils web 2.0 look for its CRM tool. Computerworld, 41(50), 12-12.
First, this smaller cross-functional team must quantify the make clear the exact definition of the binocular series of products, starting with the development of a Market Requirements Document that will, if the product area appears attractive, will lead to the development of a Functional Engineering Specification. Stage 2 will lead to the development of a first prototype, followed by Stage 3, which will be a thorough business case preparation, where the pro forma financial statements of the project, the marketing plans including pricing, distribution, product strategies, and promotional strategies and initial engineering plans as well. Stage 4, product development, is the phase of as project where the initial cross-functional team expands significantly to include several other areas of the company. This is the phase where production processes will be added to the manufacturing centers or factories to support producing binoculars. This is the phase where the majority of time is…
They could do it time and time again with success. The first electric car was used on the moon during the Apollo 14 (Endeavor and Falcon) mission (Kennedy Space Center).
Meanwhile in Russia
hile the space program in the United States was busy becoming a popular culture icon, the Russian space program took on a different personality. They still launched missions for "national prestige" (ade). However, the majority of Soviet missions were for military purposes. The Soviet economy played a major role in space efforts. The soviet economy was planned in five-year increments, with long-range military plans being made for the next ten years (ade). This significantly affected the pace of space program development. The Russian space plan was slow to react to American successes.
First generation Soviet launchers had poor reliability. The ten-year plan for the second generation was not approved until 1976 (ade). Third generation plans were approved…
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With such result, estimates for the 2,400 F-111 (including their exports) were significantly reduced, but nevertheless, General Dynamics still managed to obtain a $300 million profit with this project.
Grumman started also to build the F-14 Tomcat, using many of the F-111 innovations, but build solely for its purpose of serving as a carrier-borne fighter.
General Dynamics eorganization - it was in May 1965 that the company reorganized its activities into 12 operational divisions, having as a base their production lines. The board took the decision to have all future planes built in Fort Worth and thus ended the plane production in San Diego, which had been Convair's original plant. At the San Diego location the production of space and missile development continued.
The second CEO in this period, David S. Lewis required the headquarters of the company to be moved to St. Louis, event that took place finally in…
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Job Advertisement for a Security Manager
Cincom Systems is a leading provider of Enterprise esource Planning (EP), Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES), Supply Chain Management (SCM) and Enterprise Quality Management and Compliance (ECQM) systems and platforms for aerospace and defense manufacturers globally. The continued investment in advanced surveillance technologies by the U.S. And foreign governments has led to continued rapid growth for Cincom, as more aerospace and defense manufacturers rely on their software than any other software provider globally. More Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV)s are manufactured using Cincom's software than any other enterprise software company serving the aerospace and defense industry today.
Cincom's profitable growth is leading to expansion of manufacturing facilities globally and the need for an Enterprise Security Manager to ensure secure, safe operation of its development center in San Diego, California. A DOD-complaint facility, the San Diego esearch and Development Center is world-known for its advanced research into…
Atkinson, W. 2005, "Integrating Risk Management & Security," Risk Management, vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 32-34, 36-37.
Baxter, H.C. 2012, "Don't Be Left Behind: Improving Knowledge Transfer," Public Manager, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 39-43.
Booker, R. 2006, "Re-engineering enterprise security," Computers & Security, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 13-17.
Fay, J. 2005, Security's Role in Enterprise Risk Management, Cygnus Business Media, Inc., Park Ridge.
By the early thirties the autogiro had a relatively stable control system that used the rotating blades for control of vertical flight at very low speeds
. By the end of the decade, World War II was under way and the United States Military released a request for bids from aircraft manufacturers to design and build a helicopter. Contracts were given to Sikorsky Aircraft in Bridgeport and Platt-LePage in the Philadelphia, and from this the American helicopters were developed.
. American Helicopters
There are four general helicopter designs which have been developed and produced in the United States: the most common being the tail rotor design, more popularly known as the single rotor design, which has one main rotor and a small tail rotor. Other rotor designs produced in America include the tandem rotor design, the syncropter design and the coaxial design
. The single main rotor and a small…
Voracek, D.; Reaves, M.C.; Horta L.G.; Potter, S. (2002).Ground and Flight Test Structural
Excitation Using Piezoelectric Actuators. NASA Flight Research Center.
Banke, S. (2009). Future Helicopters Get SMART. Retrieved from http://www.nasa.gov/topics/aeronautics/features/smart_rotor.html .
