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7). It is the only symphony out of the nine for which Beethoven chose the key of a. In form, the symphony is not strikingly different from his previous six symphonies but the way in which the power and the beauty of thoughts have been treated gives it a unique "romantic" air. In the Finale, this 'romance' develops into "a vein of boisterous mirth" that had not been seen in any of Beethoven's previous works (Grove, 240).
Symphony No. 8: Composed in F major, it is the shortest of Beethoven's 9 symphonies. It was also the composer's favorite work, and when it did not receive the expected accolades at the time of its first performance, he remarked "It will please them some day." (Quoted by Grove, 279). And indeed, despite its simplicity, the symphony has come to be recognized as a true masterpiece, and it provided a lead for subsequent…… [Read More]
Moreover, the scherzo arrives in the second movement and before instead of after the slow movement. Beethoven's Ninth Symphony's untraditional arrangement might have irked performers as well as critics.
Although Beethoven was still venerated by the Viennese public, a follow-up performance of the Ninth Symphony was not well attended or well received. In fact, the second performance of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony brought in a shamefully small crowd: the venue was only half full and ticket sales barely earned the orchestra enough money to cover expenses (Huscher, 2007). The mixed critical and audience responses to his final symphony must have troubled Beethoven and solidified his decision to retire for good.
Some critics came close to panning the premiere, denouncing the musicians for their performances and also the composition itself. The symphony was deemed too difficult to perform, too unwieldy to include in a concert program, and was subsequently shelved for quite…… [Read More]
...a symphony which could present its creator's image of the world," a concept which "lay at the heart of the Romantic revolution" and through which eethoven "first brought Romanticism into Western music ("Ludwig Van eethoven," Internet).
Of course, it is eethoven's momentous and magnificent Symphony no. 9, the Choral, which continues to thrill music lovers all over the world. This incredible piece of music stirs up a galaxy of human emotions, ranging from sadness to joy and exhilaration to melancholia. The first eight notes are the most powerful and memorable and possibly symbolize the greatest opening lines in the history of Western music. One story about eethoven and this particular symphony is quite moving. On May 7th, 1824 in Vienna, even though he was stone deaf, eethoven managed to successfully conduct the orchestra at the premier of this symphony and when it was over, it is said that a member…… [Read More]
Beethoven: Greatest Hits CD is relatively self-explanatory. It is a compilation of many of the works that Beethoven created during his life and showcases the works that seem to be the most often heard or the most often discussed by music lovers and critics alike. The CD has only the works of Beethoven and does not contain a compilation of artists like many other classical music CDs, where there are works by many different classical composers that all lived in the same basic period of time. The 'Greatest Hits' title is a common one. It is seen on the CDs of many artists when they have been producing music for some time, have several CDs available, and feel that they should take their best-selling or most-often-played songs and put them together in one compilation for their fans to buy. This allows these fans to have a compilation that has what…… [Read More]
Beethoven's Fifth Symphony
Classical music is still often the most powerful in eliciting an emotion or portraying a feeling. We hear it utilized in many movies and other important social events, for example. However, certain classical music has been utilized in very important events. This is the case with Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, a true symphony of sounds, omnipresent and showing such genius, that it was utilized by American and Allied forces in World War II as a symbol of victory. This paper will discuss the technical aspects of this work of art, as well as how it came to be utilized in such a great event.
The instruments that are utilized to play Beethoven's work vary from most instruments known to us today. One can hear flutes, clarinets, horns, trombones, violins, and other string instruments, oboes and trumpets. It is due to this truly great literal symphony of…… [Read More]
This is what connects Americans with Iraqis more fundamentally -- a common humanity, not abstract desires to change the government.
Discussion 2: Beethoven
This passage prompts the question -- why do we tend to classify Beethoven as a Romantic artist and David as Neoclassical? After all, both artists combined Romantic and Neoclassical elements in their composition. Perhaps the answer is that when we listen to a composition by Beethoven, we feel as listeners that we have gained a sense of who Beethoven was like as a man, the emotions that moved him as a human being. David, in contrast, although he had clear political views that shifted and evolved over the course of the French Revolution to the rule of Napoleon is not an emotional presence in his paintings. David's paintings seem to be historical, almost photographic depictions of 'real life' or imagined real life in the classical past like…… [Read More]
One of the most well-known work from this period, the 9th Symphony, represents very well the inner turmoil of the composer and is very characteristic of other work published during this Late period. Many historians also consider this symphony to be the greatest piece of music to be ever written (Cook, 1993). It also happened to be the very first symphony using voices; the chorus can be heard in the fourth movement, referred to as 'Ode to Joy'. This symphony is also a great example of how Beethoven influenced the course of music history. During the Classical period, symphonies usually followed a very strict form in which the slow movement (the second movement) before the scherzo movement (the third movement). However, Beethoven strived to push the boundaries and, as a composer who successfully crossed over from the Classical era to the omantic era, forms had to be altered. One of…… [Read More]
She ate one of the plums she had bought, fruit meant to last for both breakfast and lunch. Its surprisingly juicy interior left a long sticky trail down her bony chin. She wiped it away, inhaled the plumy sweetness deeply, and inhaled the air, deeply.
Everyone coming today, Sharon?" she asked the receptionist at the desk. The woman behind the glass pane at the dance studio smiled at her and nodded. No laggards today. She knew how much Bethany hated to have anyone absent, even though the girls she taught were only in grade school.
Yes, we had no cancellations. No one is sick with allergies or spring colds -- yet," said Sharon. Sharon, a large, pillowy, matronly woman, gazed at the gazelle-like Bethany and giggled. "You work those little girls to hard," she said. "They're only children."
