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Technology Is Always Challenging Although the Use
Words: 1544 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39498749
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technology is always challenging. Although the use of technology by social workers is not a new phenomenon, it is controversial. For a discipline traditionally tied to face-to-face interaction, many concerns about moving to technology-based practices have been raised. This paper will examine how social work informatics can be applied to child protection in Alaska and suggest a research project to examine its utility, particularly as it relates to the phenomenon of depersonalization. It can be hypothesized that the increasing use of informatics though useful drives a wedge between the social worker and the recipient.

Advocates for the use of technology identify increased opportunity and access to social work services, lower costs, and improved coordination of services, and privacy for stigmatized individuals as benefits of the tools (Chenoweth & Stehlik, 2002). Critics, on the other hand, point to the technological difficulties that impede interaction. They cite inequalities in access to resources,…


Ashery, R.S. (2001). The utilization of technology in graduate schools of social work. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 18(1/2), 5 -- 18.

Association of Social Work Boards. (2002). Model Social Work Practice Act. Retrieved February 24, 2005, from 

Chenoweth, L., & Stehlik, D. (2002). Using technology in rural practice -- Local area coordination in rural Australia. Rural Social Work, 7(1), 14 -- 21.

Choi, G., Ligon, J., & Ward, J. (2002). Computer anxiety and social workers: Differences by access, use, and training. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 19(1), 1 -- 12.

Controversy of Oil Drilling in ANWR
Words: 768 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 52804497
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Against Drilling for Oil in Alaska

The subject of oil drilling in Alaska has been controversial. With declining oil reserves attention of society, and the oil companies, to identify potential new oil reserves. Although oil drilling in Alaska currently only makes up about 7% of U.S. oil supplies, surveys have indicated there could be sizable reserves within Arctic National Wildlife efuge (ANW) (Bourne, 2015). There have been articles published which support the idea of exploring and granting drilling licenses, but there are also dissenting articles which argue against the idea. Interestingly, an article that appears to support the drilling is presented by Bourne, (2015), published in National Geographic, which presents a number of arguments in favor of drilling. Conversely, an article that supports a ban on drilling in thru ANW is published by Jans (2015) in USA Today. Each article will be reviewed and the arguments assessed.

Bourne (2015) looks…


Bourne, JK, (2015), What Obama's Drilling Bans Mean for Alaska and the Arctic, National Geographic, accessed at 

Jans, N, (201, Jan 29), Why Obama is Right to Spare ANWR, USA Today, accessed at

Exxon's Oil Tanker Valdez Ran
Words: 2180 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29644320
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The workforce should be clear about the implementation of technologies for protecting natural resources, through formulating strategies.

atification of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) 1984 Protocols

Domestic legislation on compensation and liability is needed to implement two IMO protocols related to compensation and liability. The United States should ratify the 1984 Protocols to the 1969 Civil Liability and the 1971 Fund Conventions. Expeditious ratification is essential to ensure international agreement on responsibilities associated with oil spills around the world' (A eport to the President: Executive Summary).

Introduction of Safeguards

It is imperative to establish such environmental safeguards so as to minimize the possibility of oil spillage, by improving transportation, production, storing facilities. 'The infrequency of major oil spills in recent years contributed to the complacency that exacerbated the effect of the Exxon Valdez spill' (CNN: Exxon found guilty).

Legislation on liability and compensation is needed

The Exxon Valdez incident has…


Michael Baffrey, Contracting Officer's, Technical Representative U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service Environmental Studies Section., Exxon Valdez Oil Spill, Cleanup, and Litigation: A Collection of Social-Impacts Information and Analysis.

Science and Transportation United States. Congress Senate Committee on Commerce, United States Congress, Exxon Oil Spill: Hearing Before the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.

Phillip Margulies., The EXXON Valdez Oil Spill.

Peter G. Wells., EXXON Valdez Oil Spill: fate and effects in Alaskan waters.

Exxon Valdez Case Analysis Common
Words: 3133 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 72188550
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Like most litigations on such complicated issues the company had little to do but show reasonable accommodation, adopt better surface practices and wait out a lengthy period before their liability was reduced substantially by the courts.

Ethical analysis:

The key ethical issues of the case are pretty clear, did the captain knowingly endanger the environment by continuing to retain his position and navigate tankers through the area and did the company know that such was the case. Both ethical dilemmas are clear and were ruled upon by many hours of court time and subsequent appeals, though the final Supreme Court ruling on Exxon's liability for the spill was split 4:4 every other deciding body laid full responsibility on Exxon's lap. ("Exxon Valdez Damages educed," June 2008, NP). An additional ethical issue, though much less openly understood or known by the average American is weather it was ethical to pay fishermen…


Feinman, J.M. (2000). Law 101: Everything You Need to Know about the American Legal System. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Exxon Valdez Damages Reduced," June 2008, Business Law Prof Blog Retrieved November 18, 2008. 

Greely, J. (1989, May 29). Alaska over the Barrels: The Spills and Spoils of Big Oil. The Nation, 248, 721.

Jasanoff, S. (2006) "Transparency in Public Science: Purposes, Reasons, Limits." Law and Contemporary Problems 69.3, 21.

Jacob Francis Tramp I A Senior Chugiak
Words: 733 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32531627
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Jacob Francis Tramp. I a senior Chugiak High School Eagle River, Alaska. I 1 older sister 1 younger sister boy family. I live mother father. I Eagle Scout. My project building flower boxes kindergartens.

Personal statement: University of Fairbanks

If I were to describe myself in one word it would be this: Alaskan. To me, the word 'Alaskan' sums up all of the positive traits of my character: the fact that I am outdoorsman, adventurous, and undaunted in the face of adversity. I am currently a senior at Chugiak High School in Eagle River, Alaska. My goal is to attend the University of Fairbanks and major in Construction Management.

Most of my extracurricular activities revolve around my passion for the outdoors. Becoming an Eagle Scout was one of the proudest moments of my life, the cumulating effort of a lifetime of scouting. To earn my status, I had to engage…

Against Drilling for Oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
Words: 718 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30662652
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Congress as well as those interested in both the energy industry and the preservation of wild areas in the United States have argued whether drilling sites in Alaska should be expanded. One area of debate has been the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in Alaska.

The Heritage Foundation has argued in favor of expanded drilling into the ANWR. They argue that much of Alaska remains untouched, with large areas of intact ecosystems on private land owned by the Alaska National Interest (Shanahan, 1995).

Those opposed to the expansion of oil drilling into this area say make multiple arguments: that Native American cultures, in particular the Inupiat Eskimos, will be negatively affected; that it is uneconomical to attempt to retrieve the oil contained in the disputed area, and that the ecosystems are important and would inevitably be harmed.

In the year 2000, The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service examined the cost…


Adams, Jacob. June, 1995. "Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Website of the Arctic Slope Regional Corporation. Accessed via the Internet 7/9/02.

Shanahan, John. Oct. 17, 1995. "Time to Permit Oil Drilling in the Arctic Refuge." The Heritage Foundation. Accessed via the Internet 7/9/02. 

