Albert Einstein Essays (Examples)

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Einstein the Quote Any Man Who Has

Words: 557 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80501265


The quote any man who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new, Albert Einstein captures the essence of why many services providers including those in the medical profession set for mediocrity over continually pushing themselves for excellence. The many errors in the healthcare services industry can be attributed to outmoded, often very expensive processes that have lost touch with patients' needs (Kumar, Steinebach, 444).

Analysis of the Quote

In a paradoxical sense, the more pressure on the healthcare industry to change in terms of quality of care, with the pressure equally applied across physicians to care providers and healthcare maintenance organizations (HMO) the greater the resistance to change (Kumar, Steinebach, 444). Mediocrity within the healthcare industry is actively protected as a result, making innovation and risk-taking for consumers seen not as a revenue or cost advantage, but a cost drain and risk to profitability (Wright, 205). The mistakes of physicians and doctors are tolerated because the healthcare industry knows that to fix the underlying processes causing the issues, the potential exists of profitability being adversely impacted.

(Haeusler, 13). Medical practice providers aren't making any mistakes, or very few, because they know if they try something new…… [Read More]


Sameer Kumar, and Marc Steinebach. "Eliminating U.S. hospital medical errors. " International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance 21.5 (2008): 444.

Haeusler, J.. "Medicine Needs Adaptive Leadership. " Physician Executive 36.2 (2010): 12-15.

Wright, D.. "Medical malpractice and physician liability under a negligence rule. " International Review of Law and Economics 31.3 (2011): 205.
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Einsrin's Dreams by Alan Lightman

Words: 793 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75458238

Einstein's Dreams

Alan Lightman's novel Einstein's Dreams presents various notions about time that apparently came to Albert Einstein in his dreams. Lightman calls his work a novel, although that characterization can be argued. Novels feature characters. Action takes place, usually through a sequence of events. Lightman's prose is more like thought than a story. He makes interesting and provocative declarations about the way things are. He poses questions of his readers, designed to make them think. Einstein's Dreams is a unique work of fiction and enjoyable to read, but it lacks all the elements that typically are found in novels.

People experience time differently. Older people often say that time passes more quickly the older one gets. Time seems to pass quickly when a person is having fun, and much more slowly when doing something unpleasant or tedious. One of the stories shows people living in the moment, while another shows them repeating their lives over and over. Both feel as though they have some truth in them. People often feel the most joyous when they are totally open to what they are experiencing at that moment, without getting weighed down by the past or worrying about the future. On…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Lightman, Alan P. Einstein's Dreams. New York: Vintage Contemporaries, 2004. E-book.
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Driving Mr Albert What Could

Words: 346 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50936950

Here is a journalist and an eccentric old man traveling west to California carrying, in the trunk, the brain of the man who opened the door to some of the most amazing scientific achievements of mankind -- space travel, the atomic bomb, electronics, an understanding of relativity -- including the fact that light has mass. The one flaw in the book: the author spends too much time sharing narrative about his personal life, which doesn't quite match with the flow of the story about Einstein, Harvey, the brain on board and the travel experiences while heading to California.

One interesting point revealed in the book is the fact that the FBI had investigated Einstein, thinking perhaps he was too left leaning. On the other hand, looking at the J. Edgar Hoover era, the FBI in hindsight is as well-known for paranoia as it was for catching the bad guys. The FBI's wrongheadedness notwithstanding, without a moment's equivocation, Einstein was the good guy, and Harvey, plus navigator Paterniti are just along for the…… [Read More]

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Modern Europe

Words: 1232 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67138395

Invisible Century: Einstein, Freud and the Search for Hidden Universes," Richard Panek argues that both Einstein and Freud cut across the barriers of science in their time and, through scrupulous observation not only did they produce a revolution in their respective fields of research but, most importantly, they prompted a "revolution in thought" by using as instruments of research not so much mathematical formulas, but more, the tool of imagination which conjures a new, different world for the XX st century.

The notion of the "invisible century" expresses just that. It is not necessary an era of invisible technologies, but one in which questions are answered by triggering flows of speculations based on information or facts which cannot be physically proven yet there is no doubt about their validity. The term "invisible century" points to a historical environment in which one can answer questions such as "what are dreams," "what is a beam of light," "where do we come from" with arguments which cannot be verified by practical means.

Solid contributions to defining the notion are those made by Charles Darwin, Sigmund Freud and Albert Einstein. They were not satisfied with proof acquired through classic means and started asking themselves…… [Read More]


1. Richard Panek. 2005. The Invisible Century: Einstein, Freud and the Search for Hidden Universes. Penguin.

2. Eric Hobsbawm. 1988. The age of capital 1845-1875. Random House Inc.

3. Buchwald, Diana Kormos. 2004. Into the unknown: the invisible century: Einstein, Freud and the search for hidden universes. Nature, August 5, section Books and Arts.

4. Kohn, Marek. 2005. Chalk and cheese. The Invisible Century: Einstein, Freud and the search for hidden universes by Richard Panek. New Statesman, March 21.
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Racial Prejudice the Creation and

Words: 1078 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74824027

One of the primary reasons that non-white minorities are so disproportionately affected by the reduction in federal aid for higher education expenses, and/or the availability of affordable programs and institutions, is that they have not had equal economic access, either. This is something else that Lui et al. note in their description of the development of American culture and society. A lack of education as well as a prejudiced belief in the abilities of minorities often relegates them into manual labor occupations, where potentials for earning and advancement are limited. This creates a perpetual cycle of poverty, or at least of lower-middle-class status (which can often be worse in terms of receiving aid for higher education) leading to a lack of education and advancement, which in turn reinforces the idea that education is not meant for minorities, which reduces funding, etc.

There have, of course, been many attempts to address this imbalance and the perpetuation of such prejudices in the country's policies and psyche. In "The Ideology of Colorblindness," Guinier and Torres examine the impact of an attempt to consciously manipulate individual perceptions as a way of eliminating racism. One of the essential problems with the concept of racial "colorblindness,"…… [Read More]

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Neuroplasticity Related to Buddhism What

Words: 1745 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85182835

' (Davidson; Lutz, 175) The target of such function is to better comprehend the manner varied circuits are combined during the meditation to generate the mental and behavioral variations which are indicated to prevail due to such experiences, incorporating the promotion of enhanced welfare. (Davidson; Lutz, 175)… [Read More]


Arnone, D; Schifano, F. Psychedelics in psychiatry. The British Journal of Psychiatry,

2006, vol. 188, no.3, pp: 88-89.

Aydin, K; Ucar, A; Oguz, K.K; Okur, O.O; Agayev, A; Unal, Z; Yilmaz, S; Ozturk, C.

Increased Gray Matter Density in the Parietal Cortex of Mathematicians: A Voxel-Based Morphometry Study. American Journal of Neuroradiology, November-December 2007, vol. 28, pp: 1859-1864.
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Ideals Which Have Lighted My

Words: 713 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54525138

Human history shows us that the ruling elite have always tried to set the economic, educational, and social systems up in their favor and I don't believe it to be any different even in today's modern times.

