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tronger connections with family and other persons from the same country are also formed (Lee).
Another gain for immigrants can be experienced from partly assimilating with the mainstream of American culture, even while retaining what is best of the original culture. What results is then a combination of the original and the new culture in order to form something new. This new culture then becomes part of the "melting pot" concept (McGuire) that has been part of the ideal of assimilation. Although this is often perceived as negative by those wishing to retain as much as possible of their original culture, it could also reflect positively upon the general culture formed by the variety of elements making up the American culture. The country and culture being lost are replaced not by anonymity, but rather by a new and improved identity.
Lee, Jonathan. "Assimilation? If so, to what degree?" American…
Lee, Jonathan. "Assimilation? If so, to what degree?" American Immigration, 2004. http://www.bergen.org/AAST/Projects/Immigration/assimilation.html
McGuire, William C. "Immigrants & Cultural Assimilation Now." Donovan-Fitzgerald, 2004. http://www.donovanfitzgerald.com/articles/20.shtml
Assimilation, integration and multiculturalism 'Capricornia' Novel written by Xavier Herbert was published on Australia Day in 1938; that created quite a stir in the Australian community. The Novel expressed Australia's exact assimilated conceptual community and described variously as 'an Australian Masterpiece destined to be a classic and as disgusting and repetitive' (Castles, 2012).Herbert's (1938) description of living in Capricornia in mythical Port Zodiac is thinly disguised as Darwin, (Northern Territory) was a bold interpretation of Southern and Northern 'white Australian' Life.
Explain the premises of assimilation, integration and multiculturalism in case of Australia?
The policy was assimilation was in full control in Indigenous affairs from duration of 1930's to 1960's. The basic definition of assimilation is the same which was finalized in 1963 by the aboriginal affairs ministers. The assimilation policy holds that aborigines and half aborigines will continue to live with the same standard of living as rest of…
Australian Government (2014); Department of Social Services: 'Settlement and Multicultural Affairs'. Accessed Online on 3rd September 2014, < http://www.dss.gov.au/our-responsibilities/settlement-and-multicultural-affairs/programs-policy/a-multicultural-australia/national-agenda-for-a-multicultural-australia/what-is-multiculturalism >
Blue Mountains (2011), Blue Mountains International School of Management; The Hospitality Industry in Australia. Accessed Online on 3rd September 2014, http://www.bluemountains.edu.au/blog/hospitality-industry-australia/
Chesterman, J., & Douglas, H. (2004). 'Their ultimate absorption': Assimilation in 1930s Australia. Journal of Australian Studies, 28(81), 47-58.
Coquitlam (2011). City of Coquitlam; Multiculturalism Strategy and Action Plan Accessed online on 3rd September 2014, http://www.coquitlam.ca/documents/MSP_-_Multiculturalism_Strategy_and_Action_Plan.pdf
French self-interests sublimated all else and crushed African esteem and African way of life in the process. elf-centered, egoistic, intolerant, and bigoted, the French heartlessly subjected Africa to its rule, foisting its culture of assimilation in the meantime.
West African Assimilation has not always been the objective of France. keptical that the African people would ever become 'suitable" French citizens, and anxious at the potential expense of introducing such a system so complex and broad in its approach, the concept of Assimilation was only introduced later, pushed, to a great extent, by African individuals themselves (Crowder, 1991: 77).
Assimilation was achieved by the African nation adopting French ways as superior to their own and endeavoring to become as much French as possible. Frantz Fanon (1990) called this group of "assimilees" the "benis oui" or the "yes men" who regarded Paris as their home, adopted French food, French dress, Christianity as…
Crowder, M. Africa South of the Sahara. London: Europa Publications, 1991.
Fanon, F. The Wretched of the Earth, New York: Grove Press, 1990.
Gunther, J. Inside Africa, New York, Harper, 1955.
Rodney, W. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press, 1990.
Assimilation is a word which defies the simple as well as definitions that are generally accepted (de Palo, Faini and Venturini,2007).The term is used in classical sociology to imply the occurrence of a progressive change from a behavior which is more diverse to one which is less diverse. Alba and Nee (2003,p.31) however defined assimilation as the process which involves the attenuation of various distinctions on the basis of ethnic origin.An example of assimilation is the complex process through which immigrants from Mexico and other parts of the world get to be fully integrated into America, a new country which is totally new to them.
Ferguson (2008,p.3) defined social integration as a process of promoting the relations, values as well as institutions that are necessary for enabling all individuals to participate in social, political and economic life based on the foundation and principles of equal rights and opportunity as…
Alba, R., Nee V., 2003, Remaking the American Mainstream. Assimilation and Contemporary
Immigration, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press
de Palo, D.,Faini.,R and Venturini, A (2007).The Social Assimilation of Immigrants. SP DISCUSSIONPAPER NO. 0701
Assimilation of Terrorism Perspectives
Terrorism is one of the deadly and powerful activities feared globally. The acts of terrorism are dangerous to the overall existence and stability of a society. In order to be at a formidable ground in the management and assurance of security in the environment, there are certain features of human activities that can be termed as terrorism in their natural occurrences. Terrorism is a negative aspect to the society. In order to have a valuable ground in the general avenues of managing security in the world, many plans, and programs are directed at countering the occurrences of planned crimes in the society. There are the facets of bodies of knowledge that are referred to as counter mechanisms to the general plans and occurrences of terrorism in the world. In its innate format of understanding, terrorism is defined as an organized crime executed in accordance to the…
Whittaker, D.J. (2012). The terrorism reader (4th ed.). New York: Routledge. (ISBN: 978-0-
Many Jews still adhere to these, as they provide not only a sense of spiritual fulfillment, but also of cultural belonging. While it is true that many Jews have assimilated into other cultures and abandoned many of their own cultural practices, it can also be seen that the Jewish culture is alive and healthy in the general world today.
aving survived for centuries, I therefore believe that there need be no great concern for the danger of assimilation. While such concern may be greater on an individual or familial level, the collective danger of total assimilation into other cultures is minimal. The Jewish nation is simply too large, significant, and advanced in years for this to be likely. If history is any indication, Jewish tradition will last for many centuries to come.
Pearce, Stephen S. Assimilation has always been a challenge for Jews - now more than ever. The…
Having survived for centuries, I therefore believe that there need be no great concern for the danger of assimilation. While such concern may be greater on an individual or familial level, the collective danger of total assimilation into other cultures is minimal. The Jewish nation is simply too large, significant, and advanced in years for this to be likely. If history is any indication, Jewish tradition will last for many centuries to come.
Pearce, Stephen S. Assimilation has always been a challenge for Jews - now more than ever. The Jewish News Weekly of Northern California, Jan 2, 2004. http://www.jewishsf.com/content/2-0-/module/displaystory/story_id/1601/edition_id/18/format/html/displaystory.html
' The hard realization she got from Sherman during their adolescent years, where she had been told that, "You just want to tell everything to your friends. You just want to have a boyfriend to become popular" (21). Saying this, Seth/Sherman made Mona acknowledge that despite her being American, she also seeks to identify herself, in the same way that he tried to assert himself as a Japanese.
Indeed, Seth became Mona's religion, because he helped primarily in shaping her personal philosophy in life. Through Seth, "...she finds that she owns a whole self inside the self that she knows, someone sharing her skin....How common she is! For how else can it be that on early acquaintance, someone can know her so much better than she knows herself?" (109). Through Seth, she realized she can be integrated in her society without trying hard to assimilate herself. In fact, she can…
Jen, G. (1996). Mona in the Promised Land. NY: Alfred a. Knopf, Inc.
We speak a patois, a forked tongue, a variation of two languages.
