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angladesh's poverty situation
Poverty is a major issue in today's world and it remains one of the biggest challenges for humankind to overcome. A third world country, such as angladesh, is defined as an underdeveloped nation that faces challenges in growth (either economic, agricultural, social, etc.). angladesh, a country with a population of 164 million, is one of the poorest countries in the world with a high poverty rate of 40% and a literacy rate of just 51%. Poverty in angladesh exacerbates the problem of the large social divide between the rich and the poor. Some of the causes for poverty in angladesh are unemployment, income distribution, natural disasters, and the lack of education -- among others. The poverty rate in angladesh has contributed to several issues such as child labor, high crime rates, as well as the gaping social divide. This paper will examine the issues associated with…
Afrin, S., Islam, N., and Shahid, U. "Microcredit and rural women entrepreneurship
development in Bangladesh: A multivariate model." Journal of business management. (2010). Accessed March 22, 2011:
Ahmed, S.. "Capability Development among the Ultra-poor in Bangladesh: A Case
Pakistan and Bangladesh
The theme of these articles is a lack of dependable democratic stewardship, and leadership, which includes failure to respond to citizens' needs due to social chaos and civil unrest. Bangladesh is mired in political corruption; Pakistan is engaged in jihadist-related civil strife and has struggled historically with floods, hostility and distrust vis-a-vis India and Afghanistan -- in part due to the use of "relentless propaganda" (Khan, 2010).
In the Khan article Pakistani relations with the U.S. have been strained due to the U.S. support of India, and yet the U.S. needs a strategic relationship with Pakistan. Pilling's article shows that Pakistan has attempted to help the U.S. By disrupting the Taliban and the Green / Bokhari piece reflects that six million people were impacted by floods. Jones points out that the enclaves between India and Bangladesh are "inherently misrepresented/underrepresented" (Jones, 2013). And Mahmud writes that there is…
Ali, Salman. "Rising poverty in Pakistan." Daily Times. Retrieved November 7, 2014, from http://www.dailytimes.com.pk . 2014.
Bari, Muhammad Abdul. "Bangladesh Factory Deaths: Deep-Rooted Corruption Behind a Human Tragedy." Huffington Post. Retrieved November 7, 2014, from http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk .
Childfund. "Swept Away: The Danger of Flooding in Developing Nations." Retrieved
November 7, 2014, from http://www.childfund.org . 2014.
Decisions about foreign direct investment can be complex, and require an incredible amount of information in order to evaluate the different options that a company needs to consider. The best methods of evaluation will apply a consistent set of criteria across a number of different variables and use these for all of the different countries. The company will also want to understand which key variables are the most important. How a country scores on a factor is one critical variable, but how important that factor is the final decision is also important. The following paper will work through a framework for understanding the desirability of a country for foreign direct investment, using the nation of Bangladesh as the prompt. The end result will be an example framework that illustrates the scoring system as applied to Bangladesh. In practice, this would then be used to evaluate Bangladesh against other countries…
AFP (2013). Bangladesh, U.S. sign trade deal. Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved November 29, 2013 from http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/business/international/bangladesh-us-sign-trade/899728.html
CIA World Factbook. (2013). Bangladesh. CIA World Factbook Retrieved November 28, 2013 from
Bangladesh has made considerable progress in economic reform and growth, making the country a fairly attractive destination for international trade. In the 2015 economic freedom index, Bangladesh scored 53.9 points and was ranked the 131st freest economy in the world (Heritage, 2017). Though Bangladesh’s economy has moved from “repressed” status, significant deficiencies in the progress of reform remain. The country is still characterised by corruption, an inefficient judicial system, weak governance structures, an underdeveloped financial sector, and considerable government interference (The Financial Express, 2012; GlobalTrade.net, 2014; Heritage, 2017). These factors continue to hinder development as well as the achievement and sustenance of open markets. For American companies wishing to export goods to Bangladesh, these obstacles present significant risks. This paper highlights these risks and ways of minimising the risks. Recommendations are also provided.
Risks and Concerns in Financing Foreign Trade with Bangladesh
Trade plays a moderately important role in the…
Boland, P. (2012). Risks involved in international trade finance: A banker’s perspective. Retrieved from http://www.fita.org/aotm/0399.html
GlobalTrade.net. (2014). International trade in Bangladesh. Retrieved from http://www.globaltrade.net/m/c/Bangladesh.html
Heritage. (2017). Bangladesh. Retrieved from http://www.heritage.org/index/country/bangladesh
International Monetary Fund (IMF). (2010). Bangladesh: Financial system stability assessment. Country Report No. 10/38. IMF. Retrieved from https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2010/cr1038.pdf
The Financial Express. (2012). Bureaucratic tangle, corruption blocking FDI, says GM Quader. Retrieved from http://print.thefinancialexpress- bd.com/old/more.php?news_id=94926&date=2012-01-18
The United States is the #1 export partner for Bangladesh, representing 13.9% of Bangladesh's exports. However, the US is not one of the countries from which Bangladesh primarily imports (CIA World Factbook, 2017). The total trade between the two countries in 2016 was around $6.8 billion, $5.9 billion of which was from Bangladesh to the US. Imports of American goods to Bangladesh totalled just $895 million. Bangladesh is thus the 50th-largest trade partner of the US (USTR, 2017).
Bangladesh exports are woven apparel ($3.8 billion), knit apparel ($1.4 billion), other textiles ($206 million) and footwear ($105 million). The US exports to Bangladesh soybeans ($232 million), cotton ($95 million), corn ($39 million) and feed/fodder ($22 million). Thus, the Bangladesh has a position as one of the clothing and footwear-producing nations exporting to the US, but really only has the means to import small amounts of agricultural goods. Trade with Bangladesh is…
ADB (2016) ADB signs trade finance agreements with four Bangladeshi banks. Asia Development Bank. Retrieved August 5, 2017 from https://www.adb.org/news/adb-signs-trade-finance-agreements-four-bangladesh-banks-0
Baylis, H. (2016). Constraints to trade finance. World Bank. Retrieved August 5, 2017 from https://elibrary.worldbank.org/doi/abs/10.1596/978-1-4648-0898-2_ch7
CIA World Factbook (2017) Bangladesh. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved August 5, 2017 from
Training can be provided, which will assure that teachers in the IT group at least have the basic tools that they need to administer the course effectively.
The purpose of this research study is to gain insight into the potential effectiveness of a program that combines e-learning with traditional face-to-face classroom instruction in rural areas of Bangladesh. The results of this study are intended to serve in the development of policies that can be used by the government of Bangladesh in the establishment of effective IT policies. At the present time, much skepticism exists as to the effectiveness of this proposed initiative. This research will shed light onto the real potential of the initiative and the real results of the initiative the student learning, classroom attendance and other factors that might be affected by this initiative. The most important outcome of the study will be the ability to develop…
Bentley, Y., Shegunshi, A., & Scannell, M. (2010). Evaluating the Impact of Distance Learning Support Systems on the Learning Experience of MBA Students in a Global Context Electronic Journal of e-Learning (EJEL) 8 (2): 5-62.
Choy, S. (2006). Benefits of e-Learning Benchmarks: Australian Case Studies. Electronic Journal of e-Learning (EJEL). 5 (1): 11-20.
Fetaji, B. & Fetaji, M. (2009). e-Learning Indicators: a Multi-Dimensional Model for Planning and Evaluating e-Learning Software Solutions Electronic Journal of e-Learning (EJEL) 7(1): 1-28.
George-Pallonis, J. & Filak, V. (2009). Blended Learning in the Visual Communications Classroom: Student Reflections on a Multimedia Course Electronic Journal of e-Learning (EJEL) 7 (2): 247-256.
Operating in these conditions helped Telenor gain valuable experience and insights into how to plan future joint ventures and alliances in emerging, high growth 3rd world nations.
Indirect benefits included gaining greater insight and intelligence with regard to the Indian consumer cell phone market in general, and the village and rural market needs specifically. Partnering with Grameen Bank provided invaluable experiences in seeing how to create profitable businesses in each village. There are many indirect benefits to Telenor and Grameen from a CSR standpoint as well, as the cell phone service they provided turned out to be a critical catalyst for growing the economies of these rural communities. By participating in the joint venture, Telenor helped create a platform of economic growth for the 29,000 villages participating in the program.
ow would you calculate the SROI (Social Return on Investment) for the Village Phone Project?
The Social Return on Investment…
How would you calculate the SROI (Social Return on Investment) for the Village Phone Project?
