Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
Einstein also had a unique way of viewing the universe. He did not see open space as empty space. He wrote, "Physical objects are not in space, but these objects are spatially extended (as fields). In this way the concept 'empty space' loses its meaning" (Einstein qtd. On Space and Motion). He thought the physical reality of space was simply a representation of different coordinates of space and time.
Part of Einstein's radical thinking was the notion that distance and time are not absolute. He could look at the clock and sense that the rate of that ticking clock depended on the "motion of the observer of that clock" (Lightman). In addition to this, Einstein's ideas posited that gravity pulling one object in one direction is equal to a force accelerating in the opposite direction. Lightman helps us understand this notion with the image of an "elevator accelerating upwards feels…
Albert Einstein." American Museum of Natural Science Online. Information Retrieved September 20, 2008. http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/einstein/legacy/index.php
Albert Einstein." Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 2008. The McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology Online Information. Retrieved September 20, 2008. http://www.accessscience.com
Albert Einstein." Space and Motion Online. Information Retrieved September 20, 2008. http://www.spaceandmotion.com/Physics-Albert-Einstein-Theory-Relativity.htm
Albert Einstein." The History Channel Online. History Channel Online. Information Retrieved September 20, 2008. http://www.histroy.com
Albert Einstein, a famously mediocre student, once commented that "It is little short of a miracle that modern methods of instruction have not completely strangled the holy curiosity of inquiry." Many educational theorists and gifted teachers have taken this to heart, and endeavored to create learning environments that reflect innovations that are both intuitive and ingenious. Unfortunately, we often see these same innovations stifled at the High School level. hereas the elementary grades have always seen as a test market for innovation and have lead to such new methodologies as multimedia education, the use of role play, and a team approach to the comprehension of new subject matter, the High School environment is seen as a sacred cow where entrenched methodologies are not to be tampered with. From a sociological perspective, High Schools serve to propel a community's best students to the University level where they will ultimately develop professional…
Bornstein, Marc H., and Jerome S. Bruner, eds. Interaction in Human Development. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1989. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=28548171
Brumbaugh, Douglas K., Jerry L. Ashe, and David Rock. Teaching Secondary Mathematics. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=77004099
De Corte, Erik. "Fostering Cognitive Growth: a Perspective from Research on Mathematics Learning and Instruction." Educational Psychologist 30.1 (1995): 37-46. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=96243216
Today, being a celebrity is more than just about being larger than life. Celebrities today begrudgingly accept the fact that their lives are going to be turned upside down because of their celebrity. They'll be hounded by paparazzi, their children won't have any privacy, crazed fans will hunt down their homes and hotel rooms, and they'll have very little solitude or peace in their lives. It is doubtful that Einstein would have enjoyed or encouraged that kind of celebrity. As it was, there are many who said he didn't appreciate the limelight, and that he would have rather gone through life unrecognized. Others maintain his persona was deceptively simple for a reason. Another writer notes, "He cultivated this image of affable genius by dressing shabbily, proclaiming his passions for sail-boats and violins, and producing pithy aphorisms -- his deceptively throw-away remark that 'God is subtle but not malicious' is now…
Barrow, John. "Einstein as Icon." Plus Magazine. 2005. http://plus.maths.org/issue37/features/Einstein/index.html
Editors. "Albert Einstein - Biography." The Nobel Foundation. 2008. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1921/einstein-bio.html
Fara, Patricia. "The Maestro of Time: Patricia Fara Marks Two Significant Einstein Anniversaries and Points out Some Contradictions in the Reputation of This Great Scientific Hero," History Today, April 2005.
Jerome, Fred, and Rodger Taylor. Einstein on Race and Racism. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2005.
As we can see, there are any number of techniques and combination of techniques to improve memory recall.
Memory is important to the function and quality of our daily lives. Improving our understanding of how it works, and our capacity to remember things is one way to relieve life pressures.
Proactively improving memory recall helps thwart the aging process that works to facilitate diseases like dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Keeping yourself mentally alert means keeping your mind actively processing the information that it has received over time. Reading, writing, drawing, painting and even viewing films and documentaries are all ways to keep an active processing of information going on in your mind.
When you get stuck with a point or a piece of information that you need, elaboration, that process of asking yourself questions about the point: what, who, where, when, how, why will serve to jog the…
The Manhattan Project: In 1939, the Army Corps of Engineers established the Manhattan Project at Los
Alamos, New Mexico, Oak idge, Tennessee, and ichland, Washington. Under the direction of physicist obert J. Oppenheimer, the three research facilities initiated a coordinated accelerated research into purifying natural Uranium238 into weapons grade
Uranium 235 and irradiating Uranium 238 to produce Plutonium239 for use in two different types of fission weapons (ennie 2003). The other major component of the project was research dedicated to designing a mechanism for reliably detonating a sufficient quantity of fissionable purified uranium and plutonium to produce an instantaneous chain reaction for use as a weapon. The Manhattan Project culminated in the first nuclear detonations in 1944 tests in New Mexico, and by the detonation of a uranium bomb and a plutonium bomb over Imperial Japan to end World War II in August of 1945.
The Benefits and Dangers of…
REFERENCES Clark, Ronald, W. (1984) Einstein: The Life and Times.
New York: Avon.
Rennie, Richard. (2003) Atomic and Nuclear Physics.
New York: Checkmark.
According to Albert Einstein, education is what remains after an individual has forgotten what he/she learnt in school. It's generally considered that education systems should be designed in order to teach individuals how to think. Consequently, the aim of education is to teach people how to improve their minds instead of what to think. In such instances, education enables individuals to think for themselves and transform their lives instead of filling their memories with negative perceptions about other people. Actually, philosophers argue that an educational system is not necessary if it only teaches people to make a living rather than teaching them how to make a life ("Education is What emains," 2011).
The statement means that the purpose of education goes beyond exposing students to several perspectives that improve their knowledge on specific areas to permit them to think critically, reflect, and explore what they learnt in school. As…
Blank, S (2011), College Degrees Are Outdated For Today's Uncertain Work Environment,
Business Insider, viewed 13 October 2011,
Goksun, T (n.d.), Teaching Statement, Tilbe Goksun's Homepage, viewed
13 October 2011,
Einstein made incredible discoveries, but was still a very human and feeling man, and this simply added to his importance and influence in the world of physics.
One of Einstein's most famous discoveries is the Theory of elativity, which he first developed in 1905, and which many people call "the birth of modern physics" (Infeld 37). elativity Theory seems complicated, and it is. Einstein was criticized when he first made his theory public and it became known because other scientists felt very few people could actually understand it. Writer Infeld describes the theory in more understandable terms. He writes, "It [elativity Theory] deduces that energy is not weightless, but has a definite mass. If the amount of energy changes, so does its mass. Energy has mass and mass has energy" (Infeld 38). This explanation is simplified for non-scientists, and seems rather tame today. However, Einstein's theory revolutionized the world of…
Dunn, Dana S. "Perspectives on Human Aggression: Writing to Einstein and Freud on "Why War?" Teaching of Psychology 19.2 (1992): 112-114.
Editor. "Physics & Reality." Daedalus 132.4 (2003): 22+.
Einstein, Albert. Einstein on Peace. Ed. Otto Nathan and Heinz Norden. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1960.
Einstein, Albert, et al. Living Philosophies. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1931.
Both of them are very accurate but they do not work together and he tried to solve that problem for the rest of his life. Einstein knew that this problem would have to be solved if we wanted to understand exactly what happened to create the universe in the very first instant of time.
If Albert Einstein were alive today, he would also be trying to stop war because he was very opposed to warfare between nations. He would also be working to promote nuclear power plants for energy and to reduce or eliminate nuclear weapons as much as possible. During World War II, Einstein knew it was necessary to invent the atomic bomb to end the war but he was very opposed to nuclear weapons otherwise.
Goldsmith, D. (1997). The Ultimate Einstein. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Hawking, S. (2001). The Universe in a Nutshell. New…
Goldsmith, D. (1997). The Ultimate Einstein. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Hawking, S. (2001). The Universe in a Nutshell. New York: Bantam.
