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You can't just issue degrees without having the use of force lurking in the background to make sure those degrees have some "teeth" so to speak. But Rousseau rejected that idea.
Rousseau also rejected the notion that ties between family members were an appropriate model for relationships between the state and its citizens. In using precepts from what Aristotle had written two thousand years earlier (in Aristotle's Politics), Rousseau - who admitted that he owed a profound debt to Aristotle - "was adamant that the authority of man over man in civil society - whether for good or evil - had been and ought to be established by choice and not necessity," okler explained.
Justice, in other words, cannot thrive if the government is in a paternal partnership with citizens (the belief that father knows what's best isn't applicable to government in a true democracy); a just society is a…
Aldridge, A. Owen. Voltaire and the Century of Light. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1975.
Hampson, Norman. Will & Circumstance: Montesquieu, Rousseau and the French Revolution.
London: Duckworth, 1983.
HighBeam Encyclopedia "Origins of the Revolution / Rousseau." (2005). Retrieved 29 Nov, 2006, at http://www.encyclopedia.com/html/section/frenchre_effectsoftherevolution.asp .
Age of Traffic Speeders
General Problem Area
This research proposal is designed to find out the relationship between speeding in a motor vehicle, and the age of the speeder. There are many variables that make up the sum total of a traffic accident, and one of those is whether or not any or all of the vehicles were speeding at the time the accident occurred (Vinluan, 2008). The proposal here will not focus on accidents, however, or even tickets, specifically. The goal is only to determine whether a person speeds and what that person's age is, not to examine the consequences or potential consequences of that action. While these can be important for those who speed in that they can be putting themselves and others at risk, the study here is not focused on what may result from the behavior, only if the behavior occurs and in what age group…
Actual speeds on the roads compared to the posted limits, final report 551. (2004). Arizona Dept of Transportation.
Engineering speed limits - FHWA safety program (2014). United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration, Office of Safety.
Elvik, R. (2012). Speed limits, enforcement, and health consequences. Annual Review of Public Health, 33: 225 -- 238.
Marvel, C.C. (2010). Meaning of "residence district," "business district," "school area," and the like, in statutes and ordinances regulating speed of motor vehicles. American Law Reports -- Annotated, 2nd Series, 50. The Lawyers Co-operative Publishing Company; Bancroft-Whitney; West Group Annotation Company.
Compare and contrast their approaches to the question of faith.
One of the features of the age of Tolstoy and Dostoevsky was the emergence of philosophical and religious thoughts that promoted spirituality without religion. The tendency to reject organized religion in favor of personal spirituality or a direct relationship with God gained prominence at this age in ussia because of widespread disillusionment with the state-supported religion, corruption and hypocrisy of the official clergy. None perhaps popularized such spirituality in ussia more than Tolstoy and Dostoevsky. Both of these figures had a complicated relationship with the official Orthodox Christianity. Tolstoy was excommunicated by the Holy Synod of the ussian Patriarch in 1901. But while Dostoevsky's criticism of organized religion remained subtle and he emphasized the importance of faith, Tolstoy was scathing in his attacks on ussian Orthodox religion and at times he directly questioned the existence of God. Tolstoy was a…
Boot, a. (2009). God and man according to Tolstoy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Dostoyevsky, F., & Dostoyevsky, F. (1960). Notes from underground: And the grand inquisitor. New York: Dutton.
Jackson, R.L. (1993). Dialogues with Dostoevsky: The overwhelming questions. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Rancour-Laferriere, D. (2007). Tolstoy's quest for God. New Brunswick, N.J: Transaction Publishers.
Age of the Universe
Understanding the origin of the universe and the mysteries behind the complex machinery has always been a fascinating subject for the inquisitive minded. Questions of the nature as to whether the universe is infinite or is it well confined within its own boundaries, the exact time period in which the universe came into being, the ultimate end and other cosmological complexities of the universe are rather intriguing. The inherent curiosity to unravel the secrets behind the universe has long driven scientists in to exploring the beginnings of our universe. In the process methods have been evolved which have more or less traced down the age of our universe. Let us have a brief outlook into one of the well-known methods available for calculating the age of earth.
Currently radiometric-rating technique is one of the valid methods of calculating the age of the universe. Radiometric…
Edward L. Wright, "Age of the Universe," Accessed on November 29th, 2003, http://www.astro.ucla.edu/~wright/age.html
Jon Covey, "Age of the Universe," Accessed on November 30th, 2003, http://www.ldolphin.org/univ-age.html
Author not Available, "Redshift: A Measure of Distance," Accessed on November 29th, 2003, http://www.channel4.com/learning/main/netnotes/sectionid237.htm.
Age and Love
Passionate relationships are one of the most profound aspects of human social and individual development. Passionate intimate relationships are the next developmental stage after the childhood learning done in a family. It is through our passionate and intimate relationships that individuals learn the life lessons of becoming an adult. Some argue that young people do not have the capacity or reasoning skills to have passionate intimate relationships because they lack the ability to make adult decisions. Yet there is no evidence that people under the age of 18 are not fully capable of healthy passionate intimate relationships. This work will argue that age is an irrelevant aspect when it comes to the ability to have healthy intimate relationships because age does not determine maturity. ith maturity comes the skills needed to develop respect for your partner as well as the communication skills needed to maintain a healthy…
Carruthers, Martyn "Are you Growing Up or Growing Old?: Emotional Maturity 2." (2011) http://www.soulwork.net/sw_articles_eng/emotional_reality_2.htm Web. 20 Nov. 2011.
Davila, Joanne, Sara J. Steinberg, Melissa Ramsay Miller, Catherine B. Stroud, Lisa R. Starr, and Athena Yoneda.. "Assessing romantic competence in adolescence: The Romantic Competence Interview." Journal Of Adolescence 32. 1: (2009):55-75. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost . Web. 25 Nov. 2011.
Dragon, William, Steve Duck. Understanding Research in personal relationships: A Text with Readings. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2005.
Hatfield, Elaine, Earle Schmitz, Jeffrey Cornelius, and Richard L. Rapson. "Passionate love: How early does it begin?." Journal Of Psychology & Human Sexuality 1. 1 (1988): 35-51. PsycINFO. Web. 25 Nov. 2011.
Indolence is the record of the century. Introductory pages to Yahoo, for instance, minutely discuss an individual's fashion as groundbreaking news (the individual, incidentally, can be one 'star' amongst many), various ways to loose weight, or the latest toys on the market. Instruments devised to further communication from reality become increasingly more complex. Whilst supposedly linking us to people, Facebook, Twitter and ilk create a 'virtual space' reality, and virtual space has become the order of the day. TV, itself, is an undistinguished conglomeration of surreal images, which, although allegedly based on reality, are, with the inclusion of news documentaries, quite distinct. It is for this reason that this age has been called the post modernistic era with the term 'modernism' being insufficient. Ours is a collage of impressions, with concepts such as Truth, Fulfillment, and Meaning, being, as Foucault, Derrida, and Habermas amongst a host of other deconstructionists, post…
Kierkegaard, S. The Present Age and of the Difference Between a Genius and an Apostle, trans. Alexander Dru (New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1962)
Reason in the faith and satire of Dryden and Swift
The neoclassical age in which both John Dryden and Jonathan Swift penned their most noteworthy prose is often also called 'The Age of Reason.' However, although this valorization of reason and rationality may be a fair characterization of much of the Age of human Enlightenment, Dryden and Swift do not deploy nor valorize reason in the same fashion. For Dryden, reason is the key to humanity's connection with the divine and political freedom. In Swift's social and religious satires, however, human confidence in its rationality is just as absurd as overconfidence in human religious political and social institutions to create just and fair societies.
