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In this case, individuals are entitled to produce goods and services to meet their human need instead of private profit (Wolff, 2012).
Prevention for Power and Privileges under Social Contract:
While social contract provides power and privileges to all members of the society, ordinary people are usually prevented from executing the power and privilege that they are entitled to through various ways. Some of these ways include the state's legitimacy claims and excess governmental control that interfere with certain rights of ordinary people. Through its claims of legitimate authority, a state enacts regulations that citizens must obey despite of their danger of disobeying.
The claims to legitimate authority are mainly based on the fact that governments are elected by the people they rule and act as people's voice. The claims to legitimate authority by states result in governmental control, which is the other way with which ordinary people are prevented…
Wolff, R.P. (2012). Social and political philosophy. In About philosophy. Pearson Education,
Also, a very liberal strategy like the one that Mexico took after the NAFTA agreements is dangerous to a newly independent state. Extreme liberalization worked well for Mexico because a large and confident Mexico felt like it could benefit greatly from increased trade and labor transfer with the United States, without being pushed around in the agreement, and Canada helped to maintain neutrality. The Joyan Islands, on the other hand, have no competitive edge on the United States or any other large trading power, and therefore must follow the example of Singapore and specialize in very specific and profitable ventures, best managed by the technocratic state.
I will allow DeWine to operate freely on the islands of Zafiro and Esmeralda, but will nationalize mining on the largest island, Rubi. In order to consolidate power in the newly formed state, it is important to completely secure the main power base island…
Republicans construed Obama as suggesting government bailouts for new industries, or at the slightest a more lively federal government function in generating or supporting jobs -- concepts abominations to a lot of conservatives.
The Obama campaign countered the idea as political spin that does not replicate the president's feeling or meaning, pointing to full circumstances of the quotation as confirmation (Koch, 2011).
Discuss the process of how a Bill becomes a law in Texas.
To introduce a bill, first the sponsor must prepare a draft in a particular format and style. Staff at the Office of Legislative Counsel typically provide this service. In the House of Representative, members or delegates place a signed copy of their bill in the "hopper," a box located next to the rostrum at the front of the chamber. Senators either give a copy of their bill to the clerk or request recognition from the presiding…
Monk, Linda R. The Bill of Rights: A User's Guide. Alexandria, Va.: Close Up Publishing, 2009.
Koch, Adrienne ed., Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 Reported by James Madison. New York: W.W. Norton, 2011.
Bailyn, Bernard ed., The Debate on the Constitution, Part One. New York: Library of America, 2003.
Raskin, Jamin B. Overruling Democracy: The Supreme Court vs. The American People. New York: Routledge, 2010, 7.
The 'Changes' clause enables the Government "to make unilateral changes to the contract during performance, so long as those changes fall within the contract's scope."
The Standard 'Changes' clause utilized in fixes price supply contracts allows the CO to make changes in writing to:
1) the drawings, designs, or specifications when the item is being specifically manufactured for the government;
2) the method of shipment or packing; or 3) the place of delivery. [Far 52.243-1] (Vancketta, 1999)
The 'constructive change' doctrine allows informal government actions or inactions not initially identified or admitted to be changes - but which require extra work - by the CO may nonetheless constitute changes." (Vancketta, 1999) Stated as typical categories of constructive changes that have been recognized by the administrative board of contract appeals and the courts are those as follows:
1) informal extra work directives;
2) defection government specifications or impossibility of…
How to Register as a Federal Contractor (2008) Business.gov online available at http://www.business.gov/guides/government-contracting/ register.html' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Lobbyists may accost legislators to directly influence their vote on a certain issue. Lobbyists fulfill the important role of providing information for legislators' decision-making, educating and forming public opinion, and even contributing to and testifying to certain legislations. Lobbyists are mostly involved in the electoral process through the use of political action committees (Magleby et al.).
Creating the Constitution
The original framers designed the Constitution for ordinary people who were not perceived to be able to run a government unchecked (Magleby et al., 2010). These originators were wary that those who would hold political power would abuse it. Hence, they separated and distributed powers in varied ways. They also wanted the national government to be strong enough to solve national problems so it was given a broad range of power. This would allow the constitutional system flexibility and adaptability to changing conditions and situations. The judiciary received the power to…
Drake, Frederick and Nelson, Lynn (2002). Teaching about federalism in the United
States. ERIC Digests ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies. Retrieved on June 25,
2011 from http://www.ericdigests.org/2003-1/usa.htm
Fog, Agner (2004). The supposed and real impact of mass media in modern democracy.
A shutdown furlough takes place in case of a lapse in appropriations, mostly at the commencement of a fiscal year, where funds have not been appropriated for that year, or when continuing resolution expires, or failing to pass a new continuing resolution or appropriations law. Whenever a shutdown furlough exists, agency affected is forced to shut down all the activities that are funded by annual appropriations that the law does not allow. In fact, this agency will face very little to do, failure of having lead time to plan as well as implement a shutdown furlough.
Following the recent shutdown furlough a direction was given to government agencies to execute plans for a systematic shutdown, which was to take place after Congress decided not to pass a funding bill to avoid disruption to some other government services. The tasked Office of Management and Budget with carrying out the…
Having shown an exact, real-world example of a personal experience with bureaucracy, it is useful to also take a look at Weber's classic definition of bureaucracy and determine if Weber's definition is applicable in this situation.
Weber's Definition of ureaucracy
Max Weber is considered by many to be not only one of the major figures in the history of the social sciences, but also the one person whose discussions of bureaucracy are still widely studied, over a century after they were first presented. According to Weber, bureaucracy is a form of public administration that is effective and efficient when it is used as a neutral way to govern, but it becomes ineffective and dangerous when individual interests come into play (Miner).
Keeping Weber's definition of bureaucracy in mind, the scenario that was originally presented in this research is proper for several reasons. First, it is clear that the form of…
Courtney, Roger. Strategic Management for Voluntary Nonprofit Organizations. London: Routledge, 2002.
A micro considers the interests and rights of the individual company as the primary concern. Both of these views are valid depending on the lens that one wishes to use. The problem arises when the government is forced to develop policies regarding procurement in this volatile debate. The government must decide whether to take a micro view, favoring the rights of companies, or a macro view that places the interest of the American people at its forefront.
The issue of off shoring has several legal implications that must be considered. The first and foremost is that if a problem arise from an offshore contract, the legalities can be complex. There is always a question of which set of laws prevails. If laws in the two countries differ on key points, such as contract law, the problem arises of how to decide which law takes precedence. Off shoring makes…
1. Raw Story. U.S. Government 'outsources its brain'. March 30, 2007. http://rawstory.com/news/2007/U.S._Government_outsourcing_its_brain_0330.html . Accessed February 26, 2008.
2. Wait, P. Government outsourcing grows fastest of all sectors. Washington Technology. 2002. Vol. 16 No. 23. ttp:/ / www.washingtontechnology.com/print/16_23/17920-1.html. Accessed February 26, 20008.
3. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) USA. Offshore Outsourcing. March 2004. http://www.ieeeusa.org/policy/positions/offshoring.html
4. Rankin, C. Offshore Outsourcing - Recent U.S. Legislature Developments. Current Legal Developments. Faegre & Benson, LLP. 2008. http://www.faegre.com/articles/article_1922.aspx
What are the main components of the United States Constitution that serve as the framework for how society governs and is governed? Explain.
It does not try to reflect on the particulars of how to run the national government. Officials who run the government provide the particulars that fit the general framework. As the government's framework, the Constitution must be interpreted as specific problems arise. The Supreme Court is frequently called upon to decide any questions that arise. Its decisions aid to update the Constitution to reflect changing times and circumstances. Conclusions by judges who interpret and apply the Constitution to precise cases help to add essence to the general framework of government set up by the Constitution. These judicial decisions create what is known as constitutional law (Features of the Constitution, 2008).
