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Asian esources and Economic Power
Asia has always been a centre of attention in world's politics. A single decision made by one of the Asian countries has a tendency of altering the world's political and economic scenery. A change in Afghanistan changed the perception about world's security and enunciated an on-going war of peace. Similarly, China's growth has altered economic policies of many countries in the world. Hence, whatever takes place in Asia shakes the world to its roots. This region has a lot of importance from economic point-of-view. However, even internally, there is a constant struggle in Asian countries for power and this battle is supported by the resources they have. Who has the most and knows how to use it, will decide the fate of this region.
A lot of Asian countries have desired of developing a framework of policies based on Western model. However, they have successfully…
Annual Report of CIA. (2006), World Economy and United States
Arnold, T. (2011), Dubai economy powers ahead, prospectus reveals, retrieved from http://www.thenational.ae/business/markets/dubai-economy-powers-ahead-prospectus-reveals
Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. (2012), Background Note: Japan
Callick, R. (2007), Make Way for Japan
The contributions of U.S. In these cases were only U.S.$5 billion to South Korea, U.S.$3 billion to Indonesia and zero to Thailand. (Examining the case for an Asian Monetary Fund)
Alternatively, the East Asian economies like Japan and Singapore entailed bilateral assistance to the crisis hit regional economies in some other forms. Secondly, the East Asian crisis appeared to have accorded due emphasis on prevalence of 'demand' by dominating regional members for some form of regional cooperative alliance, while the actual prospective 'supply' of such a regional arrangement appears in little doubt. Thirdly, there were prevailing channels and organizations in East Asia and others which promote regional economic cooperation in other arenas with the monetary facility being an inherent amplification of such measures. Fourthly, the necessity for some sort of geographically concentrated arrangement is felt that would enable the regional economies to work collaboratively to have a larger opinion in…
Bird, Graham; Rajan, Ramkishen. Is there a case for an Asian Monetary Fund. World Economics. March, 2000. Retrieved at http://www.economics.adelaide.edu.au/staff/rrajan/pubs/asianmf.pdf . Accessed on 28 July, 2005
Chan-Suh, Dong. Asia's Monetary Regionalism -In the Post Crisis. April, 2002. Retrieved from http://www.business.uiuc.edu/gpinteri/suhpaper.doc. Accessed on 28 July, 2005
Lewis, Jeffrey. Asian vs. International: Structuring an Asian Monetary Fund. Retrieved at http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~asiactr/haq/199904/9904a005.htm . Accessed on 28 July, 2005
Lipscy, Phillip Y. Japan's Asian Monetary Fund Proposal. Retrieved at http://www.stanford.edu/group/sjeaa/journal3/japan3.pdf . Accessed on 28 July, 2005
In the decades before the Second orld ar, throngs of Asian immigrants came to American shores from China, Japan, India, Korea, and the Philippines. In many cases, these immigrants only planned on remaining in the United States for a short while to earn money and then return back home to their families. Thus, many Asian immigrants left their families behind. However, in other cases, whole families followed, full of hope and the American Dream. These diverse Asian immigrant groups varied greatly in terms of their culture of origin, their outlooks, and their visions of the future. However, all Asian immigrants, especially those that reached the shores of the United States before orld ar Two, shared several experiences in common. All groups suffered from intense discrimination that was not only delivered by angry white workers in fear of losing their jobs but also by the American government. Also, almost…
Takaki, Ronald. Strangers from a Different Shore. Boston: Little, Brown, 1989.
Some cultural traditions exist in complete isolation from neighboring regions. For instance, Korea and China do not have the well-developed geisha role for women or the Samurai class of warriors. Japan's indigenous Shinto religion is not practiced on the Korean peninsula or in China. Taoism, an indigenous Chinese philosophical tradition, did not take root in Korea or Japan.
Geography is a factor in why Korea, Japan, and China have evolved different cultures. For one, China's large land borders with surrounding regions have made it more open to the influences of Central Asian, West Asian, Indian, Tibetan, and Mongolian societies, to name a few. China, as a result, is far more ethnically diverse -- as well as linguistically and culturally diverse -- than are Korea or Japan. This was true as much before the Mongol invasion as after. However, the Mongol invasion did affect Korea, China, and Japan and helped to…
"Hidden Korea." PBS. Retrieved online: http://www.pbs.org/hiddenkorea/history.htm
As students and consumers, we should be aware of the power that marketing has over our consciousness. The t-shirts send the wrong message: that exploitation is fine when it is done in the name of financial gain.
Our campus commercialism is a far cry from the powerful artistic expressions of filmmakers like Greg Pak and playwright David Henry Hwang. Pak produces humorous and sexy digital art that capitalizes on Asian imagery and especially Asian pop culture imagery. The skillful representation of his subject matter is a world apart from racist caricature. Pak's films stand up on their own; they are not silk screen advertisements for a preppy clothing company. Moreover, Pak's work is genuinely interesting, compelling, and entertaining. Some of the pop-porn is overtly feminist in theme, offering empowering imagery created for contemplation, not commercialization.
As Hill & Tu point out, though, not everyone is pleased with the work of…
El Boghdady, Dina. "Abercrombie & Flinch." Washington Post. May 4, 2002. P. E01.
Hill, Logan and Tu, Thuy Linh Nguyen. "Nude Japanese Schoolgirls! Lotus Blossoms! Radical Feminists?" The Vilage Voice. August 22-28, 2001.
Nguyen, Mimi. "Orientalist Kitsch."
Strasburg, Jenny. "Abercrombie recalls t-shirts many found offensive." San Francisco Chronicle. April 19, 2002.
In the post-World War II model Japan, under the economic and political influence of the United States, began repairing its economy and was a clear strategic ally for the U.S. In relation to the Soviet Union. As Japan became more and more sophisticated and built up wealth, its reputation as a financial and technological leader grew until, but the 1980s, it surpassed most of the world in numerous business niches. China, on the other hand, opted for a "sleeping giant" template, slowly and carefully building up its internal structure until the past decade or so, in which many capitalistic opportunities abound and a rising wealthy/educated population promises to change China into a dominant, global economic power.
China's first 33 years after WWII were a period of relative isolation from the rest of the world, certainly acting with the U.S.S.. As part of the World Communist Bloc, but concentrating on retention…
Dahlman, C. And J. Aubert. (2001). "China and the Knowledge Economy: Seizing
The 21st Century." World Bank Publications. Cited in:
Economist Magazine. (2009-2010). China's Economy. Cited in:
Asian Religious Studies: Write 3 One a half page reactions 3 texts: 1. Reaction the Tibetan Book Dead. 2. Write reaction Shintoism 11 short videos youtube attached- http://www.youtube./watch?v=RZNxvb12UDA&list=PL8F6756F1EB45E6AB
The "Tibetan Book of the Dead" brings on a series of ideas that people in the Western world typically have trouble accepting. Reading the book practically influences a person to acknowledge that he or she and people in general are generally trying to avoid thinking about one of the only things they know for sure with regard to their future. The text promotes the idea that it is only natural to think about mortality and about the idea of inevitable death. The "Tibetan Book of the Dead" is meant to be recited to a person as he or she faces imminent death, as it is apparently likely to make the passing more comfortable for the individual.
The manuscript proceeds with explaining a…
History is largely a story of power and subjugation. Being unfree and disempowered as been unfortunately normative, which is why the last vestiges of what Dahl, Nexo and Prendergast call "unfreedom" stand out in the modern era. North Korea is perhaps the most potent and extreme example of unfreedom in the world. As Daniel Gordon shows in the documentary feature A State of Mind, the people of North Korea blame "imperial America" for problems originating within the dysfunctional power structure of their own authoritarian regime. However, the North Korean regime did not originate or evolve in isolation. Global forces and powers, as well as more specific events have aided and abetted North Korea directly or indirectly.