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). Oct. 2000. "Potential impacts of proposed oil and gas development on the Arctic Refuge's coastal plain." Web page of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Accessed via the Internet 7/9/02.

Masters Program Application -- Counseling
Words: 566 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30534200
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Intended Social and Community Contribution in Academic Area

Segments of the population in Alaska are plagued by high rates of alcoholism and other substance abuse, which also correspond to high fetal alcohol spectrum disorder rates. General family discord, child abuse, acute depression, and suicide are also high within the Native population, especially. In my current vocational capacity, I have had extensive experience with alcoholism and substance abuse issues, as well as with the other problems common to my local community. It is my hope to use my training and my credentials to help support and advocate for effective counseling programs where they are most needed. Ultimately, I hope to establish a counseling practice and to help advance awareness and treatment opportunities for patients and their families.

Balancing Graduate School Work and other Commitments

As I referenced earlier, the single most significant factor behind my decision to enroll in the challenging…

Channel The Exxon Valdez Oil
Words: 718 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 10274151
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Exxon's position was that they were open and honest with the press, but the author's experiences instead show a company that will do anything to cover its' tracks and its' inadequacies. He notes, "The response to stricken animals was forced upon Exxon by the Department of the Interior and the public. Exxon's interest in tourism was also one of alleviating its own bad reputation; most of the 1,090 miles of oiled shoreline had been insufficiently treated" (Keeble 227). Exxon did what it had to do to look good to the public. As the author notes, they "threw money" toward the problem but had no real plan of attack or idea how they would actually clean the entire affected area. Exxon used its power and money to look good, rather than really fix the problem.

Perhaps the most frightening part of this book is the power that Exxon wielded over the…


Keeble, John. Out of the Channel: The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill in Prince William Sound. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1991.

Hiring Firing and Discrimination
Words: 880 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68461559
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Wards Cove Packing Company vs. Atonio, I do not feel the company hiring practices are discriminatory. When looking at the larger picture, one must realize there is more to running a company than mere canning and preparing salmon, the companies must function year round regardless of being salmon season or not.

It is unfortunate for the cannery workers to only be employed during summer months. However the employees are aware they are hired on a temporary basis. By being only temporary employees the company could indeed pay it's cannery employees more because they are only temporary.

It is very difficult being a Fishing and Gaming business because it is only seasonal. If salmon were in season year round the non-cannery employees would have full time, permanent employment.

If the cannery employees wish to "move up" within the company they must obtain qualifications. The companies themselves could offer to pay for…

March 1st 2003


Affirmative Action Fact sheet

Crime-Native Americans Crime Issues for
Words: 557 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19623737
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By contrast, other studies have revealed that 69% of those committing violent crimes against whites are also white, and that 81% of those committing violent crimes against African-Americans are also African-Americans (Violent pp).

In 2004, Thomas B. Heffelfinger, the United States Attorney for the state of Minnesota, called for a major overhaul of the criminal law enforcement system in Indian Country, calling it a "national shame" (Federal pp). Heffelfinger said statistics reveal that Native American Indians and Alaska Natives are the victims of violent crime more than the any other group in the country, and that includes every crime, child abuse, sexual assault, homicide, assault, etc. (Federal pp).

Heffelfinger complained that the current system of law enforcement "is taking the leaders of our national tribes, making them victims of crime and sending them to prison" (Federal pp). Heffelfinger, who chairs the Native American Issues sub-committee for the Department of Justice,…

Works Cited

Federal prosecutor seeks to change 'national shame.' April 19, 2004. Retrieved October 20, 2005 at 

Some crimes, arrests increase among Native Americans. October 18, 2005.

Retrieved October 20, 2005 at 

Violent Crime and Native Americans. February 16, 1999. Retrieved October 20, 2005 at

Alternatives for Organizational Growth Toll Brothers Inc
Words: 1178 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14059723
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Alternatives for Organizational Growth

Toll Brothers, Inc. is a market leader in the U.S. luxury building construction industry. For more than 40 years, Toll Brothers has performed well, even in economic downturns, expanding its geographic markets as the company grew and growth opportunities were presented. Furthermore, Toll Brothers' management has stated that the company intends to concentrate on continually expanding its niche market into additional areas. Meanwhile, six of the "Top 15" states for U.S. median income remain untouched by Toll Brothers and serious consideration of entry into those states should be considered.

Alternative Strategies

The alternative strategies that Toll Brothers should consider to realize growth are entry into the geographical markets of Maryland, Alaska, Hawaii, ashington, Colorado and Utah. Though Toll Brothers have captured 9 of the top 15 geographical markets in the U.S. per median household incomes, the company has made no forays into the remaining 6 states,…

Works Cited

Cooper, F.N. (2011, December 6). Toll brothers reports 4th qtr and FYE 2011 results. Retrieved from Web site: 

Funding Universe. (n.d.). Funding Universe. Retrieved from Funding Universe Web site:

Toll Brothers, Inc. (2011, November 9). Powerpoint presentation at UBS building and building products 9th annual CEO conference. Retrieved from Toll Brothers, Inc. Web site:

Toll Brothers, Inc. (n.d.). Frequently asked questions. Retrieved from Toll Brothers, Inc. Web site:

Family Discrimination Laws States Like Connecticut New
Words: 702 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49992341
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Family Discrimination Laws

States like Connecticut, New Jersey, and Alaska are taking the lead when it comes to passing laws protecting employees from discrimination based on family responsibility. These anti-family responsibilities discrimination (FD) laws are designed to protect workers, but whether they are a good idea is a matter of opinion. There are concerns that these laws may be abused, and that employers may end up bearing the brunt of missed days and dissatisfied customers because employees are missing too much work time to be with their families (Pynes, 2013). Personally, I do support the idea of anti-family responsibilities discrimination laws. I think that work is very important, but there should be a good work-life balance. Most people do not have that anymore, because they know they will likely risk being fired if they want or need to miss any work time to spend with their family. People should not…


Pynes, J.E.(2013). Human resources management for public and nonprofit organizations: A strategic approach (4th ed.). CA: Jossey-Bass.

Reeves, T.Z. (2006) Cases in public human resource management. NY: Thomson/Wadsworth.

Hensley and Mankiller
Words: 916 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19420408
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Fifty Miles Tomorrow, terms

After one becomes familiar with all of the relevant primary source autobiographies that exist for Wilma Mankiller, William Hensley, and Geronimo, it greatly appears that in terms of culture shock, Hensley had more in common with Mankiller than with Geronimo. There are a number of salient reasons as to why this assertion is true. The first of these pertains to the time period in which these individuals lived. Hensley and Mankiller were both born at the midway point of the 20th century. Geronimo, however, was born in the early part of the 19th century. Although Hensley was born in Alaska and Mankiller was born in the continental U.S., the two both lived through and experienced the same zeitgeist. The thoughts, actions and sentiments of the time period in which Geronimo was born, however, was much different than those factors as they applied to the other pair…


Hensley, W. (2008). 50 Miles from Tomorrow. 2008. New York: Sarah Crichton Books.

