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The later will likely stay far longer with the company, having invested their time into the company in far broader ways (Fox, 2007).
However, the two most important steps a company may take to increase the chances of longevity in employees are: a systematized, regular, and balanced training program; and, spend some time and effort examining the actual motivational patterns of employees. For many, it is not all about salary, but maybe work environment, flexibility, dress code, or a host of other items that might be as simple as changing chairs or desks? Now, with e-learning so available, employees may take classes online that will not only improve their skills within their job of the day, but, more important, broaden their intellectual sphere of knowledge and bring valued information back into the workplace (Frauenheim, 2007).
Of course, it is not as simple as establishing formal and informal learning environments, of…
REFERENCES and WORKS CONSULTED
Buhler, P. (2007). "Managing in the New Millenium: Ten Keys to Better Hiring."
Supervision. (4): 17-20.
Fisher, a. (July 19, 2006). "How to Plug Your Company's Brain Drain."
Fortune. Cited in: http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/2006/07/24/8381688/
Brain Drain in both Developed and Developing Economies:
Brain drain defines as the personnel migration in the search of better standards of living and an expected quality of life, which includes accessible advanced technologies, better paid jobs and sometimes a more stable political condition in different places around the world. The professionals who migrate for better work opportunities, both locally and internationally are victims of the growing concerns of unstable economic systems in most developing countries. Why do talented people choose to move abroad? What areas are affected by such migrations especially the educational sector? Which policies can stem such movements from developing countries to developed countries? (Samuelson. 2004).
Economic drain is experienced when there is a migration of skilled resources for education, trade, etc. Trained human resource is a requirement everywhere in the world. However, better living standards, attractive salaries, access to modern technology and a more stable governmental…
brain regions are activated by emotional stimuli?
There has been a great deal of interest within the medical and scientific community in studying the response of various regions of the brain to emotional stimuli. Much research has focused on the role of the amygdala in response to emotional stimuli, and the effects of such stimuli on learning and memory retention. The amygdala "is a structure in the medial temporal lobe that is known to participate in emotional and motivational functions in animals" (CGN, 2004) however its role in human emotional response has not yet been fully uncovered. It has been directly implicated however, in emotional stimulus related examinations. The amygdale is not the only brain region activated by emotional stimuli. Recent research has suggested that many areas of the brain are activated and affected by emotional stimuli, not just the amygdala. In fact, depending on the type of emotional stimulus…
CGN. (2004). "Current Research." Center for Cognitive Research. Retrieved February 13, 2004: http://www.mind.duke.edu/level2/faculty/labar/research2.htm
Hyder, F., Phelps, E.A., Wiggins, C.J., LaBar, K.S., Blamire, A.M. & Shulman, R.G. (1997). "Willed Action: A Functional MRI Study of the human prefrontal cortex during a sensor motor task." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 94: 6989-6994. Available: http://www.mind.duke.edu/level2/faculty/labar/1997(2).pdf
LaBar, K.S. & Phelps, E.A. (1998). "Arousal-mediated memory consolidation: Role of the medial temporal lobe in humans." Psychological Science, 9, 490-93, Available: http://www.mind.duke.edu/level2/faculty/labar/1998(2).pdf
Paller, K.A., Ranganath, C., Gonsalves, B., LaBar, K.S., Parrish, T.B., Gitelman, D.R., Mesulam, M., & Reber, P.J. (2003). "Neural Correlates of Person Recognition." Learning and Memory, 10, 253-260. Available: http://www.mind.duke.edu/level2/faculty/labar/2003(1).pdf
The Greek government has faced an ongoing fiscal crisis for the past several years. ecently, for the third time, its Eurozone partners have been compelled to offer a bailout to the country. This is done to stabilize Greece's finances and to impose further measures on the Greek government to remedy the nation's budget and to ensure that there are no similar issues in future. The first part of the paper is a brief overview of the situation. The second part will outline some of the key issues that lead both to favor the bailout and to oppose it, and finally there will be analysis and a conclusion about whether or not bailing out Greece is the right thing to do. It will be argued that it is not, at least in the current form.
