Art Of War Essays (Examples)

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War Is Inherently Political

Words: 335 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47392048

Sun Tzu and Clausewitz on War

War on Terror: The elevance of Historical Perspectives on War

Sarah Miller (2012) evaluated the relevance of historical texts for explaining contemporary society's efforts to combat terrorism. The two texts chosen for her essay are On War by Carl Von Clausewitz and The Art of War by Sun Tzu, with the first published in 1832 and the second about 2,500 years ago. Miller (2012) seemed surprised that the older text appeared to be more relevant and attributes this to the philosophical lens through which Sun Tzu explained the art of warfare. By contrast, the value of Clausewitz writings is limited by his emphasis on warfare tactics relevant mainly to the time period in which he lived. Miller (2012) used these points and others to argue that Sun Tzu offered the most value for governments tasked with combating a terrorist threat, in part because modern…… [Read More]

References

Miller, S. (2012). Are Clausewitz and Sun Tzu still relevant in contemporary conflicts? Retrieved from  http://www.e-ir.info/2012/07/20/are-clausewitz-and-sun-tzu-still-relevant-in-contemporary-conflicts/ .

Tzu, S. (1994-2000). The Art of War by Sun Tzu. Translated by Lionel Giles. Retrieved from  http://classics.mit.edu/Tzu/artwar.html .
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Art Dev Development of Artistic

Words: 1014 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25357886



Pre-Task Learning: Class discussion/reading of the history of the Spanish Civil War and its relationship to the approach of World War II. Continuing discussion on the specific context of the painting's creation and display, and of Pablo Picasso and his emerging and shifting abstract style of painting. Preliminary open-form discussion of possible interpretations of the painting, beginning with the more obvious macro-level signs in the painting on touching on other symbolic aspects (the Harlequin figures/patterns, animal representations, etc.).

Task Expectations: Each paper should contain personal interpretations and a reflection of personal reactions to the painting that are connected to the historical facts and larger trends discussed. Discussion of individual elements as well as the composition as a whole and the relation of the individual elements discussed to each other and to the meaning of the work as a whole should be present in all completed papers.

Grade 10 Lesson Plan…… [Read More]

References

Hickman, R. (2004). Art Education. New York: Continuum.

PBS. (2012). Guernica. Accessed 19 July 2012.   http://www.pbs.org/treasuresoftheworld/a_nav/guernica_nav/main_guerfrm.html  

Sikinger. (n.d.).
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Art and Photojournalism Film and Photojournalism Have

Words: 398 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72249579

Art and Photojournalism

Film and photojournalism have been extremely important aspects of war since their invention. One journalist wrote, "Photographic journalism is generally accepted as an authoritative source of visual information about our times" (Steichen 5). This is especially true of war photography, because the photographer's lens captures the horror and agony of war in a split second, and immortalizes it forever. Some of the most memorable photographs of the century are war photographs, from the sailor celebrating in Times Square with his sweetheart to the assassination of a Vietcong insurgent; the photos live on in our minds, and bring back the terror and emotion of the war experience. In World War II, film and photography brought the war home to American's doorsteps, and helped them understand just what the men were facing in Europe and Japan. Photos and film have done that for every war since they were invented,…… [Read More]

References

Pioch, Nicolas. "Pollock, Jackson." Web Museum. 16 July 2002. 4 Dec. 2003.  http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/pollock/ 

Steichen, Edward. Memorable Life Photographs. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1951.
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Art Analysis ART21 After Reviewing the Artists

Words: 968 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25242092

Art Analysis: Art21

After reviewing the artists from Art21, the artists chosen are Pierre Huyghe and AI Weiwei as the subjects of this paper. The pieces the paper will be "This is not a time for dreaming" by Huyghe and "Forever" by Weiwei. Both pieces are installation pieces although the artists are not classified under the same grouping on the Art21 website. Weiwei is listed as "Featured in Change" and Huyghe is listed as "Featured in omance." Though they are not featured or classified in the same group, their respective groups are related. There are several different kinds of people in the world for whom change is romantic. Weiwei is a renowned activist as well as renowned artists. Artists typically have a deep passion within that they express via their art. Therefore, Weiwei could see the connection between romance and change. For the native Parisian Huyghe, romance may very well…… [Read More]

References:

Art21, Inc. (2012) Explore Artists. Available from:  http://www.pbs.org/art21/artists . 2012 July 10.

European Graduate School. (2012) Pierre Huyghe -- Biography. Available from: http://www.egs.edu/faculty/pierre-huyghe/biography/. 2012 July 11.

Wines, Michael. (2009) Ai Weiwei, China's Impolitic Artist. The New York Times, Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/28/world/asia/28weiwei.html?pagewanted=all. 2012 July 12.

Pierre Huyghe, "This is not a time for dreaming," 2004.
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Art in America Abstract Expressionism

Words: 1986 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21428052

In essence, this painting "mixes a toothpaste smile with the grimace of a death's head" and symbolizes the true work of an American "action" painter (de la Croix & Tansey, 774).

Another great example of an American abstract expressionist master is Mark Rothko (1903 to 1973), who emigrated to the United States in 1914 from Latvia with his family to escape Czarist Russia and its strict policies towards Jews. Although Rothko was a friend and contemporary of Pollack, Kline and de Kooning, his paintings exhibit none of the aggressive attack or slashing brushwork one finds in the works of these artists. Rothko's Four Darks on Red does not exhibit the usual traits of "action" painting, for it shows a calm and contemplative mood with soft color variations, yet it also shows "a mysterious effect of forms and images occupying an ambiguously-defined space," much like Kline and Pollack (de la Croix…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Paul, Stella. "Abstract Expressionism." Metropolitan Museum of Art. Internet. Retrieved at  http://www.metmuseum.org/TOAH/hd/abex/hd_abex.htm .

De la Croix, Horst and Richard G. Tansey, eds. Gardner's Art Through the Ages. 10th ed. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 2003.
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Art Critique of Surreal and Post-Impressionist Works

Words: 1454 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99575459

Art Critique

Critique of Surreal and Post-Impressionist Works of Art

Dali's Autumn Cannibalism (1936) http://arthistory.about.com/od/from_exhibitions/ig/dali_retrospective/dali_pma_05_07.htm

Salvador Dali is one of the great and mercurial figures in art history. The surrealistic Spanish painter was influenced heavily by the tumultuous period of history in which he lived and by the haunting images in his own psyche. Both are on dramatic display in the 1936 piece, "Autumn Cannibalism." Here, Dali paints a depiction of the military conflict tearing his motherland apart from within, offering us this terrifying rendering of civil war as seen through the eyes of one consumed by it.

In the confrontation between the social commentary and the internal reflection that comprise this piece, Dali creates a piece that is decidedly representative of the surrealist movement both in aesthetic and motif. In spite of Dali's incredible influence, surrealism was ultimately a short-lived movement, leaving its impression on the art world through…… [Read More]

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Art as a Political Statement

Words: 1399 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72394390

Art as Political tatement

It is almost impossible to completely separate art from the social and political context in which it originates. When considering art works from a variety of contexts and situations, it is clear that artist as often as not ignored and embraced politics as either inspiration for their work, or indeed treated it as a force to be shunned for its destruction of the creative spirit. Both acceptance and defiance of the political arena, it will be shown below, constitute a form of political statement in terms of art.

Expressionism

Expressionism began its evolution during the early part of the 20th century. This movement contrasted with impressionism in that it did not aim to reproduce, but rather to impose its views of objects in the world. When taken from a political context then, the political agenda is not always clear, as the artist is attempting to represent…… [Read More]

Sources

Andre Derain." 2004. http://psych.fullerton.edu/psych466/psantiago/derbio.html

Hughes, Robert. "Henri Matisse." 2004.          http://www.artchive.com/artchive/M/matisse.html         

Pioch, Nicolas. "Expressionism." 2002.     http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/glo/expressionism/    

Pioch, Nicolas. "Henri Matisse." 2004.
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Art in America There Was

Words: 796 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14078781

Later, perhaps inevitably as a consequence of his fascination with cinema, arhol began to make films and to engage in non-static works of performance-based art ("Andy arhol," PBS: American Masters, 2006).

In such art of the 1950s the way in which the art was perceived was as equally important as the image of the art. Disposable and even trashy images and products could be, with the use of irony and a performance space that put the works in 'quotations,' turned into artistic works, to make a statement about American popular culture. Not all Pop Art 'happenings' were inspired by cinema, however. For example, Claus Oldenberg 1961 created a plastic 'store' of manufactured goods, like pies, that reminded him of his childhood general store: "Unlike the slick, mechanical appearance of some pop art, they [the pies] are splotchy and tactile. Oldenburg's manipulation of scale and material unsettle our expectations about the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Andy Warhol." PBS: American Masters. 20 Sept 2006. 25 Mar 2008. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/database/warhol_a.html

Teaching Art Since 1950." National Gallery of Art. 199. 25 Mar 2008. http://www.nga.gov/education/classroom/pdf/artsince1950.pdf

Un Chien Andalou." Salvador Dali and Louis Bunuel. 1929.

