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Antagonist Essays (Examples)

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Grace in A Good Man is Hard to Find
Words: 687 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14322150
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Reaction to “A Good Man is Hard to Find”
Flannery O’Connor’s “A Good Man is Hard to Find” is one of the most bizarre yet interesting short stories I have ever read. It begins with a family taking a trip in their car—but the protagonist (the Grandmother), who acts like an antagonist to her son Bailey, is dead-set on hijacking the car trip and getting the son to take them to where she wants to go. The descriptions that O’Connor uses to characterize the family are very funny and have a brutal honesty about them. O’Connor is not trying to paint a sympathetic portrait of an American family in the south. She is writing satire in the style of Gogol—and it is quite funny. It is also quite sad at the same time. O’Connor is able to make the reader life while simultaneously breaking the reader’s heart. And she does…

Beaux Stratagem
Words: 1563 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95920555
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Beaux Strategem by George Farquhar is about two greedy and recently broke men who plan to seduce heiresses to steal their fortune. The main characters are Aimwell and Archer who pose as a well-to-do gentleman and his manservant. The cast of characters include: Aimwell, Archer, Count Bellair a French officer, prisoner at Litchfield, Sullen a country blockhead, brutal to his wife, Freeman a gentleman from London, Foigard a priest, chaplain to the French officers, Gibbet a high-way-man, Houslow, his companions, Bagshot, Boniface the landlord of the inn, Scrub a servant to Mr. Sullen, Lady Bountiful an old civil country gentlewoman, that cures all her neighbours of all distemper, Dorinda Lady Bountiful's daughter, Mrs. Sullen her daughter-in-law, Gipsy maid to the ladies. The 2013 production is directed by Adam Simon and keeps quick pace and crisp dialogue to allow this latest production breathe new life to a 200+ year old play.…

Naltrexone the Efficacy of Naltrexone
Words: 2582 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17590678
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Croop et al. (1997).

The overall safety profile of naltrexone is good; however, care must be taken in prescribing the drug to certain patient populations; e.g., naltrexone shows a dose-dependent hepatotoxicity (package insert) and is therefore contraindicated in patients with significant hepatic impairment, which is frequently encountered in alcohol-dependent populations.

The clinical trials of naltrexone have typically been conducted in patients without significant impairment in hepatic function. Another consequence of the hepatic impact of naltrexone is the possibility of drug-drug interactions.

Kim et al. (2001) potentially clinically significant interaction has been reported between naltrexone and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; these researchers found elevated liver function tests in study participants receiving both medications, although the doses of naltrexone used in this study were higher than the typical 50 mg daily dose.

Naltrexone is not appropriate for use with patients taking prescribed or illicit opioid drugs. Antagonism of the effects of these drugs…


Ait-Daoud, N., & Johnson, B.A. (1999). Medications to treat alcoholism. Alcohol Research & Health, 23(2), 99.

Anton, R.F., & Randall, C.L. (2005). Measurement and choice of drinking outcome variables in the COMBINE study. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 66(4), 104.

Bhagar, H.A., & Schmetzer, a.D. (2006). New antidipsotropics. Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association, 9(4), 29.

Bean, P., & Nemitz, T. (2004). Drug treatment: What works? New York: Routledge.

Self-Destructive Behavior Depicted in Kafka's
Words: 4103 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 85183206
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He does his share of complaining but he does little else to remedy the situation. The truth of the matter is that Gregor did not enjoy much of his life away from work. He never expresses a desire to have more in his life nor does he express any regret, until he is a bug. In "A Hunger Artist," our hunger artist chooses to live a considerable amount of his life behind bars being a public spectacle. hile he can communicate with onlookers, he is separated from them by the bars and the setting in which he finds himself only forces him to interact with individuals for a short amount of time. Once they have become satisfied with his spectacle, they move on and leave the artist to his own thoughts. Our hunger artist is aware of the world that exists around him but it does not seem to affect…

Works Cited

Freed, Donna. The Metamorphosis and Other Stories. New York: Barnes and Nobel Books. 1996.

Goldfarb, Sheldon. "The Metamorphosis." Short Stories for Students. 2001. Gale Resource Database. 1963. Site Accessed November 22, 2008. 

Kafka, Franz. "A Hunger Artist." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction R.V. Cassill, ed. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1981. pp. 779-86.

Kafka, Franz. "The Metamorphosis." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction R.V. Cassill, ed. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1981. pp. 740-78.

Soap Opera by David Ives &Bull the
Words: 384 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74327198
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Soap Opera" by David Ives

• the Theme -- When a man can't find love from real women, he turns to his idealized woman -- a washing machine, who in his mind is perfect.

• The Protagonist -- Manny, Repairman with a washing-machine fetish who must maintain the order of everythiing

• The Antagonist -- The Maypole. She taunts him because he's never been able to fix her

• The Dramatic question -- What in the world is this repairman doing in a French restaurant with a washing machine? Which will he choose, Mabel or Maypole?

• The Climax -- True love! Manny chooses Mabel!

• The Conclusion -- Happy ending between Manny and Mabel

• Symbols -- The washing machine -- a stand-in for every woman the repairman has known; something that makes things clean and comforting (the hankerchief); .

• The Mode of drama -- High romantic comedy…

Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Independent Films
Words: 2020 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27675349
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Flew ver the Cuckoo's Nest"

Independent films have become such a mainstay of American cinema that it is difficult to tell what should be considered independent and what should be considered a major production these days. Small, independent film studios can gain such a following that they are soon producing movies that are seen by millions. f course, this was not always the case because the reason there are indie films is because of the rebellion over the control of the large studios. In the case of the movie "ne Flew ver the Cuckoo's Nest" it was an indie film, but it was seen by a large audience. Like many indie films of that time and this though, it had a flare that could not be seen in major motion pictures. Since major motion picture studios were interested more in the bottom line and worried about turning a profit for…

One only has to look at history to see the fallacy perpetrated by major motion picture studios. "They Died with Their Boots On" is a retelling of the story of the Little Bighorn massacre which starred Errol Flynn and was released by the major motion picture company Warner Bros. The movie makes a hero of Custer as he tries to run down Sitting Bull and a corrupt, gun-selling Indian agent. The picture is factually inaccurate from start to finish and perpetuates the myth that Custer was the honorable one at Little Bighorn. Sitting Bull is seen as an opportunist and a rebel who only wants to kill white people. This sort of movie was immensely popular (released in 1949) because, although everyone knew it was probably a biased retelling, it had a distinct hero and a villain (there were actually later movies which had Sitting Bull as the hero which is also factually inaccurate). Although the movie is enjoyable when an individual wants to spend a mind-numbing few hours in front of the TV, it is also a symbol of why many people were tired of major motion pictures, and why indie films have gained the traction that they currently have. A true telling of the story would reveal that neither was a hero, but that Custer, as a glory-seeker and narcissist, sacrificed his troop on a fool's errand.

In recent times, major motion picture studios have gotten the message, at least partially, that people crave a little more reality. That is why big name releases such as "American History X" and "American Beauty" were released by New Line Cinema and Dream Works respectively. These are considered indie film companies, but they are that in name only. These are both major studios that are producing edgy movies under an indie tag. Both of the releases mentioned above were both critical and box office successes because they were edgy. Another film that shows the influence that indie films has had is "Unforgiven." This is not a classic Western that has a distinct white-hatted good guy and a black hat wearing bad guy. The lines are blurred between the sheriff and the ex-outlaw. Some of the things Eastwood's outlaw character does are good, and some are not. The same can be said of Hackman's sheriff character.

These movies seem to rely on the success of such movies as "One Flew Over a Cuckoo's Nest." Because movie producers could see a major shift in the way they viewed edgy movies, the large motion picture studios changed the way they made movies. The money shifted, so the movie makers did also.

That Was Then This Is Now
Words: 418 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95066167
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Hinton is a book containing many elements that all combine to make the book more interesting and readable.

Protagonist - The protagonist or main character is Byron. He is a good boy, and loves his foster brother Mark, but he understands the difference between right and wrong, and Mark does not. Byron is not afraid to grow up and change, but Mark is.