There are several key issues at work with the Greek bailout. Greece…
BBC. (2013). IMF admits mistakes on Greece bailout. BBC. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from http://www.bbc.com/news/business-22791248
Bloomberg. (2012). Greek crisis timeline from Maastricht Treaty to ECB bond buying. Bloomberg. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-09-05/greek-crisis-timeline-from-maastricht-treaty-to-ecb-bond-buying.html
Chu, B. (2012). Interview with economist Paul Krugman: Greece will leave Eurozone within 12 months. The Independent. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/politics/interview-with-economist-paul-krugman-greece-will-leave-eurozone-within-12-months-7804753.html
Esparza, A. (2013). Chinese investment in Greek port the biggest FDI after the crisis. Marketpulse. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from http://www.marketpulse.com/20131127/chinese-investment-greek-port-biggest-fdi-crisis/
Opportunity Supporting Client's Operational Needs
Threat Factors and Trends
isk of maintained and possibly new U.S. sanctions
Structural Weaknesses in economy
Poor technology and brain drain
Opportunity and Threat Factors/Trends
Country Level Analyses
Quest Diagnostics has its headquarters positioned in Madison and its main operation encompasses the provision of diagnostic information. The company's operations encompass two arms. One, Diagnostics Solutions Group provides resolutions for insurers, and also the firm's health information technology operation that provides resolutions for healthcare providers. The other arm is Diagnostic Information Services, which nurtures and offers diagnostic testing information and services. The two countries in this essay is Iran and Egypt and the analysis encompasses a PESTEL framework of both nations. From the perspective of Iran, opportunities include political support through the reelection of Hassan and ouhani, securing the nuclear…
Egypt in Chicago. (2014). Egypt's Economic Recovery & Investment profile. Retrieved 6 June 2017 from: http://www.egyptinchicago.org/investment-opportunities-in-egypt.html
Euler Hermes. (2017). Iran. Retrieved 6 June 2017 from: http://www.eulerhermes.com/economic-research/country-reports/Pages/Iran.aspx
Focus Economics. (2017). Egypt Economic Outlook. Retrieved 5th June 2016 from: http://www.focus-economics.com/countries/egypt
Focus Economics. (2017). Iran Economic Outlook. Retrieved 5th June 2016 from: http://www.focus-economics.com/countries/iran
S., become attracted to the U.S. And flee the country. Cuba certainly needs to prevent a brain drain at all costs. It could do so by encouraging the U.S. To invest in its infrastructure and for U.S. doctors to train and learn at Cuban facilities, which, by all accounts, have some of the highest standards of excellence in the world (Schoultz, 2010, 8). By helping to build up the Cuban infrastructure, further economic trade could be encouraged. This could also help both the U.S. And Cuba exploit its other natural resources by providing the necessary framework for extraction and export of its huge nickel and sugar stockpiles.
ith the coming economic recovery, the world will certainly need raw materials like nickel and steel as well as sugar to fuel the building and population boom that will more than likely follow a recovery. The political ties that bind the current U.S.…
Coll, Alberto R. (2007). "Harming Human Rights in the Name of Promoting Them: The Case of the Cuban Embargo." Foreign Affairs. Vol. 3, No. 88. Pp. 199-209.
Griswold, Daniel. (2005). "Four Decades of Failure: The U.S. Embargo against Cuba." CATO
Institute Homepage. Published 12 October, 2005 .
Hanson, Stephanie. (2009). "U.S.-Cuba Relations." Council on Foreign Relations. Report delivered 14 April, 2009.
All this may lead to instigate cultural disharmony within the nations (Knight, 2006, p. 2). On economic front too, often globalization is attacked as a view that it supports excruciating imperialism and colonization.
It is undeniable fact that globalization has improved the world to a greater degree, yet the negative effects of some consequences cannot be denied. It has led to wide increase of socio-economic disparities within societies, nations and between different regions of the world. The phenomenon has also empowered the relatively poor people across the world to migrate away with the means of moving from one country or continent to another. Migration has its positive effects that can be easily seen in the nations that are suffering from slowing birth-rates. Many European countries are running out of people. Migration helps these countries to maintain the workforce. On the other hand, migration leads to difficulties caused due to brain…
Knight, Nick., 2006. Reflecting on the Paradox of Globalization: China's Search for Cultural Identity and Coherence. China: An International Journal, vol. 4, no. 1, pp: 1-31.