"Education is what survives when what has been learned has been forgotten." B.F. Skinner

Skinner's quote illustrates the unfortunate disconnect between what is learned and what is taught. There are many students who, when presented with a subject that is particularly interesting or motivating, actually learn about it. Skinner is saying that when people do not care about what they are learning about, and are no longer motivated to use the information, they forget it. But the fact that they were "educated" at one time or another never goes away. I agree with Mr. Skinner here because there are many examples of people who are not very intelligent who have gone to school in years past and acquired an education. These people have not really learned anything though, hey just have a piece of paper stating that they have an education. An education does not make someone smart. A person's willingness to us an educational opportunity to learn does.

"Being powerful is like…… [Read More]

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Music Appreciation Describe the Characteristics

Words: 4564 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10991504

In other words each music performance is different and the impulsiveness of each performance confirms the concept of indeterminate music.

6) Describe an Indonesian Gamelan. (Textbook p. 282-283)

It said that Debussy, when he heard the Indonesian ensemble called gamelan was surprisingly delighted at its diverse and delicate timbers, and decided to use the elements in the impressionistic sound which he was working at developing.

The gamelan, a distinctive Indonesian orchestra consisting mainly of percussion instruments, primarily metallophones (metal keys suspended over a bronze or wooden frame and struck with a mallet) gongs and drums. Accompanied by string and wind instruments for good effect is a widely respected theme. With drums regulating the tempo and rhythm, while a part of the instruments engage in playing melody, others add finesse and the gongs intervene methodically at phrase and section endings to notify the formal structures of a composition. The visually spectacular effects of this music from Java or Bali have attracted rave reviews from the Western World.

Between the Javanese and Balinese gamelan the latter is considered to be a richer and more satisfying experience. The gamelan music is known for the pairing of differently tuned but similar instruments, each tone…… [Read More]

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Media Artifact Proposal Introduction to

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91294325

Some of the topics addressed by Einstein in his writings include his views on government, education, human morality and social ethics. One of the most interesting areas addressed by Einstein is his personal beliefs about the existence of God and the merits of theistic religion in human society. Besides the fact that his intellect alone makes his philosophical beliefs (about almost anything of consequence) relevant, the fact that Einstein's scientific accomplishments imply certain conclusions in connection with the notion of a timeless God makes his writings especially relevant. In fact, any Internet search of the terms "Einstein" and "God" will reveal that much has been made by proponents of theistic religion of a statement of Einstein that "God doesn't play dice with the universe." Other Internet references suggest that Einstein once suggested that only a divine actor could ever have designed a structure as complex as the human eye.

Research Questions Driving this Inquiry

1. What did Albert Einstein believe about the existence of God?

2. What did Albert Einstein believe about religion as a source of morality in society?

3. What did Albert Einstein believe religion contributed to human social history?

4. What type of ethical or moral values…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Einstein, a. (1954). Ideas and Opinions. New York: Crown

Einstein, a. (1956). Out of My Later Years. New York: Citadel.

Einstein, a. (1979). The World as I See it. New York: Citadel.

Smith H.W. (1952). Man and His Gods. Boston: Little Brown & Co.
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Michelson-Morley Experiment of 1887 Was

Words: 1759 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30271984

The theory of relativity would go on to have tremendous impact on the modern world, from philosophical speculation and "relativity" to nuclear physics and the creation of the atom bomb.

In conclusion, the Michelson-Morley experiment, though repeated for nearly half a century later (and still replicated by students such as Rogers and Selvaggi), erased the idea of ether as a medium through which light waves traveled. Although their experiment provided no proof of the existence of ether, the conduction of the experiment was not viewed as a failure, but rather as a success -- for it opened the door to new postulations, and ultimately to Einstein's theory of special relativity. For his experiments, Michelson was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1907. Yet, unhappy with his own tests, Michelson would participate in more experiments in the future, particularly with Dayton Miller. Even though Miller's tests showed evidence of ether, his experiments have never been replicated with the same results -- and were dismissed by Einstein as mistaken.

Works… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Albert a. Michelson -- Biography." 2011. Web. 25 Mar 2011.

Lombardi, G.G. The Michelson-Morley Experiment. 2007. Web. 25 Mar 2011.

Michelson, Albert a. "The Relative Motion of the Earth and the Luminiferous Ether."

American Journal of Science. 122 (1881): 120. Web. 25 Mar 2011.
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Bleep Do We Know Traveling

Words: 3658 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38931531

In this interpretation Heitler accepts the modified Copenahgenist observer created reality, but adds that the act of observation dissolves the barrier between observer and the observed. The observer is a necessary part of the whole. Once observed, the object is now an inseparable part of the observer (Bleuler). Arntz addresses this bridge between the observer, the observer, and reality by asking "why aren't we magicians?"; indeed, if we create our reality and can change our reality simply through the act of how we perceive it, and how we choose to perceive it, we should be able shape our world and our place in our world. In Arntz' way, he is offering to the reader what so many self-help gurus have done -- put responsibility for one's reality in the hands of the person living that particular reality, and saying, 'here you go, you can change it.' Empowering, yes….but is it 'real'? Now, that is a rabbit hole.

The fourth quantum reality interpretation was developed by Hugh Everett at Princeton in 1957. His reality is called the 'many worlds interpretation' (Albert and Loewer). This interpretation is very popular and used in many science fiction novels and movies. In Everett's reality, every…… [Read More]


Albert, David and Barry Loewer. "Interpreting the Many Worlds Interpretation." Synthese (2004): 195-213.

Arntz, William, Betsy Chasse and Mark Vicente. What the Bleep Do We Know. Deerfield Beach: Health Communications, Inc., 2005.

Bey, Hakim. "Quantum Mechanics & Chaos Theory: Anarchist Meditations on N. Herbert's Quantum Reality: Beyond the New Physics." 2010. Hakim Bey and Ontological Anarchy. 27 March 2010 < >.

Bleuler, K., Heitler, W. "The Reversal of Time and the Quantization of the Longitudinal Field in Quantum Electrodynamics." Progress of Theoretical Physics (1950): 600-605.
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Harvard MBA Management Statement Personal

Words: 1409 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82170037

Therefore, many of those whose homes are most at risk are victims of their need to live beyond their realistic financial means, mainly for the sake of living up to a social image and impressing their neighbors.

In principle, the issue pointed out by Einstein applies equally to "overly ambitious" first home buyers in the half-million dollar range as to Wall Street debt traders for whom that same amount represents the price of water craft more than primary residences. Obviously, the comparison was not something completely foreign to me before, but the words of Einstein impressed the idea on me in a more meaningful way nevertheless, especially in combination with some of his other observations, such as:

The aim (of education) must be the training of independently acting and thinking individuals who, however, can see in the service to the community their highest life achievement.... Never regard your study as a duty, but as the enviable opportunity to learn to know the liberating influence of beauty in the realm of the spirit for your own personal joy and to the profit of the community to which your later work belongs."