The quote any man who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new, Albert Einstein captures the essence of why many services providers including those in the medical profession set for mediocrity over continually pushing themselves for excellence. The many errors in the healthcare services industry can be attributed to outmoded, often very expensive processes that have lost touch with patients' needs (Kumar, Steinebach, 444).
Analysis of the Quote
In a paradoxical sense, the more pressure on the healthcare industry to change in terms of quality of care, with the pressure equally applied across physicians to care providers and healthcare maintenance organizations (HMO) the greater the resistance to change (Kumar, Steinebach, 444). Mediocrity within the healthcare industry is actively protected as a result, making innovation and risk-taking for consumers seen not as a revenue or cost advantage, but a cost drain and risk to profitability (Wright, 205).…
Sameer Kumar, and Marc Steinebach. "Eliminating U.S. hospital medical errors. " International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance 21.5 (2008): 444.
Haeusler, J.. "Medicine Needs Adaptive Leadership. " Physician Executive 36.2 (2010): 12-15.
Wright, D.. "Medical malpractice and physician liability under a negligence rule. " International Review of Law and Economics 31.3 (2011): 205.
Alan Lightman's novel Einstein's Dreams presents various notions about time that apparently came to Albert Einstein in his dreams. Lightman calls his work a novel, although that characterization can be argued. Novels feature characters. Action takes place, usually through a sequence of events. Lightman's prose is more like thought than a story. He makes interesting and provocative declarations about the way things are. He poses questions of his readers, designed to make them think. Einstein's Dreams is a unique work of fiction and enjoyable to read, but it lacks all the elements that typically are found in novels.
People experience time differently. Older people often say that time passes more quickly the older one gets. Time seems to pass quickly when a person is having fun, and much more slowly when doing something unpleasant or tedious. One of the stories shows people living in the moment, while another…
Lightman, Alan P. Einstein's Dreams. New York: Vintage Contemporaries, 2004. E-book.
Here is a journalist and an eccentric old man traveling west to California carrying, in the trunk, the brain of the man who opened the door to some of the most amazing scientific achievements of mankind -- space travel, the atomic bomb, electronics, an understanding of relativity -- including the fact that light has mass. The one flaw in the book: the author spends too much time sharing narrative about his personal life, which doesn't quite match with the flow of the story about Einstein, Harvey, the brain on board and the travel experiences while heading to California.
One interesting point revealed in the book is the fact that the FBI had investigated Einstein, thinking perhaps he was too left leaning. On the other hand, looking at the J. Edgar Hoover era, the FBI in hindsight is as well-known for paranoia as it was for catching the bad guys. The…
Invisible Century: Einstein, Freud and the Search for Hidden Universes," Richard Panek argues that both Einstein and Freud cut across the barriers of science in their time and, through scrupulous observation not only did they produce a revolution in their respective fields of research but, most importantly, they prompted a "revolution in thought" by using as instruments of research not so much mathematical formulas, but more, the tool of imagination which conjures a new, different world for the XX st century.
The notion of the "invisible century" expresses just that. It is not necessary an era of invisible technologies, but one in which questions are answered by triggering flows of speculations based on information or facts which cannot be physically proven yet there is no doubt about their validity. The term "invisible century" points to a historical environment in which one can answer questions such as "what are dreams," "what…
1. Richard Panek. 2005. The Invisible Century: Einstein, Freud and the Search for Hidden Universes. Penguin.
2. Eric Hobsbawm. 1988. The age of capital 1845-1875. Random House Inc.
3. Buchwald, Diana Kormos. 2004. Into the unknown: the invisible century: Einstein, Freud and the search for hidden universes. Nature, August 5, section Books and Arts.
4. Kohn, Marek. 2005. Chalk and cheese. The Invisible Century: Einstein, Freud and the search for hidden universes by Richard Panek. New Statesman, March 21.
' (Davidson; Lutz, 175) The target of such function is to better comprehend the manner varied circuits are combined during the meditation to generate the mental and behavioral variations which are indicated to prevail due to such experiences, incorporating the promotion of enhanced welfare. (Davidson; Lutz, 175)
Arnone, D; Schifano, F. Psychedelics in psychiatry. The British Journal of Psychiatry,
2006, vol. 188, no.3, pp: 88-89.
Aydin, K; Ucar, A; Oguz, K.K; Okur, O.O; Agayev, A; Unal, Z; Yilmaz, S; Ozturk, C.
Increased Gray Matter Density in the Parietal Cortex of Mathematicians: A Voxel-Based Morphometry Study. American Journal of Neuroradiology, November-December 2007, vol. 28, pp: 1859-1864.
Ball, Jeanne. Keeping your prefrontal cortex online: Neuroplasticity, stress and meditation. The Huffington Post, 11 August, 2000. p. 4.
Davidson, ichard J; Lutz, Antoine. Buddha's Brain: Neuroplasticity and Meditation.
IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, September, 2007, pp: 172-176.
Formica, Michael J. Mindfulness practice in everyday…
Arnone, D; Schifano, F. Psychedelics in psychiatry. The British Journal of Psychiatry,
2006, vol. 188, no.3, pp: 88-89.
Aydin, K; Ucar, A; Oguz, K.K; Okur, O.O; Agayev, A; Unal, Z; Yilmaz, S; Ozturk, C.
Increased Gray Matter Density in the Parietal Cortex of Mathematicians: A Voxel-Based Morphometry Study. American Journal of Neuroradiology, November-December 2007, vol. 28, pp: 1859-1864.
Human history shows us that the ruling elite have always tried to set the economic, educational, and social systems up in their favor and I don't believe it to be any different even in today's modern times.
"Education is what survives when what has been learned has been forgotten." B.F. Skinner
Skinner's quote illustrates the unfortunate disconnect between what is learned and what is taught. There are many students who, when presented with a subject that is particularly interesting or motivating, actually learn about it. Skinner is saying that when people do not care about what they are learning about, and are no longer motivated to use the information, they forget it. But the fact that they were "educated" at one time or another never goes away. I agree with Mr. Skinner here because there are many examples of people who are not very intelligent who have gone to school…
Some of the topics addressed by Einstein in his writings include his views on government, education, human morality and social ethics. One of the most interesting areas addressed by Einstein is his personal beliefs about the existence of God and the merits of theistic religion in human society. Besides the fact that his intellect alone makes his philosophical beliefs (about almost anything of consequence) relevant, the fact that Einstein's scientific accomplishments imply certain conclusions in connection with the notion of a timeless God makes his writings especially relevant. In fact, any Internet search of the terms "Einstein" and "God" will reveal that much has been made by proponents of theistic religion of a statement of Einstein that "God doesn't play dice with the universe." Other Internet references suggest that Einstein once suggested that only a divine actor could ever have designed a structure as complex as the human eye.
Einstein, a. (1954). Ideas and Opinions. New York: Crown
Einstein, a. (1956). Out of My Later Years. New York: Citadel.
Einstein, a. (1979). The World as I See it. New York: Citadel.
Smith H.W. (1952). Man and His Gods. Boston: Little Brown & Co.
The theory of relativity would go on to have tremendous impact on the modern world, from philosophical speculation and "relativity" to nuclear physics and the creation of the atom bomb.
In conclusion, the Michelson-Morley experiment, though repeated for nearly half a century later (and still replicated by students such as Rogers and Selvaggi), erased the idea of ether as a medium through which light waves traveled. Although their experiment provided no proof of the existence of ether, the conduction of the experiment was not viewed as a failure, but rather as a success -- for it opened the door to new postulations, and ultimately to Einstein's theory of special relativity. For his experiments, Michelson was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1907. Yet, unhappy with his own tests, Michelson would participate in more experiments in the future, particularly with Dayton Miller. Even though Miller's tests showed evidence of ether, his experiments…
"Albert a. Michelson -- Biography." Nobelprize.org. 2011. Web. 25 Mar 2011.
Lombardi, G.G. The Michelson-Morley Experiment. 2007. Web. 25 Mar 2011.
Michelson, Albert a. "The Relative Motion of the Earth and the Luminiferous Ether."
American Journal of Science. 122 (1881): 120. Web. 25 Mar 2011.