How does each component function to support the Constitution? Explain.
The Constitution consists of three…
Features of the Constitution. (2008). Retrieved from http://www.thisnation.com/textbook/constitution-features.html
Kelly, M. (2012). Overview of United States Government and Politics. Retreived from http://americanhistory.about.com/od/governmentandpolitics/a/amgovoverview.htm
What Is Public Policy? (2012). Retrieved from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-public-policy.htm
The EU experienced a series of reforms during the 1990s with the purpose of stabilizing conditions in countries that experienced hardships and in order to reinforce the concept of democracy in these countries. One of the most important problems that the EU has in trying to promote democracy is the fact that its citizens are generally inclined to identify with their country more than they identify with the EU. "Despite the collapse in confidence in central government and in the national political system, there has been a growing identification on the part of young people with Italy as a country" (Loughlin 220). There are more people in Italy who are proud that they are Italians than individuals who are proud of being European citizens. This should not necessarily represent a threat for the concept of democracy in the Union, but it should influence the authorities in devising programs meant to…
Fabbrini, Sergio, Democracy and federalism in the European Union and the United States: exploring post-national governance, (Routledge, 2005).
Follesdal, Andreas and Hix, Simon "Why there is a Democratic Deficit in the EU: a Response to Majone and Moravcsik," Retrieved February 22, 2012, from the Princeton University Website: http://www.google.ro/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=post-1992%20developments%20have%20failed%20to%20reduce%20the%20democratic%20deficit%20that%20exists%20at%20european%20union%20level%3F&source=web&cd=3&ved=0CDkQFjAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.princeton.edu%2F~amoravcs%2Flibrary%2Fhix.doc&ei=8TlFT6XlEOr-4QSfv6iSAw&usg=AFQjCNFIuLq4RbWZgdFjavparhOMyAks3Q&sig2=4tF4mJTAd6z_SojWATfpJw
Longo, Michael "Conceptualising European Union Legitimacy through Democratic Participation,"Melbourne Journal of Politics
Loughlin, John, Subnational Democracy in the European Union: Challenges and Opportunities (Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2004)
Someone can file a discharge petition, or the House can use a "Calendar Wednesday" process, which allows the House to bring up any bill for special consideration if it was reported the previous day.
Then, the bill goes to the floor for action. The bill is placed on the House or Senate calendar. Once a bill reaches the floor, it is open to debate. Decisions are made as to how long the bill can be debated, and who will debate it. If the House adds amendments, they must be pertinent to the subject of the bill, but in the Senate, they do not have to be pertinent to the bill. Essentially, in the Senate, they can offer one bill as an amendment to another bill, if they choose. Finally, the bills are voted on. If the bill passes in the House, it goes to the Senate, and vise versa. However,…
Author not Available. (2006). How a bill becomes a law. Retrieved from the Infoplease.com Web site: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0101183.html7 June 2006.
Editors. (2004). How a bill becomes law. Retrieved from the VoteSmart.org Web site: http://www.vote-smart.org/resource_govt101_02.php7 June 2006.
Tyranny. According to Plato, the degeneration of democracy leads to tyranny. When there is chaos and disorder, power is forcibly seized, which leads to forms of tyranny.
The above reference to the different types of government emphasizes the importance of political philosophy in the shaping of government. Each form of government has certain disadvantages and advantages. The advantage of democracy is obviously that it allows for freedom of expression and participation; whereas, an oligarchy or tyranny only allows for the freedom and participation in government by a few. Democracy is based on a philosophical principle of human equality.
On the other hand, as Plato suggests, democracy can also lead to an overemphasis on individual freedom, which can lead in turn to anarchy and loss of control. The ideal of an elite form of government is based on the philosophical view that some are more capable than others to…
Draper, Hal. MARX on DEMOCRATIC FORMS of GOVERNMENT. Web. 12 February
Wilson, Woodrow. The Functions of Government. Web. 12 February 2010.
He consistently mentions how important it is to throw off geographical boundaries and beliefs, and unite in a common goal of freedom and liberty.
He also notes that the Constitution is meant to be amended, but it must be treated with respect, rather than used as an instrument of power or greed. He warns against "alterations which will impair the energy of the system," and urges the people to give time to the government to work out kinks and discover problems, and that liberty will always be alive in this type of government. He also warns against "parties in the State," and calls them the worst enemy of democratic governments, because they represent the "domination of one faction over another," because it can create a variety of ills that can overthrow the government. He also urges a distinct division between departments, to ensure one does not gain power over another,…
Washington, George. "Farewell Address: 1796." The Avalon Project at Yale Law School. 1996.
The Justification of Government Commerce and Trade egulation
When viewed from the micro level, it is easy to understand why government regulation and exercise of authority over jobs, wages, industry practices, and the importation and exportation of goods and services might seem overly paternalistic. However, when compared to the alternative, it becomes very clear why such regulation is necessary, or at least why it is, by far, the lesser of two evils.
Without government regulation in these areas, the individual citizen would be at the mercy of decisions made by non-government entities acting purely out of their own self-interests. Among other things, wages would remain as low as could be maintained by the demand for jobs; essential industries and services would be susceptible to monopolization for commercial profit at the expense of the general public; prices would be inflated artificially by collusion and price-fixing; and domestic production would be threatened…
Hill, C. (2009). Global Business Today Sixth Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Government Web Site Analysis
Doing Business With the Government
Because of the size of federal government, there are often opportunities for businesses to work fiscally with the government. When businesses research the possibility of doing business with the government, the verbiage shows that while there are a number of steps necessary in order to qualify for government contracts, there are also tremendous opportunities.
When dealing with the ethical issues surrounding government contracts, it seems as there are several ways one could look at the issue. Many of the rules and regulations seem to be designed to protect the government from fraud and unethical behavior (standards, pricing, etc.), but also limit the potential for many smaller businesses to have the resources necessary to apply for governmental contracts. For example, there are a number of instances in which certain companies have been awarded contracts based on the recommendation and/or interference from member…
Business Ethics in Government Contracts. (2008). Onvia.com. Retrieved from:
Cpaio, R. (2006). Ethics in Government Procurement. Contract Management. Retrieved From: http://www.ncmahq.org/files/Articles/4F032_CM_MAR06P34.pdf
In the last ten years, the increasing levels of the national debt have become a major area of concern. This is because there has been an increase in this amount of over 200% from 2000 to 2010. As, this number went from: $5.67 trillion in 2000 to $13.56 trillion in 2010. This is troubling, because if these kinds of increases continue in the future there will more than likely be higher interest rates and some kind of economic implosion. To prevent this requires looking at: how the tax code can be reformed, the impact of the financial crisis on government revenues / expenses, discussing the best proposal to save Social Security and describing how Medicare would be changed. Together, these different elements will offer the greatest insights as to how the federal government should be dealing with these issues. ("Historical Debt Outstanding," 2012) (Bivens, 2010)
ecommend changes to…
Historical Debt Outstanding. (2012). Treasury Direct. Retrieved from: http://www.treasurydirect.gov/govt/reports/pd/histdebt/histdebt_histo5.htm
Historical Tables. (2012). GPO Access. Retrieved from: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy12/pdf/BUDGET-2012-TAB.pdf
Raising the Social Security Retirement Age is not Simple Fix. (2010). U.S. News. Retrieved from: http://money.usnews.com/money/blogs/the-best-life/2010/10/29/raising-social-security-retirement-age-is-no-simple-fix
Bivens, J. (2010). Government Debt and Economic Growth. EPI. Retrieved from: http://www.epi.org/publication/bp271/
Government and Business
Over the last 100 years, the issue of government regulation has been increasingly brought to the forefront. Part of the reason for this, is because there has been a need for various laws to be enacted to protect the safety and interests of the general public. However, due to the fact that United States is a capitalist-based economy, means that there have been calls to limit the kinds of regulations that are imposed on businesses. The reason why, is because many pro-business advocates will argue that this can stifle innovation and progress. As firms are forced to worry about how to comply with outdated laws, that are hurting their ability to compete in the global marketplace. During the last three decades, this has led to a reduction or elimination of those laws that are coming into conflict with the interest of business.
