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Magic Realism
Words: 727 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48053995
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Toni Morrison's Beloved

This story works to capture the essence of slavery's aftermath for its characters. It tells a truth created in flashback and ghost story. It aims to create mysticism only memory can illustrate. "The novel is meant to give grief a body, to make it palpable" (Gates, 29). The characters are trapped in the present because they are imprisoned by the horrors of slavery. They are literally held hostage in their home, isolated from the outside world. In many ways Beloved represents a geographically realistic neo-slave narrative by presenting in flashback the experiences of Sethe. This story also has the fantastic element of a ghost who later becomes flesh and bone. The paragraphs below explore the characters memories and the magical realism of a ghost.

Memory affects the character of Sethe in a way that illustrates the pain and grief of her past enslavement. Sethe is living with…

Works Cited

Gates, Henry Louis and Appiah, K.A., ed. Toni Morrison: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. New York: Amistad Press, Inc., 1993.

Morrison, Toni. Beloved. New York: Penguin Books, 1987.

Bible Research You Are My
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86032408
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Paul twice refers to his helper, Onesimus, as "Beloved" (Colossians 4:9 and Philemon 1:16). But then, in Ephesians, Paul begins to speak of all of those who have been saved as the "Beloved." This is the first instance of a group being given this special blessing. In Ephesians 1:5-6, Paul says that we have been adopted as children of God, by God's own free will and good pleasure and praiseworthy grace, and we have been accepted into the Beloved who have been redeemed by the Blood and forgiven of our sins.

Truly, being the Beloved of God is a special favor. Paul tries to tell the members of the church in Rome how, though each one is favored by God in a different way, each is a member of a group that is loved by one another (Romans Chapter 12: 6-10). In Verses 9 and 10, Paul says: "Let love…

Mythical Analysis Myths of Freedom
Words: 1052 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39988293
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"In eloved, Morrison allows the reader to share the legacy of slavery as the characters Sethe, Paul D, and Denver attempt to make a new life in freedom. However, they cannot put the past, lived in slavery, behind them; they must reveal it to themselves, to each other, and to the reader in 'digestible pieces.'" (Nigro) The traumatic events which were experienced by slaves cannot be wiped clean, and the past will continue to have an effect on the future. Today, the concept of post-traumatic stress disorder -- the psychological consequences of experiencing traumatic events -- would perhaps be identified in Morrison's characters. (Feldspar) Nightmares, flashbacks, irritability, emotional detachment, and other distress are common symptoms, and certainly experienced by Sethe and others in eloved, all of which are a kind of continued mental slavery.

In addition to freedom being a myth because of legal and psychological reasons, there are also…


Davis, Kimberly Chabot. "Postmodern blackness': Toni Morrison's 'Beloved' and the end of history." Twentieth Century Literature. Summer, 1998. 

Elliott, Mary Jane Suero. "Postcolonial Experience in a Domestic Context: Commodified Subjectivity in Toni Morrison's Beloved." MELUS, 2000. 181.

Feldspar, Antaeus, et al. "Post-traumatic Stress Disorder." Wikipedia. 28 July 2005. 

JW1805, et al. "Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution." Wikipedia. 12 August 2005.

Mythical Analysis of the Book Including Whether
Words: 1170 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61546146
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mythical analysis of the book, including whether the mythical content of the book is a "good myth" that prepares the reader to deal with real world problems and issues. "Beloved" is a magical, disturbing, and classic work that won a Pulitzer Prize for literature. eading the book is like reading an old myth, because the story itself is larger than life, and the lessons are larger than life, too. The book teaches the reader about slavery, even if they think they know about it already. It shows the lasting affects slavery had on those who served as slaves, and how it changed people's lives, their outlook, and their very souls. It is a haunting book because it stays in the mind long after the reader has finished turning the pages. Thus, the book helps teach something incredibly important to readers by the use of myth and mythical situations.

What is…


Leeming, David Adams. The World of Myth. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Morrison, Toni. Beloved: A Novel. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999.

Yiddish as a First Language in Ultra-Orthodox
Words: 3999 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60238313
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Yiddish as a first language in Ultra-Orthodox Jewish communities, compared to the use of local vernacular (for example, Hebrew in Israeli-ased Jews, or English in London and New York-ased Jews): in Hasidic Jews, the use of Yiddish is widespread, whereas in other Jewish groups, the local vernacular is more common.

This paper discusses the reasons behind these differences, and looks at the functions that Yiddish serves in these Hasidic Jew communities. The paper also looks at the effects of outside pressures has on the use of Yiddish, and on issues of identity in general.

The paper also looks at the religious issues related to the use of Yiddish, and at heritage issues in general. The paper also looks in detail at the use of Yiddish as a cultural isolating mechanism, as a way to create barriers between Hasidic Jews and non-Hasidic Jews, and also Hasidic Jews and non-Jews (gentiles).



Abraham, J.E. (1985). Perceptions of English Learning in a Hasidic Jewish Sect.

Abrams, D. And Hogg, M.A. (2000). Social Identity: Constructive and Critical.

Belcove-Shalin, J. (1995). New World Hasidim: Ethnographic Studies of Hasidic Jews in America.

Ben-Rafael, E. Language and Social Division -The Case of Israel.