Dryden's religious poem "Religio Laici" begins with a definition of reason as the most perfect mode of the ultimate human understanding of the divine. Dryden writes, "as the borrow'd beams of moon and stars./To lonely, weary,…
Dryden, John. Absalom and Achitophel" Accessed on April 25, 2004 at http://eir.library.utoronto.ca/rpo/display/poem736.html
Dryden, John. "Religio Laci." Accessed on April 25, 2004 at Plagarist.com
Swift, Jonathan. "The Battle of the Books." From A Tale of a Tub. Originally published 1704.
Swift, Jonathan. A Tale of a Tub. Originally published 1704.
Age and Age Discrimination on an Organization
We hear so much about race, gender and sexual orientation discrimination on the job. And this is with good reason. America, unfortunately, has a long and torrid history of racial and gender discrimination, and the last 20 years have added sexual orientation discrimination to the list, especially given stories of gays being banished from the military.
African-Americans, in particular, were long barred from certain jobs, and even when they were fully integrated into the workforce during the 1980s, they faced the very low glass ceiling, as do women. oth African-Americans (and minorities in general) and women face challenges on the job in getting promotions and raises that white male Americans do not even dream of.
Today, the newest frontier in discrimination on the job is age discrimination. In reality, though, age discrimination has been around forever; it is only now getting some attention…
AFLCIO. 2004. Discrimination: Age. http://www.aflcio.org/yourjobeconomy/rights/rightsatwork/disc_age.cfm
EEOC. 2001. http://www.eeoc.gov/employers/smallbusinesses.html
Employment Practices Solutions: 2004. Westinghouse and Northrop settled 2 age discrimination lawsuits for $14 million.
Gallagher, John. 2005. Class action suits likely to increase as companies cut older workers. Columbus Ledger-Enquirer, Jan. 15, 2005.
A) The authors surveyed 122 adults in three groups (young, middle aged and older) and expected that older adults would receive the most unsolicited advice and offers of support, and also more likely to find these unwelcome than the younger and middle aged groups. They found that older adults, especially those living alone, received fewer offers than the younger groups, but all groups had "the same level of unpleasant affect" (p. 227). Older people were particularly likely to find offers or advice unwelcome if their compentecy was questioned.
B) Most people in the study received advice from sugnifucant ithers such as spouses and relatives (58%), compared to 28% that came from friends and 14% from strangers, and 56% reported that knowing the person made them more liklely to regard the advice as pleasant (p. 236).
C1) All participants reported receiving more advice associated with everyday cognition, competence and…
The notion of the individual's environment as a direct determinant of one's behavior has been a cornerstone of learning theorists such as Skinner (1953) and Lewin's field theory (B = f [P, E]; Lewin, 1951). While Skinner concentrated on how environmental contingencies and reinforcement shaped behavior, Lewin's original conceptualization consisted of both dispositional characteristics of individual that include both genetic and the chacterological variables (P; the Person) and the psychological environment (E; the psychological environment). As attempts to explain the totality of influences on a person's behavior as developed by Lewin the notion of psychological environment was expanded to include the social, situational, and organizational influences that contribute to behavior (Forehand & Von Haller, 1964; Glick, 1985). The term "organizational climate" has been used to identify these different types of environmental influences that exist within organizations; however, as Glick (1985) discusses this term has not been well defined…
Erikson, E.H. (1950). Childhood and society. New York W.W. Norton
Forehand, G.A., & Von Haller, G. (1964). Environmental variation in studies of organizational behavior. Psychological bulletin, 62(6), 361-382
Glick, W.H. (1985). Conceptualizing and measuring organizational and psychological climate:
Pitfalls in multilevel research. Academy of Management review, 10(3), 601-616.
When that rocket took flight, in that moment I knew that learning was something that would never end for me. I knew that learning would be a life long process that would take me through highs and lows. However, in this instance the lows would never be seen in a negative light, not by me anyway. These moments would be more opportunities to grow from mistakes and perfect my approach.
There are times when people may overlook how powerful a college education is and can be. This is not an opportunity that I will take for granted. I recognize that there are other students that want an education just like me. However, the only difference is my determination and drive, as well as the lengths I will go through to learn and gain the knowledge I need to make a difference. If given the opportunity to attend your higher institution…
My life has centered upon answering a central question. This question has been a in my mind since I was 10 years old. At that age, my first image of medicine was largely influenced by the doctors and nurses who were always helping my grandfather battle a rare form of brain cancer. His illness was a life changing experience for me, as, at that age, I watched his condition gradually deteriorate over a period of three months, and I detested I could do nothing to help. This thought, however painful then, has motivated my entire life, and has led to my choosing of nursing as a profession,
Though some did not approve of this particular career path, I never gave up my dreams. For this reason, I began studying and volunteering so as to combine education in theory with education in practice. Giving back to…
Teenagers should wait until they are 21 to move out Teenagers face a lot of social pressures and difficulties as well as individual changes in their physique and personality that it may be sometime before they 'come into their own' and realize who they are. With all of these choices and decisions happening, it is in a teenager's best interest to live with their parents until they are 21, rather than move out as quickly as possible.
Many teenagers want to move out as soon as possible because they want to exert their freedom and independence, yet, for many teenagers this just causes an extra load of pressures, responsibilities and problems if they are not prepared to meet financial obligations, hold a job while going to school, and juggle a social life amongst it all. If teenagers draw up a plan of action, they could still find themselves falling…
American Revolution after 1763
There are several factors leading to the American Revolution. During the 18th century, the ritish colonists in North America established themselves as a new nation. Increasingly, they had begun to see themselves as American rather than ritish. This new consciousness contributed to increasing resentment of any ritish attempts at control and influence in America. ritish action deemed unfair by American colonies, such as taxes on tea and sugar, contributed significantly to this problem.
Exacerbated American Grievances after 1763
The Stamp Act is one of the greatest ritish thorns in the American side when 1766 arrived (enjamin Franklin Testifies Against the Stamp Act, p. 3). The problem was that this tax had to be paid by order of a Parliament where the colonials were not specifically represented. Franklin in fact threatens the ritish with a loss of respect and "affection" from the colonials if this Act were…
"History 205 - Documents for Chapters 5&6.
Garraty, John A. & McCaughey, Robert A. The American Nation: A history of the United States. New York: Harper & Row, 1987.
1776: Adam Smith opposes Mercantilism (1776), p. 1
When a woman cannot get pregnant or can get pregnant but cannot keep the baby to term, the reasons for this can very a lot. The author of this report found a website that describes the reasons and the details behind them. This report will briefly describe the process that must generally happen and what can get in the way along the way. Quite often, it is a problem of ovulation and the egg of the woman getting to where it needs to go. However, there are other reasons why infertility may exist. While it may be fairly easy to generalize, there is more than one possible explanation in all cases until something is proven or at least presumed.