Even in estern democracies, the degree to which the average person is free is variable, due to the structures and institutions that govern a capitalist society. The people of the United States pride…
Dahl, Christian, Nexo, Tue Anderson, and Pendergast, Christopher. The Be Unfree. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013.
Gordon, Daniel. A State of Mind. [Documentary Film]. 2004.
Harden, Blaine. Escape from Camp 14. New York: Penguin, 2012.
Waley-Cohen, Joanna. The Sextants of Beijing. New York: Norton, 1999.
Asian Financial Crisis of 1997
It is indeed true to assert that The Asian financial Crisis of 1997 imparted a truly tremendous influence on the economic and political development of East Asian nations and sparked the necessary impetus in acknowledging the economic interdependence. This crisis also put clear emphasis on the necessity of cooperation and integration within this region of the world.
Causes of the Crisis
When it comes to the causes of the Asian financial crisis, there are two schools of thought on what caused it. The first school of thought orbits around the idea that the collapse of the Thai Baht in July of 1997 was largely responsible for this crisis. "One view is that there was nothing inherently wrong with East Asian economies, which have historically performed very well. These economies experienced a surge in capital inflows to finance productive investments that made them vulnerable to a…
ADBI. (2013). Major Features of the 1997-98 Asian Financial Crisis. Retrieved from ADBI.com: http://www.adbi.org/discussion-paper/2008/03/10/2502.managing.capital.flows.thailand/major.features.of.the.1997..98.asian.financial.crisis/
Moreno, R. (2013). What Caused East Asia's Financial Crisis? Retrieved from frbsf.org: http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/1998/august/what-caused-east-asia-financial-crisis/
Nanto, D. (1998). 1997 Asian Financial Crisis. Retrieved from fas.org: http://www.fas.org/man/crs/crs-asia2.htm
Park, C. (2013, June 24). Asian financial integration: How much has it come true? - See more at: http://blogs.adb.org/blog/asian-financial-integration-how-much-has-it-come-true #sthash.5rtj8DYw.dpuf' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Gayatri Gopinath, associate professor of women and gender studies at the University of California at Davis, says that many of these young Asian-Americans who join artistic subcultures are individuals who cross over from one country to another in addition to not fitting into the norm of gender, sexuality or psychology. A first-world homosexual transnational has difficulty finding rights of citizenship or dual citizenship in any geographical locations of a diaspora where heterosexuality is the accepted or expected norm. These youths can never return home and, at the same time, they cannot find a place in their new world.
Traditionally, diaspora was defined strictly as those people who migrated and did not have the option of returning to the homeland. Safran (83-84) has extended this definition of diaspora as a group of ethnic expatriates who have the following characteristics in common: 1) they or their ancestors traveled from a specific original…
Gopinath, Gayatri. Impossible Desires: Queer Diasporas and South Asian Public Cultures. Durham, NC: Duke, 2005
Hartley, J Communication, Cultural and Media Studies: Key Concepts, New York: Routledge, 2002
Sanfran, William. Diasporas in Modern Societies: Myths of Homeland and Return a Journal of Transnational Studies 1.1(1991): 83 -- 99.
Wong, Deborah. Speak it Louder: Asian-Americans Making Music. New York: Routledge, 2004.
Gang activity would then threaten the family and friends of gang members due to association and not any true guilt in any criminal activity. Along with the potential threats to innocent community members, gang activity deteriorates the condition of the communal space as well. Graffiti is very often evident as border markers and property rights within the gang hierarchy; yet "graffiti is offensive to the community" (HACE 2005:35). Along with destroying the aesthetics of the community, such actions cause losses to local businesses in property damages and lost business due the overwhelming fear created by such replications of the images of gang violence. All in all, the self-proclaimed protectors of Latino-American communities, are they ones who threaten them most. Having to deal with such violence has also pushed law enforcement to heightened and sometimes controversial measures in their attempt to stop gang violence. Law enforcement has been utilized in such…
Brown, E., (2003) Gangs: A community response, California, California Attorney Generals Office. http://safestate.org/shop/files/GYV%20Gangs_Comm_Resp_ADA.pdf (March 29, 2009).
HACER (2005). La otra familia: How gangs impact Latino families and communities, Minneapolis: HACER. http://www.hacer-mn.org/downloads/Spanish_Reports/LaOtraFamilia.pdf (March 29, 2009).
Martinez, J & Valensuela, Abel. (2006). Immigration and Crime Race, Ethnicity and Violence. New York: NYU
Le, C.N. 2009. "Asian-American Gangs" Asian-Nation: The Landscape of Asian America. (March 29, 2009)
There has always been opportunity for the astute to accomplish what is known as asset farming, and the variants are as broad as domestic or native conditions provide (Studwell, 2007). The British in Malaysia, Hong Kong, and Singapore, and the Dutch in Indonesia, perfected asset farming, the idea being that an entity focused on extracting and exploiting assets from a country as quickly as possible will also have no interest in sharing the wealth generated from those efforts (Studwell, 2007). Marginalized people function as a labor force to withdraw the assets from the land or to exploit the business opportunities that can be manipulated to generate personal wealth for an elite group (Studwell, 2007). Though Americans, by and large, do not benefit from a corrupt government -- in the pure sense of the word -- business entities and private interests have succeeded in establishing networks of lobbyists and…
Friedman, M. And Friedman, R. D . (1982). Capitalism and Freedom. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Studwell, J. (2007). Asian Godfathers. Money and Power in Hong Kong and Southeast Asia. London, England: Profile Books.
Nevertheless, the country was still influenced in terms of consumer demands. In this order of ideas, the Malaysian economy remains highly dependent on exports. And in a context in which the global purchasing power and demand have decreased as result of the crisis, the levels of exports -- and the adjacent earnings -- have also decreased. In order to remedy the situation, the Malaysian government is striving to reduce the country's dependence on exports (Central Intelligence Agency, 2010).
The efforts seem to have generated positive results and the first half of 2010 has retrieved sustainable growths in the country's gross domestic product. The main explanation forwarded by the federal authority in Malaysia is that the country is not threatened by the crisis as it is not involved in risky borrowings. Nevertheless, the government would continue to assess the global arena and develop the country specific strategies and actions which best…
Agenor, P.R., 1999, The Asian financial crisis: causes, contagion and consequences, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521770807
Anwar, S., Gupta, D., 2004, Malaysian financial system and the Asian financial crisis, Global Business and Economics Review, Vol. 6, No. 2
Bloom, D., Sachs, J.D., Brainard, W.C., 1998, Brookings papers on economic activity, Brookings Institute Press, ISBN 0815711956
Charette, D.E., Malaysia in the global economy, DAI, http://www.dai.com/pdf/Malaysia_in_the_Global_Economy.pdf last accessed on October 18, 2010
The women are anticipated to spend 80% of her reproductive years in pregnancy and lactation. A latest study undertaken by the New Delhi-based Center for Science and the Environment of the small Himalayan village of Bemru revealed that child birth in majority of the instances happen in the cattle stable, as villagers consider that holy cows safeguard the mother and the newborn child from evil spirits. Childbirth is regarded as unhygienic, and the mother and their newborn are considered as "untouchables" for nearly 2 weeks following delivery. According to the study, regardless of the woman being young, old or in carrying stage, she is denied rest, Sunday or not, observing that women in the village attended to 59% of the work, frequently toiling for 14 hours daily and pushing heavy load one and half times their own body weight. Following two or three pregnancies, their energy levels exhausts, their bodies…
Chinese Cultural Studies: Women in China: Past and the Present. Retrieved at http://acc6.its.brooklyn.cuny.edu/~phalsall/texts/chinwomn.html. Accessed on 28 April, 2005
Face of poverty in S. Asia is a female one. Retrieved at http://www.burmalibrary.org/reg.burma/archives/200010/msg00038.html . Accessed on 28 April, 2005
Fikree, Fariyal F. And Omrana Pasha. 2004. Role of gender in health disparity: The South
Asian context. British Medical Journal. Vol: 328; No: 7443; No: 823-826. Retrieved at ( http://www.popcouncil.org/publications/popbriefs/pb10 (2)_2.html. Accessed on 28 April, 2005
The Taoist concept of wu wei refers to "non-action." Misunderstood as a proposal for inertia or inaction, wu wei means letting go. Instead of interfering or trying to control external situations or people, I can use the principle of wu wei to allow genuinely wise action take place. A combination of Beginner's Mind and wu wei permit me to take my ego out of my interpersonal relationships. I greet life on life's terms rather than complaining.