Drilling for Oil in the
Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61859089
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A petroleum geologist against drilling in the area writes, "For all practical purposes, the refuge is utterly pristine. It also encompasses an area 26 times larger than Yosemite National Park, almost nine times the size of Yellowstone" (Herndon). While few visitors seek out the Refuge, there are several small native villages in and around the area, and these Native Americans rely on the bounty of the Refuge for their continued survival. These Gwich'in people oppose drilling in the ANWR for a number of important reasons. They feel it will permanently damage the tender tundra, which is easily damaged and non-renewable once it has been damaged, and it could affect the Porcupine Elk herd, which migrates through the area, as well. Drilling could disrupt their traditional birthing and nursery grounds, which could cause them to migrate along a different route. Since the Gwich'in people rely on the caribou for sustenance, this…

Waiver Memo the Home and
Words: 593 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40775683
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The group has addressed numerous specific issues that have resulted in new or improved language in the newly instituted regulations. Additionally, the group suggested a revised certification period of six months for the new regulations. They reminded me that one size does not fit all. Like a new ship needs a "shake down cruise" to work out details, so does the waiver agency staff and the department as a whole. This period will allow us to introduce the human factor into the Waiver Program. This will allow some of the holistic providers of the indigenous peoples of the state to substitute specific professional experience for educational degrees, on a case-by-case basis. In this way, we can allow the input of indigenous practitioners into the bureaucratic process so that the services can be custom fitted to the clients in their community.

To sum up, I would like to thank the Governor's,…

Landforms Barrier Island Beaches Generally Develop Where
Words: 2371 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49396003
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Barrier island beaches generally develop where:

a The coast is composed of hard rock b the nearby land has a rugged topography of hills and mountains c the sea floor deepens rapidly offshore d The sea floor remains shallow for a long distance offshore

During storms in winter:

a There is a higher percentage of fine-grained sand on beaches

b More erosion occurs in bays than on headlands

c Beaches are eroded d Beaches are built up e Offshore sand bars are destroyed

Along the Midocean ridge

a earthquakes occur b sea floor spreading occurs c volcanism occurs d all the above occur

Where would you find examples of barrier island coasts?

a Oregon

b California

c British Columbia and Alaska

d Texas and the Gulf Coast

e Hawaii

Which of the following boundaries characterize the San Andreas Fault?

a Spreading

b Convergent

c Transform

d None of the…

Treadwell and Herzog's Grizzly Man
Words: 633 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49327247
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My own take on Treadwell and his 12 summers among the bears in Alaska is similar to Herzog’s. I feel that Treadwell on some fundamental level had sentimentalized nature and thought that he could be one with this brute force. In reality, he had to keep some measure of distance at least during the rougher times of years when the bears were less likely to be as non-interested in Treadwell as they were in the summer when food was plentiful. For a hungry bear, Treadwell is not a friend but a source of food. Unfortunately that is the reality.

The opening shot of Timothy talking to the camera and describing his manifesto displays his lack of maturity and his own ego. He is often grinning out his own perceived greatness and poeticism and he gets excited about his love for the bears and his feeling of kinship with them. It…

Battle of the Aleutians a Cold Wake Up Call
Words: 12983 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 45023850
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Termed "the forgotten battle," the Battle for the Aleutians represented the only instance during World War II when the Japanese occupied American soil and the campaign exacted a significant toll of American lives and treasure. The Aleutians became strategically significant during World War II for the Japanese as well as the United States, but the American preparations in anticipation of this attack were woefully inadequate. Despite a U.S. naval base was being established at Dutch Harbor in 1942, the Japanese bombed the base and later occupied Attu, Kiska, and Agattu islands. Although a U.S. counterattack from bases on Adak and Amchitka retook these islands in 1943, several thousand of American lives were lost in the process and many more were injured. The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive and critical analysis of the primary and secondary juried and scholarly literature concerning the Battle of the Aleutians to…


'Aleutian Islands,' 2012, The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.

'Battle of the Aleutian Islands,' (n..d). History. Retrieved online:  / battle-of-the-aleutian-islands.

Breslin, CB 1994, June 18, 'World War II in the Aleutians: The Fundamentals of a Joint

Campaign,' Newport, RI: Naval War College.

Home and Community-Based Waiver Services
Words: 3924 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65042012
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The majority of communities in Alaska are separated by vast distances and the distance from many communities to the nearest medical facility is equivalent to the distance from New York to Chicago (Indian Health Service Alaska Area Services, 2011).

A study funded by AOA examined issues affecting access to home- and community-based long-term-care services among AI/ANS. Study results indicated that home healthcare was one of the most frequently needed services among AI/ANS. Further, 88% of the services sometimes, rarely, or never met the need, and 36% of services were rarely to never available (Jervis, Jackson & Manson, 2002). Only twelve tribally operated nursing homes exist in the U.S., and these rely predominantly on funding from Medicaid and tribal subsidies. Many tribes would like to have nursing homes but are blocked by state certificate-of-need requirements, Medicaid licensing requirements, and lack of commercial financing. The lack of alternate medical resources, whether private…


Alaska Area Indian Health Service. (2011). Indian Health Service. Retrieved from http://www.

Goins, R.T. & Spencer, S.M. (2005). Public health issues among older American Indians and Alaska natives. Generations, 29(2), 30-33.

Indian Health Service Alaska area services. (2011). Indian Health Service. Retrieved from .

Business Ethics When the Truth Takes a
Words: 7788 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80178711
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Business Ethics

When the Truth Takes a Stretching Class

Maria Bailey clearly and blatantly misrepresented the size of her start-up business, but shrugged it off saying she knew what she was "capable of doing" and just wanted to show potential clients "what we were going to be," rather than tell them the truth about how fledgling her business actually was at that time.

Was it immoral for Mary Bailey to misrepresent her company?

Looking at the "consequential" side of her decision to fudge the truth about her company, moral decisions are made based upon what the consequences of the action will be. The results of her action actually could have several consequences. The one first and pivotal consequence Maria hopes will happen, of course, is that the fact of her deciding to embellish the truth about the size of her company will bring potential customers into her business start-up Web…


Australasian Business Intelligence. (2004, May 4). Guilty plea follows workplace death.

Bauman, Margaret. (2004). Alaska leads nation in workplace death rate, report says.

Alaska Journal of Commerce.

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. (1999). Improvements in workplace safety

Business Ethics -- Al Parrish
Words: 1843 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 43611499
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4. Conclusions

The contemporaneous society is extremely competitive and sometimes, even out of envy, people will accuse others of having engaged in immoral actions in order to have achieved their goals. This paper has striven to look at the career of one of the most respected Alaskan businessmen. Having started as a busboy, Al Parrish soon ascended the organizational ladder to high managerial positions. As he completed his professional formation, he felt it was time to give something back to the community and joined the managerial team at Providence Health System.

