Barn Burning Essays Examples

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Surplus Appropriated in Toto by

Words: 965 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68255896


"What does that have to do with your daddy?"

"Heh, one of them even had cow dung on his left shoe. Did you know my dad enterted one of them great plantations and rubbed dung all over one of their rugs?"

"No Sarty, you ain't tell me anything like that."

"That's cause the day he died I never looked back. I decided that my momma, my aunt, my brothers, my dad, they were all part of the past and I was headed towards the future."

"Weren't you scared of being on your own? You were only ten."

"Well, the owner of the plantation, De Spain, felt bad for killin my dad for startin the fire, and decided to pay for me to go stay at one of his servant's quarters. It was there I spent the next couple years learnin to read and write and became obsessed wth trains."

"Ha, I remember. The first time I met you, you was playing with a minitature toy train in school."

"Yeah, we were 13 ronud that time and I though you were the prettiest girl in town. Funny how we got married at 16. You sure were svelte back then."

"I'm…… [Read More]

Byres, TJ. Sharecropping and Sharecroppers. London: F. Cass, 1983. Print.

Comprone, Joseph. "Literature and the Writing Process: A Pedagogical Reading of William Faulkner's "Barn Burning." College Literature, n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2013.
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Faulkner Joyce Internal Conflict in

Words: 1356 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81434239

In short, he found that his daydreams were childish, and that the humdrum monotony of life in northern Dublin was real and adult.

Sarty Snopes, on the other hand, is conflicted between what he believes to be right internally, and the pressures upon this belief from his external reality. Essentially, he steps into manhood in a similar manner as the narrator in "Araby," but instead of being consumed by romantic visions of love, Sarty is convinced in the existence of justice or right and wrong. In many other settings, this belief would not create a conflict, however, Sarty's father is a relatively nefarious character; he resents those who possess more than him, takes affront easily, and retaliates in petty as well as in criminal ways. Yet, of course, Sarty is bound by blood to his father -- which Abner reminds him of on a number of occasions. Abner calls this "The old fierce pull of the blood," (Faulkner). This presents a conflict that Sarty is not, initially, ready to deal with. This pull leaves Sarty conflicted through the majority of the story, and causes him to sometimes sympathize with his father and other times to act to stymie his actions.…… [Read More]

Faulkner, William. (2007). "Barn Burning." Northern Kentucky University. Available:
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Cultural Modernism and the Snopes

Words: 2155 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26706763

This feeling of anger and resentment is effectively illustrated through the conflict between Abner and the Negro, De Spain's helper.

In this conflict, Abner is seen resisting the Negro's attempt to stop him from trespassing De Spain's home. Evidently, the Negro's status in life is much better than Abner, who has to toil very hard in order for him and his family to survive everyday. This fact infuriates Abner, and his resentment against the Negro's condition in life is reflected in his hateful statement about his poverty and De Spain's seemingly unfair status as a wealthy man: "Pretty and white, ain't it?...That's sweat. Nigger sweat. Maybe it ain't white enough yet to suit him. Maybe he wants to mix some white sweat in it" (175). This statement is Abner's own way of protesting against his condition in life, a bitterness that reflects not only class conflict between the wealthy and poor classes, but between white and black Americans as well (Singal, 1997:247). His eventual burning of the De Spain shows this social conflict, a consequence that happens when the privileged white American race is put in the lower rung of the socio-economic ladder.

Social mobility is a product of cultural…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Fox, R. (1998). A companion to American thought. MA: Blackwell Publishers.

Horton, M. (2000). "Balzacian evolution and the origin of the Snopeses." Southern Literary Journal, Vol. 33, Issue 1.
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Raisin in the Sun by

Words: 1811 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75617927

' But now he said nothing" (Faulkner). In contrast, the Younger family members also grow and change. Most notably, Walter Lee takes on the role of leader in the family, and makes the right decision for the rest of his family members. Critic Domina notes, "He must become the acknowledged head of his family, and he must also interact with other adult males as an equal" (Domina 113). These two characters gain personal growth and awareness, and the two stories' conclusions depend on this growth and awareness. The young boy will probably never see his dysfunctional family again, while the Youngers will probably face more discrimination and hatred. However, they have both attained their own measure of happiness, and both stories end on a somewhat hopeful note. Critic Ford continues, "Sarty will survive 'the terrible handicap of being young,' will surpass his beleaguered childhood and mature into a worthy human being; somehow, Sarty will preserve his integrity, will escape the curse that his father inflicts on his family" (Ford 527). Family binds one story together, while the other family tears apart and the story becomes a tale of personal growth and survival. The families are dissimilar, but the main characters…… [Read More]

Cooper, David D. "Hansberry's a Raisin in the Sun." Explicator 52.1 (1993): 59-61.

