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Allegory Of The Cave Essays (Examples)

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Cave and Faith
Words: 1419 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82044066
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Plato's Examined Life

According to Plato, while we ought to value living good lives, an examined life is the only life worth living. Plato expands upon Socrates' ideas of an examined life in many of his works. Such a life requires daily introspection and reflection on the life, especially on the nature of virtue. Socrates' goal is to install reason as the judge of one's drives. The lack of self-knowledge is, in the philosopher's opinion, a major killer of the examine life.

Plato's character, Euthyphro, is one who lacks self-knowledge. In Plato's story, Euthyphro files murder charges against his own father. When defending his actions, Euthyphro tells his side of the story to the philosopher Socrates.

He says that one of his dependent workers got drunk one night and killed a domestic servant of the family. When Euthyphro's father heard what had happened, he punished the worker severely by bounding…

Plato Cave the Sociological Implications of Plato's
Words: 963 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 33002364
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Plato Cave

The Sociological Implications of Plato's Allegory of the Cave

Social enlightenment is an abstract concept indeed, and one that is tied closely to collective ways of understanding and perceiving complex cultural dimensions such are hierarchies, forms of governance and variances of individual economic burden. However, our understanding of this abstract concept may be enhanced by Plato's well-known "Allegory of the Cave." Comprising Chapter VII of Plato's critically important The Republic, the allegory examines the experience of socially-imposed ignorance and the consequences of enlightenment. In doing so, it offers an extremely compelling discussion on the human condition that is remarkable in its relevance to our lives today. Namely, the allegory forces us to examine our conceptions of awareness and to reflect on that which we truly know as opposed to that which we believe we know. Indeed, the most compelling aspect of the Plato allegory is the degree to…

Works Cited:

Plato. (360 BCE). The Republic trans. By Benjamin Jowett. The Internet Classics Archive.

Plato's Cave vs The Matrix
Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 11736208
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In essence this means that humanity lives in a state of illusion that has been technologically constructed by an intelligence that provides people with an illusionary reality. In the film it appears that humanity is being kept in a state of illusion in order to be used as an energy source.

We can relate the scenario in the Matrix to the cave allegory in that the entire world has become trapped in a highly technologized ' cave' where mankind exists in a false and dreamlike state, completely unaware of the actual reality of their imprisonment.

However, there are a few people who are aware of the "shadows" that exist outside the cave. There are a number of human beings who have become aware of the "forms" or the true and horrific reality of their world and the true nature of human existence. Under the leadership of the mysterious Morpheus, they…


Wright, J. The Phaedrus, Lysis, and Protagoras of Plato: a New and Literal Translation Mainly from the Text of Bekker. London: Macmillan and Co., Limited, 1921.

Platos Myth Of The Cave and Technology Today
Words: 1024 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42414673
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In his Allegory of the Cave, Plato depicts a world where prisoners are held in a cave for their entire life (Cohen). The puppeteers cast shadows on the wall of the cave, and the prisoners see the shadows as reality. Upon breaking free from the cave, the prisoners come to the realisation that their entire existence has been a lie. They discover how others have controlled their life. This allegory has a great deal of relevance today, particularly in the age of technology. Today's human beings can be likened to the prisoners. Technology controls us -- from television to computers, phones, and cars, technology does everything for us. In spite of its advantages, it distracts us from the truth; it blinds us to the inherent dangers. Even when outside the cave, we can see how technology easily hides the truth from us. This paper discusses how the internet, computers, and…

Myth of the Cave ' Why
Words: 2081 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42184922
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Existentialism takes the human subject -- the holistic human, and the internal conditions as the basis and start of the conceptual way of explaining life. Taking idealism From Descartes, Kant, and Hegel, then building upon it, existentialist thinkers strip away the external and look at questions that surround human existence, and the conditions of that existence, rather than hypothesizing or dreaming of different forms of being. Thus, the inward philosophical emotions, angst, dread, self-doubt, self-esteem, etc. are experiences of the historical process, and the process of learning and moving through "existence" into a less fragile, more concrete, way of self-actualization. The existentialist concept of freedom is the manner in which internal values are set and interact with external historical trends. ather than humans being primarily rational, they make decisions when and if they find meaning (Solomon)

Existentialism asserts that people actually make decisions based solely on the meaning to them…


Ankrom, S. "Existentialism." 27 January 2009. November 2010 .

Beiser, F. The Cambridge Companion to Hegel and 19th Century Philosophy. Cembridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Brickhouse, T. Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Plato and the Trial of Socrates. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Cross, E. "Branches of Philosophy." September 2009. November 2010 .

