Apocalypse Now Essays Examples

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Apocalypse Concerning the Apocalypse in Art of the Technological Era

Words: 4255 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44389119

Apocalypse of Art in the Tech Era

Modern Apocalypse Art and Technological Aspects

The purpose of this paper is to examine modern art, in particular that which is referred to as "apocalypse art" and further to examine the interactions between art and technology. Specifically this paper will look at the new dimensions that technology has contributed to the rendering of art as well as what contribution or impact that art has rendered to technology.

The methodology for this study is through examination of several of the artists as well as scholars who are in some way interconnected in this process of producing apocalypse art.

The question that seems to weigh on the minds of those who view the modern "apocalypse" art exhibits asks:

Has this artist attempted to achieve the effect of shock or is the artist attempting to convey some deeper truth?"

London's Art Gallery featured an exhibit entitled "Apocalypse" in the year of 2000. Reports were many but the theme of the reports were pretty much the same which was that of shock, ridicule and disbelief that the artist could take themselves as "real." Reuters News, London, description of the exhibit was:

giant sculpture in the shape of…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Two Characters in a Fiction About an Apocalypse

Words: 1087 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68736173

Walk to the End of the World

It is a post-apocalyptic account of a journey of a father and his young son over a time of several months, across a landscape blasted by an unspecified cataclysm that has destroyed most of civilization and, in the interceding years, all life on Earth. George and his child Tim proceed with a trip together where they know they won't survive. The area is loaded with fiery remains and without living creatures and vegetation. A significant number of remaining human survivors have depended on savagery, searching the debris of city and nation alike for substance. The boy's mom, pregnant with him at the season of the catastrophe, surrendered trust and conferred suicide some time before the story started, in spite of the father's requests. Acknowledging they can't survive the approaching winter where they are, the father takes the boy south, along unfilled streets towards the ocean, conveying their small belonging in their rucksacks and a general store truck.

When he woke up in the woods, it was dark. He reached out to touch the boy resting close to him. Evenings dull past dimness. Furthermore, the days dimmer than what had gone some time recently.…… [Read More]

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Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad

Words: 2318 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74093154

Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now

Comparing and Contrasting Coppola's Apocalypse with Conrad's Darkness

While Francis Ford Coppola's Apocalypse Now is framed by the music of The Doors, Joseph Conrad's novella Heart of Darkness, upon which the film is based, uses the narration of Marlow as a framing device for the murky tale of the "horror" that hides in the human heart. The difference in framing devices has more to do with the difference in medium and inspiration than it does in overall meaning (Greiff 188) -- and yet the music of The Doors provides a much bleaker context for the narrative that Coppola explores in Apocalypse Now than the stylishly literary and ultimately ironic narrative woven by Conrad. Coppola, in fact, updated the narrative in a number of other ways -- namely in the shift of time and setting from the Congo at the turn of the century to the Mekong River in Vietnam during the Vietnam War. However, if Conrad is writing at one remove from the Age of Faith, writing as he says out of love for Fidelity as an ideal (Najder 204), Coppola is filming at one remove from Conrad, illustrating a world that has regressed…… [Read More]

Ebert, Roger. "Apocalypse Now (1979)." Chicago Sun-Times. 1999. Web. 5 Oct

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Heart of Darkness

Words: 1351 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13280356

Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now

Heart of Darkness

The film version of Conrad's famous novel Heart of Darkness by Francis Ford Coppola entitled Apocalypse Now has been acclaimed as an important and insightful film. The novel is based on the early colonial invasion of Africa, while the film version deals with the context and the reality of the Vietnam War.

However, the film follows the major themes and underlying meaning of the novel and in fact expands on the novel by bringing these themes into the modern context. Coppola's film is essentially successful in capturing the atmosphere of the book and in portraying the conflict between good and evil in the human heart -- especially with regards to the character of Kurtz.

It should be noted that Coppola saw the film as much more than just another movie about the Vietnam conflict and the horror and confusion of that war. At the Cannes Film Festival in 1979 he stated that Apocalypse Now

… is not a movie; my film is not about Vietnam, it is Vietnam. It portrays what it was really like. It is crazy. It is very much like the way the Americans were in Vietnam. We…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
APOCALPYSE NOW REDUX. Produced and directed by Francis Ford Coppola,

written by John Milius and Francis Ford Coppola, photography by Vittorio
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Horror the Horror Joseph Conrad's Heart of

Words: 1383 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82599039

Horror, the Horror:

Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness vs. Francis Ford Coppola's Apocalypse Now

I stood on this hillside, I foresaw that in the blinding sunshine of that land I would become acquainted with a flabby, pretending, weak-eyed devil of a rapacious and pitiless folly. How insidious he could be, too, I was only to find out several months later and a thousand miles farther -- Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness

The director Francis Ford Coppola's 1979 Vietnam epic entitled Apocalypse Now makes a direct analogy in its symbolism as well as its plot structure with Joseph Conrad's famous 1899 novella about colonialism in the Belgian Congo entitled Heart of Darkness. This is most notable in the character played by Marlon Brando: Colonel Kurtz, who is named after Conrad's Kurtz, an important figure in a fictional ivory trading company in the Congo. Both works present white men that have, for various reasons, gone into the jungle and 'gone native' in the sense that they have lost their belief in civilized morality. Brando's Kurtz has given up his loyalty to U.S. military forces and instead praises the Viet Cong in the small kingdom of fear he has created deep in Cambodia.…… [Read More]

Apocalypse Now. Directed by Francis Ford Coppola, 1979.

Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness, 1899. Available:
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Gothic Imagination in Fiction

Words: 1774 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22792897

Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now We do not generally link the dark vision of Joseph Conrad's "Heart of Darkness" to the fripperies of Jane Austen, but we should do so because these writers can be seen as important bookmarks to the era of the modern novel and we cannot understand Conrad's work without understanding its connections to his time. By looking back to a writer like Austen we can seen how much had changed in the world at large and in the world of the novel during the Victorian era and the ways in which authors had begun to lose faith in the power of language to represent, to contain and to describe language.