Chicano Spanish sprang out of the Chicanos' need to identify ourselves as a distinct people. We needed a language with which we could communicate with ourselves, a secret language. For some of us, language is a homeland closer than the Southwest -- for many Chicanos today live in the Midwest and the East."
The border language becomes a language of its own for Anzladua, and far from abandoning her roots like Rodriguez, she melds her roots successfully with her process of assimilation. She helps create an entirely different culture, born full-blown from her and her compatriots' foreheads, as Athena was from Zeus.
She does not split the two brains; rather she combines them into a wholly separate third brain and assumes control of it. She does not succumb to the white rationality; rather, she helps create a rationality…
GORDON' AIMILATION THEORY
Overview of the theory
Originator and brief history of the theory; historical context, Underlying assumptions
Adopting a seven-pronged framework, Milton Gordon (1964) bridged the gap between enculturation and assimilation talking about 'structural assimilation' that was his nomer for one group totally identifying and 'slipping into' another. Gordon (1964) argued that different cultures merge into the "American dream" via a process that extends by stages from acculturation into assimilation. Acculturation comes first and is inevitable and acculturation extends from external impression, such as changes in dress and food, to changes in internal characteristics such as beliefs and norms which are central to their group identity. The assimilating group gradually gives up all (or most) of its customs except for its religion which it continues to adhere to.
Gordon's original theory has been appended to and modified by other theorists throughout the ages. Although many scholars find…
Conzen, K et al., (1992). The invention of ethnicity. Joun. Am. Ethnic Hist.12: 3-41
Gans, H (1992) Second generation decline Ethnic and Racial Studies, 15: 173-192
Kivisto, P. (1990) The Transplanted Then and Now: The Reorientation of Immigration Studies from the Chicago School to the New Social History. Ethnic and Racial Studies 13, 455-481.
Neidert, L & Farely, R (1985) Assimilation in the United States. Am. Soc. Review, 50:840-850
According to The Mosby Medical Encyclopedia, cultural assimilation is a process by which members of an ethnic minority group lose cultural characteristics that separate them from the main cultural group (Cultural pp).
In the September 22, 2000 issue of Daedalus, Dorothy Steele writes that the assimilation of millions of immigrants into one society is what defines America, however in the shadows, millions of nonimmigrant minorities, such as African-Americans, Native American Indians, and Latinos, struggle within the mainstream of society (Steele pp). The diversity of immigrants reveals America as a haven for religious, cultural, and political difference, yet at the same time there is an ongoing struggle with difference that is not related to religion or cultural values but a difference in social, racial and ethnic status (Steele pp). The societal settings that are central to a group's movement into American mainstream life, such as schools and workplaces, are…
Cultural Assimilation. (1996 October 01). The Mosby Medical Encyclopedia. Retrieved October 10, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
Gramann, James H. (1998 January 01). The effect of cultural assimilation on the importance of family-related and nature-related recreation among Hispanic-Americans. Journal of Leisure Research. Retrieved October 10, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
Steele, Dorothy M. (2000 September 22). Colorblindness as a Barrier to Inclusion:
Assimilation and Nonimmigrant Minorities. Daedalus. Retrieved October 10, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
The composition of the immigrant population could also affect receptivity. For example, length of U.S. residence and cultural and linguistic fluency can make immigrant workers more acceptable, and thus result in higher wages. "In the short run, immigrants earn significantly less than native-born workers…In industrialized countries, there is apparently a tendency for citizens to be less willing to take on certain menial and low-status jobs as economies advance…Thus, immigrants compensate for their lower earnings by putting in more working hours with their strong motivation to work... immigrants generally improve their wage returns to their human capital with increasing length of stay in the host country" (Takei et al. 2009, p.77) However, if prejudices against immigrants continue unabated, it is possible that this cultural legacy of employment may be hard to shake off even for long-time residents, despite the researcher's contention that, regardless of state: "ith increasing time in…
Takei, Isao, Rogelio Saenz & Jing Li. (2009, February). The cost of being a Mexican non-citizens and being a Mexican immigrant in California and Texas.
Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 31. 73
Dawson, Araujo (2008). Discrimination, stress, and acculturation among Dominican immigrant women. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 31.96.
, 1989; Harter et al., 1987; Wigfield et al., 1991).
The subject of transition of students, particularly Latino students to middle school has become one frequently discussed due to the complexity of the issues faced in the phenomena of transitional issues differences among students with diverse cultural and ethnic backgrounds. Over the last three decades the middle school has replaced junior high schools. There are 55% more middle schools that in the beginning of the decade of the seventies and the number is growing. This transition from elementary to middle school is inclusive of outcomes that are demonstrated by "behavioral problems" (Eccles et al., 1989) and "increases in psychological distress"(Chung et al., 1998; Crocket et al., 1989; Eccles et al., 1993).
Speculation for reasons linked to this dramatic transitional period for the student are listed as follows:
Mismatch between developmental needs and school ecology.
Dual timing of personal and ecological…
Akos, P. (2002) "Student Perceptions of the Transition from Elementary to Middle School: Professional School Counseling."
Alspaugh, J.W. (1986). "Achievement Loss Associated with the Transition to Middle School and High School." Journal of Educational Research.
Anderman, E., Maeher, M., & Midgley, C. (1999) "Declining Motivation after the Transition to Middle School: Schools Can Make a Difference." Journal of Research and Development in Education.
Chung, H., Elias M., & Schneider, K. (1998). "Patterns of Individual Adjustment changes during Middle School Transition." Journal of School Psychology.
THE EVIL CALLED ASSIMILATION
Assimilation has been one of the most burning questions of debate in the U.S. since immigrants became a dominant part of American population. The question that arose was: to assimilate or not to assimilate? Most immigrants especially the second generation immigrants were given lessons in the evils of assimilation and they were asked to stamp their individuality on American social fabric by staying true to their roots. Chines, Italian, Indians and almost every minority learned that assimilation was somehow akin to being a traitor. If they assimilated, it would mean loss of their own culture, heritage and identity and this would lead to loss of an entire ethnic group. Eric Liu however feels differently. Being a second generation Chinese immigrant, he felt that assimilation was considered evil simply because it was considered synonymous with white power. Those who tried to assimilate were considered poor…
immigration concepts of multicultural group assimilation as presented by oger Daniels and Van Den Berghe. It has 2 sources.
With the advent of the 19th century, America became the hub for migrants from all over the world. Although this process had initiated before this time but the concentration of immigrants increased as Europe experienced an increase in population. The pushing effect constituted of the increased in the level of unemployment, sanitation, food supply and disease controls which contributed to the motivation to migrate to the new land. Even though the influx of immigrants to America consisted of peasants and working class but nevertheless they did not anticipate remaining in the new land for a long time.
On the other hand the pull factors like employment, economic prosperity as well as the expansionary measures taken by the U.S. government during this period increased trade thereby attracting migrants from neighboring and far…
Daniels, Roger. Coming to America: A History of Immigration and Ethnicity in American Life, HarperCollins, 1990.
Van den Berghe, Pierre The Ethnic Phenomenon, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, Inc., 1981, p. 7
Assimilation Help My Success?
The answer to this paper's overarching question, "Does assimilation help my success?," depends in large part on how success is defined. To the extent that success is defined as the fulfilment of personal and professional goals, then, yes, assimilation can help individuals succeed in a new country. From this perspective, assimilation has to do with a lot more than just ethnicity, language, or culture, though, because these elements come together to create the whole new self. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature together with empirical observations in the form of an exhibit concerning assimilation and its effect on success to support the conclusion that assimilation is necessary for success.
