Book of Job - Biblical Allegory
Job's tale is one of the most accessible Biblical allegories. An honorable, just, pious man loses everything: his ten children, his wife, his entire estate, and on top of it all is inflicted with a horrendous skin disease that leaves him crippled. All this was done as a challenge and a test of his faith. The Book of Job opens with a conversation between God and Satan, who together enter into a sort of mean bet in which Job's life is at stake. Satan wants to prove to God that Job will "curse thee to thy face" if some trauma should befall him (1: 11). But God refutes this and tells Satan he will gladly test his faithful servant. At first Job seems at peace with his loss, saying "the Lord gave, and the Lord has taken away," (1: 21). He remains steadfast in…… [Read More]
Book of Job
There is a fair amount of controversy surrounding the book of Job along with various controversies about who wrote it. Some scholars maintain that Job did live in the time of Moses, and that the book was written by him; others disagree and maintain that the book was written by Elihu or Isaiah. Since so much of the book focuses on the idea of "wisdom" and comparable factors, others have argued that the book was actually written during the time of King David and King Solomon. On the other hand, others place the book as having been developed during the time of the Babylonian exile, arguing that there is textual evidence within the book which points to this era as being the likely time of its development.
As one scholar describes "The Book of Job, in the Old Testament, opens with words both majestic and once-upon-a-time-ish: 'There…… [Read More]
The religious texts of the ancient Near East share core themes in common related to the theme of personal piety. Personal piety becomes a powerful, poignant theme in the Hebrew Bible, especially in the Book of Job. The story of Job is laden with lessons related to the nature of human suffering and the role it plays in the development of personal piety. Moreover, the nature of human suffering is also linked with the spiritual, cosmological, and metaphysical relationship between the human being and God. God is established as paradoxically personal and impersonal; God's will is existentially beyond that of the human being, who can never presume to understand God's motives. It is not up to the human being to speculate, as Job's friends do, but it is up to the human being to continually praise God.
Background: Character Analysis of Job
In the New International Version of the…… [Read More]
Children are always perplexed when bad things happen to good people. "Mommy, why did Jerry get hit by a car? Why did daddy lose his job? Why did you get cancer?" When bad things happen to good people, we risk losing our faith in God, in the goodness of the world, and in our own power to create positive change. The Biblical story of Job is one of the most heart-wrenching tales of the Old Testament and perhaps the book that modern readers can relate to the most. Stephen Mitchell's translation offers modern readers even more opportunities to reflect on the meanings of Job's profound predicament. Because Job's story is about friendship and faith, modern readers can apply its lessons to their daily lives.
A often wondered why some friends fail to past the test of trustworthiness and others go out of their way to help. Now I can see…… [Read More]
The two notions are not comprised in one definition, contrary to what is thought by all those who are confused, and there is nothing in common between the two except the name alone.
The author relates this view to the realization that the goal of human existence is the attainment of the knowledge of God. It is through this knowledge that the secular and social world becomes to a great extent 'insignificant', which also refers to the suffering of the secular as an illusion.
When Job comes to know God "by the way of [philosophical] speculation" (that is, through the divine speeches), he ceases to be troubled by the loss of his health, wealth, and children -things that he had only "imagined" to be sources of happiness -- and experiences "true happiness, which is knowledge of the deity."
There are of course strong objections to this type of interpretation of…… [Read More]
By showing such devotion, Ruth is rewarded with a new husband, Boaz, as well as a son, Obed.
The Book of Joshua is a historical narrative that records the words of Joshua and the Covenant made between God and the Jews concerning the Promised Land. The Book recounts the travels of the chosen people across the Jordon and the various wars that follow with the Canaanites in the south and King Hazor in the north. Joshua leads God's chosen over the Jordan, into battle at Jericho (where the Ark is held), and witnesses the miracle of God that keeps the sun high in the sky so that His people may conquer the Canaanites. God's faithfulness is shown, and Joshua's faith in God is likewise revealed. The chosen people are exhorted by Joshua to be true to God as God has been true to all of them.
The Book of Daniel…… [Read More]
However the boat is beset by terrible storms and the sailors determine by casting lots that it is Jonah's fault, so Jonah tells them to toss him overboard. They do, and God arranges for a giant fish to swallow Jonah. hile inside the fish for three days, Jonah has time to chant a psalm of thanksgiving, whereupon the fish vomits him out onto dry land. Jonah then goes to Nineveh and preaches that the city will be destroyed in forty days, whereupon the inhabitants relent from their wicked ways. As a result God decides to spare the city. However Jonah thinks God's judgment is wrong. He goes out into the desert where it is very hot, and God causes a plant to grow and give him shade. Then God causes a worm to devour the plant, leaving Jonah at the mercy of the elements. hereupon God uses the example of…… [Read More]
Job and Kubler-oss
Biblical and Buddhist Grief: A Comparison
Job's lamentations, according to Patricia Byrne (2002), represent the painful process of redefining his place in the world. Before Satan's challenge to God to test Job's faith, Job's life was the envy of his neighbors. With seven healthy and vibrant sons and three daughters, seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, one thousand oxen, five hundred donkeys, and an untold number of servants, Job was a profoundly wealthy man (Job 1:2-4, King James Version). Job's sons and daughters feasted every day, leaving the reader to imagine a life of happiness and fulfillment. To forestall vanity however, Job thanked God daily for all he had been given. When Satan challenges God to test Job's faith, all this is stripped away and his body and mind are tormented with disease.