We cannot understand Conrad's relationship to language without understanding the larger context within which literature was created and consumed. From the coronation of Queen Victoria in 1837 until her death in 1901, was an era of a number of key social changes that would force writers to take clear positions on issues of immediate importance to rest of society. Thus we see very little social criticism in Austen - whose Pride and Prejudice was written 20 years before Victoria ascended the throne - and almost…… [Read More]

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End Times Is a Less

Words: 2575 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37243683

God created the dispensations and guides humanity differently during each period. C.I Scofield outlines the dispensations including Innocence, Conscience, Human Government, Promise, Law, Church, and Kingdom ("End Times" 4). Dispensationalism is based on a literal and unequivocal interpretation of the Bible ("End Times" 4). Efird, for instance, describes dispenstionalism a historically accurate and nearly scientific method of discerning Biblical prophecy based on a close reading of the sacred text. Efird claims that dispensationalism prevents the "disappointment and embarrassment" that has plagued believers in the apocalypse (7). Dispensationalism is a relatively new type of Christian eschatology and has the unique hallmarks of American Protestantism. The Catholic Church does not embrace a strict interpretation of millennialism. On the contrary, Catholics prefer a more symbolic interpretation of the Book of Revelations ("End Times" 4).

Regardless of the denomination of Christianity, the end times is central to the religion's teachings, its cosmology, its theology, and its worldview. What all the Christian points-of-view share in common is that the Rapture, the Antichrist, and the Millennium are part of the End of Days. The Rapture refers to the resilience of believers during the end times, the "rising up" to heaven while the non-believers are left behind.…… [Read More]

Efird, J.M. Left Behind? What the Bible Really Says about the End Times. Macon: Smyth & Helwys 2005.

"End Times." BBC.com. Retrieved 5 Oct 2009 from  http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/beliefs/endtimes_1.shtml 
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Classic Movie

Words: 762 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84735732

classic films, and what makes them classic. Specifically, it will contain a discussion of what makes a film "classic" and use a specific film that I believe is classic, with good quality reasons for the answer.


The term "classic film" often evokes thoughts of an old film, often shown and enjoyed by audiences throughout many decades. The film could be a musical, such as "The Wizard of Oz," or a drama, such as "Apocalypse Now." Both films (and scores of others) have been called classics, and are often shown on network and cable channels. What makes these films classic?

Some might say it is the acting that makes a film a classic. In "The Wizard of Oz," for example, each actor, from Judy Garland as Dorothy, to Margaret Hamilton as the Wicked Witch is perfectly cast, and creates their role with great talent and charm. They set the stage for all actors who tried to recreate the roles, and made them classic and enduring characters. "Enduring" is a word that seems to go hand-in-hand with classic films, for they endure through time, just as "The Wizard of Oz" has done. It is as enjoyable and magical today as…… [Read More]

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Colonial and Post Colonial Literature

Words: 778 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70658585

Post Colonial Literature

Historical literature is filled with examples of pre- and post-colonialist paradigms. Within each of these models, however, there is a certain part of a larger story that can only be told in the larger view of the historical process. One of the grand themes that help us wade through that process is that of the dehumanization of the individual. For whatever psychotically reasons, humans seem to have the need to change others into less than human in order to subjugate them economically, intellectually, or culturally. We might even think of the process of imperialism as practiced by the European powers as dehumanization of culture and society; begun at the micro level and then evolving into the macro. This dehumanization was particularly exemplified by the manner in which indigenous cultures were decimated, how families were torn apart and scattered all over the Empire, and the manner in which the Colonials expected their values to be adopted by anyone and everyone.

Chinua Achene is one author who deals directly with this subject. Not only is the title of Achebe's Things Fall Apart appropriate for a study looking at the juxtaposition of historical trends on culture, it is spot on…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Hawthorne, N. Young Goodman Brown. Boston, MA: Wildside Press, 2006.

Scott, A. "Apocalypse Now Redux (2001). The New York Times. 2001, Web.

< http://movies.nytimes.com/movie/review? res=9404E6D9143CF930A3575 BC0A9679C8B63&scp=11&sq=apocalypse%20now&st=cse>
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Film Is a Comprehensive Work

Words: 2389 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9052026

There is a direct correlation with, say, Henry Hill's cocaine abuse and the increasingly rapid cuts between shots. Faster-paced narrative parallels quicker-moving shots. When viewers finally see the film in the theater, the finished product reads like a cohesive narrative when in fact the filmmakers strung together disparate shots and cuts and combined them later after thousands of hours of painstaking labor. Analyzing a movie must therefore include respect for the editorial prowess of the post-production crew.

Editors must be intimately familiar with the screenplay they work with, especially in films that do not have a linear narrative. For instance, Christopher Nolan's 2000 film Memento describes one man's struggle with memory degradation. Relying on a non-linear plot, the filmmaker depended on the post-production crew to adequately convey the disjointedness of amnesia. Other elements like dramatic irony, in which the audience is privy to information that protagonists do not have access to, are crucial in filmmaking. Such literary elements require not just a well-constructed screenplay but also an editing crew that understands the director's vision.

One of the most important aspects of film analysis is political and social context. While many films do not attempt to convey any deeper meaning and…… [Read More]

Bellour, R. (2000). The Analysis of Film. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Bertolucci, B. (1993). Little Buddha. Feature film.
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Romantic Monster The Human Within

Words: 4437 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60474246

Yet, we also see that he still does not understand the true origin of the beast -- the human within. The fact that he dies before he is successful, yet the monster obviously goes off to end his own fate, indicates that the evil both originated, and eventually died with him -- the true source from which it sprang.

Victor Hugo's Hunchback: An Illustrative Device

In Victor Hugo's Hunchback of Notre Dame, there exists a strikingly similar theme -- if different in form. Although it is definitely true that Hugo's famous Quasimodo is a bit more innocuous than the Frankenstein monster, he nonetheless evokes a certain horror if only in appearance. Yet, much like in Shelley's work, Hugo brings out the monster that is human nature within the other character's interactions, motivations, and actions in the story.

There is little question that Hugo fully intended Quasimodo to evoke horror in his readers. He creates Quasimodo as a grotesquely deformed, almost non-verbal, and deaf. Interestingly, Hugo assigns the character a friend, if not a creator as in Frankenstein, but as a protector -- one who supposedly has the best interests of the monster at heart. This friend, Dom Claude Frollo, ironically…… [Read More]

Baldick, Chris.

