Of all the nations hit by the great Asian financial crash of 1997, Indonesia has gone through the most widespread political upheaval (Smith, 2003). A hated dictator has been thrown out, and democracy is on everyone's lips. But in spite of this victory, the capitalist democracy that most of the mass movement imagines is not possible in a nation as super exploited and crisis-ridden as Indonesia. In the end only a socialist revolution led by the working class can prevent a new period of dictatorship by the imperialism supported military (Indonesia's evolutionary Crisis, n.d.).
Built-up bitterness at the thirty two-year reign of military dictator-president Suharto, who had himself officially re-elected, was combined with anger at the rapid inflation and other austerity measures commanded by imperialist financiers like the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Starting in January, the assortment exploded in militant strikes, mass riots in opposition to rising food and fuel…… [Read More]
In contrast, some of the things which those in the West admire about the East are much more centered on the social framework in countries like Japan, Taiwan and even China. For instance, people in the East tend to consider the whole of society, rather than their own material gain when it comes to work and family. People in the East are also more socially progressive and tend to consider more closely what impact their actions will have on society. Also, as a result of strict gun laws, the crime rate in Asia is far less than what it is in the U.S. which Westerners admire as a way to bring about peace and security for all. Perhaps the most important thing which Westerners admire about the East is based on religion, for in Asia, religions like Buddhism and Shintoism in Japan promotes peace of mind, transcendence and contemplation and…… [Read More]
The East and the West will surely come to a point where they will have different ideas regarding the manner in which need to be done.
The rise of China and India as change factors will make things different not just for the existing superpowers, but also for the developing countries. They will have to put up will strong pressures which will arise due to the enormous size of the Indian and Chinese economies. The fact that the prices for primary goods have been going upwards is caused by the demand pull from India and China. The exports from these countries are also starting to make a difference at international level, which will surely leave a mark upon the dynamics of the world's economy. The countries which are undergoing development phases will need to adapt to a new global reality and face their competitors while understanding their very approach to…… [Read More]
Segregation can breed empowerment, by creating self-defined and self-sustaining communities. Asian communities, for example, have been able to maintain identities that are separate from the white hegemony. Terms like Asian-American music, Asian-American literature, and Asian-American humor both promote and challenge social segregation in American society.
Hawaiian band Sudden Rush uses the vehicle of music to convey a unique cultural identity, and to resist the appropriation of Hawaiian culture. For example, Sudden Rush's "EA" is a hip hop song about independence and liberation. The song draws attention to Hawaiian history, and points out the hypocrisy and greed inherent in the American takeover of the archipelago.
The art of Kango Takemura is singularly Japanese. Photographs like "His Bride" and "Setsu" offer a careful juxtaposition of classical Japanese imagery with modern Japanese women. Because of Takemura's background as a prisoner in an internment camp, the artwork takes on a whole new…… [Read More]
Hanoi has improved, but its improvement requires a letting-go of the past on the part of the speaker.
3. "Oh, you greedy, wretched monsters!' she would cry to herself. 'I will find a way to punish you. I will never be your rich puppet-wife. I will find a way to have my Mahoseth returned to me. I will find a way to teach you to respect and honor a woman's mind and heart.'" woman's heart cannot be bought with money. If a woman does not have her independence, she cannot be happy. This feminist folktale from Cambodia, of Princess Amaradevi, belies the Western stereotype that all Asian heroines as passive, waiting to be saved, or are submissive to their husbands. The princess fights for her beloved, and is strong-willed enough to vow revenge when she is taken advantage of by men. She is wise in the ways of government, as…… [Read More]
Daoism picked up where Confucianism left off in terms of creating an ideal society. For the Confucian, morality and social order are the ultimate aims. For the Taoist, morality and social order are only side-effects of living according to the Tao, or the ay. Morality is not a set of prescribed behaviors but rather, is the natural by-product of living in harmony with the universe. Taoism has none of the specificity of Confucianism in its teachings and does not advise specific actions or institutions. The foundation of Daoism is a mystical philosophy outlined in texts like the Tao-te Ching, also unlike Confucianism which is determinately pragmatic. However, like Confucianism, Daoism is also replete with ritual. Taoist rituals are not of the social type, though, but rather, of the mystical variety.
One of the sharpest philosophical differences between Taoism and Confucianism is the Daoist emphasis on non-interference, which is often misinterpreted…… [Read More]
While it is beneficial for foreign students studying in the U.S. To understand the domestic culture, it is as important that the domestic classroom setting incorporates sufficient cultural studies in lessons. This implementation provides a level of familiarity and comfort to the student while allowing the collective student class to experience parts of one another's lives.
Just as "children" can often be cruel, adults and high school to college-aged students can be cruel. ullying is another obstacle the Asian student encounters. To avoid situations that may lead to conflict and confrontation, academic setting much incorporate positive communication. It is also important for teachers and domestic students to understand that the Asian culture instill a preference to "keep problems within the family." Therefore, a domestic student's interest in an Asian ESL student's life, classes, et al., may be perceived as prying. As a preventative measure, schools and universities must work to…… [Read More]
Low Cost Airline in Thailand
The Study on Improvement of Low Cost Airline in Thailand
Geography of Thailand
Nature of Airlines
Variables under Study
The Profitability of Low Cost Airlines in Thailand
Operating esults, Selected Airlines, Financial Year 1999
The Economies of Scale Attained By Airline Industry
Human esource Practices
The future of low cost Thailand Airlines
Contrasting Qualities of State Owned and Non-State Owned Airlines
The Study on Improvement of Low Cost Airline in Thailand
Thailand is a global source for customers seeking cheap labor or material inputs. The country is rich in natural resources -- tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, and timber being a few examples. The country is a major source for agricultural products1a.