From children, great dancers spring," said Bethany solemnly. Sharon giggled again and…… [Read More]
In this movement he uses antiphonal, or equal bars of forte and equal bars of piano as the movement opens with a six note falling scale motif for this harmony. Finally there is a trio in D major, side by side, taking abrupt leaps and descents and which ends quietly with a modified recurrence of the scherzo. The first "repeat" was written out to allow an extra ritardando. There are then some syncopated chords and the movement soon rests with a short coda in F major by way of a long broken arpeggio in the bass.
The third and final movement alternates two slow ariosos and two faster fugues. The movement starts by using the final ritardando bass arpeggio in F major and then moving to B flat minor. This Beethoven has written it this way to form a bridge from the rough humor of the scherzo to the doleful…… [Read More]
The presence of dissonance and harmony in Beethoven's Fifth Symphony is also reflected in Virginia Woolf's motif alluding to the fictive creation of "Shakespeare's sister" in the essay, "A Room of One's Own." While Woolf's voice creates a reality that is both dissonant and harmonious to her own life as a writer, the struggle for the female to be taken seriously as a writer in a male-dominated world becomes the main premise of the chapter. Woolf relates her research into women's lives during Shakespeare's times and creates a fictional character called Judith, who is Shakespeare's imaginary sister. Woolf argues that Judith would have been gifted as Shakespeare, but, "thwarted and hindered by other people, so tortured and pulled asunder by her own contrary instincts that she must have lost her health and sanity to a certainty." The story of Judith is tragic because she is not given the opportunity to…… [Read More]
His music forms are also an important characteristic that define him as a Romantic composer. Indeed, his preference for sonatas allowed him both to use his enormous potential of imagination and to sustain it with borrowings from folk music or local influences. The symphony as well was redefined to fit his Romantic profile, Beethoven choosing to go with a more flexible structure than the previous one defined by Haydn, which was rigid and had fixed rules.
Besides the argument mentioned previously, as an individual in society Beethoven reflected Romantic characteristics. Indeed, he was badly adapted to social norms, had very few friends and lived almost exclusively for the sake of his art and his creations. In this sense, he reflected the Romantic ideal of art for art and dedicated his entire existence to creating rather than anything else.… [Read More]
Beethoven's Ninth Symphony is a symphonic-choral blend that revolutionized the way composers approached their work in the 19th century. It prepared the way for future artists like agner and set the tone for the Romantic spring of classical music composition. Its ideological foundation is rooted in the Romantic "Ode to Joy" poem of Friedrich Schiller, penned in 1785 in celebration of the poet's sense-feeling of the universal fraternity of mankind. Fraternity was a notion much in vogue at the time (the French Revolution adopted it as one of its mantras), but Beethoven takes Schiller's idea and elevates in an almost spiritual way, delivering sections of the "Ode" in choral form in the final movement of the Ninth Symphony. But before getting there, Beethoven develops massive musical themes that explore that nature and impulse of humankind's mind and heart. This paper will provide a biography of Beethoven, a history…… [Read More]
e. "The Public Beethoven" and "The Private Beethoven.") Rather than integrating both facets of Beethoven the person and Beethoven the artist, as Jones does in his biography, Geck wishes to show us the two different sides of Beethoven through a sort of dichotomous split. The result makes for a rather dense, at times tedious read. Jones's skillful integration of the two facets of Beethoven's life seems to flow on a much more natural narrative level.
One of the characteristics that distinguish each of the biographies is their brevity. Unlike more definitive biographical studies, which tend to number into the late hundreds or even thousands in page count, both Jones and Geck manage to condense Beethoven's life to less than two hundred pages. This brevity has both its benefits and its limitations. On the one hand, the general reader, who perhaps has an appreciation of Beethoven's music that has spurred their…… [Read More]
The aldstein sonata is considered to be one of the notable piano sonatas that Beethoven ever composed, maybe equaled only by the Appassionata sonata. They are both part of the works between op. 50 and op. 60 that, through their content, form and proportions represent the height of Beethoven's creation" ("aldstein," All about Beethoven, 2006). The first movement entitled "Allegro con brio" opens "with repeated chords, played pianissimo. This initial straightforward, but anxious rhythm is devoid of melody for two bars. It then swiftly ascends and follows with a three-note descent in the middle register and a four-note descent in the upper. More of this teasing rhythm rumbles forward, until 45 seconds later, when the notes seem to almost stumble over themselves," into a "dolce," or sweet choral theme in E major, followed by an ending with a heavy coda ("Piano Sonata No 21," All academic dictionary, 2009).. The short…… [Read More]
Live Concert April 8, 2016: Carnegie Hall Presents Dover Quartet in the eill Recital Hall
The performers in this concert consisted of the Dover string quartet: Joel Link on violin, Bryan Lee on violin, Milena Pajaro-van de Stadt on viola, and Camden Shaw on cello. The program consisted of the String Quartet No. 12 in F Major, Op. 96 "American" by Dvorak, the String Quartet, Op. 3 by Berg, and the String Quartet in F Major, Op. 59, No. 1 "Razumovsky" by Beethoven.
The three works were very different, which is not surprising considering that each was written in a different time period. Beethoven's quartet was composed in 1806 in for the Russian Count Andrey Razumovsky; Dvorak's quartet was composed in the 1890s during the artist's say in New York; and Berg's quartet was composed in 1910 (but not debuted for another 13 years) ("At a Glance"). So each piece…… [Read More]
Because David became a
court painter of Napoleon, he could not openly challenge the leader's
beliefs or position of authority. Art in the service of politics to some
extent requires the artist to stifle some of his or her iconoclastic
feelings. Neoclassicism shows a great deal of obedience to form, and as
David's ideology became more obedient to another man's will, he lost rather
than gained freedom as an artist. Unlike Beethoven, his flair and freedom
was dimmed, although he still remained a great artist and a master of his
technique and all of his works have the power to excite and inspire the
viewer, even if they did not challenge the artistic assumptions of the day,
as did Beethoven's later compositions, which often moved listeners to
unexpected tears.… [Read More]
There is more to it than meets the eye (or ear), and repeated listenings make that even more apparent.