Job begins his grieving process by cursing the day he was born and wishing…… [Read More]
The production methods may have been new, but Six Sigma has worked well at many organizations, including GE, where its concepts were first formulated (Calloway & Gleich, 2006).
Another reason that Donnelley was so successful was its effective coordination of changes in job classifications and actual work standards: many workers were performing new tasks. New labeling of skill levels, compensation, and benefits was done relatively seamlessly, to avoid confusion. Some changes are invariably uncomfortable, like trying to work well with new people when there is a forced lateral movement. At Donnelley, many workers were moved from obsolete areas of production to positions which emphasized new, digitized technologies. Incorporating human resources into the change resulted in better coordinated training efforts, and also less confusing administrative and bureaucratic problems, which made workers less resistant to change.
Donnelley's changes were successful: as hoped, production time for printing four-color books was reduced by 50%…… [Read More]
Job edesign and Workplace ewards Assessment
Identify the current major components, tasks, or responsibilities of the selected position. Does the job currently allow any self-management or sense of choice? Does the position cultivate a sense of intrinsic motivation?
Coca Cola Company represents the largest manufacturing, marketer, and distributor, of non-alcoholic beverages and syrups across the globe. The approximate turnover of the company is above six millions beverages per day. The company also boosts of the largest distribution system across the world. The company operates on four missions: to create a value in brands and difference everywhere the company engages; to be a global leader in beverage; to refresh the planet in mind, body, and spirit; and to inspire moments of optimism through company's brands and actions. Coca Cola Company operates on four vision elements in order to meet the needs and preferences of the consumers. The first element is people.…… [Read More]
Accuracy is lost the further one strays from the actual date of the writing. According to the early scholars, particularly Eusebius (263-340 AD) and Clement of Alexandria (150-215 AD), Paul authored the work and Luke translated it. Eusibius was a historian who spoke of fourteen epistles written by Paul. Jerusalem author, Jerome (347-420 AD) and Augustine (354-430 AD) also considered Hebrews to be to Pauline origin.
There appears to be a consensus among ancient scholars that the writings are of Pauline origin. In Greek manuscripts, Hebrews is located among other Pauline epistles. In modern Christian Bibles it is located after Phulimon, and not included in the Pauline works. However, in light of the argument that those closer to the source are more accurate, one would have to consider the Greek placement of the writing to be more accurate than modern translations would have one to believe. There is a consensus…… [Read More]
Job burnout has been defined as "a psychological syndrome in response to chronic interpersonal stressors on the job. The three key dimensions of this response are an overwhelming exhaustion, feelings of cynicism and detachment from the job, and a sense of ineffectiveness and lack of accomplishment." (Maslach, 2001)
Maslach describes exhaustion as stemming from the chronic stress of feeling burned out. The employee feels overextended, and lacks the emotional strength to overcome the hurdles he or she faces. It involves negative feelings of incompetence and lack of productivity.
Musick (1997) looked specifically at the medical profession, noting trends that have been seen in other fields as well. Management, in an effort to increase productivity, sometimes increases demands and arbitrarily changes job descriptions in ways that stress the employees. Musick reports one interviewee as saying, "People can do more for brief periods of time," but noted that sometimes people feel the…… [Read More]
XML is used not only to represent the data but also as a messaging protocol called SOAP; and (6) Portal Integration is another popular integration methodology in use today. It doesn't involve expensive and time consuming technologies and processes that EAI and data warehousing require. Also, it is the most customer-facing of all the methods described in this section. This means that it can be highly personalized and customized to the customer's requirements. In future, portals will present their functionality as web services so that multiple portals from different vendors can be integrated.
Architecture of Portals
The portal, when speaking technically, is "a framework that enables developers to plug various software components called portlets, and then deliver the aggregated content to multi-devices." (Mohan, 2003) Integration may be accomplished through using HRML, JSP, Java eans, Java servlets, XSL that transforms XML through XSL transformation or even CGI. Sun Microsystems' Java Community…… [Read More]
Why are you applying for a role in your chosen area? (Demonstrate your suitability for the position(s) sought.)
In September of 2002, I graduated with honors with a degree in Civil Electronic Engineering from the Free University of Brussels (V.U.B). Although I enjoyed studying this discipline and pursuing my degree, I have come to realize that my naturally extroverted personality is far more suited and more fulfilled in the fast-paced world of business and finance. This is why I have decided to apply for an entry-level position for the Financial Management Program (FMP) at General Electric.
I do not only seek an education for myself in my new, chosen field. I also believe that my background has given me, as a person, a good deal that I can offer to GE as a company. A civil electronic engineer, such as myself, is often confronted with highly complex mathematical…… [Read More]
Job Analysis from 'Undercover Boss'
From the 9th episode, "Subway" of Undercover Boss -- Season 2, two jobs have been identified: Store Manager and Chief Development Officer.
In the episode, Subway's Chief Development Officer (CDO), Dan Fretman goes undercover in order to assist with the development of Subway stores. The position of Store Manager in the episode involves 4 persons who work alongside Dan.