Plato's Cave and the Ghetto
Words: 1152 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 66135430
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Just as their problems are caused by humans, their problems can also be solved by humans. This fact is exemplified by the existence of politics, where people learn to befriend and utilize people who would otherwise do them harm. Skill at politics, as Shorris noted, is what distinguished the rich from the poor: "Rich people know…how to negotiate instead of using force. They know how to use politics to get along, to get power. (5).

The Return to the Cave

In the third section of the allegory, Socrates speculates on what would happen if this former prisoner were to return to the cave. Having seen the light, he will have been happy for his edification and piteous of those stuck in the cave, believing their lives dark and ignorant. If he were to return to the cave, he would not be as content as he was when he was previously…


Edmundson, Mark, and Earl Shorris. "On the Uses of a Liberal Education: II. As a Weapon in the Hands of the Restless Poor." Harpers. 295.1768 (1997). Print.

Plato, Benjamin Jowett, and Irwin Edman. The Works of Plato. New York: Modern Library, 1928. Print.

Platos the Cave
Words: 1070 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89355330
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Plato's The Cave

The chief theme addressed in the "Allegory of the Cave" by Plato is that: mankind often fails to comprehend the world's actual reality, believing they grasp whatever they come across, see and feel around them. In truth, humanity simply recognizes shadows of different entities' actual forms.

Plato's work depicts captives shackled such that all they are able to view is the cave's rear wall, upon which dance shadows cast by things moved between the light from a huge fire behind their backs and the cave wall. "How could they see anything but the shadows if they were never allowed to move their heads?" As their vision is limited to the cave wall, they are unaware of the fact that what they see are only shadows. They believe their eyes perceive actual things. For instance, if a man's shadow were to dance upon the wall, they would feel…


Litcharts. (2016). The Republic Themes. Retrieved from Litcharts: 

Plato. (1974). The Republic Book VII. Penguin Group Inc.

SparkNotes Editors. (2002). The Republic. Retrieved from Sparknote:

Enlightenment vs Ignorance
Words: 596 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65143959
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Plato's Cave Allegory

The allegorical account presented by Plato in the form of "The Cave" is very informative and educating if assessed and looked at from the proper perspective. The author of this report is to look at the movements and reactions of the mobile person in the cave. Plato is obviously making a point about life and how best to experience and learn from it. The author of this report shall give a quick summary of the movements of the man and what occurs around him and what changes greatly when his gaze is removed from the wall. While opinions and interpretations of this allegory may vary, the overall message Plato was trying to communicate is pretty clear.

Before getting into the analysis of what precisely Plato was trying to say through the cave allegory, it should be first be summarized what precisely happened and was explained so that…


Plato. (2010). The allegory of the cave. Brea, CA: P & L. Publication.

Epic Book The Republic by Plato Specifically
Words: 1176 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90060557
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epic book "The epublic" by Plato. Specifically it will discuss the "Allegory of the Cave" contained in the book and relate it to the background logic you brought to this class and establish whether or not this class has affected your background logic. If so how, and if not, why not? The allegory of the cave may be Plato's most famous allegory from his work "The epublic" and it is still a viable source of logic in today's world. However, I do not agree with all of Plato's logic, and my logic has not changed since taking this class -- in fact, the class has simply helped cement my own background logic in my mind even further.

After reading "The Allegory of the Cave" and attempting to understand Plato's logic and philosophy, I feel my background logic seems intact. Before I enrolled in this class, my logic was basically "If…


Plato, G.M.A. Grube, and C.D.C. Reeve. The Republic. Indianapolis, Indiana: Hackett Publishing Company, 1992.

Plato and Descartes and Plato
Words: 1462 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17464540
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" He also confirmed to himself that God was the origin of his thought, and therefore because his thoughts were real, God must also be real.

3. Descartes -- Senses and Knowledge

When we went outside as a class, part of Descartes ideas was visible in our observations. All the students had a different perception of the external world. Some focused on certain people and certain objects, which were not seen in the same exact way as another student. This shows that the human mind sees a unique version of what our senses tell us is reality. Reality, might however, escape the limitations of the human mind. For instance, a particular relation to a person and an object, this case a tree, might be seen as being a certain way in my mind but a much different way in another student's mind. Each person's unique experience, through the perception of…

Plato's Republic and the Little Prince
Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87613755
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Plato and the Little Prince

Plato's Allegory of the Cave and the Little Prince of Antoine de Saint Exuprey

Plato's Allegory of the Cave in Book Seven of The Republic portrays a world in darkness, the darkness of a cavern. Individuals in the darkness of the cavern of the lived texture of reality, of a daily existence of neckties and golf as Antoine de Saint Exuprey might say, sit around a burning fire. This image represents human beings the world. The fire the human beings gaze at is the fire of the enlightenment the philosophers of humanity, are seeking, often in vain. Occasionally, the humans at the fire catch glimpses of a higher form of reality upon the walls of the cave in the form of shadows. The shadows, which represent how most human beings see reality, are really only dimly filtered versions of the true nature of the forms,…

Works Cited

De Saint Exuprey, Antoine. The Little Prince. 

