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..) the subsequent U.S. occupation of the island tied its economy ever closed to the United States as U.S. military governors promulgated laws giving U.S. firms concessionary access to the Cuban market. y the late 1920s U.S. firms controlled 75% of the sugar industry and most of the mines, railroads, and public utilities." (Leogrande and Thomas, 2002, 325-6)
The economic dependence on the United States and in particular the high degree of American control over the Cuban industry and natural resources determined a massive reaction even at the social level. For the public in Cuba, the massive U.S. presence represented the symbol of the colonial rule identified with the previous Spanish rule. From this point-of-view after the gaining of independence, in Cuba a certain sense of opposition towards the U.S. was created. At the same time, one of the most obvious areas of the social aspect which saw the increased…
Avalon Project. The Monroe Doctrine. 1823. Yale Law School. 1996. http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/monroe.htm
The source is useful because it offers primary sources for this topic. I used this document because it is relevant for the politics of the United States and its attitude towards Latin America.
Sierra, J.A. The Ostend Manifesto. Aix-la-Chapelle, October 15, 1854. History of Cuba website, n.d. http://www.historyofcuba.com/history/havana/Ostend2.htm
America's Medical System is Broken: Can it Be Saved and at What Cost?
It is not an undisclosed reality that the health care system of the United States of America is the most expensive in the world. The American government spends almost two times as much per individual as compared to other advanced nation-states for achieving better health outcomes. However, they are neither better nor satisfactory and are much poorer in some cases. In addition to this, the residents of other developed countries (particularly Canadians and British) who are consistently loathed by rivals of "socialized" medicines communicate that they are greatly satisfied with their health care systems when compared to the citizens of America who are not.
The health care system in the United States is an area under much polarizing discussion. The supporters of it claim that it is undoubtedly the best medical system in the world. They support…
Clemmitt, M. "Health-Care Reform: Is Universal Coverage Too Expensive?" CQ Researcher. 19.29 (2009): n. page. Web. 12 Jun. 2012. .
Clemmitt, M. "Rising Health Cost: Can Costs Be Cut Without Hurting Care Quality?" CQ Researcher. 16.13 (2006): n. page. Web. 12 Jun. 2012. .
"Health Care Reform." Issues and Controversies. (2010): n. page. Web. 12 Jun. 2012. .
Heirich, Max. Rethinking Health Care: Innovation and Change in America. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1998. Questia. Web. 12 June 2012. .
America and Diversity
Impacts of Immigration on U.S.
America has indeed a true diverse population and challenges of having such a diversified group of people range from the most serious issues such as terrorism to minor issues of hygiene. In a nutshell the most important challenge is inculcating the American way of life in people from different races, believing in a same cause of freedom and future that is flourishing for both the country and its citizens. Some notable challenges are;
A person's Lack of trust in people who belong to same or different race.
Involving a population in democratic process that consists of people with different social norms and religious beliefs.
Increasing population with scarcity of natural resources and services provided by government.
A judicial system that can consistently overlook religious beliefs and social norms in making decisions.
Lack of awareness; in reference to future of the world and…
Armas, G.C. (2009), America's Face Is Changing, Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/2100-201_162-607022.html
Eck, D.L. (2006), On Common Ground: World Religions in America, Columbia University Press (1- [HIDDEN] )
MPI Data Hub. (2007), Foreign-Born Population and Foreign Born as Percentage of the Total U.S. Population, 1850 to 2010, Retrieved from ( http://www.migrationinformation.org/datahub/charts/final.fb.shtml
Passel, J. & Cohn, D. (2008), U.S. Population Projections: 2005-2050, retrieved from http://www.pewhispanic.org/2008/02/11/us-population-projections-2005-2050/
America's Cuban Conundrum
Issue that prompted the EU to take the Helm-Burton dispute to the WTO
The stances of the U.S. government in the suctions issued upon Cuba were heavy and non-beneficial to many countries and subsidiary organizations. The benefits of the sanctions were felt with no role in bringing consistency of access to the exciting opportunities for business activities in Cuba. Many organizations, countries, and independent business people were willing to enter into relationships with Cuba in order to access the benefits accrued to opportunities in the market. Nonetheless, the stance of the U.S. On sanctions seemed to influence other nations into having a collateral relation with Cuba. For instance, the sanctions extended to other nations like Canada that initially had improved relations between them and the United States of America (atliff & Fontaine, 2000).
Moreover, Cuba was not in any case ready to let go or pay for…
Garci-a, M.C. (1996). Havana USA: Cuban exiles and Cuban Americans in South Florida,
1959-1994. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Keegan, W.J., & Green, M.C. (2005). Global marketing. Upper Saddle River, N.J:
Argument against colonization
While the American government pursued this expansionist policy, many citizens expressed concerns and dissent, for many disparate reasons. Ironically, while expansionism was based on ideas of racial superiority, so did the counter-arguments. For example, labor leader Samuel Gompers argued against the acquisition of colonies, for fear of being swarmed by "the Negritos, the Chinese, the Malays" and the other "semi-savage races" from coming to the United States? Similar racist arguments were put forth by William Graham Sumner, a prominent Social Darwinist. While Sumber agrees with the argument that Anglo Saxons are a superior race, he also believed that colonization would interfere with the progress of the lesser race and may even disrupt the development of the Anglo Saxon civilization.
However, many prominent Americans also opposed American expansionism based on more lawful and humanitarian reasons. Republican Senator George F. Hoar, for example, argued that the acquisition of the…
Marx would say that capitalism is a machine made out of human beings; human beings are the little cogs that make the machine go round. Work is such an important topic as it relates to identities therefore because it is the place and the acts that we do at work that either reinforce our class or not. The constant worry by some to do well at their jobs because they are scared of not having money to buy food, to pay for their shelter, and live a decent life are what strengthen performance at work (or not strengthen performance at work depending on the level of need). This is why Marx's theories on capitalism and work were so right on. If a person is so worried about how they will eat their next meal, they are inextricably linked to their job performance and thus their 'cultural performance' too.…
This essentially meant that America declared its sphere of influence extended into Central America. Shifting from its isolationist past, America became increasingly embroiled in international affairs as a result of this doctrine. In 1898, whipped into a frenzy by William Randolph Heart's yellow journalism and specious allegations that an about the Spanish violations of human rights, Americans railed in support of the Spanish-American War. The idea that the supposedly oppressed Cuban freedom fighters were like American rebels of old was used to justify American determination of the situation abroad.
nder the leadership of Theodore Roosevelt at the helm of the navy and President McKinley, America exercised its dominance and declared war on Spain in April of 1898. The suspicious sinking of the .S.S. Maine sealed the fate of Spain, although it is not even certain why the Maine sank today. However, rather than merely guarantee freedom for Cubans, Americans actions…
Under the leadership of Theodore Roosevelt at the helm of the navy and President McKinley, America exercised its dominance and declared war on Spain in April of 1898. The suspicious sinking of the U.S.S. Maine sealed the fate of Spain, although it is not even certain why the Maine sank today. However, rather than merely guarantee freedom for Cubans, Americans actions actually resulted in its colonial domination of the territory. The rhetoric of freedom and protecting America was used to justify imperialism to the American public.
Discuss the nature of the Civil Rights movement in the United States following World War II (1945-1969). Include commentary on relevant leading personalities, issues, and events. In your opinion, will America ever overcome its racial legacy? Explain.
Heroic names associated with the Civil Rights Movement of 1945-1969 like Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr., and Malcolm X have become nearly sacrosanct historical figures. But given the racism characteristic of America during this period, these individuals were polarizing and controversial
In much African music-making repetition is regarded as an aesthetic strength, and many forms are constructed of short phrases that recur in a regular cycle;
2) interlocking of multiple repeating patterns to form dense polyrhythmic; and 3) in contrast to the aesthetics of Western art music, in which a "clear" tone is the ideal, African singers and instrumentalists make use of a wide palette of timbres. uzzing tones are created by attaching a rattling device to an instrument, and singers frequently use growling and humming effects, a technique that can also be heard in African-American genres such as blues, gospel, and jazz. (Starr and Waterman, nd)
Latin music has also integrated in American popular music as did early music of the American South which was greatly influenced by black gospel music. Country music which is produced in Nashville has also influenced popular American music and has wound its way with…
Starr, Larry and Waterman, Christopher (nd) American Popular Music. Online available at http://www.america.gov/media/pdf/books/american-popular-music.pdf#popup
Shaw, Arnold (1986) Black Popular Music in America: From the Spirituals, Minstrels, and Ragtime to Soul, Disco, and Hip-Hop. Simon and Schuster 1986.