Antagonist - The antagonist or "villain" in the story is Mark, even though it does not seem that way at the beginning. Mark cannot grow up or take responsibility for anything he does, and so, he pays for it in the end by going to jail. Mark is the antagonist because he is a drug dealer, and he causes a death by selling his drugs.

Conflict - The conflict in the story is between the Byron and Mark. Byron loves Mark, and he is torn between doing…


Hinton, S.E. That Was Then, This is Now. New York: Puffin Books, 1998.

The 2000 Film Traffic Addresses
Words: 1272 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 82003284
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For much of the movie, Robert akefield is the main antagonist. akefield represents the American government's complicity in perpetuating an outmoded political policy. Thus, Traffic portrays the American government's ar on Drugs as being antithetical to American values. akefield is initially blind to his daughter's plight, and is depicted as being too career-driven and closed-minded to notice that the ar on Drugs is a war on his family and his country. However, akefield does wake up. At the end of the movie he perceives the connection between his actions as Drug Czar and the supply chain his daughter has access to. akefield's awakening is Soderbergh's call to America to end the ar on Drugs policy.

Traffic ends on a note of optimism while also leaving the ar on Drugs unresolved. Soderbergh seems aware that United States drug policy will not change any time soon. The film also offers a scathing…

Works Cited

Cafferty, J. (2009). Commentary: War on drugs is insane. Retrieved April 12, 2009 from 

Drug Policy Alliance Network. What's Wrong With the Drug War? Retrieved April 12, 2009 from 

Greer, M. (2009). Drug War Clock. Retrieved April 12, 2009 from 

"Timeline: America's War on Drugs." NPR. April 2, 2007. Retrieved April 12, 2009 from

Chinatown Roman Polanski's Chinatown Roman
Words: 810 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47813109
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Claude Mulvihill could also be a major subplot character. His confrontation with Gittes leads to Gittes getting his nose slashed.

Ida Sessions, the woman who was hired to play Evelyn in the beginning of the film, would be considered a supporting character in Chinatown. She does not play a major role in the narrative, but she is there at key moments (it is her clues, for example, that allow Gittes to pursue the water scandal.) Walsh and Duffy, Gittes's partners, are also "helping characters" in this respect.

Part Four

With a film as complex in its plot as Chinatown, it certainly helps to reconstruct events chronologically when evaluating the plot of the movie.

As Chinatown is essentially a detective movie, there are numerous clues dropped throughout the movie that the viewer is expected to pick up on and draw inferences out of. One example is the fact that Gittes, who…

Unifies and Permeates an Entire
Words: 1176 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91474170
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Short story -- A brief story where the plot drives the narrative, substantially shorter than a novel. Example: "Hills like White Elephants," by Ernest Hemingway.

Allusion -- A casual reference in one literary work to a person, place, event, or another piece of literature, often without explicit identification. It is used to establish a tone, create an indirect association, create contrast, make an unusual juxtaposition, or bring the reader into a world of references outside the limitations of the story itself. Example: "The Wasteland" by T.S. Eliot alludes to "Paradise Lost" by John Milton.

epetition -- The repeating of a word or phrase or rhythm within a piece of literature to add emphasis. Example: The story of Agamemnon in The Odyssey by Homer.

Blank verse -- Unrhymed lines of ten syllables each with the even-numbered syllables bearing the accents, most closing resembling the natural rhythms of English speech. Example: "The…


Wheeler, Dr. L. Kip. "Literary Terms and Definitions." Web.

"Word List of Literary and Grammar Terms." Web.

Friday Night Lights by HG Bissinger
Words: 723 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51446260
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Friday Night Lights

It's just a game, right? And everyone loves football? Combined with the recent media examples of parents who get a little bit too worked up about their children's sports, all of these factors might seem to indicate that the setting of H.G. Bissinger's modern sports classic Friday Night Lights is totally arbitrary. But the fact is, this story of the tragedies of a Texas high school football team couldn't happen just anywhere, in any town USA. Instead, Bissinger paints an impressive picture of a 1980's town in Texas where everything revolves around high school football. The town is economically and racially torn. The Panthers are largely white (with some exceptions) and the town, which was once prosperous, is now suffering a bust after a period of boom in the oil industry. People have lost everything they own, with no hopes of getting it back, thus the town's…

Works Cited

Bissinger, J.S. (2000) Friday Night Lights. New York: De Capo Press.

Exercises 10 Points Each How
Words: 1437 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35985009
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She should take drugs for rapid onset of symptoms only when called for but drugs that keep her level as time goes on should be taken consistently (Brasher, 2012).

Question 11

The girl needs to not mow the lawn anymore or otherwise expose herself to situations that can lead to attacks (Brasher, 2012).

2. Chapter 6: COPD

Question 1

The patient should be asked if she is currently smoking, is around someone that is smoking or has a closely-related person (a parent in particular) that does. The patient should be asked if she or anyone in her family has a history of heart issues (due to the ankle swelling combined with the shortness of breath). Should be asked if there have been any notable changes in weight in either direction and whether there is any sputum or other symptoms (Brasher, 2012).

Question 2

The patient should be asked how long…


Asthma - PubMed Health. (n.d.). National Center for Biotechnology Information.

Retrieved August 25, 2012, from  health/PMH0001196/

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - PubMed Health. (n.d.). National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved August 25, 2012, from

Soldiers Home by Ernest Hemingway
Words: 1021 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60653518
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Hemingway uses his lack of feeling to indicate how the soldiers came home feeling hollow and empty inside, struggling to find meaning in a world that no longer made any sense. Krebs does not even attempt to find meaning. He knows there is nothing inside of him, and everything in life is too much "work." He is empty and dead inside - the war has killed him even though he survives.

In a way, Krebs mother is the antagonist in the story, because she is the one who pushes him to do things he does not want to do. She is the totally opposite of her son, a little ignorant, spiritual, and sure life makes sense. She represents everything the soldiers were fighting for, and yet, she represents everything Krebs did not want to return to. She makes him remember things he would like to forget, and she makes him…


Hemingway, Ernest. "Soldier's Home." The Short Stories. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. 145-153.

Neo-Confucianism Is a Philosophy Which Was Born TEST1
Words: 1693 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Array
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The novel "Dracula" was written by Irish author Bram Stoker in 1897. Set in nineteenth-century Victorian England and other countries of the same time, this novel is told in an epistolary format through a collection of letters, diary entries etc. The main characters include Count Dracula and a small group of men and women led by Dr. Van Helsing. Count Dracula is the antagonist character of the novel, and is a vampire. The group of men and women led by Dr. Van Helsing are the main protagonist characters. The novel talks about Count Dracula's endeavor to relocate from Transylvania to England, and his demise. The story begins with an English lawyer, Jonathan Harker, visiting Dracula's castle to assist him with some real estate issues. During his stay in the castle, Harker discovers that the Count is a vampire and barely escapes with his life. Then the narrative turns into…


Parsons, G. (1989). Religion in victorian britain. (Vol. 4)

Stoker, B. (1897). Dracula. United Kingdom: Archibald Constable and Company.

Wood, P. (2004). Science and dissent in England, 1688-1945 (science, technology and culture,

Bristoe Station
Words: 1403 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8632192
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Battle of Bristoe Station

Tenants of Army Operation.


The relative depth of both armed forces at this point of the Civil ar, both Confederate and Union, was at a critical juncture. Both armies were at a historically low point, numerically. The recent Gettysburg Campaign had cost both armies in manpower and firepower. (Bristoe Station, 2003)

The Confederate Army had withdrawn into Virginia. The Union Army followed, but cautiously. Before the battle, the armies were settled down in central Virginia to rest and reorganize. Lee's army was spread out between Madison Court House and Culpeper, Virginia. (Bristoe Station, 2003).


Despite his recent loses, General Robert E. Lee decided to take advantage of this apparent abatement of hostilities. He dispatched Lieutenant General James Longstreet's First Corps to reinforce General Braxton Bragg in Tennessee. However, the Army of the Potomac's Eleventh and Twelfth Corps reinforced Bragg's opponent, Major General illiam S.…

Works Cited

Bristoe Station." (2003). Historical Confederate Preservation Project. . Retrieved on November 13, 2002.

CWBG. (2003) "The Battle of Briscoe Station. Civil War Battlefield Guide Website. Retrieved on November 13, 2002.

