Anne Frank Essays (Examples)

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Frank Lloyd Wright Design Theory Frank Lloyd

Words: 1756 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33304275

Frank Lloyd Wright Design Theory

Frank Lloyd Wright is one of the most well-known architects in United States history. The buildings he created have a distinctive flow, both inside and out, which either draws or distracts the viewer. His most famous project is probably Fallingwater, a house he built for Edgar Kaufman and his wife just outside of Pittsburgh. This home is built with an incorporated waterfall that was supposed to bring the occupants closer to nature, and showed off an element of design that was a hallmark of Wright's work. This essay looks at two Frank Lloyd Wright houses, and the design concept that made him the country's most famous architect.

It is important to understand, briefly, who Frank Lloyd Wright was and how he developed his distinctive style. He was born in Wisconsin in a small town to unassuming parents. At 15, he went to the University of Wisconsin at Madison to become an engineer because "they had no school of architecture" (Hurder, 2001). When he left the university at 20, he apprenticed to several small architectural firms in Chicago as a drafter before he landed a job with Louis Sullivan, who at the time was the most…… [Read More]


Aikens, J. (2009). Fallingwater: The story of a country house. AIArchitect, 16.

Hurder, S. (2001). Brief biography of Frank Lloyd Wright. Retrieved from 

Kroll, A. (2011). AD classics: Taliesin West/Frank Lloyd Wright. Arch Daily. Retrieved from wright/

Peponis, J., & Bellal T. (2010). In Fallingwater: Spatial structure at the scale of quasi- synchronic perception. Georgia Institute of Technology. Retrieved from
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Anne's Foil Anne's Main Foil

Words: 455 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59837890

All of the residents of the attic live with the constant fear of discovery, and death looms over the Secret Annex.

However, although Anne and Peter are more grown-up in many ways than adolescents who lead a more normal childhood, they also are far more under the watchful eyes of their parents, almost as if they are small children. The growing restlessness of Anne and Peter, combined with the closeness of the environment exacerbates the normal tensions that always exist between the parents and children. The divisions between the married couples, the Franks and the Van Daans, are also amplified because of the tensions of the war, the small living quarters, and the lack of privacy.

Q4) Give an example of anti-Semitism.

Anti-Semitism is manifest in the fact that Anne and her family had wear yellow stars, to identify them as Jews, and were denied basic rights (such as the ability to eat in certain places and associate with gentiles) before they went into hiding. They were forced to hide to escape deportation to concentration camps, and could only pray that the war would end and Hitler would lose. Tragically, although the Allies emerged as the victors of World War…… [Read More]

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Anne Hutchinson as the Foundress

Words: 712 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96020795

The Widow and Miss Watson see nothing wrong with slavery in modern society, while Huck actually takes actions to end slavery by leading Jim to freedom and treating Jim like a human being.

6. "To be or not to be, that is the bare bodkin."

Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Signet, 2002, p. 143.

The Shakespearean 'actors' Jim and Huck befriend are really charlatans, despite their pretence of learning. They cannot even quote William Shakespeare's Hamlet in his "To be or not to be" soliloquy correctly.

7. "He says anyone who doesn't understand the theorems of Euclid is an idiot."

McCourt, Frank. Angela's Ashes. New York: Scribner, 1999, p.151.

The references to Euclid show the disparity between what is taught in Frank's school by an ambitious teacher and the poverty and ignorance of the rest of the boy's life. It also shows the narrow-mindedness of the principal, who is horrified that young boys are learning Euclid out of synch with the school's strict curriculum.

8. "The ship pulled away from the dock…'That's the Statue of Liberty.'"

McCourt, Frank. Angela's Ashes. New York: Scribner, 1999, p.45.

Unlike most immigrants, who see the Statue of Liberty as they come to…… [Read More]

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Sociology Frank Mccourt's Family Background

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89759671

"Worse than the ordinary miserable childhood is the miserable Irish childhood, and worse yet is the miserable Irish Catholic childhood." In how Frank McCourt writes that "nothing can compare with the Irish version," this demonstrates an isolated regard and illuminates his drive to move back to the United States. Moreover, Angela's overpowering molestation parallels Frank's social injustice (oppression) throughout.

In terms of the Spiritual, namely, St. Francis of Assisi, "the pious defeated mother moaning by the fire; pompous priests; bullying schoolmasters; the English and the terrible things they did to us for eight hundred long years": Frank apparently factors all these together (the oppressive Irish Catholic childhood and the oppression of the "eight hundred long years" of English oppression). Spirituality, thus, was only another restraint, an overbearing tyrannical oppressor.

As for the Mental/cognitive concern, McCourt's memoir lets on to many of these thematics (of Devol's "eleven resources"). As a narrator, McCourt (as an adult) expresses his rounded or contrived opinion in a strong and clear manner. This is necessary for the reader to carefully follow throughout, as the narration preservers through the Franks viewpoint as a child. Thus, the reader gets to objectively conclude with his in her own judgment…… [Read More]

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Literary Comparison

Words: 1445 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42370828

Strength of the Human Spirit know why the Caged Bird Sings is an autobiography by Maya Angelou. It is the first book of the five volumes of the author's autobiography covering her life from the early 1930s up till 1970. This particular volume "I know why the Caged Bird Sings" is one of the most popular of the five volumes as it talks about her initial years as a child up to the time when she turns sixteen. The autobiography is based on her life as a black child, teenager and woman; it covers all elements of her family and their trials and tribulations.

Although the book is based on Angelous' life, it basically talks about the development of the human self and the impact of various experiences in life on the strength of the human spirit. As Angelou herself describes the reason for writing this book "somebody needs to tell young people, listen, I did this and I did that. You may encounter many defeats, but you must not be defeated."

The main character of this book is obviously Maya Angelou herself who spent her early years living with her grandmother Momma Henderson in a small in Arkansas. She…… [Read More]

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Overlap of History and Literature

Words: 648 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39072748

In Wiesel, we find a great deal more will power and individuality. Yet, we find that the historical circumstances for the subject and his family are yet that much more irresistible. A victim of the German-perpetrated Holocaust, Wiesel describes the experience of being moved by history as one which came about quite unexpectedly. Their subterfuge, Wiesel shows in his text, would be a valuable tactic for the Nazis as they gradually entrenched themselves, in preparation for the eventual deportation and wholesale murder of the Jews. As Wiesel explains it, "the Germans were already in town, the Fascists were already in power, the verdict had already been pronounced, yet the Jews of Sighet continued to smile." (Wiesel, 7-8) His family and his neighbors were ultimately vulnerable to the mass herding and encampment of the Jews because they, like millions of others, doubted that the power afforded to the Nazi government could possibly become engorged to the extent and to the severity that it would. A great feat of illusion often perpetrated on the behalf of totalitarian governments, allowing proud families like the Wiesels to become victims of history.

Though as Wiesel writes it, so too do contemporaries such as Anne Frank,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Wiesel, Elie. (1982). Night. Bantam Reissue Edition

Ishiguro, K. (1986). An Artist in the Floating World. Faber and Faber.
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Contest Enter Entering Who Bravely Opposed Adolf

Words: 602 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82754329

Contest, enter, entering. Who bravely opposed Adolf Hitler Holocaust? Use 3 simple sentence: bold, 3 complex sentences: italicize, 3 complex sentences: underline, proposal.