At which point, many of…
Dodd Frank. (2011). FT. Retrieved from: http://lexicon.ft.com/Term?term=Dodd_Frank-Act
Ranked Sectors. (2011). Open Secrets. Retrieved from: http://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/top.php?indexType=c
Bonnick, K.. (2010). Why to Big to Fail. Staten Island, NY: Althorse.
Miroff, B. (2009). The Democratic Debate. Boston, MA: Cengage.
In the 1990s the veterans' Disability Pension scheme has had some effects. These results stated by the researcher Siminski (2012) are in disproportion to the situation in USA, of the same periods and it was thus concluded that there was employment disincentives inherent in Australia's veterans' compensation system. Though the nations are supposedly blaming the points system for their failure to accommodate ex-servicemen, the system does not show the difference between these countries and South Korea. The reason is that in these countries the veterans have already returned from a war and have alternate compensation media. However the serving personal are voluntary. There is no compulsion for anyone to serve the army except in a war. Therefore the compensation system may be shown as wasteful in a capitalist society that is not at war. (Siminski, 2012)
The law of compensation system -- extra points system, in the United…
Amnesty Report. (2012) "Human rights concerns in the Republic of Korea" Retrieved 27
October, 2012 from http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/ASA25/001/2012/en
Asch, Beth J; Warner, John T. (1994) "A Policy Analysis of Alternative Military Retirement
Systems" Rand Corporation. Accession Number: ADA290699.
To allow him or her to not only create but also implement public policy, the United States Constitution grants the U.S. president numerous powers. In this text, I concern myself with the various powers granted to the United States President by the Constitution. These powers grant the United States president the ability to effectively manage not only the nation's national affairs but also the workings of the government at the federal level.
Powers of the U.S. President
According to Sidlow and Henschen (2010), "the constitutional source for the president's authority is found in Article II of the constitution." Further, this article sets fourth the duties as well as the responsibilities of an elected American president. One of the powers granted to the president by the Constitution is the power of clemency. In this case, the president has not only the power to reprieve but also the power to pardon…
Schmidt, S.W., Shelley, M.C. & Bardes, B.A. (2012). American Government and Politics Today (Brief Edition). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Sidlow, E.I. & Henschen, B. (2010). Govt, Student Edition. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Vile, J.R. (2010). A Companion to the United States Constitution and Its Amendments (5th ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO.
Government Subsidized Student Loans Have Economic Costs but Political Benefits
Higher education has become increasingly important in the contemporary world scenario today where globalization has led to a higher need for a skilled labor force that is mobile and that is well-versed in the academic disciplines followed all over the world. In fact university education is starting to be seen as a hallmark for success, even though there are college drop outs who have become billionaires.
The recent spate of universities and higher education institutes has led students and their parents to believe that university education is mandatory for all those who want a nice career and income in their lives, and has increasingly blurred the distinction between necessary and mandatory education, compared to professional education that is mainly to benefit the individual.
In light of this dilemma, yet another question arises of helping students gain this education with the…
Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. (n.d.). Definition of education noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Retrieved March 12, 2012, from Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary: http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/dictionary/education
Poll: Who Has The Best Solution For Dealing With Student Loan Debt? (2012, February 6). Retrieved March 12, 2012, from Political Fiber: http://politicalfiber.com/articles/02/06/poll-which-candidate-has-the-best-solution-for-dealing-with-student-loan-debt/
Bachmann, M., Cain, H., Gingrich, N., Huntsman, J., Paul, R., Perry, R., et al. (2011, November 9). Republican Debate Transcript, Michigan. Retrieved March 12, 2012, from Council on Foreign Relations: http://www.cfr.org/united-states/republican-debate-transcript-michigan-november-2011/p26542
Barrow, L., & Rouse, C.E. (2005). Does College Still Pay? The Economists' Voice, 2(4).
The bill will also raise the liability cap for companies from $75 million to $10 billion. Lawmakers may also consider raising taxes on the oil and gas industry. For example, the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund tax will be raised from 8 cents per barrel to 45 cents. The fund which was created in the aftermath of the Alaskan Exxon-Valdez accident in 1989 helps in claims pays for financial or property losses that come about as a result of oil spills (Ray 187).
Defenders of ildlife, strongly support expanded development of renewable energy sources. In doing this, there will be a reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases which contribute to global climate change eventually. Through generating power by the use of wind, solar and other renewable energy resources, there will be a reduction in the need for coal fired and nuclear powered plants which will in turn improve air…
"Energy Policy and Legislation" Defenders. 3 Aug. 2010.
Jernelov, Arne and Olof Linden. " Ixtoc I: A Case Study of the World's Largest Oil Spill."
Ambio 10.6 (1981): 299-306.
Solar power captures the heat and light of the sun to generate electricity. The overall climatic changes can be wisely used by Corporations and Governments to produce useful electricity, without recurring to solid wastes or other non-renewable resources.
Hydroelectric power captures the energy in falling water. It is considered to a have a relatively small impact on the natural environment, and electricity can be obtained by using natural or artificial water falls.
The adoption of Green power into the economy is hindered by several factors like: the fact that the market for these assets is not properly functioning, the highly expensive development of technological foundations that requires important initial costs and lastly the limited support for the Government. It is necessary to point out that overall the level of subsidies for traditional energetic means is greater than that for Green power, especially if we consider the externalities to ordinary citizens…
1) Cohen, Bernard L. (1983-01). American Journal of Physics 51 (1): 75-76. Retrieved on 2007- 08-03.
2) Department of Trade and Industry report www.dti.gov.ukUK Energy in Brief July 2005 (URL Accessed Mar 18, 2006)
3) United Nations Environment Programme and New Energy Finance Ltd. (2007). Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2007: Analysis of Trends and Issues in the Financing of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in OECD and Developing Countries p. 3
4) Nash, Ralph Jr.; & Cibinic, John Jr. (1995). Administration of Government Contracts, 3rd edition, Commerce Clearing House, Inc.
The United Nations (UN) was established in October 1945 in the immediate aftermath of World War II with the overarching mission to prevent future international conflicts. To this end, the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations was formed just 3 years later in response to the emerging conflict between India and Pakistan. Since that time – and to their credit -- UN peacekeepers operating under the auspices of the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations have completed hundreds of missions in Africa, Central and South America, Asia, the Middle East and Europe. The behaviors of the UN peacekeepers, though, have not always been exemplary and in some cases have even risen to the level of corruption and even worse. To determine the facts about the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations, this study systematically reviews the relevant literature concerning UN peacekeeping missions in general and those that have been marred by corruption…
“About Us.” (2017). UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations. [online] available: http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/about/ , p. 1.
Berman, Eric G. and Sams, Katie E. (2000). Peacekeeping in Africa: Capabilities and Culpabilities. Geneva: United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research
Beaubien, Jason (2017, April 22) “UN to Pull Controversial Peacekeepers from Haiti.” National Public Radio. [online] available: http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/04/22/ 525113236/u-n-to-pull-controversial-peacekeepers-from-haiti.
Burns, Rebecca (2011, December). “Haitians to U.N.: Please Leave.” In These Times, vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 8-11.
Corruption & peacekeeping: Strengthening peacekeeping and the UN” (2017). Transparency International. [online] available: defence.org/publications/corruption-peacekeeping-strengthening-peacekeeping-and-the-un/.
“Corruption in Peacekeeping” (2016, February 12). Transparency International. [online] available: http://futurepeaceops.org/2016/02/12/corruption-in-peacekeeping/ .
“Department of Peacekeeping Operations [DPKO]” (2017). United Nations. [online] available:
Higher taxes for example relates to less income for basic needs.
