Binge Drinking Essays (Examples)

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Drinking in Favor of Increasing

Words: 1957 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71330025

This means that alcohol is made accessible to underage persons and in this way, they start consuming alcohol at a young age. It is for this reason that the legal drinking age should not be lowered, but actually increased to reduce the chances of it being made available to those who are underage. Increasing the minimum legal drinking age to at least 25 years, like India, will go a long way in ensuring that underage drinking does not take place. Teenagers can be able to access alcohol with the help of their older friends and siblings who may be in college. This will ensure that only responsible adults will have access to alcohol. There have also been cases of increased rates of binge drinking among college age youths and the increase in the minimum legal age for drinking will go a long way in helping preventing this (Kypri et al.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Atwood, T. The Consequences of Underage Drinking. 1 May. 2006. 23 Apr. 2010,

Berridge V., Herring R. And Thom B. "Binge Drinking: A Confused Concept and its

Contemporary History" Social History of Medicine 22.3 (2009): 597-607
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Drinking and Alcoholism

Words: 1990 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52270032

Etiology of Campus Binge Drinking

Drinking and Alcoholism

A Failed Experiment in Social Control

The consumption of alcohol has always been a focus of government efforts to limits its use, due to the potential for abuse, the financial burden imposed upon social programs, and its association with criminal activity. Between 1920 and 1934 the consumption of alcohol was outlawed in the United States, with the intention of addressing these social problems. During the first year following the enactment of Prohibition, alcohol-related deaths, psychosis, and arrests all declined by 20-40%, but between 1921 and 1927 these measures reveal a sharp increase to near pre-Prohibition levels (Miron and Zwiebel, 1991). By the end of Prohibition, which correlates with the start of the Great Depression, alcohol consumption leveled out at around 60-70% of pre-Prohibition levels despite costing three times as much for a drink. Given the infamous criminal activity that emerged around the…… [Read More]


Amethyst Initiative. (2008). Amethyst Initiative: Rethinking the drinking age. Retrieved July 15, 2011 from

Beseler, Cheryl L., Taylor, Laura A., Leeman, Robert F. (2010). Alcohol-Use Disorder criteria and "binge" drinking in undergraduates. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 71, 418-423.

Grucza, Richard A., Norberg, Karen E., and Beirut, Laura J. (2009). Binge drinking among youths and young adults in the United States: 1979-2006. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48, 692-702.

Leppel, Karen. (2006). College binge drinking: Deviant vs. mainstream behavior. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 32, 519-525.
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Drinking Alcohol Together With Tobacco

Words: 2119 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8875256

While each of these studies has reported a cardioprotective effect of alcohol, they differ over which type of alcoholic beverage provides the greatest benefit" (634).

Overlooked in many of these studies, though, is the fact that some people who categorize themselves as being one type of drinker compared to another may engage in other activities that are unhealthy from the outset (for instance, beer drinkers may be more likely to also be tobacco users) while others may engage in a wide range of healthy behaviors (for example, wine drinkers may not be smokers and may job or exercise regularly). As McGregor and his colleagues emphasize, "One inherent difficulty within these studies is that in the general population, drinkers distinguished as primarily wine, beer or spirits drinkers tend to differ in other important aspects. If, for example, wine drinkers are found to be healthier, it may be the result of a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Alcohol." 2009, Partnership for a Drug-Free America. [Online]. Available: http://www.drug

Booth, Brenda M., Joann, Kirchner, John Fortney, Robin Ross and Kathryn Rost, 2000, "Rural

At-Risk Drinkers: Correlates and One-Year Use of Alcoholism Treatment Services."

Journal of Studies on Alcohol 61(2): 267.
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Drinking With Younger Jews

Words: 24280 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42632920

Parenting Style Influence on Excess Alcohol Intake Among Jewish Youth


Master of Science, Mental Health Counseling, College, January, 2008

Clinical Psychology

Anticipated; December, 2016

The health hazards that are associated with adolescent alcohol use are well documented, and there is growing recognition among policymakers and clinicians alike that more needs to be done to address this public health threat. The purpose of this study will be to examine the effects of different parenting styles on alcohol consumption levels among Jewish college students in the United States. The study draws on attachment theory, social learning theory, and a parenting style model as the main theoretical frameworks to evaluate the effects of different parenting styles on alcohol consumption levels among Jewish adolescents to develop informed answers to the study's three guiding research questions concerning the relationship between perceived parenting style and excess alcohol use of male, Jewish, college students aged 18-26…… [Read More]

references to gender.

Scoring: The PAQ is scored easily by summing the individual items to comprise the subscale scores. Scores on each subscale range from 10 to 50.

Author: Dr. John R. Buri, Department of Psychology, University of St. Thomas, 2115

Summit Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55105.

Source: Buri, J.R. (1991). Parental Authority Questionnaire, Journal of Personality and Social Assessment, 57, 110-119
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Binge Eating Animal Models of Addiction Do

Words: 3066 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31876046

Binge Eating

Animal models of addiction do not generalize well to substance dependence in humans as there are different criteria involved. For example, in animals "addiction" has been traditionally defined by a caged laboratory animal's tendency to press a lever for a reinforcing substance, whereas in humans the criteria for dependence (the clinical term for addiction) include a number of behavioral criteria and consequences that could never exist in laboratory animals (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). These criteria include: tolerance, withdrawal, taking more of a substance than originally intended, a history of unsuccessful attempts to quit, inordinate amounts of time spent in using and seeking the substance, a reduction in activities (occupational, social, or education) due to use, continued usage despite adverse consequences (APA, 2000). Interestingly, only three of these criteria need to be met in a year, so one need not demonstrate significant physical signs such as tolerance and…… [Read More]


Adam, T.C. & Epel, E.S. (2007). Stress, eating and the reward system. Physiology and Behavior, 91, 449-458.

Alexander, B.K. (2008). The globalization of addiction: A study in the poverty of the spirit. New York: Oxford University Press.

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders-IV-text revision. Washington, DC: Author.

Bartsch, A.J., Homola, G., Biller, A., Smith, S.M., Weijers, H.G., & Wiesbeck, G.A. (2007). Manifestations of early brain recovery associated with abstinence from alcoholism. Brain, 130(1), 36-47.
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Relationship Between College Bing Drinking and Violence

Words: 1235 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58726863

College Binge Drinking and Violence

According to the National Institute of Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, binge drinking is a pattern of drinking alcohol that brings blood alcohol concentration to 0.08 gram percent or above, and typically corresponds to consuming 5 or more drinks for males or 4 or more drinks for females within about a 2-hour period (College pp).

According to a 1999 Harvard University School of Public Health College Alcohol Study, of the 44% of U.S. college students who admitted to binge drinking during the two weeks before the survey, the majority were white, age 23 or younger, residents of a fraternity or sorority (Fact pp). More than 70,000 college students are victims of alcohol-related sexual assault or date rape, while two-thirds report reckless behavior such as unprotected sex, unplanned sex, or driving while drunk (Binge pp). Alcohol poisoning is a severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an…… [Read More]

Journal of American College Health. March 01, 2000. Retrieved October 22, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.

Venable, Riley H. "Predictors of undergraduate student binge drinking."

Journal of College Counseling. March 22, 2004. Retrieved October 22, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
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Teenage Drinking the Dangers of Teenage Drinking

Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30599874

Teenage Drinking

The Dangers of Teenage Drinking:

The Possibility of Losing Life in Less than One Minute

There is no greater danger today than the juxtaposition of human force against machine. When this duality comes into play, there is no escape, and its clash can only lead to a violent end. One could envisage such a metaphor for any kind of accident, but especially for the automotive kind. Indeed, of any accident, car accidents are perhaps the most dangerous, with 39 million deaths a year, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Of these accidents a good number are due to drinking, and especially to teenage drinking, of which one hears stories in newspapers almost daily. The following paragraphs will thus shed light on teenage drinking and why it is so incredibly dangerous, not only when it comes to cars and driving, but also when drinking socially, and drinking too much.…… [Read More]

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Alcohol Drinking Among Young Jews

Words: 23454 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67540801

Parenting Style Influence on Excess Alcohol Intake Among Jewish Youth

Clinical Psychology

The health hazards that are associated with adolescent alcohol use are well documented, and there is growing recognition among policymakers and clinicians alike that more needs to be done to address this public health threat. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of different parenting styles on alcohol consumption levels among Jewish college students in the United States. The study draws on attachment theory, social learning theory, and a parenting style model as the main theoretical frameworks to evaluate the effects of different parenting styles on alcohol consumption levels among Jewish adolescents to develop informed answers to the study's three guiding research questions concerning the relationship between perceived parenting style and excess alcohol use of male, Jewish, college students aged 18-26 years, the relationship between academic achievement and the alcohol use frequency of male Jewish…… [Read More]

references to gender.

Scoring: The PAQ is scored easily by summing the individual items to comprise the subscale scores. Scores on each subscale range from 10 to 50.

Author: Dr. John R. Buri, Department of Psychology, University of St. Thomas, 2115

Summit Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55105.

Source: Buri, J.R. (1991). Parental Authority Questionnaire, Journal of Personality and Social Assessment, 57, 110-119
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Alcohol Drinking Among Young Jews

Words: 23424 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99740327

Parenting Style Influence on Excess Alcohol Intake Among Jewish Youth

Clinical Psychology

The health hazards that are associated with adolescent alcohol use are well documented, and there is growing recognition among policymakers and clinicians alike that more needs to be done to address this public health threat. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of different parenting styles on alcohol consumption levels among Jewish college students in the United States. The study draws on attachment theory, social learning theory, and a parenting style model as the main theoretical frameworks to evaluate the effects of different parenting styles on alcohol consumption levels among Jewish adolescents to develop informed answers to the study's three guiding research questions concerning the relationship between perceived parenting style and excess alcohol use of male, Jewish, college students aged 18-26 years, the relationship between academic achievement and the alcohol use frequency of male Jewish…… [Read More]

references to gender.