To be sure, the idea of devoting one's life to…… [Read More]


Crown (1982) Albert Einstein: Ideas and Opinions
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Faith as a Basis of Knowledge in

Words: 1412 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9289599

Faith as a Basis of Knowledge in Religion and Natural Science

The relationship between faith / religion and science has through history stirred a debate that has taken on philosophical, scientific and theological aspects. Are the two compatible? Are they at totally opposite ends of the spectrum of life and the universe? This paper analyses the strengths and weaknesses of faith as a basis of knowledge in religion and natural science.

The Literature on Faith as a Basis of Knowledge in Religion and Science

The Harvard University publication The Friend (circa, 1871) posed some pertinent issues for readers regarding faith and science, issues that are just as relevant today as they were 141 years ago. For example, author William Evans, a minister with the Society of Friends (Quakers), explains that in the 1870s scientists were questioning the value of religious belief, and "…aiming to modify the theology and character" of the Christian church (Evans, 1870, p. 95). These questions "awakened…a tone of doubt and disbelief" that has produced "wide-spread unsettlement and uneasiness respecting religious belief," Evans writes. This resulted in a "…feverish spasm running through" Christian denominations, and causing church members to "break loose" from their faith (Evans, 95).

One…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Durbin, William A. (2003). Negotiating the Boundaries of Science and Religion: The

Conversion of Allan Sandage. Zygon, 38(1), 71-84.

Einstein, Albert. (1940). Person God Concept Causes Science-Religion Conflict. Science News Letter, 38(12), 181-182.

Evans, William. (18701). Journal of the Life and Religions Services / The Friend, Volume 44.
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Gravity Is the Force Responsible

Words: 1497 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38066673

Newton explained that apples fell from trees by virtue of the same universal attractive natural force that caused the planets to orbit the skies.

In his 1687 book, Philosopiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Newton presented complex mathematical formulae that described the observed orbits of the known planets fairly accurately. Newton also provided an explanation for why the attractive force of gravity did not cause the planets to fall in on themselves the way the apple falls to the ground. Since all the planets and stars in the universe exerted mutually attractive force and because there were an infinite number of planets distributed uniformly throughout the universe, there was no "center" of the universe and the planets and stars are all pulled in many directions, all of which, in effect, cancel out their tendency to fall together (Hawking, 1991).

Galileo Galilei:

Almost eighty years earlier, in 1609, Galileo Galilei invented the world's first optical telescope and began carefully observing the planets in the solar system. Galileo noticed immediately that like earth, the planet Jupiter also seemed to have moons orbiting it, which directly conflicted with the traditional belief that all objects in the solar system orbited the earth in the explanation supported…… [Read More]


Feynman, R. (1995). Six Easy Pieces. New York: Helix.

Goldsmith, D. (1997). The Ultimate Einstein. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Hawking, S. (2001). The Universe in a Nutshell. New York: Bantam.

Hawking, S. (2002). The Theory of Everything: The Origin and Fate of the Universe. Beverly Hills, CA: New Millennium Press.
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Manhattan Project

Words: 3708 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47798352

Manhattan Project was one of the most documented events in American and World History. The discussion will provide an explanation of the Manhattan Project and how the project changed society forever. The purpose of this essay is to provide a historiographic discussion on the topic of the Manhattan project.

The Manhattan Project Summary

According to a book entitled The Manhattan Project and published by the Department of Energy, Albert Einstein was actually quite instrumental in the development of the Manhattan Project. According to the book Einstein wrote a now famous letter explaining to President Roosevelt advances in science related to chain reactions through the use of Uranium. Einstein asserted that this new scientific discovery could lead to the development of bombs that would be extremely powerful and destructive.

In the letter, Einstein also revealed to the president that Germany was already attempting to build bombs involving this new scientific discovery. Roosevelt was concerned and in 1939 he approved uranium research believing that America could not take the risk of permitting Hitler to develop such a weapon without America also attempting to develop such a weapon. Roosevelt's approval of uranium research marked the beginning of the Manhattan Project.

Basically the Manhattan…… [Read More]

Vincent C. Jones Manhattan: The Army and the Atomic Bomb. Reviews in American History, Vol. 15, No. 4 (Dec., 1987), pp. 680-685

Robert Serber, Richard Rhodes. The Los Alamos Primer: The First Lectures on how to Build an Atomic Bomb Contributor Richard Rhodes Edition: illustrated, annotated Published by University of California Press, 1992

Bernstein, Barton J. Reconsidering the Atomic General: Leslie Groves. The Journal of Military History, Vol.67, No. 3 (Jul.,2003), pp. 883-920
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Religious Philosophy the Nature of

Words: 1321 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55055997

.. The actual universe, with all its good and evil, exists on the basis of God's will and receives its meaning from His purpose. However, these two conclusions do not stand in simple contradiction, to one another. The one says that evil is bad, harmful, destructive, fearful and to be fought against as a matter of ultimate life and death. But the other does not deny this. It does not say that evil is not fearful and threatening, inimical to all good and to be absolutely resisted. It says that God has ordained a world which contains evil- real evil- as a means to the creation of the infinite good of a Kingdom of Heaven within which His creatures will have come as perfected persons to love and serve Him through a process in which their own free insight and response have been an essential element."

(Hick, 1978)

Arthur Schopenhauer, Bertrand Russell (and others) have pointed out that most of the world is much more cruel than "beautiful" and that the incalculable amount of suffering inherent in Nature is absolutely pointless, and, more importantly, that a truly omnipotent God would never choose any method for accomplishing good that required any…… [Read More]


Bowker, John. The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions.

New York: Oxford, 1997

Einstein, Albert. Ideas and Opinions.

New York: Crown, 1954
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Language Arts

Words: 1287 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84498426

Language Arts

There is a trend among some colleges and universities recently to cut back or eliminate their humanities major and courses, which includes language arts as well as history and philosophy. This has created a controversy over the importance of these areas of learning. It is not that the decision to include language arts in education is new. Appreciation of such learning stems back to the earliest humans. Among the earliest pieces of prehistoric sculpture is from 30,0000-25,000 BCE. The woman, who had exaggerated female parts, is believed to be a fertility symbol perhaps carried by a male hunter/gatherer as a reminder of his mate back home. Many here have heard of or seen the paintings on the caves in France from 15,000 to 13,000 BCE. Early humans struggled to survive against natural forces, animals, and one another. One of the most essential ways of survival was to pass down knowledge acquired from culture and education from one generation to the next

As is well-known, Ancient Greece and Rome emphasized the classics that have been a part of learning for over two millennia. Studia humanitatis, or the study of humanities, began in the Middle Ages and consisted of all…… [Read More]


Atwell, Nancie. In the Middle: New Understandings About Reading,

Writing, and Learning. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook Publishers,

Inc., 1998.

Burke, Jim. The English Teacher's Companion: A Complete Guide to Classroom,
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Physical Science

Words: 1521 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13112041

Physical Science

Elemental Isotopes and Allotropes

The 19th century discovery of the periodic table of the elements by Dmitri Mendeleev gave an organizing principle to understanding the structure of the atom, and deriving atomic weight. On the periodic table, the lighter elements have atomic weights which correspond to whole numbers. Hydrogen has an atomic weight of 1, which corresponds to the idea that it has only one proton (and the weight of an electron is statistically insignificant in this measurement). But moving further along the periodic table, it became clear that the numbers eventually became less predictable. In the 19th century Dalton had suggested further atomic weights were simply multiples of hydrogen, which to a certain degree matched the available evidence.

