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Alger Hiss and the Hollywood Blacklisting
The 1948 trial of a high level State Department official named Alger Hiss for perjury not only captivated the nation but began a witch hunt that eventually reached all the way from Washington D.C. To Hollywood California. When Alger Hiss was convicted of lying about former Communist associations, this not only proved that he had been involved with Communist groups in the past, but it forced the public to ask whether he was currently a Communist spy. This question of Communist associations would then be asked of many throughout the country eventually leading to an investigation of the film industry. A government inquiry into Communism in the film industry in turn led to the "Hollywood Blacklisting;" where hundreds involved in the industry were denied employment.
Alger Hiss was a Harvard educated lawyer who began working for the U.S. State Department in the 1930's. In…
Linder, Doug. (2003). "The Trials of Alger Hiss." Famous Trials: The Alger Hiss
Trials. Retrieved from [HIDDEN]
Lindop, Edmund. (2010). America in the 1950's. Minneapolis, MN: Twenty-First
Century Books. Print.
And the costs...! Our meager savings, which would keep us for a couple of years in Mexico, " (ouberol, Jean 2000)
So the influence of the McCarthy era and the black lists on literature was mixed. While we certainly lost the possible output of many talented writers who were young and unknown at the time, and who never recovered, so they just faded from the scene. Some people could not stand the pressure, so they testified and named names as required. Most were eventually forgiven by the community. Some, like Clifford Odets, never forgave themselves. The House Unamerican Activities Committee managed to restrain literature for a while, but more literature was created as a reaction to these purges, including Arthur Miller's The Crucible. There are those who claim that we have never fully recovered as a nation, but I believe the Internet has supplied the tools which have finally freed…
Ferreira, James M. "Joseph McCarthy: Reexamining the Life and Legacy of America's Most Hated Senator." The Historian 63.4 (2001): 834. Questia. 12 Dec. 2006 http://www.questia.com /PM.qst?a=o&d=5001036891' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
1. Events of the 1950’s strongly influenced the lives of those living in the early 1960s. In fact, many of the events that took place in the 1950s reverberated throughout and beyond the 20th century and continue to impact American lives today. One of the events that occurred during the 1950s that impacts people in the 1960s is McCarthyism (Rosenberg, 2017). McCarthyism refers to the policies and practices of Senator Joseph McCarthy, who “began a witch hunt that would result in the blacklisting of many Americans as communists,” (Rosenberg, 2017). McCarthyism would affect my life because of the way I would be afraid to express my views for fear I would be blacklisted. The term “McCarthyism” is used synonymously for witch hunts, and this era proved that Americans have an unnatural fear of anything remotely resembling social service programs because of their gullibility of anti-communist propaganda.
NASA (2017). July 20, 1969. Retrieved online: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/apollo11.html
Rosenberg, J. (2017). A brief timeline of the 1950s. Retrieved online: https://www.thoughtco.com/1950s-timeline-1779952
“The Sixties: Moments in Time,” (2005). PBS. Retrieved online: http://www.pbs.org/opb/thesixties/timeline/timeline_text.html
United States Air Force (1960). Civil Defense & Nuclear Attacks: Let\\\\'s Face It. Retrieved online: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l0ra6pK1YCo
UNESCO (2013). Education for disaster preparedness. Retrieved online: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=USLHmwvpjX8
Forbes Magazine entitled, "In the Pill Box" discusses Walgreen's Drugstore and the challenge that it faces from Pharmacy Benefit Managers (PBM). The article begins by informing the reader of the astronomical growth of the Walgreen's company. The author explains that the company's stock has risen by 3,000% in the past 20 years and that the store plans to have over 7,000 stores by 2010. (Lambert) The article also asserts that the same-store sales increased by 9% in fiscal 2003. (Lambert)
The author contends that although the company is extremely success, there is a threat on the horizon. This threat comes in the form of Pharmacy Benefit Managers who show health organizations and employers how to make prescriptions drugs more cost effective. The article explains that PBM's often encourage these organizations to persuade patients to get long-term prescriptions through the mail instead of going to a pharmacy. Mail order pharmaceuticals are…
At the other end of the debate there are consumers who like to order their prescriptions through the mail. Some consumers do this even if it is not mandated by their insurance providers. In many cases consumers just find it more convenient to order prescriptions through the mail. In any case, the PBM's and the drugstores will continue to quarrel over which method is less expensive.
In my own opinion, it seems that Walgreen's should not have the right or ability to blacklist customers because of the decisions that are made by their healthcare providers. In many cases people are in dire need of receiving their medication and may not have time to ride around to different pharmacies just to get a prescription fulfilled. It is apparent to me that all Walgreen's is concerned with is its bottom line and they are willing to sacrifice the health of customers just to prove a point to PBM's. The fact of the matter is that consumers have a right to purchase prescriptions in any way that they see fit. Some people prefer going to a traditional pharmacists, while other prefer for the prescriptions to be brought to their homes. Walgreen's has to be careful not to ignore the needs and desires of consumers in the quest for greater profits.
Lambert, Emily. 2004. "In The Pill Box." Forbes Magazine
Sociological Analysis: Salt of the Earth
Salt of the Earth
The 1954 film Salt of the Earth explores a wide variety of social issues that would come to the forefront of social conscience in the coming decades. The film examines the economic and social inequalities perpetrated by the economic system in the United States, racial prejudice, and gender equity. The script is based on a real-life labor strike and uses the actual miners involved in the labor dispute as actors. The movie was made outside the studio system by blacklisted writer Michael Wilson, director Paul Jarrico, and director Herbert Biberman.
Economic and Social Inequalities
The movie exposes the shabby working and living conditions of the Mexican-American community. It provides some historical background on how Hispanic rights were violated by white industrialists. The land was once owned by members of the local Mexican-American community, however the Zinc Company moved in, took…
Biberman, H.J. (Director). (1954). Salt of the Earth. [Motion Picture]. United States: Independent Productions Coorporation. YouTube. Retrieved September 21, 2012, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aXTcDUxu22A
Conlin, M. (2003, May 26).The new gender gap. Business week. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved September 21, 2012, from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/03_21/b3834001_mz001.htm
"Social and economic inequality in the United States." (2012). West coast poverty center, University of Washington. Retrieved September 19, 2012, from http://depts.washington.edu/wcpc/Inequality
However, cursory studies that have been conducted are either biased because they seem to present a biased review of certain products or are insufficient because of their limitations and shallowness. Those studies that have been considered to be useful are mentioned below.
Robert D. oerner, Joanne ourquard, Pam Greenberg (2000) comprehensively elaborates the legal aspect of spam. He provides an in-depth review of the present laws in actions and the future of legislation against spam. He concludes his study by revealing, "Most of the laws target spammers who misrepresent, falsify or forge the point of origin or the routing information of messages. Several states also prohibit the sale or distribution of software that is primarily designed for this type of falsification (Robert D. oerner, Joanne ourquard, Pam Greenberg, 2000)." Also, "Most states have specified that the laws apply only to spam that is sent to or generated from locations within…
Andy Dornan. Lesson 188: Bayesian Spam Filtering. Network Magazine; 3/1/2004.
Celia Wren. Spam Wars: Battling the Relentless Web Tide. Commonweal, Vol. 130, February 14, 2003
Eric Krapf. Do Not Spam. Business Communications Review, Vol. 33, October 2003
Fred S. Knight. Spam-Help Is on the Way. Business Communications Review, Vol. 34, May 2004
Many sports teams use Indian logos and names as their moniker. One such team is the Washington Redskins. There are many people, both Indians and non-Indians, that say that the use of such logos is wrong and that the word redskin is racist. However, not all people (even including many Indians) agree on this matter (Cox et al, 2017).
The issue to address is whether the trademark/patent and other offices have the right to impose a rule or guideline based on the presumption that redskin is racist. There is, of course, the question of whether there are violations of Title VII, hate speech laws, etc (Cox et al, 2017).
Rule of Law
Even if the trademark office has yanked Redskin as a usable name, there is not a clear violation of the law and there is rampant disagreement about whether redskin is a racist term. It…
The third significant risk is that of the patch not fully addressing the dependences of the operating system and browser variations in the total user base. elated to the second point, this is a major challenge at colleges and universities with wireless and WiFi networks where hundreds of types of laptops and mobile devices are used (Higby, Bailey, 2004). The sheer variety of laptops, PCs and mobile devices make patch management in larger colleges and universities a continual and costly challenge.