Lene-Bomann, Larsen., 2004. Responsibility in World Business: Managing Harmful Side-Effects of Corporate Activity. United Nations University Press: Tokyo
Pieterse, Jan Nederveen., 2003. Globalization and Culture: Global Melange. Rowman and Littlefield.
Ricardo, David., 1821. The principles of Political Economy and Taxation. John Murray: London.
At the same time, as Google will try to diversify its presence on the market, it will run into Microsoft, an important adversary.
However, the IT market offers numerous opportunities as well, starting with the diversification and amplification of the portfolio of instruments that Google is offering to entering some of the related segments, such as some of those that have been described previously.
There are several alternative solutions to some of the problems that have been previously identified.
1. Develop new technologies
This type of solution would allow Google to enter new markets, but will also address one of the problems that has been identified as the brain drain: important executives migrating to other companies because of the need for new challenges. This type of solution is a feasible one: the company has enough financial resources to pour them into developing new technologies and into research and…
1. Penenberg, Adam L. "Why Google Is Like Wal-Mart." Wired. 21 April 2005. Retrieved on 25 February 2007.
2. Google Annual Report 2008.
Penenberg, Adam L. "? http://www.wired.com/culture/lifestyle/news/2005/04/67287 o "
Decisions about international business take into account a wide range of different factors, including political, economic and social environments, in addition to firm-specific issues such as where to produce, what the company makes and how easy it is to ship the company's product. In this report, the case of General Mills in Europe will be considered. General Mills is a major producer on consumer consumables, and the countries in question are going to be France and Greece. The paper is going to discuss the key issues with respect to each country, keeping in mind the General Mills context.
General Mills produces food under a number of common household brands -- Cheerios, Betty Crocker, Pillsbury, Haagen-Dazs, Old El Paso, Yoplait and Nature Valley. The company is based in Minneapolis and began in 1860 with two flour mills, hence the name. The company would change its name to Gold Medal Flour…
ABC. (2012). Brain drain: 120,000 professionals leave Greece amid crisis. Der Spiegel. Retrieved May 6, 2013 from http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/unemployment-and-recession-in-greece-lead-to-brian-drain-a-893519.html
General Mills.com (2013). History & brand heritage. General Mills. Retrieved May 6, 2013 from http://www.generalmills.com/Company/History/Brand_heritage.aspx
2012 General Mills Annual Report.
Hofstede, G. (2013). France. Retrieved May 6, 2013 from http://geert-hofstede.com/france.html
Chomsky warns of ideological motivations of some scientific paradigms, just as with the aforementioned racial emphasis of early anthropology. Here, Russell espouses a Platonic episteme by enunciating the expectations of behavior between different classes. While Plato philosophized that persons are born with the characteristics fitting of their caste, Russell envisages a society in which "ordinary" men and women are expected to be collectivized and, therefore, devoid of individual expression.
Jean Jacques Rousseau paid his respects to the philosophy of Plato, although he thought it impractical, citing the decayed state of society. This sort of romanticism has been downplayed by the modern scientific establishment, who denounce the noble savage theory of human nature. Humans are not born purely good, modern science maintains. Instead, evolutionary traits are promoted at the biological level, thereby giving rise to how people are. It is not society that corrupts, but rather an interrelationship between…
9. Woolhouse, R.S. (1995) Locke: A Biography. Cambridge University.
10. Pinker, Steven. (2007) the Blank Slate, New York: Penguin Books.
11. Grasha, Anthony. (1989) Teaching Styles. Cambridge University.
The ability to help a person or a patient is often a complex affair that involves care on a much deeper level than simply treating symptoms. "Overcoming" is a concept that was chosen by the authors; this concept is multifaceted and includes many different aspects, but can be thought as roughly being able to overcome a personal challenge to meet a desired outcome (Brush, Kirk, Gultekin, & Baiardi, 2011). The concept of overcoming is interesting to me and I feel that I have had overcome many things in my life; although these challenges were on a different scale than the case studies provided. However, understanding what it takes to "overcome" could be a valuable concept to many people.