In Frankenstein's Shadow: Myth, Monstrosity, and Nineteenth-Century Writing.
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Full Metal Jacket Certainly in

Words: 767 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25877469

Meantime my favorite character is James T. "Joker" Davis, who is the main protagonist, and also the narrator. He eventually becomes a reporter for the Army newspaper, Stars and Stripes, and true to Kubrick's style of developing fascinating characters, he's a paradox: he wears a peace sign on his uniform but on his helmet it says "Born to Kill." A colonel sees Davis' peace symbol and the following funny dialogue takes place. The Colonel asks, "Marine, what is that button on your body armor?" "A peace symbol, sir." "Where'd you get it?" "I don't remember sir." "What is that you've got written on your helmet?" "Born to Kill, sir." "You write 'Born to Kill' on your helmet and you wear a peace button. What's that supposed to be, some kind of sick joke?" "No sir." "You'd better get your head and your ass wired together, or I will take a giant shit on you."

The film has some characters in it that are perfect for the stereotypical gung-ho soldier, and one of them is sergeant "Animal Mother," who loves to work his machine gun, kill as often as he can, and be the pushy guy he is. His close friend…… [Read More]

Stanley Kubrick. "Full Metal Jacket" (1987) Starring: Matthew Modine, Adam Baldwin,

Vincent D'Onofrio, and Lee Ermey. Music by Abigail Mead. Produced by Stanley
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Global Warming as a Social

Words: 3315 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49315796

There are a wide range of issues it consider here; from the effect that changed ecosystems can have on the general environment to studies of the 'disappearing' coral reef and the glaciers that are rapidly melting. "Scientists predict that composition and range of many ecosystems will shift as species respond to climate change..." (eschatology of the left)

This will also have an impact on the forests and it is estimated that as much as two-thirds of the worlds footrests will be affected.

Figure 1. Comparison of emissions source: (http://www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/solutions/recognizing-forests-role-in-climate-change.html)

2.1. The media and the construction of perceptions

Taking into account the enormous significance of global warming and the potential that it poses for the disruption and even destruction of human life on earth, it is important to gauge the effect that this event has had on the public perception. The media as a conduit of popular perception is also means of shaping public opinion and even the construction of social reality.

Taken at its most obvious level, the media can influence the way that society, culture and the individual perceives social and environmental reality. There is an ethos in the modern press towards "objective" and balanced reporting - which in…… [Read More]

Boykoff J. And Boykoff M. Journalistic Balance as Global Warming Bias:

Creating controversy where science finds consensus. May 4, 2007. http://www.fair.org/index.php?page=1978
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Yukio Mishima's Patriotism

Words: 2960 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89920117

Yukio Mishima's "Patriotism"

Japanese society has always been bound by tradition, and many of the traditions that are utilized influence the feeling of nationalism the Japanese people have. This was especially true in Japanese society before the Second World War and this paper looks specifically at the code of the samurai, seppuku, and arranged marriage. Other issues that will be touched upon included the historical background, cultural context, imagery, symbolism, character type, and stylistic devices that Yukio Mishima utilizes in his short story "Patriotism." These are all very important issues to look at, as Mishima's story gives a strong indication of what type of patriotic beliefs individuals had during this time. This was not only true of soldiers and other individuals that were expected to have these feelings, but of these soldiers families as well. In "Patriotism," Yukio Mishima used many different Japanese traditions to show how they influenced the feeling of nationalism.

The concept of arranged marriage still continues in many parts of the world today, and in Japan before World War II arranged marriage was extremely common (Pascale & Athos, 28). Often, the individuals that were to marry did not know each other before the marriage ceremony took…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Benedict, R. 1946. The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture. Boston, Mass: Houghton Mifflin, 98-117.

Hughes, H.J. 2000. Familiarity of the strange: Japan's gothic tradition. Criticism, 42.1: 59-89.
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Waltz With Bashir Vals Im Bashir Is

Words: 1619 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52916371

Waltz With Bashir (Vals Im Bashir) is a 2008 Israeli animated autobiographical docudrama by Ari Folman that is based on his experiences as a soldier during the First Lebanon War in 1982. The film is directed, written, and produced by Ari Folman, who also stars in the film as himself (Folman, 2008; IMDB, n.d.). With a budget of approximately $1.5 million, the film has grossed approximately $2.1 million (Rotten Tomatoes, n.d.; IMDB, n.d.)

Waltz with Bashir (2008) had its world premiere at the 2008 Cannes Film Festival on May 15, 2008. Following its premiere, Waltz With Bashir (2008) embarked on a worldwide film festival campaign. Waltz with Bashir (2008) was screened at the Annecy Animation Festival (6/9/2008) in France; Filmfest Munchen (6/20/2008-6/28/2008) in Germany, Karlovy Vary International Film Festival (7/4/2008-7/12/2008) in the Czech Republic; Auckland International Film Festival (7/10/2008-7/27/2008) in New Zealand; Puchon International Film Festival (7/18/2008-7/27/2008) in South Korea; Palic European Film Festival (7/19/2008-7/25/2008) in Serbia -- Waltz with Bashir was awarded the Golden Tower at the Palic European Film Festival; Melbourne International Film Festival (7/25/2008-8/10/2008) in Australia; Sarajevo International Film Festival (8/15/2008-8/23/2008); Telluride International Film Festival (8/29/2008-9/1/2008) in the United States; Toronto International Film Festival (9/4/2008-9/13/2008) in Canada;…… [Read More]

Folman, A. (2008). Waltz With Bashir. Israel: Sony Pictures Classics. DVD.

IMDB. (n.d.). Waltz With Bashir (2008). Accessed 15 October 2012, from http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1185616/business
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Country Combines a Coming of Age Story

Words: 1320 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41044473

Country combines a coming of age story with personal insights into the psychological effects of war. Haunted by her father's and uncle's experiences in Vietnam, seventeen-year-old Sam Hughes continually seeks to understand and to make real the facts surrounding her father's death. Set during the crucial summer after high school graduation, Bobbie Ann Mason's novel traces the development of its protagonist over a relatively short period of time, but offers great character insight. As her nickname suggests, Sam is a tomboyish, spunky teen who both acts and feels older than her chronological age. One of her closest friends and confidants is her veteran uncle, who she suspects suffers from Agent Orange. Sam's concerns about Emmett's health border on the obsessive, but her attempts to unearth the past equal a deeper investigation into her father. Because he died before she was born, and not much older than Sam herself, Dwayne Hughes left little clue to his identity. Sam's obsession with Vietnam is both an attempt to better understand the war and to better understand herself. As her quest leads to significant realizations about her past, it also clarifies her future.