The analysis of Al Parrish' career reveals that high positions and business success can in fact be achieved without getting one's hands dirty and compromising their moral integrity. William J. Tobin at The Voice of Times says about the vice president and CEO of the Alaskan healthcare facility: "Al has always done a very good job in anything he…


Fritz, J., 2009, How Does a Nonprofit Differ from a Business?,  last accessed on June 2, 2009

Klein, R.A., 2002, Cruise Ship Blues: The Underside of the Cruise Ship Industry, New Society Publishers, ISBN 0865714622

July 18, 2004, Alaska's Top 25 Most Influential Business People: Al Parrish, Alaska Journal of Commerce

February 1, 2006, Alaska Business Junior Achievement Hall of Fame Laureate: Al Parrish: "great citizen of the city and of the state," Alaska Business Monthly

Communication Eskimos When We Think
Words: 2252 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 26812057
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This value plays a key role in the manner with which the Eskimos interact with each other as well as with other people. This value is taught very early in the life of every Eskimo. In the article published by Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada (2006), this value was explained as, "this belief causes Inuit to often feel a certain degree of discomfort when exercising authority over other Inuit, even if the position they hold necessitates such authority." It is said that Eskimos are not very likely to welcome someone who is trying to direct them and their actions. This value that the Eskimos uphold, plays a crucial role in the way employers act with their Eskimo employees.

The value of leadership is also important to Eskimos. However, leadership is on a different level among Eskimos. Unlike the usual leader who delegates tasks to people, for the Eskimos, the leader…


Eskimo. (2009). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 12, 2009, from Encyclopedia Britannica Online: 

Alaska: History, Geography, Population, and State Facts. (2007). In Infoplease 2000-2007 Pearson Education. Retrieved April 12, 2009, from Infoplease: 

Fienup-Riordan, a. (1990). Eskimo Essays: Yup'ik Lives and How We See Them. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.

Fitzhugh, W. (2004). Eskimo. Retrieved April 12, 2009, from

Native Peoples of the Aleutian Island Chain Specifically the Aleute Alutiiq
Words: 2861 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78213401
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Native Americans

The Aleutian Islands run from the Peninsula of Kamchatka in the Asiatic portion of Russia to Alaska. All the islands are bare and mountainous and the coasts rocky and surrounded by crashing waves and enormous breakers. (Larkin, unpaged) Some believe the Aleutians offer the worst weather in the world: eather fronts originating in the South Pacific create storms hundreds of miles long and many weeks in duration (Sipes, unpaged) that pick up the frigid moisture of the waters and air as they move northward. It would seem that anyone desirous of living there would need some overwhelming reasons to do so. The Russians and Scandinavians who first 'discovered' the area for non-natives, and later the Americans, did have good reasons to be there. As for the Aleuts and Alutiiq, an abundance of fish and sea mammals might have been the attraction if, as some theories surmise, they arrived…

Works Cited

Aleut International Association Web site. Retrieved May 10, 2004 at 

Aleutian Islands." Retrieved May 9, 2004 at

Crowell, L. Aron. "Maritime cultures of the Gulf of Alaska." Revista de Arqueologia Americana, July 1, 1999. Retrieved May 9, 2004 from

Diamond, Jared. "Speaking with a single tongue." Discover, February 1, 1993. Retrieved May 10, 2004 from

Managerial Recommendation for Auerbach Enterprises
Words: 830 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66986317
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Auerbach Enterprises is facing challenges in making decision regarding the best option for their overhead rates. Previously, the company was using "company-wide predetermined overhead rates." (Auerbach Enterprises, nd).However, the Auerbach management is considering using the departmental overhead rates starting by next year. Objective of this paper is to use a series of calculation to determine whether the departmental overhead rates accounting principles will be profitable for the company. The first calculation is to determine the departmental overhead rates for the company using machine hours method. The departments will divide the total overhead costs based on the ratio of hours consumed.

Computation of the Departmental overhead rates using the machine hour's method


Overhead costs

Machine Hour



adiator Part Fabrication



80,000 / 10,000

adiator Weld Assembly, and Test



100,000 / 20,000

Compressor parts fabrication



120,000 / 5,000

Compressor assembly & Test




Martin, J.R. (2010). Management Accounting: Concepts, Techniques & Controversial Issues. Accounting and Business Journals .

Kinney, M. Raiborn, C. (2008). Cost Accounting: Foundations and Evolutions. Cengage Learning.

Auerbach Enterprises (nd). CASE 3A -- Auerbach Enterprises.

Children's Health Insurance Plans Regardless
Words: 8370 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54570777
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" (National Conference of State Legislatures Forum for State Health Policy Leadership, 2007). However, regardless of state, the applicants have to meet certain qualifications. First, applicants have to be both uninsured and not eligible for Medicaid for other forms of state sponsored insurance. In addition, not all S-CHIP recipients have to be children; states can get waivers to use S-CHIP funds to cover adults. These other recipients are generally adults who are responsible for S-CHIP eligible children, and/or pregnant women. However, "at the end of 2005, four states had waivers to use SCHIP to cover childless adults, and nine states cover unborn children who will be eligible for SCHIP at birth as well as prenatal and childbirth services for the mother of the child." (National Conference of State Legislatures Forum for State Health Policy Leadership, 2007). The fact that states have chosen to do this reaffirms the concept that the…


DeNavas-Walt, C., B. Proctor, and J. Smith. (2007). Income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States: 2006. Washington: U.S. Census Bureau.

Dubay, L. (2007).

Making sense of recent estimates of eligible but uninsured children.

Retrieved January 28, 2008 from the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

History of Police in America
Words: 1579 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62939784
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history of the police department in America. The writer explores why the nation determined police departments were necessary and how they began their ascent to various cities.

Before one can understand the current police departments in America it is important for one to understand how the police came to be viewed as something that was needed. Police departments in America origins have been traced back to early English Society. Before the Norman Conquest there were no police forces that were formally administered and implemented. Instead society depended on something called the pledge system which entailed a type of code of honor. This code said that each village member pledged to protect the entire village against crimes such as thieves and murderers. If any member of the village saw something occurring they were honor bound to make such a fuss the rest of the village would be alerted. They as well…


Police History and Organization History of Police (Accessed 2-2-2003)

Vail AZ School District's Online
Words: 1659 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47989166
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To do this, the teacher needs to adopt a diverse, personalized teaching style and curriculum.

To accomplish this, a teacher's learning style must show respect for the students' individual and different learning styles, be responsive to students' different learning styles by utilizing different levels of tasks and activities, utilize a range of teaching strategies, and teach thinking skills that stretch across the curriculum. One of the most significant challenges that a teacher using a learning style centered approach to teaching is the growing pressure to "teach to the test." Teaching to the test refers to the practice of utilizing standardized test to assess the learning of students. Since such things as funding and raises are often tied directly to how well a student performs on the standardized test, many teachers and schools have adopted a curriculum that essentially teaches to the test, or in away that ensures high rates of…


Alaska Department of Education and Early Development: Mathematics and Science,  mathematicsandscienceinstructionalpracticestoreachallstudents, Retrieved 12/01/2007

EDAS 7776: Curriculum Design Qualifying Exam Notebook. (2006) Retrieved 12/01/2007.

Madeus, G.F., & Stufflebeam, D.L. (1989). Educational Evaluation: the Works of Ralph Tyler. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Press.