The significance of the concept in the profession can be largely thought of in terms of expanding the lexicon to include terms that might be more relevant…
Brush, B., Kirk, K., Gultekin, L., & Baiardi, J. (2011). Overcoming: A Concept Analysisnuf_227 160..168. Nursing Forum, 160-168.
Freire, P., Soares, A., Nakayama, M., & Spanhol, F. (2010). Succession Process in a Family Business: Knowledge Management Overcoming Resistence to Organizational Changes. Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management, 713-736.
Levatino, A., & Pecoud, A. (2012). Overcoming the Ethical Dilemmas of Skilled Migration? An Analysis of International Narratives on the "Brain Drain." The American Behavioral Scientist, 1258-1267.
Walker, I., & Avant, K. (2005). Strategies for Theory Construction in Nursing. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Post: Global Conflict: Mass Population Migration and the EU
The Brexit crisis reflects ongoing tensions in the European Union related to a complex of problems including the decreased relevance of national sovereignty within the European Community and also the increased relevance of immigration policy in light of mass population migrations into Europe. Individual European nations have also contended with domestic crises linked to the same cluster of issues, which at the risk of oversimplification can be boiled down to economics. The Greek economic crisis shows that while national and cultural identity do matter, economics matters far more in the fomentation of international crises. Crises generally emerge over perceived or real resource scarcity: those resources can be tangible such as land, water, oil, money, or minerals. However, often those resources are intangible or symbolic as with power, clout, and status. The United Kingdom has for centuries wielded considerable power, retaining global…
Chua, A. (2014). A world on the edge. Wilson Quarterly, 38(1), 101-122. http://library.esc.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx ? direct=true&db=a9h&AN=94318652&site=ehost-live
Fox, J. (2001). Two civilizations and ethnic conflict: Islam and the West. Journal of Peace Research, 38(4), 459- 472. Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org.library.esc.edu/stable/424897?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Huntington, S. P. (1993). The Clash of Civilizations. Foreign Affairs, 72(3). 22-49. Retrieved from: http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.library.esc.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=d984c31e-a98a-4d90-a8bc - 408bb26072f4%40sessionmgr4007&vid=1&hid=4105
R's of American Racism:
Representation, Rejection, and Realization
Racism is a system of meaning that promotes and legitimated the domination of one racially defined group over another. Racism assigns values to both real and imagined cultural and physical differences, benefitting the dominant party and making negative claims about the subordinate, so that this dominance may be justified ideologically. The seeming illogical or even counterproductive nature of racism may be explained in that it comes in the wake of more concrete oppression. (Shohat & Stam, 1995) Through the last five or six centuries, and possibly earlier if one includes the history of the Crusades and anti-Semitism, light skinned Europeans have had a history of oppressing other nations and ethnicities through conquest, colonization, and enslavement. As the thin justification of religious zealotry wore increasingly thin through the ages, the justification of inferior race was no doubt especially important. So, the theory holds,…
Leadership and Human esource Management in the Public Sector
The public sector consists of the section of the government, which attends to matters of production, ownership, sales, provision and delivery and allocation of services and goods to the government and the citizens of the state, nationally, regionally and locally. The public sector conducts activities such as delivering of social security services, overseeing urban planning and organizing the national defense among other services. The organizational structure takes various forms, which dictate the leadership formula of the countries sectors. Some of these forms of organization include the direct administration founded on the lines of direct taxation; in this form, the government does not have particular requirements but to meet the commercial success and production decisions of the country. Another structure of organization under public sector is the publicly owned corporations. These differ from the direct administration of the government as they have…
White, J.D. (2007). Managing information in the public sector. Armonk, N.Y: M.E. Sharpe.
Raffel, J.A., Leisink, P., & Middlebrooks, A.E. (2009). Public sector leadership: International challenges and perspectives. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Berman, E.M. (2010). Human resource management in public service: Paradoxes, processes, and problems. Los Angeles: SAGE.