Cost Effective Measures for Patch Management
Spanning the spectrum from the manual to the fully automated, there are cost effective measures that organizations can take to attain a high level of effectiveness with patch management. Beginning with the most manually based approach of defining blacklists of systems that have been compromised on a network through server-based analysis (Higby, Bailey, 2004) to the use of semi-automated and automated patch management…
George Brandman. 2005. Patching the Enterprise. Queue 3, 2 (March 2005), 32-39.
Tom Gerace and Jean Mouton. 2004. The challenges and successes of implementing an enterprise patch management solution. In Proceedings of the 32nd annual ACM SIGUCCS conference on User services (SIGUCCS '04). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 30-33.
Thomas Gerace and Huseyin Cavusoglu. 2009. The critical elements of the patch management process. Commun. ACM 52, 8 (August 2009), 117-121.
Charles Higby and Michael Bailey. 2004. Wireless security patch management system. In Proceedings of the 5th conference on Information technology education (CITC5 '04). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 165-168.
The administration's disregard for international norms led to the excesses at Abu Ghraib Prison in Iraq, and attempts to circumvent congressional oversight over the activities of the Administration backfired. Faced with increasing criticism at home and the inability to stabilize Iraq, the Bush Administration began to temper its approach with realism. The Administration agreed to a bipartisan Iraq Study Group, led by former Secretary of State James Baker and Democratic Congressman Lee Hamilton (Baker & Hamilton, 2006). The report prepared by the group was quite critical of the Bush Administration's policies in Iraq, and though many of those criticisms were rejected, the Administrated still took the criticism seriously, and a year later began to pursue a new approach, which eventually helped to decrease the level of violence in Iraq.
The Obama Administration's approach to Iraq War reflects the liberal views of Obama who warned in 2002 that "a U.S. occupation…
Ahmad, I. (2010). The U.S. Af-Pak Strategy: Challenges and Opportunities for Pakistan. Asian Affairs: An American Review, 37(4), 191-209.
Bacevich, a. (2010) Washington Rules: America's Path to Permanent War. New York: Metropolitan Books.
Bacevich, a., (November 6, 2005) the Realist Persuasion. The Boston Globe, retrieved on March 13, 2011, from http://rempost.blogspot.com/2006/04/realist-persuasion.html
Baker, J.A., & Hamilton, L.H. (2006) the Iraq Study Group Report: The Way Forward -- a New Approach. New York: Vintage Books.
movie industry in America has been controlled by some of the monolithic companies which not only provided a place for making the movies, but also made the movies themselves and then distributed it throughout the entire country. These are movie companies and their entire image revolved around the number of participants of their films. People who wanted to see the movies being made had to go to the studios in order to see them. They made movies in a profitable manner for the sake of the studios, but placed the entire industry under their control and dominated over it. The discussion here is about some of those famous studios inclusive of that of names like Metro Goldwyn Mayer, Culver, RKO, Paramount Studios, Warner Bros, 20th Century Fox, Walt Disney Studios, Universal Studios, Raleigh Studio, Hollywood Center Studio, Sunset Gower Studio, Ren-Mar Studios, Charlie Chaplin Studios and now, Manhattan Beach Studio.…
"What better way to annoy the Hollywood liberals than to remind them every single day that
George W. Bush is STILL the President?" Retrieved from https://www.donationreport.com/init/controller/ProcessEntryCmd?key=O8S0T5C8U2 Accessed 15 September, 2005
"What's interesting about the business is that it's no longer the movie business" Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/hollywood/picture/corptown.html Accessed 14 September, 2005
To wit, in Socrates' day, there were no official government prosecutors (commonly referred to in modern America as "District Attorneys"); in effect, any citizen could bring an indictment against any other citizen, and call for a trial. And that's basically what happened to Socrates.
Here in America, in 2006, notwithstanding what Vice President Cheney said, President George . Bush stated, "I will never question the patriotism of somebody who disagrees with me." Bush was responding to a reporter's question on August 21; Bush was asked if he believed, according to http://mediamatters.org, that the "Democrats advocating for U.S. withdrawal from Iraq 'embolden Al Qaeda types' as...Cheney similarly stated. Bush's answer was, "I will never question the patriotism of somebody who disagrees with me... [although] leaving [Iraq] before the job would be done would be to send a signal to our troops that the sacrifices they made were not worth it...this has…
Allen, R.E. (1980). Socrates and Legal Obligation. Minneapolis: University of Minneapolis
American Sociological Association. (2006). "Statement...on Creationism and Related Religious
Doctrines in U.S. Science Education." Retrieved 18 Oct. 2006 at http://www.asanet.org .
Internet has grown exponentially since its first introduction to the public. The precursor to the Internet was the ARPANET. The Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the Department of Defense (Carlitz and Zinga, 1997) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) were the primary creators of the ARPANET. Subsequently however, efforts from private entities and universities have helped develop the network infrastructure, as it exists today. "The goals of ARPA's 'Resource Sharing Computer Network' project were to develop the technology for and demonstrate the feasibility of a computer network while improving communication and collaboration between research centers with grants from ARPA's Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO)." (Press, 1996) J.C.R. Licklider of MIT undertook groundbreaking work in developing computer interactivity. Later, he implemented his vision though time-sharing systems-affordable interactive computing. The effort of the NSF also helped to distribute the features of this new networking capability to all major universities and research…
Ansari, Asim, Skander Essegaier, and Rajeev Kohli. "Internet Recommendation Systems." Journal of Marketing Research 37.3 (2000).
Bannan, Karen J. "Clean It Up." PC Magazine 20.16 (2001).
Beguette, Glenda, et al. Internet Content Filtering and Cipa Legislation. 2002. Available: http://lrs.ed.uiuc.edu/students/tsullivl/469Sp02/filtering.html. June 26, 2005.
Bell, Bernard W. "Filth, Filtering, and the First Amendment: Ruminations on Public Libraries' Use of Internet Filtering Software." Federal Communications Law Journal 53.2 (2001): 191-238.
Since the 30s people have been politically inclined towards left in Hollywood. Kazan was also known for his left-wing views that eventually led him to the appearance before HUAC. However, with the inquiries of the House Un-American Affairs Committee problems for the supporters of left came up. Demand for anticommunist films required more writers with right-wing inclinations. The demand for anti-fascist films in late 30s through mid-40s could not match the demand for anticommunist films. Even though many blacklisted liberals fled to other countries to support their careers. Many people expressed different views regarding people who supported HUAC. For example Lillian Hellman's view of Elia Kazan's friendly testimony is that he simply couldn't do otherwise because he valued his own
American success story too much. Arthur Miller also mentioned in his autobiography that if he did not come out clean he would not be able to make another movie in…
Mccain, R. (1999). New Book Defends Kazan in Saga of 'Hollywood 10'. The Washington Times. Publication Date: March 17.
ideals of pornography and how many writers are discussing the new bill about to be passed by the Senate to allow for civil prosecution of those who publish said material, and from those who have been abused through what they believe is a result of pornography. Discussing the views of rving as he places his ideals to the front and argues against such bills in the name of freedom.
Bibliography cites sources
Pornography and censorship: how to blame the third person from a man's crimes
Pornography has been around for centuries, ever since man and woman has been able to fully enjoy the opposite and indeed in many ways the same sex, yet this form of pornography has through out the centuries been given different names, for instance art and literature (Stevenson 2001 and Bailey 2000).
Pornography enters man's most intimate regions and fantasies, as they bring forth a plethora…
Irving and refs as provided by student re
Stevenson J.H (2001) the history of Pornography [online] accessed at http://www.tranquileye.com/historyofporn/
Strossen, N (1995) Defending Pornography: Free Speech, Sex and the Fight for Women's Rights [online] accessed at http://forms.aclu.org/Store/Store.cfm?ID=78&c=3
As Paddy Chayefsky writes in Network, "the world is a business." (Andrew Dominik echoes the sentiment in Killing Them Softly: "America's not a country, it's just a business. Now fucking pay me."). The blacklisting of writers classified as "Communists" was purely a business move on the part of the Hollywood industry -- just as the creation of the Hays Code following the scandalous trial of Fatty Arbuckle and other incidents was a move by the same industry to essentially ward off any unwelcome or hostile takeovers by foreign bodies (i.e., the federal government). In policing itself and throwing a few individuals under the bus, Hollywood could ensure that the movies would keep getting made and the money would keep rolling in. Ideologies, principles and noble ideals were not the underlying motives in any of this. They were simply the barking dogs that the industry had to respond to: and…
21, 388). Steinbeck's tone throughout is one of the owners' impending doom. ut their violent and cruel methods keep them in control.