Plato. The Republic. Allegory of the Cave, Book IIV.

Absolute Truth
Words: 633 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56136580
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Absolute Truth in the Philosophical orks of Plato and Friedrich Nietzsche

The development of human civilization is a social movement that gave way for humans to further explore everything about the world they live in. Philosophers, in their pursuit for knowledge about humans and human understanding, had written discourses about the nature of human knowledge, and how humanity had come to possess this quality. More specifically, philosophers attempted to explain human understanding and knowledge through the concept of 'absolute truth,' which serves as the catalyst for knowledge to develop within an individual. Plato and Friedrich Nietzsche are two famous philosophers who have written philosophical discourses discussing the concept of Absolute Truth as the primary factor that influences and develops human knowledge. Influenced by their social experiences during the period and society they had lived in (Plato during the 5th century and Nietzsche, 19th century), both philosophers subsists to different interpretations…

Works Cited

Nietzsche, F. (1873). On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense. Accessed 21 November 2003. Available at

Plato. The Allegory of the Cave. In The Republic. Accessed 21 November 2003. Available at

Nietzsche Defining Truth Perhaps One
Words: 373 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50369629
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But even many devout believers in America today state that we all worship the same God, and thus participate in the same 'truth' regardless of our affiliation. Even atheists validate the feeling of believers and state that although science is factually true, the human mind and faith has its own truth that can emotionally and psychologically move mountains. In other words, there are different kinds of truths -- truths that can be proven with a scientific experiment and emotional truths that are subjective in nature (like true love and true friendship).

Of course, some philosophers suggested that different types of truths have more solid truth claims than others, even in the past. But few people have radically questioned the ability to know the truth on every level as much as we do today. In fact, maybe the word 'truth' is not a good word for what we are seeking, when…

Society We All Live Within Societies and
Words: 1451 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23892499
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We all live within societies and we are the consistency of the society. As families and as individuals, we play roles and responsibilities that when combined point towards a given trend and charters of a larger group, hence the society.

An ideal society is one that constitutes people with similar life patterns which are mutual and beneficial to each member of that particular group. The infiltration of people with divergent interests interferes with the consistency of that society hence should be deterred by whatever means possible.

The Oxford Dictionary (2012), refers to a society as "The aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community." The society is also defined "The community of people living in a particular region and having shared customs, laws, and organizations."

More often than not, the term society is confused with family, it is worth noting that the family is just…


Constitution Society, (2011). The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli: That Which Concerns A

Prince On The Subject Of The Art Of War. Retrieved November 2, 2012 from .

Oxford Dictionary, (2012). Definition of Society. Retrieved November 2, 2012 from 

Public Book Shelf, (2012). The Philosopher King: Socrates vision in Plato's Republic. From the Republic -- Plato. Retrieved November 2, 2012 from

Nietzsche's Thus Spoke Zarathustra the
Words: 649 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71566960
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Similarly, Zarathustra's time in the mountains offered him wisdom, knowledge that he needed to share with others; thus he resolved to "go under" (Nietzsche 10), and share the truth with the unenlightened 'herd.' Much of society is founded on this central tenet of education being a central good, and indeed everyday interaction seems to be predicated on the assumption that ignorance is potentially harmful. For example, many alcoholics are ignorant of their condition, and this ignorance causes physical and emotional harm. It would seem as though friends who know someone with alcoholism (and who, furthermore, know some truth that the alcoholic does not, namely, that alcoholism is harmful) have a moral obligation to try and educate that person in an effort to curb his or her drinking. To not do so would be to betray one's social role as a friend, and ignore one's moral responsibility implied by that role.…


Nietzsche, Friedrich. Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Trans. Walter Kaufmann. New York: Penguin Group, 1966.

Plato, John M. Cooper, and D.S. Hutchinson. Complete Works. Indianapolis, Ind.: Hackett Pub., 1997.

Psychology Degree Does Mean Something
Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82138485
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Thus, studying psychology is morally and intellectually improving. Psychology is so all encompassing as a field of study that it makes a person's mind more flexible. In psychology classes, a student must learn about analysis from a qualitative, even literary approach, as encompassed in the words of Sigmund Freud and William James. In other psychology classes, a student must understand how to interpret an Excel spreadsheet used in a research study to prove the efficacy of a particular antidepressant drug. Or, he or she must understand a more scientific and neurological approach to the human brain than more humanistic approaches to psychology might suggest in other classes. All of these different approaches are integral to modern psychology. A psychology major must be fluent in the liberal arts, the social sciences, and the natural sciences, and so he or she will be able to apply many approaches to solving problems in…

Plato it Seems That From
Words: 1269 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 78217437
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This may be true, but only to a limited extent. If human experience is limited, then so is the acquired knowledge and truth can not exist partially only. On the one hand. On the other hand, it is safe to say that unlimited experience is impossible at least empirically (419a).