Varendoe, Kirk. Online NewsHour: Jackson Pollock. 11 Jan 1999. 25 Mar 2008. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/entertainment/jan-june99/pollock_1-11.html
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Art Compare the Narrative Tradition in Art

Words: 1701 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81344299

Art Compare

The Narrative Tradition in Art: Evidence and Examples from the Neolithic and the Hellenistic Periods

Artists have existed since long before the dawn of civilization and the beginnings of recorded history, and the subject matter chosen for depiction in paintings has at once been highly varied and remarkably similar as civilization progressed and societies same and went. Wildly disparate styles have led some to emphasize color and the abstract while others attempted to paint exactly what was seen, and buildings dominate some paintings while landscapes dominate others; at the same time, there have been similarities in that paintings always represent the world as seen by the civilization producing the art, and thus people and certain other elements are almost always well represented. Art is a way of mirroring life, and of displaying features of importance to a given people, and representations of men and women and the objects…… [Read More]

References

Cartldge, P. & Millett, P. (1998). Kosmos: Essays in Order, Conflict and Community in Classical Athens. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Hamblin, W. (2006). Warfare in the ancient near east. New York: Routledge.

Kleiner, F. (2010). Gardner's art through the ages. Mason, OH: Cengage.

Snodgrass, A. (2000). The dark ages of Greece. New York: Routledge.
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Art Qs the United States

Words: 566 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47628352

Palmer C. Hayden and Laura Wheeler Waring were two of the painters of the Harlem Renaissance, and they focused on painting stylized portraits of prominent African-Americans and scenes of black life from a variety of perspectives.

4)

The dynamism of the machine age is exhibited not only in the engineered workings of inventions like automobiles and early airplanes, but also in the Futuristic paintings of the period. There is a blend of very strong geometry and straight lines that combine to create larger images of fluidity and movement that almost seems impossible when the smaller constituent elements of the painting are focused on. It is as though magic and passion are meeting science and cool logic, which is a way of describing things like the combustion engine as well. This period was a time when the world seemed to be moving in two directions, at once looking forward to the…… [Read More]

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Art Futurism Brashly and Boldly Embraced New

Words: 610 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56989238

Art

Futurism brashly and boldly embraced new technology, celebrating even the bellicose. In Marinetti's "Manifesto of Futurism," he states, "We will glorify war -- the world's only hygiene -- militarism, patriotism, the destructive gesture of freedom-bringers, beautiful ideas worth dying for, and scorn for women," (p. 148). This peculiar statement reveals the nature of futurism as it was manifest at early twentieth century. Futurism was all embracing, rejecting nothing based on immorality because futurism shunned morality. For this reason, Futurism emerged as a staunchly progressive and open-minded genre in the visual arts. The movement not just embraced new technology but celebrated it. Even the uglier side of technology, such as heavy industries and the pollution they create, was something futurists admired and incorporated into their visual art schema. Within the futurist framework, it is certainly possible to imagine works of art that represent something genuinely new.

One reason it is…… [Read More]

References

Boccioni, Umberto. "Futurist Painting: Technical Manifesto."

Marinette, Filippo Tommaso. "The Foundation and Manifesto of Futurism."
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Art Music and Art Tunga

Words: 362 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8863072

I wonder if that is how he really did it.

I know the author was trying to make a point about life and death, but this work also reminds me of something that would happen during religious persecution or a war. It seems like the winner might walk around with a trophy like this, which is pretty disgusting. The piece shows the contrast between good and evil and death and life, and it is very strong and realistic. The artist used different metals to show the different stages, and hung the heads together to show that we are all equal in death. I think that this is an important piece of artwork, but I'm not really that fond of it, and I would rather find something else to view that is more pleasing and nice to look at. This is too dark and frightening to look at or think about…… [Read More]

Music and Art

Tunga (at the Light of Both Worlds)" is a mixed media kind of sculpture work created in 2005 by the artist from Brazil named Tunga. This work is kind of a sculpture suspended from the ceiling, with many different heads and skulls hanging from metal wire and metal canes. It is disturbing to look at because it seems to represent death and evil, and it is dark and scary-looking. It reminds me of something that you would see at a Halloween party or event, because it has that look of fright and fear about it, and it makes the person looking at it emotional and a little frightened. I think that this is a work of art, and I can see why it is on exhibit in a museum, but it is not something I would want to have in my house or near me, it is too morbid and scary to keep around all the time. I also think that it is very realistic, and it almost looks like the sculptor used real skills and heads to model the metals ones in this piece. I wonder if that is how he really did it.

I know the author was trying to make a point about life and death, but this work also reminds me of something that would happen during religious persecution or a war. It seems like the winner might walk around with a trophy like this, which is pretty disgusting. The piece shows the contrast between good and evil and death and life, and it is very strong and realistic. The artist used different metals to show the different stages, and hung the heads together to show that we are all equal in death. I think that this is an important piece of artwork, but I'm not really that fond of it, and I would rather find something else to view that is more pleasing and nice to look at. This is too dark and frightening to look at or think about too much, and I think that if children saw it, they might think it was "cool," but it might give them bad dreams, too.
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Art Complete Identifications Period Date- Renaissance 1501- 1504

Words: 770 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31395123

Art

Complete Identifications

Period/date- enaissance 1501- 1504

Location or origin- Florence Italy

Medium and size- Sculpture

Period/date- Baroque 1610

Location or origin- ome

Medium and size- Painting

The story of David and Goliath is one that transcends time. In particular, the story appeals to a wide array of diverse individuals, each with its own views on religion, culture and values. Through the universal appeal of David, many different interpretations have arisen throughout time. These interpretations, although distinct, often convey a fundamental truth prevailing during the period of its creation. Aspects such as war, political policies, civil unrest, and culture values often matriculate into the interpretation of the David of Goliath. Art is no different in this regard. Both the Baroque and enaissance periods gave rise to new and distinct forms of belief and expression. These concepts ultimately matriculated into many of the more commonly know masterpieces of today's time. The…… [Read More]

References:

1) Hartt, Frederick, Michelangelo: the complete sculpture, New York: Abrams,1982

2) Howard Hibbard, Michelangelo, New York: Harper & Row, 1974, 59-61; Anthony Hughes, Michelangelo, London: Phaidon, 1997, 74
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Art Pop Art An Aesthetic

Words: 1667 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67026770



Like many of the Pop Artists, Hockney frequently experimented with the media of his work, delving into both photography and film, and even set design. Photography, film, and other new media have proved to be a 'natural' outlet for Pop Artists. Since Pop Art cannibalizes the subject matter of popular culture, using the other tools of popular culture such as reproduction and the moving image seems like a natural progression. Some of David Hockney's most brilliant, acclaimed and interesting work have come from his use of collages, or composite photographs, designed to challenge the limitations of still life. Hockney said he strove to create a 'complete' picture of a moment in time in photography -- an impossible task, perhaps, but deliberately so. His use of composites also shows how a single moment, like a conversation, is made up of a multiplicity of perspectives ("David Hockney -- Photocollage," h2g2, 2000).

Pop…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Biddington, Jake. "Pop Art." Pedigree and Provence. 22 Apr 2008.  http://www.biddingtons.com/content/pedigreepop.html 

David Hockney -- Photocollage." h2g2. Created Oct 2000. 12 Apr 2008. http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A449921

Hughes, Robert. American Visions. New York: Knopf, 1997.

Excerpted at "Pop Art." Art Archive 22 Apr 2008.  http://www.artchive.com/artchive/W/warhol.html
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Art Visual Text the Purpose

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37844078

It is clear the artist wants to communicate his feelings to his audience, and the text makes this clear in using codes and thoughts to convey these feelings.

There are cultural assumptions assumed by this text, especially that everyone is familiar with the history of World War II and the Holocaust. It seems many of the images of the artist are related in ways to this, and it assumes that everyone will understand the meaning and the history, without having to ask questions. The artist, in that, seems to depart from dominant culture values, not because his work is dark and disturbing, but because somehow, the works seem to convey the dark side of life that many people want to ignore. He takes a dim view of humankind it seems, and that is not so common in cultural values, because most people want to hope for the best, and Kiefer…… [Read More]

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Art the Baroque Era Ca

Words: 603 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9217749

According to Henry a. Millon, the sparkling gaiety of this style "was cultivated by a new age associated with the regency that followed upon the death of Louis XIV and then with the reign of Louis XV," meaning that these two French kings and their opulent lifestyles highly influenced the art that came about during the beginning and middle years of the 18th century in Europe (156).

Essentially, the Rococo is an interior style or, in other words, pertains mostly to the decoration of objects designed for the interior of palaces and royal residencies. As compared to the art of the aroque Era, that of the Rococo style is far removed from religious and national influences. Architecturally, one of the best examples of the Rococo style can be found in the Rococo room of the Salon de la Princesse at the Hotel de Soubise in Paris, decorated by Germain offrand…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Millon, Henry a. Baroque and Rococo Architecture and Art. New York: Doubleday, 1975.