The labor perspective is posed against this. Tom angrily mentions a strike. He says, "Well, s'pose them people got together an' says, 'Let 'em rot.' Wouldn't be long 'fore the price went up, by God!" (ch. 20, 336). He is told that the owners find out who the labor movement leaders are and jail or kill them. y the end of the novel, there is not much redeeming. The workers are exploited. The closest they come to organizing in unions is in the migrant camps. This does not help them overcome the powerful owners. Strikes are broken up because there are just too many people who are desperate for anything. Yet the Joad family falls into luck with cotton picking. This is symbolized in chapter twenty-eight with their…
Denning, Michael. The Cultural Front: The Laboring of American Culture in the Twentieth Century. London: Verso, 1996.
Kannenberg, Lisa. "Great Depression: 1930s." In Encyclopedia of U.S. Labor and Working-Class History, ed. Eric Arnesen, vol. 2: G-N, 542-547. New York: Routledge, 2006.
Levant, Howard. "The Fully Matured Art: The Grapes of Wrath." In John Steinbeck's the Grapes of Wrath, ed. Harold Bloom (Modern Critical Interpretations), 17-44. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1988.
Pizer, Donald. "The Enduring Power of the Joads." In John Steinbeck's the Grapes of Wrath, ed. Harold Bloom (Modern Critical Interpretations), 83-98. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1988.
In 21 Grams, the narrative darkens and is localized. Inarritu deepens his exploration of class differences, but this time on the U.S. side of the New orld Order that has been brought about by the North American Free Trade Agreement. According to Ohchi, 21 Grams consists of three narratives whose protagonists differ from each other, but are interconnected (ibid. 3-4)
Babel is just really Amores Perros and 21 Grams written on an international canvas and echoes much of the social commentary in Inarritu's 2000 maiden film. According to Soelistyo and Setiawan, another term for this type of film is hyperlink cinema. hile in many films, this methodology can result in a film where the interlocking stories spin out of control, in Babel Inarritu is fully in command and retains full control of the stories and plot lines (Soelistyo and Setiawan 176). As the name implies, seemingly disparate story lines are…
D'Lugo, Marvin D. "Amores Perros Love's a Bitch." From the Cinema of Latin
America ed. Alberto Elena & Marina Diaz Lopez. London: Wallflower Press. 2003.
Durham, Carolyn a. "Is Film a Universal Language? Educating Students as Global
Citizens." ADFL Bulletin. 40.1 (2008): 27-29.
The approach Sony continues to take is one of concentrating on continual process improvement to become more agile and resilient in the face of environmental factors (Olenick, 2010) while at the same time seeking to comply with national requirements for sustainability and green initiatives including supply chain compliance (Svensson, 2009).
Legal Factors -- Sony has a culture that embraces learning as a virtue, and continually strives to gain insights from the experiences of other Japanese companies and their legal and regulatory lessons learned. The case mentioned earlier of Toshiba Machinery Company and their sales of unauthorized milling machines to the ussians decades ago still is a foundational element of Japanese ethical training for managers (Ohishi, Naoto, 1993). As the United States and other western nations have continually seen the level of compliance and reporting escalate up through government edict, Sony has continually had to increase its focus on contract management…
Marketing of Small and Medium Sized High Tech Companies. Journal of Euro - Marketing, 12(2), 5-27.
Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
Business Line: MARKETING: TV, laptop to lead Sony sales. (2010, December). Businessline.
Luis J. Callarisa Fiol, Miguel a. Moliner Tena, & Javier Sanchez Garcia. (2011). Multidimensional perspective of perceived value in industrial clusters. The Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 26(2), 132-145.
S. states have passed equally strict regulations upon emissions (such as California) Canada's stance on environmentalism has often put the U.S. To shame.
Canada also has some of the most stringent regulations protecting foreign workers: "Under the new rules, which were published in the Canada Gazette, the government's official publication, employers who are found to have provided wages, working conditions or an occupation that was not substantially the same as what was offered in the original job offer will be banned from hiring any foreign workers for two years" (Gurzu 2010). This was seen as an important step in protecting foreign workers who often do not have adequate knowledge of their rights under Canadian law to take a stand against their employers if they are exploited. Once again, some protested this list, despite the ability of employers to appeal their inclusion, as unduly burdensome to employers. However, most praised Canada's…
"Canada regulator warns new bank rules are coming." Reuters. April 22, 2010. February 5, 2011.
Gurzu, Anca. "New foreign workers 'blacklist' sparks controversy." Embassy Magazine.
September 10, 2010. February 5, 2011.
Uncle Tom characters were common in both white and black productions of the time, yet no director before Micheaux had so much as dared to shine a light on the psychology that ravages such characters. By essentially bowing to the two white men, Micheaux implied that Old Ned was less than a man; an individual whittled down to nothing more than yes-man and wholly deprived of self-worth. At this point in the history of black films, with some of the most flagrant sufferings of blacks exposed to the American public, the only logical path forward that African-Americans could take was to begin making cogent demands to improve their collective social situation.
Slowly, black characters in film took on greater and more significant roles in film. Sidney Poitier was one of the most powerful film stars of the mid twentieth century. In roles like the 1950 film by…
Finlayson, R. (2003). We Shall Overcome: The History of the American Civil Rights
Movement. Lerner Publications Company, Minneapolis, MN.
King, Jr., M. And Jackson, J. (1963). Why We Can't Wait. Signet Classic, New York,
The objectives of this project will result in a reduced security risk due to incoming spam and junk email messages. Achievement of the objective will be difficult to measure because it represent something that will not happen if the project is successful. A reduction in threats due to the actions or inactions of employees will result in achievement of these objectives. An employee questionnaire or survey would be useful in determining if the policies result in a greater awareness and adherence to prescribed policies regarding how to treat spam in the company. Increased awareness and willingness to take actions to increase security, as measured by a survey conducted some time after the policies are in place will provide insight into the success or failure of the prescribed measures.
There are several contributing factors that will affect the outcome of the project and the ability to achieve the intended objectives…
D'Antoni, H. 2003. Span Tests Employees' Productivity, Patience. Information Week. May 13, 2003. [online]
http://www.informationweek.com/news/software/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=9800038 [Accessed 17 March 2009].
McCusker, R. (2005). Spam: nuisance or menace, prevention or cure? Trends and Issues in crime and criminal justice. March 2005. No. 348. [online] http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/tandi2/tandi294.pdf [Accessed 17 March 2009].
Winslow, L. 2005. SPAM Killing Small Business Productivity. Ezine Articles. [online]
Beginning in October of 2005, organizational arrangements for emergency management functions on a federal level were put into place, in the reorganization begun by Secretary Chertoff.
Pros and Cons about the Homeland Security Program
There are good things about the Homeland Security Program in the U.S. A list of positives would include the fact that some safeguards must be implemented in order to keep the country safe. Local and national law enforcement efforts to this effect might keep thousands or millions of people in the U.S. from being wounded or killed. Counterintelligence efforts, legal or otherwise have turned up some plots by terrorists to wreak havoc, though the equal potential for abusing this privilege is omnipresent. Likewise, the prosecution of terrorists has instilled an awareness and deterrence of like crimes, though the potential for abuse has been raised as a legal issue. The people have come to rely on the…
Center for Defense Information. (2001). Organization for Homeland Security: issues and options. CDI Terrorism Project. 21 Dec 2001. Retrieved April 29, 2008 at http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/homelandsecurity.cfm .
Committee on Homeland Security. (2007). Homeland Security failures: TWIC examined. U.S. House of Representatives. 31 Oct 2007. Retrieved April 29, 2008 at http://homeland.house.gov/hearings/index.asp?ID=98 .
Grant, a. (2007). Remarks at the 2007 Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism Law Enforcement Conference. U.S. Department of State. 15 Jun 2007.
Hall, M. (2004). Ex-official tells of Homeland Security failures. U.S.A. Today. 12 Dec 2004.
ut Swiss authorities maintained that transactions conducted in good faith with the Swiss National ank should be respected. The direct opposition of the sides reached political levels (Castelmur). As a repository of Nazi gold, Switzerland was forced to choose between giving up billions of its money or face international disapproval and sanctions (Sobran 2001). The billions deposited in Swiss banks are believed to belong to victims of the Jewish Holocaust (Sobran).
