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The U.S. ceased to be the bearer of democracy and broke the international rules it actually created with the formation of the United Nations. It lost many of its allies along the road and, in the last 7 years, the powers around it, like the Russian Federation, China, India or the EU have begun to grow in power and significance. The financial and economic crisis represents one of the most important moments of recent history of international relations because it produced massive changes in the overall relations of the international arena. While at the beginning of 2003, the United States broke the balance of power and acted against UN regulations and invaded Iraq on what was proved later on as false reasons, the end of 2010 sees a different U.S. looking for cooperation rather than dissent, for a cooperative leadership rather than total hegemony. It appears that the international actors…
Waltz, K. (1979) Theory of International Politics. McGraw-Hill
"In addition, Russia received the major part of the former duchy of arsaw as the kingdom of Poland, with Alexander I as king; Prussia received est Prussia" ("Congress of Vienna," Encarta, 2008). The most significant development of the Congress was not simply the re-balancing of power but the new influence of larger nation-states or empires
To some extent, Paul Kennedy's contention that the stronger economy in a war will invariably emerge the victor in the Rise and Fall of the Great Powers seems like a self-fulfilling prophesy if one only reviews the economic outcome of major wars. After all, by the end of a war, a likely victor will seem less economically depleted than the likely loser. But it is true that if a nation cannot feed its troops, mutiny or desertion is possible, and if it cannot feed the populace, the people will no longer support the government…
Congress of Vienna." M. Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia, 2008
March 7, 2009. http://encarta.msn.com
Peace of Utrecht." Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia. 2008
How were the INTERESTS of BOTH SIDES served by the agreement you reached?
Ans.The agreement allowed the Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco (FAMSF) to keep the Teotihuacan Murals for three more years so they could preserve the pieces of Art and restore it to its perfect condition so they do not get damaged when transporting them to Mexico. And in preserving the pieces of art Institute of National de Antropologia e Historia (INAH) was helping FAMSF. This would help the FAMSF to display the pieces of art when they are not getting restored and would help increasing their revenue and the revenue which will be generated by the displays of the art would be divided between the FAMSF and the Government of Mexico. Thus generating a source of income for the Government of Mexico too..While on the other side the Mexicans would be getting 26% of the pieces every…
After all, a person's sense of self-worth depends on feeling competent and able to influence what is happening in one's life. How much power we perceive ourselves to have directly influences our sense of self-esteem.
In a discussion of power currencies, Hocker & Wilmot (2007) say how much power we have depends on whether we have "currencies" other people want. In other words your power over another person rests on your having something to give them that they need. For example, in the days when women had few rights and little power in their marriages, they did have sex (a valuable currency), which they could give or withhold in order to exert power. But it depends on the relationship what the currency is. Sex isn't a currency in a business relationship, for instance, and perhaps it shouldn't be used as a currency in an intimate relationship.
Every person has potential…
Hocker, J.L. And Wilmot, W.W. (2007). Interpersonal conflict. Seventh Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Power of the President
The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America," (Article II, Section1). The United States Constitution outlines the various powers, duties, and rights of the President mainly in Article Two, after treating the various roles of congress. The President functions simultaneously as the Chief and Head of State, as the Commander in Chief of the United States Army, as Chief Legislator and Diplomat, as the manager of the economy and the state of the union, and as the head of his political party. Some of these roles are not specifically mentioned in the Constitution. An examination of the Constitution reveals that the Chief Executive of the United States is endowed with much power. He alone has the power to pardon high treason or to make treaties with foreign nations, for instance. However, because of the intricate system of checks and…
Only then will the moe effective use of knowledge occu and its value is de-politicized, making it moe potent in geneating pofits (Chatand, 1985).
It is a paadox that the moe challenging, disuptive and uncetain a given industy is the moe oganizations factionalize thei stuctues, ceating splinte goups and politically volatile stuctues that only acceleate a company's demise. The paadox is that in the toughest and uncetain of times in the telecommunications industy, Veizon Telecommunications needs to think moe about how they too can be a disuptive foce in the maket. Instead, the management team is focused on a highly balkanized, vey politically-diven agenda of holding onto powe by ceating smalle silos o depatments that can easily manage the data that is peceived as the most valuable asset thee is in the oganization. The paadox comes full cicle when a company is sold in pieces and the sold unit o…
Chartrand, R.L. (1985). The politics of information. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 36(6), 376-376.
Frederic Jallat, & Ancarani, F. (2008). Yield management, dynamic pricing and CRM in telecommunications. The Journal of Services Marketing, 22(6), 465-478.
Liljander, V., Polsa, P., & Forsberg, K. (2007). Do mobile CRM services appeal to loyalty program customers? International Journal of E-Business Research, 3(2), 24-30,33-40.
Piercy, N.F. (1989). Information control and the power and politics of marketing. Journal of Business Research, 18(3), 229-229.
Power Relations in Junichiro Tanizaki's Naomi
The most powerful and lasting contributions to the literature of a given era are invariably penned by bold thinkers struggling to comprehend the ever changing world in which they live. Spanning the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Japanese Meiji Restoration period, which was propelled by the fusion of industrialized economy and estern culture, and personified by the authorial brilliance of authors such as Jun'ichir? Tanizaki, shaped and inspired a momentous political and social transformation within one of the world's most ancient civilzations. The toppling of previously infallible Shoguns and the sudden distribution of democratic ideals across boundaries of gender and class forced many traditional Japanese to recalibrate their worldview instantly, and the result is a wealth of material, including novels, plays and works of critical nonfiction, all of which focuses intently on the crumbling conventions of age-old gender roles. ith the external…
Tanizaki, Jun'ichiro. "Naomi," trans. Anthony H. Chambers." (1986).
Women in Control
What some see as a male-dominated world, others see females in control, sometimes behind the scenes.
When it comes to selecting mates, it is women who are in ultimate control. And, they are quite selective. Of the many characteristics women look for in a man, good financial prospects, social status, ambition, size/strength, and dependability are only a few ("Women's Long-Term" 109). Although if a man has many of these characteristics he may be able to more likely attract a female of his liking, in the end, men are at the mercy of women, when it comes to relationships, love and procreation. This is a significant amount of control that women solely possess.
Dreher's study regarding the glass ceiling and how women have been positively impacted by the increase in the number of work-life human resource practices in the last two decades. When compared with figures from the…
Arslanian-Engoren, C. "Feminist Poststructuralism: A Methodological Paradigm for Examining Clinical Decision-Making." Journal of Advanced Nursing 37(6) Mar 2002: p. 512-517. Mar 2002: p. 512-517. Academic Search Premier. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. July 17, 2006 http://web111.epnet.com/.
Dreher, G. "Breaking the Glass Ceiling." Human Relations. 56(5) May 2004: p. 541-562.
Kalabamu, F. "Changing Gender Contracts in Self-Help Housing Construction in Botswana." Habitat International Jun 2005: p. 245-268.
Keynan, H. "Somalia: The Great Escape." UNESCO Courier 48(9) Sept 1995: p. 26-27. Academic Search Premier. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. July 17, 2006 http://web111.epnet.com/.
Power critical understanding difficulties managers confront seeking manage change'. Discuss. This undergraduate Essay (Level III) If resources reading list I
Power is critical to understanding the difficulties managers confront when seeking to manage change
Long gone are the times when firms would operate solely to generate profits and this represented their stated mission. Today, economic agents across the globe peg their success not only to financial results, but also to their ability to serve the various needs of the multiple stakeholder categories. In other words, while the final objective is that of registering profits, the aim is attained through a combination of strategic efforts targeted at serving the stakeholders.