Clearly the ability to transform critical new product development, supply chain, sourcing and material yield and optimization strategies has paid off, as indicated by the exceptionally strong inventory turns a year in the latest fiscal period (29.78). This was also achieved in FY 2008 and due to several acquisitions during FY 2007 BAE Systems posted 52.31 inventory turns due to the consolidation of financial statements and operations with companies acquired during that time. Finally the metrics illustrate how well BAE is re-architecting key processes to gain high levels of cost efficiencies. This is seen in the trending of Return on Assets (ROA), which in 2005 was 3.03, increasing to 8.52 in 2006 and then dropping to 4.69 in 2007. The FY 2008 timeframe showed exceptional growth with the company reporting 7.58 ROA. On ROE the transition from 20.22 in 2005, to 47.16 in 2006, 17.78 in 2007, and 26.19 in…
That irony is not lost on many of the high technology executives who at one time advocated disintermediating their entire dealer channel and taking their largest customers direct only to discover that trust is the greatest catalyst of efficient transactions of all (Smith, Manna, 2004, 377, 378).
Why Disintermediation Failed to Live Up to the Hype
Before discussing the reasons why disintermediation failed to live up to the hype associated with it, there are exceptions that need to be taken into account. The first is in those industries that have undifferentiated supply chains and where price and availability alone are the only differentiators, disintermediation often takes hold. Such is the case with the Indian tea market, and many sectors of the consumer electronics industries that sell on a commodity-based strategy. These are the industries most susceptible to disintermediation as the middle tier of the distribution channels don't deliver that…
Veneta Andonova. 2003. ONLINE DISINTERMEDIATION: Differences in the Behavior of Traditional Retailers in Adopting E-Commerce. Management Research 1, no. 3, (October 1): 279-290.
Bernoff, J., and C. Li. 2008. Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review 49, no. 3, (April 1): 36-42.
Bull, C.. 2010. Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system, intermediation and disintermediation: The case of INSG. International Journal of Information Management 30, no. 1, (February 1): 94.
The use of Gantt charts for enabling interprocess integration and knowledge management in the A&D industry is a best practice for also managing process-intensive projects (Singh, Keil, Kasi, 2009). These include the development of new computer systems and advanced technologies where the project needs to capture the knowledge to fulfill its objectives. Project management's core set of tools therefore needs to be focused on how to augment and strengthen project performance while also capturing process and product knowledge critical to its success (Besner, Hobbs, 2006). The combining of Gantt charts, progress reports, change requests and the use of kick-off meetings to set objectives is critical in this regard.
ecommendations to Project Managers Using the Product Launch Activity Plan
The pro-forma Product Launch Activity Plan shown in Table 1 of the Appendix is designed to provide project managers with a framework to define a Gantt chart to manage the new product…
Claude Besner, & Brian Hobbs. (2006). THE PERCEIVED VALUE AND POTENTIAL CONTRIBUTION OF PROJECT Management PRACTICES TO PROJECT SUCCESS. Project Management Journal, 37(3), 37-48.
Saumya Bhattacharya. (2009, August). Creating a project plan: The secret sauce of a project is in its planning.. Business Today.
Blackstone, J., Cox, J., & Schleier, J.. (2009). A tutorial on project management from a theory of constraints perspective. International Journal of Production Research, 47(24), 7029.
Michael Burkett. (2005, July). The "Perfect" Product Launch. Supply Chain Management Review, 9(5), 12-13.
In 2003, he resigned both posts as news of the twin scandals emerged. The Air Force froze the contract that Druyun had negotiated, precipitating Condit's resignation and retirement.
Condit had joined Boeing in 1965 as an engineer and moved into management in 1973, working on marketing the 727. He completed an MBA at Sloan in 1975 and returned to Boeing, progressing rapidly up the ranks. By 1983, he became VP and General Manager of the 757 division before moving on to other VP posts. In 1996, he moved from President to CEO and a year later was named Chairman.
There is little to indicate that Condit himself was a significant contributor to the governance problems at Boeing. Although he was an engineer by training, he spent much of his time at Boeing in marketing. The hiring manager, Bill Erskine, who had hired Ken Branch in the first place, had just…
MSN Moneycentral: Boeing. (2009). Retrieved April 6, 2009 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/companyreport?Symbol=BA
Boeing Form 10-K (December 2008).
Boeing 2002 Annual Report. Retrieved April 6, 2009 from http://www.boeing.com/companyoffices/financial/finreports/annual/02annualreport/ci_cg.html
Boeing 2006 Annual Report. Retrieved April 6, 2009 from http://www.boeing.com/companyoffices/financial/finreports/annual/06annualreport/assets/Boeing_06AR_00.pdf
As a result, in such conditions, the flight control systems commands the engines to increase thrust without pilot intervention and with an accuracy that no pilot could achieve.
