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What steps did the udd government take to lessen the impact of the global financial crisis? Why do you believe they took these steps?
The global financial crisis has had a profound impact on nations around the world. I applaud udd in his efforts to abate and diminish the influence of an interconnected society on Australia. On method utilized in which to diminish the impact on the Australia was to instill confidence in the financial system overall. udd first guaranteed deposits of all major financial institutions in Australia. This prevented bank runs as consumers, fearful for their money, rush to withdraw much needed funding from banks. Instead, by guaranteeing deposits, the government was helping financial institutions avoid solvency risk. With no deposits, banks would be unable to lend or conducts other financial services oriented activities. This in turn would lower the likelihood of an Australian recovery which would be…… [Read More]
Case Study eport: Airlines
This paper provides a comparative study of the goals, management style, and labor relations policies of three Australian airlines: Qantas, Virgin Blue, and Air Australia Airways. It examines the recent history of these major airlines, with a specific focus on the labor relations difficulties of Qantas, Virgin Blue's attempt to create a more innovative model of customer service as a budget airline, and Air Australia Airway's challenge to Qantas' dominance. It suggests that ultimately Virgin Blue offers the best prospects for investment, given its track record, size, and strong human resource policies.
Conclusion and summary
The airline industry has been one of the most severely-affected industries by the recent global recession. Although Australia was mercifully not impacted as much as some other nations by the recent credit crisis, because airlines have a global focus as organizations, all…… [Read More]
AUSTALIA'S POPOSED NDIS
Australia's Proposed National Disability Insurance Scheme
Australia's Proposed National Disability Insurance Scheme
The Australian Government is proposing the adoption of the Productivity Commission's Inquiry eport into Disability Care, along with its two recommendations: the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS), a universal, no-fault, national social insurance scheme to fund basic services for any Australian born with, or acquiring, a severe disability, and the National Injury Insurance Scheme (NIIS), a state and territory-based scheme, which would provide lifetime support for people acquiring a catastrophic injury from an accident.
These systems will be significantly different from the existing system, in that they will be insurance-focused systems, founded on a similar modeling of the Australian public health care system, Medicare. The systems at hand propose a range of changes in the provision of services to the disabled, and the NDIS in particular is a scheme that would greatly benefit the Australian…… [Read More]
Australia's Foreign Policy
Australia has constantly been referred to as a middle power in terms of international relations. The term of "middle power" has been attributed to many other countries that have a saying in international relations, but that are not great powers. Although Australia is not one of the most important countries in the world in terms of international relations, it clearly plays a very important part as a political actor in regional and international politics. The fact that Australia is considered a middle power has an impact on its foreign policy agenda as there is definitely a lot less pressure on deciding in matters of foreign policy. Australia's foreign policy has influenced its image as a middle power and also its middle power status has influenced Australia's foreign policy.
Australia's foreign policy has always been connected with that of Great ritain, as Australia is part of the ritish…… [Read More]
(Wu, 2010) When you are avoiding segregating the different groups within Australian society, you are not touching upon the racist past that Australian society had towards the Aborigines. This is important because avoiding such a distinctions is: showing respect and understanding for Australian culture.
Whether these dimensions are always apparent or if they are somehow implicit in the culture.
The various cultural differences are both apparent and hidden at the same time. This means, that within Australian society many people will use the various cultural differences on a regular basis, without paying any attention to them. For foreigners and visitors this can be problematic, because the various cultural distinctions are generally assumed to be understood by everyone such as: not being overly emotional in public. While, there are also various distinctions that are obvious to foreigners and visitors such as: speaking directly. Where, society openly encourages everyone to say what…… [Read More]
Gelineau reports that "the 755-foot (230-meter) Shen Neng 1 was successfully lifted off the reef Monday after crews spent three days pumping fuel to lighten it. Salvage crews later towed it to an anchorage area near Great Keppel Island, 45 miles (70 kilometers) away. Its refloating left a scar 1.9 miles (3 kilometers) long and up to 820 feet (250 meters) wide." (Gelineau, 1)
Indeed, according to environmental workers reporting on the site, this is seen as one of the most catastrophic groundings in recent decades. The report claims that it will be at least another twenty years before the immediate ecosystem can recover from the damage inflicted upon it both by the flattening of reef and marine life and by the intrusion of toxins from paint on the ship's hull into the devastated habitat. For the wildlife sanctuaries which are in the immediate surround of the impacted area, the…… [Read More]
A world without nuclear weapons is improbable at best. The presence of such technology and the increasing accessibility of the so-called 'nuclear secrets' that the U.S. And Soviet Union once guarded so jealously denotes that there is no credible way to eliminate the opportunity for acquisition where there is a will. Only by diminishing the desire for acquisition can we realistically consider removing the influence of nuclear weapons on the world. This is to say that the current American policy of using nuclear authority to control stockpiling is counterintuitive.
There is genuinely no situation conceivable in which it could be seen as reasonable to employ nuclear weapons. Destabilization which is met by the deployment of nuclear weaponry will only prompt a total-annihilation circumstance in which such rogue nations as North Korea would be removed of their one motive for withholding from use of nuclear arms.