The Social Return on Investment (SROI) for the Village Phone Project needs to be calculated by comparing the costs and benefits of the investment from a social value perspective. Telenor and Grameen Telecom both shared a common vision of bringing telephone service to the most impoverished areas of Bangladesh. Telenor's investment of $40M and commitment to the program, combined with the $43.7M from Grameen Telecom along with two other partners, delivered mobile phone services to 68,000 villages, giving women in these villages a chance to significantly increase their incomes to $80 per month. Women reported that they were able to use these earnings to pay for their children's education, subsidize the development of new businesses and farms, and increase the quality of life for them and their families. This program also generated 600 jobs internally and 40,000 jobs externally by 2003, leading to a major contribution to employee's quality of life. When SROI is used for calculating the job creation factors of this program alone, the results are exceptional given the relatively small investment and timeframe to results achieved.
The unquantifiable aspects of the SROI include the communication links the village ranchers and townspeople have with doctors and family, making it possible to get better healthcare for their family members quickly. There is also the major economic contribution to the region of giving farmers the opportunity to keep their livestock healthier and more productive, as villagers can call a veterinarian and get treatment advice. They no longer have to go in for an appointment. All of these "soft" or immeasurable benefits are the catalysts of greater economic growth in the region.
Bangladesh Connection to the World
Bangladesh’s cultural, political, and economic facets are its link with the remaining world. Bangladeshi art expresses the historical political and social transformations the nation has undergone over time. The previously united Bengal region is now segregated into the Indian state of West Bengal and the independent nation called the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. The former’s major religion is Hinduism while the latter’s is Islam. All through the course of history, cultural concepts and particular facets’ identifications as ‘tradition’ contributed significantly to constructing identity notions within the region, where a mingling of multiple cultures may be seen to this day (Selim, 2014). By highlighting the nation’s political developments historically, Bangladesh’s Muslim nationalism is revealed to be an alternative approach to the prior nationalism-secularism of Bengal (Hossain, 2012).
Identity – The nation’s culture, a product of centuries of amassing elements from Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam…
Rohingya Refugee Crisis
Rakhine state is historically known to be the home of Muslim population who in a large part identify as Rohinya. They have suffered legal and social discrimination and they have had historical long-standing tensions with the Buddhist Rakhine community. The violence, occasioned by inter-ethnic clashes, that was experienced in Myanmar’s Rakhine state since the August of 2017 has seen exponential number of refugees flee into Bangladesh, thereby getting exposed to terrible suffering and squalid living conditions in the refugee camps. According to the UN CERF, (2018), there were an estimated 1.2 million refugees hosted in Bangladesh which included the new refugees, the old refugees who had already migrated into the region and the affected host communities urgently needed assistance as they were in distress. Though Bangladesh, being an Islamic nation and its geographical location makes it an obvious option for the Muslim Rohingya refugees, there are other…
The Bangladesh culture and minority affairs
The minority tribes of Bangladesh have over the years faced numerous systemic and traditional challenges. These minority tribes have been scattered on the hilly parts of Bangladesh particularly in the districts of Rangpur, Dinajpur, Rajshahi, Mymensigh, Sylhet and Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHTs). The known groups under this minority category are the Chakmas, marmas, Marungs, Chaks, Bowns, Pankoos among other tribes. The basic human rights of these groups are violated often. These violations are perpetrated by private companies and even the government agencies and if not then state agencies fail to conclusively investigate the violations. There are other third parties who are involved in the violations like the Bengali settlers, private companies, illegal land grabbers as well as the local administrations.
The minority tribes have seen massive displacements over the years. For the CHT people it can be said that since the 1940s the CHT…
Crisis at Footwear International
A multinational shoe manufacturing company has been accused of deliberately designing a shoe with an insole that is offensive to Muslims. Footwear International consists of a number of companies that are semi-autonomous with regard to operations, and are governed by boards of directors that include local business community members. The Footwear International company in Bangladesh experienced severe criticism from local activist student groups who interpreted the design of an insole to include the name of Allah. Further, the students charged the manufacturing company of being owned and financed by Jews, and somehow linked the entire episode to Salman ushdie. The designer of the shoe -- a devout Bengali Muslim who does not speak or read Arabic -- declared that the pattern integrated into the insole design was inspired by Chinese temple bells that she purchased. Further, the insole design had been considered and approved…
Bangladesh. (2011). CIA World Fact Book. Retrieved https://www.cia.gov/library / publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bg.html
People's Republic of Bangladesh. (2010). Department of State. Retrieved http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3452.htm
Husain, I. (2009, Fall / Winter). Pakistan & Afghanistan: Domestic Pressures and Regional Threats: The Role of Politics in Pakistan's Economy. Journal of International Affairs, 63 (1), 1-18. Retrieved http://jia.sipa.columbia.edu/role-politics-pakistans-economy-0
The following is a response to a major disaster in the Asian coastal country of Bangladesh. A major and destructive typhoon has recently hit the country and there are significant problems. The result of this typhoon has seem massive death, destruction and population displacement, and to worsen the situation, data indicates that cases of a diarrheal disease consistent with cholera have been reported.
This essay will highlight the priorities of work that need to be addressed in order to respond to the cholera outbreak that appears imminent. This response will recommend certain actions that need to be implemented and which agencies to seek assistance from to help in making the plan work. Pre-deployment preparations for those flocking to the disaster will also be discussed to give a more descriptive form to the problem.
Impacts of Cholera Outbreaks
It is important and preliminary to understand the problems and risks associated…
Tappero JW, Tauxe RV. Lessons learned during public health response to cholera epidemic in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Emerg Infect Dis [serial on the Internet]. 2011 Nov [date cited]. http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1711.110827
The World Health Organization (2006). Communicable Disease following natural disasters. Risk Assessment and Priority Interventions. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/diseasecontrol_emergencies/guidelines/CD_Disasters_26_06.pdf
Vaccinations in disaster situations: Recommendations of the PAHO/WHO special program for vaccines and immunization (2012). Retrieved from: http://www.paho.org/English/PED/te_vacc.htm
Audit Management DQ
Consider the governance of the company owning ana Plaza and describe the regional expectations as well as best practice in this area and the benefits that adoption brings. Evaluate the governance of ana Plaza during and after the collapse of the building against these and explain how this helped or hindered ana Plaza.
The management of ana Plaza failed to ensure employee safety. In such a case, workers and suppliers equate the weakest points in relation to conditions of order and input dependency, footloose sourcing practices, and hand-to-mouth contracting. One of the incidents that happened in 2013 at Sadia Garments Ltd. saw new unionized workers facing aggressive campaigns on factory management (Ayres, 2014). Workers faced threats of violence while lead organizers were sent death threats. Later, one factory supervisor attacked the Union General Secretary for Sadia Garments with a pair of scissors while demanding for the resignation…
Ahmed S. & Lakhani, L. (2013). Bangladesh Building Collapse: An End to Recovery Efforts, a Promise of a New Start. CNN. Retrieved November 10, 2014 from http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/14/world/asia/bangladesh-building-collapse-aftermath/index.html?iref=allsearch
Ayres, A. (2014). A Guide to the Rana Plaza Tragedy, And Its Implications, In Bangladesh. Forbes. Retrieved November 10, 2014 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/alyssaayres/2014/04/24/a-guide-to-the-rana-plaza-tragedy-and-its-implications-in-bangladesh/
BBC Bengali Service (2013). Bangladesh factory collapse toll passes 1,000. BBC Bengali Service. Retrieved November 10, 2014 from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-22476774
Benettongroup.com (2014). Benetton Group Backs an Initiative In Support Of the Victims of Rana Plaza and Their Families. Benettongroup.com. Retrieved November 10, 2014 from http://www.benettongroup.com/archive/press-release/benetton-group-backs-initiative-support-victims-rana-plaza-and-their-families
While the main bases are still located in the Bangladesh area, there are branches in almost every country (Muktadhara, 2001).
Most of the crimes committed by the Jamaat were done in Bangladesh and surrounding areas. The actual locations vary between Shrines, local businesses, celebrations, airfields, and sporting events. As funding increases, both their crime locations and base of operations continues to increase (Muktadhara, 2001).
The Jamaat organization dislikes the United States and other Western cultures for two main reasons. First, they challenge the western methods to achieve social and industrial reform. According to the Jamaat, their method provides more opportunity for equality and change from within, rather than changing the industry, and leaving the citizens to starve. Secondly, the Jamaat dislikes the capitalistic ways of the Western world. They view the values and methods of the United States and other western nations as actions taken against Islam, and view those…
Jamaat e-Islami Organization. (2002). Vision and Commitment. About Jamaat. Obtained October 24, 2004 from Jamaat e-Islami. Web site: http://www.jamaat-e-islami.org/about/visioncommitment.html .
Jamaat e-Islami Organization. (2002b). Objectives, goals, and approach. Organization. Obtained October 24, 2004 from Jamaat e-Islami. Web site: http://www.jamaat-e-islami.org/about/objectivesgoalsapproach.html .
Kidwai, R. (Feb 2, 2004). Moderates wait for echo from the majority. The Telegraph, p. C2.