One of the main symbols of In Country is Sam's car,…… [Read More]

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Combat Movies

Words: 2621 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43020702

War Films

Taking Jeanine Basinger at her word would leave us with far fewer war films than we think we have. Basinger is a 'strict constructionist,' accepting as war films only those that have actual scenes of warfare (Curley and Wetta, 1992. p. 8; Kinney, 2001, p. 21). That means that the four films that will be considered here, and especially the two World War II films, are not war films. By Basinger's yardstick, neither Casablanca nor Notorious, neither Born on the Fourth of July nor Coming Home would qualify as war films.

On the other hand, films such as White Christmas, a lightweight Bing Crosby-Danny Kaye-Rosemary Clooney-Vera Ellen comedy about the aftermath of war for an old soldier might well be a 'war' movie. The opening scene is one in which the old soldier, Dean Jagger, is reviewing his troops when, somewhere in Italy during the Christmas lull, bombs are lobbed and Danny Kaye is injured. Granted, the cinematography of the so-called mortar attack is painted in broad strokes. Still, there is bombardment, the flare of explosions in the night sky, and an injury. There is also a sort of feeling of community absent in many hard-core war movies.…… [Read More]

Canby, Vincent. Review/Film; How an All-American Boy Went to War and Lost His Faith. (1989, December 20). Online.

http://movies2.nytimes.com/mem/movies/review.html?title1=& title2=BORN%20ON%20THE%20FOURTH%20OF%20JULY%20%28MOVIE%29& reviewer=Vincent%20Canby& pdate=19891220& v_id=6747& oref=login
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Inconvenient Truth Former Vice President

Words: 11687 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45554107

The hope, of course, that to the extent possible, both groups will invest themselves, and their money, in the ways that Mr. Gore is going to suggest in the film.

The Scientist and Mentors

Finally, Mr. Gore shows an image of earth that was made by a friend of his - all of the experts in the film are friends of Mr. Gore. The image was, again, made over a period of years and shows all the geographic locations of the earth. This is important because it segues into Mr. Gore's new direction of rhetoric; a story about two teachers, one he liked very much, the other not so well. Now, this explanation of his impression, his like or dislike of these teachers is intended to accomplish several things in the connection between Mr. Gore and his audience. Also, the audience has changed from a young audience, to one of mixed baby boomer generation and young people.

Mr. Gore goes on to share with the audience, as he stands beside the image of the planet in geographic view with the image of South America and, across the ocean, Africa, at that point that is historically iconic because it is image…… [Read More]

Buell, Frederick. From Apocalypse to Way of Life: Environmental Crisis in the American Century, New York, New York, Taylor and Francis Books, Inc., 2003.

Douglas, Richard. Growthism and the Green Backlash, the Political Quarterly, 78/4,
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Peace Keepers of the Northeast

Words: 2241 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92147282

This dance was very powerful as it did scare the European people. They did not fully understand the reason behind the dance and the religion, but they were very clear as to what the apocalypse was and they wondered if the Indians were somehow summoning the end of the world. Not soon after this Ghost dance caused such a commotion, an Indian by the name of Handsome Lake who was a leader for the Seneca tribe brought a new message to the Iroquois people. His message was to end the drinking. The Iroquois people had began to drink a lot of alcohol that was often offered to them from the European people during the fur trade. Handsome Lake believed that many of the problems that the Iroquois people faced was related to the alcohol. Many of the Indian people were drunk when they were trying to handle problems of poverty or problems with the American or British people. They were not thinking clearly and usually ended up making very bad decisions. Therefore, Handsome Lake worked to spread the word of anti-drinking. He preached that once the drinking stopped, the Indians would be better able to make better decisions. The Americans…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Kehoe, Alice Beck. North American Indian Tribes, Chapter 5. 1992 Prentice Hall.

Biolsi, Thomas and Zimmerman, Larry. Indians and Anthropologists, Chapter 9. 1997 Prentice Hall.

Iroquois Website. Retrieved December 19, 2009 from http://www.iroquois.net/.
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Predicting Marital Success or Failure

Words: 2817 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96079012

In the opinion of Strong, DeVault and Cohen (2010), when it comes to issues marriage, opposites do not often attract. Instead, partners tend to seek each other out on the basis of shared characteristics. It is these shared characteristics that allow couples to foster greater understanding as well as empathy while facilitating or enhancing communication. Hence in that regard, a disconnect of sorts between the personality of couples may be taken to be an indicator of marital failure. Further, still on personality factors, Strong, DeVault and Cohen (2010) note that a clear example of a disconnect between the personality of marriage partners may be evident where one partner has a highly rigid personality. Such a personality may in addition to frustrating conflict resolution also end up clouding negotiations. Similarly, a partner who has a dominating personality may not be willing to cede some level of control so as to give their marriage partners room to operate and make decisions. On the other hand, where both partners possess a caring and forgiving as well as an understanding attitude, chances are that their marriages will in the long run be more stable, happy and long-lasting.

Next, yet another predictor of marital success…… [Read More]

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Gospel of Mark Centers on the Controversies

Words: 1999 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34327956

Gospel of Mark centers on the controversies of the Little Apocalypse and the narrative of Jerusalem Barabbas. At heart, it is the soulful Christian struggle between the good symbolized at the heart of Old Testament philosophy and made personally physical in the Christ. As in all Christian texts, the conception of evil is posited against the Good News of Jesus. Steeped in Palestinian and Roman tradition in a way not seen in the Epistles of Paul, Mark's gospel presents an audience-specific version of evil, where lack of devout, blind, and holy initial faith in the Christ, witnessed by the Zealots choice of Barabbas over Jesus, was symbolic for the evil of the anti-Christ. (Mark 13:1-2) Lacking in support for the Christ, the people of Jerusalem represented a secular evil to Mark.

Paul struggles with the same empirically Christian evil symbolized by those standing against Christ, but expands it to those being led away from the Gospel. " ... But there are obviously men who are upsetting your faith with a travesty of the Gospel of Christ," (Galatians 1:7) he writes, these "false teachers and preachers," will come in the back door to steal away the Christian spirit and lead people…… [Read More]

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Role of Islam as a Unifying Force

Words: 4109 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4354718

role of Islam as a unifying force

Perhaps more than any other religion in the world, Islam has put to work its less obvious sense in order to unify the peoples sharing the same belief. Through its art, its common language and its judicial system that has the Koran teachings at its base, Islam was a unifying force among the Arabic peoples of the Arabic Peninsula, Northern Africa and the Middle East.