Infertility Explanation for Women
There are four general things that must happen for a woman to get pregnant and a lot of them involve a man to one degree…
Women's Health. (2015). Infertility fact sheet | womenshealth.gov. Womenshealth.gov. Retrieved 6 May
2015, from https://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/infertility.html
The author of this report is asked to answer to a number of questions relating to the Dark Ages. Specifically, the author is asked to define what "Dark Ages" means. Second, the author is asked to ask how this society unwittingly paved the way for a preservation of literature and art from the classical era. In particular, the author is asked to identify how Ireland was instrumental in this re-emergence. Finally, there is to be a summation of the Arthurian legend and how modern ethics is driven in part by this literature and dynamic and a definition of chivalric code is also to be offered.
In terms of history, the Dark Ages is the millennia or so that followed the end of the oman Empire. It refers to the cultural and economic downfall that ostensibly happened in Western Europe after the oman Empire was reduced to…
Fordham. (2013, October 9). Internet History Sourcebooks. FORDHAM.EDU. Retrieved
October 9, 2013, from http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/roland-ohag.asp
MLT. (2013, October 9). Code of Chivalry. Medieval Life and Times. Retrieved October
9, 2013, from http://www.medieval-life-and-times.info/medieval-knights/code-of-chivalry.htm
At this stage, agism entails that many older people are made to feel that they are a burden not only on society, but also on those who are obliged to care for them (Holstein, Parks, and Waymack, 2011, p. 130). This in turn creates related ethical concerns such as sexism, since the most common informal caregivers for older relatives are women.
There are two basic forms of care that people who grow old and frail might choose or be forced to choose between; home care or institutional care. At home, caregiving is provided by relatives, which could create a sense of frustration for both the person receiving and the person giving the care. Caregiving is a significant emotional, physical, and financial burden. Few old people would want to impose this kind of burden on their families. Furthermore, specialized care may not be within the skill set possessed by family members.…
Holstein, M.B., Parks, J.A., and Waymack, M.H. (2011). Ethics, Aging, and Society. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
Dark Ages or Early Middle Ages is that historical time period of the Western Europe that came after the collapse of the West oman Empire in the fourth and fifth centuries. It ended when the period of the enaissance started in the 15th century. The western civilization adopted a number of its ideas and institutions from the unstable and tumultuous events of the Early Middle Ages. It won't be incorrect to state that the culture in West in fact experienced a revolution in the Middle Age. The most important reason why Middle Age can be considered advancement in the humanities is that its effects influenced the world greatly. The significance of this specific time period "has been increasingly recognized as scholarship based on newly published source material, archaeological findings, and studies of demographics and migration patterns presents more accurate and detailed analyses of events and trends" ("Middle Ages," 2013).
Charles-Edwards, T.M. (2000). Early Christian Ireland. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.
Dawson, C. (2003). The Making of Europe: An Introduction to the History of European Unity. London: The Catholic University of America Press.
Middle Ages from The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. (n.d.). Questia. Retrieved September 11, 2013, from http://www.questia.com/ read/1E1-MiddleAg/middle-ages
Ridyard, S.J. (1999). Chivalry, Knighthood, and War in the Middle Ages. Sewanee, Tenn.: Univ. Of the South Press.
eason for eferral:
The client is a 15-year-old male who has issues with anger management. The client is also a gang member and given his age and background he is considered to be at risk for a number of antisocial behaviors.
Clinical concerns: Anger management/acting out.
Clinical concerns: Interpersonal isolation/relationship issues.
Clinical concerns: Underage cigarette smoking.
Client is a high potential risk for substance abuse.
Clinical concerns: Client is at a high potential risk for depressive symptoms.
The client has been in counseling with another counselor for four months before being transferred to this counselor's caseload. According to the reports from his previous counselor this client had made very little progress and was uncooperative.
He was uncooperative during the initial assessments and did not wish to discuss his feelings or acknowledge that he has difficulties with managing his anger. He tends to…
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.-text revision). Washington, DC: Author.
Beck, R., & Fernandez, E. (1998). Cognitive-behavioral therapy in the treatment of anger: A meta-
analysis. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 22, 63 -- 74.
Boxer, P. & Goldstein, S.E. (2012). Treating juvenile offenders: Best practices and emerging critical issues. In Grigorenko, E.L. (Ed.), Handbook of juvenile forensic psychology and psychiatry (pp. 323-340). New Haven, CT: Springer.
eligion through its sanctity, and law-giving through its majesty, may seek to exempt themselves from it. But they then awaken just suspicion, and cannot claim the sincere respect which reason accords only to that which has been able to sustain the test of free and open examination.
The debate of science and metaphysics arises when one wonders if metaphysics is even a science or do we really need it. Kant puts forward this question to explain why metaphysics is a science and why it is needed. He argues that metaphysics is needed, 'if not as science, yet still as natural disposition' because human reason is naturally pre-disposed 'by an inward need', and not just by 'idle desire', to raise metaphysical questions that science alone cannot answer. (B21-2). For example the questions about soul or the existence of God come to our minds naturally and this is where metaphysics steps…
N. Kemp Smith, a Commentary to Kant's 'Critique of Pure Reason', 2nd edn (London: Macmillan, 1930)
Immanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, trans. Werner S. Pluhar (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1996
A similar pattern can be observed in Italian and Japanese societies during the same period that Germany was recovering from the world war. Japan was experiencing not only the effects of the Sino-Japanese conflict, but was also experiencing difficulties with an ongoing conflict with Russia. Because of these political conflicts, Japanese society was also in economic strife, but the political will and ambition of the Meiji leaders strengthened nationalism among the Japanese, which in effect led to a stronger nation that helped it become a dominant member of the Axis Power. Lastly, Italy was also recovering from the First World War, and the need to re-establish a stronger and economically prosperous nation became possible for the Italians under the leadership of Fascist leader Benito Mussolini. These circumstances helped these three countries establish strong nationalist movements that will eventually be the reason for the formation of the Axis Power.
Differences in age between romantic partners can elicit a number of reactions, depending on the age of the youngest partner. Hollywood celebrities, who marry much younger partners, are often made fun of in the entertainment media; however, if the younger partner is still a teenager, or worse yet, a minor, then the mainstream media may weigh in with their own brand of demonization directed at the older partner. Phrases like 'cradle robber' are bandied about, or in the case of an attractive younger individual becoming involved with a much older 'elderly' partner, the phrase 'gold digger' may be heard. There is thus a sense that power imbalances within relationships will result in the exploitation of the more vulnerable partner. The following essay attempts to show that age does matter in romantic relationships, but primarily when one of the partners is a minor.
Men and women generally prefer…
Allen, Amy. "Does Age Matter in a Relationship." Helium.com. RR Donnelley. 7 May 2010. Web. 17 May 2012.
Darroch, Jacqueline E., Landry, David J., and Oslak, Selene. "Age Differences Between Sexual Partners in the United States." Family Planning Perspectives 31.4 (1999): 160-167.
Hamilton, Brady E. And Ventura, Stephanie J. "Birth Rates for U.S. Teenagers Reach Historic Lows for All Age and Ethnic Groups." CDC.gov. National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 89 (2012 Apr.): 1-8. Web. 17 May 2012.
Lehmiller, Justin J. And Agnew, Christopher R. "Commitment in Age-Gap Heterosexual Romantic Relationships: A Test of Evolutionary and Socio-Cultural Predictions." Psychology of Women Quarterly 32.1 (2008): 74-82.
Conflict Themes in "Age of Innocence" by Edith Wharton
This paper looks at the Age of Innocence by Edith Wharton and discuses certain aspects within the novel, such as the central conflict themes, and the development of certain characters, this paper also looks at in brief the irony and symbolic nature of the time.