Tapie, Victor L. The Age of Grandeur: Baroque Art and Architecture. New York: Phadeon Books, 1966.
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Art Cinema and Absurdity

Words: 808 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78135391

Art Cinema and Theatre of Absurd

In "The Art of Cinema as a Mode of Film Practice," David Bordwell provides a definition of what he believes constitutes art cinema in order to define the style as an artistic movement. In "The Theatre of the Absurd," Martin Esslin provides similar arguments about theatre as Bordwell does about film. Bordwell and Esslin both provide an analysis of the elements that distinguish art cinema and art theatre from their mainstream counterparts.

There are several factors that contributed to the rise of art cinema in the post-orld ar II era. Art cinema became to be recognized as an acceptable and appropriate vehicle of expression given the gravity of historical developments of post-II Europe.

In "The Art of Cinema as a Mode of Film Practice," Bordwell explains art cinema "as a distinct mode appears after orld ar II when the dominance of the Hollywood cinema…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bordwell, David. "The Art Cinema as a Mode of Film Practice." Film Theory and Criticism:

Introductory Readings. Eds. Leo Baudy and Marshall Cohen. New York: Oxford

University Press, 2009. Print.

Esslin, Martin. "The Theatre of the Absurd." The Tulane Drama Review. The MIT Press: Vol. 4,
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Art Cinema-400 Blows and Loves

Words: 800 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78705904

Voice-overs allow the audience to understand what Antoine thinks and what he wants to accomplish.

Ambiguity also plays a large role in the development of art cinema. Bordwell claims that classical narrative deviations -- ambiguity -- "are placed, resituated as realism (in life things happen this way) or authorial commentary (the ambiguity is symbolic)" (Bordwell 721). The 400 Blows has an open-ended conclusion that forces the audience to contemplate what will happen to Antoine when he is caught.

The 400 Blows appears to have influenced Milos Forman's Loves of a Blonde as both films share similar art cinema characteristics, and demonstrate narrative and character parallels. The protagonist in Loves of a Blonde, Andula, appears to want to escape her life, which is set against a realistic background. She is expected to perform the same tasks day in and day out and she is not given many opportunities to escape the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

The 400 Blows. Directed by Francois Truffaut. France: Cocinor, 1959. DVD.

Bordwell, David. "The Art Cinema as a Mode of Film Practice." Film Theory and Criticism:

Introductory Readings. Eds. Leo Baudy and Marshall Cohen. New York: Oxford

University Press, 2009. Print.
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Art in Cultural Context Cybele Is an

Words: 1682 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18300208

Art in Cultural Context

Cybele is an ancient figure who represented the mother goddess and in her was granted the ability to create and populate the world according to her desires. She was both the most powerful of the gods and also an amalgamation of the most powerful of the goddesses. In both Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, cults which worshipped Cybele were established and elaborate temples were constructed in her honor which lasted throughout centuries. The woman was not just another goddess in the pantheon of deities established by the ancient empires, but was a uniquely powerful entity that people would worship and pray to in times of difficulty and suffering. She had within her the powers of many of the goddesses, including the Earth goddess Gaia, the Minoan goddess Rhea, and the goddess of the harvest Demeter, taking the role of each of these mythological mothers. So strong…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

British Archaeology (2003). Dish fit for the gods. Retrieved from  http://www.staffsmetaldetectors.co.uk/staffs_moorlands_patera.htm 

Metropolitan Museum of Art (1943). Bronze Cybele. The Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum

of Art: Volume 1. New York, NY. 145-46.

Roman myth, religion, and the afterlife. (2011). 73-125.
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Art Cinema and Contempt Le

Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84281050

Godard believed that cinema should be an extension of criticism, a concept that he is able to achieve in Le Mepris through his criticism of traditional Hollywood cinema and the restrictions imposed on directors who were struggling to define their style and voice their interpretation of stories set before them. Godard is able to inject his personal interpretation of Moravia's novel by writing the script of the film and by incorporating aspects of his relationship with Karina into the film. Godard does not compromise his authorial interpretation of Moravia's novel, yet is able to stay within the parameters set before him by the producers of the film.

In "The Art of Cinema as a Mode of Film Practice," Bordwell argues that ambiguity helps to unify realism and authorial expressivity; however, Godard does not employ ambiguity and allows the film to end conclusively. Godard believes, "A story should have a beginning,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bordwell, David. "The Art Cinema as a Mode of Film Practice." Film Theory and Criticism. Ed.

Leo Braudy and Marshall Cohen. New York: Oxford UP, 2004. 774-782.

Deleuze, Gilles. Cinema II. London: Athalone Press, 2005. Print.

IMDB. "Biography of Jean-Luc Godard." Web. 22 March 2013.
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Art Analysis of an Advertisement

Words: 1485 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47944622

The traditional estern woman would not wear the mark of the warrior, the war paint, or other decorative markings. but, in the idealized world of the advertisement, a woman can as well be a warrior for a cause, as man a soldier for that in which he believes. As well, gender is used to contrast the softness and over-refinement of a highly technological and industrial world with the rigors of everyday life in the African environment. Here also, the message is that traditional gender roles must be abandoned if we are to become one; if we are to recognize our genuine and universal heritage. This heritage is symbolized by the naked purity of the African tope.

An Ideological Description:

Beyond its gendered and Eurocentric vs. Afrocentric text, the advertisement carries a very powerful subtext about the need for all of us to recognize our "Africanness." Gwyneth Paltrow is a estern…… [Read More]

Works Cited

http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=28520584

Boehm, Christopher. Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

From the Tour: Titian and the Late Renaissance in Venice." The Collection, National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, 2006. URL:  http://www.nga.gov/collection/gallery/gg23/gg23-1226.0.html .
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Art in Non-Western Society the

Words: 1354 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57114131

Turtle shell rattles have been used for countless centuries. Such rattles have been recovered from ancient sites in the southwest and in the Mississippian civilizations.

The turtle rattle was also a musical instrument in ceremonial use. One of its most important functions was its significance in the False Face ceremonies. One of the most distinguishing features of the Iroquois belief system is the reliance on the mask for religious and ritual purposes. These masks are often designated as False Faces. This term refers to the first False Face and the mythical origins of protective and healing spirits. They are used in introductory and agricultural rituals. The turtle rattles play a significant part in these important rituals.

In the various curing and healing rituals, the wearer of the False Face will juggle hot coals and use ash and is apparently immune to cold (see below), and he bears a turtle-shell rattle…… [Read More]

American Indian Education. http://www.osseo.k12.mn.us/special/stusupport/stuserv/AmInd/LilBuffalo/catalog.htm (Accessed April 30, 2005)

THE IROUK CHARACTER. http://www.icculus.org/~msphil/mythus/campaigns/aerth/irouk / (Accessed May 1, 2005) www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=21005756

Frank G. Speck, and Alexander General, Midwinter Rites of the Cayuga Long House (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1995), 70.
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War Benefits War's Benefits to

Words: 981 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61025494



An arguably even stronger influence, however, comes from the other side of the economic railroad tracks. Though few come out and say it, it is likely that many of the elite members of society approve of war not out of any sense of nobility or honor, but because war has direct extrinsic benefits for them. These benefits are both political and economic in nature, and tend to positively affect all of the elite -- those at the top of the economic, political, and military ladders. There is often, of course, a great overlap in these areas of power, which only makes the problem that much worse (Mooney & Knox 2007). It might at first be difficult to see how widespread death and destruction could benefit anyone, but it is actually quite simple.

The simplest and most sinister benefit is the economic one. War leads to huge increases in production and…… [Read More]

References

Mooney, L. & Knox, D. (2007). Understanding Social Problems. New York: Thompson/Wadsworth.
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War of the Worlds Was

Words: 989 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82766252



It makes sense, then, that H.G. ells once "said he would 'rather be called a journalist than an artist'" (ells qtd. In McConnell 176). If the dangers of the twentieth century would come from the way unrestricted scientific advancement coupled with self-interest results in new, terrifying methods of industrialized slaughter, then the particular mode or perspective of the artist, as an opposed to the journalist, would be insufficient or irrelevant. In other words, if both the journalist and the artist seek truth, but the artist also seeks beauty, then the journalist is actually the one better suited for a world in which beauty has been overwhelmed by death and destruction on a scale and with a swiftness heretofore unimagined.

The narrator of The ar of the orlds reflects this shift, because he tells his story with as little artifice and characterization as possible, instead opting to describe the "death […]…… [Read More]

Works Cited

McConnell, Frank. "H. G. Wells: Utopia and Doomsday."Wilson Quarterly (1976-). 4.3 (1980):

176-186.

Partington, John. "The Pen as Sword: George Orwell, H.G. Wells and Journalistic Parricide."

Journal of Contemporary History. 39.1 (2004): 45-56.
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Art Great Art Proponents Art Is Not

Words: 716 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98225920

Art

Great Art proponents

Art is not something new that started recently. Art work has been in existence for a very long time and there are various artists who have brought an influence in this field. When looking at art in the 1960s we can see that there are various art movements as well as cultural histories which are associated with this period.