There is a short discussion I would like to address here and that is to identify the differences between culture and civilization. This will help us see how religion LO is included in this set of concepts. From my point-of-view, religion LO can be considered an element of civilization through its cultural component. If we exclude Marxist ideology that argue that civilization is but a certain level that culture has attained and make no distinction between the two, when we refer to culture, we refer to the spiritual values of a people or a group of people. In this way, it is the spirit that gives birth to cultural manifestations and we connect culture directly to the spirit. As for civilization, this would, in my opinion, include both…… [Read More]

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Speech Changes in the Structure

Words: 871 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66167466

The benefits of the Internet as an information dissemination medium are manifold, but that does not mean that true, classical criticism has lost its value. Indeed, despite the cutbacks at newspapers, classic criticism is more vital than ever. "Critics are soldiers in the on-going culture war," Scott contends, inferring that the role critics play is often greater than the act of writing a review. The way people think and view the world is often shaped by criticism. When the standards of criticism are compromised, as happens when editorial control is lost, then the influence on the way people think can become negative.

Scott's argument was not lost on the generally older crowd in attendance at the Carlos Museum. The Academy itself plays an important role, along with critics, in defining the elements of popular culture that have the most value. While the public has flocked to see sci-fi eyepopper Avatar in record-breaking numbers, the Academy chose the Hurt Locker, a movie that Scott called "the best non-documentary about the Iraqi War," as its best picture for 2009, indicative of that film's role in telling the story of today's world. The declining role of critics in media must stand as cause…… [Read More]

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John 5 13-21 Passage -- John

Words: 3508 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 193098

Gnostics believed that they belonged to the "true church" of an elect few who were worthy; the orthodox Christians would not be saved because they were blind to the truth.

Part E -- Content - if we then combine the historical outline of the "reason" for John's writings with the overall message, we can conclude that there are at least five major paradigms present that are important in a contextual analysis of John.

John 5:13 - I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God so that you may know that you have eternal life. This seems to point that John saw a clear difference between those who believed in Jesus as the Son of God, but were unsure about eternal life. However, if we look back at other parts of his Gospel, we do find repetition of this theme. In John 1:5-7, for instance, he notes that some say they have fellowship with God, but still walk in darkness; in John 2:3-6, some say they know God, but do not keep his Commandments; and even in John 2:9-11, some say they love God, but hate their brother. These are all contradictions that,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
See. J. Komonchak, et.al. The New Dictionary of Theology. (Michael Glazier, Inc., 1995), 423-4.

Raymond Brown, "Does the New Testament Call Jesus God?" Theological Studies.26: 1, 545-73.
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Song of Roland or La

Words: 4736 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83109359

These characters possess freewill, such as Ganelon and his plotting against the Franks. But the God in the epic does intervene to make sure that good really comes out victorious in the end, such as when he makes Thierry win over Pinable in a duel.

The unknown author of the epic presents the Muslims as unquestionably and inherently evil and base, the reverse of the Christians (Bouneuf 2005). Although the Muslims are more monotheistic than Christians and that Christians of the early Middle Ages took Islam merely as another form of paganism, they assumed that Muslims worshipped Apollo. In making this presentation, the poem employs a technique of opposite images, such as 12 Saracen peers matching 12 Frankish peers in battle, opposing armies organizing themselves in the same form, but with Christians outperforming the Muslims and fighting more nobly.

Awesome medieval Christian heroism centers on the idea of vassalage (Bouneuf 2005) and this is the other main theme in the Song of Roland, as exemplified by Roland's fidelity towards Charlemagne and Charlemagne towards God in exchange for protection and reward. This vassalage is recognized and rewarded in proportion to the passion that accompanies it in Roland's pride and martyrdom.

The…… [Read More]

Borey, Eddie. ClassicNote on the Song of Roland. GradeSaver LLC, June 10, 2001. http://www.classicnote.com/ClassicNotes/sources/roland.html

Bourneuf, Annie. SparkNotes on the Song of Roland. SparkNotes LLC, August 9, 2005. http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/songofroland
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Death in Robert Frost's Poems Robert Frost

Words: 1491 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80264552

Death in Robert Frost's Poems

Robert Frost was an American poet who was known for his literary works (poems) that depict the theme of "dark meditations" and psychological complexity in the subjects of his poem, according to an article by the web site Academy of American Poets (1997). The article's reference to Robert Frost's use of theme pertaining to 'dark meditations' will be discussed in this paper, as three poems from Frost will be analyzed in accordance to the said theme. The theme that this paper will focus on is the theme of death, and the poems that will be analyzed for this theme are the following: "Home Burial," "After Apple- picking," and "Fire and Ice." These poems are examples of Frost's dark meditation-themed poems, because all of these poems use the element of death as the primary focus of the narrative of the poem. However, despite the similarities in theme in these poems, Frost had used various kinds of situation and concept of death for the subjects of each poem. This paper will discuss the theme of death in the three poems in the following manner: the discussion of fear and sorrow of death in "Home Burial," the fear…… [Read More]

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Apostle Paul and His Apocalyptic Views

Words: 1588 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32088438

Apocalyptic Views of Apostle Paul

The major difference between the Apostle Paul and the other apostles is that Paul had not known Jesus while he was on earth as the Son of God. Paul's conversion occurred only after the Ascension. This fact plays a prominent role in his teachings about Jesus and about the apocalypse. Below is a discussion of this aspect of Paul's Christianity together with specific aspects of the apocalypse that Paul deals with in his writings. The three ages of the apocalypse as seen by Paul are discussed in the following order.

First, the end of the world as depicted by Paul in his first epistle to the Corinthians (Chapter 15:20-28) is considered. This is a celebration of God, who will come and reign over everything and everyone. Secondly, and closely related to this is Paul's view of the resurrection (1Cor15:20-28), during which the earth and human beings are made new to conform to the spiritual realm. Thirdly Paul's description of the restoration of the world in Romans 8:18-25 is considered. Here the premise is the hope that every Christian lives in that the suffering experienced in the world will end in glory. Finally, the way in…… [Read More]

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Worship of God and Discipline

Words: 8250 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42564118

" Owen maintains that it is not important that people engage in the particular actions Jesus engaged in, like washing another's feet, but instead that people strive to express their moral duty of brotherly love, in condescension and mutual helpfulness.