Therefore, truth might be based on experience but experience is not enough. The fact that people are chained to the wall is a metaphor which suggests the fact that human perceptions are influenced and shaped by the environment we live in through its customs, beliefs and values. It becomes obvious how difficult it is to have a free mind. Returning to the issue of experience, we may have a person breaking free from the chain and thus being able to move around the cave.

Now he can see the statues and the fire and with the use of reason he…

Compare and Contrast Aristotle and Plato
Words: 768 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48017804
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Plato & Aristotle

The author of this brief report has been asked to compare and contrast the theories of knowledge, otherwise known as epistemology, that are present in the works of Plato and Aristotle. The works of Plato that will be covered include Divided Line, the Allegory of the Cave and the Sun. When it comes to Aristotle, the items that will be covered include the ten categories and the significance of substance. The relevant text in question will be Classics of Philosophy as authored by Pojman and Vaughn. While there are some strong similarities between the works and authors cited above, there are also some distinct differences between them.

When it comes to the Divided Line, Plato is writing out a dialog that occurs between Glaucon and Socrates. It is important to note that this work immediately follows the Analogy of the Sun and the Analogy of the Cave…

Plato's Republic One of the
Words: 1249 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44545869
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Somebody establishes them according to an already existing set of values. What happens when these values are not shared by everyone? Can people actually agree upon an universal concept of beauty based solely on reason? These are some of the issues which the philosopher tries to analyze.

3. An important metaphor that Socrates uses in order to convey his ideas regarding the concept of good is the one of the sun. The action of illumination which the sun performs is not only physical but spiritual as well. Since the sun is the very source of knowldge and the instrument which guides people towards the truth, the sun becomes a metaphor for the "good" as well. Therefore there is a close connection between knowledge and ethics, the main link being the truth. The sun (through its generating the light) is the main tool that the eye uses in order to perceive…

Nietzsche & Plato Response Do
Words: 465 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16513493
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But this sense of a death of nationalism, or one's personal belief is different than Nietzsche's statement because no ideology has kind of hold Christianity did upon the world when Nietzsche wrote in 19th century Europe.

Response 2

Do you think we reached a point where we no longer need God?

On one hand, it is possible to see humanity's ability to engage in scientific discovery as proof of the glory of rationality as opposed to following the 'herd' of faith. But science can also confirm that human beings are not very important in the grand scheme of things, unlike most religions which are concerned with human choice and fate. Darwin's discovery that humans are descendents of primates, Mendel's realization that a great deal of our behavior is determined by our genes, even the discovery that the universe does not revolve around the earth shows us that much of our…

Waking Life and Plato's Republic Richard Linklater's
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aking Life and Plato's Republic

Richard Linklater's 2001 film aking Life explores the nature of reality and its relationship to dreaming, and in particular the way in which the worlds of dreaming and reality intersect and cloud each other. At one point, as the main character essentially walks through his dreams, interacting with a variety of characters engaged in philosophical discussion, he comes upon a man playing ukulele who espouses and interpretation of dreaming very similar to Plato's allegory of the cave in his Republic. The ukulele-playing man describes the notion of lucid dreaming as a means of truly "living," and his description of lucid dreaming can be interpreted as the enactment of the goal in Plato's allegory. By comparing the scene with the ukulele-playing man in aking Life with Plato's allegory of the cave in The Republic, it will be possible to see how the former reinterprets the latter…

Works Cited

Linklater, Richard, Dir. Waking Life. Fox Searchlight Pictures: 2001, Film.

Plato, . "The Republic." The Internet Classics Archive. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2011. .

Socrates Said That the Unexamined
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His view is Asian in that it mirrors the view that meaning is found by searching within, that imposing a specific doctrine is not the way to find enlightenment, and that a teacher is a guide rather than a figure of authority. Such ideas are expressed in Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, Confucianism, and other Asian philosophical and religious systems. Socrates takes a very self-effacing position in keeping with the way he subordinates himself to the need of society and so does not challenge the death sentence pronounced against him, nor does he escape when he can because he believes more in the right of the social order to exert its authority over him than he does in his personal welfare. The sublimation of the personal in service of the greater good is also an Asian element that Socrates expresses in his own way, and the way his followers argue with him…

Aristotle or Plato
Words: 3303 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75564793
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Plato's Theory Of The Tripartite Soul