Muktadhara. (2001). Jamat e-Islam. Obtained October 24, 2004 from Muktadhara.net, maintained by the Institute for Humanist Studies, Bangladesh. Web site: http://muktadhara.net/page80.html.
' Indians across the political spectrum, especially the country's powerful nuclear weapons establishment, are critical of the NPT, arguing that it unfairly warps international hierarchies to the disadvantage of the non-nuclear-weapon states" (1998:15). In its efforts to balance the pressures from the international community with its own self-interests in formulating foreign policies, the position adopted by India has been starkly different than other countries. In this regard, Karp concludes that, "Most states party to the NPT accept the unfairness of the treaty as a tradeoff that serves their own and global interests. India's leaders insist that fair and genuine nuclear disarmament must start with the nuclear-weapon states themselves, a demand formalized by former Prime Minister ajiv Gandhi in his 1990 global nuclear disarmament initiative" (Karp 1998:14).
As a result of these events, the 20th century witnessed the formation of various positions in Indian foreign policy that would endure throughout the…
Berlin, D.L. 2006 "India in the Indian Ocean." Naval War College Review 59(2): 58-59.
Chollett, D. & Lindberg, T. 2007 "A Moral Core for U.S. Foreign Policy." Policy Review 146: 3-
Davis, C.B. & Rill, L.A. 2008 "Testing the Second Level of Agenda Setting: Effects of News
Globalization and Social/Human Injustices
Human slavery/sex trafficking
The menace of slavery and trafficking for purpose of sexual exploitation is a menace that greatly neglected or not talked about by the high and mighty yet it is a problem that ravages families on a daily basis. Across the globe, there are people who benefit from the modern day slavery and there are countries that act as source, most of them being the underdeveloped nations where poverty is high and unemployment is also significantly high. These two factors when combined, often push affected families to willingly or otherwise let go of their daughters into the forced labor or sex slavery in more developed nations. The women and children are the most affected groups in the slavery business since they are the most vulnerable in the society. Against the common belief that slavery is obsolete, the opening up of more borders and easy…
Buchholz T.G., (2007). New Ideas from Dead Economists. An Introduction't Modern Economic Thought. Retrieved December 10, 2014 from http://www.docdroid.net/miuc/newideas-deadeconomists.pdf.html
French H.W., (2013). The Not-So-Great Professor: Jeffrey Sachs' Incredible Failure to Eradicate Poverty in Africa. Retrieved December 10, 2014 from http://www.psmag.com/navigation/books-and-culture/smart-guy-jeffrey-sachs-nina-munk-idealist-poverty-failure-africa-65348/
Gates Foundation, (2012). Theo Sowa: We Need the Voices of African Women-TEDxChange. Retrieved December 10, 2014 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GfIQgPb7pQs
ForaTv, (2008). Muhammad Yunus: The Social Business Model. Retrieved December 10, 2014 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0C3XQ3BTd4o
diversity of the entering class and enhance the educational experience of other students. First, I have lived in various places outside of the United States, including Africa (I participated in internships there) Bangladesh (I attended high school there), Germany, and Tanzania (my family lives there). Living in different countries has provided me with an opportunity interact with and meet people from different cultural, economic, educational, political, religious, and social backgrounds. In addition, living in various countries has enabled me to gain an understanding of various cultures and also to gain insight into the different needs and ways of thinking among various groups.
Next, I have used my background and experience to my advantage during my collegiate education at the University of Virginia. During college, I was involved in a lot of group work, often with groups that were very diversified racially and otherwise. My ability to interact with, relate to,…
Poverty Reduction occur on a Local Scale or must it be in a roader Scope to be Meaningful? Discuss with Reference to Specific Examples.
One of the biggest issues that a host of governments and international organizations are wrestling with (i.e. The UN) is how to effectively eliminate poverty. This is because, a number of different programs have been implemented in the past that were suppose to have a dramatic impact on reducing levels. Yet, in reality they are having limited effects at addressing the underlying causes. Instead, most of the money that is intended to tackle these challenges is squandered through: government bureaucracy and corrupt leaders.
A good example of this can be seen by looking no further than Tanzania. After gaining independence in the 1961, the country began to experience 6% economic growth. This caused many international aid organizations and donors to provide increased amounts of funding for…
2011 World Hunger and Property Facts, 2011, World Hunger. Available from: [31 May 2011].
Aid and Fairer Trade, 2010, UN. Available from: [31 May 2011].
Macro Economic Development, 2011, Aid Indonesia. Available from: [31 May 2011].
Microfinance in Cambodia, 2011, CMA. Available from: [31 May 2011].
The solution that Hardin proposes is that of a coercive method; as always he gives a lucid example to support the point that he proposes. Hardin reminds the reader that society mutually agreed to make it illegal to rob banks, rather than appeal to the sense of responsibility to those who wish to rob banks as a means of deterring them. Bank robbers (real and potential) know that very immediate consequences await them, such as police chases which could end in injuries or fatalities, jail time and other comparable results. These consequences are real and immediate because they're reinforced by the state, the judicial system and by the police force. This form of coercion prevents more people from attempting to rob banks. Our natural resources of water need to be treated as though they're as valuable as banks filled with money. Dumping chemicals such as fertilizers, pharmaceuticals and personal care…
Environmentalgraffitti, n.d. 7 Extinct Animals: Rare Photographs. [Online]
Available at: http://www.environmentalgraffiti.com/featured/rare-photographs-
Magnuson, M.L. et al., 2005. Responding to Water Contamination Threats. [Online]
My project is to open a microfinance bank, which specializes in low value, non-collateral loans for small business, typically in underprivileged parts of the world (Opportunity.org, 2013). This will open in New York, serving people in the city's poorest communities, especially those struggling with unemployment. In some parts of the city, the annual median household income is below $10,000, and people in those communities become trapped in poverty (Venugopal, 2011). Microfinance was instituted by Grameen Bank in Bangladesh by Mohammed Yunus, who won a Nobel Peace Prize for the project (Grameen, 2013; Nobelprize.org, 2013). The project would utilize funds raised in New York's banking community to provide loans for people in New York's poorest areas, and to provide business skills training to help them to improve their earnings and standard of living.
Model and Competition
The business model of microfinance is different from that of a conventional bank. Microfinance…
Bloomberg. (2013). Consumer interest rates. Bloomberg. Retrieved October 11, 2013 from http://www.bloomberg.com/markets/rates-bonds/consumer-interest-rates/
Chen, G., Rasmussen, S. & Reille, X. (2010). Growth and vulnerabilities in microfinance.
Citigroup. (2013). Corporate citizenship: Microfinance. CITI. Retrieved October 11, 2013 from http://www.citigroup.com/citi/citizen/microfinance/
Grameen. (2013). Grameen Bank: Bank for the poor. Grameen-Info.org Retrieved October 11, 2013 from http://www.grameen-info.org/
Reflection activity: Ashoka
hy is the reign of the third Mauryan emperor, Ashoka, important to the study of early Indian and Buddhist art?
Ashoka was one of India's greatest emperors whose reign covered a vast region. He conquered Kallinga which had not been done by any of his predecessors. However, this conquest claimed massive numbers of casualties and was destructive. He later converted to Buddhism after some of his experiences in the war which introduced Buddhism and its art to a vast population in India.
Discussion activity: Stupas
To what extent do these examples share the core characteristics of all stupas, and in what ways do they differ from each other? Bodhnath, Nepal (example 1) and Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka (example 2)
The stupa generally has six parts that have symbolic meaning that the stupas share. The Bodhnath stupa appears to be more modern and contains cables that connect…
British Museum. (N.d.). Sandstone figure of the seated Buddha. Retrieved from British Museum: http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/asia/s/sandstone_figure_of_the_seated.aspx
Dhejia, V. (1990). On Modes of Visual narration in Early Buddhist Art. The Art Bulletin, 374-392.
Smart History. (N.d.). The Stupa. Retrieved from Smart History: http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/the-stupa.html
Women and water in India. In the villages of North Gujarat in India, so much groundwater has been removed that water supplies are now becoming scarce, according to hawana Upadhyay, writing in the journal Agriculture and Human Values. Women in North Gujarat are basically looked upon as "…domestic water users while men are seen as productive water users, despite the fact that women make significant use of water for productive purposes as well"
(Upadhyay, 2005, p. 411). Domestic water usage in India goes well beyond drinking and cooking, Upadhyay writes. Dalit women in Nepal for example grow commercial vegetable crops with the water they draw; they utilize a drip system, which costs just $12 to install, and it results in a profit of around $80 annually. Without a source of safe water, the livelihood of these women would disappear. Still, women's use of water tends to be classified as domestic,…
Buckingham, Susan, 2004, 'Ecofeminism in the Twenty-First Century', the Geographical Journal, Vol. 170, No. 2, 146-154.