Berman, E.M. (2013). Human resource management in public service: Paradoxes, processes, and problems. Los Angeles: SAGE.
The Company for Cooperative Insurance cites the origins of its name and how it affects their corporate culture: "Tawuniya is the simplification of the Arabic word for 'co-operative' and was already established amongst the related customer base by this name. The new name and identity takes ownership of this insurance category and evokes a strong emotional connection to customers as 'co-operative,' which is the only accepted form of Islamic insurance" Tawuniya Overview, 2010, para. 3).
According to Chaudry, though, the enormous amounts of oil-based revenues flowing through Saudi Arabia's coffers has created a very real need for informed and well-managed insurance companies that are capable of competing in an increasingly competitive financial market. In this regard, Chuadry notes that, "The financial systems that developed in [Saudi Arabia] in the 1970s was the product of capital abundance, not scarcity. Unlike most countries in the initial stages of economic development,…
Ala Hamoudi, H. (2007). Jurisprudential schizophrenia: on form and function in Islamic finance.
Chicago Journal of International Law, 7(2), 605-606.
Chaudhry, K.A. (1997). The price of wealth: Economies and institutions in the Middle East.
Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Response # 2
I can certainly understand why fueling issues are such a concern in your organization, given that both your ability to deliver services and the expense of doing so is directly dependent on fueling your vehicles. Similarly, security and terrorism issues are also obvious concerns for your organizations because of your responsibilities as first-responders in any emergency situation. I would also agree that the "second attempt" that you describe in connection with your organization's shift from analog and hard copy information formats to digital paperless operations is essential. That would appear to be equally true whether from the environmental conservation and responsibility point-of-view or from the tactical perspective of maintaining crucial communications between and among various first responder entities and the other agencies and organizations that would typically have to coordinate their services with those provided by your organization.
Your emphasis on responding to anticipated changes in organizational…
He writes that the Swedes are highly educated, but
not in the proper areas, which is his reason for believing that education
may not matter as much as being a part of a 'brain-drain'. Kindleberger
also shows the 'dubious methods' used by a vast array of characters to
obtain industrial knowledge.
What Kindleberger failed to prove was the importance of the thesis
that was presented in the paper. He showed many fine examples of how
information, and the ensuing technological advancement, moved from country
to country, and how that movement benefited the receiving countries. He
also showed that there was an ebb and flow to the growth, and to the
decline in various countries, but what he failed to show was any gains made
from his reasoning. The reader could almost chuckle with glee in reading
Kindleberger's statement; "the model is of little value for forecasting
since economies, unlike human…
The organization received 8,400 requests for scholarships in 2008, indicating there is still a broad interest in this form of education (Editors, 2008).
In addition to scholarships, the organization also funds numerous grants each year, and most of these grants go to local programs or educational projects. They sponsor many other agricultural educational endeavors, and two of the members of the Board of Directors are employed by the U.S. Department of Education (Editors, 2008). Thus, the organization really does influence agricultural education at the national, state, and local levels. They offer scholarships, grants, and learning programs from middle school through college, and they encourage leadership and other skills as part of that process.
It is interesting to note that while most people picture the FFA as a rural endeavor, they actually have memberships in many major U.S. cites such as New York City and Philadelphia, and in fact, 34% of…
Ediger, M. (2000). Philosophy perspectives in teaching social studies. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 27(2), 112.
Editors. (2008). National FFA organization. Retrieved 26 Sept. 2008 from the FFA.org Web site: http://www.ffa.org/ .
Kohl, D. (2002). Farming's brain drain-Where it will be, what you can do. ABA Banking Journal, 94(5), 20+.
Larson, R., Hansen, D., & Walker, K. (2005). 8 Everybody's gotta give: Development of initiative and teamwork within a youth program. In Organized activities as contexts of development: Extracurricular activities, after-school and community programs, Mahoney, J.L., Larson, R.W., & Eccles, J.S. (Eds.) (pp. 159-null16). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Economic and political factors in the originating country influenced the decision to migrate; the perception that the United States has greater political freedoms and more economic opportunity has consistently influenced the decision of Turkish immigrants to come to the United States rather than other nations, such as in Europe. hatever opportunities there might be more immigrants, those without specific job skills or a higher level of education quickly find themselves relegated to a low class job market and struggling to survive. Turkish immigrants are also likely to form close-knit communities upon arriving in the United States because of strong ethnic identification and general American animosity towards Muslims in the United States -- whatever the religious beliefs of individual immigrants. These historical factors have facilitated the creation of a sizeable Turkish immigrant population in the United States that, nonetheless, finds it difficult to integrate with mainstream American society.