Orchestrate the Plot Such That
Words: 1323 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19111953
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The moral background in Life's a Dream is vastly different than that in Iphigeneia at Aulis, but the human elements of the story remain quite analogous. From Vasily's position as king, he acts to rob his son of his right to the throne, from his position as a father, he treats him is a way that Sigismund believes "denied me my humanity." (Calderon de la Barca, 118). In this way, Vasily violates his legal obligation to his son, as well as his patriarchal responsibilities to him. This second responsibility is immoral from a seventeenth century point-of-view in Europe, since a Christian father must raise his children with compassion and understanding; the first is illegal.

Unlike Agamemnon, Vasily behaves in such a way in the hopes of avoiding the fulfillment of prophesy -- Agamemnon felt that he had to fulfill it. As a result, Vasily sacrifices his son's well-being to preserve…

Works Cited

Calderon de la Barca, Pedro. Life's a Dream. Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2004.

Euripides. Iphigeneia at Aulis. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Morrison, Toni. Beloved. New York: Plume Publishing, 1998.

Mythological Origin Story for Constellation Goddess in
Words: 1199 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37046772
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Mythological Origin Story For Constellation Goddess

In the most ancient times when Men had yet to assert their dominion over the Earth and its inhabitants, and vengeful Gods still controlled the destiny of all creatures, the land of Telzah was ruled by the goddess Anre. As beautiful as she was benevolent, Anre was beloved throughout Tezlah and the people's devotion to her extended even beyond her land's borders. Rather than use her awesome powers to extinguish life wantonly and enjoy herself at humanity's expense, habits her fellow gods and goddesses had long grown accustomed to, Anre was known far and wide for her willingness to aid the injured and assist the fallen. Tales were often told of encountering Anre on one's travels, the extraordinary beauty of her earthly visage belying her any attempt to conceal her divinity, and invariably these stories ended with the provision of food and water, or…

Jesus in Looking to Find
Words: 3646 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8070742
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The Gospel of Luke, as has been mentioned here, is very similar to that of Mark in its narrative and in describing Jesus, the man. This is an element of the Gospels about which authors Nickle and Brown agree. There is, too, a strong belief that the Gospel of Luke was written by a "missionary colleague of the Apostle Paul (Nickle, 1980, p. 125)." The Book of Luke is the most extensive and detailed account of the life of the historical Jesus of any other book in the Bible. "hen this Gospel is joined by its companion volume, Acts and Apostles, they together make up about twenty-seven percent of the New Testament (Nickle, 1980, p. 125)." The most distinctive characteristic of the Book of Luke, is that it is sequenced with Acts and Apostles (Nickle, 1980). Luke is unique in that his book goes beyond the life of Jesus, into…

Works Cited


Recipe for Five Guys Burgers' Success Business
Words: 1039 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77951722
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The ecipe for Five Guys Burgers' Success

The ecipe for Five Guys Burgers' Success

The recipe of success for Five Guys Burgers is a combination of traditional or even homestyle marketing and business practices integrated into a 21st century digital landscape. One of the reasons Five Guys is a success is because it is a places that makes burgers. Americans love burgers. We love to have a variety of choices of burgers. We will make our own burgers and we will pay for someone else to make our burgers for us just the way we like. Aesthetically, the burgers at Five Guys look appealing. They serve huge burgers with a wide selection of free topics not including any special toppings that come with the burger. These few facts make it clear that Five Guys knows their consumers. Americans love burgers; they love big…


Five Guys Holdings, LLC. (2012) Five Guys Burgers and Fries. Available from: . 2012 July 14.

Gordon, E. (2006. 18 Ways to Create Marketing Buzz. Available from: . 2012 July 16. (2012) Service Marketing Mix/Extended Marketing Mix. Available from: . 2012 July 15.

Mansueto Ventures LLC. (2012) 5 Reasons Why Five Guys is a Big Success. Inc., Available from: . 2012 July 14.

View From the Other Side
Words: 1541 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 45507332
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Chinese Poetry

View from Li-Chao's Husband, or Afterward to an Afterward on Records on Metal and Stone"

Friend, let me advise you. Friend, do not marry. Collect yourself a nice-looking cook for the kitchen, a winsome maid for the tidying up of one's bedroom, and let your mother boss you around every now and then, if you are the type of man who likes that sort of thing.

Collect women rather than take one woman to wife. Collect women like books. One does not read one book all one's life. Rather different books exist for different purposes and give readers access to different realms of knowledge. So it should be with women. Have a different woman for different purposes, and never settle on one single one for all.

If you must marry, marry a woman who cannot write from the country, no matter how big her feet.

Never, never marry…

Hamlet's Emotional State the Oxford
Words: 2374 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 43640164
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He questions whether he should try to clear the court of corruption or just give up and end his life now. It is this emotional doubt that drives Hamlet to act deranged at times, but he overcomes it, and almost manages to answer the difficult questions posed in his life. In Act V, when calm returns, Hamlet repents his behavior (V, ii, 75-78) (Lidz, 164).

In Lidz's book Freud is quoted as saying "that if anyone holds and expresses to others an opinion of himself such as this [Hamlet's "Use every man after his desert, and who shall escape whipping?"], he is ill, whether he is speaking the truth whether he is being more or less unfair to himself." Though Hamlet has proved his intellectual stability, he is quite obviously emotionally "ill."

This emotional illness and uncertainty is why Hamlet procrastinates in the killing of Claudius. On his way to…

Works Cited

Babcock, Weston. A Tragedy of Errors. Purdue Research Foundation 1961.

Charlton, Lewis. The Genesis of Hamlet. Kenniket Press, Port Washington, NY 1907.

Elliot, T.S. "Hamlet and His Problems." Sacred Woods. 1920.

Leavenworth, Russel E. Interpreting Hamlet: Materials for analysis Chandler Publishing CO, San Francisco 1960.