Great music also depends on great performances, and that is another reason to listen to it more than once. Each artist interprets music a bit differently, and so, no performance will be exactly alike. This is true of all types of music, even classical. Even though the scores are the same, each musician, director, and arranger sees the work differently, and adds a bit of their own interpretation or personality into the piece. Thus, the same song sung decades ago by the Beach Boys does not sound like the same song today sung by a young rap or hip hop artist.
Do these theories apply to pop music, as well? In many aspects, yes, they do. There are certainly many songs in pop music that are complex and detailed, with different…… [Read More]
Ludwig Van Beethoven's Symphony No. 2 in D Major
This paper will concentrate on New York Philharmonic Orchestra's execution of Ludwig Van Beethoven's Symphony No. 2 in D Major, David Geffen Hall, known in the past as Avery Fisher Hall. This arrangement was performed on April 8, 2016 in New York's City's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts by the orchestra. The conductor for this performance piece was David Robertson.
Beethoven is seen as a transitional figure between the Classical and Romantic periods of musical history. Most importantly, his work is different from those of any earlier arranger through his formation of huge, expanded architectonic structures described by the broad advancement of musical material, topics, and themes. Beethoven did this by "modulation" or "adjustment" in the sentiment of the home key, through an assortment of keys or consonant locales; a favorite technique by the deaf master (Huscher).
Foundation of Symphony…… [Read More]
Humanities are Important:
An analysis of the Da Vinci Code, Beethoven's 9th, and 1984.
A novel by George Orwell (pseudonym), real name Eric Blair
Published in 1949
A reaction to the totalitarian state engulfing the global community
The Da Vinci Code
A (2006) film by on Howard
Based on the novel by Dan Brown
obert Langdon follows a series of clues that link Leonardo's masterpieces, the mystery of Jesus Christ, and a totalitarian regime in the guise of the Catholic Church
Beethoven's 9th Symphony
Completed in 1824 after the composer (Ludwig van Beethoven) had gone completely deaf, this -- his final symphony -- is often considered to be one of the greatest musical masterpieces of all time. The fourth movement is based on Schiller's "Ode to Joy" and invokes a chorus of universal brotherhood. If you listen long enough, you will hear the music swell into a magnificent burst of…… [Read More]
The second section, entitled Adante con moto has been described as having "a lyrical theme with a hymnal resonance, even festive" in quality which indicates a sense of hope, even in the midst of despair (Munteanu 2006). In contrast to earlier musical works, which can be analyzed purely in terms of musical structure, Beethoven's Fifth is often analyzed as a creation of Beethoven's own, unique psyche: desperate yet occasionally finding joy. It is a sprawling yet seamless whole, like his mind and life, rather than a composition of particular movements that carefully balance one another and deal with several unified themes in a structurally perfect manner.
The third section entitled simply Allegro "has a free form, neither scherzo nor intermezzo, but constitutes itself as an epilogue to the dramatism in Part I and a prologue to Part IV. This is considered to be the key moment of the entire symphony,…… [Read More]
The geniuses strained the boundaries of the characteristic styles more evidently and more quickly than those of their contemporaries to bring about such seismic changes.
Baroque: Style." The Essentials of Music. 23 Apr 2008. http://www.essentialsofmusic.com/
Classical: Style." The Essentials of Music. 23 Apr 2008. http://www.essentialsofmusic.com/
Baroque: Musical Context." The Essentials of Music. 23 Apr 2008. http://www.essentialsofmusic.com/
Classical: Musical Context." The Essentials of Music. 23 Apr 2008. http://www.essentialsofmusic.com/
Ludwig van Beethoven." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 2007. 23 Apr 2008. http://plus.aol.com/aol/reference/Beethove/Ludwig_van_Beethoven?flv=1&ncid=fLHHQXUNeT0000000474&icid=rbox_ref_center.M
Posner, Howard. "hat is basso continuo?" Early Music FAQ. 1994. 23 Apr 2008. http://www.medieval.org/emfaq/misc/continuo.html
Sadie, Stanley. "Baroque." The Grove Concise Dictionary of Music. New York: .. Excerpted at Classical Music Pages Homepage. Created by Matt Boynick. 1 Feb 1996. Revised 10 Oct 2000. 23 Apr 2008. http://w3.rz-berlin.mpg.de/cmp/g_epoch_baroque.html
Sadie, Stanley. "Classical." The Grove Concise Dictionary of Music. New York: .. Norton, 1994. Excerpted at Classical Music Pages Homepage. Created by Matt…… [Read More]
estern Classical Music
The concert chosen for this paper was a piano recital that consisted of various students that took place this April 2016. The reason I chose this recital to attend was that I knew one of the performers in the show and I wanted to both support her performance by my attendance in the audience and I wanted to expose myself to a diversity of performances for the purpose of this paper. The pieces ranged in period from modern (Bartok -- "Suite, Op. 14: Allegretto-Scherzo-Allegro molto-Sostenuto") to classical (Mozart -- "Adagio in b minor, K. 540"). The students were young adults of a variety of ethnicities, from Asian to European. It was overall a very eclectic mix of musical pieces performed by a diverse number of students. Unfortunately, there were not many people in the audience -- barely a dozen -- so it was difficult for the performers…… [Read More]
Suddenly Western Music no longer needed to follow all the old rules. Just as the abstract painters dispensed with the traditional canon of art at just the same time, so also men like Bartok and Stravinsky take a fresh look at what constituted good music.