The exhibit I discuss when addressing this issue is my personal experience as a Chinese-Korean immigrant. There have been three primary factors in my personal experience that support my contention that assimilation…
Li, Yiyun. (n.d.). "Dear Friend, From My Life I Write to You in Your Life." A Public Sphere. Print.
Rodriguez, Richard. (n.d.). "Aria: A Memoir of a Bilingual Childhood." The American Scholar. Print.
Russian emigres draws upon a very distinct Russian tradition of intellectuals in exile. Both the Russian Empire and Soviet Union had many exiles, both inside the empire and outside it. Many of those that left voluntarily early in their lives, including Vladimir Nabokov, Boris Pasternak, and yn Rand, reflected the sentiments of those that were later forced into political exile, which include Brodsky, Solzhenitsyn and Sakhalov. Some, like Nabokov and Solzhenitsyn, are considered among the best Russian writers in Russian history and are almost universally read at home. Others, like Rand, are still virtually unheard of outside their adopted countries. The idea of separation from Russia is ingrained in the Russian culture, as Dostoyevsky, Lenin and so many others were at one point in exile. In this work I will primarily address Nabokov's cohort of Russian emigres to Europe and merica.
Nabokov was a native of Saint Petersburg, which at…
Asher Z. Milbauer. Transcending Exile: Conrad, Nabokov, I.B. Singer. Florida International University Press, 1985
Ayn Rand. We the Living. 1936.
This is a less frequent occurrence in Arab families, though it does happen, but less among women than men. For the most part, Arab immigrants represent a well educated group, and this, too, contributes to their lack of total assimilation (p. 150).
Another element that has not facilitated the Arab assimilation into American society is that many Arabs continue to use their language from their country of origin as the primary basis for communicating with one another (p. 150). This prolongs the process of assimilation, because the family unit is restricted by their inability to communicate beyond the family, or with others in their immigrant community who speak their language.
Finally, the Arab family culturally and traditionally has been a family that involved blending the extended family with the immediate family in supportive ways (p. 150). Once in America, many Arab immigrants find the break in the family structure which…
Naff, a. (1993). Becoming American: The Early Arab Immigrant Experience. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press. Retrieved August 2, 2008, from Questia database:
Wanna Be Average," written by Mike Rose. Although each of these writers has a very different writing style, both essays deal with similar issues about the educational experiences of young boys growing into men. Five main areas will be discussed: assimilation; the power of academic reading; identity crisis; self-awareness; and cultural conflict.
Blending into a new and different culture from the one you are accustomed to can be a challenging and frightening process for people of any age. For young people who are still in their formative years, it can be even more confusing and intimidating. They have not yet developed the coping skills that adults have, and they often do not understand the strange, exciting, and sometimes uncomfortable feelings they experience in the process. Writers of both of these essays go through experiences of assimilation in their childhood years. The experiences are similar in that they both are…
Theoretical Foundations of Nursing:
Nursing can be described as a science and practice that enlarges adaptive capabilities and improves the transformation of an individual and the environment. This profession focuses on promoting health, improving the quality of life, and facilitating dying with dignity. The nursing profession has certain theoretical foundations that govern the nurses in promoting adaptation for individuals and groups. These theoretical foundations include theories, theory integration, reflection, research and practice, and assimilation.
Grand Nursing Theory:
There are several grand nursing theories that were developed by various theorists including the Science of Unitary Human Beings by Martha ogers, Sister Callista oy's Adaptation Model, and Systems Model by Betty Neuman. Sister Callista oy's Adaptation Model is based on the consideration of the human being as an open system. She argues that the system reacts to environmental stimuli via cognator and regulator coping techniques for individuals. On the other hand, the…
American Sentinel (2012). 5 Steps for Nurses to Stay Updated with Health Care Changes.
Retrieved September 4, 2013, from http://www.nursetogether.com/5-steps-for-nurses-to-stay-updated-with-health-care-changes
Andershed, B. & Olsson, K. (2009). Review of Research Related to Kristen Swanson's Middle-range Theory of Caring. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 23, 598-610.
"Application of Theory in Nursing Process." (2012, January 28). Nursing Theories: A
The target family immigrated to the United States of America (USA) in 2001 from Western part of Kenya in East Africa. Composed of two parents and three children, a ten-year-old girl, eight-year-old boy and a five-year-old girl, the family's move to the U.S.A. was not an easy one. The man of the family, Oyot, before immigrating to the U.S., worked as a primary school teacher in a small township of ongo in Nyanza province of Kenya. Life in Kenya was unbearable for him as his monthly salary was insufficient for his family.
Oyot had always wanted to leave Kenya in search of a better life for his family; there were issues that motivated his immigration to The U.S.A. First, in Africa, families are extended and some members of Oyot's family mocked him continually. They claimed that he was cursed and that he would never amount to anything. Oyot belongs…
Clegg, L.H. (1997, January). EBONICS:A Serious Analysis of African-American Speech
Patterns. MAAT News .
Kenya and the National Assembly . (2008, Oct 16). Kenya National Assembly Official Record
(Hansard). SACCO in Kenya .
Race and Ethnic Relations
Dimensions of Ethnic Assimilation: Reaction Essay
In their article, "Dimensions of Ethnic Assimilation," Williams and Ortega (1990) attempt to empirically examine Gordon's typology of ethnic assimilation. They attempt to test the "validity of his typology" as well as investigate if "assimilation is, indeed, multidimensional" (698). They felt that in previous research and literature, the seven dimensions of assimilation where taken for granted correct (while, most often, only one was utilized in any one study).
In order to verify the veracity of the seven dimensions, they had to measure both ethnicity and assimilation. They measured ethnicity by asking their respondents to identify where (which country or part of the world) their ancestors came from (and asking which they made felt the closest to if more than one region was mentioned). Measuring assimilation along its various dimensions was more complex, but survey questions were the most common method…
Advocacy groups, whether private or government-sponsored, ease transition from home to America but being uprooted poses severe psychological and sociological problems that are not easy to fix.
The United States remains one of the only nations to openly welcome immigrants as a national policy; Canada is another. For centuries the United States has relied on immigrant labor to fuel industry and add nuance to the nation's cultural fabric. The United States is no longer viewed as a melting pot because of the increased pride among immigrants in their native cultures and languages. Balancing assimilation with preservation of culture is still the most difficult task for immigrants, many of whom hope for a more stable life in the new world while still retaining the values and lifestyles of their ancestors.
Refugees continue to hold a unique social, economic and political status in the United States. As Tumulty notes, the Hmong assimilated…
Branigin, William. "Immigrants Shunning Idea of Assimilation." The Myth of the Melting Pot. Washington Post. May 25, 1998. Retrieved Jun 14, 2008 at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/meltingpot/melt0525a.htm
Clemetson, Lynette. "Bosnians in America: A Two-Sided Saga." The New York Times. April 29, 2007. Retrieved Jun 15, 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/29/us/29youth.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1&adxnnlx=1213585920-/U4w96yxQS4h7/bEHNl%20Ug
Federation for American Immigration Reform. "How Mass Immigration Impedes Assimilation." Retrieved Jun 15, 2008 at http://www.fairus.org/site/PageServer?pagename=iic_immigrationissuecenters641a
The Great Immigration Panic." The New York Times. June 3, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/03/opinion/03tue1.html
shrinking; this concept is an oft-cited one in discussing international relations, the blinding speed of worldwide communication, and global travel and migration. Ideas like moving to another nation or even another continent are significantly more feasible today than they would have been even half a century ago. This closeness of various linguistic, ethnic, and cultural groups has created an urgent need for a better understanding of assimilation among these varied groups.