Thailand also has an abundant supply of low-skilled labor with high participation rates in the workforce 86% for males and 67% for females in 1995. At the same time, the country…… [Read More]
Tourist Behavior Toward Nature-Based Tourism Activities
For most of the developing countries tourism industry is playing a very important role in boosting their economies. In 2004, it was found out that Asia Pacific was one of the fastest growing tourism regions (Cruey, 2005). According to WTO, up to 3% of world's tourism market is made up of Thailand, Indonesia, India and Sri Lanka. It was in 1970's that the development of Thai international tourism started (Mcdowall and Wang, 2007). Tourism industry accounts for 5.1% of Thailand's National Gross Domestic Product (Tourism Authority of Thailand, 2009). For the purpose of providing a proper development direction, the National Economics and Social Development Plan (NESDP) served as a guide (Mcdowall and Wang, 2007). The result of the survey which was conducted by the Universities of USA and Thailand, showed that Thailand stood on the first place as best hospital city for all the…… [Read More]
Sometimes in our internet age it seems that we don't ever need to leave our own homes to experience the world. Google can let us drive in a virtual way down nearly any street in the world. We can chat at any hour of the day with residents from any continent about any subject. We can even craft online selves that allow us to become more interesting, more educated, and more urbane than are our actual personas.
So why -- given the complexities, unavoidable drudgeries and occasional miseries and sometimes even outright dangers of travel -- should we ever venture any significant distance from our homes? Because there is still -- and surely there will never be -- anything comparable to travel to teach us about the varieties of the world. Without meaning to disparage the wonders of either online information acquisition or reading about other places and…… [Read More]
Also, certain light electronic products such as fans and lighting fixtures typically set off for export were diverted to the domestic market, which underwent a construction boom because of the economic stimulus package.
One engine for growth during the crisis was Vietnam's construction sector. Vietnam's government enacted a program of stimulus spending which emphasized public works and building projects. (the Economist, 2009, Sep 24). Vietnam's stimulus spending went a long way with regard to construction because of the cheap labor available in Vietnam. The stimulus program was successful because it provided valuable infrastructure while alleviating unemployment.
Vietnam's greatest liability in the eyes of investors, its lack of full integration with the global economy, served as its greatest protection against the effects of the global financial crisis. (the Economist, 2008, Jun. 19). With an aggressive economic stimulus program and a healthy consumer base, Vietnam was able to keep…… [Read More]
Asian Patient Culture
Jong's refusal to wear a CPAP machine is not surprising. They are fairly obstructive and it would take anybody some time to get used to the idea. However, this is tied to other issues as well. In general, Mr. Jong has not been taking care of himself; he is in denial about his reduced ability to live independently. The CPAP machine is simply another manifestation of his loss of independence and this is clearly difficult for him. The first thing to remember is that in Asian cultures respect for elders is a strong value. This is the approach that will need to be used to gain his consent -- to treat him with respect, and show how the machine will help him to breathe better. It might be best to explain that it is temporary as well, to reduce the threat. But respect for the patient's elder…… [Read More]
Some Chinese researchers assert that Chinese flutes may have evolved from of Indian provenance.
In fact, the kind of side-blon, or transverse, flutes musicians play in Southeast Asia have also been discovered in Africa, India, Saudi Arabia, and Central Asia, as ell as throughout the Europe of the Roman Empire. This suggests that rather than originating in China or even in India, the transverse flute might have been adopted through the trade route of the Silk Road to Asia. In addition to these transverse flutes, Southeast Asians possessed the kind of long vertical flutes; similar to those found in Central Asia and Middle East.
A considerable amount of similarities exist beteen the vertical flutes of Southeast Asia and flutes from Muslim countries. This type of flute possibly came from Persians during the ninth century; during the religious migration to SEA. Likeise, the nose-blon flute culture, common to a number of…… [Read More]
.....Zhu Xi understood daotong ( "transmission of the dao" or Confucian orthodoxy). What texts, in sequence, were to be studied? Keeping in mind the context in which he wrote, accept, qualify or refute his position.
Central to the evolution of Confucian orthodoxy, the teachings of Zhu Xi understood the transmission of the dao, the daotong, in terms of the natural ordering and hierarchy of the universe, and of universal laws. Daotong is conceptualized as a flow, a transmission of actual energy from a source higher on the cosmological hierarchy, or from the principle of Heaven, tianli (Adler 143). Moreover, the transmission of the dao is presented as an ongoing flow, more like a waterfall than a tap that gets turned off or on according to the will or desire of the human being. Zhu Xi's understanding was, however, ironically rigid and inflexible. His teachings deeply conflicted with prevailing Confucian ideology,…… [Read More]
One only has to look at the technological advances Japan has provided the world to understand the importance the race as a whole places on advanced educational goals.
Throughout recent history the Asian cultures have been periodically stripped of their military abilities, however, their educational goals have always been supported. This provides a viable explanation why, today, several generations later, American Asian families place such importance on education which translates to the academic excellence their children display, which in turn leads to the reputation the culture has for academic excellence.
The American Jewish community is only three generations away from the horrors of the Holocaust and the concentration camps. This memory, still fresh, has spurred the parents to insist their children do well academically so that they can have careers and professions that are valued by society.