Domina, Lynn. Understanding a Raisin in the Sun a Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998.
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Maturation Process but it Comes Easily Only

Words: 2041 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52187731

maturation process, but it comes easily only to a few. Of course there are choices that usually generate little anguish such as what to have for breakfast or which route to take when going home, but when a person is a diabetic or inclement weather makes every road hazardous, even these choices become difficult. This paper discusses a poem and a short story by two of the greatest American authors of the twentieth century. Both Robert Frost's poem "The Road Not Taken" and William Faulkner's short story "Barn Burning" are about the difficult choices people are often confronted with. The stories reflect both real and intangible choices that the protagonists had to make (in Frosts poem the main character is assumed to be the author himself) and what the outcome of the choices were. This paper will begin with a literal summary of the two works, the real choices that had to be made, and finish with the intangible choices made by the characters in the narratives.

Paths always diverge at some point. Often, a path will split equally and go separate ways with no discernible distinction between the two. Taken literally, the paths in Frost's poem seem to be…… [Read More]

Cornett, Michael E. "Robert Frost on 'Listen America': The Poet's Message to America in 1956." Papers on Language and Literature 29.4 (1994): 417-429. Print.

Faulkner, William. Barn Burning 1939. Web.
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Money The Adolescent Perspective as Depicted in

Words: 954 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79461317


The adolescent perspective as depicted in the short stories of Joyce, Faulkner, and Cather

The search for higher social status as a form of personal fulfillment and self-definition all mark the coming-of-age stories of James Joyce, William, Faulkner, and Willa Cather, despite the distinct differences between the three male protagonists created by the authors in their seminal short stories "Araby," "Barn Burning," and "Paul's Case." All three short stories feature a young protagonist whose illusions of finery and higher class status are shattered. Because these aspirations are also often connected to sexual desires, this fall from grace is particularly difficult for the young men to tolerate.

In "Araby," the young male protagonist becomes enamored with a young woman who seems innocent, above his own class, and charming. When she professes to wish to go to the Araby bazaar but cannot because she must go on a retreat with her convent, the narrator decides to go for her. However, Araby itself does not live up to the promise of his dreams: it contains a stall with women with English accents and its general atmosphere is crass rather than alluring. The boy's desire to go to Araby and also by extension…… [Read More]

Cather, Willa. "Paul's Case." Full text available at:
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Faulkner Stories William Faulkner's Short Stories Were

Words: 1876 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89197828

Faulkner Stories

William Faulkner's short stories were told by an omniscient narrator who probably represented the author, and in plot, characters and symbolism have often been classified of Southern Gothic horror. Certainly his characters were horrors, and often satirical, humorous and bizarre caricatures of the different social classes on the South from the time of slavery to the New (Capitalist) South of the 20th Century. They are often violent, deranged, frustrated, and also physically and psychologically isolated. In "A Rose for Emily," the reader knows very little about the thoughts or inner emotional state of Miss Emily, only that she was a recluse her whole life and completely isolated from human contact. Her father was a stern patriarch who controlled her life completely and probably continues to do so even after his death, which opens the story to all many possible feminist readings. She is a prisoner in everything but name, either by her own choice or because society has ostracized her. In any case, her only companion was the mummified body of her lover Homer Barron, although Faulkner only reveals the truly Gothic nature of this horror at the very end of the story. In "Barn Burning," Faulkner turns…… [Read More]

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Real Men Explored Through Literature