According to Bartok, the aesthetic success of this new homophonic-polyphonic music would depend upon the "harmonic entity" that results from the rise and fall of the "horizontal line" formed by the many discrete tone patches.... "an architectonic or similar scheme is not absolutely necessary; the construction of the line born out of the different degrees of intensity that are inherent in the tonal succession would be completely satisfactory," and by his likening of such constructions to works written in prose rather than verse (Gillies, 2000, p. 55)
Stravinsky too made his own way in the musical world. Working alongside Diaghilev and his Ballet usses he…… [Read More]
Pop is tomorrow's Classical"- Paul McCartney. Discuss this contention within the context of rock/classical music collaborations since the early 1950s.
Classical Rock and Popular Prophecy
To the average music-listener, musical genres are easily divided into homogenous groupings without any danger of overlapping one another. Certainly, there are rare occurrences of "cross-over" hits on the radio that find airplay on both Adult Contemporary and Country stations, or those releases which find an audience among both Easy Listening and Rock fans. Another seemingly strange occurrence that may be observed by the slightly more alert music consumer is that time shifts musical pieces from one genre to another, and yesterday's Alternative Rock is today's Easy Listening, yet even this phenomenon is considered an anomaly of the music industry. A simplicity is desired among musical elitists that preserves some musical forms as valid, labeling others as mere fads. However, the deep impact of musical…… [Read More]
La Mort D'Ophelie, Berlioz -- -Choir
Unity and Variety-emphasis upon unity
Structure of the Music
Purpose of the Music
Vier Gesange, Op. 17, Brahms-Choir
Unity and Variety
Structure of the Music
Purpose of the Music
istorical Period-Mid 1800s
Pavane in F-Sharp Minor, Op. 50
Unity and Variety
Structure of the Music
Purpose of the Music
Faure - Choir Fantasy in C-Minor For Piano
Unity and Variety-Emphasis upon unity
Structure of the Music
Purpose of the Music
Melody and armony-low pitch
Chorus and Orchesta by Beethoven.
Unity and Variety-Emphasis upon unity, but variety within one piece
Structure of the Music
Purpose of the Music
Tempo-Adagio and then Allegro
Melody and armony-igh emphasis upon pitch
Form-Romantic…… [Read More]
Therefore, it compromised the superiority of the German art and body politic. The Bayreuth festival, founded by Wagner, was utilized by the Nazis as a propaganda tool against the Jews.
Both Hitler and Wagner were not only racist, but both were also artists and politicians. Whereas Wagner exhibited a number of talents, Hitler was known for his painting and oratory skills. Both were paranoid that they had Jewish forbearers. Some of those things that Hitler and Wagner shared agreed upon are as follows: race is based on appearance, language, nationality and genetics; an "Aryan" white race is the supreme race of purity, beauty, and goodness; Germans will rule the world; all race other than Aryan are inferior; Nietsche's Will to Power and social Darwinism are the foundations upon which personality and society ought to be based; Jews were contaminating German blood; Jesus was not a Jew; Jews have no religion;…… [Read More]
The environment, has been a scientific argument since the Victorian Era. The nature vs. nurture and stability vs. change arguments remain quite controversial. In essence, it concerns the importance of an individual's innate qualities (their nature) versus the way they were raised, the interactions they have had, and their personal experiences (nurture). One asks, would we have had a Stalin had he remained in seminary, or not been part of a prison system that spurred ideas of communism, would Van Gogh or Tchaikovsky produced such masterpieces of art had they not had clinical depression and perhaps a host of psychological disorders - or, does history (a general term here for civilization and humanity), produce those individuals that are products of their time and environment, thus perpetuating the idea of change? (Ridley). Likely not, but the basis for their behavior is likely still part of their psyche. However, just because the…… [Read More]
Cameron Balloons is a British company established in 1971 that primarily manufactures hot air balloons. Since then they have grown to production of about 500 balloons per year, with a market share of about 70% of those produced in the United Kingdom. They are well-known for quality, novelty, and their interesting balloon shapes (Harley Davidson, the Sphinx, Beethoven, etc.) (Civilian Air Authority, 2012). With their U.S. facility the company produces over 1 balloon per day, and averages almost $10M in annual sales.
Cameron Balloons is a leader in the hot-air balloon market, a very competitive market because of the overcapacity of many competitors in many countries, all vying for a limited customer. An additional strength for Cameron is that they are designed and built by two distinct companies that are independently owned and managed but are linked and committed to building the industry's best and most unique product. In addition,…… [Read More]
Handel's Messiah was composed in 1741. The musical period is baroque.
An oratorio is a large musical work that includes an orchestra, choir, soloists, and staging. Operas are musical theater and oratorios are exclusively concert or musical only pieces.
An aria is a melody or musical piece that is made exclusively for one voice and there is orchestral accompaniment. Arias are most commonly found in operas.
There is a kind of call and response between the lyrics and the music in Ev'ry Valley. The singer guides the music and the instruments complement and mimic what the singer does with his voice. Handel was probably considering rhythm, structure, and movement when considering the lyrics.
The texture of the refrain of the Hallelujah chorus is strong. The texture is rich and vibrant. The syllables hang in the air, especially the "ha," yet there is a definite swiftness and movement to…… [Read More]
This piece changed the face of contemporary classical music and allowed other composers much more freedom in composing, since the era of "classical" music had been questioned and all of its preconceived notions had been shattered by Beethoven's 9th Symphony.
