Animal Welfare Essays (Examples)

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Animal Conservation Importance to Human Society to

Words: 617 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41135544

Animal conservation [...] importance to human society to conserve endangered animals, and will include some examples of organizations that help in animal conservation.

The conservation of endangered animals is extremely important to our society in many ways. The ecology of the Earth has worked for millions of years, but as our planet loses many types of animals and other life, we are slowly changing the ecological balance, and because of this, we could slowly be destroying the planet. Humans have destroyed many species, including the dodo bird, the passenger pigeon, and we nearly destroyed the California condor. Each of these species plays a specific role in their ecological niche, and when we destroy one, it creates a chain reaction that can eventually destroy any animal that depends on another for its survival. For example, in Hawaii there is a very special type of lily that depends on a certain kind…… [Read More]

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Animal Experiments and Testing Pcrm

Words: 1765 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53241280

Mignini, Pradeep Jayaram, and Khalid S. Khan

BMJ 2007 334: 97. Online available at http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/334/7588/274

Perel, et al. (2007) states that only immediate preclinical testing of new drug therapies, but animal research aids medical science in many more ways Animal studies play a part in the initial development of candidate drugs, and the development and testing of medical devices and surgical procedures. Even more crucial, animal research informs clinical research by building the foundation of biological knowledge." (2007)

6. Study on Long-Term Effects of Chemicals on the Environment

Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution. 22 Mar 2007. Online available at http://www.rcep.org.uk/chemicals/chemscop.htm

This work states that diverse organizations including the 'Chemical Industries Association', CEFIC, the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions as well as the Department of Health and Friends of the Earth "...raise the impact of chemicals assessment policy on animal testing. Most of the Department of the Environment,…… [Read More]

16. Study on Long-Term Effects of Chemicals on the Environment

Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution. 22 Mar 2007. Online available at http://www.rcep.org.uk/chemicals/chemscop.htm

This work states that diverse organizations including the 'Chemical Industries Association', CEFIC, the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions as well as the Department of Health and Friends of the Earth "...raise the impact of chemicals assessment policy on animal testing. Most of the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions' postbag on the European Commission Chemicals Strategy concerns the huge increase in animal testing likely to result. It would seem difficult for the Commission to make recommendations on chemical assessment without addressing the issues of the acceptability of alternatives to animal testing, and the implications of the recommendations for animal testing.
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Argument for in Favor of Keeping Animals in Zoos

Words: 2974 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41647202

Zoo Animals

Human beings have kept animals in zoos for centuries, but only relatively recently have the ethical considerations of this practice been widely considered. At one extreme are those individuals and organizations that see no problem keeping animals in zoos and other attractions, in keeping with the long history of animal confinement in the service of human entertainment, and at the other extreme are those individuals and groups arguing that animals should not be kept in zoos out of ethical considerations. However, this dichotomy has been complicated in recent years as zoos have increasingly become some of the most important centers of animal conservancy efforts, forcing a reevaluation of the ethical status of zoos in regards to the animals they contain, and the potential benefit they provide. Examining the history of zoos, their potential for harm, and the ways they might better consider animal welfare reveals that not only…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bostock, Stephen. Zoos and animal rights: the ethics of keeping animals. London: Routledge,

1993.

Cohn, Jeffrey P. "Do Elephants Belong in Zoos?" Bioscience 56.9 (2006): 714-7.

Cui, Bingbing, and Dezhong Jiang. "The Problems and Countermeasures of Animal Protection in Zoos-Take Shenyang Glacier Zoo for Example." International Journal of Biology 3.1
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Scientific Research With Animals and

Words: 2057 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71444644



In these cases, the ethical and moral choice seems to be to find another way to test these products that is not so cruel, and to keep cruel procedures out of the labs altogether. The case of the cat sex experiments at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City in the 1960s are another case in point. esearchers maimed cats in a variety of ways, from removing parts of their brains to obliterating their sense of smell, and then noted how these procedures affected their sexual activities. The study continued for over a decade, without any clear results, and when the public learned about it, there was a huge outcry and the testing stropped (Degrazia 98). Studies like this, without a clear purpose, seem even more cruel and unusual, and they helped to give animal research such a bad reputation that laws were enacted regarding the ethical…… [Read More]

References

Carbone, Larry. What Animals Want: Expertise and Advocacy in Laboratory Animal Welfare Policy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Degrazia, David. Animal Rights: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Editors. "Animal Research in Psychology." American Psychological Association. 2009. 1 March 2009. http://www.apa.org/science/animal2.html.

Katrink, Vicki. "Blinded for Beauty: Rabbits Used in Product Testing." American Anti-Vivisection Society. 2009. 1 March 2009. http://www.aavs.org/testingTypesBlinded.html.
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Psychological Research on Animals Is

Words: 694 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85577964

The purpose is to determine whether the "face-processing system of humans" and in this case, the tamarin, share characteristics.

By finding out if humans' face-processing systems and the face-processing systems of the tamarin are similar, the researchers will be more readily be able to allow "early and quick processing of socially salient stimuli" (Neiworth, et al., 2003). Do humans and primate share sensitivity toward "conspecific faces" (i.e., faces of the same species), and do they share an ability to "generalize changes in the face that do not suggest a new identity" (Neiworth). The researchers presented the subjects (a human and taramin) with "a human face, chimpanzee face, taramin face, or an object as a sample." The faces were either in an upright position, or inverted in the next phase of the research.

Conclusion: The above-mentioned research is an example of a totally ethical, well-managed psychological experiment. The results showed that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Psychological Association. (2010). Animal Research Advances Animal and Human

Welfare: Research Animals in Psychology. Retrieved March 27, 2011, from  http://www.apa.org/research/responsible/research-animals.pdf .

Neiworth, Julie J., Hassett, Janice M., and Sylvester, Cara J. (2003). Face processing in humans

and new world monkeys: the influence of experiential and ecological factors. Animal Cognition. Retrieved March 27, 2011, from http://www.acad.carleton.edu/curricular/PSYC/monkeys/face.html.
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Evaluating the Health of Animal Species

Words: 2346 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67310078

Welfae in Captive Wild Animals

The Holy Bible gets the elationship between humankind and wild animals out of the way ealy on in Genesis 1:26 when God said, "Let us make mankind in ou image, in ou likeness, so that they may ule ove the fish in the sea and the bids in the sky, ove the livestock and all the wild animals, and ove all the ceatues that move along the gound." Humanity clealy took this divine gift seiously, and the elationship between humankind and wild animals has been lagely one-sided since people climbed to the top of the food chain. Since the second half of the 20th centuy, though, thee have been gowing calls fo impoving the manne in which humans teat animals in geneal and wild animals maintained in captivity in paticula. The ecent closue of Ringling and Banum and Bailey's "Geatest Show on Eath" due to…… [Read More]

references/phspol.htm#Introduction.

Sejian, V and Lakritz, J (2011, August), "Assessment Methods and Indicators of Animal Welfare." Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, vol 6, no. 4, pp. 301-315.

Spallone, C (2014, April 18). "Rescue groups helping former lab animals." One Green Planet. [online] available: http://www.onegreenplanet.org/animalsandnature/5-awesome-rescue-groups-helping-former-lab-animals/.

Wise, SM (2000). Rattling the Cage: Toward Legal Rights for Animals. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books.

Yarri, D (2005). The Ethics of Animal Experimentation: A Critical Analysis and Constructive Christian Proposal. New York: Oxford University Press.
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Ethical to Raise Animals for

Words: 2104 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55572059

fosterfacts.net).

Arguments For: In response to those allegations, Bill Mattos, the president of the California Poultry Federation, said that he had invited California Senate representatives to visit poultry farms -- and to see for themselves that allegations of inhumane treatment are not true -- but his offer was declined (Fitzenberger). "To me, it's propaganda disguised as research," Mattos said in response to the report the California state Senate Office of Research produced.

Essayist Bart Gruzalski (Ethics and Animals, p. 253) writes that "the use of animals for food can be justified on utilitarian grounds even if we take into account only the pleasures and pains of the animals involved." Gruzalski quotes pig farmer James Cargile, who buys "several pigs" every year "from a neighboring hog farm"; Cargile raises them "to slaughter for food" but sees no meanness because the pigs "are given lots of room and food, everything a pig…… [Read More]

Works Cited

East Bay Animals Advocates (EBAA). (2005). Foster Farm Facts. Retrieved June 23, 2009,

From http://www.fosterfacts.net.

Fitzenberger, Jennifer M. (2004). California report criticizes animal cruelty at large cattle

And poultry farms. Sacramento Bee, Retrieved June 22, 2009, from  http://www.sacbee.com .
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Rights and Welfare of Animals

Words: 754 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54812576

Animal Advocacy Organizations

There are many local, national, and international organizations that advocate for the rights and welfare of animals, domestic and wild. Two of those organisations are PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) and the ASPCA (American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals). In this paper, the two will be compared and contrasted.

PETA & ASPCA

The ASPCA was the very first humane society to exist in North America, according to their website. Henry Bergh founded the ASPCA in 1866, who believed that animals have the right to be respected by humans, and to be treated kindly, and to be protected under the law. In fact the ASPCA was the first humane organization that has been granted "legal authority to investigate and make arrests for crimes against animals… [although the ASPCA] fulfills its mission through nonviolent approaches" (ASPCA).

PETA was founded in 1980, and their…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA). (2011). How to Recognize

Cruelty / About the ASPCA. Retrieved September 1, 2011, from http://www.aspca.org.

Benz, Kathy, and McManus, Michael. (2005). PETA accuses lab of animal cruelty.

CNN.com. Retrieved September 1, 2011, from http://articles.cnn.com.
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Zoo Animal Technology Program I Want to

Words: 718 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70082961

Zoo Animal Technology Program

I want to enter the Zoo Animal Technology Program at BLANK University for a number of reasons. First, I have always loved animals since I was very young, and I've always felt I wanted to help take care of them in some capacity as my career. In the past, I've had tropical fish, dogs, cats, hamsters, guinea pigs, rabbits, birds, and other animals in my family for as long as I can remember. I have always been involved in training, maintaining, and caring for these animals, and I have loved every one of them. I would like to continue in my life.

I also strongly believe in animal conservation and husbandry, and the zoo technology program would allow me to learn more about these important areas of zookeeping. I know that many animals are endangered in the wild today, and the only way to help preserve…… [Read More]

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Wild Species Which Includes That of Animals

Words: 1428 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95417620

Wild species, which includes that of animals, plants, and of other organisms, constitute the most part of the seafood of the world and of the timber. The Wild species provide a means of earning to the communities apart from providing them with food, medicines, fibers, skins, furs and forage, without which many communities could not have had their living.

Apart from this they also help in the intellectual growth, provide a sense of beauty and also promotes the religious and cultural beliefs of the people. ecause of the importance given to the wild species and of the use made of them by people, many natural and semi-natural ecosystems owe their present existence and even their future would owe to these uses.

Firstly, the use of wild species is that it has direct commercial value in terms of fishing, hunting, harvesting which enables the U.S. economy to earn $200 billion and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Albuquerque, NM. (1990) Conserving Endangered Species: A Commitment to the Future. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southwestern Region.

Costanza, R. et al. (1997, May 15). The Value of the World's Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital, Nature 387: 253-260.