Words: 2427 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4284794

In "The Secret Life of Walter Mitty," Mitty escapes the reality of his manhood with daydreaming. He does this because his wife emasculates him. For Mitty, daydreams are better than dealing with a bothersome wife. Mitty is a real man in his mind as he fantasizes about saving the Navy hydroplane. Mitty is not happy and he argues with his wife over such things as overshoes. He is no doubt a curmudgeon, as we see when he calls the parking lot attendant "damn cocky" (Thurber 1361). Mitty is unlucky in life but we have to wonder how much of this is his fault. Many would look at him and see nothing that resembles a real man. His imagination is his escape, which makes Mitty happy, as he declares himself "undefeated" and "inscrutable" (1364). Mitty might know how to escape his awful world but he is taking a chicken's way out. We can look upon him as the weakest of men because he does not have enough backbone to do certain things to improve his life. In many ways, this kind of man is looked down upon by many generations through many eras. Being a man needs to include a certain…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Thurber, James. (1981) "The Secret Life of Walter Mitty." The Norton Anthology of Short

Fiction. New York W.W. Norton and Company. Print.
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Grotesque Characters in Fiction Generally

Words: 1797 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4459488

Another grotesque character in the story is the never-seen Mrs. Pike, an individual who fascinates both women in different ways and who is present in the beauty shop in the form of her son Billy Boy, himself fascinated by beauty shops and also challenge to the two women in different ways. Mrs. Fletcher is pregnant and already wary of having a child, though she begins to warm to the idea even though Billy is the example in front of her. Leota indulges the boy in some degree because of her regard for his mother, though her patience wears thin. For most of the conversation, these two women show their need to dominate men and each other, and the story thus depicts the usual battle of the sexes in a grotesque way, with the image of the petrified man in the carnival standing in both for the threat men pose (he was a rapist) and for how ineffectual men can be (he is an exhibit). The women show their particular power over one man and then compete in showing how much power each has. The image of Mrs. Pike becomes a particular source of jealousy to Mrs. Fletcher because her power…… [Read More]

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Poe and Faulkner Despite the Gap in

Words: 1907 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73655341

Poe and Faulkner

Despite the gap in a century or more between the periods when both Edgar Allan Poe and William Faulker were writing, both Poe and Faulkner have been loosely considered representatives of the "Southern Gothic" style of fiction in America. Indeed, pioneering Faulkner critic Cleanth Brooks of Yale University has noted that the connections with Poe's style would limit the way in which Faulkner has been received critically: Brooks is at pains to demonstrate that Faulkner's stories represent "more than an attempt to outdo Edgar Allan Poe, more than the prime example of what has come to be called modern Southern Gothic" (Brooks 15). With an emphasis on grotesquerie and on the spiritual journey of its characters -- often a dark spiritual journey into consciousness of damnation, as in the heavily religious Gothic fiction of the late eighteenth century, or else some form of the supernatural -- "Southern Gothic" is considered a sort of poetic alternative to straightforward realistic fiction. I hope to demonstrate some similarities between the methods of Poe and Faulkner by examining how two representative stories by these authors ("The Tell-Tale Heart" and "Barn Burning" respectively) utilize specific metaphors, patterns of imagery, and symbolism --…… [Read More]

Brooks, Cleanth. "Faulkner's Short Stories." In Claridge, Henry. William Faulkner: Critical Assessments. Cornwall: MPG Books, 1999. Print.

Faulkner, William. "Barn Burning." Accessed online 15 April 2011 at:
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Cultures in Conflict & Change William Faulkner

Words: 3170 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92610577

Cultures in Conflict & Change

William Faulkner leaves us in suspense at the end of a turbulent sequence of events titled "Barn Burning." Who killed whom? We could speculate from other books perhaps but those words are outside this story. Given that strict constraint, we don't really know. Sarty watches De Spain and his horse vanish in the distance and hears three shots, which he assumes kill his father at least, and perhaps older brother. This is the widest possible assumption but a fuller analysis would have to explore other possibilities. The result for Sarty is the same: He runs away from father, brother and the women's culture regardless who pulled which trigger(s) at the De Spain barn. Abner Snopes will appear here as 'AS,' De Spain as 'DS' and 'Sarty' as 'CSS' for brevity, but also abstraction, because Faulkner ('WF') sets up abstractions, through symbolic equations that permeate the entire allegory. These equations reveal the larger conflict WF presents, between cultures represented by each and every character.