Scoring: The PAQ is scored easily by summing the individual items to comprise the subscale scores. Scores on each subscale range from 10 to 50.

Author: Dr. John R. Buri, Department of Psychology, University of St. Thomas, 2115

Summit Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55105.

Source: Buri, J.R. (1991). Parental Authority Questionnaire, Journal of Personality and Social Assessment, 57, 110-119
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Teen Drinking Media Campaign a

Words: 4337 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29506360

One of those alarming physical changes is that the younger a person is when they begin drinking, even at low levels the more likely they are to become alcoholics. This change even overrides a known genetic predisposition for alcoholism. (Butler, July 4, 2006) Time forward ads regarding adult failure could be developed at a later time but again such images and concerns do not seem to sway teens. Funding for such a campaign would likely come from national and local foundations that stress clean living, and possibly from litigation funds that have been secured for healthier youth programs.

Alcohol use may begin simply as an exciting experiment, or as a way for a teen to feel a part of his or her peer group, lowering the feeling of awkwardness that often comes with the territory. Yet teen drinking can become a social disaster, that brings on extreme grief and loss.…… [Read More]


"AH shoes the best pillow when your a drunk teen and can't get up!" April, 10 2005

"American Academy of Pediatrics Survey of Teen Alcohol Consumption: Summary Findings,"

American Academy of Pediatrics, September 30, 1998.
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Teenage Drinking Too Much Alcohol

Words: 759 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20377798


There has been an ever increasing trend of young people getting to the habit of too much drinking. This is rampant at the point where these youth become of legal age and to majority, that acts as the go ahead to binge drinking and absolute abuse of alcohol. There are various issues that are related to excessive drinking especially among the youth. These risks are emanated as one moves from one category to another as of these categories formed by the HNS (2010);

Lower-risk drinkers -- who are the teenagers drinking between 2-3 units and are at a lower risk of causing themselves health risks in the future. However they may be exposed to injury if operating machinery, dangerous driving, risk or drowning if planning to go swimming alone without peers, babies may be affected in the womb for teenagers who get pregnant these among other minor risks.

Increasing-risk…… [Read More]


HNS (2010). The risks of drinking too much. Retrieved February 22, 2012 from 

Men's health (2012). 4 Strange Reasons You Drink Too Much. Retrieved February 22, 2012 from

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, (2012). Underage Drinking: Why Do Adolescents Drink, What Are the Risks, and How Can Underage Drinking Be Prevented? Retrieved February 22, 2012 from
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Redefining the Role of Alcohol and Drinking

Words: 703 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31517543

Redefining the Role of Alcohol and Drinking in Life

The common perception is that consuming alcohol in social settings is a prerequisite for enjoying a social event and being supportive of its organizers. This is especially the case in colleges and university parties, where alcohol consumption is often seen and promoted as a perquisite for social approval (Turrisi, Mallett, Mastroleo, Larimer, 2006). It's not surprising to see the expectation of the more one drinks, the greater the level of social acceptance and approval. Binge drinking then becomes more of a proxy for social acceptance and less of an activity just for pleasure (Rose, Smith, Segrist, 2010). In observing this dynamic, it is clear that the more socially insecure a person is, the more they are willing to drink heavily to the point of nearly passing out to gain social acceptance (Rose, Smith, Segrist, 2010).

Analysis of Cause and Effect of…… [Read More]


Rose, P., Smith, S.T., & Segrist, D.J. (2010). Too cheap to chug: Frugality as a buffer against college-student drinking. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 9(3), 228.

Turrisi, R., Mallett, K.A., Mastroleo, N.R., & Larimer, M.E. (2006). Heavy drinking in college students: Who is at risk and what is being done about it? The Journal of General Psychology, 133(4), 401-20.
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Alcohol Consumption

Words: 1258 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60585127

Binge drink can lead to alcohol poisoning


The present study is conducted in relation to the binge drinking's effects towards alcohol poisoning. The binge drinkers are individuals that take an excessive amount of alcohol at a given point of time and gradually it becomes their habit to take large amounts of liquor. It is also noted that due to binge drinking the likelihood of increased expenses for regular liquor intake the young individuals also tend to save some expenses through using Methanol alcohol. The use of excessive alcohol and its relationship with using sub-standard alcohol is also a dependency. The low quality alcohol consumption can also be attributed towards increased chances of alcohol poisoning. Therefore, the relatedness of money as alcohol is not a cheap commodity can lead to a potential problem regarding alcohol poisoning.

The current research proposal is based on the hypothesis that binge drinking can lead…… [Read More]


Bissett, S., Wood, S., Cox, R., Scott, D., & Cassell, J. (2013). Calculating alcohol risk in a visualization tool for promoting healthy behavior. Patient education and counseling, 92(2), 167-173.

Kute, V.B., Godara, S.M., Shah, P.R., Gumber, M.R., Goplani, K.R., Vanikar, A.V., ... & Trivedi, H.L. (2012). Hemodialysis for methyl alcohol poisoning: A single-center experience. Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation, 23(1), 37.

Leon, D.A., Shkolnikov, V.M., McKee, M., Kiryanov, N., & Andreev, E. (2010). Alcohol increases circulatory disease mortality in Russia: acute and chronic effects or misattribution of cause?. International journal of epidemiology, 39(5), 1279-1290.

White, A., & Hingson, R. (2014). The Burden of Alcohol Use: Excessive Alcohol Consumption and Related Consequences Among College Students. Alcohol research: current reviews, 35(2), 201.
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College Students and Alcohol Use

Words: 5292 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74738903

Psychosocial factors, such as depression, anxiety and social support, also induce drinking. This study confirmed that social cognitive factors drove college students to report on their own drinking. Psychosocial motives drove them to do so only at 1%. Social support was the only significant psychosocial predictor. The awareness of both the positive and negative consequences of drinking was quite likely behind the willingness of college students to report on their own drinking. This implied that drinking was a deliberate and conscious decision on their part. Heavy drinkers viewed their drinking as something negative in that they perceived themselves as having reduced control over it. Peer norms were also found to be an important predictor of drinking as a perceived norm and behavior, which supports drinking. Parental drinking norms also surfaced, although not as strong as the preceding predictors (Kuther & Temoshin).

Environmental Policies

Many new studies attempted to determine if…… [Read More]


Barnett, N. et al. (2008). Profiles of college students mandated to alcohol intervention.

Journal of Studies on Alcohol: Alcohol Research Documentation, Inc. Retrieved on May 20, 2009 from;col1

Black, J.M.; Ausherman, J.A.; Kandaka, T.L.; Lam, E.T. C; and Jurjevic, S. C (2004).

Urban university students' knowledge of alcohol and drinking. American Journal of Health Studies: University of Alabama Department of Health Services. Retrieved on May 20, 2009 from;col1
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Supply Demand and the Excise

Words: 1910 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86624231

Furthermore, it appeared that the consumption of alcoholic beverages among the youth increased throughout the three-year duration of the survey. In terms of the young females (in high school), the drinking path has been described as "an absolute disaster" (Fyfe, 2010). The primary explanation as to why alcopops became even more popular among the youth is given by the inability of the tax to impact the parents -- who in most cases are the very sources of alcohol. "As parents were the primary source of alcohol among current drinkers, their ongoing preference for premixed spirits may not be surprising, as it is likely that these beverages are affordable to most parents, even after the tax increase" (Fyfe, 2010).

The Australian case of the excise tax on alcopops reveals a limited efficiency in reducing binge drinking among adolescents and it is expected that the same results would be registered within the…… [Read More]


Fyfe, M., 2010, Alcopop tax fails to curb teenage drinkers, The Age,  last accessed on September 27, 2010

Mossman, S., 2008, Alcopop drinks 'fuelling binge dirnking', The Sydney Morning Herald, last accessed on September 27, 2010

Riley, G., 2006, Price elasticity of demand, Tutor2U, last accessed on September 27, 2010

Ryan, S., 2008, Alcopops binge drinking stat5istics doubted, The Australian, last accessed on September 27, 2010
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Yes Carla T Main Carla Main Believes

Words: 1973 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19984285

Yes: Carla T. Main

Carla Main believes the drinking age should remain at 21, and she bases the first part of her discussion on a project called "The Amethyst Initiative," which has issued a statement calling for an official probe into the drinking laws as they now stand. The aim of the Amethyst Initiative is to have the drinking age of 21 lowered because the current laws are simply not working. Main is in agreement with the Amethyst Initiative on this point: the current laws are not working, and they should be reexamined. However, Main does not agree with the objectives of the Initiative beyond this. She explains why by laying out the history of the 21 Laws and the changes in society that have occurred since they have been in place (Main, pp. 58-59).