But it was the discovery of the neutron in 1932 that actually yielded the correct answer. Rutherford had hypothesized the existence of an extra particle in the nucleus that did not bear a charge, but that bore the equivalent weight of a proton, terming it the "neutron," in 1920. Chlorine's atomic weight on the periodic table is given as 35.45, which seems to disprove Dalton's hypothesis, as this could not be construed as an even multiple of the weight…… [Read More]

Works cited

Blundell, Stephen. Superconductivity. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. Print.

Chown, Marcus. The Quantum Zoo. Washington: Joseph Henry, 2006. Print.

Mortimer, Robert G. Physical Chemistry. Third Edition. Amsterdam and Boston: Elsevier Academic Press, 2008. Print.

Polkinghorne, John. Quantum Theory. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print.
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Education - NCLB Policy Education

Words: 1917 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91552577

Gardner, like Emerson, Russell, and Einstein, also criticizes the substantive choice of subject matter and the ineficiency with which traditional educational methods inspire genuine understanding or long-term retention of what is learned that way.

I think that we teach way too many subjects and we cover way too much material and the end result is that students have a very superficial knowledge, as we often say, a mile wide and an inch deep. Then once they leave school, almost everything's been forgotten. And I think that school needs to change to have a few priorities and to really go into those priorities very deeply." (Gardner 3007)

Similarly, Gardner (2007) emphasizes the importance of transforming the educational environment from the accumulative approach of traditional education and the NCLB approach to one that mirrors the suggestions of Emerson, Russel, and Einstein:

we need to have the individuals who are involved in education, primarily teachers and administrators, believe in this, really want to do it, and get the kind of help that they need in order to be able to switch, so to speak, from a teacher- centered, let's-stuff-it-into-the-kid's-mind kind of education to one where the preparation is behind the scenes and the…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY Einstein, a. (1936) on Education (From Ideas and Opinions.) New York: Crown Emerson, R.W., (1884) on Education (From a World of Ideas). Friere, P. (1972) the Banking Concept of Education (From a World of Ideas)

Gardner, H. (2000) the Disciplined Mind: Beyond Facts and Standardized Tests: The K-12 Education That Every Child Deserves.

New York: Penguin Putnam.

Gardner, H. (2007): Multiple Intelligences and New Forms of Assessment. Edutopia: What Works in Public Education the George Lucas Educational Foundation. Retrieved June 30, at

Russell, B. (1926) the Functions of a Teacher (From the Basic Writings of Bertrand Russell. London: Routledge.
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Teacher With Respect to Social

Words: 627 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91157571

During the First World War, the European powers (particularly in Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire) succeeded in glorifying nationalism and manipulating young minds toward self-sacrifice for nationalistic ideals. A short two decades later Germany again demonstrated even more convincingly how powerful a role educators play in shaping young minds. The Nazi phenomenon that absorbed German society in the decade preceding the outbreak of World War Two provides an even more dramatic and horrible illustration of both the power of educators and the reason that this power comes with a profound ethical responsibility (Einstein, 1954; Einstein in Rooney, 2006; Russell, 1961).

Ethical Considerations

The sheer power of the role of teachers in influencing young minds gives rise to a set of tremendous ethical responsibilities. Among the most important is respect for the boundaries between personal beliefs of the teacher and the autonomous rights of parents to determine what ideas they wish to instill in their children. Nevertheless, those rights are not absolute and the teacher also has a responsibility to society and to the best objective interests of children that trumps even the autonomous rights of their parents. For example, a teacher has an ethical responsibility to address a situation where…… [Read More]


Einstein, a. (1954). Ideas and Opinions. New York: Crown

Feldman, N. (2005). Divided by God: America's Church and State Problem and What

We Should Do about it. New York: Farrar, Straus, & Giroux.

Mooney, C. (2005). The Republican War on Science. New York: Basic Books.
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Inductive and Inventive Science

Words: 899 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69326111

ability to measure and track the results from any scientific experiment is extremely important to both the validity and truthfulness of the work. Scientists often have problems in certain sciences due to the scope of their investigation. As a result of these mismatches, indirect avenues of approach become necessary to measure and grasp the items of inquiry.

In physics, the atomic theory is based upon indirect measurements. The neutron, proton and electron are merely ideas that have been modeled due to the technology that is available to scientists. An electron has never been physically produced and only its characteristics have been noticed. This is an important distinction, because too often scientists take many of these long standing practices for granted and have assumed the presence of these particles, when there is compelling evidence there is not. Jessa (2009) reminded us that "This understanding the atom helped to fuel many other discoveries such as the fundamental forces and Einstein's theory of relativity. It is especially is important when one goes into Quantum physics a discipline that looks at physics at the atomic and subatomic levels."

Unfortunately the result is building more theory on top of more theory without actual inductive experiment.…… [Read More]


Jessa, T. (2009). John Dalton's Atomic Model. Universe Today, 24 Aug 2009. Retrieved from 

Keyes, J. (1946). Newton The Man. JOC/EFR 2006. Retrieved from

NASA (nd). What is a Spacesuit? Viewed 27 April 2014. Retrieved from

Weinstein, G. (2012). Albert Einstein's Methodology. Cornell University, 24 Sep 2012. Retrieved from
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Elusive Theory of Everything the

Words: 598 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42901217

Interestingly enough, though, what is it that is so aesthetically pleasing that we want there to be a single theory of everything -- why does everything need to be explained in one fell swoop? This idea of a Theory of Everything is becoming more philiosophical than scientific. Aristotle and Plato were unsuccesful in their attempt to make a theory work, and Hawking said, in A Brief History of Time, that even if we had a Theory of Everything, it would necessarily be a large set of equations. "What is it that breathes fire into the equations and makes a universe for them to describe?"(Hawking in Fletcher, 2008, 196).

Now, though, Hawking has revised his views. In the new book, The Grand Design, Hawking and Mlodinow (Caltech physicist) argue that it is a set of equations that will, indeed, tie theories together, but that a final theory may never have a unique set of equations. While a network of mathematical connections links strong theory into one huge, overachieving, and quite robust theory (the M-Theory), philosophers might argue that it is network and relationship, much like the human neural network, that actually constitues the theory (Hawking and Mlodinow, 2010).


Fletcher, A.…… [Read More]


Fletcher, A. (2008). Life, the Universe and Everything: Investigating God and the New Physics. Denver, CO: Lulu Publishers.

Hawking and Mlodinow. (2010, September 27). The Elusive Theory of Everything. Retrieved October 2010, from Scientific American:

Hawking and Mlodinow. (2010). The Grand Design. New York: Bantam.