Cheo, oland. " Making the grade through class effort alone."
Economic…… [Read More]
ith this dramatic increase in population and the racial unrest that resulted in the destruction of Korean businesses during the Los Angeles civil unrest, Korean-Americans have emerged as one of the visible ethnic groups in the country. However, aside from the Los Angeles riots, most Americans continue to define people of Korean ethnicity with a bevy of stereotypes - kimchee, churches and grocery stores.
For many Korean-Americans, however, being "Korean," "Korean-American" or "Asian-American" remains a fluid category, with constantly shifting meanings. Some locate the definitions in the places where they were born or where they grew up. Others define the categories by the way they look.
Still others, like the Park family, define being Korean through language.
This paper uses a series of interviews to evaluate the Park family's perceptions of their ethnicity. It compares and contrasts how Father Park and Mother Park's definitions differ from the experiences of…… [Read More]
Nevertheless, more crucial remained the truth that the dollar itself oscillated severely as against the yen that is another vital currency for carrying out business for the affected nations. The fading of the dollar within the decadal period from 1985 to 1995 made a huge boon in the trade surplus for the affected nations. Thereafter, the acute turnaround began in 1995 wiped their enormous edge in price and damaged their current account situation, which in its effect spoiled the trust in the market created an appropriate climate for the crisis. To put it differently, it was not the system of linking the dollar in its own which is responsible. The cause was the non-observance of the basic instability in the economies of the nations and the uncontrolled oscillation of the exchange rate of dollar-yen. The dilemma was the outcome of the huge quantity of unstable capital and the blind follower…… [Read More]
Bioethics has been dominated by a European model, with European worldviews and philosophies dominating the discourse. This is true in academia as well as in public policy.
The need for global bioethics discourse is pressing, because the life sciences are no longer regional or provincial in scope.
For example, there has been a lot of speculation as to the progress made in East Asian cloning laboratories, particularly in China and South Korea.
Claims that scientists have successfully cloned human beings are unsubstantiated.
However, the speculation does give rise to an important need to discuss bioethics from an East Asian perspective, using East Asian ethical frameworks like Confucianism.
In 2006, the International Association for Bioethics' (IAB) held its world congress in Beijing, a sure sign that the global bioethics community is becoming less Euro-centric in its approach.
Bioethics is starting to integrate non-European ethical and philosophical traditions.
It is…… [Read More]
Asian women. There are three references used for this paper.
Asian women face a number of challenges in the workplace. It is important to look at how individualism-collectivism is a barrier to these women, and determine possible resolutions which can help them overcome this barrier.
Of the "psychological dimensions that differentiate between individuals from different cultures, it is argued that the individualism-collectivism dimension is most relevant to vocational psychology (Leung, 2002)." Compared to the work values of individualism and self-direction which are seen in the United States, Asian communities exhibited work values that are "more collectivistic in orientation, such as altruism, tradition, and conformity. Parental and family expectations have always been salient factors in the career choice process for Asian women (Leung, 2002)."
Employees of Japanese businesses were asked to "rate their experiences of conflicts with their supervisors in terms of goals, tactics, and outcomes. The findings indicated…… [Read More]
Accumulation theory does not inherently rule out the role of technological innovation in the growth of these economies. Indeed, if these economies had not brought their technological status up to that of other modern economies, they would not have been able to grow the way they did.
However, in accumulation theory, technology is not responsible for any unusual improvement in efficiency. It is an ancillary to the economic growth, rather than a key driver. Assimilation theory, on the other hand, assumes that technological innovation equates to improvements in productivity. The increase in capital inputs that drives success under accumulation theory works because it was spent on improving technology.
One of the key differences between the two theories is that assimilation theory leads to the conclusion that robust economic growth is both sustainable and replicable, whereas in accumulation theory the growth in only replicable, but not sustainable.
Krugman puts it bluntly…… [Read More]
Western civilization has been developing according to a set of coordinates that are entirely separated from the ones of its Eastern counterpart. The focus of this paper is to propose subjective psychologically-minded interpretations to a series of Asian stories and poems extracted from the traditions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Taoism.
The storyline of Searching for Buddha begins with the account of a monk's lengthy and arduous journey towards finding Buddha. When he finally locates Buddha's whereabouts, he finds that he needs to cross a river in order to reach the region of destination. Therefore, he solicits the help of a boatman. On waiting to get across, the monk notices something floating on the river, right towards the boat. As it gets closer, the floating object is revealed to be the monk's very own dead body, and the shock of the realization sends the traveler into a fit of distress. The…… [Read More]
Management: Management at Walmart
Background of Walmart
Mission, Vision and Values of Walmart
Managers at Walmart
Manager's ole in Decision Making and Strategy
Managers Managing Diversity
Managers as Motivators
Background of Walmart
For this study we would dwell into the role of a manager at Walmart -- the largest retailer in the U.S. Walmart has been in business for more than 50 years and at present has a footfall every week of more than 260 million customers in the 11,500 stores under 65 banners in 28 countries and the e-commerce sites in 11 countries. The net sale of the company in 2014 was $476.29 billion. The company has 2.2 million associated across the world. The group recorded a net sale increase of 1.9% in the fiscal year ended January 30, 2015 and it returned $7.2 billion to shareholders through dividends and share repurchases (Corporate.walmart.com).