America in a World at War and "America and the Cold War questions:
Brinkley, Alan. The Unfinished Nation: A Concise History of the American People. Fourth Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill 2004.
During WWII the German government methodically went about the destruction of six million Jews, Catholics, gypsies and other ethnic groups not considered Aryan in nature. How, in your opinion could this happen? How was a leader such as Adolph Hitler able to go about what we now call the Holocaust, without the citizens rising up in objection? More importantly could this happen again? Could it happen in the United States?
To answer this question is difficult, for it poses essentially, a question that historians and Germans alike have wrestled with for decades, namely why did the Holocaust occur? The only, albeit incomplete answer is that genocides have occurred throughout human history. Genocides continue in Europe to this day, as…
America and the Post Cold War World
This work of non-fiction authored by Chollet and Goldgeiger chronicles a pivotal epoch in United States history, which was marked by the end of the Cold War and the beginning of the purported War on Terror. The authors dedicate most of the manuscript to the foreign policy and international developments that America faced during this interim between major, time-consuming wars. Nonetheless, there are some interesting domestic developments that they discuss as well, strictly within the context of how those events influenced the country's efficacy -- or lack thereof -- in foreign affairs.
In combing through this period which began on 11/9 of 1989 and ended on 9/11 of 2001 (which marked the fall of the erlin Wall and the start of the War on Terror as denoted by the attack on the World Trade Center) the primary purpose of the authors is to…
Chollet, Derek., Goldgeier, James. America Between the Wars: From 11/9 to 9/11. New York, NY: Public Affairs, 2008.
1. Derek Chollet and James Goldgeier, America Between the Wars: From 11/9 to 9/11 (New York: Public Affairs, 2002), 328.
2. Chollet and Goldgeier, America Between, IX.
One text states, "16 million Americans -- about one-third of the available workforce -- was unemployed" (Lamb 237). It was one of the worst times in American history, and it took President Franklin D. oosevelt, elected in 1933, to end it with his radical "New Deal" that created jobs and fiscal security. One historian notes, "The achievements of the New Deal soon came to be not only admired but imitated; the United States became not merely the consumer of social experiments from other lands but the exporter"
Leuchtenburg 306). The New Deal was successful, but it was really the entrance into World War II that revved up the economy and finally ended the depression.
There were so many changes from 1900 through 1941; it is difficult to name them all. However, overall, just about every part of society changed, from economically to how people lived and worked. It was one…
Lamb, Brian. Booknotes: Stories from American History. New York: Public Affairs, 2001.
Leuchtenburg, William E. "21 the Great Depression." The Comparative Approach to American History. Ed. Woodward, C. Vann. New York: Oxford U.S., 1997. 296-311.
Woodward, C. Vann, ed. The Comparative Approach to American History. New York: Oxford U.S., 1997.
America Is Overmedicating Children
America is over-medicating its children. ecently, the studies and the reports have shown that there is a great increase in the usage of prescription as well as nonprescription drugs within the American children. There are three main classes of drugs being used on the children; psychotropic drugs, antibiotics and asthma medications. Why are the drugs being used on the children in increasing rates? Has there been an increase in these illnesses, or are these drugs being used without a reason. There are three main areas of concern on which the paper will concentrate.
These are the first kind of medications that were used on a wider scale. Penicillin is an important example. Since the 1940s, when the drug was released in the market, the advantages as well as the pitfalls of usage have been seen (United States Congress House Of epresentatives, 2010, p. 56). It…
Longoria, B.I. (2000). Are We Overmedicating America's Children?: Methylphenidate Consumption: a Twenty Year Analysis. Stanford University.
Patton, S. (2011). Don't Fix Me; I'm Not Broken: Changing Our Minds about Ourselves and Our Children. O Books.
United States Congress House Of Representatives. (2010). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder -- Are We Overmedicating Our Children? BiblioGov.
Warner, J. (2011). We've Got Issues: Children and Parents in the Age of Medication. Penguin Group USA.
America's ise To Power
It is not a new notion that America rose to world domination on the backs of the less fortunate, such as Native Americans and slaves. Before the Civil War, legislation like the Dred Scott case and the Kansas-Nebraska Act mandated white's control over slaves and slavery, allowing the Southern states to continue a policy that had been banned in the North. The South grew wealthy by exporting cotton and other materials that were farmed by slave labor, and even after the war, when the slaves were freed, they continued to be subjugated by Jim Crow laws and other means to keep them "in their place" on the bottom rung of society. The Native Americans were consistently pushed from their native lands, treaties were ignored, and they were sent to reservations far from where they had lived, making it impossible to continue their way of life. The…
Barney, William L. A Companion to 19th-Century America. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2006.
The global economic crisis that the United States finds itself in today is in many ways similar to the basic characteristics and consequences that followed the Great Depression that lasted from 1929 to 1933. In this paper, the Great Depression and its aftermath will be examined at length with the purpose of comparing its similarities and differences with the current economic turmoil. Specifically, this paper will highlight government bond rates, interest rates, the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) and the trends of primary stock prices. In addition, the response of the federal government will be compared with an eye toward examining its impact and lessons learned for future crises.
One of the major indicators of a county's wealth is its GDP. This is comprised of the cumulative value of all services and goods produced within a given time period. GDP is most frequently compared from one fiscal quarter…
Blanchard, Oliver. The Crisis: Basic Mechanisms and Appropriate Policies. IMF
Working Paper. 2009. Web.
Eichengreen, Barry & O'Rourke, Kevin. A Tale of Two Depressions. Advisor Perspectives. April, 2009. Web.
Foster, John & Magdoff, Fred. The Great Financial Crisis: Causes and Consequences.
Having started as a bookkeeper in Cleveland, John D. Rockefeller accumulated money while being a merchant, and then bought his first oil refinery in 1862. By 1870 he had started Standard Oil Company of Ohio. His secret agreements with railroads allowed him to ship his oil with rebates and discounts, thusly driving competitors out of business. By 1899, The Standard Oil Company, acting as a holding company, controlled the stock of many companies, with $110 million in capital, and $45 million in profit a year. John D. Rockefeller's fortune was estimated at $200 million.
It is not an unusual tale, the one in which clever businessmen built empires by mercilessly defeating competition, keeping prices high and wages low, and using government subsidies. At the turn of the century, American Telephone and Telegraph had a monopoly over the nation's telephone system, and International harvester made 85% of all farm machinery. The…
America's Role In orld Humanity
Since the days of the Founding Fathers, the United States has always seen itself as an example for the rest of the world, politically, culturally, and economically. And indeed throughout the decades the United States has been seen by the rest of the world as a pillar of strength, might, and mercy. One would be hard pressed to name another country that has offered more financial and humanitarian aid to other countries than the United States.
Just this past week, a deadly earthquake hit Iran, leaving the ancient two thousand year old city of Bam, as well as hundreds of miles of towns and villages in rubble. The death toll is expected to exceed 50,000 or more. Although, the United States has not had diplomatic relations with Iran since 1979, when revolutionaries overthrew the U.S.-backed Shah took American Embassy workers hostage, the U.S. is sending…
Savage, Charlie. "U.S. Sending Medicine, Food to Iran." Knight Ridder/Tribune
Business News. December 28, 2003.
Styron, William. Sophie's Choice. Vintage. 1992.
(Lambro, 1998, p. 17) the value of looking at the moral state o ht nation or any nation through this more realistic scope is essential, as it gives those who stand for moral growth the idea that their efforts have not gone for not, regardless of the media take on the issue.
It would be interesting to study the idea that such sensationalism, in the negative might actually be aiding the moral ascension of our nation and culture as a result of so many having been scared out of their wits by the sensationalism and have turned that fear of moral decline into action in the positive. The reality, though is that given the well defined terms of moral vs. amoral, for the most part the nation is currently populated with mostly moral, upstanding and law abiding citizens, who deserve a pat on the back rather than doom and gloom…
Lambro, D. (1998, July 20). Dispelling Legends of a Moral Decline. The Washington Times, p. 17.