Both Taoism and Buddhism discourage dualistic thinking, even though the latter introduces the concepts of yin and yang. Yin and yang are principles that illustrate flux, flow, and balance: not duality. Whereas Christianity and other Western religions promote concepts of Heaven and Hell, Eastern traditions view the world more like the breath. in-breath and out-breath are part of the same singular action of breathing.
The Hindu-derived practice of yoga also emphasizes the power of…
Cho's physical movement from Korea to the actual location of Dick's home dissipates the illusion of his wealth. The blind children who remain in Korea are able to maintain their illusion, as those who have seen the reality choose not to reveal this to them.
It therefore appears that illusion is only possible by physical removal. Dick's disposition in Korea appears to indicate that he deludes even himself into believing in a certain American image. His return to reality is both physical and mental; hence the distinct difference in his personality from that in Korea. So different is this personality that Cho briefly entertains the idea that he might be a brother rather than Dick himself.
Ultimately, Cho recognizes that the illusion is irreparably broken, and that he would do better to pursue his own goals in the United States. The unbroken coconut he sends the blind children represents perpetual…
Therefore, this particular stupa is emblematic of a literal quality in its representation of the final triumph over the stages of life and death of Buddha. This temple was used to perform religious rituals and was visited as a pilgrimage site. Adherents would circle it with their right shoulders facing it, indicative of a correctness aligned with this religion. Although this and other stupas covered religious artifacts, they served as the means of open air rituals to be performed around them.
Both Hindu and Buddhist temples are used to reflect the cosmology that religious adherents believed in. These structures combined elements of visual art (in the form of painting and drawing) with physical representations of conceptions of heaven, gods and goddesses, and of earth's place within the cosmos. Not only were the particular shapes of these structures influential in conveying this representation -- such as the fact that squares represented…
"Hinduism." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online.
Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web.
Kak, Subhash. "Space and Cosmology in the Hindu Temple." 2002. Web.
Resulting from the devaluation of China's currency was an exacerbation of problems throughout Asia.
VII. 1995-96 -MINI-RECESSION, DET PROLEM, ACCUMULATION
In the summer of 1995, the reversal of the chronic weakness of the dollar resulted in the depreciation of the Japanese yen, which had been approaching an acute deflationary crisis with a steep fall in the stock market. (Makin, 2000; paraphrased)
VIII. 1996-97 - DET / FOREIGN EXCHANGE, RESERVE RATIONS DETERIORATE
The work of Williamson (1999) entitled: "Implications of the East Asian Crisis for Debt Management" relate that a countries debt can be viewed from four different external perspectives in terms of debt composition which include: (1) FDI; (2) Portfolio Equity; (3) Long-term loans; and (4) short-term loans. This is the ideal composition of a countries debts however the debt profile of countries in East Asia are known to profoundly differ from the foregoing profile in that they had too…
Banking System Developments in the Four Asian Tigers (1997) Economic Research and Data. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. 8 Aug 1997. Online FRBSF Economic Letter. Available at http://www.frbsf.org/econrsrch/wklyltr/el97-22.html
Barro, Robert J. (1998) the East Asian Tigers Have Plenty to Roar About. Economic Viewpoint Business Week 27 Apr 1998. Online available at http://www.economics.harvard.edu/faculty/barro/files/bw98_04_27.pdf
Hughes, Christopher W. (1999) Japanese Policy and the East Asian Currency Crisis: Abject Defeat or Quiet Victory. 1999 February Online available at http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/csgr/research/workingpapers/1999/wp2499.pdf
Hughes, Christopher W. (1999) Japanese Policy and the East Asian Currency Crisis: Abject Defeat or Quiet Victory. CSGR Working Paper No. 24/99. February 1999. Online available at
Asian Parental Influence
A popular scientific debate asks whether we are more likely shaped by 'nature' or 'nurture.' In other words, how much of our individuality and personality comes from our genetic makeup and how much of it comes from the influences around us? This is a debate that is directly relevant to the subject here, which asks what influence Asian parents tend to have on the development of their children. The answer, this discussion will show, is that the tight family bonds typical in Asian cultures result in a heavy influence by parents but that heredity is likely a substantial effecter as well.
In terms of the influence created by culture, there is a long-standing course of biological, psychological and sociological research which says that one's upbringing is unmatched in terms of influencing the personality, psychological orientation and ethical development of an individual. The impact that parents have on…
LaFollette, H. (1980). Licensing Parents. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 182-197.
Spett, M. (1998). Is It True That Parenting Has No Influence on Children's Adult Personalities? NJ-ACT.org.
Asian cultures, in general, are more steeped in tradition than American culture. Even though the word "American" refers broadly to all persons of various ethnic backgrounds who live in the United States, there are some general but significant differences between Asian and American culture. A lot of these differences are sociological, like the role of family. I find it interesting how different family values are in America from my native Korea. Korean culture is also more unified than American culture, because there is less diversity there. For the most part, Korean families are tightly knit and parents tend to be quite strict. Many American families are also arranged this way, but it seems that most American families I know are more disjointed and children are not disciplined as much as in Korea. Even though I now live in America, my role within my family has not changed; I am still…
Also, certain light electronic products such as fans and lighting fixtures typically set off for export were diverted to the domestic market, which underwent a construction boom because of the economic stimulus package.
One engine for growth during the crisis was Vietnam's construction sector. Vietnam's government enacted a program of stimulus spending which emphasized public works and building projects. (the Economist, 2009, Sep 24). Vietnam's stimulus spending went a long way with regard to construction because of the cheap labor available in Vietnam. The stimulus program was successful because it provided valuable infrastructure while alleviating unemployment.
Vietnam's greatest liability in the eyes of investors, its lack of full integration with the global economy, served as its greatest protection against the effects of the global financial crisis. (the Economist, 2008, Jun. 19). With an aggressive economic stimulus program and a healthy consumer base, Vietnam was able to keep…
Economist Intelligence Unit (2010). Vietnam Country Forecast. The Economist. Retrieved from http://www.viet-studies.info/kinhte/EIU-VN-Country-Forecast-2010-02.pdf
Nguyen, T.C. (2009). -- Opportunities and Challenges for Vietnam in the Global Financial Crisis. Retrieved from http://www.eastwestcenter.org/fileadmin/resources/seminars/Urbanization_Seminar/HCMC_Workshop/Papers_and_Presentations/FinancialCrisisPaper_NguyenThiCanh.pdf
Konishi, a. (2008).The Global Financial Crisis: Viet Nam's prospects in 2009 and Beyond [PowerPoint Slides] Retrieved from http://www.adb.org/Documents/Events/2008/AmCham-Economic-Prospect/AmCham.pdf
The Economist (2009, Sep 24). V not yet for victory an impressive recovery may create problems of its own. The Economist. Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/node/14506580
Asian Financial Crisis of 1997
The economies of the so-called "Asian Tigers" were looked at with envy by the rest of the world in the early 1990s. These Southeast Asian countries -- South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Hong Kong, Malaysia, and Thailand had shown impressive (in most cases double-digit) growth rates for the preceding decade and more; thus becoming "darlings" of liberal capitalism and globalization in the post-cold war era. Other developing countries were looking to follow their example, and indeed Indonesia and Philippines were straining at the leash to join the "tiger" club. Investors, bankers, and fund managers from all over the world were queuing up to be part of the Asian "economic miracle" -- and perhaps make a quick buck or two in the process. What's more -- the "trickle down effect" was actually pulling the poverty line in the region steadily downwards giving rise to a growing and…
The Asian Financial Crisis: Causes, Contagion and Consequences." (1999). Edited by Pierre-Richard Agenor etal. Global Economic Institutions. Cambridge University Press: UK
Das, Dilip K. (December, 2000). "Asian Crisis: Distilling Critical Lessons." UNCTAD Discussion Papers
Chronology of the Asian Currency Crisis and its Global Contagion" Based on Information from Several News Sources. Retrieved on September 24, 2002 at http://pages.stern.nyu.edu/~nroubini/asia/ AsiaChronology1.html' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Asian Indian Muslims in America
The current Muslim population in the United States is made of people from extraordinary social, economic, ethnic, linguistic, racial, and ideological groups. While the exact size of the Muslim-American population is relatively difficult to determine and estimate, Asian Indian Muslims account for a significant portion of this population. Actually, Indian-Americans are reportedly the second-largest single-race group from Asian ancestry in the United States. The huge size of Asian Indian Muslims in America is partly attributed to the fact that India is the most populous country in South Asia with a population of 900 million people of diverse language, ethnicity, and religion. It is estimated that 12% of India's population are Muslims since the country's Islamic presence took place around 8th Century AD.