Beethoven's 9th is the work of a composer committed to undying self-expression (Swafford, 2003). He turned the classical music world upside down, which was frowned upon at the time, but now seen as a major catalyst for musical evolution in its time. Both Hitler and Mussolini were admirers of Beethoven and Beethoven's 9th Symphony (Buch, 2003). Ironically, The piece initially represented the musical freedom and unbridled expression that Beethoven was known for, but sadly, both Hitler and Mussolini used this piece in their propaganda films, and are now closely associated with much of Beethoven's work. This association has continued through the latter part of the 20th century and into the…… [Read More]
He is faster in every movement than any other of the above mentioned conductors and yet he scarcely sounds rushed" (Laurson 2008).
Even without an extensive knowledge of the history of Brahms symphonic compositions, the modern, 21th century nature of the Janowski approach becomes clear when comparing it to an older recording, that of Leonard Bernstein's. Bernstein's is slower, more ponderous, especially at the beginning, although it should be noted that the Bernstein sounds less like a Beethoven work than the Janowski. It sounds more like a unique, albeit slower-paced composer, more distinctly like Brahms although for some that might not be a 'good thing.' Difficult to love, personally and musically, the fact that Brahms can be an 'acquired taste' and his acceptance may vary with conductor's intentions does not reduce his important contributions in musical variation and creating a fusion between the Classical and Romantic genres of music.
orks…… [Read More]
Brahms - Johannes Brahms (1833-1897) was one of the leading symphonic composers of the European omantic movement. He was also a pianist whose works have become staples of the symphonic and concerti repertoire, although he also composed chamber and vocal works. Unfortunately, many of his works were self-destroyed, Brahms being extremely self-critical and almost manically perfectionistic in his later years (Frisch and Karnes). It is interesting that compositionally Brahms was both an innovative member of the new "German omantic" movement and a staunch adherent to the more formal traditions of Bach and Beethoven. Structurally, his works use the compositional techniques of the Baroque and Classical eras -- he was a master at counterpoint in the tradition of Bach, of symphonic development in the Haydn tradition, and innovative similar to Mozart and Beethoven. eally, Brahms wanted to take the best of the German compositional technique, create new and innovative…… [Read More]
A certain feeling toward propriety and morality is stamped upon our sex, which does not allow us to appear alone in public, nor without an escort. Thus how can I present my musical work, to the public with anything other than timidity. The work of any lady…can indeed arouse a degree of pity in the eyes of some experts." (owers and Tick, 1987)
owers and Tick state that many composers of this time "Reichardt, Hensel, and Schumann -- published lieder under male authorship. A few of Reichardt's early songs were included in a collection of her father's lieder, 'Duetsche Lieder' and three of Hensel's early songs "appear in each of Felix's Opus 8 and Opus 9; the 'Allegemeine musikalische Zeitung' claimed that 'An des lust'gen runnenes Rand' a duet composed by Fanny, is the best song in the collection" of Opus 8. Additionally three of Schumann's lieder were "included in…… [Read More]
Beethoven uses choral voices in his 9th Symphony to produce a sound that no man-made instrument could produce. Beethoven is attempting to achieve the highest and most joyful sound in the final movement of the symphony and so therefore uses human voices to compel the listener to the rapturous heights that he wants them to witness.
or what might look at the importance of tone and key. n the 20th century, composers like Schoenberg wrote atonal music that made music sound fractured and splintered and, in a word, off. This effect allowed Schoenberg to artistically represent a world around him that seemed to be going off its head -- with war, loss of conviction, and devaluation. There seemed to be no real key to happiness, and so the earlier keys that were used by Bach are rejected here by Schoenberg.
6) Using the illustrations found throughout chapter five, name the…… [Read More]
Classicism manifested itself in the 18th century. There are five references used for this paper.
There have been a number of cultural styles over the last centuries from Baroque to Classicism to Romanticism. It is interesting to look at Classicism and determine how it manifested itself in the 18th century.
In order to determine the 18th century's manifestation of Classicism, it is important to understand what the term means. Classicism, or Neo-Classicism is used to "characterize the culture of 18th-century Europe, and contrasted with 19th-century Romanticism (unknown, Classicism)." In "art, music, and literature, it is a style that emphasizes the qualities traditionally considered characteristic of ancient Greek and Roman art, that is, reason, balance, objectivity, restraint, and strict adherence to form (unknown, Classicism)."
Ludwig van Beethoven demonstrated Classicism during the end of his life with his string quartets. Beethoven first earned the respect of the Viennese people as…… [Read More]
Since the valuation of a God had been essentially devaluated, what was to be the source of revaluation in the modern world? No answer could satisfy Ives, for his society saw no return to the societal standards and beliefs of the age of Bach, which gave explicit valuation to all things, especially music -- as seen in Bach's mastering of counterpoint. Schoenberg's inverted counterpoint is the antithesis of that old world Germanic culture -- and it is no surprise that Schoenberg settled in America -- all things being equal, and, in a sense, equally meaningless.
In conclusion, what was once considered light and understood, orthodox, hierarchical, and whole -- in terms of both estern culture and estern classical music in the time of Bach -- had, by the time of Ives and Schoenberg, drifted into a kind of relativistic self-importance/self-worthlessness that had no moorings whatsoever. Notes and attitudes shifted without…… [Read More]
Collins further suggests that "you can't manufacture passion or 'motivate' people to feel passionate. You can only discover what ignites your passion and the passions of those around you" (Farias, 41).
Jim Collins also suggests that before searching for strategy and vision to make a great enterprise, one first look for the people who will make it a great enterprise, he claims "The ultimate throttle on growth for any great company is not markets, or technology, or competition, or products. It is one thing above all others: the ability to get and keep enough of the right people" (McCleave; Gale, 124).