For instance, the employees are the most valuable organizational assets and they are treated as such. The customers are not the forces purchasing whatever the company produces, but they represent the force telling the company what to produce. The technologic community…
Clegg, S., 1989, Frameworks of power, SAGE
Foucault, M., 1982, Afterword: the subject and power, University of Chicago Press
Heathfield, S.M., Resistance to change definition, About, http://humanresources.about.com/od/glossaryr/g/Resistance-To-Change-Definition.htm last accessed on February 14, 2012
Jermier, J.M., Knights, D., Nord, W.R., 1994, Resistance and power in organizations, 1994, Routledge
Balance between Emergency Powers, Abuse of Law by the State and Civil Liberties of People within and Beyond the U.S.
ithin the United States of America especially after the terrorists' attack of 9/11, there seems to be a delicate balance between emergency powers, abuse of law by the authorities and the citizens' liberty. There appears to be significant connection between increase of liberty and insecurity (Gearty 1). However the question here is what security means, in some instances, security could be national threats such as terror attacks or internal forces threatening the political establishments, those that advance particular ideological ends such as those witnessed in Most North African such as Libya and Arabian countries such as Yemen. Nonetheless, in instances of such threats, civil liberties suffer and it becomes a challenge reconciling it with national security. There are many aspects of liberal democracy such as freedom of expression, association and…
A and others v Secretary of State for the Home Department  UKHL 56 .
Feingold, Russell. "On Opposing the U.S.A. Patriot Act." 14 April 2002. 8 December 2012 .
Gearty, Conor. Terror. London: Faber & Faber, 1991.
Greenhouse, Linda. "A Nation Challanged: The Supreme Court." The New York Times 29 September 2001.
S. economy coupled with slower growth rates in key U.S. trade partners, and not a sign of poor economic health.
as this an attempt of the administration to put a happy face on bad economic news? Quite simply, U.S. consumers, said the Bush Administration, had more dollars to spend on imported goods, hence the increased gap -- the gap in the short run was a sign of health, said the administration. "e have an economy that is growing faster than most around the world and that can increase the trade deficit," said hite House spokesman Scott McClellan. The Commerce Department said the U.S. trade gap widened in October to a record $55.45 billion. (AP ire, 2004)
Outside analysts also looked to the higher cost of crude oil and petroleum products played a key role in the October figures, putting a not-so happy face on the balance of payments deficit in…
AP Wire Website. (2004) "U.S. Trade Gap Widens as Production Rises." October 2004.. Retrieved 17 Dec 2004 at http://app.quotemedia.com/data/newsItem.htm?storyId=1533543
Balls, a. (19-20 June 2004) "U.S. current account deficit £1.5bn a day." Financial Times.
Ruby, P. (1999) "Balance of Payments." Digital Economis website last updated 2003. Retrieved 17 Dec 2004 at http://www.digitaleconomist.com/bop_4020.html
Hughes, J. (14-15 August2004)" Record U.S. trade deficit follows rise in imports,." Financial Times.
As for the major dilemma (China vs. President of the U.S. Operations), the protagonist should first check if the two alternatives are available to him. In other words, he should talk to the CEO and ask how eligible he is for the vacant position in USA. If Pierre asserts that there is a high probability for him to be elected, then Michael will have a family council and ask for his wife and children's opinions, which weigh significantly in his decision. If he is still torn between the two alternatives or has a more pronounced appetite for the President of the U.S. operations position, then he can resort to the following tactic. He could tell Pierre that he is highly interested in the vacancy and that he would like to postpone his answer to the China opportunity until the "winner" of the elections is announced. However, going to China represents…
Peebles, M.E., Widmann, N.C., Kopelan, A.D., Hassan, F., Cohen, A., Rhodes, G.B. (2005). Into the Fray. Harvard Business Review, January 2005, 83(1),15-23.
Strategic leadership and decision making. Leveraging power and politics. On the Internet at: www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/ndu/strat-ldr-dm/pt4ch17.html. Retrieved November 7.
Power and the Use of Language, Orwell's 1984 And Beyond
George Orwell's 1949 dystopian novel 1984 has become almost iconoclastic in its meaning for contemporary society. Almost like the term Machiavellianism, 1984 evokes images in popular culture, along with the author's name as an adjective, and phrases that were used in the book. Even the term "Orwellian" denotes a certain type of society; phrases like "Big Brother," "Newspeak," "Thought-Police," etc. are now part of the vocabulary when describing totalitarian regimes. The novel's premise has become part of a modern archetype, imitated on television, popular music, movies, and even one of the most popular advertisements ever made, the 1984 launch of Apple's Macintosh.
Nineteen Eighty-Four focuses on a new type of society -- repressive, totalitarian, staunch, all-powerful, all knowing, oligarchical, and pervasive. The novel's main character, Winston Smith, is a simple civil servant assigned to the daily task of perpetuating the…
Orwell, G. (1990). 1984. New York: Penguin Books.
Rai, A. (1990). Orwell and the Politics of Despair. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wain, J. (1978). Essays on Literature and Ideas. Santa Barbara: Greenwood Press.
Power of the Media
Few things in life have much power to influence individuals and society as a whole, either negatively or positively. The media is one such medium. hether it is books, the Internet, magazines, movies, music, newspapers, radio, television, or some other form, the media has tremendous power to impact both individuals and society as a whole, both negatively and positively. In recent years, there has been great controversy over whether the media has the power to promote or curb violence.
This paper analyzes and examines the power of the news and print media to promote or curb violence. Part II gives an overview of the role of the media in general. In Part III, how the media promotes or curbs violence is reviewed. Lastly, this paper concludes with recommendations for balancing the relationship between the media's need for freedom of expression and society's desire for less violence.…
Morgan, Joan. "From Fly-Girls to *****es and Hos."
Team building, group dynamics, talent management, leadership development, and any number of other functional areas are much more about clarity, focus, aligning expectations, and defining roles than creating equality" (Myatt, 2012). In the last twenty years, organizations have come to the realization that the better their employees are at working together, the more successful their organizations will be.
eductions in budgets in the public sector mean that there is an increased pressure for these organizations to deliver more effectively. Team-building is a verifiable way to ensure a greater success at employee cohesion. Private sector organizations have largely realized this, as private sector organizations more frequently enlist the help of outside organizations such as team-building experts to teach and implement effective means of team-building for their workers. Given these trends in team-building, I would want to further explore: what are the immediate benefits of team building? What are the long-term benefits…
Cellucci, T. (2008, October). Bridging the Communication Gap. Retrieved from DHS.gov: http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/bridging_the_communication_gap.pdf
Dillon, S., Buchannon, J., & Corner, J. (2010, November).Comparing public and private sector decision making: Problem structuring and information quality issues. Retrieved from https://secure.orsnz.org.nz/conf45/program/Papers/ORSNZ2010_Buchanan.pdf
Drexel.edu. (2013). 5 Stages of Group Development. Retrieved from Drexel.edu: http://www.drexel.edu/oca/l/tipsheets/Group_Development.pdf
Groeneveld, S., & verbeek, S. (2011). Diversity Policies in Public and Private Sector Organizations. Review of Public Personnel Administration, 353-381.
However, liberals argue that material conditions should not be a determining factor to exercise rights, but exercising a right should be an issue of justice. Marxists contradicts with them and asserts that equal rights that liberalism establishes are valueless.
Therefore, Marxism makes liberal a consent-based world order in that material power limits individuals from exercising their rights. This is not a valid condemnation from Marxism because, even though one has a right to own anything, then, the world would remain uncontrollable.
Finally, are the alternative world orders presented by these theories realistic? Explain?'