Asian Indian Muslims in the United States originated from India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. While this group migrated to America with higher academic levels…
Garcia, A., Ramsey, N. & Velez, R. (n.d.). Asian Indian Muslims in America.
"Muslims in America -- A Statistical Report." (n.d.). American Muslims. Retrieved from Embassy of the United States -- Baghdad, Iraq website: http://iraq.usembassy.gov/resources/information/current/american/statistical.html
Asian Museum Exhibit
The Museum of Asia and India (MIA) is proud to host the traveling exhibition of Art and Society in Japan and China: Floral epresentation through the Centuries. The exhibit will run for three months at the MIA before traveling to other venues across the globe in the two-year schedule. Museums in Amsterdam, Copenhagen, London, Madrid, Munich, New York, Nice, Oslo, Prague, San Francisco, Sydney, Toronto, and Zurich will play host to the special exhibit from November 2011 through May of 2012.
The exhibit provides glimpses into the impact of religion, philosophy, language, and culture on Asian art. With artistic grounding in writing as an art form, Chinese and Japanese art often includes the written word as a visual element in art. Often, the writing conveys a wise aphorism or a blessing that exists harmoniously with the subject of the art. The influence of Confucius in Asian art…
The Gallery of China. Retrieved http://www.galleryofchina.net/floral.html
Culture of Japan, Every Culture. Retrieved http://www.everyculture.com/Ja-Ma/Japan.html#ixzz1biccnYtM
All Posters. (2011). Retrieved http://www.allposters.com/-sp/Chrysanthemums-Posters_i1585174_.htm?aid=1203620802&LinkTypeID=1&PosterTypeID=1&DestType=7&Referrer=http%3A%2F%2Fwww%2Epaintingsoncanvas%2Enet%2Fprint-8042-1585174%2Fchrysanthemums-giclee-print%2F
Cargile, S. (2009). Cherry Blossoms in Japanese Art and Culture. Retrieved http://www.stolaf.edu/people/kucera/YoshidaWebsite/evolution/essay_pages/stephanie_cargile.htm
Over the course of time, this gave many, the ability to express ideas from: Chinese mysticism and culture. Guang is the classic example of this, where a mysterious dragon is resting on a base. This is signifying, the belief in East Asian ideals and what they have tied to these different views (such as dragons). Where, the subject is depicted to be: powerful and larger than life creature (even though they are not real). ("China and Korea 1729")
The Neighing Horse
The use of stoneware, allowed artists the ability to be able to: create real depictions of actual people and things. This helped artisans to design a real life representation of their subjects. They would then paint these images, to illustrate the emotions and feelings that were being experienced. This is important, because it helped to create new ways that artists could be able to: represent their subjects and the…
All year-round, the smells of a coffin and coffin nails hover over her. Great-Grandmother does not brush her teeth. Great-Grandmother does not believe in airplanes. Great-Grandmother does not watch television
Great-Grandmother simply stands in front of the window of her Garret, or sits in the sun, a sun that does not penetrate her but simply casts a shadow behind her. She is very pale and does her hair in an archaic fashion, and has a face that the narrator describes as a set of wrinkles with archeological significance.
Each family treats the situation with different tactics but all show an inherent disdain for the very old, to the point of seeing and treating them as if they are inhuman, and with an irreverent lack of respect that is contrary to the culture from which they came. The only piece that offers a consoling look at the very old, throughout is…
Bi Feiyu, John Balcom, trans. The Ancestor in Goldblatt, Howard ed. Chairman Mao Would Not Be Amused. New York: Grove Press. 1996.
Su Tong, Howard Golblatt, trans. The Brothers Shu, in Goldblatt, Howard ed. Chairman Mao Would Not Be Amused. New York: Grove Press. 1996.
Kawabata Yasunari, George Seito' trans. The Moon on the Water in Sonu Hwi, Marshall, Pihl, trans. Thoughts of Home, in Peter Lee Modern Korean Literature, Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, 1990, pgs 203-215.
Compare and Contrast rural and urban women in India Today
According to umiller, "an estimated 95% of marriages are still arranged, including the majority of those among the educated middle class" (25-26) and while it may appear that there are great divides between the rurbal and urban women in India, when it comes to marriage, it is perhaps the one thing that makes them equal. umiller remarks in her book on a man who earned $800 a year, spending over $3,200 for a luncheon and dowry. Afterall, umiller says, "Marriage for love exists only among a very small slice of India's urban elite" (26) and "arranged marriages both reflect and reinforce the caste system which remains especially rigid among the rural poor" (29).
Women in India are probably accepted as being on the same social level regardless of their wealth or caste, although there are exceptions to the…
Bumiller, E. May You Be the Mother of 100 Sons: A Journey Among the Women of India
Random House, 1990
The homeless children Dower describes in Embracing Defeat experience a type of structural inequality both similar to and different from the types of inequality addressed in Consuming Kids. In both case, the children are systematically disenfranchised before they have an input into the course of their lives. The structural inequalities faced by the disenfranchised victims of World War Two in Japan included dire straits, homelessness, and poverty. These are certainly realities in the United States, too. In the United States, Japanese children had been portrayed with rank racism, in a systematic propaganda campaign. The same types of propaganda campaigns are used by marketing professionals, in their quest to lure young minds and change children's behaviors.
Structural inequity can be traced to manipulation. Manipulation is a key theme in both Embracing Defeat and Consuming Kids. In Japan and in the United States, political power is wielded from a variety…
Asian Patient Culture
Jong's refusal to wear a CPAP machine is not surprising. They are fairly obstructive and it would take anybody some time to get used to the idea. However, this is tied to other issues as well. In general, Mr. Jong has not been taking care of himself; he is in denial about his reduced ability to live independently. The CPAP machine is simply another manifestation of his loss of independence and this is clearly difficult for him. The first thing to remember is that in Asian cultures respect for elders is a strong value. This is the approach that will need to be used to gain his consent -- to treat him with respect, and show how the machine will help him to breathe better. It might be best to explain that it is temporary as well, to reduce the threat. But respect for the patient's elder…
ith this dramatic increase in population and the racial unrest that resulted in the destruction of Korean businesses during the Los Angeles civil unrest, Korean-Americans have emerged as one of the visible ethnic groups in the country. However, aside from the Los Angeles riots, most Americans continue to define people of Korean ethnicity with a bevy of stereotypes - kimchee, churches and grocery stores.