Jim Collins further emphasizes on the value of ethics and principles by stating that the old adage "People are your most important asset" is hugely wrong. He laments that people are not assets, only the right people are the most important assets, wrong ones are the burden and it…… [Read More]
But Emma's not my best friend anymore. Over the summer, she changed. People say she's getting 'older' and growing up, but I don't see how staring in the mirror all of the time and obsessing about clothes and makeup makes you a grown-up. Now, according to Emma, I'm a total loser because I wear socks. Somehow, I just didn't get that memo. So, instead of Emma, I have Wheeler Diggs following me home from school to hang out with my dad.
I guess being a grown-up is making lemons out of lemonade. So even though I can't get to Carnegie Hall -- yet -- I've been trying to practice, practice, practice on the Perfectone as hard as I can. There is a competition known as the Perform-A-Rama. I've been trying to take it as seriously as possible, even though it's hard to take playing the theme songs to my father's…… [Read More]
Music Since 1900
A Survey of hree Works by Ives, Schoenberg, and Barber
In the film Legend of 1900, im Roth plays an orphan who grows up aboard the SS Virginian, where he becomes a virtuoso piano player, whose styling rivals the greatest Jazz pianists of the early twentieth century. he Italian film is supposed to represent the impermanence of art and the cheapness of capturing a live performance on a record. However, what cannot be achieved in the film is actually achieved by the film, as the New Orleans jazz artist is surpassed by the glorious skills of an orphan who has spent his entire life aboard a steam liner. What it says is that music may be recorded, but what is even greater than the recording is the music itself and the story that inspired it. his paper will compare and contrast three different works of musical art…… [Read More]
Sailing Alone Around the Room: An exiting adventure and exploration of the 'ordinary' poetic genius of Billy Collins
The title of Billy Collins' volume of poetry Sailing Alone Around the Room is perhaps even more important and significant to consider than the titles of the other volumes of the poet's work. The title of Collins' volume Sailing Alone Around the Room is the title the author chose for a compilation of some of his previous works, such as Picnic, Lightening. Because it is a compilation of a variety of his works over time, the title Sailing Alone Around the Room clearly 'means something' more in the poet's eyes than a title that is reflective only of a fixed and limited collection of poetry, confined to a more narrow period of the poet's creative life. The phrase Sailing Alone Around the Room speaks to Collins' vision of his overarching work as…… [Read More]
Liszt conducted his own work possible, and whenever possible and he made no exception of this concert. The popularity of the two pieces was already well established; the score to Les Preludes had been published earlier in the same year as this, though it is likely that the pieces had not been heard in St. Gallen before as this is the first recorded visit of Liszt to the town since writing the pieces (alker, sec. 6).
The final piece, Beethoven's Third "Heroic" Symphony, had been composed in 1803-4 in honor of Napoleon, which made the choice somewhat ironic given tat the confederacy of cnatons that makes up Switzerland chaffed heavily under the republic enforced by the conquering emperor ("Eroica"). Still, it provided a rousing finale to the program, and no doubt sentiments had cooled somewhat since the re-establishment of the confederacy and wider European neutrality.
No additional advertisements or reviews…… [Read More]
Mozart: Composer for the Ages
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in 1756 in Salzburg. His full name as recorded on his Baptismal certificate is (in Latin) Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilis Amadeus Mozart. Though seven children were born in the family only Wolfgang and his elder sister survived infancy. Both were instructed in the ways of music by their father. Wolfgang showed early signs of being a prodigy.
His father Leopold was a music teacher and composer and passed on his love of music to his son, encouraging both of his children to perform. Mozart surprised his father at an early age by drafting his own composition, without encouragement (Deutsch, 1965).
Leopold took the children on extensive tours of Europe, having them perform in the Bavarian, Vienna, and Prague Courts. The duo was the equivalent of today's child-stars. Their touring led Mozart to meet important musicians like J.C. Bach. In ome,…… [Read More]
** The Chef I chose is: Grant Achatz **
Culinary Food Science Research Paper
Throughout the course of culinary history there have been many chef's, scientists, nutritionists, and even chemists that have contributed greatly to the advancement of "Food Technologies." These people, whether through their culinary innovations or scientific discoveries have greatly impacted the world of cooking by creating flavors, safer food, and food that can be healthier for us to eat. Some of these discoveries can be so big that they have impacted or affected the entire world. For instance the discovery of the method for Pasteurizing milk by, of course, Louis Pasteur. This one innovation changed the world's milk production and distribution systems forever. It brought milk to the masses and allowed it to last longer and safer to drink for all.
For this paper you are to pick an innovator in the culinary world. (I…… [Read More]
This style came later during the latter part of his ten years as member of the Wiener Sezesion. The objective of this association was to separate themselves from contemporary art and to provide Vienna with quality foreign art pieces. Klimt's pieces, at first, failed to win renown and only became accepted with his so-called 'Golden period' called so due to the generous use of gold leaf in his paintings.
Klimt's encounter with Byzantine art and his being influenced by it, primarily, initiated from Alfred oller, a painter colleague who had a great influence on his life, and who had encouraged Klimt to visit avenna and study the famous mosaics there. oller himself had studied them when painting friezes and mural for the Breitenfelder-Kirche. Accordingly, Klimt visited avenna the following spring and, taking ollers advice, studied the mosaics. His companion, Max Lenz commented on the huge impact that the mosaics had…… [Read More]
CP.E. Bach's Symphony in D. reflects incredible diversity in mood, character and expression, contrasting rhythm, dynamics and articulation. His juxtaposition of strings and winds in "conversation" with each other is entertaining and creates texture and color. His changes in tempo and theme are done gracefully and skillfully, with additions of trills and small humorous variations. The slow middle movement is serene and mournful with lower register thematic repetition. It is very moving and memorable. The variations that fill the last movement reflect on the first two and complete a fitting ending to the piece. There were several solo pieces that were derived from this symphony that can be played by individuals on various instruments and, as this was the popular thing to do in the late 18th century, the piece became well-known.
