Atmosphere Essays (Examples)

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Geology 1 Discuss Which of the Interrelationships

Words: 3109 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89475724


(1) Discuss which of the interrelationships between the environmental spheres, in your experience, has had the biggest effect on human society, or vice versa. Give some examples.

The work of Manahan (2005) explains that there are four traditional environmental spheres including the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere and the biosphere. It is related however, that a fifth sphere should be included and that is the anthrosphere, which consists of "the things humans make and do." (Manahan, 2005) The atmosphere is reported as a very thin layer compared to the size of Earth, with most atmospheric gases lying within a few kilometers of sea level. The atmosphere serves a vital protective function in that it absorbs highly energetic ultraviolet radiation from the sun that would kill living organisms exposed to it.

A specifically important aspect of the atmosphere is that the atmosphere serves a vital protective function in that it absorbs highly energetic ultraviolet radiation from the sun that would kill living organisms exposed to it. The atmosphere stabilizes the temperature of the earth and is the medium in which water evaporated from oceans as the first step in the hydrologic cycle is transported over land masses to fall as rain over…… [Read More]



Thomas, WA (2004) Meeting Challenges with Geologic Maps. AGI Environmental Awareness Series. Retrieved from:

Choi, CQ (2012) Jupiter's Moon's Ocean May Be Too Acidic for Life. Space. Retrieved from:

Jovian Planets vs. Terrestrial Planets (2012) Buzzle. Retrieved from:
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Environmental Review the Carbon in

Words: 734 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59271345

10) the locations of oceans and seas, which are determined by the movement of continental plates, affect the ability for ocean waters to circulate heat around the Earth, and thus can have a major effect on the climate of the planet.

11) Jet streams can have abundant influence on ground-level weather by creating low-pressure centers that can lead to storms, and the streams can continue to steer these storms once they are formed

12) Thunderstorms and tornadoes are more likely to occur in the mid-afternoon because they come as the result of heated air that then rises in a column and the rapidly cools; the initial heating is more likely to reach adequate levels for causing a storm during the later afternoon.

Chapter 13

5) Oxygen isotopes found in rocks can vary greatly as they are subjected to different temperatures, with hotter temperatures creating "overwriting" of isotopes left by cooler temperatures. The preservation of certain rocks and their oxygen isotopes can yield clues about climate in ancient times.

6) One major problem that climatologists face in using computers to try and model future weather is the lack of adequate and reliable data, as accurate collecting methods have not been around…… [Read More]

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Global Warming Is Due to Human Actions

Words: 2371 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91064799

Global warming is due to human actions.

Since the Industrial Revolution, there is an increase in the greenhouse gases all over the world. This, consequently, has turned out to be the cause of a slow but sure increase of the temperature of the earth's lower atmosphere. This phenomenon has been given the name of Global Warming ("Global Warming," 2009).

The greenhouse effect is a natural process due to which the temperature of the atmosphere in close proximity to the earth's surface is warmed. The sun gives off noticeable, short-wave light to the earth that transit through a blanket of greenhouse gases without hindrance. These gases are composed chiefly of "water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone" ("Global Warming," 2009). Infrared radiation reflects off the surface of the Earth toward space. However, it is difficult for it to pass through the thermal blanket. Therefore, some of this infrared radiation is "trapped and reflected downward, keeping the planet at an average temperature suitable to life, about 60 degrees Fahrenheit (16 degrees Celsius)" ("Global Warming," 2009).

Statement 1: Human Actions Cause Global Warming.

The human actions like industrial development and growth, agriculture, and transportation are blamed for the production of additional…… [Read More]


Global Warming. (2009). In The Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed.). New York: Columbia University Press. Retrieved May 3, 2012, from Questia database:

Kemp, D. (1994). Global Environmental Issues: A Climatological Approach. New York: Routledge. Retrieved May 3, 2012, from Questia database:

Mendelsohn, R. (1999). The Greening of Global Warming. Washington, D.C.: AEI Press. Retrieved May 4, 2012, from Questia database:

Wang, J., & Chameides, B. (2007). Are Humans Responsible for Global Warming? A Review of the Facts . Environmental Defense, Retrieved May 4, 2012 from
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Geology I Am Implementing a Phase 1

Words: 736 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68962675


I am implementing a Phase 1 Investigation to determine the fundamental geology and geophysics of the planet in question. I will describe the critical features and characteristic ranges of the planet. I will also try to ascertain the feasibility of life and the history of this planet. To be successful on our mission, my team and I must study the whole of the planets with an emphasis on comparison and contrast. I plan to use Earth as the basis of our investigation proposal because I know Earth best and also because it is a planet of extremes. It has a crust that is very active as well as an atmosphere filled with water.

Earth is a terrestrial planet and as such has gone through differentiation, cratering, flooding by lava and water, and also has undergone surface evolutions. Differentiation is the separation of planetary material by density. I know Earth differentiated because seismic waves have revealed a core of metals (nickel and iron), a thick mantle of dense rock, and a think crust of low density. (The lithosphere and "plastic" asthenosphere). The core is molten except for the very center and this conducting liquid in the core is responsible for…… [Read More]

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Behavioral Changes Reducing the Effects

Words: 1835 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10604564

Why the huge disparity in viewpoints when the science has been empirically established for twenty years or more? Journalist Bryan Walsh references sociologists from Michigan State and Oklahoma State Universities (Riley Dunlap and Aaron McCright, respectively), who say there has been a "well-financed effort on the part of conservative groups and corporations to distort global-warming science" (Walsh, 2011). In the book written by Dunlap and McCright (the Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society) they assert that global climate change science has been "assaulted" by fossil-fuel corporations, conservative think tanks" for over twenty years.

Hence, in conclusion, one way to spread the word to consumers and citizens is to battle back against the propaganda that seeks to deny the truth about climate change. In addition, very simple changes in lifestyles (using CFLs, taking the bus, hanging clothes out to dry, keeping the car tuned up, and sealing up leaks and cracks around windows and doors) should be taught beginning in grammar school and in high school. If students' parents are listening to Rush Limbaugh or Sean Hannity, and getting propaganda that denies climate change, that shouldn't stop young people from following the easy strategies that can save energy and limit…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chevrolet. (2012). Somebody Has to Be First. Chevrolet VOLT. Retrieved March 8, 2012, from

Environmental Protection Agency. (2011). Frequently Asked Questions About Global Warming

And Climate Change: Back to Basics. Retrieved March 8, 2012, from (2010). Green Driving Tips. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from
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Geography Climate Meteorology

Words: 368 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94285361


Nitrogen and oxygen are the most abundant gases in the Earth's atmosphere, accounting for a full 99% of its content. After these two gases, water vapor is second highest in concentration, followed by carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. Ozone gas is also present in the atmosphere, along with a few other less common gases like Argon.