Hill, H.R. (1994, August 8) Ohio State University Study Finds Genetic Altering of Bacterium Upsets Natural Order, The Oregonian,

Food and Drug Administration 57 Federal Register 22987(1995, December) EPA Approves Bt Corn and Cotton With Conditions, The Gene Exchange,
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Ethical Treatment of Animals the

Words: 3045 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60756557

The main concern in virtue ethics becomes about a person's moral character. When people choose to develop their moral character, better virtues will be created, and thus there will be more people acting in virtuous ways in all aspects of their lives -- and this includes how they treat all animals.

One example to be considered when thinking about how a person with a strong sense of virtue might behave is to counter it with how a person with a strong sense of duty might behave. From a duty sense, if one were a livestock farmer, he or she might believe that his or her duty lies in what is best for the people because, after all, the job is about raising livestock for slaughter, which will then become food for people. Therefore, the first duty would be to humans and the second duty to animals (Panaman 20008) (which may…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Garner, R. (2005). Animal ethics. Cambridge: Polity.

Gruen, L. (2011). Ethics and animals: An introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press;

1st edition.

Hursthouse, R. (2000). Ethics, humans and other animals: An introduction with readings. New York: Routledge.
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Man's Ability to Treat Humans Like Animals

Words: 4278 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22493133

Man's Ability To Treat Humans Like Animals

It is a vivid fact that the feelings of cruelty, discrimination and racial distribution are embedded well in to human nature since its very inception. This world depicts several cases where humans treat other humans like animals and ignore their right of living peacefully and according to their own will. This article highlights the work of several writers who have depicted the different ways in which humans have been treated brutally by other humans. Majority of the cases deal with racial discrimination and poverty-based cruelty issues encountered by humans. The article presents an in depth analysis of the works of seven different writers and how their works represent the ill treatment encountered by the human race.

Charles Chestnutt's "Po Sandy" and its Linkage to Human Cruelty

"Po' Sandy" written by Charles Chestnutt is basically the story of Sandy, who is made the slave…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chestnutt, Charles. Charles W. Chesnutt: Stories, Novels, and Essays, USA: Library of America,

2002.

Esposito, Scott, "The Changeling by Kenzaburo Oe," Los Angeles Times,468, 7 March 2010.

Mackay, Marina. The Cambridge Companion to The Literature Of World War II, New York,
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Combat the Growing Challenges Associated

Words: 972 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4259143

Logically, the state of Florida could raise significant income to eliminate or manage invasive species from the sale and the purchase and renewal of licenses for the ownership of exotic pets.

The model will of course probably come from the federal government. Given that the pythons and other invasive species have invaded Everglades National Park, the efforts of the U.S. Park Service to manage and/or eliminate the animals will have a major effect upon ridding the Florida ecosystems of invasive species. There is a pervasiveness of the Burmese python in the Everglades (some 10,000 to 100,000 estimated), Responding to the growing concerns over the spread of Burmese pythons in the Everglades, the federal Fish and ildlife Service proposed a ban on both the import and interstate transport of pythons and eight other snake species. Interior secretary Ken Salazar, secretary of the interior announced the move in a news conference. He…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brown, Robert. "Exotic Pets Invade United States Ecosystems: Legislative Failure and a Proposed Solution." Indiana Law Journal. 81.713 (2006): 713-731. Print.

Harvey, Rebecca G., et al. "Burmese Pythons in South Florida: Scientific Support for Invasive Species Management." EDIS. University of Florida IFAS Extension,

2009. Web. 20 Nov 2010. .

Rudolf, John Collins. "Salazar Seeks Import Ban on Invasive Snakes." Green: A Blog
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Cruelty and Thereafter Apply the

Words: 1475 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73028253

No animal understands what experimentation is. Therefore, how does one decide whether it is ethical to conduct experiments on them, experiments that involve blatant cruelty and assault?

It must be remembered that those people who voice their objections to using animals in experimentation fall under two broad categories: animal welfare activists, and animal rights activists. hile those who belong to animal welfare groups do agree that animal experimentation must carry on, but that they must be minimized, so that the pain and suffering of the poor creatures is also minimized, those that belong to the animal rights group are more radical with their opinions. These people have often stated that animals too have their rights, in much the same way as human beings do, and that animals must therefore never be used for the purposes of experimentation, as this is extremely cruel, unkind, brutal and unethical. (Bridgstock, 69)

Going back…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bridgstock, Martin. Science, technology and society.

Cambridge University Press. 1998.

Covino, Joseph. Lab animal abuse, vivisection exposed.

Epic Press. 1990.
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Conciliation for the Sake of

Words: 2011 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82514145

"Using animals this way is morally right. efusing to use them because to do so is thought as an infringement of the 'rights' of rats and mice is morally wrong." It is inhumane, to the majority of Americans.

It is possible to find a middle ground in the issues of such animal rights groups as PETA, and list several points of agreement regarding what is ethically humane and for the animal's positive welfare. That is, the two opposing sides should be able to agree to the following without abandoning their basic positions: 1) Animals do have sensations, such as pain, and emotional states, such as fear or suffering. esearch is growing for the proposition that at least vertebrate animals are very likely sentient (ose and Adams); 2) Numerous animals, at the very least mammals, have the capacity a variety of other mental states, such as distress and discomfort. This is…… [Read More]

References:

Cohen, Carl and Regan, Tom. Animal Rights Debate. New York: Roman & Littlefield, 2001

Hayhurst, Christ. Animal testing: the animal rights debate. New York: Rosen Publishing, 2000.

Moore, David. Public Lukewarm on Animal Rights. Gallup Poll. 21 May 2003. 23 April, 2010.  http://www.gallup.com/poll/8461/public-lukewarm-animal-rights.aspx 

Mur, Cindy. Animal Experimentation. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2004
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how to reduce instances of tail docking

Words: 1500 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79477301

Pig welfare has been receiving a tremendous amount of attention in both scientific literature and in public policy analysis. The UK Department for Environment Food and ural Affairs (2013) and Crown legislation both offer detailed guidelines for humane pig husbandry. Central to pig welfare is the reduction of stress within the farm environment. Current policy and legislation covers such issues as pen size, prevention of fighting amongst pigs, castration, sanitation, and feeding. However, tail docking -- the cutting of pig tails -- remains relatively common practice even in the UK, where pig welfare rules are stricture than they are in the European Union given the latter's continued routine practice of castration ("Balancing Pig Welfare, Castration and Boar Taint," 2009). Whereas UK Department for Environment Food and ural Affairs (2013) advocates against tail docking as a means to reduce pig-on-pig aggression, it does admit to the usefulness of the practice as…… [Read More]

Reference List

Animal Welfare Institute (2016). Pigs. Retrieved online: https://awionline.org/content/pigs

AVMA (2016). Animal welfare policy statements. Retrieved online: https://www.avma.org/KB/Resources/Reference/Animalwelfare/Pages/Animal-Welfare-Policy-statements.aspx

"Balancing Pig Welfare, Castration, and Boar Taint," (2009). The Pig Site. Retrieved online: http://www.thepigsite.com/articles/2553/balancing-pig-welfare-castration-and-boar-taint/

Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (2013). Guidance: Caring for pigs. Retrieved online: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/code-of-recommendations-for-the-welfare-of-livestock-pigs/pigs-welfare-recommendations
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Marketing Plan for Opening a

Words: 6854 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32314033

Likewise, McCain (2003) reports that, "The United States is a dog-loving nation. The American Veterinary Medical Association says about 36% of U.S. households own dogs, compared with 31% that own cats. The most popular breeds, the American Kennel Club says, are Labrador retrievers, golden retrievers and German shepherds" (2). According to the Southwest Boston Dog Owners' Group (2007), "The number of licensed dogs in Boston is 8,500; Animal Control estimates the total number of dogs in the city is 40,000" (Petition to Boston City Council and Mayor's office 4).

The results of the 2000 census of Boston showed that the city enjoys a healthy percentage of middle- to upper-middle class residents as shown in Table ____ below.

Table ____.

2000 Census Breakdown of Household Incomes in Boston.

Category

Number

Percent

Households

Less than $10,000

10,000 to $14,999

15,000 to $24,999

25,000 to $34,999

35,000 to $49,999

50,000 to $74,999

75,000…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barker, Randolph T. (2005). "On the Edge or Not? Opportunities for Interdisciplinary Scholars in Business Communication to Focus on the Individual and Organizational Benefits of Companion Animals in the Workplace." The Journal of Business Communication 42(3):299.

Boston Housing Authority: Elderly & Disabled Housing Program Pet Policy. (October 1, 2000). Boston Housing Authority. [Online]. Available: http://www.bostonhousing.org/pdfs/OPS2003ElderlyPetPolicy.pdf.

Dennick, Reg and Kate Exley. Small Group Teaching. New York: RoutledgeFalmer, 2004.

Goldberg, Jonah. (2002, December 9). "Man Bites Dog: The Axis of Evil Takes on Canines," National Review 54(23):37.
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Horse Slaughter Ethical Issues of

Words: 2991 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76037399

Many also subscribe to religious beliefs according to which various gods created other animal species for human consumption and which fundamentally distinguish human life and animal life predicated on the religious belief that we are different in kind rather than merely in degree.

Contrary to the beliefs of the radical fringe of the animal rights movement, that moral burden does not require that we all become vegetarians to avoid eating other animals. It simply means that we have an objective ethical obligation to take reasonable steps to avoid causing the species we choose to consume any more trauma and physical pain than absolutely necessary. This principle actually predates modern society as it is evident in the laws practiced by Jews, for one example, since before the Common Era.

While certain elements of Jewish dietary laws pertain to distinguishing by species which animals are permissible to eat, other elements of the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bright, M. (1994). Intelligence in Animals: The Earth, Its Wonders, Its Secrets.

Montreal: Reader's Digest Books

Coren, S. (1995). The Intelligence of Dogs: A Guide to the Thoughts, Emotions,

And Inner Lives of Our Canine Companions. New York: Bantam
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Peter Singer - Ethics Peter

Words: 2190 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60734239



Chickens never see the light of day nor set foot on solid ground. They are raised in wire cages no bigger than this page -- often three to a cage -- and thus are never able to spread their wings or to establish a normal pecking order. They are so unable to move that their feet grow around the wire (Spira, 2005). Packed confinement makes them try to kill each other. The "remedy" for this is to cut off their beaks. The optimal (profitable) speed for chopping beaks off is four beaks per minute. Workers in a hurry often miss and chop the flesh instead. In egg factories when egg production slows or stops, the chicken is placed in total darkness with no food or water for three days. Faced with certain death, a last-ditch reproductive response is triggered and she lays a flurry of eggs (Scully, 2003).

Animals forced…… [Read More]

References

Animal rights and animal welfare: The theoretical origins of new welfarism: Accessed 4/24/06: http://www.animal-law.org/library/araw_iii.htm.

Atlantic Monthly (2005). If pigs could swim, 296 (2), 134, 136-139.

Scully, M. (2003). Dominion: The power of man, the suffering of animals, and the call to mercy. Boston: St. Martin's Press.