At present,…… [Read More]
In education this is particularly so, with the educator often functioning as an emissary for knowledge and perspective formulate by the culture of the nation-state. Australia's teachers are today in the difficult position of attempting to resolve this position with the needs posed by immigrant students. So denotes the text by Hassam (2007), which contends that "teachers who seek to critique the nation by deconstructing media knowledge need to consider the ethics of engaging with their students' sense of self-identity and the pedagogical risks of questioning their own authority to speak on behalf of the nation. Internationalising the curriculum means developing teaching methods and assessment instruments which will invite students to reflect on their imaginative journey into 'new' and 'different' cultures; but it will also require the teachers to reflect on their own conflicting identities and loyalties, and to make that journey alongside their students." (p. 1)
According to much…… [Read More]
However, this conflict in which the United States engaged military endeavors as a way to extend its ideological reach would pull Australia into a philosophically driven war that was not really its own. As with the ar on Terror, this would make Australia a peripheral target to America's many enemies.
5) if you are requested by the Australian government to review the Australia-U.S. alliance in the contemporary global context, what recommendations would you propose so as to make it more effective and better suited to serving Australia's national interests?
A primary policy objective would be to remove Australia from involvement in conflicts that are neither United Nations alliance issues or those relating to regional affairs. Such examples might be Iraq, where pressure from a powerful ally in the U.S. would provoke involvement in a war with no bearing and no threat to Australian viability or security.
Sun Tzu .…… [Read More]
The degree to which Rudd has withdrawn from Howard's hardline stance has significantly and positively altered the scenario for refugees.
7. This is absolutely the case. The War on Terror period has been veritably defined by the imbalance with which the issue has been treated. With all respect to the tragedies of 9/11 and the Bali blast, the number of casualties in these isolated incidences is miniscule compared to those provoked by disease, poverty, environmental abuse and ecological disaster. Undue attention to security concerns has sapped us of the resources to adequately confront these problems.
8. The discussion here is not as much framed by whether or not Hezbollah is correct. Quite certainly, if it was to be seen as a true political organization or governing body as recognized by the world community, it would also be forced to commitment to greater acquiescence to global military and political will. Still,…… [Read More]
These insights from the Simulation were meant to be a valuable contribution and reference for the effective implementation of Australia's health reform agenda, according to AHHA director Prue Power (AHHA).
Implications on the Medical Devices Industry
The Reform Plan may also trigger a series of swift market changes for this industry (MedicExchange, 2010). A Frost and Sullivan consultant projected that the U.S.$2.3-billion medical devices market would grow at an estimated 9% between 2009 and 2012. Approximately U.S.$98 billion was spent on healthcare goods and services in 2009 alone. . Government funding for healthcare steadily increased to respond to the need for better services especially to the ageing population and increasing rates of chronic disease. The consultant predicted that the Reform Plan would open many new growth opportunities for medical device companies. He foresaw the market achieving roughly U.S.$3 billion by this year. The Reform Plan will invest in primary and…… [Read More]
5. Though it would seem appropriate to enlist the IAEA to conduct
investigations backed by UN Security Council Resolution, the political
roadblocks to this action are indicative of the danger in policy
inconsistency. The IAEA must conduct the same probing exercises in all
nations without prejudice to avoid creating political entitlement to
nuclear weapons only for allies of the global power structure.
6. It is true that the IAEA is essentially an impotent force. Its use
in the lead up to the Iraq War demonstrated its simultaneous capacity for
effectiveness in the efforts at non-proliferation as well as its central
weakness. When Security Council Resolutions placed the IAEA on the ground
there, it suggested that the body would perform the function for which it
was intended. However, with the obstruction of the United States to its
efforts, it also proved essentially meaningless in the face of powerful
opposition. This denotes…… [Read More]
One of Kilby's contentions, however, was that Australia's hypothesis that increased economic growth would result to poverty reduction is a framework that is not responsive to the realities of poor, developing countries, which are almost always the recipients of AusAID's aid program.
The author's claim is that AusAID's thrust -- that economic growth will result to reduced poverty -- is developed from a neoliberalist framework, which is not as responsive to the "contemporary" framework in which the present state of poor, developing nations that are the recipient of these aid programs are situated in. Kilby contested that contemporary movements in the socio-economic states of poor nations do not actually adhere to the neoliberalist belief that the economy will run by itself, that is, that people's interest would influence economic behavior and the economy will work independently from other mechanisms present in the society, particularly political ones (115).
Instead of economic…… [Read More]
(Likewise, the Canadian comedy circuit, it must be noted, as proved a fertile stomping ground for future Saturday Night Life alumni such as Dan Ackroyd and Martin Short, amongst others.)
Australia remains condemned by the international community for its treatment of its native populace, again, another irony in a nation founded by cast-off English convicts, condemned by their own people -- who now condemn others, so it is alleged. However, recently, the Australian government issued a report stating "Australia's Indigenous people and their culture have made and continue to make a unique contribution to this country. Their contribution together with the significant contributions of the early settlers and more recent migrants has helped build the nation we belong to today." (New Agenda for a Multicultural Australia, 2003) it has renewed its efforts to better integrate aboriginal life into a livable national community, without outright assimilation.
The similarly of culture has…… [Read More]
S. "increased its production of goods and services in the first few months of 2009…Alone among the developed nations that belong to G-20, it was not being sucked into a world recession" (Stutchbury 2010). Its currency even reached parity with the U.S.
One unique facet of Australia's economy not present in the other developed nation that were hard-hit by the credit crisis is the expansion of its mining sector. In the years before the credit crisis "Australian iron ore was stoking the very Chinese industrialization that in turn was recycling a massive export surplus into excess U.S. consumption, driving up Washington's budget deficits, and inflating an American housing bubble that would almost bring down the global financial system" (Stutchbury 2010:4). This sustained demand for its commodities and mining products. Technology and globalization which has spread to the developing world was strong enough to keep the Australian economic 'miracle' afloat (PNC,…… [Read More]
This tax encouraged individuals who owned large tracts of land to make it available for settlers. Much of this land was held by residents of England who rarely used their land. The goal was to see the land used more productively (Commonwealth of Australia, 2004).