White Rose Essay Contest Proposal

A true heroine: Miep Gies

Miep Gies is one of the great heroines of World War II. During World War II, Jewish people living in the Nazi-occupied nations lived in fear. The Nazis rounded up Jews and sent their prisoners to concentration camps. All Jews were forced to wear a yellow Star of David to identify them as Jewish. The Nazis were relentless, and there was only so much even good gentiles could do to help their fellow Jewish citizens. But the Dutch woman Miep Gies did more than the average person to help the Jewish people of Amsterdam.

The definition of a hero is someone who goes above and beyond what is expected of an average person to help others. The Frank family was a Jewish family who decided to go into hiding after their oldest daughter Margot was ordered to report to a work camp. The Frank family fled their home with only the clothes they could wear on their backs, and hid in what they called 'The Secret Annex,'…… [Read More]


Frank, Anne. The Diary of a Young Girl. New York: Bantam, 1993.
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Life Is Gerda Weissmann's Account

Words: 611 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5653364

One play especially gives her renewed hope in the possibility of liberation and she describes the experience as "greatest thing I have done in my life" (p. 142)?

Her meeting with Kurt Klein, a young American GI, was probably the most uplifting part of the book. The faith that had sustained her throughout the terrible ordeal was justified when she met this young man and fell in love. Soon after her liberation in 1945, she got married to Kurt and proved to the world that despite brutality and violence, it is faith and love that keep the world going on. It was definitely one of the most well written accounts of holocaust even though most people would find Diary of Anne Frank more emotionally stirring. The reason being that we all know that Anne Frank did not have the good luck of Gerda and thus while she was also full of hope; she sadly couldn't survive the holocaust and died at a very young age while still hoping of a better future.

Gerda on the other hand was the lucky one. She not only managed to find her freedom but also got married and lived a happy and peaceful life.…… [Read More]


Klein, GW. All but my Life. Hill and Wang; Expanded edition (March 31, 1995)
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Personal Reflections on Learning and

Words: 1000 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17424650

My attention was first drawn to Mrs. Goldstein when I overheard her telling her grandchildren that had she not been sheltered by a Christian family in the Netherlands, she would have suffered the exact same fate as all of the corpses in the display about the Anne Frank and the extermination of the rest of Jews in the Netherlands during the war. Mrs. Goldstein must have recognized the surprised look on my face because it almost seemed as though she had read my mind. She looked right at me and said, "Yes, it's true…I was there." She asked me whether I was surprised to learn that anybody who actually experienced the Holocaust was still alive and I admitted that I was surprised. She said that she was 80 years old and that she was only 14 when the Nazis began transporting all of the remaining Jews in the Netherlands to the death camps.

Mrs. Goldstein explained that she was originally from Germany and that she and her family had managed to escape Nazi Germany in 1939 aboard a ship called the MS St. Louis. After two weeks at sea, they arrived to the shores of Cuba and Florida but the…… [Read More]

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Jerzy Kosinski Who Was Born on June

Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89497321

Jerzy Kosinski, who was born on June 18, 1933 and who died on May e, 1991, was a novelist born in Lodz, Poland (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 1996. Although born to a Jewish family, a sympathetic Catholic priest provided a forged baptismal certificate at the onsent of World War II so he would be safe from the Holocaust (Wikipedia, 2005). His family hid in the countryside and were not discovered by the Nazis (Wikipedia, 2005). Kosinski paid a high price, because he learned at an early age that he could survive by pretending he was someone he was not (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 1996.

After emigrating to the United States in 1957, Kosinski began telling an embellished story of how he survived World War II to those he met (Phillips, 2001). Eventually he wrote a novel, The Painted Bird, widely believed to be an autobiographical story of how he survived the Nazi occupation of Poland (Phillips, 2001). The book describes years of horrific experiences, including sexual perversion, violence and cruelty. The experiences are so severe that the protagonist, a child, becomes mute, and does not speak again until reunited with his parents (Behrens, 1996). Some critics saw The Painted Bird as a…… [Read More]

Behrens, Roy R. 1996. "Introspectives (Jewish novelist Jerzy Kosinski)." Print, November.

Phillips, Aliza. 2001. "Reimagining Jerzy Kosinski, Author and Survivor Who Rewrote His Own Life Story." Forward, Feb. 9.

St. Louis Post-Dispartch. 1996. "Novelist Jerzy Kosinski: Virtuoso at Pretending" (book review). March 17.
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Ewish Survivors- Experience of Hiding

Words: 993 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42234211

The principle differences in the selected group pertain to the method and the effects of hiding. Cornelia Aaron recollected the fact that approximately 20 times her mother and her hid in a folding bed when Nazis would enter looking for Jews. The most psychologically traumatic occurrence for her, however, was when -- as a young girl -- her parents chose to hide in one location while she elected to go to a shelter for harboring children. The emotional currents of her memory of the last time seeing her parents, as they cried and she was led away from them never to see them again, was heart-wrenching and makes viewers wondering about the efficacy of hiding. This doubt as to the use of hiding (when there are really no other options) emerges more fully when one realizes that Frieda Aaron's cousins hid in the Soviet Union, only to be killed when the pact between Germany and the Soviet Union dissolved. The trauma the young woman endured after having lost her two favorite cousins was apparent on camera

In this respect, the futility of hiding (for most people) underscores the lack of options and the desolation that the Nazi's extermination wrought. The…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Zelizer, Barbie. Remembering to Forget: Holocaust Memory Through the Camera's Eye. University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Frank, Anne. Anne Frank: the Diary of a Young Girl, The Definitive Edition (NY: Bantam, 1997).
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Down These Mean Streets

Words: 6074 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42314847

Down These Mean Streets believe that every child is born a poet, and every poet is a child. Poetry to me was always a very sacred form of expression. (qtd. In Fisher 2003)

Introduction / Background History

Born Juan Pedro Tomas, of Puerto Rican and Cuban parents in New York City's Spanish Harlem in 1928, Piri Thomas began his struggle for survival, identity, and recognition at an early age. The vicious street environment of poverty, racism, and street crime took its toll and he served seven years of nightmarish incarceration at hard labor. But, with the knowledge that he had not been born a criminal, he rose above his violent background of drugs and gang warfare, and he vowed to use his street and prison know-how to reach hard-core youth and turn them away from a life of crime.

Thirty years ago Piri Thomas made literary history with this lacerating, lyrical memoir of his coming of age on the streets of Spanish Harlem. Here was the testament of a born outsider: a Puerto Rican in English-speaking America; a dark-skinned morenito in a family that refused to acknowledge its African blood. Here was an unsparing document of Thomas's plunge into the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anonymous. "Piri Thomas" (2000). 09 December 2003.

Coeyman, M. "In a Largely Minority School, Literature Helps Students Confront Complex

Issues of Race and Culture" (2002). The Christian Science Monitor. 10 December 2003.

Fisher, S. "Mean Streets Author Launches Latino Month" (2003). 10 December 2003.
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Wag the Dog

Words: 2055 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6808025

Wag the Dog

The Public Relations Society of America espouses a code of ethics that includes protecting and advancing the free flow of "accurate and truthful" information ("Ethics"). Likewise, the Public Relations Society of America advocates honesty and accuracy in its core practice guidelines for professionals. In Wage the Dog, Conrad Bream (Robert DeNiro) deliberately machinates a plan to divert the public's attention away from a presidential sex scandal by hiring movie producer Stanley Motss (Dustin Hoffman) to manufacture multimedia images for the media. The fake war is an outright, deliberate, and overt affront to the first ethical tenet of the Public Relations Society of America, which would never admit Bream as one of its members. Interestingly, though, Bream does not try to lie about the sex scandal, but only wants to create a lie that will prove more sensational in the media.