DeGrazia, D. (2003). Taking Animals Seriously: Mental Life and Moral Status. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
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Risk-Free Because an Experiment Exposes Its Participants

Words: 1487 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19242120

risk-free because an experiment exposes its participants to a number of variables that can impact psychological or physical well-being. To determine if a given study is worth performing, scientists frequently conduct analyses to determine the risk/benefit ratio of a given area of research. Potential risks of research include exposure of the subjects to harmful substances or dangerous situations. For example, when testing a new drug, pharmaceutical researchers will be subjecting their test subjects to chemicals with potential side effects. In extreme cases, the detrimental effects of the chemical may be fatal, such as when a subject has unknown allergies to a given substance. Such issues will be taken into account when making a risk/benefit assessment. In other cases, the participants may be at risk for psychological harm from being exposed to highly stressful situations. For example, in a study on nightmares or on anger, the participants may experience high levels…… [Read More]

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Abundant Research Conducted on Humans

Words: 2003 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14425263

From the fact that two individuals were able to keep their hands in for 5 seconds longer than that of the other participants it seems as though the motivational approach may be more effective than sensory discriminative in quelling pain. Nonetheless, this study is severely limited in that the sample was extremely small, and that I was a biased facilitator (ideally such a study should be conducted with at least three other experimenters who are unaware of the purpose and hypothesis of the study), as well as in the fact that it was conducted in limiting circumstances (the bathroom near a bathtub).

Also to be considered is the fact that other confounding circumstances may have induced the resilient individual to have kept her hands in for longer. he may, for instance, be thicker-skinned than the others, or have some other physiological characteristic that may make her naturally more resilient to…… [Read More]

Sources

Brewer, B.W, & Karoly, P. (1989). Effects of attentional focusing on pain and perception. Motivation and Emotion, 13, 193-203.

Gentle, M.J. (2001). Attentional shifts alter pain perception in the chicken. Consciousness, cognition and animal welfare, 10, S187-S194.

Hackett, G., & Horan, J.J. (1980). Stress inoculation for pain: What's really going on? Journal of Counseling Psychology

Melzack, R. (1993). Pain: Past, present, and future. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 47, 615.
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Analyzing Strategic HR Plan

Words: 2441 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16354817

H Strategic Plan

Explain human resource practices and functions and their relevance to a H Strategic Plan

Human resource functions are considerably dissimilar from human resource practices. In particular, functions comprise of transactional activities that can be taken care of in-house or dealt with through outsourcing. On the other hand, practices are half-conceptual, half-execution part of a human resource strategy, made up of systems that follow the normal or traditional way of undertaking business. The human resource functions and practices play a significant role and have great relevance to a human resource strategic plan (Mayhew, 2016). This is largely because, the human resource best practices are the systems encompassed within the H strategic plan that have the biggest impact not only on the workforce but the overall functioning of the organization and the future direction. H functions take into account different aspects such as administration of benefits, keeping of records…… [Read More]

References

Lee, R. G., & Dale, B. G. (1998). Business process management: a review and evaluation. Business process management journal, 4(3), 214-225.

Lopez, J. (2007). Animal Welfare: Global Issues, Trends and Challenges. Scientific and Technical Review, Vol. 24 (2). The Canadian Veterinary Journal, 48(11), 1163.

Mayhew, R. (2016). Functions & Practices of Human Resource Management. Chron. Retrieved 11 May 2016 from: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/functions-practices-human-resource-management-59787.html

Queensland Government Business and Industry Portal. (2015). Animal welfare laws in Queensland. Retrieved 11 May 2016 from: https://www.business.qld.gov.au/industry/agriculture/animal-management/land-management-for-livestock-farms/welfare-movement-livestock/animal-welfare/animal-welfare-law
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Organisational Development

Words: 3517 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19819197

Organisational Development

Current Situation

Organisational Development Plan

Implementation of the Development Plan

Stakeholder Engagement

Evaluation of the Development Plan

Organisational Development at SPCA

Of all Queensland's societies and organisations dedicated to the prevention of animal cruelty and bettering the lives of animals, the oyal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty of Animals (SPCA Qld) is the oldest. The organisation needs approximately $42 million in funding every year to help build and maintain the various programs and services it offers. Since SPCA Qld is a community-based non-government charity, most of its funding comes from donations, sponsorships and bequests from the local community. Government funding accounts for less than 1% of the money it receives (SPCA Queensland, 2016).

The organisation boasts a rich and interesting history that spans 130 years. It started with just a single supporter and has now grown into a sizeable organisation with 270 remunerated employees and 3,000 dedicated…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, D., & Anderson, L. (2010). Beyond change management: how to achieve breakthrough results through conscious change management. San Francisco: Pfeiffer.

Anderson, K. A., Brandt, J. C., Lord, L. K., & Miles, E. A. (2013). Euthanasia in Animal Shelters: Management's Perspective on Staff Reactions and Support Programs. Anthrozoos, Vol 26, Issue 4, 569-578. Retrieved from Taylor and Francis Online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.2752/175303713X13795775536057?needAccess=true

Australian Broadcasting Corporation. (2008). Stress Bustesr. Retrieved August 29, 2016, from ABC: http://www.abc.net.au/tv/stressbuster/episodes/.html

By, R., & Macleod, C. (2009). Managing organisational change in public services: international issues, challenges and cases. New York: Routledge.
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Analyzing the Pro Veganism

Words: 5038 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91243962

Pro Veganism

A strictly vegetarian diet is best suited to the human body's needs, mankind's ability of survival on earth, and our inherent compassion. Switching to such a diet is fairly simple and creates the opportunity to lead a healthier, happier, and gentler life (Marcus, xi).

For numerous reasons, humanity has been increasingly taking to veganism since the last few years. Some vegan supporters assert their participation in a dietary regimen wherein consuming or utilizing animal products is unethical, according to their religious beliefs or values. Meanwhile, others put forward the argument of animal consciousness's ethicality and the industrial farming process. Those who claim to be vegans most probably do so owing to environmental, animal rights, or personal health concerns, which can alter with time. Several vegans begin as vegetarians, gradually ceasing consumption of milk, eggs and other animal by-products. Meanwhile, others turn purely vegan right from the outset. In…… [Read More]

References

Primary Sources

Jacqui. Beyond Factory Farming: Sustainable Solutions for Animals, People and the Planet. A Report by Compassion in World Farming. 2009. Web. 15 July 2016. http://www.compassioninfoodbusiness.com/media/3817096/beyond-factory-farming-report.pdf

Phillips, Frankie. "Vegetarian Nutrition." British Nutrition Foundation. Nutrition Bulletin, 30, 2005, pp. 132-167.

Rauma, Anna-Liisa. Vegetarianism and Vegan Diet. Physiology and Maintenance, vol. II. 2011. Web. 15 July 2016. http://www.eolss.net/sample-chapters/c03/E6-54-03-06.pdf
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Utilitarianism and the Case of Perdue Farms

Words: 1995 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75717076

Perdue Farms

Personal & Organizational Ethics

Perdue Farms practices are in question for being inhumane. In my opinion, their form of advertisement is deceitful and false advertisement. It is advertised in this manner to instill trust in the company's ethics and chicken factory farming process. Its products are promoted as chickens that are raised cage free, on an all vegetarian diet, with no animal by-products, no antibiotics EVE, and humanely raised (CompassionUSA, 2014). It is important that the consumer perceives the process of farm-raising the chicken as humanely as possible. After all, how many people do you know who do not eat chicken? Perdue operates under the utilitarianism theory which our text states is "the theory that an action is morally right if the consequences of the actions are more favorable than unfavorable to everyone" -- or, in other words, that emphasize making ethical decisions as long as it benefits…… [Read More]

References

Text

Fieser, J. (2015). Introduction to business ethics [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu / •Chapter 2: Capitalism

Articles

Friedman, M. (1970, September 13). The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. New York Times Magazine. Retrieved from http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/dl/free/0073524697/910345/Appendices.pdf
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Baby Seal Slaughter in Canada Canadian Fishermen

Words: 1093 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14483490

Baby Seal Slaughter in Canada:

Canadian fishermen usually club hundreds of thousands of baby harp seals to death in front of their mothers every year. This event has developed into a yearly spectacle with the media and animal protection groups trying to cover the slaughter from helicopters or ships. These attempts are due to the fact that both the Canadian government and the sealers try to prevent access to the baby seal slaughter area in order to evade publicity. This event continues to receive green light from the Canadian government which set the quota with an example being the 275,000 seals that was set in 2008. The Canadian government permits hunters to bludgeon thousands of baby harp seals through shooting or repeated clubbing using metal-hook-tipped clubs that are also known as hakapiks. After clubbing the baby harp seals, these sealers then drag the unconscious seals across the ice floes with…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

"Canadian Seal Slaughter." PETA: People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. PETA: People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. Web. 9 June 2011. .

"THE FACTS ON CANADA'S BABY SEAL SLAUGHTER - Senseless Bloody Killing of Innocent Babies Continues." ANIMAL CRUELTY WORLDWIDE: HEATBREAKING STORIES OF OUR MISTREATMENT OF ANIMALS. ANIMAL CRUELTY WORLDWIDE. Web. 9 June 2011. .

Lin, Doris. "Fur, Cruelty and Animal Rights - Baby Seals Clubbed on the Ice." About.com

Animal Rights. About.com - A Part of The New York Times Company. Web. 9 June 2011. .
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Start Off With an Introductory

Words: 4948 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54115181

Ian Wimut and Keith Campell could effectively clone two sheeps named Megan and Morag in July 1995 from the differentiated emryo cells. (History of Cloning)

Dolly originated on July 5, 1996 as the first organism ever to e cloned from adult cells. Following the announcements for creation of Dolly y Ian Wilmut, an extensive deate on human cloning ethics emerged and that led President Clinton to propose for a five-year moratorium on federal as well as privately invested human cloning research on March 4, 1997. Richard Seed, a Havard graduate could announce on Decemer 5, 1997 aout his ojective of cloning a human eing prior to an of the process y enactment of the federal laws. Following the successful cloning of Dolly, Ian Wilmut and Keith Campell generated Polly, after cloning of a Poll Dorset lam from skill cells grown on a la and with its alteration genetically to incorporate…… [Read More]

bibliography_pages/cloning.html. Accessed on 11 March, 2005

Cloning Fact Sheet" Human Genome Project Information. Retrieved at http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/cloning.shtml. Accessed on 11 March, 2005

Cloning: what's stopping us? Law" (22 October, 2004) Ivanhoe Broadcast News. Retrieved at http://www.genpol.org/news55.pdf. Accessed on 11 March, 2005

Economic Analysis" Retrieved at http://www.geocities.com/cheburashinka/economic.html. Accessed on 11 March, 2005

Gabby. (17 May 1999) "Cloning for Medical Purposes" Retrieved at  http://www.humancloning.org/gabby.htm . Accessed on 11 March, 2005
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Business Using Gelso 2006 Harlow

Words: 16758 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35830950

esearchers have an occasion to further organizational science and to make research practical by producing information that can impact changing organizational forms and circumstances. Pragmatically, academic researchers are not likely to get access to a company that is going through change unless the practitioners believe the research will be helpful (Gibson & Mohrman, 2001).