Prideaux, D. (2005). Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia. ABC of Learning and Teaching in Medicine: Curriculum Design, . Retrieved 12/01/2007.

Exxon Valdez the Oil Tanker
Words: 3207 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76050958
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Cousins issued right rudder commands to result in the desired course change and took the ship off autopilot. While such efforts did not result in turning swiftly Cousins ordered further right rudder with increasing urgency. The bumpy ride and six very sharp jolts occurred at 12:04 AM. The vessel grounded towards southwest balanced across its middle on a pinnacle of Bligh eef. Eight of the eleven oil tanks punctured flooding about 5.8 million gallons out of the tanker in the first three and quarter hours. The confessions at NTSB indicated that Cousins may have been awake and normally at work for up to 18 hours preceding the accident. There is the evidence of direct impact of fatigue on human performance error and recognized that about 80% or more of marine accidents are attributable to human error. (Details about the Accident)

The circumstantial factors like prolonged duty hours, poor working conditions,…


Details about the Accident" Retrieved at . Accessed 3 October, 2005

1989: Exxon Valdez creates oil slick disaster" (24 March, 1989) Retrieved at . Accessed 3 October, 2005

Exxon Valdez disaster: 15 years of lies" (24 March, 2004) Retrieved at  3 October, 2005

Keeble, John. "Out of the Channel: The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill in Prince William Sound"

Offenders Rights
Words: 780 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 73223674
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Treatment Programs for Sex Offenders

esults of studies are inconclusive as to how often convicted sex offenders re-offend once released from prison. A Canadian study suggested the number is as high as 88%. (Bialik, 2008) However, Wisconsin psychologist Dennis Doren states, "There is no research support for that view, period." (Bialik, 2008) Another widely publicized report indicates the rate of re-offense to be 52%. (Bialik, 2008) If even half of the convicted sex offenders are likely to commit a similar crime once released, the number is too high.

One way to reduce the number of repeat offenders is to mandate participation in a treatment program. Once an offender is convicted of a crime, their Constitutional rights should be suspended. They should lose the free will that they enjoyed as a free member of society. As such, they should be required to undergo treatment for sexual assault. It should not even…


Alaska Department of Corrections and Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Unit. (1996). Sex Offender Treatment Program: Initial Recidivism Study -- Executive Summary. Anchorage, AK: Offender Programs, Alaska Department of Corrections; and Alaska Justice Statistical Analysis Unit, Justice Center, University of Alaska Anchorage.

Bialik, Carl. (January 24, 2008). How Likely Are Sex Offenders to Repeat Their Crimes? Retrieved from 

Prentky, R. & Burgess, A.W. (1990). Rehabilitation of child molesters: A cost-benefit analysis. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 60, 108-117.

Separating North America Into Sub-Regions
Words: 1584 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97026106
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North America into Sub-Regions

By total area, the United States is the world's third largest country, with landscape that varies from temperate forestland and rolling hills on the East coast, mangrove in Florida, the Great Plains in the center of the country, the Mississippi and Missouri river system, the Great Lakes which are shared with Canada, the Rocky Mountains west of the plains, the deserts and temperate coastal zones west of the Rocky Mountains, the temperate rain forests in the Pacific Northwest, and the tundra of Alaska (United). Canada, the second largest country in the world, occupies the northern half of the North American continent, and is divided into six regions, the Pacific Coast, the Interior Plains, the Canadian Shield, the St. Lawrence Lowlands, the Appalachian Region, and the Arctic Lowlands (Geographic). The majority of the regions of both countries tend to correspond with one another. Aside from the South…

Work Cited

Canadian Shield. Retrieved November 05, 2005 from:

Exterior Form of North America. Retrieved November 05, 2005 from:

Mental Health Court Study the
Words: 2549 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 1040849
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Nonetheless, people who received some level of ACRP intervention had a lower rate of criminal recidivism than people who received no intervention at all.

System Flow

The study found that the case flow through the ACRP was a little slow. The amount of time between the Initial Opt-In Hearing and the Formal Opt-In Hearing averaged 74 days. While there are no hard and fast rules governing how long this process should take, the study found that that "the ACRP is performing rather well on the front-end of the admissions process (up to the initial opt-in stage) but that more could be done to work on the back end (time between the Initial Opt-In Hearing and the Formal Opt-In Hearing)."

Status Hearings

The study found that the incentives and sanctions used by ACRP judges to promote compliance at status hearings, though standardized, were not tailored to correspond to participant progress.



Outcomes from the Last Frontier: An Evaluation of the Anchorage Mental Health Court (Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority, Ferguson-Hornby-Zeller, 2008).

Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses: The Essential Elements of a Mental Health Court (Thompson, Osher, Tomasini-Joshi, 2008).

Mental Health Courts: Decriminalizing the Mentally Ill. (Irwin Law, Schneider-Hyman-Bloom, 2007).

Mental Health Courts. (Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science, Schneider, 2009).

Ghost Towns
Words: 3226 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30234978
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colorful period in America's remarkable early history is the gold rush era. In the late 1800's the discovery of gold triggered a flood of immigrants into the country, all intent on making their fortune. These miners shaped the early history of America, and created a great deal of the legend that surrounds the era of the "ild est." hile some of the legends of lawlessness and debauchery are clearly exaggerated, life in the mining towns of the gold rush era was clearly rough and ready.

This paper will examine life in the mining camps of the gold rush era. This will include a look at the people who made up the camps, the general atmosphere, as well as prostitution, gambling, general lawlessness, and the role of religion within the mining camps. The demise of the mining camps will be examined in the context of the development of the railroad and…

Works Cited

Arizona's Ghost Towns. 02 December 2003.

Baumgart, Don. Some Mining Camps Faded Others Grew To Be Cities. Nevada County Gold Online Magazine. 02 December 2003.

CmdrMark. Travels in the American Southwest. 02 December 2003. 

Koeppel, Elliot H. The California Gold Country: Highway 49 Revisited. Malakoff & Co.

Consumer Behavior the Transition of
Words: 2900 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 89603188
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Suppot fo global phones

Medium to High. Social events ae pevasive duing skiing season

Medium to High; on Tous thee is much planned out and taken cae of; a chance to enjoy the sites and visit histoic places

High fo shopaholics; boing fo anyone who doesn't enjoy this type of activity


Fom $2,000 to ove $10,000 pe peson

Less than $100 fo camping out in a tent to ove $2,000 fo a cabin ental

Fom $3,000 to ove $10,000 each depending on the package selected

$2,000 to $4,000 depending on the package selected

$650 to $1,000 fo high taffic aeas including London o Pais;

Fom $2,000 to ove $10,000 pe peson


A full week including flights up and back

Fom a weekend to ove a week

A minimum of a week o moe due to tavel

Fom one week to a month

Fom one week to a month…

references. The need for self-actualization, consistent with applicability of Maslow's Hierarchy of needs to the travel industry as studies previously have successfully done (Huang, Hsu, 2009) illustrate how powerful the need for self-actualization and peak experiences are in differentiating one travel experience form another. Segmentation of travel alternatives by the layer of the Maslow Hierarchy of Needs Model is critical for travel providers to be effective marketers and speak in terms their clients can understand and act on. The provider of Alaskan cruises would be wise to discuss how the cruise is a "trip of a lifetime to reward the decades of service to others" as the Asian women has most likely given huge blocks of her time and effort to her family and the family business. The self-actualization and "grand experience" of the Alaskan cruise is exceptionally successful as a marketing and messaging strategy that aligns to the Maslow Hierarchy of Needs Model, hence the very high participation rates on these events from senior citizens who are empty nesters.