Vindication of the Rights of
Words: 12319 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 94246949
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Ross (1988) notes the development of Romanticism in the late eighteenth century and indicates that it was essentially a masculine phenomenon:

Romantic poetizing is not just what women cannot do because they are not expected to; it is also what some men do in order to reconfirm their capacity to influence the world in ways socio-historically determined as masculine. The categories of gender, both in their lives and in their work, help the Romantics establish rites of passage toward poetic identity and toward masculine empowerment. Even when the women themselves are writers, they become anchors for the male poets' own pursuit for masculine self-possession. (Ross, 1988, 29)

Mary ollstonecraft was as famous as a writer in her day as her daughter. Both mother and daughter were important proponents of the rights of women both in their writings and in the way they lived and served as role models for other…

Works Cited

Alexander, Meena. Women in Romanticism. Savage, Maryland: Barnes & Noble, 1989.

Burke, Edmund. Reflections on the Revolution in France. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1987.

Cone, Carl B. Burke and the Nature of Politics. University of Kentucky, 1964.

Conniff, James. "Edmund Burke and His Critics: The Case of Mary Wollstonecraft" Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 60, No. 2, (Apr., 1999), 299-318.

Wind Carlos Ruiz Zafon's the
Words: 343 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99270729
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Once again Daniel has been magnetized by the power of a woman's beauty. This quote fits well with the author's overall use of sexual tension as he interweaves not only Daniel's story set in the present but multiple layers of a love story and history of Spain after orld ar II. This magnetism also foreshadows Daniel's lack of a mother figure as the book starts out with him not remembering his mother's face. This may be why this theme continues to come up in the story. He is searching for a mother in every woman. "Don't you see? It feels like as if it's been waiting for me." In this line Daniel is talking about the book as his life has become so closely attached to it as the adventure of what happened Carax unfolds.


This paper briefly explored questions brought up by the reading of the Shadow of…

Works Cited

Zafon, Carlos Ruiz. The Shadow of the Wind. New York: Penguin Press, 2004.

History of Immigration in the
Words: 1811 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63539687
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The debate on the immigration should be stopped and sober legislation is needed to curb the influx. American must work together to achieve this objective as we reflect our values and aspiration which bond us as a nation. it's also necessary for the state to assist the illegal immigrants who are still under shadow to come out. This would the government tot document all the immigrants which would be benefit the country economically. Assist refugees both from within and outside to help them build themselves strong economically, socially and politically. Most importantly, the protection of our borders should be more vigilant to prevent more illegal immigrants from entering the country.


Many studies have shown that immigrants play a very important role for the economic, social and political development of the United States. Therefore the immigration issues which affect5 the country should be handled with a lot of sobriety to…

Ray Marshall, Immigration for Shared Prosperity; Economic Policy Institute  / (November, 2009, 14-25)

Hilda L. Solis, Immigrants and America's Future; the U.S. labor secretary offers a blueprint for immigration reform,  (January, 2011, 20-30)

Jay Corney, Fixing the Immigration System for America's 21st Century Economy:  (September, 2012, 1-5)

Andrex Developed an Effective Positioning Statement Will
Words: 854 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 85481193
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Andrex developed an effective positioning statement? Will it help Andrex face the future?

Andrex, as the case study shows, relies almost exclusively on advertising for its success. Its positioning reflects its qualities, but most importantly its positioning has made Andrex a beloved and familiar product in the minds of many. It is due to this positioning, that Andrex targets a premium market of older people (mainly housewives) who can afford the toilet paper.

When recession hits, however, toilet paper is one of the first items that suffer and consumers prefer the cheaper brand. Andrex too has fierce competition that includes brands such as Scotts and Kleenex.

Andrex paper is represented by the Labrador puppy that seems to be an endearing symbol to many. It not only shows consistency but also warmth, strength and endurance. The puppy has been inextricably linked with the toilet paper in the minds of many. Andrex…

Advertising and Promotional Communication
Words: 2001 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71901202
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Embedded Communication in Advertising

"There is no evidence that advertising can get people to do things contrary to their self-interest." -- JI Fowles, in Advertising's Fifteen asic Appeals

"Good advertising does not just circulate information. It penetrates the public mind with desires and belief." -- Leo urnett, Advertising Executive and Creator of the Marlboro Man

"The ability to attract new smokers and develop them into a young adult franchise is key to brand development." 1999 Philip Morris report

When the preceding collection of opinions regarding the influence of modern advertising are considered in conjunction with the iconic advertising image shown above, it becomes quite clear that, much like advertising itself, forming an informed position on this ubiquitous aspect of modern marketing is simply a matter of perception and perspective (elch 120). Corporate conglomerates and other private enterprises ascribe tremendous value to the persuasive power of advertising, bombarding the general public…


Altman, David G., Michael D. Slater, Cheryl L. Albright, and Nathan Maccoby. "How an unhealthy product is sold: Cigarette advertising in magazines, 1960 -- 1985." Journal of Communication 37, no. 4 (1987): 95-106.

Belch, George E., Michael A. Belch, and Angelina Villarreal. "Effects of advertising communications: Review of research." Research in marketing (1987).

Bovee, Courtland L., and William F. Arens. "The Indictments Against Advertising." Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. Laurence Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. New York, NY: Pearson Higher Education, 2008. 685-691. Print.

De Gregorio, Federico, and Yongjun Sung. "Understanding attitudes toward and behaviors in response to product placement." Journal of Advertising 39, no. 1 (2010): 83-96.