Many believed that the Nazis stole gold, jewelry and other valuables from these murdered victims (Sobran 2001, Castelmur 1992). The Germans needed to keep the items in the international market for their use and in exchange for their war efforts. The Swiss not only kept their accounts but also helped them make the exchange. Many of the murdered Jews also opened Swiss bank accounts. Survivors and dependents remember that their deceased parents opened those accounts, but did not know…
Castelmur, L von (1992). The Washington Agreement o 1946 and Relations Between Switzerland and the Allies After the Second World War. 19 web pages. Chronos. Retrieved on July 23, 2007 at http://www.swissembassy.org.uk/news/castelmr.htm
Erlanger, S. (2006). The Politics of "Transmigration:" Why Jewish Refugees Had to Leave Switzerland from 1944-1954. 20 web pages. 16:1-2. Jewish Political Studies Review: Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. Retrieved on July 13, 2007 at ( http://www.jcpa.org/phas/phas-erlanger_s )6.htm
Infoplease (2006). Switzerland. 1 web page. Pearson Education. Retrieved on July 23, 2007 at http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A018012.html
Merz, H.R. (2005). Switzerland and the United States. 9 web pages. Swiss American Chamber of Commerce: Federal Department of Finance. Retrieved on July 23, 2007 at http://www.efd.admin.ch/00468/index.htm/lang=en&msg-id=166
y 1993, Leon could no longer find employment and the family, which had been very successful and respected in the community were reduced to extreme poverty. Sergei, in his teens spent most of the time doing odd jobs at factories such as a coal-boy, in order to help his family. He was not able to finish school. At the same time, he saw the St. Petersburg he loved grow to complete economic recession as the industries that sustained the Soviet Union were shutdown in the wake of its collapse. He also looked on as American companies such as Ford Motor Company, McDonald's, and many other American companies. Sergei still remembers the old city as Leningrad, and calls St. Petersburg by its Soviet name when he is with his friends.
Sergei finally was able to find steady employment in 1999, after the death of his father. The Russian economy had stabilized…
C. Freeland, Sale of the Century: Russia's Wild Ride from Communism to Capitalism (2000)
D. Lieven, Empire: The Russian Empire and Its Rivals (2001)
O. Figes, Natasha's Dance: A Cultural History of Russia (2002)
TERESHCHENKO. Manners and Customs of the Russian People. 7 vols. St. Petersburg, 1848. 8vo. 3
Legitimacy of International Institutions
International institutions are based on the multilateral treaties or the agreements among multiple states. States generally enter in the treaties to promote their common aims, and law recognizes the existence of international institutions. Typically, international institutions are established based on the charters that bind the member states together. "International institutions are the set of rules means to govern international behaviours" (Simmons & Martin 2001 P. 194). This definition is very important because international institutions have established set of rules guiding the conduct of member states. Based on the definitions of international institutions, it is revealed that member states are subject to abide by the decision of international institutions. However, there are hot debates among scholars and political actors whether international institutions posses legitimacy on the member states. (D'Amato,2007, Zurn, & Stephen 2010).
The objective of this paper is to investigate the legitimacy of international institutions.
BBC News (2011).Libya: UN Security Council votes sanctions on Gaddafi. BBC News Africa.27 February 2011.
Bodansky, D. (2011). International Relations and Legitimacy in International Law.
Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law Arizona State University.
Buchanan, A & Keohane, R.O. (2006). The Legitimacy of Global Governance Institutions. Ethics & International Affairs, 20(4): 405-437.
One of the key changes of the late 20th century, certainly enhanced in the early 21st, is that of the economic, political, and cultural movements that broadly speaking, move the various countries of the world closer together. This idea, called globalism, refers to a number of theories that see the complexities of modern life such that events and actions are tied together, regardless of the geographic location of a specific country (political unit). The idea of globalism has become popular in economic and cultural terms with the advent of a number of macro-trade agreements combined with the ease of communication brought about with the Internet and cellular communication, but also the concept of the global environment as a single organism (Schneider (ed.) 2004, 9). However, the changes in the global, post-World War II and even Cold War environments have also changed the perceptions of most individuals about the…
Aldrich, Tawnsley and Yeh 2005, The Clandestine Cold War in Asia, 1956-65, Frank
Cass, New York.
Boyd, A 2007, Operation Broken Reed: Truman's secret North Korean spy Mission that averted
World War III, Carroll and Graf, New York.
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in this article discusses the fact that corporate responsibility is fledgling in protecting employees at Ealing Hospital. The case discusses instances when professionals lost their jobs when stepping forward to report others fur unethical conduct. There is evidence that the hospital has covered up several instances of fraud and attempted to remove those that reported wrongdoing. The Health Secretary, Stephen Dorrell has reported that an investigation will be conducted to review the actions against whistleblowers (Lakhani, 2011).
There are many health colleagues who have come to the aid of those facing unemployment and blacklisting as a result of stepping up. These health professionals are adamant in getting compensation and protection through NHS or the Strategic Health Alliance for histleblowers. That is health professionals willing to put themselves on the line to protect patients and expose gross neglect and waste of taxpayers money (Lakhani, 2011). One…
A.B. Carroll. A Three-dimensional conceptual model of corporate social performance,' Academy of Management Review, Vol. 4, 1979: pp. 497-505.
Hohnen, Paul. 'Corporate social responsibility: an implementation guide for business'. 2007. International Institute for Sustainable Development.
Lakhani, Nina. 'Hung out to dry: scandal of the nhs whistleblowers'.
" On its in inception, Canby reviewed it. He said that the story lines were undeveloped and gags having no payoff. He described it to be unreal. Kael at the opposing end commented that she never got to understood Canby's comedy sense. Kael suggested that the comedy was perfectly normal and had charms. She rated it to be far more entertaining than most of the films. The film's director remarked later on that the film only required a degree of word expression that only a review like that of Kael could generate. His famous contributions and famous woks included fiction writing, like Living Quarters of 1975 and Unnatural Scenery of 1979.
Canby wrote, produced and directed plays like "End of the ar" in New York City 1984 at Ensemble Studio Theatre. Canby is remembered for his famous reviews at New York Times. After reviewing the movie "Monsters in the Morrow,"…
Buttsworth, Sara, and Maartje M. Abbenhuis. Monsters in the Mirror: Representations of Nazism in Post-War Popular Culture. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger, 2010. Print.
Haberski, Raymond J. Freedom to Offend: How New York Remade Movie Culture. Lexington, Ky: Univ. Press of Kentucky, 2007. Print.
Melnick, Ross, and Andreas Fuchs. Cinema Treasures: A New Look at Classic Movie Theaters. St. Paul, MN: MBI, 2004. Print.
Newman, Michael Z. Indie: An American Film Culture. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011. Print.
Lies and alkies: Singing in the Rain vs. Sunset Boulevard
Long before the self-reflexive, pastiche ethos of postmodernism that is popular today, films like "Singing in the Rain" and "Sunset Boulevard" used the medium of cinema to critique the false nature of Hollywood and to critique the medium of film itself. Both the films "Singing in the Rain" and "Sunset Boulevard" chronicle the rocky transition of Hollywood from a purely silent and image-based means of generating a creative pictorial reality to a talking and slightly more realistic version of 'real life.' But while "Sunset Boulevard" shows this supposed transition was really a lie -- talking pictures are no more real than silent life, "Singing" in the Rain was more hopeful in its presumption that talking and even singing movies could be slightly more realistic than the silent epics of costume balls and far-off lands.
"We had faces then," says Norma…
The lack of realism in the Hollywood machine is also evident in "Singing in the Rain," as in "Sunset Boulevard." The movie idol played by Gene Kelly begins the musical opining to the Hollywood press, with a flattering full-on camera angle that makes him look smooth and polished. He is talking of his childhood as it meshes with his cultivated screen persona -- however the viewer is shown flashbacks of what the star's real life growing up was like. Really, this gentleman was born poor and spent most of his days hoofing away, learning his trade dancing for pennies in saloons. The myth vs. The reality generated by the studio system is highlighted through this juxtaposition of flashback and present, also called the Kuleshov effect whereby a viewer associates apparently disconnected shot -- the dancing young boy becomes Kelly early on in the viewer's mind, although this side of the matinee idol is not immediately seen in the film. The fact that this popular actor's even lovelier female co-star has a coarse voice incommensurate with her blonde confection-like appearance adds to the humor generated by the falseness of the film industry.