The Republic is an influential dialogue by Plato, written in the first half of the 4th century C. This Socratic dialogue mainly concerns political philosophy and ethics. The political ideas are clarified by picturing a utopia. The Republic also contains the famous allegory of the cave, with which Plato clarifies his theory of ideal forms. The Republic, which is the standard English translation of the title, is somewhat of a misnomer, as the government theorized by Plato resembles an authoritarian aristocracy. Nonetheless, the work is generally recognized a foundational text in political philosophy. The scene of the dialogue is the house of Cephalus at Piraeus, a city beyond the walls of ancient Athens. It was the port of entry and exit for trade into Athens. Socrates was not known to venture outside of Athens regularly. Socrates narrates the whole dialogue the day after it…


Aristotle. On the Soul. In R. McKeon (Ed.). The Basic Works of Aristotle. New York: Random House, 1941.

Descartes, R. Les passions de l'ame (2nd edn.). G. Rodls-Lewis (Ed.). Paris: 1970.

Miller, Eugene F. "Metaphor and Political Knowledge," American Political Science Review 73 (1979).

"Plato" article in the Encyclopedia Britannica, Book

Collapsing Certainties Theme of Collapsing Uncertainties the
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Collapsing Certainties

Theme of Collapsing Uncertainties

The Collapsing Birth Rate in the Developed orld

Human beings perceive events, individuals, and objects in different manners in relation to the circumstances and understanding. This is vital towards the development of concept of reality with the aim of continuous leadership, caring, and forms of goodness. This is an indication that human beings believe in whatever they see and purport to be ideal thus generation of meaning and form of understanding or knowledge for the purposes of guidance and leadership. Various personalities have focused on the examination of the concept of collapsing uncertainties. Some of these personalities include Timothy Eves, Plato, and Sartre. Sartre focuses on the examination of the concept of hell or the world of darkness through integration of the No Exit play. This is ideal for effective understanding and development of the forms of goodness in relation to reality and knowledge.…

Works Cited

Kirk, John T.O. Science & Certainty. Collingwood, VIC: CSIRO Pub, 2007. Print.

Heidegger, Martin, and Ted Sadler. The Essence of Truth: On Plato's Parable of the Cave

Allegory and Theaetetus. London: Continuum, 2002. Print.

Pollan, Michael. The Omnivore's Dilemma:A Natural History of Four Meals (New York:

Man or a Mouse Victims
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This responsibility -- using knowledge to actualize others, is a predominant theme in much of Plato's works that resonates directly with contemporary pedagogical theory.

The Allegory itself is written as a fictional dialog between Plato's teacher Socrates and Plato's brother Glaucon. In the allegory of the cave, the reader, whom Plato assumes is also a philosopher on a path towards enlightenment, is treated to a play within a play. There is a dark cave, cavernous and damp. Individuals (prisoners) have been chained in this chasm since birth so that they are able to move in a way that they can only look at the wall in front of them; otherwise they are immobile. "Conceive them as having their legs and necks fettered from childhood, so that they remain in the same spot, able to look forward only, and prevented by the fetters from turning their heads" (vii: 515). There is…

Plato and Aristotle
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Plato & Aristotle

The Platonic theory of knowledge is divided into two parts: a quest first to discover whether there are any unchanging objects and to identify and describe them and second to illustrate how they could be known by the use of reason, that is, via the dialectical method. Plato used various literary devices for illustrating his theory; the most famous of these is the allegory of the cave in ook VII of The Republic. The allegory depicts ordinary people as living locked in a cave, which represents the world of sense-experience; in the cave people see only unreal objects, shadows, or images. ut through a painful process, which involves the rejection and overcoming of the familiar sensible world, they begin an ascent out of the cave into reality; this process is the analogue of the application of the dialectical method, which allows one to apprehend unchanging objects and…


1. Norman Melchert, The Great Conversation. Fourth Edition. Chapters 6 & 7

2. The Encyclopaedia Britannica - 15th Edition; Articles on Plato, Aristotle, Epistemology and Ethics

3. Greek Thought: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. On the Internet at 

4. Theory of Knowledge in Ancient Philosophy. On the Internet at

Ideal Leaders
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Plato using Socrates as his guide to help illuminate how his view of order and rulership should be defined. Plato's The epublic will be used to demonstrate how the orders of government should be carried out and how society itself is responsible for producing philosopher kings that provide the best rulers for their country.

Plato was a Greek philosopher that used his past experiences as a playwright to help develop the necessary emotional content within his writing to illicit substantial responses. Plato's mentor, Socrates, never recorded any of his ideas, and the use of his character by Plato in most of his works suggest that his elder supplied much of the inspiration and motivation for his own ideas. The notion that Plato's views have fundamentally shifted the means of thinking and metaphysics throughout the worlds modern history is very popular and supported in many academic and philosophical circles and his…


Plato. (trans. 2009). The Republic. G. Farlik (Trans). Denver, CO: Parietal Publishing.