The company has been credited with…… [Read More]
Asian and Indian Approaches to Ethics and Theory
Business ethics is a form of applied ethics dealing with moral rights and wrong. (Thite, 2013). In the contemporary business environment, a firm orientation to corporate ethics is influenced by its organizational culture, and India has become one of the rising superpowers in the contemporary global economy where H (human resources) are very critical for organizational strategic advantages because effective management of employee is crucial for organizational innovative advantage. Moreover, H focuses on employee welfare and functions to develop their talents for a firm's growth. Despite the benefits of the H to organizational market advantages, organizations face real challenges in balancing ethical values and business with reference to H function. A firm ethical reputation determines the ability of a firm to attract and retain talent and competent employees.
Objective of this paper is to explore Asian and Indian approaches to ethics and…… [Read More]
(Olsen) One of Coca-Cola India's community projects was the "Elixir of Life Project," which brought clean water into 100 schools benefiting more than 30,000 children, and earned Coca-Cola India 2008's Golden Peacock Award. (Muruganantham).
One of the major themes of the Bible, and perhaps the reason for it's existence, is the concept of communal responsibility. People must be responsible to the community in which they exist, otherwise conflict, destruction, and harm is often the result. In the modern world large multinational companies must also be responsible to the communities which produce and consume their products. In the case of Coca-Cola India, Coke's inability to maintain production values allowed pesticide contamination of their product. Their initial response was anything but neighborly; calling the CSE liars, incompetents, seeking gag orders and threatening lawsuits. However once they came to the understanding that they did indeed have a responsibility to the local…… [Read More]
Alusaf also must not forget that if it continues with the smelter plan, there is a likelihood of long tern benefits because once the Russian aluminum runs out and there is no more supply, Alusaf would again dominate the market and the smelter project would keep producing aluminum for a long time thus serving and meeting the needs and demands of the people of SA long after Russians have left.
The one major setback that Alusaf can face is short-term profits decline. We understand that with the presence of cheaper aluminum in the market, it is more than possible than Alusaf's aluminum would not find the same reception it did before. This means lower profits as demand for expensive aluminum declines.
The short-term decline in profits would be aggravated due to the fact that Alusaf had already invested a huge sum of money in the development of this smelter.…… [Read More]
Representation of Asian Women: American Television Sitcoms and Media
American Asian women exist within a culture that is at times resistant at providing a realistic portrait of what an Oriental woman is and how she expresses herself. This can be seen in personalities like Margaret Cho, whose sitcom, All-American Girl forced her to see the reality of how America perceived Asian American women and Oriental people in general. These negative images, stereotypes of Asian American women as 'demon women', 'hookers', and submissive, are translated not just in television sitcoms, but in movies like Ghost in the Shell and force cultivation of beliefs that stick to the minds of people long-term. It is through these shows and movies that people understand what is an Asian American and unfortunately, how badly they are depicted. This essay will shed some light on the potential origins of these negative stereotypes and why they…… [Read More]
Countries are very much representative of human nature. If you were to examine a microcosm of a nation at its basic level, it would be a local community or neighborhood. The people who live in the same community usually tend to share similar economic levels and cultural attitudes. Neighbors also influence the behaviors of each other. For example, affluent neighborhoods tend to have good school systems, active kids (as in after school programs), and involved parents. To a certain degree, these things are expected. This notion is applicable to the nations of China, Korea, and Japan. This paper will examine similarities and differences between these counties in a historical context. China and Japan were traditional societies that responded differently to the external stimuli of foreign relations. Korea is also similar in this regard but their foreign invaders were Japanese not estern imperialists. All three nations also suffered under…… [Read More]
Boston Asian community began in the 1870s when Chinese laborers were originally hired to break a strike at the shoe factory located in North Adams. Chinese workers were also contracted to build the Pearl Street Telephone Exchange, in the South Station are, during this same time frame. Despite their being an Asian community in the area since that time, the population of this community was relatively small until the 1960s, when immigration laws were loosened (Watanabe, Liu & Lo, 2005). As such, the Asian community in Boston has grown by leaps and bounds over the last four decades, yet this group has been under and misrepresented, and as such public policy fails to meet their needs.
Boston Asian Community
The Boston Asian community began in the 1870s when Chinese laborers were originally hired to break a strike at the shoe factory located in North Adams. Chinese workers were also contracted…… [Read More]
According to Korean-American comedian Margaret Cho, her first appearance on American television was one of the most devastating experiences of her life, rather than something positive and uplifting. Her sitcom All-American Girl was the first sitcom ever to depict an Asian-American family on screen. But Cho was not permitted to be her funny, raunchy self and the scripts were fully of stereotypes of Asian American people “Critics panned the show for its bad jokes, stereotyped characters and banal storylines that endorsed, rather than shattered, ethnic myths” and Cho struggled with the constant criticism of her weight and appearance by the show’s producers, which they felt was inappropriate for an Asian American woman (Woo). Despite advances in understanding in the intersection of race and culture, representations of Asian women in American sitcoms still revolve largely around the stereotype of the demure yet hyper-sexualized geisha and the desexualized “nerdy” positive stereotype of…… [Read More]
This approach is highly congruent with the guidance of marketing experts such as Wheaton (2004) who advises, "There are synergies between different lifestyle sports industries and their media. Corporations make equipment for several lifestyle sports, sometimes under different brand names. Clothing companies like Quiksilver sell to a range of lifestyle sport markets including skating, surfing, windsurfing, snowboarding and have been quick to exploit the potential of emergent and rapidly growing activities like kite-surfing" (2004, p. 10). Because the company also designs and manufactures the core sporting needs for these sporting enthusiasts, it is important to identify defining characteristics of this market. These sports are characterized by a number of features of interest to Quiksilver's and its competitors' marketers with respect to their various core product and accessory lines, including those set forth in Table 2 below.