For Chief Development Officer Position
The central part played by development in the area of strategic business decision-making has given rise to a need for managers who understand the concepts of development as well as gainful applications to processes, products, and services. A number of firms have dealt with the above need by creating the post of CDO or Chief Technology Officer (CTO), in charge of: Monitoring novel technologies and evaluating their capacity to develop into novel services or products; Supervising research venture selection…… [Read More]
Although he fled from the humble people whom he thought were his parents, after he heard of his destiny, it was to no avail.
Thus, the play "Oedipus the King" suggests that even if one acts morally, the individual still will fulfill his or her destiny, because that is the nature of fate. Creon says to Oedipus at the play's beginning, "now the god's command is plain: / Punish his takers-off, whoe'er they be." Because of the suffering that was his unavoidable destiny, Oedipus must punish himself. He mutilates himself and ostracizes himself from Thebes, according to his own proclamation.
Job, like Oedipus, is not a witting criminal at the beginning of the Biblical book he bears his name. Job is prosperous and respected, like Oedipus, and a man who "was blameless and upright, one who feared God, and turned away from evil." (1:1) but fate moves against Job, as…… [Read More]
This report is based upon the book Titans of Takeover by Robert Slater. This book was originally published in 1987 by Englewood Cliffs, and then re-published and copyrighted in 1999 by Beard Books.
Introduction of the Author
The book Titans of Takeover was authored by Robert Slater, who is famous for his strong stand against President Ronald Reagan's attempts to make the U.S. marketplace a free economy by doing away with the Sherman and Clayton Antitrust Laws. He proved to America that although such a move would appear to yield immediate benefits by putting the nation's economy on the map against the vibrant economies that gave no room to antitrust laws, it would, to an equally large extent, produce devastating outcomes on the economy in the long run. Slater has authored a couple of other bestselling business books and authored several articles on the Wall Street Journal, in…… [Read More]
Each chapter provides sufficient entertainment material to draw the interest of lay people, while balancing this with a good amount of academic information for those who wish to study the country and its people. The narrative throughout the book is bound together well by starting each chapter with a narrative about Gloria or those who share her world. Another strong connecting factor is the quotation at the start of each chapter, which is relevant to the specific topic of the chapter as well as to the general ideas in the book as a whole. While these are excellent techniques, I think the structure of the chapters themselves could have been handled better by more consistently organizing the information in each.
One shortcoming of the book is the internal structure of each chapter, which can be haphazard in some cases, and also a lack of consistent focus on the laughter element.…… [Read More]
Bethany Moreton's "To serve God and Walmart: The making of Christian free enterprise." (Harvard University Press, 2009)
Author Bethany Moreton's work provides an insight into Walmart's corporate history and its swift climb, within 50 years, from a little discount retail chain opened up by Sam Walton to an international retailing giant. The author goes beyond readers' expectations to include Walmart Country's religious, social, and cultural history (the term 'Walmart Country' would refer to its politically charged birthplace and surroundings of East Oklahoma, north-western Arkansas, and south Missouri). It is a place where the retailer's customers, supervisors and staff collaborate with missionaries, evangelical housewives, and pastors, within a doctrine of free enterprise and community service.
Moreton has penned an in-depth and captivating analysis of the popular global retail giant, America's largest private-sector employer, and the largest global public company. Through an elaborate case study, the author has effectively assimilated its cultural…… [Read More]
Companies are even practical these days to consider hiring individuals who doesn't have an educational degree on a field of job but have the expertise to do the job. QuickBooks help in addressing businesses' and industries' current problem of lack of IT professionals because it is now possible to have experts in a particular IT field with the help of QuickBooks.
In the job of installing a computer network, QuickBooks have changed the old business process of hiring computer network consultants to do the job. Instead, the internal employees of a company can already install a computer network just by using QuickBooks as references on how to do the job. In terms of effectiveness and efficiency, on the other hand, the result of installing a computer network by a non-professional is usually equivalent to the end-result done by a professional. This is because QuickBooks generally provide all the information and…… [Read More]
As evident in the works of many professionals and scholars, job evaluation is described as a way that helps in establishing a justified rank order of jobs. This process is considered as the starting point for developing the virtual variations of wage rates. In some cases, job evaluation is considered as a systematic process that is geared towards developing pay variations among jobs within a single employer. In the past few years, several methods of job evaluation have been developed to help understand this process and make relatively easier to carry out. In addition to being used as a formal method for setting wage rates and pay scales by an employer, job evaluation methods are used for assessing the value links between jobs. Some of the most common methods of job evaluation include Lott's Point Method, Benge's Factor Comparison, and Multiple egression method.
Benge's method of job evaluation…… [Read More]
job evaluation methodologies are techniques or systems used to evaluate jobs against universal factors and sub-factors. During this process, the job content is examined against the identified factors and then represented as a point or numeric value. This is followed by comparing the pre-determined pay structure of grades to identify the most suitable pay range assignment. Following the evaluation of a set of jobs in an organization, the unique interpretation of the levels of the factors in the organization and requirements for jobs becomes very crucial. The results of point factor job evaluation methodologies are determined through the use of factor comparison. Actually, one of the most powerful measures for conducting job evaluation is combining point-factor techniques with factor-comparison approaches (Henderson, 2006, p.2008).