Acehan, Isil. "Outposts of an Empire: Early Turkish Migration to Peabody, Massachusetts." The Institute of Economics and Social Sciences of Bilkent University. Ankara, Turkey: Bilkent University, May 2005.
Akcapar, Sebnem Koser. "Turkish Highly Skilled Migration to the United States: New Findings and Policy Recommendations." Migration Research Program at the Koc University. Istanbul, Turkey: Koc University, 2005-2006.
Kaya, Ilhan. "Identity and Space: The Case of Turkish Americans." The Geographical Review 95.3 (July 2005): 425-440.
" (Capital, p. 915)
Ecological damage is grounded in resource depletion and density of population. You can have 10,000 over a 1000 acre land and this might not hurt the ecological balance but when you have the same number of people on 10 acre land, the balance is seriously disturbed as water, minerals, and other resources of a very small area are constantly being used up. This is what happened during the colonization process. Only some nations were constantly being robbed of their natural resources while nothing was coming from European countries. It must always be a two-way flow of resources because when its one-way, it leads to multifarious environmental and ecological problems. It is for this reason that Accion Ecologica argues "it's time to shut off the tap" to stem the "unjust flow of energy, natural resources, food, cheap labour and financial resources from the South to the North."…
Karl Marx, Capital, volume 1 (New York: Vintage, 1976), p. 896; Malthus to Ricardo, August 17, 1817, in David Ricardo, Works and Correspondence (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1952), vol. 7
Alfred W. Crosby, Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986).
Karl Marx, the Poverty of Philosophy (New York: International Publishers, 1963)
Acci n Ecol gica, "No More Plunder, They Owe Us the Ecological Debt!" (Retrieved October 10, 2007 from www.cosmovisiones.com/DeudaEcologica/a_averde78in.html,1999).
Hilfiker is particularly sensitive to the source of poverty in African-American inner-city ghettoes.
His recommendation for ending poverty, was one new program: universal health coverage, to which he argued convincingly, would save all of us as a nation on current health costs and yet could include the 43 million presently uninsured (Seven Stories Press).
He also suggested three other existing programs:
1) the earned income tax credit, shown by the economists as the most profitable program for bringing up families out of poverty;
2) Unemployment insurance, that could be expanded in order to distribute enough income to keep the unemployed at least at poverty level;
3) Supplemental Security Insurance for the disabled. As he noted,
As a physician, I sometimes struggled for years to get examiners at S.S.I. To understand that one or another of my patients was, indeed, disabled."
Furthermore, for Hilfiker, the fundamental grounds of American poverty were…
Speaking of Faith. Krista's Journal. "Urban Injustice: How Ghettos Happen" by David
Hilfiker. www.speakingoffaith.publicradio.orgAugust 24, 2006
Seven Stories Press. "Urban Injustice: How Ghettos Happen" by David
In addition to these factors,
Microsoft also has to contend with challenges to its core business of
personal productivity applications from a wide variety of competitors.
Internally, Microsoft's environment is hard-driving, very focused on
development schedules, and has a definite intensity of focus. The internal
environment is dominated by engineering expertise and depth of insight over
and above work-life balance, an issue the company has struggled with for
years. In addition the internal environment is dominated by managers who
have been promoted based on their technical prowess and not necessarily
their management ability. This makes for a tense yet very focused internal
culture where accomplishment is everything. As a result the company's
internal environment is not necessarily marked by a work-life balance;
instead it is a culture that rewards technical insight, intelligence and
DataMonitor (2006) - Microsoft Corporation Company Profile. Publication
Date 5 April 2006. eference Code: 1103…
DataMonitor (2006) - Microsoft Corporation Company Profile. Publication
Date 5 April 2006. Reference Code: 1103
Greene (2005) - Troubling Exits at Microsoft. Business Week Online.