Likewise the Maslow Model when applied to the university student and successful businessman has comparable analysis and results. For the university student the need is less on self-actualization, more on safety and psychological needs to challenging one's self against foreign countries and getting a glimpse into what traveling globally in freedom are. The university student may aspire for a self-actualized and exceptional experience, yet their focus the majority of the time will be on the development of their own self-confidence in tackling challenges of getting around and potentially staying in a foreign nation for a period of time. In studies that have applied the Maslow Hierarchy of Needs to travel programs and initiatives, insights have been gained into which demographic and psychographic groups have the greatest need for self-actualization, self-esteem, love & belonging & safety (Huang, Hsu, 2009).

While the Asian woman is clearly most interested in self-actualization and the sense of accomplishment and reward that comes from the cruise to Alaska, the students are looking for the esteem and confidence of being able to navigate through foreign nations. For the business man and the exotic diving trip to Thailand the need for esteem of conquering or mastering the specific region or waters of interest, combined with self-actualization of confronting uncertainty and risk underwater and still being able to see incredible sights, the businessman is unique in his mix of Maslow Needs Assessments. Yet for travel marketers to excel in their selection and marketing of travel destinations and experiences, these factors all must be taken into account and communicated with clarity and focus. This is in effect best practices in travel marketing today; the integrating of needs assessment of behavioral models including the Maslow Hierarchy of needs and the relative market positioning of travel experiences relative to potential clients.

The Herzberg Two Factor Theory that integrates Hygiene Factors and Motivators into the same model has also successfully been integrated into the travel industry's knowledge base of research (Chan, Baum, 2007). Specifically concentrating on how to most effectively satiate or satisfy travelers with the Hygiene Factors to meet minimum expectations of travelers has proven to be critically important in the development and fine-tuning of marketing messages. The aspirational values of the Motivators of the Herzberg Model are what the Asian woman and the businessman are looking for. Herzberg primarily completed research on

Organization Analysis Indian Health Service
Words: 1258 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 77714826
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These individuals will then be able to seek some aspects of care and reimbursement through these qualifying federal services, and allow the IHS to bill federal programs to offset its own billing costs and to ensure the elimination of redundancy. These programs supplement the provision of care for American Indians and Alaska Natives and reduce the funding burden on limited funds directed to the IHS. These federal programs, also assist those who qualify in receiving care in areas where IHS services are not traditionally located, off reservation and possibly even in urban and/or rural areas without IHS services and programs.

Stakeholders in the programs are of course the IHS itself, all those American Indians and Native Alaskans who are covered by its services or could be covered for services, and the 557 Indian Nations in the 35 states they are affiliated with. Secondary shareholders are all the supplemental federal agencies…


About IHS (2008) Retrieved December 5, 2008 

Coward, R.T., Davis, L.A., Gold, C.H., Smiciklas-Wright, H., Thorndyke, L.E., & Vondracek, F.W. (Eds.). (2006). Rural Women's Health: Mental, Behavioral, and Physical Issues. New York: Springer.

French, L.A. (2000). Addictions and Native Americans. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.

IHS homepage (2008) Retrieved December 5, 2008

Eskimos Are as Robert Marshall
Words: 1089 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84632632
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The Russian influence first made itself felt in the 1930s. The Eskimo language was quickly infiltrated by unadapted Russian loanwords, bilingualism developed and the transition to Russian began. The influx of loanwords has stopped the operation of the flexible derivational system of Eskimo. The schooling, working and living environment is prevalently Russian now. In the 1960s there was a growing number of mixed marriages between Russians and the Eskimo, so the contact with the Russian language has acquired a direct and personal character. Now, in order to save the Eskimo language from complete extinction close and personal contacts with this language are necessary.

hen it comes to their development, no matter where they live, the Eskimo are now much involved in the modern world. Not only have they wholeheartedly adopted much of its technology, but they also use imported food, clothing, and house forms; similarly, their educational, recreational, economic, religious,…

Works Cited

Greenberg, Joseph Harold. Indo-European and Its Closest Relatives: The Eurasiatic Language Family. Volume II: Lexicon. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002

Marshall, Robert. Arctic Village. The Literary Guild, 1933

Williams, Stephen Gu. In the Middle Qitinganituk Eskimo Today, Boston: 1983

Bowers Ridge & Shirshov Rise
Words: 1762 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53558396
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An article in the Saturday Evening Post relates the story of a scientific party in a whaling boat on the Bering Sea in the early 20th Century "witnessed an awesome sight when, with mighty roars, fire and smoke and exploded lava shot out of the water, casting ashes and pumice all over" (Hubbard, p. 10). and, Hubbard adds, "Not infrequently huge gas bubbles hurtle upward from the ocean bottom to burst with a roar and allow the separated waters to crash back into place, sending huge geysers into the air."

Conclusion: There is much to be learned about the formation, age, and tectonic truths of ancient seafloor ridges like Bowers and Shirshov, but in this writer's opinion, the evidence points to those ridges having been formed by volcanic activity (hotspots and spreading) but at this time they are likely subduction zones.

orks Cited

Hubbard, Bernard R. "The Disappearing Island." The…

Works Cited

Hubbard, Bernard R. "The Disappearing Island." The Saturday Evening Post. December 17, 1932. pp. 10-11, 50-52.

New Geology. "Shock Dynamics: Alaska." Retrieved May 4, 2008, at .

Scholl, David W. "Viewing the Tectonic Evolution of the Kamchatka-Aleutian (KAT)

Connection With an Alaska Crustal Extrusion Perspective." In Volcanism and Subduction:

Attracting and Retaining Quality Staff
Words: 2890 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Business Proposal Paper #: 2031523
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Other situations which makes the supply and demand situation in Alaska is the increased amount of time which is needed to certify the teachers as well as other difficulties in the certification procedures of the state. The state has a teacher placement program which is a not-for-profit clearinghouse for placing teachers across the whole state. This was setup by the University of Alaska, Fairbanks in the year 1997. This clearinghouse conducts the activity of recruitment of teachers as well as maintaining a job bank which is accessible on the internet LaBerge, 1999()

The state of Oklahoma, on the other hand, found that the rural districts need more early childhood development and elementary teachers. They also found that the rural districts have the greatest need for teachers. These rural districts account for two-thirds of the school districts in Oklahoma as well as about one-fifth of all the educators in the state.…


Bradley, a. (1998). Uneven distribution contributes to teacher shortages, study warns, Education Week.

Collins, T. (1999). Attracting and retaining teachers in rural areas. Charleston, WV: Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC).