But when sound comes to film, the only way to save the trashy costume drama the studio is attempting to enforce upon the public is to make it a movie musical, thus taking the matinee idol back to the truth of the early dancing and singing roots of his career. The cinematographer's choice to contrast the black and white jumpiness of the 'fake film' made over the course of "Singing in the Rain" with the reality of Technicolor underlines this theme of how talking films, even musicals, are more realistic than were the silent visions of far-off exotic glamour and locations. Moreover, because his female co-star's speaking and singing voice is so dreadful, the woman's must be dubbed. The actress assuming the woman's true voice assumes the career of the star of the silent screen, the far more talented and 'real' perky up-and-comer played by Debbie Reynolds, who admits that yes, she reads "some" of the fan magazines, but is still authentic in her willingness to sacrifice for her costars to make the film work.
There is no such hope for truth in film in "Sunset Boulevard." A corpse after all, narrates this film noir. It is set in an age where screenwriters were blacklisted for a whisper of communist connections, not a time of innovation, as was the 1920's setting of "Singing in the Rain." Only the dead tell the truth in Hollywood, and the talking pictures merely create an illusion of reality that Norma is shut off from, now that she is no longer lovely enough or melodious enough in her speech to generate images.
After the statement of the Truman Doctrine in 1947, both Greece and Turkey were provided with aid to counter the Soviet threat.
When the war ended, circumstances in Greece were unfavorable to the maintenance of civil peace:
EAM was in control of nearly all Greece. Its leaders numbered many excellent liberals, the most eminent being Professor Svolos, a Socialist; but the Communists were clearly dominant. The returning Greek army was under the control of rabid, uncompromising monarchist officers... Had the issue of Greek sovereignty been left to these two Greek forces, there is no doubt of the outcome. The ineffectiveness of the returned Greek monarchist army was shown when, at the end of 1944, civil war broke out in Greece. ELAS surrounded the monarchist army and immobilized it from the outset.
However, they were not left to their own devices, and instead they were influenced by outside forces from ritain…
Anderson, Paul, "Why Did the Spanish Civil War Start in July 1936?" History Review 48(2004), 36-40.
Bolloten, Burnett. The Spanish Revolution: The Left and the Struggle for Power during the Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1979.
Kousoulas, Dimitrios G. The Price of Freedom: Greece in World Affairs, 1939?1953. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 1953.
Smith, Howard K. The State of Europe. New York: Knopf, 1949.
165) and he argued for a change in consciousness to go along with the economic globalization. Arias argued that the current climate is not interdependent, but actually fiercely independent and insular and moreover dedicated to self-aggrandizement, not cooperation to spread economic justice around the globe. Other voices are also arguing this, again presupposing that globalization is no longer an issue, but a fact, but that the globalization that exists is one of independence, not interdependence. Two of those voices specifically argue the twin issues of social justice in global interdependence, and ethics.
Social justice as a measure of global interdependence
Polack proposes that currently, "social work is confronted with a global system in which the world's people are bound together in a complex web of economic relationships. People's lives are now linked to lives of distant others through the clothes that they wear, the energy that warms them, and even…
Bartholomew, S. (1997). National systems of biotechnology innovation: Complex interdependence in the global system. Journal of International Business Studies, 28(2), 241+. Retrieved March 14, 2005, from Questia database, http://www.questia.com .
Breitenfellner, a. (1997). Global unionism: A potential player. International Labour Review, 136(4), 531+. Retrieved March 14, 2005, from Questia database,
Internet: Privacy for High School Students
An Analysis of Privacy Issues and High School Students in the United States Today
In the Age of Information, the issue of invasion of privacy continues to dominate the headlines. More and more people, it seems, are becoming victims of identity theft, one of the major forms of privacy invasion, and personal information on just about everyone in the world is available at the click of a mouse. In this environment, can anyone, especially high school students, reasonably expect to have any degree of privacy? High school students, after all, are not protected by many of the same constitutional guarantees as adults, but their needs for privacy may be as great, or greater, than their adult counterparts. To determine what measure of privacy, if any, high schools students can expect at home and school today, this paper provides an overview of the issue of…
Alarming Number of Teens Addicted to the Internet. (2001, February 1). Korea Times, 3.
Albanes, R., Armitay, O., Fischer, B., & Warner, J. (1998). Marijuana, Juveniles, and the Police: What High-School Students Believe about Detection and Enforcement.
Canadian Journal of Criminology, 40(4), 401-20.
Black's law dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
A high rate of turnover may indicate too strict credit policies or an inability to extend credit. It is the tradeoff between sales and tying up funds in receivables.
Sales to Working Capital - measures the relationship between sales and the working capital of a business. Too high a ratio may indicate an insufficient amount of working capital. Too low a ratio may indicate unproductive assets.
Sales to Total Assets - measures the ability of a business to use assets productively. This ratio may be indicating conditions of excess capacity, inefficient or obsolete equipment, or temporary changes inn demand.
ertelsmann appears to be healthy in terms of short-term liquidity. The Acid Test Ratio is normal for companies of this size and the Current Ratio is higher than normal and indicates that the company should have no trouble meeting short-term financial commitments. The capital structure ratios also appear to indicate that…
Apuzzo, Matt. "Lawsuit: Sony BMG Blacklisted Agent." Associated Press. 1 April 2005. 5 April 2005. http://news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/20050401/ap_on_bi_ge/gospel_music_lawsuit_1
Bernstein, Leopold a. Financial Statement Analysis. Homewood, Illinois: Ricard D. Irwin Inc., 1978.
Bertelsmann Media Worldwide. 4 April 2005. http://www.bertelsmann.com .
Bertelsmann Media Worldwide. 2004 Annual Report. Blelefeld. 4 March 2005.
This scene can easily be likened to the communist investigations of this era, when many writers, directors, actors, and numerous people in the entertainment business were blacklisted from working, many of whom were turned in by peers who had been "beaten down" by interrogations.
This film is really remarkable, considering that there is no dialogue. There are only sound effects, thus the actors must be given praise for their abilities to carry the film, especially Pascal. His portrayal of innocence and naivete comes across as truly genuine.
ithout dialogue, music and sound effects take on added importance to the film. Lamorisse chooses music and sound that is very appropriate for each scene. For example, when Pascal is trying to get the balloon down from the lamppost, the music in the background adds to the mischievous nature of the boy and the story. Moreover, the sound effects also help to enhance…
Albert Lamorisse. http://movies2.nytimes.com/gst/movies/filmography.html?p_id=98570&mod=bio
The Red Balloon. Director: Albert Lamorisse. 1956.
resolution of legal dispute associated with electronic commerce. Electronic commerce referred to includes electronic systems such as the internet. It examines the reasons why simply referring to the laws cannot resolve disputes. The paper also features a case study on an unresolved legal conflict associated with electronic commerce specifically the internet.
Challenges of esolving Legal disputes
Many legal disputes associated with electronic commerce cannot be resolved by simply referring to relevant laws. Jurisdiction of internet laws raises questions that are still not answered. Jurisdiction is a function of sovereignty and need territorial limits. The internet cannot be subjected to territorial limits; there is no uniform applicable law (Barlow, 1996). Some countries such as the United States of America have laws that govern use of the internet (Federal Communications Commission, 1996). This however still does not solve the issue of jurisdiction especially for the internet where it would be difficult to…
Barlow, J.P. (1996, Feb 9). A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace. Retrieved March
19, 2012, from www.eff.org: http://www.eff.org/~barlow
Federal Communications Commission. (1996). The Telecommunications Act of 1996. Retrieved
March 19, 2012, from www.fcc.gov: http://www.fcc.gov/Reports/tcom1996.pdf
Ethics and Promoting Your Site
Search Engine Optimization -- SEO techniques is the methodology of making a website and its content more relevant for search engines and eventually for the user community who search them through 'keywords' and 'phrases' for getting appropriate results. The entire process includes making strategies to enhance web pages so that they are able to gain a higher ranking in actual search engine results. The ideal scenario is the particular enterprise's website to get listed on the first page of search engine results when the targeted keywords and phrases are searched and for this the enterprise's website needs to be optimised for these terms. (Majchrzak, 2008)
Unethical marketing techniques used in e-business:
An ongoing debate often encountered is what is "unfair" or "unethical" in promoting website for e-business. Essentially the objective of SEO is to manipulate the search engines into ranking the particular site…
Dunford, Terry. (2008) "Advances Search Engine Optimization: A logical Approach"
American Creations of Maui.