Crow, Ben, and Sultana, Farhana, 2002, 'Gender, Class, and Access to Water: Three Cases in a Poor and Crowded Delta', Society and Natural Resources, Vol. 15, 709-724.
Dobscha, Susan, and Ozanne, Julie L. 2001. 'An Ecofeminist Analysis of Environmentally Sensitive Women Using Qualitative Methodology: The Emancipatory Potential of an Ecological Life', Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, Vol. 20, No. 2, 201-214.
Eaton, Heather, 'Ecofeminism and Globalization', Feminist Theology, Vol. 8, No. 41, 41-55.
There may be other reasons that have to do with cultural implications as well when it comes to population / fertility growth. Some people in LDNs may have religious reasons for not wanting to use birth control and may have major issues with abortion. In DNs, most women go to college, they have a career, they put off marriage, and when they do decide to get married, they may have one or two children. However, in LDNs, women may marry quite early, sometimes as early as fourteen, and may believe that having as many children as possible is what life is about. There are so many cultural factors in LDNs that people in DNs are unaware of.
It's interesting to note that in some countries in Europe especially, the government is actually trying to promote pregnancies because of the slow population growth rate. While this hasn't happened in the United…
Asian Info. (2011). Bangladesh. Asian info. Accessed on January 29, 2011: http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/bangladesh/bangladesh.htm
Food and Agricultiral Organization of the United Nations. (2011). Media Centre: Feeding
Bangladesh's growing population amid rising climate challenges. FAO. Access on January 29, 2011: http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/46153/icode/
preferences by countries can led to different forms of the challenges that they face and the strategies they choose to address these challenges. However, in an increasingly globalized world, many modern challenges are increasingly affecting the world's population as a whole; like climate change for example. Thus the next generations of challenges will require solutions that involve an unprecedented level of global collaboration. Furthermore, these challenges can be thought of in terms of social, economic, and environmental challenges. This paper will briefly outline three development challenges that are facing development in the 21st century.
Climate change, also known as global warming, is an environmental phenomenon that has attracted significant global attention in recent decades. This is arguably an issue that can be thought of as an existential issue. Climate change stands the potential not only to threaten many animal species around the world in a new global masses…
AFP. (2013, March 14). Chavez 'devil' speech recalled at UN tribute. Retrieved from Nation: http://www.nation.co.ke/News/world/Chavez-devil-speech-recalled-at-UN-tribute/-/1068/1719726/-/2omnx2z/-/index.html
Hanna, S., & Osborne-Lee, I. (2011). Sustainable economy of the ecological footprint: economic analysis and impacts. In V. Esteve, Ecosystems and Sustainable Development VIII (pp. 313-342). Southampton: WIT Press.
Harris, G. (2014, March 25). Borrowed Time on Disappearing Land. Retrieved from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/29/world/asia/facing-rising-seas-bangladesh-confronts-the-consequences-of-climate-change.html
Kabir, A. (2015, May 14). Democracy Departs From Bangladesh. Retrieved from The Diplomat: http://thediplomat.com/2015/05/democracy-departs-from-bangladesh/
I was touched by the dedication of the eldest brother to feed his siblings and by the way he ate last only after caring for them, and only if there was any food left after they ate. To me, it was depressing just to see; for them, it was their daily life. I gladly gave them two hundreds taka (about 3 dollars).
Even that experienced paled in comparison to what I saw in the homes of the poor. Millions of people in Bangladesh can't afford anything resembling what we here would consider a "house" by any stretch of the imagination. They live in huts made from straw and scraps of wood; there are no floors inside either, just the hard ground with a roof on top. Still, it is a place that provides a sanctuary from the filthy streets. Naturally, these huts are all blown away and flooded during the…
What is meant by the term 'social enterprise' and what do social enterprises contribute to society and the economies in which they operate?
The acceleration with which the world is changing day by day is continuous. A majority of organizations that have a motto of 'not-for-profit' are looking out for prospects with the help of which they can begin or widen their projects in order to get their missions fulfilled and offer the needy the earned profits. Thus, any organization or scheme that brings about the mentioned twofold objectives is considered a social enterprise. Social enterprises sell mission-related goods or services and by doing so they try to create a more impartial and fair environment through specific market-based strategies (Bornstein & Davis 2010).
In other words, a business is regarded as a social enterprise when the main objective is to cope up with the prevailing societal problems and…
Baptiste, T. (2009). Being a Leader and Making Decisions. 1st. ed. New York: Chelsea House.
Beerel, A. (2009). Leadership and Change Management. 1st. ed. Los Angeles: SAGE.
Bornstein, D. & Davis, S. (2010). Social Entrepreneurship: What Everyone Needs to Know. 1st. ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
Borzaga, C. & Defourny, J. (2001). The Emergence of Social Enterprise. 1st. ed. London: Routledge.
(Quite recently, she recently passed away, and the loss has been devastating to me and my family. To give tribute to her memory, I continue to press on in my work, and hope that my eventual degree will be a lasting credit to her memory).
The method of teaching in America was very different than what I had experienced in Bangladesh. In Bangladesh, students listen and take notes, and accept what the teacher says as the gospel truth. In America, students are encouraged to argue and debate with the professor, and if they do not they are regarded as less engaged with the material. In my eyes, the attitudes of my American colleagues seemed startling and challenging.
A far higher level of personal independence was expected in America than in Bangladesh. Students were encouraged to select their classes with relatively little assistance. Because of the large nature of UTA, there…
" It is additionally stated that the results of corruption are that public resources are channeled to the rich while the poor suffer because "their access to public services, such as public health and education, is reduced while drugs and textbooks are stolen from public facilities and sold privately and while doctors and teachers have high rates of absenteeism from their public jobs and sell their services privately." (Bonn, 2005) Bonn reports that the faith of citizen's in the government is greatly lowered as the government corruption deters both foreign and domestic investments which are needed in Bangladesh and that the government further 'undermines the ability of Bangladesh's development partners to sustain their support for the country."
IV. EMPIRICAL STUDIES
Mauro (1995) made an examination of the results of corruption through use of the Business International (1984) index and growth rates of per capital GDP spanning the years from 1960…
Blackburn, K. & Forgues-Puccio, G. (2005) Public Expenditures, Bureaucratic Corruption and Economic Development - the School of Economic Studies, the University of Manchester in its series Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series No. 54. Online available at http://ideas.repec.org/p/man/cgbcrp/54.html#provider .
Ifediora, John O. (2005) the Effects of Bureaucratic Corruption on Economic Development: The Case of Sub-Saharan Africa. The Nigerian Village Square. 18 April 2005. Online available at http://www.nigeriavillagesquare1.com/Articles/Guest/2005/04/effects-of-bureaucratic-corruption-on.html.
Akai, Nobuo, Horiuchi, Yusaku, and Sakata, Masayo (2005) Short-run and Long-run Effects of Corruption on Economic Growth; Evidence from State-Level Cross-Section Data for the United States. Online available at http://apseg.anu.edu.au/degrees/idec/working_papers/IDEC05-5.pdf
Summers, R. And Heston, a., 1988. 'A new set of international comparisons of real product and price levels estimates for 130 countries, 1950-1985', Review of Income and Wealth, 34(1):1-25.
entrepreneurial leaders, charismatic Richard Branson and visionary Muhammad Yunus, and discusses their leadership styles and major business principles.
ho would have guessed that this high school dropout would become a billionaire and world-renowned entrepreneur? Born Richard Charles Nicholas Branson on July 18, 1950 in Surrey, England, Branson launched his first successful business at age 16. Branson struggled with dyslexia until he dropped out of boarding school to launch a youth culture magazine called Student. The publication was run by students, for students and sold $8,000 worth of advertising in its first edition. The first run of 50,000 copies was disseminated for free, after Branson covered the costs with advertising (Bio, 2011).
Branson went on to become the founder of the Virgin Group, an international conglomerate of some 350 companies, all of them combining for more than $8 billion in annual sales. He became Sir Richard Branson when he…
Bio. (2011). Muhammad Yunus biography. Retrieved October 21, 2011 from: http://www.biography.com/people/muhammad-yunus-218222
Bio. (2011). Richard Branson biography. Retrieved October 21, 2011 from: http://www.biography.com/people/richard-branson-9224520
Gangemi, J. (2005). Nobel winner Yunus: Microcredit missionary. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved October 21, 2011 from: http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/05_52/b3965024.htm
Muhammad Yunus - Biography. (2006). Nobelprize.org. Retrieved October 21, 2011 from: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2006/yunus-bio.html#
history of events in the twentieth century, one might surmise that the twenty-first may not be all that different. Why? ecause human nature and the pursuit of self-interest has not changed from one century to the next. To explain what drives international relations, Joshua Goldstein provides a brief history of the world, in addition to information about the geographical features and the consequences of different nation's economies. (Goldstein, 2003) The beginning of the twentieth century was marked by relative peace in the world. The Franco-Prussian wars were at least three decades into the past. Nobody would envision that the worst horrors of a global scale wars were in the near future. In as much as Goldstein avers that the First World War was wholly unnecessary and it was, at least in its inception, a macho exercise (p. 37), one can believe that war is part of human nature.