Sarty's point-of-view is the primary lens through which the limited-onmiscient, third-person narrative unflolds (Sarty is the 'last man standing,' and also outlives all the other characters to reflect on these events "twenty…… [Read More]

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Working People the Plight of

Words: 1433 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80839115

Thus, these two stories point out a variety of plights for the working person of the modernist time. First, they both suggest that socioeconomic status and occupational status is very closely tied to respect within the community. Without a good job, both stories imply, it is easy for one to be looked down upon in addition to being chastised. Second, the stories point out that working conditions can be so deplorable that they affect a person's mental and emotional functioning and characteristics. This certainly occurs in Abner's case, as he is driven to a violence that eventually kills him because of the work that he must do, toiling daily for those who have more wealth and power. For Krebs, too, the conditions of fighting as a soldier have so impaired his emotional and psychological faculties that he finds it difficult to assimilate into the society and the family that he once loved. Third and finally, both authors suggest a struggle between classes of people, a struggle that is ultimately tied to work environment. While Abner is undermined by the will of those who are more financially powerful than he is, Krebs's mother associates having a good job with being a…… [Read More]

Faulkner, William. "Barn Burning." n.d. 30 March 2009.

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Comparative Study Between Homer's Odyssey and the Coen Brothers O Brother Where Art Thou

Words: 11490 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45269949

O Brother, Where Art Thou?

Homer in Hollywood: The Coen Brothers' O Brother, Where Art Thou?

Could a Hollywood filmmaker adapt Homer's Odyssey for the screen in the same way that James Joyce did for the Modernist novel? The idea of a high-art film adaptation of the Odyssey is actually at the center of the plot of Jean-Luc Godard's 1963 film Contempt, and the Alberto Moravia novel on which Godard's film is based. In Contempt, Prokosch, a rich American dilettante film producer played by Jack Palance, hires Fritz Lang to film a version of Homer's Odyssey, then hires a screenwriter to write it and promptly ruins his marriage to Brigitte Bardot. Fritz Lang gamely plays himself -- joining the ranks of fellow "arty" German-born directors who had earlier deigned to act before the camera (like Erich von Stroheim in Wilder's Sunset Boulevard, playing a former director not unlike himself, or even Otto Preminger in Wilder's Stalag 17, playing a concentration camp commandant who behaves like a Hollywood director) -- yet Fritz Lang's film version of the Odyssey is only glimpsed in preliminary rushes within the film, only to provoke the producer's wrath as being too "arty." In point of fact,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Peter Biskind, Easy Riders, Raging Bulls How the Sex-Drugs-and-Rock'N'Roll Generation Saved Hollywood. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1999. Print.

Cavell, Stanley. Pursuits of Happiness: the Hollywood Comedy of Remarriage. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984. Print.
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Denis Levertov Life and Works

Words: 969 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92687223

Caedmon," too, contains some of this sense of contradictory juxtaposition, especially in the line towards the end of the poem where the speaker reflects that she "was at home and lonely, / both in good measure" (23-4). In the poem, the speaker (presumably a child, as she learned early to do what she describes doing) quietly leaves a dance for which she feels inadequate and goes to sit amongst the cows and other livestock in the barn, who "munched or stirred or were still" (22). She stays here peacefully until an angel of fire awakes her and draws her back into the dance. It is unclear exactly what this angel is supposed to represent, or even if it is to be taken symbolically. What is clear, however, is the equal measures of the speaker's -- and Levertov's -- passion and placidity. Though not at home in the dance at first, the speaker eventually leaves the calm and quiet of the barn to return there, and there seems to be a kinship between herself and the fire, and/or the angels, when she realizes that "nothing was burning, / nothing but I, as that hand of fire / touched my lips" (29-31).Again,…… [Read More]

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Training of the Metropolitan Police

Words: 12930 Length: 47 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50785881

Based on the foregoing considerations, it is suggested that the DCMP restructure their existing training programs and administration so that a more unified and centralized plan is in place, as well as providing for better instructor qualifications, evaluation, learning retention and more efficient and effective use of resources which are by definition scarce.