The international world orders presented by these theories are very realistic because we are able to evaluate the international relations from a theoretical point-of-view. Similar to the New World Order, these world orders offer a conceptual structure on which an individual can evaluate the global relations.
Earth in 2113
What type of system is this?
Cox, R.W. (1983).'Gramsci, Hegemony, and International Relations: An Essay in Method'.
Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 12/2, 162 -- 175.
Embong, A.R. (2001). 'Globalisation and Transnational Class Relations: Some Problems of Conceptualization'. Mittelman and Othman: 92 -- 106.
Grieco, M. (1988).Anarchy and the Limits of Cooperation: A Realist Critique of the Newest
Decision Making & Creativity, Power and Influence in the Workplace, and Leadership in Organizations
Creating a platform for leadership that is agile enough to respond quickly to unforeseen events, yet stable enough to ensure team and group solidary is one of the most challenging aspects of any leader's long-term growth. Coupled with the need for having a solid foundation of leadership skills including Emotional Intelligence (EI), situational awareness and transformational leadership (Purvanova, Bono, 2009) is the need for leaders to thoroughly understand power and influence not just in their departments but across their entire organization as well. The five dominant forms of organizational power, ranging from coercive, to reward, legitimate, referent expert and informational power, all must be orchestrated successfully by a manager if challenging, often time-constrained objectives are to be attained (Drea, Bruner, Hensel, 1993). This self-reflection analysis includes insights into specific types of power from the context of…
Drea, J.T., Bruner, Gordon C.,II, & Hensel, P.J. (1993). Comparing alternative measures of the French and Raven power bases. The Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, 13(4), 73.
McShane, S., & Von Glinow, M.A. (2010). Organizational behavior. (sixth ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
Purvanova, R.K., & Bono, J.E. (2009). Transformational leadership in context: Face-to-face and virtual teams. Leadership Quarterly, 20(3), 343
Balancing the Powers, Balancing the Need for Gridlock
The American system of government is the most fairly designed system of governance in the world today, designed to balance the three branches that make up the triangular structure of its government. The American system of government is designed not to work and remains in a state of hopeless and continual structural gridlock in a kind of 'rock, paper, scissors' style of governance that is amicable to a child's game but not to modern governance. How can both of these statements be simultaneously true?
The answer lies in the notion of the separation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers in the designed system of governance by the Founding Fathers of the American nation. The Father's system was designed to create, through division, a balance of powers between the branches of government most and least responsive to the popular will. "The system of…
Checks and Balances." Fact Monster. 2003 Family Education Network.
07 Jul. 2004. http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0777009.html
Three Branches of Government." Fact Monster. 2003 Family Education Network.
07 Jul. 2004 http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0774837.html
separation of powers and federalism. How do these central architectural features of American government seek to support Thomas Jefferson's perspectives; "That government is best which governs least." Why from the view of many business executives is government "gridlock" good?
Separation of powers is that element of the American government designed to protect the nation from tyranny and to, as far as possible, keep the power of the nation decentralized. Federalism, while certainly not designed to promote tyranny, is designed to strengthen the power of the government to act and govern the nation, centralizing power into a strong formal national government. Each of these aspects of modern American government have different implications for business.
According to Thomas Jefferson, "That government is best which governs least." The separation of powers helps to assure that the different branches of the government balance each other sufficiently that no single branch can govern so much…
Presidential and Congressional Powers
In the simplest of terms, the differences in powers between Congress and the President is that Congress makes laws and the President enforces them. But, that description does a great injustice to the complexities of the roles of each. Congress is granted "all legislative powers" by Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution. Those powers include the making of laws, coining money, declaring war, regulating interstate and foreign commerce, and maintaining the military. The powers of the President (Executive Branch) are outlined in Article II of the Constitution. They include the power of appointment and removal, the creation of executive orders, limited legislative powers, veto power, pardoning power, power to make treaties, and military powers separate from those of Congress. Both sets of powers, in conjunction with the Judicial Branch, form a balance of powers within the Federal Government. It is the purpose of this paper…
Hamilton, J. & Madison, J. "The Federalist Papers" 52-67, 70-77. Online. Internet. Avail http://www.shadeslanding.com/firearms/federalist.Info Acc: Dec 13, 2002.
Neustadt, Richard. Presidential Power and the Modern Presidents. Seattle: Free Press, 1991.
International Politics on the orld Stage: A Geographic Basis of Power
Although geography can play a role in regional conflicts and alliances, it ultimately is not the 'be all and end all 'of determining who is a friend and who is a powerful enemy in the international community, although it may once have played a dominant role in tribal and feudal societies. Still, according to John Rourke's textbook on International Politics on the orld Stage, any regional or international balance of power is not determined by military might alone, or by a country's technological or economic capacity for development. Geography plays some role, but not dominant role. The balance of power is always attributed to a balance of factors, physical as well as political, even though the rules of might usually dominate and determines the winner and the loser in any war of exchange.
In the traditional balance of power…
Rourke, John. (2004). International Politics on the World Stage. New York McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Flextronics International is the world's largest outsourcer of electronics manufacturing jobs. The company is based in Singapore and has established a devised sophisticated logistical, supply and design series of methods that allow the customers to reduce fixed assets and product development time. Although Flextronics is not just a company based on low-wages labor, it currently has 9,000 employees in 29 countries, with half of them being concentrated in China, while the others work in low-wage centers such as India, Poland and Mexico.
Flextronics' clients are a different story: they are all from the United States: Microsoft, Dell, Motorola, Palm, Hewlett-Packard and Xerox. There is a high chance that many Americans have used a Flextronics'-built product, thrown on the market under a more popular brand.
Michael Marks, the man who runs Flextronics International, is the one responsible for the increasing outsourcing trend in the hi-tech industry, as it has currently reached…
1. Justin Doebele, "Flex Forward," Chief Executive. New York: Jul 2004., Iss. 200; pg. 34
2 David W. Tice. "Remember the Bottom Line: What's going to happen when investors again demand profits? " On Wall Street. New York: Dec 1, 2000. pg. 1
3. Shad Dowlatshahi "Bargaining power in buyer-supplier relationships"
. Production and Inventory Management Journal. Alexandria: First Quarter 1999.Vol.40, Iss. 1; pg. 27,
Sociology Take Home Final
Unequal Power Relationships and Laborers
The unequal power relationship that characterizes many employment relationships is characteristic of industrialized capitalism. Capitalism itself is defined by the manufacturing division of labor, which systematically divides the work of economic production into limited operations. The result is that no one man in the Capitalist system would know how to produce a good from start to finish, destroying the traditional notion of occupations, e.g. artisans or craftsmen.
ecause each worker is only qualified to perform a particular, often narrow, task which creates no value in itself but must be combined with the fruits of other tasks by the Capitalist, the worker is at the mercy of the Capitalist who owns the means of production. The dominant mode of employment arising from the manufacturing division of labor is wage labor. In wage labor, a worker does not work to improve his own…
Adler, William M. Mollie's Job: A Story of Life and Work on the Global Assembly Line. New York: Scribner, 2000. Print.
Appiah, Anthony. Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers. New York: W.W. Norton & Co, 2006. Print.
Bowe, John. Nobodies: Modern American Slave Labor and the Dark Side of the New Global Economy. New York: Random House, 2007. Print.
Ehrenreich, Barbara. Nickel and Dimed: On (not) Getting by in America. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2001. Print.
Northern European Power Shift
It seems to be a universal human trait that we are always seeking to go beyond perceived boundaries and explore the unknown. Sometimes, this is done for the sake of adventure and nothing more. Most times, however, this is done in the pursuit of wealth, whether it be in the form of land, gold, spices, slaves, or some other highly desirable commodity for a given culture in a given time.