America Should Have Universal Healthcare Because it Would Stop Medical Bankruptcies, Improve Public Health, And educe Overall Health Care Spending
In Europe, the debates over universal healthcare were finished decades before: all that is left is a polite argument over the finest way to fund them. However in the U.S., the thought that government ought to have any place in the association between doctor and patient is still contentious to many, and controversial to the minority. Town hall meetings to talk about healthcare reorganization have been transformed into fights, one Congressman has received death threats, and posters disapproving reform are growing. Bill Clinton's effort to reorganize U.S. healthcare was unsuccessful; President Obama's is having problems (Ahking, et al. 2009). Doubts about the expenses of the project at a time when many consider the Obama government has been reckless in its economic motivation have combined with old oppositions to "socialized medication"…
Ahking, F.W., Giaccotto, C, & Santerre, R.E. (2009). The Aggregate Demand for Private Health Insurance Coverage in the United States, The Journal of Risk and Insurance, 76(1), 133-157.
Flier, J.S. & Goldhill, D. (2010). Reviving the Health-Care Debate. The Wall Street Journal, Feb. 18.
Forman, J.B. (2007). How Universal Health Care Would Influence Decisions About Work and Retirement. Benefits Quarterly, Third Quarter, 22-26.
Simonet, D. (2009). Changes in the Delivery of Primary Care and in Private Insurers' Role in United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland and France. Journal of Medical Marketing, 9 (2), 96-103.
However, what about the classics written by whites, that detail the beauty and the pain of being an American. For example, Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn would be incomplete without telling the story of Jim. (Ellison, p. 392). The world would not have the amazing coming-of-age story to Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee if blacks had not been part of the fabric of America. hile that contribution may seem insignificant, many modern lawyers trace their desire to work in the law, especially in public interest law to their exposure to Lee's fictional Atticus Finch. In fact, Finch may be the most respected lawyer of all time, and he was a fictional construct. For those with a less serious bent, America would never have had Gone with the ind if there had been no blacks in America; without a Civil ar backdrop, Rhett and Scarlett would have had no turmoil in…
Elizabeth Cady Stanton." Women's Rights National Historical Park. 2009. National Park
Service. 15 Mar. 2009 http://www.nps.gov/wori/historyculture/elizabeth-cady-stanton.htm .
Ellison, Ralph. "What America Would be Like without Blacks." Book Title. Ed. Editor's
Name. City of Publication: Publisher, Year. 390-396.
Rapoport, chief of child psychiatry at the National Institute for Mental Health, said that there may be children under the age of 7 who have suffered childhood schizophrenia; "they may exist," she stated, "but we haven't seen any."
As to the specific numbers of little children in Florida who were prescribed antipsychotic drugs, Miller reports that 389 children under age 5 (who receive Medicaid) were administered antipsychotic drugs in 2000; more shocking was the fact that 46-two-year-olds were given antipsychotic drugs, along with 67-three-year-olds. The side effects for little children given antipsychotic drugs include "lethargy, agitation, tremors," and the development "of unusually large breasts. One little boy began to produce "breast milk," Miller explains.
Although many of the improper prescriptions for children that were mentioned in this paper have now been halted in Florida, or at least are more carefully scrutinized by public healthcare professionals, it makes one wonder…
Miller, Carol Marbin. "Advocates Alarmed by Drugs Used for Kids." The Miami Herald. Retrieved 21 Nov. 2006 at http://www.vachss.com/help_text/styles/archive-print.php .
Miller, Carol Marbin. "Advocates Criticize Medicating Foster Kids." The Miami Herald. Retrieved 21 Nov. 2006 at
These tools have revolutionized not only the economics of the world, but also world politics and social affairs. Thus, the United States certainly became the leading economic power in the United States during the twentieth century. it's trade, multinational corporations, and technological innovations set the stage for world development in the twenty-first century, leaving no doubt as to why the century was called "the American century."
Since America was born, it has laid claim to only four centuries, while other states have been around for much longer. Still, in the few centuries that the United States has exerted influence, it has managed to rise in position to international leader in social, political, and economic matters. The twentieth century was the century in which Americans and the rest of the world saw the greatest advancement. The United States became a country of acceptance and equal rights, a political power to be…
Barber, E. Susan. "One Hundred Years Toward Suffrage: An Overview." nd. 9 December 2008. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/naw/nawstime.html
U.S. Department of State. "American Economic Growth in the Twentieth Century."
About.com. nd. 9 December 2008. http://economics.about.com/od/useconomichistory/a/economic_20th.htm
Emerson believed that the broader culture could rid itself of slavery through moral persuasion. At the beginning of the renaissance, Emerson "maintained that reform was best achieved by the moral persuasion of individuals rather than by the militant action of groups," (Lowance, 2000, 301). but, in the years immediately leading up to the Civil War, Emerson's philosophy collided with reality. In 1855, he wrote and delivered his Lecture on Slavery, in which he writes, "I call slavery and the tolerance it finds...[a] stupendous frivolity [that] betrays in the heart and head a society without faith, without aims, dying of inanition...The Dark Ages did not know that they were dark; and what if it should turn out, that our material civilization has no sun, but only ghastly gas-lights?," (Emerson, Emerson's Anti-Slavery Writings, 1995, 93) He believed, finally, as did his fellow Transcendentalists that the slavery culture was not one borne of…
Emerson, R.W. (1995). Emerson's Anti-Slavery Writings. (J. Myerson, Ed.) New York: Yale University Press.
Emerson, R.W. (1909). Nature. Boston: Duffield.
Emerson, R.W. (1993). Self-Reliance and Other Essays. New York: Courier Dover Publications.
Emerson, R.W. (1904). The Conduct of Life. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
Ameria's War at Home: Who's in Prison (A Brief History)
The artile features a timeline depiting the history of the United States Government's involvement in its attempt to prohibit harmful substanes in the ountry. Interestingly, it is noted that the federal government had no role in any sort of substane prohibition before 1919. This is the year during whih the 18th Amendment made the use of alohol illegal. The orruption and violene ensuing during the following deade ended with the 21st Amendment, whih put a stop to the Prohibition period. This however did not stop other drug laws from taking effet. Aording to the artile, the government began a war on drugs that esalated through the years and with the advanement of the different Amerian presidents. The war in Vietnam exaerbated the problem, as this resulted in an inreased inflow of heroin to the United States. The reation of the…
cited in this article will eventually no longer be good enough for an educated public. Perhaps if the public takes matters into its own hands and educate young people on the dangers of drugs and other harmful substances, the power will eventually shift to where it belongs. As things are, it seems that the American government has become so power-hungry that it is willing to sacrifice not only its own integrity, but also the safety of its citizens in its quest to "win" the war on drugs.
America was not supposed to enter World War One -- indeed President Woodrow Wilson was re-elected in 1916 on the slogan "He Kept Us Out Of War," which would come to seem richly ironic when Wilson entered the conflict in 1917. However, the reasons for American isolationism in this period are due to a complex tangle of factors. hope to demonstrate that three of these -- America's historical commitment, via the Monroe Doctrine, to keeping Europe at arm's length, America's population at the time of World War One, and the political situation of the Democratic and Republican parties in the period 1914-1917 -- are enough to account for the strong sense of isolationism that preceded the war, and that would indeed return to haunt Wilson's presidency after the armistice.
f there is a single most important historical focus for the origins of American ambivalence about Europe, it would be…
If there is a single most important historical focus for the origins of American ambivalence about Europe, it would be found in the Monroe Doctrine. It is important to note that the Monroe Doctrine does not specifically endorse American isolationism -- far from it -- but it does endorse an American policy of not tolerating European incursions into the Americas. At the time of World War One, the more recent Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine had insisted that America would actually have the right to intervene in the Americas if a Latin American government was somehow engaged in wrongdoing: it is worth noting that in 1916, while America was still declining to enter World War One, President Wilson was engaged in border warfare and a technical invasion of northern Mexico (as a result of Pancho Villa's actions in the Mexican Revolution). This would seem to indicate a strong interventionist strain in American politics, which was borne out when Wilson did ultimately enter World War One. However the larger historical meaning of the Monroe Doctrine indicates an American distaste for European affairs and governments. The isolation held up for so long at the start of World War One presumably because there was no obvious ally that America might support.