For many Korean-Americans, however, being "Korean," "Korean-American" or "Asian-American" remains a fluid category, with constantly shifting meanings. Some locate the definitions in the places where they were born or where they grew up. Others define the categories by the way they look.
Still others, like the Park family, define being Korean through language.
This paper uses a series of interviews to evaluate the Park family's perceptions of their ethnicity. It compares and contrasts how Father Park and Mother Park's definitions differ from the experiences of…
Hurh, Won Moo. "Majority Americans' perception of Koreans in the United States: Implications of Ethnic Images and Stereotypes." In Ho-Young Kwon, ed. Korean-Americans: Conflict and Harmony. Chicago: Covenant Publications, 1994.
Jenkins, Richard. Rethinking Ethnicity: Arguments and Explorations. London: SAGE Publications, 1997.
Jenkins, Richard. Social Identity. London and New York: Routledge, 1996.
Jo, Hye-Young. "Locating Ethnic Identity and Language Among Second Generation Korean-Americans." The Review of Korean Studies. 3(2), December 2000. available online at http://review.aks.ac.kr/review3_2.htm. March 26, 2003.
Nevertheless, more crucial remained the truth that the dollar itself oscillated severely as against the yen that is another vital currency for carrying out business for the affected nations. The fading of the dollar within the decadal period from 1985 to 1995 made a huge boon in the trade surplus for the affected nations. Thereafter, the acute turnaround began in 1995 wiped their enormous edge in price and damaged their current account situation, which in its effect spoiled the trust in the market created an appropriate climate for the crisis. To put it differently, it was not the system of linking the dollar in its own which is responsible. The cause was the non-observance of the basic instability in the economies of the nations and the uncontrolled oscillation of the exchange rate of dollar-yen. The dilemma was the outcome of the huge quantity of unstable capital and the blind follower…
Akyuz, Yilmaz. Causes and sources of the Asian Financial Crisis. Paper presented at the Host Country Event: Symposium on Economic and Financial Recovery in Asia. UNCTAD X, Bangkok. 17 February 2000. Retrieved at http://www.unctad-10.org/pdfs/hi_akyuz.en.pdf. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Chakravarthi Raghavan. G -24 calls for international regulation of financial markets. Retrieved at http://www.twnside.org.sg/title/g24-cn.htm . Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Fischer, Stanley. Reforming the International Monetary System. November 9, 1998.
Retrieved at http://www.imf.org/external/np/speeches/1998/110998.htm . Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Asian Economic Crisis
In the summer of 1997, an economic and currency crisis rocked the Asian markets. One by one, southeast Asian countries such as Thailand, Indonesia, Korea and Japan saw their economies crash in the wake of heavy foreign investment. An economic boom had made the region an attractive investment opportunity for much of the 1990s. y 1997, however, domestic production and development had stalled, and foreign investors grew nervous. A divestment run on the Thai baht triggered the crash. Large corporations, extremely dependent upon the confidence of foreign investors failed to meet debt obligations and began to fail throughout southeast Asia. Currencies throughout the region faltered and nosedived from their mid-1990s positions of stability. The causes of the Asian economic crisis are varied. Lax oversight of corporations had ramifications in economic downturns that were not a concern in the mid-90s boom. Macroeconomic policies of the southeast Asian countries…
Chronology of the Asian Currency Crisis.(n.d.). Retrieved July 1, 2004 from Web site: http://www.stern.nyu.edu/globalmacro/AsiaChronology1.html
Corsetti, G., Peneti, P., & Roubini, N. (1998). What caused the Asian currency and Financial crisis? Part I: A macroeconomic overview. Downloaded June 26, 2004 from Stern School of Business, NYU, Web site: http://www.stern.nyu.edu/globalmacro/asiacri1.pdf
Khor, M. (2000). The economic crisis in East Asia: Causes, effects, lessons. Downloaded June 28, 2004 from World Bank. Web site: http://www.worldbank.org/poverty / wdrpoverty/malaysia/khor.pdf
Lee, Y-S. (1998). A political economy analysis of the Korean economic crisis. Journai of Asian Economics, Vol. 9, No. 4, 627-636.
One only has to look at the technological advances Japan has provided the world to understand the importance the race as a whole places on advanced educational goals.
Throughout recent history the Asian cultures have been periodically stripped of their military abilities, however, their educational goals have always been supported. This provides a viable explanation why, today, several generations later, American Asian families place such importance on education which translates to the academic excellence their children display, which in turn leads to the reputation the culture has for academic excellence.
The American Jewish community is only three generations away from the horrors of the Holocaust and the concentration camps. This memory, still fresh, has spurred the parents to insist their children do well academically so that they can have careers and professions that are valued by society.
Cheo, oland. " Making the grade through class effort alone."
Cheo, Roland. " Making the grade through class effort alone."
Economic Society of Australia; (2003) June pp 46
Ho, Tamara. "Environmental, social, and psychological experiences of Asian-American undergraduates: examining issues of academic persistence." (Research).
Journal of Counseling and Development | (2003) January pp
Asian women. There are three references used for this paper.
Asian women face a number of challenges in the workplace. It is important to look at how individualism-collectivism is a barrier to these women, and determine possible resolutions which can help them overcome this barrier.
Of the "psychological dimensions that differentiate between individuals from different cultures, it is argued that the individualism-collectivism dimension is most relevant to vocational psychology (Leung, 2002)." Compared to the work values of individualism and self-direction which are seen in the United States, Asian communities exhibited work values that are "more collectivistic in orientation, such as altruism, tradition, and conformity. Parental and family expectations have always been salient factors in the career choice process for Asian women (Leung, 2002)."
Employees of Japanese businesses were asked to "rate their experiences of conflicts with their supervisors in terms of goals, tactics, and outcomes. The findings indicated…
Adler, Nancy. (1993). Asian Women in Management. International Studies of Management & Organization, Vol.23, No.4. pp. 3-17.
Leung, S. Alvin. (01 March, 2002). Career counseling in Hong Kong: Meeting the social challenges. Career Development Quarterly.
Matsumoto, David. (1999). Culture and self: An empirical assessment of Markus and Kitayama's theory of independent and interdependent self-construals.
Asian Journal of Social Psychology, Chapter 2. pp. 289-310.
Bioethics has been dominated by a European model, with European worldviews and philosophies dominating the discourse. This is true in academia as well as in public policy.
The need for global bioethics discourse is pressing, because the life sciences are no longer regional or provincial in scope.
For example, there has been a lot of speculation as to the progress made in East Asian cloning laboratories, particularly in China and South Korea.
Claims that scientists have successfully cloned human beings are unsubstantiated.
However, the speculation does give rise to an important need to discuss bioethics from an East Asian perspective, using East Asian ethical frameworks like Confucianism.
In 2006, the International Association for Bioethics' (IAB) held its world congress in Beijing, a sure sign that the global bioethics community is becoming less Euro-centric in its approach.
Bioethics is starting to integrate non-European ethical and philosophical traditions.
Asian Financial Crisis. This offers everyone with specific insight about those factors leading up to these events and how they transformed the economy going forward. The combination of them helps to place what happened into perspective. (Das, 1999)
The economies of Asia became interconnected from increased amounts of globalization and more trade with developed nations (i.e. The United States, Europe, Canada and Australia). This resulted in these countries experiencing above average rates of economic growth. The problem was that many of the practices of various governments led to excessive amounts of speculation. At the same time, many emerging economies were growing at above average historical rates. This led to attitudes that the region will not experience slowdowns anytime soon. (Das, 1999)
In the summer of 1997, a chain of events occurred. That caused it to go from extreme boom and bust cycles. It started with the Thai baht going through…
Das, P. (1999). Asian Economic and Financial Crisis. Australia National University. Retrieved from:
Given the depth of analysis presented therein, this article succeeds in broadening the reader's perspective of some of the regions' pertinent issues -- past and present. However, upon further evaluation of the article, one is left with a feeling that the authors in this case left out a number of other equally important issues that could have a significant impact on the region. For instance, what is likely to be the impact of changes in income distribution going forward? Further, although the authors largely succeed in offering a rather broad perspective of an entire region as opposed to a single economy, it is important to note that most of the action has been in China. This is more so the case when one takes into consideration the country's growth trajectory over time. Some of the authors' generalizations could in my opinion lead to inaccurate conclusions regarding the entire region.