Pais, A. (1982). Subtle is the Lord.... The Science and Life of Albert Einstein. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Anthrax as a Disease Anthrax

Words: 1529 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92020165

In conclusion, although the anthrax bacterium is relatively low on the list of possible contaminants, future research on this potentially fatal disease should continue, particularly when considering the ever-growing threat from terrorist actions and the possibility that as the world population increases, the presence of the anthrax bacterium will also increase, due to the growth of farming, land clearing and many agricultural activities aimed at increasing the world's food supply through planting in soils already containing Bacillus cereus, not to mention the possibility of this and other types of the anthrax bacterium mutating into unknown strains which could create pandemic outbreaks.… [Read More]


"Anthrax." CDC. Internet. 2008. Retrieved November 9, 2009 from

"Anthrax." World Health Organization. Internet. 2009. Retrieved November 9, 2009


"Einstein Scientists Move Closer to a Safer Anthrax Vaccine." Science News. Internet. September 4, 2009. Retrieved November 9, 2009 from
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Mental Rotation of Objects and

Words: 880 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58475510

However, the concept that the shapes depict actually occurs in three dimensions. In two dimensions, the smaller sphere spirals into the depression formed by the larger very quickly; in three dimensions, the planets fall toward one another without spiraling together except over billions of years (Feynman, 1995).

Even more astonishing than having visualized gravity independently, Einstein visualized traveling along on a beam of light in four dimensions that also included the dimension of time, which allowed Einstein to deduce fundamental properties of space, time, and their interaction for the first time in human history. Nearly a century later, what began as visual "thought experiments" in one man's mind continue to be monumentally important in modern science and human history and affairs on earth and beyond earth.

Applications of Three-Dimensional Rotation in Chemistry and Biology:

The ability to mentally visualize three-dimensional shapes and their movement is also applicable in chemistry and biological sciences (Atkins, 1995). Specifically, the age of electron microscopes revealed that whereas atomic motion is a function of quantum mechanics, molecular motion is largely a function the three-dimensional geometry of molecular shape (Atkins, 1995). In that regard, the molecular bonding processes exhibit relationships that are equally intuitive (such as…… [Read More]


Atkins, P. (1995). The Periodic Kingdom: A Journey into the land of the Chemical

Elements. New York: Basic Books.

Feynman, R. (1995). Six Easy Pieces: Essentials of Physics Explained by Its Most

Brilliant Teacher. New York: Addison Wesley.
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Chomsky the Linguist Noam Chomsky

Words: 3517 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52359588

It is however as if the United States government was looking for needy terrorists to supply with arms. When Turkey's need was met, Colombia became the leading recipient of arms from the United States. This country is well-known for being an atrocious human rights violator, especially during the 1990s. Chomsky's premise that the United States government is essentially terrorist in nature does not appear to be far from realistic.

Indeed, according to interviews conducted with Chomsky by Barsamian (2001), Chomsky elaborates on the more subtle practices perpetrated by the U.S. government in order to coerce its public into obedience. The Reagan administration for example put barriers in place in order to boost the U.S. industry rather than providing its citizens with the best possible products available. Thus, overseas dealers were barred to the point of impossibility while the public funds were put to use in order to keep the local industry alive (Barsamian 17).

Chomsky accuses the American education system of producing automatons from curious and creative children (Barsamian 19). Schooling in the United States then is designed to provide a mold according to which children are taught to behave, stop thinking and remain out of trouble. This produces an…… [Read More]


Barsamian, David. Propaganda and the Pubic Mind Conversations with Noam Chomsky. South End Press, 2001.

Barsamian, David. "The United States is a Leading Terrorist State: Interview with Noam Chomsky." In the Monthly Review, Volume 53, Number 6, November 2001.

Chomsky, Noam. 9-11. Seven Stories Press, 2001.

Chomsky, Noam. Deterring Democracy. Verso, 1991.
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Geniuses History Will Never Even Be Aware

Words: 2692 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74847366

geniuses, history will never even be aware that most people even lived at all, much less that their lives had any real purpose, meaning or worth. All ideas of human equality and natural rights are just pious little myths and fables, since only a handful will ever have the talent and intelligence to be recognized as standing out from the anonymous masses. This world is a very cruel and Darwinian place in which only a handful achieve success and recognition, at least by the material and monetary standards that the capitalist system values so highly. In short, the majority of people who ever lived have simple been drones and worker bees, and if they have any talents or worth, few will ever notice them outside of their narrow little spheres of existence. Many people may have certain natural talents but make little effort to develop them, and through bad luck or circumstance end up believing their lives have been wasted. Ideally, those with the highest level of talent who put forth the greatest effort will achieve the most success in life, but it does not always work out that way. People who are born with few talents and put little…… [Read More]


Boss, Judith. Perspective on Ethics, Second Edition. McGraw-Hill, 2002

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP).
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Glass's Integration of Evolutionary Theory and the Christian Faith

Words: 2400 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4104841

" (Glass, 2013, p. 44)

In an interview with Bruce Glass, Peter Enns (2013) reports that Glass stated the following of his work "Since I am agnostic I have no personal stake in Christianity's concordance with the findings of science. I have no reason to contort either of them to make them compatible. So hopefully, readers of all persuasions can conclude that the book provides an impartial analysis of the, often underappreciated, intellectual depth of the Christian faith as it is aligned with the natural world that we see around us." (p.1) Glass states that he addresses many of the "theological implications of evolution, including apparently "random" events occurring within a world under God's sovereignty, the idea of a "fallen world" with humans evolving as a population, and how evolution does not preclude the possibility of a higher order of moral reasoning that results from a direct, spiritual connection to a living God. Included is a discussion of how the paths to spiritual knowledge and scientific knowledge are so very different, and yet, these two kinds of enlightenment can result in fully compatible layers of understanding our world." (Enns, 2013, p. 1)

Enns asks Glass in the interview whether Glass…… [Read More]


Enns, P. (2013) Exploring Evolution and Christian with an Agnostic. Patheos. 7 Feb 2013. Retrieved from: 

Glass, B. (2012) Exploring Faith and Reason: The Reconciliation of Christianity and Biological Evolution. Retrieved from:

Pitinatto, K. (2014) Religion and/or Science? Winter 2014

Pittinato, K. (2014) Faith After Darwin. Winter 2014.
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Origins Discussion of Three Major

Words: 1862 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23770541

It should also be noted that the idea do the Big Bang is also included to some degree into the other two theories.

What makes the two theories based of string theory so compelling is that they are multidimensional and provide a more appropriate and fitting understanding of the universe. Another aspect is that many critics have stated is that the Big Bang theory does not answer the vital question of what occurred or existed prior to the Big Bang. Theories such as the Ekpyrotic Theory tend to provide us with a better understanding of the universe as it may have existed before the Big Bang.

4. Conclusion

In conclusion, an answer to the question, what are the origins of the universe has not been as yet conclusively reached by modern science, What modern science has realized is that a simplistic and logical explanation for the origins of the universe will not suffice to fully explain the great mystery and wonder that we feel when considering this question. Therefore, the more complex and intricate theories such as string theory have been used to suggest alternatives to the rather mechanistic Big Bang theory. It is also worth considering that many thinkers…… [Read More]


God, Genesis and the big bang: The Origin of the Universe. Retrieved August 23,

2009, from

Origin of the Universe Theories. Retrieved August 23, 2009, from

Scientific Origins of the Universe. Retrieved August 23, 2009, from
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Immigration Good for the Country

Words: 1598 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5749261

Some of these people not only gave United States a claim to fame, but they also protected Americans through national security and scientific achievements.