Defining features of the surf and sports industries
Such…… [Read More]
International Marketing -- South Korea Country Study
The primordial question at the basis of this study revolves around the attractiveness of South Korea to American investors. Otherwise put, is this country able to determine the American investor to launch business operations in this global part? In order to answer the posed question, a series of analyses will be conducted. Some of these will refer to the general context, whilst others will detail specific issues.
The country is located in the eastern part of Asia; enjoys a temperate climate and owns less than 20% arable land. South Korea is characterized by a tormented historic past, which explains well the differences emerged between the two regions of the Korean Peninsula. The total population of the country exceeds 48 million, and their life expectancy at birth is of almost 79 years. The interactions with the South Koreans are generally formal and follow protocols,…… [Read More]
East Asian Civilizations
(1) Unequal Treaties
(2) sino-japanese war 3
(3) MARCH 1ST MOVEMENT
(1) CHINA IN DECLINE
(1) CHINA's CIVIL WAR 7
(1) UNEQUAL TREATIES
The growing demand for Chinese tea, silk and ceramics by ritish had created severe trade imbalance for ritain. The ritish were also losing their silver reserves in exchange for Chinese goods. In late 1930's government of Great ritain found "opium" as a solution for resolving trade imbalance. Opium, which is more addictive than tea, was being supplied to China by ritish merchants. As demand for opium increased in China, ritain's imports increased and in this way silver bullion was flowing out of the China into ritain.
However Chinese government (Qing government) took serious steps to stop the trade of opium. Lin Zexu, which was appointed as an Imperial Commissioner for the Destruction of Opium, started an anti-opium campaign. During the campaign, opium stores were…… [Read More]
I. Thesis -- the convention that the husband fulfills the dominant male provider role while his wife supports him in all of his endeavors, particularly domestic ones, is at the heart of the cultural value of Asian marriages.
A. Asian society, as well as that of Asians in the westernized world, is male dominated.
1. There are numerous films that depict males and husbands in roles in which they are the material provider and principle decision maker in a marriage.
B. In conventional Asian marriages, women are usually relegated to domesticated roles in which they support the efforts of their husbands in conventional manners such as preparing food, cleaning the home, as well as taking care of the children.
1. In a number of movies depicting Asian women and wives, they function as the stereotypical 'princess', providing a need to be rescued or the advice of wise counsel to assist…… [Read More]
Chinese-American Studies: Wen Ho Lee Case
United States of America is a melting pot of various communities who have been residing in the country for generations. They feel assimilated into the American culture where many of them have been born and brought up in the U.S. And hence have remote connections with the country of their ancestors. As a result, they feel very much a part of this country and believe they have the rights of a citizen. This is why they feel that they do not deserve to be discriminated against on the grounds of their origins. Therefore such communities protest if situations arise, where they feel they have been discriminated against in some or the other. Though United States confers all rights of citizenry to its nationals, there have been cases in the past where the U.S. government has discriminated against a person or a group on the…… [Read More]
" (Liu, 90)
As the author notes, his feeling of coming to Chinatown was that of a merely curious tourist, not that of a native who links himself to his past or origins. Like other writers on the subject of Asian-Americans, Liu also noted that they seem to be a special case, the "new Jews," that is a minority that is neither black nor white. Racism is usually seen as bipolar, and this is why the Asian-Americans seem even excluded from this categorization:
The question is multilayered. Is yellow black or white? is a question of Asian-American identity. Is yellow black or white? is a question of Third orld identity, or the relationships among people of color. Is yellow black or white? is a question of American identity, or the nature of America's racial formation. Implicit within the question is a construct of American society that defines race relations as…… [Read More]
Those did not have much power on the manufacturer, however, the consumer were rather sophisticated, so maintaining the high quality standards was crucial.
Substitutes. After the trade liberalization, Phillips had an enormous pressure from Asian companies that managed to copycat its products and the price performance of the substitute products was net superior.
Supplier power. The suppliers did not have high bargaining power. The high tech industry in Europe and U.S. was quite developed and the number of suppliers was big.
Rivalry determinants. Those determinants refer to product differentiation, where Phillips was standing out in the industry and manufacturing costs, where Phillips was overrun by Asian counterparts. The fact that Phillips' products were easy to imitate, made its innovation advantage weaker than the Asians' cost advantage.
Political factors. The political context from home helped a lot the company's evolution. The Japanese government was in favor of intensifying business…… [Read More]
The counselor will then need to help Judy understand the process of assimilation into American culture, so she can decide whether this is right for her or not. By visiting a counselor with her partner, she would demonstrate appropriate cultural loyalty by asking her husband to be the care seeker, or person who aligns with the psychotherapist to make decisions so her partner does not become violent or engage in overly masculine behaviors that may harm Judy's spirit (Nghe, Mahalik & Lowe, 2003). The counselor may be able to express the need for Judy to first attend to work to help support her partner before having her baby, in a manner that considers her partners potential insecurities at allowing Judy to take on a non-traditional role in the family. This change however is likely, especially as more and more Asian families adopt a more Western cultural belief system (Nghe, Mahalik…… [Read More]
anyan Tree Case Study
While it was not until the 19th century that the term "brand" had the connotation of meaning a commercial trademark, the idea of individual styles and types of merchandise have been around at least since the written record. For instance, there are ancient documents commenting on a certain type of wine, jewelry, dye, or clothing as far back as Egypt and abylon. However, using the term to mark a specific type or image in the minds of consumers did not really become popular until the mid-20th century (Wheeler 2006).
randing, then, is really information -- it is the sum of all the information about a product, service, or organization that is used to communicate a certain image or relationship to the consumer. It uses logos, visual clues, verbal messages, and is far more than a name: Coca-Cola is a brand because of the connotation of the…… [Read More]
Human Resource Management. It a case study format Academic Essay. Use Harvard style reference list intext reference, Do include bibliography. Number reference: 20 Academic References Detail find upload file.