The four "spheres" of the atmosphere include the troposphere, the stratosphere, the mesosphere, and thermosphere. The isothermal layer and ozone layer are layers of the stratosphere.

In the stratosphere, which is above the troposphere, temperature remains constant for the first nine kilometers. Within the isothermal layers of the atmosphere, temperature is constant. Moreover, nearing the ozone layer, temperatures rise with increased altitude. Therefore, temperature does not constantly decrease the higher we move up in the atmosphere.

Based on the graphic function of "air" pressure, we can see how gravity causes air density and air pressure to decrease as we move away from the surface of the earth.

5. "When temperature is held constant, the density of a gas is proportional to pressure, and volume is inversely…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fundamentals of Physical Geography: Chapter 7: Introduction to the Atmosphere. < >.
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Environmental Issues

Words: 2082 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67135693

Environmental are vital to the survival of the human beings, animals, and plants in relation to the planet earth. One of the essential environmental issues across the globe drawing critical debate is the aspect of global warming. This relates to the rapid increase in the levels of temperatures thus realizations of the droughts and famine because of climate change. One of the major causes of global warming is human activity. The concept of industrialization is an essential part of the development in the context of the 21st century. It is essential to note that industrialization is one of the major contributors of the increase in the level of carbon or greenhouse gases. This contributes massive towards the essence of global warming or climate change thus the need for the adoption and implementation of accurate and extensive measures towards the limitation of the level of greenhouse gases emissions into the atmosphere. In the execution of this research, the focus will be on the examination of the social perspective of global warming. This is through focusing on five critical ecological influences of global warming: intrapersonal, interpersonal, institutional, community, and public policy.

Intrapersonal/individual factors

This focuses on the examination of the individual characteristics…… [Read More]


Hernandez-Deckers, D., & von Storch, J. (2012). Impact of the Warming Pattern on Global

Energetics. Journal Of Climate, 25(15), 5223-5240

Weart, S. (2011). Global warming: How skepticism became denial. Bulletin Of The Atomic

Scientists, 67(1), 41-50.
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Exploration Global Warming

Words: 595 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85214741

Global Warming Reduction

Global warming is caused by human activities of burning solid waste, wood, and fossil fuels, release of hydroflurocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) from industrial processes, and deforestation (Rey, 2011). Burning fossil fuels, such as oil, natural gas, and coal puts greenhouses gases that affect the atmosphere. The industrial processes increase heat more than normal and when released into the air, it gets trapped into the atmosphere. And, deforestation allows carbon dioxide to be released into the atmosphere that also causes the global warming.

As the human population grows, so does the demand for housing that uses more trees, the number of vehicles that are operated that release more greenhouse gasses, and more demand for industrial processes that also release more gasses into the atmosphere and increase the demands that are needed to meet human needs. All these gasses going into the air and land are harmful to the atmosphere and cause the global warming of the earth. As a result of the global warming, the earth's temperatures are increasing more every day.

Trees absorb the carbon dioxide by 20% (mtrguanlau, 2011). Planting more trees can help to decrease the carbon dioxide that is released…… [Read More]

Bibliography mtrguanlau. (2011, May 22). Possible Ways We Can Contribute To Stop Global Warming. Retrieved from Expertscolumn:

Rey, M. (2011, Feb 11). Factors Contributing to Global Warming. Retrieved from EZine Articles:
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Analyzing Group Process and Skill Selection

Words: 2342 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50824851

Group Process and Skill Selection

Recent developments at the medical industry increase the life expectancy. Census reported that 36.3 million Americans were 65 and over in 2004 and 71.5 million Americans will be 65 and over in 2030 (see, Therefore, the age related diseases and related industry (i.e. eldercare) have been taking an important part of the American society. Taking care of a person with memory loss, dementia and Alzheimer's disease is a demanding task as it requires mental and physical strength. Social supports groups are very helpful to deal with mental and physical distress for Alzheimer's patients' caregivers. In this brief document, a social group session is discussed.



Garvin, Gutierrez, and Galinsky (2004) describe the social work groups in which the social workers participate as part of their professional activities either as participants or facilitators. The interaction between social workers and group incorporates groups that individuals exchange their issues, improve their life, enhance their functionality, refine their methods to deal with challenges and evaluate the social justice. In the same book, Garvin et al. (2004) point out two important factors -the personal boundaries and mutual respect- that form the quality of…… [Read More]


Garvin, C.D., Gutierrez, L.M., & Galinsky, M.J., (Eds.). (2004). Handbook of social work with groups. New York: Guilford Publications.

Gitlin L.N., Corcoran M., Winter L., Boyce A., & Hauck W.W. (2001). A randomized, controlled trial of a home environmental intervention: effect on efficacy and upset in caregivers and on daily function of persons with dementia. Gerontologist 41 (1): 4 -- 14.

Mitchell S.L., Teno J.M., & Kiely D.K. ( 2009). The clinical course of advanced dementia." N. Engl J. Med 361 (16): 1529 -- 38.

Molsa P.K., Marttila R.J., & Rinne U.K. (1995). Long-term survival and predictors of mortality in Alzheimer's disease and multi-infarct dementia. ActaNeurol Scand 91 (3): 159 -- 64.
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Global Warming There Is a

Words: 738 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59152620

It was hoped in the past there would be laws and regulations in place that required mandatory reductions in greenhouse gases that were put into the atmosphere. The Kyoto Protocol would have seen to this, but the U.S. rejected it. It still remains to be seen whether Obama's Administration will make renewable energy a real possibility and lower the number of greenhouse gases that are put into the environment.

Regulating greenhouse gases does not guarantee that climate change will stop or be reversed, but these kinds of gases are not good for people anyway, so there is nothing wrong with regulating them. However, the rising sea levels and rising temperatures could be cyclical and not really related to greenhouse gases or anything else that humans are doing. If that is the case, regulating the greenhouse gases and making other environmental changes will not help anything. Getting too worried about this and trying to make too many changes is not going to fix things overnight, and it may not fix things at all. Waiting and seeing is a much better idea.