Every other example of how Bream violates the core tenet of accuracy and truth follows from this first ethical infraction. For instance, a fake war can dupe the public but not the Pentagon. When senior military officials and members of the Central Intelligence Agency discover the Armenian conflict is a sham, they order full disclosure. Here, Bream…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Baum, Matthew. Soft News Goes to War.

Baum, Matthew A. "Sex, Lies, and War: How Soft News Brings Foreign Policy to the Inattentive Public." American Political Science Review 1, 2002, pp 91-109.

Coppens, Philip. "Wag the Dog." Retrieved online: 

Levinson, B. "Wag the Dog." In HSC Advanced English.
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Race Ethnicity and Cultural Diversity

Words: 2018 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12382376

And there are always a few racists in any town. But I believe we have a great, open, accepting community. We entertain tourists from all over the planet, and many of them are from ethnic cultures different from ours. They say they feel welcomed here.

Q: What use does the community foundation make of the local AM station KMHS-AM?

M: I'm glad you asked. We have learning programs for parents and students. And students make up their own little reports and broadcasts. Topics range from the environment, world news, California news and Coos Bay news.

Q: Typically what news items from Coos Bay do you use on KMHS?

M: We interview people who are doing interesting things in town and with businesses. Biologists from the college and local fishermen. The news in this town isn't really very earth shaking. Look at the list of news items on the World's Website today: "Wheel falls off vehicle," "Gun is found in dead man's abandoned van," and "Sex offender."

Q: I understand there are about 16% of people in Coos Bay living below the poverty line. Are the schools involved helping these people at all?

M: We have Head Start for low-income children,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

City of Coos Bay, Oregon. (2010). Welcome to Coos Bay. Retrieved February 3, 2011, from (2010). Coos Bay, Oregon. Retrieved February 3, 2011, from .

Coos Bay School District. (2010). Middle School -- Grade 8 -- Reading / Language. Retrieved February 2, 2011, from

Coos Bay School District. (2010). Welcome to Coos Bay School District. Retrieved February 2,
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Auschwitz Concentration Camp Frei Norbert

Words: 1810 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55949680

This makes his argument less-than-convincing and too vague and philosophical in tone. Even many of his citations merely note authors, rather than actual page numbers. He… [Read More]

references the authors' general ideas, rather than specific evidence they present. And some of the sources are in German, which make it difficult to trace his sources or even read the titles of many of the articles used in writing his piece.

The most data-driven aspects of Frei's article come at the end, when he examines the differences between how guilty Stasi members were treated after the unification with Germany, versus how Nazis were treated at the end of the war. There was widespread condemnation of the Stasi, notes Frei, and the government was upfront and honest in allowing citizens to search the available records. But using this liberalism as evidence of a changed attitude towards German historical crimes seems like an overly broad logical leap

The bulk of Frei's evidence comes at the end of the article, in which he discusses various 21st century German government initiatives to engage in reevaluation of the past, and the recent efforts to study the Holocaust and its meaning and to memorialize it in tangible and intangible ways. But his three-generation theory of Holocaust intellectual history, while intriguing, is not substantiated with enough empirical evidence. Frei's broad thesis seems better-suited to a book rather than a relatively short article in an academic journal.


Frei, Norbert. (2010, September). 1945-1949-1989: dealing with two German pasts.
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Person Usually Wants to Understand

Words: 1013 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71652364

"A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period" (University of North Carolina, 2007). For example, a person who is studying education will want to know more about ways in which to help his or her students better. The individual will look at journals and books in order get analyze the current data that is available as a means of helping him or her conduct their own study about a certain issue within this field. All of what is found is published, whether it is on the Internet or in the library.

A literature review is a baseline on how one will conduct their own research in education. This enables one to summarize their sources. Through this one use synthesis with the information that is currently available. An individual is able to interpret the data from their perspective. Ultimately, he or she has a feel for current studies and how he or she will conduct their own.

Quantitative vs. Qualitative Designs

A quantitative design has three characteristics. This includes "experimental, quasi-experimental and non-experimental" (Highfield, 2009). A person is able to control the situation by means…… [Read More]


Highfield, M. (2009, October). Research designs: Quantitative and qualitative. Retrieved May 4,

2011, from California State Univesity, Northridge:

Princeton University. (2011). Primary vs. secondary sources. Retrieved May 4, 2011, from Princeton University:
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Children's Literature to Dispel the

Words: 4810 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86965496


In comparing a number of literary elements in one story, Smith and Wiese (2006) contend that at times, when attempting to transform an old story into a modern multicultural version, cultural meanings of the original story may be lost. In turn, the literature does not subject the reader to another culture. For instance, in the story about the fisherman, that Smith and Wiese access, the plot remains similar plot, however, significant changes transform the reported intent to make the story multicultural. Changes included the fisherman's daughter's stated name, being changed from one common to her culture to Maha. Instead of God, as written in the original version, the reference notes "Allah." Other changes Smith and Wiese point out include:

& #8230;The admonition to retrieve the fish or "be sorry" instead of the threatened curse, the reference to the golden shoe as a sandal instead of a clog;

the proposed groom is the merchant's son instead of the prince;

the wedding is set for "Friday;"

the purge and its results are deleted from the story. Smith and Wiese (2006)

Multicultural Books

Peterson and Swartz (2008) note the following books currently considered to be books that help fulfill the cause of…… [Read More]


Anderson, Connie Wilson. (2006). Examining Historical Events through Children's Literature.

Multicultural Education. Caddo Gap Press. 2006. Retrieved May 03, 2009 from HighBeam Research:

Banned Book Quiz. (2009). Retrieved May 03, 2009 from 

Bottigheimer, Ruth B. (2008). Stories of heaven and earth: Bible heroes in contemporary
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Slave Stories What Was it

Words: 1635 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47792655

Mary also remembers the days of the war, when they heard stories about being set free and prayed for their freedom. Then one day all the slaves were asked to come to the Grand House. Here they were told by the master and his wife that they were no longer slaves. They were now free. "The Yankees will soon be here." The two of them then brought their chairs to the front of the house on the porch and waited. In about an hour, the Yankees arrived and repeated: "You are now free." The slaves and Yankees ate and drank together in celebration, while the owners continued to "humbly" sit on the porch and watch. This story by Mary was indeed very different from the movies, such as "Gone with the Wind" with the fires and mayhem. It is actually as if the master and his wife were glad -- or at least resigned to the fact -- that their slave-owning days were over.

Ironically, Mary explains that somewhat later, the owners went around the area and found all their previous slaves and told them they could come back if they wanted. Mary and others in her family went back.…… [Read More]


Jacobs, Harriett. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. 26 November 2008. 

Yetman, Norman. Voices from Slavery. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 1970
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Unifies and Permeates an Entire

Words: 1176 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91474170

Short story -- A brief story where the plot drives the narrative, substantially shorter than a novel. Example: "Hills like White Elephants," by Ernest Hemingway.

Allusion -- A casual reference in one literary work to a person, place, event, or another piece of literature, often without explicit identification. It is used to establish a tone, create an indirect association, create contrast, make an unusual juxtaposition, or bring the reader into a world of references outside the limitations of the story itself. Example: "The Wasteland" by T.S. Eliot alludes to "Paradise Lost" by John Milton.

Repetition -- The repeating of a word or phrase or rhythm within a piece of literature to add emphasis. Example: The story of Agamemnon in The Odyssey by Homer.

Blank verse -- Unrhymed lines of ten syllables each with the even-numbered syllables bearing the accents, most closing resembling the natural rhythms of English speech. Example: "The Princess" by Alfred Lord Tennyson.