Sadly this realistic novel is book set all to well within society that existed then and in many ways exists today, society is in ruin when it is run in such a way as the elite status of the past, this will never end in any society it will only be obscured by the negative aspects of the different society needs.
Wharton E (1996) The Age of Innocence; Penguin Books; London
Perhaps it is unfair to label all younger drivers as reckless and dangerous. At the very least, they are most certainly less experienced and adept at driving, on average. Since a firm and enforced age is the best way to regulate who can drive for the first time, that is the method that should remain. On average, teen drivers are restricted or banned from driving for several reasons. Those reasons include insufficient brain development, lack of responsibility and a propensity to not pay proper attention. While typecasting people based on age is not always fair, there are reasons behind the age restriction.
The first main point to consider when it comes to why children under sixteen should not be driving, at least in an unrestricted way, is insufficient brain development. The ideas and theories about the broader subject development do vary. However, there are some things that…
Transforming Practice: Pastoral Theology in an Age of Uncertainty
Major Schools of Thought and Actors
In Transforming Practice: Pastoral Theology in an Age of Uncertainty, Elaine L. Graham addresses Traditional, Postmodern, Empirical, Liberation and Feminist perspectives on Theology and ultimately on Pastoral Theology. In order to address these perspectives, Graham traces the historical development of each, current theological realities, and prospective "horizons." The result is an extensive review of the Pastoral Theolog (y)(ies) of the Church and its faith communit (y)(ies), viewed very strongly through the feminist pastoral perspective.
As presented by Graham, the Traditional perspective is built on Scripture that is rife with patriarchy and an overarching patriarchal hierarchy. hile providing conventionally binding values and norms, the Traditional perspective is decidedly male-centered: traditionally-based pastoral theology tended to focus on the traits of a good male pastor and was essentially restricted to the pastoral ministry of ordained males.…
Graham, Elaine L. Transforming Practice: Pastoral Theology in an Age of Uncertainty. London: Mowbray, 1996.
religion in our age. The writer takes the reader on an exploratory journey through the current stresses of the world and the ways that religion helps us deal with that stress. It also explores our need to believe there is more after we leave this life. There were three sources used to complete this paper.
The Critical Importance of eligion in Our Age
Throughout history religion has played an important role in the lives of its followers. Whether it was the era in which the church had a hand in every aspect of the parishioners' lives, or in more modern times when the religious faith serves as a blueprint for how people live their lives, spiritual faith has remained strong. eligion remains an important aspect of this age as well. The world is faced with terrorist threats, worldwide famine, and snipers picking off innocent women and children. These things are…
July 14 -20, 2002
The Pledge of Allegiance
Paul V.M. Flesher
Teenagers 16 years of age should NOT be allowed to drive." This is a persuasive essay and it discusses the issue of Teenagers NOT being allowed to drive at the age of 16 and why I think they should not be allowed.
Teenagers 16 years of age should NOT be allowed to drive
Car accidents have known to be deadlier than gang violence, suicide, or drugs and alcohol. Every year thousands of teens die all over the world from motor vehicle crash injuries. This is a very important issue and we cannot ignore this problem; as it is simply not going to disappear. Motor vehicle accidents are the number one killer of teenagers aged fifteen to twenty-four. Teenagers are involved in car accidents as both drivers and passengers, compared with other age groups. In addition to the number of teenage driver deaths, two out of three of those teens were…
Williams AF, Preusser DF, Ulmer RG, Weinstein HB. Characteristics of fatal crashes of 16-year-old-drivers: implications for licensure policies. J Public Health Policy 1995;16:347-60.
Laberge-Nadeau C, Maag U, Bourbeau R. The effects of age and experience on accidents with injuries: should the licensing age be raised? Accid Anal Prev 1992;24:107-16.
Mayhew DR, Simpson HM. New to the road: young drivers and novice drivers: similar problems and solutions? Ottawa (ON): Traffic Injury Research Foundation of Canada; 1990.
Preusser DF, Ferguson SA, Williams AF. Effect of teenage passengers on the fatal crash risk of teenage drivers. Accid Anal Prev. In press 1997.
He writes, "The rise of the radical Right after the First World War was undoubtedly a response to the danger, indeed to the reality, of social revolution and working-class power in general, to the October revolution and Leninism in particular" (Hobsbawm 124). The right-wing backlash against labor unions was crucial in setting up the rise of those fascist leaders who would be responsible for initiating the Second World War. As such it was partially responsible for creating the conditions for violence, but also, later, for unification between anti-fascist forces to defeat them. Socialist resistance to fascism was always strong, starting out peacefully until "resistance to fascism which did not envisage the use of arms could not succeed" (Hobsbawm 152). They were not that successful and went against the Stalin's Soviet view of a symbiotic alliance between capitalism and communism against fascism. Yet paradoxically, it was the strength of communism coming…
Hobsbawm, Eric. The Age of Extremes: A History of the World, 1914-1991. New York: Vintage Books, 1996.
Evening in the Palace of Reason: Bach Meets Frederick the Great in the Age of Enlightenment (Harper Perennial, James Gaines), 2006.
Gaines' book discusses two of history's greatest men, each of whom became great for a different reason. One was a political leader and statesman the other a musician. he biography of each could not have been more different. Both had tough lives and both fought against enormous stakes but one lived in a palace and the other travelled from place to place living in some at most only 3 years. One sampled jail and the other saw his partner killed and was saved by being sent to the military. One was homosexual and the other happily married in love. Bach's love in contradistinction to that of Frederick was more serene and meaningful. His music absorbed him and made him happy. He was focused; his life purely devoted to cantatas…
Two great men who met at the end of one's life and the pinnacle of the energy of another. Their lives could not have been more different but both can inspire us in different ways.
Gaines, J "Evening in the Palace of Reason: Bach Meets Frederick the Great in the Age of Enlightenment." Harper Perennial, 2006."
Dark Age and the Archaic Age
Having watched the lectures for the prior learning unit on video, I was prepared to enjoy the video lecture presentation for this learning unit. I previously found the presentation of lectures in the video format to be very convenient because I could observe at my own pace, rewind if I missed part of the lecture, have flexibility about when I was viewing the lecture, and not be distracted by the behavior or questions of other students. I acknowledged that there were some negatives to the video-learning environment, such as missing out on the organic and natural question and answers that develop in a live classroom setting, but had decided that missing those was an acceptable trade-off given the other benefits that I was receiving from the video lecture environment. Therefore, I was surprised to find that I did not enjoy the video lectures for…
The age of typography began with the Enlightenment and flourished in the New World, and coincided with significant social, political, and economic changes. As Postman (2005) points out in Amusing Ourselves to Death, Protestants with a predilection toward intellectualism made books and reading integral to American life. "The influence of the printed word in every arena of public discourse was insistent and powerful not merely because of the quantity of printed matter but because of its monopoly," (Postman, 2005, p. 41). In other words, print had a monopoly on information, communication, and the exchange of ideas. Print became endowed with a level of political and social significance that it does not have in the digital age, as there are now multiple modes of information exchange. When printed matter was all there was, the very ideals of democracy depended on it.
During the typographic age, content was meaningful as well…
Dewey, C. (2014). What makes some internet memes immortal. The Washington Post. 10 Nov, 2014. Retrieved online: http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-intersect/wp/2014/11/10/what-makes-some-internet-memes-immortal/
Postman, N. (2005). Amusing Ourselves to Death. New York: Penguin.