In 1915 the federal government instituted its own income tax as well. This federal tax rapidly swelled the country's income, and by 1918, income taxes made up one third of the federal government income and up to half of the states' incomes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2004).
This tax system was refined in 1942, with much of the federally-collected revenue being returned to the Territories and States. Currently, Australia uses a "pay-as-You-Earn" (PAYE) system for wages and salary, and a support "provisional tax" pay method for income other than wages or salary (Commonwealth of Australia, 2004).
Australia also passed a sales tax in 1930. This tax…… [Read More]
C News (2001). Country Profile: Australia. C MMV. http://newsbbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/country_profiles/1250188.stm
Downer, A (1997). Australia's Foreign Policy. Canberra: Joint Service Staff College. http://www.dfat.gv.au/media/speeches/foreign/1997/aust_for_pol.html
Fergusson, RJ. (2001). From Commonwealth Servant to Regional Player. The Indo-Pacific Region 2. The Department of International Relations. http://www.international-relations.com/wbip/wblec2.hm
Foreign Policy Index. (2005) Australian foreign Policy. Australianpolitics.com. http://australianpolitics.com/foreign
Guardian Newspapers (2004). Australia's War Policy Criticized. Guardian Newspapers, Limited. http://www.buzzle.com/editorials/text8-8-2004-57617.asp
Moore D. (2002). Priorities in Australia's Foreign Policy. risbane: Australian Institute of International Affairs. http://www.ipe.net.au/priorities.html
Tenenbaum, L. (1999). East Timor Provokes Australian Foreign Policy Crisis. World Socialist Website: International Committee of the Fourth International. http://www.wsws.rg/articles/1999/oct1999/timo_014.pdf
C (2001). These include deserts in the interior, hills and mountains, tropical rainforests and heavily populated coastal strips with long beaches and coral reefs off the shoreline. Australia boasts of abundant and unique plant and animal life.
A ibid. It changed focus in the last 20 or so years from Europe and the U.S.…… [Read More]
The will of external powers and multinational commercial interests would come to alter the political landscape, significantly diminishing the impact which those outside the evolving system could levy. It is thus that, Green points out, the modern anti-nuclear movement, has come to adopt certain grassroots devices for protest that denote a far greater willingness to stake a compromise. As Green reports of the anti-nuclear effort from the mid-1990s onward, "building and broadening mass campaigns gave way to reformism and individualism, in which supporters were called on to do no more than write letters to politicians, sign petitions and raise money to fund professional activists' behind-closed-doors lobbying of parliaments and business." (Green, 1)
It must be acknowledge that the nature of the current social activism movement is not thusly without its inherent risks. Most particularly, the tone on compromise which has necessarily entered into the discourse on certain subjects actually threatens…… [Read More]
It is a collaborative program that discusses several priority issues and then subsequently uses those disease issues as markers for improvement. The work does not specifically address nutrition, nor does it specifically address the ageing population, in any way other than the fact that this segment is more susceptible than others to the sic of the seven disease/marker areas of focus; arthritis/musculoskeletal disease, cancer control, cardiovascular health, Diabetes mellitus, injury prevention and control and mental health. The last issue addressed is asthma, but this leaves out the longevity health issues associated with lung health like COPD and emphysema. (AIHW, 2000) Secondarily the plan addresses nutrition only in the manner in which it contributes to the development and alleviation of health, as it associates with the particular health priority disease or health issue. TI also does not specifically address the aging of the population or the fact that this growing segment…… [Read More]
The hospitality and tourism industry desperately relies on the feelings and attitudes of its customer base. This industry was created to make people feel good in order that they spend large sums of money on the hotel or tourist activity. Therefore, it is of an extreme importance that an empathetic and understanding culture is built in the required areas. Tourism industry professionals such as hotel managers need to be aware of the many different cultures that are rampant throughout Australia and the rest of the world. The globe is shrinking and the world is getting smaller.
The Australian Government has pronounced a multicultural policy to help safeguard against some potential costly mistakes when dealing with people of scattered origins. The purpose of this essay is to review this policy and investigate its relevance to the hospitality industry. Furthermore, this essay will also address the three dimensions of Australian…… [Read More]
In this scenario, two companies, one from Saudi Arabia and the other from Australia, send their top representatives to discuss business matters. The Australian company is represented by a highly professional and young woman, whereas the Saudi Arabian company is being represented by one of their directors (twice the age of the Australian representative). Due to numerous cultural differences, the business negotiations may be jeopardized. According to Hofstede's framework, the Saudi representative would expect his Australian negotiator to follow his lead for two reasons: he is older and he is a man. But the Australian representative would consider her Saudi negotiator her equal because she grew up in a low power distance society and rejects old masculine gender ideas. How can potential conflicts be avoided in this scenario?