In this interpretation Heitler accepts the modified Copenahgenist observer created reality, but adds that the act of observation dissolves the barrier between observer and the observed. The observer is a necessary part of the whole. Once observed, the object is now an inseparable part of the observer (leuler). Arntz addresses this bridge between the observer, the observer, and reality by asking "why aren't we magicians?"; indeed, if we create our reality and can change our reality simply through the act of how we perceive it, and how we choose to perceive it, we should be able shape our world and our place in our world. In Arntz' way, he is offering to the reader what so many self-help gurus have done -- put responsibility for one's reality in the hands of the person living that particular reality, and saying, 'here you go, you can change it.' Empowering, yes….but is it…
Albert, David and Barry Loewer. "Interpreting the Many Worlds Interpretation." Synthese (2004): 195-213.
Arntz, William, Betsy Chasse and Mark Vicente. What the Bleep Do We Know. Deerfield Beach: Health Communications, Inc., 2005.
Bey, Hakim. "Quantum Mechanics & Chaos Theory: Anarchist Meditations on N. Herbert's Quantum Reality: Beyond the New Physics." 2010. Hakim Bey and Ontological Anarchy. 27 March 2010 .
Bleuler, K., Heitler, W. "The Reversal of Time and the Quantization of the Longitudinal Field in Quantum Electrodynamics." Progress of Theoretical Physics (1950): 600-605.
Therefore, many of those whose homes are most at risk are victims of their need to live beyond their realistic financial means, mainly for the sake of living up to a social image and impressing their neighbors.
In principle, the issue pointed out by Einstein applies equally to "overly ambitious" first home buyers in the half-million dollar range as to Wall Street debt traders for whom that same amount represents the price of water craft more than primary residences. Obviously, the comparison was not something completely foreign to me before, but the words of Einstein impressed the idea on me in a more meaningful way nevertheless, especially in combination with some of his other observations, such as:
The aim (of education) must be the training of independently acting and thinking individuals who, however, can see in the service to the community their highest life achievement.... Never regard your study as…
Crown (1982) Albert Einstein: Ideas and Opinions
Hawking, Stephen William. The Univese in a Nutshell. New Yok: Bantam, 2001.
The espected physicist Stephen W. Hawking attempts to intoduce the aveage laypeson to the physical pinciples of the mateial univese in his book entitled The Univese in a Nutshell. Hawking is pehaps best known to the wold as the late 20th centuy's most compelling image of pue scientific genius, as Albet Einstein was the most compelling image of genus fo scientific aficionados duing the fist half of the 20th centuy. Of couse, Hawking took issue with some of Einstein's basic concepts. Hawking is famous fo this bit of scientific daing. Hawking is also famous fo possessing a billiant mind, encased in a body that has unfotunately been sticken by a teible neuological condition that paalyzes his ability to feely move and speak -- although, as this book makes clea, not to wite.
The Univese in a Nutshell is…
references to how understanding physics can impact human life on earth in the relative short-term as well as in space and far into the future. Hawking describes how statistical evidence points to the physical limits of population growth and electricity being reached on earth by the year 2600. But by applying the same statistical principles to knowledge as to population growth, to take a more comforting view of things, predicted human knowledge of how to preserve energy reserves could potentially carry the human race forward, faster to possibly attain solutions to this problem of geometric physical expansion.
There is, however, no question that having some background in physics helpful in understanding the text, even while Hawking tries to simplify basic quantum principles. For instance, as the author attempts to explain the rational behind an early and inaccurate Michelson-Morley experiment, when humans imagined that space was filled by a continuous medium called the "ether," he must go into a lengthy explanation how early physics saw "light rays and radio signals were waves in this ether, just as sound is pressure waves in air." (2) In this experiment, because no difference was found in the speed of the two perpendicular light beams, the experiment's observers concluded that ether was non-existent. Still, for a man bounded, essentially, in his own physical nutshell, Hawking has accomplished and understood a great deal in his life and is able to make at least a small 'kernel' of what he as understood, interesting and comprehensible in concrete, physical terms. Also, his book functions as a shorthand introduction to the history of physics, and the different people and concepts that played a role in physic's conceptual evolution over the short distance of human historical time.
Newton explained that apples fell from trees by virtue of the same universal attractive natural force that caused the planets to orbit the skies.
In his 1687 book, Philosopiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Newton presented complex mathematical formulae that described the observed orbits of the known planets fairly accurately. Newton also provided an explanation for why the attractive force of gravity did not cause the planets to fall in on themselves the way the apple falls to the ground. Since all the planets and stars in the universe exerted mutually attractive force and because there were an infinite number of planets distributed uniformly throughout the universe, there was no "center" of the universe and the planets and stars are all pulled in many directions, all of which, in effect, cancel out their tendency to fall together (Hawking, 1991).
Almost eighty years earlier, in 1609, Galileo Galilei invented the world's…
Feynman, R. (1995). Six Easy Pieces. New York: Helix.
Goldsmith, D. (1997). The Ultimate Einstein. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Hawking, S. (2001). The Universe in a Nutshell. New York: Bantam.
Hawking, S. (2002). The Theory of Everything: The Origin and Fate of the Universe. Beverly Hills, CA: New Millennium Press.
.. The actual universe, with all its good and evil, exists on the basis of God's will and receives its meaning from His purpose. However, these two conclusions do not stand in simple contradiction, to one another. The one says that evil is bad, harmful, destructive, fearful and to be fought against as a matter of ultimate life and death. But the other does not deny this. It does not say that evil is not fearful and threatening, inimical to all good and to be absolutely resisted. It says that God has ordained a world which contains evil- real evil- as a means to the creation of the infinite good of a Kingdom of Heaven within which His creatures will have come as perfected persons to love and serve Him through a process in which their own free insight and response have been an essential element."
Bowker, John. The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions.
New York: Oxford, 1997
Einstein, Albert. Ideas and Opinions.
New York: Crown, 1954
There is a trend among some colleges and universities recently to cut back or eliminate their humanities major and courses, which includes language arts as well as history and philosophy. This has created a controversy over the importance of these areas of learning. It is not that the decision to include language arts in education is new. Appreciation of such learning stems back to the earliest humans. Among the earliest pieces of prehistoric sculpture is from 30,0000-25,000 BCE. The woman, who had exaggerated female parts, is believed to be a fertility symbol perhaps carried by a male hunter/gatherer as a reminder of his mate back home. Many here have heard of or seen the paintings on the caves in France from 15,000 to 13,000 BCE. Early humans struggled to survive against natural forces, animals, and one another. One of the most essential ways of survival was to pass…
Atwell, Nancie. In the Middle: New Understandings About Reading,
Writing, and Learning. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook Publishers,
Burke, Jim. The English Teacher's Companion: A Complete Guide to Classroom,
Gardner, like Emerson, Russell, and Einstein, also criticizes the substantive choice of subject matter and the ineficiency with which traditional educational methods inspire genuine understanding or long-term retention of what is learned that way.
I think that we teach way too many subjects and we cover way too much material and the end result is that students have a very superficial knowledge, as we often say, a mile wide and an inch deep. Then once they leave school, almost everything's been forgotten. And I think that school needs to change to have a few priorities and to really go into those priorities very deeply." (Gardner 3007)
Similarly, Gardner (2007) emphasizes the importance of transforming the educational environment from the accumulative approach of traditional education and the NCL approach to one that mirrors the suggestions of Emerson, Russel, and Einstein:
we need to have the individuals who are involved in education,…
BIBLIOGRAPHY Einstein, a. (1936) on Education (From Ideas and Opinions.) New York: Crown Emerson, R.W., (1884) on Education (From a World of Ideas). Friere, P. (1972) the Banking Concept of Education (From a World of Ideas)
Gardner, H. (2000) the Disciplined Mind: Beyond Facts and Standardized Tests: The K-12 Education That Every Child Deserves.
New York: Penguin Putnam.
Gardner, H. (2007): Multiple Intelligences and New Forms of Assessment. Edutopia: What Works in Public Education the George Lucas Educational Foundation. Retrieved June 30, at http://www.edutopia.org/howard-gardner-interview#graph5
Russell, B. (1926) the Functions of a Teacher (From the Basic Writings of Bertrand Russell. London: Routledge.