Jenkins, Sue. (2007) "Web Design: The L. Line, The Express Line to Learning"
Social Media in the Business Environment
In the past few years, there has been a tremendous and dramatic increase in the use of social networking sites and social media such as Facebook and Twitter. This is particularly because of the low-cost, user-oriented, and highly collaborative means of communication that continues to evolve through its own impetus. Consequently, social networking sites or social media are based on certain principles that the corporate or business environment can learn from. There is an assumption that the widespread adoption of social media in people's personal lives can be moved to the professional environment where they can be used to develop unprecedented knowledge bases in which people, industries, and the society can be empowered. However, many businesses still consider social media and social networking sites tools as frivolous to an extent that they have prohibited their use in the working environment. Actually, these companies still…
Coleman, A (2012), How Social Media can Benefit Small Businesses, The Guardian, viewed 6
Ernst & Young (2012), Protecting and Strengthening your Brand, Ernst & Young, viewed 6
It is as if she wishes Alik, not Kolya, had been arrested. Thus begins Sofia's overt suspicion of Alik, which reflects her budding paranoia toward the entire world. She even suspects her neighbors of stealing her kerosene.
Sofia's gradual descent into depression is the direct cause of her persecution of Alik Finkelstein. Alik is nothing like the image Sofia has of him, as being "impetuous" and cries out, "Lord how stupid you are!" (Chukovskaia 45). Alik remains steadfast and loyal in spite of her increasing anger. In fact, Alik is the one who understands that the Revolution is not as glorious as they had once believed; whereas Sofia remains blinded to the truth. Instead of being angry with the system, she takes out that anger on Alik Finkelstein. Alik actually seems to understand the gravity of Kolya's situation far better than Sofia, whose wallowing prevents intelligent action. For example, Sofia…
Aragon, Amber Marie. "A Path of Healing and Resistance: Lydia Chukovskaya's Sofia Petrovna and Going Under." Rawley Graduate Conference in the Humanities.Paper 2. 2006. Retrieved online: http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1001&context=historyrawleyconference
Chukovskaia, Lydia. Sofia Petrovna. Northwestern University Press, 2002.
STORY DIAGRAM FOR "ON THE WATERFRONT"
Framing crime drama: the police know that dockworker's union boss Johnny Friendly is involved with organized crime but cannot get any useful witness to snitch on him
Terry Malloy = Protagonist
Backstory: Terry was a promising boxer who "took a fall" (deliberately lost his match) on the instructions of his older brother Charley, who works for the dockworker's union. (Given the involvement of organized crime in sports betting, we are meant to understand Terry as one of the victims of Johnny Friendly's crime activities).
Turning Point / Act One Climax: Terry is used by organized crime in order to lure out another dockworker -- Joey Doyle -- who is preparing to snitch against Johnny Friendly. Joey Doyle is murdered.
Act Two begins with Terry's blossoming relationship with the dead Joey Doyle's sister, Edie.
The relationship means that Terry is now struggling with his…
Balance between Emergency Powers, Abuse of Law by the State and Civil Liberties of People within and Beyond the U.S.
ithin the United States of America especially after the terrorists' attack of 9/11, there seems to be a delicate balance between emergency powers, abuse of law by the authorities and the citizens' liberty. There appears to be significant connection between increase of liberty and insecurity (Gearty 1). However the question here is what security means, in some instances, security could be national threats such as terror attacks or internal forces threatening the political establishments, those that advance particular ideological ends such as those witnessed in Most North African such as Libya and Arabian countries such as Yemen. Nonetheless, in instances of such threats, civil liberties suffer and it becomes a challenge reconciling it with national security. There are many aspects of liberal democracy such as freedom of expression, association and…
A and others v Secretary of State for the Home Department  UKHL 56 .
Feingold, Russell. "On Opposing the U.S.A. Patriot Act." 14 April 2002. 8 December 2012 .
Gearty, Conor. Terror. London: Faber & Faber, 1991.
Greenhouse, Linda. "A Nation Challanged: The Supreme Court." The New York Times 29 September 2001.
Health and Safety in Construction Industry
The construction industry is by far the most dangerous one as it takes more lives every year and results in many short- and long-term minor or severe injuries. The UK government regulatory bodies have been playing a significant role in ensuring that proper health and safety procedures are followed. Throughout the last four decades, its role has been impeccable in decreasing fatalities in the construction industry, although the excessive rules and regulations, frequent changes, bureaucratic structure and lack of project management and risk management techniques have dented its efficiency in protecting small construction companies and contractors, resulting in a compensation and claim culture engulfed with individual profiteers such as insurance companies, lawyers and health and safety consultants. These excessive regulations have pushed constructors to adopt some illegal practices in order to decrease cost and probability of claims from injured workers. The risk management and…
Five steps to risk assessment. Viewed 27 October, 2012,
Hubbard, D. 2009. The failure of risk management: why it's broken and how to fix it. John Wiley & Sons. p. 46.
Health and safety executive. 2007. Managing health and safety in construction (Construction Design and Management) Regulations 2007 Approved Code of Practice.
Health and safety executive. 2011. Five steps to risk assessment, Viewed 28 October 2012
Picture yourself as a member of the House of Commons in the United Kingdom and the State Duma of the ussian Federation. Describe the role that your political party plays in your career as a legislator. How does the party help you in your work, and how does it restrict you? To what extent is your career tied up with that of the party? As a backbencher (or equivalent), what changes might you want to see in the organization of your party?
"Members of Parliament"
As legislator in the British HOC, not much has changed to my role in the recent history since Britain is fixated on tradition. The role of the legislator in the HOC has, therefore, remained virtually unchanged. Perhaps the only push for change in recent times has come about due to the swift atmosphere of change in global politics / environment calling for faster…
BBC Guide to the European Parliament Web
The Constitution of the Russian Federation Web
U.S. Justice System vs. India's Justice System
This paper compares the system of justice in India with the system of justice in the United States. Although they are both democracies -- in fact India is the biggest democratic country in the world -- the two countries are quite different in their approach to formal justice. Moreover, the system of justice in India has been the subject of a great deal of criticism in recent years due to the corruption that has been found in the system.
Comparing the U.S. And Indian Justice Systems
The legal system in India is backed by the Indian Constitution and is a mix of "adversarial and accusatorial," according to the Loyola University in Chicago (LU). There is an attempt to respect both Hindu and Muslim jurisprudence and to "preserve the timeworn tenets of both" (LU). In rural areas of India, an informal system of justice…
Bhushan, Prashant. (2009). 'My Honest And Bonafide Perception.' Outlook India. Retrieved September 15, 2012, from http://www.outlookindia.com .
Country Listing. (1995). India: The Criminal Justice System. Center for Children's Law and Policy. Retrieved September 14, 2012, from http://www.country-data.com.
Global Corruption Report 2007: Corruption in Judicial Systems. (2007). New York: Cambridge
Loyola Library. (2010). Criminal Justice System in India. Retrieved September 14, 2012,
Internet and Democracy
In one sense, computers and the Internet are just a continuation of the communications revolution, starting with the printing press then continuing with the telegraph, telephone, motion pictures, radio and television. Could this be leading to a more fundamental change in history on the same level as the agricultural and industrial revolutions? This is a more problematic proposition. Of course, the idea of a post-industrial economy based on services and high technology dates back to the 1960s, although some visionaries had an inkling of it even in the 19th Century. Skills and education that were valuable in an industrial economy have become obsolete in the new system, although this has happened before in the history of capitalism. Society has changed relatively little from the era before the computer age, with only a few exceptions, such as the use of computers to speed up financial transactions and in…
Agre, P.E. And D. Schuler, (eds.). (1997) Reinventing Technology, Rediscovering Community: Critical Explorations of Computing as a Social Practice. Ablex Publishing Corporation.
Alavi, N. (2005). We Are Iran. Brooklyn, NY: Soft Skull Press, Inc.
Baase, S. (2009). A Gift of Fire: Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues in Computing, 3rd Edition. Prentice Hall.