If the negotiations do not succeed in this scenario, Hofstede's basic assumptions would be validated. But the conflict here can be avoided…… [Read More]
Dudgeon and Walker (2015) note that “the discipline of psychology in Australia has a history of domination over Indigenous Australians that is still evident today” (p. 276). This claim gets to the heart of the concept of colonization and its role in the application of psychology, particularly with respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia—i.e., Indigenous Australians. However, as Australia today is more than the sum of its parts, the history of psychology in Australia reveals a much more complex phenomenon at work. This paper will 1) provide a brief history of psychology in Australia, 2) discuss the degree to which psychology has been imported from other countries to Australia, 3) identify the nature and scope of psychology in Australia, 4) describe major issues and concerns addressed by psychologists in Australia, 5) acknowledge unique contributions and practices of psychologists from Australia; 6) evaluate the general status…… [Read More]
Ken Bradshaw might be used to big wave surfing, but the skills required to survive in a surfing situation are not the same skills needed to survive in the Australian desert. His mentor/guide teaches Ken Bradshaw some basics about what he needs to do to survive, and one of the most important features for survival is attitude. As the mentor states, people sometimes give up, feeling frustrated or fearful that they do not have the tools or resources they need to survive. Ken Bradshaw starts out slightly cavalier about his experience, but the first full day is when he needs to walk his ten miles.
The psychologist notes that many people like Ken make the error of over-reliance on their technological resources. Instead of using the simplest tool (boiling water) first, he relies on the chemical tablets. Yet he has only a limited number of chemical tablets. Ken should be…… [Read More]
Taxation and double taxation risks
Australia imposes taxes on resident economic entities and the Australian-sourced income of non-residents. However, "Australia's capacity to tax non-residents may be limited where the non-resident is resident in a country with which Australia has concluded a double taxation agreement (DTA)," including the United States (Ellison 2009, p.8). DTAs allocate taxing rights to the country of residence of the taxpayer (Ellison 2009, p.8).
Market risks (four Ps)
Demand and overall economic growth has remained strong in Australia (product), although high inflation (price) is of a concern for many residents. Growth tends to be centered in urban areas (place/distribution), while rural areas are often underserved in terms of goods and services. The greater diversity of Australia's growing Asian and European allow for potential new sources of economic growth (promotion and marketing).
Australia economic analysis. (2010). Economy watch. etrieved February 22, 2010 at http://www.economywatch.com/economic-analysis/australia.html
Ellison, Minter. (2009).…… [Read More]
S. resident George W. Bush. Thus, when the blast in Bali, at the
southern point of Indonesia, directed the fury of 9/11 at a popular
attraction to Australian holiday-makers, Australia became a nation
motivated in foreign policy by the apparent threat of global terrorism.
This would be demonstrated by its unwavering willingness to follow the
United States even into its poorly-informed and ill-advised invasion of
Iraq, providing combat troops and civilian military aid. During the lead-
up to this war, in fact, John Howard would perhaps have been noted as only
second to Britain's rime Minister Tony Blair in the ranking of Iraq War
cheerleaders, appearing frequently in the media in order to endorse the
alleged provocations made by the U.S. and later proved false. Howard
echoed well the terms which Bush used to prompt war, remarking in a
February 2002 appearance that the Australian government was firm in
"backing…… [Read More]
Negotiations and Referrals:
The interdependence of healthcare professionals and agencies is precipitated by a system of referral that helps to place patients in the proper care contexts. Here, negotiation is generally limited by the formality which dictates when a patient does or does not require a referral. Here, illis & Reynolds (2008) observe that "a number of health services are available to people directly in the community. These are often called primary care services. Primary care services can be accessed directly by consumers in the community without the need for referral. Most commonly, when people experience illness, they first consult a general practitioner." (p. 62) Hereafter, if the patient's condition dictates a need for more specialized attention, illis & Reynolds report that the general practitioner may refer the patient to a pathologist, a physiotherapist or a psychologist, among other potential specialists. Negotiation of these terms is conducted by parliament, which…… [Read More]
AUSTALIA It's CABON TAX IN AUSTALIA
Australian Carbon Tax
The term that took the scientific world by storm in 1987 was "sustainable development," a terminology that redefined the perception on economic growth, human development and environmental conservation. Scientists, engineers, policy makers, and a practically all communities need to get involved in meeting human development needs. However, this brings on a series of problems related to sustainability, especially considering that the contemporary society is experiencing a process of regression when taking into account pollution. People presently need to come up with ingenious methods of improving society without damaging the environment. This pursuit for having economic growth without damaging the ecosystem has lead to the design of new means of creating energy, better lifestyle, change in the human behavior, overall a fresh and innovative attitude towards nature and life. But there are challenges to be faced, and most of them come from…… [Read More]
4. A demilitarized Japan has successfully functioned in the Far East ever since the end of World War II and there is no reason to change this status quo. A remilitarized Japan, as the pre-war experience has shown, will only risk creating a state of tension in the region. The situation is not that dramatic and the relationship with the U.S. continues to remain a strategic one for Japan. Withdrawing support in the Middle East does not necessarily imply that Japan is reconsidering its strategic partnership: the coalition there was called "the coalition of the willing," so it functions based on volunteering country.
5. Asia Pacific is definitely not on level 5 on Hettne's scale, mainly because the countries in this large geographic area belong to different cultures and civilization and do not always share the same strategic and economic goals. Some of the countries in South East Asia, for…… [Read More]
Australian Literature: An Anthology of Writing From the Land Down Under, by Phyllis Edelson. Specifically, it will contain an analysis of "The Convict" section, and describe the reality of convict life in Australia two centuries ago.
If the Aboriginal experience in Australia was terrible, then the convict experience in Australia was pure Hell. Some of them were not guilty of any crime, they were just sent to a prison colony because they were in the way of something, like a romance. The early convicts lived little better than animals. "I have taken grass and pounded it, and made soup from a native dog. Any man would have committed murder for a week's provisions" (Edelson 109). Once a convict, a man was no longer a man, he was simply a number. "A Thing - a Chattel - a Number - anything, rather than a man" (Edelson 116). This certainly…… [Read More]
Pizza Hut Business Assessment
A Marketing Plan for Pizza Hut (Australia)
Marketing Objectives (Assessment Part 2)
This marketing objective is a statement of what is to be accomplished through marketing activities. Marketing objectives for Pizza Hut (Australia) are:
To maintain the number one market position
To increase the percentage of pizza sales by increasing the number of franchisee delivery units with carryout facilities.