Having learned his skill and having inherited his talent from such a noble father as Johann Sebastian Bach,…… [Read More]
"O Sylvan ye! thou wanderer thro' the woods, / How often has my spirit turned to thee!" (http://www.uoregon.edu/~rbear/ballads.html) Now, the poet wishes to "transfer" the healing powers of nature that he himself has experienced to his sister. By stating."..Nature never did betray / the heart that loved her" (http://www.uoregon.edu/~rbear/ballads.html) ordsworth assures his sister that she will also find peace in the middle of nature if she believes in the communion with nature. This prediction is an artifice of the poem and is not simple. "ordsworth's ability to look to the future to predict memories of events that are happening in the present is ingenious and complicated. But ordsworth beautifully clarifies this concept by using nature as the ideal link between recollection, foresight, and his relationship with another."(Eilenberg, Susan. Strange power of Speech: ordsworth, Coleridge, and Literary Possession. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).
Moreover, by imagining the future of his…… [Read More]
The first one to open the door and bail out before the car plunges over a cliff is a "chicken," Ralph explained. That's where they got the idea of running red light as a stunt.
"Nick was best at it," Ralph explained. "He was fearless. When he played baseball in high school, he was fearless then too. When he was up to bat, he would crowd the plate and like, dare the pitcher to hit him. He got hit by pitched balls a lot but boy he could smash the ball when it was over the plate to his liking." Ralph remembered that Nick was a left-handed pitcher and he would deliberately throw the first pitch at the batter's head to get him "loose"; umpires have actually thrown Nick out of games, Ralph went on, "for throwing at guys on purpose, and hitting some of them in the head with…… [Read More]
Undoubtedly many Beatles songs will be around far longer than many pieces labeled as "classical," but we would still never call "Yesterday" a work of classical music. Similarly, songs like "Yesterday" can be considered as musical masterpieces just as Beethoven's 9th, but the term "classical" can still only be applied to Beethoven, not the Beatles.
Therefore, pop music can be "classic" but not "classical." Classical music is a category; the term does not mean that the music was composed in the eighteenth century; nor does it mean that the music will endure in time as a masterpiece. Music called "classical" can be composed in the 21st century; much of it will not stand the test of time. Nevertheless, it can be labeled as classical if it can be classified into that genre, for instance by the type of instruments being played and the overall impact of the composition.
orks Cited…… [Read More]
It is cut down, and its death signals the end of Brigida's marriage. The tree kept the harsh reality away. Without the tree (and the illusion) there is no way she stay married to Luis. The tree represented a mental place of refuge which allowed her to hide her feelings from herself. Once the tree is gone, she has to face the truth and leave Luis.
Music at the concert she attends acts as a bridge to connect her to her memories and her feelings. Mozart makes a bridge to her childhood, her fairy tale dreams of romance, and her father's treatment of her. Beethoven puts her in touch with her sexuality in a passage that sounds like a description of increasing sexual pleasure:
And now Beethoven's music begins to stir up the warm waves...Brigida walks across the beach toward the sea now recoiled in the distance, shimmering and calm,…… [Read More]
is the price. The supply schedule can be represented by the equation Qs = 1400-700P, where Qs is the quantity supplied. Calculate the equilibrium price and quantity in the market for chocolate bars.
Ch5, #20 - For each of the following pairs of goods, which good would you expect to have more elastic demand and why?
a. required textbooks of mystery novels
Because the textbooks are required, there will be more elasticity for mystery novels. That is because elasticity is a measure of responsiveness and indicates how much one thing changes if something else that affects it is changed. In other words, the required text book is needed whether the price changes or if the number of students changes.
b. Beethoven recordings or classical music recordings in general
In this case, the elasticity of demand would show that the classical recordings in general would fluctuate as new artists or prices…… [Read More]
There are too many factors that cannot be controlled. Children may develop inferiority feelings regarding their own specialness due to the choices of their parents. Many people who may be able to make contributions to society will more than likely be aborted. There is also the possibility that just because someone has a genetic trait for a malady, they may not even manifest such a condition. Additionally, the lack of clear boundaries in this field leaves the potential for catastrophes, such as that which happened during orld ar II.
Abraham, Carolyn. "Unnatural Selection: Is Evolving Reproductive Technology Ushering in a New Age of Eugenics?" The Globe and Mail, 7 January 2012.
Appel, Jacob M. "Toward an Ethical Eugenics: The Case for Mandatory Preimplantation Genetic Selection." JONA's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 14:1, 2012, 7-14.
Gattaca. Dir. Andre Niccol. Perf. Ethan Hawke, Uma Thurman, Jude Law. Columbia, 1997. Film.…… [Read More]
In the music field, Germany boasts of some of the world's most renowned producers, composers and performers. Germany is the third largest music market in the world and the largest in Europe. The earliest roots of the music culture in Germany are within monastic chants and religious music. The 12th century saw the mystic abbess Hildegard who was from Bingen writing storing compositions and hymns. These were sought to be free musical expressions coming from narrow conventions. Between the 12th and 14th century, minnesingers who were wandering nobles and knights wrote and recited love poems in country version in the tradition of French trovers and troubadours. Out of the many minnesingers during that period of time, einmar Von Hagenau and Walther Von de Vogelweide were the most famous ones. Apart from the minnesingers there was also the development of a secular folk music tradition. There are collections of…… [Read More]
Lewin and the Personality
Kurt Lewin was a Jewish psychologist from Prussia, who immigrated to America following Hitler's rise to power in Germany. There Lewin developed what later became known as "sensitivity training" in America (Lasch-Quinn, 2001). This area of expertise allowed Lewin to focus his attention on subjects with extra attention and care and it was this insightulness into how personalities are shaped that helped him to realize that humans are shaped by a complex interaction of both nature and nurture and not simply one over the other. What Lewin realized was that humans are born with natural predispositions (personalities) but that those predispositions are also affected and influenced by the environment in which one is born and raised. So there is an interplay between the two.