There have been a number of calls to augment the significance and effectiveness of organizational science to companies. The usefulness challenge cannot be defined merely as getting practitioners to value and include what academics learn. It is believed that the usefulness of research depends, somewhat, on the degree to which the perspectives of organization members are incorporated in research procedures and the results are included into those members' organization design activities that take place as their company adjusts to its changing environment. esearch is more likely to be seen as useful if there are occasions for…… [Read More]

References

Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (U.S.), National Academy of Sciences

(U.S.), National Academy of Engineering & Institute of Medicine (U.S.). (2009). On

being a scientist: A guide to responsible conduct in research, (3rd ed.). Washington,

D.C.: National Academies Press. Retrieved from:
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Project Plan and Implementation on Pet Products

Words: 3024 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47490742

Paws Veterinary Hospital

Pets Hospital

Betoull Dashti 16108

Sara Al Hindi 20088

The 3,000,000 KD capital input in the business will be used to buy the necessary equipment so that the organization can provide the service to its market target. This money will be used to buy drugs, insurance, cleaning gadgets and even pay for the insurance that will cover the business. About thirty percent of the capital will be used in buying the products and offering the services; equivalent to 1,000,000 KD. Another 1/8 of 2,000,000 will be set aside for training purposes to ensure that all staff members are aware of what their customers expect to receive from the hospital.

The 250,000 KD will also be used to buy a uniform for the staff members to help their customers identify relevant personnel to ask questions if the need arises. Uniformity in the organization will also help the management…… [Read More]

Resources

Managers should look into opening new avenues that will promote their marketing tactics
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Icebreaker Ltd New Zealand Despite the Fact

Words: 1088 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17709384

Icebreaker Ltd. New Zealand

Despite the fact that New Zealand is a relatively small market, in recent years this country has been growing in several industries. One industry experiencing exponential growth is the clothing industry. This paper overviews the case study regarding Icebreaker Ltd. This is followed by the author's comments on the case study and Icebreaker's participation in this high growth industry.

Case Summary:

With just over four million people,, New Zealand is considered a reasonably small economic market; however a variety of their industries are growing by leaps and bounds, including the clothing industry. Icebreaker was formed through a convergence of "kiwi ingenuity and an unanticipated encounter that occurred in Pohuenui" (Andrade, 2010, p. 2). Brian Brakenridge, an owner of 3,000 merino sheep, wanted to change the public's negative perception of wool. To do this, he wanted to show the industry that wool could be applied to outdoor…… [Read More]

References

Andrade, A. (2010). "Nothing to hide: Managing intellectual assets throughout the supply chain." Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. p. 1-10.
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West Nile Virus

Words: 1924 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64185724

est Nile virus was first detected in the estern Hemisphere in 1999 and during the last few years has spread cross the North American continent into all forty-eight continental states, seven Canadian provinces, throughout Mexico (est). Moreover, the virus has been detected in Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Guadeloupe, and El Salvador (est). According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 15,000 people in the United States have tested positive for the virus since 1999, resulting in over five hundred deaths (est). Most experts believe that many more people have most likely been infected with the virus, but have experienced mild or no symptoms, thus have gone unreported (est). An individual's risk of contracting the est Nile is statistically low, and less than 1% of those infected develop serious illness (est). The elderly population and those with compromised immune systems are at the highest…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Guidelines for Investigating Suspect West Nile Virus Cases in Equine. The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Retrieved November 09, 2005 from:

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/issues/issues_archive/wnv/wnvguide.html

NIAID Research on West Nile Virus. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious

Disease. National Institutes of Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved November 09, 2005 from:
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Udb Independent Studies Proposal &

Words: 3682 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93486077

The previous studies that have been taken into account are the ones that have highlighted the concept of corporate social responsibility in its broad terms. How it can affect the behavior of the consumers in the society in an overall manner. In contrast, this study will focus on the effects that the corporate social responsibility has on the consumer behaviors specifically in the hospitality industry.

9. Outline of study design and methods

One of the main facts that need to be highlighted in this case is that the methodology will define the outcomes and the conclusions that are drawn from the study carried out. Thereby, it is realized that the choice of methodology is more objective so that better and more concise outcomes can be obtained.

For this purpose, interview and questionnaire will be chosen as the main methodology for this study. One other main technique that can be used…… [Read More]

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Offered to Explain Aspects of

Words: 13539 Length: 49 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31299381



Fundamentally, hygiene factors are required to make sure a worker is not dissatisfied. Motivation factors are desired to motivate a worker to higher performance. Herzberg also further classified peoples actions and how and why they do them, for instance, if one performs a work related action because they have to then that is ranked as movement, but if one performs a work related action because they want to then that is ranked as motivation (Scheid, 2010).

The principles of Herzberg's Motivation-Hygiene theory have been applied to a wide variety of factors influencing worker satisfaction. These factors comprise: working circumstances, quality of supervision, salary, status, security, company, job, company policies and interpersonal associations (Two Factor Theory -- Herzberg, Frederick, 2011). In the application of Motivation-Hygiene theory to this study of employee attendance and satisfaction, the factor that will be looked at is that of onsite childcare programs.

Utilizing this theory in…… [Read More]

References

Child Care & Parent Productivity: Making the Business Case. (2004). Retrieved from http://government.cce.cornell.edu/doc/pdf/ChildCareParentProductivity.pdf

Employee Survey Use & Design. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.employmentblawg.com/2008/employee-survey-use-design/

Evans, Joel R. And Mathur, Anil. (2005). The value of online surveys. Retrieved from http://shlee.myweb.uga.edu/onlinesurvey/valueofonlinesurveys.pdf

Russell, Matthew. (2007). Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Designs. Retrieved from http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/286816/strengths_and_weaknesses_of_research_pg2.html?cat=3
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Internet News Information Business Executive

Words: 744 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47633220

Generally, Wikipedia pages also include references and many of them are legitimate sources of information. In that sense, Wikipedia can be helpful as a starting point for online research more than as an authoritative source of any information.

Website 3 -- the National Anti-Vivisection Society: http://navs.org

The National Anti-Vivisection Society appears to be a legitimate organization with many links to established animal welfare organizations such as the Human Society of the United States and ASPCA. On the other hand, it is more of an advocacy site than an information or news site. The main concept of the organization is based on subjective belief and opinions in connection with the relative rights of non-human animals. While that position actually seems appropriate and more justifiable than the opposite position (i.e. insensitivity to the suffering of animals for human benefit), it is not, strictly speaking, based on objective facts. Because the website is…… [Read More]

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Christian Ethics

Words: 1927 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75622081

ethical investment and focuses on the investment behavior of charities. Charities have been found lacking a clear SI policy even though the public clearly says it favors the charities that invest ethically.

Ethical Investment and Charities

Ethics and business are now so closely connected that you cannot discuss the latter without referring to the former. This is because most people today believe that ethics should be a part of every business policy and the public has become more conscious of the ethical responsibilities of business houses. This awareness has come from the realization that while all businesses may improve the economic condition of the country and accelerate economic activity, they do not necessarily benefit the society and many are unaware of their responsibility towards the community.

For example, tobacco companies are probably one of the most important economic sources of income for the country. Tobacco sells well and the income…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

1. Cathy Growney DP Money: Ethical Investing - passing fad or an investment in all our futures? (Features) Date: 10/21/2002; Publication: Daily Post (Liverpool, England)

2. Bien, Melanie, Meet the moral money-makers. (European ethical investment funds) Date: 05/22/1997; Publication: The European;

3. Smith, Mat How to ruin your saintly image: are charities socially responsible? Mat Smith finds some of them strangely careless about where they invest. (Special Report: Corporate Social Responsibility). Date: 05/26/2003; Publication: New Statesman (1996);

4. Ethical Investment, The challenges, September 2001, Survey details- Accessed online on 8th March 2005, http://www.cafonline.org/research/ethical_investment.cfm
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Doind a Research Project Pay Green I

Words: 5187 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62337538

doind a research project pay green?

I collected an articles .

In order to be able to comprehend how being green pays off, one must concentrate on the relationship between employing environmental attitudes and economic performance at a company level. Being green is especially important in the present and there is a wide range of domains that people have addressed when concerning the concept. "Some studies have shown that students who go to green schools have higher test scores, get sick less often and are healthier and happier" (Boys' Life 12). This makes it possible for someone to understand that profits associated with being green do not only involve financial aspects, as they are also likely to reflect positively on individuals when regarding matters from a series of other perspectives.

hile this concept is surely important, people should not only focus on profits when trying to devise strategies of being…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Best, C., (2012). UN tourism chief Taleb Rifai gives carbon tax warning. http://www.theaustralian.com.au/travel/news/un-tourism-chief-taleb-rifai-gives-carbon-tax-warning/story-e6frg8ro-1226427265472

Bowers, Simon. M&S promises radical change with £200m environmental action plan. http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2007/jan/15/marksspencer.retail

Dagher, Grace K.; Itani, Omar S. "The Influence of Environmental Attitude, Environmental Concern and Social Influence on Green Purchasing Behavior," Review of Business Research, Vol. 12, No. 2

De Giovanni, Pietro, (2012), "Do internal and external environmental management contribute to the triple bottom line?," International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 32 Iss: 3 pp. 265-290
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Not for Profit Enterprises

Words: 707 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21476766

Budgeting and Finance

ne organization is the ASPCA, which is a registered charity. They are funded primarily through donations and they spend these donations to perform services that are related to animal welfare. The organization has its own shelter and offices but it also serves as a national branch that provides support for local SPCA offices around the country. It has very limited capacity to collect revenue through fees, and those fees typically do not cover even basic costs, so the organization relies fairly heavily on fundraising activities to meet its daily operational needs. Fundraising drives are often required for capital projects.

The ASPCA can apply a number of budgeting concepts and techniques to its organization. For example, there is the process of setting a budget. The incremental process reflects a means of budgeting that builds upon the prior budget, making adjustments to that budget to the next year, with…… [Read More]

One of the most important things in public and non-profit budgeting is making sure that the organization has the ability to meet its cash needs. It is important, therefore to have a sense ahead of time as to how much money it will need for the coming period, but also for it to know if there are any issues with expenditures. For example, at the ASPCA there are peak periods for the number of adoptions, and there are also peak periods for the number of animals that it takes in. Knowing these things can help to target when to fundraise.

Accounting Tools.com (2015). What is incremental budgeting? Accounting Tools.com. Retrieved December 3, 2015 from http://www.accountingtools.com/questions-and-answers/what-is-incremental-budgeting.html

McNamara, C. (2015). All about financial management in nonprofits. Free Management Library. Retrieved December 3, 2015 from http://managementhelp.org/nonprofitfinances/
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Customers' Attitudes Towards Own Labels

Words: 9570 Length: 33 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70772795

Tesco, the largest UK company, employs 260,000 people. This corporation has global aspirations and has come a long way in a relatively short period of time" (2003, p. 3).

According to the company's promotional literature, the employment figure for 2003 has almost doubled today, as shown in Table 1 below.

Table 1

Current Key Figures for Tesco

Category

Statistic

Staff worldwide

472,000

Staff in the UK

287,669

Stores worldwide

5,008

Total stores in the UK

2,545

Extra

13

Homeplus

Superstore

Metro

Express

OneStop

Number of markets

14

Which markets

China, Czech Republic, Hungary, India, Japan, Malaysia, Poland, Republic of Ireland, Slovakia, South Korea, Thailand, Turkey, UK, USA

Note: Facts correct October 2010

Source: Tesco Quick Facts 2010

Figure 1. Respective Number of Tesco Retail Formats in the U.K.