The marketing objectives can be achieved through different ways. One of them can be creating internal campaigns or contests with attractive prizes to achieve the established objectives. In July 1997, Pizza Hut organized a " Serving Up a Million" contest. It was an eight-week long contest among all Company-owned Pizza Hut stores across the country and the Odessa restaurant outperformed more than 4,000 company-owned Pizza Huts in U.S.A. The Pizza Hut manager and his staff received a check for U.S. dollar 100.000. Pizza Hut Website (1998).
Another…… [Read More]
Australian Literature: An Anthology of Writing From the Land Down Under, by Phyllis Edelson. Specifically, it will contain an analysis of "American Dreams," by Peter Carey. Some Australians do not seem to recognize just what it is they have in their country, and Carey attempts to show them how they are pushing their culture away with their "American Dreams."
AUSTALIANS AND THEI COUNTY
Peter Carey's "American Dreams" is a veiled plea to his countrymen to stop thinking about America and try to appreciate what they have at home. "For our own town, my father says, we have nothing but contempt" (Ededson 166). The people do not respect what they have, or even those who live in the town. When Gleason begins building his wall, they think only the worst, and cannot think of something good or beautiful, and it is the same with how they see Australia as compared to…… [Read More]
Australian Literature: An Anthology of Writing From the Land Down Under, by Phyllis Edelson. Specifically, it will contain an analysis of "The First Days in the Trenches" and the section on WWI in the introduction.
WOLD WA I
World War I was a crucial time for Australia, and Australian independence. Australia gained independent status in 1901, but they were still under the protective wing of Great Britain, and many Australians liked it that way.
The Australians always seem to "get along," no matter where or what they are doing. They have an easygoing attitude that is charming and disarming at the same time. This attitude prevails in the stories about World War I. Only once does the author really berate the British, and that is when the officer insists men risk their lives to recover the bodies in "No Man's Land." The author says "I was disgusted to think that…… [Read More]
Australian Literature: An Anthology of Writing From the Land Down Under, by Phyllis Edelson. Specifically, it will contain an analysis of the section on relationships pages177-278. Australians have complex and demanding relationships, just like everyone else in the world. In these relationships, there seem to be less cultural aspects, and aspects that are more personal brought into play. Some Australian relationships share love, sex, and companionship, blended with the bush and brash Australian males, but most seem pretty awful.
Like everyone else, the Australians have their problems with relationships, and these stories illustrate the problems, and the best things, about relationships in Australia. From this selection, it seems many Australians suffer from bad marriages, where adultery is the key to survival and any form of happiness. The men seem to philander often, and think of it even more often. The women for the most part trust their men,…… [Read More]
Australia Have a Bill of ights?
Australia is the last remaining Common Law country without a Bill or ights or Human ights Bill. It is important to note that the Australian variant of liberalism differs from the Anglo-American model in two important ways. First, the establishment of Australia as a series of British colonies under authoritarian governors and the absence of any political revolution has meant a lesser stress on the idea of individual rights vs. The state. There has been no one in Australian history to shout 'Give me liberty or give me death', no real pressure to incorporate a Bill of ights into our Constitution (owse, 1978).
Second, these factors combined with the problems of economic development in Australia and the generally inhospitable nature of the land, a staple theme of Australian literature, has meant an absence of any real laissez-faire tradition. 'Socialism' may be abhorred in the…… [Read More]
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Commonwealth Bank of Australia:
Headquartered in Sydney, Australia, Commonwealth Bank of Australia or CBA is one of the four large banks of Australia. The bank was established in 1911 as a government bank, since then, it has seen tremendous growth. Today, Commonwealth Bank of Australia is a multinational bank with operations across United States of America (USA), United Kingdom (UK), Fiji, New Zeeland and Asia. The bank got privatized in 1996, with issuances of shares worth 1.2 Billion USD in 1991, 1.7 Billion USD in 1993, and 5 Billion USD in 1996. As of January, 2008, Commonwealth Bank of Australia was the second largest Australian listed company…… [Read More]
Should Australia Have a Bill of ights?
Back between 1992 and 1994 in Australia, the Human ights and Equal Opportunity Commission together with the Australian National University (ANU) which was a center for Public Law made a publication that contained volumes of essays explaining the desirability for a Bill of ights. The survey conducted by ANU reported that over 70% of the Australians where for a Bill of rights. 8% of the citizens were against a Bill of ights, and 22% could not decide on the issue. On asking whether they wanted a referendum to assist in the determination of the adoption of a Bill of ights, over 85% of Australians supported necessity for a referendum. Their argument was that integrating a Bill of ights and implementing it to the latter, could ensure a strong national identity for Australians. The statistics explain how much the citizens of Australia…… [Read More]
Diabetes in Australia
The Australian government and the relevant Health agencies have for many years strived to put the diabetes menace under close observation and management. There have been massive researches and huge sums directed towards good management and possible elimination of diabetes at the national levels. This commitment is exhibited by the specialized funds and efforts like the Juvenile Diabetes esearch Fund (JDF) that has been committed to striving to mitigate the effects of diabetes from the render age of the Australians.