In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the dominant explorers of the time hailed from Portugal and Spain, and these countries were made quite wealthy as a result. Their position, however, as significant empires would not last forever, and soon, the countries of Northern Europe -- in particular, the Netherlands, France, and England -- set out to take their share of the riches, too. These countries improved on the Spanish and Portuguese methods of exploration, ship building,…
Goldman, Steve. "Defeat of the Spanish Armada." 2003. The History Buff. http://www.historybuff.com/library/refspain.html.
Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2003. © 1997-2003 Microsoft Corporation. http://encarta.msn.com.
powers of the presidency are listed and outlined in Article II of the Constitution of the United States. In a relatively brief explanation of the executive branch, the Constitution's framers present a vision of a president with very specific and limited powers. Those powers include the service of Commander in Chief of the nation's armed forces, thereby entrusted with the capability and responsibility of making key strategic decisions related to the behavior of the United States in all military matters. Additional roles played by the president include appointing Justices to the Supreme Court and other staffing decisions, which have major bearings on the political character and tenor of the nation.
Prior to the First and Second World Wars, the United States had remained relatively insular and isolationist in its approach to foreign policy. There were some strategic military engagements prior to that point, but as soon as the United States…
Congressional Record Proceedings and Debates of the 108th Congress (n.d.). Government Printing Office.
United States Constitution. Article II. Text retrieved online: https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/articleii
United States Congress, and the lens used in this case study analysis includes political theories. Viewed through this lens, the organization will be analyzed in terms of who has what power in the organization, who has access to agendas and control over information, what power coalitions or alliances exist, and how the unit attempts to influence other units and create upward influence in the organization. As Morgan (2006) points out, all organizations can be perceived as political systems concerned with and dependent on political activity. The United States Congress happens to take that concept of political systems a step further because the precise and overt purpose of the organization is political activity. To achieve its goals, Congress does exhibit the universal political traits of organizations that hinge on the relations among "interests, conflict, and power," (Morgan, 2006, p. 152). It is how the stakeholders in the organization pursue their interests,…
Donges, P.& Jarren, O. (2014). Mediatization of political organizations. Chapter 10 in Mediatization of Politics. Esser & Stromback (Eds.): 181-199.
Hirsch, A.V. (2016). Experimentation and persuasion in political organizations. American Political Science Review 110(01): 68-84.
Merchant, P. (n.d.). 5 sources of power in organizations. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved online: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/5-sources-power-organizations-14467.html
Morgan, G. (2006). Images of Organization. Sage.
1. Consumers are taking control of brands more than ever before
a. The power of social media to make the voice of the customer heard throughout entire industries is revolutionizing marketing as a result
2. Social media is now the foundation for customer referral systems and reputation management systems
a. Trust is the central chord or reference point -- people trust others like them more than they trust what a company says about a product or service
3. Social media is forcing marketers to be transformational in their skill sets
a. Must now build a conversation with a customer than just talk at them
b. Hype is dead and it is place is the ability to be continually relevant to customers' needs
c. Personalized one-on-one collaboration and communication over mass production of media
4. equires customers to anticipate and respond to customer needs and requests
Hamelin, G.. "Consumers Power Transformational Marketing. " Customer Relationship Management 1 Sep. 2011:
It is quite apparent that if the subordinates are not happy with the leader or the decisions that he makes, they will not work to the best of their ability.
A practical example of this sort of leadership is of Sir Richard Branson who is the owner of the Virgin Company. It should be noted that till this day, the company has a total of 50,000 employees. Despite having so many employees and such busy schedule, Sir Branson always looks after his employees and makes sure that none of their queries go un answered. He personally checks their emails or letters and replies to them. All his employees know that he goes thorough the email therefore they provide their input regarding company decisions as well. This sort of leadership exemplifies the notion that importance should be given to the subordinates as well. It is true that leaders may face tough…
Fiedler, Fred Edward. "A contingency model of leadership effectiveness.." Advances in experimental social psychology. By Berkowtiz, Leonard. 1st ed. New York: Academic press, 2013. Print.
Kipnis, David. The powerholders. Chicago: The Univ. Of Chicago Press, 1976. Print.
Pruitt, Dean G. And Jeffrey Z. Rubin. Social conflict. New York: Random House, 1986. Print.
Van Der Vliert, Evert . Complex Interpersonal Conflict Behavior. London: Psychology Press, 1997. Print.
(United States Supreme Court, 2008). It is impossible to completely determine why a president choices a Supreme Court nominee. However, it seems likely that Ginsburg's feminist history had something to do with his choice. She was one of the first females to attend Harvard Law School, where she struggled for acceptance as a woman. She was instrumental in forwarding women's rights, not only when with the ACLU, but also in other aspects of her professional life. "hile leaning towards the liberal side of the Court's political spectrum, Ginsburg has not hesitated to vote with her conservative colleagues...There is little doubt that Ginsburg's position on women's rights, and civil liberties in general, will play an important role in many controversial issues to come." (Oyez, 2008).
Mount, S. (2006). Constitutional topic: checks and balances. Retrieved March 2, 2008, from the U.S. Constitution Online
eb site: http://www.usconstitution.net/consttop_cnb.html
Oyez. (2008). Ruth Bader…
Mount, S. (2006). Constitutional topic: checks and balances. Retrieved March 2, 2008, from the U.S. Constitution Online
Web site: http://www.usconstitution.net/consttop_cnb.html
Oyez. (2008). Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Retrieved March 2, 2008 from Oyez.org
Web site: http://www.oyez.org/justices/ruth_bader_ginsburg/
Strategy implementation can also be severely affected by the lack of commitment of employees of all levels. "The resistance from some employees who not yet see the big picture" can have detrimental affects on the successful implementation of strategies derived from the Balanced Scoreboard process (Berger 2009).
Moreover, there are long durations between creation, implementation, and results. Long pauses in implementation can drastically lower the momentum of the entire project, and "The Balanced Scorecard could pay the price of their fatigue through a lack of attention and modeling necessary to set proper tone throughout the organization (Niven 2002). So much energy could go into planning, but "Perhaps the single biggest Scorecard pitfall to be avoided, however, is lack of maintenance," (Niven 2002). Great pangs should be taken in order to make sure that appropriate levels of attention are being paid to individual problems in productivity. Therefore, "The Scorecard, like any…
Ahn, H (2001). "Applying the Balanced Scorecard Concept: An Experience Report." Long-Range Planning 34: 441-461
Atkinson, H. (2006) Strategy Implementation: A role for the Balanced Scorecard? Management Decision. 44,10: 141-1460
Berger, Serena. (2009). "Balanced Scorecard Disadvantages." Article Insider. Retrieved November 23, 2009 at http://www.articleinsider.com/business/management/balanced-scorecard-disadvantages
Hopf, R.H. (2001). Guide to a Balanced Scorecard Performance Management Methodology. Procurement Executives' Association. Retrieved November 23, 2009 at http://management.energy.gov/documents/BalancedScorecardPerfAndMeth.pdf
What the Occupy Wall Street movement is doing, is questioning the entire system itself.