This idea of Lewin's originate in, and is what also gave him the ability to write, A Dynamic Theory of Personality, which…… [Read More]
.....parents of young children, it is important to know how your child interacts and plays and what it means. Play is important because it helps a child's mind to develop and also the child's sense of self and motor skills to begin to grow. Children learn social skills through play, creativity through play; they learn about themselves -- their strong suits, what they can do, sense of confidence, and more.
You can encourage and support play for children by taking them to the park where other children play. Your kids can watch, they can mimic, they can interact, or they play together cooperatively -- it all depends upon the stage of development they are in. These stages are also fluid and there is no need to think that they are in one stage at one time. Children will slide in and out of stages as their minds grow and process…… [Read More]
The World Wide Web has wreaked its own cataclysmic changes. For $500, an aspiring musician can turn his laptop into a studio, whilst music -- tons of it -- can be garnered for free from over the web, and musicians can disseminate tunes without interference from record companies through e-mails and file-sharing programs.
All of this originated just from Edison's phonograph. One invention was securely placed on the footing of another, until one reaches a climax where technology has so changed music that the computer, when compared to the piano, are worlds (as indeed they are) apart.
The future is still on the march, and those believing that the past + innovation = future, claim that the whole idea of popular music could itself be transformed into something that is utterly new. Pioneering synthesizer designer oger Linn, for instance, suggests that individuals will 'learn' how to play the computer --…… [Read More]
On the other hand, there is Guy Dammann of UK's Guardian, reviewing the O2 London production of Orff's Carmina Burana in 2009. Dammann displays all the aristocratic, snobbish, condescending characteristics that one would expect from a literate Englishman who is hard-pressed to find anything that pleases him. Dammann, in fact, represents the exact opposite end of the spectrum to Gelfand. If Gelfand is American idealism/exuberance run completely amok, Dammann is English propriety and snootiness held so aloft from the common superficialities of common man (which he disdains) that anyone who can possibly relate to his comments is most likely as snooty as he.
Such is not to say that Dammann does not know what he is talking about. Not at all -- Dammann has obviously been educated in theater, and gives a refreshing bit of information concerning the history of Orff's Carmina. His review is fairly objective, discerning, and intelligent.…… [Read More]
An American Alex would be against classical music, with anarchists normally being associated with hard rock music. Moreover, he would find it perfectly normal to use drugs instead of drinking milk in a club that has dummies for tables. The reason for which a Hollywood producer would not have his psychotic character drinking milk is that he or she would unquestionably find such a scene to be sick, and, thus, not to be presented to a general public.
Most American movies presenting young people fighting for anarchy want to teach a lesson. They want people to understand that society is good and that it is not worth fighting it, since you only harm yourself in the process. In contrast, Kubrick shows that the system is bad and obsessed with maintaining control over people. After Alex is freed from prison, he can no longer be free, as his mind continues to…… [Read More]
hile Shakespeare attracted his fair share of criticism during his day, it is also clear that many of his contemporaries as well as the general public viewed Shakespeare's work in a positive light. For example, Callaghan (2004) points out that, "hile we do not know how much Shakespeare was paid for the plays he furnished his company, it is clear that the greatest part of the handsome fortune Shakespeare had started to amass as early as the 1590s came from his share in the profits of his company rather than from his plays" (405). This relative affluence apparently helped to provide a sort of comfort zone for Shakespeare that allowed him to write when and what he wanted and for whatever audience he desired in ways that contributed to his ultimate success as a playwright as well as the enduring qualities of his works. For instance, Callaghan adds that, "For…… [Read More]
piano, including the history and use of the instrument. The piano is one of the most popular musical instruments in the world, and pianos have been in use in orchestras and in homes for hundreds of years. The first piano was created from another similar instrument, the harpsichord, and it was invented in Italy. The editors at Wikipedia note, "The invention of the modern piano is credited to Bartolomeo Cristofori (1655-1731) of Padua, Italy" ("Piano"). The first piano appeared in a Medici family inventory from 1700, and their popularity grew from there, especially after another Italian wrote an enthusiastic article about Cristofori's invention, along with diagrams of how the piano worked. Other people started building them, and the piano spread around the world. The first piano manufacturer in England appeared in 1730, and the first published piano music appeared in 1732 ("The Piano Timeline"). Early manufacturers were small, often family…… [Read More]
However, journalist Joe Wright did not look away from Nathanial Ayers, a homeless musician who had once been a prodigy but eventually developed schizophrenia. Although schizophrenia runs in families, external social stresses can precipitate its outbreak in a vulnerable individual. This can be seen in the case of Ayers, who was an African-American cellist. He had come from a family where classical music was seldom heard or played. Being thrust into an all-white world where he was expected to succeed was too much for the vulnerable Ayers. He felt he had the fate of his race hanging above him, dropped out of Julliard, and soon was living on the streets.
Wright takes an interest in Ayers after he hears the homeless musician playing Beethoven on a two-stringed violin. Despite his many years living on the streets, Ayers clearly has a need to produce music: music grounds him and helps silence…… [Read More]