Irony -- It can be when a character makes a statement wherein the actual meaning differs greatly from the meaning the words superficially express. Example: Hester's fall down the social ladder in The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne.

Diary -- An informal documentation of a…… [Read More]


Wheeler, Dr. L. Kip. "Literary Terms and Definitions." Web.

"Word List of Literary and Grammar Terms." Web.
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Slaughterhouse Five in Slaughterhouse-Five Kurt

Words: 559 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81623282

The author even inserts himself as a character throughout key events, such as the latrine at the POW camp and digging in the corpse mines in Dresden. The insertions serve to remind the reader that though fiction, the events described in the novel actually happened, to people like Billy Pilgrim/Kurt Vonnegut.

However, Vonnegut also uses several techniques not found in the works of noted memoir writers such as Tobias Wolff and Anne Frank. For example, Vonnegut also employs a third-person point-of-view, where an omniscient narrator goes into the minds of several other characters. Thus, in addition to Billy Pilgrim, the reader also gains insight into the motivations and thoughts of other characters as well. Vonnegut also employs a time-shifting progression that takes the reader back and forth from the present (1968), to the meat locker in World War II to Billy's birth (1920) and even to his death (1976). The novel thus covers a much greater time period than most memoirs. Vonnegut even uses science fiction techniques as Billy travels to the planet Trafalmadore to live in a zoo, a technique that helps Vonnegut convey the nonsensical and incomprehensible nature of war.

In conclusion, though Slaughterhouse-Five chronicles real events, it…… [Read More]

Parts of Slaughterhouse-Five read like a memoir, particularly where Vonnegut uses the first person voice, using the character of Billy Pilgrim to narrate his experiences in Dresden. The author even inserts himself as a character throughout key events, such as the latrine at the POW camp and digging in the corpse mines in Dresden. The insertions serve to remind the reader that though fiction, the events described in the novel actually happened, to people like Billy Pilgrim/Kurt Vonnegut.

However, Vonnegut also uses several techniques not found in the works of noted memoir writers such as Tobias Wolff and Anne Frank. For example, Vonnegut also employs a third-person point-of-view, where an omniscient narrator goes into the minds of several other characters. Thus, in addition to Billy Pilgrim, the reader also gains insight into the motivations and thoughts of other characters as well. Vonnegut also employs a time-shifting progression that takes the reader back and forth from the present (1968), to the meat locker in World War II to Billy's birth (1920) and even to his death (1976). The novel thus covers a much greater time period than most memoirs. Vonnegut even uses science fiction techniques as Billy travels to the planet Trafalmadore to live in a zoo, a technique that helps Vonnegut convey the nonsensical and incomprehensible nature of war.

In conclusion, though Slaughterhouse-Five chronicles real events, it is also a work of autobiographical fiction. Writing a novel rather than a memoir allowed Vonnegut to employ important fiction techniques - such as the omniscient narrator, a shifting timeline and even fantastic events such as a trip to another planet. Through these techniques, Vonnegut is able to construct the bombing of Dresden in great detail. The result is a novel of surprising power, one that conveys to the reader the unimaginable and ultimately useless nature of war.
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All but My Life

Words: 1820 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93909323

Life" by Gerda Weissmann Klein. In this book Gerda has narrated her ordeal during the Nazis regime and how she survived the holocaust and the death march. It is a highly emotional book, which narrates the horrors and sorrows faced by the survivors.

All But My Life"

Introduction classic of Holocaust literature, Gerda Weissmann Klein's celebrated chronicle tells the moving story of a young woman's six frightful years as a slave laborer of the Nazis and her miraculous liberation. All But My Life stands as the ultimate lesson in humanity, hope and friendship.

It is the unforgettable story of Gerda Weissmann Klein's six-year ordeal as a victim of Nazi cruelty. From her comfortable home in Bielitz (present-day Bielsko) in Poland to her miraculous survival and her liberation by American troops -- including the man who was to become her husband -- in Volary, Czechoslovakia, in 1945, Gerda takes the reader on a terrifying journey.

All But My Life

All But My Life is a must-read book. This non-fiction story is about a young girl named Gerda Weissmann Klein, also the author, who lived during the Holocaust and World War II. She was born in Bielitz, a city in Poland. Gerda,…… [Read More]


All But my life, by Gerda Weissmann Klein, Published: September 1997

Orion Publishing Co
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Internet Hate Groups

Words: 509 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56204780

Nijole V. Benokratis, Social Identity

The Christian Identity Movement

Technology made it possible for people to interact in new and interactive ways. However, many are inclined to use these mediums as a means to project their hatred toward other people or groups. These people can go as far as to organize hate groups meant to discriminate those particular people or communities. While the authorities struggle to address this issue by investing as many resources as possible, conditions are critical as a consequence of the fact that it is especially easy for one to create and support an internet hate group.

The internet provides hate groups with the ability to support each-other and makes it possible for individuals who are part of these groups to organize thoughts and strategies meant to support discrimination toward the people or communities they are interested in differentiating. The Christian Identity Movement is a good example of an organized hate group that uses the internet as a tool to discriminate others. "The Christian Identity movement is a movement of many extremely conservative Christian churches and religious organizations, extreme right wing political groups and survival groups." (CHRISTIAN IDENTITY MOVEMENT)

The Christian Identity movement seized the opportunity to…… [Read More]

Works cited:

"The Bible Says: History of Abuses Committed in the Name of the Biblical Text,"

"CHRISTIAN IDENTITY MOVEMENT," Retrieved July 21, 2014, from
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True Story of Holocaust Survivor in Hana's Suitcase

Words: 1320 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93574406

Coming of age is challenging in the best of times; under unfathomably oppressive circumstances like the Holocaust, coming of age has the potential to erase a childhood entirely. Hana's Suitcase: A True Story pieces together the life of a girl who never was able to realize her hopes and dreams. A victim of the Holocaust, Hana became encapsulated in her material belongings, left behind for others to interpret and comprehend. Hana's Suitcase bridges cultural barriers because the suitcase is discovered by Japanese people endeavoring to understand what Hana went through and what her ordeal means for humanity as a whole. "Really, it's a very ordinary-looking suitcase. A little tattered around the edges, but in good condition," the narrative begins (Levine 1). The opening line summarizes the innocence of the title character, Hana, whose life becomes a symbol of everything the Holocaust itself represents: the tragedy of human existence.

Japan provides the apt backdrop within which to explore the themes related to the Holocaust. As Levine points out, Japan allied itself with Nazi Germany, creating complicity in the affairs leading to the annihilation of millions of Jews. Hana's Suitcase therefore becomes a metaphor for humanity's own coming of age. Just as…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Eichler-Levine, Jodi. "The Curious Conflation of Hanukkah and the Holocaust in Jewish Children's Literature." Shofar. Vol. 28, No. 2, Winter 2010.

Levine, Karen. Hana's Suitcase. Morton Grove, IL: Whitman, 2002.

Rogers, Theresa. "Understanding in the Absence of Meaning: Coming of Age Narratives of the Holocaust." Open Journal Systems Demonstration Journal Vol. 1, No. 1, 2005.

Rothberg, Michael. Multidirectional Memory. Stanford University Press, 2009.
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Extraordinary Grit in the Life

Words: 734 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37110694

As a girl, she had money and some of the good things it brings; such as education and breeding." There is a hint of jealousy and even more palpable contempt written between the lines of this passage, especially with the author's inclusion of the word "breeding." Breeding is generally something only the upper-classes thinks exists, especially in the egalitarian world of the American pioneer. Ellis goes on to praise her skill as a dressmaker, and does not let the difference in their upbringings affect her perception or description of this woman, but one detects a wistfulness in her tone that even she may not be aware of.