I, personally, am not interested in changing the way I do things, like riding a bicycle instead of driving a…… [Read More]


Healy, J. Kevin and Tapick, Jeffrey M. (2004). "Climate change: It's not just a policy issue for corporate counsel -- It's a legal problem," 29 Columbia Journal of Environmental Law 89, 96.
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Global Warming Is Becoming an International Dilemma

Words: 2339 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79259651

Global warming is becoming an international dilemma nowadays. The countries are determined to put a stop to global warming but it requires steps that are not easy to take because of their cost. According to a research, if the current trend of global warming continues, the cost of global warming will be as high as 3.6% of the total GDP. Out of all the impacts, just four will cause enough damage to the economy by taking up 1.8% of the GDP. These four are: hurricanes, real estate, energy and water costs. This will make up a total cost of 1.9 trillion dollars in 2100. So, it is necessary for all the countries to take up some drastic action on national and international level to reduce the financial and environmental shocks that are given to us by global warming. (Ackerman and Stanton, 2008)

Global Warming

The term global warming means an increase in the average temperature of the planet earth. The history of global warming is as old as the ice age. Seven thousand years ago, the ice age ended due to the natural process known as global warming. The increased temperature of the earth caused the ice to melt. This…… [Read More]


Ackerman, F. And Stanton, E. (2008). The Cost of Climate Change: What We'll Pay if Global Warming Continues Unchecked. [report] New York: Natural Resources Defense Council, pp. 1-7.

American Lung Association (2010). Global Warming: Impacts to Public Health and Air Quality. [report] California: American Lung Association, pp. 1-3.

Kejriwal, A. (2010). GLOBAL WARMING ( Cause, Effect & Solutions). [online] Retrieved from: / [Accessed: 7 Aug 2013].

Knowlton, K. (2008). Preparing for Global Warming: A Framework for Protecting Community Health and the Environment in a Warmer World. [e-book] New York: Natural Resources Defense Council. pp. 1-4.
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Electric Cars I Would Like

Words: 1301 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54377630

It also requires us to be involved in that region of the world in very costly ways that would not matter but for our dependence on Middle Eastern oil. We are now at the point where the next generation of Americans or the one immediately after the next generation will experience the complete depletion of the world's available oil reserves.

Even before the oil finally runs out, its price will increase so substantially because of the economic laws of supply and demand that it will bankrupt this country to remain dependent on foreign oil. Even now, our economy is already tied to oil in ways that are damaging to our welfare and some of the nations to whom we pay billions of dollars annually may actually support extremist Jihadist terrorists who are planning what they believe will be the destruction of the way of life in the United States and the Western World. Aside from ecological, geopolitical, and issues of human health, the principal reason that a shift to electric energy is absolutely essential is simply that, unlike fossil fuels, electric power is an entirely renewable source of energy (National academy of Engineering).

Unlike fossil fuel-burning vehicles, electric vehicles do…… [Read More]


E & FN SPON (2009). Urban Traffic pollution. Retrieved July 8, 2009, from W.T. STURGES (2004). Pollution of the arctic Atmosphere

NATIONAL ACADEMY of ENGINEERING (2002).Energy Futures and Urban Air


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Johannes Kepler Made Important Contributions

Words: 1059 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59872704

The greenhouse effect is a condition that occurs when the Earth's atmosphere captures radiation from the Sun. Solar heat is trapped by certain gases (including carbon dioxide and methane). These gases allow sunlight in but not back out of the atmosphere. This effect can be seen on a small scale when a car parked in the sun with its windows closed heats up. Global warming is the relatively gradual increase in Earth's surface temperature that results from human activity. It has been set in motion by the greenhouse effect but is more complicated because there are feedback effects involved in climate change that magnify the initial effect of the build-up of gases such as carbon dioxide.

Global warming has the capacity -- indeed, probably the inevitable capacity -- of transforming nearly every aspect of our lives, and in most ways for the worse (Solomon etal, 2009, p. 1706).

Question Four

The pressure gradient force is the acceleration of air that occurs due to pressure differences in the atmosphere. In general, air moves from a region of high atmospheric pressure to one of low. This movement produces wind. Frictional force is the resistance or force that is produced when the surfaces…… [Read More]


Brock, Claire (2007). The comet sweeper: Caroline Herschel's astronomical ambition.

London: Icon Books Ltd.

Glantz, M, H. (2001). Currents of change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Harvey, F. (1997 February). From holistic geography to GIS. The professional geographer
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Solar Flares What Causes Solar Storms Why

Words: 1665 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21146803

Solar Flares

What causes solar storms? Why should people nearly a hundred million miles away on Earth care so much about them? Massive explosions of electrified plasma from the sun are identified as Solar Storms but often they just cause a beautiful light show in the farthest points of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The reason why human beings need to understand and care about solar storms is that they have the potential to cause devastating effects on the planet Earth. Those effects include problems that may affect daily life such as knocking out satellites, blacking out power grids, and completely altering the atmosphere and climate. Scientists have gathered plenty of information over the years to explain Solar storms and have even built a system to protect the Earth's energy. However, the earth is still vulnerable to solar activity, much of which remains a mystery to science. Scientists are also uncertain about the specific effects of solar storms and how to completely prevent them from wreaking havoc on earth. How can we prepare for the unknown possibilities of the sun? All we have is the history of nature and the promise of science to help protect ourselves from the future;…… [Read More]


Chivers, Tom (2010). Solar storm hitting Earth causes spectacular aurora displays. The Telegraph. Retrieved online:

Johnston, Colin. "Deep Time: Earth's History and Future." Retrieved online:

O'Neill, Ian. (2010). Zombiesat Attack! Solar Storm Fries Satellite's Brain. Discovery News. Retrieved online:

Phillips, T. (2009). Severe space weather: social and economic impacts. NASA. Retrieved online:
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Healthcare Addressing the Issue of

Words: 8204 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34819035

Stated to be barriers in the current environment and responsible for the reporting that is inadequate in relation to medical errors are:

Lack of a common understanding about errors among health care professionals

Physicians generally think of errors as individual that resulted from patient morbidity or mortality.

Physicians report errors in medical records that have in turn been ignored by researchers.

Interestingly errors in medication occur in almost 1 of every 5 doses provided to patients in hospitals. It was stated by Kaushal, et al., (2001) that "the rate of medication errors per 100 admission was 55 in pediatric inpatients. Using their figure, we estimated that the sensitivity of using a keyword search on explicit error reports to detect medication errors in inpatients is about 0.7%. They also reported the 37.4% of medication errors were caused by wrong dose or frequency, which is not far away from our result of 50.5%. (Hui, Colombia Univ. no date given) The Harvard Medical Practice Study reported that adverse events occurred in 3.7% of hospitalizations in New York in 1984, and 69% of these injuries were caused by errors" (Kuperman, et al. 1998 as cited by Hui, Colombia University no date given) There were…… [Read More]


Discussion Paper on Adverse Event and Error Reporting In Healthcare: Institute for Safe Medication Practices Jan 24, 2000

Patient Safety/Medical Errors Online at the Premiere Inc. page located at:

Medstat / Shortell, S. Assessing the Impact of Continuous Quality Improvement on Clinical Practice: What It Will Take to Accelerate Progress.