In today's challenging economic and business environment, managers are often faced with a dilemma regarding the human resource policy that is best applicable. In this particular case study, an important problem is brought forward: what is the optimum dimension of the workforce in an organization? There are several dimensions to this problem that will be discussed in this paper, including the challenges and consequences of having an adequately large workforce, motivational theories that apply to the employees etc.
The premise of the issues described in the case study is simple: in the present time, the economy no longer has a predictable trend. With stagnation and economic recession just passed, the economic and business environment has not truly returned to the levels…… [Read More]
Tesco PLC Case Study
Tesco is the third largest retailer globally behind Wal-Mart and Carrefour, and as of March 2011, operates 4,811 stores across 14 countries including Asia, many European countries, UK and the U.S. Tesco is also the leading food, sundry and grocery retailer in the UK and has established itself as the leading provider of ancillary services through the retail channel to Western Europe (Hackney, Grant, irtwistle, 2006). Tesco has also initiated many extensive information systems projects and pilots to enable their supply chains to be more efficient than competitors (Lindgreen, Hingley, 2003). These include an innovative use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) for expediting orders throughout their supply chains and greater levels of coordination throughout their extensive warehouse systems and networks (itel, 2011). Tesco concentrates on a very localized approach to expanding markets, go so far as to create ethnographic studies of the potential customers in a…… [Read More]
In this regard, Francis adds that, "The determining factor will be ASEAN's ability to provide the leadership necessary to create a strong, independent East Asian Union" (Francis, p. 77). In addition, Bowles (2002) notes that the ongoing efforts to create improved Asia/Pacific regional cooperation are fundamentally efforts intended to balance the influence of the United States on the region and the world in general.
4. What are the main hypotheses of the work?
The guiding hypotheses of the proposed study are as follows:
H1: Encouraging China to participate in as a coalition leader in an East Asian Union in the future would serve to ensure that the price it would have to pay in terms of loss of trade and investment if it acts against the interests of the union's other members would be prohibitively high.
H2: Former Cold War alliances will be replaced by new ones in the future…… [Read More]
The research in this study is exploratory and descriptive. The study begins with the declaration that this topic of study has been pursued in the past, yet the sampling methods used proved ineffective in defining or describing why less Asian-Americans utilize healthcare services in the United States. This research seeks to describe the problem of little use of healthcare with their study. The research in this study classifies the phenomenon of lack of healthcare service use/participation by Asian-Americans. The research problem is that Asian-Americans are not using the healthcare services available to them for a variety of reasons. The research problem is stated clearly in the first two pages of the study. In this study, there were no listed hypotheses, instead there are objectives. The objectives of the study are:
…(1) examine rates of mental health-related service use among immigrant and U.S.-born Asian-Americans during a 12-month period, (2)…… [Read More]
This, along with the older Psalter by trenhold and Hopkins, was the main influence of the Bay Psalm Book printed during 1640 in Massachusetts. This can be compared with the first musical influences on and compositions by Li Jinhui. The traditional forms were explored thoroughly before new ideas in music were explored.
Culturally, the new Americans at the time were deeply religious, following the Puritan tradition on which they based their way of life. Their music therefore reflected this tradition, and the earliest genres were mainly religious in nature. As such, the musical format was unaccompanied by musical instruments, as these were viewed as secular and therefore sinful. The same type of division can be seen in the later genres of Asian music, where Cantopop began to lose its popularity in the face of new and more trendy developments. In contrast, however, the Chinese does not have as clear a…… [Read More]
Father Figures Arabian Asian Literature
Father Figures: Arabic / Asian Literature
Father figures all across the world embody a phenomenon which encompasses all attributes of a role model. They are meant to stand for discipline, caution, protection, guidance, and of course, love. The perfect amalgamation of all these can be found in the patriarch of any household, or any culture, for that matter. As such, the perfect patriarchal example is nothing short of a literary archetype. From Austen's "Pride and Prejudice" to Puzo's "The Godfather" we can find numerous examples of father figures establishing the age-old belief in fatherly conduct.
It is true, that the general conception of father figures is more or less the same in all areas of literature. However, one must pay heed to the fact that just like miscellaneous traditions; the perception towards father figures varies from culture to culture. Needless to say, the significance of…… [Read More]
He did clean up the area around the store from garbage lying around but never did anything apart from that. He did express interest in being a part of any group working towards helping out with the environment. He denied that his Chinese background might have had any impact on his attitude.
The individual from the Hispanic background was deeply involved with activities to help out with environmental issues. He is a computer Science major and manages had two websites dealing with those issues. He also maintains a blog about environmental hazards that he encounters. He takes pictures of whatever he thinks might be important and uploads them to his blog. He mentioned how he wants to use his skills in web design to reach out to students and make them aware of such issues. He has listed a lot of ways to get involved on his websites and uses…… [Read More]
Abercrombie and Fitch: A Case Study
Clothing giant A&F has a not-so-good reputation in the arena of business ethics, and has been sued several times for size discrimination, sexism, and racism. In 2003, the company was taken to court by employees who felt that it had a systematic discrimination policy in place. What exactly did the company miss in its diversity understanding? This text, amongst other things, analyzes the situation and the ethical issues involved.