Goldstein, J.S. International Relations. 5th ed. New York: Longman, 2003.
Tacitus, C., and Birley, A.R. Agricola; and Germany. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Bangladesh’s per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the year 2016 was 1029.60 US dollars, equal to 8% of the global average, a never-before-recorded high. Between 1960 and 2016, the average per capita GDP of the nation was 487.18 USD. Its record low figure for GDP was recorded in the year 1972 (317.70 USD). The above figures may be compared against US and Japanese trends (Trade Economics, 2018).
The United States’ per capita GDP for the year 2016 was 52194.90 US dollars, equal to 413% of the global average, an unprecedented high. Between 1960 and 2016, the average per capita GDP of the nation was 34922.23 USD. Its record low figure for GDP was recorded in the year 1960 (17036.90 USD) (Trade Economics, 2018).
Japan’s per capita GDP for the year 2016 was 47607.70 US dollars, equal to 377% of the global average, an unprecedented high. Between 1960…
By means of automation, specialized works that were predominantly done by men in the manufacturing industries situated in the developed nations were diminished. Conversely, non-specialized jobs mainly in the electronic parts manufacturing industries, particularly the microchip, in which unskilled women in a number of developing nations find employment, became bigger. Thus, the electronic parts manufacturers, instead of investing in huge capital-based units, had favored to make use of manual workers based in nations wherein inexpensive, quiet, and for that reason mostly women workers was quickly accessible. (Mitter; owbotham, 1995) Hence, women in Asia could get several jobs from the electronics manufacturing industry. Fresh high school passed out graduates from the tiny villages moved to the cities for jobs available in the semiconductor units. Usually the daughters of those villagers who were high-incomes, these young females, irritated by the absence of clerical as well as semi-skilled employment prospects in their villages,…
Ahmed, Fauzia Erfan. (2004, Summer) "The Rise of the Bangladesh Garment Industry:
Globalization, Women Workers, and Voice," NWSA Journal, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 34-45.
Ainina, Fall M; Petrick, Joseph a; Scherer, Robert F. (2003) "Loss Control in High Technology
Electronics Manufacturing: A Longitudinal Study of Occupational Safety," Review of Business, vol. 24, no.3, pp: 35-42.
ar in Iraq
The top story for May 1, 2005 in the New York Times concerning Iraq was titled, "Iraq Insurgents Continue ave of Attacks." The Chicago Tribune had no top stories on Iraq for this date and the ashington Post's only story on Iraq concerned Iraq's power grid problem. The LA Times' top story is titled "Iraq to Purge Corrupt Officers." Therefore the two domestic stories concerning Iraq come from the New York Times and the LA Times. The two foreign stories discussed were links found on the Iraq Daily web site. One is from The Independent Bangladesh and the other is from Dawn, a Pakistan English newspaper.
The New York Times article is an Associated Press report concerning the Sunday attacks in Iraq. It reports that insurgents' attacks are continuing for the third straight day and have included ambushes, car bombs, and drive-by shooting, bringing the death toll…
"Iraq2 still crippled by violence." The Independent Bangladesh. May 1, 2005.
"Iraq1 troubles keep haunting U.S.." Dawn. (Pakistan). May 1, 2005
Prior to the year 1947, the region that now makes up the People’s Republic of Bangladesh came under the eastern portion of Bengal – one of the provinces of British India. Owing to its river boundaries and fringe location, this region was largely culturally and politically set apart from the remaining parts of India across numerous eras of the nation’s history. With the dawn of Islamic rule in the subcontinent during the 12th century, under the Turco-Afghans, a large Muslim pocket was created in the Bengal region. In the year 1576, Bengal became a part of the vast and famous Mughal Empire. Only in the year 1757 was it integrated into British India (Cheema, 2013).
The Muslims of British India remained politically and economically backward. But Bengal’s Muslim population comprised a small community of aristocrats; a huge cluster of uneducated, poverty-ridden peasants; and a small though steadily increasing…
However, if people were to fight in order to put across their principles they would have almost certainly had more to win out of the exploit. Instead, they ended up with no job and longing for the miserable derisory salaries they earned from working for Disney. It is obvious that developing countries need to be assisted in ways meant to help people understand their rights and the value of their work. There are a series of individuals guilty for the situation in Bangladesh, starting from the simple worker, to the harsh employer, and eventually to large companies like Disney and Walmart.
Perhaps it is less detrimental for the people of Bangladesh that corporations decide to abandon factories there, as this may serve as a wake up call, teaching them that their lives are not reduced to slaves working 15-hour shifts for salaries that barely get them through the day and…
It also seems that a regionally integrated market can increase foreign direct investments (FDIs), mainly due to the fact that this will appear as a better regulated market and as a market offering more opportunities than a smaller market. For example, in EU's case, we are talking about a market with almost half a billion consumers and coordinated with unified economic policies from russels. A highly stable market and with good growth potential, this will attract foreign investors. So, as a regionally integrated market, the EU also offers the advantage of a regulated market, with practical approaches that make the market successful.
Other advantages of regional economic integration are particular to specific countries. In the EU, this is the case of less developed countries, such as Greece, Portugal and Spain (at the moment of their adherence) or the countries of Eastern Europe (in the present). The fact that these countries…
1. Regional Integration: Concepts, Advantages, Disadvantages and Lessons of Experience. May 2005. On the Internet at http://www.sarpn.org.za/documents/d0001249/P1416-RI-concepts_May2005.pdf/.Last retrieved on September 15, 2007
2. Bangladesh Country Note. Promoting Regional Integration in South Asia: A Private Sector Perspective. October 2004. The World Bank/International Monetary Fund 2004 Annual Meetings. Washington DC. On the Internet at http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTSOUTHASIA/Resources/Bangladesh-Final.pdf.Last retrieved on September 15, 2007
Regional Integration: Concepts, Advantages, Disadvantages and Lessons of Experience. May 2005. On the Internet at http://www.sarpn.org.za/documents/d0001249/P1416-RI-concepts_May2005.pdf/.Last retrieved on September 15, 2007
Bangladesh Country Note. Promoting Regional Integration in South Asia: A Private Sector Perspective. October 2004. The World Bank/International Monetary Fund 2004 Annual Meetings. Washington DC. On the Internet at
Schaefer, K., J. Hennessy, & J.G. Ponterotto. (2000). ace as a variable in imposing
and carrying out the death penalty in the U.S. ace, ethnicity, sexual orientation, violent crime: The realities and the myths. The Haworth Press, 35-45.
The research question was: given the extent to which the death penalty has been arbitrarily imposed, to what extent are there unbalanced racial demographics in death penalty sentencing?
The hypothesis was that race is a factor in terms of how death penalty sentencing is allocated.
esearch was accumulated through the analysis of the FBI's Uniform Crime eports from 1976 to 1995. This source provided information about the race of perpetrators. DOJ capital offender data files were also analyzed for the demographic data for each of the 5,580 of the prisoners condemned to death versus those of offenders from states without death penalties (Schaefer, Hennessey, & Ponterotto, 2000, p. 39).
Schaefer, K., J. Hennessy, & J.G. Ponterotto. (2000). Race as a variable in imposing
and carrying out the death penalty in the U.S. Race, Ethnicity, Sexual Orientation, Violent Crime: The Realities and the Myths. The Haworth Press, 35-45.
Lambert, E., S. Jiang, O. Elechi, M. Khondaker, & D. Baker. (2014). A preliminary study of gender differences in death penalty views of college students from Bangladesh, China,
Nigeria, and the United States. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 12:44-68.
Poverty Income Inequality and Female Labor Market Participation
1.1. Problem Statement
Today's global inequality and poverty is an outcome of two successive centuries of unequal progress, and eradication remains one of the greatest global challenges. The 2020 Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) identified that 22 percent of the world population (1.3 billion people) live with multi-dimensional poverty, with 42 percent living in Sub Saharan Africa and 41 percent living in South Asia. Every multidimensionally poor person is deprived of multiple poverty indicators which include health, education, and standards of living indicators, which include cooking fuel, drinking water, sanitation, electricity, housing, and asset ownership (UNDP, 2020). The different levels of poverty and income inequality are a manifestation of differences in gender labor participation. According to the International Labor Organization estimates, the women labor force participation rate of 49% is disproportionately lower than the men labor force participation rate of 75% and…
Cipollone, A., Patacchini, E., & Vallanti, G. (2014). Female labor market participation in Europe: novel evidence on trends and shaping factors. IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-9012-3-18
ILO. (2016). Global Gender Gap Report. In Encyclopedia of Family Studies. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119085621.wbefs350
ILO. (2017). World Employment Social Outlook. In Report. http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/---publ/documents/publication/wcms_579893.pdf
Ntuli, M. (2014). Determinants of South African Women\\\\' s Labour Force Participation, 1995- IZA DP No . 3119 Determinants of South African Women\\\\' s Labour Force Participation, 1995 – 2004 Miracle Ntuli October 2007 Forschungsinstitut Institute for the Study of Labor. November 2007, 1995–2004.