Cultural assimilation has a broad definition due to the broad nature of "culture;" it can refer to an actual intermixing of races and "the genetic dissolution" of a certain group; it can also refer solely to more immediately changeable concepts such as language, religious belief, familial relations, and other traditions of a certain ethnic or societal group (Moran 2005, p. 169). In today's globalized society, different groups are encountering one another with increasing frequency, significantly altering the importance of…
Davidson, B., 1998. "Immigrants Tend to Embrace, not Avoid, English Language" San Francisco Examiner, accessed online at http://www.onenation.org/0898/082598b.html
Grow, B., 2004. "Hispanic Nation," in Business Week, March 15, 2004.
Karlson, S., 2004. "Black like Beckham? Moving Beyond Definitions of Ethnicity Based on Skin Colour and Ancestry" Ethnicity and Health 9:2, pp. 107-137.
Moran, A. 2005. "White Australia, Settler Nationalism, and Aboriginal Assimilation," Australian Journal of Politics and History 51:2, pp. 168-193.
A number of studies have been done in recent years to explore the unique effects of a bicultural identity, how a bicultural identity is formed, and what forms a bicultural identity will take. Research integrates assimilation theories as well as social constructionism. The reasons for the emerging literature include improving psychological health and well-being, improving social and cultural health, and also reducing or eliminating racism and negative stereotyping. Elashi, Mills & Grant (2009) point out "83% of Muslim individuals reported an increase in implicit racism and discrimination following September 11th," making the Muslim-American cultural, ethnic, and religious cohort one of the most important populations in America to understand through sociological data (Elashi, Mills & Grant, 2009, p. 379). Discrimination may be related to the dominant or white culture's fear of non-integration of existing or new immigrants and perceived threats to an imaginary cohesiveness of the dominant culture -- something that…
Culture of Poverty Theory
The culture of poverty theory as posited by Lewis (1969) asserts the emergency of this particular culture when groups or populations that was economically and socially marginalized and disenfranchised from capitalist society generated behavior patterns to address their low social and economic status. According to Lewis' theory, the behaviors that were exhibited where characterized by helplessness, provincialism, low aspirations, disorganization, and criticism and belittlement of so called middle class White America. Moreover, Lewis ascertains that even if structural remediation was in place, because the coping mechanisms were already in place, the behavior and attitudes would be perpetrated. According to classical assimilation theory, immigrant assimilation was seen as an integral component of successful matriculation into a middle class American way of life as cited in Greenman and Xie (2006) (Warner and Srole, 1945). The adaption of immigrants to the host society was seen as critical to…
Chen et al. (1999). Smoking patterns of Asian-American youth in California and their relationship with acculturation. Journal of Adolescent Health, 24, 321-328.
Greenman, E., & Xie, Y. (2006). Is assimilation theory dead? The effect of assimilation on adolescent well being. Population Studies Center Research Report 06-605. Available At http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/pdf/rr06-605.pdf
Lewis, O. (1969). A death in the Sanchez family. New York, NY: Random House.
Warner, W., & Srole, L. (1945). The social systems of American ethnic groups. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Both of the men see themselves as Americans, too. They grew up at a time when there were major race issues in the country, but they are both somewhat sheltered from those issues. Thus, they do not see themselves as different, they are simply Americans. ichard tells the fight promoter, "I'm an American" (Villarreal 135). The promoter replies, "All right, you know what I mean. Mexicans don't get too much chance to amount to much'" (Villarreal 135). Neither one sees themselves as Mexican so much as they see themselves as Americans, and that is extremely important in the assimilation process.
However, ichard begins to see things change in his family and does not approve of the assimilation, while Paco does not. Paco does not find it unusual that his family is becoming more Americanized, while it makes ichard sad and a bit confused. He thinks, "The heretofore gradual assimilation of…
My Family. Dir. Gregory Nava. Perf. Leon Singer, Bruce Gray, and Susana Campos. New Line Cinema, 1995.
Villarreal, Jose Antonio. Pocho. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, 1959.
Undocumented tudents Equity to in-tate Tuition:
Reducing The Barriers
There exist policy ambiguities and variations at federal, state, and institutional levels related to undocumented student access to and success in higher education and this has created problems for these students. This study investigated specific policies and procedures to provide the resources and capital to assist undocumented students as well as reviewed key elements of showing the correlation of these difficulties with ethnic identity in access and equity to higher education that would help eliminate student's frustration. The study also illustrated that there is no accountability system surrounding the success of undocumented student's postsecondary education divide significant structure. Three research questions guided the study; a) Without the fundamental requirements met how will undocumented students achieve their goal to attain a degree, and seek a rewarding career? b) Is it unjust to extradite an illegal alien who has been living a constructive…
Scott, W.R. (2004). Institutional theory: Contributing to a theoretical research program. Retrieved from http://icos.groups.si.umich.edu/Institutional%20Theory%20Oxford04.pdf
Spickard, P. (2007). Almost all aliens: Immigration, race, and colonialism in American history and identity. New York, NY: Routledge.
Taylor, E. (2009). The foundations of critical race theory in education: An introduction. In E. Taylor, D. Gillborn & G. Ladson-Billings (Eds.), Foundations of critical race theory in education (pp. 1-13). New York, NY: Routledge.
PICOT Question and its Significance
The PICOT question is: Does mindfulness meditation (I) reduce long-term risk factors and suicidal behaviors (O) among psychiatric patients (P) versus those who do not participate in the meditation programs (C)? This is of great significance to the nursing practice because psychiatric disorders are risk factors that cause an increase in the probability of a suicidal occurrence. As a result, it is imperative for psychiatric nurses to comprehend how to pinpoint such risk factors and institute a clinical practice setting that dissuades suicide. More importantly, nursing practice encompasses the execution of best practices for generating a clinical setting that diminishes risk such as mindfulness meditation.
Summary of Literature Review
The mindfulness meditation theory is deemed to the most prospective one in treating addictive disorder patients. The safety of these models is guaranteed if carried out in the framework of clinical studies. In recent periods, associated…
5. Kant's "Copernican Revolution" in philosophy is in his genius use of the positive aspects of Rationalism (Descartes and so on) and Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley and Hume). How can you argue this out with the help of the "Critique of Pure Reason"?
The human experience of negotiating the universe as it seems to be presented to us is one governed by a great many assumptions. Our education of this process, and in particular our capacity to become adept or even talented in various faculties thereto, is created by experience. In experience, we gain the evolving abilities to relate to objects which we can perceive in our world. However, in order to accomplish this, there are any number of beliefs which must be possessed in us that will create a framework wherein such relating can occur. These beliefs -- and the practical, ideological and physiological experiences which are dependent upon them…
Berkeley, G. (1994). Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous. Arete Press, Claremont, CA.
Hume, D. (1738). A Treatise on the Human Nature. Escuela de Filosofia Universidad ARCIS.
Kidd, S.D. (1988). The Intersubjective Heart. Sorbonne.
Kline, A. (2009). Kierkegaard, Abraham, and the Nature of Faith. Soren Kierkegaard Biography. Online at http://atheism.about.com/od/existentialistphilosophers/a/kierkegaard_2.htm
' The film suggests that assimilation does come at some cost, though, like to the lawyer Memo, who marries an Anglo woman and must play down his Mexican heritage to fit in with his in-laws. But overall the movie suggests that Latino participation in the American dream is both comparable to that of other ethnic groups. Living as a Mexican-American is possible, and the second generation does not have to entirely sacrifice family and heritage to become a part of the American mosaic, contrary to what was suggested in earlier Hollywood images, chronicled in "The Bronze Screen."
The film "Real omen Have Curves" (2002) even more convincingly demonstrates that Latino struggles with American identity are not necessarily always negative. The protagonist Ana must overcome images of the estern media to find a sense of peace and security. She is ambitious professionally, and does not just want to get married, as…
The Bronze Screen: 100 Years of the Latino Image in Hollywood." (2002). Directed by Alberto Dom'nguez (IV) and Nancy De Los Santos.
Mi Familia." (1995). Directed by Gregory Nava.
Real Women Have Curves." (2002). Directed by Patricia Cardoso.
Cultural Assimilation and Differentiation in the Experience of Alfred Cruz, Filipino immigrant
American society is best known for its unique characteristic of being a "melting pot" of various cultures in the world, be these cultures Eastern or Western in their orientation. Its role as an economic and political superpower throughout history, especially in the 20th century, wherein immigrants during the First and Second World Wars have been "adopted" by the United States and given a chance to live the American life, popularly termed as the "American dream."
Apart from the world wars, the seemingly prosperous image of American society to countries all over the world that are experiencing either socio-political or economic strife is an enticement for people to aspire to live in the U.S., and be able to realize their dreams as individuals. That is why immigrating in the U.S. has become a common occurrence, and at present,…
Schaeffer, R. (1998). Sociology. Chicago: McGraw-Hill Book Co.
Old Western Frontier -- the Pervasiveness of the Western Frontier Hero in the American Imagination
The heroic American national character and the search for an ungoverned American frontier are fused in the America national imagination. America envisions itself as a wide-open place, rather than a contained place of tradition like Europe. America is seen in the natural cultural mythos as an area of limitless expansion. Thus, there are little consequences for the environment because of capitalism and industrialism, because national resources are never-ending. Resettlement of natives and immigrants is of little consequence, because there is so much land. And all restrictive laws regarding the use and abuse of land, people, and morality are seen impingements and infringements upon the ability of masculine commerce and the American spirit to realize their fullest potentials.
The frontier is also a place for and of men, where women are encroachers, never at home. The…
When students can see and manipulate objects, they can be asked to describe them and put objects in visual and verbal terms that they can relate to, in their current developmental stage. Piaget observed students relate to objects at this age by touching what is concrete, describing objects and an object's location in space.
How well did Jenny follow constructivist guidelines? What could she have done differently to make the lesson more constructivist?
Jenny made use of group activities, and socially engaged forms of learning, although a strict constructivist would have wanted her to begin with such group activities.
Discuss constructivism in terms of the constructs defined and discussed by both Piaget and Vygotsky in the text. What is the basic difference between the approaches of these two theorists?
Piaget believed that biological development drives the movement from one cognitive stage to the next, while Vygotsky stressed the need…
Multicultural Matrix and Analysis
Multicultural Matrix and Analysis Worksheet
Select and identify six groups in the left-hand column. Complete the matrix.
Write a summary.
Format references consistent with APA guidelines.
What is the group's history in the United States?
What is the group's population in the United States?
What are some attitudes and customs people of this group may practice?
What is something you admire about this group's people, lifestyle, or society?
The Sioux is a group of Native American tribes, related by language, that were based in the Great Plains. In the 1800s, westward expansion and white settlement led the U.S. government to by force remove the Sioux from their native lands onto reservations. Anger over these removals and poor treatment by the federal government ultimately boiled over into armed confrontation, which ended in the Great Sioux War of 1876-77 and the…
Sioux. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/sioux
Black History. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/blackhistory
African-American Voices. (2007). Retrieved from http://web.archive.org/web/20080507214116/http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/black_voices/voices_display.cfm?id=23
The Story Of Hispanics In The Americas. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://history-world.org/hispanics.htm
Ethnicity can be somewhat apparent, but it is not always apparent. To understand this, it is important to keep in mind that ethnicity is different from race. "Ethnicity refers to selected cultural and sometimes physical characteristics used to classify people into groups or categories considered to be significantly different from others" (O'Neill, 2006). In America, there are several different commonly recognized ethnic identities including American Indians, Latinos, Chinese, African-Americans, and European-Americans, some of which are identifiable by physical characteristics, and others of which are not as readily identifiable by appearance. For example, the combination of dark skin, kinky hair, and prominent facial features may identify a person as African-American, but it is oftentimes more difficult for non-Asians to determine an Asian-American person's specific ethnicity because Asian-Americans share similar skin tone, hair color, and some facial characteristics. Many European-Americans cannot distinguish European ethnic groups based on physical characteristics
Ethnic identity can…
Bear, C. (2008, May 12). American Indian boarding schools haunt many. Retrieved January
28, 2012 from NPR website: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=16516865
O'Neill, D. (2006). "Overview." Ethnicity. Retrieved January 27, 2012 from Palomar College
Type I diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and results from the body's failure to produce insulin. Type 1 account for 5% to 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes (Centers for Disease Control, National Diabetes Fact Sheet, www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2003.pdf). The most common form of diabetes is Type II, which accounts for about 90 to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes (Centers for Disease Control, National Diabetes Fact Sheet, www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2003.pdf). Pre- diabetes is a condition often present prior to the development of Type II diabetes. In pre-diabetes, blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be considered diabetic.
Pre-diabetes does not have to lead to the development of diabetes if a person diagnosed with this condition: Patients who work to control their weight and increase their physical activity can often prevent or delay the onset of diabetes. There are 41 million Americans…
American Diabetics Association. Retrieved 22 March 2010 from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/diabetes-statistics/
Centers for Disease Control, National Diabetes Fact Sheet.Retrieved 18 March 2010 from www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2003.pdf
The Kadampas monks were instrumental in spreading Tibetan Buddhism not so much for developing their own strain and teachings of Buddhism, but rather through the creation of programs for advancement towards Enlightenment and progress through Tibetan Buddhist teachings. These monks also develops preaching techniques that proved highly effective and popular. The Gelupkas were similar to the Kadampas in many respects, but placed a greater emphasis on the doctrine of emptiness than the older school.
Though the Buddhism that the New Translators found in India was largely the same as what they had left in Tibet, there were significant differences that were observed and developed out of this return to the Indian Sanskrit scriptures. The Sakya lineage was formed from reinterpretations of Sanskrit texts from a Tibetan Buddhist perspective, explaining both the similarities and the differences between the Sakya and the Nyingma schools. One of the unique…
V. Implementation of Multicultural Diversity and Classroom Harmony Creation
Classroom harmony should be relatively easy for the teacher of geography to create since the entire focus of the study of geography are places and locations throughout the world and certainly this is a study subject endlessly graced by potential subjects that have the potential to create understanding and harmony in the classroom.
II. Key Example of How Teaching Subject May be Facilitated
A key example of how teaching geography can be used in facilitation of cultural diversity is the study of world cultures in combination with world locations. For instance, teaching geography on the Western world and specifically on the United States can involve the sharing of knowledge of the many and diverse cultures that together represent the demographics of the United State. Included are African-Americans, native Indians and of many various tribal lineage, as well as the European Caucasian…
Clark, Marie and Drudy, Sheelagh (2006) Teaching for Diversity, Social Justice and Global Awareness. European Journal of Teacher Education. Vol. 28, No.3. 3 Aug 2006.
Abu-Saad, Ismael (2004) Separate and Unequal: The Role of the State Educational System in Maintaining the Subordination of Israel's Palestinian Arab Citizens. Social Identities. Vol. 10. No. 1. Carfax Publishing. Taylor & Francis Group.
Liederman, Molokotos (2009) Religious Diversity in Schools: the Muslim Headscarf Controversy and Beyond. Social Compass, 2000; 47; 367. Sage Publications.
Dehyle, Donna (nd) Navajo Youth and Anglo Racism. Harvard Educational Review.
76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…
Meanwhile, Huckabee supports local political jurisdictions passing laws that punish undocumented immigrants, and he asserts those laws "protect the economic well-being, physical safety, and quality of life" for citizens in those communities. By using "physical safety" Huckabee frames this issue in the context that immigrants are criminals out to harm people. But the Immigration Policy Center (IPC) (Rumbaut, et al., 2007) reports that "Foreign-born Mexicans" had an incarceration rate" of 0.7% in 2000, "more than 8 times lower than the 5.9% of native-born males of Mexican descent." And while the "undocumented population has doubled to 12 million since 1994," violent crime in the U.S. has declined 34.2%, the IPC reports.
Moreover, according to the American Immigration Law Foundation (Esbenshade, 2007) local ordinances such as the ones Huckabee believes in (that make it illegal to rent to undocumented immigrants, for example) - if they conflict with federal immigration law - are…
Dougherty, Michael Brendan. "The Audacity of Huck: The Religious Right roils the Establishment by backing one of its own." The American Conservative 7.2 (2008): 6-8.
Esbenshade, Jill. "Division and Dislocation: Regulating Immigration through Local Housing
Ordinances." American Immigration Law Foundation. Retrieved 7 February 2008, at http://www.ailf.org/ipc/special_report/sr_sept07.shtml.
Guidelines for Writing a Rhetorical Analysis. "The Guidelines." Retrieved 6 February, 2008 from http://core.ecu.edu/engl/snyderh/1100/raguide.html
While America prides herself on her multiculturalism and acceptance of those from all lifestyles and cultures that is not always the case, as the readings and personal experiences clearly indicate.
America has been multicultural or multiethnic for centuries, white Americans still are the majority in most areas, and their ideals, beliefs, and even prejudices dominate all of society. To fit in, immigrants must assimilate to the predominate way of thinking, acting, and feeling, even if it is against their own cultural values and beliefs. Thus, they may actually have to engage in cultural pluralism, or acting one way with their own ethnic members while acting another way in white society. There are numerous examples of this every day in society, such as the encounter the author of "A Different Mirror" had with the cabdriver. onald Takaki's family had probably been in the country longer than the cabdriver's had; yet the…
Author "Chapter 10: Japanese-Americans."
Chapter 11: "Chinese, Filipino, Korean, Vietnamese, and Asian-Indian-Americans."
In the White Man's Image. Prod. Christine Lesiak and Matthew Jones. American Experience, 1993.
Ly, Kuong C. "Asian: Just a Simple Word." Human Architecutre: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge. Vol. II, Issue 2, Fall 2003/Spring 2004. 119-124.
Unlike the culture of my interviewee, African-American isn't really broken into subgroups. I was born and raised in Buffalo, New York, which is very close to the Canadian Border and the "U.S. Peace Bridge." I grew up speaking English, and it is the only language I speak.
My religion is not typical of most African-Americans, who tend to be Baptist, Methodist, or Lutheran. I was raised as a Catholic and still practice that religion today. I'm not the only African-American I know who is Catholic, but it's not common in my subculture.
Like my interviewee, I think the media is generally doing a good job of representing African-Americans in the media. However, I still see instances when African-Americans seem to be portrayed as being ruthless and slovenly, which in my opinion makes all African-Americans appear to be the same way (association assimilation).
I believe that all cultures have something that…
10-year-old boy, Alec. The child has had pervasive relocations in his life, beginning at age 2 and endured a challenging separation between his parents. Since the separation he first experienced 50% split parenting, living with his mother one week then his father and stepmother the next, until such time as he was school age. He then began to live full time with his mother during the school week and visit his father and stepmother every other weekend, until age 7 when his mother relocated to an area which is a seven hour drive from his father at this point the mother also remarried. From that point to the present he has stayed with his mother and stepfather the majority of the time and traveled to visit his father and stepmother on the Christmas holiday, spring break and through the summer, which usually works out to be about 2 months. Prior…
Gardner, H. (2000) Intelligence reframed: Multiple intelligences for the 21st century. New York, NY, USA: Basic Books.
Janssen, A., Diekema, E., van Dolder, R., Kollee, L., Oostendorp, R., & Nijhuis-van der Sanden, M. (2012). Development of a movement quality measurement tool for children. Physical Therapy, 92(4), 574-594.
Light, P. & Littleton, K. (2000) Social processes in children's learning. Port Chester, NY, USA: Cambridge University.
Meadows, S. (1986) Understanding child development. Florence, KY, USA: Routledge.
The more important someone's rank in society was, the bigger the obligations became and thus, the responsibility increased.
Mesopotamia was a region between the two rivers Tigris and Euphrates where the swing of world's first civilization emerged. Various cultures occupied the region and were brought together solely by their customs and religion. Trade came in as the result of agriculture, it brought prosperity and urbanization. The rise of cities led to economic and political developments, one city being conquered by another until the establishment of the first Mesopotamian empire by Sargon that lasted about 150 years until outside powers such as the Hittites (who raided Babylon) gained control over some areas. During the Middle Bronze Age, the Assyrians conquered much of Mesopotamia and, with the rise of the Babylonian dynasty, trade was once again favoured and brought along warfare.
The Alexandrian Empire was favoured by a number of its king's…
Immigrating to America contains a unique set of circumstances that are individual to each person and their home country of origin. In an effort to better understand these migration patterns it is useful to analyze the specific cases of immigration. The purpose of this essay is to examine the policies regarding immigration on three different countries. The three countries in question are Mexico, China and India. The essay will compare and contrast each country as they are described. In these descriptions the essay will argue for reasons as to why citizens of these countries are motivated to immigrate to America. Also included in this analysis will be the reaction from the collective forces of America and the specific impact that each country's immigrants create and sustain. Finally, a brief overview of how immigration effects the economy of the hosting America and whether it is necessary to enforce or create new…
Lahiri, Tripti. "Q&A: Why the U.S. Needs Indian Immigrants." Wall Street Journal. 29 Oct 2012: n. page. Web. 31 Mar. 2013. .
Preston, Julia. "Mexican Immigration to U.S. Slowed Significantly, Report Says. The New York Times, 23 April 2012, Web. 31 Mar 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/24/us/mexican-immigration-to-united-states - slows.html?_r=0
Terrazas, Aaron. "Chinese Immigrants in the United Sates." Migration Information Source. Migration Policy Institute, n.d. Web. 31 Mar 2013. .
Radical multiculturalism holds that cultural groups should be the measure for considerations of justice as a group offers the individual the indispensable good of being rooted in a community. The problem is that groups always set-up unequal in-group out-group relations that are detrimental to society.
The problem is that conservatives claim it undermines cohesiveness, but cohesiveness is exactly what all social movements in the last hundred years have attempted to bring about.
In this context this means that the gains of one group are not balanced by losses of another group.
The civil sphere includes structures of feelings, symbols, psychological identifications, and sympathies determine how resources are allocated in society. The public sphere is more of how this publically stated (the two can be different).
Common identity is malleable depending on the times. The move for woman's voting rights and equal rights into the national identity is an…
Awake My People
In his 1866 poem "Awake My People!" author Judah Leib Gordon urges every Jewish man in Russia to "Be a man aboard and a Jew in your tent."[footnoteRef:1] Since the publication of the pome, Gordon's work has been treated with controversy. Readers from all dominations of Judaism from the Orthodox to secular Zionists have looked on the piece as encouraging Jewish citizens to hide their heritage in order to avoid conflict. [1: Judah Leib Gordon. "Awake My People!" The Jew in the Modern orld. (New York: Oxford UP, 1995, 27]
At the time that Gordon was writing, there was a heavy Jewish population in Eastern Europe and especially Russia. The Jewish people were allowed to live and to work in the land but they were not fully accepted. Historian Simon Dubnow has stated that "the treatment of the Jews was marked and defined by governmental anti-Semitism."[footnoteRef:2] The…
Immanuel Etkes. "Haskalah." Last Modified 2010.
Judah Leib Gordon. "Awake My People!" The Jew in the Modern World. (New York: Oxford
Social Integration, Assimilation, and Differences: The Changing Face of 'Nationhood' in the United States
In the context of political science, a nation is defined as a "cultural entity... A politically conscious and mobilized collectivity... is essentially subjective, a sense of social belonging and ultimate loyalty" (Jackson and Jackson, 2002:35). Analyzing the meaning of this definition, nation can be characterized according to the following criteria: (1) culture; (2) social belonging and cohesiveness; and (3) politically conscious. Nation is a cultural entity primarily because it is comprised with people who share the same values, traditions, and beliefs, not to mention produce and utilize man-made artifacts that are distinct within the culture. Secondly, nation is seen as a form of social cohesiveness, since it order for culture to prevail and proliferate, it is essential that there exists unity and understanding among the members of a culture/society. Lastly, and perhaps, the most vital nature…
Eck, D. (2001). A New Religious America: How a "Christian Country" Has Become the World's Most Religiously Diverse Nation. CA: Harper Collins.
Jackson, R. And D. Jackson. (2002). A Comparative Introduction to Political Science. NJ: Prentice Hall.
Accumulation theory does not inherently rule out the role of technological innovation in the growth of these economies. Indeed, if these economies had not brought their technological status up to that of other modern economies, they would not have been able to grow the way they did.
However, in accumulation theory, technology is not responsible for any unusual improvement in efficiency. It is an ancillary to the economic growth, rather than a key driver. Assimilation theory, on the other hand, assumes that technological innovation equates to improvements in productivity. The increase in capital inputs that drives success under accumulation theory works because it was spent on improving technology.
One of the key differences between the two theories is that assimilation theory leads to the conclusion that robust economic growth is both sustainable and replicable, whereas in accumulation theory the growth in only replicable, but not sustainable.
Krugman puts it bluntly…
Research questions asked in this present study include the following stated questions:
(1) What role does Internet technology (Web 2.0) play in the international student's development and maintenance of a sense of belonging in a new home country?
(2) What role does length of residence play in the international student's development and maintenance of a 'sense of belonging' in a new home country?
(3) Are there any differences in the adaptation of the international student to the new home country when the individual is a high volume or a low volume user of the Internet?
This research study has as its aim to discover how it is that international students develop a sense of belonging to a new country, culture, and ultimately a new home. This is little studied in theory that focuses on how it is that individuals maintain a connection to their home country. This…
Adelman, M., Parks, M., & Albrecht, T. (1987). Beyond close relationships: Support in weak ties. In T.L. Albrecht & M.B. Adelman (Eds.), Communicating Social Support (pp.126-147). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Alorunnisola, Anthony A. (2000) African Media, Information Providers and Emigrants as Collaborative Nodes in Virtual Social Networks. African Sociological Review, 4 (2) 2000, pp.46-72. Online available at: http://www.codesria.org/Links/Publications/asr4_2full/olorunnisola.pdf
Bakardjieva, M. (2003). Virtual togetherness: An everyday-life perspective. Media, Culture & Society, 25 (3), 291-313.
Baym, N.K. (2001). Interpersonal life online. In S. Livingston & L. Lievrouw (Eds.), The Handbook of New Media (pp. 62-76). London: Sage Ltd.
Singer, Barry. "In Yiddish Music, a Reurn o Roos of Tormen and Joy." New York
Times (Augus 16, 1998): 32.
In his aricle, Barry Singer noes he changes Yiddish music underwen as Jews emigraed from Europe o America, and compares he evolving naure of Yiddish folk songs during he nineeenh and wenieh cenuries o more recen developmens in Yiddish music. This aricle is useful because i allows one o race an unbroken line from he earlies Yiddish songs regarding immigraion o America o musical developmens occurring oday, even if whaever was disincly Yiddish abou hese rends seemed o have been los or covered over when Yiddish musicians became he creaors of American popular culure in he 1940s and 50s.
Warnke, Nina. "Immigran Popular Culure as Conesed Sphere: Yiddish Music Halls,
he Yiddish Press, and he Processes of Americanizaion, 1900-1910." Theare
Journal 48, no. 3 (1996): 321-335.
This essay looks a…
the Yiddish Press, and the Processes of Americanization, 1900-1910." Theatre
Journal 48, no. 3 (1996): 321-335.
This essay looks at the Yiddish music hall as a special place of cultural mixing during the early twentieth century, and acts as a companion piece to the Heskes' essay about Yiddish music as social history. Instead of focusing on the music itself, Warnke's essay looks at the contested space of the Yiddish music hall, where the identity of Jewish immigrants was being established by proxy, on the stage through plays and musicals. This resulted in competing Jewish actors' unions and rival critics assailing those music halls deemed "illegitimate." Warnke argues that over a couple decades, however, these distinctions become blurred as the ongoing debate itself becomes absorbed into the Yiddish-American identity and ultimately expressed again through music. This essay is useful because it gives details regarding the history of Yiddish music halls themselves as well as provides an analysis of the changes going on in Yiddish music itself during the same time period.
Black Elk utilizes his visions to create understanding of nearly all things he is later exposed to. The discussion in closing will further illuminate his utilization of vision, to ask for help for his people in a time of crisis.
To discuss the vertical model of artistic communication it is difficult to narrow the filed to just one example, as Native American literature, and to a lesser degree film have become somewhat prolific as genres. Two authors who build upon this tradition are Scott Momaday and Alexie Sherman as they are significant and prolific writers of Indian tradition. Each has written and published several works, including a variety of genres, that all attempt to translate the oral traditions of their nations into a written form that contains the expression of the oral tradition.
In Alexie Sherman's collection of short stories, the Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven he offers…
Allison, Sherry R., and Christine Begay Vining. "Native American Culture and Language." Bilingual Review (1999): 193.
Bluestein, Gene. Poplore: Folk and Pop in American Culture. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1994.
Churchill, Ward. Acts of Rebellion: The Ward Churchill Reader. New York: Routledge, 2003.
Gay rights are also an issue of regular discussion. This sector of society is so marginalized that many states by law do not allow them to marry each other. Instead, they are expected to practice their courting and dating rituals in what is described as a "normal" way. Even religion is used as a basis for this type of discrimination.
Indeed, despite many efforts to the contrary, discrimination is still very much a part of life for those who do not assimilate into mainstream society. This is Baraka's focus of rebellion. According to the author, black authors and artists are to unite against such discrimination by offering the world a culture that is unmarred by other influences. Anything else is the beginning of assimilation and ultimate cultural death, as symbolized by Clay. Indeed, his point is not difficult to understand. Certainly, the assimilation of a gay person into mainstream heterosexual…
Baraka, Amiri. (1964). Dutchman. New York: William Morrow and Company
Chielozona Eze. (2005, Jan 20). Hate Your Enemy: The Anatomy of Resentment in Africa's Cultural Resistance to the West. Retrieved from eScholarship Repository, University of California. http://repositories.cdlib.org/globalfellows/2005/2
What does it mean to be “American” in a country as diverse as the United States?
It has been decades since the Immigration Act of 1924 (Johnson-Reed Act) was passed. The law provided for a quota system that led to the slowing down of the rate at which new migrants moved into the United States. Immigration had brought more than 23.5 million people into the United States. Some people argue that the John Reed Act disadvantages some regions of the world while giving preference to others, though not explicitly. One of the regions disadvantaged by the John Reed Act, critics argue, is Southern and Eastern Europe. Critics also argue that the Johnson-Reed Act was one of the reasons Asian migration into the United States slowed down following World War II (Kraut, 2014, p. 707).
The United States enjoys the position of being a land filled with lots of opportunities for…
Meng and Meurs (2009) examine the effects of intermarriage, language, and economic advantage. They find that immigrants who have some skill in the dominant language of the country to which they immigrate tend to intermarry and earn more income (Meng and Meurs). Marrying outside of one's culture may influence language acquisition due to social and economic needs to advance within the adopted culture.
Moua and Lamborn (2010) note that ethnic socialization practices by parents of immigrant adolescents strengthen the ethnic heritage connection between adolescent, parent, and ethnic community. These include native language use, marriage ties, taking part in cultural events, sharing history, and preparing traditional foods (Moua and Lamborn). As noted previously, immigrant parents tend to congregate in ethnic communities, where they are essentially immersed in the ethnic culture. The native language is often the most utilized if not the exclusive language in the home. However, children are acculturated into…
Akresh, I. "Contexts of English Language Use among Immigrants to the United States." International Migration Review (2007): 930-955.
Bacallao, M and P. Smokowski. "The Costs of Getting Ahead: Mexican Family System Changes After Immigration." Family Relations (2006): 52-66.
Blatchley, L and M. Lau. "Culturally Competent Assessment of English Language Learners for Special Education Services." Communique: Newspaper of National Association of School Psychologists May 2010: 1-8.
Bleakley, H and A. Chin. "Age at Arrival, English Proficiency, and Social Assimilation Among U.S. Immigrants." American Economic Journal of Applied Economics (2010): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2813069/pdf/nihms-132959.pdf .
Health -- Nursing
Piaget Theoretical Perspective On Human Development
Piaget's Theoretical Perspective on Human Development
Piaget's Theoretical Perspective on Human Development
The theory of cognitive development by Piaget presents a comprehensive approach in evaluating human intelligence development and nature in developmental psychology. Piaget shares that children play active roles in growing of intelligence through learning by doing and by examples. The intellectual development theory involves a focus on believing, reasoning, perceiving and remembering the natural environment. The primary term for this is developmental stage theory dealing with knowledge and how humans gradually acquire, use, and construct nature. Piaget adds that the cognitive development provides progressive mental reorganization for thinking processes resulting from environmental experience and biological maturation. Children construct an appreciation of the real world through experience discrepancies between their knowledge and their discoveries within the environment. According to Zastrow & Kirst-Ashman (2009), the theory insists that the cognitive development…
Ashford, J., LeCroy, C. (2009). Human Behavior in the Social Environment: A Multidimensional Perspective. New York: Cengage Learning
Kail, R., Cavanaugh, J. (2012). Human Development: A Life-Span View. New York: Cengage Learning
Kail, R., Cavanaugh, J. (2013). Essentials of Human Development: A Life-Span View. New York: Cengage Learning
Newman, B.M., Newman, P.R. (2010). Theories of Human Development. New York: Psychology Press
" (2009) Oguejiofor states that there is no understanding "exept if there is misunderstanding, a negativity that beomes the originative instane of hermeneutis…" (2009)
Oguejiofor writes that Senghor's onept of negritude is entered on the misunderstanding or misrepresentation of the Afrian and his heritage, a situation that has sine imposed enormous burden on all aspets of his life." (Oguejiofor, 2009) Oguejiofor states that negritude has been desribed "…as a philosophy of soial ation" and states additionally that in the view of Senghor "negritude was 'a weapon of defense and attak and inspiration." (2009) Speifially Senghor sates that negritude is the "sum total of the values of the ivilization of the Afrian world, it is not raialism, it is ulture." (Oguejiofor, 2009)
Oguejiofor writes that negritude as a philosophy "has the advantage of 'reognizing the situatedness of our lived historiity as the proper objet of refletion for Afrian philosophi thought. (Salhi…
cited in Quest, 2005)
When Senghor was imprisoned for the already mentioned two years period he composed poetry, read the work of Goethe and delved into Western philosophical works and as well reestablished his link with his fellow Africans and songs and tales were shared from Africa and this resulted in the "fostering [of] an alternative understanding of humanism and society." (Quest, 2005)
The Quest Journal editorial states that it seems nice to think that the prison experiences of Senghor as well as Senghor's knowledge spanning the intellectual traditions of the Western world and his admiration for values, traditions and cultures of Africa together resulted in a "subjectivity that was transcultural and transnational in it sympathies, accomplishments and aspirations." (Quest, 2005) Senghor set the stage for "a post-anthropological humanism, one that truly points to the possibilities for a democratic and cosmopolitan world." (Quest, 2005)
5. Poetry as 'Key' Outlet for Combating Cultural Alienation in for Africans
The work of Nyathi (2005) states that the work of Senghor influenced many and in fact that poetry "became a key outlet for Africans to combat cultural alienation." The work of Baaz and Palmberg (2001) entitled: "Same and Other: Negotiating African Identity in Cultural Production" relates the writings of Leopold Sedar Senghor "on negritude and the ideas of negritude which are "above all associated with the writings of Senghor and Aime Cesaire, were developed by African, Afro-American and Caribbean intellectuals in Paris in the 1930s." (Baaz and Palmberg, 2001) Negritude was defined by Senghor as "the sum of the cultural values of the black world." (Baaz and Palmberg, 2001)
Illegal and often even legal immigrants are all too often looked upon in the these days as parasites with dark skin, too many children and no desire to learn English, as people who will come and take away jobs from "real" Americans. Such stereotypes about immigrants have been responsible for anti-immigration passed recently, such as the passage in California of Proposition 187, which was based on the assumption that illegal immigrants are an overall drawn on the economy, not only taking away jobs from U.S. citizens gut drawing from the public coffers more in social services than they return in the form of taxes paid. However, this has been found not to be the case (Scheer, 2000, p. B5). However, even if immigrants did cost the country a substantial amount in terms of social services, which they do not, they would still make immeasurable contributions to our culture, giving a…
Religion and Urban Landscape
Social Assimilation and Identity in Gods of the City by Robert Orsi
Religion as a social institution is considered one of the most influential agents in the society. As an institution, religion plays a vital role in altering or changing the way people behave and think. This is especially true in the case of immigrants and other people of different nationalism and race in the United States. Contemporary American society is a 'melting pot' for people who came from all kinds of societies and cultures. As the number of immigrants increased, cultures are brought and assimilated within the American society, where 'hybridization' of societies occurs.
Religion, indeed, is one aspect of culture that directly influences individual and collective thinking and behavior. For individuals trying to cope with a different kind of society, religion serves as 'relief' and social companion for the lone individual. Through religious activities,…
Orsi, R. (1999). Gods of the City: Religion and the American Urban Landscape. IN: Indiana University Press.
Chadha's absorbing first novel depicts a family of first-generation immigrants in upstate New York encountering the difficulties of survival, wanting to belong in a world that looks down on minorities and also longing for home. It has amazing characters such as the Teenager Vic Singh who has an amazing fascination with butterflies and then starts noticing strange things going on in the house odd lately. There is clearly a lot going on with him for instance he has blog, recounting all of his sightings and meditations on nature, is a clever device advancing the plot. Vic has continuously been a victim of bullies for the reason that his Sikh heritage but it doesn't bother him, particularly after he falls into a sinkhole in the woods that leads him to his own secret place. Then there is his sister Vic's sister, Isabella has been persuaded by her best friend…