Since diabetes is such a big challenge to Australia as a whole, diabetes mellitus was declared a National Health Priority Area in 1996 during the Australian Health Minister's Conference and this was as recognition to the high levels of diabetes prevalence within Australia, the mortality rates that were due to it, the impact it had on morbidity and the possibility of the health improvements that can be…… [Read More]
Yachts Australia is a small size company owned and operated by a family, and offering charter yacht services in the heart of the Great Barrier eef; this is an easily navigable area, implying a reduced need for specialized skills.
Yachts Australia is currently being run by Alice and Paul, and it has been passed on by Paul's parents, who retired. After taking over the business, the young couple expanded its operations to complete more trips, to deliver more services -- such as catering while on the boat trip -- and they also increased the size of the YA fleet. Today, this is formed from 6 sailing yachts, 4 catamarans and 6 skippered touring boats.
In order to capitalize on the success the company was registering, Alice and Paul engaged in franchise operations, through which similar products are offered by partners along the coast. While the business model implemented generates positive…… [Read More]
Cohousing: A Model for Australia
The roots of cohousing can be traced in Denmark in the early 1960s, expanding independently and simultaneously in Holland and Sweden where it grew into an established housing model. This term is a direct translation of a Dutch word meaning living together. In the model of cohousing, residents of a community rent or own their own homes while at the same time, share the ownership of communal space and the common house that hosts community activities. The level at which members participate in activities is voluntary although the model encourages community participation. The different income resource enables household preservation and autonomy of privacy within the community (Cooper-Marcus, 2010).
In the cohousing model, common houses make the heart of the community and members share meals sometimes as a means of bringing the community together. The financial contribution of residents of at least fifteen percent of their…… [Read More]
Food Choices in Australia Today
Consumers in many developed nations are experiencing a veritable epidemic of obesity, a trend that has been exacerbated both by an increasingly sedentary lifestyle as well as the types of foods that are consumed. Fast food and high fat content have also contributed to these trends, and the healthcare costs associated with treating obesity are enormous. Furthermore, unhealthy food choices during the formative years in early childhood can also result in a lifetime of weight-related problems, making the need to identify factors that influence food choices in a given setting a timely and important enterprise. To this end, this paper provides a discussion concerning three of the most important factors that have been identified by researchers as potentially influencing food choices in Australia households, which are food availability, individual preferences for flavor and taste and, increasingly, the environmentally responsible manner in which foods are produced.…… [Read More]
Government of Western Australia Department of Education's Excursions: Off School Site Activities. The document describes the policies and procedures necessary for off school site activities.
Background of the Policy
It is recognized that off school site excursions have higher degrees of risk than being at the school. However, the Department of Education recognizes that off school site excursions can provide significant learning opportunities, so it does not want to eliminate them because of the risk. Therefore, it has promulgated regulations to minimize the risk during these excursions.
Purpose/Objective of My eport
The objective of this report is to provide a brief overview of the Department of Education's approach to excursions.
The document describes excursions as beginning with a teacher-in-charge, who is responsible for the investigation into the risks inherent with the excursion. Some of the excursions may be overnight, and those excursions require a special analysis of the risk.…… [Read More]
While children should be the main targets of this approach, education can also reach other members of Australian society. Through their children, parents will be exposed to these new ideas. Seminars, plays, and other cultural events can also help open the minds of adults. In this circumstance, the unfashionable nature of racism in Australia will be beneficial; to keep up appearances, many will support and attend these events.
Thus, racism in Australia is a severe problem, impacting both individuals and the society. Most likely caused by Australia's racist past, the racist element in Australia is muted, but still quite pervasive, perhaps one of the more dangerous kinds of racism. Because of this, the best kind of response is in kind -- an educational approach. Although the situation in Australia is still tumultuous, an understanding of the kind of racism prevalent in Australia and the history of that racism is the…… [Read More]
Given the scarcity of lever machines on the market and the unique nature of the niche market, price elasticity of demand is expected to be low. There may not be many prospective consumers, but those who want this product will be keen and are unlikely to be strongly price sensitive. The best price would therefore be at the high end of the range, $1,200. This means that the selling price to the distributor would be $600, for a contribution margin of $350 per machine when sold through the distributor, or $950 if sold through the company website. These figures have been included in the contribution margin analysis.
Marketing Issues -- Place
Distribution for a niche product is a tricky proposition. Consumers are often far apart, meaning that it is difficult to use a storefront retail location to reach these consumers. The Australian market -- in particular with respect to high…… [Read More]
Australian Bill of Rights
Maintaining a feasible balance between free will and government control is a constant and historic ideal that has driven the evolution of society for thousands of years. Law has been self imposed on mankind in order to regulate unwanted behavior and streamline acceptable and appropriate lines of acceptable living. Morals, ethics and personal preferences from all segments of society should be accurately represented to design a comprehensive and ultimately fair and balanced code of conduct. hile the struggle to make sense of this seemingly perpetual argument seems to evade modern civilization, Australia's current constitutional debate is worthy of discussion.