LaBerge, M.E. (1999). 1998 statewide educator supply & demand report: State of Alaska. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska Teacher Placement.

Lowe, J.M. (2006). Rural Education: Attracting and Retaining Teachers in Small Schools. The Rural Educator, Winter (2006), 28-32.

Mackenzie Valley Region
Words: 4029 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 23682792
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Mackenzie Valley egion

The iver Mackenzie measures up to around one thousand, one hundred and twenty miles that is equivalent to almost eighteen hundred kilometers of length. It originates from Canada, more specifically the Great Slave Lake in Northwest Territories. It passes through a delta, which is at the northwest of the Arctic Ocean. It is called the Slave iver when it glows between the Lake Athabasca and the Great Slave Lake (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 2010).

The river system known as the Final Peace along with the Lake Athabasca connects with the Mackenzie. The "Finlay Peace Mackenzie system" which is the second biggest uninterrupted flow of river in North America measures up to four thousand and two hundred kilometers long. The biggest tributary directly meeting the Mackenzie is the Liard iver. Navigation is possible all the way from the Great Slave Lake to the Arctic Ocean only between the months…


Berger, Thomas R. (1977a). Northern Frontier Northern Homeland: The Report of the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry, vol. 1. Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada.

Berger, Thomas R. (1977b). Northern Frontier Northern Homeland: The Report of the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry, vol. 2. Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada.

Blake, Phillip. (1977). Statement to the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry, 9 July 1075. In Dene Nation: The Colony Within, ed. Mel Watkins, pp. 5-9. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Canadian Dimension. (2005). People, Petroleum, and Pipelines in the Mackenzie Valley: a Chronology. Vol. 39, Issue 2.

Capital Structure Decision and the Cost of Capital
Words: 1561 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: A-Level Coursework Paper #: 89101852
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Business -- Corporate Finance -- Capital Structure Decisions and the Cost of Capital

Based on the readings of the module and upon reviewing total debt/equity ratios, company betas, profitability ratios, company revenue, assets, and liabilities, and the nature of the operations of the companies, including the nature of their customers and products, what would you recommend to be the capital structure (total liabilities or debt and equity proportions) for each of the three companies?

a) eBay, Inc.

The nature of eBay's business is global online retail connecting more than 124 million buyers and sellers for the sale and purchase of more than 500 million items (eBay, Inc., 2013). As of September 30, 2013, measured in thousands, eBay's: total current assets are $23,476,000 (Yahoo! CA Finance, 2013); long-term assets are $40,067,000 (Yahoo! CA Finance, 2013); current liabilities are $12,028,000 (Yahoo! CA Finance, 2013); long-term liabilities are $17,300,000 (Yahoo! CA Finance, 2013);…


Alaska Air Group, Inc. (2013). Historical overview. Retrieved December 1, 2013 from Web site:

Damodaran, A. (2005). Finding the right financial mix: The capital structure decision. Retrieved December 1, 2013 from Web site: 

eBay, Inc. (2013). One company | ebay inc. Retrieved December 1, 2013 from Web site: 

Peavler, R. (2013). Debt and equity financing. Retrieved December 1, 2013 from Web site:

Coastal Forests and Woodlands
Words: 4073 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28600315
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Trees cover nothing less than one-third of the earth's surface, and it is estimated that around 3 trillion trees exist worldwide. Forests are found in different climates and locations, they exist in wet, dry, sweltering and bitterly climates. Each of these forests types have the natural peculiarities that allow them to develop in their respective climate (Motivans). Unfortunately, in the past few decades, there has been an enormous level of commercial activities that have subjected forests all over the world to a dire consequential threat with adverse felt by most of the woodlands around the world. Deforestation, road and building constructions form a major part of human threats on the woodlands. Adding to the human activities is the climate change, which has been very devastating on many of the species that inhabit these forests. The threats on their inhabitants are a direct danger of extinction to these woodlands, as what…

Arctic FOX National Geographic Online
Words: 3067 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94471525
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Like most other animals, the artic fox's cot changes to reflect the summer arctic habitat, becoming a brown or gray color that matches the summer environment (National Geographic, 2008). The photograph by Norbert Rosing (National Geographic, 2004), demonstrates the usefulness of the animal's camouflage: (Norbert Rosing, National Geographic, October, 2004, online at,2008).

The artic fox contributes to the balance of nature because its diet includes rodents, which have a tendency to multiply rapidly in any conditions; birds, and fish (National Geographic, 2008). However, rodents are more plentiful during the summer months in the artic. During the winter months, when its food sources are scarcer, the fox will be follow the trail of the polar bears, acting as a scavenger to the remains of the larger animal's kills (National Geographic, 2008). The arctic fox also eats some amounts of vegetation, usually vegetables (National Geographic, 2008).

The arctic fox is a…

Works Cited

The Fox in World Literature: Reflections on a "Fictional Animal." Asian Folklore Studies 65.2 (2006): 133+. Questia. 10 Feb. 2008  

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Public
Words: 1700 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 91843959
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Rawl confessed that it was "bad judgement involved in even putting a person with a critical skill back in that kind of work...It is pretty clear we have to tighten those things up" (Loeb pp).

hen asked what advice he had for other CEOs, Rawl stated that they had better prethink which way they are going to jump from a public affairs standpoint before they have any kind of a problem, and cautioned that they should always have a public affairs plan, no matter how hard it is to think in terms of disasters (Loeb pp).

orks Cited

Davis, Nancy Y. The Exxon Valdez oil spill, Alaska. Retrieved October 30, 2005 from

Details About the Accident. Retrieved October 30, 2005 at

Loeb, Marshall. (1989 May 08). In ten years you'll see 'nothing.' (interview with Exxon CEO Lawrence Rawl about the Valdez oil spill). Fortune. Retrieved October 30, 2005…

Works Cited

Davis, Nancy Y. The Exxon Valdez oil spill, Alaska. Retrieved October 30, 2005 from 

Details About the Accident. Retrieved October 30, 2005 at 

Loeb, Marshall. (1989 May 08). In ten years you'll see 'nothing.' (interview with Exxon CEO Lawrence Rawl about the Valdez oil spill). Fortune. Retrieved October 30, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.

Roth, Alan T. (2003 April 08). Managing Risk Issues vs. Managing Risk:

Environmental Risk Analysis Process
Words: 754 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86774057
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Environmental isk Analysis Process

Environmental isk Analysis (EA) is "a process for estimating the likelihood or probability of an adverse outcome or event due to pressures or changes in environmental conditions resulting from human activities" (Ministry of Environment, Land, and Parks, 2000). EA should be a scientific process, when that is possible. "In general terms, risk depends on the following factors: How much of a chemical is present in an environmental medium (e.g., soil, water, air), how much contact (exposure) a person or ecological receptor has with the contaminated environmental medium, and the inherent toxicity of the chemical" (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2012). All of these factors help the assessor determine the "potential adverse effects that human activities have on the living organisms that make up ecosystems. The risk assessment process provides a way to develop, organize and present scientific information so that it is relevant to environmental decisions"…


Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation. (2009, June). Ecological risk assessments.