Globalism Influenced 1997 Asian Financial Crisis, Effects Japan
The Asian financial crisis took place during an era of financial crisis that effected a great part of East Asia. The whole nightmare started in July 1997 and the disaster raised a lot of fears of a universal economic collapse because of financial infection. The tragedy happened in Thailand with the monetary failure of the Thai baht right after the Thai administration was enforced to drift the baht for the reason that the lack of foreign currency in order to support its secure rate of exchange (United Nations). This cut its peg to the U.S. dollar, after thorough efforts to support it in the encounter of a critical financial over-delay that was in part driven by real estate. However, globalism not only influenced the 1997 crisis, but also caused Japan to not only become asymmetrical but also caused financial instability in the…
Asian Financial Crisis. 4 August 2010. http://www.actionforex.com/articles-library/financial-glossary/asian-financial-crisis-20041204325/ . 4 November 2015.
Blustein, Paul. "The Chastening: Inside the Crisis that Rocked the Global Financial System and Humbled the IMF." PublicAffairs, 7 August 2009.
Nanto, Dick K. "THE 1997-98 ASIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS." CRS Report. 7 February 1998. http://fas.org/man/crs/crs-asia2.htm .
Pempel, T. J. The Politics of the Asian Economic Crisis. . Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2009.
Accumulation theory does not inherently rule out the role of technological innovation in the growth of these economies. Indeed, if these economies had not brought their technological status up to that of other modern economies, they would not have been able to grow the way they did.
However, in accumulation theory, technology is not responsible for any unusual improvement in efficiency. It is an ancillary to the economic growth, rather than a key driver. Assimilation theory, on the other hand, assumes that technological innovation equates to improvements in productivity. The increase in capital inputs that drives success under accumulation theory works because it was spent on improving technology.
One of the key differences between the two theories is that assimilation theory leads to the conclusion that robust economic growth is both sustainable and replicable, whereas in accumulation theory the growth in only replicable, but not sustainable.
Krugman puts it bluntly…
Western civilization has been developing according to a set of coordinates that are entirely separated from the ones of its Eastern counterpart. The focus of this paper is to propose subjective psychologically-minded interpretations to a series of Asian stories and poems extracted from the traditions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Taoism.
The storyline of Searching for Buddha begins with the account of a monk's lengthy and arduous journey towards finding Buddha. When he finally locates Buddha's whereabouts, he finds that he needs to cross a river in order to reach the region of destination. Therefore, he solicits the help of a boatman. On waiting to get across, the monk notices something floating on the river, right towards the boat. As it gets closer, the floating object is revealed to be the monk's very own dead body, and the shock of the realization sends the traveler into a fit of distress. The…
Asian and Indian Approaches to Ethics and Theory
Business ethics is a form of applied ethics dealing with moral rights and wrong. (Thite, 2013). In the contemporary business environment, a firm orientation to corporate ethics is influenced by its organizational culture, and India has become one of the rising superpowers in the contemporary global economy where H (human resources) are very critical for organizational strategic advantages because effective management of employee is crucial for organizational innovative advantage. Moreover, H focuses on employee welfare and functions to develop their talents for a firm's growth. Despite the benefits of the H to organizational market advantages, organizations face real challenges in balancing ethical values and business with reference to H function. A firm ethical reputation determines the ability of a firm to attract and retain talent and competent employees.
Objective of this paper is to explore Asian and Indian approaches to ethics and…
Danon-Leva, E., Cavico, F.J., & Mujtaba, B.D. (2010). Business Ethics: A Cross-Cultural Comparison between Hong Kong and the United States. Journal of Business Studies Quarterly. 1( 4): 1-20.
Marta, J.K.M. Singhapakdi, A. Lee, D. et al. (2013). Perceptions about ethics institutionalization and quality of work life: Thai vs. American Marketing Managers. Journal of Business Research. 66. 381-389.
Thite, M. (2013). Ethics and human resource management and development in a global context: a case study of an Indian multinational. Human Resource Development International, 16 (1): 106-115,
Explain three quotes from ether Confucius, Mencius, or Xun-Zi
Mencius is in the privileged position of providing political advice to King Xuan of Qi. Mencius offers a clear political philosophy rooted in ethical principles. The core ethical principles are humanitarian in nature, based on Mencius's core belief in the essential goodness of human nature. Mencius's political philosophy is grounded in just and humane leadership. There are several core tenets of Mencius's political philosophy, and he advises the king accordingly. The first primary tenet is that leaders need to ensure equitable wealth distribution because poverty and injustice breed criminality and other social problems. The second tenet is that righteousness is important in its own right; that even though the leader ensures his own continued power and respect by being a good king, self-serving interests are insufficient to ensure one's efficacy as a ruler. It is more important to be genuinely…
de Bary, W.T., et al. 1999. Sources of Chinese Tradition. Vol I: From Earliest Times to 1600. Columbia University Press
Richey, J. (n.d.). Mencius. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved online: http://www.iep.utm.edu/mencius/
Boston Asian community began in the 1870s when Chinese laborers were originally hired to break a strike at the shoe factory located in North Adams. Chinese workers were also contracted to build the Pearl Street Telephone Exchange, in the South Station are, during this same time frame. Despite their being an Asian community in the area since that time, the population of this community was relatively small until the 1960s, when immigration laws were loosened (Watanabe, Liu & Lo, 2005). As such, the Asian community in Boston has grown by leaps and bounds over the last four decades, yet this group has been under and misrepresented, and as such public policy fails to meet their needs.
Boston Asian Community
The Boston Asian community began in the 1870s when Chinese laborers were originally hired to break a strike at the shoe factory located in North Adams. Chinese workers were also contracted…
Watanabe, P., Liu, M. & Lo, S. (Fall 2004/Winter 2005). A portrait of Asian-Americans in Metro Boston. New England Journal of Public Policy, 20(1). Retrieved March 26, 2005, from Business Source Premier database.
Representation of Asian Women: American Television Sitcoms and Media
American Asian women exist within a culture that is at times resistant at providing a realistic portrait of what an Oriental woman is and how she expresses herself. This can be seen in personalities like Margaret Cho, whose sitcom, All-American Girl forced her to see the reality of how America perceived Asian American women and Oriental people in general. These negative images, stereotypes of Asian American women as 'demon women', 'hookers', and submissive, are translated not just in television sitcoms, but in movies like Ghost in the Shell and force cultivation of beliefs that stick to the minds of people long-term. It is through these shows and movies that people understand what is an Asian American and unfortunately, how badly they are depicted. This essay will shed some light on the potential origins of these negative stereotypes and why they…
Some Chinese researchers assert that Chinese flutes may have evolved from of Indian provenance.
In fact, the kind of side-blon, or transverse, flutes musicians play in Southeast Asia have also been discovered in Africa, India, Saudi Arabia, and Central Asia, as ell as throughout the Europe of the Roman Empire. This suggests that rather than originating in China or even in India, the transverse flute might have been adopted through the trade route of the Silk Road to Asia. In addition to these transverse flutes, Southeast Asians possessed the kind of long vertical flutes; similar to those found in Central Asia and Middle East.