OECD. (2019). Measuring the impact of social protection on inclusive growth. In Can Social Protection Be an Engine to Inclusive Growth (pp. 21–37). OECD Publishing, Paris. https://doi.org/10.1787/a43dc9c3-en
Raihan, S., & Jahan, I. (2018). How Does Social Protection Affect Labor Force Participation in Bangladesh? South Asia Economic and Policy Studies. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2071-2_8
UNDP. (2020). Charting pathways out of multi-dimensional poverty?: Achieving the SDGs. 1–52. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2020_mpi_report_en.pdf
81). Thus, current research suggests that mixed attitudes toward microfinance and commercialization are currently preventing commercialization from taking place. I aim to provide some hard, quantitative data regarding commercialized microfinance institutions in order to displace some of this mystery.
Methodology & Conclusion
Thus, I aim to provide real, quantitative data by choosing two microfinance institutions to study. One of these institutions will be a private, non-for-profit organization, while the other will be a for-profit, commercialized institution. A close comparison regarding treatment of clients, interest rates, services offered, loans dispersed, and money earned will allow me to point to the institution that does the best job managing clients and boosting the economy.
Thus, microfinance was an ingenious institution, but controversy and expansion have brought it to the time of assessment. This thesis will help dispel certain rumors about microfinance, especially dealing with its commercialization.
Charitonenko, S. (2003). Commercialization of Microfinance: The…
Katz, R. (2008, April 17). The Commercialization of Microfinance: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. Retrieved March 21, 2009, from Next Billion: Development Through Enterprise. Web Site: http://www.nextbillion.net/blog/2008/04/17/the-commercialization-of-microfinance-the-good-the-bad-and-the-u
Microfinance: Business or Charity." Retrieved March 21, 2009, from the Council on Foreign Relations. Web Site: http://www.cfr.org/publication/16490/microfinance.html
O'Neil, M. (2005, June). University of Chicago and Northwestern Conference on the Commercialization of Microfinance: A Practical Look at the Future. Retrieved March 21, 2009, from the United Nations Capital Development Fund. Web Site: http://www.uncdf.org/english/microfinance/pubs/newsletter/pages/2005_06/news_chicago.php
The main objective is to therefore maintain a stable level of market share or even to increase it. It is best that ohl's activates in a stable environment. Therefore, given the latest economic trends that affect the global economy it is expected that the company will register sales and income decreases, the same as its competitors.
Therefore, it is recommended to implement strategies that allow the company to maintain low costs, so that prices will not be increased. This way, the company is able to ensure the same number of customers as before the financial crisis.
Such a defender type company should best rely on long-term planning, given the slow modifications that characterize the macro-environment. However, it is recommended to implement a short-term strategy also, in order to overcome the negative aspects that emerge because of the financial crisis.
The company's strengths are:
Kohl's Corporation Reports September Comparable Store Sales - press release (2008). Kohl's Inc. Retrieved October 26, 2008 at http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=60706&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1206834&highlight=.
Corporate Governance - Highlights (2008). Kohl's Inc. Retrieved October 26, 2008 at http://www.kohlscorporation.com/InvestorRelations/corporate-governance.htm .
Energy Management Programs (2008). Kohl's Inc. Retrieved October 26, 2008 at http://www.kohlsgreenscene.com/KohlsInitiatives/EnergyManagementPrograms.html .
Moreover, most of the police officers believed that criminalization was not an appropriate or effective method to deal with batterers because it "leads to the break-up of the family" (Ganapathy).
According to a 2004 study of 1,200 women in Bangladesh, some 67% reported having experience domestic violence, and 35% during the past year (Islam). Domestic violence was higher among women with a dowry agreement, and was also higher among women with a registered marriage and women who cover at least some of their expenses (Islam). Khairul Islam reports, "The proportion experiencing domestic violence was non-significantly lower among women with more than five years of education than among less educated or non-educated women" (Islam).
However, in the United States, much progress has occurred during the past thirty years regarding the recognition of domestic violence as a major problem, resulting in the development of numerous services by different professional disciplines to address…
Forgey, Mary Ann. "Evaluation study of an interdisciplinary social work and law curriculum for domestic violence." Journal of Social Work Education. March 22, 2006. Retrieved September 28, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.
Ganapathy, Narayanan. "Between the devil and the deep-blue sea: conceptualising victims' experiences of policing in domestic violence in the Singaporean context." Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology. April 1, 2006. Retrieved September 28, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.
Hart, Sandra J. "Domestic violence: legal, practice, and educational issues."
MedSurg Nursing. June 1, 1998. Retrieved September 28, 2006 from HighBeam Research
Worse the Passage, the More Welcome the Port
he above quotation comes from the mind of the famous 17th Century English author homas Fuller, as he described the appreciation one develops through hardship. I believe this ideology truly embodies my strong desire to achieve my future goals. Even though my journey has certainly been quite tumultuous and demanding, my will to succeed has only grown stronger. Growing up in Bangladesh was an experience rife with adversity. he poverty in my community was certainly striking and continuously left me questioning the reasons behind its existence. Fortunately, I never had to truly experience the horrors of poverty in my country first hand. hough my family surely had its fair share of problems, I was always lucky enough to have a roof over my head and food on my plate. Nevertheless, despite the fact that my family provided me with all that I…
Through endless waves of dejection I began to question whether or not I was even worthy of achieving my goals and studying in a prestigious American university. Surely my dreams would have been lost in the wind had it not been for the strength and support of my grandmother. In fact, it was through her dutiful prayers and unending faith that my father ultimately changed his mind and decided to fund my college education in America.
I eventually moved to America in 2009, and quickly faced an entirely new form of chaos and confusion. Adjusting to a new system, new culture, new language and new peers were all very rough transitions. Without question, the news of my grandmother's death shortly after my arrival only made matters worse. The only person that ever believed in me was gone. Once again, I was devastated. At that point I remember feeling more alone than I have ever felt in my short life. However, I knew that I had to push forward for her. Knowing that one of her last wishes was to see me succeed in America was a force that kept me going in the face of any and all obstacles.
Unfortunately, as a result of all the prolonged turmoil in my childhood, a psychiatrist at my university recently diagnosed me with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Depression and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder. Obviously, all of these regrettable outcomes each represent unique obstructions on the road to academic and social success. However, with my unflappable and unending love of learning and my grandmother's spiritual guidance, I am confident in my ability to succeed despite my somewhat ominous surroundings. Thankfully, through the help of psychiatry and close friends, I have been able to open up and truly enjoy the full college experience. I am now able to easily befriend new people and increase my social network, which accounts for a large aid in my future social and scholastic success.
The advances in both the first and third worlds in addition to the development of technology has caused a shift in what countries do what from an industry standpoint and the measures that businesses are able to take and choose to take as it relates to keeping costs down. There are benefits to the consumers and the businesses but there are also some notable drawbacks and downsides, at least to the perception to many, in these shifts of industry and what countries specialize in what work.
The United States' industrial/professional composition has shifted at least two times in a major way since the inception of the country. When the country was started, it was dominated by agrarian business and economic components. The Industrial evolution in the 1800's brought a shift to manufacturing. In the last few decades, there has been yet another shift towards service sector and professional-level jobs…
CBS. (2013, October 9). Bangladesh garment factory fire kills 10 - CBS News. Breaking News Headlines: Business, Entertainment & World News - CBS News. Retrieved October 9, 2013, from http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-202_162 -
Garside, J. (2013, September 5). Workers' rights 'flouted' at Apple iPhone factory in China | Technology | The Guardian . Latest news, world news, sport and comment from the Guardian | theguardian.com | The Guardian . Retrieved
October 9, 2013, from http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/
The author of this report is asked to discuss ethics as it pertains to a topic of the author's choice. The author of this report chooses to discuss the ethics topic of using factories in Asian and surrounding countries like China and Bangladesh with questionable if not outright deplorable labor laws and/or working conditions. The author of this report will now answer five questions surrounding that topic.
Ethics of Using Foreign Countries in Asia to Make United States Goods
The first question asks the author to discuss culture, values, ethics and other such elements that lead to differences in social culture (Hill, 2013). The United States obviously mimicked a lot of Asian countries in terms of working conditions and lack of labor laws and protections until about 1930. Since then, the social safety net and the associated labor and retirement frameworks have been created to help and protect workers…
Hill, C.W. (2013). International business: competing in the global marketplace (9 ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
Reed, S.M., & Bogardus, A.M. (2012). PHR/SPHR Professional in Human Resources certification study guide (4th ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Wiley Pub.