Andy Warhol was a very influential pop artist in the 1960s. He took product logos and their labels from a commercial context and displayed them as a form of art. He also went ahead to make sculptures that were identical to Brillo boxes and Campbell's soup cans. Through his work we can see that pop art posed as a challenge to traditional art through equating imagery that was mass produced in advertising with existing fine arts. This was attracted by graphical directness of advertising and consumer packing…… [Read More]

References psychedelicadventures.com. (2010).The Psychedelic [in] Society:

A Brief Cultural History of Tripping. Retrieved July 4, 2013 from  http://www.psychedelicadventures.com/BriefHistory.htm 

Chappell, M. (2006). Art in the 1960s. Retrieved July 4, 2013 from  http://artsconnected.org/collection/118487/art-in-the-1960s?print=true#%281%29 

Sarasota Visual Art. (2012). William Pachner: Works from the 1960s. Retrieved July 4, 2013 from  http://sarasotavisualart.com/2012/02/william-pachner-works-from-the-1960s/
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Art of Invisible Respond to What We Hear Radio

Words: 2090 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88568329

Art of the Invisible: Listening Responses

Radio as Storytelling

Like all artistic media, there are subtle and unique elements to radio which distinguish it from other forms such as the written word, TV or film. Nowhere must the radio producer be more cognizant of the uniqueness of radio than in the radio documentary. The most intriguing of this week's listening was Rudolph Arnheim's piece "In Praise of Blindness." He disputes the idea that radio should help the mind to form visual images. Instead, the entire appeal of radio is that despite a common listening experience each listener creates an entirely independent experience in their mind's eye. This is a unique feature of radio that some forms such as writing have to a lesser extent and which contemporary forms such as TV and film entirely lack. Television instead compels all its consumers to experience both the same audio and visual experience…… [Read More]

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War and Weapons Elizabethan War

Words: 990 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20517933

During the major battle Sir Francis Drake is quoted, "There was never anything pleased me better than seeing the enemy flying with a southerly wind to the northward" ("Elizabethan ar"). The Spanish Armada was forced to sail northward while the fleet of England was able to attack. Once the larger ships were so far out to sea as to not be a threat, the reminder crashed into the shores of Norway with a starving wasted crew. Those that survived had to surrender as many soldiers did due to the new weapon at the English army's disposal, the musket.

Queen Elizabeth helped inspire advancement in technology and science. The invention of firearms was just before the Elizabethan era but she was just the encouragement the army needed to upgrade. In 1595, all soldiers were ordered to replace their bows with a musket. The most popular one at the time was called…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Elizabeth I." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2009. Web. 30 Nov. 2009
"Elizabethan Wars." November 2009. The Elizabethan Era. http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-war.htm

"The Spanish Armada." November 2009. The Elizabethan Era. http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/the-spanish-armada.htm
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Art Costume and Scenery

Words: 2259 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90090239

Art, Costume, And Scenery of Major Feature Films of the 1980s

Kiss of the Spider oman. Hector Babenco, 1988.

Adapting The Kiss of the Spider oman to the cinema presented a unique challenge to filmmakers. The story is set in a jail cell, and largely takes the form of dialogue between two prisoners: Molina, a homosexual window dresser, and his cellmate, a fiery radical named Valentin. To pass the time, Molina tells his cellmate stories. The dank, dark cell where the two men wear relatively minimalistic clothing is a stark contrast with the beautiful, melodramatic films that Molina narrates. Occasionally, some brightness will intrude into the jail, such as when Molina cooks for Valentin or when he puts a scarf around his head. Molina may make an attempt at drag, but it is relatively minor given the tools at his disposal. "Hurt wears a kind of improvised drag, mostly involving…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Canby, Vincent. "Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown." The New York Times. 1988.

[May 3, 2010].

http://movies.nytimes.com/movie/review?res=940DE2D7123DF930A1575AC0A96E948260

Ebert, Roger. "Wings of Desire." The Chicago-Sun Times. April 12, 1988. [May 3, 2010].
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War on AIDS

Words: 1577 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46254225

ar on AIDS

Affordable retroviral drugs now!

Fighting the 'good fight' against AIDS in Africa

It's one of the most long-standing theoretical ethical debates: you know someone is dying, and will die if they do not get a certain kind of medicine. However, the medicine is prohibitively expensive. Do you steal this all-important medication? Or do you allow the person to wither and die, because stealing is wrong -- or rather, because the pharmaceutical companies 'deserve' to make a profit? Of course, you ensure that the individual has the medication, ideally by pressuring the store or company to give you the medicine for free. But although this moral impulse may seem like a 'no brainer' on an individual level, on a mass level, people are still dying in record numbers from AIDS in Africa, in a way that would be unacceptable, if it took place in the so-called developing world.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Colebunders R. et al. (Oct 2005). "Free Antiretrovirals Must Not Be Restricted Only to Treatment-Naive Patients." PLoS Medicine. 2(10). Retrieved 14 Feb 2008 at http://medicine.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed.0020276

Global Access to HIV Therapy Tripled in Past Two Years, But Significant Challenges

Remain." (2007). WHO: World Health Organization Retrieved 14 Feb 2008 at http://www.who.int/hiv/mediacentre/news57/en/index.html

Miller, Charles & Kenneth Goldman. "Merck, AIDS, and Africa." (23 Oct 2003).
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War Rational Choice Realism

Words: 1507 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66607944

ar is a necessary and inevitable. The question of whether it is justified is dependent on the conditions of each war individually, but the necessity and inevitability of armed conflict among human societies has been demonstrated consistently throughout history. Davidson and Lytle (1992) provide a strong argument in favor of this position with their description of the conditions surrounding the detonation of the atomic bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki to bring an end to the Second orld ar.

Davidson and Lytle argue that the reason for these bombings was not as much to end the war with the Japanese but rather to send a message to the Soviet Union. At the time, the U.S.S.R. was also pursuing nuclear weapons technology. In the wake of the end of the war in Europe, that continent had been effectively been divided between the United States and its allies in the est and Stalin's…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Crossman, Ashley (2014). Rational choice theory. About.com. Retrieved May 25, 2014 from http://sociology.about.com/od/Sociological-Theory/a/Rational-Choice-Theory.htm

Davidson, James & Mark Lytle. The decision to drop the bomb. After the fact: The Art of Historical Detection. McGraw-Hill.

Korab-Karpowicz, Julie. (2013). Political realism in international relations. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved May 25, 2014 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/realism-international-relations/
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Sun Tzu -- the Art

Words: 3534 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84579816

254). Evans wondered if in fact the two organizations have not heeded advice from the likes of Tzu: "…Can we be more proactive, anticipating and knowing what our 'enemies' are planning?" he wondered (p. 254).

Evans (p. 254) also wonders if Tzu has a relevant point -- "When it is advantageous move; when not advantageous, stop" -- and explains that perhaps his organizations would be better off if they realize "…the wall is solid and not passable" and hence "walking around the end of the wall is the better forward progress." Knowing what terrain to do battle on is part of the key in wartime maneuvers, according to Tzu, and Evans (p. 255) realizes the same is true for his national organizations. "The location where we will engage the enemy must not become known to them. If it is not known, then the positions that they must prepare to defend…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Boar, Bernard, 2007, 'Sun Tzu and Machiavelli On Strategy', Journal of Business Strategy, Vol. 16, Issue 1, 16-18 (originally published in the Journal of Business Strategy in 1993).

Evans, Gregory R.D., 2004, 'Sun Tzu's Art of War', Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Vol. 114, No. 1, 252-255.

Foo, Check Teck, 2009, 'Implementing Sun Tzu's Art of War, system of systems (SoS) thinking', Chinese Management Studies, Vol. 3, No. 3, 178-186.

Handel, Michael I., 2000, 'Corbett, Clausewitz, and Sun Tzu', Naval War College Review, Vol. 53, Issue 4, 106-125.
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Clausewitz and Sun Tzu Related to War at Sea

Words: 1379 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74435115

Art of War" by Sun-Tzu, and "On War" by Karl von Clausewitz. Specifically it will discuss how the two authors might have viewed and dissected war at sea. These two philosophers wrote of war at very different times in history, and yet neither of them wrote of warfare at sea. One, Sun-Tzu might not have even considered the possibility of war at sea, while the other may have simply dismissed it as not applicable to his book. However, war at sea is a vital consideration in warfare today, and has been for centuries. Which philosopher best deals with technologies and tactics applicable to war at sea? That remains to be seen.

Each of these two philosophers is certainly adequate to describe and support war at sea as well as war on land. In fact, throughout his book, author Clausewitz often uses the sea as a metaphor of description. For example,…… [Read More]

References

Clausewitz, Karl von. On War. Trans O.J. Matthijs Jolles. Washington, DC: Infantry Journal Press, 1950.