Source: Based on tabular data in Tesco Quick Facts 2010

A brief summary of the company's guiding corporate strategy is provided in…… [Read More]

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Environmental Factors Marketing at Mcdonald's

Words: 914 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68127700



e) Political systems and international relations

The political systems raise complexities through distinctive legislations. While the political systems in the U.S. might militate for a specific business feature, foreign political system might militate for a different business feature. The complexities include the need to spend increased funds to research and comply with the laws of the political systems across the globe.

In terms of the international relations, these would not raise any difficulties in the context of a perfect market. Still, since this is not the case, the international relations between the countries might facilitate or create tensions for McDonald's marketing efforts.

f) Foreign Corrupt Practices and local, national and international legislations

Since McDonald's is registered in the United States and operates in various countries across the globe, it has to simultaneously respect the laws of both the United States, as well as the legislations of the countries in which…… [Read More]

References:

Adams, B.,2007, McDonald's strange menu around the world, Trifter, http://trifter.com/practical-travel/budget-travel/mcdonald%E2%80%99s-strange-menu-around-the-world / last accessed on October 4, 2011

2011, Website of McDonald's, http://www.mcdonalds.com last accessed on October 4, 2011

The FCPA explained, FCPA Enforcement, http://www.fcpaenforcement.com/explained/explained.asp last accessed on October 4, 2011
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Tesco PLC Case Study Tesco Is the

Words: 4779 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10901100

Tesco PLC Case Study

Tesco is the third largest retailer globally behind Wal-Mart and Carrefour, and as of March 2011, operates 4,811 stores across 14 countries including Asia, many European countries, UK and the U.S. Tesco is also the leading food, sundry and grocery retailer in the UK and has established itself as the leading provider of ancillary services through the retail channel to Western Europe (Hackney, Grant, irtwistle, 2006). Tesco has also initiated many extensive information systems projects and pilots to enable their supply chains to be more efficient than competitors (Lindgreen, Hingley, 2003). These include an innovative use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) for expediting orders throughout their supply chains and greater levels of coordination throughout their extensive warehouse systems and networks (itel, 2011). Tesco concentrates on a very localized approach to expanding markets, go so far as to create ethnographic studies of the potential customers in a…… [Read More]

Bibliography and Reference List

Robert J. Allio, and Robert M. Randall. 2010. Kiechel's history of corporate strategy. Strategy & Leadership 38, no. 3, (May 1): 29-34.

Amato-McCoy, D.. 2008. Self-Service Gets Easy. Chain Store Age, October 1, 37-38.

Jane Barrett 2007. Demand-Driven is an Operational Strategy. Industrial Management, November 1, 14-19,5.

Antony Barton 2007. Keep sourcing but watch ethics. Supply Management, January 4, 5.
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Tim Horton's Sustainability Report the Major Strengths

Words: 1217 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12941507

Tim Horton's Sustainability Report, the major strengths are that it defines the company's internal structure for implementing CSR, and that it is highly detailed. The first component is important, because it puts the CSR initiatives in the context of the company's overall strategy. The report outlines the management structure of the company and the oversight structure as well. The report discusses the company's history and mission. It is important that CSR initiatives be evaluated in the context of these factors. Corporate social responsibility initiatives are more likely to be implemented effectively if they are aligned with the company's general mission and strategy. A good example of this would be al-Mart, which is already focused on efficiency as a cost-saving measure, making it easy to focus on reduced waste as an environmental initiative. Tim Horton's being a low cost provider, faces a similar issue. The company's mission in this case is…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

No author. (2010). Tim Hortons brewing more than just coffee with CSR initiatives. Miratel Solutions/The Ecolectual. Retrieved November 30, 2011 from  http://www.miratelinc.com/blog/tim-hortons-brewing-more-than-just-coffee-with-corporate-social-responsibility-initiatives/ 

Tim Horton's Sustainability Report. Retrieved November 30, 2011 from http://sustainabilityreport.timhortons.com/pdf/full%20report.pdf
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Sustainable Behaviours Using Life History

Words: 1659 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29308057



These meanings are handled in, and modified through, an interpretative process that is used by individuals in dealing with the things they encounter (Blumer,

1969).

A proposed timetable of work is provided at Appendix a.

6)

Policy implications. There are a number of important policy implications involved with the proposed study, including the following:

1. An improved understanding of what compels consumers in the UK to pay a premium price for food products they perceive as being environmentally friendly.

2. An improved understanding concerning what green consumerism marketing methods are regarded as being effective when they are applied to food products, and why.

3. An improved understanding concerning what green consumerism marketing methods are regarded as being unethical when they are applied to food products, and why.

Taken together, consumers, government regulating agencies as well as companies which are competing in the food industry in the United Kingdom today and…… [Read More]

References

Blumer, H. (1969). Symbolic interactionism. Perspective and method. Englewood Cliffs, NJ:

Prentice-Hall in Muchmore at p. 4.

Bromley, R.D.F. & Thomas, C.J. (1999). Retail change: Contemporary issues. London: UCL

Press.
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Tesco Is a Transnational Grocery and All-Purpose

Words: 3042 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2078426

TESCO is a transnational grocery and all-purpose merchandise dealer with its headquarters in Cheshunt, United Kingdom. It is among the three largest retailers across the world, coming third after Wal-Mart and Carrefour, when measured in terms of revenues. It is also the second largest, coming second to Wal-Mart when rated in terms of profits. It is the leading grocery distributor in UK and has multiple stores in fourteen countries across Europe, Asia, and North America (Humby, Hunt & Phillips 2008, p. 17). Jack Cohen established the company in 1919, starting out as a group of market stalls. He got the name TESCO after buying a shipment of tea from T.E Stockwell, where he combined the first initials of this company with the first two letters of his last name in 1924. The business then rapidly expanded, and has grown to the position it occupies today from that small venture.

Tesco…… [Read More]

References

Humby, C., Hunt, T., & Phillips, T. (2003). Scoring points: How Tesco is winning customer loyalty. London, Kogan Page.

Humby, C., Hunt, T., & Phillips, T. (2008). Scoring Points How Tesco Continues to Win Customer Loyalty. London, Kogan Page. http://public.eblib.com/EBLPublic/PublicView.do?ptiID=473883.

Johnson, G., Scholes, K., & Whittington, R. (2007). Exploring corporate strategy. Harlow, Financial Times Prentice Hall.

Kaplan, R.S., & Norton, D.P. (2008). The execution premium: linking strategy to operations for competitive advantage. Boston, Mass, Harvard Business Press.
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Communication Through New Media

Words: 1439 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17328852

Communications New Media

Care2 -- Social Network Tool

Care2 was started by Randy Paynter in 1998 however it was a dream that he developed when he was a young adolescent (Paynter). He was traveling in South America with his father studying environmental issues and realized that there was a great imbalance in society in regards to how people treat the planet as well as how people treat each other. Paynter desperately wanted to be a force for positive change in the world and when the internet became main stream he identified this as one vehicle to reach millions of people. He started the organization out of his apartment and today the organization has more than fifty employees, fifteen million members, four hundred non-profit partners, and hundreds of responsible advertisers who are committed to making a difference (Paynter).

Care2 is a profitable, privately funded company and a B-Corporation. The company's business…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Care2. "About Our Advertisers." 2011. Care2. Web. 1 October 2011.

Feildstein, A. "Analyzing Online Communities: A Narrative Approach ." 24 April 2009. MIT. Web. 27 September 2011.

Future Press. "2011-05-19 The #Spanishrevolution starts in Madrid as an experiment in participatory democracy #acampadasol #yeswecamp #democraciarealya." 20 May 2011. WL Central. Web. 27 September 2011.

IO'Keefe, E. "Postal Service employees rallying nationwide to support reform bill." 27 September 2011. The Washington Post. Web. 27 September 2011.
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Ethics Mcdonald's

Words: 872 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76048851

Ethics

With the Starbucks code of conduct, there are a few goods things. First, it touches on a wide range of subjects. There are actually several different reports such as human rights, social responsibility, health care, animal welfare and supplier code of conduct (Starbucks.com, 2014). Second, I like the fact that it addresses the farmers from whom the company buys its beans -- these are people doing manual labor in hot countries, band often do not receive a living wage. So that is good. Third, I like that the company has targets and tracks some of its social responsibility outcomes. This will help the company to improve its social responsibility performance, as well as its ethical performance.

As for the McDonalds statement the company also reflects social responsibility in its statement. This is something that McDonalds has been forced to address by protests and negative publicity and there isn't any…… [Read More]

References

McDonalds. (2014). Standards of business conduct for employees. About McDonalds.com. Retrieved April 11, 2014 from http://www.aboutmcdonalds.com/mcd/investors/corporate_governance/codes_of_conduct/standards_of_business_conduct.html

Starbucks.com (2014). Starbucks on the issues. Starbucks. Retrieved April 11, 2014 from  http://www.starbucks.ca/responsibility/learn-more/policies
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Poor Public Image

Words: 1600 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46600274

Poor Public Image

Conceptual framework

Perceived quality, brand loyalty, brand awareness and brand associations are all widely used concepts and therefore they are applied in this study. Apart from the analysis of the way brand equity influences consumer behaviour, the connections between these four dimensions are also studied (Buil, Martinez & de Chernatony, 2013). Previous researchers have identified connections among perceived quality, brand loyalty, brand awareness and brand associations (Vukasovic, 2016; Buil et al., 2013). Laying emphasis on the immediate impact which the sizes of brand equity could have on it would reveal that the biggest effects are expected to be from brand associations, brand loyalty and perceived quality. Brand awareness has been identified as an important but insufficient factor for value creation. This paper talks about the concept of corporate rebranding strategy as well as the concept of a coordinated group of proposition proposals focused on its conceptualization as…… [Read More]

References

Berk, C.C. (2017). McDonald's earnings top Wall Street views as global same-store sales strengthen. CNBC. Retrieved from http://www.cnbc.com/2017/01/20/mcdonalds-earnings-could-be-marred-by-wintry-weather.html on 29 Jun. 17

Botterill, J., & Kline, S. (2007). From McLibel to McLettuce: childhood, spin and re-branding. Society and Business Review, 2(1), 74-97.

Buil, I., Martinez, E., & de Chernatony, L. (2013). The influence of brand equity on consumer responses. Journal of consumer marketing, 30(1), 62-74.

Vukasovic, T. (2016). A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Consumer -- Based Brand Equity. Managing Innovation and Diversity in Turbulent Time, 991-997.
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Wildlife Attraction Ethics

Words: 2849 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82932250

Wildlife Attractions

Animal attractions such as zoological parks have long been a favorite amongst tourist. However there is a great deal of debate concerning the ethical responsibilities of placing animals on display. The purpose of this discussion is to investigate the ethic and pros and cons wildlife attractions. More specifically the research will address four main arguments as it pertains to wildlife attraction ethics. The arguments include scientific research, conservation, educating the public and entertainment. We will also discuss the deaths of animals at wildlife attractions. Let us begin by discussing the history of wildlife attractions.