CWSAC. (2003) Battle Summaries. Website of the American Battlefield Project. Retrieved on November 13, 2002.

First Responder Overdose Medication
Words: 1789 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 54314239
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legislation on PA SB 1299

The General Assembly of Pennsylvania

Senate Bill No. 1299

Session of 2014

Introduced by: Ward, Pileggi, Erickson, Schwank, Washington, White and Baker.

The significance of PA SB 1299 Bill


The deaths from overdose on opioids have been a common occurrence across the nation with many of the people falling victims to either ignorance or intentional negligence by the people around then when they suffer the overdose symptoms to death. Initially, there were rampant incidences of the arrest and prosecution of the volunteers who called the law enforcement and the first responders to the scene since they too were often found to have used the drugs. The first responders were also not allowed to administer opioid antagonist at the scene to the person suffering obvious signs of overdose on the opioids hence the death rates from the overdose kept increasing even amidst the knowledge that…


Incorvaia M., (2015). Lawmaker: Allow more first responders to give antidote to opiate overdoses. Retrieved February 20, 2014 from

Wenner D., (2014). Pa. expands use of heroin overdose antidote, provides 'good Samaritan' protection in overdose cases. Retrieved February 20, 2014 from 

EMS1, (2015). 85,000 Emergency Responders Reduce Response Time with Retrieved February 20, 2014 from 

Heightman A.J., (2014). Should Naloxone Be Available to All First Responders? Retrieved February 20, 2014 from

Henrik Ibsen's a Doll's House Henrik Ibsen's
Words: 1295 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98935060
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Henrik Ibsen's a Doll's House

Henrik Ibsen's characters are not the people they appear to be. On the surface and at the beginning of the play audiences see typical people, pursuing typical lives with typical problems. Not until the play progresses, and in retrospect, do audiences realize that society negatively or positively stimulates the characters motives and actions. This paper looks at three such characters in Henrik Ibsen's play A Doll's House -- Torvald, the protagonist Nora and the antagonist Krogstad.

Though not the antagonist or the protagonist, Torvald plays a central role in A Doll's House. He is not the character that he appears to be. In the beginning of the play Emma Goldstein notes,

He is an admirable man, rigidly honest, of high moral ideals, and passionately devoted to his wife and children. In short, a good man and an enviable husband. Almost every mother would be proud…


Goldman, Emma. "The Scandinavian Drama: Henrik Ibsen: A Doll's House." The Social Significance of the Modern Drama (Boston: Richard G. Badger, 1914; The Gorham Press, Boston. 21 October 2003. .

Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906)." 2000. Pegasus web site. 20 October 2003.

Isben, Henrik. A Doll's House. 1 August 2003. Guttenberg Project. 21 October 2003. .

Johnston, Ian. "On Ibsen's A Doll's House." 2000. Text of a lecture delivered, in part, in Liberal Studies 310 at Malaspina University-College, Nanaimo, BC, Canada. 21 October 2003.

Tales as We Have Come
Words: 2456 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39855915
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This has been interpreted as overprotective behavior and is directly linked to being a parent. One cannot be overprotective of a child he or she does not have. It is only logical to conclude that the witch is to Rapunzel a sort of a stepmother; also, one could gather that the witch wanted Rapunzel not only to hurt and get back at the child's natural father, but for her own benefit. She has also been interpreted as a motherless child who steals someone else's offspring in order to fill the void in her own life. Consequently, the witch in Rapunzel cannot be seen as a purely evil character, a typical antagonist who seeks the destruction of the protagonist at all costs. Her refusal to accept the prince and to offer the young girl a chance to fall in love could be explained by maternal jealousy and overbearing parenting. Also, the…

Davidson, Hilda Ellis; Anna Chaudhri, eds. A Companion to the Fairy Tale. Rochester, NY: D.S. Brewer, 2003. Questia. 27 Sept. 2007 .

Propp, Vladimir. Morphology of the Folktale. 1928. 2nd ed. Trans. Lawrence Scott. Austin: U. Of Texas P, 1968.

Zipes, Jack, ed.. "Cross-Cultural Connections and the Contamination of the Classical Fairy Tale" in the Great Fairy Tale Tradition: From Straparola and Basile to the Brothers Grimm. New York: WW Norton & Co., 2001.

Blue Winds Dancing Symbolic Words
Words: 1182 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22105182
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And indeed, this is a man without a country, because he not only doesn't fit in with the white man, he doesn't mesh with the older people within his culture.

The antagonist in this story is the white man's world of greed and "civilization." The values that the white man holds certainly clash with the Indian. The white man's beauty is in palm trees of California (that stand "stiffly" by the roadside while a struggling pine tree on a rocky outcropping is more beautiful), and the white man's beauty is also rows of fruit trees like military men all lined up perfectly. That is a man-made world, made by the antagonist in this story. The antagonist in this story is also the sociology professor "and his professing"; this professor won't have to worry about his student anymore and the student won't have to worry about "some man's opinion of my…

Works Cited

Whitecloud, Tom. Blue Winds Dancing.

Neurofibroma Genetic Traits and Impact
Words: 5537 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 52789543
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However, recently, anesthesiologists have suggest a low to mid thoracic epidural combined with adequate general anesthesia. This anesthetic technique will allow for adequate inter-operative monitoring. After the operation, the anesthesiologist must continue to monitor the patient for either hypertension, hypotension and hypoglycemia. The presence of either of these conditions may alter the course of the medication given to the patient once the patient is removed from the anesthesia.

Respiratory System

Neurofibroma can cause systemic problems within the various components of the Respiratory System. As has already been presented, Neurofibromas can cause partial blockages within upper parts of the trachea. However, Neurofibromas can also pose challenges or the anesthesiologist when dealing with nasal, sinus or maxilofacial cavities with Neurofibromas present within. One example of how devastatingly complex the Neurofibroma can become is seen when a benign neurofibroma can cause a superior vena cava compression. Such was the case of a 21-year-old…

Management of Left Ventricular Heart
Words: 3436 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90872428
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(NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement, 2008)

The Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are stated to be "recommended as first-line treatment in all people with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) "with or without symptoms of heart failure." (NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement, 2008) Additionally it is stated that strong evidence exists that ACE inhibitors "...increase life expectancy in people with LVSD and reduce the risk of hospitalization -- the effect is greatest in those with more severe LVSD or more severe symptoms, but benefit occurs for all degrees of severity." (NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement, 2008)

Prescribed for individuals who are intolerant of ACE inhibitors due to cough are

Angiotensin-II receptor antagonists which provide an alternative to angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors." (NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement, 2008) There is stated to be evidence that AIIRAs supports life expectancy improvement and symptoms for those with heart failure due to…


Clinical Practice Guideline for Heart Failure Due to Left-Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction (2000) Kaiser Diagnostic and Treatment Documents. February 2000. Online available at: http://*****/cajud/heart/leftven.html

Heart Failure: Age from 16 Years Onwards (2008) Clinical Knowledge Summaries. NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement. Online available at:

NHS Confederation and BMA (2005) New GMS contract. Department of Health.

NICE (2002) Guidance on the use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and bupropion for smoking cessation. Technology appraisal no.39. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. [Accessed: 19/06/2007]. [Free Full-text]

Treating Sedative Hypnotic or Anxiolytic Use Disorder
Words: 2845 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 65911971
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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Techniques

For Treating Sedative, Hypnotic or Anxiolytic use disorder

Sedative-Hypnotic are a Class of Medications that Includes Barbiturates.

Sedative hypnotic refers to the medication such as benzodiazepines, barbiturates and nonbenzodiazepine. All these are medications used to treat insomnia. They are referred to as Z drugs because the members consist of zaleplon, the eszopiclone and zolpiden all of which contain letter Z. Benzodiazepines are the most prescribed drugs across the globe. They are used to treat anxiety, disorder, insomnia and panic disorders. The drugs are used to treat disorders even though they are hazardous, and expose the user to other conditions such as physical dependence misuse, overdose as well as abuse (Levounis, Herron & American Psychiatric Association, 2014). When the individuals become dependent, they suffer from anxiolytic, hypnotic or sedative; a condition where one becomes dependent on the substances that cause a calming effect. They may also suffer…


American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, ed. 5. Arlington, VA, APA Press.