These broad general issues were refined for the purposes of this study into the research questions stated below.

Research Questions

What is the background of the District of Columbia area policy and community relations since World War II?

What are some major problems preventing positive relations between communities and the District of Columbia Metropolitan area police?

Can training programs of the District of Columbia Metropolitan Police Department enhance community relations?

What training modules can be used to enhance relations between surrounding communities in the District of Columbia Metropolitan area law enforcement?

Significance of the Study

Research Design and Methodology

Organization of the Study

Chapter 2: Review of the Related Literature

Importance of Training.

As an old adage advises, "Law enforcement is a dirty business, but someone has to do it" and the citizens of the United States have entrusted this "dirty" responsibility to the nation's municipal police…… [Read More]

Aben, E.L. (2004, September 13) Local police institution cites linkages with foreign law enforcement agencies. Manila Bulletin, 3.

About OPC. (2008). District of Columbia Office of Police Complaints. [Online]. Available:, a,3,q,495435,occrNav_GID,1469,occrNav,|31085|,.asp.
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O Brother Where Art Thou And the

Words: 1129 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84605427

O Brother Where Art Thou? And the Odyssey

In the film "O Brother Where Art Thou?" The filmmakers Joel and Ethan Coen loosely paralleled the epic found in the Odyssey. Though there are some obvious parallels between the story and the movie, there are numerous similarities which are much subtler. These can be found in scenes, settings, characters, and plot. A close examination of the movie reveals the multiple layers of the film's similarity to the epic work.

Of course, the most obvious comparisons are Odysseus and Ulysses, Penelope and Penny, and the Sirens and the "Sireens." But, there are also additional character similarities. The foot stomping politician Menelaus 'Pappy O'Daniel has the same first name as the King of Sparta, who fought beside Odysseus at Troy. Furthermore, it is no mistake that Homer, the author of the Odyssey, shares the same name as Homer Stokes, the man who was challenging 'Pappy' in the election. Additionally, Homer was supposedly blind, so it may be that the blind man in the radio station also represents him. After all the blind man in the radio station was the first to record the Soggy Bottom Boys, while Homer was the first to record…… [Read More]

Coen, J. & Coen, E. (2000). O brother, where are't thou? Los Angeles: Touchstone Pictures.

Homer, The Odyssey. Retrieved December 10, 2011 from MIT website:
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Colonial Resistance in Thing Fall Apart

Words: 2585 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74564629

Colonial Resistance in Things Fall Apart

Chinua Achebe was born in Ogidi, Nigeria, and his father was a teacher in a missionary school. His parents were devout evangelical Protestants and christened him Albert after Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria, although they installed in him many of the values of their traditional Igbo culture. He attended University College in Ibadan, where he studied English, history and theology. At the university Achebe rejected his British name and took his indigenous name Chinua. In 1953 he graduated with a BA, and later studied broadcasting at the BBC where, in 1961, he became the first Director of External Broadcasting at the Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation. In 1944 Achebe attended Government College in Umuahia. He was also educated at the University College of Ibadan, like other major Nigerian writers including John Okigbo, Wole Soyinka, John Pepper Clark, Elechi Amadi, and Cole Omotso. There he studied English, history and theology. He traveled in Africa and America, working for a short time as a teacher, before joining the Nigerian Broadcasting Company in Lagos in 1954. In the 1960s he was the director of External Services in charge of the Voice of Nigeria.

During the Nigerian Civil War…… [Read More]

Achebe, Chinua. Things Fall Apart. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1958.

Balint-Kurti, Daniel. "Novelist rejects national honors to protest conditions in Nigeria." Chicago Sun-Times. 18 October 2004. 4 August 2005 .
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Trainbands Those That Were Early

Words: 3396 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84177957

Free grazers were the ones that utilized this land in order to feed their cattle throughout the way to the cattle markets which were located in Kansas. Many of the settlers were inspired to bring some kind of settlement to this area by the government which in no time started making aggressions among the grazers and settlers. The grazers were not fond of them at all due to them taking away the grasslands and then putting up fences made of barbwire which in return restricted where the cattle would be able to roam. Therefore, the grazers would cut graze and fence upon the terrestrial of the colonist. These actions would then guide to a person shooting another individual for some crime they did. Since there was no state to rule, the ruling was taken up by local vigilante crowds.