Main's primary issue with the arguments put forth by the Amethyst Initiative and similar groups…… [Read More]


Main, C.T. (2009). Underage drinking and the drinking age. In R. Goldberg (Ed.), Taking sides:

Clashing views in drugs and society (pp. 58-67). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

McMullen, J.G. (2006). Underage drinking: does current policy make sense? In R. Goldberg

(Ed.), Taking sides: Clashing views in drugs and society (pp. 69-81). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
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Social Construction of Deviance

Words: 709 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58134373

Social Construction of Deviance

Deviance is generally a learned behavior, and a social construction. In the report on college binge drinking, that is seen by the finding that two out of every five students in a four-year college are binge drinkers. That was true for each of the years in which the survey was conducted. When looking at frequent binges, meaning at least three times in a two-week period, the number of college age drinkers still stands at one out of every five. When people live around colleges where there is a significant amount of binge drinking, they are more likely to experience problems as a consequence of that drinking. Additionally, students at that college can expect to experience disruptions due to the binge drinking of students, whether they are part of that culture or not. That is an important issue to consider, because it implies that it is not…… [Read More]

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Risk of Violence in Juveniles

Words: 1329 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1821635

Juveniles and the Legal Process

Juvenile crime is a problem that affects every society. In 2010, around 500,000 juveniles were arrested for drug abuse violations in the U.S. Some of the crimes committed by juveniles are robbery, vandalism, assault, and homicide. Some organizations have tried to help the teenagers to stop the vice because it is an issue affecting the entire community. In most states, the Juvenile Law determines the upper age-old eligibility. However, in some cases like violations or abuse, most states extend jurisdiction through 20 years. There are many reasons why juveniles engage in crimes. It has been shown that dangerous juvenile behaviors originate from domestic violence, family breakdown, and lack of parental moral supervision and guidance. One of the vital causes of juvenile delinquency is broken families. In fact, the separation of parents affects the behavior and psychology of children starting from early infancy. It is true…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Carmen, Rolando V., and Chad R. Trulson. Juvenile justice: the system, process, and the law. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2006. Print.

Elrod, Preston, and Ryder Scott R. Juvenile justice: a social, historical, and legal perspective. 3rd ed. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 2011. Print.

Hoge, Robert D., and Andrews, D.A.. Evaluation for risk of violence in juveniles. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print.

Leverich, Jean. Juvenile justice. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press, Gale, Cengage Learning, 2009. Print.
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Client Whose Name Is Kate and Is

Words: 2100 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80523901

client, whose name is Kate and is the main character in the 2013 film Smashed, displays compulsive behavior and a marked addiction towards alcohol and the classic symptoms of alcoholism in the scene in which she parks her car before going to teach elementary school. This scene takes place early one in the film, and indicates the sort of behavior that will characterize Kate's descent into alcoholism. Despite the fact that she is late for work because she is hung over, she still cannot refrain from consuming more alcohol -- in the form of whiskey, straight. This scene indicates that not only is Kate psychologically addicted to this substance, but it is also affecting her ability to engage in normal activities (such as work). Drinking hard liquor prior to beginning a work day in which one will be grooming the future of young children is extremely dysfunctional behavior. So is…… [Read More]


Beseler, C.L., Aharanovich, E., Keyes, K.M., Hasin, D.S. (2008). Adult transition from at-risk drinking to alcholo dependence: the relationship of family history and drinking motives. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 32(4), 607-616. Retrieved from 

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.(2003). The genetics of alcoholism. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Retrieved from

Saunders, L.L, Krause, J.S. (2011). Psychological factors affecting alcohol use after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 49(5): 637-642. Retrieved from
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UK Decline How Many Times

Words: 4091 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87364145

Carrabine, Lee and South 193)

Industrial/Infrastructural Decline

As has been said before, the UK no longer makes anything, builds anything or sells anything tangible. The decline in industrial production has resulted in an overall decline in employment of industrial workers, who have not been aided by a failing system to transition to other work.

Some would say that the changes occurring in the UK, at this time with the increased importance of service industry work and intelligence rather than physical labor employment is a natural byproduct of globalization and an evolutionary product of the next phase as a "developed" nation.

They evidence this by observing that all developed nations are leaning in this direction. Yet, the transition has not and will not be easy, whether it is normal or not, a point which remains to be proven.


With the education system in the UK in serious need of reform…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brennan-Galvin, Ellen. "Crime and Violence in an Urbanizing World." Journal of International Affairs 56.1 (2002): 123+. Questia. 7 Dec. 2004


Carrabine, Eamonn, Maggy Lee, and Nigel South. "Social Wrongs and Human Rights in Late Modern Britain: Social Exclusion, Crime Control, and Prospects for a Public Criminology." Social Justice 27.2 (2000): 193. Questia. 7 Dec. 2004
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Diverse Nature of Psychology the Human Mind

Words: 1131 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70500794

Diverse Nature of Psychology

The human mind is an incredibly complex tool. How it actually thinks and behaves is not always based on a single example, and thus there are clear elements of diversity within theoretical assumptions on how the mind works. Diversity is a crucial element to modern psychology and its various sub-categories. Modern psychology is heavily influenced by the extreme diversity found within its core concepts. There are a vast number of major concepts and sub-examples that differ enormously from one another and take their influence from other genres of study and the various findings of specific empirical research conclusions. Officially, there are four core "specialties," including clinical, counseling, school, and industrial / organizational psychology, although even these general topics are further diversified into more specific areas that highlight different findings and assumptions about man's position within modern society (Landrum 2010 p 13).

Therefore, there is great diversity…… [Read More]


Maslow, Abraham. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(40), 370-396. Web. 

Landrum, R.E. & Davis, S.F. (2010). The psychology major: Career options and strategies for success (4th ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
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Traumatic Events How to Identify

Words: 734 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7514795

, 2013). Different families vary in their emotional and physical resources and they react differently under stressful circumstances. Some resort to violence to a child in cases of a family crisis. The seesaw model brings these elements together to a point at which intervention is required to lead to a restoration in balance within the family. This model tries to alleviate the immediate stress by removing the child temporarily from the home and offering counseling to them.

Student substance abuse

The problem of substance abuse among student is rampant in many societies today. There are high levels of binge drinking among students which has adverse consequences such as increased risk of alcoholism as well as liver diseases. There are various methods of interventions which can be used to prevent and treat substance abuse among students. Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) is an educational program that seeks to prevent the use…… [Read More]


Avvo, Inc. (2013). Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act .Retrieved June 30, 2013 from

Child welfare information gateway. (2007). Recognizing Child Abuse and Neglect: Signs and Symptoms. Retrieved June 30, 2013 from
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Social Effects of Flexible Opening Closing

Words: 2259 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40676832

There is also real indication to depict that declining supply and drinking time could assist in solving the binge drinking, as resulted in Finland, Sweden and Norway. (Lords Hansard text, 2005) Moreover, the Interim Analytical Report indicates that increasing amounts of consumption has been coupled with the increase during the last 25 years in accessibility. It continues to visualize that applications for on-licenses of alcohol have enhanced by 145% over the last two decades. The connection between enhanced accessibility and harm is in someway recognized. But despite suggesting for the regulations on this enormous expansion in supply, the 2003 Act makes the alcohol industry depend on a 'voluntary social responsibility scheme'. The Government is profoundly pressurized by the alcohol industry that promotes income as well as jobs. Therefore, any approaches that are not agreeable to or threat the profit of the alcohol industry have been discarded. Those related to the…… [Read More]


Drummond, Colin. D.2004. An Alcohol Strategy for England: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly.

Alcohol & Alcoholism, 39(5), pp.377-379.

Goodacre, S. 2005. The 2003 Licensing Act: an act of stupidity? Emergency Medicine Journal, 22(1), p.682.

Ghodse, Hamind G. 2005. Addiction at Work: Tackling Drug Use and Misuse in the Workplace.
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Effects Alcohol Consumption Has on Risky Sexual Behavior

Words: 4729 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33616752

Alcohol Consumption Has on Risky Sexual Behavior

Since the ancient days of Bacchanalian celebratory worship of the Greek pantheon, the consumption of alcohol and risky sexual rites have gone hand in hand. Both drinking and sex are considered to be pleasurable activities, and conservative or religious portions of the population may consider them to be sinful or immoral on varying scales. Regardless of whether alcohol and sexual activities have a negative social stigma within a certain social group, peer group, or subculture, these activities are inevitably associated with some risk. Physical, emotional, and social well-being are put on the line when partaking in drinking or sexual modern rituals. The combination of these activities may increase the level of risk associated with them, and likewise they may also be contributing factors to the likelihood that the other will occur (e.g., drinking may increase the chance of sexual activity). However, despite the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

2000, April 28) Alcohol policy and sexually transmitted disease rates -- United States, 1981-1995. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Business Publishers. (2004, February) High-risk drinking and sexual assault go hand-in-hand, researchers find. Campus Crime, 14.2, 13.

Coren, C. (2003, January-February) Timming, amount of teenage alcohol or marijuana use may make future risky sex more likely. Perspectives on sexual and reproductive health.

Chandra, P.S. (2003, February) High-risk sexual behaviour & sensation seeking among heavy alcohol users. Indian Journal of Medical Research.
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Illuminate the Influence of Parents

Words: 2000 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65384303

36). Thus, such research could also generate results which point to the truths of human words and actions of parents that contribute to healthy and unhealthy relationships with alcohol. In this case, these findings would not be as the result of numbers, but would be as the result of uncovered viewpoints and perspectives verbalized by the participants.

Potential Questions:

Which parenting style (authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, uninvolved) in the Jewish community (Ashkanas, Hasidic, Sfardy) connects most strongly with college freshman (18-26) alcohol abuse and alcohol maturity?

How do offspring's perspectives on their parents' parenting styles impact their relationship with alcohol as it manifests during college years in the Jewish community?

How do parenting styles characterized by warmth and attentiveness impact children's consumption of alcohol in the college years in the Jewish community?

How do parenting styles characterized by high expectations, structure and rigidity impact children's relationship to alcohol during college years…… [Read More]


Balter, L. (2000). Parenthood in America: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.

Benson, J.B.; Haith, M.M. (2009). Social and Emotional Development in Infancy and Early Childhood. San Diego: Academic Press.