Likewise the American population at the time of World War One had an overwhelming number of immigrants, many of whom had come from the now-belligerent nations. There were greater complications as well -- considering America's large Irish population, and the centrality of Irish-Americans to urban machine politics, we must recall that Ireland would go into open revolution against Great Britain at Easter 1916, while World War One was ongoing. Thus the notion of American "special relationship" support for the U.K. was far from obvious -- particularly when it had only been twenty years since Grover Cleveland (invoking the Monroe Doctrine) had rattled his saber at the U.K. over the Venezeulan border dispute. We might also look at the large number of Italians (about 3 million) who had emigrated to America in the period 1900-1915. Italy began World War One as an ally by treaty to Germany, but refused to enter the war -- then secretly negotiated to enter hostilities against Germany in exchange for territorial demands (which were not met). If three million new-minted Italian-Americans were taking their cues from their country of origin, it is by no means obvious what their opinions would be on American intervention in the war.
And immigrant populations like Irish-Americans or Italian-Americans were a constituent part of one of the largest and most crucial reasons for the non-intervention policy: the strange domestic political situation in America at the time of World War One. The
Significant Political, Social, and Economic Changes in America from the 1930s to the 1970s
From the 1930s to the 1970s, America modernized. Women gained suffrage in 1920 with the 19th amendment (The American Yawp, 2018), and America as a country was on the move, having just asserted itself abroad by helping to end WWI. Now with peace restored, America began to metamorphose. It transitioned from being a traditionally-minded country of various ethnicities—struggling from a decade of Prohibtion to a decade of Depression to the sequel to the Great War, which resulted in a victory for the Allies and a Baby Boom back home—to being a country torn apart by revolution, social unrest and a deep distrust of government that started with a string of assassinations in the 1960s (JFK, MLK, Malcolm X, RFK) and culminated in the resignation of Nixon in the wake of the Watergate cover-up (Dean, 2014; Stone…
The American Yawp. (2018). The new era. Retrieved from http://www.americanyawp.com/text/22-the-twenties/
Cooke, R. (2011). Gloria Steinem: ‘I think we need to get much angrier.’ The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/books/2011/nov/13/gloria-steinem-interview-feminism-abortion
Bazelon, E. (2009). The Place of Women on the Court. The NY Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/12/magazine/12ginsburg-t.html?_r=2&pagewanted=all&
Butler, J. (1990). Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. NY: Routledge.
Dean, J. (2014). The Nixon defense: What he knew and when he knew it. NY: Viking.
Friedan, B. (1963). The Feminine Mystique. NY: W. W. Norton.
Horowitz, D. (1998). Betty Friedan and the Making of The Feminine Mystique. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.
Rosen, J. (1993). The Book of Ruth. New Republic. Retrieved from http://www.newrepublic.com/article/politics/the-book-ruth
Conquest of the Americas
When twelve barefoot Franciscans led by Martin de Valencia began marching two hundred and seventy miles from the coastal road of Vera Cruz to Mexico City, they carried a cross, not bladed weapons of war. They had come to fight a spiritual war. Their desire was to conquer Mexico and the heathen natives. Their apostolic mandate was to convert the pagans worshipping hideous idols and performing rites violative of what is true, good and beautiful.
As they traversed the hard stony paths they were met by hostile but curious men ready to defend their homes and their people but when the invading forces met then only with smiles, soft words and acts of kindness, they were won over. They laid down their bladed weapons and welcomed these small group of white missionaries spreading among them the word of Christ, healing their sick and helping them in…
Schwartz, Stuart B. Victors and Vanquished.
History of the U.S.A. Laidlow Brothers, Inc. 1948.
A http. www.bedfordstmartins.com/usingseries/hovey/Schwartz.htm
First Peoples of the Americas and Their Times of Arrival According to Geologists and Meteorologists
One of the earliest known inhabitants of the New World, or the Americas, which eventually became the United States of America, are said to be the Indians that originated from Asia. Studies have shown that the first people of America came during the end of the Ice Age. These first inhabitants came by way of a land bridge that connects Siberia and Alaska "at the Arctic Ocean" (Kane and Keeton 1995). Called the ering land bridge, this bridge surfaced after the sheets of ice that completely covered the Arctic Ocean had melted as a result of the end of Ice Age. This land bridge carried the first known inhabitants of America, and they carried with them stone tools that are characteristics of the Paleolithic Period (Stone Age). The Ice Age was also called the Pleistocene…
Kane, Sharyn and Richard Keeton. "Beneath this Waters: Archaeological and Historical Studies of 11,500 years Along the Savannah River." Southeast Archaeological Center. 1995. 4 October 2002. http://www.cr.nps.gov/seac/beneathweb/ch2.htm.
Native Americans." Microsoft Encarta Reference Library 2002. Microsoft Corporation. 1993.
Nemecek, Sasha. "Another Scholar View on Migrations." Myth Culture Homepage: Untangled Corporation. 1995. http://www.mythome.org/Migration.html.
Rose, Mark. "The Search for the First Americans." Microsoft Encarta Reference Library 2002. January 1997. Microsoft Corporation. 1993.
No polished person could have done it better. What was the matter? I looked at him and suddenly it came to me. If he had tried familiarity with me the first two minutes of our acquaintance, I should have resented it; by what right, then, had I tried it with him? It smacked of patronizing; on this occasion he had come off the better gentleman of the two. Here in flesh and blood was a truth which I had long believed in words, but never met before. The creature we call a gentleman lies deep in the hearts of thousands that are born without chance to muster the outward graces of the type. (37)
In this frontier, the true character of rough individuals such as the Virginian shine through and show their nobility:
Even where baseness was visible, baseness was not uppermost. Daring, laughter, endurance, these were what I saw…
Babcock, C. Merton. The American frontier: a social and literary record. New York: Holt, Reinhart and Winston, 1955.
Billington, Ray Allen. Western Expansion: A History of the American Frontier. Albuquerque, New Mexico: University of New Mexico Press, 2001.
Billington, Ray Allen. Limericks: Historical and Hysterical. New York: Bantum, 1981.
Ridge, Martin. "
Slavery in the Americas
For most of the Middle Ages slavery was not only widespread in Europe, it involved a variety of races. Unlike later in the Americas, slavery had never been based strictly on race, and as a result, slaves were Whites, Muslims, and every other conceivable race. However, the discovery of the New World by Columbus transformed the very nature of slavery in the world. As Europeans scrambled to colonize the Americas, they needed a supply of human labor to exploit the natural resources and newly developing agriculture. While at first they simply enslaved the indigenous peoples, due to the influx of new diseases and the mortality rate associated with forced labor, the Native Americans died at an appalling rate. To replace the dwindling supply of cheap human labor, the Europeans turned to Africa and the Africans that could be procured there. As the Europeans continued to colonize…
McKay, John. et al., (2011). A History of World Societies, Volume 2: Since 1450.
Bedford, St. Martin. Print.
It is amazing to find out that the Christians who were conquered by the Muslims were not bitter against those who were once their enemies. Some of them were even Mosarabs, the so called "would be Arabs," who adopted the language and the culture of the Arabs. They lived in Toledo, along with the Christians who adopted the Muslim religion, the Berbers, Moslems, but not Arabs, the Arabs from Syria and the Christians who kept their culture and religion. A place where both Spanish and Arab were used in different fields can only be forever celebrated and presented to the whole world today as often as possible. Unfortunately, history is doomed to repeat itself. One cannot help but think of the irony of the cradle of civilization that gave birth to one of the most frightening institutions of Christianity: the Spanish Inquisition.
Toledo, the capital of Spain, during the Visi…
His reelection, in 1951 reinforces his statute, but the spectator is not told anything about the elections. Were they transparent? Were they democratic? Most probably, not.
The following sequence shows a Juan Peron petting a dog or smiling to his third wife. The narrator tells the viewer that Peron fled in1955, after a revolt, first to Paraguay, then to Spain, where he married for the third time. Every dictator or tyrant had its share of domestic life images that were destined to show his humanity to those who had to acclaim him. The accent is powerful and it reminds one of atrocities committed along history in the name of some ideology born from the insane minds of sons of the human race.