During the First World War, the European powers (particularly in Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire) succeeded in glorifying nationalism and manipulating young minds toward self-sacrifice for nationalistic ideals. A short two decades later Germany again demonstrated even more convincingly how powerful a role educators play in shaping young minds. The Nazi phenomenon that absorbed German society in the decade preceding the outbreak of World War Two provides an even more dramatic and horrible illustration of both the power of educators and the reason that this power comes with a profound ethical responsibility (Einstein, 1954; Einstein in ooney, 2006; ussell, 1961).
The sheer power of the role of teachers in influencing young minds gives rise to a set of tremendous ethical responsibilities. Among the most important is respect for the boundaries between personal beliefs of the teacher and the autonomous rights of parents to determine what ideas they wish…
Einstein, a. (1954). Ideas and Opinions. New York: Crown
Feldman, N. (2005). Divided by God: America's Church and State Problem and What
We Should Do about it. New York: Farrar, Straus, & Giroux.
Mooney, C. (2005). The Republican War on Science. New York: Basic Books.
ability to measure and track the results from any scientific experiment is extremely important to both the validity and truthfulness of the work. Scientists often have problems in certain sciences due to the scope of their investigation. As a result of these mismatches, indirect avenues of approach become necessary to measure and grasp the items of inquiry.
In physics, the atomic theory is based upon indirect measurements. The neutron, proton and electron are merely ideas that have been modeled due to the technology that is available to scientists. An electron has never been physically produced and only its characteristics have been noticed. This is an important distinction, because too often scientists take many of these long standing practices for granted and have assumed the presence of these particles, when there is compelling evidence there is not. Jessa (2009) reminded us that "This understanding the atom helped to fuel many other…
Jessa, T. (2009). John Dalton's Atomic Model. Universe Today, 24 Aug 2009. Retrieved from http://www.universetoday.com/38169/john-daltons-atomic-model/
Keyes, J. (1946). Newton The Man. JOC/EFR 2006. Retrieved from http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/Extras/Keynes_Newton.html
NASA (nd). What is a Spacesuit? Viewed 27 April 2014. Retrieved from http://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/k-4/stories/what-is-a-spacesuit-k4.html#.U2ED5qLiyf4
Weinstein, G. (2012). Albert Einstein's Methodology. Cornell University, 24 Sep 2012. Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/1209.5181
Interestingly enough, though, what is it that is so aesthetically pleasing that we want there to be a single theory of everything -- why does everything need to be explained in one fell swoop? This idea of a Theory of Everything is becoming more philiosophical than scientific. Aristotle and Plato were unsuccesful in their attempt to make a theory work, and Hawking said, in A Brief History of Time, that even if we had a Theory of Everything, it would necessarily be a large set of equations. "What is it that breathes fire into the equations and makes a universe for them to describe?"(Hawking in Fletcher, 2008, 196).
Now, though, Hawking has revised his views. In the new book, The Grand Design, Hawking and Mlodinow (Caltech physicist) argue that it is a set of equations that will, indeed, tie theories together, but that a final theory may never have a…
Fletcher, A. (2008). Life, the Universe and Everything: Investigating God and the New Physics. Denver, CO: Lulu Publishers.
Hawking and Mlodinow. (2010, September 27). The Elusive Theory of Everything. Retrieved October 2010, from Scientific American: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=the-elusive-thoery-of-everything
Hawking and Mlodinow. (2010). The Grand Design. New York: Bantam.
Pais, A. (1982). Subtle is the Lord.... The Science and Life of Albert Einstein. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
In conclusion, although the anthrax bacterium is relatively low on the list of possible contaminants, future research on this potentially fatal disease should continue, particularly when considering the ever-growing threat from terrorist actions and the possibility that as the world population increases, the presence of the anthrax bacterium will also increase, due to the growth of farming, land clearing and many agricultural activities aimed at increasing the world's food supply through planting in soils already containing Bacillus cereus, not to mention the possibility of this and other types of the anthrax bacterium mutating into unknown strains which could create pandemic outbreaks.
"Anthrax." CDC. Internet. 2008. etrieved November 9, 2009 from http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/anthrax_gi.html.
"Anthrax." World Health Organization. Internet. 2009. etrieved November 9, 2009
"Einstein Scientists Move Closer to a Safer Anthrax Vaccine." Science News. Internet. September 4, 2009. etrieved November 9, 2009 from http://esciencenews.com/articles/
Glanze, Walter D., Ed.…
"Anthrax." CDC. Internet. 2008. Retrieved November 9, 2009 from http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/anthrax_gi.html .
"Anthrax." World Health Organization. Internet. 2009. Retrieved November 9, 2009
from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs264/en .
"Einstein Scientists Move Closer to a Safer Anthrax Vaccine." Science News. Internet. September 4, 2009. Retrieved November 9, 2009 from http://esciencenews.com/articles/
However, the concept that the shapes depict actually occurs in three dimensions. In two dimensions, the smaller sphere spirals into the depression formed by the larger very quickly; in three dimensions, the planets fall toward one another without spiraling together except over billions of years (Feynman, 1995).
Even more astonishing than having visualized gravity independently, Einstein visualized traveling along on a beam of light in four dimensions that also included the dimension of time, which allowed Einstein to deduce fundamental properties of space, time, and their interaction for the first time in human history. Nearly a century later, what began as visual "thought experiments" in one man's mind continue to be monumentally important in modern science and human history and affairs on earth and beyond earth.
Applications of Three-Dimensional otation in Chemistry and Biology:
The ability to mentally visualize three-dimensional shapes and their movement is also applicable in chemistry and…
Atkins, P. (1995). The Periodic Kingdom: A Journey into the land of the Chemical
Elements. New York: Basic Books.
Feynman, R. (1995). Six Easy Pieces: Essentials of Physics Explained by Its Most
Brilliant Teacher. New York: Addison Wesley.
It is however as if the United States government was looking for needy terrorists to supply with arms. When Turkey's need was met, Colombia became the leading recipient of arms from the United States. This country is well-known for being an atrocious human rights violator, especially during the 1990s. Chomsky's premise that the United States government is essentially terrorist in nature does not appear to be far from realistic.
Indeed, according to interviews conducted with Chomsky by arsamian (2001), Chomsky elaborates on the more subtle practices perpetrated by the U.S. government in order to coerce its public into obedience. The Reagan administration for example put barriers in place in order to boost the U.S. industry rather than providing its citizens with the best possible products available. Thus, overseas dealers were barred to the point of impossibility while the public funds were put to use in order to keep the local…
Barsamian, David. Propaganda and the Pubic Mind Conversations with Noam Chomsky. South End Press, 2001.
Barsamian, David. "The United States is a Leading Terrorist State: Interview with Noam Chomsky." In the Monthly Review, Volume 53, Number 6, November 2001. http://www.monthlyreview.org/1101chomsky.htm
Chomsky, Noam. 9-11. Seven Stories Press, 2001.
Chomsky, Noam. Deterring Democracy. Verso, 1991.
It should also be noted that the idea do the Big Bang is also included to some degree into the other two theories.
What makes the two theories based of string theory so compelling is that they are multidimensional and provide a more appropriate and fitting understanding of the universe. Another aspect is that many critics have stated is that the Big Bang theory does not answer the vital question of what occurred or existed prior to the Big Bang. Theories such as the Ekpyrotic Theory tend to provide us with a better understanding of the universe as it may have existed before the Big Bang.
In conclusion, an answer to the question, what are the origins of the universe has not been as yet conclusively reached by modern science, What modern science has realized is that a simplistic and logical explanation for the origins of the universe…
God, Genesis and the big bang: The Origin of the Universe. Retrieved August 23,
2009, from http://www.hpcisp.com/~kls/page4.html
Origin of the Universe Theories. Retrieved August 23, 2009, from http://web.cecs.pdx.edu/~danr/ph367u/report.pdf
Scientific Origins of the Universe. Retrieved August 23, 2009, from http://www.infoplease.com/cig/theories-universe/scientific-origins-universe.html
Some of these people not only gave United States a claim to fame, but they also protected Americans through national security and scientific achievements.