Charles Ives' Music
Words: 1179 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92387636
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Charles Ivey Song Lyrics

"Charlie Rutlage" by Charles Ives (1920), from Cowboy Songs and Other Ballads

The song "Charlie Rutlage" by composer Charles Ives was released in 1920 as part of Ives' collection Cowboy Songs and Other Ballads, and the work is distinctive of his signature style. The lyrics are mournful and melancholy, as Ives eulogizes "another good cowpuncher (who) has gone to meet his fate," telling the story of Charlie Rutlage, a hand on the XIT ranch who was killed after his horse fell and crushed him underneath. Ives sings the opening lines of the song with a celebratory bravado, lauding Rutlage by saying "Twill be hard to find another that's as liked as well as he" to suggest that the fallen cowboy was beloved by his friends and family. In my estimation, this passage is used by Ives to form an emotional connection between his listener and the…

Exegesis of Pauls Letter to Philemon
Words: 1752 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78442362
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Socio-Historical Background: Book Of Philemon

The epistle of Paul to Philemon has often been called a captivity epistle because it was written when Paul was imprisoned because of his Christian faith. The frequent references to the Church and to Philemon's house underline the fact that Paul likely intended this to be a public, instructive letter, not simply a private document conveying information (Witherington 54). Philemon is usually studied in conjunction with Philippians, Colossians, and Ephesians (Witherington 1). Although the authorship of Ephesians is in doubt, the majority of Biblical scholars believe that Paul is likely the author of Philemon.

Unlike the so-called Pastoral Epistles, Philemon can thus be viewed as relatively likely to be an account of Paul's own views. What we know of Paul is that he was originally a Pharisee, allegedly once persecuted Jesus (according to Acts, a less reliable account not by Paul himself) and that "Paul…

African-American Women's Literature Unlike Any
Words: 3455 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93315520
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The fact that this figure remains a guess says something important about what orrison was up against in trying to find out the full story of the slave trade. uch of that story has been ignored, left behind, or simply lost.

Through her works she attempted to retell the stories of grief associated with slavery and terror, her characters living their lives with greater understanding of its value than almost any other set of characters in fiction today.

Within the genre of the autobiography there is a different tenor of thought the words and deeds are that of the author and the message is clearly self, devolvement. Angelou in the Heart of a Woman demonstrates the ideals of her time, as a civil rights organizer and protestor. She clearly spells out the strife that exists between whites, and blacks and the dangerous dance they are doing during what most would…

Maya Angelou, the Heart of a Woman, (New York, Bantam Books, 1981) 97.

Maya Angelou, the Heart of a Woman, (New York, Bantam Books, 1981) 191.

Alice Walker in love & Trouble: Stories of Black Women (New York Harcourt Press, 1973) 47-59.

Chinese Poetry Boudoir Thoughts of
Words: 915 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19682443
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" That Giles does not translate that section highlights their differences. Giles never addresses the beloved, but refers to him in second-person, as if had been stricken from the mind of the poet and could not now be addressed but only spoken about. "For his coming shall not I too yearn? Since my lord left -- ah me unhappy day!"

It is not that Giles' speaker no longer is in love, but they no longer retain an image of the beloved as someone who can be addressed directly. It is easier for them to address the clouds than to address him. One may also notice a subtle difference between the speaking of his return as well. Miao referring to him as having "went away," and yet has also stated as a fact that "when people separate they always reunite" -- so it may be only a matter of time, which…

Shakespeare Sonnet 57 a Reading of William
Words: 892 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18900348
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Shakespeare, Sonnet 57

A Reading of William Shakespeare's Sonnet 57

Shakespeare's Sonnet 57 begins with a striking metaphor: "being your slave." Shakespeare does not soften the image by using a simile to suggest he is "like a slave" -- he is already a slave because he is in love. Structurally any Shakespeare sonnet consists of three quatrains and a concluding couplet, in which the quatrains in some way speak to each other, ramifying or deepening the argument in some way. Here the striking opening metaphor of servitude is ramified and toyed with throughout the quatrains. But intriguingly the final couplet of the sonnet sidesteps all the imagery of slavery and servitude to redefine the terms of the lover's situation as described in the earlier body of the sonnet. I intend to show how the metaphor of slavery used in the first three words of the sonnet is unwritten by the…

Amy Denver Effect Affect
Words: 1328 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62711487
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She is the Good Samaritan whose attention to the victim robbed and abandoned by the roadside earned him a place in biblical history. Amy does not falter when called to aid and abet a fugitive slave, or touch a mutilated black woman, or bring new black life into the world. She drags Sethe back to life, using spider-webs to ease her back, massaging circulation into her damaged feet, and delivering her baby. Proactive Christianity provides the tension that undercuts passive emulation and dissimulation. Amy's religion is eminently present, representing her sense of urgency and agency. Sethe owes her life to Amy, who is irreversibly linked to black life, both through her own suffering and through her surname, Denver, which the grateful Sethe gives to her newborn daughter. " (Iyasere, 179)

The commentaries made by Amy Denver are also very significant: first, her call on Jesus: " Come here Jesus" when…

Works Cited

Iyasere, Solomon O. Understanding Toni Morrison's Beloved and Sula: Selected Essays and Criticism of the Works by the Nobel-Prize Winning author,

Philadelphia: Whitson Publishing, 2000

Morrison, Toni. Beloved. New York: Random House, 2001

Interpretation Analysis Evaluation of a Poem
Words: 1431 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25650472
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Idyllic, Idolizing, Late Victorian Tears

The poem by the Victorian poet laureate Alfred Lord Tennyson entitled "Tears, idle tears," has the unfortunate status of having its become such a common phrase in modern parlance, that the reader finds him or herself bracing his or her ear for more and more cliches as the poem progresses. In other words, one hears that tears are idle so often, one can easily forget, not only that Tennyson said, "I know not what they mean," but that the poem attempts to express the seriousness of futility of grief, or outward displays of affection by calling tears idle, in that they do no real work in the world. The use of 'idle' in multiple variances of meaning, from impractical and lazy, to idyllic, to idolizing is in fact quite profound and sophisticated, yielding a poem with a compact linguistic and stylistic structure.