The fourteenth question posed by Owen is, "May not the church find out, and appoint to be observed, such religious rites as being adjoined unto the celebration of God's instituted worship, may further the devotion of the worshippers, and render the worship itself in its performance more decent, beautiful, and orderly, as the appointing of images, and the like?" Owen's answer is, "All acceptable devotion in them that worship God is the effect of faith, which respects the precepts and promises of God alone. And the comeliness and beauty of gospel worship consisteth in its relation unto God by Jesus Christ, as the merciful high priest over his house, with the glorious administration of the Spirit therein. The order also of it lieth in the due and regular observation of all that Christ hath appointed. And therefore all such inventions are in themselves needless and useless, and, because forbidden, unlawful to be observed." Owen explains that God is a spirit…… [Read More]

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Daniel 9 24 27

Words: 2619 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14446386

Daniel 9:24-27

An Exegesis of Daniel 9:24-27

Various approaches to Daniel 9:24-27 reveal a Biblical prophecy that divides Biblical scholars upon the matter of exact meaning. The most common understanding from the days of early Christianity to modern times has been that the text is one that prophecies the coming of Christ; but other interpretations, like the eschatological interpretation, view the prophecy as one that concerns the end times. This paper will show how a synthesis of the traditional interpretation and the eschatological interpretation provides what may be called a fuller, or perhaps more complete, view of Daniel 9:24-27.

As Francis Gigot notes, "linguistics, the context, and the ancient translations of Daniel are most of the time insufficient guides towards the sure restoration of the primitive reading"; however, exegetes are able to form a limited idea of a possible meaning to Daniel 9:24-27 by familiarizing themselves with the Book of Daniel as a whole and its place in Hebrew Scripture.

The Book of Daniel is a narrative account told in both the third person and the first person. The Book begins by introducing Daniel and his three captive friends and shows their faithfulness to God by their refusal to partake…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Ford, Desmond. In the Heart of Daniel: An Exposition of Daniel 9:24-27. Lincoln, NE:

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Aryan Nation

Words: 1553 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86841906

Aryan Nation -- Racism

The Aryan Nations (AN, aka Church of Jesus Christ Christian) is a Christian Identity-based hate group that was prominent in the 1980's with roots dating back to the 1940's and includes neo-Nazi, skinhead, Ku Klux Klan (KKK), white supremacist, and militia groups, many of which congregated and networked at the AN compound in Hayden Lake, Idaho (Lambert, 2011). The group worked to unite different groups that had a common denominator of believing in white supremacy relative to other races. The group had some success in organizing and one splinter group had actually stole four million dollars with the hopes of overthrowing the United States government. This analysis will look at the origins of the group, it's activities that the groups engaged in a the peak of their momentum, and the reasons and factors that represent the groups steady decline from this peak.


The roots of the AN movement have been traced back to at least the 1940s when there were many different Christian Identity movements began to organize around the belief that white Aryans were the "chosen" people. They also believed things like blacks were somehow subhuman and that Jewish people were descended directly from…… [Read More]

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Chernobyl Nuclear Incident During the

Words: 6579 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21872488


Some experts say that limits of 500 picocuries are harmful, especially to developing fetuses. When we have conflicting information at this level, then it becomes hard to know what information is the best information. To ere on the side of caution, however, when one is facing harmful radiation levels, would logically be the course of action to follow. Except for cleanup at Chernobyl, there was nothing to be done about the accident. The question is, what kind of oversight was done to ensure that Chernobyl was cleaned up?

Chernobyl was not the first nuclear reactor the world has experienced. The first such accident happened in the United States, at Three Mile Island (TMI). In early 1979, a nuclear reactor in Pennsylvania was the site for the worst (known) accident in American history. Today, that reactor remains closed down, and the site at Three Mile Island, stands as a stark reminder to the American public of what happens when, for whatever reason, things go horribly wrong at a nuclear energy site.

A the worst accident in the history of commercial nuclear power in the United States occurred at the Three Mile Island (TMI) Nuclear Generating Station in Pennsylvania. "Like certain…… [Read More]


Baverstock, Keith, and Dillwyn Williams. "The Chernobyl Nuclear Catastrophe: Baverstock and Williams Respond." Environmental Health Perspectives 115.5 (2007): 239+. Questia. 5 Dec. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5022670046.
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Epistle of Jude Is One

Words: 3417 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36628335

In fact, sexual moral obligations were one of the major concerns addressed by Jude, who cautioned that immoral behavior by teachers was dangerous. He believed that it had the ability to corrupt everyday Christians, and to keep them from attaining salvation. Therefore, he wrote Jude as a way of warning Christians against these false prophets, and against a life of immoral behavior.

Perhaps more significantly, Jude contains a very strong pro-evangelical message, because it encourages Christians to live their religions, making religion a part of daily life. For Jews who lived under religious laws, Judaism was necessarily part of daily life. Every single meal was dictated by religious facets. Moreover, religious law dictated choice of spouse, the ability to marry or divorce, the naming of children, and other facets of daily life. When Jesus freed Jews of their obligations under Jewish laws, it had the impact of making religion less of a factor in daily life, even if it increased the capacity for spirituality in the individual. Therefore, to address that issue, Jude admonished Christians to live their religion, so that they could set an example for others, and demonstrate the moral righteousness of Christianity.

Jude's condemnation of false teachers…… [Read More]

Knight, Kevin. "Epistle of St. Jude." The Catholic Encyclopedia. (2009). New Advent. 28

Mar. 2009 < http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08542b.htm >.
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Religions of Buddhism and Christianity

Words: 2909 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69498612

Many believe that this judgment takes place within a person's lifetime through sufferings for acts committed, and one does not have to wait for the end of time. The basic belief of Christianity is that there is a Christian God, who is benevolent and giving, but who is also a vengeful God. In fact, a large part of Pilgrim theology was premised on God being vengeful, and that self sacrifices were needed to appease God. Christians also believe that Christ was the son of God, who came to fulfill the Messianic prophecy espoused by sages from the Old Testament. Goodness, kindness, good deeds, generosity, honesty are divinely inspired. Christians keep Christ as a cherished beacon to be emulated every step of the way. Good deeds (which would satisfy Buddhists) without true faith is meaningless.