In terms of political ideology, it is obvious that the particular ideology of the government would affect the rest of the country. In terms of the United States, for example, the Republican government has a certain set of ideals in terms of issues such as abortion, religious ideology, and so on, that they tend to impose upon the population.
In terms of international relations, the government is the liaison between the country and other countries. At times, this could result in disasters such as 9/11. This influences both the relations between the government and its citizens, as well as between the country itself and its international allies and other countries. In order to provide its citizens with the necessary safety and security, the government has a responsibility to maintain good relations between itself and other…
Perhaps this will always be an issue for the U.S. federal government because under the existing political system there are few substantial options for making policy decisions that can extend across political elections. Situations that represent a problem for one politician or political party will be ignored by the next, making consistent, proactive responses difficult if not outright impossible. From an emergency management position, this means that agencies will always have to be designed to react to the worst-case scenarios, instead of more reasonable, proactive affects that could control potential problems before they escalate out of control.
Farazmand, a. (2001). Crisis in the U.S. administrative state. Handbook of Crisis and Emergency Management. Ed. a. Farazmand. Fort Lauderdale, FL: Florida Atlantic University.
Nice, D.C. And Grosse, a. (2001). Crisis policy making: some implications for program management. Handbook of Crisis and Emergency Management. Ed. a. Farazmand. Fort Lauderdale, FL: Florida…
Farazmand, a. (2001). Crisis in the U.S. administrative state. Handbook of Crisis and Emergency Management. Ed. a. Farazmand. Fort Lauderdale, FL: Florida Atlantic University.
Nice, D.C. And Grosse, a. (2001). Crisis policy making: some implications for program management. Handbook of Crisis and Emergency Management. Ed. a. Farazmand. Fort Lauderdale, FL: Florida Atlantic University.
Governments should limit their interference in market progress.
The recent Presidential election was billed as a choice between two visions for America. Unfortunately for voters, there are many other visions that were not presented as viable options. If those options had been presented, voters may have chosen them. One such alternative political philosophy is libertarianism, which makes the case that government should interfere as little as possible in the daily lives of Americans. This is especially true in the economic realm -- whether it is regulation or tax handouts to powerful donor lobbies, the two big parties are equally culpable for creating needles burden that constricts the growth of the American economic engine.
Decentralization of government is a key concept. Manor (1999) notes that there has been a trend towards the decentralization of government worldwide. This trend is occurring because governments realize that decentralization can spur economic growth and alleviate…
Ehrlich, I. & Lui, F. (1999) Bureaucratic growth and endogenous economic growth. Journal of Political Economy. Vol. 107 (6) 270-293.
Krueger, A. (1990). Government failures in development. NBER Working Paper #3340. Retrieved November 16, 2012 from http://www.nber.org/papers/w3340.pdf
Manor, J. (1999). The political economy of democratic decentralization. The World Bank. Retrieved November 16, 2012 from http://elibrary.worldbank.org/content/book/9780821344705
Qian, Y. & Weingast, B. (1999). Federalism as a commitment to preserving market incentives. Journal of Economic Perspectives. Vol 11 (4) 83-92.
He centers on people's inability to act according to the dictates of their conscience, for the existence of laws and policies rendered society paralyzed and unable to think conscientiously about their actions -- that is, whether the actions they committed were conscientiously right or wrong. Asserting this point, he stated, "Can there not be a government in which majorities do not virtually decide right and wrong, but conscience?... Must the citizen ever for a moment, or in the least degree, resign his conscience to the legislator? Why has every man a conscience, then? I think that we should be men first, and subjects afterward." From this passage, Thoreau stressed the importance of civil society as the primary holder of power and control in the sovereign rather than the individuals who were supposedly given the function to represent civil society (i.e., political leaders and officials).
In "On the duty of civil…
Government Regulations and Hospice
Government Regulations Affecting Health Care in Hospice
Regulations Affecting Health Care in Hospice
Impact of rules on Hospice services
This paper focuses on how government regulations impact hospice. The paper starts off with an introduction to the hospice system that was revived by a nurse, Cecily Saunders, who then went on to become a physician, establishing one of the first modern hospices. The concept of total pain is explained in some detail. The body of the paper then includes the studies that have been conducted on patients and caregivers in hospice systems as well as on people who died after they were diagnosed with terminal illness resulting in death in six months following the prognosis. The overall conclusion that can be drawn here is that while in Japan there is a marked need for improving the Day hospice system, the American hospice industry…
American Medical Directors Association. (n.d.). White Paper on Palliative Care And Hospice In Long-Term Care. Retrieved March 10, 2012, from American Medical Directors Association: http://www.amda.com/governance/whitepapers/palliative_care.cfm
Carlson, M.D., Morrison, R.S., Holford, T.R., & Bradley, E.H. (2007). Hospice Care: What Services Do Patients and Their Families Receive? Health Services Research, 42(4), 1672-1690.
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (2008). Medicare and Medicaid Programs: Hospice Conditions of Participation; Final Rule. Federal Register, 73(109), 32088-32220.
Christakis, N.A., & Escarce, J. j. (1996). Survival of Medicare patients after enrollment In hospice programs . The New England Journal of Medicine, 172-179.
First Amendment Cases
There are several provisions in the First Amendment to the United States' constitution, all of which have been implemented in various court cases. In Engels v. Vitale, which centered around the legality of a mandated school prayer in New York state, many would perceive the issue as one of a "freedom of religion." More specifically, however, this case involved the First Amendment's clause that, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion," which was applied to state governments by the Fourteenth Amendment. This is known as the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment, and is quite distinct from the provision allowing the free exercise of religion.
In Oregon v Smith, it was determined that a state employee could indeed be terminated and denied unemployment benefits for the use of an illegal substance (in this case peyote) even when its use was part of a religious…
The Japanese Government to usiness Model
The Japanese government has more direct control of private business. The difference is that it is doing so, as a partner to ensure that the business is able to maintain successful long-term economic growth. The government does not offer subsidies or any kind of bail outs. Instead, they help companies through loans, tax breaks and other forms of assistance. This helped to contribute to the success of the Japanese auto industry by allowing executives to focus on how their organization can grow in the future. (Johnson, 1985)
usiness, government and the Liberal Democratic Party in Japan
The Liberal Democratic Party helped to liberalize the relationship that the government would have with the auto industry. As it would be successful in helping Japan to eliminate protectionism; this is something that would allow Japanese cars to become more competitive in markets around the world.…
Automobile Industry Introduction. (2010). Retrieved May 6, 2010, from Plunkett Research website: http://www.plunkettresearch.com/Industries/AutomobilesTrucks/AutomobileTrends/tabid/89/Default.aspx
CAFE Overview. (2010). Retrieved May 6, 2010, from NHTSA website: http://www.nhtsa.gov/cars/rules/cafe/overview.htm
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Guidelines. (n.d.). Retrieved May 6, 2010 from NHTSA website: http://www.nhtsa.gov/cars/rules/import/fmvss/index.html
G8's Gradual Move. (2008, January 25). Retrieved May 6, 2010, Council of Foreign Relations website: http://www.cfr.org/publication/13640/
Government Changes post-Revolution ar vs. post-Civil ar
Close examination of the reasons for and the results of the Revolutionary ar and the Civil ar forces me to disagree with McPherson's position that more radical change in government occurred due to the Civil ar than the Revolutionary ar. In order to understand how this is true, one must look at several issues, such as the causes of each of the wars, the purposes and intentions, and the ultimate results.
The Revolutionary ar was based on the struggle to become independent from Great Britain and this struggle began due to a series of taxes forced upon the citizens. So "taxation without representation" was the initial call to arms however, it grew to include other freedoms as well.