Cohen, D., & Rice, J. (1997). Parenting Styles, Adolescent Substance Use, and Academic Achievement. Journal of Drug Education, 199-211.

Houghton, E., & Roche, a. (2001). Learning About Drinking. Philadelphia: Psychology Press.
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Adolescent Substance Use Screening Instruments 10-Year Critical

Words: 14685 Length: 53 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28105173

Adolescent Substance Use Screening Instruments: 10-Year Critical Review of the Research Literature

Over ten million teenagers in the United States admit in a national survey that they drink alcohol, although it is illegal under the age of 21 in all states. In some studies, nearly one-quarter of school-age children both smoked cigarettes and drank alcohol. Over four thousand adolescents every day try marijuana for the first time. The dangers of use, abuse and dependency on each of these substances have been established. When we also consider that these three substances are considered gateway drugs, that is, drugs whose use is likely to lead to experimentation with "hard" drugs, the potential problem of such widespread use is even more severe. Additionally, use of these substances is known to co-occur with a number of other psychiatric conditions as well as health issues such as the incidence of sexually-transmitted diseases, unwanted pregnancies and…… [Read More]


Aarons, Gregory A.; Brown, Sandra A.; Hough, Richard L.; Garland, Ann F.; Wood, Patricia A. Prevalence of Adolescent Substance Use Disorders Across Five Sectors of Care (Statistical Data Included). Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, April 2001 v40 i4 p419

Adger, Hoover Jr.; Werner, Mark J. The pediatrician (role in treatment of alcohol-related disorders). Alcohol Health and Research World, Spring 1994 v18 n2 p121 (6)

Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Symptoms of Adolescents. National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence of the San Fernando Valley, Inc. [Online]. Retrieved January 20, 2003 from http:/ /

Alcohol use and abuse: a pediatric concern (American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Substance Abuse). Pediatrics, March 1995 v95 n3 p439 (4)
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Faculty & Student Development Partnerships

Words: 1544 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24778195

On a more general note, I believe that this article presents to us what partnership is about: i.e. The synergy of collaboration, where actions can be consolidated by pooling similar partners and have similar views. Coalitions can in fact execute multi-pronged interventions that coordinate different reinforcing services, strategies, and programs (Lasker, Weiss, and Miller, 2001).… [Read More]


Brower, a.M., Golde, C.M. & Allen, C. (2003). Residential Learning Communities Positively Affect College Binge Drinking. NASPA Journal, 40(3), 132-149.

Brower, a.M (2008). More Like a Home Than a Hotel: The Impact of living-Learning Programs on College High-Risk Drinking. Journal of College and University Student Housing, 35(1), 32-49.

Esteban, M.A. & Schafer, W. (2005). Confronting College Student Drinking: A Campus Case Study. Californian Journal of Health Promotion, 3(1), 1-55.

Garrett, M.D. & Zabriskie, M.S. (2003). The Influence of Living-Learning Program Participation on Student-Faculty Interaction. Journal of College and University Student Housing, 33(2), 38-44.
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History of the Problem Psychological

Words: 1722 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98126040

Scientists need to do much more research in the area of female alcohol abuse, and sounder methods of treating this debilitating disease need to be developed. Society treats women alcoholics differently from men - there is still a stigma that alcoholic women are weak, unfit for work or family, and even more sexually active. Until this stigma is removed, many women will not seek out treatment, and who knows how many will die as a result. Women alcoholics still need research, but they also need understanding and support to treat and conquer their disease.… [Read More]


Carter, C.S. (1997). Ladies don't: A historical perspective on attitudes toward alcoholic women. Affilia; 12; 471-485.

Editors. (1995). Diagnostic criteria for alcohol abuse and dependence. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism No. 30 PH 359.

Grant, B.F.; Dawson, D.A.; Stinson, F.S.; Chou, S.P.; Dufour, M.C.; and Pickering, R.P. (2004). The 12-month prevalence and trends in DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence: United States, 1991-1992 and 2001-2002. Drug Alcohol Depend, 74(3):223-34.

Hanson, D.J. (2007). Puritans to prohibition. Retrieved from the State University of New York Web site: June 2007.
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Federalism Throughout American History the Power of

Words: 1244 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86270255


Throughout American history the power of the federal government in comparison with the states has been continually debated. This is because there is a principal known as the separation of powers. In the Constitution, this is reserving certain areas of authority for the federal and state governments. The problem is that many of these powers can often come into conflict with one another on a regular basis. As the Constitution, will provide some basic guidelines, but it will not address specific areas. To account for this, the courts are relying on individual interpretations and case precedent. This creates conflicting areas of authority, based upon the general powers that are given to the states and federal government. (Bonnie)

In the case of the federal government, this kind of conflict occurred in 1984 with the passage of the National Minimum Drinking Age Act. This law encouraged the states to raise the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Title 23." U.S. Senate, 2000. Web. 9 Mar. 2012

Bonnie, Richard. Reducing Underage Drinking. Washington DC: National Academy Press, 2004. Print.
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Young Is Too Young Lowering

Words: 1635 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 201893

However, "a 2003 study showed that in many countries with lower minimum drinking ages, 15- and 16-year-olds are less likely to become intoxicated compared with teens in the U.S. (Roan 2008, p.3).

Opponents of lowering the law in the U.S. have increasingly used medical science to support their position, pointing out that the teenage brain is less developmentally mature than an adult brain and "younger someone starts drinking, the greater the likelihood of developing alcohol dependence" (Roan 2008, p.3). But a 2006 Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine study shows that while it is true that prepubescents who begin drinking have dramatically higher rates of alcoholism, between 18 and 21, the difference is "insignificant" in terms of how age of first use affects later consumption. "What we ought to look at is not keeping 18-year-olds from drinking, it's keeping 13-year-olds from drinking," concluded the study (Roan 2008, p.3).

While medical…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alias, Michaela. "Lowering the drinking age would benefit young adults." The Daily Collegian.

February 2, 2009. May 31, 2010.

"College presidents seek lower drinking age." Associated Press. August 18, 2008. May 31, 2010.
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Naltrexone the Efficacy of Naltrexone

Words: 2582 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17590678

Croop et al. (1997).

The overall safety profile of naltrexone is good; however, care must be taken in prescribing the drug to certain patient populations; e.g., naltrexone shows a dose-dependent hepatotoxicity (package insert) and is therefore contraindicated in patients with significant hepatic impairment, which is frequently encountered in alcohol-dependent populations.

The clinical trials of naltrexone have typically been conducted in patients without significant impairment in hepatic function. Another consequence of the hepatic impact of naltrexone is the possibility of drug-drug interactions.

Kim et al. (2001) potentially clinically significant interaction has been reported between naltrexone and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; these researchers found elevated liver function tests in study participants receiving both medications, although the doses of naltrexone used in this study were higher than the typical 50 mg daily dose.

Naltrexone is not appropriate for use with patients taking prescribed or illicit opioid drugs. Antagonism of the effects of these drugs…… [Read More]


Ait-Daoud, N., & Johnson, B.A. (1999). Medications to treat alcoholism. Alcohol Research & Health, 23(2), 99.

Anton, R.F., & Randall, C.L. (2005). Measurement and choice of drinking outcome variables in the COMBINE study. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 66(4), 104.

Bhagar, H.A., & Schmetzer, a.D. (2006). New antidipsotropics. Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association, 9(4), 29.

Bean, P., & Nemitz, T. (2004). Drug treatment: What works? New York: Routledge.
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Alcohol Consumption Has Been Increasingly

Words: 3463 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48237550

As the desire, to be successful would push everyone to engage in some form of alcohol consumption. Where, those individuals who were engaging in such activities were often viewed in positive light, by being thought of as team players. This is important, because it underscores how the common stereotypes of low income individuals drinking alcohol is not true. (Magadelna, 2004)

Evidence of this can be seen by looking no further than the data that was collected. Where, it would show how an increase would take place in the number of individuals who are consuming alcohol. As the older someone becomes, would have an effect upon their overall levels of alcohol consumption. The below table illustrates how the overall amount of alcohol consumption will increase with each age group. As the older and wealthier and individuals become will be more inclined to become moderate drinkers.

Income vs. Age Group Alcohol Consumption…… [Read More]


Adult Beverage Consumption. (2008). Nutrition Fact Sheet. Retrieved from:

Beckman, M. (2010). The Surprising Economics of Alcohol Consumption. Esquire. Retrieved from:

Elgar, F. (2005). Income Inequality and Alcohol Use. European Journal of Public Health 15 (3). 245 -- 250.

Heinen, D. (1996). The Relationship between Alcohol Consumption and Earnings. Journal Studies on Alcohol 57 (5). 536 -- 542.
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Teen Alcohol Abuse Adolescent Alcohol Abuse Has

Words: 1654 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15965636

Teen Alcohol Abuse

Adolescent alcohol abuse has been an ongoing public health problem for many years. While alcohol abuse trends tend to increase and subside over time, recent research continues to show an alarming level of alcohol use. For example, surveys by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) show that alcohol use has dropped slightly when compared with previous years, in 2011 almost two thirds (65%) of high school seniors and almost one third (29%) of eighth graders had used alcohol within the past month (Winters, Botzet & Fahnhorst, 2011).