The Buddhists have an assigned eight-step path to enlightenment. These are not far removed from any thing a practicing Christian would espouse, except for the lack of divine intervention. The eight points are Samma-Ditth, Samma-Sankappa, Samma-Vaca, Samma-Kammanta, Samma-Ajiva, Samma-Vayama, Samma-Sati and Samma-Samadhi. These are related to clarity of vision that is being able to pursue a proper path and have the foresight and planning, having the…… [Read More]

Bernstein, Alan E. The Formation of Hell: Death and Retribution in the Ancient and Early Christian Worlds. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1993.

Bowker, John Westerdale. The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
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Pulitzer Prize-Winning Novel the Road

Words: 2000 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48533296

If feminism is about civil rights, human rights, children's rights and the search for peace, then it is clear that a substantial amount of the descriptive narrative in the Road is clearly anti-feminine. This has nothing to do with gender rights, and everything to do with the rights of all humans to live in dignity and be allowed "...life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." The nights, McCarthy writes on page 129, were "...blinding cold and casket black and the long reach of the morning had a terrible silence to it. Like a dawn before battle." The feminist world is not a cold world at all and children are sheltered from suffering; death is not supposed to come to young and middle aged people and mornings are not silent. Mornings are supposed to be filled with the joyful sound of songbirds and the happy shrieks of children, and there is not battle brewing in a feminist or mother's world. The only battle should be the mom trying to get the son to clean up his plate and pick up his toys before going outside to play.

When finally dad and son arrive at the coast, which their whole long dangerous…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Flack, Jessica. "Conflict and Creativity." Santa Fe Institute. Retrieved June 7, 2007, from Oprah's Book Club, http://www.oprah.com/obc_classic/featbook/road/future/road_future_main.jhtml.

McCarthy, Cormac. The Road. New York: Vintage International, 2006.
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Green Marketing Over the Last

Words: 3752 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77115823

She also mentions the huge energy giant British Petroleum (BP) came up with some honest and effective marketing in its green promotions. And while it is laudable for an oil company to invest in green technologies, BP did it with "appropriate humility that admits its own guilt while setting the stage for conversion to alternative energy sources" (Ottman, 2002). Meantime she says to Exxon, "Wake Up!" because Exxon was at that time running "green-themed" ads that spoke to the need to "find more oil."

In still another green marketing-themed article from Ottman, she writes in the publication in Business that while the George W. Bush Administration "abdicates responsibility for a strong response to slowing down" global climate change, Bush's lack of leadership on the issue opened a "unique window of opportunity for America's advertisers and marketers" (Ottman, 2002). That advice to advertisers and marketers is this: using the same effective communication techniques that were employed in the "stop smoking" and "buckle up" campaigns, design campaigns that "make it cool for Americans to take a stand on climate change" (Ottman, 2002).

The federal government has jumped into the green marketing genre in a big way. The Environmental Protection Agency's Office of…… [Read More]

Bird, Lori, and Swezey, Blair. 2006. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status

Report (Ninth Edition). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Retrieved February 18,
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Prologue to This Book Caputo

Words: 1658 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63888964

His exorcism begins in the return to Vietnam and his final view of the doomed war. As he was first in, he is among the last out as the North Vietnamese take Saigon.

The postscript was published in 1996 and details some of the anxieties Caputo experienced while writing the memoir and the difficulties he had handling his fame and notoriety after its publication. The author on his experiences that, "My mind shot back a decade, to that day we had marched into Vietnam, swaggering, confident, and full of idealism. We had believed we were there for a high moral purpose. But somehow our idealism was lost, our morals corrupted, and the purpose forgotten (ibid., p. 345)." This is a profound change in his perception of the war when he first came to Vietnam in 1965.

The moral conflict plays through the entire book. The personal choice for him was reporting on life, lived in all of its moral contractions. In this way, he continues in his journalistic career to explore for others the themes that confronted him in Vietnam and that he is still working out on a metaphysical level. This metaphysics helps to transport the reader back in…… [Read More]

Caputo, Philip. A Rumor of War. New York, NY: Holt Paperbacks, 1996. Print.
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Millennialism in America Charismatic Prophets

Words: 2145 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19661186

For Jehovah's Witnesses, that millennium was supposed to begin already, first in 1914, and later in 1975 (Brom 2004). The year 2000 brought to light the fear and fiction surrounding Y2K and the numerical millennium, but the return of Christ had yet to take place. "As the millennium approaches, self-styled messiahs like David Koresh and Marshall Applewhite have flourished, teaching impending doom with doctrines cobbled from Christianity, millennialism and even science fiction," (Washington Post Staff 1997).

A new date of spiritual revolution has now been set, embraced by many members of New Age millennial movements: 2012. The year 2012 has been selected because of its connection with the Mayan calendar, which is embraced by many New Age individuals. However, the generic New Age brands of millennialism often lack the presence of a charismatic prophet. The New Age movement is therefore qualitatively different from that of other millennial movements that draw more heavily on the presence of a leader who serves as a guide into the imaginary millennium.

Some New Age movements do have charismatic prophets, though. Elisabeth Claire Prophet can be categorized as a New Age millennial spiritual leader because of her embrace of Eastern spiritual traditions. J.Z. Knight and…… [Read More]

Brom, Robert H.