The purpose of this essay is to evaluate both the arguments for and against Australia adopting a Bill of Rights to be included in their national constitution. I will present several arguments profiling the possible outcomes of following the status quo or implementing a new federal policy…… [Read More]
In clear connection with climate change, with the impossibility of plants to adapt, or their struggle to do so, is the economic effects global warming would have on the population and on Australia as a state entity. There are large parts of the continent that bases its subsistence on agricultural practices. It is by no means the sense of rural ancient agriculture; yet, despite the technologies at the disposal of the agricultural system, this may reduce its capability and productivity simply because the cropped plants cannot adapt to a different environment. In such a situation, the agricultural output is lowered and effects on the economy could become real in several decades. More precisely, "changes in precipitation and, subsequently water management, are particularly critical factors affecting the future productivity of the Australian landscape. The declines in precipitation projected over much of Australia will exacerbate existing challenges to water availability and quality…… [Read More]
OHS Communication and orkplace Participation:
An important mechanism in place at McDonald's is that which calls for a multidirectional channel of communication which includes agents at the government level, leadership at the corporate level, management and personnel. Accordingly, McDonald's reports that "consultation with crew and managers is essential to create a safe workplace. e believe that employee involvement in developing and updating workplace safety systems is critical." (McDonald's, p. 59) Therefore, McDonald's reports, each restaurant location creates a safety staff of between 6 and 8 employees which include one manager and selected crew members. This promotes leadership at the crew level and creates a channel through which the crew can communicate concerns and complaints to higher levels of management.
OHS Induction and Training:
At the base of its prevention strategy is McDonald's preliminary investment in training of its personnel. In light of regulations imposed by OS&H, it is incumbent upon…… [Read More]
As we take a broader view of the Australian employment landscape, a very different picture emerges. The inaugural census of women in business (released in 2002) surveyed the top 152 companies listed on the Australian Stock Exchange and reported that women held 8.4% of executive management positions, 52.6% of companies had no women executive managers, only 17.8% of companies have two or more women executive managers, and women held just 5% of all line positions. At the Board Director level, women held 8.2% of directorships but 46.7% of companies had no women directors, and 9.9% of companies had two or more women directors. Not surprisingly, given the small numbers of women in core executive positions, just two of Australia's top 200 listed companies employed a woman as CEO. The census itself has enabled focus to be created, and will ensure the trend is positive when we next measure the number…… [Read More]
Development of Policy esponses
The first step in the development of these policy strategies was to identify that a problem existed with childhood obesity and frame the problem so that it could brought to light and intervention strategies debated. While some of the framing of this issue may have been based upon misinformation, policymakers did attempt to frame the problem which is in line with the Australian policy development cycle. This initial framing is an example of how misinformation can lead to poor policy decisions. When looking at childhood obesity from a policy perspective it is imperative to understand the difference between obesity prevention and obesity treatment and this has often been confused in attempts to develop policies for the Australian people (O'Dea 2005).
The Australian policy cycle is comprised of stages including problem identification, analysis of policy options, policy instrument, consultation, coordination, decision, implementation, and evaluation. While this policy…… [Read More]
status of Australia's external position, we should first briefly explain the sign conventions, as they are presented in the explanatory notes 3 to 5. As such, International investment position statistics follow the sign convention used in the balance of payment: for foreign assets, "position data and any transaction increase or other flow increase in assets is shown with a negative sign." This is why all the positions noted as Australian investment abroad are marked with a negative sign, so as to show a cash flow leaving the country.
At the end of the analyzed period (September Quarter 2003), the total Australian investment abroad amounted for $477,188 million, an increase of almost $14,000 million from the beginning of the period (around 3%). The main components of the investment abroad are direct forms of investment (such as equity capital and reinvested earnings) and portfolio investment assets, these two forms of investment accounting…… [Read More]
Capital Gains Tax in Australia
Capital gains tax refers to a type of tax levied on capital gains incurred by organizations or individuals. The capital gains refer to the profits that an organization or individual selling a capital asset obtains through selling an asset at a price higher than the original price. In many countries, the amount of capital gains tax takes into consideration the type of investment and the holding period of the asset. Australian capital gains tax takes a proportion of all achieved capital gains. Capital gains are not separate tax but part of the income tax on individuals and corporations upon disposing of capital assets. Australian capital gains tax exempts personal properties such as home, car, and furniture. Australian residents in any part of the world are subject to capital gains tax.
Issue 1. Moodly's Conversion of her main residence.
Moodly being a childcare worker, wishes to…… [Read More]
The turnaround could only start with the restructuring of the management team. Among the different communication problems identified, one with most impact on the overall situation at the bank was the lack of communication between the managerial team and the board and, quite often, between the managerial team and the structures in its subordination (such as the auditing and risk management departments).
The new leadership had no problem to work the restructuring of the management team by simply headhunting capable people, with experience in troubleshooting, from other financial institutions. Such a complete change of the management team needed to be performed carefully, because entire personnel changes could very well have an impact on the morale of the entire bank. The challenge of the new management also became to glue together the new team.
Along with the organizational restructuring also came a need to tackle the bureaucracy that had hampered so…… [Read More]
Parmalat Australia Ltd. company (dairy product) Website: http://www.pauls..au / 1. Executive Summary: Needs outline: Brief Background issue general ? Main challenge o What problem gap existing current market o What proposal? (argument/) ? What expected result outcome? (How resolve challenge?) 2.
Parmalat Australia Ltd.
Parmalat Australia Ltd. is an important presence within the global dairy industry. The company -- like any other economic institution -- encounters both challenges as well as opportunities from both internal as well as external environments.
An important shortage faced by Parmalat is given by a combination of factors, namely international policies, global operations and distribution of perishable products. All these translate into a problem with distribution, which is counter-argued by a proposition of improvement. The suggestions made are expected to reduce the times of distribution and to decrease the costs encountered with products lost through demise.