Thus, immigration is, ultimately, beneficial to the United States. While some have recently taken the other side of the debate, it can be seen that the benefits of immigration clearly outweigh to consequences. Immigration impacts the United States greatly in the area of diversity, which allows the country to from better domestic and international relations, seeking peace. Immigration also impacts the United States economy in a positive way through creating a larger workforce and a larger consumer base, while also providing more workers who pay into the social security system. In addition, the United States would be pained without the immigrants who have made it the place it is today, whether they were unskilled workers helping to boost the profits of a farm or Albert Einstein warning of an atomic bomb. Immigration is not only beneficial to the United States, then, it is necessary.

Works… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Famous American Immigrants." Immigration Updates. n.d. 12 April 2009.

Grbic, Douglas. "Social and Cultural Meanings of Tolerance: Immigration,

Incorporation, and Identity in Aotearoa New Zealand" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal Convention Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Aug 11, 2006 <
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Excites You About Math Science and

Words: 335 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67681528

At Cosmos, I would be able to propose my own hypothetical scientific questions and to use my abilities to explore and research new answers, rather than simply be a receptor of knowledge. I would also get a better understanding of what life is like for scientists, researchers, and engineers, by receiving the guidance of professionals in shaping my final project.

One of the most exciting aspects of Cosmos is that at the end of the session, I will be able to share my findings with my home community. I know that some people my age regard science as dull, but I hope that I will be able to take my enthusiasm and knowledge and show how science can be creative, practical, and empower individuals with greater knowledge of their physical environment, and improve the quality of human…… [Read More]

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Liberal Eduation for the Poor

Words: 1701 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13872646

If one has been "trained" in the ways of poverty, left no opportunity to do other than react to his or her environment, what is needed is a beginning, not repetition. The humanities teach us to think reflectively, to begin, to deal with the new as it occurs to us, to dare. If the multi-generational poor are to make the leap out of poverty, it will require a new kind of thinking -- reflection. And that is a beginning. (O'connell, 2000)

It appears that all students, regardless of class or background, need the foundation of the humanities. There is a tendency with the increase of technology to put more of an emphasis on math and sciences than the arts and humanities. For students to be well rounded, there needs to be a balance of the two.… [Read More]


Edmundson, M. (1997). On the uses of a liberal education: as lite entertainment for bored college students. Harpers. 9:39-50

O'Connell, K. (2000) Social transformation through the humanities: an interview with Earl Shorris. Massachussetts Foundation for the humanities. Retrieved September 14, 2007

Shorris, E (1997). As a weapon in the hands of the restless poor." Harpers. 9:50-60
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Mental Processes and Creativity Intelligence

Words: 1134 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45330517

Essentially, this is the ability to form mental images, sensation or concepts in a way that is not specifically tied to sight, hearing or other senses. It is about taking experience and knowledge and making sense of the world through learning and evocation of new thoughts, mental pictures, or perceptions of the world -- whether individual or shared (Byrne, 2005).

Inspiration- Inspiration is a constant search for bursts of creativity and may be found through the influences of others (speakers, leaders, etc.) or through one's own mental abilities. Depending on the paradigm used, inspiration is seen as either being divinely inspired or through unique processes that allow for a change in the usual mode of thinking or operation.

Five Forces Influence- In combination with the four creative styles, we also have five forces that influence these models of thinking and operation: education, training, influence from others, rewards and incentives, and personal experience. These five forces combine in unique and individual ways that allow each individual to expand the creative process in additional ways. As education, experience and training expand, for instance, new and innovative ways of solving issues become more apparent; as they do based on the influence of others…… [Read More]


Byrne, R. (2005). The Rational Imagination. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

DeVol, R. And Wong, P. (January 2010). Jobs for America. Milken Institute. Cited in:

Garlick, D. (2010). Intelligence and the Brain. Burbank, CA: Aesop Press.

Malone-Cline, J. (October 16, 2009). Mental Process. KnowEverything. Cited in:
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International Rescue Committee Is a

Words: 1904 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16008088

On the other hand, the International Rescue Committee focuses on promoting human rights as one of the core of every innovative programs carried out by the organization. This major focus on human rights through the restoration of safety, hope and dignity to millions of refugees is one of the major relations of this organization with the ISCOR major at San Diego University.

Finally, the third major relation of the organization with the ISCOR major is that it serves as an opportunity where graduates of the program can apply their knowledge in helping IRC to accomplish its mission. This is largely due to the fact that students completing the major are prepared for careers that relate to international security and conflict resolution. Since the International Rescue Committee hits the ground in places with conflicts across the globe, graduates of this program can be used to help provide a way from harm to home. Moreover, the International Rescue Committee can also utilize the graduates in initiating measures for resolving conflicts. The resolution of such conflicts enables IRC to have an environment within which people can be assisted to rebuild their lives and be involved in life-changing programs.


The International Rescue Committee…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Graubart, Jonathan. "Program Information." San Diego State University: International Security and Conflict Resolution. San Diego State University, 27 Oct. 2010. Web. 15 May 2011. < >.

"History of the International Rescue Committee." International Rescue Committee: From Harm to Home. International Rescue Committee. Web. 15 May 2011. .

"International Rescue Committee." Action Without Borders, Jan. 2011. Web. 15 May 2011. .

"International Security and Conflict Resolution." San Diego State University: SDSU 2011-2012 Catalog. San Diego State University. Web. 15 May 2011. .
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Critical Thinking in the Aftermath of 9 11

Words: 1479 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83127852

Critical Thinking for Homeland Security

The capacity of a government to protect its citizens pivots on the ability of its leaders and high-placed specialists to think critically. Few times in history point so clearly to this principle than the 9/11 disaster. In 1941, the same year that the attack on Pearl Harbor occurred, Edward M. Glaser published a book titled, An Experiment in the Development of Critical Thinking. Glaser's practice of psychiatry was remarkable in that he dispensed with the Freudian deep dive into past events, pushing his patients to deal with problem solving in the present -- a critical thinking practice he called reality therapy. Many of Glaser's tenets were adopted by other disciplines because of their universal utility and association with positive results. Glaser defined critical thinking as, "A persistent effort to examine any belief or supposed form of knowledge in the light of the evidence that supports or refutes it and the further conclusions to which it tends." The gem in this quotation is: "the further conclusions to which it tends." This is the nexus at which facts, intuition, and imagination meet -- and sometimes collide.

A Failure of Imagination

In the final report of the National…… [Read More]


Albert Einstein. Brainy Quotes. Retrieved from 

Chow, D. (2011, January 25). Space Shuttle Challenger disaster FAQ: What went wrong? Retrieved from

Eichorn, R. (2012). Developing thinking skills: Critical thinking at the Army Management Staff College. Fort Belvoir, VA: Strategic Systems Department. [Webpage, last modified: 4 2012 January.] Retreived from

Glaser, E.M. (1941). An experiment in the development of critical thinking. New York, Bureau of Publications, Teachers College, Columbia University.
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Analyzing Module 3 & 4 Spe

Words: 950 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77962810

interaction between the caregiver and the child with regard to the development of communication. The awareness and receptiveness of the caregiver together with particular communicative language conducts have a positive and constructive influence on the level of communication between the two. The foundations of communication development are attained right from the minute the child is given birth. The taking of turns that occurs between the mother and the infant, referred to as a "dance" comes about from the very strong emotive base. In particular, this is from the response of the mother to the baby's behaviour, but more significantly when the mother attains an intuition regarding the baby's moods, responses, intents and also feelings.