A considerable amount of similarities exist beteen the vertical flutes of Southeast Asia and flutes from Muslim countries. This type of flute possibly came from Persians during the ninth century; during the religious migration to SEA. Likeise, the nose-blon flute culture, common to a number of…
Purple highlight means reference from his thesis, chapters 1-5
Blue highlight means reference from his raw research that was sent (17 files)
Yellow highlight means that writer could not find reference; one of the 17 files received
Gray highlight means writer found this source
This is because they are interested in increasing their overall bottom line numbers at all costs. While, their American counterparts want to see an increase in market share and address a host of social issues. As they believe that the community is playing a vital role in helping to support the organization and its success. This is significant, because it shows how American entrepreneurs want to offer everyone some kind of program that will help to address a host of problems affecting their communities. (Studwell)
A good example of this can be seen by looking no further than idu.com. What happened was the firm was established by Google based on a desire to rapidly expand into China. At first, Google was considered to be the dominant player in the industry. However, the Chinese government began to impose a host of restriction on what content was available. Reluctantly, the company agreed…
Jeffries, Ian. Political Developments in Contemporary Society. New York: Rutledge, 2010, Print.
Studwell, Joe. Asian Godfathers. London: Profile Books, 2007. Print.
Crisis of Asian Identity
I don't see what's so great about living in a neighborhood full of Asians. They're everywhere in Alhambra: in the markets, at the gas station, and on the streets. Even our mailman is Asian. On the surface Asians might not seem too bad, but they remind me too much of my family. At least in Hollywood, whenever I'd had enough of my family, I was able to leave the house to be with other people -- people who didn't remind me of the ugliness of my own.
In this passage, Lac makes it clear that he is experiencing a crisis of identity. In his heart, he is Asian but his complicated experience of living with his family, especially his father, made it hard for him to appreciate the Asian culture and identity. In the Asian culture, he now sees ugliness. By asking "what's so great about…
Su, Lac. I Love Yous Are for White People: A Memoir. New York: Harper Perennial, 2009. Print.
estern Companies' Presence on the Asian Market
Cultural values play an important role in the way that businesses function in an environment. Even though they are particularly successful across the world, some companies have trouble pervading certain communities. It is thus essential for companies wanting to succeed in new markets to have a complex understanding of them. This way they become able to play an active role in these respective markets and avoid investing more resources than they are able to. Many western giants have attempted to expand to Asia, especially considering the large markets available there. Even with this, a great deal have discovered that their conventional attitudes are not enough to help them progress in Asian countries.
The expression "Google it" has become one of the most commonly-used sayings when considering people wanting to find out more about a particular something. However, it might not be met with…
Rappa, A.L. "Globalization: Power, Authority, and Legitimacy in Late Modernity." (Institute of Southeast Asian, 2011)
"Seeking success," Retrieved August 6, 2015, from http://www.economist.com/node/13185891
Not only are many Chinese immigrants well assimilated into their host nations, but they also have established family businesses that preclude them from being interested in taking up a teaching position. Furthermore, many Chinese immigrants abroad speak dialects other than Mandarin.
Hanban is also a direct emissary for the Chinese government and as such, it can more directly spread Beijing-sponsored values and ideas. Creating and disseminating a uniform message about China is as important as spreading a standardized version of Mandarin. Teaching methods can also be universalized, standardized for quality and effectiveness by Hanban. The government of the United States has actively engaged in language exportation but in less formal ways. While no Hanban equivalent exists, English is disseminated regularly and systematically through the popular media and through international business enterprise.
Erard, Michael. "The Mandarin Offensive." Wired.com. retrieved Dec 1, 2006 at http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/14.04/mandarin.html?pg=1&topic=mandarin&topic_set
Erard, Michael. "The Mandarin Offensive." Wired.com. retrieved Dec 1, 2006 at http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/14.04/mandarin.html?pg=1&topic=mandarin&topic_set
East Asian Civilizations
(1) Unequal Treaties
(2) sino-japanese war 3
(3) MARCH 1ST MOVEMENT
(1) CHINA IN DECLINE
(1) CHINA's CIVIL WAR 7
(1) UNEQUAL TREATIES
The growing demand for Chinese tea, silk and ceramics by ritish had created severe trade imbalance for ritain. The ritish were also losing their silver reserves in exchange for Chinese goods. In late 1930's government of Great ritain found "opium" as a solution for resolving trade imbalance. Opium, which is more addictive than tea, was being supplied to China by ritish merchants. As demand for opium increased in China, ritain's imports increased and in this way silver bullion was flowing out of the China into ritain.
However Chinese government (Qing government) took serious steps to stop the trade of opium. Lin Zexu, which was appointed as an Imperial Commissioner for the Destruction of Opium, started an anti-opium campaign. During the campaign, opium stores were…
CIIC. "Formation of the Chinese Civilization." 2001. China Internet Information Center. .
Devine, Richard. "Japanese Rule in Korea After the March First Uprising." Monumenta Nipponic 52.4 (1997).
Dyke, Van and Paul Arthur. Tha Canton trade: Life and Enterprise on the China Coast 1700-1845. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 1998.
Liu, Li and Xingcan Chen. The Archaeology of China: From the Late Paleolithic to the Early Bronze Age. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
I. Thesis -- the convention that the husband fulfills the dominant male provider role while his wife supports him in all of his endeavors, particularly domestic ones, is at the heart of the cultural value of Asian marriages.
A. Asian society, as well as that of Asians in the westernized world, is male dominated.
1. There are numerous films that depict males and husbands in roles in which they are the material provider and principle decision maker in a marriage.
B. In conventional Asian marriages, women are usually relegated to domesticated roles in which they support the efforts of their husbands in conventional manners such as preparing food, cleaning the home, as well as taking care of the children.
1. In a number of movies depicting Asian women and wives, they function as the stereotypical 'princess', providing a need to be rescued or the advice of wise counsel to assist…
The Warring States. Dir. Chen Jin. Perf. Sun Honglei, Francis Ng. China Lion Film Distribution, 2011.
The Joy Luck Club. Dir. Wayne Wang. Perf. Ming-Na, Rosalind Chao. Hollywood Pictures, 1993.
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon. Dir. Ang Lee. Perf. Chow Yun Fat, Michelle Yeoh. Sony Pictures Classics, 2000.
The Beautiful Country. Dir. Hans Molland. Perf. Damien Nguyen, Bai Ling. Sony Pictures Classics, 2004.
" (Liu, 90)
As the author notes, his feeling of coming to Chinatown was that of a merely curious tourist, not that of a native who links himself to his past or origins. Like other writers on the subject of Asian-Americans, Liu also noted that they seem to be a special case, the "new Jews," that is a minority that is neither black nor white. Racism is usually seen as bipolar, and this is why the Asian-Americans seem even excluded from this categorization:
The question is multilayered. Is yellow black or white? is a question of Asian-American identity. Is yellow black or white? is a question of Third orld identity, or the relationships among people of color. Is yellow black or white? is a question of American identity, or the nature of America's racial formation. Implicit within the question is a construct of American society that defines race relations as…
Liu, Eric. The Accidental Asian. New York: Vintage Books, 1999
Okihiro, Gary Y. Margins and Mainstreams: Asians in American History and Culture. Washington: University of Washington Press, 1994
According to Korean-American comedian Margaret Cho, her first appearance on American television was one of the most devastating experiences of her life, rather than something positive and uplifting. Her sitcom All-American Girl was the first sitcom ever to depict an Asian-American family on screen. But Cho was not permitted to be her funny, raunchy self and the scripts were fully of stereotypes of Asian American people “Critics panned the show for its bad jokes, stereotyped characters and banal storylines that endorsed, rather than shattered, ethnic myths” and Cho struggled with the constant criticism of her weight and appearance by the show’s producers, which they felt was inappropriate for an Asian American woman (Woo). Despite advances in understanding in the intersection of race and culture, representations of Asian women in American sitcoms still revolve largely around the stereotype of the demure yet hyper-sexualized geisha and the desexualized “nerdy” positive stereotype of…
In this regard, Francis adds that, "The determining factor will be ASEAN's ability to provide the leadership necessary to create a strong, independent East Asian Union" (Francis, p. 77). In addition, Bowles (2002) notes that the ongoing efforts to create improved Asia/Pacific regional cooperation are fundamentally efforts intended to balance the influence of the United States on the region and the world in general.