Health Needs Assessment

As of 1988, the purchase of alcohol by youth under the age of 21 is prohibited. Therefore, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) define underage drinking as consuming alcohol prior to the minimum legal drinking age of 21 years. Further, zero tolerance laws make it illegal in all states for youth under age 21 to drive…… [Read More]


Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (2010). Alcohol & drug use. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Retrieved February 25, 2012 from: 

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2011). InfoFacts: Nationwide trends. National Institutes of Health. Retrieved February 25, 2012 from:

Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. (n.d.) Substance abuse/Chemical dependency. Retrieved February 25, 2012 from:

Sterling, S., Weisner, C., Hinman, A., & Parthasarathy, S. (2010 July). "Access to treatment for adolescents with substance use and co-occurring disorders: Challenges and opportunities." Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 49(7): 637-726. doi: 10:1016/j.jaac.2010.03.019
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Alcohol Should Not Be Legalized at Age 18

Words: 1220 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47754038

Legal Age for Alcohol Consumption

Laws are established for the legal age of alcohol consumption in order to attend to the best interests of both youth and society at large. With exposure to such influences as music, television, movies, and peers, youth are under pressure to behave in certain ways and partake in certain activities to be perceived as being "cool." Alcohol consumption among young people may be seen as a way to loosen up, fit in, or even possibly as a sign of rebellion against parents, teachers, and figures of authority in general.

It is often difficult for youth to know their limits and exactly how much alcohol they can consume and yet still be somewhat "in control." This results in increased risks of alcohol poisonings, drunk driving, and in some cases death among the adolescent population. Therefore, with the well being of youth and society in mind, it…… [Read More]


Hot topic: Underage teen drinking." Website of Congresswoman Roybal-Allard. http://www/

Statistics: Underage drinking." SADD Online.

Survey says: Teen alcohol use on the rise." The Citizen: The 6th Area Support Group Online Newspaper 30.10 May 22, 2001.

Richardson, A. & Budd, T. "Young adults, alcohol, crime and disorder." Criminal Behavior and Mental Health 13.1 (2003): 5-16.
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Why Alcohol Misuse Is'so Rampant in the Military

Words: 2925 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34456939

Alcohol and Special Populations: Unique Problems and Considerations That Apply to the Military

The military is a special population that has its own culture and its own code of ethics. Its veterans have their own VA hospital and society recognizes a distinct difference between civilian and military life. The effect of alcohol on the military, therefore, requires unique consideration outside the realm of investigations on the effects of alcohol on mainstream America. This paper will describe the effect of alcohol on the military, identify unique problems and considerations that apply to the military, and compare and contrast the military to the overall U.S. population in terms of the problem of alcohol. It will conclude with a description of the best treatment practices for specific issues relevant to the military.

The Effect of Alcohol on the Military

The military population is not without its weakness for alcohol consumption. As Pemberton et…… [Read More]


Bray, R., Brown, J., Williams, J. (2013). Trends in binge and heavy drinking, alcohol-related problems, and combat exposure in the U.S. military. Substance Use and Misuse, 48(10): 799-810.

Burns, B., Grindlay, K., Holt, K. (2014). Military sexual trauma among U.S.

Servicewomen during deployment: A qualitative study. American Journal of Public Health, 104(2): 345-349.

Foran, H., et al. (2012). Hazardous alcohol use and intimate partner violence in the military: Understanding protective factors. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 26(3): 471-483.
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Peer-Counseling as an Intervention for College Freshman Substance Abuse

Words: 2466 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73376768

Reducing Substance Abuse Among College Freshman


Motivational Interviewing as an Intervention for Substance Abuse Problems among College Freshman

Motivational Interviewing as an Intervention for Substance Abuse Problems among College Freshman

Kazemi and colleagues (2013) were interested in understanding whether a behavioral intervention would reduce the prevalence of substance abuse among college freshman in the United States. The independent variable was motivational peer-counseling sessions (motivational interviews) about the risks of alcohol abuse and illicit drug use. The dependent variables were scores obtained on two questionnaires. These scores were then used to determine if there was a statistically significant association between blackout frequency, illicit drug use, and alcohol consumption. Demographic information (attribute variables) was also collected and the attributes of primary interest were ethnicity and gender. The hypothesis tested by the researchers is whether the intervention could reduce the prevalence of self-reported high risk behaviors among college freshman at a representative…… [Read More]


Barnett, E., Sussman, S., Smith, C., Rohrbach, L.A., & Pruijt-Metz, D. (2012). Motivational interviewing for adolescent substance use: A review of the literature. Addictive Behaviors, 37(12), 1325-34.

DiClemente, C.C. & Prochaska, J.O. (1982). Self-change and therapy change of smoking behavior: A comparison of processes of change in cessation and maintenance. Addictive Behaviors, 7(2), 133-42.

Dimitrov, D.M. & Rumrill, P.D. Jr. (2003). Pretest-posttest designs and measurement of change. Work, 20(2), 159-65.

Grucza, R.A., Norberg, K.E., & Bierut, L.J. (2009). Binge drinking among youths and young adults in the United States: 1979-2006. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 48(7), 692-702.
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Australian Laws for Alcohol Use Australian Laws

Words: 3313 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79792567

Australian Laws for Alcohol Use

Australian Laws related to Alcohol Use

Underage drinking is a huge problem in Australia and more and more minors are having access to alcohol. This is having a big impact on their mental, emotional and physical growth as well as on the society at large. The existing laws do not provide stringent punishment to the offenders, especially those who are making it easy for underage drinkers to have access to alcohol and it is time the Government increases the punishment to make it more difficult for them to have access to it. The Government should also pass laws that will fill the existing loopholes and also provide a support system for young kids to turn to when they have emotional problems. A combination of these measures can go a long way in curbing underage drinking in Australia.

Underage drinking is a common problem in many…… [Read More]


No Author. 2010. Timely Rethink of Liquor Laws. The Advertiser (Adelaide). 21 July. p20-20.

Milne, Glenn. 2008. Alcopops Tax Warning- Young drinkers will switch to stronger wine products. The Sunday Mail (Brisbane). 18 May. P 4-4

Port, Jeni. 2008. "Is it On the Level?" The Age (Melbourne). 25 March. p1-1

Tideman, Deborah. 2006. Drinking Ban: plan to restrict teen alcohol use at home. The Advertiser (Adelaide). 20 June. p5-5
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1421 An Exploratory Study Into Female Students'

Words: 446 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77170913

1421: an exploratory study into female students' attitudes and behaviors toward binge drinking at Leeds University" by Carpenter et al. was to understand the perceptions of 12 female college students' attitudes toward binge drinking (2007, 8). Literature on the subject was rarely mentioned, aside from the citation of a few statistics regarding frequency of college-age female binge drinking, which served to support the undertaking of the study by Carpenter et al. (2007, 8). Participants were 12 female college students, and the tests took place in a university setting (Carpenter et al., 2007, 8). Tests took the form of two focus groups where, rather than given questionnaires, unstructured discussions were facilitated (Carpenter et al., 2007, 9) Both discussions were tape recorded and immediately transcribed afterwards (Carpenter et al., 2007, 9). Data analysis was thematic, the researchers looking for and emphasizing key points and themes that existed for all participants (Carpenter et…… [Read More]


Carpenter et al. (2007). After Unit 1421: an exploratory study into female students' attitudes and behaviors toward binge drinking at Leeds University. Journal of Public Health, 30(1), 8-

13. doi: 10.1093/published/fdm083

Wiley, L. & Catizone, I. (2007). Behavior of College Women: A quantitative study of alcohol consumption and sexual experiences among college-aged women. Retrieved February 3,

2010 from University of New Hampshire website:
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Hangover a Good Number of Contemporary Movies

Words: 931 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3719316


A good number of contemporary movies are written as comic, tongue-in-cheek commentary on the nature of our society. The Hangover, released in 2009, is set exactly on this premise, and, in the process of attempting to deliver an entertaining story about binge drinking and bachelor parties. While it isn't a film that was written to offer in-depth social analysis is does offer some fairly rudimentary commentary on physical, social, and emotional wellness in connection with relationships, friendships, and drinking.

From its opening scene, one of the most notable aspects of The Hangover is that the premise of the story is based on a group of four male friends, their interactions, their relationships with women, and their experience at a bachelor party in Las Vegas. The attempts at humor in the film are concentrated on stereotyped characters, and worst-case outcomes that, in reality, wouldn't be entertaining or laughable.

The physically…… [Read More]

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Bingeing Became the New College

Words: 569 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8402836

I would be interested to see information on the number of these incidents when the drinking age was 18.

In his article, Seaman explains the practice of pregaming. According to Seaman, college students who are too young to purchase alcohol drink large quantities of liquor prior to going to a party. This practice results in many students either being hospitalized or actually dying from alcohol poisoning. In relating the history of the legislation regarding the drinking age, Seaman explains that the drinking age was lowered to 18 in the 1960s as a result of student protests. During the 1980s, pressures from Mothers Against Drunk Drivers (MADD) forced legislation that increased the drinking age to 21 in all 50 states. According to Seaman, prohibiting the use of alcohol for 18 to 20-year-olds resulted in making the use of alcohol more attractive for these young adults. He argues that while lowering the…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Seaman, Barrett. "How Bingeing Became the New College Sport." Web 23 June 2011.,8816,1096516,00.html.

Urban Dictionary. Web. 23 June 2011.
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Moore Abigail Sullivan 15 Jan

Words: 883 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80070100

Also, a 22-44% estimate of excessive drinking is a tremendous margin of error.

Summary Article 2

Mulkern, Anne C. "Drug's Suicide Risk Prompts Warning (17 Oct 2004) the Denver Post. Section a: p. 24

While no one condones student excessive drinking as a positive societal development, the use of antidepressants for teens remains far more controversial, as does the correlation between teen suicide and prescription antidepressants. The makers of Zoloft state that adolescents commit suicide because of depression in numbers upwards of 500,000 per year -- although the difficulty of attributing suicide to a singular cause or psychological ailment, much less by the drug manufacture of an antidepressant is problematic. The statistic that 89% of doctors prescribe antidepressant drugs to adolescents for unapproved uses is from a less biased source; a Harvard psychiatrist seems more credible, although the definition of 'unapproved' or off-label is also murky. 10-11 million prescriptions were…… [Read More]

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Drowned More Men Than the

Words: 1771 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73660805

They are also more likely, the research presented by Hutchinson shows, to have problems in school, legal problems, and "multiple personal problems." Additionally those children who have been subjected to alcohol abuse by a parent or guardian, that is also associated with violence against a family member, are at risk of depression, and of transmitting those same problems to their own children.