Barglow, R. (1994). The Crisis of the Self in the Age of Information: Computers, Dolphins and Dreams. Routledge.
complicity in the novel Linden Hills by Gloria Naylor and the short story The Sleeper Wakes by Jessie Redmon Fauset in a collection of the same name. The paper examines complicity in issues of race, gender and class in these two contrasting works - the former a tale of the descent into hell in an affluent suburb and the latter concerned with the redemption of an individual.
Complicity in issues of race, gender and class in Linden Hills and The Sleeper Wakes
In this paper we will examine two very different works. Naylor's novel Linden Hills is based around the life of an affluent black suburb and the downfall of its residents through their pursuit of advancement above humanity. In contrast, Fauset's short story The Sleeper Wakes describes individual redemption - the homecoming (in both a literal and figurative sense - i.e. achieving maturity) of the central character Amy. We…
Naylor, Gloria. Linden Hills. New York: Penguin 1986.
Fauset, Jessie Redmon. "The Sleeper Wakes." The Sleeper Wakes: Harlem Renaissance Stories by Women. Ed. Marcy Knopf. STUDENT TO ADD CITY: Rutgers University Press 1993
Smith, Valerie. Not Just Race, Not Just Gender: Black Feminist Readings. STUDENT TO ADD CITY: Routledge 1998.
The FCC has recently authorized novel mergers amid media corporations; adversaries of the novel set of laws are expecting Congress to build no less than a temporary halt for such contracts and set of laws.
The set of laws, which was approved with a veto-proof majority and moved to the Senate, is an effort to kill one of a sequence of novel regulations produced by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) as fraction of a court-ordered reduction of government power over the media. The novel FCC regulation would boost present restrictions and permit media companies to possess an adequate amount of television stations to communicate amid 45% of the America's addressees. One more novel regulation that Congress has decided to turn over is going to permit companies to possess a newspaper, as well as a broadcast station in a huge media marketplace (1).
Relationship and authority between the FCC…
1) A.N. Crigler. The Psychology of Political Communication. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. 1996.
2) Elfriede Fursich and Eli P. Lester Roushanzamir. Corporate Expansion, Textual Expansion: Commodification Model of Communication. Journal of Communications Inquiry 25.4. October 2001.
3) Edward S. Herman, Z Magazine. Word Tricks & Propaganda. http://zena.secureforum.com/Znet/zmag/zarticle.cfm?Url=articles/june97herman.htm
eligion and Politics
Some groups hold the view that faith groups and other institutions have a very significant role to play within the political arena and that they have a duty to enter the political fight and they expect the government to remain supportive of this obligation. However, the argument of this article suggest that religious / faith groups and institutions should never have the chance of forming political parties and they should never try to posses influence in the workings of government for their views as well as values by finding their way to the realm of political discourse and any attempts to elect their own politicians.
Different countries have their varying degrees of separation between government or politics and religious institutions. A number of countries have moved a head and set up explicit barriers between church and state since the 1780s. The constitution of the United States has…
Daniel L. Dreisbach (2006) "The Mythical "Wall of Separation": How a Misused Metaphor Changed Church -- State Law, Policy, and Discourse." Retrieved May 28, 2014. http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2006/06/the-mythical-wall-of-separation-how-a-misused-metaphor-changed-church-state-law-policy-and-discourse
James Leon Holmes and Jeremy Holmes (2003) From Aristotle to Jefferson: Christianity and the Separation of Church and State. Retrieved May 28, 2014. http://cssronline.org/CSSR/Archival/2003/Holmes%2520article.pdf
Jefferson, Thomas (1802). Jefferson's Letter to the Danbury Baptists. U.S. Library of Congress.
Locke, John (2002). Political Writings. Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought.Ed. Mark Goldie. CUP: Cambridge, Retrieved May 28, 2014. http://www.iep.utm.edu/locke-po/
Mexico faces an array of drug-related problems ranging from production and transshipment of illicit drugs to corruption, violence, and increased internal drug abuse. Powerful and well-organized Mexican organizations control drug production and trafficking in and through Mexico, as well as the laundering of drug proceeds. These organizations also have made a concerted effort to corrupt and intimidate Mexican law enforcement and public officials. In addition, the geographic proximity of Mexico to the United States and the voluminous cross-border traffic between the countries provide ample opportunities for drug smugglers to deliver their illicit products to U.S. markets. The purpose of this study was to develop informed and timely answers to the following research questions: (a) How serious is the trade in illicit drugs between Mexico and the United States today and what have been recent trends? (b) How does drug trafficking fund terrorist organizations in general and trade between Mexico and…
Delaware fact sheet. (2014). Friends of Narconon, International. Retrieved from http://www.friendsof narconon.org/drug_distribution_in_the_united_states/delaware_drug_facts/delaware_fact
Drug threats in Wilmington. (2014). Drug Enforcement Edu.org. Retrieved from http://www.
Hightowers Petroleum Company a middle sized company is initiating a project with the objective of unifying the different personalities that make up the company's workforce. This objective stands as the broad objective in trying to bridge the cultural differences among the organization's workforce. In the organization differences of the employee's background have brought about different cultures that seem to result in conflict upon attempts in moderating the workforce to observe common values, practices and perspectives on the organization's pertinent issues. In organization's where there are no commonly held perspectives, values or norms, there is a likelihood of disintegration of objectives owing to lack of a common culture (Hofstede, 2001). In an instance where the organization's workforce cannot share a common way of doing things, then it is not possible to articulate the process in archiving success (Kelly, 2006; osen, 2007).
It is the project's intentions to assess how the different…
Burman R., Ligen D.R., & Klimoski R.J. (2003). Organizational Culture and Climate Handbook of Psychology. New York:: Wiley and Sons,.
Gajda, R., & Koliba, C., . (2007). Evaluating the imperative of intra-organizational collaboration: A school improvement perspective. American Journal of Evaluation, 28(1), 26-44.
Gurau, C. (2008). Integrated online marketing communication: implementation and management. Journal of Communication Management, 12(2), 169-184.
Hartnell, C., Ou, Y., & Kinicki, A. (2008). Organizational Culture and Organizational Effectiveness: A Meta-Analytic Investigation of the Competing Values Framework (CVF) Theoretical Suppositions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 1(1), 92-101.
Arthur Miller, notable playwright, wrote the 1953 play, The Crucible that focused on the partially fictionalized and dramatized story of the Salem witch trials that occurred between 1692 and 1693 in the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The play was written as an allegory of McCarthyism due to the American government blacklisting of accused communists. Even Miller was questioned by the House of Representatives' Committee on what can be labeled as "Un-American Activities" during the late 1950's and was convicted in 1956 of contempt of Congress for the refusal of identification of others that were present during the meetings Miller had attended. Miller's drama was then translated into his play through themes of intolerance, hysteria, and reputation.
The first theme that The Crucible describes in the beginning of the play is intolerance. ith the play's setting in a theocratic society, where the church and state serve as one, the government uses…
Bloom, Harold. Arthur Miller's The Crucible. New York: Bloom's Literary Criticism, 2010. Print.
Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York, N.Y.: Penguin Books, 2003. Print.
The plan for processing the potential crime/incident scene depends upon maintaining the integrity of the scene as well as the integrity of the data. That means the first step is to prevent the scene from contamination. Preparing for the search is an important step, therefore, in this process.
The team should have the legal authority to proceed with the seizure of evidence and this should be shown upon arrival. Likewise, the team should use safety equipment when arriving on the scene to ensure that nothing is jeopardized (U.S. Department of Justice, 2008).
To prepare for the search, the team will first document the condition and state of the scene. Before anything is moved, the team should photograph and record screen info of all the workstations involved. It is important to assess the current state of the system before any investigative work is begun. Computers should remain on…
Jakobsson, M., Juels, A. (2010). Server-Side Detection of Malware Infection. NSPW.
Retrieved from http://nspw.org/papers/2009/nspw2009-jakobsson.pdf
LaChapelle, C. (2014). Disaster recovery options for smaller companies.