A good example of this can be seen with the Occupy Wall Street Oakland chapter. What happened was the city had removed their camp near City Hall Plaza. This is in response to reports of: deaths, drug use and unsanitary conditions. At the same time, the resources of the police department were stressed to the point that they were unable to deal with possible issues affecting the safety of the community. This is when the police raided the encampment and dispersed the protestors from the area. In response to what was happening, the Oakland chapter decided to begin occupying foreclosed homes and privately owned vacant lots near City Hall Plaza. As, they are trying to illustrate how: the risky activities of bankers contributed to the financial crisis by staying in these locations. This is significant, because…
About. (2011). Occupy Wall Street. Retrieved from: http://occupywallst.org/about/
Bailout Statistics. (2009). Capt Karl. Retrieved from: http://captkarl.blogivists.com/2009/01/22/bank-bailout-statistics-the-score-board/
Just 21% Favor GM Bailout Plan. (2009). Rasmussen Reports. Retrieved from: http://www.rasmussenreports.com/public_content/business/auto_industry/may_2009/just_21_favor_gm_bailout_plan_67_oppose
Organizational Symbols and Culture. (n.d.).
These ideas and notions may seem more abstract than concrete. It can be a seemingly daunting task to stray from what I am used to, but I know that I must look at all aspects of my life as a system that works together as one unit. As I mentioned earlier, in order for other areas of my life to be on track my personal life must first be there. Working on my personal life diligently cannot help but to spill over into my work life. This will help to greatly improve my managerial and leadership abilities.
Once these abilities have been sharpened, I will be able to move an organization away from an old way of thinking to a systems thinking organization. Systems thinking involve looking at the whole organization as opposed to its individual components (Vaill, 1996). Even though organizations may be made up of separate entities, they…
Covey, S.R. (2004). Be Proactive. The 7 habits of highly effective people: Restoring the character ethic ([Rev. ed., pp. 65-94). New York: Free Press.
Vaill, P.B. (1996). Systems Learning. Learning as a way of being: Strategies for survival in a world of permanent white water (pp. 102-119). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
An employee has to "try it on for size" so to speak. For example, there are scores of people who do not fit the profile for being successful as a telecommuter or who have better success in following a specific road plan as noted by David Zelman. However, this does not mean that anyone should give up looking for a way to improve the balance in his or her life. Given the thousands of hours each person spends at work during a lifetime, it is advantageous for all people to find their unique answer to this balancing act.
Covey, S. 1989. Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Kalensky, D.A. (2004). Telecommuter Work/Life Balance Study. http://www.tjobs.com/tcsrvyrslts_a.shtml. (Accessed November 26, 2006).
McCarty, M. Find Time For Yourself. (2006) OfficePO. International Association of Administrative Professionals. 66.2: 11-12.
Hill, J., Alan J. Hawkins, Maria Ferris, and Michelle Weitzman.…
Covey, S. 1989. Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Kalensky, D.A. (2004). Telecommuter Work/Life Balance Study. http://www.tjobs.com/tcsrvyrslts_a.shtml . (Accessed November 26, 2006).
McCarty, M. Find Time For Yourself. (2006) OfficePRO. International Association of Administrative Professionals. 66.2: 11-12.
Hill, J., Alan J. Hawkins, Maria Ferris, and Michelle Weitzman. (2001). Finding an Extra Day a Week: The Positive Influence of Perceived Job Flexibility on Work and Family Life Balance. Family Relations. 50: 49
balanced scorecard approach is quite pervasively used by organizations of all stripes when it comes to their strategic decision making and their long-term plans. It is especially associated with for-profit businesses in terms of what they will focus on, what they will not focus on, what resources/people will be allocated to the initiatives that are chosen and so forth. While the balanced scorecard and for-profit businesses are quite commonly talked about in the same sentences, a lot of (but not all) the priorities and such associated with the practice can be used just as effectively with non-profit businesses. The focus of this report will be a non-profit agency known as the Cattaraugus County ehabilitation Center (CCC). While some of the results of balanced scorecard use by the CCC were mixed, they did a good job overall when it comes to the use of the tool.
The article explains that…
Chad, P. (2015). Utilising a change management perspective to examine the implementation of corporate rebranding in a non-profit SME. Journal Of Brand Management, 22(7), 569-
French-Bravo, M., & Crow, G. (2015). Shared Governance: The Role of Buy-in in Bringing
About Change. Online Journal Of Issues In Nursing, 20(2), 8-8 1p.
Gender is often considered an immutable trait, linked inextricably to the biological sex one was born with. However, research over the past several decades in a multitude of fields including anthropology, psychology, and sociology shows that gender is socially constructed and not innate. Gender is projected onto children before they are fully cognizant of their surroundings, dressed in gendered clothes and channeled into gendered activities. A child is rarely free to construct his or her own gender. While it is rare for a person to be born hermaphroditic, it is not rare at all for someone to dis-identify with their socially prescribed gender and therefore deviate from the norm. Some forms of gender-bending are considered normative, but only in certain contexts. For example, a young girl can be a tomboy without serious social consequences but if she continues to subvert traditional gender norms, she risks social stigma. The level of…
Charon, J.M. & Vigilant, L.G. Social Problems: Readings with Four Questions 4th Edition
Balanced Scorecard Analysis: Starbucks
What is the balanced scorecard?
The balanced scorecard is a method of conveying value to an organization through the use of performance measurement tools. "The balanced scorecard has evolved from its early use as a simple performance measurement framework to a full strategic planning and management system. The 'new' balanced scorecard transforms an organization's strategic plan from an attractive but passive document into the 'marching orders' for the organization on a daily basis" ("Balanced scorecard basics," 2014). It can be quantified according to a 'four quadrant' perspective analysis whereby a business is analyzed holistically from a financial, customer, process, and learning and growth perspective. It was designed to circumvent the frequently 'backward-looking' perspective of many modern organizations and to create a more forward-thinking perspective. "Traditional financial reporting systems provide an indication of how a firm has performed in the past, but offer little information about how…
Allison, M. (2005). Starbucks stores to shut 3 hours on Feb. 26 for retraining baristas
The Seattle Times. Retrieved from:
Balanced scorecard basics. (2014). Balanced Scorecard. Retrieved from:
Balanced Federal Budgets
The federal government has a wide variety of responsibilities, most of which stem from programs that the government has created. Some of these outlays are discretionary, but many are not. The trade-offs for the federal government are usually not a question economics, but politics. The current federal budget for FY2016 shows a deficit of $474 billion. The largest outlays are for social security ($891 billion), other mandatory programs ($627), defense ($589), Medicare ($529) and non-defense discretionary, which covers a wide variety of different programs. Finding $474 billion to cut there -- or some of that money in conjunction with tax increases -- is inevitably going to be a challenge. Much of government spending in the budget is in the form of mandatory programs. Further, many of these are impossible, politically, to reduce. One does not simply cut Medicare payouts without losing a strong voting bloc, for example.…
Government Finance Officers Association. (2014). Distinguished Budget Presentation Award Program (Budget Awards Program). Retrieved from http://www.gfoa.co/sites/default/files/BudgetDetailedCriteriaLocationGuideFY2015.pdf
Mikesell, J. L. (2014). Fiscal administration: Analysis and applications for the public sector (9th
ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth.