Sternberg, J. (2013). Technology today: What would Neil Postman think? Retrieved online: http://www.spinedu.com/technology-today-neil-postman-think/#.VGGC9_Q49oA
Chivalry and knighthood were also important during the Middle Ages. From this group of men, we learned that people from this era had a tremendous amount of respect for honor and military duty. Other characteristics we associate with knights are generosity and loyalty. The Middle Ages also offered up wonderful literary achievements including Geoffrey Chaucer, who authored The Canterbury Tales. Chaucer said the fourteenth century included a "wealth if romances, lives of saints, contes, fabliaux, drama, history, biography, all of great interest and importance" (Chaucer qtd. In Barzun 232). Another great writer during this era was Dante Alighieri. hile there are many reason to think the Middle Ages were dark, history proves that they were not as backwards as some might think.
Barzun, Jacques. From Dawn to Decadence. New York: Harper Collins Publications. 2000.
Duiker, illiam, et al. The Essential orld History. Belmont: Thomson adsworth. 2008.
Barzun, Jacques. From Dawn to Decadence. New York: Harper Collins Publications. 2000.
Duiker, William, et al. The Essential World History. Belmont: Thomson Wadsworth. 2008.
Noble, Thomas, et al. Western Civilization: The Continuing Experiment. Vol. I. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 1994.
right age to get married?
While love and the emotions are the key aspects that are commonly seen as important determining factors in romance and marriage, there are many experts who point out that marrying at too young an age can create a wide range of problems. These problems include a high incidence of divorce, rising single-parent families, substance abuse, and domestic violence. Victims of unhappy or failed marriages find it hard to cope with the demands and many suffer from mental diseases such as depression. Fundamental problems also include aspects such as emotional immaturity, incompatibility and financial instability.
On the other hand, couples who delay matrimony beyond their thirties or forties also encounter a different set of problems as evidenced by some of the partners interviewed in this paper. In attempting to establish whether there is a "right" age for marriage, one has to bear in mind the aims…
Crittenden, Danielle, and Jennifer L. Pozner. "Q: Is Early Marriage the Best Choice for American Women?." Insight on the News 22 Feb. 1999: 24. Questia. 3 Oct. 2004 .
Fields, Suzanne. "Charting Ways to Preserve Nuclear Family, Starting with What Ails It." The Washington Times 7 Oct. 2001: 8. Questia. 3 Oct. 2004 .
Freely, Maureen. "Mum, Dad, 2.4 Children: What Next? Even the Tories Admit That the Family Is Dead. Yet Work, Schools and the Law Are Still Built around It. Politicians Must Debate the Alternatives, Argues." New Statesman 4 Feb. 2002: 12+. Questia. 3 Oct. 2004 .
Warren N.C. What Is the Right Age to Get Married? Accessed September 30, 2004.
motivation to an age divese wokplace. It ceates the undestanding of motivation in the context of a divese wok envionment. The pape explains why it is impotant fo manages of oganizations to acquie skills and knowledge egading divesity management. It pesents vaious challenges that manages face when motivating a divese wokfoce. The pape pefoms a desciption of the divese skill set that benefit oganizations which incopoate diffeent geneations of employees. The eseach fostes knowledge on the chaacteistics of vaious geneations, fo example, the Wold Wa II geneation, Baby Boomes, Geneation Xes and the millennial geneation. On this, it identifies vaious aspects such as attitudes, pefeences, and ways of thought and factos that motivate them. It descibes how an oganization benefits fom young and old geneation wokfoce in tems of taditional and technological skills. The pape povides infomation on the consequence of divesity, fo example, impovement of output, pomotion of innovation…
references. International Journal Of Human Resource Management, 22(6), 1262-1276.
Henderson, L., Washington, P., & Watkins-Batler, A. (n.d). Training for Business Success:
Does Diversity Training Improve Productivity, Performance, and Fair Promotions? Retrieved on 17th April 2013 from http://www.chicago-united.org/pdfs/2008-DiversityTrainingEffects.pdf
Nelson, D.L., & Quick, J.C. (2011). Organizational behavior: Science, the real world, and you.
Legal Age for Alcohol Consumption
Laws are established for the legal age of alcohol consumption in order to attend to the best interests of both youth and society at large. With exposure to such influences as music, television, movies, and peers, youth are under pressure to behave in certain ways and partake in certain activities to be perceived as being "cool." Alcohol consumption among young people may be seen as a way to loosen up, fit in, or even possibly as a sign of rebellion against parents, teachers, and figures of authority in general.
It is often difficult for youth to know their limits and exactly how much alcohol they can consume and yet still be somewhat "in control." This results in increased risks of alcohol poisonings, drunk driving, and in some cases death among the adolescent population. Therefore, with the well being of youth and society in mind, it…
Hot topic: Underage teen drinking." Website of Congresswoman Roybal-Allard. http://www/house.gov/roybal-allard/ht_underage.htm.
Statistics: Underage drinking." SADD Online. http://www.saddonline.com/stats.htm.
Survey says: Teen alcohol use on the rise." The Citizen: The 6th Area Support Group Online Newspaper 30.10 May 22, 2001. http://www.stuttgart.army.mil/community/citizen/2001/0522/surveys.htm.
Richardson, A. & Budd, T. "Young adults, alcohol, crime and disorder." Criminal Behavior and Mental Health 13.1 (2003): 5-16.
Crystals, witchcraft, ESP, tarot cards, tai chi, yoga, and the I Ching, which are seemingly disparate tools, practices, and beliefs, come under one spiritual rubric: the New Age movement. The New Age amalgamates ancient philosophies and religious practices ranging from shamanism to Sufism and including everything in between. The New Age is almost an anything-goes spiritual path, as it has no one set of beliefs, no central text, no concrete origin, and a malleable theology. In fact, technically atheists can participate in New Age religion, for the New Age also embraces straight science and often espouses an impersonal universe devoid of an overarching anthropomorphic deity. However, the New Age can be isolated and analyzed as a distinct, albeit modern religious movement that began loosely around the turn of the twentieth century when Theosophy delivered fresh ideas from Eastern religions to the Western world and as the Western world…
He exemplifies the expansion of the middle class and commercialism during the era. The book is a kind of inventive biography -- little is known for certain of hakespeare's life but Greenblatt uses the skeleton of hakespeare's plays to fill in details of common concerns of many figures of the period.
Long, William J. "The Elizabethan Age: 1550 -- 1620." From Outlines of English and American
Literature. April 4, 2009. http://www.djmcadam.com/elizabethan-age.html
This is an excerpt from a survey book on literature that is well-reputed in the field, although somewhat out of date. It examines the philosophy and history of the Elizabethan age and how it affected the literature of the period. It suggests the patriotic zeal and cultural vigor that resulted from the defeat of the Armada, scientific discoveries, and foreign travel and exploration were the reasons for the substantial literary output of this period's authors. It covers pencer, hakespeare,…
Shakespeare, William. "The Tragedy of Julius Caesar." From the Language of Literature.
Edited by Arthur N. Applebee. New York: McDougall Littell, 2006.