Retrieved January 7, 2013 from Department of Environmental Conservation website: 

Ministry of Environment, Land, and Parks. (2000, July). Environmental risk assessment (ERA):

An approach for assessing and reporting environmental conditions. Retrieved January 7,

Judith Butler but What Does the Ball
Words: 1880 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6261406
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Judith Butler

But What Does the Ball Think?

We are all aware of power from our earliest moments that we are subject to multiple sources of power. Even before we have the word power at our disposal, even when we are among the population of speechless infants (and even when we once more join the legion of the speechless as we approach the embrace of death) we know that power buffets us. Judith Butler has considered the nature of power more deeply than most scholars, perhaps because as a scholar focused on the topic of gender she is constantly examining the ways in which force in its many forms enters every conversation, verbal or not. This essay uses one of Butler's essays to explore the dynamics of power, force, and identity as they are played out in the movie Wendy and Lucy and the ways in which power is and…

International Regulation of Tourism in Antarctica
Words: 19613 Length: 75 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4075753
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International egulation of Tourism in Antarctica

Since the mid-1980s, Antarctica has been an increasingly popular tourist destination, despite the relative danger of visiting the largest, least explored -- and arguably least understood -- continent on earth. Beginning with the 1959 treaty establishing Antarctica as an international zone free of claims of sovereignty by nation's that had been instrumental in establishing research stations there, there has been almost constant negotiation about how to administer regulations pertaining to the preservation of life forms on the continent, what those regulations should be, and what sanctions should be applied and by whom.

To understand the depths of the negotiations, and the potential for discord, it is necessary to understand what the continent offer the 65% of global nations that are party to the 1959 and all subsequent treaties. To understand the possible future of Antarctica, it is necessary to outline treaty attempts to minimize…


Antarctica. Siyabona Africa Web site. Retrieved September 28, 2004 at

Chile Web site. Retrieved September 17, 2004 at 

Australia urges regulation as tourism to Antarctica escalates. (2004, March 24) Agence France Presse English. Retrieved September 14, 2004 at .

Bulgaria in Antarctica. Retrieved September 15, 2004 at

Civilian Helicopter Accidents This Is
Words: 1511 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 15411658
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Either the pilot is poorly trained, overloaded with duties and unable to pay attention or the helicopter is poorly designed," said Rhett Flater, executive director of the American Helicopter Society International. "If you have two professionally trained pilots, both instrument-trained, on board the helicopter, the statistics have shown you dramatically increase the safety and decrease the chance of pilot error" (Peveto, 2009).

In addition, stringent safety and maintenance requirements must be met and these helicopters must meet and be maintained at the minimum federally recommended levels.


NTS 2. (2008, June). Accident report. Retrieved May 20, 2009, from

NTS 3. (2001, September). Accident report. Retrieved May 21, 2009, from

NTS 4. (2007, December). Accident report. Retrieved May 21, 2009, from

NTS. (2009, May). Accident report. Retrieved May 21, 2009, from

Peveto, K. (2009, January 10). International team plans to reduce helicopter 80%…


NTSB 2. (2008, June). Accident report. Retrieved May 20, 2009, from 

NTSB 3. (2001, September). Accident report. Retrieved May 21, 2009, from 

NTSB 4. (2007, December). Accident report. Retrieved May 21, 2009, from 

NTSB. (2009, May). Accident report. Retrieved May 21, 2009, from

Health of Native Americans the
Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94179257
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As to the availability of safe and clean water supplies, and safe waste disposal facilities, Native Peoples are again on the short end of the stick. About twelve percent of Native People do not have adequate supplies of fresh drinking water and dependable waste facilities while only one percent of the general American population do not have those needed facilities (Indian Health Services).

The U.S. Commission on Civil rights reports that the rates Native Americans are dying resulting from diabetes, alcoholism, suicide, unintentional injuries and other health conditions is "shocking" ( Going back to the arrival of the Europeans on the North American Continent, many diseases were brought to the Native Peoples which were "far more lethal than any weapon in the European arsenal" so anyone even preliminarily examining the health care history of Native Peoples can clearly see that this dilemma has been a plague for Indians ( The…

Works Cited

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Health of American Indian or Alaska Native Population. Retrieved April 14, 2009, from .

Indian Health Services. (2006). Facts on Indian Health Disparities. Retrieved April 14,

2009, from

United States Commission on Civil Rights. (2004). Broken Promises: Evaluating the Native American Health Care System. Retrieved April 15, 2009, from .

Inuktitut Inuit's Language in Modern Inuit Communities in Northern Canada
Words: 3303 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41276203
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Inuktitut in Modern Inuit Communities in Northern Canada

The role of language in identity construction of the Inuit in Nunavik (Quebec, Canada), which nourishes the evolution of their ethno-territorial movement in the eastern Canadian Arctic, had been around since the 1970s. This paper is an analysis of the legal-political context of the Quebec State then enables the detachment of the cornerstones of its policy speech in general, and finally those with respect to the indigenous population, in particular to the Inuit language.

There are eight major Inuit communities: those of the LABADO, the UNGAVA, and the BAFFIN, of Iglulik, the CAIBOU, of Netsilik and Copper as well as the Inuit of the Western Arctic (which replaced MACKENZIE INUIT). There are five main dialects Inuit in Canada Inuvialuktun, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut and inuttut grouped under a single language, Inuktitut or Inuktitut. (McGrath 2007) At the last census, 70% of Inuit said they…


Alia, Valerie (2009). Names and Nunavut: Culture and Identity in Arctic Canada. Berghahn Books. ISBN 9781845451653

Billson, Janet Mancini; Kyra Mancini (2007). Inuit women: their powerful spirit in a century of change. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9780742535961

Crandall, Richard C (2000). Inuit art: a history. McFarland. ISBN 0786407115

De Poncins, Gontran. Kabloona. St. Paul, MN: Graywolf Press, 1996 (originally 1941). ISBN 1-55597-249-7

Exxon Valdex Exxon Valdez Oil
Words: 1703 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 75801478
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It remains uncertain, therefore, that the Exxon Valdez spill was not, in fact, larger in scale and scope than the Horizon disaster.


The Horizon disaster, as it bears noting, helps to demonstrate how little has truly changed in two decades. Even as environmental concerns grow ever-more pressing, oil companies continue to act with relative impunity. The sheer profitability of the industry keeps it insulated from many of the safety and environmental terms that impact so many other industries. As the most precious finite commodity in the global economy, crude oil controls its own international orbit such that domestic environmental laws and safety regulatory standards may be easily bypassed. Indeed, as the Exxon Valdez events and the Horizon Deepwater events thereafter demonstrate unequivocally, only the occasionally catastrophic disaster serves to illuminate the constancy of irregular, illicit and illegal practices on the part of the oil industry as a whole.


Works Cited:

Bluemink, E. (2010). Size of Exxon spill Remains Disputed. Anchorage Daily News.

Cleveland, C. (2010). Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. The Encyclopedia of Earth.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (2011). Exxon Valdez.

ExxonMobil. (2010). The Valdez Oil Spill.