Works… [Read More]

Works Cited

Centers for Disease Control (2007). Excessive Alcohol Consumption. Retrieved Nov. 23, 2007 at

Fuller, Thomas. (2007). "Wine hath drowned more men than the sea." Notable Quotes.

Retrieved Nov. 22, 2007, at .

Harvard Mental Health Letter. (2007). Treatment Rates for Alcohol Abuse and Dependence
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DSM-V Diagnostic Criteria of Alcohol Use Disorder

Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22115539

Substance use disorders including alcohol use disorder are defined in the most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V) by the presence of several time-dependent subjective and behavioral criteria. Diagnostic criteria vary depending on the substance being used or abused. Alcohol abuse disorder is among the most significant of the diagnoses given the legality of alcohol and the prevalence of alcohol use in the general population.

According to the National Institutes of Health, the vast majority (upwards of 86%) of all people in the United States drink at least sometimes, with more than half drinking monthly (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2015). It is estimated that about seven percent of the adult population in the United States have an alcohol use disorder: more than 16 million people. Of those, only 1.3 million people receive formal treatment in a specialized facility (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and…… [Read More]


American Psychological Association (2015). Understanding alcohol use disorders and their treatment. Retrieved online:

Burke, D. (2012). Alcoholism. Healthline. Retrieved online:

"Causes," (n.d.). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved online:

COPAC (2015). Criteria for substance dependence. Retrieved online:
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Substance Abuse in the Military

Words: 1400 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83212221

Drugs and Alcohol Abuse

The United States military faces considerable difficulty related to substance abuse amongst its personnel. It is critical to denote that its substance abuse issues pertain to both active personnel on duty, as well as to veterans. Of the myriad issues that the military faces, one is the evolving nature of substance abuse in the 21st century. Whereas such abuse has traditionally focused on alcohol and illegal narcotics, there is a stronger emphasis on the abuse of prescription medication. This abuse, in addition to binge drinking, (Institute of Medicine, 2015, p. 243) has considerable ramifications for the aforementioned military personnel. Active personnel face situations in which their readiness and ability to engage in combat is impaired by over-consumption of drugs and alcohol, whereas veterans must reckon with decreased quality of life and ability to successfully reintegrate into society because of the same problems.

Consequence of War ?…… [Read More]


American Psychological Association. (2003). Guidelines on multicultural education, training, research, practice, and organizational change for psychologists. American Psychologist. 58(5), 377-402.

Bohart, A.C., Tallman, K. (1999). How Clients Make Therapy Work: The Process of Active Self-Healing. New York: American Psychological Association.

Furuya, S., Slobodzien, J. (2015). ASAP Triage (brief screen note) for:.

Furuya, S., Slobodzien, J. (2015). Confidential treatment program. ASAP Triage.
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Dual in the Sun by

Words: 3369 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21078676

" In fact that showdown with labor "produced a cultural shift, a new sense of what can be appropriate in business management." The entire Reagan era, according to Will, a well-known conservative commentator - who wrote this piece at the time of Reagan's passing - is remembered "more for the tax-cutting and deregulating that helped, with the information technologies, to shift the economy into a hitherto unknown overdrive."

Another event that made Reagan a hero at a time when America needed heroes occurred in the spring of 1981, when Reagan was shot in an attempted assassination. The New York Times (Silk, 1981) reported that Reagan's "unruffled demeanor" immediately after being seriously wounded, along with his "jokes to his wife and the medics" all helped to "turn fear into rising respect for Mr. Reagan himself," journalist Leonard Silk reports. A "growing number of Americans decided that they had elected themselves a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Arnett, Robert. (2007). Eighties Noir: The Dissenting Voice in Reagan's America. Journal of Popular Film & Television, 34(3), 123-129.

Brant, John. (1983). Duel in the Sun. Runner's World.

Clines, Francis X. (1982). White House Winces at Economist's Words. The New York Times.

Retrieved May 9, 2007, at
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Alcohol How Effective Has the Legal Prohibition

Words: 3114 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76710303


How effective has the legal prohibition of alcohol been in controlling crime? A recent Department of Justice Report (U.S. Department of Justice) said that alcohol was a factor in 40% of all violent crimes and accounted for 40.9% of all traffic fatalities in the U.S.A. In the last decade. But these figures were 34% and 29%, respectively, lower than those of the previous decade. The Report further stated that arrests conducted for driving under the influence of alcohol correspondingly declined and attributed this to the establishment of the legal and uniform drinking age in the early 1980s.

Elucidating, the Report said that, approximately 3 million violent crimes occurred each year in that decade where the offenders were drinking at the time. And although arrests were made in every age group, those made on offenders below 21 notably decreased. The rate of intoxication in fatal accidents, it said, likewise went…… [Read More]


1. Abbe, Winfield. Toughening Liquor Laws Will Do Little to Sober Our Drunk Culture.

Athens Banner Herald, February 2002. (accessed 25:03:03). http://www.*****/stories/022202/let_letter4.shtml

2. Alcoholics Anonymous. Alcohol. (accessed 25:03:03).

3. Davis, George. Why Crime? Action Sunshine Coast Crime Prevention Program. Crime Prevention through Community Building, 2000. (accessed 25:03:03).
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Alcohol Abuse Can Have Devastating Effects on

Words: 601 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53176233

Alcohol abuse can have devastating effects on individuals, families, and communities. This is particularly so when a young person engages in excessive drinking. Drinking among college students present particular problems that endanger performance and can cause risky behavior such as unprotected sex. This is why many studies have been conducted around the phenomenon. In some cases, excessive drinking is positioned as the dependent variable, where its causes are investigated, while others use drinking as independent variable, in which its effects are established.

Towards the latter part of the article, drinking is established as the independent variable. Specifically, the issue being investigated is binge drinking, identified as a phenomenon by several research efforts on alcohol use among this population. Many students engage in heavy episodic use of alcohol over a relatively short period.

This variable is measured by several short screening methods. One of these is the CAGE Questionnaire, which includes…… [Read More]

References High-Risk Drinking in College: What We Know and What We Need to Learn.
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Alcohol and Marijuana on Human

Words: 2947 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9366944

The user's mouth feels dry, and he or she may suddenly become very hungry and thirsty. His or her hands may tremble and grow cold. The euphoria passes after awhile, and then the user may feel sleepy or depressed. Occasionally, marijuana use produces anxiety, fear, distrust, or panic

Marijuana use impairs a person's ability to form memories, recall events (see Marijuana, Memory, and the Hippocampus), and shift attention from one thing to another. THC also disrupts coordination and balance by binding to receptors in the cerebellum and basal ganglia, parts of the brain that regulate balance, posture, coordination of movement, and reaction time.11 Through its effects on the brain and body, marijuana intoxication can cause accidents. Studies show that approximately 6 to 11% of fatal accident victims test positive for THC. In many of these cases, alcohol is detected as well

"An interesting study was done with airline…… [Read More]


Aukerman, Melissa. Alcohol on trial: the evidence.(Featured CME Topic: Alcohol)

Southern Medical Journal; 1/1/2005; Epidemiological Considerations of Alcohol Consumption

Herrman, Judith. . The teen brain as a work in progress: implications for pediatric nurses.(Updates & Kidbits). Pediatric Nursing; 3/1/2005;

Amodios, Joseph. Why pot's not cool: how marijuana messes with your brain and body.(DRUGS & ALCOHOL). Current Health 2, a Weekly Reader publication; 3/1/2005;
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Monique Is a 24-Year-Old Law Student Who

Words: 813 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27248496

Monique is a 24-year-old law student who appears normal on the surface, but struggles with substance abuse issues. She has been drinking since she was 14 years old and regularly consumes a large number of drinks when she goes out with her friends, in addition to consuming alcohol each evening at home. Her drinking interferes with her normal life, as hangovers prevent her from attending morning classes on occasion, and she sometimes blacks out while drinking. In addition, Monique smokes marijuana. She recently attempted to stop smoking marijuana due to concerns that she has a drug problem, but found herself unable to stop. She does not think that she has a drinking problem because she does not drink in the morning, but her family and friends are concerned about her drinking (Butcher et al., 2012, p.6).

Some of the information that would be important to collect during the initial assessment…… [Read More]


American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Appendix I: Outline for cultural formulation and glossary of culture-bound syndromes in DSM-IV-TR (pp.897-903) Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.

Butcher, J.N., Mineka, S., & Hooley, J.M. (2012). Chapter 1: Abnormal psychology over time in Psychology (Laureate Education, custom

14th ed.) (pp. 6). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Butcher, J.N., Mineka, S., & Hooley, J.M. (2012). Chapter 4: Clinical assessment and diagnosis in Psychology (Laureate Education, custom
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Analyzing and Treating Alcoholism

Words: 1616 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74802142

Treating Alcoholism presents therapists with multi-dimensional issues -- multicultural understanding and contextual setting of the client (profession, family, history, work conditions and exposure to extraordinary conditions, in the case of those serving in the military), dominates these settings within which psychotherapists are required to work. Lack of adequate and healthy outlet for feelings; absence of recreation, often lead to excessive, and harmful drinking. Yet, each case is an independent experience requiring the therapist to be flexible, yet focused on creating value at all times. As such, a therapist's work with each client may be termed aptly as a 'discovery'.