History of Wildlife Attractions

According to Flippen (2004) the collection of animals has long been a form of colonial commerce. The ability of merchants to sell large animals was dependent upon factors such as the popularity of circus animals and the abilities of professional collectors who supplied them. The article explains that initially zoos…… [Read More]

References

Animal Ethics Clarifier.n.d.http://www.wolftrust.org.uk/aec-x-entries.html#zoos

Benbow, S. Mary P. 2004. Death and Dying at the Zoo. Journal of Popular Culture 37, no. 3: 379+.

Bostock, Stephen C. 1993. Zoos and Animal Rights: The Ethics of Keeping Animals. New York: Routledge.

Flippen, Brooks. 2004. Animal Attractions: Nature on Display in American Zoos. Journal of Popular Culture 37, no. 3: 546+.
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Poisoning Our Planet if it

Words: 8834 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68794962

From the point-of-view of the variation and flexibility of the species such cultivated woody crops rank as no more than cornfields. While the tree farms are conveniently be stretched on the private lands, national forests those are considered priceless reservoirs of most of the biological diversity of the nation cannot expand so easily. The commercial logging is considered as the greatest danger for survival of the national forest system. The timber sales are growingly concealed beneath the post fire recovery and fire prevention missions, forest health initiatives and restoration programs. (Endangered Forests: Endangered Freedoms)

Wetlands disappearing

Declining wetlands and reservoir construction are having spectacular influences on a global scale. (the Importance of Wetlands and the Impacts of eservoir Development) the data of USF & WS reveals that the United States added 2.3 million acres in ponds and inland mudflats during the period of mid 1950s and mid1970s. The country added…… [Read More]

References

Acid Rain -- a Contemporary World Problem. Retrieved at http://www.geocities.com/narilily/acidrain.html. Accessed on 3 February, 2005

Acid Rain: Do you need to start wearing a rain hat? Retrieved at http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/acidrain.html. Accessed on 3 February, 2005

Barney, Gerald O. The Whole World in Our Hands. SF Chronicle. 31 December, 2000. Retrieved at http://www.mindfully.org/Sustainability/in-Our-Hands.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005

Bryant, Peter J. Biodiversity and Conservation: A Hypertext Book. Retrieved at http://darwin.bio.uci.edu/~sustain/bio65/lec05/b65lec05.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
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Zoos Are Categorically Utilitarian in

Words: 649 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90118739

Singer would also claim that there is no actual utility in abusing animals in this way, and that it does not promote the greatest good for the greatest number for either the animal or human communities. Even if an individual animal has no inherent rights (as Tom Regan would claim), the human being has a moral duty to respect all animals with the capacity for suffering.

It is important to alleviate suffering, and therefore important to liberate the animals in their collective condition of oppression in an exploitative zoo. Tom Regan would argue that the exploitative zoo infringes on the rights of the individual animals -- as Regan does claim that animals have the same rights as human beings. Therefore, it is more likely that Regan would denounce all zoos including those designed for species preservation -- because Regan would not place any perceived utility before rights. Regan's thesis is…… [Read More]

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Fur From China Against Fur Buying in

Words: 1032 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93851061

Fur From China

Against fur buying in China

Almost 80% origin of the world's fur is from farms. The world's largest exporter of fur clothing is China, and is as well considered as the largest fur trade production and processing base within the globe. Some of the wild species that are bred for fur are ex abbits, mink, raccoon dogs, red and arctic foxes. Based on the fur industry sources of China, as a result of increase in international fur traders, fashion designers and processors, the business have shifted to China, leading to availability of cheap labor in addition to enjoying unrestrictive regulations making life easier and broaden the profit margins.

Whether to buy fur that originate from China or not has been an issue discussed widely. However, indeed fur from China does not deserve to be bought, and there are various indications to back this. For example, the manner…… [Read More]

Reference

Chiara Feddeck, (2012). Fur Is Not Fashionable: The Cruelty of The Fur Industry. Retrieved march 17, 2013 from http://www.witandfancy.com/2012/01/19/fur-is-not-fashionable-the-cruelty-of-the-fur-industry/

Steve Martindale, (2013). Best of PETA Prime: Help Shut Down the Chinese Fur Trade. Retrieved march 17, 2013 from  http://prime.peta.org/2011/07/china 

Graham, David,(2012). How Canada Gets Dog and Cat Fur from China. The Star.
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Ethics & Sharks Ethical Issues

Words: 1680 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88934434



Sharks Are Dangerous to People:

Finally, with respect to the argument that sharks constitute a genuine danger because they often attack and eat human beings, that point is both inaccurate and simplistic. Sharks actually avoid human beings except where drawn to us, either by the scent of blood in the water or perceptible signs of physical stress, both of which they evolved over many millions of years to detect (Perrine 1995). The evidence actually suggests that many fatal attacks on humans are the result of sharks' mistaking us for their usual prey; that accounts for the relative frequency with which sharks initiate only one test bite without pursuing the attack further (Stevens 1999). In fact, the vast majority of shark attacks on human are attributable to the ridiculous practice of feeding sharks in the open ocean, such as in conjunction with tourist cruises and diving expeditions. These practices condition sharks…… [Read More]

References

Bright, M. (1994) Intelligence in Animals: The Earth, Its Wonders, Its Secrets.

Montreal: Reader's Digest Books

Broad, W. Scientists Say Frenzy Over Shark Attack Is Unwarranted; the New York Times (9/5/01). Accessed April 29, 2008, at: http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0DE3D61439F936A3575AC0A9679C8B63&n=Top/News/Science/Topics/Sharks

Gerrig, R, Zimbardo, P. (2005) Psychology and Life. 17th Edition.
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Abuse of Horses Boarding Horses

Words: 1556 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89578883

"

orks Cited

American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. "ASPCA Equine Program."

Retrieved April 6, 2007, at http://www.aspca.org.

Australian Broadcasting Corporation. "Neglected horsed die, more in danger." Retrieved April 6, 2007 at http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200704/s1887025.htm.

Crawfurd, John. "On the Relation of the Domesticated Animals to Civilization." Transactions

Of the Ethnological Society of London Vol. 2 (1863): 387-468.

Flynn, Clifton P. "hy Family Professionals Can No Longer Ignore Violence toward Animals."

Family Relations 49.1 (2000): 87-95.

Hortness, Darci. "Neglected Horses Rescued by DoubleHP." Argus Leader Media. Retrieved April 7, 2007, at http://www.argusleader.com.

United States Equine Rescue League, Inc. "Abuse & Neglect." Retrieved April 7, 2007, at http://www.ncerl.com/abuse/abuse.html.… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. "ASPCA Equine Program."

Retrieved April 6, 2007, at http://www.aspca.org.

Australian Broadcasting Corporation. "Neglected horsed die, more in danger." Retrieved April 6, 2007 at http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200704/s1887025.htm.

Crawfurd, John. "On the Relation of the Domesticated Animals to Civilization." Transactions
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Greyhound Racing The Case for

Words: 1747 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44572698

Not only does it use animals for mere entertainment at a huge cost to the welfare of those animals, but it also condones countless other modes of abuse and neglect -- from needless or excessive animal experimentation, vivisection, to "animal mills" or excessive breeding facilities based on the "bottom line," to the needless suffering and torture of livestock reared and killed in "factory farms." Yet this nation does have tremendous empathy in some of its ranks -- enough at times to galvanize law makers (like the ones in Pennsylvania) to enact laws against the mistreatment of animals in whatever form. Dog racing is on the decline. One has but to work a bit harder to see it eventually die out altogether.

orks Cited

Animal Aid Campaign. "Greyhound Racing." eb site. 2000. Retrieved on November 22, 2004, from http://www.animalaid.org.uk/campaign/wildlife/racing.htm)

LCA. Last Chance for Animals (staff). "Greyhound Racing." eb site. 2004. Retrieved…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Animal Aid Campaign. "Greyhound Racing." Web site. 2000. Retrieved on November 22, 2004, from http://www.animalaid.org.uk/campaign/wildlife/racing.htm)

LCA. Last Chance for Animals (staff). "Greyhound Racing." Web site. 2004. Retrieved from Web site on November 21, 2004, from http://www.lcanimal.org/cmpgn/cmpgn_011.htm

Nardone, Melani. "The Myth of Neutrality." Greyhound Muses. 2004. Retrieved from Web site on November 21, 2004, from  http://www.greyhoundmuses.com/neutrality.htm . TheMyth of Neutrality. Melani Nardone 2004

Rhodes, Amy. "PETA ASKS GOVERNOR to CLOSE DOG TRACKS in LIGHT of OUTBREAKS." Peta Media Center. 2003. Retrieved on November 22, 2004, from  http://www.peta.org /news/NewsItem.asp?id=2151
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Pharmacologic Treatment of Fear and

Words: 4199 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2973543

e., they became helpless). Furthermore, other behaviors of the dogs were adversely affected (e.g., the dogs appeared apathetic and had poor appetites) (Hitzemann, 2000). In his essay, "Animal Models of Psychiatric Disorders and Their elevance to Alcoholism," Hitzemann (2000) reports that, "Both fear and anxiety are alerting signals that warn the individual against impending danger and enable the individual to take defensive measures. For animals, the distinctions between fear and anxiety are vague" (p. 149). The distinctions between fear and anxiety are clearly irrelevant for humans who encounter such stressed animals, though.

According to Hodge and Stull (2000), dog bites cause an average of 17 human deaths, 6,000 hospitalizations, and 330,000 emergency room visits every year in the Untied States and a like number of people probably do not seek treatment or report the incident, but may nevertheless experience psychological trauma, anxiety, and missed work or school. Furthermore, dog bites…… [Read More]

References

Becker, M.G., Chew, G.L., Correa, J.C., Hoepner, L.A., Jusino, C.M., Kinney, P.L., Miller, R.L., & Perzanowski, M.S. (2003). Distribution and determinants of mouse allergen exposure in low-income New York City apartments. Environmental Health Perspectives, 111(10), 1348.

Boone, J.S., & Tyler, J.W. (2001). Transferable residues from dog fur and plasma cholinesterase inhibition in dogs treated with a flea control dip containing chlorpyrifos. Environmental Health Perspectives, 109(11), 1109.

Chang, Y., Cohen, J.H., Hennon, D.L., LaPorte, R.E., & McMahon, J.E. (1997). Dog bite incidence in the City of Pittsburgh: A capture-recapture approach. American Journal of Public Health, 87(10), 1703-5.

Duke, M.L., & Swain, J.L. (2001). Recommendations for research on ethics in public policy from a public administration perspective: Barking dogs and more. International Journal of Public Administration, 24(1), 125.
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Environmental History

Words: 2183 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11777487

human acts occur within a network of relationships, processes, and systems that are as ecological as they are cultural. To such ?basic historical categories as gender, class, and race, environmental ?historians would add a theoretical vocabulary in which plants, animals, ?soils, climates, and other nonhuman entities become the coactors ?and codeterminants of a history not just of people ?but of the earth itself.

William Cronon

The connection between the history of nature and society defines the very concept of history itself. Both Cronon and Merchant purport that examining how and why human communities transform over time and their relation to the land that changes and is changed by them is most integral to the development of "New World." As it focuses on the confluence of nature and society, environmental history covers the history of the United tates begins with the changes brought by the pilgrims, whose reestablishment of Native American…… [Read More]

Sources:

Cronon, William. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England New York: Hill and Wang, 1983.