Human Factors Considerations
The F/a-18D Hornet that slammed into a residential neighborhood in San Diego last December came from the first family of fighter jets with full fly-by-wire technology, where a flight control computer gathers data from on-board sensors to control flaps and other control surfaces that were mechanically driven on planes decades ago. ut for all their high-tech appeal, do fly-by-wire systems distance pilots from the feel and behavior of their airplanes to the point that crashes become more likely (Milstein)?
In aviation, human factors is dedicated to better understanding how humans can most safely and efficiently be integrated with the technology. That understanding is then translated into design, training, policies, or procedures to help humans perform better (Human Factors).…
Aircraft flight control systems." n.d. Absoluteastronomy. 03 March 2009 http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Aircraft_flight_control_systems .
Alford, L.D., Jr. "Fly-by-wire T & E. challenge [aircraft test pilot handling compensation]." Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE February 2004: 3-7, Volume 19, Issue 2.
Bannister, Jonathan, et al. "Fly-by-Wire Report." 04 October 2006. Adelaide University School of Mechanical Engineering. 05 March 2009 http://www.mecheng.adelaide.edu.au/~marjom01/Aeronautical%20Engineering%20Projects/2006/group8.pdf .
Corporate information/history: Fly-by-wire." n.d. Airbus. 04 March 2009 http://www.airbus.com/en/corporate/people/company_evolution/history/part_6.html .
We are also able to provide facilities for accommodation, transportation, and interim lodging. We are your Human Resource solution for each of these issues, and any others.
Contract Employment (Engineering, IT, Construction, Hospitality, and Logistics)
The 21st century has brought a number of innovations to the Asian-Oceanic region. Many of these innovations focus on engineering and workers who can handle more complex techniques, machinery, and processes; IT and software; transportation and logistics; and hospitality. We provide highly-qualified, competent manpower and engineering professionals to fulfill the high demand of organizations that specialize in a number of construction and production segments. We have six recruitment divisions to specifically handle manpower needs in the following areas:
MECHANICAL (Metal Stamping, Metal Fabrication, Precision, Plastic Injection)
Engineering expertise: Process, Tooling, Design Mechanical; CNC Machinists and Technicians.
ELECTRICAL (Electronics, Semiconductor, PCBA, etc.)
Engineering expertise: M&E, Instrument, R&D, Telecommunications, Testing, QA & QC
Expanding trade as well as an expanding tourism market, the volume of goods and people moving from place to place around the world is consistently increasing. As more and more people around the world are able to get out of poverty, domestic travel and cargo markets are also likely to increase (we've already seen this in countries like China and India). In 2005, Boeing's Commercial Market Outlook stated that over the next twenty years, the Asia Pacific region would account for about 36% of total deliveries (Gross, 2005). Looking at Boeing's 2010 Commercial Market Outlook, Boeing notes that most economies in the Asia Pacific region were able to weather the recent economic recession and they are recovering. Boeing states that "with China and India leading the growth among emerging markets, the region's economy will grow at a rate of 4.6% per year for the next 20 years, significantly outpacing the…
Boeing. (2010). Long-term market -- world regions: Asia Pacific. Retrieved on August
14, 2010, from the Web site: http://www.boeing.com/commercial/cmo/asia-pacific.html
Georgetown Journal of International Affairs. (2003). Expanding horizons: Boeing's global business operations. Georgetown Journal of International Affairs,49, 49-
As a result, demand for this type of aircraft seems to be stabilizing and we expect to return to higher production rates. In the meantime, rail transportation group, which is less vulnerable to economic woes, has continued growing. Since May 1 of this year, the company has received new orders totaling nearly 3 billion euros and spanning not only the European and American markets, but also, the Asia-Pacific market, namely, China and Australia. Moreover, the company has acquired an aircraft assembly plant and announced the development of a new intercontinental business aircraft, the Global 5000 (Swickard, 2004). The company is increasingly paying its attention on its core know-how; product and market diversification; and anticipation of emerging needs.
Putting in perspective, Bombardier is Canada's largest aerospace exporter and one of the largest exporters in the country overall. It accounted for more than half of the aerospace industry's total revenues in 2002…
Middleton, a. (2004). "Expanded Horizons," Marketing, 109, Iss. 29, pp. 8-9.