A psychologist deals with interpersonal exchanges using a worldview (i.e., group of attitudes) that aids in shaping their opinion of other people. Their worldview is partly governed by cultural experiences. In fact, multicultural and cross-cultural literature constantly highlight the following facts (Duncan, 2010):

1) Man is a multicultural being (Duncan, 2010);…… [Read More]


American Psychological Association. (2003). Guidelines on multicultural education, training, research, practice, and organizational change for psychologists. American Psychologist. 58(5), 377-402

Ames, G., & Cunradi, C. (2012). Alcohol Use and Preventing Alcohol-Related Problems Among Young Adults in the Military. NIAAA.

Duncan, B. (2010). On becoming a better therapist. American Psychological Society. American Psychological Association, 152.

Furuya, S., (2015). ASAP Triage (brief screen case note) for Confidential treatment program.
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Merton Social Structure and Anomie

Words: 1683 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66682546

Thus creative accounting becomes a way to justify the means -- because showing a profit will generate more profit, and gain the firm social esteem and more investors, being unethical in the supposedly 'short run' seems acceptable in the eyes of the firm's employees. People go along with it because it is accepted in the culture of the firm.

All of these are examples of how the social structure of a society, in this case, American society, sets certain norms, such as the norm of success. It creates institutional norms, like the ideal that capitalist firms that must quickly show a profit. Advertisements convey the message that expensive material possessions are equated with success. Subcultures within the greater social structure endorse aberrant behavior, however, and the wider the gulf between the common cultural aspirations and available methods of achieving these aspirations, the more likely aberrant, nonconformist behavior will arise. In…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dreer, Laura E. & David M. Dush, George F. Ronan, Timothy R. Elliot, Donna W.

Ronan. (May/Jun 2004). "Binge Drinking and College Students: An Investigation of Social Problem-Solving Abilities." Journal of College Student Development. Retrieved 18 Oct 2007 at

Merton, Robert K. (Oct 1938). "Social structure and Anomie." American Sociological

Review. 3: 672-682.
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Freshman Fifteen

Words: 1077 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74560692

Freshman Fifteen

Jonathan Zaun

The approach of a student's first year of college inspires feelings of excitement, independence and adventure as a young man or woman begins their personal journey into adulthood. In addition to these natural reactions to the major transition of attending a university, incoming freshman may experience apprehension, homesickness or academic pressure. The confusing combination of these positive and negative emotions has afflicted new college students from every generation in much the same way, altering their established eating habits and contributing to a phenomenon known as the "freshman fifteen." This alarming trend takes its name from the purported fifteen pounds of weight gain which most incoming college freshman can expect to experience in their first year of school. Although most scientific studies have established the actual amount of weight gained to lie somewhere between 5 and 10 pounds, the "freshman fifteen" is a universally recognized term used…… [Read More]


Balzan, Mario. "Freshman 15: Weighty Issues ." Earth Times 23 Oct 2006: n. pag. Web. 23 Apr 2011. < >.

Belasco, Jessica. "Steps to Health: Prepare teens for college life." Seattle Post-Intelligencer 23 Aug 2009, Print.

Masterson, Gregory. "Analysing the Beer Belly." MTSU Health Promotion. Middle Tennessee State University, 06 Jun 2010. Web. 25 Apr 2011. .
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Preventable Heart Disease in Young

Words: 1733 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91858879

Likewise, younger adults tend to consume alcohol in patterns more conducive to the development of heart disease than older adults.

Unfortunately, all indications are that these differences between heart disease rates is only likely to increase in the next generation, owing to the current obesity epidemic among American children. Ultimately, many of these risk factors are under our control, but it appears that various elements of American social culture currently militate against making more responsible choices on the part of many contemporary young adults.

Works… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Heart Association (2007) Risk Factors and Coronary Heart Disease. Retrieved November 20, 2007 from the AHA Homepage, at

Edelson, E. (2007) Heart Death Rates Worsening for Middle-Aged Adults;

U.S. News & World Report; Nov. 19 / 07.

Retrieved November 20, 2007 from website, at
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Health Risk Behaviors Drug and Alcohol Use

Words: 2958 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16016630

Health Risk Behaviors

Drug and Alcohol use

Drug and Alcohol Use among Teenagers and Adults between the ages of 18-25

The Issue of Drug Abuse in Youth

Parental Role and Drug Abuse in Adolescents

Adolescent age 7

Parental denial

Suggestion to reduce Drug Abuse in Teenagers

Drug and Alcohol Use among Teenagers and Adults between the ages of 18-25

Although there have been many significant achievements in drug abuse prevention over the past few decades, drug use among youth continues to be a leading health risk. Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use have had an extraordinary impact on morbidity and mortality of youth. The cost of negative outcomes attributed to adolescent drug use affects nearly half a million individuals annually (Peterson, 2010). Economic costs of the use of alcohol tobacco and other drugs by youth were estimated to reach $484 billion in 2004 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2004).…… [Read More]


Adamson, S.J., Sellman, J.D., & Dore, G.M.( 2005 ) Therapy preference and treatment outcome in clients with mild to moderate alcohol dependence. Drug and Alcohol Review, 24(3),. 209-216.

Balloon, B., Kirst, M., & Smith, P.(2006) Youth help-seeking expectancies and their relation to help-seeking behaviours for substance use problems. Addiction Research and Theory, 12(3), 241-260.

Bernice Young, 2011 Drug use highest among American Indian teens, lower among blacks published online in November 2011  Accessed 11 November, 2011

Bottlender, M., & Soyka, M.(2005) Outpatient alcoholism treatment: Predictors of outcome after 3 years. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 80(1), 83-89.
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Becoming an Adult and the College Experience

Words: 1444 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40502032

interviewee is a 23-year-old senior, pursuing BA in business. It is argued that the transition to adulthood, the movement into adult status, is socially constructed. According to Arnett, (2000) the emerging adulthood is a period which brings the possibility of many options in life. He adds that at this stage, not much about the future has been decided for certain, it the period of life that the scope of independent exploration of life's possibilities is greater than at any other time in the lives of many. In line with this, the interviewee regards adulthood as the first opportunity in making and learning how to take responsibility of one's life; it is learning to deal with the consequences of one's decisions. In addition, Arnett reveals that at this stage, many of the emerging adults do not consider themselves as adolescents and neither do they consider themselves entirely as adults. In this…… [Read More]


Arnett, J.J. (1994). Are college Students Adults? Their Conceptions of the Transition to Adulthood. Journal of Adult Development, Volume 1, 154-168.

Arnett, J.J. (2000). Emerging Adulthood:A Theory of Development From the Late Teens Through the Twenties. College Park: University of Maryland.

Robin, M.H. (2010, August 18). What Is It About 20 Somethings? The New York Times.
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Substance Abuse Among High School Students

Words: 2589 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56582143

Substance Abuse

Introduction to the Characteristics and Extent of Alcohol, Tobacco or Other Drug Use.

Addiction means physical dependence on a drug, with withdrawal symptoms when its use ceases, and in this sense, alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, cocaine, heroin, hashish, opiates and amphetamines are all addictive drugs. In addition, these drugs also cause psychological dependency since they enhance a person's sense of pleasure, sociability, sexuality and emotional satisfaction, and also mask pain, low self-esteem and anxiety (Wilson and Kolander, 2011, p. 6). Student surveys are "likely to underreport the overall level of substance use and abuse by young people," and since black and Hispanic students have higher dropout and absenteeism rates, this affects survey results as well (Mosher and Akins, 2007, p. 136). Hard drug users and addicts are also more likely to be homeless, which means that their true numbers are always unknown.

All studies and surveys confirm that marijuana…… [Read More]


Goldberg, R. (2010). Drugs across the Spectrum, 6th Edition. Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Maisto, S.A. et al. (eds). (2010). Drug Use and Abuse, 6th Edition. Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Mosher, C.M. And S. Akins. (2007). Drugs and Drug Policy: The Control of Consciousness Alteration. Sage Publications.

Wilson, R. And C.A. Kolander. (2011). Drug Abuse Prevention: A School and Community Partnership. Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
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Negative Effects of Social Media

Words: 1677 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16531643

Negative Impacts of Social Media

Without a doubt, social media has changed the way that we live. People all over the world are more connected and have more potential to connect with others, making friends and colleagues all over the globe. News and currents events are able to travel at lightning speed around the city, nation and world community, making us all in touch as ever. But even so, there is a dark side to social media, one which must not be ignored. For all the wealth of information that's out there, there's a ton of information which is trite, repetitive or useless. Part of the battle of social media is the need to weed through all the worthless information that's out there, in order to get to the information which is important or necessary. This is one of the milder drawbacks of social media. Social media at its most…… [Read More]


Gee, D. (2013, November 17). 'Twitter tantrum' is a tragic lesson for teens. Retrieved from


Kaiser, S. (2012, February 13). Social media can both help and hurt real-life relationships. Retrieved from -media-can-both-help-and-hurt-real-life-relationships/53084556/1
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Alcohol Advertisement Alcohol Abuse Is

Words: 3021 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39387720

Seeing more advertisements had a stronger effect on drinking than drinking had on noticing advertisements. The effect of alcohol advertising exposure on youth drinking was small and positive. The advertising effects were similar for the subset of underage respondents (Martin et al., 2002, 902 citing Snyder et (2006)."