There are several point factor job evaluation systems such as Lott's Point Method, Benge's Factor Comparison, NEMA Method, Hay's Profile Method, and Factor Evaluation System. While these…… [Read More]
job aid that reduces human error and lack of attention to detail by providing a list of policies, procedures, or items that are needed to produce a consistent job or product. There are checklists used in transportation to ensure the vehicles are ready, in clinical medical practice to organize charting and patient history, in software engineering to check process compliance and code, in litigation to deal with the complexity of discovery, in biology/science to list standardized practices and names, and even in everyday hobbies and life to organize materials, shopping, or contents. This tool of organization and operation may seem simple, but it provides a template and framework for innumerable tasks in almost endless ways (Gawande, 2007). It is interesting to note that this simple tool -- so logical and valuable, has saved so many lives in medical care (e.g. surgery, medication, etc.) by simply trying to understand a multistage…… [Read More]
As a child and young adult, the "self-esteem movement" had very little bearing on my experiences or my education. I was a capable well-adjusted student, and I received a good deal of support from my parents and teachers. I felt comfortable in school and progressed without any issues, and while I was a solid student, I was never extremely noteworthy for either positive or negative reasons. I don't recall the adults in my life making any specific effort to teach me about "positive thinking," and as far as I can recall I had a natural comprehension for my own strengths and weaknesses, and did not associate my weaknesses as failures. For example, I was far better at reading and writing than math. I did not see my lack of math skills as a negative, but I simply grew more interested in subjects that involved reading and writing.
During…… [Read More]
Work Title and Job Description
For the past ten years, I have worked as the Office Manager for State Farm Insurance. As office manager, I am responsible for a wide variety of tasks including scheduling meetings, ensuring office-related bills and maintenance are cared for, maintaining the overall appearance and safety regulations for the office, and keeping the office and its procedures organized. I need to understand the roles, positions, and needs of all the employees, and communicate effectively with each of them. I need to make sure all of our software systems have been upgraded and updated, and the same with our networking and communications systems. The effective organization and functioning of the office, down to the smallest detail, depends on me doing my work well.
Enjoyable Tasks and Responsibilities
The primary tasks and responsibilities required for the job include making and taking calls, communicating and coordinating meetings with others,…… [Read More]
Christian Holy Bible known as Acts, many people who read Acts may feel or be inclined to believe that it is a book of historical record and fact. However, there are many theologians and scholars that do not look at the book this way and this report shall look at the work of Powell and Boring when it comes to this fact. There are many in the Christian faith that assert that the Holy Bible should be taken "as is" in terms of what it says and so forth but there are others that put forth a great amount of caution when it comes to this idea and they have specific examples when it comes to the same. While many Christians may be inclined to take the book of Acts at its word, there are many reasons why this is less than wise.
Straight off the top, Powell is…… [Read More]
Strangers in Their Own Land, Arlie Hochschild presents what she calls the "great paradox" of American society: why ultra conservatives vote against their best interests. By almost all accounts, red states are poorer economically, have much poorer health and educational outcomes, and a lower quality of life overall than blue states. That being the case, why would the reds continue to vote for the same platforms, even going so far as to make their situation potentially worse by voting in Tea Party candidates or the likes of Trump? The answer, according to Hochschild, is that conservatives tend to vote for emotional reasons. Because of its inherent irrationality, the great paradox cannot necessarily be resolved, as Hochschild points out. However, the great paradox can be understood with an empathetic viewpoint. Using empathy encourages understanding, which can in time tear down the cognitive and emotional barriers that create divisiveness and impede social…… [Read More]
Plot to Kill the President by George Robert Blakey. he paper attempts to define the weak and strong points of the book as well as define the theory that the author believes pertains to the assassination of John F. Kennedy in the 1960's. here was one source used to complete this paper.
he last four decades have been filled with discussions and theories about the assassination of American president John F. Kennedy. While some believe it was a plot planned and carried out by the government's own CIA others hold steadfast to the belief that the president was indeed killed by a lone gunman on the knoll that day. While these two theories are well-known and often discussed on talk shows as well as dinner parties there is another theory that is not as well-known but every bit as intriguing. he book by George Robert Blakey and Richard Billings titled…… [Read More]
The Nature of the Book Trade between China and France
In the past, it was apparent that the Chinese government’s approach to matters culture and art did not significantly differ from its stance on a variety of other factors that involved various internal affairs of the nation. However, while it may have exercised some control on the distribution aspect of culture and art, it has largely remained ineffective as far as control on the consumption front was concerned. In general terms literature has always been an important item of culture and art. In recent times, more and more current authors are exploring modern literature. Towards this end, geographical boundaries no longer act like a limiting factor. As a matter of fact, this is increasingly becoming a competitive frontier amongst contemporary authors. Chinese authors, who have been missing in action in this particular case, are catching up. In addition to…… [Read More]
Thinking Critically, Making Decisions, Solving Problems
The critical-thinking process can be used by answering 4 questions related to practical experiences. They are:
the underlying assumptions, interpretation of evidence, evaluation of arguments and the possible alternative perspectives.
LO 2: response
Creativity can be fostered by preparing, incubation, insight and verification.
LO 3: response
Decision-making and problem-solving skills can be improved by defining the problem, gathering of information, analyzing of the information, developing solutions, making a decision, implementation and evaluations of the solution.
Ref: page 11 and 112
LO 4: response
The major difference between individual and collective decision making process is the possibility of the exchange of ideas in the latter through brain storming sessions.
LO 5: response
For a leader, the stumbling blocks to making decisions and problem solving are the personality traits of the leaders, the experience, lack of adaptability and ideas…… [Read More]
edesign and Workplace Assessment
What goes into the accountant profession? Are many responsibilities placed on the individual as well as the business? How does one remain motivated through his or her daily work activities? Will he or she become a success through these endeavors? One will discuss job redesign and workplace rewards.
Certified Public Accountants (CPA) have an impact at every organization they work at on a regular basis. Many in this profession rely on their firm to teach them the necessary information needed in order to understand what is required of them, such as ethics and culture. Training is involved for a new employee as well. In order for a CPA to do their job effectively, he or she has to follow a code of ethics. This lies with the individual rather than the company (Colson, 2003). "Professionals are expected to follow their profession's ethical codes even when these…… [Read More]
Justice ithout Trial
The author and professor of criminal justice, Jerome Skolnick, argues in his book entitled Justice ithout Trial: Law Enforcement in Democratic Society, that the first line of defense in the protection of personal safety and property any democratic society is that of effective law enforcement. However, the police form not a human line of protective and retributive justice, as they ideally should, but instead have created and fucntion as a subculture with little respect for other institutions of justice in the nation, such as trial by jury and presumptions of innocence. Instead, Skolnick states that even in allegedly democratic America, justice takes place without a trial, in the eyes of the prejudices of a policeman when they see a supposed perpetrator in the night. The presumption of guilt in the heart of the policeman, rather than the objectivity of a judge becomes the most compelling determinant of…… [Read More]
As I pursue a degree in accounting, I am constantly searching for the variety of opportunities and options that my degree completion will bring to me. According to Money magazine, accounting is currently one of the 50 hottest jobs (JobWeb, 2003).
In addition, the U.S. ureau of Labor Statistics (LS) says that accounting professionals will experience a 10 to 20% increase in job openings by the year 2008. These factors give me confidence that my future in accounting is secure and promising. This paper will examine the possible avenues, rewards, job market and concerns involved with being an accounting major.
Career Choices for Accountants
Accounting majors are presented with a variety of options for careers. Many choose traditional accounting careers, while others branch out to become appraisers, budget officers, loan officers, financial analysts and managers, actuaries, underwriters, tax collectors and revenue agents, securities sales representatives, and purchasing agents (JobWeb,…… [Read More]
Money in Aviation: An Examination of Support
The history of American flight is generally one of pride and wonder. Historical figures associated with the first airplanes are generally revered by history books and society as a whole. These are figures like the Wright brothers, Amelia Earhart, Charles Lindbergh and others who most agree made a positive impact on human life and symbolize a leap of mankind towards advanced technology and increasing modern times. Modernity. Technology. These are all things that airplanes and flight represent to Americans and they're widely viewed as things which have improved life on this planet for the better. This begs the question as to why the airline industry still remains one of the most volatile, low (or no) profits business around. The book, Why We Can't Make Money in Aviation, by Adam M. Pilarski, seeks to both scrutinize and illuminate the general failure of the airline…… [Read More]
Toolshed -- Night
A single light bulb swings from a rusty socket at the center of the room. The bulb both creates and distorts shadows on the grayed and weathered wooden walls.
Who used to live here?
INT. CA GAAGE -- NIGHT
A SLING BLADE hangs from wall with fresh blood on the blade. The grey wooden floor has been covered with a PLASTIC drop cloth and is spattered with blood.
Sometimes I'm glad walls can't talk.
INT. BASEMENT -- NIGHT
Across the tools, against the opposing wall, there are large meat hooks dangling from the basement ceiling. The light bulb casts the hooks' shadow onto the wall.
The perpetrator was a butcher.
INT. LIVING OOM, FAMHOUSE -- NIGHT
The news is ending with a story about a MAIAGE POPOSAL at a baseball game and quickly transitions to paid programming.
CHALES (shown…… [Read More]
There is a belief, common to economists, that government intervention is necessary to assist economic growth. The current belief that the reason that the economy is faltering is that job growth has faltered, has not altered this perception, even though it probably should have. Recently both the Bush and Obama administrations have tried many different means of stimulating the economy (much as Franklin Delano Roosevelt did during the "Great Depression"), and these means have had varying levels if success. However, despite some small amount of relief and a stronger stock market, job growth remains stagnant and the economy slugs along with it. The efforts of the current administration toward job growth and creation, whether that be in State of the Union speeches or actually policies, have not produced the desired effects. hy is this? Could it be that the Keynesian methods of economic growth and job production are faulty?…… [Read More]
Shadow Lines, by Amitav hosh, is the story of a middle-class boy from India and how he grows into a young adult. By showing us how the narrator absorbs the perceptions of the people around them and how he gradually forms a whole picture out of bits and pieces, he shows us that lines are not always as clear as they first seem to be, because each person draws lines, or makes decisions about people and places, differently.
Saying that this book is about how a middle-class Indian boy grows up is far too simple, because India is a complex country. India is made up of many cultures and languages. The country could be subdivided in several ways. It could be divided along religious lines, as it was at "The Partition," when India was separated into the countries of India and Pakistan. The new India was largely Hindu while the…… [Read More]
The book Why Evolution is True by Jerry Coyne presents a cogent case for evolution, a concept that can be controversial for some but accepted fact for others. This paper will work through the book -- the case that Coyne makes -- and offer reflections on my own journey of understanding the concept of evolution and its manifestation in the natural world.
Evolution is not "fact," so much as a theory that is supported by a wealth of evidence. Just this alone lies at the heart of a lot of the misunderstanding about evolution. First proposed by Charles Darwin as a theory based on his observations of the natural world, evolution reflects the processes of adaptation that species go through, over time and successive generations. In adapting to their environments, species undergo changes that will, given enough time and dramatically different environments, result in the development of…… [Read More]
Defying Hitler by Sebastian Haffner
Reflecting back on World War II, it is impossible to think that one man had rallied a nation to exterminate an entire race of human beings, in a systematic, diabolical and deliberate way. Though, Sebastian Haffner's book, "Defying Hitler," written before World War II even began, provides a rather interesting perspective on the psychological foundation that brought the Germans, a rather civilized nation, to accept a racist nazi socialist regime. When exploring this deeper, it would roughly equivalent to the U.S. transforming rapidly and systematically eliminating a minority group- for instance, all of the Chinese-Americans, the African-Americans, or another racial group because the President said so.
In his book, Haffner captures the "big picture" in Germany while also illuminating the individual in this big picture. The book also does an excellent job of setting up how the rise of Hitler came about by starting in…… [Read More]
The viewpoint expressed in (b) is the closest to the way this paper will be presented. Indeed the roles that all Street (profit first, workers be damned) and the U.S. government played in this nonfiction book are the main reasons why Mollie's job was moved first to Mississippi and then to Mexico. To be sure, this sad legacy could have ended up with a more positive result for Mollie and a less negative result for the Mexican worker, Balbina Duque.
In fairness, statement (a) also has a ring of truth since the way corporations are moving jobs to cheaper locations (like China, where Apple employs many thousands of workers at low wages to assemble the iPads and other technologies) is good for business. But (a) is "not for the best" when it comes to corporate behaviors creating an inevitability that good people like Mollie and other hard-working employees…… [Read More]
Adler reveals that poverty is systemic: a sign of a corrupt system. Mollie James' and Balbina Duque's only chance of extricating themselves from poverty is to inject more political power and energy back into the formation of labor unions. The power of the people to overcome and overthrow corrupt regimes has been proven time and again throughout human history; the struggle is not an easy one but there is no way that Duque or any of her colleagues around the world are going to achieve any upward social mobility within the current system. Besides just the suppression of labor unions and the collusion between the PI and big business, other examples of how systematic and systemic the problem is include the glaring idiocy of the bailouts. The Clinton administration arranged a record-breaking fifty billion dollars to the very people who were creating the problems that James and Duque faced. As…… [Read More]
Hamilton notes the biographies of Alexander often reflected the backgrounds of authors who wrote about him. For example, Sir William Tarn, a Scottish gentleman of the ritish imperial era, characterized Alexander as a chivalrous Greek gentleman with a missionary zeal to spread Greek civilization. In contrast, Fritz Schachermeyr, a German historian who had experienced the rise and fall of the Nazi Germany, described Alexander as a ruthless and cruel ruler, indulged "in deceit and treachery to gain his ends, as a 'Titanic' figure aiming at the conquest of the world."
oth Tarn and Schachermeyr are among the great modern historians of Alexander but even they could not escape personal biases.
The irony of Hamilton's book is that, although he is at pains in his discussion of the difficulty of writing about Alexander and is critical of biased historians, the book starts with a straightforward admission of a bias. Rejecting the…… [Read More]
Leading Outside the Line
Book Summary of Katzenbach, J.H. And Z. Khan (2010). Leading Outside the Lines: How to Mobilize the (n)Formal Organization, Engage your Team, and Get Better Results. Booz & Company, nc.
What are the major theses of the book?
Katzenbach and Khan found that most organizations naturally fell into a formal or informal category, but the most successful integrated and merged aspects of both styles of management. Those that did this would have "a real and sustainable competitive advantage" and would ensure that strategies and values of change would permeate all levels of the organization and all aspects of its work. Formal organizations have the virtue of "efficiency and clarity" while informal ones have "the flexibility and speed of the social networks and peer interactions that connect people informally." People do not always act on a formal basis of pay, benefits and bonuses but also have "emotional…… [Read More]
The Path to Love encapsulates Deepak Chopra’s self-help philosophy, although it is focused specifically on the concept of love. “In spirit you are unbounded by time and space, untouched by experience. In spirit you are true love,” (Chopra 2). The book is about different types of love, including self-love, but also romance and familial love. Although the book comes across as being new age fluff, it is nevertheless useful in engaging the reader and inspiring a positive mindset. The author does a good job of linking together various types of love, starting with the fundamental features of universal and self-love, progressing through the more mundane forms of love between people including romance. In the process of covering the different types of love, Chopra talks about how to cultivate a deeper and more meaningful life through recognition of the power of love. The Path to Love shows how actively cultivating and…… [Read More]
Michael Krause has written a new book that provides eight sales strategies that are supposed to help increase sales, engendered a more motivated sales staff, and help sustain both. The eight strategies are: USP and UVP; Strategic planning; SWOT analysis; Engage your ideal clients; Build a cash reserve; Core capabilities and realistic goal setting; Balanced scoreboard, and; Do you have what it takes? The author looks at the entire organization and not just the sales staff, but he tries to tie all of what he says into sales.
He loses some credibility because he uses some terms wrong, but this is not problematic necessarily as they are the sailing terms he employs as part of the illustrations in the book. However, he does make some questionable suggestions regarding the fourth strategy.
Analysis of "Sell or Sink: Strategies, Tactics and Tools Every Business Leader Must Know to Stay Afloat"
The…… [Read More]
The workers for the private firm are compensated at a level that is barely livable and these workers place a greater burden on the communities' social services.
Sclar's arguments comparing the differences between why privatization works in jobs involving low-skilled and high-skilled jobs merit some consideration and are easily understandable but there are some considerations that Sclar overlooks that should raise some concern as to the validity of his approach. As previously noted, Sclar's basic premise is that the goal of privatization is to reduce costs and that unless costs are lowered privatization has been a failure (Sclar p.63). Using this as a premise, Sclar argues that the overall benefits of privatization are largely negligible but what Sclar fails to consider is the benefits accrued due to true free market conditions existing as a result of true privatization.
Sclar's study and theorizing was done on a model where privatization was…… [Read More]
Unfortunately, their American dream is more often than not the American nightmare. It does not provide living wages for their families to live on. Their blood, sweat and tears build the companies. The leaders attempt to evade paying the workers their fair share by moving to other states where they can pay less money. This is exactly what Universal Manufacturing does by moving its operations to Mississippi. It goes there to pay less money and avoid the unionization that is the only weapon that the workers have in their struggle to organize and get more money and better working conditions. Mega corporations in the time of globalization do exactly the same thing, but just on a much greater scale in the time of NAFTA when selling out to lowest bidder and making people into commodities that can be sold over international borders has been raised to a high art.
Part…… [Read More]
The book, hatever It Takes, by Paul Tough became a best seller because it captured the attention of people in both a scholarly way and yet because of its easy-to-read, entertaining format, and because the issues that Tough writes about are very important to the future of America. That important issue involves education and getting families from disadvantaged communities to rise up and seize opportunities to become enriched socially and economically. Tough highlights the ups and the downs of an expensive, 97-block project called the Harlem Children's Zone. This paper reviews and critiques the book.
An impoverished community can be awakened to a fresh new approach to education, and with cooperation and hard work, the children in that community can be given a far better future. This book is the perfect illustration of important socioeconomic transitions that must take place for that brighter future.
hatever It Takes
hen…… [Read More]
Green's work entitled "Your First Year As A Principal: Everything You Need To Know that They Don't Teach You In School." This reflection will provide some of the ideas that resonated most loudly with my approach and philosophy. This essay will also give examples where I tend to disagree with the author and would suggest other alternatives.
It's Up to You
The most interesting concepts surrounding this work, is that there are so many things that a new principal will be exposed to during their first year. The only thing to truly expect is the unexpected. The author stressed that as a principal, it is up to that individual to lead the school in the desired direction. Do not sit back and wait for others to take charge as this job is explicitly laid out for a leader to take charge. She emphasized this when she wrote " in assessing…… [Read More]
Sorkin, however, posits no argument per se. ather, his book offers insight into how the financial crisis manifested from a far more personal perspective of those involved than anything else. The book is informative in nature, and give insight into some of the thought processes and activities those on the outside may not otherwise be exposed to or privy to. The title of the book sums it up best, and the book outlines how the banks and the primary players and stakeholders have become too big to fail. The book highlights the self-interest of those in charge of some of the biggest financial institutions in the world and their blatant disregard for Main Street.
The book has a place in the larger academic debates raised within public knowledge because it adds to the public's real knowledge of those involved in the nation's financial industry and government offices. Instead of speculating…… [Read More]
One such example is amply described in chapter 10, referring to "Guilty pleasures: pornography, prostitution and stripping." As throughout the book, the theoretical discussion is keenly doubled by lots of breathtaking examples of acts of violence.
The chapter starts in this manner with the case of a young woman gang raped and filmed while she was unconscious. The case reveals on several different levels how the underlying factors and a misogynist society are in fact the deeply rooted causes of such an event. First, there is the level of the young men who committed the crime: their acts are closely related to a culture where pornography dominates, especially at that age, the lives and, as could be seen with that case, the sexual expressions of the male individual.
However, the second level is in fact much more worrying, because it comes from the young men's lawyers and, as such, can…… [Read More]
This book takes on the ambitious task of defining from a perceptual standpoint why the vast majority of businesses fail in the U.S. today. The author contends that the greatest error in judgment is attributable to the mistaken belief that understanding the technical aspects of a business guarantees that a person will also understand a business that does technical work. These two areas are diametrically opposed, a point the author invests pages of the book illustrating through practical, pragmatic examples. The three roles of any business owner include entrepreneur, manager and technician. It is the misaligning to time in each of these three roles that further makes the daunting tasks associated with launching and running a business even more difficult to overcome. Throughout the book, the provide ample examples and insights into how entrepreneurs can more effectively balance these roles and increase their odds of having a successful…… [Read More]
Kit by Valerie Tripp
The book "Meet Kit: An American Girl" by Valerie Tripp takes place in Cincinnati, Ohio, during the Great Depression. Even though "Meet Kit" is a fiction book, the 69-page story is about many of the real things that happened to Americans during the 1930's. Kit's real name is Margaret Kittredge but she likes to be called Kit instead because she is a tomboy. When her sister Ruthie decides to read a book called "The Lilac Fairy," Kit chooses to read "The Adventures of Robin Hood and his Merry Men" and she types an article about it on her typewriter. One of Kit's hobbies is typing up a newspaper on her typewriter for her father to read and she hopes for a major change to happen so she can write a great headline. Ruthie disagrees though because usually when their parents read the real newspaper they get…… [Read More]
graphic novel Watchmen by Alan Moore. It is basically about what inspired Watchmen's themes, story, and characters. As well as what Watchmen has influenced and how it has been influenced by other comics and heroes like Batman and uperman among others. Watchman and its influences
Watchman, authored by Alan Moore, artist Dave Gibbons, and colourist John Higgins was created in 1986 / 1987 in response to contemporary anxieties and as means of critiquing the superhero concept.
Watchman recreates history where superheroes emerged in the 1940s and 1950s who helped the U..A. win the war against Vietnam and later is involved in preventing nuclear war with the U...R. Most former superheroes have retired or are working for the government, so contumely freelance vigilantes are arbitrarily and voluntarily doing the job of protecting the country. The protagonists actively fight and strategically plot to help retired superheroes survive and they work to stave…… [Read More]
The current job environment means that people have to be well qualified for the job they are seeking or they will not be considered a candidate. There are people hunting for jobs who have decades of experience in a particular field, so it is difficult for a recent graduate, even one with a graduate degree and some experience in management, to compete with this type of candidate. This is the situation that I find myself in. I am going to hit the job market with a graduate-level degree and some amount of experience, but very little practical experience. It is possible to entice a prospective employer with the fact that I am young and have recent intense theoretical knowledge (which may help in some instances, but not many), but most employers realize that they have a wide pool of applicants to look through with vastly greater amounts of…… [Read More]
This best-selling book by Mikel Harry and Richard Schroeder has been held in high esteem for more than twenty years. Indeed the reputation earned by Six Sigma: The Breakthrough Management Strategy Revolutionizing the orld's Top Corporations has for the most part been excellent, especially in the corporate industry. The authors are highly qualified to write a book about Six Sigma since they basically founded the organization. Mikel Harry is known as a high-powered consultant to businesses, and before writing the book with Schroeder served in the U.S. Marine Corps (as an infantry platoon leader and company commander) and was instrumental in founding Motorola's Six Sigma Research Institute. In fact Harry is given credit for founding the Six Sigma strategy for implementation. Schroeder, meanwhile, is a partner with Harry in setting up Six Sigma; he too worked at Motorola, and he and Harry work as consultants with corporations around the…… [Read More]
Another related type of argument is to assert how he became interested in the various facets of politics that he made an impact on. For example, as a result of a plane crash and convalescing, he writes, "I realized that access to health care was a moral issue" (Kennedy 225). In other words, the way that he develops his political interest is determined by his personal experience. His view on the Vietnam War changed after an interview trip there. He uses this personal experience as the foundation for the ideas that he talks about, and it is convincing as a result. This argument from experience convinces the reader that Kennedy was authentic. Kennedy also includes many historical facts, which only adds support to his experience. ecause he was so involved, his interpretation of the facts is persuasive.
The primary thing that makes one keep reading this book is the connection…… [Read More]
1998 novel About a Boy addresses the gamut of human relationships within the context of post-modern life. ill and Marcus are unlikely friends. A generation gap apart, they seem to have little in common until they start to bond. ill Freeman is 36 years old, and a kid in many ways. He lies so that people will like him, and does not have a job because of his inheritance. Marcus is a 12-year-old boy whose mother is depressed and whose peers are bullied; Marcus seems destined toward stunted emotional growth and development until he meets ill. ill likely sees himself in Marcus, which is why their friendship was meaningful to both parties. The fact that their relationship becomes transformative and helps the two of them grow offers hope that all people can come to appreciate their quirks, preserving individuality while maintaining healthy relationships. About a Boy is therefore about the…… [Read More]
Taken together, Zelizer and Gourevitch's work offer a substantial examination of the changes the United States has undergone following the end of the Cold ar. However, in both cases it seems as if the authors are so interested in what might have changed that they fail to acknowledge the continuities that exist between the United States' political, economic, and military postures during the Cold ar and after (Gourevitch 301; Zelizer 355). hile the country has of course been forced to adapt to the post-Cold ar world, the fact is that by and large, the United States has largely maintained many of its Cold ar behaviors and attitudes, and particularly in regards to the maintenance of its international military empire (Zelizer 14). Surprisingly, Zelizer is even able to recognize the imperial ambitions of American presidents without recognizing how successful those ambitions have been (Zelizer 14). Furthermore, he seems intent…… [Read More]
jobs going out of the U.S.A.
Thirty years of developing computerization, as well as global rivalry have cut down the requirement for physical work in America, as well as increased requirement for a diverse sort of labor, a supplier of services and information. elow are some signs for the job ratio to go down in America:
In almost 30 years, the U.S. economy has produced 48 million novel jobs. However, total-manufacturing jobs has remained unaffected at approximately 20.5 million jobs, and now accounts for only 16% of the sum.
In that identical era, service-sector employment has multiplied twice over, and at present accounts for 35% of all jobs in the United States.
It is estimated that the service sector will comprise approximately 64% of total job growth in the subsequent eight years.
Technological progress powering economic growth is, in addition, causing unsteadiness in the job market, with the average American…… [Read More]