2. The organisation
Parmalat Australia Ltd. is one of…… [Read More]
Tiwi of Northern Australia
A classic in its field, Hart and Pilling's book The Tiwi of North Australia offers objective, anthropological insight into this indigenous culture. The authors' objectives are twofold, as stated in the Introduction: to provide an account of how the Tiwi functioned before colonization and to describe how the Tiwi changed after contact with Europeans and the subsequent modernization of Australian culture. The Tiwi posed problems for Christian European settlers for a number of reasons, namely their social structures and religious beliefs. The Tiwi are a close-knit polygamous society that exhibits sophisticated social stratification. The Tiwi differ from the native peoples of mainland Australia, as the authors are quick to point out. This is due to their unique geographical position on a set of islands north of Australia. Their physical isolation created an ideal state for the Tiwi to develop singular tribal characteristics and culture. Their weapons,…… [Read More]
The characteristics of multi-channel management strategies are often organized around the most effective aspects of each channel and the potential they have to contribute to the overarching marketing and selling goal (Wilson, Hobbs, Dolder, McDonald, 2004). McDonald's and their multichannel strategy across Australia, Hong Kong and the United Kingdom (UK) are unified from the standpoint of supporting the corporate messaging and branding of McDonald's. Each geography and region requires a different series of strategies and messages however if McDonald's is going to succeed. The intent of analysis is to evaluate how McDonald's structures its multichannel strategy, varying messaging, content and delivery to fit the specific expectations, needs and wants of each region and country.
Analysis of Multichannel Strategies
The case provides interesting insights into how McDonald's uses their websites as branding platforms that extend into delivering memorable, fun and unique experiences for it customers. Making the point that…… [Read More]
S. And hence disturb Australia's trade relations with China which could prove detrimental to its economy. Australia has to find a happy medium so that it would be viewed as a hostile neighbor in its own region: "while Kevin udd is not an alliance critic in the mold of Mark Latham he will take great care for his country not to be viewed by its Asian neighbors or extra-regional powers as a geopolitical sycophant or deputy sheriff for American agendas within or beyond the Asia-Pacific region. In some instances, a more independent Australian posture will be easier to establish and maintain… in other cases, it will be harder as Australia continues to struggle with the question as to whether it is increasingly a part of Asia." (Tow, p. 8)
It is difficult for Australia to choose its alliances and maintain cordial relations with both the Asian countries as well as…… [Read More]
(Conniptions886 2009). Again the ad stresses the outdoor beach culture among those who have the means and leisure to enjoy it.
Coca Cola ads have not seemed to change that much over time. They have sacrificed expressing multiculturalism, without popular exception to build a following for their target market. One comparison ad done by Pepsi and much more reflective of diversity, and especially the diversity of the urban culture is the ad affectionately known as "Chain reaction." In general Pepsi seems to have somewhat let go of the beach culture and decided to focus on the massive urban youth culture. This is not to say that Pepsi has become the label of multicultural expression, as they still clearly target the white youth audience:
(Youtube user DuncansTV2008)
The Pepsi chain reaction video is a great example of the change of focus of one brand to the urban culture of the youth…… [Read More]
Another aspect which is important to be taken into account in respect to human rights issues is the right to seek asylum. The 1951 UN Convention for Refugees states that asylum seekers should be helped by the country where they seek assistance in order to prevent the return of the people in a situation which would put their lives or their integrity in danger. However, for the Australian government such a provision is less important than the actual attempt to cut down on immigration and reduce the possibility of people entering legally or illegally in the country. In this sense, there is a famous case which points out precisely this attitude of the Australian government which pointed out the fact that indeed, there is no particular desire for the Australian officials to go beyond their national interest and work for the global one. Thus, in 2001 Australia refused to give…… [Read More]
The Economy of China and Australia dependency
The Chinese economic takeoff has captured the attention of the whole world with its
year sustained growth. It started with the implementation of Deng Xiaoping's economic reform policy in 1979. Since then, China has been the world's fastest-growing economy. For a country comprising one fifth of the world's population, with an exceedingly diverse economy, such rapid growth would have been thought impossible. To propel the country towards a modern, industrialized communist society, Mao Zedong (founding father of the people's republic of China) instituted the Great Leap Forward (an economic and social campaign to transform China from an agrarian economy to modern industrialized economy).
Due to globalization, more countries are growing intertwined to each other economically hence many nations are viewed to be moving to develop ties both diplomatic and economic in nature to the countries that are more stable in their…… [Read More]
South Australia Ambulance Service
Organizational Behaviour Case Analysis
ay Main should develop a system which empowers the culture of organization along with the shift towards automation and excellent customer service.
Has to do what
The leadership of South Australia Ambulance Service is required to do the following:
To set a strategic direction for SAAS this would be compatible to the new strategic plan.
Meet the service expectations of the clients by focusing more on efficient customer services.
Empower the service delivery personnel fully and hold them accountable for every action.
The expectations of donators and community should be aligned.
Make SAAS compatible to respond to mass casualties.
Workforce retention should be increased.
Emergency sector and healthcare should be integrated to respond efficiently to any casualty.
Interventions should be prioritized.
The impact of any change should be evaluated on the patient as patients' life is more important. (Daniels 2009)
The…… [Read More]
International Labour Mobility on Australia
Migration of international individuals across various countries is becoming very common these days, which is imposing many global issues, such as social, cultural and economical, in both the sending and receiving states. The main agenda of migration is to reunite the family, help labour market, develop the nation and strengthen economy. Of all the people moving to Australia, 68% consists of skilled people whereas 32% are migrated through family visa streams. The number of people who migrate and their trends change from time to time, from smaller migration programmes mostly consisting of families in 1993-94 to large scale programme with an increased number of skilled people in 2013-14 (Migration programme statistics, n.d.). This paper explains the latest developments in international labour movement in Australia.
Trends of Australia's International Labour Mobility
The skilled visa stream was introduced for the individuals who have specific skills, education and…… [Read More]