Section 3

At the set of the revolutionary War the Army had been serving the nation ever since the creation of George Washington's Continental Army which was on 14 June 1775. During this time, the Army was considered to be some kind of distinguished military force that would take part in America's major conflicts and at the same time, get involved…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Allan R. Millett, Peter Maslowski, and William B. Feis. For the Common Defense. New York: Free Press, 2012.

Ash, Stephen V. When the Yankees Came: Conflict and Chaos in the Occupied South, 1861-1865. New York: Univ. Of North Carolina Press, 1999.
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Paintings Colors and Self-Portrait Introduction

Words: 14235 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62048188

Pissarro took a special interest in his attempts at painting, emphasizing that he should 'look for the nature that suits your temperament', and in 1876 Gauguin had a landscape in the style of Pissarro accepted at the Salon. In the meantime Pissarro had introduced him to Cezanne, for whose works he conceived a great respect-so much so that the older man began to fear that he would steal his 'sensations'. All three worked together for some time at Pontoise, where Pissarro and Gauguin drew pencil sketches of each other (Cabinet des Dessins, Louvre).

Gauguin settled for a while in Rouen, painting every day after the bank he worked at closed.

Ultimately, he returned to Paris, painting in Pont-Aven, a well-known resort for artists.

X...for pic

Le Christ Jaune (the Yellow Christ) (Pioch, 2002) Still Life with Three Puppies 1888 (Pioch, 2002)

In "Sunny side down; Van Gogh and Gauguin," Martin Gayford (2006) asserts differences between van Gogh and Gauguin:

Two more mismatched housemates than Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin would be hard to find. Van Gogh was unkempt, emotionally unstable and talked incessantly while he worked. Gauguin, a former sailor and businessman, was taciturn, orderly and a loner. Yet…… [Read More]

Bailey, Martin. (2008). Dating the raindrops: Martin Bailey reviews the final volumes in the catalogues of the two most important collections of Van Gogh's drawings. Apollo Magazine Ltd. Retrieved February 26, 2009 from HighBeam Research:
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EVA Peace and Addie Bunden

Words: 1769 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51138320

When pushed too far, when too greatly damaged, when the soul has been taken away, when the resilience is gone, all that is left is the act of birth, the cold and empty soul, and a generalized feeling of resentment and anger coming from mother and directed at life and history and the self. Faulkner's Addie's rotting body is an act of revenge, Eva's burning of her son is an act of insanity, both seek the harm of those closest to them, because their disappointment in life is so profound, and they are so utterly trapped in their surroundings, that being a good and wholesome person, being a healthy, nurturing mother, is simply no longer possible. This, then, is the nature of the South for both authors, and it is that nature which tells us that until the bodies are buried, and the souls put to rest, and the corrupted offspring are gone, perhaps then there can be a true rebirth.


Davis, Anita Price. Toni Morrison's Sula. New York: Research and EducationAssociates, 1999.

Faulkner, William. As I Lay Dying. New York: Penguin, 1982.

Morrison, Toni. Sula. New York: Vintage, 2004.

Baldanzi, Jessica & Schlabach, Kyle. What Remains?: (De)Composing and…… [Read More]

Davis, Anita Price. Toni Morrison's Sula. New York: Research and EducationAssociates, 1999.

Faulkner, William. As I Lay Dying. New York: Penguin, 1982.
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Authors Use of Lightness and Darkness

Words: 1632 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48136854

Images, and Metaphors of Lightness and Darkness within Michael Ondaatje's Novel in the Skin of a Lion.