Citizen of the World
There are generally two types of people when it comes to daily life, culture and so forth. There are those that like to be in their own cultural space. They wish for that space to be free from interference and from influences from other cultural forces. On the other hand, there are those that actively prefer to interact with and seek out alternate and different viewpoints, societies and cultures. The expansion of global technology, communication technology in particular, has made the world much smaller and this has had major impacts on how different peoples talk, how often they can talk and how businesses are run. The business world itself has been greatly impacted because international and global business arrangements are much more common and entrenched. Due to the different and sometimes clashing cultures involved, this has led to the need for more cultural sensitivity, more cultural…
Clark, J. (2015). Workers' health protection still poor two years after factory collapse in Bangladesh. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 350h2222. doi:10.1136/bmj.h2222
Dhanarajan, S. (2004). Faster, Longer, Cheaper: The nexus between poor labour standards and supply-chain management in the apparel industry. European Retail Digest, (43), 43.
Doh, J. P., Luthans, F., & Slocum, J. (2016). The world of global business 1965-2015:
Perspectives on the 50th anniversary issue of the Journal of World Business: Introduction to the special issue. Journal Of World Business, 51(1), 1-5.
Rana Plaza, Has Anything Changed?" y Kate Abnett. The article talks about how Sunday back in April of 2016, started the three-year anniversary of Rana Plaza, which was the worst disaster in the history of the clothing industry. It was responsible for killing over 1,134 individuals when a building in angladesh housing along with several other garment factories fell. Numerous of individuals saw this event as a wake-up call for the style. And thus far, the industry is still hounded by systemic matters: uneven and inadequately imposed lawmaking on wages, working hours and safety and health. It involved the unclear supply chains, where sub-contracting caused it to be easy for brands and factories to pass on the obligation for the circumstances wherein their merchandises are made. The sheer scale of the clothing business -- the marketplace for attire is valued at around $1.3 trillion and services tens of millions of…
Abnett, Kate. 2016. Three Years After Rana Plaza, Has Anything Changed? May 23. https://www.businessoffashion.com/articles/intelligence/three-years-on-from-rana-plaza-has-anything-changed-sustainability-safety-worker-welfare.
Harvey, B. (2014). Supply chain safety. Professional Safety, 59(5), 66-68. Retrieved from http://prx-herzing.lirn.net/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.prx-herzing.lirn.net/docview/1525458761?accountid=167104
Siddiqi, D. M. (2015). Starving for Justice: Bangladeshi garment workers in a 'post-Rana Plaza' world. International Labor and Working-Class History, 87, 165-173. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0147547915000101
The USA Patriot Act: This was a law that was passed after September 11th. It is giving the police and intelligence officials the power to go after terrorists organizations easier. As it lifted various Constitutional protections when investigating these offenses.
Counter Terrorism: These are the activities that: federal, state and local officials are taking to prevent future terrorist attacks.
Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD): These are weapons designed to inflict large amounts of casualties. These include: chemical, radiological, biological and nuclear.
These different terms are important, because they will help to avoid confusion and will focus the reader on understanding the overall scope of the problem.
Limitations of the Study
The limitations of the study are that the information we are presenting, could be pointing out a number of different problems. Yet, beneath the surface they are failing to identify possible changes that could have already been implemented by federal…
39% Say Government. (2011). Rasmussen Reports. Retrieved from: http://www.rasmussenreports.com/public_content/politics/general_politics/march_2011/39_say_government_not_focusing_enough_on_threat_of_domestic_islamic_terrorism
Al Shabaab American Recruits. (2010). ADL. Retrieved from: http://www.adl.org/main_Terrorism/al_shabaab_american_recruits.htm
Comparative Analysis. (2011). Business Dictionary. Retrieved from: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/comparative-analysis.html
Jose Padilla. (2009). New York Times. Retrieved from: http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/p/jose_padilla/index.html
In fact, the entire damage was caused by the tsunami itself along with other factors like the geology and geography of the region. The damage that the tsunami caused to mainland India, a seismically quiescent region, was concentrated mainly on the eastern coastline but some damage due to diffraction also occurred on the southernmost tip of the western coastline. A factor which played a major role in the scale of devastation that occurred in this region is the bathymetry of the Bay of Bengal. The Bay of Bengal is quite shallow with an average depth of 2600 meters. The shallowness can be attributed to the huge amount of sediment that the Ganges iver deposits in it. (Strand; Masek, 40)
After the earthquake, the bay was sealed off by the deep Sunda Trench and the tsunami waves were reflected back towards the Indian Ocean striking the eastern Indian coastline within two…
Bernard, Eddie N; Robinson, Allan R. The Sea Tsunamis.
Harvard University Press. 2009.
Bilham, R; Engdahl, E. R; Feldl, N; Satyabala, S.P. Partial and Complete Rupture of the Indo-Andaman plate boundary 1847-2004. University of Colorado, Boulder.
Seism. Res. Lett. 2005.
They then separated the core, according to Science News, into 2-mm layers. Those 2-mm layers were carbon-dated (a very accurate way of telling how long a substance has been in the ground) and carefully examined for G. bulloides.
As a result of this research, the team was able to check the intensity of monsoons for as far back as 1,000 years. And what did they discover regarding monsoons over the past one thousand years? There was a "low in monsoon wind intensity" around the year 1,600, the article reports, but since then there has been "a steady increase." And moreover, the abundance of G. bulloides shows the scientists that there has been "a more marked increase in monsoon during the past 100 years.
Researchers attribute the rise in wind intensity from monsoons over the past 100 years to global warming. The reason scientists involved with this research feel sure that…
McKnight, Tom L.; & Hess Darrel. Monsoons. Physical Geography. A Landscape Appreciation.
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall
New Scientist. "Deluged Nepal blames India. 195.2626. August 2007. Retrieved March 16, 2008 at http://www.newscientist.com .
Science News. "Data hint at wet and blustery future." 162.4. July 2002. Page. 54.
States like Bangladesh, Egypt, and Indonesia have severe challenges due to the risks of flooding, drought, and deforestation. Recently Bangladesh was hit by a powerful Typhoon (same as a hurricane), which caused thousands of deaths and was so severe it was beyond the capability of its weak government to deal with the disaster.
The U.S. Department of State (DOS) has been working for many years to try and help with a solution for the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. The violence between these two states has been going on for many years, and numerous previous attempts to find a lasting peaceful solution have failed. In a document called "A Performance-Based roadmap to a Permanent Two-State Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict," the DOS plan includes three phases. The first is the most crucial and pivotal - an end to the "terror and violence" and an attempt to normalize Palestinian life - in conjunction with…
Textbook Chapter 8 "Post-War Reconstruction."
Dixon, Robyn. (2007, Dec. 15). Zimbabwe may shatter, but Mugabe holds firm. The Los
Angeles Times, p. a-1 - a-5.
Foreign Policy. (2007). Failed States Index 2007. The Fund for Peace and Carnegie
Marketing (Water Fans, India)
The market in India for water fans or misting fans as they are also called is problematical at best. Without doubt, the climate (except in the northern mountains) is hot; the problem is, it is also quite humid. Still, the Indian people have been looking for ways to stay cool for centuries. It was India that gave the world the slatted shutter; when air comes in through small spaces (as in shutters, adopted in the American South before air conditioning, or in lattice-work walls as in parts of India), it is cooled. Still, they did not develop a cooling system like that of that ancient omans, which did use water running through channels to create condensation. The reason, of course, is the problem of water quality. While industrial pollution has now added immeasurably to the water quality problems in India, the sluggish flow of…
Establishing New Ventures: Hiring People. (2004) Indiamart Web site. Retrieved December 16, 2004 fromhttp://finance.indiamart.com/
India. (2004) CIA World Factbook. Retrieved December 16, 2004 from http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/in.html
India Profile. (2004) U.S. Department of State Web site. Retrieved December 16, 2004 from http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3454.htm
Sen, Soumik. (2004) The New Cold War. Rediff Web site, April 24. Retrieved December 16, 2004 from http://inhome.rediff.com/money/2004/apr/24ac.htm?zcc=ar
Worksite Inspection Process at Wal-Mart
Worksite inspection process in use at Wal-Mart
During the course of any disaster, employees of Wal-Mart take to the streets. The issue requires brands to own responsibility for safety measures regarding any fire outbreak in industries. Wal-Mart, functions play a very significant part in paying attention to the demands of the workers for a workplace that guarantees them safety. This has enabled them to pull efforts towards safety measures. Internationally, Wal-Mart is rated as the largest retailer and in Bangladesh; it is rated as the largest buyer. Wal-Mart decided to give their support to the program of fire safety inspection. This has seen the company adopt PVH (Calvin Klein and Tommy Hilfiger's owners) and Tchibo (a German retailer) to see that all the subject suppliers enacted basic regulations for safety, and then pointed their workforce to make sure that they had followers. This has improved…
Bogardus, A.M. (2004). Human resources jumpstart. San Francisco: SYBEX.