Abercrombie & Fitch (A&F)
Abercrombie & Filch has been accused of being insensitive on many fronts. For instance, the company has in the past been involved in a tussle with angry parents, who found a sexual phrase on the company's newly-launched line of pre-teen innerwear offensive. In 2003, the company was sued for discriminating against minority groups in its human resource practices (Greenhouse, 2003). Aggrieved employees accused the company of favoring whites for its sales…… [Read More]
One of the best examples of the mentality behind the development of the pedagogy of the oppressed, with regard to education is the evolution of the official restriction of curriculum to that which the African would need to survive in the economy of labor.
A the solutions to the "poor Whites" problem, as was indicated in the Carnegie Commission of Inquiry into Poor Whites in South Africa in 1932, were not bearing the expected fruits of "innate superiority." Thus, Verwoerd emphasized that the African "school must equip him [the African] to meet the demands which the economic life of South Africa will impose on him" (Mbere 1979, 106).The relationship between production and what is learned in schools reproduces unskilled and semiskilled labor power that allows domination and exploitation to occur. According to the CNE policy, Whites were perpetual parents who had to guide their "children," the Africans. This relationship of…… [Read More]
This polarization of different groups is likely to carry over into the classroom: socio-economic disadvantages often translate into economic disadvantages. If one population is more represented in higher-level classes this can foster prejudice. High-performing minority students may feel uncomfortable if they make up an even slimmer majority in their honors and AP classes.
The segregation in the business indicates how on an adult level there is even more community division. Students are to some extent 'forced' to be in a diverse environment in public schools while adults are not compelled to do so and the shopping throughout the city exhibited relatively homogenous patterns between the dominant composition of the neighborhoods, the owners of the shop, and the shoppers.
However, the high levels of education in the community and the changing population suggest that a more diverse and multicultural perspective is possible, provided there is greater political will within the school…… [Read More]
Proposal for Study: Is society causing biracial children to struggle with their identity?
hen forming their identity, children seek to look, act, feel, and mimic significant people in their social environment. "In his book Youth and Identity, Erickson relates ego identity and self-esteem to racial identity. He states that ambiguous messages about one's race may place a person at risk for developing what he referred to as a 'negative identity'" (Oka, 1994, p. 3). The possibility of negative identity is a controversial topic regarding biracial children. Opponents of interracial marriage argue that interracial couples are jeopardizing the futures of their children, as there is a possibility that biracial children will not be accepted by either culture and this rejection will lead to personal problems.
Some studies have found that it is more likely for interracial children to experience difficulties related to a poor self-identity, such as gender confusion,…… [Read More]
The new powerful leader who emerged from that struggle starting in 618 was Li Shimin. Some of the more notable accomplishments of Li Shimin involved restoring stable government, developing technological advances, and by utilizing the "free labor and military service of millions of peasants" he helped bring in enormous tax revenues to the point that the government was "more affluent than it had ever been."
Meantime during the time that the Tang dynasty was emerging as the power source, Buddhism helped to stimulate closer contact with other countries and cultures. According to Ping Yao, writing in the peer-reviewed journal Nan Nu, Chinese Buddhism became "instrumental in the development of mothers' identity and in the conceptualization of ideal maternal virtues" (Yao, 2008, p. 57). By examining the epitaphs that are left from the Tang dynasty, Ping Yao has determined that children whose mothers were strong Buddhists mostly complied with their mothers'…… [Read More]
The "Five Forces" diagram illustrates the main concept of Michael Porter's theory of competitive advantage. It defines the rules of competition within any business. IVY Consulting Group's competitive strategy will only grow from a refined comprehension of the rules surrounding competition that regulate an industry's appeal. Porter states, the ultimate goal of competitive strategy is to manage and, ideally, to alter rules within the company's behavior. Acquisitions in Australia and Asia have resulted in a mismanagement and miscommunication within the company and the offices. The five forces define industry profitability, as well as how some industries can be more appealing than others are. IVY Consulting Group needs to alter its structure in order to compete and vie for the attention of its consumers. The critical question in defining profitability is how much value businesses can generate for their buyers, as well as how much of said value will…… [Read More]
From Supply Chain Efficiency to Customer Segmentation Focus
Because of this focus on supply chain forecasting accuracy and efficiency, the need for capturing very specific customer data becomes critical. The case study portrays the capturing of segmentation data as focused on growing each of the brands mentioned that VF relies on this data to base marketing, location development and store introductions, and pricing strategies on. In reality, the data delivered for these marketing programs and location-based analyses is also providing an agile and scalable platform for VF to more effectively manage and mitigate its supply chain risk as well.
elying on Alteryx for data analysis as it has superior capability to Microsoft Access and Excel in conjunction with the use of SC Software for geo-demographic analysis, VF has created a workflow for translating data warehouses into the basis of marketing and supply chain strategies. The strategic goal of getting the…… [Read More]
Of 109 females respondents, 66.4% indicated that they had an intent to purchase. However, only 33.6% of the 61 males who responded indicated that they had an intention to purchase. This means that the brand appears to appeal more to women than men. Women will represent a higher percentage of the target market than men.