Motifs of lightness vs. darkness, in physical and emotional as well as metaphorical respects, run throughout Canadian emigre author Michael Ondaatje's post-modernist novel set in Toronto, the 1920's, In the Skin of the Lion (1987). The frequent interplay of the motifs of lightness and darkness is intricately woven throughout the structurally fragmented text. Michael Ondaatje's central character within the story is a 21-year-old new arrival to Toronto from rural Ontario named Patrick Lewis, a young man who feels emotionally hollow and who is in search of himself. Simmons (1998) observes that Patrick describes himself, vis-a-vis other characters in the story, as 'nothing but a prism that refracted [the other characters'] lives' (157). Other descriptive uses of lightness and darkness, as motifs, images, or both, abound within the story as well. Later on, for example, when another key character, Caravaggio, watches a woman named Anne through the window of her boathouse, what he sees is described thus: 'In this light, with all the small panes of glass around her, she was inside a diamond, mothlike [sic] on the edge of burning kerosene, caught in…… [Read More]

Lowery, Glen. "The Representation of "Race" in Ondaatje's In the Skin of a Lion." In Thematic Issue: Comparative Cultural Studies and Michael

Ondaatje's Writing. Steven Totosy de Zepetnek (Ed.). [n.d.].
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Poetry Analysis of And the Sun Still

Words: 1017 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97541208

Poetry Analysis of "And the Sun Still Dared to Shine"

The Holocaust during World War II is one of the best documented and most horrendous periods of human existence. There have been other times in history where as many were senselessly killed in a short amount of time, but never have they been subjected to all of the horrors to which the Jews in the concentration camps were participants. A book of poetry by Peter Sheponik called "And the Sun Still Dared to Shine" was recently gathered to showcase free verse poetry written by survivors of the Holocaust. It is powerful book, filled with many themes that speak even more deeply to the horror and loss experienced during those dark years. This paper will look at three poems -- "In the Country," "Children of the Gas" and "Bread of Life" -- through which the theme of youth and the despair such a time brings to those who should be laughing and playing rather than giving their childhood up to worry about destruction.

Every person has some memory of being young, and to most it is a carefree time. Unfortunately, there is a small segment of the population that does not…… [Read More]

Sheponik, Peter. And the Sun Still Dared to Shine. New York: Mazo Publishers, 2011. Print.
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Jesus' Teachings Prayer & Christian Life He

Words: 35411 Length: 109 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95862373

Jesus' Teachings, Prayer, & Christian Life

"He (Jesus) Took the Bread. Giving Thanks Broke it. And gave it to his Disciples, saying, 'This is my Body, which is given to you.'" At Elevation time, during Catholic Mass, the priest establishes a mandate for Christian Living. Historically, at the Last Supper, Christ used bread and wine as a supreme metaphor for the rest of our lives. Jesus was in turmoil. He was aware of what was about to befall him -- namely, suffering and death. This was the last major lesson he would teach before his arrest following Judas' betrayal. Eschatologically speaking, the above set the stage for the Christian ministry of the apostles, evangelists and priests. Indeed, every Christian is called to give of him or herself for the Glory of God and the Glory of Mankind. The message at the Last Supper was powerful. People have put themselves through unimaginable horrors and even death to spread this message. Christian or Christ-Like living is a privilege. Having Christ as a beacon and an exemplar is demanding. Saints and other divine personage come closer to this light than ordinary humans. They also work as intercessors for the rest of us in…… [Read More]

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Psychology of What's Eating Gilbert Grape

Words: 1923 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10400882

Gilbert Grape

Otto Rank's conflict theory posits that the experience of birth is the root cause of all human anxiety. The state of being in the womb is theoretically blissful, and birth is a deeply traumatic experience (Wolverton, 2011). From this premise, Rank suggests that several core conflicts characterize the human experience and can lead to neurosis. One conflict is between the life instinct and the death instinct. The life instinct encourages the person to be an independent, competent individual; whereas the death instinct stimulates interest and action in community and family (Boeree, 1998). A second core conflict, related to the first, is between the fear of death and the fear of life. Fear of death leads to dependency, codependency, unhealthy union, and a loss of self. Fear of life leads to isolation, separation, alienation, and too much individualization. Resolving the central conflicts between life and death becomes the goal of self-renewal or therapy. Rank suggested that the person needs to cultivate a strong will, which is the part of the self that can minimize and transcend fears of life and death ("The Myth of the Birth of the Hero," n.d.). When the person is able to transcend and accept…… [Read More]

Boeree, C.G. (1998). Otto Rank. Retrieved online: 