2004. History of the Jehovah's Witnesses. Catholic Answers. Retrieved online:  http://www.catholic.com/tracts/history-of-the-jehovahs-witnesses 
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Class and Economic Concerns in the Films

Words: 1764 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10482254

Economic Concerns in Film

Metropolis, Invasion of the Body Snatchers and La Jetee span four decades, although the latter two could be considered examples of Cold War science fiction. Metropolis was set during the Weimar Republic, although certain scenes were eerily prophetic of Nazism, but in reality the city itself could also have been New York or any other urban center of the future. For director Fritz Lang, the city was a symbol of Fordist mass production and mass consumption, with the workers down below brutalized by poverty, hunger and dull, routine, robot-like jobs, while at the same time, the middle and upper classes above were also dehumanized by mindless hedonism and nihilism, or dull, conformist clerical and administrative world. Dehumanization was also a major theme of La Jetee, in which the survivors of a nuclear holocaust live underground, lacking even the basic necessities of food, water and medical care, while such society that exists at all seems to be divided into guards and prisoners. Almost all the people of Santa Mira in Invasion of the Body Snatchers have been dehumanized as well, since they have been taken over by alien seed pods and turned into emotionless zombies and conformists,…… [Read More]

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Rev 20 1-6 Meaning

Words: 2042 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26403405

Revelation 20:1-6 describes the "thousand years" in which Satan is imprisoned and the martyrs for Christ are resurrected and placed upon thrones to judge and reign with Christ for a thousand years. The passage also makes reference to a "first resurrection" implying that there will be a second. Yet, because of the nature of the Scriptural verses is visionary and imagistic, they have been the source of contentious interpretations over the years. Do the verses refer to a time that is yet to come (premillennial) or a time that we are already in (postmillennial) or to no real time at all but rather to only a figurative sense of the spiritual dimensions of the Christian way to heaven (amillennial)?

Poythress states that Rev 20:1-6 contains several different "levels of communication" -- the linguistic, the visionary, the referential, and the symbolic.

Each of these levels offers a unique way of looking at Revelation and allows for a deeper penetration of the mystery of the Word of God. This paper will examine the verses of Rev 20:1-6 and show how the topic of premillennialism, amillennialism and postmillennialism each offer ways of understanding the verses based on the four levels of communication identified…… [Read More]

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A Recent Headline in a

Words: 7816 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50936522

"Forecasts by Moody's Economy.com now use a 20 percent drop in median
existing-home prices from their 2005 peak as a baseline, with prices
weakening through at least mid-2009" (Shinkle, 2008, p. 44). Moody's
director of housing economics Celia Chen, states in the same report that
the 20% decline is the good news and that the bad news is that it could
easily be more than that. The worst-case scenario is a lot more than that.
"You want the darkest? Forty percent, she says. There's your apocalypse"
(Shinkle, p. 45).
Websites that track foreclosures indicate that "the US-wide total of
loans foreclosing was running at 2.5 million in 2007, up by 70% from about
1.5 million in 2006" (Dumas, 2008, p. 23). The problem is that the teaser
rates that were initially set in 2006 will reach their peak in 2008,
ultimately affecting another approximate 1.5 million mortgages, with
another round in 2009. The spring 2009 cumulative total of over 4 million
foreclosures is a reasonable expectation. "At roughly $200,000 per
defaulting household, the total of mortgages going under could be $800
billion" (Dumas, p. 24).
Many people are asking the same question of 'how did this all
happen?' The finger…… [Read More]

Aldrich, P.; (2008) UK banks preparing to access BoE's emergency liquidity
scheme, Telegraph, Telegraph Media Group Limited 2008, accessed May
18, 2008 at
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Applying Servant Leadership Within a

Words: 30193 Length: 100 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1967978

Initially, I had to point out when people were saying things that would indicate a connection between group members. However, once those connections were established, the group members moved rather rapidly towards directly relating with one another.

Another result of the group meetings is that the group members initially appeared very focused on the past. Small groups tend to do postmortems of old failures, archaeologizing (digging in the past for explanations of present behavior), and pathologizing (focusing more on problems than potentials). It was important for group members to discuss the past, but, what was interesting was that the other members of the group did a good job of reminding each other that the past is in the past. However, while finding it easy to state that the past was in the past, it was oftentimes difficult for group members to take the next step and begin discussion of the present and future.

The development of confrontation skills over the life of the group was another very interesting area. Initially, most group members were absolutely unwilling to confront one another. Even when someone was engaging in behavior that seemed clearly self-destructive to most members of the group, few people were…… [Read More]

Aarvik, Egil. 1984. Presentation speech of 1984 Nobel Prize for Peace. Stockholm: The Nobel Foundation. Online. Available from Internet, http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1984/presentation-speech.html, accessed 11 March 2010.

Adair, John. 1984. The skills of leadership. New York: Nichols Pub. Co.
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Delimitations Today Modern Business Systems

Words: 20751 Length: 75 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13650636

A favorite target for conspiracists today as well as in the past, a group of European intellectuals created the Order of the Illuminati in May 1776, in Bavaria, Germany, under the leadership of Adam Weishaupt (Atkins, 2002). In this regard, Stewart (2002) reports that, "The 'great' conspiracy organized in the last half of the eighteenth century through the efforts of a number of secret societies that were striving for a 'new order' of civilization to be governed by a small group of 'all-powerful rulers.' The most important of these societies, and the one to which all subsequent conspiracies could be traced, is the Illuminati founded in Bavaria on May 1, 1776 by Adam Weishaupt" (p. 424). According to Atkins, it was Weishaupt's fundamental and overriding goal to form a secret organization of elite members of Europe's leading citizens who could then strive to achieve the Enlightenment version of revolutionary social change; the order's original tenets included an opposition to superstition, a rejection of organized Christianity, and an acceptance of free love (Stewart, 2002). When authorities in Bavaria became aware of the organization's existence after lightning killed a courier who was carrying documents from leaders of the Illuminati 1785, they were…… [Read More]

American Psychological Association. (2002). Publication manual of the American Psychological

Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
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How Was the Cold War Represented in Cinema

Words: 5793 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9347766

Cold War and Film

Generally speaking, the Cold War has been depicted as an era of spy games and paranoia in popular films from the 1960s to the present day, but the reality of the era was much more complex. The Cold War was a period of military and political tension from 1947 to 1991, or from the end of WW2 to the collapse of the Soviet Union, in which the "politics of war" masked the business and social agendas of multinationals and ideologues. The era was marked by myriad issues: East-West mistrust, proxy wars, espionage, the threat of nuclear war, domestic and foreign propaganda, the rise of the military-industrial complex and multinational corporations, assassinations, detente, de-colonization, new nationalism, neo-colonialism, the vying for control of resources, alliances (NATO, Warsaw Pact), and an inculcation of the "deep state." [footnoteRef:1] It can be divided into five basic periods: 1947-53, 1953-62, 1962-79, 1979-85, and 1985-1991, and the films from each period reflect certain preoccupations of the time and people who produced them. This paper will examine each period of the Cold War and show how it was perceived through film by different people at different times in different places and compare these films…… [Read More]