NetworkWorld. Retrieved from http://www.networkworld.com/article/2174112/tech-primers/disaster-recovery-options-for-smaller-companies.html
There is no real difference between the racism that Du Bois witnessed 100 years ago and the racism seen today. The same WASPs who were the controlling elites in those days are still the controlling elites today -- only there has been a strain of political correctness introduced into the culture that covers the racism. Nonetheless, the Puritanical racist mentality fostered by the WASPs has also trickled down from the elites to the "middle class" which arose in the post-War period thanks to hefty incentives and kickbacks from the government. Du Bois witnessed Jim Crow laws that hurt blacks -- these were everywhere: in the Army, in the neighborhoods in the South, in schools, on buses, in diners. There was one set of laws for whites and another for blacks. Today, de-segregation has largely eliminated the "Jim Crow" standard, but different laws are on the books now -- laws…
Jones, E. M. (2000). Libido Dominandi: Sexual Liberation and Political Control. IN:
St. Augustine Press.
PBS. (2010). People & ideas: W.E.B. Du Bois. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/web-dubois.html
secular society, Christian values, beliefs, and worldviews are systematically excluded from the educational system. Parents who can afford costly private schools can help inculcate their children into a Biblical worldview, but the majority of Christians who cannot do this and whose children attend public schools need to find ways to resolve the ideological conflicts presented to their children. Children regularly receive disparate information about crucial issues such as those related to gender roles and norms, human sexuality, and the origin of life on earth. While all of these core topics challenge Christian educators to adapt their curricula to conform to legal and societal expectations, the most contentious of these might be the evolution and intelligent design debate. Christian educators continue to struggle with presenting a more balanced worldview to their students, but legal and societal expectations persist in silencing minority voices. One of the most important contemporary issues in education,…
ACSD (2012). What is the purpose of education? Retrieved online: http://www.ascd.org/ASCD/pdf/journals/ed_update/eu201207_infographic.pdf
Anti-Defamation League (n.d.). Intelligent Design: Not science. Retrieved online: http://www.adl.org/assets/pdf/civil-rights/religiousfreedom/religfreeres/ID-NotSci-docx.pdf
Beckwith, F. J. (2003). Public education, religious establishment, and the challenge of intelligent design. Journal of Law, Ethics, and Public Policy 461(2003).
Center for Science and Culture (2015). Darwinian evolution, the teaching of intelligent design. Retrieved online: http://www.intelligentdesign.org/education.php
Why is the internet important to money laundering?
A large number of nations now have aggressive policies in place against money laundering, rendering it exceedingly difficult for offenders to apply traditional money laundering tactics. But this also leads them to strive at creating new tactics with the Internet being one of the popular new modes they employ (Kassner, 2013).
Globalization and the Internet have made it possible to pay for services online. Several online merchants and customers make use of the numerous web-based payment services available. A number of these individuals aren't eligible to own credit cards or have no bank accounts. Thus, web-based payment services enable them to purchase products/services online and transfer cash directly. Numerous online sellers are very willing to get paid online, since they are cheaper than credit card payments (Delta & Matsuura, 2008).
The web-based payment services may be located anywhere in the…
Delta, G., & Matsuura, J. (2008). Law of the Internet. Aspen Publishers Online. Retrieved from https://www.techopedia.com/2/29789/internet/world-wide-web/money-laundering-the-internet-way
IMF. (2016). Anti-Money Laundering/Combating the Financing of Terrorism. Retrieved from https://www.imf.org/external/np/leg/amlcft/eng/aml1.htm
Kaplan, E. (2006). Tracking Down Terrorist Financing. Retrieved from http://www.cfr.org/terrorist-financing/tracking-down-terrorist-financing/p10356#p6
Kassner, M. (2013, Dec). Money Laundering, the Internet Way. Retrieved from Techopedia:
Cyber Threats and Vulnerabilities of Database Application
In the contemporary business environment, private and public organizations are increasing using database applications to store employee and customer records. Similar to private organizations that produce goods and services, increasing number of healthcare organizations are also taking the advantages of the associated benefits of the database to store employee and patient's records. (Goodrich, & Tamassia, 2011). While there are different types of database applications tailored to serve different industries, the iTrust database has been developed for a healthcare industry. The iTrust is a cloud-based healthcare database application that assists medical providers storing and managing medical records of patients and health providers.
Similar to a traditional database that contains a number of tables to store medical records, iTrust also has tables to store medical records, the iTrust also serves as the patient-centric application used to maintain an EH (electronic health record) that combines medical…
Anderson, R. (2008). Security engineering -- A guide to building dependable distributed systems (2nd ed.). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons Publishing, Inc. Chapter 26, "System Evaluation and Assurance"
Bidgoli, H. (2006).Handbook of information security, volume 2. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Goodrich, M., and Tamassia, R. (2011). Introduction to Computer Security. Chapter 9, Security Models and Practice, pp. 460-474 sections: 9.3, 9.4 and 9.5.
Sfetcu, N. (2014). Web Design & Development. Opciones de descarga.
ACA and EMS
The implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is sure to change the way EMS operate in the coming years. Accountable Care Organizations (ACO), for instance, are now responsible for overseeing how reimbursements are paid out to those agencies that provide health care -- and at the same time they are responsible for gauging whether or not quality care is delivered by providers (Koury et al., 2014). This is a tall order for a new functioning body and the ACOs tasked with these orders will have an indirect impact on how EMS operates. To see how that impact will be effected, an examination of the ACOs and hospitals interact requires examination -- because it is that interaction that will inevitably alter the way in which the EMS goes about their business. This paper will examine the relationship between the ACA, ACOs, hospitals and EMS and show how…
ACA. (2010). Sec. 1204, 124 STAT. U.S. Government Publishing Office. Retrieved from https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-111publ148/pdf/PLAW-111publ148.pdf
Ahmed, A. et al. (2015). Not just an urban phenomenon: Uninsured rural trauma
patients at increased risk for mortality. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 16(5): 632-641.
Alpert, A. et al. (2013). Giving EMS flexibility in transporting low-acuity patients could
The author of this report will offer a summary of two important laws and regulations when it comes to employment in the United Kingdom. Those two pieces of law will be the Employment Rights Act of 1996, commonly known as ERA 1996, and the Equality Act of 2010, commonly known as the EA 2010. For both laws, the particulars, specifics and common requirements for all parties involved, both employee and employer, will be covered. While the two laws covered in this report were pass nearly a generation apart, both of them hold a very important place in the employment law paradigm in the United Kingdom.
Employment Rights Act of 1996
Scope & Summary
There are several important requirements and regulations when it comes to the Employment Rights Act of 1996. When an employee starts work with an employer, they are obligated to get a summary of terms and requirements. As…
Homeopathy is a topic that has brought about a great deal of controversy. In delineation, it is an alternative medical system that was developed over two centuries ago. It was developed by a German physician known as Samuel Hahnemann. In his discovery, Hahnemann found that a similar substance that could give rise to a reaction in an individual that is fully healthy could also be a remedy and treatment for an individual suffering from the same symptoms. Homeopathy is a natural, all-inclusive, method to healing a person, using little doses of specific remedies (Cook, 2010). Its significant variance from normal medical treatment and therapies has been a constant major cause of debate and criticism.
One of the controversial points is that the fundamental conceptions of homeopathy are not in line with essential theories and models of chemistry and physics. For instance, it is not conceivable to elucidate in a scientific…
Blockchain technology is an innovative addition to the financial market. What began as a brainchild by the people or person known as ‘Satoshi Nakamoto’, blockchain technology has evolved and become something far greater than most would have imagined. Blockchain technology allows for digital data to be distributed (not copied), allowing for it to become the foundation for a new kind of internet. Businesses have used the technology to implement the use of digital currency like Bitcoin and promote growth of blockchain companies. Some of these successful blockchain companies are: Aeternity, Bitfury, DFINITY, ContentKid, and Blockphase. These companies represent the future of blockchain technology and how far it will go.
Background: What is Block-Chain Technology?
A recent innovation within the financial world, the mastermind behind blockchain technology is ‘Satoshi Nakamoto’. He is the pseudonym for a person or a group of responsible for developing, authoring, making, and deploying bitcoin, bitcoin…
Trump v. Hawaii Constrained Court View and the influences on the Supreme Court
The main aim of this text is to highlight the misdeeds of the trump administration ruling on the immigration policy to the extent of the law. Legal precedence always follows facts and without that, the law is void and needs clarification. In the constrained view of the case, there is need to look at the implications on the economics, culture, outlook and psychology of the people involved. The law affects immigrants from all nations of Islam. The need to get the law right on this one is still in contention since various factions argue to differ. The law states clearly that America is land of the free but again, the law dictates that the government is mandated by the constitution to help the citizens preserve their security and be able to stay safe. The Trump vs…