Robinson, R.K., Franklin, G.M.C., & Wayland, R.F. (2010). Employment regulation in the workplace: Basic compliance for managers. Armonk, N.Y: M.E. Sharpe
As such, Yunus' business model for Grameen Bank directly contradicts Social Darwinism, since the former is giving collateral free loans to individuals who are not fiscally fit -- and who are oftentimes exceedingly destitute -- and enabling them to get the financial means to survive.
Additionally, it is critical to examine the role that women play in both Social Darwinism and in Yunus' enterprise with Grameeen. Women are the bearers of children, and regardless of what Social Darwin advances about the fittest of a species, no species can survive without the means of replicating itself. For humans, of course, such a conception prioritizes women over men. Therefore, it is highly significant that the bulk of the individuals receiving loans form Grameen are women. From a Social Darwinism perspective this fact is extremely noteworthy, since women can produce a more direct effect on the livelihoods of their children.
Still, it is…
"PBS New Heroes Ep1 01 Kailash Satyarthi Child Slavery India." (2011). Youtube.
Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zmHyARnDxI0
"PBS New Heroes Ep2 03 Fabio Rosa Low Voltage Electricity Brazil." (2011). Youtube.
Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LfmFEBRmgLU
business culture and expansion trends that exist for American companies in India. The paper focuses on answering the following questions: 1. What are the major elements and dimensions of culture in this region? 2. How are these elements and dimensions integrated by local conducting business in the nation? 3. How do both of the above items compare with U.S. culture and business? 4. What are the implications for U.S. businesses that wish to conduct business in that region? The paper also tackles the following aspects: Dimensions of Culture, Communication. Different Meaning of Words across Languages, Verbal, Nonverbal, High Context vs. Low Context and eligion -- Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Shinto and Ethics; Definitions, The Issue of Corruption, Corporate Social esponsibility, Values and Attitudes, Variances in Attitudes across Cultures, Concept of Time, Dealing with Change, The ole of Gender, Social Status, Business Manners and Customs across National Cultures, Social…
Bose, P. And Lyons, L.E. (2010). Cultural Critique and the Global Corporation. Tracking Globalization, Bloomington, IN.
Butler, Patty. (2012). India Business Etiquette, Manners, Cross Cultural Communication, and Geert Hofstede Analysis. International Business Etiquette and Manners. Cyborlink http://www.cyborlink.com/besite/india.htm
Doh, J., and Luthans, F. (2009). International Management: Culture, Strategy, and Behaviour. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Doh, J., and Luthans, F. (2009). International Management: Culture, Strategy, and Behavoir. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Chapter 7 in Dickson, Loker and Eckman's Social Responsibility in the Global Apparel Industry is entitled "How Manufacturers and Retailers Organize for Social Responsibility: Internally, Collaboratively, and Strategically." The chapter is about how businesses define and practice labor compliance, and how they turn social responsibility into a core business strategy. The authors suggest that public reporting and transparency about corporate social responsibility is one of the ways that businesses strategize social responsibility in general. Businesses also incorporate labor compliance models into their sourcing decisions.
The information in Chapter 7 builds on previous chapters related to organizational learning and change as it applies to shifting towards corporate social responsibility. Therefore, the theories and models discussed and used include those related to organizational learning and change. The five stages of learning that were addressed immediately prior to the Chapter 7 overview include defensive, compliance, managerial, strategic, and civil stages of…
Bell, Beverly and Erkert, Alexis. "Sweatshop Development in Haiti." Socialist Worker. Retrieved online: http://socialistworker.org/2013/05/01/sweatshop-development-in-haiti
Dickson, S., Loker, S., & Eckman, M. (2009). Social Responsibility in the Global Apparel Industry, NY: Fairchild Books
Ruf, Cory. "Canadian consumers 'can do a lot' to prevent sweatshop tragedies: McMaster business prof." CBC Hamilton. Retrieved online: http://www.cbc.ca/hamilton/news/story/2013/05/02/hamilton-bangladesh-fire-mcmaster-prof.html
"Sweatshops exist in Montreal, says local not-for-profit director." CBC News. April 28, 2013. Retrieved online: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/story/2013/04/28/montreal-sweatshop-bangladesh-garment-factory-collapse.html
automotive materials imported from a foreign manufactures to the local market. It will also emphasize on the effects it caused to the economy of the United States. Finally, the study analyzed the effect of import of materials from foreign manufactures to the people of the United States.
It's more likely to find that, in every household in the United States, almost sixty five percent (65%) of the households for example utensils, clothes and even cars are not produced in the United States. They are manufactured somewhere in China, India, Mexico or Bangladesh, or the materials used to manufacture then were imported and assemble back here in the United States (Bill Canis, 2006). Since the year 2006, the automotive industries in the United Sates have witnessed a steady growth on import of materials from foreign manufactures. Industrial experts further expect that domestic vehicle manufactures will lose their market share to U.S.…
(2009). automobile industry, automobile industry, Encyclopedia Britannica,
(2006). Businesses and Occupations, obtained from:
www.encyclopedia.com > ...
'How to Effectively Market and Manage Quality Australian International
A primary focus for the nearly half a million international students choosing to study in Australia each year seems to be on obtaining a higher education; oftentimes it is because they believe it is an investment in their own future. For the vast majority of these international students the hope is that their education will lead to improved employment opportunities and a higher quality lifestyle, either in Australia, another country, or after they return to their homeland. Interestingly enough, almost half of the surveyed higher education graduates and two thirds of VET graduates were living in Australia, with most either already having been granted permanent residency or hoping to obtain permanent residency status.
Graduates who were working in Australia had a slightly higher level of unemployment than those who returned home, although most were working or undertaking further study.…
Anctil, E.J.; (2008) Recommendations for selling higher education, ASHE Higher Education Report, Vol. 34, Issue 2, pp. 89-98
Australian Government (2009a). Transforming Australia's higher education system, Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, Accessed on May 17, 2010 at website: http://www.deewr.gov.au/HigherEducation/Documents/PDF/Additional%20Report%20-%20Transforming%20Aus%20Higher%20ED_webaw.pdf .
Belanger, C.; Mount, J.; Wilson, M.; (2002) Institutional image and retention, Tertiary Education and Management, Vol. 8, Issue 3, pp. 217 -- 230.
Bradley, D.; Noonan, P.; Nugent, H.; Scales, B.; (2008). Review of Australian higher education: Final report, Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, accessed on May 18, 2011, http://www.deewr.gov.au/HigherEducation/Review/Documents/PDF/Higher%20Education%20Review_one%20document_02.pdf .
Kuru Sorcery in New Guinea
Introduction to Shirley indenbaum
The author of Kuru Sorcery: Disease and Danger in the New Guinea Highlands, Shirley indenbaum, is a cultural anthropologist and professor in the Ph.D. Program in the Department of Anthropology at the Graduate Center, City University of New York. In addition to her ground-breaking research in Papua New Guinea - studying the prion ailment called "kuru" (explored in depth in this paper) and linking cannibalism to kuru - indenbaum has conducted extensive research (and published books and scholarly articles) on cholera in Bangladesh, and on AIDS and HIV in the U.S. And elsewhere. She also has published books titled The Education of Women and the Mortality of Children in Bangladesh, and Knowledge, Power and Practice: the Anthropology of Medicine and Everyday ife, according to her bibliography in the City University of New York Web pages for faculty members (www.gc.cuny.edu/anthropology/fac_lindenbaum.html).
Lindenbaum, Shirley. Kuru Sorcery: Disease and Danger in the New Guinea Highlands.
Palo Alto: Mayfield Publishing Company, 1979.
Nutrition Health Review. "Kuru, a Meat-Eating Disease that affects Cannibals." (2003)
¶ … relationship exists between difference of religion and the occurrence of civil wars within societies. The relationship between religious groups to society can be defined against the backdrop of war. Powerful emotions surround both conflict and military conflict (Yinger, 1946). A direct relationship has been recognized for several year regarding religion and violence. Students of organized religion "have frequently pointed out the ease with which most church leaders shift, at the outbreak of war, from an explicit antiwar position to a vigorous pro-war policy" (Yinger, p. 176). However, despite the seemingly strong tie between religion and war, it is critical to also acknowledge that while religion seems a backdrop for many wars, many other factors have contributed as well. Political aspirations and agendas have had as much to do with war as religion. The complex intermingling of these many different factors will be explored in greater detail below.