Thus, immigration is, ultimately, beneficial to the United States. hile some have recently taken the other side of the debate, it can be seen that the benefits of immigration clearly outweigh to consequences. Immigration impacts the United States greatly in the area of diversity, which allows the country to from better domestic and international relations, seeking peace. Immigration also impacts the United States economy in a positive way through creating a larger workforce and a larger consumer base, while also providing more workers who pay into the social security system. In addition, the United States would be pained without the immigrants who have made it the place it is today, whether they were unskilled workers helping to boost the profits of a farm or Albert Einstein…
"Famous American Immigrants." Immigration Updates. n.d. 12 April 2009.
Grbic, Douglas. "Social and Cultural Meanings of Tolerance: Immigration,
Incorporation, and Identity in Aotearoa New Zealand" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal Convention Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Aug 11, 2006
At Cosmos, I would be able to propose my own hypothetical scientific questions and to use my abilities to explore and research new answers, rather than simply be a receptor of knowledge. I would also get a better understanding of what life is like for scientists, researchers, and engineers, by receiving the guidance of professionals in shaping my final project.
One of the most exciting aspects of Cosmos is that at the end of the session, I will be able to share my findings with my home community. I know that some people my age regard science as dull, but I hope that I will be able to take my enthusiasm and knowledge and show how science can be creative, practical, and empower individuals with greater knowledge of their physical environment, and improve the quality of human…
If one has been "trained" in the ways of poverty, left no opportunity to do other than react to his or her environment, what is needed is a beginning, not repetition. The humanities teach us to think reflectively, to begin, to deal with the new as it occurs to us, to dare. If the multi-generational poor are to make the leap out of poverty, it will require a new kind of thinking -- reflection. And that is a beginning. (O'connell, 2000)
It appears that all students, regardless of class or background, need the foundation of the humanities. There is a tendency with the increase of technology to put more of an emphasis on math and sciences than the arts and humanities. For students to be well rounded, there needs to be a balance of the two.
Edmundson, M. (1997). On the uses of a liberal education: as lite entertainment…
Edmundson, M. (1997). On the uses of a liberal education: as lite entertainment for bored college students. Harpers. 9:39-50
O'Connell, K. (2000) Social transformation through the humanities: an interview with Earl Shorris. Massachussetts Foundation for the humanities. Retrieved September 14, 2007 http://www.mfh.org/newsandevents/newsletter/MassHumanities/Spring2000/shorris.html
Shorris, E (1997). As a weapon in the hands of the restless poor." Harpers. 9:50-60
Essentially, this is the ability to form mental images, sensation or concepts in a way that is not specifically tied to sight, hearing or other senses. It is about taking experience and knowledge and making sense of the world through learning and evocation of new thoughts, mental pictures, or perceptions of the world -- whether individual or shared (Byrne, 2005).
Inspiration- Inspiration is a constant search for bursts of creativity and may be found through the influences of others (speakers, leaders, etc.) or through one's own mental abilities. Depending on the paradigm used, inspiration is seen as either being divinely inspired or through unique processes that allow for a change in the usual mode of thinking or operation.
Five Forces Influence- In combination with the four creative styles, we also have five forces that influence these models of thinking and operation: education, training, influence from others, rewards and incentives, and…
Byrne, R. (2005). The Rational Imagination. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
DeVol, R. And Wong, P. (January 2010). Jobs for America. Milken Institute. Cited in: http://www.nam.org/~/media/58F813B0D1E643DC91E564FE4C3B3C2F.ashx-utm_source=nam&utm_medium=alias&utm_campaign=innovationreport
Garlick, D. (2010). Intelligence and the Brain. Burbank, CA: Aesop Press.
Malone-Cline, J. (October 16, 2009). Mental Process. KnowEverything. Cited in: http://knoweverythinginfo.blogspot.com/2009/10/mental-process.html
On the other hand, the International Rescue Committee focuses on promoting human rights as one of the core of every innovative programs carried out by the organization. This major focus on human rights through the restoration of safety, hope and dignity to millions of refugees is one of the major relations of this organization with the ISCOR major at San Diego University.
Finally, the third major relation of the organization with the ISCOR major is that it serves as an opportunity where graduates of the program can apply their knowledge in helping IRC to accomplish its mission. This is largely due to the fact that students completing the major are prepared for careers that relate to international security and conflict resolution. Since the International Rescue Committee hits the ground in places with conflicts across the globe, graduates of this program can be used to help provide a way from harm…
Graubart, Jonathan. "Program Information." San Diego State University: International Security and Conflict Resolution. San Diego State University, 27 Oct. 2010. Web. 15 May 2011. .
"History of the International Rescue Committee." International Rescue Committee: From Harm to Home. International Rescue Committee. Web. 15 May 2011. .
"International Rescue Committee." Idealist.org. Action Without Borders, Jan. 2011. Web. 15 May 2011. .
"International Security and Conflict Resolution." San Diego State University: SDSU 2011-2012 Catalog. San Diego State University. Web. 15 May 2011. .
geniuses, history will never even be aware that most people even lived at all, much less that their lives had any real purpose, meaning or worth. All ideas of human equality and natural rights are just pious little myths and fables, since only a handful will ever have the talent and intelligence to be recognized as standing out from the anonymous masses. This world is a very cruel and Darwinian place in which only a handful achieve success and recognition, at least by the material and monetary standards that the capitalist system values so highly. In short, the majority of people who ever lived have simple been drones and worker bees, and if they have any talents or worth, few will ever notice them outside of their narrow little spheres of existence. Many people may have certain natural talents but make little effort to develop them, and through bad luck…
Boss, Judith. Perspective on Ethics, Second Edition. McGraw-Hill, 2002
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP). http://plato.stanford.edu/
Critical Thinking for Homeland Security
The capacity of a government to protect its citizens pivots on the ability of its leaders and high-placed specialists to think critically. Few times in history point so clearly to this principle than the 9/11 disaster. In 1941, the same year that the attack on Pearl Harbor occurred, Edward M. Glaser published a book titled, An Experiment in the Development of Critical Thinking. Glaser's practice of psychiatry was remarkable in that he dispensed with the Freudian deep dive into past events, pushing his patients to deal with problem solving in the present -- a critical thinking practice he called reality therapy. Many of Glaser's tenets were adopted by other disciplines because of their universal utility and association with positive results. Glaser defined critical thinking as, "A persistent effort to examine any belief or supposed form of knowledge in the light of the evidence that supports…
Albert Einstein. Brainy Quotes. Retrieved from http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/a/albert_einstein.html
Chow, D. (2011, January 25). Space Shuttle Challenger disaster FAQ: What went wrong? www.SPACE.com. Retrieved from http://www.space.com/10677-challenger-tragedy-overview.html
Eichorn, R. (2012). Developing thinking skills: Critical thinking at the Army Management Staff College. Fort Belvoir, VA: Strategic Systems Department. [Webpage, last modified: 4 2012 January.] Retreived from http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/army/critical/roy.htm
Glaser, E.M. (1941). An experiment in the development of critical thinking. New York, Bureau of Publications, Teachers College, Columbia University.
interaction between the caregiver and the child with regard to the development of communication. The awareness and receptiveness of the caregiver together with particular communicative language conducts have a positive and constructive influence on the level of communication between the two. The foundations of communication development are attained right from the minute the child is given birth. The taking of turns that occurs between the mother and the infant, referred to as a "dance" comes about from the very strong emotive base. In particular, this is from the response of the mother to the baby's behaviour, but more significantly when the mother attains an intuition regarding the baby's moods, responses, intents and also feelings.
One of the most significant aspects of early intervention with any child is that it helps not only the caregiver, but also the family members and other significant members to be able to integrate particular patterns…
Albert Einstein College of Medicine. (2012). Baby and Toddler Milestones, Dr. Lisa Shulman. YouTube. Retrieved 18 April 2016 from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pZSjm0drIGM
Chen, D. (2008). Early Intervention in Action Working Across Disciplines to Support Infants with Multiple Disabilities and Their Families. Paul H. Brooks Publishing.