Health Policy Monitor (2001) A Publication of the Council of State Governments Vol. 6, No. 1 Winter/Spring 2001 PO18-0101
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Social Ecology of Health Promotion

Words: 2664 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8454350

Social Ecology of Health Promotion

Module 05 Question 01: explain the rationale behind the federal government's approach to regulatory containments in food.

The federal government's approach in relation to the regulation of the containments in food, aims at protecting the consumers on food insecurity through elimination of food pathogens. It is the role of the government to enhance the health system and conditions of its citizens through adoption and implementation of various rules and regulations in relation to the containments in food. The food supply of the United States integrates multi-faceted production system and delivery components. Some of the critical or essential components of this system include production, processing, preparing, packaging, labelling, distribution, and consumption of the food components (Fortin, 2011).

There is a risk in relation to the concept of each stage of the food supply system in the context of the United States. This makes it ideal for the Federal government to adopt and implement various regulations with the aim of regulating containments in food consequently eliminating citizens' exposure to the risks at various levels of the food supply system. There is also globalization of the food supply systems. In order to enhance health conditions and safety of…… [Read More]


Marco-Barba, J., Mesquita-Joanes, F., & Miracle, M. (2013). Ostracod palaeolimnological analysis reveals drastic historical changes in salinity, eutrophication and biodiversity loss in a coastal Mediterranean lake. Holocene, 23(4), 556-567.

Le Bagousse-Pinguet, Y., Liancourt, P., Gross, N., & Straile, D. (2012). Indirect facilitation promotes macrophyte survival and growth in freshwater ecosystems threatened by eutrophication. Journal Of Ecology, 100(2), 530-538.

Riplett, L., Engstrom, D., & Conley, D. (2012). Changes in amorphous silica sequestration with eutrophication of riverine impoundments. Biogeochemistry, 108(1-3), 413-427.

Gareca, E.E., Vandelook, F., Fernandez, M., Hermy, M., & Honnay, O. (2012). Seed
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Geology Fundamental Nature of the Planet

Words: 798 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3788143

discovered solar system and how it works. Using this solar system as an example the writer develops a basis for a believable solar system in another area and describes its functions and actions.

The discovery of the new solar system is very exciting and the world is eager to explore its fundamentals and its possible future use. The world is going to organize a team of scientists that will explore the new solar system using carefully modulated steps with which to discover its workings and elements.

Phase one is going to be an attempt to discover its atmospheric elements. Much like this solar system has atmospheres that contribute to the ability for life to exist on earth, and possibly other planets it is suspected there are similar atmospheres in the newly discovered solar system. We are going to determine what the planets' atmospheres are comprised of and whether or not they are conducive to life forms as we know them.

The next thing that will be explored will be the geographic nature of the planets contained within this solar system. The geology of the planets will allow scientists to determine the age of the solar system as well as other…… [Read More]

Reference Date: 12:00 UT 1 Jan 2000 (JD 2451545.0)

Julian centuries from reference date

Jovian Magnetosphere

Goddard Space Flight Center O4 Model

Dipole field strength: 4.28 gauss-Rj3
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Store Layout and Design Analysis

Words: 1920 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11840244

The store uses empty space wisely by filling it with store specials, and when designs are in progress the area has a sign that tells the consumer what is coming soon. Music is non-discernable (I don't remember if there is any at all) but there is so much for the eye it is not needed. The whole store smells like baking cinnamon buns, a store specialty (offered in the Cafe and in the Bistro as you leave). This makes the place really smell like home! Every inch of the store (excluding the warehouse for utility sake) it taken up by a display of some sort and everything is pleasing to look at and dissect. Special displays, such as the "living in 480 sq ft" full home layout are fantastic and feel very complete, as if you could simply kick off your shoes and watch television or lay down and take a nap. Additionally everything is interactive and sitting down on a sofa in a display or even laying down on a bed on display is actually encouraged, as the spaces are meant to look and feel like lived in built environments in the home.

Interesting or Breathtaking:

Many of the…… [Read More]

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Glory Road Movie the Story

Words: 3828 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43260559

Even though Glory Road took place in the American South, its themes
are prevalent throughout sports and through many different time periods.
Current literature touches on many of the themes of the movie. A recent
study of college students by Harrison and Lawrence looks at the perception
regarding what seems to be the now dominating role of blacks in American
sports today (Harrison & Lawrence, 2004). While this seems to contradict
the theme of Glory Road, as Glory Road is about a lack of opportunities for
black athletes, the article depicts racial overtones within sports that
helps to show that racial issues have been and still are predominant in
sports. Harrison and Lawrence consider the success of black's in sports
and the public perception. Glory Road also looks at the perception of
black athletes, which in the context of America in 1966, considers blacks
to be good athletes, but not as smart as whites. This is consistent with
the themes of whiteness, white privilege, stereotyping of athletes, and
racism. Even though Haskin's took his team to the title, 30 years later,
according to Harrison and Lawrence "notions of Black athletic superiority
and intellectual inferiority permeate the minds of... American citizens"…… [Read More]

Alley, T. R. (2000). Peer Attitudes Towards Adolescent Participants in Male-
and Female Oriented Sports. Adolescence Summer2005, 40, 273-281.

Douglass, D. D. (2005). Venus, Serena, and the Women's Tennis Association:
When and Where "Race" Enters. Sociology of Sport Journal, 22, 256-282.

Erickson, B. (2005). Style Matters: Explorations of Bodies, Whiteness, and
Identity in Rock Climbing. : Sociology of Sport Journal, 22, 373.
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Water Math Water Flow 12f

Words: 467 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98649198

This makes the issue a complex one without a clear answer; carbon dioxide is preferable to other potential byproducts of fossil fuel combustion due to the ease with which it can be trapped and its relative innocuousness in these sinks, but undesirable due to its volume and the lack of current capabilities to provide adequate sinks.