The Civil ar was utterly a different process of situation. hile claims by the South of freedom it was always an economic issue tightly woven…
Abraham Lincoln, Cooper Union Address, New York City Presidential Campaign
Confederate States of America-Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union, December 1860, South Carolina
Lincoln, Abraham. "First Inaugural Address." Washington D.C. Mar. 1861. Address.
Ordinance of 1787
What they did not anticipate was the levees breaking nor were they aware of the level of immediate need of the people. He also says that with Hurricane Andrew, about two million residents were evacuated and only about 10% we left homeless whereas with Hurricane Katrina approximately the same number of residents were evacuated yet over 90% were left homeless (Halton, 2006). This was much more of a burden than FEMA had anticipated and it was a result of poor emergency response at lower levels of government.
Even still, FEMA should have been better prepared to handle the situation. They should have been called in earlier than they were and if this were the case they situation would have been easier to manage. Paulison says that FEMA was not fully aware of what was needed and where. This is a result of poor communication. y the time they were called…
Halton, B. (2006). FEMA's response to Hurricane Katrina. Fire Engineering, 159(5), 213-218.
Kelley-Romano, S. And Westgate, V. (2007). Blaming Bush: An analysis of political cartoons following Hurricane Katrina. Journalism Studies, 8(5), 755-719.
Perry, R.W. And Lindell, M.K. (2003). Preparedness for emergency response: Guidelines for emergency planning process. Disasters, 27(4), 336-350.
Government Budgeting for Kelsey: Budget Changes Needed to Better Protect and Serve the Community
"We're not going to use the budget as an excuse. We're not crying about it. But I'm going to push as hard as I can to get as many people on the streets as I can. We need all hands on deck," so were the words of the Philadelphia Police Chief when faced with a similar situation to what Kelsey faces now (Steele 2010 p 2). Police strength is an absolute necessity in the effort to fight crime, both on local and larger federal levels. Without the appropriate funding resources, many local police forces around the country are beginning to suffer in terms of just how effective they are at fighting crime overall. Limited budgets mean limited capabilities, and that is exactly what the city of Kelsey is experiencing right now. Essentially, the budget is already…
Budget of the United States Government. (2004). Budgets and taxes. Almanac of Policy Issues. Web. http://www.policyalmanac.org/economic/budget.shtml
City of Kelsey. (2006). Annual Budget for the Fiscal Year 2005-06. University of Phoenix. Web. https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/secure/aapd/cist/vop/Government/KelseyCity/docs/KelseyBudgetBook2005.pdf
City of Kelsey. (2009). Kelsey profile. City Government. University of Phoenix. Web. https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/secure/aapd/cist/vop/Government/KelseyCity/docs/KelseyProfile.doc
DeWeese, Adrianne. (2011). Police say safety tax is needed to help alleviate 'blackout.' The Examiner. Web. http://www.examiner.net/features/x1896018474/Police-say-safety-tax-needed-to-help-alleviate-blackout
Governments neutralize the monetary impacts of their foreign exchange activities. This sterilization seeks to prevent foreign exchange transactions from posing as obstacles to the domestic monetary policy objectives. The underlying disturbance is likely to cause conflict between governments. When the underlying disturbance to exchange rate originates from the domestic government, it is likely to pursue inflation objectives through non-sterilized foreign exchange interventions (Auerbach & Kotlikoff, 2009).
While other governments have boundaries on investments relating to international financial markets in different currencies, some governments factor objectives of nominal exchange rates into their financial policy decisions. For instance, the federal government occasionally alters the rate of federal funds while it undertakes compatible foreign exchange activities. Erecting the required monetary policy changes across the sale or purchase of foreign currency has a bigger impact on the foreign exchange rate. This is contrary to initiating this move through open market activities in state securities.…
Auerbach, a.J., & Kotlikoff, L.J. (2009). Macroeconomics: An integrated approach. Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.: MIT Press.
Madura, J. (2011). International Financial Management. Florence, KY: Cengage Learning, Inc.
Yotopoulos, Pan a. (2010). Exchange Rate Parity for Trade and Development: Theory, Tests, and Case Studies. Cambridge Univ Pr.
Government Funds for Internet ducation
The government has a duty to provide the best possible education to our future leaders. It is imperative that the school environment is conducive to learning. Textbooks should be up-to-date, teachers should be well qualified and the curriculum should teach children the skills they need to succeed in the world, no matter what career path they choose. Denying funding to connect our children to the Internet is to deny them an adequate education. The purpose of the Internet far surpasses that of instant messages and email, the Internet is a useful tool for just about anything. Learning how to navigate the World Wide Web is not an option; it has become mandatory for anyone who wishes to thrive in this century and for the rest of time.
Brian Goldfarb, a student at Canyon High School in Anaheim, California whose ingenuity, computer savvy and his realization…
Ehlert, Bob. Technology Skills. Retrieved on November 16, 2002 from Web site: http://www.findarticles.com/cf_dls/m1041/6_77/54635441/p1/article.jhtml
Pedroni, Gulliermo. The Importance of the Internet in K-12 Education." Retrieved on November 16, 2002 from Web site: http://www.geocities.com/Athens/5461/paper_1.html
Government at all levels drive the Reinvention of Schools." Retrieved on November 16, 2002 from Web site: http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/techgap/navigate.cgi
Evaluate how Public Policy Decisions Affect the Receipt of Revenues
Politics and attitudes about where the various revenues should be spent can create heated amounts of debate. In the case of the Department of Defense, this can mean that periodic reviews could occur that can have an impact upon a host of different spending programs. At the same time, various assessments will take place with Secretary of Defense. Where, they will review the size and necessity of the various bases / personnel. A good example of this can be seen when the Secretary of Defense will recommend various base closures and force adjustments. As politics and changes in the Department's needs / availability of funds will affect what programs are going to receive the most appropriate amount of revenues.
Analyze the Economic Conditions that Affect Revenue Projections
The economic conditions will play a major role in determining how…
Base Closure List. (2005). MSNBC. Retrieved from: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/7834939/ns/us_news
The Numbers. (2010). Tax Policy Center. Retrieved from: http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/briefing-book/background/numbers/revenue.cfm
Bender, B. (2010). Spending Critic Brown. Boston Globe. Retrieved from: http://www.boston.com/news/nation/washington/articles/2010/04/08/spending_critic_brown_backs_mass_weapons_bid/
Dupy, T. (2010). Defense Secretary Wants Spending Cuts. Huffington Post. Retrieved from: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tina-dupuy/defense-secretary-wants-d_b_571906.html
However, some people might regard my decision as unwise: after all, what 'goes up, must come down,' and interest rates will inevitably go up. I may regret not borrowing now, if I have to pay a higher rate on a car payment in the future. On the other hand, given that the low interest rates and economic stimulus have not has a seismic effect on job growth, I am still wary about spending too much, despite the fact that money in a savings account with a low interest rate is actually 'losing' value, because of the inevitability of inflation. My uncertainty about borrowing for anything other than what I absolutely need (other than student loans, which is 'spending' that does not directly result in higher levels of production in enterprise and takes me out of the full-time labor force) means that the government must find more direct ways to stimulate…
For the government and the companies involved, the resultant lack of competition is easily controlled in terms of what is broadcast. The government can then more easily dictate what the public is to receive via the airwaves. For the companies involved, increased growth means increased revenue and success.
For the public, the most obvious disadvantage of the lack of competition means a probably lack of objectivity in broadcasting. This has implications for the ideals of freedom of the press and the public right for accurate information. On the other hand, an advantage is an increase of choice in terms of products offered by the large broadcast networks. Some for example have begun to offer Internet broadcasting stations, providing users with a wider variety of listening choices.