Balanced Scorecard Approach by Cattaraugus County eHabilitation Center
Unlike many so-called "management fads" that emerged over the past 20 years, the balanced scorecard approach has been shown time and again as an effective way for companies of all sizes and types of better manage their resources in ways that provide them with a competitive advantage. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature to demonstrate that Cattaraugus County ehabilitation Center did an effective job of implementing a Balanced Scorecard approach in a fashion that reflects their organizational mission and vision. A summary of the research and important findings concerning the Center's implementation of a balanced scorecard approach are presented in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Balanced Scorecard Overview
The Balanced Scorecard approach was developed and refined during the 1990s by Kaplan and Norton with the goal of identifying those factors that are most responsible for driving organizational performance (Martello,…
Mackay, A. (2004, October). A practitioners' report based on: Shareholder and stakeholder approaches to strategic performance measurement using the Balanced Scorecard. CIMA
Martello, M., Watson, J.G., & Fischer, M.J. (2008, September). Implementing a Balanced
Scorecard in a not-for-profit organization. Journal of Business & Economics Research,
Japanese Art of Balance
In Japanese culture there is a balancing act taking place. There is a definite ebb and flow, wax and wane to life. Here several aspects of the culture will be considered and addressed in an effort to show how the art of balance is created and how significant it is in the Japanese culture and lifestyle. It is not just art, not just food, not "just" anything when it comes to where the balance is seen and how much it has to offer to the Japanese people. It seems as though balance has always been part of their culture, from the earliest times right up until the present day. People who are not part of that culture, or who do not focus on the many ways in which balance can be achieved in life, may not realize the significance of some of the things Japanese people…
Cwiertka, Katarzyna J. (2007). Modern Japanese Cuisine: Food, Power and National Identity. New York: Reaktion Books.
Dale, Peter N. (1990). The Myth of Japanese Uniqueness London: Routledge
Diamond, Jared (1998). "Japanese Roots." Discover Magazine 19 (6).
Goldstein-Gidoni, Ofra (1999). Kimono And The Construction of Gendered and Cultural Identities. 38. The University of Pittsburgh. pp. 351-370.
The fact of the matter that people place power and belief in the pyramid itself proclaiming that the pyramid itself is a cure all for their problems
The impossibility to either prove or deny many of these instances of miracle does misplaces the causality of their happening. Mystery contributes to the human mind's desperate attempt to make sense of things that have no logical or obvious cause. Perhaps this is the case in many worshippers of the pyramid. The previous arguments suggesting that power of the pyramid is in fact real and causes humans to react in special or abnormal ways confuses the situation about casualty and result.
Blanket statements that either support or deny the use of pyramid power will both most likely be incomplete and unmoving. Scientific experiment demands that these effects be both repeatable and with certain cause. This is very difficult due to both the esoteric…
"Pyramid Power Theory; Where it Started." Pyramid Power Theory. Viewed on 1 April 2013. Retrieved from http://pyramidpowertheory.wordpress.com/pyramid-power-theory-where - it-started/
Robinson,,C. (2012). Pyramids Over Us All. Scientific Daily, 21 Mar 2011.
Toth, Max. Pyramid Power.1985, Destiny Books.
University of Texas. "Pyramid and Crystal Myths, Powers and Pseudoscience." Viewed on 1 April 2013. Retrieved from https://webspace.utexas.edu/cokerwr/www/index.html/pyracrystal.shtml
Secret; The Power
honda Byrne's The Secret: The Power (2010) is truly an incredibly bad book, simplistic, repetitive and divorced from real history, politics or economics, yet it has sold 19 million copies. A cynic might say that the real secret to wealth is writing a bestselling book that millions will buy. Her 2006 book The Secret sold more over 19 million copies and was translated into 46 languages, and she was also a guest on the Oprah Winfrey Show and many others on the daytime TV chat circuit. Like all self-help writers, she has a talent for publishing the same advice repeatedly in new books that claim to offer even greater insights than past philosophers and religious teachers and in 2007 Byrne wrote The Secret Gratitude Book, followed a year later by The Secret: Daily Teachings. Her latest offering is about 250 pages long and quickly appeared on the…
Byrne, R. (2010). The Secret: The Power. NY: Simon & Schuster.
hile most see these and other similar reforms as necessary, serving merely as a legal upgrade for law enforcement, one provision of the act's section regarding wireless communication has created much controversy. This section allows foreign intelligence agencies to wiretap citizen's phones and computers without a court order. Bringing the country back to the short-lived standard of 1928, when a fraction of the technology that is used on a regular basis today was even invented, this portion of the act leaves room for the undocumented surveillance of United States citizens (Podesta). Similarly, President George . Bush announced that in the days and months following the September 11th terrorist attacks he ordered the wiretapping of several United States residents without approval from congress, admitting and defending his expansion of the role of executive. Thus, while both public and private wiretapping have a long history of use in the United States, the…
Americans see 9/11 as most important event of their lives." Breitbart.com. 10
September 2007. Breitbart.com. 7 August 2008. http://www.breitbart.com/article.php?id=070910151708.55q95fzq&show_article=1 .
Balz, Dan and Deane, Claudia. "Differing Views on Terrorism." The Washington Post.
11 January 2006.
System of Checks and Balances
The concept of Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances is more or less the same thing. Both of these ideas were introduced into the government to ensure that one branch of the government does not have all the power. Another reason it was introduced was so that the responsibilities and duties are distributed among different areas to ensure that the government is doing its job perfectly. Separation of Powers is basically a model of government in which various parts of the government have different tasks. The three different branches of the United States government are Executive, Legislative and Judicial. Before we get into the history of separation of powers, it is only necessary to tell which branch is in charge of what activities.
The legislative branch is basically the Congress and its major responsibility is to approve acts and make them into laws.…
Factmonster.com (2007). Checks and Balances | FactMonster.com. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0777009.html [Accessed: 28 Jul 2013].
Ncsl.org (2005). Separation of Powers -- An Overview. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.ncsl.org/legislatures-elections/legislatures/separation-of-powers-an-overview.aspx [Accessed: 28 Jul 2013].
In most occasions however, the consent of the Congress is rather difficult to acquire and this often leads to frictions in the relations between the two parties. So tense are these relationships that the President perceives his meeting with the Congress as the most demanding and largest milestone in his path. "The President often sees Congress as an obstacle to be overcome, and always has to calculate how his proposals will play out with Congress. He cannot dictate to Congress what he wants, and faces a huge task in communicating with Congress because of its size and diversity" (Hamilton, 2004).
The frictions which occur between Congress and President have had a historical positive side in the meaning that they forced Presidents to forward flawless action plans, based on real facts, resource estimations and expected outcomes. Today however, the general perception is that these tensions are a means of stalling and…
Hamilton, L., 2004, Congress and the President, Center on Congress, http://www.centeroncongress.org/radio_commentaries/congress_president.php last accessed on August 12, 2009
2009, United States Government, MSN Encarta, http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_1741500781_3/united_states_government.html last accessed on August 10, 2009
The Constitution of the United States of America, Cornell University Law School, http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/constitution.overview.html last accessed on August 10, 2009
microeconomic event related to New Balance Athletic Shoe, Inc.
The shoes industry just like any other business activity encompasses of diverse footwear retailers, manufacturers and wholesalers. The chief wholesalers in the entire United States of America marketplaces especially the brand name owners obtain the shoes from the independent manufactures. The retail footwear organizations range entails the small shoes businesses that provide shoes to the local citizens to the multinational chain companies. However, most of the footwear industries all over the world operate in both the wholesale and retail arenas hence capable of increasing the profitable returns. Operating through both the wholesale and retail arenas also assist the shoe companies to reduce the risks the organization faces. For instance, New Balance Athletic Shoe, Inc. incorporates all the retail and wholesale plants to acquire ready-made materials for the production of the final footwear product (Carroll, Archie and Ann 71).
Analysis of current…
Carroll, Archie B, and Ann K. Buchholtz. Business & Society: Ethics and Stakeholder
Management. Mason, OH: CL-South-Western Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.
S. Constitution and to resolve issues of law and any conflicts between the laws of individual states and the Constitution (Dershowitz, 2002). Several modern cases have required the Judicial
Branch to apply the checks and balances principle to unconstitutional actions by the other branches of government. In 1983, the Supreme Court prohibited the Legislative Branch from vetoing decisions issued by the Executive Branch (as represented by the Attorney
General) arising in the eagan administration and later, in 1998, by applying the separation of powers doctrine to the diametrically opposite side of the same general issue, in prohibiting the delegation of congressional legislative authority to the president during the Clinton administration (Friedman, 2005).