Sun-Tzu. The Art of War. Trans. Ralph D. Sawyer. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994.
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The concept of proportionality in war

Words: 3930 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60461985

Proportionality in War

The principle of proportionality in war is something that is hotly contested and debated. How the principle could and should apply in terms of response to military action or aggression, the incidence or possibility of civilian casualties and other things are all considerations when it comes to proportionality in war. In general terms, the argument to be made is that there should be consistence between a strike and a counterstrike. Obviously, the idea is to win whatever conflict is at hand. However, there are limits to this approach. For example, responding to a cruise missile strike with a nuclear strike is obviously not going to fly. However, there are some times where proportionality is clouded and made difficult to figure out. At the very least, it can be controversial. The dual nuclear strike on Japan during World War II is one example. The manner in which the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Brown, Davis. 2011. "PROPORTIONALITY IN MODERN JUST WAR THEORY: A TORT-BASED APPROACH." Journal Of Military Ethics 10, no. 3: 213-229. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed May 5, 2017).

Case Briefs. 2017. "Public Committee Against Torture V. State Of Israel | Case Briefs." Casebriefs.Com. http://www.casebriefs.com/blog/law/criminal-law/criminal-law-keyed-to-kadish/exculpation/public-committee-against-torture-v-state-of-israel/.

"DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE - LAW OF WAR MANUAL." 2017. US Department Of Defense. http://archive.defense.gov/pubs/Law-of-War-Manual-June-2015.pdf.

Eberle, Christopher J. 2016. "Rights, Goods, and Proportionate War." Monist 99, no. 1: 70. MasterFILE Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed May 5, 2017).
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Sun Tzu's the Art of

Words: 1416 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18771278

If he is taking his ease, give him no rest. If his forces are united, separate them. Attack him where he is unprepared, appear where you are not expected. These military devices, leading to victory, must not be divulged beforehand." (Tzu)

But the true wisdom in this book is that it suggests constant preparation for all situations. "Now the general who wins a battle makes many calculations in his temple ere the battle is fought. The general who loses a battle makes but few calculations beforehand. Thus do many calculations lead to victory, and few calculations to defeat: how much more no calculation at all! It is by attention to this point that I can foresee who is likely to win or lose." (Tzu)

Niccolo Machiavelli

There is a great deal known about Machiavelli and his famous work the Prince. The book was actually an attempt by Machiavelli to ingratiate…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Machiavelli, Niccolo. (1984). The Prince. Bantam Books.

Tzu, Sun. The Art of War.

Business
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Warfare the More War Changes

Words: 4069 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28377646

This will continue to be the case for the foreseeable decades as the United States fights wars that are so far not yet even imagined. If these wars have been fought (as many have suggested) over the presence of the scarce resource of oil, the next wars may be fought over the even more precious resource of water.

Looking not too far into the future, the next wars may be fought over the consequences (the magnitude of which has not been determined) of climate change. As the surface of the world itself changes with rising seawater and increasing disastrous floods, hurricanes, and droughts, the nature of war is likely to change ever more dramatically and ever more quickly. Petraeus has proven to be the kind of military leader who can understand that strength is based on intelligence and flexibility, not a clinging to traditions and -- most importantly -- the…… [Read More]

References

Bacevich, a. (2008). thinks our political system is busted. In "The Limits of Power: The End of American Exceptionalism. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Petraeus, D. (2007). The U.S. Army / Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Field Manual. Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-24fd.pdf.

Smith, R. (2007). The Utility of Force: The Art of War in the Modern World. New York: Knopf.
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Business Before Referencing Tzu Sun The Art

Words: 804 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20184391

Business Before Referencing

Tzu, Sun. The Art of War. Forward by James Clavell. New York: Hodder & Stoughton Ltd.,

What does an ancient Chinese classic about the nature of a now-obsolete form of warfare have to teach us, in modernity, about how to manage others and navigate the current business environment? A great deal, The Art of War's presence in many business class syllabuses would suggest. Indeed, certain aspects of The Art of War by Sun Tzu seem even more relevant today than in the past. How to combine moral authority with fierceness and tenacity in an increasingly competitive environment is a challenging question faced by many organizations.

One of the first principles stressed by Sun Tzu is the need for a leader to follow a moral law, what we might call a vision statement in modern business vocabulary. It is not enough for a leader to command and reward,…… [Read More]

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Military Strategy in Korean and Vietnam Wars

Words: 1555 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11150054

Military Strategy in Korean and Vietnam Wars

There have been numerous wars in the history of the United States. Some of the critical wars in the history of the United States include the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Prior to venturing into the Vietnam War, United States had participated in the Korean War. The case of Korean War proves to be a success because of the implementation of accurate and extensive strategies. Ten years after the success in the Korean War, the United States faced a similar situation, but could not recognize the same success as in the case of the previous war. One of the essential factors in the failure in relation to the Vietnam War was lack of appropriate military strategies. This research paper focuses on the illustration of reasons behind the success and failure with reference to Korean and Vietnam Wars respectively.

Military Strategy in Korea War

One…… [Read More]

References

Mehta, Harish C. 2012. "Fighting, Negotiating, and Laughing: The Use of Humour in the Vietnam War." Historian 74, no. 4: 743-788.

Schell, Jonathan. 2013. "The Real Vietnam War." Nation 296, no. 5: 20-24.

Hee Kyung, Suh. 2012. "War and Justice: Just Cause of the Korean War." Korea Journal 52,

no. 2: 5-29.
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Nature of War Is Noted to Be

Words: 1180 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3677106

nature of war is noted to be persistent and widely remains the same over time; it is violent and leads to conflicts due to clashing political perspectives, claims casualties most of whom are innocent civilians and also disrupts the societal fabric at the end of the war. Clausewitz formulated a trinity in a bid to explain what war is hinged on and why conflicts often lead to war.

Clausewitz (2006) pointed out at Passion (people), Policy (government), and Probability (Army) as the three pillars upon which war is hinged. He calls these 'the paradoxical trinity' and that they are the three magnets on which war is hinged. His emphasis was more on the romance and stressed on how the different aspects of the paradoxical trinity interact with each other.

The trinity is an interactive set of three forces that drive wars in the actual world. According to Clausewitz (2006) the…… [Read More]

References

Bassford, C. & Villacres, E.(2010). Reclaiming the Clausewitzian Trinity. Retrieved march 16, 2013 from  http://www.clausewitz.com/readings/Bassford/Trinity/TRININTR.htm 

Gillie, M.(2009). Interpreting Clausewitz's Miraculous Trinity. Retrieved March 16,2013 from  http://www.clausewitz.com/readings/Gillie-ThesisAntithesisSynthesis.htm 

Tziarras, Z.(2013). Clausewitz's Remarkable Trinity Today. Retrieved march 16,2013 from  http://thegwpost.com/2011/11/09/clausewitz%E2%80%99s-remarkable-trinity-today/ 

Carl Von Clausewitz, (2006). On War. (Indexed Edition) Michael Howard & Peter Paret (eds).
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Military Art Principles of War

Words: 988 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71035661

military philosophies of von Clausewitz, Vegetius, and Machiavelli reveal common threads of pragmatism and political realism. Vegetius focuses less on philosophy and theory, and more on the practical details and logistics of military campaigns. Yet in so doing, Vegetius does evolve a foundational political strategy that remains relevant almost two thousand years later, even as technology and the dictums of foreign affairs have changed. Likewise, the tenets embodied by Italian political philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli are still studied in the 21st century, long after they were written. Machiavelli is not as focused on the minutia of military formations on the battlefield as his predecessor Vegetius, but he is far more focused on the ways political leaders need to comport themselves in times of war and peace. Machiavelli is likewise concerned with the ramifications of political power and how leaders can retain and wield their power to achieve self-serving ends. Just as…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gilbert, Felix. "Machiavelli: The Renaissance of the Art of War." In Makers of Modern Strategy. Oxford University Press, 1986.

Vegetius. Epitome of Military Science. Trans. N.P. Milner. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1996.

Von Clausewitz, Carl. On War. Trans. Col. J.J. Graham.
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Art in the Age of

Words: 1030 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1143685

There are expressed their feelings through different work of art such as filming. Through films, they used actors and actresses to manipulate the story of the film. And thus through the facial expressions and their actions people watching it can get the whole picture of what the story was all about. One of the first to sense this transformation of the actor by the test performance was Pirandello (enjamin 1937). It was through the film actor that critics understand the moral of the story. Through time, the film was enhanced, it was first a silent film where the artists acts and try to relay the message through his actions but now, there are sounds that help the actor easily and accurately relay the message. His feelings as well the manner of his delivery through the sounds can very well understand the message of the story.

Technology boomed and changes came…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Benjamin, W. (1937) "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" [Online] Available at: http://pages.emerson.edu/Courses/spring00/in123/workofart/benjamin.htm#value

Blunden, A. (1998) "Translated: The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television [Online] Available at: http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/ge/benjamin.htm

MS Encarta (2005) "Dada" Reference Library Microsoft Corporation.
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Art To Me Art Is a Concept

Words: 804 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92124523

Art?