SpecialQuest Birth-Five. (2009). SpecialQuest Christopher's Story. YouTube. Retrieved 18 April 2016 from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LEty6-c0cfQ
business plan will help determine effective ways to improve recently reported HCAHPS scores for the organization as a whole. The detailed plan and report shows how educational challenges or delays may play a part in influencing low HCAHPS scores. Shared accountability along with an effective presentation will allow the board to see not only what causes HCAHPS low scores, but how the organization can avoid such low scores. Educational dynamics within any given population may potentially influence the higher occurrence of HCAHPS scores. Educational delays that stem from developmental issues like mental illness or chronic disease and educational delays brought on by financial hardship will be discussed. The strategic plan will also incorporate ideas of shared accountability between personnel, payers, patients, and medical providers.
Educational delays can exist for several reasons. The most commonly interpreted are physical and mental delays. People with mental health issues like depression and…
A man's ethical behavior should be based effectually on sympathy, education and social ties, and needs. No religious basis is necessary."
Einstein, 1954 [emphasis supplied]
Alternate Suggested Application of Pojman's Thesis
From many ethical perspectives, the implications of Pojman's analysis with respect to punishment (i.e. "just deserts"), is more problematic than his suggestions about rewarding positive human behavior at the other end of the spectrum. In fact, there is no reason that Pojman's entire thesis need be discarded just to purify it of its most problematic implications. For example, the following description of a human community would resolve many of the most serious ethical criticisms of Pojman's approach while still allowing some of his more beneficial aspects of his merit-and-just deserts-based analysis: The envisioned society would de-emphasize penal law to the extent it is designed for the purpose of retributive punishment of wrongdoers. On the other hand, it would sanction…
Einstein, A. (1954). Ideas and Opinions. New York: Crown.
Pojman, L. "Merit: Why Do We Value It?" Journal of Social Philosophy, Vol. 30, No. 1;
Meanwhile, it is the high-earning but consumption-oriented under accumulators of wealth (UAWs) who patronize luxury car dealerships, high-end country clubs, and so- called "high fashion" clothing manufacturers. In this regard, one of the most powerful influences motivating such irresponsible consumption is the concentration of media attention on relatively few wealthy celebrities whose model of ostentatious consumption is simply not representative of the habits of most Americans with equally high net worth (Stanley & Danko 1996).
Whereas many PAWs earn substantially less than some of their UAW counterparts, they invest a substantial portion of their salaries into long-term stable investments that translate into a secure financial future. Conversely, the typical UAW, many of whom are so-called "successful professionals" earning very high salaries, increases spending to match any increase in income. As a result of continually "trading up" to the most expensive car, home, and clothing they can afford at any given…
Branden, N. (1985) Honoring the Self: The Psychology of Confidence and Respect. New York: Bantam
Einstein, a. (1954) Ideas and Opinions. New York: Crown
Lowenstein, R. (2007) Subprime Time: How Did Home Ownership Become So Rickety? New York Times Magazine; Sept. 2/07
Mills, C. (1953) White Collar: The American Middle Class. New York: Oxford University Press.
Individuals who never come into contact with other societies may live their entire lives without the slightest idea that other societies exist, much less that other social norms and practices besides the ones to which they are accustomed as their reality are possible.
This element of human reality is also responsible for some of the worst recorded human behavior. On one hand, certain parts of human moral thinking is inherent as a natural part of us (Kluger 2007). On the other hand, so much of human morality is determined by subjective social constructs, that practically anything is acceptable to us, even to those of us who are inherently inclined to be good people.
History has shown many times that if the social construct within a given society presents cannibalism, or slavery, or the sacrifice of virgins to volcanoes, or even the systematic mechanized mass-murder of millions as acceptable, few individuals…
REFERENCES GAO (2008) the Constitution of the United States of America.
Einstein, a. (1956) Out of My Later Yeas. Secaucus:: Citadel
Gerrig, R., Zimbardo, P. (2005) Psychology and Life 17th Edition. Boston: Allyn & Bacon
Henslin, J.M. (2002) Essential of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. Boston: Allyn and Bacon Kluger, J. What Makes Us Moral?; Time Magazine (Nov. 20/07)
Macionis, J.J. (2002) Sociology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall
capable of expressing with equanimity opinions which differ from the prejudices of their social environment. Most people are even incapable of forming such opinions. Albert Einstein
Culture is often defined as a way of life that evolves and is developed over time, shared by a group of people, and permeated by the nature of the group that uses it to organize, educate, and assign behavior. hile there are different cultural formations, subgroups, schisms, etc., humans seem innately attracted to belonging to a group and allowing that group to mold their views and behaviors. ithin these cultural groups, one of the predominant characteristics is organizational communication. Organizations are established to perpetuate the culture -- unfortunately, that also means at times it perpetuates mediocrity.
A huge part of our life is devoted to this organizational communication -- we use the informal systems to belong all the time and they have a rather…
While Einstein was referring to the manner in which cultural prejudice impacted many individual's feelings about agnosticism and atheism, the core message is one of critical thinking -- or the lack thereof. Critical thinking is not something one can find by purchasing a book or a course; it is a process and approach to life. It is a way of looking at information, taking that information, processing it, and being able to bring past knowledge, other materials, and synthesize that information so that one either comes up with something new, or is able to discern more analytically the messages being said or views.
The basic aspect is simple -- the application difficult. One must thinking about the source material (ideas, etc.) and analyzes to decide on its relevance and truth. For example, just because something is posted on the Internet is it true; the same being if it is published in a book. One must read and think about the sources of the material. A critical thinker also uses other senses to establish their opinion of the stimuli, be that visual, audible, or even body-language (in the case of speech, etc.). Using critical thinking to process information requires that you not only analyze the source material "critically," but that you think about the opinions and views being presented. Certainly, it is not as easy to read, write, and process critically, one has to think about what one says, how one says it, and whether the arguments are made to buttress the argument, but the idea of critical thinking is a great stimulation to one's own brain and learning. To this writer, this is what Einstein wished for -- that society would not blindly believe just because they saw it in a picture, on television, or read it somewhere. It is far too easy to manipulate pictures, events, scenes (what is there and what is not), and evens statistics to blindly believe without some level of verification. Only partially humorously, one is reminded of a famous drawing by American humorist and satirist Gary Larson:
Scientific Principles: "Timeline in Optics"
It is very clear that Optics is the physical science that examines the source and broadcast of light, how it fluctuates, what effects it yields, and other marvels that are connected with this interesting science. Many science nerds may be unaware that there are two divisions of optics. One of those divisions is called the Physical optics. The physical optics is related to the properties and nature of light itself. Also, it is clear that the geometrical optics are what concentrates with the principles leading image-forming assets of mirrors, and lenses, other devices, for example optical data computers.
This "Timeline in Optics" puts the emphasis on important developments and events in the science of optics from prehistory to the start of the 21st century. It likewise consist of associated expansions in other fields (the evolution of processors) and interconnected highpoints in the human worldview.
Darrigol, O. (2012). A History of Optics from Greek Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1 edition.
Fowles, G.R. (2009). Introduction to Modern Optics (Dover Books on Physics). New York City: Dover Publications; 2 edition.
J.Valasek. (1997). Introduction to Theoretical and Experimental Optics. Journal of Optics, 23(9), 34-45.
S, F.L. (2007). Introduction to Optics. Lansing: Prentice Hall.
1. When you hear the word “scientist” what do you envision?
When I hear the word “scientist”, what I picture is an individual conducting practical experiments and also proving theories with the endeavor of advancing the field of science and the world at large. However, I also picture both aspects of science encompassing the scientists that wish to make the world a better place, for instance, preserving the earth and also advancing scientific theories as well as the scientists that use knowledge for negative purposes such as creating bombs and viruses.
2. Discuss at least three characteristics of your vision of a scientist
One of the characteristics of my vision of a scientist is having had formulated and developed a scientific theory that had massive impact. A second characteristic of a scientist is someone who is extremely smart and intellectual and lastly I consider scientists to be revolutionary.
This can occur without any human intervention. Therefore the issue of permanence becomes incomprehensible to man, regardless of science and logic (or perhaps because of it). As such, we cannot legitimately claim that any object or form is "real" because in order to be truly real, it was have to be explicable. Thus in Phaedrus, Socrates asserts:
"I must dare to speak the truth, when truth is my theme. There abides the very being with which true knowledge is concerned; the colourless, formless, intangible essence, visible only to mind, the pilot of the soul. The divine intelligence, being nurtured upon mind and pure knowledge, and the intelligence of every soul which is capable of receiving the food proper to it, rejoices at beholding reality, and once more gazing upon truth, is replenished and made glad, until the revolution of the worlds brings her round again to the same place."