Barlow, DH, Gorman, J. M., Shear, M. K., & Woods, S. W. (2000). Cognitive-behavioral therapy, imipramine, or their combination for panic disorder: A randomized controlled trial. Jama, 283(19), 2529-2536.

Doweiko, H. (2014). Concepts of chemical dependency. Nelson Education.

GonAalves, D. C., & Byrne, G. J. (2012). Interventions for generalized anxiety disorder in older adults: systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of anxiety disorders, 26(1), 1-11.

Style and Effect in Get Out
Words: 1003 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61145794
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The Sunken Place

In Jordan Peele’s (2017) film Get Out, the white antagonists desire to have themselves implanted into the bodies of African Americans. The process by which they engage in this scheme involves the use of hypnotherapy, which is conducted by Catherine Keener’s character Missy. Chris, the film’s protagonist, is lured to the home of the nefarious Armitage’s, where the head of household Dean is still nursing a grudge over his father’s loss to the African American sprinter Jesse Owens in a qualifying run for the Olympics. Revenge is one part of the motive of these deranged Caucasians; covetousness is the other—and Chris’s body and artistic talent is coveted by the blind art dealer Jim Hudson. In the “sunken place” scene in which Missy hypnotizes Chris for the first time, one of the film’s main themes—psychological oppression—is vividly depicted as Missy lays a guilt trap on Chris in order…

Othering in Shakespeare the Othering
Words: 1590 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84858673
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The moral question of the play is whether Shylock and Antonio -- and by extension those who close ranks around Antonio -- are truly different. Antonio and his friends are just as capable of the same "evil" which Shylock attempts to perpetrate -- just as Christians were the original antagonists of the story, before the roles were reversed -- yet the protagonists are greater in having a solidified group identity. The solidification of that identity, however, would not have been possible without the "evil other." So, is the process of othering moral? Certainly not, answers Shakespeare, but highly useful.

Who is The Merchant of Venice? Ostensibly, the title refers to Antonio, who is repeatedly called a merchant throughout the play. Yet, could not Shylock also be considered a type of merchant? Are not, as shown by their actions, Shylock and Antonio proven to be the same? The process of othering…


1. Shakespeare, William, edited by Leah S. Marcus The Merchant of Venice New York: Norton. 2004. Print

2. Shapiro, James Shakespeare and the Jews New York: Columbia University Press. 1996. Print

Nationalism in Movies Film as
Words: 1634 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Movie Review Paper #: 61776509
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Effectively, then, the insurgency is leftist, and in the cases of these films, the left wins, either by proxy or by morality and the world is once again a better place.


Braudy, L. And M. Cohen, eds., (2009). Film Theory and Criticism. Oxford University


Burgoyne, . (2010). Film Nation: Hollywood Looks at U.S. History. University of Minnesota Press.

Hayward, S. (2006). Cinema Studies: The Key Concepts. outledge.

Santas, C. (2007). The Epic in Film: From Myth to Blockbuster. owman and Littlefield.


Brown, Todd. (2007). "Footage from Taras Bulba." Twitch. Cited in:

"Cossack Brotherhood." (1962). Taras Bulba. Cited in:

"Lion of the Desert." (1981). Film Clip. Cited in:

"Michael Collins," (1986). Cited in:

"Taras Bulba." (1962). Cited in:

"The Patriot." (1998). Cited in:

"The Patriot." (1998) Film Clips. Cited in:

"V for Vendetta." (2005). Film Clips.…


Braudy, L. And M. Cohen, eds., (2009). Film Theory and Criticism. Oxford University


Burgoyne, R. (2010). Film Nation: Hollywood Looks at U.S. History. University of Minnesota Press.

Hayward, S. (2006). Cinema Studies: The Key Concepts. Routledge.

Neurotransmission OCD and the Psychotropic
Words: 2322 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 76916718
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Though a great deal more is known about neurotransmission today than was known at the beginning of the research associated with the initial biological discoveries of neurotransmitters and the neurotransmission process there is still a great deal to be discovered. Neurotransmission disorganization and impairment is clearly identified as a pervasive aspect of many psychological disorders. This is particularly true of the anxiety disorders and OCD. There is no doubt that increased understanding of the various mechanisms of OCD and normal neurotransmission will add to a greater research understanding of the biological causalities and modalities of OCD.

Though the most simplistic and earliest neurotransmission disturbance theories have been largely discounted the research has created ample evidence of disturbances in neurotransmission function (in more complex terms) as the root cause of several psychological disorders including various forms of anxiety disorders the subgroup which OCD falls into.

…this research has revealed the…


Goodman, W.K., Rudorfer, M.V., & Maser, J.D. (Eds.). (2000). Obsessive-compulsive disorder contemporary issues in treatment. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Hollander, E. Allen, A. Steiner, M. Wheadon, D.E. Oakes, R. Burnham, D.B. (September 2003) Acute and long-term treatment and prevention of relapse of obsessive-compulsive disorder with paroxetine. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 64(9) 1113-1121.

Howland, R.H. (2005). Chapter 6 Biological bases of psychopathology. In Psychopathology: Foundations for a Contemporary Understanding, Maddux, J.E. & Winstead, B.A. (Eds.) (pp. 109-119). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Liebowitz, M.R. Turner, S.M. Piacentini, J. Beidel, D.C. Clarvit, S.R. Davies, S.O. Graae, F. Jaffer, M. Lin, S. Sallee, F.R. Schmidt, A.B. Simpson, H.B. (December 2002) Fluoxetine in Children and Adolescents With OCD: A Placebo-Controlled Trial Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 41(12) 1431-1438.

Galectin-1 in the Regulation of
Words: 4060 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Introduction Paper #: 10094274
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The success was remarkable, according to the researchers: Even muscles that had already lost half of its mass, recovered visible. (Leppanen et al. p5549-65) At the same time, the mice survived for several weeks longer than their untreated counterparts and also developed a healthy appetite again. (Mantovani, p296) The new study is therefore interesting in two respects: First, it demonstrates that the muscle loss at least in animal models in fact, affects the chances of survival, and secondly, it shows a way, may be how to prevent this degradation, and even reversed. (Bruera et al. p857)

Muscle atrophy

Muscle atrophy is a medical term that refers to the decrease in the size of skeletal muscle, losing muscle strength because of the strength of muscle is related to its mass. (Burnfoot, p323-34)

All changes in cell morphological character may affect isolated cells or groups of them, therefore the modification of a…

Arthur Miller the Tragic Existence
Words: 1154 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94801945
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Willy suffers from the consequences of the internal and external conflicts in his life. One of the antagonists in this story is the false promise of the American Dream, not another person per se. Willy is unable to become rich and show his family his own worth through material possessions, despite his hard work and perseverance, which is a conflict to him because he believed that would happen. He believes that the company he has been employed by for decades will promote him, but instead he is fired. He has worked hard and struggled to provide for his family, yet his sons reject him. Willy learns that the truths he has believed in life are actually false promises. These conflicts are all caused by the antagonist of the play, and losing his job and income and therefore perceiving himself to have let everyone, including himself, down are his external conflicts.…

National Treasure the Liberalism in
Words: 1198 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80612164
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This alone is a powerful image of civil rights, yet the scene evolves into one of the chief antagonist of the film trying to intercept the secret codes from the child. These codes are critical to unlocking the anagram on the back of the Declaration and while the antagonists succeed in learning from the boy what he is doing, Ben Gates' team misses being captured. This tension in the film continues with the conflict centering on knowledge of the treasure, and all along the real treasure is freedom.

The many explosive scenes that Director Jerry Bruckheimer is famous for also underscore the liberalism within this film. Starting with the first explosive scene where the Charlotte, an ancient whaling ship that contains a critical piece of evidence that will be used for solving another clue leading to the location of the map of the Templar's fortune. The center of conflict in…

Archibald the Arctic the Cathedral
Words: 1660 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19543242
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The narrator in "Reunion" has an optimistic understanding of life and feels that it would be impossible for him and his father not to have a good time going out. Even with the fact that he is aware of his father's drinking problem, he feels that their relationship is stronger than his father's need for alcohol and that they are probable to overcome their issues as a result of communicating. Alcohol is actually one of the reasons for which Charlie opens his eyes and sees the horrible truth regarding his father. It is then when he realizes that his father cannot get rid of his alcohol problem and that it would be best for him to avoid ever seeing him again.