According to ret a. Fausett (2003), the FCC's new directive towards FM radio during the 1960s stimulated healthy competition and experimentation. New audiences were…
Fausett, Bret a. (2003, Jan. 13). Radio, Radio. Dr. Dobb's Portal. http://www.ddj.com/architect/184411623
Noam, Eli M. Media Concentration in the United States: Industry Trends and Regulatory Responses. http://www.vii.org/papers/medconc.htm
Solutions for the Future
Even a quick look at budget documents for the next few decades indicate a system burdened with exploding costs of Social Security, Medicaid, and Medicare; the latter the powder keg of the debt explosion. A reform of Medicare in which there is "only $1 in Medicare taxes for every $3 in benefits likely to be received in retirement" (Appelbaum & Gebeloff 6) must be a Congressional and Presidential priority. eturning the program to a role of insurance rather than a direct coverage program would be a start; Paul yan's proposal of premium support is a working model. Social Security must also be strengthened with common sense adjustments in payroll tax collection and age eligibility.
Those are the entitlement reforms however; these changes also forego the numerous tax expenditures which increase the government tab. The earned income tax credit, home mortgage deduction, and education credits are tax…
Appelbaum, B. & Gebeloff, Robert. "Even Critics of Safety Net Increasingly Depend on it." The New York Times. The New York Times, February 11, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2012 from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/12/us/even-critics-of-safety-net-increasingly-depend-on-it.html
Government-Mandated Microchip Implantation
Government-Mandated Chip Implantation in Citizens:
Technological Breakthrough or Privacy Disaster?
Government-Mandated Chip Implantation in Citizens:
Technological Breakthrough or Privacy Disaster?
In a world in which new technology turns over nearly every day, individuals around the world, and particularly in the United States, continually jump at the chance to integrate these new technologies into their own lives. Generally, we as Americans view technology as a convenience, created to make our lives easier. From GPS systems in our cars to GPS systems on our children, it seems that no technology is off-limits. Perhaps, though, our continual interest in these technologies lies in our ability to take them or leave them. Some may view the placement of a GPS tracking chip in a child's coat as a dream come true, while others may find it excessive. How then, would a technologically-obsessed nation react if our choice to consume was taken…
Herbert, W. (2006). No direction home: will the law keep pace with human tracking technology to protect individual privacy and stop geoslavery? IIS: A Journal of Law and Policy. 2.2: pp. 417. Web. Retrieved from: LexisNexis Database.
Miliard, M. (2011 March 22). Barcoding is simple, but effective. Healthcare IT News.
Web. Retrieved from: http://www.healthcareitnews.com/news/barcoding-simple-effective . [Accessed on 19 January 2012].
Westin, A. (1967). Privacy and Freedom. New York, NY: Atheneum. Print.
Government Performance esults Act
The General Accounting Office (GAO) may be one of most essential agencies in the federal government, because of its investigative oversight, but to the average American citizen, it may also be among the lesser known agencies. That is because the average hard-working nine-to-five person - whose contact with "news" is a few sound bites on television after work - might never dig into newspapers deep enough to read up on how taxpayer dollars are spent in Washington D.C. It's regrettable that the average person complains loudly about taxes, and "politicians" - yet knows little of the GAO's pivotal work. Meanwhile, this paper will focus upon the GAO report on the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), titled, "Status of Achieving Key Outcomes and Addressing Major Management Challenges" - which is clearly a wise use of taxpayer monies, whether taxpayers know about the GAO or not.
American Civil Liberties Union (2003). "ACLU Demands Truth From Justice
Department: New Report Details False Claims about SCOPE, Impact of PATRIOT Act." http://www.aclu.org/SafeandFree/SafeandFree.cfm?ID=13100&c=206 .
Kast, Sheila (2001). "Terror probe raises concerns about civil rights." CNN.com. http://www.cnn.com/2001/U.S./10/22/inv.civil.rights/
Perry, Tony (2002). "Immigration Attorney for 7 Detainees Lashes Out At INS:
As a part of this initiative, the EPA works with local communities to: establish the optimal use of the cleaned up sites, it provides relevant information to the potential buyers / developers and dispenses advice on technical needs for re-utilization of the site. ("SARA Overview," 2010)
In this particular case, the RTU is effective at helping communities be able to reclaim land that had once been considered to be contaminated. For business, this will have long-term benefits as the reclaimed land could help to support other commercial activities. At the same time, time it will help to increase property values, by taking land that was thought to be destroyed and making it re-useable once again. This will have ripple effects for a host of different businesses, as their net worth will increase from a rise in the price of land.
However, over the short and medium term, this will have…
SARA Overview. (2010). EPA. Retrieved from: http://www.epa.gov/superfund/policy/sara.htm
Title 42 Public Health and Welfare. (2008). GPO Access. Retrieved from: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/usc.cgi?ACTION=BROWSE&TITLE=42USCC103
What is the Super Fund. (2010). EPA. Retrieved from:
Government Subsidies and Alternative Fuel Technologies
The government should not subsidize alternative fuel options. This is due to the fact that a free market that follows the basic supply and demand curve should be allowed to function as a product of the available technology. This is to say that fossil fuels and other related fuels will continue to stay in demand as long as there is a supply of them and the willingness to pay. Government subsidies disrupt the supply curve as well as the willingness to pay for alternative fuels. Such subsidies create incentives to follow and develop technologies which themselves have no natural market based upon principles of supply and demand.
Technology itself cannot create a new future, s to speak. However, humans, armed with the proper technology and free market dynamics can. This means that as humans develop new technologies, and these technologies become cheaper and more…
Government Mandated Gun-Free Zones
THEE SHOULD BE NO GOVENMENT MANDATED GUN-FEE ZONES IN PUBLIC SPACE.
Banning guns for masses and establishing gun-free zones are one of the most controversial topics in American politics. There are clearly two schools of thoughts on this subject. The right to keep a gun and displaying it publically is directly related to individual's rights under the second amendment of the prevailing constitution. However, despite the recognition of the citizens' rights, one cannot ignore the dangers of gun-free zones. Every year, there are cases reported, resulting from arms used in the gun-free zones. Maximum cases were reported in educational institutions where ammunition was used by children and teenagers. Publically mandated gun-free zones have resulted in loss of many precious lives.
There have been many cases reported where emotionally unstable individuals killed number of individuals in the public place. Majority of these massacres took place in educational…
First Reports Evaluating the Effectiveness of Strategies for Preventing Violence: Firearms Laws. 2003. Web. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwR/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5214a2.htm
Horner, William T. Showdown in the Show-Me State: The Fight over Conceal-and-Carry Gun Laws in Missouri. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 2005.Questia. Web. 26 Apr. 2012.
Patrick, Ryan. Ron Paul Introduces Bill to Abolish 'Gun-Free Zones'. August 2011. Web.
Developing a Federal Acquisition Team: everse Engineering a Standard Forestry Project to Determine Team equirements
The selected project is controlled by the Forestry Department, which is part of the Department of Agriculture, placing the project under the auspices of Chapter 4 for the Federal Acquisition egulations, which themselves make up Title 48 of the Code of Federal egulations (e-CF, 2012). elevant paragraphs include a provision that all Head of Contracting Activities (HCAs) comply with FA 7.103, detailed further below (e-CF, 2012, Title 48, Chapter 4, Part 407, par. 407.103). In addition, paragraph 407.503 of the same chapter provides provisions for the determination of whether or not a proposed contracting function is "inherently governmental" according to FA 7.503(e), and also sets out rules for settling disputes when there is not agreement on this issue (e-CF, 2012). It is not expected that this will be of issue in…
e-CFR. (2012). Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Accessed 22 April 2012.
PAYCO NSFR #2210 (2012).
PAYCO NSFR #2210 Recons. Drawing. (2012).