It is also…

Works Cited

Flanders, Judith. Inside the Victorian Home. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2004.

Hilton, N. "Tears, Ay, Dull, Tears" Lexis Complexes. Chapter 6. 2004. 

Tennyson, Alfred. "Tears, Idle Tears." From The Bedford Reader. Sixth Edition, 2000.

Tears Idle Tears." Poetry Page. 2004.

Hero in Literature and the Hunt Symbolism
Words: 2642 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53484876
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unter and the unted:

Courtly Love and the Many Faces of the ero

Literature abounds in depictions of the hero.

Solomon, Esther, Gawain, and countless others call to mind tales of strength, valor, and passion. Whether a text's purpose is religious, instructional, or purely a matter of entertainment, a single character stands out. Emotion is often overpowering, as too, are the choices between what is right and what is wrong. Morality plays an equally important role in each of these "superhuman" stories. Frequently, the path of virtue is crossed by the highways of desire. A hero may take the high road, or he may take the low road, but which choice is correct depends upon the specific circumstances of the narrative, and upon the central figure's point-of-view. A bewildering array of problems, impossible tasks, and larger-than-life villains can turn closely-held beliefs inside out, and cause a hero to commit acts…

Heide Estes, "Bertilak Reads Brut: History and the Complications of Sexuality in Sir Gawain and the Green

Knight," Essays in Medieval Studies, 17, 72, Allen J. Frantzen, Ed. Illinois Medieval Association, 2000.

Guinevere Shaw, "Interpretations of Honor in the Medieval Period," URL:

Plato's Symposium One May Gauge
Words: 1677 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85143937
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Indeed, when Alcibiades arrives, we are reminded that love is quite extraordinary, and even Diotima suggests this to her pupil: "For love, Socrates, is not, as you imagine, the love of the beautiful only." "hat then?" "The love of generation and of birth in beauty." "Yes," I said. "Yes, indeed," she replied. "But why of generation?" "Because to the mortal creature, generation is a sort of eternity and immortality" (210). Love, in other words, is necessarily related to the eternal because only that which lasts forever can be said to be truly good. Each action that relates to eternity is good because it is directed toward the ultimate possession of the good. Socrates proceeds to bring his discourse to its proper closure and just then is when a very drunk Alcibiades arrives, reminding us all of how human we all are in relation to the divine and eternal.

Thus, in…

Works Cited

Plato. Symposium. (trans. B. Jowett). Project Gutenberg EBook. Web. 21 Nov 2011.

18th Century Richard Steele
Words: 2642 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70185283
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Letters of Richard Steele to his beloved Mary Scurlock, who would become his wife during the course of these correspondences from August 9 through October 22, 1707, illustrate the transformation of a genuinely romantic relationship from infatuation through marriage. While the style of Steele's letters seems shallow and almost comical at times, the author nevertheless betrays his deep adoration for Mary, an adoration which subsumes his love of anything else for the time during which he woos her. In these letters, Steele addresses very little other than his affection for Mary. Mary remains for the reader of these letters a nebulous figure, at times appearing cold and distant especially in comparison to the doglike Steele. Moreover, Steele does not offer any detailed descriptions of his beloved's physical features, so she remains shrouded in mystery and adulation. Only on a few occasions does Steele make any mention of a world other…

Hans Christian Andersen How Andersen's Writings Mirrored
Words: 1123 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43948920
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Hans Christian Andersen

How Andersen's Writings Mirrored his Life

One of the most beloved writers of fairly-tales is Hans Christian Andersen. He was a Danish author who searched his past and that of his native Denmark for ideas that could become children's stories. The fact is though that Andersen was writing for a large audience. Though his stories may have been told in the fairy-tale genre, he was relating morals that applied to all ages, genders and ethnicities. The legacy he created by telling the tales in the manner that he did was as a children's story writer, but he wanted to be more. This paper discusses the legacy that Andersen created with his stories and the legacy he sought vs. The one he achieved.

Hans Christian Andersen has always been remembered as someone who wrote children's stories, despite the fact that he wanted to earn much more important distinction…


Andersen, H.C. (1872). "The story old Johanna told," in Hans Christian Andersen: The complete fairy tales and stories, (Haugaard, E.C. trans). New York: Anchor Books Doubleday.

Andersen, H.C. (1862). "The bronze pig," in Hans Christian Andersen: The complete fairy tales and stories, (Haugaard, E.C. trans.). New York: Anchor Books Doubleday.