7) While it is understandable that the EPA would desire to increase public safety by revising standards for ground level ozone production and concentration, in reality this move is not entirely necessary. As business owners and operators, you know all too well the incessant environmental regulation can create significant operational difficulties and reduce if to eliminate profitability, often with no effect on environmental risks or damage. The EPA itself has found that ground-level ozone quickly dissipates and presents a minimal danger to health if properly vented and dispersed, yet they are revising regulations as a means of improving health -- their own science seems at odds with their conclusions (EPA 2011). The dangers caused y ozone emissions are also less than those caused by other gases, and in fact it is often in interactions with other pollutants that ozone actually produces a health threat…… [Read More]


Clegg, S. & Abbatt, J. (2001). Oxidation of SO2 by H2O2 on ice surfaces at 228 K: a sink for SO2 in ice clouds. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions 1:77-92.

EPA. (2011). Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks. Washington, DC.

Garrison, T. (2004). Oceanography. New York: Thomson Brooks.
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Robert Lewis Balfour Stevenson Was

Words: 1732 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80626572

Stevenson was concerned with the inner struggle between moral and immoral thoughts and actions that existed in the human heart, and that this conflict does not always result in victory for the good side of human nature.… [Read More]


Markheim. Web. 17 April 2012. (

Markheim- Robert Louis Stevenson. Web. 6 April 2012.


Matthews, B. The Short-Story: Specimens Illustrating Its Development. New York: American Book Company, 1907.
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Carbon Trading The Writer Examines

Words: 4229 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68918995

But the supply far outstrips demand, Europeans are finding. The climate of this marketplace itself is decidedly cloudy. Advance prices have plunged by half.

At this point, one shouldn't portray it as a liquid, vibrant market," said Atle C. Christiansen of PointCarbon, a Norway-based research firm (Climate, 2004).

More than six years after governments negotiated the historic climate accord in Kyoto, Japan, the world is taking only halting steps _ not always forward, never in unison _ to follow through (Climate, 2004).

In fact, the Kyoto treaty itself is not yet in force, since it hasn't been ratified, as required, by industrial countries emitting a total of 55% of "greenhouse gases," such as carbon dioxide, that trap heat in the atmosphere that Earth otherwise would give off.

Russia's expected accession later this year would clear the 55% hurdle. But even a functioning Kyoto agreement would have little impact: Its limited reductions would barely slow the greenhouse buildup, and the biggest emitter, the United States, would remain outside the treaty (Climate, 2004)."

In the meantime scientists keep a watchful, wary eye to the future of carbon trading in the hopes that it will provide much needed relief.

If carbon dioxide had…… [Read More]


Amazon rainforest destruction at 10-year high

By Raymond Colitt in Sao Paulo (accessed 5-19-05)

Published: May 20, 2005 03:00 | Last updated: May 20, 2005 03:00 rainforest (accessed 5-19-05)
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Leadership Theory in a Changing and Globalizing

Words: 5806 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12975181

Leadership Theory in a Changing and Globalizing Marketplace

Modern business practice is permeated by the complexities of a changing world. The impact of globalization on the cultural makeup of companies, the effects of the global recession on the conventions of daily business and the evolutionary shifts brought on by emergent technology all call for an orientation toward simultaneous stability and adaptability. Only under the stewardship of a qualified, communicative, flexible and respected leader can an organization hope to establish these capabilities. However, exactly what constitutes such a leader is subject to a great deal of variation, elaboration and even some disagreement. With the interest of ultimately designing a personal plan for leadership development in my own career, there is a need to evaluate existing literature on the subject of modern business leadership with a focus on the theoretical constructs promoting best practices. These best practices will be evaluated relative the challenges of the modern organization as touched upon loosely here above. Consequently, this evaluation will be applied to a discussion emergent from personal field experience and, thereafter, will be employed in the articulation of a Personal Leadership Development Plan.

Scene Setting:

The setting for the present research endeavor is the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Astin, A. & Astin, H. (2001). Principles of Transformative Leadership. AAHE Bulletin.

Bass, B.M. & Bass, R.R. (2008). The Bass Handbook of Leadership. Simon and Schuster.

Bolden, R. & Gosling, J. (2006). Leadership Competencies: Time To Change the Tune? Leadership, 2(2), 147-163.

Carroll, B.; Levy, L. & Richmond, D. (2008). Leadership as Practice: Challenging the Competency Paradigm. Leadership, 4(4), 363-379.
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Small Business Management and Entrepreneurship

Words: 7031 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19110372

Small-Business Management & Entrepreneurship

The fruition of many years of dreaming and planning will be realized through the opening of a restaurant in the Tri Cities area. Opening any business requires serious planning and calculations, yet the special needs of a restaurant are particular to the idea that many restaurants have gradual and long-term returns on investment. Start-up costs are often very significant with hard goods and food costs making up a very large output, not to mention procuring a location and either a purchase or lease and either building or remodeling space to meet the needs of the business and procuring the real estate.

Breaking even is often a guiding light at the end of a very long tunnel, between six months and two years depending on the region, and turning a profit often takes much longer. Another consideration is of coarse that restaurants usually do not provide a sustainable wage for business owners and/or shareholders until more usually two years from the start up date.

Personal sacrifices and planning can often make the difference between the success and the failure of a new restaurant.

Understanding that this is the case for food service establishments makes the planning and…… [Read More]

Service Business." Retrieved February 20, 2003, Website: (, restbind)

Sanson, M. (December, 2002). Will It Come to a Smoking License for Restaurants?

Restaurant Hospitality, 86(12), pg. 8.
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Origin of Life There Are

Words: 383 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61358225

A more controversial theory regarding the origins of life is that it began deep under the ocean near thermal vents. These vents, first discovered in 1979, release extremely hot gases from below the Earth's crust into water that is near freezing (Duke). The mixture of the gas and the temperatures creates a gradient around the vents that is ideal for the formation of organic molecules. There is a flourishing ecosystem around these vents, which is the evidence that first led scientists to postulate that these vents were the sites of the origin of life, but others contend that the extreme temperature of the gas released by the vents would destroy any organic molecules created long before they had time to organize into more complex, let alone living, compounds (Duke). There are many other theories in addition to these two, and though some might be disproved, it is unlikely that we will ever be able to claim with any certainty how life first came to Earth.… [Read More]

Works Cited

Duke University Chemistry Website. "Possible Sites for the Origin of Life." Accessed 4 December 2008.
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Global Warming and Climate Change

Words: 2402 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45380201

Thus, since we are a major contributor to the problem, we need to be the first to step up with global solutions.