To me, art is a concept that is impossible to define, because any definition of art necessarily limits art, and art should be limitless. I would say that art is what separates humans from other animals, because I feel like the ability to create and appreciate art is one of the defining elements of humanity, but I have seen examples of animals creating artwork, so I do not know that it is a uniquely human concept. However, whether art is unique to humans or is something shared by other highly intelligent animals, I know that art is essential to the human experience. I agree with Dr. Cornell est that, "You can't talk about the struggle for human freedom unless you talk about the different dimensions of what it means to be human" (est). Therefore, to me, art is about, not only being human, but also about creating the social…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hegel, George. "Hegel's Lectures on Aesthetics. Volume 1." Marxists.org. N.p. Unk. Web.

17 Oct. 2013.

Hooks, Bell. "Beauty Laid Bare: Aesthetics in the Ordinary." Feminish.com. 157-165. 1995.

Web. 17 Oct. 2013.
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Art in an Unpredictable World the Book

Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69770780

Art in an Unpredictable World

The book And Then You Act: Making Art in an Unpredictable World, by Anne Bogart, is a collection of eight essays on art, theatre and the collaborative creative process that the artists who work in this medium apply to their craft. The book links each essay to the importance of action during times of difficulty, whether personal or political. Thus, the book's message is both educational and inspirational.

Bogart starts each chapter of this fantastic book with advice or insight towards a "bolder" form of art, which she illustrates with the metaphor "making music more intense." Through this metaphor, she provides the reader with a clear sense of what powerful art must mean. Bogart's bold art must thus consider the following themes: context, articulation, intention, attention, magnetism, attitude, content and time. She especially stresses the need for powerful art after the September 11 attacks, and…… [Read More]

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Art Museum in Chicago and an Exhibition

Words: 807 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12576904

art museum in Chicago and an exhibition held in the University of Minnesota where I happened to stay for a week's vacation.

The Art museum of Chicago

I have always been interested in art. It transports me to a different place and calms me. Therefore, I decided to select the famous art museum of Chicago as one of my places to visit.

Being philosophically inclined, the exhibit that made the greatest impact on me and had me wandering around it various times was the marble statue of a group of figures -- naked men -- eyes closed, hands gently touching the shoulder of the one in front of them. There they stood in a closed circle, connected; yet disconnected as we are in real life. This was precisely reminiscent of our experience, and it reminded me of Liebniz's monads. Each of us exists singly in the world. Perceptions come in,…… [Read More]

References

The Art Institute of Chicago. Retrieved on 9/3/2011 from:

http://www.artic.edu/aic/exhibitions/

The British Museum. Explore Money. Retrieved on 9/3/2011 from:

 http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/themes/money/introduction.aspx
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Art Myth and Revolt Cy

Words: 1121 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38753646

Such works bring to mind Freud's theory of genital anxiety, which is present in both men and women. At the same time - and this is where Bourgeois's revolt against myth occurs - what would otherwise be seen as a fetish object for men is deployed here as a weapon instead. Thus, by subverting the feminine into a weapon, Bourgeois is simultaneously responding to the psychic myths of Western civilization and transgressing them in an effort to posit a new model of the real.

Throughout the course of his career, Anselm Kiefer has attempted to unite myth and history through an immense terrain of entangled cultural references and pictorial techniques. In doing so, Kiefer has effectively attempted to bear the weight of our collective historical tragedies and redemptive hopes that many artists in the last forty years have attempted to convey. Few of them, however, do it so effectively as…… [Read More]

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Art and Literature

Words: 1206 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67851420

Henri Matisse's painting Woman efore an Aquarium, and the poem of the same title by Patricia Hampl. The also paper look at the reasons why a poet may choose to base their work on an existing work of art.

Poets sometimes choose to write about works of art for many reasons, because they become inspired by them, or repulsed by them, or maybe because they are enraged by the work of art. Further, the work of poets can also inspire artists, for much the same reasons. Many would argue that both poets and painters are artists, and that, as such, the issue of why and how poets become inspired by paintings is irrelevant; it is argued that a painting can be as much of an inspiration for a poet as a scene from nature, or a memory, or a smell, as anything that stimulates the muse to write can be…… [Read More]

Bibliography

         http://www.artchive.com/artchive/M/matisse.html         

Neret, G. (1999). Matisse. Taschen.

Brettell, R.R. (1999). Modern Art: 1851-1929. Oxford University Press.
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Art and Photography

Words: 4140 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95799636

Ansel Adams: An Analysis of the Importance of America's Most Popular Photographer

Of all the great black-and-white photographers, Ansel Adams was the blackest and the whitest. -- Kenneth Brower, 2002

Today, Ansel Adams is widely regarded as the most important landscape photographer of the 20th century, and is perhaps the most best known and beloved photographer in the history of the United States. As a firm testament to his talents and innovations, the popularity of his work has only increased over the years following his death in 1984 (Szarkowski 1-2). This photographer's most important work concerned the last remaining vestiges of untouched wilderness in the nation, particularly in the national parks and other protected areas of the American est; in addition, Adams was an early and outspoken leader of the conservation movement (Szarkowski 2). This paper provides an overview of Adams and his historical significance, followed by a discussion of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adams, Ansel. "The Artist and the Ideals of Wilderness." In Wilderness: America's Living

Heritage, David Brower (Ed.). San Francisco: Sierra Club, 1961.

--- -- . Letters and Images 1916-1984, Mary S. Alinder and Andrea G. Stillman (Eds.). Boston:

Little, Brown, 1988.
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Art in the 1930s

Words: 896 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76018325

Huffington Post

Attn: Adrian Johnson

770 Broadway

Letter to the Editor

Dear Editor,

In response to the recent article, eview of Abstract Expressionism, about the failures of Abstract Expressionism, it is important to remember the how American art during the 1930s embodied democratic values. In the 1930s, America was experiencing a depression that is commonly known as the Great Depression. This period was characterized by significant economic difficulties and collapse that culminated in a war. While the country was renowned as a land of opportunity and hope during this period, the Great Depression changed people's perception regarding the United States since it became a nation of despair and depression. Given the underlying economic situation in this period, artwork and the field of art in general was seemingly irrelevant as many artists were experiencing tremendous economic challenges and remained unemployed (Hittner, n.d.).

However, the series of social liberal recovery programs initiated…… [Read More]

References

Fisher, K. (n.d.). Expressing the Age: How the Painting of Jackson Pollock Displayed the Political Culture of Abstract Expressionism. Retrieved December 19, 2016, from https://philologiavt.org/philologia/article/view/113/79

Griffey, R. (2014, September). Thomas Hart Benton's America Today Mural. Retrieved December 19, 2016, from http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/bent/hd_bent.htm

Hittner, A.D. (n.d.). Art of the Thirties. Retrieved December 19, 2016, from http://www.antiquesandfineart.com/articles/article.cfm?request=966
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Art of Mediation

Words: 641 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82873636



A fixed-pie concept of mediation has been largely criticized as being too archaic and too ego-centric to actually provide a resolution which satisfies all involved (Steinel et al., 2000). Instead, more simplistic and more conducive tools can be used to improve mediation and to overcome the impasse. For instance, simply striking a deadline so that all involved have to abide by it can provide the two parties in this case with a greater level of incentive in overcoming the impasse. For the two parties involved in this highly emotional situation, establishing a more useful precedent can also be effective: in this case the precedent might involve the ethical behavior in research in general, and might seek to inspire all involved to negotiate for more livable terms.

Finally, in such a case the mediator can just push for improved communication for all around: this can be done by setting ground rules…… [Read More]

References

Berman, L. (2014). Impasse is a Fallacy . Retrieved from americaninstituteofmediation.com: http://www.americaninstituteofmediation.com/pg70.cfm

Johnsen, J. (2013). The Dreaded Impasse. Retrieved from jsjmediations.com:  http://jsjmediations.com/pdf/Impasse%20Article.pdf 

Steinel, W (2000). Unfixing the Fixed Pie. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. p.975-
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Art in the Age of

Words: 2001 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32014755



imilarly, the phases of the image evolves from art reflecting basic reality, through three progressive stages that culminate in art that has no relation to reality at all. The same happens with utopian and science fiction writing. The first stage requires no such writing, as the world is viewed as utopian in its current state. The second stage recognizes the world as imperfect, and compensates for this by means of romantic dreams (Mann). The third stage revolves around technological dreams such as robots and machines, while the final stage once again culminates in an end to science fiction: the hyperreal absorbs science fiction into a new genre related to the Internet and other types of mass media.

There are many examples of the hyperreal in the modern media. Perhaps the most striking of these is entertainment centers such as Disney World. These worlds are presented as reality to visitors, who…… [Read More]

Sources

Benjamin, Walter. "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction." 1936.

http://www.ejumpcut.org/archive/***/JC15folder/WalterBenjamin.html

Kazis, Richard. "Benjamin's age of mechanical reproduction." Jump Cut, no. 15, 1977. http://web.bentley.edu/empl/c/rcrooks/toolbox/common_knowledge/general_communication/benjamin.html

Mann, Doug. "Jean Baudrillard: A Very Short Introduction." 2009.  http://publish.uwo.ca/~dmann/baudrillard1.htm
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Art Is The Creation of Beautiful or

Words: 423 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36949218

art is "te creation of beautiful or tougt-provoking works" according to te World Englis Dictionary

It is wit tat definition in mind tat I argue tat teatre is most definitely an art form. Teatre can be defined as wen someone cooses to make dramatic performance (acting) teir profession muc as a dancer cooses te ballet as teir profession. Te roots of teatre can be traced as far back as te ancient Roman Empire, troug te Renaissance in Europe and finally to te 20t century, wic saw te emergence of commercial teatre suc as musicals tat are performed in suc venues as Broadway.