Andersen H.C. (1838). "The flying trunk." Retrieved from

Biography. (n. d.). Hans Christian Andersen biography. Retrieved from

Sangster Delillo Nature and God What Is
Words: 2481 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3808565
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Sangster, DeLillo, Nature and God

hat is the opposite of Nature? There are a number of different answers we could give in playing the game of finding an antonym. e are accustomed to speaking of "nature vs. nurture," but "nature" here is a shorthand for the phrase "human nature." In referring to Nature in its environmental sense, we are more likely to speak of "nature vs. culture" or "nature vs. art" -- environment is defined as something which stands apart from human habitation or cultivation. In this sense, it is paradoxical to approach the subject of nature in a work of art -- the fact of its being art serves to remove us in some way from the realm of Nature. I would like to examine the treatment of Nature as a concept in two very different works: the nineteenth-century Canadian poem "The St. Lawrence and the Saguenay" by Charles…

Works Cited

Bentley, DMR. The Gay[Grey Moose: Essays on the Ecologies and Mythologies of Canadian Poetry. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 1992. Print.

Buell, Lawrence. "Toxic Discourse." Critical Inquiry 24 (3): 639-665. Web. Accessed online at: 

DeLillo, Don. White Noise. New York: Penguin, 1986. Print.

Sangster, Charles. "The St. Lawrence and the Saguenay." Web. Accessed online at:

World Culture History of Middle East Civilization
Words: 1676 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65898404
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Uns-El-Wujood and El-Ward Fi-L-Akmam is a tale of love, separation, and reunion. Set in legendary kingdoms in times of yore, Chapter 18 of Arabian Nights is a quintessential romance. The daughter of the king's Weezer falls in love with one of the king's soldiers. Both become completely smitten with one another, but when their affair is discovered, the Weezer fears that the Sultan will not approve. The Weezer, Ibraheem, consults his wife, who prays for guidance. The parents of El-Ward Fi-L-Akmam decide that their only recourse is to send their daughter to a land far away, in "the midst of the Sea of the Kunooz...on the Mountain of the Bereft Mother," (p. 200). There, they will build an "impregnable palace" in which she will spend the rest of her days in isolation (p. 200). The lovers, who have been exchanging verses of love poetry since they first fell for each…

Ghosts of the Past the
Words: 2705 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39789562
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Although the events and characters' reactions to them have their differences in the interest of plot variety, similarities between the cases far outweigh the differences.

Not only are the events that Nel and Crowe experience and their reactions to them similar, but also both characters have striking revelations at the end of their stories that suggest the importance of the events. In Nel's case, the remembering "the death of chicken little" allows her to "[reconfigure] a number of long-held memories" (Matus, 69). One of those memories, and probably the most poignant is that of Sula. After coming back to the Bottom, Nel is less than friendly with her former confidant. In fact, she joins the rest of the town in labeling Sula and her wild ways as evil, a predicament that helps unite the town. Although Nel and manage a brief reconciliation before Sula's death, the force of the reconciliation…

Works Cited

Matus, Jill. Toni Morrison: Contemporary World Writers. New York: Manchester

University Press, 1998.

Wesselman, Debbie Lee. "Sula." Mostly Fiction. 2006. June 30, 2008.

Winsbro, Bonnie. Forces: Belief, Deliverance, and Power in Contemporary Works by Ethnic Women. Massachusetts: University of Massachusetts Press, 1993.

Pessimism in Poetry Pessimism in
Words: 16260 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96505250
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" The point made by the poet is similar to the poem above. The reference to John,

The Father of our souls, shall be,

John tells us, doth not yet appear;

is a reference to the Book of Revelations, at the end of the Bible.

That despite the promises of an Eternal life for those who eschew sin, we are still frail and have the faults of people. We are still besought by sin and temptations and there's really no escape. People are people. No matter what we say or do, we find that life is not so simple. Consider this reference, which really refers to a person's frame of reference or "way of seeing."

Wise men are bad -- and good are fools,

This is a paradoxical statement: there is large gap between spirituality and reality. Those we consider wise or bad, might make decisions that are globally profound,…

Edgar Allen Poe the Controversial
Words: 2753 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87049968
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Such evidence as there is can be taken up at a later time. But of one thing we can be sure. If Virginia was the prototype of Eleonora she was not the model for Morella or Berenice or Ligeia."(Quinn, 255)

These feelings can also be inferred from Poe's letters to Mrs. Clemm, Virginia's mother:

I am blinded with tears while writing this letter-- I have no wish to live another hour. Amid sorrow, and the deepest anxiety your letter reached -- and you well know how little I am able to bear up under the pressure of grief -- My bitterest enemy would pity me could he now read my heart -- My last my only hold on life is cruelly torn away -- I have no desire to live and will not but let my duty be done. I love, you know I love Virginia passionately devotedly. I cannot…

Works Cited

Felman, Shoshana. "On Reading Poetry: Reflections on the Limits and Possibilities of Psychoanalytical Approaches." In Edgar Allan Poe: Modern Critical Views, edited by Harold Bloom, pp. 119-39. New York: Chelsea House, 1985.

Hayes, Kevin J. The Cambridge Companion to Edgar Allan Poe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Hoffman, Daniel. "O! Nothing Earthly...' / the Poems." In Poe, Poe, Poe, Poe, Poe, Poe, Poe. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1972.

Kaplan, Louise J. "The Perverse Strategy in 'The Fall of the House of Usher'," in New Essays on Poe's Major Tales, ed. Kenneth Silverman, Cambridge University Press, 1993, pp. 45-64.