"Julius Caesar" is one of Shakespeare's 'Roman plays.' It reflects the Elizabethan reverence of the classical age. However, it also reveals anxieties over succession and usurpation of royal authority. It exemplifies the Elizabethan fascination with the supernatural's influence upon world events. And the contrast between Brutus' nobility and the political fallout from his assassination -- or political naivete in the face of Mark Anthony -- highlights Shakespeare's ambiguous characterization.
rise of business and the new age of industrial capitalism forced Americans to think about, criticize, and justify the new order -- especially the vast disparities of wealth and power it created. This assignment asks you to consider the nature and meaning of wealth, poverty and inequality in the Gilded Age making use of the perspectives of four people who occupied very different places in the social and intellectual spectrum of late nineteenth-?century America:, the sociologist William Graham Sumner, the writer enry
George, a Massachusetts textile worker named Thomas O'Donnell, and the steel tycoon
For Andrew Carnegie, wealth was a good thing. In his "Gospel of Wealth," Carnegies talks about the problem of "our age" which is the proper administration of wealth. e has his own philosophy of how wealth has come to be unequally distributed with the huge gap existing between those who have little and those…
Henry George, Progress and Poverty, Major Problems, pp. 20-?22.
Thomas O'Donnell Testimony before a U.S. Senate Committee, 1885 U.S. Congress,
Capital (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1885
African-American males between the ages of 15 and 24 are at relatively higher risk of suicide according to Center for Disease control and prevention. Since 1980s the suicide rate has increased tremendously and many young seemingly successful males are committing suicide following years of suffering from chronic depression. Such cases highlight the importance of recognizing signs of depression young males but since researches and studies do not always reach parents on time, they fail to stay on top of it. This is how Gina Smallwood felt when in 2008 her young son shot himself right before his 20th birthday. (Thomas, 2009) Gina had no idea Kelvin was at the risk of suicide or that there were any statistics that placed African-American youth at greater risk of suicide. Instead she felt that since her son had been an honor student and had a bright future ahead of it; suicide would be…
Poussaint, A., & Alexander, A. (2000). Lay my burden down: Unraveling suicide and the mental health crisis among African-Americans. Boston: Beacon
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control.
Suicide injury deaths and rates. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov
Barnes, DH (2006). The Aftermath of Suicide Among African-Americans. Journal of Black Psychology, 32(3), 335-348.
Political thinkers throughout the ages have considered the meaning of citizenship and the relationship that does and/or should exist between the citizen and the state. The meaning of citizenship has been addressed in different ways by various schools of thought, beginning with the Greeks. Citizenship means the state of belonging to a collective, a state, and an important element that emerges from Greek, Roman, and early Christian thinkers is that citizenship both confers rights and requires the fulfillment of responsibilities for an individual to be considered a good citizen. Definitions of being a good citizen include clarifying the relationship between the individual and his or her society, as can be seen in the political writings of Plato and the philosophical and ethical writings of Confucius. Plato identifies the good man with the good citizen, and what makes the individual good also makes the individual a good citizen. Confucius would agree…
SPIRITUALITY IN YOUNG CHILDREN'S TEMPERAMENT AND SELF-CONTROL
The work of Roehlkeparta (2006) reports that the church congregation has an influence that is both direct and indirect upon the young person's development spiritually variously in their contact with the young person. Included int these contacts are religious education, service projects, youth groups and in contacts that also "extend to include the congregations engagement with families, intergenerational engagement and broader community involvement through the congregations public leadership, service, and action on behalf of children, adolescents and others in society." (Roehlkeparta, 2006, p.329) The congregation is also reported to play a role "in young people's spiritual nurture by building the capacity and sense of responsibility among everyone in the congregation to be attentive to nurturing the spiritual lives of children and adolescents..." ( Roehlkeparta, 2006, p. 329) This study contributes to the present study in the statement of the expectations that adults have…
Giesenberg, A. (2007) The Phenomenon of Preschool Children's Spirituality. Retrieved from: eprints.qut.edu.au/16519/?
Fowler, J. (1981). Stages of faith: The psychology of human development and the quest for meaning. Blackburn: Dove Communications.
Gottlieb, E. (2006). Development of religious thinking. Religious Education, 101(2), 242-260.
Roehlkepartain, EC (2006) The Handbook of Spiritual Development in Childhood and Adolescence. SAGE. Retrieved from: http://books.google.com/books?id=PshgZRO 6 LfkC&dq=Roehlkepartain,+ E.+C.+(2006).+The+handbook+of+spiritual+developm ent+in+childhood+and+adolescence.&source=gbs_navlinks_s
The author of this brief response took a look at four chapters from a particular book. What follows in this report is a direct and measured response to those chapters. The readings themselves had a good variety and variance to them. They all involve very personal subjects but all center on the coming of age of teenage girls during the first generation after World War II ended. However, they are not monolithic or too much alike in nature. It is important that literature explore the human condition and what drives people to act and behave as they do. Of course, nobody lives or behaves in a vacuum. Despite what some people might suggest, what a given person does can affect the behaviors and reactions of others and/or the same thing can happen in reverse.
The first reading and topic is one that tends to be explosive and controversial. Indeed,…
If this were to happen, legitimate students who use material honestly and properly cite all sources will be losing out on untold amounts of useful information.
There are several ways which would prevent plagiarism from getting out of and any further. In recent years, many colleges and universities have begun using programs to detect plagiarism. Schools turn to services such as www.TurnItIn.com as a prime weapon in the fight against plagiarism. These services run received papers through an immense database which contains publications from around the world. The service looks for certain key words and sentences which it compares to other key words and sentences in other previously published works. Using this new technology, most work turned in by students is checked and verified in the database. If something is too close for coincidence, or is obviously not cited right, this information will turn up during a scan through the…
My reasons for seeking a counseling degree are that I grew up with a desire to help others. I have myself been counseled, as a child, by therapists whom, I noted, attempted to streamline me according to particularistic beliefs. Wondering whether it were possible for psychotherapy to be objective, I read a lot on the subject and observed people who were therapists. At the time I naively thought counselors to be wonderful, and considered them almost as though they were God's second-in-command. I was later to read that psychotherapists do project that image, which is partially what renders the profession of psychotherapy to be somewhat controversial (e.g., Dawes,1994).
Gradually it dawned on me that these people were playing with people's lives: That I and presumably many other individuals are either compelled to 'visit' these deities of fate, or they 'visit' them out of their own volition. It was…
American Psychological Association (APA) (2010) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx
American Counseling Association (ACA) (2005) ACA Code of Ethics.
Chater, N., & Oaksford, M. (2001). Human rationality and the psychology of reasoning: Where do we go from here? British Journal of Psychology, 92, 193-216.
students of all ages and backgrounds have enrolled in distance learning degrees through the Internet. The two forms of college education, the traditional on-campus degree and this new distributed learning approach, differ in a number of ways. Yet they both offer specific advantages.
The composition of the student population has changed significantly since the 1980s. A large number of today's college students are older and more heterogeneous. They also demonstrate varying levels of academic preparation. Many would-be students graduated high school a number of years ago and, due to various family and employment commitments, no longer have the flexibility of attending a traditional university setting. Further, some individuals live in remote geographical areas or do not have appropriate transportation opportunities. Distance learning offers them a much more expedient way to further their education.
Distance learning offers such students the opportunity to learn online through their computers. Distributed learning programs are…
lessons module/Week explained important reasons Christians study secular literature. Choose lessons ag
I believe that there are a number of critical points of veracity elucidated within lesson three regarding the value of literature to Christians and to those who embrace Christianity. Actually, I have a number of strong convictions regarding literature in general; one of my mantras is that anything of true value in this world -- that which extends beyond the temporal -- is written down. One of the most eminent points of agreement that I found with this particular lesson revolves around the merit of the Bible. The Bible is certainly a work of literature and, when considered in its earliest form as part of the Dead Sea Scrolls, is one of the most enduring works of literature to be found.