In addition to Snyder et al. (2006) other researchers have examined the impact of alcohol advertisements on underage youth. For instance, in their study entitled "Alcohol Advertising and Youth: A Measured Approach," Jernigan et al. (2005) examined the advertisement of alcohol companies and the manner in which they expose youth to such advertisements. The study involved the impact of alcohol advertisements on youth age 15-20. The research found that most alcohol advertisement occurred in places where youth were more likely to see them than adults. In addition the research found that "much of this excess exposure of youth to alcohol advertising in…… [Read More]


Adlaf EM, Kohn PM (1989) Alcohol advertising, consumption and abuse: a covariance-structural modeling look at Strickland's data. Br J. Addict

84:749 -- 757.

Aitken PP, Eadie DR, Leathar DS, McNeill REJ, Scott AC (1988) Television advertisements for alcoholic drinks do reinforce under-age drinking. Br J. Addict 83:1399 -- 1419.

Atkin CK (1993) Effects of media alcohol messages on adolescent audiences. Adolesc Med 4:527 -- 542.
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College Pub as a Place

Words: 1502 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38315436


In this paper, we began with an examination of a college pub as a place where there is a culture of consumption of services and products. Like any other part of material culture, the culture of consumption is just as much a part of technology as it is any other part of material culture. The technology of alcohol goes back into human memory to a time prior to written language. In this essay, we examined alcohol as a technology of consumption in the broader context of human culture .… [Read More]


Charest, M. (2011, September 22). The virtual pub project. Retrieved from

Lemonnier, P. (1986). The study of material culture today: Toward an anthropology of technical systems. Journal of Anthropological Anthropology, 5, 147-186 .

Luther, S.S. (2003). The culture of affluence: Psychological costs of material wealth. Child Development, 74(6), 1581 -- 1593.

Prentice, D.A., & Miller, D.T. (1993). Pluralistic ignorance and alcohol use on campus: Some consequences of misperceiving the social norm. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
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Parenting Program for Women and

Words: 41621 Length: 150 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12171638

There are many of these individuals, and it is time that this is changed.

Parents often look away from these kinds of problems, or they spend their time in denial of the issue because they feel that their child will not be harmed by parental involvement with drugs or alcohol. Some parents have parents that were/are addicts themselves, and some are so busy with their lives that they do not actually realize that their child has any kind of problem with the lifestyle of the parent until it becomes so severe that it cannot be overlooked, or until it is brought to their attention by police, the school, or someone else that has seen it first hand. Parents are not the only ones that overlook this issue, though.

Sometimes siblings and friends also see problems that they ignore, do not understand, or do not talk to anyone about, and the…… [Read More]


Aleman-Padilla, L. 2002. Babies First gets last word on infant care Hundreds recognize groups contribution at fourth annual event. The Fresno Bee.

Anderson, D. 2004. Funding cuts impact health services. Precinct Reporter.

Anderson, S.A. (2000). How parental involvement makes a difference in reading achievement. Reading Improvement.

Baker, P.L. (2000). I didn't know: discoveries and identity transformation of women addicts in treatment. Journal of Drug Issues, 30, 863-881.
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Louisiana Education Educational Excellence Review Goals Put

Words: 1134 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40087145

Louisiana Education

Educational Excellence Review goals put Educational Excellence All Children Act (1999). Goal 1: Ready learn year 2000, children America start school ready learn. Goal 2: School Completion year 2000, high school graduation rate increase 90%.

Educational Excellence for All Children Act (1999):

How does Louisiana measure up?

When President Clinton reauthorized the Elementary & Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965 in the form of the Educational Excellence for All Children Act (1999), he intended to reinforce such concepts as 'high academic standards, top-quality teachers in smaller classes, safe schools" and emphasize the need for a greater degree of accountability of schools and teachers (Kickbush & Winters 1999). The Act set six major goals for all schools. Sadly, the state of Louisiana has received a failing grade from a number of independent, objective review boards in relation to its ability to meet these six goals. The National Center for…… [Read More]


Drug and alcohol abuse amongst teens in Louisiana. (2012). Inspirations Youth. Retrieved:

Ernest Gallet. (2011). Louisiana Schools Report Cards. Retrieved:
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Dangers of Advertising Alcohol

Words: 947 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32340687

Dangers of Alcohol Advertising

A growing body of literature shows that alcohol advertising is an important factor related to alcohol consumption among youth. Research has now established that alcohol advertisements target youth, result in increased alcohol consumption and add to morbidity and mortality. America's youth are overwhelmed with mass media messages. Today's youth is bombarded by not only apparent advertising but also hidden messages. The fact that the entertainment industry presents alcohol as a glamorization also does not help reduce underage usage. Let's face it, the message is everywhere. The fact that the alcohol industry specifically targets this demographic with enticing fruity and soda-based concoction is appalling. Today the average teen spends too much time exposing themselves to such media instead of other activities such as sports and music. Before graduating high school, students will spend about 18,000 hours in front of the television -- more time than they will…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Notice to Readers: Alcohol Involvement in Fatal Motor-Vehicle Crashes -- United States, 1999-2000." MMWR Weekly 5 July 2005. < >.

Columbia University Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse. Teen tipplers: America's underage drinking epidemic. New York, NY: Columbia University Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse; 2002.

Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation and the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. "Substance Abuse and Risky Behavior: Attitudes and Practices Among Adolescents and Young Adults." Survey Snapshot 5 July 2005.

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Analyzing the Alcohol Abuse

Words: 1043 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93135447

Alcohol Abuse (Research Draft)

Alcohol abuse differs from excessive drinking, despite several people using the two terms interchangeably. The concept of "excessive" drinking has largely been a social notion, and such social standards undergo changes. Numerous historical figures consumed alcohol in quantities proportional to those consumed by modern-day "alcoholics." Sailors of the Royal Navy were, in the seventeenth century, issued one gallon per day, of beer, as it was regarded healthier compared to water during long voyages. Pints of strong rum replaced this in the year 1655. The rum ration provided to them on an everyday basis was well beyond that recommended at present on a weekly basis. However, combined with a mug of lemon juice daily, this was the recommended treatment for scurvy as well as a means to sterilize dirty water. The condition known as alcohol abuse is associated with a medical, and not social, meaning. Alcohol abuse…… [Read More]


Allsop, S. (2012). Fanning the flames of prevention. Drug and Alcohol Review 31(6), 729-730.

Gordis, E. (2001). Improving the old, embracing the new: implications of alcohol research for future practice. Soc. Work Health Care. 3(1):17-41.

Manning, M., Smith, C. & Mazerolle, P. (2013). The societal costs of alcohol misuse in Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.

Ward, B., Snow, P. & Aroni, R. (2010). Children's alcohol initiation: an analytic overview. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 17(3), 270-277.
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Post Mortem Reflection First of

Words: 806 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4380482

Also, look into the matter of Drexel providing education about alcohol for incoming freshmen -- is there a seminar that is mandatory that gives freshmen the facts of alcohol abuse and points to helpful resources for anyone who believes they have a drinking problem?

Next, you use "drugs" over and over but you don't narrow it down. I assume you are talking about marijuana when you mention "…paraphernalia" like bongs, pipes, etc., but when you say the "first violation" and list the "consequences," what would constitute that first violation? Being caught with a joint? Or a pipe or a bong?

You don't spend enough time on the marijuana issue. What if a student is caught with a gram of cocaine? Is that the same punishment as a joint? What if a student has ecstasy pills in a little vial? Is that the same punishment as having some pot paraphernalia? If…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Molyneux, Annette J. "Promoting and Supporting the General Well-Being of the Drexel

Community." Drexel University. Retrieved March 16, 2013, from . 2012.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. "Fall Semester -- a Time for parents to Revisit

Discussions About College Drinking." Retrieved March 16, 2013, from 2010.
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Role of Lifestyle Factors in Inducing Cancer

Words: 3777 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72545690

Lifestyle Factors Inducing Cancers

Course code

Cancer is one of the leading international causes of morbidity and mortality. Lifestyle factors that contribute to causing cancer have been widely studied in recent years. Summarizing relevant studies, lifestyle factors identified include smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, weight management, physical activity, and environmental exposure. These studies use a variety of methodologies to determine the link between the lifestyle factor and risk of cancer. Issues with the methods of these studies can be addressed by future research that attempts to remedy methodological defects while replicating results. Valid and reliable information is essential to using information about lifestyle factors to combat cancer.

Lifestyle Factors Inducing Cancers

As one of the leading causes of mortality in the world, it is estimated that cancers will have killed 10 million people around the globe by 2020 (Haque et al. 2010). In 2009, the American Cancer Society estimated that there…… [Read More]


Bissonauth, V., Shatenstein, B., Fafard, E., Maugard, C., Robidoux, A., Narod, S., & Ghadirian, P. (2009). Weight History, Smoking, Physical Activity and Breast Cancer Risk among French-Canadian Women Non-Carriers of More Frequent BRCi Mutations. Journal of Cancer Epidemiology, 2009, 1-11.

Boniol, M. & Autier, P. (2010). Prevalence of main cancer lifestyle risk factors in Europe in 2000. European Journal of Cancer, 46, 2534-2544.

De Vries, E., Soerjomataram, I., Lemmens, V.E.P.P., Goebergh, J.W.W., Barendregt, J.J., Oenema, A., Moller, H., Brenner, H., & Renehan, A.G. (2010). Lifestyle changes and reduction of colon cancer incidence in Europe: A scenario study of physical activity promotion and weight reduction. European Journal of Cancer, 46, 2605-2616.

Haque, N., Salma, U., Nurunnabi, T.R., Haque, A.K.M.F., Mukti, I.J., Pervin, S., & Nahar, R. (2010). Lifestyle Related Cuases of Cancer and Chemoprevention through Phytonutrients. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 13(19), 916-926.