Witout question, acting is someting tat only select people are really great at. Likewise, few people can really draw or paint, dance, write, sing or play music. Tese are all considered art forms and te teatre is a culmination of all of tese in one way or anoter.…… [Read More]

http://www.dictionary.msn.com/find/entry.asp?refid=1861695679&wwi=5210

http://www.arts.endow.gov/

15 Feb 2002
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Art of the Critique Film

Words: 2817 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70469556

The birds flying away in the end are representative of the freedom to love each other that Allie and Noah now have with each other. No physical bounds can restrain them. These elements became apparent on the fourth viewing. I then went back through the scenes to see if bird imagery was hiding in other scenes. Birds were found throughout the story, such as Noah providing bread for Allie to feed the birds, a mockingbird on the porch after they make love, etc. Upon closer examination, this emerged as a central tool for conveying the theme that Noah and Allie's love was as wild and free as the birds.

An analysis of "The Notebook" is a prime example of how the technique of viewing the film several times until the layers emerge can reveal deeper meanings with each viewing. In order to understand how the various elements of the film…… [Read More]

References

Boggs, J., and Petrie, D. (2008). The Art of Watching Films (Ashford Custom 7th ed.).

Mountain View, CA Mayfield.

Dirks, T. (n.d.). Tips on Film Viewing. Part 2. Filmsite. Retrieved August 9, 2010 from  http://www.filmsite.org/filmview2.html 

Goudreau, K. (2006). American Beauty: The Seduction of the Visual Image in the Culture of Technology. Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society. 26 (1): 23-30.
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Wars Cruel and Dramatic Experiences

Words: 1909 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65058575

" In the context of a war poetry, this metaphor emphasizes the greatest honor a citizen of a state can embrace is to die for his land. Obviously, Owen uses this phrase in an ironical manner, circularly ending his poem by noting: "The old lie; Dulce et decorum est Pro Patria Mori."

In terms of word registry, the poem is pretty much similar to the previous ones, meaning it emphasizes the effects the war has on soldier, the misery, the pain, the blood and the injuries. Words regarding weapons do not appear in the title, but the author uses them with a high frequency. Therefore, regarding specific actions of warfare, one can identify "hoots," "distant rest," "helmets," "lime," "panes," "to gutter" and so on. By comparing all poems presented above, it seems that Owen creates the most detailed picture and atmosphere, which could be explained by the fact that he…… [Read More]

References:

Clarke, George Herbert. A Treasury of War Poetry: British and American Poems of the World War, 1914-191. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1917

Powell, Anne. Another Welcome Letter: Soldiers' Letters from the Great War. Contemporary Review 265. 1546 (Nov 1994): 1

Manwaring, Randle. Poetry and the Pity of War. Contemporary Review 273. 1594 (Nov 1998): 1
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War Broke Out in 1756

Words: 7157 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43993603



The Seven Years War saw Britain established as the greatest colonial power, with control over India and North America seemingly secured, while Prussia emerged as the greatest power on the Continent, and the dominant force inside Germany, reducing still further the power of the Holy Roman Empire and Habsburg Austria. Frederick II of Prussia (the Great) emerges as the most remarkable leader of the war. Prussia was the smallest of the main combatants, and yet Frederick survived year after year of campaigning, and despite coming near to defeat he emerged triumphant (Richard).

Histories of the American Revolution tend to start in 1763, the end of the Seven-Year's War, a worldwide struggle for empire that pitted France against England in North America, Europe, and Asia. Fred Anderson, who teaches history at the University of Colorado, takes the story back a decade and explains the significance of the conflict in American history.…… [Read More]

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Art of Illustration Has Changed Dramatically Over

Words: 426 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68088460

art of illustration has changed dramatically over time. In the present moment, book illustrations can be a variety of types and styles, all of which have some historical basis in past illustrations. The period between 1929 and 1955 had two very different artistic styles in terms of aesthetic, subject matter, and technique. These two periods, known as the Pulp Era (1929-1941) and the Mid-Century Illustration (1945-1955) periods, reflected the psychological viewpoint of the American citizens who would serve as the consumers of these books, magazines, and other literary materials.

The Pulp Era has been characterized by highly stylized illustrations of women and men. Traditionally, the female characters are shown in a highly sexualized context. Usually women are in various states of undress, or their clothing is very tight and the females are buxom. Blondes are portrayed as more innocent and dark haired women are shown to be more sexually aware.…… [Read More]

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Art Project

Words: 1587 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18259679

age of globalized images and new media, including social media, visual culture is universal. Even traditional news media, such as photojournalism, provides a window into multiple worlds and offers an opportunity for individuals from diverse backgrounds to offer unique social and political commentary. The result is a virtual and actual prism: and a prism may be rendered artistically in literal form as with facets of reflective substances like glass. A prism also conveys particular metaphorical qualities, providing a rich and multifaceted medium.

My art project builds upon the found objects of our visual culture culled mainly from The New York Times. The use of this particular newspaper is personal for me, as it is the medium I used to improve my English. Yet as an artist, I found myself drawn much more to the images and especially those of foreign correspondents and their photojournalistic portfolios. Photographs of suffering, such as…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alessandrini, Anthony. "Foucault, Fanon, Intellectuals, Revolutions." Jadaliyya. 1 april, 2014. Retrieved online: http://www.jadaliyya.com/pages/index/17154/foucault-fanon-intellectuals-revolutions

Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble. New York: Routledge, 1990.

Butler, Judith. "Precarious Life, Grievable Life." Introduction to Frames of War.

Carnevale, Fulvia and Kelsey, John. "Art of the Possible." Artforum.
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War Is a Force

Words: 2207 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39831451

Force that Gives Meaning

Today I received an e-mail message about a funeral for a soldier in Texas. The sender who forwarded it wrote that his "faith in America had been restored" when he read this account by the deceased's wife:

When we turned off the highway, suddenly there were teenage boys along both sides of the street about every 20 feet or so, all holding large American flags on long flag poles, and again with their hands on their hearts ... Hundreds of young people, standing silently on the side of the road with flags. At one point we passed an elementary school, and all the children were outside, shoulder to shoulder holding flags ... kindergartners, handicapped, teachers, staff, everyone. Some held signs of love and support. Then came teenage girls and younger boys, all holding flags. Then Adults. Then families. All standing silently on the side of the…… [Read More]

References

Cooper, Gloria. (2004). The censors: New patterns in opinion control. Columbia Journalism Review, 43, 2, 58-9, Jul/Aug.

Hedges, C. (2001). War is a force that gives us meaning. New York: Public Affairs.

Louis, W.R. & D.M. Taylor (2002). Understanding the September 11 terrorist attack on America: The role of intergroup theories of normative influence. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 87-100.

Victoroff, J. (2005). The mind of the terrorist: A review and critique of psychological approaches. Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 49, No. 1, Feb, 3-42.
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Arts and Events

Words: 1329 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33003071

evolutionary history of Mexico [...] interrelationships of art and events in Mexico for the revolutionary period. It seems that revolution in a country also breeds artistic development and reform. As freedom beckons, so does the creative process and the need to document the events of the revolution. This is certainly the case in the history of the Mexican evolution and the resulting onslaught of artwork and creativity that resulted. Some of Mexico's most famous artists, such as Diego ivera, came out of the revolutionary period, and their influence on world art cannot be denied.

In the case of the Mexican muralists, the art directly reflected the events of the period; in fact, many muralists like ivera used real revolutionary figures and events as part of their subject matter. ivera painted a modern, cubistic Zapatista Guerrilla in one of his most famous paintings, and he did several murals depicting the history…… [Read More]

References

Berger, M. (Ed.). (1994). Modern art and society: An anthology of social and multicultural readings. New York: Icon Editions.

Hopkinson, A. (2004, May 3). Bread and roses: A Communist with a string of colorful lovers. New Statesman, 133, 48+.

Miller, Robert Ryal. (1986). Mexico: A history. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.
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Arts of the Contact Zone

Words: 1391 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96563167

Thus, his speech was not simply a complaint about what was wrong with the current system, but a stirring look at how to fix the problem as soon as possible.

Perhaps the most important part of King's speech is his cry for peace and understanding between both groups. He did not urge blacks to take their rights by force, but advocated peace and mutual respect for each other. This part of the speech follows Pratt's essay regarding the critique portion, where King first assesses what is wrong with the treatment of blacks in the country, and then offers ways to fix the problem. He advocates collaboration for reform, and always advocates understanding between blacks and whites in the country. He was a man of peace who used radical reform to help solve a pressing problem.