Though Ellis' true story takes place in a Colorado mining town and portrays a presumably accurate picture of life the way it was in that place and time, this text is more a personal narrative and less a useful historical document. In four pages, Ellis takes us from one Christmas to another, highlighting the important events in her own life but not touching on the world outside her own experience. This is not really a fault in the novel; it is a memoir, and does not attempt to be anything else. Like Ellis,…… [Read More]


Ellis, Anne. The Life of an Ordinary Woman. New York: Mariner Books, 1999.

Anne Ellis, The Life of an Ordinary Woman (New York: Mariner Books, 1999), 2.
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Marriage Is Arguably One of

Words: 1570 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39298218

223) a person without a condition of some kind, was cruelly marginalized by society, as even the well-meaning people would avoid the connection with someone who was not seen well by the others, so as not to be marginalized in his or her turn. The situation of the woman is again entirely dependent on the man, since the society would not accept a woman who did not perform her usual role as a wife and a mother. Mrs. Smith marriage to a man who was not 'what he ought' obviously affects her long after the death of her husband: "Anne saw the misery of such feelings. The husband had not been what he ought, and the wife had been led among that part of mankind which made her think worse of the world than she hoped it deserved." (Austen, 2003, p. 212) as in Pride and Prejudice, there is an emphasis on the influence of society in the private life of the individual, as Anne is at first 'persuaded' by the others not to marry the man she loves, as it would not have made a good match.

Thus, marriage is seen as a type of social contract in Austen's…… [Read More]


Austen, J. 1996. Emma. New York: Signet Classics.

2003. Persuasion. New York: Penguin.

1983. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Bantam Classics.
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Second Shift Arlie Hochschild and

Words: 1307 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66509981

For instance, in looking at the case of Frank and Carmen Delacorte, a couple that both works to make ends meet within the family, while both couples bring in significant paychecks, Carmen attempts to alter the view of her work within the home to meet the couple's traditional ideologies. While Carmen brings in a significant portion of the family's earnings, she feels the need to fake incompetence and act in a manner submissive to her husband in order to make him feel he has met his standards in enacting the role of the traditional male within the family. In her belief that her equal contribution to her family does not measure up to that of her husband's, Carmen aligns herself with the gender roles that have traditionally been placed upon her by society

A far more contemporary view of the second shift structure within the two-career home is seen in Chapter 8 in viewing the case of the Steins. Both lawyers, Seth and Jessica aim to have an egalitarian household in terms of finances and the second-shift, although Seth's alignment with this ideal is not as strong as Jessica's alignment. While such an existence may seem to be ideal for…… [Read More]


Hochschild, Arlie and Machung, Anne. The Second Shift. New York, NY: Penguin,

2003. Print.

The Second Shift
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New Pattern of Integration Through Governmental Coordination European

Words: 7020 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96921841

New Pattern of Integration Through Governmental Coordination: European Perspective

The beginning of the European Union was with the coalition of six nations (namely France, Germany, Italia, Belgium, Holland, and Luxembourg) who entered into a treaty back in the year 1951 to determine the ECU Coal and Steel Community. The next signed treaty was in the year 1957 to determine the ECU Economic Community. The Coal and Steel Community were also built with a firmer incentive to improve political stance as oppoed to the economic goals: to attain a peace settlement mainly between the countries of France and Germany. The treaty creating the ECU Economic Community was more motivated towards the achievement of the economic objectives, on the other hand, but had strong political stance as well. It basically aimed to determine a typical or single market by which goods, capital, services, amongst other things could move freely inside the European Community. Additionally, the treaty also aimed to attain "ever closer union" between all of the member states and the masses from within the European Community (Wim Kok, 2004).

To be able to exceed a customs union and go ahead and take steps essentially to eradicate nontariff, behind-the-border obstacles towards the…… [Read More]


Begg, Iain et al., 2001, Social Exclusion and Social Protection in the European Union: Policy Issues and Proposals for the Future Role of the EU, South Bank University Working Paper,

Ben-Gera, M. (2009). Coordination at the centre of government for better policy making. Conference Paper for Conference on Public Administration Reform and European Integration. SIGMA.

Biagi, Marco, 2000: -- The Impact of European Employement Strategy on the Role of Labour Law and Industrial Relations --, International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations, vol. 16, No. 2, Summer 2000, 155-73

Browne, Matthew, 2003: -- La methode ouverte de coordination et la Strategie europeenne pour l'emploi: Modele ou faux-semblant ? -- in Renaud Dehousse (ed.), L'Europe sans Bruxelles ? (forthcoming)
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Film in Bedroom Story Killings Andre Dobus

Words: 1314 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92079596

film "In Bedroom" story "Killings Andre Dobus.

Too Hollywood: "Killings" vs. In The Bed

In all actuality, it would be exceedingly difficult for any feature film to match the emotional depth and breadth of a (good) work of literature. Although Hollywood will claim otherwise, a true story cannot be told with images but with the connotations, the complexities, and the nuances of words, and with words alone. Subsequently, as can be expected anytime anyone attempts to stretch out a 15-page short story (approximately) into a two hours plus (130 minutes) film, there are several inconsistencies between Andre Dubus' short story entitled "Killings" and its feature film adaptation, In The Bedroom. But that's not the primary problem with the latter which, even more so than the short story itself, is a bloated, exceedingly lengthy production high on theatrics and drama and relatively low on emotion and characterization. The primary problem with the movie version is that it does not necessarily stay true to the characters -- their motives and their depictions -- that Dubus originally conceived in his short story. The fact that these elements are different in the feature film version of this tale is to be expected, of course.…… [Read More]

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Rite Fraud When Grass Was CEO

Words: 3734 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73657513

Rite Aid Fraud

Over the years, there have been numerous cases of financial fraud perpetuated within the organizational mainstream of major companies. Financial fraud is often a well-coordinated sort of white-collar crime that often -- but not always - requires complicity and collusion amongst financial accountants, top management and auditors. Rite Aid came to the limelight after the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission announced that it would be filing accounting fraud charges against the company in 2002

Meanwhile, the United States Attorney for the Middle District of Pennsylvania leveled similar criminal charges accusing former CFO Frank Bergonzi, former CEO Martin Grass and former Vice Chairman Franklin Brown of perpetuating an immense accounting fraud scheme

. Compounding the crisis, according to former Rite Aid COO, Timothy Noonan, were years of legal coaching amongst staff and mid-level employees. As investigations ensued, evidence of fraudulent manipulation of accounts, corporate malfeasance, and financial overstatement emerged. What was the role of auditors in the fraud? Since the series of corporate insolvencies including Lehman, AIG, and GM, the Big 4 audit firms - Deloitte Touche, PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), KPMG, and Ernst & Young -- came to the limelight with allegations of aiding and abetting accounting fraud in…… [Read More]

Reference List

Carlin, Wayne M. & Pennington, Nelson "SEC Announces Fraud Charges Against Former Rite Aid Senior Management" Security and Exchange Commission 2002

Federwisch, Anne Exploring Ethical Lapses during the Rite Aid Crisis Santa Clara University: Center for Allied Ethics, 2002

Jennings, Marianne Seven Signs of Ethical Collapse: How to Spot Moral Meltdowns Before it's Too Late Arizona State University W.P. Carey School of Business, 2007

Carlin, Wayne M. & Pennington, Nelson "SEC Announces Fraud Charges Against Former Rite Aid Senior Management" Security and Exchange Commission 2002
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Morphology Personal Name Truncations

Words: 7828 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10167536


A large range of the academic literature centering on the sociological as well as the cultural and linguistic properties of nicknaming can be found. This literature mostly focuses on only sociological and/or cultural properties and/or the linguistic properties but mostly with varying working definitions of the term nickname. For example, some researchers (e.g., Slater and Feinman 1985) notice the structural and sociological commonalities among both the formal and the nicknames whereas, according to some (e.g., Alford 1988) only the descriptive forms are the nicknames. The definition of the term nickname used in this paper may overlap with some of the categories however; there should be no surprise at the commonalities found between the informal and the formal names. As Pulgram (1954, 11-14) has said; the nicknames are the antecedents of many formal names.