Charlie virtually experiences rebirth as he sees his father drinking heavily and behaving aggressively. He realizes that this is who his father is and that this person is never…

Works cited:

Carver, Raymond, "The Cathedral"

Cheever, John, "Reunion"

Winter, Michael, "Archibald the Arctic"

Walter Mitty and the Story of an
Words: 2075 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65878836
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Walter Mitty and the Story Of an Hour

An Analysis of Thurber's "Mitty" and Chopin's "Story"

James Thurber's comic "Secret Life of Walter Mitty" and Kate Chopin's "Story of an Hour" may at first glance seem to have little in common. One is the humorous tale of an aloof husband who spends more time in his imagination than with his wife in reality. The other is a short, level-toned narrative that describes a woman's exultation upon learning that her husband has died. Setting style and structure aside, the two stories actually begin with a common theme (even though they treat of it differently): that theme is the escape from one's spouse. This paper will compare and contrast the theme, structure, literary elements, style and definition of Thurber's "Walter Mitty" and Chopin's "Story" and show how the two authors take one idea in two completely different directions only to arrive at…

Reference List

Berkove, L. (2000). Fatal Self-Assertion in Kate Chopin's "The Story of an Hour."

American Literary Realism, 32(2), 152-158.

Chopin, K. (1894). The Story of an Hour. Retrieved from 

Deneau, D. (2003). Chopin's The Story of an Hour. The Explicator, 61(4), 210-213.

Justification of War
Words: 3362 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56229409
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Just War" Theory

The idea of a 'just war' is a conundrum. How can one group of people consider their actions 'right' or 'just' to apply military force against an another group. When can one group's actions, which will create devastation, economic difficulty, and death to thousands of people, be considered 'right?' In a civilized society, the concept of a 'just war' has become the centerpiece of many discussions, and has acted as a gate keeper, restraining hawkish tendencies of nations who pride themselves in freedom, and individual liberty. In order for a nation to engage in an activity which creates harm for another group, there must be a justifiable reason.

Just-war theory deals with the justification of how wars are fought, and attempts to give answers for why. Often the justification is based in either theoretical (ethical arguments) or in long standing historical hostilities between peoples. The theoretical aspect…


Arner, L. History Lessons from the End of Time: Gower and the English Rising of 1381. CLIO, Vol. 31, 2002

Augustine, The City of God (New York: Random House, 1950), Books 1, 3, and 4.

Holy Bible, King James Editions. Philadephia: WW Kirkbride and Co.1969.

Mosely, Alex. Just War Theory. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Accessed 30 March 2004. Website:

Poppy Production in Afghanistan
Words: 2669 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37582050
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Target ecommendations

The current opium irradiation program in Afghanistan is failing to address the long-term challenges impacting the country (i.e. poverty, a lack of economic opportunities and corruption). This is resulting in the Taliban and organized crime utilizing it as an avenue to create greater amounts of instability. In the ten years, seizures of opium and heroin have declined by 57 and 77% respectively. This is problematic, as it is making it difficult for the country to move forward beyond the decades of civil war. (Ackerman, 2014)

To address these issues, a new approach must be used that are showing the way forward. This will be accomplished by providing policy recommendations and suggesting a future course of action which can reverse key trends. Together, these insights will enhance stability and decrease the influence of the Taliban / organized crime elements.

Policy ecommendations

The opium trade and poverty are directly related…


Drug War? American Troops are Protecting Afghan Opium. (2014) Global Research. Retrieved from: - opium-u-s-occupation-leads-to-all-time-high-heroin-production/5358053

The Most Addictive Drugs. (2014). Rehabs. Retrieved from: 

National Drug Policy. (2001). Canadian Parliament. Retrieved from: .

Ackerman, S. (2014). Afghan Opium Production Explodes. The Guardian. Retrieved from: - billions-spent-us-report

Calcium in Bones
Words: 541 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35676155
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Calcium in Bones

Different hormones regulate calcium level in the bone matrix, which hormones and specify the one that is more important if any. Do they work together or antagonist toward each other?

Indeed, most calcium in one's body is located in one thing…bones. About 99% of all calcium in one's body is in the bones. There are three main hormones that are involved in the regulation of calcium in the body. Those hormones are parathyroid, vitamin D and calcitonin. Calcium movement in the blood is regulated by to main organs, one's gut and one's kidneys. Vitamin D comes from food and lack of it can lead to weakening of bones. Calcitonin is produced by the thyroid is used to lower blood calcium levels. By contrast, parathyroid is produced by the thyroid as well and does the opposite. So to answer the question, the latter two of those two hormones…

Hormones playing off each other and offsetting the effects of the other is definitely not limited to calcium regulation. Antagonists can be harnessed to help prevent bone loss but they can also be used to combat and affect other things. Just as vitamin D can be taken as a means to support healthy bone health (among other things), people often take angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and beta-blockers to help prevent hormones from doing something that is less than desirable for certain patients. It would be like blocking the calcium-reducing hormones so that the bone-building calcium hormones can do what they do without having to compete and offset what the blockers are doing.

However, it has to be kept in mind that while the body might need a nudge here and there to help with things like heart health and calcium regulation, tinkering with the body's hormones structure and pathways can lead to side effects and other issues. Further, deficiencies in hormones and vitamins can cause issues but a glut of them can hurt as well. Too little vitamin C, for example, can cause scurvy while too much can cause other issues. Even calcium regulation can have effect on the heart as some drugs are called calcium channel blockers and they serve as a means to relax blood vessels and reduce workload on the heart. Everything is a tradeoff and something (like broken bones) tend to wane in comparison to some other things (heart attacks, strokes, etc.). Any treatment or drug regimen needs be done only after considering the current state of affairs and what is likely to change if a drug or supplement is taken by a patient.  /

Nursing and Midwifery Cancer Scenario
Words: 2821 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28937469
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treatment using the drug, tamoxifen, and higher mortality rates in females aged over forty years. The peer-reviewed papers employed for this study reveal a dynamic scrutiny of the aforementioned link. Quantitative as well as qualitative research works have been utilized, with a comparison and contrast made of the most apt methodology employed by the researchers. The end goal is ascertaining whether or not it is a risky decision to not adhere to tamoxifen treatment and how much information patients possess with regard to the drug and its effects.

The esearch Question and its Importance

After the diagnosis of her health condition, Ms. Jones is prescribed tamoxifen as medication. For an entire year, Ms. Jones fails to consume this prescribed drug. Upon revisiting the hospital after a year of not complying with this recommended treatment plan, she is told that her cancer has reappeared and is much more lethal than before.…


ANS (2010) Cancer Facts And Figures 2010. American Cancer Society.

Banerjee, S., Saxena, N., Sengupta, K. and Banerjee, S. K. (2003) 17 alpha-estradiol-induced VEGF-A expression in rat pituitary tumor cells is mediated through ER independent but PI3K-Akt dependent signaling pathway. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.300, 209-215.

Banning M (2012). Adherence to adjuvant therapy in post-menopausal breast cancer patients: a review cc_1295 1.10

Interpreting Biblical Text
Words: 658 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97483256
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Philippians 4:13 ("I can do all things through him who strengthens me")

This Scripture is regularly understood as a divine promise that whatever problems a Christian may encounter in life such as math test, swimming competition and boxing match, he/she will be victorious. The verse has become very popular among Christians and even non-Christians who use it as a divine promise for conquering every challenge or issue in life. For many people, this verse is always recited when they need powers/authority from God to conquer a challenge in life or overcome an enemy. However, the literary context of this verse shows that it's the most misunderstood, misinterpreted, and misused Scripture. From the literary context, Paul is showing his contentment in every situation when in need or when he has plenty. This verse is part of a larger idea of contentment despite of the current situation and needs. Therefore, this…

Dr Mari Kathleen Fielder Subject
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 55556924
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I think this comes from the "underdog factor" where people who were originally persecuted find retribution and are able to live happily ever after so to speak.

Part II: Structural Analysis

1. How many plots are there? Identify each by citing the main conflicting forces in each

specified as ____ vs.