Lane, M.S., & Lane, M.S. (1998). Method and politics in Plato's Statesman. Cambridge University Press.

Rosen, S. (1995). Plato's Statesman: the web of politics.

Rosen, S. (1979). Plato's myth of the reversed cosmos. The Review of Metaphysics, 59-85.

Plato Application of Theory to
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Too many leaders today do not see much as necessarily bad or good, and they simply go through their life without realizing there is so much more out there to be done and seen, just like the people in Plato's Cave. They have blinders on -- some of which are part of society, and some of which are self-inflicted. If only they would break out of the chains which enslave them in that Cave they could climb up into the light where they could truly see, and they would be aware of all the beauty and wonder in this world.

Unfortunately, the people in the Cave choose not to make an attempt at going outside, and because they do not strive to see more and to learn more, they do not teach the children to see more and to learn more. The cycle simply perpetuates, and this is the case…


Anderson, Albert a. (1999). Downsizing and the Meaning of Work. Babson College Business Ethics Program.

Donaldson, Thomas, and a.R. Gini. (1984). Case Studies in Business Ethics. 2nd ed. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Giardina, Denise. (1999). Saints and Villains. New York: Ballantine Books.

Guthrie, W.K.C. (1986). A History of Greek Philosophy: Volume 4, Plato: The Man and His Dialogues: Earlier Period. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Plato's Beliefs Plato's Belief in
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All the aspects of society are based on the models of the Forms, or the ideals of perfection. In other words, if we translate this belief into practical terms, Plato's theory really means that we should strive for the highest possible ideals in life.

Although Plato had a great influence on estern thought, there are many thinkers and philosophers who disagree with the basic premises, and dualism, of this theory. For example, the philosopher Emmanuel Kant states that man has certain limitations in his search for truth and knowledge. Unlike Plato, Kant believed that we could not have knowledge of or 'know' the truth that exists behind ordinary reality. He referred to the word of true reality as the noumenal world. However to understand this noumenal world is to understand the "thing in itself'; a possibly that Kant believed was beyond human capabilities. Therefore, although Kant acknowledged that there was…

Works Cited

Kant, I. Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals.

Indianapolis: Liberal Arts Press, 1949, 68.

Mansfield, Harvey. "Education: Where We Stand - the Conservative End of Education." National Review, 3 July 2000.

Plato. Republic. Translated by Waterfield, Robin. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Faith and the Problem of Pain From the Christian Perspective
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Tim Murphy



The existence of human suffering poses a unique theological problem. If God is omniscient, omnipotent, and all-loving, then why does suffering exist? Indeed, this difficulty is confronted in scripture itself: perhaps the most important look into the problem of suffering comes in the Old Testament story of Job. Mainstream Christianity continues to have a variety of ways of approaching this theological question, although historically Christians had a much broader spectrum of responses. For example, today's mainstream Christianity is a result of the establishment of orthodoxy in the face of Gnostic Christians, who used the existence of suffering as a way of questioning whether God was indeed omnipotent or all-loving. Gnosticism instead posits a "demiurge" or "alien god" that created this world and its suffering without being omnipotent or good. ut the oldest mainstream form of Christian orthodoxy today -- represented by the Roman Catholic faith…


Barron, Bishop Robert. "Stephen Colbert, J. R. R. Tolkien, John Henry Newman, and the Providence of God," Word on Fire. Web. 4 Dec 2015.

English Standard Version Study Bible.

John Paul II. Salvifici Doloris. 1984. 

Keller, Timothy. Walking With God Through Pain and Suffering. New York: Riverhead Books, 2015.

How much do movies influence us
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movies influence us? Do they have the power to alter our perception of reality as Plato suggested? Do movies and television provide us with truth or illusion?

Remarkable advancements in transportation and mass communication in the last half-century have given rise to a true "global village" or "mass society." People everywhere have access to information about all that happens anywhere in the world. Mass media serves to provide us with a torrent of facts whilst simultaneously aiding us in organizing it (Sylwester). These channels of information take advantage of areas of powerful emotional stimulation and help mold one's views and knowledge -- as with society's swift media-powered growth in terrorism-related knowledge. in Laden was earlier an unimportant figure. Further, the 9/11 attack's many thousand fatalities were obscure office-goers until a number of newspapers across the nation printed anecdotal tribulations of them all. Nationwide firefighters and police officers, as well as…


Ayala, Alejandro. Rojas. How has movies changed the perception of people about life? Prezi.2007.

Dahl, Gordon., & Dellavigna, Stefano. Does Movie Violence Increase Violent Crime? Oxford Journals, 677-734. 2009.