Merchant, Carolyn. Major Problems in American Environmental History. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2004.

Donald Worster, "Transformations of the Earth: Toward an Agroecological Perspective in History," A Roundtable: Environmental History, Journal of American History, 76, no. 4, March 1990, pp. 1087-1106. Selection quoted from Merchant, Carolyn. Major Problems in American Environmental History. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2004. p. 4.

Worster as quoted in Merchant, p. 5.
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Five Step Approach The Case

Words: 867 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57507253

Additionally, the exact boundaries of the park must be clearly understood and marked, so that no citizens accidentally enter into the park lands and slaughter the Bison while they are protected by the federal government. At the same time, there needs to be some leeway so that the citizens in need can still take the vital source of meat and protein when in need, especially in the winter.

The current policy required NPS officials to try to corral Bison that left the park before they got to private lands. Yet, there is a major problem here because Bison are naturally migratory. Thus this plan is not the most appropriate because the Bison are always going to leave the park at some point in time. Thus, there are a number of policy alternatives here. First and foremost, the park officials can work with the federal government to persuade Montana to adopt…… [Read More]

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Tales of a Shaman's Apprentice

Words: 1813 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61657458

Tale of a Shaman's Apprentice by Mark J. Plotkin, "chief ethno-botanist for Conservation International" (Plotkin: Back cover). The orks Cited one source in MLA format.

Tales of a Shaman's Apprentice

ith the augmenting technological development at a rapid pace, today life offers no guarantees but innumerable luxuries. However, the pruning of trees and cutting down priceless forests and vegetation that can provide evidence of life on earth has crippled the economy, with every sketching moment millions of people all over the world suffering from fatal diseases. Isn't it better to prevent the causes then to spend billions of dollars every year in conducting researches for the cure and possible treatments? As the adage goes: an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure! Hence, to search for cure of fatal diseases, that have transformed this world of happiness into one of suffering and to look for preventive measures, Poltkin,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Plotkin M. Tales of a Shaman's Apprentice: An Ethno Botanist Searches For new Medicines In The Amazon Rain Forest. Penguin Books Publishers, ISBN: 014012991x, 1994. Pages: 328
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Prevent Species Extinction The Modern

Words: 712 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75709762

With the purpose of finding out what the minimum population to be introduced in a nature reserve was, wildlife biologists employed a computer simulated (stage 2) reproductive history of each bear in a population and altered the number of individuals so as to determine if certain numbers of bear populations would generate individuals who would last for 100 years. Even though this provided wildlife biologists with important information, they went further (step 3) and tried to see what happened if new bears were added to the initial population over the 100 years course. Wildlife biologists consulted historical data (step 4) with the intention of discovering what the home range (amount of land used throughout a lifetime) an adult female was. Combining information obtained during the previous steps, wildlife biologists found the minimum land area a bear population needed in order to have 50% chances of survival.

Step 6 involves the…… [Read More]

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Water in Your Area Your Perspective on

Words: 1787 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28363722

water in your area? ("Your perspective on water differs whether you live near the Great Lakes, in the arid west, or by the coast."(McCarthy, 2009)

Outline a brief water conservation plan for your own daily use. How will these changes affect your personal life? What impact will it have on your local water supply?

There is plentiful water in my region (I live in the Great Lakes region). Nonetheless, a brief water conservation plan is the following:

To use water for just its needs and to ensure that tap water is not left running in between those needs.

To double used bathwater as water that can be used for washing the floor.

To, as much as possible, use rainwater for gardening

In order to supply water to humans certain technologies must be utilized.

Desalination is one of the methods that are used for promoting pure water supply. It literally means…… [Read More]

References

FAO report reveals GM crops not needed to feed the world http://www.psrast.org/faonowohu.htm

Forbes.com (11/03/2012) GMO Food Debate in the National Spotlight http://www.forbes.com/sites/rachelhennessey/2012/11/03/gmo-food-debate-in-the-national-spotlight/)

Greenopolis. Top 10 Environmental Success Stories and 10 Future Challenges. http://greenopolis.com/goblog/joe-laur/top-10-environmental-success-stories-and-10-future-challenges

Groves, J (19 December 2009 ) Climate change summit accepts 'toothless' U.S.-backed agreement - but deal is not legally binding DailMail.com http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1236659/Copenhagen-climate-change-conference-World-leaders-reach-Copenhagen-agreement -- officials-admit-enough.html#ixzz2Cg3714zQ
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People Fear DNA Because Criminals

Words: 2851 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35999004

This can contribute directly to human health and development (Agio). orlaug (1999), who won the Nobel Prize in 1970 for his work in developing high-yield wheat and other grains in third-world countries, stresses that genetic engineering is essential due to the worldwide population growth. Other organizations supporting genetically modified foods are the American Medical Association, the International Association of African Scientists, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.

Of course, there are always two sides to every coin, and individuals such as Ronnie Cummins, national director of the ioDemocracy Campaign, a grassroots organization that promotes organic food and opposes genetic engineering in agriculture, states that genetically modified foods can result in production of items that are toxic, carcinogenic, and allergenic. She warns that widespread planting of GM crops could cause unexpected harm to the environment; as crops are engineered to…… [Read More]

Bibliography

AgBio World, Scientists in support of agricultural biotechnology. February 27, 2008   http://www.agbioworld.org/declaration/index.html  

BioDemocracy. Hazards of genetically engineered food and crops. Ronnie Cummins. http://www.organicconsumers.org/ge-free.cfm

N. Borlaug, (1999) Biotech can feed eight billion in the next century. New perspectives quarterly 25(1): 129-132

D.A. Christopher. (2000). The Gene genie's progeny. In the World & I. Washington, DC: Washington Times Corporation.
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Multi Ethnic Literature

Words: 3326 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33967127

Multi-Ethnic Literature

The focus of this work is to examine multi-ethnic literature and focus on treating humans like farm animals that can be manipulated for various purposes. Multi-Ethnic literature offers a glimpse into the lives of the various writers of this literature and into the lives of various ethnic groups and the way that they view life and society and their experiences. Examined in this study are various writers including Tupac Shakar, Dorothy West, Petry, and others.

A Rose Grows From Concrete

One might be surprised to learn that Tupac Shakar was the writer of many sensitive poems. Upon his death in 1996, Tupac's mother released a collection of poems entitled 'A Rose Grows From Concrete', which includes various love poems among the 72 poems in the collection. Tupac writes:

Things that make hearts break.

Pretty smiles

Deceiving laughs

And people who dream with their eyes open

Lonely children

Unanswered…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Jones, SL (2012) Rereading the Harlem Renaissance: Race, Class and Gender in the Fiction of Jessie Fauset, Zora Neale Hurston and Dorothy West. Greenwood Publishing Group. 2002. Retrieved from: http://books.google.com/books?id=NeRtokbeXDEC&dq=social,+political+and+economic+oppression,+created+a+climate+in+which+Dorothy+West+felt+compelled+to+refrain+from+completing+or+actively+pursuing+a+publisher+for+The+Wedding.+West%E2%80%99s+nearly+half-a-century+space+between+publication+of+The+Living+Is+Easy+(1948)+and+The+Wedding+(1995)+signifies+the+complexities+of+African+American+literature+and+the+debate+over+which+aesthetics%E2%80%94folk,+bourgeois,+and+proletarian%E2%80%94should+take+preeminence+at+a+given+time&source=gbs_navlinks_s

Edwards, Walter. "From poetry to rap: the lyrics of Tupac Shakur. " The Western Journal of Black Studies. 26.2 (Summer 2002): 61(10). Expanded Academic ASAP. Gale. College of Alameda. 17 Sept. 2008

Hale, JC (1985) The Jailing of Cecelia Hale. University of New Mexico Press. Retrieved from: http://books.google.com/books?id=eW6RGpubQ9UC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Pat Mora (2012) Artist Page. Retrieved from: http://voices.cla.umn.edu/artistpages/mora_pat.php
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Food Riots as Social Systems Canaries

Words: 682 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69619201

Tariff is essentially a tax that has been imposed on goods and services that are imported. The most fundamental use of a tariff is to restrict trade by increasing the cost consumers have to pay for imported goods and services. Some tariffs are termed specific tariffs as they are designed to levy a fixed fee on a particular type of item. A tariff that is levied according to the value of certain items is called an ad-valorem tariff.

Tariffs are used to shape trade policy and they can benefit governments and domestic manufacturers since they generate additional revenue -- but they do so at the expense of consumers and of foreign manufacturers. As a general rule, consumes will purchase goods that are manufactured in foreign countries since they tend to be priced lower than domestically produced goods. An inadvertent complication of tariffs is that they reduce global competition for domestic…… [Read More]

References

Benjamin S. (1997). Meat and strength: The moral economy of a Chilean food riot. Cultural Anthropology, 12, 234-268™

Tariffs. (2014). Investopedia. Retrieved from  http://www.investopedia.com/terms/t/tariff.asp 

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Alzheimer's in a Healthy Community

Words: 2178 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43997315

Alzheimer Healthy Community

PLANNED, PERSONALIZED CARE

Alzheimer's Healthy Community

Dog-Assisted Therapy for Older People with Dementia

A review of nine studies on the subject produced loose conclusions on the value of this type of therapy (Perkins et al., 2008). They, however, established a trend, indicating increased social behavior and decreased agitation when dogs were in the company of the respondents. This improvement in social behavior was unrelated with the severity of the respondents' dementia. Six of the 9 studies were conducted in the U.S.A., 2 in Japan and 1 in Australia on 28 respondents, all with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease or dementia (Perkins et al.).

The behavioral and psychological symptoms of this ailment not only cause the afflicted individuals much pain but also put them at risk of physical harm (Perkins et al., 2008). Animal-assisted therapy, on the other hand, has shown positive effects over pro-social behavior and the…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Cevizci, S. et al. (2013). Animal-assisted therapy and activities in Alzheimer's Disease.

Chapter 12. "Understanding Alzheimer's Disease," InTech:Canakkale Onsekiz Mart

Hung, J, (2012). A study on the establishment and evaluation of adult day care service centers. Vol. 6 # 5, Global Journal of Business Research: Chao-yang University of Technology.

Iecovich, E. And Biderman, A. (2013). Attendance in adult day care centers of cognitively intact older persons: reasons for use and nonuse. Journal of Applied Gerontology:
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Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy

Words: 1526 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43823315

Crop Insurance Subsidies

Crop insurance has become highly subsidized due to the private sector being unsuccessful in providing crop insurance products to the industry. There are concerns as to the efficiency of crop insurance subsidies due to the costs being high. ut, crop insurance is the greatest risk management tool used by producers.

The rationale for public crop insurance subsidies includes the inability of the private sector to successfully provide all risk crop insurance products (Smith, 2012). There are high loading costs of associated crop insurance and producers use other strategies of risk management, such as futures and options, contracting, cultural practices, such as irrigation, pesticide use, herbicides, crop and livestock diversification, non-farm income, saving and borrowing, leasing, government price and support programs, and government disaster assistance payments. Moral hazard monitoring can be costly and raise premiums too high. Systematic risk or yield losses tend to be positively correlated across…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Babcock, B. (n.d.). The revenue insurance boondoggle: A taxpayer-paid windfall for industry. EWG, Retrieved from http://static/ewg.org/pdf/Crop-Insurance.pdf.