One of the most significant aspects of early intervention with any child is that it helps not only the caregiver, but also the family members and other significant members to be able to integrate particular patterns of communication and behaviours into their day-to-day routines and interactions with the child. Of course, it is imperative to note that the distinctive communicative behaviors to be employed will be reliant and contingent on the nature of the kid's disability as well as the level of development together with the…… [Read More]


Albert Einstein College of Medicine. (2012). Baby and Toddler Milestones, Dr. Lisa Shulman. YouTube. Retrieved 18 April 2016 from:

Chen, D. (2008). Early Intervention in Action Working Across Disciplines to Support Infants with Multiple Disabilities and Their Families. Paul H. Brooks Publishing.

SpecialQuest Birth-Five. (2009). SpecialQuest Christopher's Story. YouTube. Retrieved 18 April 2016 from:
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Discussing Survey Results and Plan

Words: 703 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20634664

business plan will help determine effective ways to improve recently reported HCAHPS scores for the organization as a whole. The detailed plan and report shows how educational challenges or delays may play a part in influencing low HCAHPS scores. Shared accountability along with an effective presentation will allow the board to see not only what causes HCAHPS low scores, but how the organization can avoid such low scores. Educational dynamics within any given population may potentially influence the higher occurrence of HCAHPS scores. Educational delays that stem from developmental issues like mental illness or chronic disease and educational delays brought on by financial hardship will be discussed. The strategic plan will also incorporate ideas of shared accountability between personnel, payers, patients, and medical providers.

Educational Delays

Educational delays can exist for several reasons. The most commonly interpreted are physical and mental delays. People with mental health issues like depression and anxiety are less prone to do things that involve tedious effort. For example, taking surveys may be harder to do versus watching a video. These kinds of people may not feel any motivation to take part in anything, especially answering questions and putting information down like is commonly done in…… [Read More]

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Pojman's View on Merit According

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32448491

A man's ethical behavior should be based effectually on sympathy, education and social ties, and needs. No religious basis is necessary."

Einstein, 1954 [emphasis supplied]

Alternate Suggested Application of Pojman's Thesis

From many ethical perspectives, the implications of Pojman's analysis with respect to punishment (i.e. "just deserts"), is more problematic than his suggestions about rewarding positive human behavior at the other end of the spectrum. In fact, there is no reason that Pojman's entire thesis need be discarded just to purify it of its most problematic implications. For example, the following description of a human community would resolve many of the most serious ethical criticisms of Pojman's approach while still allowing some of his more beneficial aspects of his merit-and-just deserts-based analysis: The envisioned society would de-emphasize penal law to the extent it is designed for the purpose of retributive punishment of wrongdoers. On the other hand, it would sanction punitive confinement as necessary to protect potential victims and it would sanction any form of compensatory mechanisms and obligations on wrongdoers to make their victims whole.

There would appear to be much more merit, as it were, to Pojman's argument with respect to the justification of promoting correspondence between the…… [Read More]


Einstein, A. (1954). Ideas and Opinions. New York: Crown.

Pojman, L. "Merit: Why Do We Value It?" Journal of Social Philosophy, Vol. 30, No. 1;

(1999): 83-102.
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Education Policy -- Social Forces

Words: 726 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 214461

More recently, the student (and parent) demonstrations against desegregation in several southern American states after the Brown V. Board of Education decision in 1954 demonstrated how much students absorb perception and form fundamental beliefs by social learning.

That is not to say that social learning should not occur within the realm of education; in fact, it is inevitable and unavoidable that it would. The issue is that education systems must be insulated from the undue influence of specific beliefs and philosophies. The purpose of modern education must be provide students with the best possible opportunities to explore their interests and abilities and to become productive members of society in the way that best matches those interests. Because one of the most important goals of modern education is (or should be) to encourage intellectual independence and objectivity, educators have an ethical responsibility to refrain from injecting any personal beliefs or perspectives that might conceivably interfere with the appropriate focus on promoting intellectual freedom among students.

Typical examples of contemporary problems in the U.S. In that respect would include efforts to promote specific religious beliefs through changes in curricula and educational materials, most notably by the state of Texas. Likewise, educators in…… [Read More]

Sources Consulted

Einstein, A. (1955). Ideas and Opinions. New York: Crown Publishing.

Feldman, N. (2005). Divided by God: America's Church and State Problem and What

We Should Do about It. New York: Farrar, Straus, & Giroux.

Mooney, C. (2005). The Republican War on Science. New York: Basic Books.
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Ayn Rand A Woman Objectified

Words: 1157 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68936827

Thereafter, she published her own work and lectured on the Objectivist moral ethic to which she often referred to as "a philosophy for living on earth" based on rational self-interest and the balance between the needs of the individual and moral principles based on a commitment to objective situational perception and analysis (Merrill, 1998).

In principle, Objectivism maintains that self-interest or rational egoism is a valid perspective but that the individual's perceptions must always be guided by an objective

(vs. subjectively biased) understanding of one's rights and obligations with respect to others and to society. While the main purpose of life according to Rand is self-

fulfillment, it is rational objectivity that both distinguishes appropriate from inappropriate moral actions and that establishes the role of the individual in society. Like other moral philosophers of her time, including the infamous physicist Albert Einstein and the philosopher and historian Bertrand Russell, Rand suggested that while the individual's primary obligation was to seek his own happiness, a moral imperative precluded exploiting other to achieve personal goals (Merril, 1998; Peikhoff, 1993).

Similarly, Rand shared the belief of Einstein and Russell that the most fulfilling life is that which focuses on benefiting other members of…… [Read More]


Branden, B. (1987). The Passion of Ayn Rand. New York: Anchor Books.

Merrill, R. (1998). The Ideas of Ayn Rand. London: Open Court.

Peikoff, L. (1993). Objectivism: The Philosophy of Ayn Rand. New York: Plume.

Rand, A. (1964). The Value of Selfishness. New York: Signet.
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Sociology - Work Work in

Words: 1436 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76159534

Meanwhile, it is the high-earning but consumption-oriented under accumulators of wealth (UAWs) who patronize luxury car dealerships, high-end country clubs, and so- called "high fashion" clothing manufacturers. In this regard, one of the most powerful influences motivating such irresponsible consumption is the concentration of media attention on relatively few wealthy celebrities whose model of ostentatious consumption is simply not representative of the habits of most Americans with equally high net worth (Stanley & Danko 1996).

Whereas many PAWs earn substantially less than some of their UAW counterparts, they invest a substantial portion of their salaries into long-term stable investments that translate into a secure financial future. Conversely, the typical UAW, many of whom are so-called "successful professionals" earning very high salaries, increases spending to match any increase in income. As a result of continually "trading up" to the most expensive car, home, and clothing they can afford at any given time and income level, the high-earning but fast-spending UAWs actually find themselves in the identical position of the working poor, in that they live paycheck to meet their monthly expenses with nothing left over for long-term future financial security (Stanley & Danko 1996).