Alston, William and Brandt, Richard, the Problems of Philosophy: Introductory Readings, Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 3rd ed., 1978
Descartes, Rene, Meditations I. available online http://www.wright.edu/cola/descartes/meditation1.html
Foley, R. (2001) Intellectual trust in oneself and others, Cambridge University Press
Kant, Immanuel . transl. By James W. Ellington, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals 3rd ed.. Hackett, 1993
Such things, however, do not appear impossible given the state of science today.
There is one area of concern that science cannot totally resolve, unless it builds a time machine and can go into the future. That is, what are the total ramifications that result from science's wonders? Albert Einstein did not consider nuclear bombs when coming up with the equation of E=mc2
He considered himself a pacifist, yet encouraged the building of the bomb for fear that the Germans would create it first. He was looking toward the future. As he wrote to physicist Niels Bohr in December 1944, "When the war is over, then there will be in all countries a pursuit of secret war preparations with technological means, which will lead inevitably to preventative wars and to destruction even more terrible than the present destruction of life" (Clark, 2007, pg. 698). Then, close to death he stated:…
Clark, R. Einstein: The Life and Times. New York: Perennial, 2007
Colborn, T., Dumanoski, D. And Myers, JP. Our Stolen Future. New York:Abacus, 1996.
Gallopin, G.C., Funtowicz, S, O'Connor, M., and Ravetz, J. (2001) Science for the 21st century: from social contract to the scientific core. Int. Journal Social Science 168:
Hughes, M. (November 27, 2007). "CU Doctor Works on Breast Cancer Vaccine."
A nuclear meltdown would be a local catastrophe requiring evacuation (and likely permanent abandonment) of the surrounding communities, but that risk is not substantially different in magnitude from a burst hydroelectric dam, or from the aggregate harm of continuing to pollute our atmosphere with fossil fuel waste products..
Certainly, nuclear energy requires strict regulation, careful facilities planning, and myriad other equally important practical considerations for administrating the industry safely so that its risks are minimized. However, the emotional objection to peaceful uses of nuclear power is based on incorrect assumptions about what those risks actually are, as well as on the illogical association of the beneficial uses of the technology with its destructive potential used in weapons of war.
In the case of nuclear power, the ethical considerations are closely related to the logical analysis. Once it is established that the emotional objection to nuclear power on overall…
Gundersen, P. (1999) the Handy Physics Answer Book.
Barnes & Noble: New York
Rennie, R. (2003) the Facts on File Dictionary of Atomic and Nuclear Physics.
Checkmark Books: New York
725 degree Kelvin (-454.765 degree Fahrenheit, -270.425 degree Celsius) Cosmic Microwave ackground radiation (CM) that pervades the observable universe. This is believed to be the remnant that scientists were looking for. Penzias and Wilson shared the 1978 Nobel Prize for Physics for this discovery.
Finally, the abundance of the "light elements" hydrogen and helium found in the observable universe are believed to support the ig ang model of origins (the ig-ang Theory Web site, 2003).
In 2003, Physicist Robert Gentry proposed an alternative to the standard ig ang theory, an alternative that also accounts for the evidences listed above (Eastman and Missler, 1996). Gentry believes that the standard ig ang model is founded upon a faulty paradigm that he claims is inconsistent with the empirical data. Gentry bases his model on Einstein's static-spacetime paradigm that he claims is the "genuine cosmic Rosetta."
Gentry is not alone. Other high-profile dissenters include…
Eastman, Mark. Missler, Chuck. The Creator: Beyond Time and Space, (1996) p. 11.
W. Wayt Gibbs, "Profile: George F.R. Ellis," Scientific American, October 1995, Vol. 273, No.4, p. 55.
Big-Bang-Theory.com. (2002). Big Bang Theory. Retrieved from the Internet at: www. Big-Bang-Theory.com.
Gish, Duane. (June, 1991). The Big Bang Theory Collapses. Institute for Creation Research.
" (assar, p.15) He had a wife and a young child by this time, and seemed to have a relatively stable if eccentric family and professional life. Then, the man, after a bout of mania became "frozen in a dreamlike state." (assar, p.19)
ash was treated for his dissociated states into paranoid schizophrenia with insulin therapy, drugs, shock therapy, and talk therapy, none of which seemed to help his condition. His wife at first stood by him, and then divorced him. The great mathematical genius that enabled ash to see patterns in behavior and numbers, and to construct predictable equations about human decision-making had dissolved into ravings about government agents, and nonsensical theorems.
After the failure of modern psychiatry and medicine to treat the mathematician, ash became "a phantom who haunted Princeton in the 1970s and 80s, scribbling on the blackboards and studying religious texts." (assar, p.19) Yet, while ash…
Nash was treated for his dissociated states into paranoid schizophrenia with insulin therapy, drugs, shock therapy, and talk therapy, none of which seemed to help his condition. His wife at first stood by him, and then divorced him. The great mathematical genius that enabled Nash to see patterns in behavior and numbers, and to construct predictable equations about human decision-making had dissolved into ravings about government agents, and nonsensical theorems.
After the failure of modern psychiatry and medicine to treat the mathematician, Nash became "a phantom who haunted Princeton in the 1970s and 80s, scribbling on the blackboards and studying religious texts." (Nassar, p.19) Yet, while Nash wandered aimlessly on the campus, this mathematician's former name, always great, suddenly "began to surface everywhere -- In economics textbooks, articles on evolutionary biology, political science treatises, mathematics journals," as his works, like that of all geniuses, became more rather than less relevant to modern life and modern thought. (Nassar, pp. 19-20).
Miraculously, by the time Nash was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1994, he had manifested a spontaneous recovery from his mental illness. Sometimes this happens with paranoid schizophrenics, although it is rare. His remission occurred without the aid of therapy or drugs, although his wife, whom he later remarried and lives with to this day, attributes his newfound enthusiasm to being in the atmosphere of campus life. Now, "at seventy-three John looks and sounds wonderfully well." Nash states that he is certain he will not suffer a relapse. "It is like a continuous process rather than just waking up from a dream." And understanding processes of the human mind in a rational and mathematical way were and are Nash's specialty. (Nassar, p. 389)
Evolution be Taught in Schools?
Introduction / Thesis (Part One)
The debate between those that believe in creationism -- or "intelligent design," a refined offshoot of the creationism theory -- and those who believe in the science of evolution, spilled over into the schools in the United States many years ago. Conservative Christians and others who are in denial vis-a-vis Charles Darwin's research and theory argue that at the very least their religious-based theories should be placed side-by-side in public school textbooks. Scientists, biologists, teachers, scholars and others who accept the empirical nature of scientific evolution have battled to keep creationism and intelligent design (ID) out of the science textbooks -- with some degree of success albeit in certain conservative communities and states politicians and school board members have overruled logic by those insisting that ID be part of science textbooks. Some objective scholarship sees this debate as another example…
Antolin, Michael F., and Herbers, Joan M. (2001). Perspective: Evolution's Struggle for Existence in America's Public Schools. International Journal of Organic Evolution, 55(12),
Armenta, Tony, and Lane, Kenneth E. (2010). Tennessee to Texas: Tracing the Evolution
Controversy in Public Education. The Clearing House, 86(3), 76-79.
Health and Socio-Cultual Factors
Health and Socio-Cultural Factors
Health and Socio cultural Factors
Health and Socio-Cultural Factors
Health and Socio-Cultural Factors
The value of health being wealth is as old as the history of mankind. People of all times have their philosophies related to healthcare and they developed the precautions and treatment according to their specified theories. As the changes take place in every aspect of life, the theories of healthcare and causes of diseases were also developed and the new concepts were promoted to replace the old concepts and practices.
This paper casts light upon causes of disease and illness with regard to classical and modern concepts. The paper explains the differences between the two concepts and elaborates how the new concepts are better than the classical ones.