There are a number of different arguments regarding the utilitarian aspect of this particular piece of literature.…
If he had love, he had no pot in which to plant it. And so it stayed trapped in his mind, separate from any object -- for Kant insisted on the gulf between faith and reason. If one had to accept certain truths on the authority of the one revealing them -- Kant wanted no part in it. According to Kant, one should accept only that which can be reasoned. According to Aquinas, it is not unreasonable to accept that which is revealed.
In a sense, many of us today are Kantian rather than Thomistic. We are Hamlet figures, forever trapped in doubt. What Aquinas allows us to do is put away doubt. He allows us -- in fact, implores us, to act. He is now to us like the ghost of Hamlet's father -- reappearing to urge his son to action. Still, Hamlet delays. What happens to Hamlet --…
Aquinas, Thomas. Summa Contra Gentiles. London: Burns and Oates, 1905.
Aquinas, Thomas. Summa Theologica. UK: Fathers of the English Dominican
McInerny, Ralph, ed. Thomas Aquinas: Selected Writings. England: Penguin, 1998.
Most importantly, the paper's final segment will examine the methods employed by Catholic Voices to effectively manipulate the media's coverage of the pope. The credentials of their members and their respective training will be highlighted, as well as the means by which the group anticipated and directed the needs of the media to suit its purpose.
Catholic Voices (2010) Home Page -- Retrieved from: http://www.catholicvoices.org.uk/home
Wooden, Cindy (2010) Lay 'Catholic Voices' Trained to Explain Church Teaching in Media. 19 Sept 2010. American Catholic Organization. Retrieved from: http://www.americancatholic.org/news/report.aspx?id=3107
Allen, John L. Jr. (2010) Trying to Solve the Church's Communication Problem. 18 Sept 2010. National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved from: http://ncronline.org/blogs/ncr-today/trying-solve-churchs-communications-problem
ooth, Philip Mark (2007) Catholic Social Teaching and the Market Economy. Philip ooth, Catholic Social Teaching and the Market Economy, the Iinstitute of Economic Affairs, 2007.
Mitchell, J, Marriage, S, (2003) Mediating Religion Conversations in media religion and culture, ritish Library,…
Catholic Voices (2010) Home Page -- Retrieved from: http://www.catholicvoices.org.uk/home
Wooden, Cindy (2010) Lay 'Catholic Voices' Trained to Explain Church Teaching in Media. 19 Sept 2010. American Catholic Organization. Retrieved from: http://www.americancatholic.org/news/report.aspx?id=3107
Allen, John L. Jr. (2010) Trying to Solve the Church's Communication Problem. 18 Sept 2010. National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved from: http://ncronline.org/blogs/ncr-today/trying-solve-churchs-communications-problem
Booth, Philip Mark (2007) Catholic Social Teaching and the Market Economy. Philip Booth, Catholic Social Teaching and the Market Economy, the Iinstitute of Economic Affairs, 2007.
Moments later she came back, looked into Stacey's face, and reaching into her packet gave her a full dollar. "Poor child" she said and left.
Stacey had bread that day.
Lewis provides one side of the story: the privileged customer. This essay provides the other side of the story: the man behind the cup; the child behind the bowl; the woman behind the wheel. Taking them into consideration, we may pronounce tipping to be a worthy custom. It diminishes, to a miniscule extent, the great divide between rich and poor in our nation and gives those, who otherwise would have naught, at least some food for another day.
In the "consequences of carnage as entertainment," John Ellis provides a reasoned argument for his assumption that media, particularly and specifically television, results in an increase in violence, in general, and on school campuses in particular. Television serves up a routine diet…
Public dialog in a network age can cover a lot of topics. The network age is filled with a plethora of varying interests, ideas, subjects, and issues. Some of which relate to privacy, piracy, and even technology. People often forget what an impact the Internet has made in the last couple of decades, even in just 8 years. ANON came into existence, social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter came into popularity, and the recent concept of content creators has shaped the way people view and accept media. ith all these innovative ideas that came out, what kind of impression has it left on the public? hat were the origins of some of these topics? And moreover, has the Internet shaped the identity of people in the last decade?
Several events within internet history have made public dialog important. People need to discuss and analyze things in order to fully understand…
Abelson, Harold, Ken Ledeen, and Harry R. Lewis. "Naked in the Sunlight." Blown to bits: your life, liberty, and happiness after the digital explosion. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Addison-Wesley, 2008. 19-29. Print.
Auerbach, David, and Gabriela Coleman. Here Comes Nobody: Essays on Anonymous, 4 chan and the Other Internet Culture. N/A: Triple Canopy, 2012. Print.
Castells, Manuel. "Occupy Wall Street: Harvesting the Salt of the Earth." Networks of outrage and hope: social movements in the Internet age. Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2012. 156-177. Print.
Lanier, Jaron. You Are Not a Gadget: A Manifesto. NYC: Vintage, 2011. Print.
Developmental cognitive occur starting age 50 moving end life.
Developmental and cognitive changes
The essay aims at exploring the developmental and cognitive changes that occur starting at the age of fifty years moving through end of life. The developmental changes are easily noticeable or observable, hence not much of literature or scholarly articles have been written about it. On the other hand a lot of materials, studies and researches have been conducted on cognitive changes because cognition is a key requirement needed in both the young and old to meet the job demands, challenges of education and day-to-day life of an individual (MacDonald, Hultsch, & Dixon, 2003, p 32-52).
Before the essays embark on the changes that occur at the age of fifty and beyond its important to consider the early changes right from when a baby is born up to middle life for us to understand the…
Anstey, K., Hofer, S., & Luszcz, A., (2003). Cross-sectional and longitudinal patterns of differentiation in late-life cognitive and sensory function: The effects of age, ability, attrition, and occasion of measurement. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 132, 470 -- 487.
Ball, K., et al. (2002). Effects of cognitive training, interventions with older adults. Journal of the American Medical Association, 288, 2271 -- 2281.
Dixon, R., De Frias, M., & Maitland, S.B. (2001). Memory in midlife. In M.E. Lachman (Ed.), Handbook of midlife development New York: Wiley (pp. 248 -- 278)...
Finkel, D., Pedersen, N.L., & Harris, J.R. (2000). Genetic mediation of the association among motor and perceptual speed and adult cognitive abilities. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 7, 141 -- 155.
Student Taining in Aged Cae
What Factos in Students Taining Enhance Retention
Post Placement in the Aged Cae Secto?
What Factos in Students Taining Enhance Retention
Post Placement in the Aged Cae Secto?
Thanks to medical eseach, bette povision of medical assistance and inceased lifestyle options, individuals ae living longe and in bette health than pevious geneations; howeve, the Austalian population continues to age, lagely due to deceasing bith ates and inceased life expectancy. Not supisingly, this will have an impact on the health cae system. Specifically, the aged cae secto of healthcae equies committed and competent wokes to meet wokplace needs. Unfotunately, Fagebeg & Ekman's (1997) study (as cited in Abbey et al., 2006) shows that the numbe of nusing gaduates willing to assume employment in the aged cae secto is alamingly low. Fo one o moe easons, it appeas that many students ae eithe unwilling to ente this…
references after a gerontology curriculum. Educational Gerontology. 21(3), 247-260.