To a large degree, the motivation of…… [Read More]


Branden, N. (1985) Honoring the Self: The Psychology of Confidence and Respect. New York: Bantam

Einstein, a. (1954) Ideas and Opinions. New York: Crown

Lowenstein, R. (2007) Subprime Time: How Did Home Ownership Become So Rickety? New York Times Magazine; Sept. 2/07

Mills, C. (1953) White Collar: The American Middle Class. New York: Oxford University Press.
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Sociology - Reality the Subjective

Words: 1201 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25169483

Individuals who never come into contact with other societies may live their entire lives without the slightest idea that other societies exist, much less that other social norms and practices besides the ones to which they are accustomed as their reality are possible.

This element of human reality is also responsible for some of the worst recorded human behavior. On one hand, certain parts of human moral thinking is inherent as a natural part of us (Kluger 2007). On the other hand, so much of human morality is determined by subjective social constructs, that practically anything is acceptable to us, even to those of us who are inherently inclined to be good people.

History has shown many times that if the social construct within a given society presents cannibalism, or slavery, or the sacrifice of virgins to volcanoes, or even the systematic mechanized mass-murder of millions as acceptable, few individuals will have the capacity to consider those norms objectively, or from outside of the social constructs of their society. In that regard, the eminent 20th century scientist and Nobel Prize winner Albert Einstein made the following eloquent observation in a 1946 essay about American Slavery and the 20th century racial…… [Read More]

REFERENCES GAO (2008) the Constitution of the United States of America.

Einstein, a. (1956) Out of My Later Yeas. Secaucus:: Citadel

Gerrig, R., Zimbardo, P. (2005) Psychology and Life 17th Edition. Boston: Allyn & Bacon

Henslin, J.M. (2002) Essential of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. Boston: Allyn and Bacon Kluger, J. What Makes Us Moral?; Time Magazine (Nov. 20/07)

Macionis, J.J. (2002) Sociology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall
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Capable of Expressing With Equanimity Opinions Which

Words: 687 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88460492

capable of expressing with equanimity opinions which differ from the prejudices of their social environment. Most people are even incapable of forming such opinions. Albert Einstein

Culture is often defined as a way of life that evolves and is developed over time, shared by a group of people, and permeated by the nature of the group that uses it to organize, educate, and assign behavior. While there are different cultural formations, subgroups, schisms, etc., humans seem innately attracted to belonging to a group and allowing that group to mold their views and behaviors. Within these cultural groups, one of the predominant characteristics is organizational communication. Organizations are established to perpetuate the culture -- unfortunately, that also means at times it perpetuates mediocrity.

A huge part of our life is devoted to this organizational communication -- we use the informal systems to belong all the time and they have a rather structured, but hierarchical way of organizing our behavior. We learn what to say, what to think, what to wear, how to act from an early age. It is not always completely overt, either -- subtle signals of acceptance or rejection abound, and certainly once we are old enough to understand…… [Read More]

While Einstein was referring to the manner in which cultural prejudice impacted many individual's feelings about agnosticism and atheism, the core message is one of critical thinking -- or the lack thereof. Critical thinking is not something one can find by purchasing a book or a course; it is a process and approach to life. It is a way of looking at information, taking that information, processing it, and being able to bring past knowledge, other materials, and synthesize that information so that one either comes up with something new, or is able to discern more analytically the messages being said or views.

The basic aspect is simple -- the application difficult. One must thinking about the source material (ideas, etc.) and analyzes to decide on its relevance and truth. For example, just because something is posted on the Internet is it true; the same being if it is published in a book. One must read and think about the sources of the material. A critical thinker also uses other senses to establish their opinion of the stimuli, be that visual, audible, or even body-language (in the case of speech, etc.). Using critical thinking to process information requires that you not only analyze the source material "critically," but that you think about the opinions and views being presented. Certainly, it is not as easy to read, write, and process critically, one has to think about what one says, how one says it, and whether the arguments are made to buttress the argument, but the idea of critical thinking is a great stimulation to one's own brain and learning. To this writer, this is what Einstein wished for -- that society would not blindly believe just because they saw it in a picture, on television, or read it somewhere. It is far too easy to manipulate pictures, events, scenes (what is there and what is not), and evens statistics to blindly believe without some level of verification. Only partially humorously, one is reminded of a famous drawing by American humorist and satirist Gary Larson:

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William James Psychology

Words: 3544 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77909095

William James was a prominent psychologist and philosopher in the early 20th century. Presently, James' work is outdated, but only in the sense that Galileo's or Darwin's work is outdated. Both Darwin and Galileo were originators in their respective fields. Their work served as a basis for many incredible discoveries and innovations in the modern world. The work of James, too, serves as a foundation for modern science. He is one of the founders of what we currently call psychology and philosophy today ("Significance and Influence," 2002).

James was the originator of "pragmatism," and this new school of philosophical thought was so useful, that it even resonated in the works of such prominent early physicists as Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr. These men depended upon, "a world of events connected with one another by kinds of next-to-next relations, a world various, manifold, changeful, originating in chance, perpetuated by habits... And transformed by breaks, spontaneities, and freedoms" ("Significance and Influence," 2002). This world is a world that was first described by James in his works on pragmatism. In his famous novel entitled Pragmatism, James claims that the pragmatic method attempts "to interpret each notion by tracing its respective practical consequences" (p.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Du Bois, W. (1999). The Souls of Black Folk. New York: W.W. Norton & Company,


Filreis, A. (1995). Gertrude Stein - brief biography. Retrieved May 12th, 2002, from English Department of the University of Pennsylvania:
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Broken Down to the Question

Words: 2349 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89504785

This can occur without any human intervention. Therefore the issue of permanence becomes incomprehensible to man, regardless of science and logic (or perhaps because of it). As such, we cannot legitimately claim that any object or form is "real" because in order to be truly real, it was have to be explicable. Thus in Phaedrus, Socrates asserts:

"I must dare to speak the truth, when truth is my theme. There abides the very being with which true knowledge is concerned; the colourless, formless, intangible essence, visible only to mind, the pilot of the soul. The divine intelligence, being nurtured upon mind and pure knowledge, and the intelligence of every soul which is capable of receiving the food proper to it, rejoices at beholding reality, and once more gazing upon truth, is replenished and made glad, until the revolution of the worlds brings her round again to the same place."

In Plato's view, in order for something to be truly real, it must also act as a permanent and enduring fixture over time. He considered reality to be more deeply connected to the final state of being, rather than the process which perpetuates that state. However the "enduring fixture" component is…… [Read More]


Alston, William and Brandt, Richard, the Problems of Philosophy: Introductory Readings, Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 3rd ed., 1978

Descartes, Rene, Meditations I. available online

Foley, R. (2001) Intellectual trust in oneself and others, Cambridge University Press

Kant, Immanuel [1785]. transl. By James W. Ellington, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals 3rd ed.. Hackett, 1993