Capitanio, F.D. (2011, Aug 30). Natural vs. financial insurance in the management of weather risk exposure in the Italian agriculture. Retrieved from Academia.edu: http://www.academia.edu/2893305/Natural_Vs_...Weather_Risk_Exposure_in_the_Italian_Agriculture

Collins, K. & . (2013). Crop insurance and the future farm safety net. Retrieved from Choices: http://www.choicesmagazine.org/choice-magazine/submitted...crop-insurance-and-the-future-farm-safety.net

Riedl, B. (2007, June 20). How farm subsidies harm taxpayers, consumers, and farmers, too. Retrieved from The Heritage Foundation: http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2007/...es-harm-taxpayers-consumers-and-farmers-too
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Corporate Mergers and Public Good

Words: 3815 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52676350

Corporate Mergers and the Public Good

The United States of America, during the last years of the Nineteenth Century, witnessed a rash of corporate mergers. The Industrial Revolution had taken firm hold, and the nation was changing rapidly. Millions of Americans who had once been independent farmers or tradesmen now found themselves in the position of what some termed "wage slaves." At the mercy of their corporate employers, they worked long hours at low pay, and often under appalling conditions. The reasons for the merger mania of this period are many and complex, as are its effects upon the population as a whole. In breaking down the traditional vocational environment, the gigantic new conglomerates also transformed the entire social landscape. ork was no longer a family business shared by all generations. Communities no longer clung together for mutual protection and aid. Suddenly, the citizen of this new world was out…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Applebaum, Herbert. The American Work Ethic and the Changing WorkForce: An Historical Perspective. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Aronowitz, Stanley. False Promises: The Shaping of American Working Class Consciousness. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1992.

Atack, Jeremy. (1985). "Industrial Structure and the Emergence of the Modern Industrial Corporation" Explorations in Economic History 22, 48.

Champlin, Dell P., and Janet T. Knoedler. "Corporations, Workers and the Public Interest." Journal of Economic Issues 37.2 (2003): 305+.
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Child Abuse From All Angles

Words: 4974 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44047446

The victim is often put into situations where they are physically deprived of the things they need to make appropriate decisions. For instance they may be deprived of sleep or food so that they can be more easily manipulated. Mental abuse may also involve teasing or name calling. In many cases the perpetrator is very aware of the victim's weaknesses and uses them to humiliate or subjugate the victim.

Sexual Abuse

The sexual abuse of children is increasing throughout the world and has increased drastically in recent years. Sexual abuse can include the molestation and/or rape of a child. In many cases children are sexually abused by someone that they know, rather it be a neighbor, a parent or an acquaintance. Sexual abuse can also have lasting effects on the psyche of an individual. Studies have found that children who experience sexual abuse are more likely to become promiscuous as…… [Read More]

References

Bolen, Rebecca M. 2003. Child Sexual Abuse: Prevention or Promotion?. Social Work 48, no. 2: 174+.

Cochrane, John, Gaynor Melville, and Ian Marsh. 2004. Criminal Justice: An Introduction to Philosophies, Theories and Practice. London: Routledge. Book online.

Child Abuse. National Institutes of Health. Available at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/childabuse.html

Child Abuse Statistics. Available at http://www.childhelp.org/resources/learning-center/statistics.Internet
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King Asoka Is One of

Words: 1188 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39638120

.. carved out caves for Buddhist monk worship, lavishly subsidized the order's work, and even arrogated to himself the chore of preventing schisms in Buddhism" (67). His examples include charity and erecting hospitals for men and animals. (Albinski 68-9) Chodorow maintains that Asoka's example "enhanced the prestige of Buddhism" (Chodorow 146). It should be noted that Asoka was a "pragmatist" (147). He did "not abolish capital punishment. His official policy was one of religious tolerance as appropriate for a far-flung empire inhabited by many different communities"(147). His was a different plan of conquest, as it involved religion and general good will toward others. According to Israel Selvanayagam, Asoka's dharma is twofold. One aspect is "practical, concerning interpersonal relationships and emphasizing the duties of each individual at home and in security; the other is doctrinal in a general sense and includes a special concern for sanctity of animals, toleration of other…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Albinski, Henry. "The Place of the Emperor Asoka in Ancient Indian Political Thought." JSTOR Resource Database. Site Accessed May 20, 2008.   http://www.jstor.org  

Boorstin, Daniel. The Discoverers. New York: Random House. 1983.

Chodorow, Stanley, et al. A History of the World. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Javonovich, Publishers. 1986.

Craig, Albert, et al. The Heritage of World Civilizations: Combined Edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 2002.
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Market Driven Management

Words: 25695 Length: 75 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32150042

Pharmaceutical industries have to operate in an environment that is highly competitive and subject to a wide variety of internal and external constraints. In recent times, there has been an increasing trend to reduce the cost of operation while competing with other companies that manufacture products that treat similar afflictions and ailments. The complexities in drug research and development and regulations have created an industry that is subject to intense pressure to perform. The amount of capital investment investments required to get a drug from conception, through clinical trials and into the market is enormous. The already high-strung pharmaceutical industry is increasingly investing greater amounts of resources in search of the next "blockbuster" drug that can help them gain market position and profits. Laws, regulations and patents are important to the industry while spending billions of dollars in ensuring the copyright of their products.

It is the intention of this…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Ansoff, H.I. (1957). Strategies for diversification. Harvard Business Review, 35(5), 113-124.

Ansoff, H.I. (1965). Corporate Strategy. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Ashour, M.F., Obeidat, O., Barakat, H., & Tamimi, A. (2004). UAE Begins Examination of Patent Applications. Tamino.com. Retrieved January 18, 2004, from the World Wide Web: http://www.tamimi.com/lawupdate/2001-01/intprop.htm

Bain, J.S. (1954). Economies of scale, concentration, and the condition of entry in twenty manufacturing industries. American Economic Review, 44, 15-36.
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Leisure May Be the Death of Europe

Words: 967 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18153285

Leisure May Be the Death of Europe

Economics

Time to Kill

In his article, Time to Kill - Europe and the Politics of Leisure, Steven Muller examines the efforts of Europe to reconstitute itself in the aftermath of the Cold War. By analyzing such factors as economics, politics, social functions, labor and unemployment, the author concludes that, in contrast to the prevailing sense of optimism, Western Europe is in fact facing a period of, "acute economic stagnation, the undermining rather than the expansion of democracy, and serious social upheaval" (Muller, 26). The primary cause of this crisis, according to Muller, is Europe's inability to rapidly or effectively deal with revolutionary changes in the human condition, which will result in a decreasing number of individuals enjoying the privilege of employment, and an increasing amount of leisure and idleness. I agree with the author that, unlike the other technologically advanced nations such…… [Read More]

Reference

Muller, S. (1997, Summer). Time to Kill - Europe and the Politics of Leisure. National Interest, 26-37.

Leisure
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Loss Read P 305 Leaving

Words: 7913 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75963209

" The differences in these two lines seem to be only a matter of syntax but in actuality, it also differs in the meaning. The King James Bible version makes it seem like the Lord is making the individual do something, as if by force or obligation, while the Puritan version states that the Lord causes the individual to do something, as if out of their own will. This alone relays the message that faith itself is driving the action, not a perceived obligation.

Another distinction between the two translations can be found with the lines "Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: / and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever" (King James Bible) and "Goodness and mercy surely shall / all my days follow me. / and in the Lord's house I shall / dwell so long as days…… [Read More]

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William Mcdougall Problems With Instinct

Words: 3740 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49715382

Not all humans exhibit the same jealously levels, behaviors, etc.); and, 2. Today, instinct theory has a more biological emphasis for specific motives and not all (like aggression and sex). but, there is still a strong instinct perspective in the study of animals (ethology) (p. 2).

Notwithstanding this lack of consensus, there have been much attention directed to the relationship between instinct theory and the various dimensions of the human experience, which are discussed further below.

elationship of Instinct Theory to Dimensions of Human Experience.

A) Paradoxes in Human Experience. Indeed, in their book, Psychologies of 1925: Powell Lectures in Psychological Theory, Madison Bentley (1928) asked early on, "By what theory can it be explained how it comes about that an individual can exhibit so many and such extreme and even seemingly paradoxical phases, or alterations of his character, and such contrasting contradictory traits and behavior?" (p. 259). The duality…… [Read More]

References

Adler, a., Bentley, Boring, E.G. et al. (1930). Psychologies of 1930. Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Alic, M. (2001). McDougall, William (1871-1938). In Gale encyclopedia of psychology, 2nd ed. Gale Group.

Alvarado, C.S. (2003). Reflections on Being a Parapsychologist. The Journal of Parapsychology, 67(2), 211.

Arieti, S. (1974). The foundations of psychiatry. New York: Basic Books.
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Ethnic and Minority Relations 1960s

Words: 3997 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82429691

Wearin' of the Green

An Irish-American's Journey

Margaret-Mary clutched her daughter's tiny hand. Watched with pride as the five-year-old waved the little Irish Flag in her other hand. It was a cold, blustery day, but then it always was on St. Patrick's Day. Yet as Margaret-Mary braved the wind and the crowds, she didn't feel the least bit cold. Never did, but especially not today. It wasn't just that today she was sharing a special moment -- a communion if you will -- with all her Irish brothers and sisters the world over. No, it was more than that. This was a day long looked forward to, a day that had demanded special preparations like getting up at five in the morning, wrapping Colleen in the embracing warmth of a sweater of real Irish wool -- green of course --and rushing off into the frigid pre-dawn to wait for the…… [Read More]

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Legalizing Prostitution in the U S A the Topic

Words: 1322 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6504033

LEGALIZING PROSTITUTION IN THE U.S.A.

The topic I have chosen to discuss is the legalization of prostitution in the United States of America. y prostitution, I refer to an act where money is exchanged for rendering sexual services. Presently, 49 states out of 50 in the United States have banned prostitution withonly some forms of it allowed in a few areas of Nevada. This is not the case in all developed countries. Some places in Europe such as Holland, have legalized itand are regulating it through relevant legislature by the government.

My main stance on the topic is that these countries are not worse off than the U.S.A. In terms of the expected negative societal effects of prostitution such as human trafficking, rape etc.In fact on a closer introspection it may be that this ban is causing more harm to the community rather than benefits. For example, the number of…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Feingold, D. (2005). Human Trafficking.Foreign Policy.Retrieved from:   http://www.jstor.org  /discover/10.2307/30048506?uid=2&uid=4&sid=21101769414447

Langer, G. (2004). Poll: American Sex Survey. ABC News Online. Retrieved from: http://abcnews.go.com/Primetime/News/story?id=156921&page=1

O'Brien, E. (2011) Fuelling traffic: abolitionist claims of a causal nexus between legalized prostitution and trafficking. Crime, Law and Social Change. Retrieved from:  http://eprints.qut.edu.au/48254/ .

The Economist. ( 1998, Feb 12). Giving the customer what he wants. Retrieved from:  http://www.economist.com/node/113208 .