Social meaning of nicknaming

The social meaning and function a nickname basically depends on the society that uses it. For example, in some societies it is used for the sake of disparaging someone, while in some societies it represents the unity and solidarity and it may also be used to show the social hierarchy in some other societies as well. As, (Alford 1988, 82-85). Price and…… [Read More]


Aceto, M. 2002. Ethnic Personal Names and Multiple Identities in Anglo phone Caribbean Speech Communities in Latin America. Language in Society 31: 577 -- 608.

Alford, R.D. 1988. Naming and Identity: A Cross-cultural Study of Personal Naming Practices. New Haven, Conn.: HRAF Press.

Aronoff, M. And Fudeman, K. 2010. What is Morphology (Fundamentals of Linguistics). Wiley-Blackwell

Benua, L. 1995. Identity Effects in Morphological Truncation. In Papers in Opti mality Theor y, ed. Jill N. Beckman, Laura Walsh Dickey, and Suzanne Urbanczyk, 77 -- 136. Amherst: Graduate Student Linguistic Assoc., Univ. Of Massachusetts.
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Thomas Cranmer's Theology and How it Influenced Tudor England

Words: 2860 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89106577

Thomas Cranmer

As the Archbishop of Canterbury during the tumultuous reign of Henry VIII, Thomas Cranmer was in an extraordinary position to effect changes in England's political and religious direction. Through his writings, Cranmer laid the foundations for establishing the Church of England and moved England into the path of the growing European Reformation Movement.

By facilitating the numerous divorces of Henry VIII, he helped to weaken the authority of the Pope in England and contributed to the greater hold of the King.

This paper examines the effects of Cranmer's developing theology on the history of Tudor England. The first part of the paper looks at the role Cranmer played in justifying the theological bases of Henry VIII's numerous divorces. The next part then examines Cranmer's religious convictions, as enshrined in the Ten Articles and later, in the two versions of the Book of Common Prayer.

In the last section, the paper evaluates Cranmer's continuing legacy in the areas of English culture, literacy and especially, on the flourishing in England of the Anglican faith.

Cranmer and Henry VIII

Cranmer enjoyed a close, though definitely not equal, relationship with Henry VIII. This relationship stemmed from Henry VIII's desire to dissolve his…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cranmer, Thomas. "The Most Healthful Medicine." ca. 1540. reproduced in Christian History, 1995. 14(4): 34-37.

D'Aubigne, Merle. Reformation in England. 2 vols. London: Banner of Truth, 1991.

McCulloch, Diarmaid. "Cranmer's Ambitious Legacy." History Today, July 1996. 49(6): 23-32.

McCulloch, Diarmaid. Thomas Cranmer: A Life. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.
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Bible in Roman Catholic Theology

Words: 2201 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92849597

The Roman Catholic Church took advantage of the fact that it received criticism and went on to produce new and better interpretations of the Bible, without damaging the image of Roman Catholicism.

Throughout time, those who came against Roman Catholic theological interpretations of the Bible received little support from influential members of society and rarely represented a worthy adversary for the church. In contrast, Roman Catholic theologians were provided with resources that were almost unlimited and were supported by some of the most notable members of the Roman Catholic Church. Mostly because of the support they received, Roman Catholic theologians were better prepared to deal with interpreting the Bible and in certain cases produced versions that were too accurate for critics to condemn. It is difficult to determine the level of freedom that Roman Catholic exegetes are provided with, especially considering that some leading members of the exegesis movement have left the church once they discovered that they were not allowed to employ personal convictions in the process of interpreting the scripture.

One cannot possibly focus on providing an unbiased interpretation on the Bible, given that the very process of interpreting relates to the respective person's personal convictions in regard…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Ayres, Lewis and Fowl, Stephen E. "(Mis)reading the Face of God: The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church," Theological Studies 60, no. 3 (1999): 513

Binde, Per "Nature in Roman Catholic Tradition," Anthropological Quarterly 74, no. 1 (2001)

Burton, William L. "Buried Treasure: Why Catholics Should Learn More about Scripture," Commonweal, 6 April 2007

Firth, Frank J. The Holy Gospel: A Comparison of the Gospel Text as it Is Given in the Protestant and Roman Catholic Bible Versions in the English Language in Use in America [book online] (New York: Fleming H. Revell, 1911, accessed 7 January 2011), 240
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Butterfly David Henry Hwang's Play

Words: 1669 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45457061

She knew the secret I was trying to hide. but, unlike a Western woman, she didn't confront me, threaten, even pout. (Hwang 519)

Song also expresses how Gallimard has viewed her and her country when the says to the judge,

The West thinks of itself as masculine -- big guns, big industry, big money -- so the East is feminine -- weak, delicate, poor... But good at art, and full of inscrutable wisdom -- the feminine mystique. (Hwang 531)

Hwang uses the excesses of the operatic world as a beginning point for a play about two people who themselves are playing a part in life, a part derived from an opera that embodies a false, but for some comforting, image. Gallimard believes in an image, and Song knows this and so presents that image. Gallimard is a man who has failed with Western women and who sees Asian women as submissive and probably inferior, so he is willing to participate in the illusion Song creates for him. As one critic notes, "The great irony of his story -- and the great success of Hwang's play -- is that Gallimard is telling us his story from a cell in a French…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Afterword." 2007. April 5, 2007.

Chang, Anne Anlin. The Melancholy of Race. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Henry David Wang - Profile of a Playwright." Stanford University News Service (19 June 1995).

Hwang, David Henry. M. Butterfly. In Plays for the Theatre, Oscar G. Brockett (ed.), 492-536. New York: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1996.
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Distanced-Based Education

Words: 8866 Length: 32 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65702367

Pre-Course Program for Entry-Level Online Adult Students

Distance education is one of the most dynamic and fastest-growing segments of college and graduate level education. Many educational institutions with long histories of traditional classroom-based learning opportunities are expanding their programs to include distance-based learning via the Internet. In fact, many colleges and universities have invested heavily in their distance education programs. Courses for distance learners are offered in an array of formats that are designed to make learning opportunities accessible to students at anytime, anywhere in the world.

Limited information is available concerning the ability of traditional adult learners to adapt to the online learning environment to successfully complete an online learning degree program. (Baker, et al., 1994)

Today, educational elitism is a serious problem for many distance and non-traditional students. Most traditional learners look down on the non-traditional learner and distance-based educational programs as a whole. Many times these degrees are perceived negatively by employers who feel that the students in traditionally-based programs actually learn more than those in distance-based programs. This "elitist" viewpoint of traditional education vs. non-traditional education remains one of the oldest and most pervasive traditions of university (or advanced) education.

It is also necessary to help…… [Read More]


Altbach, Philip G. (1999). Private Prometheus: Private Higher Education and Development in the 21st Century. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Astleitner, Hermann (2002). Teaching critical thinking online. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 29.