Refined Love in Beroul's Tristan and Dante's Inferno
Words: 1383 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1043957
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Images of Refined Love:

Beroul's Tristan and Dante's Inferno

Love has many faces, earthly and sacred. Passion is love, but so is devotion. Sometimes one must fight for one's beloved, and sometimes it is one's beloved who dispels the demons. The medieval concept of Refined Love combined these aspects of the quest within and the quest without, of the noble and the ignoble, and of the sinful and the sacred. The knight who sought the hand of the forbidden lady risked transgression against the laws of the church. If his love was pure; if he did not let that love become physical, he could remain righteous. The virtuous maiden was one of the most potent symbols of the age. Mary, the Mother of God, had been born without sin, and had conceived without sin. Chastity was of the noblest of virtues. The soul unsullied by earthly love made for itself…

Works Cited

Alighieri, Dante. The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri. Trans. Durling, Robert M. Ed. Robert M. Durling. Vol. 1. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Bloom, Harold, ed. Dante's Divine Comedy. New York: Chelsea House, 1987.

'How Husdent was trained, and how one of the Three Barons met his fate," in Beroul's Romance of Tristan. The Romance of Tristan. Quoted in The Romance of Arthur: an Anthology of Medieval Texts in Translation. Ed. James J. Wilhelm. New, expanded edition. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities; vol. 1267. (New York: Garland Publishing, 1994). pp243-246. The University of Idaho. No Date. URL: .

Masciandaro, Franco. Dante as Dramatist: The Myth of the Earthly Paradise and Tragic Vision in the Divine Comedy. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991.

Achilles the Hero Without Doubt
Words: 1625 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12765227
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He is described as being of gigantic size and of tremendous emotion. Always Achilles is described with the most exaggerated terms, shining like the sun or falling in the most absolute wretchedness. In a moment of sublimity oddly precognizant of gothic writers like E.A. Poe, Achilles refuses to bury his beloved Patrocles' body because "since I'm journeying under the earth after you, I'll postpone your burial...Till that time, you'll lie like this with me..." (book 18, 330-338) Achilles is perfect and heroic in the extremity of his nature. A more archetypal approach would say that he was heroic because, more than any other character, he represented the purity of war. Archtypically, he represents a purity of action and emotion than can drive men to battle, the pure warrior who is at once filled with the strength of emotion and will and yet resigned to perfect destiny, faithful towards the gods,…

Boccaccio and Dante Alighieri and
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In The Inferno, Beatrice is more the goal to which the poet aspires as he passes through Hades, and later through Purgatorio before reaching Beatrice in the ideal Paradise.

Many of the elements of courtly love, which Dante expresses elsewhere with reference to his beloved Beatrice, are evident in this epic work as well. For example, Beatrice and the Virgin Mary are the two women who send Virgil to guide the poet through the Inferno, and this also adds luster to Virgil as a spiritual guide as Dante adheres to the Italian, Christian view of women, a school touched by sentiment and by the elevation of women to a high place. Beatrice is the ideal woman who is held in highest esteem by Dante. She is his symbol of all that is high and beautiful, and her selection of Virgil does him credit. Virgil is to be his guide through…

Works Cited

Boccaccio, Giovanni. The Decameron. Translated by G.H. McWilliam. New York: Penguin, 1981.

Dante, Alighieri. Dante's Comedy. Brookline Village, Massachusetts: Branden, 1985.

Homer -- Was the Blind Bard a
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Homer -- Was the Blind Bard a Poetic Activist for War or Peace?

Homer is a poet of war, namely the war between the Greeks and Trojans, and later in his "Odyssey," of the war between Odysseus and the gods whom would bar him from his trajectory homeward. He is a poet of war in the sense that war provides the narrative structure of how he outlines how a moral human being lives in a violent, conflict-based society. However, Homer also chronicles in his works with what might seem to the modern reader, a distinctly anti-war literary sentiment and tone. This is perhaps best embodied in the example of Odysseus himself as a character. Homer's most famous anti-hero initially attempted to simulate madness to avoid being a participant in the Trojan wartime events, because they were far away from his beloved home of Ithaca and wife Penelope.

However, Homer's anti-war…

The Flea by John Donne Close Textual Analysis
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Close Textual Analysis: “The Flea” by John Donne

The British poet John Donne is one of the best-known and most often-quoted of the metaphysical poets. Donne was a devout Christian but often used strange, arresting metaphors to convey theological truths. This can be seen quite clearly in “The Flea,” in which the small, biting insect that is apparently a mere annoyance becomes a metaphor for the joining of the poet and his beloved. “It sucked me first, and now sucks thee, / And in this flea our two bloods mingled be,” writes Donne (3-4). Even though the poet and his beloved are not physically touching, the ugly, even repugnant parasite still has an elevating, even beautiful role in uniting the two souls, although the poet’s beloved cannot perceived this.

Donne’s poem reflects his belief as a Christian that all creatures, however humble, have a dignity as they are created by…

Masterpiece - Seeing Yourself as God's Work of Art Changes Everything
Words: 1335 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 60580031
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A: Summary
Nicholas, K. (2017). Masterpiece - Seeing Yourself as God's Work of Art Changes Everything! Lynchburg, VA: Liberty University Press.
In today’s world, material wealth has become our ‘god’ (Hudson, 2010). We have structured the society in such a way that success is literally equated to wealth. From their early days in school, all the way to college, our children are being taught that the formula to success is simply working hard in school and getting a well-paying job. We have a society whereby people no longer appreciate the intrinsic value of things – instead, they are mesmerized by the price. It is for this reason that our world is in tatters. Morals and values have been thrown out of the window and replaced with materiality, which breeds immorality (Harris, 2011). The situation is likely to get worse if nothing is done, fast! The book offers an alternative way…

Millay's And You as Well
Words: 764 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84369132
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Rather than a poem reflecting her enjoyment of her lover, as would have been typical of an English sonnet, this poem is about the speaker reflecting on the fact that her lover will have to die. The opening octet seems to describe all of the features of the lover and how they will al fade away in death. The sestet puts a sudden shift in the poem, however, using lighter imagery though not taking a lighter tone, and possibly indicating that the speaker is lamenting their own death, and referring to their own body in the first half. The shift in a sonnet is called the volta, and is another standard feature of the sonnet (Baldick, 1990). Usually in an Italian sonnet, however, the octet presents a problem or question, and the sestet solves or answers it. In this poem, the sestet adds a complication to the problem set in…

Works Cited

Baldick, Chris. "About the Sonnet" Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms. Accessed on the University of Illinois website 28 January 2009. 