Robert vs. English Government/Kinchela/Duff


Kinchela/Duff vs. Conn


Robert's desire to marry Arte and retain the family plot vs. struggle against the charges being brought against him

2. In each plot, who is the protagonist? (Why?)

a. Robert- He is seen as the hero of the Irish against the English, being persecuted by the English.

b. Conn- He is the "good" character, fighting for Robert's freedom and for vengeance against Kinchela and Duff. Both men plot to kill Robert, initially, then Conn.

c. Desire to marry and live happily ever after- This desire, or spirit, lies within…

Beta Blockers Invented by Sir
Words: 1964 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19181337
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After studying the cardiovascular effects of various catecholamines, Moran and his research partner, Perkins, are published in the same journal as Ahlquist arguing "that DCI's activity belonged to Ahlquist's 'beta-adrenergic' type, and coined the term 'beta-adrenergic blocking drug', later shortened to 'beta-blocker'"


Sir James Black joins the cardiovascular team at Imperial Chemical Industries, Ltd., reads Moran's research and realizes the possibilities of synthesizing an analog to DCI that would be clinically useful.


Black's ICI report contradicts Waring's arguing that the "altered fat metabolism with associated changes in blood coagulability interact, permissively, with sympathetic neurohumoural stress responses to produce fatal damage."


Black synthesizes propranolol (Inderal)


ICI launches Black's first beta blocker treatment -- pronethalol (Alderlin).


The first clinical studies are conducted for the use of proopranolol.


ICI launches propranolol, the replacement for propranolol as it was found to cause thymic tumors in mice.



Altman, L. (2 Feb 1982), New class of drugs revolutionizes therapy for heart disease, [Online], Available:  [22/10/09].

Archard, G. (2005), Beta-Blocker Use in CHF Patients: History of CHF Treatments, [Online], Available:  [22/10/09].

Betaxolol, (2008), [Online], Available:  [22/10/09].

Bisoprolol, (2008), [Online], Available:  [22/10/09].

The Moral Landscape of Pre
Words: 6045 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 57381349
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On the threshold of the Civil Rights movement, Baldwin would publish
Notes of a Native Son. Though 1953's Go Tell It On The Mountain would be
perhaps Baldwin's best known work, it is this explicitly referential
dialogic follow-up to right's
Native Son that would invoke some of the most compelling insights which
Baldwin would have to offer on the subject of American racism. This is,
indeed, a most effectively lucid examination from the perspective of a
deeply self-conscious writer enduring the twin marks in a nation of
virulent prejudice of being both African American and homosexual. The
result of this vantage is a set of essays that reaches accord with right's
conception of the socially devastating impact of segregation on the psyche,
conscience and real opportunity but also one that takes issue with the
brutality of Bigger, a decidedly negative image to be invoked of the black
man in America.…

Works Cited:

Baldwin, J. (1955). Notes of a Native Son. Beacon Press.

Gilliam, F.D. (2002). Farther to Go. University of California at Los

Wikipedia. (2009). James Baldwin. Wikimedia, Ltd. Inc.
Wright, R. (1940). Native Son. Chicago: First Perennial Classics, edition

Mechanics of Police Report Writing
Words: 4085 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70062441
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One of the paramedics was Latina, and she translated; the female (Ms. Garcia) was married to the suspect but says she divorced him last year due to his violent episodes and his drinking and drug use, according to the translation from the Paramedic.

Witness Report:

"A neighbor in a nearby apartment knocked on the door and said she had witnessed the female being harmed by the suspect more than once. The witness, Alice Mercado, 27, bilingual and employed as a maid in a nearby motel, said she had heard fighting coming from the apartment in the past on many occasions. Sometimes she was afraid to come to see what was happening because the suspect was unpredictable and explosively violent when under the influence of alcohol and crack cocaine, she said. She told this officer that she once had a relationship with the suspect prior to his marriage to her neighbor.…

Massacre at El Mozote
Words: 2352 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43424229
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Massacre at El Mozote

This report is a critical book review of Mark Danner's excellent 1994 book called "The Massacre at El Mozote: A Parable of the Cold ar" published by Vintage Books, a division of Random House. The book comes highly acclaimed from sources such as the ashington Post and New York Times. "Once in a rare while a writer re-examines a debated episode of recent history with such thoroughness and integrity that the truth can no longer be in doubt. Mark Danner did just that in a long article that took up most of last week's issue of The New Yorker. Mr. Danner's subject was the massacre in December 1981 in the Salvadoran village of El Mozote." (Lewis) The review is basically a reaction paper where I point our some of the book's strengths and weaknesses as well as describe to content of the book and my understanding…

Works Cited

Danner, Mark D. The Massacre at El Mozote: A Parable of the Cold War. 1st ed. New York: Vintage Books, 1994.

Lewis, Anthony. "Abroad at Home; The Whole Truth." New York Times [New York] December 6, 1993. 5 Dec. 2004 .

Faerie Queen Arthur as a
Words: 1321 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1735797
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And the historic facts of those tribes (the amphictyon, twelve clans that rotate the functions of the priest so that each clan has those duties for one month of the year) may have been used by Spenser to build his knight's story around in a sense.

Because meanwhile, the knights in Spenser's tale seem to "...rotate the service of virtue from legend to legend, which the stationless and free-lance Arthur functions once in each of their legends in their stead - like an itinerant Levite" (Nohrnberg, p. 39).

Meanwhile, Arthur is often the right man at the right time: "When the rightful exponent of any virtue in its normal functioning is helpless or elsewhere, it is the moment for Arthur, the helper from heaven" (Parker, 1960). When the Salvage Man has gone past the limits he can deal with, along comes Arthur along that forest path, to help.

And Spenser,…


Nohrnberg, James. The Analogy of the Faerie Queene. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976.

Parker, Pauline M. The Allegory of the Faerie Queene. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1960.

Spenser, Edmund. Faerie Queene, Book I. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1896.

Explicit Content
Words: 898 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66235022
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War Address" by F.D. Roosevelt

Discussion analysis on Franklin D. Roosevelt's "Infamy Speech"

The Second World War had been noted as the most destructive conflict in the history of humanity, mainly because it involved and separated nations of the world into two factions: the Axis and Alliance powers. These factions reflect the kind of conflict that led to the declaration of the world war, wherein the Axis group was composed primarily of Germany, Italy, and Japan, while the Grand Alliance involved the United States, Britain, and France. The Grand Alliance was formed as a protest against the Nazi government, led by Adolf Hitler, implemented its anti-Semitism propaganda across Europe, and it moved on to include the Asian region as well (with the participation of Japan).

The Pearl Harbor attack against the United States served as the catalyst that led to its participation as member of the Grand Alliance and involvement…

Million Americans Suffer From Migraine
Words: 4204 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23813287
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Continued use of some anti-migraine drugs has been found to lead to what is known as "rebound headache," a condition marked by frequent and chronic headaches, especially in the early morning hours. The condition can be prevented if the patient takes the drugs only on a doctor's supervision and when taken only in minimal doses. Those suffering from frequent attacks may need preventive therapy (Robinson 1999).

There are alternative treatment modes aimed at preventing migraine (Robinson 1999). ecause it is often linked with food allergies and intolerances, the identification and elimination of the offending foods can contain or decrease the frequency of the attacks. Herbal therapy with the use of feverfew or chrysanthemum parthenium can work this way. iofeedback training may also help prevent some vascular changes when an attack begins by increasing the flow of blood to the extremities. The patient must put the lights down low, put his…


Cottrell, C.K. et al. (2002). Perceptions and Needs of Patients with Migraine. Health and Fitness. Journal of Family Practice.  

Contingency Management Alcohol & Marijuana
Words: 11354 Length: 41 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27822679
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" (1995)

The authors state: "The amphetamines occasioned dose-related increases in d- amphetamine-appropriate responding, whereas hydromorphone did not. Amphetamines also occasioned dose-related increases in reports of the drug being most like "speed," whereas hydromorphone did not. However, both amphetamines and hydromorphone occasioned dose-related increases in reports of drug liking and in three scales of the ARCI. Thus, some self-report measures were well correlated with responding on the drug-appropriate lever and some were not. Lamb and Henningfield (1994) suggest that self-reports are complexly controlled by both the private event and the subject's history of experience with the drug. Some of the self-reports they observed (e.g., feels like speed) are probably occasioned by a relatively narrow range of stimuli because in the subject's experience with drug administration, these reports have been more selectively reinforced by the verbal community relative to other reports (e.g., drug liking). They also suggest that these results imply…


Budney, Alan J. et al. (2006) Clinical Trial of Abstinence-Based Vouchers and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Cannabis Dependence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 2006. Vol.. 74 No. 2. 2006 American Psychological Association.