The acclamations and the slogans shouted by the mobs are accompanied by the words describing the victory of the Peronistas in Argentina, under the military government of the General Alejandro Lanusa, in March 1971. The sounds resemble those of a huge soccer stadium and Argentineans' passion for soccer is somehow associated with their passion in shouting their political credo. A brief image in a dark room, whose only source of light seems to be the TV set, with images of Peron, after having regained power for the third time.
Empire Building in the Americas:
Race, Gender, and Class
Although it is exceedingly common in modern times to imagine that the nations of the Americas as they stand today are the product of a kind of natural societal evolution, the facts are quite different. Indeed, in most of the nations of South (as well as North) America, the bedrock of the legal, economic, and social fabric of each nation is a product of specific, systematic, and deliberate methods of inclusion and exclusion based on factors of race, class, and gender. Some of the best examples of this are contained in the histories of California and Mexico where legal constructs of just what constitutes nationality served to exclude large portions of society from any significant access to power and privilege.
The concept of "nationality" is today, and has been historically, much more than an accident of birth. Indeed, it is simply…
Castaneda, Antonia I. "Sexual Violence in the Politics and Policies of Conquest: Amerindian Women and the Spanish Conquest of Alta California," Building With Our Hands: New Directions in Chicana Studies, ed. Adela de la Torre and Beatriz M. Pesquera (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995), 15-33.
Gutierrez, Gabriel. "Affirmative Action of the First Kind: Social and Legal Constructions of Whiteness and White Male Privilege in Nineteenth-Century California." Latino Studies Journal. Vol. 11, No. 3, Fall 2000. 14-48.
Warren, Richard. "Mass Mobilization vs. Social Control: Vagrancy and Political Order in Early Republican Mexico." Reconstructing Criminality. (Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 2000), 41-53.
They sought of 'owning' other lands and expanding the Spaniard's property and having more people who will work for them (thus the term 'glory'). Lastly, because of their strong faith in the religion, they also desired to spread the 'word' of God and make more people believe with them and accept their offer of religion (which stands for the 'gospel'). To achieve this, they planned by creating a 'Spanish empire' in the 'New World' which will be ruled by one King and he will be based in Spain. The king would then be assigning viceroys who will manage the nations that will be 'owned' by Spain. The viceroys would be reporting to the King about what is happening in their assigned area. They would also be tasked to implements plans and laws as initiated by the King, which would include imposing and collecting taxes. There would also be soldiers, in…
Exploration and Discovery Beginnings of the Expansion of Europe." [online] viewed: 11 September 2006 http://vlib.iue.it/carrie/texts/carrie_books/gilbert/10.html
Spanish Settlements." [online] viewed: 11 September 2006 http://www.mce.k12tn.net/explorers/spanish_settlements.htm
egional Economic Integration
egional integration of the Americas affects most countries in North America, South America and the Caribbean. The movement has formal origins in early trade agreements and blocs such as NAFTA and MECOSU. The regional integration today is focused on building stronger links between the nations of the Americas to lower trade barriers and foster economic growth between these nations (Lavranos, n.d.). Talks are aiming towards a free trade area with at least 34 countries included (The Economist, 2011). The nations involved are the U.S., Canada and 32 other nations in the region, the notable exceptions being members of an anti-America bloc that includes Venezuela, Cuba, Bolivia and Ecuador (The Economist, 2011).
Subgroups exist within these many countries. Several smaller trade pacts form the backbone of the existing groupings -- Mercosur, NAFTA and the Andean Community (excluding Ecuador). These countries have already signed many different trade agreements around…
Estavadeordal, A. (2012). Economic integration in the Americas: An unfinished agenda. Brookings Institute. Retrieved April 29, 2015 from http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/reports/2012/7/07-summit-of-the-americas/07-economic-integration-estevadeordal.pdf
Lavranos, N. (no date) . An introduction into the regional economic integration process of the Americas. Unimaas.nl. Retrieved April 29, 2015 from http://arnop.unimaas.nl/show.cgi?fid=100
The Economist (2011). The Pacific players go to market. The Economist. Retrieved April 29, 2015 from http://www.economist.com/node/18529807
Catholicism and the Catholic Church played a significant and major role in the colonization of the New World and subsequent colonization of South America. Although people imagine the Church and State to have worked hand-in-hand in order to meet the goals of colonization and resource collection, the Church and State often were at odds with the Church facing resistance in the Americas from the native populations as seen in 'Letter to Charles V'. Aside from the constant struggle, Catholicism and the Catholic Church helped fund the voyages to the Americas as well as inspire conversion efforts by the uropeans. uropeans that converted local native populations in the Americas would later help colonizers gain control of the native population and assert their own culture and traditions on the people.
Taking it back to the beginning, Christopher Columbus first set off on his voyage because he believed he had been ordained by…
Essentially people from Europe and in particular Spain, saw the natives as gullible, easy to trick and people that could be taken advantage of. Religion then provided the motivation as seen through Christopher Columbus' journey, and the right as seen through the ideology surrounding Catholicism, to take what they wanted and commit any number of acts under the pretense of spiritual expansion and material conquest. Although Catholicism to some extent did help remove some of the heinous practices that native populations in South America practiced (sacrifice), it also had a negative effect. This is because religious conversion made it easier for native populations to assimilate to the European culture forced upon them.
After religion started to take hold in the Americas, Dominicans would come to later judge the way the native populations were treated. "They left the church in a state of rage and again salted their meal that day with bitterness ... that the Dominicans had scandalized the world by spreading a new doctrine that condemned them all to Hell because they used Indians in the mines ... "[footnoteRef:5] While religion was first used by explorers to seek resources in new lands and enslave native populations for their material gain, now it was being used to condemn such behavior. The Dominicans and their doctrine did provide some morality adjustment, but in the end failed to eradicate what the Spaniards and other European settlers eventually did to the Americas. [5: Lunenfeld, Marvin. 1991. 1492 -- Discovery, Invasion, Encounter. Lexington, Mass.: D.C. Heath. P. 204]
In conclusion, Catholicism and the Catholic Church was the motivation behind Christopher Columbus' exploration of the new world. It also provided the motivation from which to seek resources and convert the native populations. Because religion plays such an integral role in a person's life, conversion allowed Europeans to take control of the native populations. That control led to slavery and eventually backlash as seen in the doctrine written by the Dominicans.
elation between the Art of North America and Meso-America
Different cultures across the world practice and develop a diverse, unique range of art, inspired by demography, living conditions, environment, and a slew of other such factors. This is why when two foreign cultures interact; it brings about a great influence on each other's cultural arts. This is evident, for instance, with the Meso-American and North American arts. The art in North America is mainly evident in its innate beauty. In the modern world, it replete in its architectural, economic, and political austerity. The case is quite different for the Mesoamerican cultural art, as it lacks diversity. For this reason, we can conclude that the Mesoamericans have acquired the plan, design and execution, as well as some of their cultural values from the North American art. Hence, the archaeological study conducted in the past century on Mesoamerica has mainly focused…
Aztec Architecture. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.legendsandchronicles.com/ancient-civilizations/the-ancient-aztecs/aztec-architecture/
Cartwright, M. (2014, March 13). Inca Architecture. Retrieved from http://www.ancient.eu/Inca_Architecture/
Ceramics in Mesoamerica: The Ritual Usage of an Ancient Art. (2013, April 25). Retrieved from http://mesoamericanceramics.blogspot.in/
Cole, K. (2010, January 4). Mesoamerica-North American Connection. Retrieved from Curator's Corner: http://www.curatorscorner.com/2010/01/mesoamerica-north-american-connection.html
The growing divide between America appears to have been exacerbated by the election of President Trump in 2016. Disruptive organizations like Antifa are prowling the streets and assaulting people. Politics appear to be in everything. A subject cannot come up without it being politicized. For instance, a team wins the World Series and the conversation cannot be about whether the team was the best all year long or how they pulled it off but rather about will the team go to the White House? A big reason for this is that the media constantly plays upon the political divide. Roughly half of voters voted for Trump and half did not. This represents a substantial difference among voters. Many of those opposed to Trump’s policies come from liberal strongholds like California and New York. Many working class voters showed support for Trump’s policies—like building a border wall, ending the wars in…
Reinicke, C. (2018). US income inequality continues to grow. Retrieved from https://www.cnbc.com/2018/07/19/income-inequality-continues-to-grow-in-the-united-states.html
Smith, M. (2016). How did America forget what socialism means? Retrieved from https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/03/obama-cuba-trip-socialism-21375
New England Town
One of the most distinct facets of early settlement life in the New England of Dedham, Massachusetts, in contrast to the Portuguese colonization efforts in the New World, was the role religion played in the ethos of the New England settlers. In contrast to the mainly mercantilist approach of the Portuguese settlers, whom were mainly interested in settling to mine the colonies for the goods the lands could provide for their mother country and expanding empire, the New England settlers took a far different approach. They were not seeking out merely new economic opportunities in an untouched land. Rather, many of the New England settlers were fleeing religious persecution at home. Thus, rather than exploit the new land for resources, they wished to use the land of New England as best as they could for the purposes of providing their evolving religious community with a stable economic…
Paradox of Thrift: ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ talks about how the global economy has been acting in somewhat unpredictable ways within the last year. As national economies work more and more together (becoming more integrated), the economies of individual countries are gradually being more influenced by the economic forces around the world. He predicts difficult times ahead if adjustments aren't made soon. He uses John Maynard Keynes' work for explanations and warns that countries must work cooperatively to achieve a balance of saving and spending that will allow economies around the world to remain stable.