King's speech represents the contact zone in another important way, and that is because it…… [Read More]

References

King, Martin Luther. "I Have a Dream." University of Groningen. 21 Nov. 2004. 6 Nov. 2006. http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/D/1951-1975/mlk/dream.htm

Pratt, Mary Louise. "Arts of the Contact Zone." University of Florida. 1999. 6 Nov. 2006. http://www.nwe.ufl.edu/~stripp/2504/pratt.html
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Arts Music Film Literature and Theatre

Words: 2572 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93856208

1939, John Steinbeck published his novel The Grapes of rath, and that same year the film version of the story was released. The film was directed by John Ford and was very popular, and the book and the film together reached millions of people. In writing this novel, Steinbeck reflected many of the social, economic, and political currents of the time. The story is set in the Great Depression era, and the Depression was still have its effect in 1939. hat would bring about the end of the Great Depression was already starting in Europe, meaning orld ar II, which does not impinge directly on the story of the Joad family but which we can see from our standpoint today was about to bring about massive changes in American society. The very nature of the story of the Joads, however, links that story to the Depression and its effect on…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Banks, Ann. First-Person America. New York: W.W. Norton, 1980.Caldwell, Mary Ellen. "A New Consideration of the Intercalary Chapters in The Grapes of Wrath." Markham Review 3 (1973), 115-119.

Ford, John. The Grapes of Wrath. Twentieth Century-Fox, 1939.

The Grapes of Wrath." Contemporary Literary Criticism, Vol. 59. Chicago: Gale, 1989.

Groene, Horst. "Agrarianism and Technology in Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath." Southern Review (9:1)(1976), 27-31.
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Art Change Over Time

Words: 1709 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34587437

Age of Extremes

The ise of the evolutionary Arts

The chapter under review is set in the context of the troubled times that Eric Hobsbawm describes in his book "The Age of Extremities" -- a time which saw two world wars, the greatest economic depressions in world history and the communist revolution in ussia and elsewhere. There was an environment of revolution in Europe and elsewhere -- in India for example where the fight for independence from British rule was at its height during the later part of this period. Therefore according to Eric Hobsbawm, the time period from 1914 to 1945 was one where the socio-political scenario had a deep impact on the arts and culture and their expression.

The ise of the evolutionary Arts

During the period from 1914 to 1945, Eric Hobsbawm notes that in the established world of arts and culture the only two innovations that…… [Read More]

Reference

Hobsbawm, E. (1994). The age of extremes. New York: Pantheon Books.
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Art of Historical Detection by

Words: 637 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19324656



One way to solve the problem was to write down black accounts of their lives, and some historians did do this to preserve the information for future generations. The authors continue, "They [abolitionists] took down the stories of fugitive slaves who had safely made their way North, and published the accounts" (Davidson and Lytle 178). However, interest in these stories waned, and it wasn't until the twentieth century that interest revived, and by that time, many blacks had already died, taking their experiences and insight to the grave with them. Interest picked up in the 20's when many black writers were popular, and interest in southern culture continued during the WPA artists' projects during the Depression, when oral histories began to gain in popularity. These oral histories make up nineteen volumes, and really helped preserve the history of the slaves and freedmen. Even this bulk, however, only represents a fraction…… [Read More]

References

Davidson, James West and Lytle, Mark Hamilton. After the Fact: The Art of Historical Detection. New York: Alfred a. Knopf, 1982.
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Art and Literature

Words: 2435 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16949376

Humanities are Important:

An analysis of the Da Vinci Code, Beethoven's 9th, and 1984.

A novel by George Orwell (pseudonym), real name Eric Blair

Published in 1949

A reaction to the totalitarian state engulfing the global community

The Da Vinci Code

A (2006) film by on Howard

Based on the novel by Dan Brown

obert Langdon follows a series of clues that link Leonardo's masterpieces, the mystery of Jesus Christ, and a totalitarian regime in the guise of the Catholic Church

Beethoven's 9th Symphony

Completed in 1824 after the composer (Ludwig van Beethoven) had gone completely deaf, this -- his final symphony -- is often considered to be one of the greatest musical masterpieces of all time. The fourth movement is based on Schiller's "Ode to Joy" and invokes a chorus of universal brotherhood. If you listen long enough, you will hear the music swell into a magnificent burst of…… [Read More]

Reference List

Kyziridis, T. (2005). Notes on the History of Schizophrenia. Retrieved from  http://www.gjpsy.uni-goettingen.de/gjp-article-kyziridis.pdf 

Lief, R.A. (1969). Homage to Oceania: the prophetic vision of George Orwell. OH: Ohio University Press.

McLellan, J. (1988). The Beethoven Collection. NY: Time-Life Books.

Orwell, G. (1949). 1984. NY: Harcourt.
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Philosophy of Art David Hume

Words: 1467 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50776142

Art Philosophy

Tragedy in Art

The newspapers are forever mentioning the word, 'tragedy'. It usually means that there has been a death or deaths associated with a catastrophic event. Surprisingly, this is in keeping with the use of tragedy as described by Aristotle: that it should evoke the emotions of pity and fear in the presence of an action of a certain magnitude. Pablo Picasso's 1937 mural, Guernica: Testimony of ar, is the epitome of tragedy in art as described by David Hume in his essay, Of Tragedy.

Hume expresses the belief that tragedy may be seen within art through the experience of passion, spirit, uneasiness and a certain pleasure brought about by an understanding of the symbolic aesthetic. He states, "The whole art of the poet is employed in rousing and supporting the compassion and indignation, the anxiety and resentment of his audience. They are pleased in proportion as…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hume, David. "On Tragedy." At  http://www.ourcivilisation.com/smartboard/shop/humed/tragedy.htm 

Martin, Russell. "Cities under siege: Guernica remains one of the most potent depictions of the true horror of war." New Statesman, (2003),: Jan, 38-39.

Picasso, Pablo. Guernica: Testimony of War. At   http://www.pbs.org/treasuresoftheworld/a_nav/guernica_nav/main_guerfrm.html
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Neo-Classical Art and Romanticism

Words: 906 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76614217

Art has always been used as a means of expression and of confirmation of events and movements that take place in the society in that respective period of time. The Neo-Classical and Romanticist art makes no exception to this rule and the two periods have been considered in the history of artistic art as two of the most representative for the expressivity they brought to the world of the arts as well as through the painters they inspired. Jacques-Louis David and Eugene Delacroix are two of the most representative painters of the New Classical period and the Romanticist art and their paintings are significant for the symbols and ideals these two periods provided for the artistic world.

Neo-classical art must be seen in the wider context of the 18th century and the era of Enlightenment when the new perceptions on the role of reason were redefined against the concepts of…… [Read More]

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Effects of the Post World War II Occupation on Japan's Government and Politics

Words: 3528 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82503553

ar and Occupation: The Effects of the U.S. Occupation on Japan's Government and Politics

The recent change in the American foreign policy direction which has seen the replacement of its traditional anti-colonialist tilt by the neo-conservative belief of guided nation building evokes a lot of interest in the history of United State's occupation of post world war II Japan. Although each such occupation is different -- the political, social and cultural environment as well as the historical context of every war and country being different-- it is interesting to study how the Americans handled the re-building of Japan in the post-orld ar II period.

There is no doubt that the United State government's influence in shaping the future of Japan was overwhelming. In fact it would not be wrong to state that Japan's current political and economic status as a first world power is a direct result of the guiding…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bell, P.M.H. "The World Since 1945: An International History.": New York: Oxford University Press, 2001

Dower, John W. "Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II." New York: Norton/Free Press:, 1999

Dower, John W. "Why Iraq is not Japan." Mercury News. Apr. 27, 2003. July 2, 2003. http://www.bayarea.com/mld/mercurynews/news/editorial/5728557.htm?template=contentModules/printstory.jsp

Gordon, Bill. "The Allied Occupation of Japan." May 2000. July 2, 2003  http://wgordon.web.wesleyan.edu/papers/alliedoc.htm
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Society and War

Words: 2371 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52016082

War has shown its ugly side many times throughout the ages. As people have seen through battles, the casualties can be devastating. People lose families, lose their livelihoods, lose their dignity, and lose their homes when they are amidst war. The stories and the personal experiences of non-combatants are often shown to shed light on the brutality and violence that exists in war. Soldiers rape women and kill men. They set fires to entire villages and thousands of children are either left dead, raped, or orphaned. This essay is meant to shed light on the effects of war on non-combatants.

John Keegan, in his book, explains the views of war and the way people may have a particular perspective on combat and the various classifications of people during a war. The friend is the ally who helps or comes to aid. The enemy is the person that needs to die…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Anny Politzer, 'Der heimkehrende Krieger' ['The Returning Soldier']

Bartell, L.S. True Stories Of Strange Events And Odd People. iUniverse, 2014.

Carlson, John. 'War On Behalf Of Noncombatants'. Isme.Tamu.Edu. Last modified 2015. Accessed April 8, 2015. http://isme.tamu.edu/JSCOPE04/Carlson04.html#_edn1.

Keegan, John. The Face Of Battle. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1978.