4. What are the main hypotheses of the work?
The guiding hypotheses of the proposed study are as follows:
H1: Encouraging China to participate in as a coalition leader in an East Asian Union in the future would serve to ensure that the price it would have to pay in terms of loss of trade and investment if it acts against the interests of the union's other members would be prohibitively high.
H2: Former Cold War alliances will be replaced by new ones in the future…
Bowles, Paul. 2002. "Asia's post-crisis regionalism: Bringing the state back in, keeping the (United) States out," in Review of International Political Economy (London) 9(2): 244- 270.
Francis, N. 2006. For an East Asian Union: Rethinking Asia's Cold War alliances. Harvard International Review 28(3): 76-77.
Gowan, P. 2003, July-August. "U.S. Hegemony Today." Monthly Review 55(3): 30-31.
Gratton, C., & Jones, Ian. 2003. Research Methods for Sport Studies. New York: Routledge.
It must be recognized that religion in East Asia has had a complex and long history, including its influence upon the law. itual and religion in the region have been much more integrated and for a much longer time in history than has been the case for the Western paradigm. Hence, although the country appears to have adopted the basic paradigms of Western legislation, it is also true that the heart of the region remains in its history, and is likely to be extracted only by time and patience.
Xinping notes that there are two opinions that relate to the religious paradigm as it relates to the Chinese context specifically. The first views religion in the country on a positive and active platform; where religion adapts itself the socialist and contemporary society of the region. eligion is thus easily and actively able to adapt itself to the applicable laws of…
Glenn, H. Patrick. Legal Traditions of the World: Sustainable diversity in law. Oxford University Press, 2007.
Qin, Guoji. The Thinking Way of Confucianism and the Rule of Law. Journal of Politics and Law Vol. 1, No. 1. March, 2008.
Xinping, Zhuo. Religion and Rule of Law in China Today. Brigham Young University Law Review. 1 May 2009. http://www.allbusiness.com/society-social/religion-spirituality-religion/13411800-1.html
This, along with the older Psalter by trenhold and Hopkins, was the main influence of the Bay Psalm Book printed during 1640 in Massachusetts. This can be compared with the first musical influences on and compositions by Li Jinhui. The traditional forms were explored thoroughly before new ideas in music were explored.
Culturally, the new Americans at the time were deeply religious, following the Puritan tradition on which they based their way of life. Their music therefore reflected this tradition, and the earliest genres were mainly religious in nature. As such, the musical format was unaccompanied by musical instruments, as these were viewed as secular and therefore sinful. The same type of division can be seen in the later genres of Asian music, where Cantopop began to lose its popularity in the face of new and more trendy developments. In contrast, however, the Chinese does not have as clear a…
Faigin, Tom. "The Minstrel Show's Contribution to Folk Music." 2007. http://www.jsfmusic.com/Uncle_Tom/Tom_Article6.html
Wikipedia. "C-Pop." Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2007. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C-pop
Wikipedia. "K-Pop." Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2007. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K-pop
Wikipedia. "Li Jinhui." Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2007. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Jinhui
Father Figures Arabian Asian Literature
Father Figures: Arabic / Asian Literature
Father figures all across the world embody a phenomenon which encompasses all attributes of a role model. They are meant to stand for discipline, caution, protection, guidance, and of course, love. The perfect amalgamation of all these can be found in the patriarch of any household, or any culture, for that matter. As such, the perfect patriarchal example is nothing short of a literary archetype. From Austen's "Pride and Prejudice" to Puzo's "The Godfather" we can find numerous examples of father figures establishing the age-old belief in fatherly conduct.
It is true, that the general conception of father figures is more or less the same in all areas of literature. However, one must pay heed to the fact that just like miscellaneous traditions; the perception towards father figures varies from culture to culture. Needless to say, the significance of…
Kanafani, Ghassan. "A Hand in the Grave." Roberta Rubenstein, Charles R. Larson. A World of Fiction. 2002. 427.
Mukherjee, Bharati. "A Father." Robert Rubenstein, Charles R. Larson. A World of Fiction. 2002. 660.
Ramanujan, A.K. "Self-Portrait."
In this culture, filial piety in its ancient form is as restrictive as that in the Chinese culture. According to Kim Jun-hee, filial piety in this context takes the form of extreme restriction in the name of "proper behavior." For sons, proper behavior constitutes taking a wife and producing sons in order to perpetuate the family name. For daughters, this meant that their family obligations shifted upon marriage from the original home to the husband's family. As such, the woman was seen as a vessel for producing an heir, and little more. Much of a woman's honor was also inherent in her ability to bear healthy sons. o extreme was this directive in the past, that men were allowed to take a second or third wife, or even to adopt a male family member, for the purpose of perpetuating the family name.
While filial piety is still seen as extremely…
Hui, Wei. Shanghai Baby. Simon & Schuster, 2001
Jun-hee, Kim. "Dutifully Yours - Filial Piety in Korea." Invest Korea Journal. Nov-Dec. 2005. http://www2.gol.com/users/coynerhm/dutifully_yours_filial-piety.htm
Sung, Kyu-taik. "Filial Piety: The Traditional Ideal of Parent Care in East Asia." Aging & Spirituality. Spring 1998. http://www.asaging.org/networks/forsa/a&s-101.html
Wikipedia. "Filial Piety." Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 2006. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filial_piety
.....Zhu Xi understood daotong ( "transmission of the dao" or Confucian orthodoxy). What texts, in sequence, were to be studied? Keeping in mind the context in which he wrote, accept, qualify or refute his position.
Central to the evolution of Confucian orthodoxy, the teachings of Zhu Xi understood the transmission of the dao, the daotong, in terms of the natural ordering and hierarchy of the universe, and of universal laws. Daotong is conceptualized as a flow, a transmission of actual energy from a source higher on the cosmological hierarchy, or from the principle of Heaven, tianli (Adler 143). Moreover, the transmission of the dao is presented as an ongoing flow, more like a waterfall than a tap that gets turned off or on according to the will or desire of the human being. Zhu Xi's understanding was, however, ironically rigid and inflexible. His teachings deeply conflicted with prevailing Confucian ideology,…
Windshield Survey of Diabetes in the Asian-Indian Community in Plainsboro, New Jersey: Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation
As the home to the second-largest population of Asian-Indians in the United States today (the first is another nearby small community, Edison, New Jersey) (Sahney, 2010). Out of a population of around 23,500, 16.97% of the residents of Plainsboro (or about 4,000) describe themselves as having Indian ancestry (Sahney, 2010). Although Plainsboro enjoys a high standard of living, a desirable community environment and state-of-the-art medical facilities, it is reasonable to suggest that some of the Asian-Indian population in this community remain marginalized due to an inability to afford these state-of-the-art health care services and the potential for cross-cultural differences in views about health care may further exacerbate this lack of access.
A growing body of evidence also indicates that Asian-Indians are among the highest-risk populations for developing diabetes, making this community an especially important…
About Plainsboro. (2015). Township of Plainsboro. Retrieved from http://www.plains boronj.com/content/about-plainsboro.
Anderson, E. N. (2014). Everyone eats: Understanding food and culture. New York: New York University Press.
Brooks, J. (2004, July 26). NLC membership offers many benefits to cities, towns. Nation's Cities Weekly, 27(30), 8.
Chandras, K. V. & Eddy, J. P. (1999, Winter). Counseling Asian-Americans: Implications for training. Education, 120(2), 239.