In addition, the country (and the world) needs to start to encourage the development of alternative energies on a large scale. Homes that utilize solar, geothermal, and/or wind power should receive tax breaks, and there should be significant incentives to build "green" in the future. In addition, we need to stop our dependence on foreign oil NOW, as the recent spike in oil prices clearly indicates. We need to develop alternative fuel sources, alternative power sources, and much more environmentally friendly ways of generating the power we need for our homes, schools, and businesses, and we need to do it as soon as possible.

There is mounting evidence that extreme weather events that have recently occurred are at least partly due to global warming. There have been studies that indicate with climate change, there will be more high-level tornadoes and hurricanes, and their seasons will last longer. A journalist notes, "The conclusion would seem to be that, with global warming, hurricanes are becoming not only more severe but also more frequent. And the mainstream media is paying attention"…… [Read More]


Author not Available. "About the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change." 2008. 14 March 2008.

Editors. "Climate Change." 2008. 14 March 2008.

Johansen, Bruce E. The Global Warming Desk Reference. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Jordan, Stuart. "The Global Warming Crisis." The Humanist Nov.-Dec. 2005: 23+.
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Starbuck's Case Study Briefly Describe

Words: 3967 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86532491

A fourth foundational element is the strength of the Starbucks brand itself and is ubiquity globally. As a result of rapid and well-defined strategies for opening up retail stores, Starbucks is now considered one of the most preeminent and strongest brands globally.

Starbucks has generated the strength of their brand through combining high-quality coffee and tea beverages with the third-place concept to generate customer loyalty and world-of-mouth among customers and their friends. It is common to hear students mention they will have a team meeting at the local Starbucks, for studying or completing projects.

In summary the Starbucks model is strengthened by the company's coffee expertise, impressive new product development record, and the development of Starbucks locations as "third places" where friends can meet and enjoy coffee and pastries. Underscoring all these points is the strength of the Starbucks brand.

What were the key issues and the decision by Starbucks to go international?

The key issues and decision by Starbucks to go international centered first on market growth and expansion, followed by the opportunity to grow their retail presence close to their suppliers. Starbucks deserves much credit for their ethical approach to managing their supply chain, a point that will…… [Read More]


Patrick Burnson (2002, December). Amsterdam's key role in Starbucks' global strategy. World Trade, 15(12), 40-41. Retrieved December 7, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 241805271).

Deutsche Bank (2006) - Starbucks Overview. Deutsche Bank Securities Research. New York, NY. 10 July 2006.

Geoffrey a. Fowler (2003, July 14). Starbucks' Road to China; Prime Locations Are the Key, but So Is Using Snob Appeal to Lure Nation of Tea Drinkers. Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition), p. B.1. Retrieved December 7, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 369860271).

Jeffrey S. Harrison, Eun-Young Chang, Carina Gauthier, Todd Joerchel, et al. (2005). Exporting a North American Concept to Asia: Starbucks in China. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 46(2), 275-283. Retrieved December 7, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 832085141).
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Strategic Management of the U S Airline Industry After 9-11 2001

Words: 3479 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62492947


Strategic Management of the United States

Airline Industry after the 9/11/2001 Terrorist Attacks

Strategic Management of the United States

Airline Industry after the 9/11/2001 Terrorist Attacks

Airlines in the United States have a long, complicated history in terms of management strategy that includes alterations due to technological advances, bankruptcies, economic downturns, deregulation and even presidential intervention, but none of these forces had the power to both destroy and restructure the industry like the events of September 11, 2001.

The 9/11/01 attacks on the United States fundamentally altered the way the U.S. airline industry operated both publically and internally. One area that suffered significantly from these attacks, and brought about the need for major overhaul within the industry itself was strategic management strategies and practices within the airline industry in its entirety. The 9/11 attacks on America brought about the need for immediate change in these strategies, but the turnover from need to application proved rough and unprecedented, and was added to tremendously by the stress of the time at hand. In making the shift in management strategies and practices within the United States airline industry, airlines across the country were fundamentally changed by deregulation,…… [Read More]


Allvine, F., Dixit, A, Sheth, J., and Uslay. (2007). Deregulation and competition: lessons learned from the airline industry. Print. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Alvesson, S. And Karreman, D. (2009). Critical performativity: the unfinished business of critical management studies. Human Relations, 62.4. pp. 537-560. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Belobaba, P. (2002). The airline industry since 9/11: overview of recovery and challenges ahead. MIT Global Airline Industry Quarterly. March 2002:1. pp. 1-11. Web. Retrieved from: EBSCOhost Database.

Besant, C. (2002 September 1). Chaos followed 9/11 in the aviation industry. Turnaround Management Association Journal of Corporate Renewal, 12:1. pp. 1-3. Web. Retrieved from: LexisNexis Database.
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Irac Riordan Any Company That Is a

Words: 2995 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67901343

IRAC (Riordan)

Any company that is a leader in an industry knows that what they sell had better be both quality and innovative in order to compete within their designated industry. Riordan Manufacturing is no different. Riordan has long been a company that offers both quality and innovative products in the plastic molding and parts industry. It also has a strong internal structure that works harmoniously with the objectives of the company. Despite Riordan's position as a leader in their industry, the company does face some internal challenges, which work against their company objectives. This paper will look at these areas that require improvement, including finance and accounting, training budget, shipping and receiving, human resources, and the new pyramid bottle cap design for The Taylor Group. The paper will utilize the Issue, Rule, Analysis and Conclusion (IRAC) method in each distinct area.

Finance and Accounting

Issue: One of the chief reasons for Riordan's immeasurable success in their industry is their ability over time to keep delivering quality products to its customers, offering solutions that are effective and competitive. After careful examination of Riordan's finance and accounting systems, it appears that the company cannot maintain seamless compatibility and there is the…… [Read More]


Association for Automatic Identification and Mobility: Technologies: RFID / What is RFID?.


Retrieved on 19 April 2011:
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College Pub as a Place

Words: 1502 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38315436


In this paper, we began with an examination of a college pub as a place where there is a culture of consumption of services and products. Like any other part of material culture, the culture of consumption is just as much a part of technology as it is any other part of material culture. The technology of alcohol goes back into human memory to a time prior to written language. In this essay, we examined alcohol as a technology of consumption in the broader context of human culture .… [Read More]


Charest, M. (2011, September 22). The virtual pub project. Retrieved from

Lemonnier, P. (1986). The study of material culture today: Toward an anthropology of technical systems. Journal of Anthropological Anthropology, 5, 147-186 .

Luther, S.S. (2003). The culture of affluence: Psychological costs of material wealth. Child Development, 74(6), 1581 -- 1593.