According to Wolf, the problem is that people around the world are saving too much money and not returning enough of their income to the economy, causing a global savings glut. The difficulty is that high savings leads to high fiscal deficits. This view contradicts what Americans have been told over the last few…
America's Cuban Conundrum
The Helms-Burton Act and the Cuban-American Trade Relations
The United States and Cuba have had increased amounts of hostility toward each other present in their relations ever since the Cuban revolution. Not only did Cuba nationalize property held by U.S. interests during the revolution, but also Cuba became an ally to Russia during the Cold ar; which was critical to the Soviet strategy since Cuba is in close proximity to the U.S. Both actions consequently undermined the stated values of the American free-market system in regards to America's corporate holdings in the country. This tension has furthermore been manifested by blatantly vocal opposition on both sides of the dispute. In this paper such ongoing tension will be illustrated by one of the most timely and extreme examples of hostility in foreign relations as well as propose an avenue for future trade arrangements.
Cuban Pretexts for Military Action…
Alejandre, A., & Costa, C. (1999, September 29). Human Rights Library. Retrieved January 29, 2010, from University of Minnesota: http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/cases/86-99.html
Brothers to the Resue. (2010, January 29). Background and Information. Retrieved January 29, 2010, from hermanos.org: http://www.hermanos.org/Background%20and%20Information.htm
Canadian Senate. (1996). 45 Elizabeth II. Retrieved January 29, 2010, from House Publications: http://www2.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?pub=bill&doc=C-54&parl=35&ses=2&language=E&File=16
Snow, A. (2010, October 26). Cuba embargo: UN vote urges U.S. To lift embargo. Retrieved January 29, 2010, from The Christian Science Monitor: http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Latest-News-Wires/2010/1026/Cuba-embargo-UN-vote-urges-U.S.-to-lift-embargo
The United States Army, however, eventually introduces its recruits to a real battlefield, whereas the America's Army video game does not. Participants in the "SeeMePlayMe" multiplayer online tournament of America's Army do not use real machine guns when they shoot at enemy troops and do not lose any limbs when they are shot in turn. hen people play America's Army, the shoot and kill enemy troops in a virtual world. They don't have to contend with any psychological trauma or long-term effects such as post-traumatic shock disorder, which army veterans often do experience. Finally, playing the America's Army video game does not expose players to any hazardous chemicals, whereas the Untied States Army does expose its troops to a number of toxic substances.
America's Army players can play when they want for however long, and don't have to follow anyone's orders except perhaps their parents'. In fact, one of the…
What is America's Army." Retrieved October 6, 2005 at http://www.thearmygame.com
America, without doubt the most powerful nation on earth and the sole super-power of the 21st century evokes vastly conflicting feelings in people around the world, depending on their individual paradigm: the lens through which they look at the world. While to most people, America is a symbol of prosperity, freedom and equal opportunity it also is a source of equally negative feelings for others who resent its prosperity, and its economic, cultural and military power. This Jekyll & Hyde image of the country in the world, though surprising to many Americans, is not difficult to understand if one examines the issue in its historical, political, and cultural perspective. In this essay we will discuss what America looks like to an outsider, and what it means to people from different countries of the world as a state, as a people, and as a geographic region. Into what larger ideas and…
Fowlie, Wallace. "Voltaire." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, 2002
Johnson, Paul E. And Nancy Woloch. "United States (History). Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, 2002.
Nash, Gary B. "United States (Overview). Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, 2002.
Klepp, Susan E. "United States (People)." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, 2002.
America at War 1865-Present
A Survey of America at War from 1865 to Present
Since the Civil War, America has seldom seen a generation of peace. In fact, a nonstop succession of wars has kept what Eisenhower termed "the military industrial complex" in lucrative business. From the Indian Wars to the World Wars to the Cold War to the war on Terror, Americana has expanded its foothold as an imperial power every step of the way -- even when isolationism appeared to be momentarily in vogue following World War I. This paper will look at the history of the progression of war in America from 1865 to present, showing how that history -- through social, economic, literary, political, and religious changes -- has both shaped and been shaped by American foreign and domestic policy.
Unit Once: 1865-1876
The Civil War had just ended on the home front, but that did…
Boyd, J.P. (2000). Indian Wars. Scituate, MA: Digital Scanning, Inc.
Jarecki, E. (2008). The American Way of War. NY: Free Press.
Jones, E.M. (2000). Libido Dominandi. South Bend, IN: St. Augustine's Press.
Morehouse, M. (2007). Fighting in the Jim Crow Army: Black Men and Women
America was a wonderful experiment in freedom and democracy which had never before been attempted by any nation. Nations either tried to give power to the people in order to prevent monarchies from rising to despotic power, or they allowed monarchs, despots and other sole figure heads to rise to power. In the case of allowing the people to rule, Europe and European's had learned many times that unbridled power in the hands of the people was no more just than the rule of despots. obs could become just as dictatorial as individual monarchs who sat upon golden thrones. Until America came into existence, nations could only expect to exist for a short time before political turmoil would create change of government, and the nation would start over again.
So as America grew from a fledgling nation to a powerful and economically stable country, those who had watched democracy struggle…
Mill, John Stuart. Dissertations and Discussions. New York: classic Books. 2000.
Madison, James. Federalist paper #10. 1775
De Tocqueville, Alexis. Democracy in America, essays on freedom. 1835. Accessed 21 May 2004. Website: http://www.tocqueville.org
America -- a ealthy Nation
orldview, Thesis Statement and Outline
America's positive contribution towards the other economies
Personal orldview: America -- a ealthy Nation
This topic is about the fundamental phenomenon of comparison among the nations. This comparison is usually based on different factors such as wealth, power, economy, foreign affairs, to name a few. These factors infer a generalized view of the subject matter. It is little complex to define these factors precisely and specifically. For example, it is difficult to identify that what constitutes a powerful nation. It could be the largest and huge number of soldiers which makes a nation powerful or may be the advancement in technology and innovation makes a nation powerful. However idea can be generated from the generalized view. This idea can give a precise and specific aspect of the subject matter.
My view of a nation being wealthy is that the…
Buckingham, J. (1970). America. Massachusetts: Applewood Books.
Keister, L.A. (2005). Getting Rich: America's New Rich and How They Got That Way. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2 | Page
God Bless America
(or is it still all right to say that?)
The Limitation of Judeo-Christian Beliefs
by Liberal Interpretations of the Law
In the interests of preserving the civil rights of all Americans, legislation over the past few decades has mandated a conspicuous absence of Christian or Jewish symbols, prayers or teachings from public places: the classroom, the sports arena, the courts, public buildings of all sorts. Yet followers of these faiths make up the majority of Americans. In the wake of the tragedy of September 11, and the previous shocking incidences of student violence at Columbine and other schools, Americans feel the need for increased, rather than decreased, emphasis on religion in the classroom and everywhere their children go. What can be done to protect the rights of these citizens to observe the dictates of their beliefs in their daily walk of life outside of their homes…
Rep. Ernest J. Istook, Jr. (1999). The Religious Freedom Amendment. http://religiousfreedom.house.gov/
Anti-Defamation League Annual Report (1998). Protecting Civil Rights. http://www.adl.org/annual_report/1998
Americans United for Separation of Church and State (1999). Rep. Istook Reintroduces Constitutional Amendment on School Prayer. http://www.au.org/press
Boston, R. (1998, July). Istook Amendment Defeated. Church and State, 51, pg. 8-10
On the other hand there is a growing consensus that these reasons do not fully explain the failure to deal with a problem like the Holocaust when the dimensions of the situation were known at a relatively early stage. The weight of the argument would the therefore be inclined towards critics such as Wyman who see political reasons for this lack of action based on anti-Semitic sentiment in the county at the time. This seems to be supported by the fact that strict immigration laws were implemented in a time of crisis
Abzug . America and the Holocaust. etrieved April 23, 2007, at http://www.utexas.edu/opa/pubs/discovery/disc1997v14n2/disc-holocaust.html
Ambrose S. How America Abandoned the Jews in World War II. etrieved April 23, 2007, at http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=395061 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=26215709
Barnett, V.J. (1999). Bystanders: Conscience and Complicity during the Holocaust. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. etrieved April 23, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=26215709
Brustein W.I. (2003) oots of…
Abzug R. America and the Holocaust. Retrieved April 23, 2007, at http://www.utexas.edu/opa/pubs/discovery/disc1997v14n2/disc-holocaust.html
Ambrose S. How America Abandoned the Jews in World War II. Retrieved April 23, 2007, at http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=395061 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=26215709
Barnett, V.J. (1999). Bystanders: Conscience and Complicity during the Holocaust. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. Retrieved April 23, 2007, from Questia database:
America Does Not Take Education Seriously
This paper presents a detailed examination of the belief that America does not take education seriously. The writer uses past and current examples to outline the proof that education is not being taken seriously in this nation. There were four sources used to complete this paper.
For many years now parents of America's public education students have demanded change. The movement has come about as the understanding takes hold that America takes the public education of its students less seriously than other nations in the world do. Americans are known throughout the world of having the easy life. Other nations are often amazed at the free time Americans have, the happy go lucky attitudes and the carefree life of the youth that live here. With that comes the laxidasiale attitude about education. While America wants to stay on top the economic race the lack…
Public schools, like charter schools, should face threat ofclosure, Public schools, like charter schools, should face threat ofclosure., The Washington Times, 08-11-2001.
Dick Armey, The dream of a good education; School choice must be in the president's education plan., The Washington Times, 05-17-2001, pp A19.
Jeanne Allen, First, fix the school., USA Today, 09-05-2000, pp 26A.
Author not available, Measuring the Give and Take of Vouchers., The Washington Post, 07-18-2002, pp T06.
AMEICA'S HEALTHCAE EFOM
Your Chosen Title
The overhauling of America's Health Care Systems has been a highly debated topic because it affects the quality of life, of virtually all residents living in America. A large portion of America's budget is spent on the healthcare system, however many Americans live day-to-day without healthcare coverage or medical insurance. It is surprising to know that although Americas has one of the strongest economies in the world, it lacks in this area. This resonates in the minds of many troubled Americans, who find themselves in serious economic problems due to their inability to provide healthcare coverage for themselves and their family.
Members of government and of the political arena understand that a demand exists, this demands is one that calls for healthcare coverage for all in America. In March 2010 congress responded to this demanded passed what is known as The Patient Protection and…
Health Care Reform Bill Summary: A Look At What's in the Bill - Political Hotsheet - CBS News. (n.d.). Breaking News Headlines: Business, Entertainment & World News - CBS News. Retrieved July 25, 2011, from http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-503544_162-20000846-503544.html
Sultz, H.A. (2010). Health care USA: understanding its organization and delivery By Harry A. Sultz, Kristina M. Young. Sudbury Mass.: Jones and Barlett Learning.
Staff of The Washington Post. (2010). Landmark: the inside story of America's new health care law and what it means for us all. New York: Public Affairs.
The typical American diet is one high in sugars and processed foods. Accordingly, The United States has earned the unfortunate nickname of "Fast-food Nation." The initiation of the rapid growth in fast-food consumption rates in America is likely a result of this country's lack of a widely embraced and highly diverse national cuisine. The United States as a country is truly a melting pot for cultures, religions, ethnicities and beliefs. This vast assortment has certainly carried over into the world of food. That is, most Americans have easy access to a large array of different cuisines on a daily basis and this chronic presence of other cultural food choices has virtually destroyed any possibility of creating a truly American cuisine. Therefore, American citizens along with the rest of the world have transfixed fast-food into this national category. Without question, on the global stage, McDonald's and urger King are…
Allison, C. (2010, May). Barbecue Master. Retrieved October 18, 2011, from http://barbequemaster.blogspot.com/2010/05/chopped-pork-bbq-sandwich-with-sam-dog.html
Baker, E.A., Schootman, M., Barnidge, E., & Kelly, C. (2006, July). The Role of Race and Poverty in Access to Foods That Enable Individuals to Adhere to Dietary Guidelines. Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research Practice and Policy, 3 (3).
Bedell, J. (2008). Food, Fitness, Obesity and Diabetes in the Bronx. Retrieved October 17, 2011, from New York City Department of Health: www.phanyc.org/files/food-fitness-obesity-in-bronx-bedell.ppt
Block, J.P., Scribner, R.A., & DeSalvo, K.B. (2004). Fast Food Race/Ethnicity, and Income: A Geographic Analysis. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27 (3).
America's Obsession ith Notoriety: Superficial And Futile
In America, fame and celebrity have become ends to and of themselves, often at great cost to those who seek fame. Elizabeth Searle's "Celebrities in Disgrace" and the 1999 movie Ed TV help to demonstrate the high costs of fame and celebrity. Ultimately, America's obsession with notoriety reveals the superficiality and spiritual and moral bankruptcy of a nation that seemingly values fame more than accomplishment.
In the past decades in modern America, even as little as ten years ago, fame seemed to mostly be a byproduct of certain occupations and situations. Fame often used to be a simple byproduct of doing something else, and people were most often thrust into fame as a consequence of other actions. Notoriety was limited largely to actors or actresses, persons who had committed a horrible crime, or political or sports figures.
In recent years, America has seen…
Ed TV. Director: Ron Howard. Cast: Matthew McConaughey, Jenna Elfman, Woody Harrelson, Ellen DeGeneres, Rob Reiner, Sally Kirkland, Martin Landau, Adam Goldberg, Elizabeth Hurley, Dennis Hopper, Clint Howard, Viveka Davis, Jennifer Elise Cox. 1999.
Searle, Elizabeth. Celebrities in Disgrace. Graywolf Press, 2001.
Although Friedman claims that the use of religion as a common bond among early Americans is no longer relevant, there are scores of Americans who still believe that the nation is essentially a Christian one. The identity of Tea Party people is inextricably tied into an identity that may seem outmoded to many Americans. Yet to the Tea Party, their identity is more American than any apple pie.
Most Americans throughout most of American history considered it perfectly fine to deny half the (white) population the right to vote on the basis of gender. Being female was considered a handicap, which systematically denied women the right to be Americans even if they identified with the culture of the United States. Asian men who worked on the railroads in nineteenth century America were not even permitted to start families because their Otherness was too much for the ASP majority. Now, Asians…
Alba, Richard. Ethnic Identity. Yale University Press, 1992.
Friedman, Michael J. "American Identity: Ideas, Not Ethnicity." 2008. Retrieved online: http://www.america.gov/st/peopleplace-english/2008/February/20080307154033ebyessedo0.5349237.html
Huntington, Samuel P. Who Are We: The Challenges of America's National Identity.
Rorty, Richard. Achieving Our Country. Harvard, 1998.
As America gradually becomes a predominantly diverse society, more and more issues are brought into fore, and this include the formulation of policies and institutions that seek to improve the lives of the 'minority' (i.e., Americans with non-Caucasian race) and provide efficient services for them. This is the greater implication that Takaki elucidates in his book: analyzing a socio-cultural problem to bring about effective solutions for it.
Takaki's discussion of this social problem is related with a more serious and crucial problem that plagues American society today: the closed-minded view of Americans concerning cultural diversity and its apparent fear for the destabilization of the status quo. This status quo was identified by Takaki as the Americans' tendency to think of the concept "American" as "white," and the destruction of this status quo would result to a new social order, wherein Americans of European descent would eventually become the minority and…
America- Democracy or Plutocracy?
The United States of America is often hailed as the first and greatest modern democracy in the world. Most Americans believe that the United States is the example the rest of the world should emulate, and that it offers its citizens the power to make decisions through its free and fair elections. Yet at the same time, others say that the United States of America has ceased to be a democracy and instead become a plutocracy. A plutocracy is a state that is ruled by the wealthiest people, rather than by free and fair elections in which all citizens have an equal voice. Recent political developments have caused fear from those who believe the United States is moving toward plutocracy, but at the same time, other equally important developments have shown that it remains, at least for the time being, a democracy.
Although the United States…
"The Court's Blow to Democracy." Editorial. The New York Times. January 21, 2010. Web. April 26, 2011.
"Health Care Reform." The New York Times. . March 4, 2011. Web. April 27, 2011.
Rolnik, Guy. "Warren Buffet: The U.S. is moving toward plutocracy." TheMarker.com. March 4, 2011. Web. April 27, 2011.
Tremblay, Rodrigue. "The United States of Corporate America: From Democracy to Plutocracy." Global Research Canada. January 22, 2010. Web. April 26, 2011.
In this way there would be more teachers paying greater attention to students who would learn not more, but perhaps better. The level of education is one of the most important concepts in this discussion and it is directly connected to the required standards. If these are lowered then everyone will "pass," but this success is ephemeral and is not translated into capacities or resources which could be afterward used outside school in the real life. Excellence in education is a must for a strong democracy while at the same time, one of the most important challenges that democracy faces is that of finding a way to provide all the citizens with the opportunity to an education of excellent level.
Last but not least a measure which could help improve the present situation of the educational system is reducing the bureaucracy. The work of teachers and professors ought to be…
Barber, B.R. "America skips school: why we talk so much about education and do so little." Harper's Magazine, nov.1993, v287, n1722, p.39
"Where does the money go? How the average U.S. consumer spends their paycheck" in visualeconomics.com, Retrieved September 30, 2010 from http://www.visualeconomics.com/how-the-average-us-consumer-spends-their-paycheck/
Unfortunately many aspects of modern American society threaten individual liberties. For example, the disparity between the rich and the poor in American society impacts the level of freedom enjoyed by certain segments of the population. The "freedom" to pay workers a pittance in order to increase profits in a large corporation is therefore not really a "freedom" at all. Therefore, it is up to the government and to the people who support it to ensure that the rights and freedoms of all persons are preserved. Similarly, when religious institutions hope to influence public policy, they inadvertently infringe on the rights and freedoms of the American people. Even if well-meaning, religious institutions cannot bind people in a free society to do what they do or believe what they believe. Morals are a reflection of common sense and education, not of specific religious values. Therefore, the government cannot bend its legislation to…
America Moves West
econstruction is the name for the period in United States history that covers the post-Civil War era, roughly 1865-1877. Technically, it refers to the policies that focused on the aftermath of the war; abolishing slavery, defeating the Confederacy, and putting legislation in effect to restore the nation -- per the Constitution. Most contemporary historians view econstruction as a failure with ramifications that lasted at least 100 years later: issues surrounding the Civil ights were still being debated in the 1970s, corrupt northern businessmen "carpetbaggers" brought scandal and economic corruption, monetary and tariff policies were retributive and had legal results in the north as well. Despite the failure of this period as an equalizer or integrator of races in the Old South, there was an equally robust push westward that not only encouraged individuals of all ethnicities to move, but changed the political and economic texture of the…
Immigration and Labor. (2009). Encarta.MSN. Retrieved from: http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761552683_11/new_york.html.
Railroads Following the Panic. (2001). U.S. History.com. 2001. Retrieved from:
Teaching With Documents: The Homestead Act of 1862. (2007). National Archives.
America has never been a nation to create solutions to problems that have yet to occur. The prevailing wisdom was that terrorism and the need for a unified intelligence gathering community geared specifically to detect and protect against terrorism was uneccessary because terrorism simply wasn't an American problem. This reasoning however has been proven to have been extremely naive. In the wake of 9/11, our nation has come to the very real understanding that bureaucratic infighting, territorial law and intelligence agencies, and a total complacence on the part of the U.S. citizenry left us wide open for attacks. All of the security measures now in place or being considered (all of which in some part are in place in virtually every other western nation) could have been in place long ago and could have prevented 9/11. But, as our government does not spend money on possibilities but rather in responses,…
"Age of Anxiety." The Nation. Dec 9, 2002. v275. i20. p3. Online Database: Infotrac. Info Acc, 5 Dec,2002.
"Homeland Insecurity." U.S. News & World Report. Dec 2, 2002. p64. Online Database: Infotrac. Info Acc, 5 Dec,2002.
Lefebure, Leo. "Muslim-Christian Dialogue" The Christian Century. 11 Sep, 2002. v119. i19. p8. Online Database: Infotrac. Info Acc, 5 Dec,2002.
"Report: Anti-Terror Powers Curtail Rights." United Press International. Nov 23, 2002. p1008327w4275. Online Database: Infotrac. Info Acc, 5 Dec,2002.
In years before, America was a collection of Chinese, Germans, Italians, Scots, Croats, etc., all craving freedom. Today, even the simple concept of an English-speaking nation is fading off the continent. In the past, immigrants were taught in English in the public schools. In America today, children are taught in German, Italian, Polish, and 108 other languages and dialects. Most of these schools are funded by 139 million federal dollars. "The linguist's egalitarian attitude toward dialect has evolved into the multicultural notion that dialect as a cultural feature is part of one's identity as a member of that culture."
Due to their ethnic or cultural heterogeneity, multiethnic societies in general are more fragile and have a higher risk of conflicts. In the worst case such conflicts can cause the breakdown of these societies. Recent examples of this were the violent breakdown of Yugoslavia and the peaceful separation of Czechoslovakia. Forced…
Cruz, Barbara C. Multiethnic Teens and Cultural Identity: A Hot Issue. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 2001.
Dawisha, Adeed. Arab Nationalism in the Twentieth Century: From Triumph to Despair. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.
Francis, Samuel. "The Other Face of Multiculturalism." Chronicles. April 1998.
Huggins, Nathan I. Revelations: American History, American Myths. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
America and the Great War
How the Forces of Nationalism, Imperialism, and Militarism Irrevocably Led to World War I
At face value, it can be concluded that WW started as a result of increasing military power in the participating European nations. It may also be argued that the arms race played a role too. However, an in-depth interrogation of the circumstances that surrounded the outbreak of the war reveals that there were more reasons why countries rose against each other.
To begin with, countries in Europe experienced a strong sense of nationalism that set them apart from the rest. This euphoric nationalistic tendencies and patriotism was also the seed for hatred for other countries. It seemed to the people of that age that for one to excel, the other must be under subjugation or eliminated altogether. Economic competition that existed at the time also played a major role in fuelling…
Wilson, W. (1914). President Wilson's Declaration of Neutrality, issued by The World War I. Retrieved from http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/President_Wilson%27s_Declaration_of_Neutrality
One of the best points is brought forth by Higgins, who writes that an estimated force of 1500 men were sent to take on no less than 25,000 Cubans (Higgins 1987). "In the end, of approximately 1300 men who actually landed on the beaches from the Brigade, almost 1200 were captured and about 100 killed in combat (Higgins 149). The Brigade, if they failed, were expected to escape into the protected areas that connected to the Bay of Pigs; when in fact those areas, the conditions of the terrain, the poor training and preparation of the Brigade, made such escape impossible (Higgins 149).
Years later, declassified papers and tapes from the hite House would lend insight into the fiasco, but not clarity. One thing that was evidenced from the hite House tapes is that the Bay of Pigs continued to be a source of humiliation and annoyance to President Kennedy…
Works Cited www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=105514152
Blight, James G. And Peter Kornbluh, eds. 1999. Politics of Illusion: The Bay of Pigs Invasion Reexamined. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=105514456 .
Chomsky, Noam. 1993. Rethinking Camelot: JFK, the Vietnam War, and U.S. Political Culture. Boston: South End Press. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=24098683 .