If it were his child or grandchild, he might have a different opinion - especially if that child was horrifically malformed or only lived a short time, dying of a painful debilitating disease.
atson is not the only one that seems to look at the debate with a lax attitude. Lori Andrews, a law professor at Chicago-Kent College of Law, believes that more caution should be taken when experimenting with life. She states, "It's like we've become deadened to the ethical dimensions of this... e're viewing biology as playing with Tinker Toys. There seems to be less resistance to the whole idea of tampering with life" (Andrews qtd. In Lyon). Richard Hayes also sees the lack of concern disconcerting. The executive director of the Exploratory Initiative on the New Human Genetic Technologies sees the lack of an outcry to be "chilling" (Hayes qtd. In Lyon). He states:
Many of these…
Andrews, Lori. "Playing God: Has Science Gone Too Far?" Women's Day.
Hayes, Richard. "Playing God: Has Science Gone Too Far?" Women's Day.
Lyon, Jeff. "Playing God: Has Science Gone Too Far?" Women's Day.
Pethokoukis, James. "Our Biotech Bodies, Ourselves."
Government in Continuity Planning
Since the 1950s, continuity planning has been a major part of U.S. government policy. This is because there were concerns that some kind of nuclear attack or natural disaster could have an adverse impact on entire regions of the country. When this happens the odds increase that there could be various forms of lawlessness in these areas. To mitigate these kinds of situations, continuity planning was created to ensure that vital resources and personnel are dispatched to these kinds of areas. (Daleo, 2009, pp. 919 -- 925) ("Continuity Guidance Circular," 2009)
After September 11th, is when these ideas were once again revisited. In this case, National Security Presidential Directive-51 (NSPD-51) and Homeland Security Presidential Directive-20 (HSPD-20) were enacted to provide a strategy for dealing with disasters. Taking the lead in this area is the Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA). They have created the Continuity Guidance Circular.…
Continuity Guidance Circular. (2009), FEMA. Retrieved from: http://www.fema.gov/pdf/about/org/ncp/cont_guidance1.pdf
Daleo, E. (2009). State Constitutions and Legislative Continuity. DePaul Law Review 58, 919 -- 925.
Government Reissuing Draft
The impending war with Iraq has focused attention on the country's ability to defend itself, both inside and outside its borders. These new realities necessitate the return of a relic of past wars - the military draft.
Representative Charles Rangel, a Democrat from New York, has filed a bill in Congress seeking to reinstate the military draft. Under this bill, all young people will be required to serve in the military, without exceptions for college (Rangel, 46).
Rangel's bill does not lack for critics. The Pentagon does not support such a measure, arguing that its current all-volunteer force is more disciplined, smart and experienced. The Pentagon also insists that its military is "representative of America" (Hulse, 17).
Furthermore, a survey among college students shows that majority of the young people targeted by the bill do not want to serve in the military. hile one-third would willingly be…
Bennett, William J. "A Nation Worth Defending." USA Today. November 2002, 131(2690): 10-12.
Hulse, Carl. "A new tactic against war: Renew talk about Draft." New York Times. February 9, 2003: 17+.
Magnusson, Paul. "The Draft: An idea whose time has come again." Business Week. January 27, 2003: 52+.
Rangel, Charles B. "Symposium: Q: Is restoring universal military conscription in the United States a good idea?" Insight on the News. February 4-February 7, 2003. 19(4): 46-49.
Government Created a Committee
An electronic health record is a digital record of a patient's health information generated from every medical visit a patient makes. This information includes the patient's medical history, demographics, known drug allergies, progress notes, follow up visits, medications, vital signs, immunizations, laboratory data and radiological reports. The EH automates and streamlines a clinician's workflow. (Himss, 2009)
Due to the multiple advantages of an EH, health care agencies have been aiming to push up this technology. In 2004, the FDA approved of an implantable EH microchip into patients. Each microchip has a specific code which is identified through sensors. The device is implanted under the skin, in the back of the arm, requiring a twenty minute procedure, without needing the use of sutures. ("Fda approves computer," 2004)
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, deaths due to preventable medical errors rank as the fifth most…
CDC. (2011, October 24). Deaths and mortality. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/deaths.htm
Fda approves computer chip for humans. (2004, October 13). Retrieved from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6237364/ns/health-health_care/t/fda-approves-computer-chip-humans/
Himss. (2009, September 2). Implanet using ibm software to protect patients in the event of medical device recalls. Retrieved from http://www.healthcareitnews.com/press-release/implanet-using-ibm-software-protect-patients-event-medical-device-recalls
Prutchi, D. (2011, December 30). Verimed's human-implantable verichip patient rfid. Retrieved from http://www.implantable-device.com/2011/12/30/verimeds-human-implantable-verichip-patient-rfid/
The ability to end or terminate the contract is unilateral. Gabbard expresses the fact that changes must also be unilateral. The terms in settling a dispute must be predetermined before entering contract. The Government contract gives the authoritative party the right to audit the books of the company selling the product or service. In this court case, the government was allowed to appeal the case won by Agredano resulting in a reversal of the former court ruling.
Government Contract Comparison to Uniform Commercial Code/Contract
The U.C.C. Or commercial contract is less formal and authority to enter a contract is assumed by the parties involved (Gabbard, 2011). In a UCC the terms are not detailed or written out in a formal document as required by a government contract. In fact the details are implied (Gabbard, 2011).
Analyzing and Evaluation Example: Carpet Cleaning Contract
For example in a UCC contract with a…
Cengage Learning, (2011). Buyer beware applies to vehicle bought by the government.
June 12, 2010 from http://www.swlearning.com/blaw/cases/sales/0410_sales_01.html
Gabbard, E.G. (2011). Relationship of far and ucc in subcontracting. Retrieved June
10, 2011 from http://www. fasmg. org/farucc. html
There are limitations on the destruction of wiretap records. The numbers of crimes for which wiretaps can be used, the types of judges who can authorize taps have both however, been expanded.
What Does the Constitution Say?
The United States Constitution states many principles of constitutional law that must be present in for Democracy to truly exist. Democracy is characterized by freedom and liberty to think and believe individually and the freedom to express those beliefs through speech that does not trod upon or offend others. The travesties against justice n committed in the name of Democracy is an affront to all that was intended, fought, and died in attaining in America.
Freedom, liberty and justice not only in America indeed, for the entire world. ut there are limitations within the realm of freedom and justice, for it is not freedom or justice in the forcing of what is termed…
Preamble to the Constitution of the United States (nd) Legal Information Institute [Online] available at; http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/constitution.preamble.html
Dirck, Brian R. (2002) Posterity's blush: civil liberties, property rights, and property confiscation in the confederacy. Civil War History; 9/1/2002 [Online] available at; http://www.highbeam.com/library /doc3.asp?DOCID=1G1:92589648&num=38&ctrlInfo=Round9a%3AProd%3ASR%3AResult&ao=' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Government Accounting Office in America (GAO)
This is an examination of the Government Accounting Office in America. The writer discusses the history, purpose and background of the GAO as well as the duties that the office is charged with performing. The writer then analyzes literature that illustrates the office in action. The final discussion revolves around the question, "Is the office effective or is it a waste of money." There were four sources used to complete this paper.
During the last few years there has been a public outcry and demand to investigate government spending. The public was brought stories by the media about the government paying thousands of dollars for toilet seats, and spending hundreds of dollars on a screwdriver and other such tools. When the reports began to surface about wasted government spending the public became angry. Lobbyists across the nation began to demand an accounting of not…
Bibliography for a listing of non-GAO publications.) It should be noted that, as with any effort to put current events into historical context, alternative interpretations are possible. Often debated are the intent and motivation of the framers of the Constitution who created the census. In this report, we have quoted the Constitution and various laws relating to the decennial census and have attempted to place their language in an historical context. We are not, however, providing our own independent review or interpretation of the constitutional and statutory issues discussed in this report, which, unless otherwise noted, are based primarily on the analysis contained in the various publications and documents we relied upon in preparing this report.
Short answers to some frequently asked questions about the decennial census are in appendix 1. Appendix 11 contains information on changes in the apportionment of the membership of the House of Representatives between the 1920 and 1990 Decennial Censuses by region of country and on changes in the nation's population and its undercount by race and ethnicity between the 1950 and 1990 censuses, as well as a snapshot of the growth and cost of census-taking since the first decennial census in 1790. Major contributors to this report are identified in appendix III.