Australian Department of Health and Ageing. (2002). Recruitment and Retention of Nurses in Residential Aged Care. Final Report. Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing.
Babbie, E. (2007). The practice of social research (12th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
De la Rue, M. (2003). Preventing ageism in nursing students: An action theory approach. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 20(4), 8-14.
Fagerberg, I. & Ekman, S. (1997). First-year Swedish nursing students' experiences with elderly patients. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 19(2), 177-189.
Diabetes Among Middle Age Males:
One of the major public health issues among middle age males is diabetes since they are twice as likely to suffer from the disease as compared to their female counterparts. Generally, the rate of diabetes has increased in the recent past to an extent that 8% of the American population have the disease, especially children and adults. The main reason for the increase of the rate of diabetes is that the risk of type 2 diabetes increases with age. The other risk factors include an inactive lifestyle, being obese or overweight, a history of the disease in immediate family, and a diet with high sugar and low fiber. As the rate of diabetes has increased among children and adults, much increase has occurred among the male population, especially middle age males. Therefore, it is increasingly important to examine the major health risks incurred by the…
American Diabetes Association. (2002, January). Screening for Diabetes. Diabetes Care, 25(1),
S21-S24. Retrieved April 30, 2014, from http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/25/suppl_1/s21.full.pdf
"America's Middle Boomers." (2013). Demographic Profile. Retrieved April 30, 2014, from https://www.metlife.com/assets/cao/mmi/publications/Profiles/mmi-middle-boomer-demographic-profile.pdf
David et al. (1994, May). Health Behaviors and Survival Among Middle-Aged Men and Women
As they share a common bond in the underlying struggles and challenges that they are wrestling with. This is significant, because it shows how the ice age would force people to work together, to overcome the various weather related issues that are having an impact upon their lives. ("Paleolithic")
The use of various types of tools / technology would change the way humans would live their lives. This is because, the ice age would force everyone to utilize new survival techniques that were often not focused on. Prior to the ice age, most humans were considered to be hunter and gathers. This meant that they would often rely on killing various types of animals, as their way of providing food and clothing for themselves. At the same time, humans would often gather various fruits and berries to consume. Once the ice age began this would all change, as the total…
"Amblin to Alaska." Why Files, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2010
"Ice Ages." Science Clarified, 2010. Web. 16 Nov. 2010
"Paleotlithic." Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2010
Frith, Naill. "Humans Survived the Ice Age by Sheltering. Daily Mail, 2010. Web. 16 Nov. 2010.
Population sizes will be dependent upon the total number of potential study participants that are identified during the research phase. Public opinion data will be collected by a survey administered to persons at random. Data collected from professionals in the field will be collected via interview techniques. Data collected from the surveys will be analyzed using descriptive statistics, as are appropriate for the data and the research question. Interview data will be coded and categorized for further analysis.
This research study requires different types of information from different sources. Two distinct data collection methods will be used for the study groups. This necessitates the use of different data analysis methods for each particular method as well.
Limitations of Study
This study will attempt to achieve synthesis of the issues involved in the decision to lower the age at which juveniles can be tried as adults. However, it is possible that…
American Bar Association. Adolescent Brain Development and Legal Culpability, Juvenile Justice Center. January 2004. available online at http://www.abanet.org/crimjust/juvjus/Adolescence.pdf . Accessed March 24, 2008.
Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch. The rest of their lives: Life without parole for children offenders in the United States. 2005. Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International: United States of America. available online at http://www.hrw.org/reports/2005/us1005/ . Accessed March 24, 2008.
Bower, B. "Teen Brains on Trial: The Science of Neural Development Tangles With the Juvenile Death Penalty," Science News Online, vol. 165, no. 19 (May 8, 2004), available online at: www.sciencenews.org/articles/20040508/bob9.asp. Accessed March 24.
Deerin, M. "The Teen Brain Theory," Chicago Tribune, August 12, 2001, p. C1
Margaret Mead and Coming of Age in Samoa
Different aspects of culture define people over a period of time. It is only human nature that we see differences in culture and ourselves when thrown into a melting pot, a mix of multi-cultures in which we live today. One can only imagine what it must have been like for Margaret Mead as she traveled half way around the world in search of understanding aspects of other cultures, very foreign from our own. In this respect, she was a trail blazer, breaking with convention and expectation of her own role in society by becoming an anthropologist. It is the quest of the anthropologist to observe, discover culture and document aspects of that culture that are unique. ith this mind, it is important for one to have a working definition of culture, in order for one to explore rituals embedded within society that…
Coming of Age. 9 Nov. 2005
Dillon, W.S. "Margaret Mead (1901-1978)." The Quarterly Review of Comparative Education
31 (2001): 447-61.
Freeman, Derek. "Evolving Margaret Mead." New York Times Review of Books 32 (1985):
Obesity in Children Birth to 18 Years-of-Age From Lower Socio-Economic Status Compared to Children Birth to 18 Years-of-Age From Upper and Middle Socio-Economic Status? Research Proposal
Research indicates that children from lower socio-economic status are more likely than children from higher socio-economic status to develop childhood obesity, which makes these children more likely to develop health problems later in life. For this reason, childhood obesity is a significant problem. The research proposed in this study is one that recommends that this issue be examined in a research study.
The Prevalence of Obesity in Children Birth to 18 Years-Of-Age From Lower Socio-Economic Status Compared to Children Birth to 18 Years-Of-Age From Upper and Middle Socio-Economic Status?
There is a great dearth of research that indicates that children from lower socio-economic households have a greater risk of developing obesity during their childhood than children from middle and upper socio-economic…
Cecil, JE, et al. (2005) Childhood Obesity and Socioeconomic Status: A Novel Role for Height Growth Limitation. International Journal of Obesity. 29. Retrieved from: http://www.nature.com/ijo/journal/v29/n10/full/0803055a.html
Gearhart, R., Gruber, DM, and Vanata, DF (2008) Obesity in the Lower Socio-Economic Status Segments of American Society. Forum on Public Policy. Retrieved from: http://forumonpublicpolicy.com/archivespring08/gearhart.pdf
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The age of the universe
A good way of estimating the age of the universe is dating the oldest objects in the Milky Way Galaxy. Being that the age of the universe varies directly with the Hubble constant, the cosmological constant and the average density of the universe, the direct estimate of the age of the universe can be used to define cosmological models. The metal-poor stars found within the spherical halo of the Milky Way are some of the oldest objects in the universe. As we speak, there are three main methods used to date the stars. These are nucleochronology, main sequence turn-off gases and white dwarf cooling curves. This paper seeks to outline the age of the universe, the technologies related to this field, and the astronomical importance.
NASA used their Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy probe in 2012 to estimate the age of the universe as 13.772 billion years.…
Warren Buffet, Reason and God
Certainly, Warren Buffet is an atheist. One can see this from a fellow atheist, Austin Cline who is proud of Buffet's type of charity. He brings down a quote from Roger Lowenstein's biography of Buffet when he quotes '" He did not subscribe to his family's religion. Even at a young age he was too mathematical, too logical, to make the leap of faith. He adopted his father's ethical underpinnings, but not his belief in an unseen divinity (Cline 2006)."
Further on, Cline notes that Buffet "isn't giving it to any religious foundations and he isn't even giving to secular groups, like the United Way (ibid)." In other words, he sought out charities like the Gates Foundation to promote causes that atheists espouse, like Planned Parenthood. His issues with his family religion were based upon what he saw as a conflict between faith and reason.…