Baker, Eva L., et al. (1994). Technology Assessment in Education and Training.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Beard, Lawrence A., et al. (2002). Student perceptions of online vs. On campus instruction. Education, 122.
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Watergate Scandal in the Early

Words: 2810 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55147793

What happened with Watergate was exactly this type of unfortunate substitute of the democratic process with the will of another institution.

The subject of the paper is very important for U.S. history exactly because of the implications of what was previously described. It is not a singular case of an American President attempting to substitute himself to the general democratic framework or usual democratic channels.

Andrew Jackson had attempted to decrease the role played by Congress and rule absolutely and despotically. Just in the same manner, the U.S. institutions (namely the legislative and judicial branches) joined together in order to ensure that President Nixon could not use his executive prerogatives to bypass some of the usual procedures and means by which things are done, including in issues concerning the national security. Ideally, Watergate should have also emphasized the idea according to which nobody is above the law. Because of the reasons previously mentioned, this was unfortunately not possible, although the fact that the President did have to resign is encouraging in this sense.

Beyond the subject of wiretapping, the fact that this was used to hamper the opposition's activities is also significantly worrying for the democratic processes. How could the…… [Read More]



This source gives the historical and political context of Watergate, brief biography of Richard Nixon. Also gives a detailed study of Nixon's resignation speech on August 8, 1974. There is also a brief timeline of events. Also gives a transcript of the Smoking Gun tape, June 23, 1972. Also included are detailed information about the impeachment and Judiciary Committee Hearings.


This source gives a word-for-word account of President Ford's pardon of Richard Nixon, September 8, 1974. It also gives a brief response from Nixon himself. Also describes the aftermath of Watergate and the subsequent events. This article answers many of the questions people had in regards to Watergate; example what was CREEP?, who was Deep Throat? Etc.
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Abortion Pros and Cons Abortion

Words: 1903 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38557575


Abortion from a purely moral or ethical perspective can never be endorsed. However, in some medical conditions where the life of the mother is at stake abortion as a life saving intervention is certainly approved. Also in cases where the pregnancy is due to sexual victimization the woman has the right to decide about abortion. Irrespective of the methods used abortion leaves a great psychological stigma and guilt feeling.

The more horrific partial birth abortions are a cause for concern and leave deep psychological distress and depression. It is more thoughtful and appropriate to use the available contraceptive methods instead of going for abortion. However, for those women who choose abortion as a method to end their unintended pregnancies the provision of post abortion-healing care is very important.… [Read More]


1) Suzanne R. Trupin, 'Elective Abortion', Accessed Nov 27th 2009, available online at,

2) Lisa B. Haddad, MD, MA & Nawal M. Nour, 'Unsafe Abortion Unnecessary maternal Mortality', Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Spring; 2(2): 122 -- 126, Available online at, 

3) Anne Nordal Broen & Torbjorn Moum, 'The Course of mental health after miscarriage and induced abortion: A Longitudinal five-year follow up study', BMC Med. 2005; 3: 18., Available online at,

4) Patrick S. Carroll, 'The Breast Cancer Epidemic: Modeling and Forecasts based on Abortion and other Risk Factors', Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons
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Ayn Rand's Life and Work

Words: 1851 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58846741

First, this viewpoint essentially discounts all abstract works from being called "art." This idea seems counterintuitive to many; numerous art critics, collectors, viewers, and even Rand (see below) consider abstract art to be art, based on the metaphysical emotions it re-creates. Rand's Objectivist philosophy does not completely accept emotions as having an existence independent of a subject, and therefore her view on non-representational art is at least consistent with Objectivist metaphysics. However, it seems that her definition of art as it pertains to music is incompatible with her dismissal of non-representational art, since she states that music re-creates reality by sound waves evoking metaphysical emotions (Rand, Vis Arts 109). It may be argued that her view of music is consistent with Objectivism if the music is combined with lyrics; however, Rand appears to be unclear on this point.

Rand's view that work of art must be judged by an "objective, rational standard" (Rand, Vis Arts 109) is consistent with Objectivism. However, it is inconsistent with many prevailing notions that the value of a work of art changes based on the beholder's opinions, which are subject to cultural norms, among other influences (Kreiner 9).

In conclusion, in this paper I have…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Ayn Rand." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 5 Feb. 2011.

Heller, Anne C. Ayn Rand and the World She Made. New York: Doubleday, 2009. Print.

Kreiner, Leslie Elizabeth. "Toward a Definition of Art." Art Education.46. 3 (1993): 7-11.

Web. 6 Feb. 2011.
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Globalization and Innovations in Telecommunications

Words: 18188 Length: 66 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2190458

Chapter 2:

Review of Related Literature

Chapter Introduction

This chapter provides a review of the literature concerning hypnosis, Eastern Meditation, Chi Kung, and Nei Kung and how these methods are used to treat various ailments and improve physical and mental functioning. A summary of the review concludes the chapter.


In his study, "Cognitive Hypnotherapy in the Management of Pain," Dowd (2001) reports that, "Several theories have been proposed to account for the effect of hypnosis. State theories assume that the hypnotic trance is qualitatively different from all other human experiences. From this perspective, trance capacity is supposedly a fairly stable trait that exhibits substantial individual differences. Nonstate theories, often referred to as social learning, social psychological or cognitive-behavioral theories of hypnosis propose that hypnotic phenomena are related to social and psychological characteristics such as hope, motivation, expectancy, belief in the therapist, desire to please the therapist, a positive initial trance experience, and the definition of the situation as hypnosis" (p. 87). According to Baker (1990), "Modern research has contributed very little new to our understanding or utilization of hypnosis.... Today, some 200 years after the discovery of artificial somnambulism, researchers are divided on even such basic issues as the…… [Read More]

bibliography. (2010). / pages/7857/Meditation-Eastern.html.

Many religious traditions have practices that could possibly be labeled meditation. In Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, these practices are usually associated with prayer, contemplation, or recitation of sacred texts. In the religious traditions of the Native Americans, Australian aboriginals, Siberian peoples, and many others, what could be identified as meditation techniques are incorporated within the larger rubric of shamanism. It is, however, in the religions of Asia that meditation has been most developed as a religious method.

Meditation has played an important role in the ancient yogic traditions of Hinduism and also in more recent Hindu-based new religious movements such as Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's Transcendental Meditation program. But it is most especially in the monastic or "elite" forms of the various traditions of Buddhism (Theravada, Tibetan/Vajrayana, and Ch'an/Zen) that meditation techniques have taken center stage and have been developed to the highest degree of sophistication and complexity.

Short-Term Effects of Meditation vs. Relaxation on Cognitive Functioning. Contributors: Gillian King - author, Jeffrey Coney - author. Journal Title: Journal of Transpersonal Psychology. Volume: 38. Issue: 2. Publication Year: 2006. Page Number: 200+.

Authors cite the lack of relevant studies concerning the effect, if any, of meditation on short-term improvements in cognitive performance. The results of this study clearly showed that meditation, per se, does not produce a short-term improvement in cognitive performance compared to other relaxation techniques.
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Professional Choirs in America The

Words: 2049 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36755317

" The collection of anthems, performed by the State Academic Choir of the Latvian choirs on a CD, is a one of a kind.

Professional choirs have a long history and represent decades of work on the part of their conductors. A case in point is the Phoenix Boys Choir. Even though the youth are only in the choir from ages 7 through 14, the conductor is able to create a top-notch professional singer from each of them.