Morrison v. Olson, 487 U.S. 654 (1988):
The case arose during the eagan administration when President eagan
Instructed Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and components of the U.S.
Department of Justice to furnish documents formally subpoenaed by the House…
Dershowitz, a. (2002). Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York: Little Brown.
Friedman, L. (2005). A History of American Law. New York: Touchstone. Hall, K. (Ed.) (1992). The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press
Hot Wings Balanced Scorecard
From the financial perspective, the measures for the balanced scorecard are revenues, profitability (net income) and margins (gross, operating and net margins). These measures are the most important to the shareholders, and they best reflect the industry. Market share is not a good financial measure because the casual dining segment is so heavily fragmented that market share will always be miniscule even when Hot Wings is successful -- achieving a dominating market share is not a realistic objective. Revenue, profit and margin objectives are closely related. Profit and margin reflect the relationship between revenue and costs, and reflect in part the pricing power that the company has with its suppliers and customers. Given that the current state of the industry is oriented towards price competition in casual dining, the ability to maintain superior margins can be seen as both a source of competitive advantage and as…
As per the arrangement, this will see Dulux offer the product for sale under its own brand name. In exchange for the access it will have to PFP technology, Dulux will be expected to pay an annual royalty fee. The said fee is expected to be 15% of the profits Dulux rakes in from the sale of PFP paint. Thus with regard to merchandising, PFP Ltd. plans to have a main partnership with Dulux. On the production front, the company will enter into a one year trial period partnership with Dulux for the production of Power Paint. Mass production of the same will largely be dependent on the results of this trial.
Benefits of Partnership
One of the key benefits of PFP's partnership with Dulux is the specialization each partner brings to the arrangement. Currently, Dulux has an elaborate distribution system and sound customer base to guarantee maximum exposure to…
Hill, C.W. & Jones, G.R. (2012). Strategic Management Theory (10th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Miller, R.L. & Jentz, G.A. (2010). Business Law Today: The Essentials (9th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
M Balanced Scorecard
The balanced scorecard is a unique managerial technique that promotes scoring metrics that analyze the important factors of any business. This technique enables organizations to develop and track key business strategies and goals. There are four branches of this approach including the customer leg, financial leg, internal business leg and education leg. M& followed this breakdown and created scorecards for sections under these four legs in order to implement change and create a new profit making strategy.
M&'s balanced scorecard approach demonstrated many strengths and can be useful for gaining competitive advantage within the oil industry. One strength of this approach was that the managers of each gas station was given the opportunity to adjust at a local level to customer needs and demands. This training allowed a decentralized approach that can be more flexibly applied throughout the nation.
Another strength of M&'s balanced scorecard approach was…
Kaplan, R. (2010). Conceptual Foundations of the Balanced Scorecard. Harvard Business School Working Paper 10-074. 2010. Retrieved from http://www.hbs.edu/faculty/Publication%20Files/10-074.pdf
M&R Case Study. Provided by Customer
Peron Came to Power
Publisher: Alfred - A - Knopf
Copyright Date: 1968
The editor of this publication, Joseph . Barager, following his own 38-page introduction, gives way to 21 individual "authors" - all of whom contribute short essays on pivotal periods and events leading up to and into the Peron era. Each of the 21 essayists has his or her own particular area of expertise, and hence, a unique point-of-view. As to the over-riding point-of-view of the editor? Barager clearly wishes to establish at the outset of his book, that the book is going to argue that Juan Domingo Peron was not responsible for "all the ills and misfortunes" that afflicted Argentina following WWII - notwithstanding the contention of some Latin American journalistic observers, and the raging of many hostile and angry Argentineans. Nor, the editor's thesis goes on to assert, was Peron the "champion" of the lower class…
Barager, Joseph R. Why Peron Came to Power: The Background to Peronism in Argentina. New York: Alfred - A - Knopf, 1968.
The American President is said to be the most powerful man in the world, but it is also said that the President has limited influence over domestic policy. Even if the President is relatively weak in terms of domestic policy, he still has tremendous power, more than just about anyone else. This paper will analyze the different formal and informal ways in which the President exerts influence over domestic policy. The paper will then examine the question of whether or not the President's authority on domestic affairs is relatively weak. This is an interesting question because it is a question of relativity in which the comparable matters. Compared with the President's powers on foreign affairs, Presidential powers in the realm of domestic affairs are relatively weak. Compared with anybody else's powers, the powers of the President in the realm of domestic affairs is strong; nobody else has as…
In other words, on a balance sheet, outsourcing often makes sense. Take the following example of a study of one hundred domestically run company, where "on average," it cost an accounts payable department $16.54 to process a vendor payment," meaning that it cost the company "probably $10.50 - $11.00" to collect payment while using internal company labor on a permanent basis. (Cass, 2005) By out sourcing collection to a cheaper foreign or domestic firm, the original firm could save a great deal using workers in this relatively unobtrusive and mechanical capacity.
However, highly publicized, extensive use of outsourcing is not always so hidden -- for example when troubleshooting staff at a computer company may be technically literate, but not technically or colloquially fluent with the English language of most of the users of a 'help line.' Exploitation of local labor in poorer nations of Asia and Africa has incurred negative…
Cass Informations Systems. (2005) "ROI Outsourcing." Retrieved 26 Jul 2005 at http://www.cassinfo.com/cassutility/how_much.html
Donlon, Peter & John Kropp. (2005) "Offshore vs. Onshore outsourcing." API Company News. Retrieved 26 Jul 2005 at http://www.apioutsourcing.com/company/news15_offshore_vs_onshore.html
Outsourcing Discussion. (2005) Cadence Corporation. Retrieved 26 Jul 2005 at http://cadence.advanstar.com/ubbthreads/showflat.php?Cat=&Board=Outsourcing&Number=11834&Main=9990
Marital Power U.S." discuss describe advantages disadvantages married U.S. How role gender plays Education, Earned Income, (Professional: Occupational / Title) Does wage difference explains subordination home ? discriminating women, Is a systematic pattern dominates women men?( include race differences describing discrimination) Does domination public sector private sector? How ? Include discussions couples inherited wealth powerful status divorce rates types marriages average married couples? type family formation pattern affects continues future generations (children involved type families).
Marital power in the U.S.
Advantages and disadvantages of being married in the U.S.
Marriage is a wonderful union of two people who are bonded in love. One advantage of marriage is that it gives the two people in love the ability to love and to be loved in return. Marriage gives the two people an avenue to channel their love and attention towards a greater feeling. A second advantage of marriage is that it…
Bednarek, L.B. (1998). The Gender Wage Gap: Searching for Equality in a Global Economy. Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, 6(1), 213-236.
Davies, P.T., & Cummings, E.M. (1994). Marital Conflict and Child Adjustment: An Emotional Security Hypothesis. American Psychological Association Psychological Bulletin, 116, 387-411.
Kerckhoff, A.C. (1976). Patterns of Marriage and Family Formation and Dissolution. Journal of Consumer Research, 2(4), 261-275.