Gender * Purchase intention Crosstabulation
No, not likely
% within Purchase intention
% within Purchase intention
% within Purchase intention
The first section of the research examines the likelihood of being able to develop a loyal customer following. Five questions were included in this section of the study. All five questions related to the willingness of customers to remain loyal to the brand, and if they would be willing to pay…… [Read More]
Just as subsidiaries can provide high quality, low-cost manufacturing, they can also offer Levi Strauss high value channels for distribution and marketing.
2. Levi Strauss's global expansion strategy depends on maintaining a networked structure, on strategically locating production and distribution operations worldwide, and perhaps especially on its approach to product customization. Customizing its products for different markets worldwide enhances sales in localized markets and helps Levi Strauss meet the needs of differential consumer demands.
Furthermore, Levi Strauss can expand the range of products it provides in all markets. If a certain cut, style, or color proves successful in one area, it may likely become a trend in another. Researching the needs of specific markets also allows Levi Strauss to design products for a target population. For instance, the Asian lines will include more production of smaller sizes vs. The North American or European markets. Localized trends and climate factors will…… [Read More]
Market Study and Potential for EOT Cranes, Gantry Cranes, Jib, and the Market for Imported European Hoist and Crane Components in India.
A boom in the construction industry caused a corresponding boom in the demand for construction building equipment (specifically in cranes and hoists), which shows prediction of increasing in the future. Cement, steel, and construction industries have all been involved in this popularity, all of them requesting EOT cranes, Gentry cranes, JIB cranes and European-imported hoist and crane components. The market for machinery is huge, particularly for used machinery coming from Europe with the latter mostly being used in the unorganized sector. Off Highway esearch (OH), reported that in 2009, India sold 6,499 mobile cranes, most of which have been the pick and carry type. As of 2011, the market size for EOT cranes and hoists is approximately s 1,500 crore to 1,700 crore (Project Monitor). By the year…… [Read More]
POLITICAL OVERVIEW: The former Persia became present day Iran on April 1st 1979 Before that Persia was a Monarchy and its last ruler was Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi He lost favor with the people and the religious clerics of the country The clerics chose to exile Pahlavi and establish a theocracy Theocracy refers to a government type where majority of decision making and political power is in the hands of a religious leader, in other words a country that adopts religious law as its legal system
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini a Conservative cleric took over the reins of the nation
The government structure is complicated as its Parliament is a mixed bag of elected and unelected members At the top of the hierarchy is the 'Supreme Leader' military, judiciary and foreign policy fall under his command An interesting aspect of Iranian government is the amount of accountability attached to federal…… [Read More]
As my undergraduate studies reach their finish, I am ready to embark upon the next phase of my academic career. The Bradford University's reputable MSc program in Finance, Accounting, and Management offers the depth and breadth I am currently seeking. As an international student who has lived in the UK for the past four years, I also believe I have much to offer to Bradford and its student body. I have the ability and desire to work with my fellow graduate students on projects that will expand our knowledge about the rapidly changing world of business and finance. The gamut of group projects I have participated in throughout my undergraduate career shows that an international perspective, especially an Asian one, can greatly enhance the power and potential of any given project. During my graduate studies, I hope to deepen my understanding of finance and management in particular. Currently, my…… [Read More]
Managing Diversity Matters
A Study on QANTAS
Women Representation at QANTAS
QANTAS' Focus on Diverse Needs of Customers
QANTAS Ideology Regarding Recruitment of Youth
Challenges Faced y QANTAS
In today's challenging global scenario where competition is rising every day, it is necessary for Multinational organizations to address the basic need of today's business world: diversity. Customers, employees, strategic alliances, competitors, industry norms etc.; they are all subject to changes every day. This is the reason why organizations must need to show adaptability to the change and address the diverse needs of all these stakeholders. Furthermore, while discussing MNCs, it is noticeable that one of the industries (with highest degree of diversity in its operations) is the aviation industry. Australia is one of the most culturally diverse in the world, according to a 2009 study by L. Leveson in the International Journal of Manpower. The study explored current attitudes to diversity…… [Read More]
In what way do you consider that cultural differences between the Japanese and Australians have impacted on how this trading relationship was developed?
History teaches the people on how Australia was a country made up of immigrants who were mostly from Britain. The unwanted moved to Australia and tried developing it. The low class Asians also flooded Australia and it became more of a cosmopolitan country due to the mixed race. The Australians are known for not holding on to their past (Les 2012). With the population of Japan being over three times that of Australia, more food stuff is required in Japan. Japan is known for its advanced technology which has raised the lifestyles of its people. This means they demand for better food and not genetically modified foods. Having received a consignment from America which contained genetically modified soya meant for the animals, the Japanese…… [Read More]
Innovations in strategic planning
Organizational analysis of Chinese industrial firm, Zhongqing Zongshen Automobile Industry Manufacturing Co., Ltd., offers much in terms of understanding the global powerhouse as an industrial economy of scale. If China's macro-economic position is one of increased export growth, then micro-analyses enable us to uncover the ingenuity and strategies behind the giant. Zongshen Motorcycle brand is one of the core subsidiaries of Zongshen Industrial Group, with consumer recognition in the capital market. The mission of the company is to improve the quality of life of human beings through innovation of clean, convenient and safe transportation tools (Zongshen, 2010).
In 2008, expansion of the two-wheeled motorcycle concern in its multi-scale strategic plan encouraged growth through: domestic sales, import and export agreements, and key & important component distribution. The integrated strategy resulted in substantial returns, with export sales at $100 million alone. The Company reports cumulative assets…… [Read More]