Swickard, James E. (2004) "Bombardier Global 5000 Set a Class Record," Business & Commercial Aviation, 95, Iss. 2, pp. 14-15
Federal Contracts Awarded to Boeing Company:
Boeing Company is the largest aerospace company across the globe and the leading manufacturer of commercial defense and jetliners, space and security systems. In addition to being a top exporter in America, the Boeing Company supports airlines and the United States and allied customers in 150 nations worldwide. The company's position in the aerospace industry originates from its long tradition of aerospace innovation and leadership. Boeing continues to expand its product line and services in order to meet the emerging needs of its customers. Boeing's broad range of capabilities include developing new and more efficient members of its commercial airline family, developing advanced technology solutions, integrating military platforms, and organizing innovative customer-financing options.
History of Boeing Company:
Boeing Company has a history that stretches back to 1916 when the United States timber merchant, William E. Boeing, founded the aero products firm after he and…
"About Us." (2012, January). Boeing Company. Retrieved September 6, 2012, from http://www.boeing.com/companyoffices/aboutus/ brief.html
Capaccio, T. (2011, June 24). Boeing Projected to Face $300 Million Overrun on Tanker
Contract. Retrieved September 6, 2012, from http://seattletimes.com/html/businesstechnology/2015420023_tanker25.html
Dimascio, J. (2011, February 24). Boeing Gets $35 Billion Air Force Tanker Contract. Retrieved September 6, 2012, from http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0211/50145.html
General Dynamics employed WBS to connect their Integrated Product Teams, known as Design Build Teams -- DBTs having the established design goals. Hence every DBT possess a particular design goal allocated by management. The WBS is planned to wholly describe everything inside the program. A WBS defines the product(s) to be developed or produced and connects the constituents of work to be attained mutually and to the final product. Hence the role of WBS is important in planning and assigning management and technical duties; and evaluating and controlling the progress made and also the position of the engineering endeavors, resource allocations, cost estimates, expenses, and cost & technical performance. (Clark; Littrell, 2002)
Giving a logical framework for mentioning the technical purposes of the program, the WBS initially defines the program on the basis of the hierarchically associated, product-oriented factors and the work processes needed for their accomplishment. Every constituent for…
At a Glance: Key Offerings" Retrieved at http://www.gd-ais.com/ . Accessed 25 September, 2005
Author Unknown. (22-28, April 2000) "Doing well by doing good: Is Business ethics an oxymoron? The Economist.
Author Unknown. (17 June, 2004) "General Dynamics Selects Siebel Systems to Support
Command-and-Command Systems for the Department of Defense" Business Wire. pp: 8-11
Te need for so many new workers will tend to elp women enter fields were tey ave been istorically under-represented since tere is suc a need for so many new workers.
Wile tis synergy of so many different factors is useful for workers at all stages of teir careers, it may be tat it is especially elpful to new graduates. Higly skilled and qualified senior workers are likely to ave more opportunities open to tem tan are younger workers and so are likely to suffer less during economic downturns. Younger workers, especially tose just finising teir undergraduate work, will fare better in an environment tat as a range of opportunities and an overall good business climate. In fact, tis may be te only kind of business environment in wic new graduates will reliably be able to find jobs tat matc teir training and ambitions. Tis may be especially true for…
http://www.extremetag.com / http://www.mimotec.ch/Francais/Produits/produits.html
Managing All Stakeholders in the Context of a Merger Process
Review of the Relevant Literature
Types of Mergers
Identifying All Stakeholders in a Given usiness
Strategic Market Factors Driving Merger Activity
Selection Process for Merger Candidates
Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendations
The Challenge of Managing All Stakeholders in the Context of a Merger Process
Mergers and acquisitions became central features of organizational life in the last part of the 20th century, particularly as organizations seek to establish and maintain competitiveness in an increasingly globalized economy (Nevaer & Deck, 1996). Mergers are generally described as being the formal joining or combining of two corporations or business (Prichett, 1987), although both the framework and the method of merger vary greatly. The reasons for mergers are different based on what a company is trying to accomplish. The acquiring firm may seek to eliminate a competitor; to increase its efficiency; to diversify its products, services,…
Ansoff, H. Igor. 1987. The Emerging Paradigm of Strategic Behavior. Strategic Management Journal, 8, 501-515.
Barney, Jay B. 1986. Strategic factor markets: expectations, luck, and business strategy. Management Science, 32, 10, 1231- 41.
Beinhocker, E.D. & Kaplan, S. 2002. Tired of Strategic Planning? Many Companies Get Little Value from Their Annual Strategic-Planning Process. It Should Be Redesigned to Support Real-Time Strategy Making and to Encourage 'Creative Accidents.' The McKinsey Quarterly, 49.
Black's Law Dictionary. 1990. St. Paul: West Publishing Co.