Classical Concepts about Health
The classical statement about health was 'Illness is simply a matter of bad luck, bad judgment, or…
International Vegetarian Union. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.ivu.org/history/northam20a/einstein.html
Natural News. (2008). Retrieved from http://www.naturalnews.com/023237_minerals_health_soil.html
World Health Organisation. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/suggestions/faq/en/index.html
Eternal Circle of Time
Electrons circle the nucleus of an atom. Untold trillions of atoms collide together and explode. The universe expands. Electrons race down the copper wires of an electric cable. The sun shines. Leaves digest the sunlight, produce nutrients, live, grow, die, and fall to the ground. The wind bears aloft the leaves, scatters them over earth and sea. The tide moves them, pushes them up into rivers where at last they settle into the mud. Salmon swim upstream; lay their eggs on the muddy bottoms of lakes and rivers. A powerful grizzly bear nuzzles the icy water of a mountain brook. His great paw sweeps into the water and catches a darting salmon. Men come; establish a city on the banks of the stream. They drive the bear off. Their boats coast upon the surface of the sparkling water. Nets plumb the frigid depths, resurface filled with…
Bleier, Ronald, Ed. From Thomas Malthus, (1798) "Essay on the Principle of Population." The International Society of Thomas Malthus. http://www.igc.org/desip/malthus/
Pasachoff, Jay M. (2001) Astronomy: From the Earth to the Universe. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
Russell, Steven. (2001) "The Evolution of Gods." Your Own World USA. http://www.yowusa.com/index.html
Schaefer, Dr. Henry III. (Jan. 1994). "Stephen Hawking, The Big Bang, and God." The Real Issue. Leadership University. http://www.leaderu.com/real/ri9404/bigbang.html
Phantoms in the Brain
Based on the cases presented in the book, do you believe that we have specialized neural circuitry that exists solely to moderate religious experiences? What do you think this area is for? How do you explain the religiosity of those that have unusual activity in this area?
I don't not believe that the neural circuitry exists "solely" to moderate religious experiences. I think it is probable that the area of the brain that is responsible for religious sentiments probably has other duties as well. However, with an abnormally amplified neural circuitry in this region, I think it would be natural to have religious experiences. For example, if this region had anything to do with spirituality, and it was working overload, it would naturally go to the highest spiritual experience -- which is God.
It is easy to image a lower level of spiritual feelings that might…
history of the 1920's, a colorful era of tycoons, gangsters, bohemians and inventors. Areas covered include the arts, news and politics, science and humanities, business and industry, society fads and sports. The bibliography includes fives sources, with five quotations from secondary sources, and footnotes.
The 1920's are commonly referred to as the 'Roaring Twenties', an appropriate title for a decade that did indeed roar out of the Victorian Era. Gone were the corsets and up went the skirt hems as flapper girls bared their legs and speakeasies with bathtub gin dominated the nightlife.
Tycoons became America's royalties while bohemian lifestyles bore the twentieth century's most influential era of art and literature. Inventions brought us into the modern age of convenience and history making events.
The twenties began with a serious but short-lived post-war recession, following World War 1.
Yet, by the mid-twenties, business and industry had created legends that have…
Bryer, Jackson R. Edited. F. Scott Fitzgerald: Novels and Stories 1920-1922.
Library of America. September 2000.
http://classiclit.about.com/library/weekly/aa100100a.htm . (accessed 02-14-2002).
Maslow gave them that self-meaning and appreciation and became one of the pioneers of a movement that brought the focus of individual feeling, yearning and wholeness into psychology. He sort of read them out and spoke their thoughts, feelings and aspirations for them. He devoted much energy to humanistic psychology and the human potential and inaugurated the "fourth force" in psychology towards the end of his life. The first force consisted of Freud and other depth psychologists; the second force, the behaviorists; his own humanism and European existentialism, the third. This fourth force was made up of transpersonal psychologies that derived from European philosophies, which examined meditation, higher consciousness levels and para-psychological phenomena and which reacted against the then dominant psychoanalysis and behaviorism schools of the 20th century. Among the most prominent European philosophers were Kierkegaard, Husserl and Heidegger and the most prominent in the humanist/existential group were Carl Rogers,…
Beneckson, Robert E Personality Theory. Florida International University. http://vorlon1.com/PersonalityTheory2b.htm
Boeree, George C. Motivation and Personality by Abraham Maslow. Understanding Human Motivation. Personality Theory, 1970
Dickinson, Dee. Revisiting Maslow. Transforming Education: New Horizons for Learning, 2002. http://www.newhorizons.org/trans/dickinsonmaslow.htm
Unpublished Works of Mark Twain: A iographical
Historical, New Historical Criticism and Account
On the night Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born - the 30th of November 1835 - Halley's comet was blazing spectacularly across the autumn sky. And although he was born two months prematurely, a frail little runt, and his mother said, "I could see no promise in him," she nonetheless expressed a hope that Halley's comet was a "bright omen" for her baby boy. Her wish came true in a sensational way. Little could Jane Lampton Clemens have known that her sickly newborn would become a blazing superstar sensation in his own right, a literary luminary and the unchallenged supernova of American society, the likes of which had never been seen - and may never be witnessed on this planet again.
Samuel Clemens fashioned his own creative - and often chaotic - cosmos wherever he went, and he…
Budd, Louis J. Our Mark Twain: The Making of his Public Personality. Philadelphia:
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.
Hoffman, Andrew. Inventing Mark Twain: The Lives of Samuel Langhorne Clemens.
New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1997.
The idea is that imposing a concentration of coursework in reading, writing and arithmetic will make us more competitive with the world and better prepared for the future. According to Robinson, what the policymakers have failed to take into account is that the world is changing faster than ever in our history. He believes that the best hope for the future is to develop a new paradigm of human capacity to meet a new era of human existence. e need to create environments where every person is inspired to grow creatively in order to meet the challenges that lie ahead.
Edward de Bono (2005) notes that not only is the amount of information students learn during the time they are at school very limited, much of the knowledge they acquire while at school is quickly outdated. On the other hand, access to all kinds of information has become incredibly easy.…
Brautigan, Richard. "The Memoirs of Jesse James." Rommel Drives Deep into Egypt. New York: Dell, 1970.
de Bono, Edward. "Creativity at School: Is it even Possible?" Learning and Thinking. April, 2005. Teaching Expertise. 16 September 2010.
Geist, Eugene and Jennifer Hohn. "Encouraging Creativity in the Face of Administrative Convenience: How our Schools Discouage Divergent Thinking." Education. Vol. 130, Issue 1 (Fall 2009): 141-150. 15 September 2010.
Robinson, Ken. Element: How Finding Your Passion Changes Everything. New York: Viking Penguin, Penguin Group USA, 2009.
There are various applications of the FID technology in the healthcare. These are explored by a HIBCC,(2006 ) report that studies the application of the FID technology in the healthcare setting with emphasis on its benefits, limitations as well as recommendations The report categorically pointed out that that the applications of the FID technology in the health care settings are numerous. They range from being used in the management of the hospital's supply chain to the management of the patients themselves. In terms of the supply chain management, the FID technology can be used in the organizing the delivery of supplies such as pacemakers, artificial limbs as well as defibrillators. This is because the supply chain of these crucial items is very complicated and requires the timely delivery of the consignments. The high degree of traceability that is needed to track the shipments from the supplier up to the time…
Anonymous (2004), RFID in the hospital, in RFID Gazette. July 15,
Aarts, J., Doorewaard, H., and Berg, M.(2004), "Understanding implementation: the case of a computerized physician order entry system in a large Dutch university medical center," Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, vol. 11, no. 3,
Chin-Yin,(2000)RFID-Enabled Analysis of Care Coordination and Patient Flow in Ambulatory Carpp. 207-216.
Many great scholars have suggested that it is our duty and our responsibility to "do good" in life, to find genuine motivation from the heart, and to expecting nothing in return besides the satisfaction of the value of our accomplishments in their benefit to others. My Christian upbringing included concepts such as loving my neighbors as I love myself. In that regard, I often recall the story of the poor old woman who possessed nothing more than a handful of pennies but who gave all she had to the poor despite having little more than they did. I was taught that humbling one's self enough to give to others before doing for one's self, one honors the will of God.
I have tried to implement that principle in my life by enrolling in a community service organization called spell out the organization here (FTFT). In the FTFT, I volunteered at…