Lutts, Ralph.. The Trouble with Bambi: Walt Disney's Bambi and the American Vision of Nature. Forest and Conservation History, 160-171. 1992.

Manera, Anne. The "Allegory of the Cave's" Influence on 21st Century Media. Digital Brush Strokes. 2007.

The Old World Concepts of Virtue Versus the Modern
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Platos views on education are seldom accepted today, while Dewys are the philosophical foundation for much of what goes on in schools. Explain why this is the case.

Dewey's approach towards education is based on the scientific method that grew out of the enaissance and the Age of Enlightenment. It, in effect, builds on the theory of William of Occam, who denied the existence of universals (Weaver, 1984). Thus, Dewey and the rest of modern educators tend towards an emphasis on empiricism and "facts," whereas Plato emphasizes the existence of universals and how true knowledge and true virtue is bound up in the understanding of these universals. As Plato shows in Phaedrus, for instance, "a man must have intelligence of universals, and be able to proceed from the many particulars of sense to one conception of reason; -- this is the recollection of those things which our soul once saw…


Aristotle. (n.d.). Ethics. MIT. Retrieved from 

Plato. (2010). The Dialouges, vol. 1. Online Library of Liberty. Retrieved from

Plato. (n.d.). The Republic. MIT. Retreived from 

Rousseau, J. (2012). Social Contract. NY: Courier.

Plato and Socrates -- Human Soul There
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Plato and Socrates -- Human Soul

There are a number of philosophical tenets that have been the subject of intense scrutiny since humans coalesced into formal societies. ho are we as a species? here do we fit in with the universe? hat is morality? Do the ends justify the means? Moreover, most of all, why are we here and are we free to act as individuals toward greater good? Free will, for instance, or the idea of that human's make choices unconstrained, has been contested even as a concept. The paradigm that humans may make rational choices and that life is not predetermined from "divine" beings allows one to look at a number of philosophical constructs that are on a continuum between the idea that determinism is false and that of hard determinism, or the idea that determinism is true and free will completely impossible forms the crux of a…

Works Cited

Baird, F. And W. Kaufman. From Plato to Derrida. New York: Prentice Hall, 2008. Print.

Huard, R. Plato's Political Philosophy. New York: Penguin, 2006. Print.

MacIntyre, A. A Short History of Ethics, Routledge, New York and London, 2006. Print.

Plato. "The Republic." June 2009. Ed. B. Jowett. Web. May 2013. .

Plato's Theory of Ideas
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Explaining Plato’s Theory
Plato’s theory of ideas was based on the concept that all knowledge was innate and was achieved by way of recollection. He thus stated that “a man must have intelligence of universals, and be able to proceed from the many particulars of sense to one conception of reason,” (417) explaining that through the sense of the universals, one could grasp the Ideas that served as the ultimate reality. These Ideas were discernible, according to Plato, because they were basically written on the soul and they were recalled by the intellect. Plato described the process in this manner: “this is the recollection of those things which our soul once saw while following God—when regardless of that which we now call being she raised her head up towards the true being” (417-418). Plato’s theory that Ideas serve as the ultimate reality stems from the concept of God being the…

Idealism Make Sense in Philosophy
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belief -- or idealism -- and the way humans must evolve through a process to become actualized. In essence, we are presented with a dark cave in which there are prisoners who have been chained since birth so they can look only forward. Behind these unfortunates is a fire, the only light in their universe. Behind the fire are people manipulating puppets so that shadows are cast on the walls. So, the only "reality" the prisoners know are the lessons from the shadows -- reality, or their view of idealism. If suddenly a prisoner is freed he notices that the shadows are not real, but the puppets are. Now imagine if this same prisoner is forced out of the cave and into the light. As soon as the pain from the brightness diminishes he discovers that the most real things, the ideal, are those physical outside of the cave (Huard,…


Haisch, B. (2007). Preface to the God Theory. Retrieved from: 

Huard, R.L. (2006). Plato's Political Philosophy: The Cave. New York: Penguin.

Monk, R. (2004, March). Bertrand Russell. Retrieved from Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: 

Russell, B. (2004, March). The Problems of Philosophy. Retrieved December 2011, from

Web DuBois
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W.E. Dubois

Education is one of the fundamental bases of society. Public colleges have represented a strong issue for years. The conditions of work were one of the aspects under debate, but the philosophy that should guide the activity of the public colleges was another theme of utmost importance. Why? ecause what it does is actually set the guiding lines for the entire curriculum. The African -American question arises naturally under these consequences. The present paper will analyze the philosophies of two important figures in this area, namely ooker T. Washington and W.E.. Duois.