PolitiFact. (2012). Steve Sweeney claims two-thirds of marriages end in divorce, from http://www.politifact.com/new-jersey/statements/2012/feb/20/stephen-sweeney/steve-sweeney-claims-more-two-thirds-marriages-end/
This created silent enemies whose sole purpose is to make that person look like a complete and total loser. Therefore, restoring the balance that was lost and feeling better about them while you are left feeling degraded and humiliated about what happened. On the other hand, the lesson is often learned the hard way and one can see that it does not pay often times to stick out in the crowd. There are those that thrive in the monotony of it all being predictable. If one follows the leader than no harm can come to them and balance is once again restored. It never works trying to appear better than those that you seek support from, they end up feeling as if you only want their support because you in fact think in some way you are better than they are. This is a sure way to keep people from…
Teams should be created that embrace a diversity of skills and workers from different areas of expertise, so there is no knowledge overlap, and thus less jockeying for position of who has the better qualifications within a certain field. If necessary, a clear leader should be established who understands the importance and the time table of the goal of the team. One problem with self-managed teams is that personality rather than goals can become the focus of team discussion. Because the goal is set externally, employees must become internally motivated to reach that goal. Having a clear leader selected beforehand, if the leader does indeed deserve his or her authority, may be a wise managerial move to limit grabs for power. If all members of the team are relatively similar in skills, however, giving the team more jurisdictions in selecting leadership roles might be considered.
The team must have a…
Technical Terms Used in Project Portfolio Management." (2005). Glossary.
Lee Merkhofer Consulting. Retrieved 1 Feb 2008 at http://www.prioritysystem.com/glossary2b.html
Utility analysis: An overview." (2004, April). Vital Enterprises. Retrieved 1 Feb 2008 at http://www.vitalentusa.com/learn/utility_analysis_overview.php#basic_assump
Separation of Powers
Doctrine of Separation of powers in Australia
The concept of separation of powers has been in operation and application in many countries. This has always helped them in ensuring efficient governance and effective working of each arm of the government without interfering with the other organs of the government. Factually, the different arms of the governments cannot operate independent of each other, yet they must keep a safe distance that will enable them operate effectively and carry out their daily activities. This doctrine of separation of powers classifies the institutions of government into 3 major branches classified as the legislative, the Executive and the judicial branch. Separation of powers in Australia
The Australian system is referred to as the Westminster system which is a system that was adopted from England and still has the Queen as the overall head who resides in England but represented locally by…
Australianpolitics.com, (2014). Westminster System. Retrieved April 21, 2014 from http://australianpolitics.com/democracy-and-politics/key-terms/westminster-system
Carney G., (1993). Separation of Powers in the Westminster System. Retrieved April 21, 2014 from http://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/aspg/papers/930913.pdf
Museum of Australian Democracy, (2014). Australia's System of Governance. Retrieved April 21, 2014 from http://static.moadoph.gov.au/ophgovau/media/images/apmc/docs/61-System-of-government.pdf
Parliamentary Education Office, (2014). Separation of Powers: Parliament, Executive and Judiciary. Retrieved April 21, 2014 from http://www.peo.gov.au/learning/fact-sheets/separation-of-powers.html
Dabhol Power Project
Dabhol Power Project: isk Analysis
For the entities involved with the Dabhol Power Project, the potential political risks posed by the unstable Indian government were very high. Indian politics was in a state of tumult at the time of the project's conception, and although the government was allowing for greater privatization of energy within the nation, there was no guarantee that the current government could remain in power for the duration of the ambitious venture. Not all political parties in India were supportive of foreign investments and joint partnerships. Modern India historically had pursued a policy of being closed to the outside world, in terms of development, in an effort to improve the nation's self-reliance and to break away from colonialism. Although this was changing, there were no guarantees that nationalistic governments could permanently steer their way to greater privatization (Lejot & Pretorius…
Lejot, Paul & Frederick Pretorius. (2007). The Dabhol Power Project. Asia Case Research
It also illustrated the solidification of the definition of a true American as a white male. Andrew Jackson was a populist, and spoke out against the landed aristocracy, of which Jefferson was a member. Jackson wanted votes for all men, regardless of property-holding status, but he also wanted to expand property ownership to a larger proportion of the population. his would be accomplished by expansion westward.
he Indian Removal Act of 1830 confirmed the Jacksonian idea that America was not a race-neutral civilization, and depended upon the subjugation and eradication of some races, while it strove to build up its own status: "hey have neither the intelligence, the industry, the moral habits, nor the desire of improvement which are essential to any change in their condition. Established in the midst of another and superior race, they must necessarily yield to the force of circumstances and ere long disappear," said Jackson,…
The war with Mexico, which resulted in the establishment of Texas as one of the states of the union, was also characterized as a battle of civilizations, with Mexicans being characterized as 'inferior' and undeserving of a state that had been their territory, into which they had invited American settlers. Because the American settlers in Texas were white, ergo Texas was seen as a 'white' and 'American' nation in a way that transcended most legal conceptions of what constituted national ownership of a territory.
As expansion westward continued, so did the divisions in the nation over slavery. A variety of compromises were instated to balance the U.S. between slave and free, but a crisis was clearly building in terms of how the U.S. would finally identify itself -- could an American citizen be anything other than a white man? But not only southerners subscribed to the doctrine of racial inferiority: In a perfect ideological storm, a misinterpretation of Darwinian notions of the evolution of the races and anthropological study of 'primitive' societies and skull sizes were used to justify the inequitable status of black people and the right of Europeans to dominate all other races in the name of progress. Racism and domination of native peoples was cast in a moral light.
Finally, he inferiority of certain races became codified into law: the 1857 Dred Scott U.S. Supreme Court case declared that people of African ancestry, enslaved or free, could never become citizens of the United States. The Court's opinion stated that black people "had no rights which the white man was bound to respect," and in effect, one a slave, always a slave. Hopes that slavery would die out of its own accord were extinguished.
HARMONIZING PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL BALANCE: STUDY OF EMPLOYERS' FAMILY FRIENDLY POLICIES IN THE U.K.
This study seeks to show that there are several different family friendly policies being utilized by employers in the U.K. And that these have been necessary for some time. The three main policies are: part-time work, flex-time (flexible start and finish times) and teleworking. All three of these policies are important for working mums and others that would like to have time with their families or for other pursuits. However, not all employers are interested in offering these kinds of arrangements, and many prefer to stick with the traditional work schedule where individuals all come in at a certain time and all leave at a certain time. There is increasing evidence, though, that this does not work well for many people in the U.K. And this is the reason for studying this issue and determining what…
Clay, Joan M. 2001. Employer liability for telecommuting employees: Despite the many potential benefits of telecommuting, employees based in remote offices may cause unanticipated legal liability for employers. Cornell Hotel & Restaurant Administration Quarterly.
Joshi, Heather. 2002. Production, reproduction, and education: women, children, and work in a British perspective. Population and Development Review.
Tilly, Joan M. 1998. Part-time and temporary work: flexibility for whom? Dollars & Sense.
The Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches: Separation of Powers and Maintaining Checks and Balances in the Government
The formulation, enactment, and implementation of the Constitution as the primary basis of law in the United States aim to provide society with representativeness. The establishment of the U.S. government allows for the separation of powers among its three branches: the executive, legislative, and judiciary. The President, Vice-President, and its departments represent the Executive branch; the Senate and Congress, on the other hand, represent the legislative branch; lastly, the Judiciary is composed of the Supreme Court (Microsoft Encarta 2002). Each branch has a function designed to provide people not only their representatives in the government, but to ensure that the state and nation as a whole also fulfills their functions as citizens of the country (as decreed by the Constitution). Each branch's function is also designed to ensure that checks and…
'Three Branches of the Government." Utah Education Network. Retrieved February 19, 2004. Available at: http://www.uen.org/themepark/html/liberty/3branches.html .
"United States." Microsoft Encarta Reference Library 2002. Microsoft Corporation 1993-2001.