McRae, a.; Budney, a.; & Brady, K. (2002) Treatment of Marijuana Dependence: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 24 (2003)

Pathways of Addiction: Opportunities in Drug Abuse Research (1996) Institute of Medicine (IOM)

Kamon, J; Budney, a. & Stanger, C. (2005)a Contingency Management Intervention for Adolescent Marijuana Abuse and Conduct Problems. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 44(6):513-521, June 2005.

Conspiracy Films Generally Succeed in
Words: 889 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39916050
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Jerry appears to be a lunatic during the first few scenes of the film and it is actually difficult to determine whether the stories that he relates to are true or whether he is just another crazy person that one might find during a casual taxi ride. The most impressive thing about both of these characters is that they do not seem capable to do a great deal of things in order to defeat their antagonists, considering that Langdon is just a simple teacher in charge of putting down some of the most evil individuals belonging to the feared Illuminati group and that Jerry is a taxi driver who wants to fight agencies like NASA and governmental agents who are in charge of one of the most intricate conspiracy in all of history.

Even with this, both of these characters manage to complete their missions successfully as they come across…

Works cited:

Dir. Richard Donner, Conspiracy Theory, Warner Bros. 1997

Dir. Ron Howard, the Da Vinci Code, Columbia Pictures, 2006

Alex Cross Evinces the Fact
Words: 1313 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 56227871
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This part of the movie has little intrinsic value for the movie as a whole, yet is responsible for setting the events in motion that result in Cross's character's subversion. In fact, Cross's jailhouse visits actually aid him in his subversive attempts to destroy Picasso by illicit means when the former breaks into his own police department and steals the one piece of evidence that can free the imprisoned girl and dispel any criminal wrongdoing on the part of her uncle in exchange for her uncle's help in locating Picasso. The fact that the girl's uncle is a criminal, and that Cross is working to both help free him from any wrongdoing as well as to illicitly kill Picasso, demonstrates just how profound his subversion is.

Virtually all of Hitchcock's masterful thriller's end fairly abruptly with a degree of ambiguity that leaves audiences unsure how to feel about the character…

Works Cited

Alex Cross. Dir. Rob. Cohen. Perf. Tyler Perry, Matthew Fox, Edward Burns. 2012. Film.

Lowe, Nick. "The Well Tempered Plot Device." Ansible. (46). 1986. Web.

Sharkey, Betsy. "Review: 'Alex Cross' and Tyler Perry are Armed with Silly Lines." Los Angeles Times. 2012. Web.

Truffaut, Francois, Hitchcock, Alfred, Scott, Helen. Hitchcock. New York: Simon & Schuster. 1985. Print.

Atropine Pharmacokinetics Atropine Has Many
Words: 667 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69344998
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After atropine has prevented acetylcholine from binding and has produced its effects on the body, it will then need to be removed from the body so as to not be constantly blocking the muscarinic receptors. This would mean that if the atropine isn't metabolized and then excreted, a constant influx of acetylcholine would build up, causing lethal effects on the individual (Katzung, Masters, & Trevor, 2012). The body alters the drug in Phase I and Phase II through oxidation by adding a hydroxyl group to the atropine molecule in order to make it hydrophilic, allowing it to travel to the renal system for excretion for rapid and successful elimination. While half of the atropine drug is metabolized and hydrolyzed to tropine and tropic acid, half of it is excreted unchanged through the renal and urinary system. Atropine follows the cytochrome P450 enzyme system, so in order for excretion to occur,…


Katzung, B.G., Masters, S.B., & Trevor, A.J. (2012). Basic and clinical pharmacology. (12th ed.). New York: McGrawHill.

Western Films Provide Information That
Words: 1580 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 77900280
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Also, these concepts emphasize the limits associated with the American peoples, as by being as realistic as they possibly could be they made it possible for viewers to accept that a estern did not necessarily have to involve a heroic cowboy running off into the sunset consequent to killing the bad guys and saving the damsels in distress.

These films were all about presenting American values as realistically as possible with the purpose of influencing viewers to accept that there is actually much more to the American culture than one might be inclined to believe.

orks cited:

Campbell, Jeff, "USA 5th Edition," (Lonely Planet, 01.03.2008)

"3:10 to Yuma," Retrieved March 20, 2013, from the Reel Gouda ebsite:

"Yippie ki-yay! The western's not ridden off into the sunset yet," Retrieved March 20, 2013, from the Guardian ebsite:

Karnick, S.T. "3:10 to Yuma: Review," Retrieved March 20, 2013, from the…

Works cited:

Campbell, Jeff, "USA 5th Edition," (Lonely Planet, 01.03.2008)

"3:10 to Yuma," Retrieved March 20, 2013, from the Reel Gouda Website: 

"Yippie ki-yay! The western's not ridden off into the sunset yet," Retrieved March 20, 2013, from the Guardian Website: 

Karnick, S.T. "3:10 to Yuma: Review," Retrieved March 20, 2013, from the American Culture Website:

Didacticism in English Literature From
Words: 2121 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 72486128
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Thisclearly implies that this sort of perception was more of a weakness than an advantage.

Samuel Johnson's "The Vanity of Human ishes"

In this poem, the author demonstrates to the audience the reality of struggle in life. The author, just like, he mentions in the poem's title demonstrates how human wishes are, in many cases egoistic and useless. According to Meyers (p 1), Johnson had his reflection long years of human struggle, unavoidable fates, and theerroneous hopes. The author demonstrates some of the common situations that ordinary human being experience under the authority of certain political powers, which seem to have a hand in the sealing of their destinies. The author, in exploring this demonstrates how cruel, humiliating, and unwarranted such treatments are. The actions that the persona witnesses in the society make life to him more of a tragedy than anything else does. He in fact states that the…

Works cited

Chaucer, Geofrey. & Purves, Laing, D, the Canterbury Tales, Auckland: The Floating Press, 2012

Cunningham, J. S, Samuel Johnson: The vanity of human wishes and Rasselas, London: Edward Arnold, 1982

Flohr, Birgitt, Swift's Attitude to Reason in Book IV of Gulliver's travels "Swift Was a Rationalist with No Faith in Reason." Retrieved August 5, 2013, 

The Life and Death of Julies Caesar Shakespeare homepage | Julius Caeser | Entire play, Retrieved, August 5, 2013,

Discovering Statistics Music Valence and Gender Influence
Words: 2203 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Lab Report Paper #: 24064783
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Discovering Statistics

Music Valence and Gender Influence Word ecall Task

A person's state of arousal can determine how well their memory functions. This phenomenon is readily apparent when persons experiencing a traumatic event find it difficult to ever escape these memories, memories that can recur unbidden in people suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder. ecent research examining the influence of relaxing music found a similar effect, such that relaxing music impairs memory coding and consolidation. Towards the goal expanding on these results, an experiment was conducted that tested the influence of classical (relaxing), rock (stimulating), and no music on word recall performance, but stratified by gender. The results indicated that overall, classical music significantly impaired recall performance when compared to subjects listening to rock music or no music, but rock music provided no benefit. What is novel about these findings is that significant differences in memory performance were found between genders.…


Field, Andy. (2012). Discovering statistics: Experimental project. Retrieved 9 Dec. 2012 from .

Hoskins, Tanya. (n.d.). Parametric and nonparametric: Demystifying the terms. Retrieved 9 Dec. 2012 from .

Lifeson, Alex, Lee, Geddy, and Peart, Neil. (2007). The Main Monkey Business. On Snakes & Arrows [CD]. New York: Atlantic Records.

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. (1788). Symphony No. 40 in G minor (KV. 550) [Recorded by Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra with Leonard Bernstein on 19 Sep. 1995]. On Mozart: Symphonies Nos. 40 & 41 [CD]. Berlin: Deutsche Grammophon.