It is considered that the agenda of the community colleges is in fact a political agenda. This is true if you consider that social regulations implied by the process of education in these colleges. oth the mentioned authors have suggested educational philosophies that were aimed at improving the condition of the blacks in the United Sates…


Bauerlein, M. The tactical life of Booker T. Washington. The Chronicle Report. Volume 50, issue 14,-page B12

Bauman, M.G. (2007).The double consciousness of community colleges. The Chronicle of higher education

Norrell, R.J. Up from history. The life of Booker T. Washington. The Belknap Press / Harvard University Press

Steele, S. (2003). The souls of Black folk. Why we are still caught up in century-old politics? Wall Street Journal

Communism in Latin America
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A Critique of Democracy: the Latin American Left
The Latin American Left was mainly inspired by the idealism of Marx. Marx (1873) believed that “the ideal is nothing else than the material world reflected by the human mind and translated into forms of thought.” For the Left, the main problem has always been rooted in class—as materialism is the basis of their worldview, class and class struggle was the biggest issue, and equality and egalitarian principles enacted and served in society were the goal. Marx wanted the workers to own the means of production and thus end the rule of the bourgeoisie over the laborers. This was his ideal—and the Latin American leaders on the Left made it their priority to nationalize private industry and for the state to take control of the means of production. Whether it was Evo Morales in Bolivia, Chavez and Maduro in Venezuela, Castro…

Plato and Aristotle on Passion
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Reason vs Passion: Comparing Aristotle and Plato
It must be well known among all students and scholars of philosophy that both Plato and Aristotle have a high regard for reason. But what is their view on passion? It might be surprising to learn that neither philosopher holds a negative view of passion in and of itself—what both do, however, point out is that passion should be subservient to reason. Passion that is governed by reason is certainly not a bad thing, for either philosopher, and what is more important is that some passions or emotions should be promoted over others (Urmson; Taylor).
The problem that most moderns have when it comes to understanding what passion means is that they are defining the term according to all-or-nothing terms, applying a kind of either/or approach to the issue of whether one should live one’s life by using the head or the…

Boethius and the Material World
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It follows that the material search for riches and honor, the desires of the flesh and other aspects that constitute the material world"...lead people astray from what is their true good." (oethius - the Consolation of Philosophy)

This view is also related to other philosophical questions, such as the difference between good and evil and why evil exits in the world in the first palace. Evil is defined as a lack of reality and therefore the material world is also evil in the sense that it has no true reality. This discussion can be found in ook IV of the Consolation of Philosophy. As one commentator notes:

Philosophy shows how those who are good are strong because everyone seeks the good, and the ability to attain it is evidence of power while the evil are weak because they have not attained it. Those who are called evil are not capable…


Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius. 2005. Retrieved Dec 2, 2008, at 

Boethius - the Consolation of Philosophy. Retrieved Dec 2, 2008, at 

Guisepi R. An analysis of the grounds of and concepts expressing fundamental

Beliefs. Retrieved Dec 2, 2008, at

Liberal Eduation for the Poor
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If one has been "trained" in the ways of poverty, left no opportunity to do other than react to his or her environment, what is needed is a beginning, not repetition. The humanities teach us to think reflectively, to begin, to deal with the new as it occurs to us, to dare. If the multi-generational poor are to make the leap out of poverty, it will require a new kind of thinking -- reflection. And that is a beginning. (O'connell, 2000)

It appears that all students, regardless of class or background, need the foundation of the humanities. There is a tendency with the increase of technology to put more of an emphasis on math and sciences than the arts and humanities. For students to be well rounded, there needs to be a balance of the two.


Edmundson, M. (1997). On the uses of a liberal education: as lite entertainment…


Edmundson, M. (1997). On the uses of a liberal education: as lite entertainment for bored college students. Harpers. 9:39-50

O'Connell, K. (2000) Social transformation through the humanities: an interview with Earl Shorris. Massachussetts Foundation for the humanities. Retrieved September 14, 2007

Shorris, E (1997). As a weapon in the hands of the restless poor." Harpers. 9:50-60

Plato and Hume a Comparison
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ationalism is based on logic, or -- rather -- the proper ordering of things. That order, according to Plato, is necessarily hierarchical and his Allegory of the Cave explicitly shows it: the philosopher is one who has striven to leave behind the shadows and worked to climb the hill, until he has reached a revelation of sorts. It is then his duty to go back and instruct the ignorant who still live in the darkness of the cave by appealing to their intellect. While empiricism explains all knowledge as deriving from experience, ationalism explains all knowledge as logical. In other words, experience is not necessary to gain philosophical wisdom, for the life of the mind allows one to logically grasp one conclusion from the next. Platonic ationalism emphasizes the intellect over sheets of data.

In conclusion, I prefer the Platonic theory of knowledge because I find many of the modern…

Reference List

Hume, D. (1748). An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. Retrieved from 

Weaver, R. (1984). Ideas Have Consequences. IL: University of Chicago Press.