And you as well must die, beloved dust

And all your beauty stand you in no stead;

This flawless, vital hand, this perfect head,

Thomas Gainsborough 1727-1788 I Am
Words: 2627 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59132900
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Reynolds and I have been described as exact opposites. I seek to learn my trade by my own hand not at some pretense to any system that is better than nature herself. Reynolds on the other hand seeks to understand art by some compass that is supposed to refine his hand and eye. He is also much keener on watching and learning from other men of letters and this is not my desire or my goal. I care only about the nature of my art, does it build on or represent the value in the object?

aterhouse 11) Reynolds, has also been described as my chief nemesis, even though our work has hung opposite one another in many shows. e are contemporaries with different styles, nothing more. I harbor no animosity toward him, nor do I wish to be continually compared to him as if we were separated twins seeking…

Works Cited

Art Encyclopedia "Thomas Gainsborough April 18, 2008 

BBC 2008 "Thomas Gainsborough" April 18, 2008 

Van Dyke, John C. The History of Painting Project Gutenberg Edition April 19, 2008 

Waterhouse, Ellis. Gainsborough. London: E. Hulton, 1958.

Magic Flute the Music in
Words: 2036 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57791291
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As the two men enter the door to the last Trial, the music that is played is incredibly beautiful and celestial, as their ecstasy in coming to this point carries them onward. Much of the music in this act is dramatic and full of many voices and full orchestra. The music depicts glowingly the trials of the two men and their despair and longing as they search for their loves. Mozart is at his finest in these melodic arias, reminiscent of folk songs and very memorable as far as melodies go. The winner is the best and the strongest: es siegte die St. rke, says the line in the song, and this is the theme where two good young men use music (the flute and the bells) to win the hands of their beloveds and conquer the forces of evil.

The musical elements used in the work are full orchestra,…

Works Cited

Peters, C.F. (Ed.) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Emanuel Schikaneder. The Magic Flute. Dover: Courier Dover Publications. 1985. (Score).

Madness Depicted in Poe Stories
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You are rich, respected, admired, beloved; you are happy, as once I was" (92). This statement is significant because it reveals Montresor's sense of revenge as well as another motive for his actions - his health. It would seem that Montresor blames Fortunato for his ill health - whatever that may be. Montresor has no angst regarding what he will do. This is evident when Fortunato assures Montresor that a cough will not kill him and Montresor answers, "True -- true" (93). Here we see the depth of Montresor's madness because he is willing to go to any lengths to commit murder. Even as Fortunato realizes what has happened to him and is begging for mercy, Montresor has already accomplished his task and we can almost see him dusting his hands. To validate his madness, Montresor exclaims, "In pace requiescat!" (95). Even after Fortunato is buried behind the wall, shrieking,…

Works Cited

Poe, Edgar Allan. "Ligeia." The Complete Tales of Mystery and Imagination. Minneapolis: Amaranth Press. 1981. pp. 132-42.

The Black Cat." The Essential Tales and Poems of Edgar Allan Poe. New York: Barnes and Noble Classics, 2004.

The Cask of Amontillado." Tales of Mystery and Imagination. Minneapolis: Amaranth Press. 1981.

William Wilson." The Complete Tales of Mystery and Imagination. Minneapolis: Amaranth Press. 1981.

Edmund Spenser Parallels in Edmund
Words: 654 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61442548
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Rather than inquiring with Una into her motivations or intentions when he discovered her image with another man, Redcrosse flees and abandons her to fend for herself. Una, is upset to find herself alone in a dangerous land, not truly knowing why her knight had left her. Rather that believing in her loyalty and virtue, Redcrosse took the easy way out in the land of great deception and turmoil. He assumed that what his eyes saw was really reality, rather than believing in Una's true virtue.

Later in Cantos XI, the tables of deception turn. Once again a case of mistaken identity threatens the virtue of one of the major characters in the epic story. Rather than Una, this time it is Redcrosse's virtue which is questioned. After defeating the dragon and freeing Una's parents, a messenger arrives and informs the kingdom that Redcrosse is in fact engaged to another…

Ancient Near Eastern Values in
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The use of physical suffering as a symbol for emotional and spiritual suffering is also well-known in the estern tradition. Centuries later, men and women would disappear into the desert in search of God. They would live apart from all human companionship, and deprive themselves of all physical comfort. Gilgamesh does the same. Gilgamesh is also like the lover who pines away for his beloved and wastes away in body, as well as in heart. The message is that the eternal truths of the universe are not easily discovered, and again that these truths are largely hidden from humankind. Humanity's lot is to suffer even in the face of our greatest happiness. Unlike the gods, we cannot know joy eternally. Enkidu was a dear friend, but he could not be by Gilgamesh' side forever. The joy and love that the hero had known were foreordained to be short. Even if…

Works Cited