Since 1948, the Phoenix Boys Choir has been one of these unique choirs which draws from a large repertoire of favorites, to tailor each performance under the direction of Dr. Harvey K. Smith, who led the choir for forty years, and Georg Stangelberger, who has led them since 1999. The 170 members perform shows throughout the world while the choir provides music education to the members..

It is not easy for small arts groups or individuals to rise to the professional level. Except for those with perseverance, good fortune and unmatched skills, who rise above the amateurs and present beautiful music for the public, may gain the pride, support and good will of the people who live near them.… [Read More]


Chicago Symphony Chorus (Choir), founded 1957, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. found at 

Golfo Alexopoulos, Stalin's Outcasts: Aliens, Citizens and the Soviet State, 1926-1936, Ithaca: Cornell University. 2003. p. 14.

Oron, Aryeh, "Chicago Symphony Chorus," CenterStage Chicago. Jul 2004. Website:
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Education Theories Knowledge of Learning

Words: 3781 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93366223

Dr. Frank Pajares, writing in Reading and Writing Quarterly (Pajares 2003), points out that in his view of Bandura's social learning theory, individuals are believed to possess "self-beliefs that enable them to exercise a measure of control over their thoughts, feelings, and actions."

As has been mentioned earlier in this paper, but put a slightly different way by Pajares ("Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Motivation, and Achievement in Writing: A Review of the Literature") based on Bandura, behaviorists can better predict what individuals are capable of based on "their beliefs about their capabilities" than by what they are actually capable of accomplishing.

This aspect of self-efficacy carries over into a student's writing abilities; and a writer with a "strong sense of confidence" may excel while writing an essay because there will be less apprehension over the quality of what the writer is trying to express. The writer may have some doubts about whether the essay is going to be strong enough (or not), but self-efficacy provides the "resiliency in the face of adversity," Pajares explains.

There are three ways of measuring writing self-efficacy, Pajares explains; and it should be pointed out that this section of his journal article relates to the pragmatism and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brandon, Thomas H.; Herzog, Thaddeus a.; Irvin, Jennifer E.; & Gwaltney, Chad J. (2004).

Cognitive and social learning models of drug dependence; implications for the assessment of Tobacco dependence in adolescents. Addiction, 99(1), 51-77.

Center on English Learning and Achievement. (2002). Scaffolding Student Performance of New and Difficult Tasks. Retrieved March 10, 2007, at

Demant, Meagan S, & Yates, Gregory C.R. (2003). Primary Teachers' Attitudes Toward the Direct Instruction Construct. Educational Psychology, 23(5), 483-489.
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Spike Lee Jay-Z and Black Culture Often

Words: 2476 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75867300

Spike Lee, Jay-Z and Black Culture

Often, the leading figures in black cultural history are those that have played a direct role in the struggles for freedom, Civil Rights and equality. This certainly speaks to the inextricable link between African-American identity and a long history of oppression. However, it would be remiss to overlook the incredible contributions made to black cultural identity by those who have most visibility optimized the freedoms for which their predecessors fought. Indeed, so much remarkable artistic expression has been made possible by these struggles and has itself become a defining aspect of black culture. In virtually every media, black artists have had a defining role not just on their respective crafts but indeed on black culture and identity as a whole. This discussion demonstrates such an assertion in its discussion on two prominent modern figures in black culture, the film director Spike Lee and the music impresario Jay-Z. The discussion demonstrates that in many ways, both are figures that have used their considerable talent and influence to force Americans black and white to examine the conditions of black culture and the historical patterns that created them.

As the discussion here will show, there is a…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Johnson, Anne. (2007). Jay-Z's Lyric Writing 101. PrefixMag.

Leeds, Jeff. (2007). Hearing Focuses on Language and Violence in Rap Music. The New York Times..

Patterson, Valerie. (2004) Engaging Hip-Hop Leadership: Diversity, Counter-Hegemony and Glorified Misogyny. University of Delaware.

Stone, A. (1995). Spike Lee: Looking Back. Boston Review.
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Jesus' Teachings Prayer & Christian Life He

Words: 35411 Length: 109 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95862373

Jesus' Teachings, Prayer, & Christian Life

"He (Jesus) Took the Bread. Giving Thanks Broke it. And gave it to his Disciples, saying, 'This is my Body, which is given to you.'" At Elevation time, during Catholic Mass, the priest establishes a mandate for Christian Living. Historically, at the Last Supper, Christ used bread and wine as a supreme metaphor for the rest of our lives. Jesus was in turmoil. He was aware of what was about to befall him -- namely, suffering and death. This was the last major lesson he would teach before his arrest following Judas' betrayal. Eschatologically speaking, the above set the stage for the Christian ministry of the apostles, evangelists and priests. Indeed, every Christian is called to give of him or herself for the Glory of God and the Glory of Mankind. The message at the Last Supper was powerful. People have put themselves through unimaginable horrors and even death to spread this message. Christian or Christ-Like living is a privilege. Having Christ as a beacon and an exemplar is demanding. Saints and other divine personage come closer to this light than ordinary humans. They also work as intercessors for the rest of us in…… [Read More]

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Teen Pregnancy -- Boston MA

Words: 3069 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29732046

According to Tamara Kreinin, president of the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the U.S., "Manipulating facts about condoms is using a scare tactic to try and get kids not to be sexually active" (Morse, 2002).

One of the consequences of a lack of full and complete information to youth actually causes self-imposed ignorance of their own safety. If adolescents do not get the proper education on protecting themselves from STDs, it is unlikely they will get much beyond playground rumor. In several reviews conducted by the U.S. Surgeon General and by the Committee of HIV Prevention, abstinence only programs have little to no effect on the sexual behavior of adolescents ("Abstinence"). Further, denying young people full and accurate information about sex, contraception, and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases puts them at needless health risks. The reality is that teens will talk about sex, will experiment, and will likely have a sexual experience prior to age 15 -- in light of that reality, is it not better to promote abstinence but teach facts? The more sexual behavior and information are hidden from teens, in fact, results in a greater likelihood of them engaging in behavior without enough information to be…… [Read More]


Boston:Economy. (2009, March). Retrieved December 2010, from

Health and Social Disparities. (2010, March). Retrieved December 2010, from Boston University:

Linking Teen Pregnancy Prevention to Other Critical Social Issues. (2010, March). Retrieved November 2010, from the Namtional Campaign:

Medical Research in Boston. (2010, February). Retrieved December 2010, from Boston University:
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Business Skills and Tactics in

Words: 5051 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99035950

Having this traditional silo-structured environment makes it very difficult to properly develop a curriculum surrounding service management. Because of this there is a significant gap that exists between the education received by business school graduates and the skills that they need to succeed in today's service heavy environment.

Non-traditional Business Skills and Tactics

Nontraditional business skills are often referred to as soft skills or people skills. These consist of the ability to communicate and understand people on an emotional level. These are often the skills that can determine the success or failure of a career (Thilmany, 2009). The skills are all related to human interaction. This includes most forms of communication, negotiation and leadership. Soft skills can be distinguished by different types such as informative, negotiating, listening, and communicative. Informative soft skills are those that send a message that has to be conveyed accurately. Negotiating or convincing soft skills is the art of being decisive. Listening soft skills entails concentrating on what people are saying and being able to deduce information about the speaker from what they hear and see. Communicative or socializing soft skills are a combination of listening and speaking while interacting with others. Soft skills are central…… [Read More]


21 Business Skills Needed to Succeed. (2009). Retrieved September 22, 2009, from New

Horizons Web site:


Davis, M.M. And Berdrow, I. (2008). Service science: Catalyst for change in business school curricula. IBM Systems Journal, 47(1), 29-39.