L. Nye Stevens Director, Federal Management and Workforce Issues
Why Take the Census?
B. In market economies, governments are supposed to provide economic conditions for private enterprises to function effectively. However, the main purpose is to create an environment for a healthy national economy, in which all the parties are prosperous, not only private enterprises (USINFO, 2007). The main difference between market economies and planned economies lies on whether the influence of the government is used to preclude private decision (Wikipedia, 2007). The fact that the Mercedes bidding process took place at the state and local level of governments probably influenced the inducements for this project. In other words, a federal government probably would not have offered such favorable tax condition for the Mercedes plant implementation, being more preoccupied on the social welfare.
C. The state and local governments were definitely in favor of the Alabama Mercedes project, and the enormous amounts of money invested in this project by the Alabama government prove…
Hirschey, Mark. Case Study: Oh, Lord, Won't You Buy Me a Mercedes-Benz (Factory)? Fundamentals of Managerial Economics.
Government in a Market Economy (2007). U.S. Department of State. Retrieved July 17, 2007 at http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/market/mktec8.htm.
Market Economy Introduction (2007). U.S. Department of State. Retrieved July 17, 2007 at http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/market/mktec1.htm.
Market economy (2007). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved July 17, 2007 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Market_economy#Government_intervention .
Government Health Ctr
Government Health Centers: Research Questions and Hypothesis
Opportunities for public health vary considerably from one nation to another. This is even true of westernized and industrialized nations, where political, economic and corporate culture will have a determinant impact on how public health is pursued and how access is accommodated. The research proposed for a consequent dissertation would examine these distinctions as they concern the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada. Each of the four nations noted offers a variance of public and government-sponsored health centers, however the nature, accessibility and adequacy of these centers also vary considerably. As this dissertation proceeds with an examination of these variances, it will be with an emphasis on defining the differences in operational orientation, emergency preparedness, available funding and the demographics which require and benefit most from such centers.
Primary Research Question:
Research questions are framed in…
The Japanese government has a onstitution created in 1947. It is founded on three principles, respect for fundamental human rights, sovereignty of the people, and renunciation of war. There are also three branches of the government. The legislative or Diet, executive or cabinet, and judicial or courts.
The highest organ of state power, the Diet, is Japan's national parliament. They are the singular law-making organ of the states. There are 480 seats in the House of Representatives, 242 seats in the House of ouncillors, all a part of the Diet. Furthermore, all Japanese citizens, once they are 20, can vote in election.
Diet members elect not a president, but a prime minister from amongst the group. The cabinet, from where the prime minster leads, is responsible to the Diet. Things like currency are run by the Diet. On page 21 of hoi's book, he explains the connection between the…
Cummings, William K, and Philip G. Altbach. The Challenge Of Eastern Asian Education. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997.
Wade, Robert. Governing The Market. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2004.
Walter, Lynn. Women's Rights. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2001.
In this respect, it was not the reality which mattered but rather the perception of that reality. Most of the times during the Cold War, but especially after the fall of the Iron Curtain, the reality showed that the perception of the Russian Soviets as the strongest forces in the world was often not true. Still it motivated the U.S. To consider all sorts of side games to defeat the communist threat, which in fact was not as big as considered throughout the decades.
Diversionary war has its own motivation in terms of psychological impact on the population. People tend to view the international threat as being the ultimate point of reference for danger. The state in itself is the most trusted instrument for the insurance of security, and an international threat constitutes the questioning of this establishment. More precisely, it has been argued that "as the leader of one…
Baker, William D.. "The Dog That Won't Wag: Presidential Uses of Force and the Diversionary Theory of War" Strategic Insights, Volume III, Issue 5 (May 2004).
Clausewitz, Carl Von. On War.. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984
Hendrickson, Ryan. "Clinton's Military strikes in 1998: diversionary uses of force?" In Armed Forcea & Society, vol. 28, no. 2. Winter 2002, pp 309-332.
James, Patrick and John R. Oneal, "The Influence of Domestic and International Politics on the President's Use of Force," Journal of Conflict Resolution 35 (1991): 307-332.
Allestree indicates that flattery is a form of mental slavery and says that love and friendship are far too valuable to prostitute them. In addition, he believes that flattery is harmful because, by failing to point out a man's flaws, or by transmuting those flaws into assets, one condemns the man to continue in those faults. Furthermore, he points out that flatterers are often treacherous, because their affection ends when the one that they have flattered falls out of favor. In fact, when the formerly adored friend falls out of favor, the flatterers are often the first to point out their faults to those who are coming into favor.
In section nine, Allestree speaks about boasting. Boasting is not limited to people speaking bombastically about themselves, but also includes people who cannot hear talk on any subject without trying to turn that subject towards them. Therefore, it becomes clear that…
Government originalism OR non-Originalism
Non-Original Interpretation of the Constitution
A substantial amount of debate has occurred in recent times regarding questions of legislation and the interpretation of the constitution. The two primary factions in this debate are that of the originalists, which are largely in favor of a literal interpretation of the constitution and the intention of its founding authors, and that of non-originalists, which are more likely to consider the outcome of such a literal interpretation while recognizing other factors, such as precedent setting (via the judicial branch of government) and conceptions of universal law. Although there are logical reasons to favor arguments propounded by both factions, a thoroughly analysis of the pertinent issues at stake allows one to see that the non-originalist perspective is the one best adapted to suit a contemporary American society.
One of the most eminent arguments of those in favor of originalism is that…
Linder, Doug. "Theories of Constitutional Interpretation." Exploring Constitutional Conflicts. 2012. Web. http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/interp.html
The State of Nevada and Clark County appear to have a different manner of meeting budget deficiencies. The Office of udget and Management has an amount of finances reserved for supplemental and emergency funding, at a total of $153.1 billion dollars. Neither Clark County nor the State of Nevada appears to have emergency or supplemental funding in their budgets.
State of Nevada
The budget for the State of Nevada is larger than Clark County. The total 2006 budget for the State of Nevada is reported to be $2,400 million dollars with a deficit of -2.3%. The state of Nevada's transportation budget for 2006 was $4.6 million dollars; agriculture $21.1 million; education $56.6 million; health and human services $69.2 million; and $21.0 million for justice programs. These amounts are considerably higher than Clark County in comparison. The State of Nevada's Department of usiness and Industry recently released a new prevailing wage…
Clark County (2006). Clark County. Retrieved September 22, 2006, from Nevada's Clark County
Website: http://www.co.clark.nv.us/ .
Office of Budget and Management. (2006). The White House's Office of Budget and Management.
Retrieved September 22, 2006, from the Office of Budget and Management's Website: http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/ .
Finally, this sub-component also recognizes the growing problem associated with diversion of prescription drugs into the illicit black market. The policy provides funding for methods to redress that issue by improved tracking of prescriptions for controlled substances, including the practice of "doctor shopping" sometimes used to obtain legal prescriptions for controlled substances with the intention of distributing them illegally for profit (USONDCP, 2004).
III. Disrupting the Market: Attacking the Economic asis of the Drug Trade: The third major component of the President's drug policy incorporates law enforcement and prosecution in a manner designed to address the economic basis of the drug trade. Specifically, the policy authorizes both increased funding as well as tactical reorganization of various elements of the criminal justice system with respect to the illegal drug trade. In that regard, the policy emphasizes a priority targeting initiative designed to identify and prosecute specific criminal organizations and enterprises involved…
Farwell, S. Man Who Sells Tips on How to Avoid Arrest Is Running for Congress; the Dallas Morning News (Mar. 3/08)
Macionis, J. (2003) Sociology 9th Edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
USONDCP (2004) the President's National Drug Control Strategy. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs04/index.html