Prentice, D.A., & Miller, D.T. (1993). Pluralistic ignorance and alcohol use on campus: Some consequences of misperceiving the social norm. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
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Diversity Policy at Lehigh This

Words: 1272 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68102552

Diversity Training

The school aims to recruit students that will balance the spectrum of diversity. Before this can be accomplished however, existing and future employees of the university will need to be prepared. "Diversity is about encouraging and enabling all employees to draw on their talents, skills, and experience for the benefit of the business." (Bruno, 2004) Schools that are diversity sensitive will more often be prepared for the competitive recruitment markets and thus attract higher potential students and employees. The school has implemented the necessary training that will bring the entire student recruitment process together.

No matter what the level of need, a good diversity training program will maintain the most important aspects of the school's initiative. Diversity training has been proven to reduce the potential for misunderstandings, conflict and litigation which is often related to basic differences in communications and expectations. "All of the admissions staff has been charged with the responsibility of achieving greater diversity among the entering class of students. Admissions officers have been informed that they will be evaluated on their success in increasing the diversity of their applicants/matriculants. Naturally, some are responsible for regions that have fewer potential candidates than others, but the goal…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bruno, Jeanne-Marie (2004). "Implementing Diversity in a Meaningful Way." American Works Association Journal, Vol. 96(10), 47.

Lehigh University (2005). Lehigh University Home Page. Retrieved on 8 February 2005, from

Lehigh President's Speech. (n.d.) "Diversity Speech."

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Objects in Space Many Objects Move Around

Words: 1756 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99385031

Objects in Space

Many objects move around in space that proves to be a threat to the planet earth and its components. There is a chance of collision in relation to the number of objects in the space thus the need to adopt and implement preventive or tracking measures towards minimization of the effects. One of the effects of the collision of the numerous objects moving in the space is death of the humanities in extreme circumstances. Luckily, for the development of human beings, space is empty. It is also essential to note there is critical information or knowledge on the locations of the large objects in the space. This makes the chances of DS1 hitting any object accidentally to be very slim. Despite this essence, there are small objects in the space that eludes the knowledge the humanity in relation to the exact location. This makes DS1 to be a possible outcome of the collision. The DS1 systems are very fragile thus are applicable in the vacuum of deep space hence elimination of contact with any object. It is also essential to note that DS1 systems are experimental thus no idea on how they would fall.

What objects?

Various…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Asteroid Detectives." New Scientist 217.2906 (2013): 5. Academic Search Premier. Web. 8

Apr. 2013.

Simonov A., et al. "Asteroid Hazard, Real Problems and Practical Actions." Solar System

Research 45.7 (2011): 577-583.
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Christianity Actions Taken to Preserve and Restore Our Environment

Words: 1161 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61370880

Toulmin Model argument in response to one of the following prompts:

• What specific action(s) should Christians take regarding the environment and its preservation or restoration?

Active in 15 countries, "Target Earth" is a group of individuals, churches, college fellowship and various ministries that are Christian protectors for everything that God created. The group feeds the hungry, saves endangered animals, rebuilds forests, and serves as active voice for environmental concerns. The groups mission is "Serving the Earth, Serving the Poor," which defines their connection of Christianity to environmentalism as they see it (Target

The news media is full of warnings that deal with environmental issues of one kind or the other be it global warming, endangered species, extinction of the rain forest, pollution, nuclear accidents, and so forth. The Christian community seems to apply less attention to these issues than they do to others. It may be because we regard these issues as New Ageism or 'liberal' or that the world anyway will be destroyed after a millennium, or simply that God, patron of this world, will somehow or other set things right.

Yes, "The earth is the Lord's and the fullness thereof" (Psalms 24:1), but God also made…… [Read More]


Beisner, E. Calvin. (1990) Prospects for Growth: a Biblical View of Population, Resources, and the Future. Westchester, Ill.: Crossway Books,.

DeWitt, Calvin B., Ed. (1991) The Environment and the Christian: What Can We Learn from the New Testament? Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House,.

Target Earth

Yahoo Voices, Simple Steps to Help the Environment
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How Best to Manage Team Diversity

Words: 786 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21979032

Hot Topic so successful as a retailer? What makes them so popular with their employees? How can they keep their success going?

Hot Topic is a youth-oriented apparel and accessory store featured in malls across the country. What is so impressive and unusual about Hot Topic is the way in which it has been able to remain successful for so many years. It is a 'trendy' store that has continued to be trendy for many generations of teens.

Hot Topic's CEO Betsy McLaughlin recently resigned from the company and has been credited with fostering its success over the decades (McLaughlin resigns from Hot Topic, 2011, California Apparel News). McLaughlin was responsible for the creation of one of the company's subsidiary divisions, the 'Torrid' line of clothing which showcases attractive fashions in plus sizes for teens (McLaughlin resigns from Hot Topic, 2011, California Apparel News). Just as Hot Topic is unique as a mall store and fulfills many teens' unmet needs for a style that is more hardcore and gothic than the offerings of the Gap and the Limited, Torrid satisfies an unmet need for overweight teens to look stylish.

The company's atmosphere is teen-focused atmosphere at its headquarters, rather than…… [Read More]


McLaughlin resigns from Hot Topic. (2011). California Apparel News. Retrieved:

Pendleton, Jennifer. (1997). Melrose pace: Hot Topic brings urban hip to suburban malls.

Los Angeles Times. Retrieved:
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Geology Water Is an Important Resource of

Words: 1795 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43049191


Water is an important resource of earth and an inevitable requirement of life. There is no life without water; regardless it is human life, animal life or plant life. Water is mandatory for all kinds of life and it is no exaggeration to mention that if life ends, no activity is required on the face of earth. So it is a valid statement that water is life.

The fundamental concepts of economics emphasize on the scarcity of resources and their efficient usage. It is because; there are unlimited consumers of a limited resource. It may be argued that natural resources are unlimited, however, the way human being manages them for maximum benefits becomes a constraint in their capacity. For example, the natural resources of water may be present but to ensure their accessibility to the areas located far from these resources is a burning question. The authorities and responsible bodies are in a fix how to efficiently manage the resources.

This paper casts lights upon certain natural resources like water and elaborates their consumption with respect to their availability.

Change in Water Consumption

It is broad daylight that population of the world is increasing hence the resource need is…… [Read More]


Scientus. (2010). Retrieved from 

US Department of Energy. (2012). Retrieved from
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Class Size Cooperative Learning and Its Effects on Participation

Words: 17351 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9696543

Size/Cooperative Learning & it's effects on participation

Action Research Question

Will cooperative learning have a significantly positive impact on smaller or larger classes?