Hallstrom, L. (1993). What's Eating Gilbert Grape.
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Total War in the Civil War

Words: 1559 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98454276

American Civil War

Warfare in the American Civil War

The Western characteristic of total war best exemplifies warfare in the American Civil War because it was this definitive tactic which helped the Union to completely crush any remaining hopes of victory in the South. Two Generals effected a policy of total war against the South: General Philip Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley and General William Tecumseh Sherman in his March to the Sea campaign from Atlanta to Savannah, leaving devastation and ruin in his wake. Both military tactics were designed not only to cut off supply routes to Southern armies but also to undermine the morale of Southern civilians and destroy their very capacity to live without surrender. Sherman himself stated his belief that the Union was fighting "a hostile people, and must make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war" -- in other words, Sherman believed the war had to be taken into the civilian sphere (Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies 798). It was an attitude of total war that would come to dominate modern warfare in the years to come and it was this attitude that the North ultimately came…… [Read More]

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William Wallace Insurgency Analysis

Words: 1940 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41593926

William Wallace's Insurgency

Factors Driving William Wallace's Insurgency

William Wallace was born somewhere around 1272-1276. His childhood years were peacefully spent, without a doubt, in a large house rather than a tiny crofter's shack. William was exceptionally large and boisterous -- traits that didn't go well with the future his family had planned for him. Being the younger son, and without any lands of his own, William was bound to end up as a priest. However, the death of his father, Sir Malcolm Wallace, and his eldest brother, in a clash with the English at Irvine, marked a permanent change in his life and the beginning of his personal bitterness towards the English -- a feeling that subsequently intensified to extreme hatred (Reese).

The historic 1296 Ragman Roll, through which the English King Edward I aimed to make the whole of Scotland bow down to him, set off the events that rendered William an outlaw. Before long, he defied the English authority. An English governor's son, Selby, challenged William; William killed his opponent and went into hiding. Since his grandfather was incapable of concealing him, William was sent to Riccarton to Richard Wallace, his uncle. William found love in the…… [Read More]

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Art Representing Life in the

Words: 1216 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20726119

Dupin becomes the "individual as the creature of history" (187) and the orangutan represents the "terror of a history secularized and devoid of design" (187). This pot was to usher in a new genre of plots that looked at the universe in a new way. The detective story, as a result, "responds to a new era of world history" (187). The crimes against the women can also be seen as symbols from Poe's own past as he lived through the deaths of the women he loved the most. Tragedy, of course, must make its way into Poe's fiction but the grisly murders of thee two women could easily be representations of the death of Poe's mother and cousin.

Society was all the inspiration Poe needed. Terrance Whalen maintains that Poe's tales "arose from within the specific conditions of capitalist development which were then emerging in antebellum America" (Whalen 386). Poe's circumstances allowed him to write directly from his experiences with urban life, Whalen claims. This urban life was in an upheaval as "industrialization paralleled the rise of information as a dominant form of meaning" (389). "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" attempts to outwit the crisis of overproduction in the…… [Read More]

Jordan, Cynthia. "Poe's Re-Vision: The Recovery of the Second Story." American Literature.

59.1. 1987. JSTOR Resource Database.  Information Retrieved
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Mending Wall by Robert Frost and The

Words: 1845 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68032076

Mending Wall" by Robert Frost, and "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock," by T.S. Eliot. Specifically, it compares and contraststhe two works and how they are both excellent examples of the dangers of unexamined tradition.

Unexamined tradition can be extremely dangerous in life, because it forces individuals to do things the "way they have always been done," rather than forcing them to find new ways to interact. This allows people to stagnate, rather than grow and learn from new concepts and ideas. In these two works, both narrators are bound by unexamined traditions, and because of this, their lives are far less fulfilling than they could have been.

Dangers of Unexamined Tradition

These two works both clearly show the dangers of unexamined tradition in many ways. It is how the writers use their words and thoughts to convey their meanings that are quite different in these two works. In "Mending Wall," Frost's meaning is quite clear from the beginning of the short poem. He is mending a stone wall, but it is clear he does not see the need for the wall, because he has nothing he wants to keep "in" or "out." He muses, "Before I built a…… [Read More]