Stand Your Ground Constitutionality 'Stand Your Ground'
Words: 704 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12118994
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Stand your ground: Constitutionality

'Stand your ground' is not a new doctrine, according to the laws of the land. Its strongest support can be found in the case of Beard v. United States (1895). In the case of Beard, the court found that a "man assailed on his own grounds, without provocation, by a person armed with a deadly weapon and apparently seeking his life is not obliged to retreat, but may stand his ground and defend himself with such means as are within his control; and so long as there is no intent on his part to kill his antagonist, and no purpose of doing anything beyond what is necessary to save his own life, [he] is not guilty of murder or manslaughter if death results to his antagonist from a blow given him under such circumstance" (Beard v. United States, Justia).

In the Beard case, during a dispute…

Works Cited

Beard v. United States (1895). Find Law. [30 May 2012] 

Beard v. United States (1895). Justia. [30 May 2012]

Affect of Tylenol Overdose on the Cardiopulmonary System
Words: 2649 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 63499844
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Tylenol Overdose

Health Sciences 101

The Health Impact of Acetaminophen Overdose

Acetaminophen (APAP) is a common over-the-counter (OTC), antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic that is more commonly known as Tylenol®, a product of Johnson & Johnson1. Overseas the drug is called paracetamol and is manufactured and sold by countless generic drug makers.

A number of concerns regarding the safety of APAP have arisen over the past several years, including liver and kidney toxicity and adverse cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary effects. This essay will provide an overview of APAP, its uses, and safety issues, with an emphasis on the cardiopulmonary system.

Mechanisms of APAP Activity

The analgesic and antipyretic activity of APAP was thought to be similar to other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications because it was believed to inhibit prostaglandin (PGE2) synthesis2,3. This assumption has not withstood the test of time, for either APAP or other popular OTC non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The main evidence…

Works Cited

1. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine. Tylenol (TN): Substance summary (SID 7847284). PubChem 2011. Accessed 5 Nov 2011 at 

2. Hamza M, Dionne RA. Mechanisms of non-opioid analgesics beyond cyclooxygenase enzyme inhibition. Curr Mol Pharmacol 2009; 2(1):1-14.

3. Kaufman G. Basic pharmacology of non-opioid analgesics. Nurs Stand 2010; 24(30):55-61.

4. Chan AT, Manson JE, Albert CM, Chae CU, Rexrode KM, Curhan GC, et al. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, acetaminophen, and the risk of cardiovascular events. Circulation 2006; 113(12):1578-1587.

O rother, Where Art Thou?

Homer in Hollywood: The Coen rothers' O rother, Where Art Thou?

Could a Hollywood filmmaker adapt Homer's Odyssey for the screen in the same way that James Joyce did for the Modernist novel? The idea of a high-art film adaptation of the Odyssey is actually at the center of the plot of Jean-Luc Godard's 1963 film Contempt, and the Alberto Moravia novel on which Godard's film is based. In Contempt, Prokosch, a rich American dilettante film producer played by Jack Palance, hires Fritz Lang to film a version of Homer's Odyssey, then hires a screenwriter to write it and promptly ruins his marriage to rigitte ardot. Fritz Lang gamely plays himself -- joining the ranks of fellow "arty" German-born directors who had earlier deigned to act before the camera (like Erich von Stroheim in Wilder's Sunset oulevard, playing a former director not unlike himself, or…


Peter Biskind, Easy Riders, Raging Bulls How the Sex-Drugs-and-Rock'N'Roll Generation Saved Hollywood. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1999. Print.

Cavell, Stanley. Pursuits of Happiness: the Hollywood Comedy of Remarriage. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984. Print.

Connors, Catherine. Petronius the Poet: Verse and Literary Tradition in the Satyricon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Print.

Doom, Ryan P. The Brothers Coen: Unique Characters of Violence. Santa Barbara, Denver and Oxford: Praeger / ABC-CLIO, 2009. Print.

Lady With the Pet Dog According to
Words: 1158 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65241055
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Lady ith the Pet Dog

According to Vladimir Nabokov, "The Lady with the Pet Dog" is referred to be one of the greatest stories ever written. The story was published in 1899, revealing a symbolic suitability according to the era. Chekhov, who was to die within five years, is revealed in the story as reinventing the form for the 20th century. In the context of this short tale, Gurov experiences an unfamiliar and winding course of principled and emotional growth that is not expected by most of the readers.

The author of "The Lady with the Pet Dog" is Anton Chekhov. Realizing the time, the cultures and the two continents transversely, Chekhov narrates tales of concealed love that extends deep into the lives, fears and hopes of men and women who are married. Such pairs struggle to traverse past their marriages that are fruitless and devoid of love in order…

Works Cited

Born Again: A Comparison of Two Tales of "The Lady with the Pet Dog."

Evolution in Before Adam Jack London Was
Words: 633 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50500143
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Evolution in efore Adam

Jack London was, in keeping with his time, fascinated with the emerging Theory of Evolution. This is evident in a number of his works, but no more so than in efore Adam. In this novella London places evolution in a central role, not simply choosing to highlight it in a passage here and there, as he does in Daughter of the Snows and White Fang, but by using it to supply the central conflict and to propel the narrative forward. As the narrator himself says in the opening chapters, "Evolution was the key. It gave the explanation, gave sanity to the pranks of this atavistic brain of mine that, modern and normal, harked back to a past so remote as to be contemporaneous with the raw beginnings of mankind."

The words 'atavist' and 'atavistic' are used repeatedly throughout the text. These words, nearly foreign to us…


London, Before Adam. New York: Macmillan, 1907.

London, Before Adam, p.11

London, Before Adam, p.9

London, Before Adam, p.10

Post War Iraq a Paradox in the Making Legitimacy vs Legality
Words: 14187 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57694954
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Post War Iraq: A Paradox in the Making: Legitimacy vs. legality

The regulations pertaining to the application of force in International Law has transformed greatly from the culmination of the Second World War, and again in the new circumstances confronting the world in the aftermath of the end of the Cold War. Novel establishments have been formed, old ones have withered away and an equally enormous quantity of intellectual writing has studied this, which is debatably the most significant sphere of international law. Any discussion on the lawful use of armed force ought to start with the United Nations Charter. The Charter redefined understanding of the legitimacy of the application of force by outlining situations under which it is allowed.1

The guiding theory of the Charter is affirmed in its Preamble that armed forces should not be used except in the general interest. Article 2(4) of the Charter preserves this…


Bailey, Sydney D. Four Arab-Israeli Wars and the Peace Process. Palgrave: Macmillan, 1990

Barber, Benjamin. Fear's Empire: War, Terrorism and Democracy. W.W. Norton and Company, 2003

Barton, F.D; Crocker, B. Winning the Peace in Iraq. Washington Quarterly Volume: 26, Number: 2. Spring 2003, pp. 7-22.

Bijl, Nick van der. Nine Battles to Stanley. Pen and Sword Books, 1999

Meetings Brenda a Pakistani Woman Calls You
Words: 3476 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 10059479
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meetings, Brenda, a Pakistani woman, calls you and requests a private session. When you ask her why she wants an individual session, she tells you that she is having trouble trusting most of the members of the group, and it is keeping her from participating. You suggest that she bring up this matter first in the group, and she tells you that she simply is not willing to take that risk.

Would you be willing to see Brenda individually?

Yes, I would be willing to see Brenda for one session because that would give me the opportunity to get a feel of where her trusting issues may have stemmed from, and gauge further her suitability for the group (Spitz, 2013). The session would, however, not be geared at counseling, but on obtaining first-hand information from her on what she expected of the group and the rest of the participants, why…


Bieling, P.J., McCabe, R.E. & Anthony, M. M. (2013). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in Groups. London, UK: Guilford Press

Clark, A.J. (2011). Scapegoating: Dynamics and Interventions in Group Psychotherapy. Journal of Counseling and Development, 80(3), 271-276.

Moreno, J.K. (2007). Scapegoating in Group Psychotherapy. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 57(1), 93-104.

Spitz, H.I. (2013). Group Psychotherapy and Managed Mental Healthcare: A Clinical Guide for Providers. New York, NY: Routledge