The purpose of this study was to investigate if cooperative learning will have a significantly positive impact on smaller or larger classes. In order to have valid results, I used both my largest and smallest classes as my sampling. I also incorporated a variety of teaching styles with cooperative learning to promote student participation and achievement. Results will be based on quiz and test scores, as well as cooperative assignments.

As educators in middle school and high school classrooms, content specialty teachers often work with a variety of class sizes. Yet, with such an assortment of class sizes, there are also extraneous variables that each teacher must consider in order to foster individual achievement. Participation and achievement are variables of the individual students that weigh heavily on class success and are affected by class size. Educational mandates, as well as individual school district policies and requirements, are also influencing the class size and affecting individual achievement. The middle school and high school content specialty teachers are frequently searching for new ways to prevent individual achievement and participation…… [Read More]


Alex Molnar. (2000). Vouchers: Class Size Reduction & Student Achievement. Phi Delta Kappa International Publishers.

Charles M. Achilles. (1999). Let's Put Kids First, Finally: Getting Class Size Right. Corwin Press.

Cooper, J.L., Robinson, P.R. And McKinney, M. (1994). Cooperative learning in the classroom. In D.F. Halpern & Associates Changing college classrooms: New teaching and learning strategies for an increasingly complex world. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Enerson, Diane M., R. Neill Johnson, Susannah Milner, and Kathryn M. Plank. (1997). Teaching with Collaborative Activities and Small Groups. The Penn State Teacher II: Learning to Teach, Teaching to Learn. University Park: CELT, 57-72.
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Environmental Challenges Facing the Current Generation What

Words: 1397 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87383522

Environmental Challenges Facing the Current Generation

What are the most challenging environmental issues that will face humanity over the next 50 years? And what are the best ideas for options in the face of these challenges? What are some companies doing to mitigate (reduce, reuse, and recycle resources) the problems on a local level? These and other issues and questions will be approached in this paper.

The Main Environmental Challenges

While there is no one single most serious environmental challenge that all scholars, scientists, researchers, policy makers, journalists and others agree on, any cursory research into future environmental challenges and issues for Planet Earth will turn up the alarming and well-documented consequences of climate change. Of course climate change is not just a future issue but very much a current worry for citizens, scientists and policy makers. Many other critical issues are related to global climate change, including the population explosion.

Population: Indeed, much of the available literature on future environmental challenges reflects that earth's escalating population -- which is expected to reach 9 billion people by 2050 -- will have a great deal to do with the quality of (and sustainability of) the environment in the future. Jim Foley…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Emmott, S. (2013). Humans: the real threat to life on Earth. The Guardian / The Observer.

Retrieved February 21, 2014, from

Foley, J. (2012). Earth in 20 Years. University of Minnesota. Retrieved February 21, 2014, from

General Motors. (2013). Innovation: Environment / Waste Reduction. Retrieved February 21,
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Tomorrow Was an Excellent Film That Definitely

Words: 607 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24682871

Tomorrow was an excellent film that definitely fuels interest in climate change. The film is an action packed portrayal of how climate change could potentially cause extreme weather events, though the scientific basis for the events shown in the movie are extremely exaggerated. The abrupt climate change that is shown is has no real basis in the current literature, however it does provide an entertaining and thought provoking view of some of the consequences of anthropogenic influences on the Earth's natural systems.

I had mixed emotions about the dramatizations about climate change. On one hand, it definitely makes the viewer wonder if such occurrences are even remotely possible. The way that the director presents the viewer the perception of real science that is taken place can lead the viewer to do their own investigations to verify if the science behind the movie is true. However, if they do this then they are likely to figure out that the claims are highly exaggerated. If they come to this conclusion then there is the risk that they may dismiss the actual scientific basis for the real climate change that is occurring along with the claims of the movie. Yet, at the same…… [Read More]

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Three Stories

Words: 1071 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53123408

Handsomest Drowned Man in the World by Gabriel Garcia Marquez

Point-of-View -- the author presents the perceptions of the villagers who live in isolation and are suddenly shaken by the arrival of someone so unlike them in stature and appearance. First, the women, then the men, construct an ideal from the tallness and overall attractiveness of the drowned man. He represents a myth, which mingles with their collective sense of reality and is moved by it. Even when they decide to throw him back into the sea as their burial tradition, they design their future according to the image of this admirable drowned man so that they too may one day be admired by others.

Genre -- Magical realism fuses magic and reality. The reality part is the everyday and routine ways of the villagers in the isolated island. The magic is the sudden arrival of the dead body of this magnificent man so unlike them or their wildest dreams. He simply does not occur to them and they do not know how to classify him. Nevertheless, the villagers decide to live with the impact of this strange and new experience. It opens up to them an entirely new perception…… [Read More]

Introduction to Fiction by X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia, 2009. Pearson Higher

Education: Longman

Olsen, Tillie. "As I Stand Here Ironing." An Introduction to Fiction by X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia, 2009. Pearson Higher Education: Longman
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Gulf Oil Spill

Words: 742 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61453098

Gulf Spill

In the wake of the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill, about thirty percent of the oil, and "the most volatile fraction" of it, evaporated in a period of about ten hours (Handwerk, 2011). This was the primary aerosol emanation Another ten to twenty percent evaporated over the course of the next few days, and those turned into a wide plume of aerosol that was later identified as being comprised of intermediate or semi-volatile organic compounds (Xie, 2011). This secondary aerosol was composed of both light and heavy types of hydrocarbons, which have contributed to air pollution over a wide area (Handwerk, 2011). Ironically, the pattern of aerosol evaporation from the oil spill has advanced scientific understanding of how secondary aerosols form after the initial chemical conversion from their most volatile compounds (Xie, 2011). According to the EPA (2014), in addition to volatile organic compounds, the oil spill released specific compounds like hydrogen sulfide and also coarse particulate matter.

The earth's atmosphere is uniform in composition until 80k, except for the differences in ozone composition in two distinct places: the stratosphere and closer to the surface. Stratospheric ozone exists at 20-30k, and provides a natural barrier between life…… [Read More]


Handwerk, B. (2011). Gulf oil spill helps explain air pollution mystery. National Geographic News. Retrieved online: 

National Wildlife Federation (2014). How Does the BP Oil Spill Impact Wildlife and Habitat? Retrieved online:

Radermacher, M. (n.d.). Bioremediation of marine oil spills. Retrieved online:

Stewart, R.R. (2005). Atmospheric structure and pollution sources. Retrieved online: Atmospheric Structure and Pollution Sources. Retrieved online: