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Internal Fraud Detection Fraud Can Be Detected

Words: 561 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 67159585

Internal Fraud Detection

Fraud can be detected by deliberate effort through internal control efforts or by coincidence or chance. When companies do not practice strong internal control, it leaves the door open for employees to misappropriate assets without being detected, except by chance. y the time fraud is detected by chance, it could have cost a company millions of dollars in misappropriated assets.

The first coincidence discovered by the magazine company was in the process of a new auditor in an effort to get to know his new company and their accounting codes taking invoices to a vice president responsible for approving payment on them. The very top invoice was a forged signature, and upon evaluation, more invoices were discovered to have contained forged signatures, which is what set up the investigation. According to (Global Economic Crime Survey), 13% of internal fraud is detected by accident, 27% reported fraud in…… [Read More]


Global Economic Crime Survey. Nov 2009. . 18 Mar 2013.

Internal Controls and Fraud Proofing. 2013. article from . 18 Mar 2013.
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National Character Studies Were All

Words: 2304 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99024088

Moreover, it seems less than completely effective to urge people to make connections to each other because being self-centered really leads to a healthier community. Yes, keeping up our networks does help each one of us. But this does not seem to be the kind of inspirational call to a wider world that will transform the current problems in the nation.

elational, Not Instrumental Connections

Lawler, Thye, & Yoon argue that it is not simply sufficient to create the shell of the kinds of institutions that can encourage and support community. ather, we must consider the ways in which we can shift the connections between people and institutions and between institutions and institutions from being essentially instrumental to being more deeply relational.

This volume argues that there are fundamental social conditions under which transactional, purely instrumental ties to a group tend to become relational and expressive. We reframe the transactional-relational…… [Read More]


Lawler, E., Thye, S., & Yoon, J. (2009). Social commitments in a depersonalized world. New York: Russell Sage Foundation Publications.

Putnam, R. (2001). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American communities.

Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Wuthnow, R. (2002). Loose connections: Joining together in America's fragmented communities. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
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Civic Project Entry 1 Selection

Words: 3117 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 14142245

A try to help my Little Brother find positive voluntary associations. I encourage him to volunteer at his local church, and to seek afterschool enrichment programs and tutoring. But this is not always easy. He often says that he feels that people do not care -- his teachers, his parents, and even his friends who try to uphold a 'straight and narrow' path. He also says that he wants to feel as if he is accepted by other people, and sometimes his drive to feel accepted right now is more powerful than pursuing long-range goals and the promise getting into college, of 'making it' in a larger American social context. I try to provide a positive role model for him, but it can be difficult to describe to him that sometimes you need to get through the present to move into the future, when many of the images of the…… [Read More]

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Political Science - Domhoff Shapiro

Words: 2546 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21981158

Putnam (2000) suggests that trust already exists within societies, when clearly there is evidence that it does not exist, and that people are not confident in who is in control (Domhoff, 2005). Putnam (2000) argues that it is important to have a strong and very active and aggressive civil society within the United States to consolidate democracy. Many of the traditions of independent civic engagement have been lost according to Putnam, and are now replaced with passivity among the peoples of the United States; far too often civic engagements rely on the "state" making civil societies as described by Putnam (2000) weak and incapable of developing. Putnam's idea of social capital is the view that social capital is a resource that is ingrained in norms and in social trusts, and it is these norms and trusts that help facilitate collaborative actions and help communities cooperate so they can achieve mutual…… [Read More]


Dahl, Robert Who Governs? 2005. Democracy and Power in an American City, Second edition. Boston: Yale University Press

Domhoff, William G. 2005. Who Rules America? Power, Politics and Social Change.

New York: McGraw Hill: Higher education

Putnam, Robert D. 2000. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American
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Civic Project Objective Fulfilling Course

Words: 1429 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 98486417

If everybody is 'doing it,' people seem more likely to participate. Rather than iconoclasm, volunteering seems to be motivated, more than we as Americans might like to admit it, by a spirit of conformity or at least to be seen as not deviating from the moral norm. Sometimes, the more that we are watched, socially, the better we behave (of course, the reverse is sometimes true as well, if everyone is behaving badly, then we are more likely to go on with the crowd, given that we are human, social animals).

Week 3

Over the course of this week, I have gotten to know the people who regularly worked at the blood bank better. This week offered me more insight upon the spirit of altruism, given the careers these healthcare providers had selected. Many of them said that they had been motivated to choose a career in healthcare, because they…… [Read More]

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Energy Supply Systems Infrastructure --

Words: 473 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 25454366

Petroleum fuels supply and storage

Switching to more energy-efficient ambulatory vehicles, such as hybrids, might be a necessary consideration in the future, should long-term access to fuel during a disaster become a problem. This would lessen the need for refueling, as well as make emergency stores of gas (if there are any such stores) last longer.

Natural gas supply

Loss of access to gas can result in the loss of hot running water, and the ability to boil water for sanitary purposes. Before an emergency, bottled, fresh water should be kept on hand for drinking and other functions requiring bacteria-free water. Food that can be prepared without heating and boiling is required to be kept on hand. All efforts should be made to ensure conditions such as toilets remain sanitary and water remains running to maximize sanitation and minimize water usage and need for boiling.

orks Cited

Bovender, Jack O.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bovender, Jack O. Jr. & Bill Carey. (2006). A week we don't want to forget: Lessons learned from Tulane. Frontiers of Health Services Management, 23(1), 3-12; discussion 25-30.

Retrieved September 17, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 1127531361).

Curiel, Tyler J. (2006). Murder or mercy? Hurricane Katrina and the need for disaster training. The New England Journal of Medicine, 355(20), 2067-9. Retrieved September

17, 2009, from ProQuest Medical Library. (Document ID: 1165594021).
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Dialogue Between People Like John Locke Karl Marx Mohandas Gandhi Elizabeth Wolgast Dorothy Day

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83848056

Colleen -- but then again, when you're dealing with food services, every day's a long day. As she made her way toward the stairs and away from the brooding purgatory that is the HUB (name of cafeteria), shutting off the lights behind her like a row of fluorescent dominoes, the clock on the wall read "10:45." The sound of the door shutting at the top of the stairwell signaled the end of another day at the HUB.

Actually, perhaps this was not true. Just as the door was shutting above, the lights down below flickered on once again to reveal a ghostly line of customers stretching from the "Pizza Hut" station to the cash register. Near the end of the line, Mohandas Gandhi stood with a cup of tea and a veggie wrap balanced on his tray. Martin Luther King stood next to him, his tray empty except for a…… [Read More]

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Theatre Art

Words: 1594 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 19368416

Blood by Suzan-Lori Sparks expands on the main theme of society's unfair disregard for its people of low condition in general, for women, and for adulterers. Hester La Negrita, the protagonist, is an African-American woman who struggles to survive in poverty along with her five base-born children. The family's outcast status is portrayed as a direct inducer and accelerator of emotional suffering, poverty, lack of education, and sexual exploitation.

(A) From a structural perspective, In the Blood is constructed in two acts and nine scenes, employing a linear plotline (ush, 2005). In this sense, the play debuts with the equilibrium of Hester striving to provide for her children in meager conditions, the inciting incident represented by the suggestion to seek help from the available former lovers and fathers of her children, the major dramatic question of whether or not she will attain it, the developing action as Hester approaches everend…… [Read More]


Bailin, D. (2006). "Our Kind: Albee's Animals in Seascape and the Goat Or, Who Is Sylvia?." The Journal of American Drama and Theatre, Vol. 18, No. 1.

Putnam, R.D. (2000). Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Rush, D. (2005). A Student Guide to Play Analysis. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois Printing Press.
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Teaching in America

Words: 1619 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6928105

Teaching in America

Grant and Murray's Teaching in America: The Slow Revolution is a book with two faces. On one hand it is a book of history, covering the developments in education in general over the past century; here it is at times fascinating, at times tedious, but always informative. On the other hand, the book points to one overruling "Slow Revolution" which the authors describe as the solution to our nation's (and the world's) educational problems. While the former topic is simply a recounting of established history, the latter requires evidence and argument in support of the authors' claim; this evidence comes primarily from interviews with teachers. Hence, this book spans two realms of academia: as the researchers themselves state, "Our research is both sociological and historical" (8). This paper will investigate the credibility of the authors' latter claim, which is based on a rather isolated set of evidence,…… [Read More]


Grant, G., and Murray, C.E. Teaching in America: The Slow Revolution. Cambridge: Harvard

UP, 1999.

Customer Reviews. 2003. 16 December 2003.,_Gerald/ 

Harvard University Press/Teaching in America/Reviews. 2000. Harvard UP. 16 December 2003.
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Recreational Activity Popular it Must Transcend Distinctions

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 840662

recreational activity popular, it must transcend distinctions of wealth and class. As Charles Cotton's The Compleat Gamester states "games and sports of all kinds were common recreations for the people of Tudor and Stuart England." Peter Burke defines culture as a system of shared meanings, attitudes and values, and the symbolic forms in which they are expressed or embodied[1]; by popular culture it is possible Burke's definition refers to the culture of the ordinary people or the "subordinate classes" -- those below the level of the elite. However, this paper views social history by looking at the commonality of leisure, recreation, games and sports of all kinds as the basis to determine whether there was a popular culture in early modern England. For example, cards, archery and tennis included all classes (the lower and upper) and encompassed those who devoted time to leisurely activities as well as those who spend…… [Read More]

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Inequalities Rampant Among the Dod and Associated

Words: 1342 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67876244

Inequalities ampant Among the DOD and Associated Agencies: An Analysis of Affirmative Action Efforts in the Military and Civilian Workforce

There have been numerous initiatives in recent years targeted at eliminating discrimination and under-representation among minorities and the disabled in the civilian workforce. However within the Department of Defense/Navy and other branches of the military, there is still a discrepancy of representation with regard to minority candidates. Today the DOD is working together with multiple agencies in order to establish affirmative action oriented recruitment, retaining and promotions programs that will specifically attract minority and disabled candidates, in an attempt to eliminate the discrepancies that currently exist with regard to representation. There have been numerous articles and reports that have analyzed the DOD's and Navy's combined efforts to improve representation, two of which are closely examined below.

Analysis of DOD and Civilian Workforce Initiatives

There is ample evidence that suggests that…… [Read More]


Bowling, J. (1995). "Equal employment opportunity: women and minority representation at interior, agriculture and Navy." U.S. General Accounting Office, Retrieved May 1, 2005:

DOD. (2003). "DODD 1440.1, May 21, 1987." November 21, 2003 Department of Defense. Retrieved May 1, 2005: 

Sample, D. (2003 -- Feb). "EEO staff encourages black students to consider DoD job opportunities." American Forces Press Service. United States Department of Defense, Retrieved May 01, 2005:
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Falls Among the Elderly Age GROUP1

Words: 2717 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80389108

Fall Among the Elderly Age Group

Falls among the Elderly Age Group

Biological Factors

Unintentional falls

Expected falls and unexpected falls

isk Elements for Falls

Outline of Several Different Strategies

Counseling and Health Education Strategies

Single Strategies

Primary Strategies

Exercise and physical activity 8

Nursing-Home Strategies

Interventions of Unidentified Effectiveness

Developed Based on your Understanding of the Public Health Problem

Schedule an appointment with your Medic

Keep moving

Wear sensible shoes

According to JM (2009), "As people get older, falls turn out to be a typical and often hurting issue that occurs among those that are in the elderly category, producing a huge quantity of illness, death and use of health care services as well as premature nursing home admittances ( p. 42)." However, falls are a difficult, multi-faceted problem that comprises of social, medical, and financial elements. Medically, the mixture of a high occurs of falls and an increased…… [Read More]


A., B. (2012). Research methods in health: investigating health and health services. United Kingdom: Open University Press.

Campbell AJ, R. M. (2013). Rethinkingindividual and community fall preventionstrategies: a meta- regression comparingsingle and multifactorial interventions. Age and Ageing, 21(6), 656-662.

JM., H. (2009). Cognitive and Emotional benefits of exercise may mediate fall reduction. British Medical Journal, 128, 325(.

Lord SR, T. A. (2013). The effect of an individualized fall prevention program on fallrisk and falls in older people: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 14(8), 1296-1304.
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The Built Environment and Social Networking

Words: 957 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98404965

Bowling Alone Putnam; School Ties, Space, and esilience by Carpenter; and Globalization of Disaster: Trends, Problems and Dilemmas by Alexander. I chose these articles because each in its own way deals with the problem of community and change. Bowling Alone focuses on the impact of women in the workplace, family mobility and changing demographics on declining civic society. School Ties examines the effect that social networks and built environments have on one another. Globalization of Disaster looks at an entire global community that has been changed by rapid technological advancements in communications, travel, and commerce. The idea of resilience offered by School Ties is helpful in addressing the problematic issues identified both by "Bowling Alone" and Globalization of Disaster and in this reflection paper I will show how the concept can be applied.

Bowling Alone was a very interesting read because it identifies the disintegration of the stable, social family…… [Read More]


Alexander, D. (2006). Globalization of Disaster: Trends, Problem and Dilemmas.

Journal of International Affairs, 59(2): 1-22.

Carpenter, A. (2013). Social Ties, Space, and Resilience. Community and Economic

Development Discussion Paper, 2(13): 1-21.
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1950s Advertisment One of the

Words: 1646 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22259453

It is also interesting that, somewhat differently from the first advertisement, we are no longer looking for efficiency, productivity increase and lower costs. Since consumerism is the key to this advertisement, the word of order now is spending. This is why this is the "costliest process on Earth."

The three advertisement are very interesting, because, despite still reflecting well the period of time in which they were created, they are somewhat different. On one hand, we have a society that stresses the importance of higher productivity rates and lower costs to be able to face the current challenges. On the other hand, we have individuals simply enjoying their existence, despite the existent challenges.



2. May Tyler, Elaine. Homeward ound: American Families in the Cold War Era. asic ooks, 1990. Page 91.



May Tyler, Elaine. Homeward ound: American Families in the Cold War…… [Read More]

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Systematic and Rigorous Process of Enquiry Which

Words: 698 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82588715

systematic and rigorous process of enquiry, which aims to describe phenomena and to develop and test explanatory concepts and theories. Ultimately, it aims to contribute to a scientific body of knowledge. It aims to improve health, health outcomes, and health services (Bowling, 2002, p. 1). Health research has been de-ned in relation to health generally. As well as having an emphasis on health services, it has an important role in informing the planning and operation of services aiming to achieve health (p.3).

One method and type of study design in health research is the case study. Creswell (2009), explains that there are three groups of research, quantitative, qualitative (which includes case study), and mixed methods. Yin (2009), explains that using case studies for research purposes remains one of the most challenging of all social science endeavors. The writer breaks this method into two parts: literature review, and secondly acknowledging the…… [Read More]


Bowling, A. (2002). Research Methods in health: Investigating health and health services (2nd ed.). Buckingham, Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Creswell, J.W. (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publication, Inc..

Yin, R. . (2009). Case Study Research: design and Methods (4th ed.). United States: SAGE Publication, Inc..
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Advertising and Word of Mouth

Words: 9576 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 41357392

(Snyder & Deono quoted in Kjeldal 2003, Introduction section, ¶ 6).

The results from the study Kjeldal (2003) conducted with 70 participants in two stages suggest that the word association responses high self-monitors (HSMs) produce reflect selective activation of a personally meaningful, experiential, system. The responses low self-monitors (LSMs) produce, on the other hand, indicate an intellective factual system.

2. Decision Making Process Theories

Dr. onnie Halpern-Felsher (2009), an Associate Professor at theUniversity of California, San Francisco, identifies a number decision-making criteria in her report, "Adolescent decision making: an overview." According to Halpern-Felsher, determinations of definitions for a competent decision, the process of how the decision was made, differ dramatically. The actual behavior or outcome, albeit, does not determine competent decision making, however, during the normative model of decision-making process, one does consider the consequences to not choosing a particular behavior or a specific event.

Normative models of decision making,…… [Read More]


'Advertising, Public Relations' N.d. < > [25 May 2009].

Bahaudin, M & Jue, A 2005. 'Deceptive and Subliminal Advertising in Corporate America: Value Adder or Value Destroyer?', Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship. Nova Southeastern University Wayne Huizenga Graduate School of Business. HighBeam Research. Available from: <  > [20 May 2009].

Barnard, N & Ehrenberg, A 1997. 'Advertising: Strongly Persuasive or Nudging',

Journal of Advertising Research - January/February 1997.
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Rapid Application Development RAD Rapid

Words: 3327 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80950306

..] is used to create forms for data input and display. (the) links to office applications (are represented by) a spreadsheet for the analysis and manipulation of numeric information or a word processor for report template creation. (the) report generator is used to define and create reports from information in the database."

The number of studies which actually reveal implications of AD usage within online commercial operations is quite limited. However, when presented with the available materials, the reader can form several opinions relative to the feature. For instance, since the development cycles are reduced, the final product (or at least a working version of the final product) will be quickly presented to the user. This will consequently increase his satisfaction. Consider the basic example where a software company is contracted to develop and maintain a website for Wal-Mart. The contractor desires that the website presented their customers with all…… [Read More]


Maner, W., 1997, Rapid Application Development, Bowling Green State University, . Ast accessed on June 16, 2008

Hamilton, M., Kern, H., November 16, 2001, Customer-Oriented Rapid Application Development (CoRAD), Inform it,,last  accessed on June 18, 2008

McFarlane, N., November 2003, Rapid Application Development with Mozilla (Bruce Peren's Open Source Series), Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference

Sommerville, I., June 2006, Software Engineering 7.5, International Computer Science Series, Addison Wesley, 8th Edition
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Julien Donkey-Boy Harmony Korine's Julien

Words: 1393 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27362086

Rather, the monologue is concerned with the Spanish conquest of Peru. The audio recording is low quality - it almost sounds like it was recorded on a cassette tape recorder, and it probably was. This lo-fi aesthetic gives the overall montage a decidedly "home made" feel - one that resonates with the suburban reality that the characters inhabit - and effectively pervert through their actions - throughout the course of the film.

Korine makes frequent use of the "slide show" technique throughout Julien Donkey-Boy. This exploitation of still photography consists of a series of still images, typically covering one series of activities, or perhaps an entire afternoon, over which a soundtrack of dialogue is played. In one such sequence, we see Julien and a friend of his doing a number of mundane things, such as making Xerox copies of some kind of document and bowling. Over this series of still…… [Read More]

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Counterproductive and Productive Behavior in Organization Productive

Words: 1266 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12141617

Counterproductive and Productive Behavior in Organization

Productive and Counterproductive Behaviors Paper

In today's organizations, employees are meant to work effectively by utilizing the resource available in an organization efficiently in order to attain optimum productivity of labor. It is expected by the management that the employees should exhibit productive behaviors in essence contributing towards and organization's goal of optimality and objective targeting (Nathan & Gary, 2010). It appreciated that, absence of productive behavior within an organization result to adverse effects in operations and performance (Diego & izzi, 2010).

Definition of Productive and Counterproductive behaviors

Productive behaviors within an organization are the behaviors exhibited by employees that contribute positively towards achieving organizational objectives and goals (Britt & Jex, 2008). Productive behaviors are those that attend to employees' positive contribution to the organizational needs and set objectives. The positive productive behaviors are expected to increase an employee's productivity and thus contribute to…… [Read More]


Bowling, N.A., & Hammond, G.D. (2008). Ameta-analytic examination of the construct validity of the Michigan Organizational Assessment Questionnaire Job Satisfaction Subscale. . Journal of Vocational Behavior, 73, 63-77.

Britt, T.W., & Jex, S.M. (2008). Organizational Psychology: A Scientist-Practitioner Approach. New York: Wiley.

Diego, P., & Rizzi, C. (2010). Understanding Socialization Practice: Factors fostering and hindering its evolution. Society and Business Review, 5(2), 144-154.

Feather, N.T., & Rauter, K.A. (2004). Organizational citizenship behaviours in relation to job status, job insecurity, organizational commitment and identification, job satisfaction and work values. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 77, 81-94.
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Campus Security Act of 1990 Clery Act

Words: 5610 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46676144

Clery Act

The Freedom Information Act of 2002 reported 2,351 occurrences of forcible sex offenses on campus and 1,670 in residence halls; 2,953 aggravated assaults on campus; 2,147 robberies on campus and 29,256 burglaries also on campus; and 1,098 arsons on campus in that year alone. This was the summary of campus crime statistics released by the U.S. Department of Education (Security on Campus 2004).

This document and national studies reveal the prevalence of sexual assault on both male and female college and university students. In a number of these recent surveys conducted in approximately 6,000 schools, one of four female students admitted to having been subjected to forced sexual contact or forced sexual intercourse and that 90% of them knew their offenders. At the time of assault, 75% of these male students and 55% of the female were either drunk or under the influence of drugs (Security on Campus).…… [Read More]


Clery, Connie and Howard. (2001). What Jeanne Didn't Know. Security On Campus, Inc. 

Security on Campus. (2004). Campus Crime Statistics Summary. 

2002). What to Do If You Become a Victim of Campus Sexual Assault. Security on Campus, Inc. http://www.securityoncampus.og/victims/campussexualassault.html

United States Congress. (2001). Campus Sexual Assault Victims' Bill of Rights. Higher Education Amendments of 1992.Victim Assistance: Security on Campus, Inc.
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School-Based Intervention Trials for the

Words: 14493 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 7664904

, 1999). In many areas of the country this may be very accurate.

Another problem that comes into the picture where obesity in children is concerned is that many parents must work very long hours today to pay bills and have money for what their family needs (Mokdad, et al., 1999). ecause of this, many children are latchkey kids and are not watched as closely by their parents as they used to be (Mokdad, et al., 1999). Children used to come home from school and go and play with others, but many now live in neighborhoods where this is unsafe or where there are no children their age so they remain inside watching TV or playing video games and snacking on whatever is available (Mokdad, et al., 1999).

If there is healthy food in the house this is often not a problem, but many households are full of potato chips,…… [Read More]


Anderson, J.G. (1987). Structural equation models in the social and behavioral sciences: Model building. Child Development, 58, 49-64.

Arlin, M. (1976). Causal priority of social desirability over self-concept: A cross-lagged correlation analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 33, 267-272.

Averill, P. (1987). The role of parents in the sport socialization of children. Unpublished senior thesis, University of Houston.

Bandura, a. (1969). A social-learning theory of identificatory processes. In D.A. Goslin (Ed.), Handbook of socialization theory and research (pp. 213-262). Chicago: Rand McNally.
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Arab-Americans Racism Before and After

Words: 2354 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48275290

This abuse of Arab-Americans and Muslim-American follows the ritualized sacrifice of the pharmakos, which involved the projection of a specific set of characteristics onto the scapegoated victim, who was then sacrificed in order to restore the health and unity of the community" (p. 165). As Taslitz (2002) emphasizes, such hate crimes and stereotypical portrayals of Arab-Americans represent a firmly entrenched set of beliefs held by many Americans that contribute to the government's ability to increase its power at the expense of the civil rights afforded the ordinary citizenry. "The most serious threats to our freedom often advance in small steps," Taslitz notes, and, "The risks we assume are, in large part, reflections of laws that encourage certain customs and values" (p. 125).

This step-by-step erosion of civil liberties can be best understood as a response to the demonizing of Arabs in America as far back as the late 1800s (Akram,…… [Read More]


Abu-Laban, B. (2007). Reflections on the rise and decline of an Arab-American organization. Arab Studies Quarterly, 29(3-4), 47.

Akram, S.M. (2002). The aftermath of September 11, 2001: The targeting of Arabs and Muslims in America. Arab Studies Quarterly, 61.

Babbitt, S.E. & Campbell, S. (1999). Racism and philosophy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Chermak, S., Bailey, F.Y., Brown, M. (2003). Media representations of September 11. Westport, CT: Praeger.
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Education Maximum Security The Culture

Words: 2026 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 48325948

By providing more time for children to be in school, the program takes away dangerous time that students will be on the streets making negative alliances. Additionally, by increasing home-school interactions and providing greater access to teachers, the program may offset some of the negative conditions caused by single parent homes.

Because studies have suggested that juvenile alliances and socioeconomic status, as well as other social conditions, are some of the causes for juvenile delinquency, addressing those causes has become an important method to avoiding juvenile offenders, victims, and witnesses of violent crimes. ith schools being a major part of children's lives during childhood and adolescence, teachers and administrators, with programs like KIPP, must take on the burden of preventing or counterbalancing these social conditions that lead to juvenile delinquency. Although the process of doing so may seem difficult to teachers who have been educated primarily in instructing and only…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Abdul-Adil, Jaleel. K. And Farmer, David Alan. "Inner-City African-American Parental

Involvement in Elementary Schools: Getting Beyond Urban Legends of Apathy." (NEED to PROVIDE REST of CITATION. WAS NOT PROVIDED to RESEARCHER.)

Boehnke, Klaus and Bergs-Winkles, Dagmar. "Juvenile Delinquency Under the Conditions of Rapid Social Change." Sociological Forum. 17.1 (2002): 57-79.

Bowling for Columbine. Michael Moore. DVD. a-Film. 2002.
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Gender Sex and Gender the

Words: 1171 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69496733

They cannot fight their biological destiny, no matter how hard they try, and that is another reason that I believe sex and gender are biological, and not simply psychological or mental.

However, I firmly believe that how society looks at gender is social, and has nothing to do with biology or nature. Society has placed certain "rules" about sex and sexuality on men and women. Men are supposed to be manly, strong, the providers, and most of all, supremely "male" and all that means. It means men are supposed to be unemotional, not show their feelings, enjoy sports and violence, and never show weakness. Women are supposed to be feminine, weak and dependent, good-looking, and emotional, and a man who shows these tendencies is labeled "gay" or "weird" by other men. These are all social constructs that most of society firmly believes in and abides by. Thus, anyone who is…… [Read More]


Transamerica. Dir. Duncan Tucker. Perf. Felicity Huffman, Kevin Zegers. The Weinstein Company, 2005.

Vincent, Norah. Self-Made Man: One Woman's Journey Into Manhood and Back. New York, Penguin, 2006.
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Body Modification A Tool for

Words: 603 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22520430

Body modification is also used as a form of entertainment, as in cases of suspension, where individuals pierce their bodies with fish hooks, wire or other objects and then hang or elevate their body much like a "circus" trick (Leo 1).

Side Effects

There are many side effects of body modification, often contingent on the amount of or intensity of body modification a person is involved with. For example, ear piercing might leave few side effects other than some scar tissue in the ear; the same is true of piercing in other locations. Any form of body modification involving piercing the skin or cutting into the body introduces the risk of infections (Bendle 193).

Modern plastic surgery may leave scarring, especially when invasive procedures including tummy tucks or breast augmentation are performed; despite this many people are advocates of body modification, which has in its own right created a culture…… [Read More]


Bendle, Mervyn. In the Flesh: The Cultural Politics of Body Modification. Journal of Sociology, 40.2: 2004, p. 193.

Kewitt, Kim. Mutilating the Body: Identity in Blood and Ink. Bowling Green, OH:

Bowling Green State University Popular Press: 1997.

Leo, Jessica D. Suspension: Going Beyond the Limits of Body Modification. Retrieved May 14, 2007:
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Reggae Music in 1968 a

Words: 1780 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87960646

Reggae music, born of a combination of R&B, blues, jazz, and traditional African music, and combined with a religious tradition, was unique to Jamaica at a time when the country was looking for her identity. The combination of political messages, religious connotation, and raw sound was ideal for the changing society of the time. However, to be pushed to international stardom, the music was altered and rerecorded by milder, less powerful white British artists who helped internationalize the genre. The end result, however, was that it would take many years for true reggae to reach international audiences, complete with the ideology and messages the music was intended to portray. hile the British musicians helped popularize the culture, it would take Bob Marley and many others decades to bring the true message of reggae music to international light.

orks Cited

Connell, John. Sound Tracks: Popular Music, Identity, and Place. London: Routledge,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Connell, John. Sound Tracks: Popular Music, Identity, and Place. London: Routledge, 2002. Questia. 7 May 2007 .

Everything Jamaican. "The History of Reggae Music." Jamaica. Everything Jamaican. 2004. 7 May 2007. .

Farred, Grant. What's My Name? Black Vernacular Intellectuals. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003. Questia. 7 May 2007 .

Bays, Barry T. Reggae, Rastafari, and the Rhetoric of Social Control. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2002. Questia. 7 May 2007 .
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Global Warming & Decreased Crop

Words: 3634 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70045526

Changes (Global, National, Region, Local, and Farm)


Smith (2006)

In the work entitled: "Climate Change and Agriculture" a brochure prepared for the UK Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food written by Muriel, Downing, and Hulme, et al. In Section 4: Impact of Climate Change on Crops report findings that:

1) Elevated temperature increased their rate of grain growth but shortened the duration of grain filling;

2) Higher temperatures may have decreased the availability of assimilates so decreasing grain size, grain yield and mass per grain; and 3) Higher temperatures reduced average mass per grain, in one experiment, by 25% in normal CO2 and 14% in elevated conditions." (Muriel, Downing, and Hulme, et al. nd)

The following chart demonstrates the effect that CO2, temperature, and CO2 combined with a higher temperature had on crop yields in this study.

Change in yield (%)

Source: (Muriel, Downing, and Hulme, 2006)

There are…… [Read More]


Chipanshi, a., Chanda, R., & Totolo, O. (Dec 2003). Vulnerability assessment of the maize and sorghum crops to climate change in Botswana. Climatic Change, 61(3).

Dhakwa, G. & Campbell, L. (Dec 1998). Potential effects of differential day-night warming in global climate change on crop production. Climatic Change, 40(3).

Isik, M. & Devadoss, S. (20 April 2006). An analysis of the impact of climate change on crop yields and yield variability. Applied Economics, 38(7).

Peng, S., Huang, J., Sheehy, J., Laza, R., Visperas, R., Zhong, X., Centeneo, G., Khush, G., & Cassman, K. (6 July 2004). Rice yields decline with higher night temperature from global warming. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101(27).
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Fighting in the Jim Crow Army by

Words: 1494 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 45875061

Fighting in the Jim Crow Army by Maggie Morehouse

Maggie Morehouse (2007) opines early in Fighting in the Jim Crow Army that the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, wherein America codified "separate-but-equal," was still in effect by the time of WWII. The effects of the Supreme Court decision would impact the lives of black Americans for the next half century -- especially in the armed forces, which were segregated until 1947. Morehouse goes on to detail the trials and complications for black soldiers in the segregated Army, as remembered by the black men and women who lived through those times. This paper will examine the most significant aspects of Morehouse's work, and provide a detailed look at the stories therein that shaped the people and the structure of the 92nd and 93rd all-black active divisions.

Morehouse asserts right away that the policy of segregation "failed to produce military efficiency,"…… [Read More]

Reference List

Morehouse, M. (2007). Fighting in the Jim Crow Army: Black Men and Women

Remember World War II. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
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Culturally Competent Is the Psychiatric

Words: 1390 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 24633421

This is reflected in the article under critique- Culturally competent psychiatric nursing care by Wilson (2010).As a consequence, the ever growing body of literature in this context is now extensively used in influencing the healthcare policy at both the local and national levels.

Qualitative researches are noted by Bowling (2002) to be necessary within the primary healthcare whenever researchers need to ask important questions concerning why patients as well as healthcare professionals act in particular way as well as to focus on the feelings, experiences as well as meanings of the participants.

In Wilson's (2010) work, qualitative research was used in providing an accurate description of the characteristics of the culturally competent psychiatric nursing care provided to African-Americans from the viewpoints of the client and the nurse. It is worth noting that the intensive scrutiny that qualitative research has been subjected to has also subjected it to necessary criticism. Isbister…… [Read More]


Bowling, a. (2002) Research Methods in Health: Investigating Health and Health Services (2nd ed). Buckingham: Open University Press.

Bryman, a. (2001) Social Research Methods.Oxford: University Press.

Campinha-Bacote J. (2003) the Process of Cultural Competency in the Delivery of Healthcare Services: A Culturally Competent Model of Care. Transcultural C.A.R.E. Associates, Cincinnati, OH.

Campinha-Bacote J. (1994).Cultural competence in psychiatric mental health nursing. A conceptual model. Nurs Clin North Am. 1994 Mar;29(1):1-8.
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Clay Walker Biography and Discussion

Words: 1557 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78472086

.. (p. 79).


The research showed that Walker has "ridden the horse" that got him there and has parlayed his country music savvy into an enormous commercial success. Today, Walker has eleven number one single hits to his credit and has sold more than eight million albums. Moreover, Walker's forthrightness and courage following his diagnosis with multiple sclerosis has further endeared him to his legions of fans, and his country music continues to enjoy stellar sales. The last chapter has clearly not been written in the Clay Walker book, and most observers agree that he will continue to enjoy a highly popular career in the years to come.


Andsager, J.L. & oe, K. (1999). Country Music Video in Country's Year of the Woman. Journal of Communication, 49(1), 79. etrieved January 31, 2005 from Questia Library Database.

Carr, P., Cash, J. And Mcdill, B. (March-April 1998). The row on…… [Read More]


Andsager, J.L. & Roe, K. (1999). Country Music Video in Country's Year of the Woman. Journal of Communication, 49(1), 79. Retrieved January 31, 2005 from Questia Library Database.

Carr, P., Cash, J. And Mcdill, B. (March-April 1998). The row on music row. The American Enterprise, 9(2), 52. Retrieved January 31, 2005 from Questia Library Database.

Clay Walker. (2005). Country Music Television (CMT).com. Retrieved January 31, 2005 at .

Clay's Story. (2005). Clay Walker's Multiple Sclerosis story and biography - Band against MS foundation. Retrieved January 31, 2005 at
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Sex Body and Identity

Words: 2243 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69112207

Sex, Body, and Identity: How the Language of Metaphor Functions in Various Physically-Challenged Individuals' Expression of Identity and Selfhood

In her memoir aist-High in the orld: A Life Among the Nondisabled [sic], author Nancy Mairs, who writes about how having Multiple Sclerosis (MS) had impacted her self-image, body image, and day to-day life, observes that:

In biblical times, physical and mental disorders were thought to signify possession by demons. . . People who were stooped or blind or subject to seizures were clearly not okay as they were but required fixing

Mairs's detailed, often painfully honest reflections on dealing with (in her case, progressive) physical disabilities, e.g., difficulties with walking, sitting, standing straight; brushing her teeth (capabilities most take for granted) shed light on the myriad physical, psychological, emotional, and other challenges that daily fill the lives of those with physical disabilities. Narratives written by individuals with physical disabilities ranging…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fries, Kenny. Body Remember: A Memoir. New York: Dutton,1997. Retrieved

July 26, 2005, from: .

Hockenberry, John. Moving Violations: War Zones, Wheelchairs and Declarations of Independence. New York: Hyperion, 1995. Retrieved July

26, 2005, from: .
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Establishing a Community Policing Program

Words: 5970 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54696928

According to ohe and his colleagues, though, "Over time, however, there has been a tendency for departments to expand their programs to involve a larger number of officers and to cover wider geographic areas. Besides these special units, a number of police departments also expect all of their officers to embrace the principles of community policing and to undertake at least some community problem-solving activities" (ohe et al., 1996, p. 78).

Constraints to Implementation study by Sadd and Grinc in 1994 concluded that, of all the implementation problems these programs faced, "the most perplexing... was the inability of the police departments to organize and maintain active community involvement in their projects" (p. 442). Hartnett and Skogan suggest that because every community is unique, the implementation problems will likewise be local in nature but there have been some consistent problems reported with implementation across the country that can serve as a…… [Read More]


Bass, S. (2001). Policing space, policing race: Social control imperatives and police discretionary decisions. Social Justice, 28(1), 156.

Comey, J.T., Hartnett, S.M., Kaiser, M., Lovig, J.H., & Skogan, W.G. (1999). On the beat: Police and community problem solving. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Davis, G.J., III, & Gianakis, G.A. (1998). Reinventing or repackaging public services? The case of community-oriented policing. Public Administration Review, 58(6), 485.

Fielding, N. (1995). Community policing. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
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Business Plan -- Rocky Mountain Sports Fishing

Words: 2090 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Business Plan Paper #: 76681575

Business Plan -- ocky Mountain Sports Fishing, LLC

Business Description

Definition of the Market

Services Offered


Marketing Strategy

Financial Management

ecreational fishing is a multi-billion dollar industry in the United States, both for salt and freshwater. Conservative estimates show that there are upwards of 30 million individuals with more than a 1-2 time/annum interest in the sport. This has an overall impact on the economy of $125 billion (Williamson, 2012). Consumer demographics show that it is primarily a male oriented event. Mobility and technology have improved the sport in the last two decades, as well as maps, surveys, and handheld sonar and GPS devices. For this reason, as an organized sport, it is chiefly an upper middle and above income sport that also may require several thousand dollars in travel expense. There are even contests for ice and sport ice fishing in the U.S. And Canada.

Sport fishing is…… [Read More]


Hummel, R. (1994). Hunting and Fishing for Sport: Commerce, Controversy, Popular Culture. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University.

Kotelnikov, V. (2001, January). Customer's Perspective of Quality. Retrieved from E-Coach: guide / corsscuttings / bizsys_customer.html

Skorupa, J. (1991, September). Eco-Tourism Arrives. Popular Mechanics, p. 92.

Turban, E. (2002). Electronic Commerce: A Managerial Perspective. New York: Prentice Hall.
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Effects of Massage on Depression in Newly Widowed Elderly Females

Words: 1789 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77031574

Therapeutic Massage on Elderly, Grieving Widows

The prosperity of a country is in accordance with its treatment of the aged," states an ancient Jewish Proverb ("Massage for the Mature Adult," 2001). This is an honorable and true statement. Too often many of our elderly people's needs are not noticed or attended to by family, friends, or medical practitioners. This is especially true for older women whose husbands have died.

Widowhood can have a tremendous impact on the health of older women (Ferraro, 1989; owling, 1987; Gass & Chang, 1989). The death of a spouse or partner has been described as the most disruptive and difficult role transition that an individual confronts throughout the life course (Lopata, 1987). In the United States, over 49% or 8.4 million women over the age of 65 are widows (radsher, 2000). Houdin (1993) states that "although the literature abounds with subjective pieces concerning bereavement, little…… [Read More]

Bibliography for Chapters One and Two

Barry, Kasl, and Prigerson

Tran, 2003

Turvey, 1999 (Parkes, 1998).

Janice Strubbe
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Minor League Baseball Business Case Study

Words: 2145 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 37122663


HBS Case Study: The Springfield Nor'easters

HBS Case Study: The Springfield Nor'easters

The Facts

Minor league baseball teams can be a potentially lucrative source of revenue in the right market. As going to major league games becomes increasingly expensive, more and more people, particularly parents who want their children to have the experience of going to a live baseball game, are increasingly turning to minor league games as a way of filling the gap (Cespedes, Lovelock, & Winig, 2008, p. 3). Springfield is a large city in Massachusetts and because of the Boston ed Sox, Massachusetts has a very strong baseball culture but the city was still a significant drive from Boston. It had many college students as well, another potential fan base. This case study revolves around the creation of a minor league team known as the Springfield Nor'easters. The team has been created as a way…… [Read More]


Cespedes, F. V., Lovelock, V. & Winig, L. (2009). The Springfield Nor'easters: Maximizing revenues in the minor leagues. Harvard Business School Case Study.
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A Critique of the Instrumental Case Study Approach

Words: 1783 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 20130714

Particularly Instrumental Case Study) Using Mixed Methods

According to Neuman (2003, p. 33), a case study is a research method in which the researcher "examines in-depth many features of a few cases over a duration of time. Cases can be individuals, groups, organizations, movements, events, or geographical units. The data are usually more detailed, varied and extensive." There are a number of different case study types that social science researchers can use, including exploratory, explanatory, descriptive, intrinsic, instrumental, multiple and collective as defined in Table 1 below.

Definitions of different types of case studies

Definition/epresentative Examples


As the name connotes, this type of case study is used to explore situations wherein an intervention or initiative being evaluated does not have a clear, single set of outcomes.


This case study type is typically employed in those instances where researchers are attempting to develop informed and timely answers to questions…… [Read More]


Baxter, P & Jack, S (2008, December). "Qualitative case study methodology: Study design and implementation for novice researchers." The Qualitative Report, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 544-549.

Berry, WD & Sanders, MS (2000). Understanding Multivariate Research: A Primer for Beginning Social Scientists. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Bowling, A (2002). Research Methods in Health: Investigating Health and Health Services. Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Chang, T. Z. (2013, January 1). "Strategies for Improving Data Reliability for Online Surveys: A Case Study." International Journal of Electronic Commerce Studies, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 121-125.
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Effects of United States War Between 1877 to Date

Words: 765 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41184881

United States War Analysis 1877-To Date

Many wars have been fought in the world since 1877 to date and the U.S. has not been spared from these wars. The main wars have been the World War One and World War Two. However, America has also been involved in the Cold War, the War in Vietnam and the Korean War. These wars have had a major impact on the economies of many nations. Whether the impact has been good or bad has remained a question yet to be answered. Ashby and Babson (2011) state that a large number of people in the United States believed that the economy improved during times of war when there was heightened military spending.

This paper will thus aim to highlight the effects of war on the economy, the social environment, the political environment and the intellectual environment, as these are inevitably always affected by war…… [Read More]


Ashby, S., & Babson, S. (2011). The Unfinished Struggle: Turning Points in American Labor, 1877-Present. The Journal of American History, 88(1), 241. 

Browne, R., & Kreiser, L. (2010). The detective as historian. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Popular Press.

Davidson, J. (2010). After the Fact: The Art of Historical Detection, Volume II, 6th ed (6th ed.).

Digital History. (2014). The War's Consequences. Retrieved from:
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Neo Noir and Genre in Blade Runner

Words: 1736 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59776210

Blade Runner: Genre, Conflict and Ambiguities

The conflict at the heart of Blade Runner is like that in most noir, neo-noir and detective films -- a fight between good and evil. In Blade Runner, this conflict is particularly compelling because the distinction between these two forces is ambiguous at best. The film uses the man vs. monster motif put forward in Shelley's gothic masterpiece Frankenstein (in Blade Runner it is updated to man vs. machine to fit the futuristic setting), and this motif allows the film to explore the question of what makes us human, intelligent, sentient, and mortal. The film's underlying philosophical tone is not used in a pedantic manner but rather to elicit sympathy for the film's most interesting characters -- the replicants themselves -- as well as the individuals responsible for creating them and destroying them. The hero of the film, Deckard, is one of the latter…… [Read More]

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Cafe Adobe Part II Group

Words: 909 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Marketing Plan Paper #: 54293527

Advertising campaigns will be just as active for Pinata Parties for children as "After or Before the Game Events" for adults. and, of course, the Cinqo de Mayo celebrations for all.

II. Promotional Mix Strategy

Advertising -- the advertising objective will be to showcase Cafe Adobe as an affordable, entreating, family oriented restaurant with a great atmosphere for young and old alike. A detailed schedule of advertising will be used to continuously run ads to keep brand awareness alive, while creating more buzz at various times between certain sporting events, localized neighborhood celebrations, and Mexican and Spanish themed holidays.

Rethinking the advertising strategy will expand a bit, but continue to be committed to the local/local philosophy. Billboard advertising will be the cornerstone, then using radio and local promotions to enhance the localized feel. The advertising strategy will strive to create cognitive brand awareness while educating potential customers on quality at…… [Read More]

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Deaf Community and Its Need

Words: 3490 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23751505

Equally destructive is the attitude that communicating with the Deaf person may involve more time and effort than one wishes to expend" (Zieziula, 1998, p. 193).

Moreover, and perhaps one of the most important challenges related to this issue, a large percentage of deaf individuals do not trust the hearing society. "Historically, the dominant hearing culture has relegated deaf people to social categories such as "handicapped" and "outsider." The history of oppression and exclusion of the deaf community -- although with important variations depending on the countries -- and the ignorance and rejection of the natural and preferred means of communication of many of them is a well-known and many times denounced phenomenon," (Munoz-Baell & uiz, 1999, p. 1).

Finally, there is a real deficiency of information in Deaf culture regarding hospice and its related services. Finding appropriate facilities can be a time-consuming and frustrating process.

The program: breaking down…… [Read More]


Berke, J. (2009). Deaf Awareness Week. Retrieved April 10, 2010, from the Website: 

Deaf Community Health Workers Provide Education and Support to Deaf Patients, Facilitating

Access to Linguistically and Culturally Appropriate Care, Improving Patient Health

Knowledge and Adherence to Recommended Care. (2005.) Retrieved April 10, 2010, from the AHRQ Health Care Website:
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Young Generation Chapter One and

Words: 10896 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 20009292

Large number of respondents will require large number of questionnaires to be given to the individuals and this would have high financial implications.



Due to the problem of fear of the information that if the Facebook members disclose will be used against them in future, I intend to guarantee them anonymity on any information given and confidentiality by ensuring no names or sensitive information is required in the questionnaires. On the time constraint, the questionnaires will be designed so that it takes small amount of time with few open ended questions. On the financial, the samples taken will be done randomly so that even if it's quite small compared to the whole Facebook membership, it will be representative.




Literature review



Social networking is considered the as the manner of communication in the 21st century. It refers to the individuals grouping into groups…… [Read More]

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Expectancy Violations Theory Evt Begun

Words: 1844 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76062096

Instead, it can provide an important springboard for future investigation in order to better understand the communication paradigms and expectations of cultures other than those in the United States. This, in turn, can lead to further nonverbal theorizing.

Furthermore, Burgoon's theory can also provide an important platform for more modern types of communication such as digital communication, for example (Littlejohn and Foss, 2009). Nonverbal cues are also inherent in this type of communication, although the assumption tends to be that this type of communication is primarily verbal. This is a very exciting development for communication studies. Currently, online communication has seen little in terms of formalizing theoretical findings. Because this communication medium is becoming increasingly important not only in personal interaction but also in the business world, it is becoming vitally important to provide theories of interaction by means of which such communications can most effectively be conducted. This can…… [Read More]


Littlejohn, S.W. And Foss, K.A. (2009). Encyclopedia of communication theory. Sage Publications.

Gudykunst, W.B. (2005). Theorizing about intercultural communication. Sage Publications.

Jacob, a. (2008). Expectancy Violations Theory (EVT) of Judee Burgoon. Retrieved from: 

Kalman, Y.M. (2010). Online Pauses and Silence: Chronemic Expectancy Violations in Written Computer-Mediated Communication. Retrieved from:
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Market Value of Commercial Property

Words: 1937 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 75803270

It is however important to come up with an integrated proactive management of real property in order to cover most of the risks that affect this market sector.

The requirement for the integrated property management

So as to achieve the required alignment between the strategic decisions of a business and other elements like the organization structure, enabling physical environment and work processes, it is necessary that organizations come with clear methods of managing their property. Proactive management of real estate/corporate property is one of the ways of ensuring that the property is not at risk. It however demands that very clear strategic positions are taken by senior management with clarity of the expected deliverable in measurable terms.

Fig.2 Proactive real estate management


Source: Then (1996).


The market value of commercial property has been fluctuation over time. The last three years has however seen it suffer a heavy hit…… [Read More]


Appraiser BC Appraisals Inc. What is a cost approach appraisal method  (2011).

Deutsche Bank. Real estate markets still in grip of financial crisis (2008)


Forsyth, S. Why the Market Value of Commercial Property Can Rise & Fall Over Time.(2010)
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Moral and Ethical Dilemma in

Words: 3625 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 38553526

At the same time, optimized care is mandated by the medical code of ethics. If older people are therefore sufficiently able to function independently, access to care should be available to them, because this is their preference, and professionals have an obligation to honor these preferences.

In the medical profession, there are no simple solutions to the discrepancy between the fiscal limitations of health care and the ethical obligations of professionals to their clients. The best ideal is to use specific codes of ethics in order to find an acceptable solution that satisfies both the drive to remain financially viable and the obligation to provide all clients with the optimal care.


As mentioned, above, the dilemma involves Mrs. DN, an elderly woman who suffered from a debilitating stroke that left her in a wheel chair. Because she was generally at home, she had the right to home care according…… [Read More]


Bevir, M. (2002). SidneyWebb: Utilitarianism, Positivism, and Social Democracy. Journal of Modern History, No. 74. Retrieved from 

Bevir, M. And O'Brien, D. (2003, Jan 1). From Idealism to Communitarianism: The Inheritance and Legacy of John Macmurray. History of Political Thought, No. 24. Retrieved from 

Carroll, M.J. (2007, Dec). Physical Therapists' Perception of Risk of Violating Laws and Rules Governing the Practice of Physical Therapy and/or Their Personal Moral and Ethical Values when Failing to Provide Treatment for an Uninsured or Underinsured Patient. Graduate College of Bowling Green. Retrieved from 

De Sousa e Brito, J. (2008, Aug 8). From Utilitarianism To Kantism: Bentham's Proof of Utilitarianism, Mill and Kant. ISUS X, Tenth Conference of the International Society for Utilitarian Studies. Retrieved from
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Preventing Falls Fall Prevention Preventing

Words: 1289 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23588868

According to the Centers for Disease Control, muscle-related problems and a lack of exercise account for about 24% of the falls in subacute facilities. Other causes, which can also be easily addressed within subacute facilities, "include wet floors, poor lighting, incorrect bed height, and improperly fitted or maintained wheelchairs" (Falls in nursing homes, 2010, CDC). These types of environmental hazards are estimated to cause 16% to 27% of falls for patients. Even seemingly unavoidable problems such as medications that interfere with coordination can be mitigated by flagging the individual as taking such a drug, and notifying staff that additional care of the patient is required.

In the instances of patients with dementia, or those who cannot care for themselves enough to learn to improve their balance skills to mitigate the risk of falls, measures other than educational endeavors should be undertaken. "Grab bars, adding raised toilet seats, lowering bed heights,…… [Read More]


Barclay, Linda. (2003). Vitamin D may reduce falls in elderly nursing home patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Retrieved through Medscape on December 29, 2010 at 

Falls in nursing homes. (2010). Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Retrieved December 28,

2010 at 

Haines, Terry P., Kim L. Bennell, Richard H. Osborne, & Keith D. Hill. (2004). Effectiveness of targeted falls prevention programme in subacute hospital setting: randomized controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 328(7441): 676. Retrieved December 28, 2010 at
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Dating Culture in the 1950s

Words: 2386 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92711778

Young people had always danced as a means of socializing with one another. However, prior to the 1950s, it was considered appropriate for a girl to dance with a variety of partners, even if she came to a dance with a particular young man. By the mid-1950s, views changed, and it was considered insulting to cut-in on someone else's date (Sombat). In addition, rock and roll, which featured more suggestive lyrics than prior forms of music, seemed to encourage casual sexual contact between men and women. Rock music has only grown more suggestive with time, as have rock stars, helping create a popular culture that thrives on marketing sexuality.

Part of these changing attitudes was reflected in the sexual behavior of teenagers in the 1950s. Modern people have an image of the 1950s as a chaste and innocent time. However, sexual relations changed dramatically in the 1950s, even before the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Burzumato, Skip. "A Brief History of Courtship and Dating in America, Part 2." Boundless

Webzine. N.p. 8 Mar. 2007. Web. 26 Oct. 2010.

Hagedorn, Elizabeth. "Dating through the Decades." Miami Quarterly Online. N.p. 9 Feb.

2009. Web. 26 Oct. 2010.
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Reorganization and Leadership at Happy

Words: 3412 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75125807

However, management needs to keep in mind a budget in order to make this possible (Bolman & Deal, 2008).

A way in which to get everyone to work together the organization can form teams under each division. Each team has a leader that reports to the manager and communication improves because of it. They can also have teambuilding activities once a quarter to help bring about unity, which will empower others to come and allow for "Total Quality Management (TQM)" to occur (Bolman & Deal, 2008). Instead of the negative attitude and the lack of people wanting to go to work, each person feels empowered, and they want to contribute positively. As a result, they choose to encourage others and feel good about helping the customers enjoy their stay at Happy Hotel. Management will then advocate as well as inquire to make sure employees are satisfied, which makes all their…… [Read More]


Bolman, L.G., & Deal, T.E. (2008). Reframing organizations. Artistry, Choice, and Leadership.

Fourth Edition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Coulson-Thomas, C.. (2009, April). Leading and managing change. Management Services,

53(1), 31-37. Retrieved from, ProQuest Database.
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Bedford Ave All the World's

Words: 2491 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92985517

it's been fun, but I don't really know anyone here. I don't really do the bar scene, and that's pretty much what everyone else who lives in my building does. So I guess it's time to look for somewhere else."

equired: A Little Extra Green

Although those living in Manhattan would probably still think of the neighborhood as a bargain, by a more objective standard (and during a recession), the rents are certainly not conducive to anyone without a firm standing in the upper ranges of the middle class.

A 1000-foot apartment at Bedford and Third, for example, boasts "recent renovation" at $2,900 a month.

Whatever might be left over after rent might be spent at Antidote Chocolate. One particularly interesting aspect of the fact that this chain has moved into the neighborhood is that most of its stores reside in far-pricier and more established neighborhoods.

This suggests not only…… [Read More]


Antidote Chocolate. (2011). Retrieved from

Duane Reade Cracks the Secret to Williamsburg Success: Beer! (2011). Retrieved from 

Free Williamsburg. (2005). Retrieved from (2011). Retrieved from  -- 1rjevj0kynq3v#lat=40.715583&lon=-73.960139&zoom=20&previewId=1rjevj0kynq3v&previewType=listing&detailsOpen=true&listingTypes=rental, sublet, room, corporate&loan=30,0.0525,0
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Technology in Ways That Make

Words: 5835 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 50946108

Students can collaborate with students in other schools and other countries as they develop ideas, skills, and products. Students in a class can collaborate outside class without having to meet in person. The theory behind collaborative learning is that the social construction of knowledge leads to deeper processing and understanding than does learning alone (Appalachian Education Laboratory, 2005).

The bulletin board and the chat room have become the backbone of many Web-based learning environments. Sophisticated Web-based collaborative learning environments incorporate not only real-time, text-based conversation, but also audio- and videoconferencing, and shared work spaces, where multiple users can collaboratively work on the same document or application. These multimedia shared work spaces are facilitated by software such as Microsoft's Netmeeting ( http://www., Intel's Proshare ( / conferencing/index.htm), and CU-SeeMe ( / ). Multiuser object-oriented (MOO) text-based virtual reality environments now have a Web-based equivalent, WOOs (Web object oriented),…… [Read More]


Appalachian Education Laboratory. (2005). School improvement specialist training materials: Performance standards, improving schools, and literature review. Module 4 -- Effective Teaching. Charleston, WV: Edvantia.

Blumer, H. (2005). Symbolic interactionism. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Borko, H. (2004). Professional development and teacher learning: Mapping the terrain. Educational Researcher, 33, 3-15.

Bransford, J., Brown, a., & Cocking, R. (2000). How people learn: Brain, mind, experience, and school. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
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Statistics in Sports Statistics Never

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 35830123

The writer asserts that an ensuring study incororating a number of factors, external to team members deliberate contributions, may roffer additional insight to further enhance knowledge about rugby alications for coaches to consider with their ractices.

Study II

In the case study, "Effects of consecutive basketball games on the game-related statistics that discriminate winner and losing teams," Sergio-Jose Ibanez, Javier Garcia, and Sebastian Feu, all with the University of Extremadura, and Alberto Lorenzo, Technical University of Madrid, with Jaime Samaio (2009), University of Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro at Vila Real, analyzed data they obtained from the Sanish Basketball Federation; including games layed during the 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 seasons in the Under20 league. Ibanez, Garcia Feu, Lorenzo and Samaio used the observational method to conduct their study which analyzed a total of 223 games with the following variables, "selected according to the FIBA (International Basketball Federation) normative for game analysis" (Ibid.,…… [Read More]

players somatic characteristics, taller and stronger players secure more rebounds;

technical and tactical preparation, pivoting, blocking, anticipation, securing and pulling the ball away, and, muscular fitness, particularly in stretch-shortening-cycle jumping performances.

The writer perceives the quality of the research invested into the second study to reflect the researcher's dedication to some details, which contributed their development of a somewhat detailed study that continues to leave unanswered questions regarding "the game-related statistics that discriminate winner and losing teams" (Ibanez, Garcia Feu, Lorenzo, & Sampaio, 2009, Title excerpt). The study left the writer wanting to
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Decline of the Institution of

Words: 1838 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 75345978


Domestic Violence at the Root

This presents as the most important issue for family dissolution or divorce among low-income families (Haskins et al. 2005). Research conducted by Kathrun Edin and her team found that many poor mothers are willing to bear children even for men they consider unsuitable for marriage. Often, it is because these women believe they are in love with these men and that having children may improve these men's attitude in the long-term. ut these women are aware that their boyfriends or cohabiters have problems with forging long-term relationships. Quarrels often grow out of chronic infidelity, physical abuse, alcoholism and drug addiction, criminal activity and imprisonment. Research showed that these men harbor similar doubts about their women (Haskins et al.).

Some of the problems in these situations and relationships may be managed by quality marriage education when combined with employment, mental health and other support services…… [Read More]


Bergmann, Barbara R. The Economic Consequences of the Decline of Marriage.

Working Paper 0818, Department of Economics: Johannes Kepler University of Linz, 2008. Retrieved on December 11, 2009 from 

Haskins, Ron et al. The Decline of Marriage: What to Do. Princeton-Brookings:

Princeton University, 2005. Retrieved on December 11, 2009 from Http://
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TV Show Critique -- Gossip

Words: 2313 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 2620896

Too bad the only thing suave about him was his outfit. Even if it was only as suave as it could have been if he'd kept the Armani from Barney's" (qtd in Naugle 52).

In addition to this, is the constant spreading of lies and rumors to climb up the social ladder and the constant intrusion into the lives of other people could also teach teenagers to be uncompassionate and cruel in order to get the things that they desire.

It is true that Cecily von Ziegesar wrote about her own teenage experiences (Naugle 19). She also and tried to avoid preaching to teens and creating overly good characters, as she herself hated these types of novels (Ibid). The Gossip Girl novels and the television show do not intend to cause the readers or viewers harm or expect them to imitate what they see on television or read in books.…… [Read More]


Barnett, Rosemary V. Helping Teens Answer the Question "Who Am I?": Physical Development in Adolescents: Part 1. University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 2008

Barnett, Rosemary V. And Sally Moore. Helping Teens Answer the Question "Who Am I?": Physical Development in Adolescents: Part 4.University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. 2009

"Frenemies, Season 3." HBO: Sex and the City. 2009. Home Box Office, Inc., May

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Sicko Is a Quintessential Michael

Words: 366 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8082460

For example, one woman got into a car accident and expected insurance to pay for her expenses related to the accident, minus the deductible. The insurance company denied her claim on the spurious grounds that the woman had a "prior condition" that was unrelated to the accident. If private insurance companies are not fulfilling their obligations to consumers, then public insurance becomes the only solution in a free, just, and democratic society. Profit-driven health care means that unethical business practices can too easily creep into and cloud what should be a care-driven system.

Moore's production may seem shrill to some viewers, but the filmmaker does a stellar job of portraying the American health care system as being in a state of sickness. Doctors in countries with socialized medical systems are far from being poor, as Moore details physicians in England and France. Moore was ultimately able to find the car…… [Read More]

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Stadium Construction New Sports Facilities

Words: 1786 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 70589549

Also noted by Piard is that once a new stadium is constructed the necessity to construct additional parking facilities is dealt with by the community. The city of Auckland Australia conducted an assessment of the costs and benefits associated with building a waterfront stadium and in its reports stated that the projected costs of construction initially stated at $500 million would in the end actually cost $1 billion and that this amount would construct eight high schools and simultaneously Auckland opted out of the stadium construction proposal.


Construction of a new stadium is a serious issue and there are a great many factors that must be taken into consideration and those factors have been noted in this study. Unless there is no stadium existing in the city in which a new stadium is being considered and there is no other option but to build a stadium then…… [Read More]


Marchek, Jason (2004) Minor League Baseball Stadium Construction: A Primer on the Key Issues and Considerations. The Confluence Research Group.

Nesbitt, Jimmy (2008) Two Measures of Stadium Reveal Different Results. Courierpress. 21 July 2008. Online available at 

The Pros and Cons of Building a New Football Stadium in Winnipeg (2008) the River City Sports Blog 23 Sept 2008. Online available at

Waterfront Stadium Fiasco (nd) Auckland Civic Trust. Online available at
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Psychology - Friendship What Is

Words: 783 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57794317

Whereas more substantive friendships are characterized by shared philosophies, fundamental beliefs, moral values, and principles, superficial friendships usually reflect nothing more than the fact that two individuals share a circumstance (such as a place of employment) or a superficial interest (such as sports).

Meaningful Friendships:

More significant friendships are those between individuals who choose each other's friendship specifically rather than the types of relationships between individuals who just happen to share circumstances or superficial interests. In fact, because genuine friendships are based on fundamental shared attitudes and beliefs, they need not necessarily share any other of the superficial bases of work friendships or hobbyists.

Genuine friends may have nothing in common in terms of interests or lifestyle; they may not even see each other very often compared to friends with whom we share workspaces or bowling schedules. Genuine friendships share essential characteristics of honesty and substantial (if not full) mutual…… [Read More]

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Upton Sinclair's Novel Oil And

Words: 2063 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57662374

In Sinclair's novel, the whole vision is altered because it focuses mainly on Bunny's perception of his father and of the broader social concerns of the day. Here the father is less of an individual and more of a representative of the emergent and destructive force of the cruel capitalism. It is not the beastly, inhuman character of a man that is brought into focus, but the inhuman force of capitalism. Even from the first pages, everything is rendered through the yet unripe but keen eyes of the son: "Sometimes you liked to put your hand up, and feel the cold impact; sometimes you would peer around the side of the shield, and let the torrent hit your forehead, and toss your hair about. But for the most part you sat about and dignified because that was Dad's way and Dad's way constituted the ethics of motoring."(Sinclair, 5) the wider…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Campbell, John. 

Sinclair, Upton. Oil! New York: Penguin, 2007.
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Conflict Management What Are the

Words: 1054 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9448464

This is an important aspect as it allows those involved to see the conflict from more than just their point-of-view, which has been found to be advantageous in solving conflict situations. This valuable management skill is a very useful addition to later life-skills that can be applied to adult life and everyday conflict scenarios. Another important finding in the application of the conflict management program was the fact that it led the protagonists in the conflict to, "...thoughtfully examine.... The consequences..." (Techannen-Morgan, 2001, p.4). This also led to new strategies in solving the conflict. These aspects could be applied to life-long conflict resolution.

3. Should such a program be implemented in the work place? Explain your answer.

There is little doubt that conflict management program similar to the one discussed in the article would be beneficial in the contemporary workplace. For example, the concept of mediation and particularly peer mediation…… [Read More]


Tschannen-Moran M. (2001) the Effects of a State-Wide Management Initiative in Schools. American Secondary Education. Bowling Green. Vol. 29, no.3.