September 26, 2005. Accessed from the Internet on January 18, 2007 from
Globalization and American Health Care
What explains the directionality of flows in health care? Patients, health workers, managerial practices?
Globalization has brought in the information revolution and this has again brought changes in the medical profession and the way health care is being administered. It has also brought in unforeseen problems and expansion of the health care issues and running debates on health care is still strong. The flows of healthcare primarily have to deal with the patient -- how the patient is induced to seek treatment and the process of the treatment and the final discharge and post treatment care. This also involves lot of information exchange, and abiding by insurance contracts, payment options and quality care for the patients. (Phillips, 2005)
The second set is the personnel who include doctors, paramedics and all staff. The flow of work of these sections follows the patient and there are changes…
Bloche, Maxwell Gregg. (2003) "The privatization of health care reform: legal and regulatory perspectives" Oxford University Press.
Briesacher, Becky; et al. (2003) "Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Prescription Coverage and Medication Use" Health Care Financing Review, vol. 25, no. 2, pp: 63-66.
Edelheit, Jonathan. (2007) "Understanding the American Healthcare System" Global
Healthcare Magazine, Retrieved 14 June, 2011 from http://www.globalhealthcaremagazine.com/issue-detail.php?item=5&issue=1
.governments are created by law and are continuously regulated by legal provisions found in constitutions, statutes, charters, ordinances, administrative regulations, legislative resolutions and judicial interpretation… the accounting system must produce data and information which indicate the extent to which the financial operations carried out by all agencies of the government pursuant to their designated objectives comply with applicable laws and legal requirements. The existence of a vast network of legal provisions and the diverse nature of governmental operations make necessary the utilization of fund account." (Snodgrass, 1993)
The fund accounting system is ostensibly the full gamut of accounting services and compliance protocol. "The general ledger, financial statements, accounts payable, purchase order processing with encumbrances, payroll including payroll projections and encumbrances, grants management and reporting, grants receivable, human resources, fixed assets management, central stores/inventory." (eis, 1996)
The city therefore should increase its capacity to more properly manage the financial and managerial…
CDC Software (2011 Financial Management Software for Government Agencies and NonProfits. http://www.4idc.com/
Janakiraman S. (2011). "AT&T Launches Free Wi-Fi Service in 20 New York City Parks" Fixed Mobile Convergence http://fixed-mobile-convergence.tmcnet.com/topics/mobile-communications/articles/185677-att-launches-free-wi-fi-service-20-new.htm
Johnson Controls Systems (2007) Renewable Energy Solutions "Turning digester gas into energy." http://www.johnsoncontrols.com/publish/us/en/products/building_efficiency/energy_efficiency/renewable_energy_services/digester_gas.html
Online Sunshine (2011) "Local Government Financial Reporting for Counties, Municipalities, and Special Districts" Legislative Auditing Committee. http://www.leg.state.fl.us/cgi-bin/View_Page.pl?File=financialreporting.cfm&Directory=committees/joint/Jcla/&Tab=committees
Management of Technology in Developing Countries Such as Iran
Technology management arrangements of developing countries vary from those of first world ones. The requirement for skill in these states is not growing from within, but somewhat cropping up from new wares imported from first world countries. Technological growth in addition does not consequence from inner data and research, but resulting upon the technology transmission from abroad. In these environments, technology management by customary way is barely effective. These are troubles facing the Islamic epublic of Iran these days and as a consequence organizations controlling the technology management endure non-compliance, then technological development does not trail an accurate trend (obertson, 2002).
Lack of distinctive management, vagueness of technological precedence's, misunderstanding of policy-making roles and inter-organization implementation and management, tremendous government involvement in all fields and lack of specialist manpower are amongst the vital troubles of the topic (Sveiby et. al 2001).…
(1.) Abou-Zeid, E.S. "A Knowledge Management Reference Model." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(5), 2002. pp. 486-499.
(2.) Bender S. And Fish A. "The Transfer of Knowledge and the Retention of Expertise: The Continuing Need for Global Assignments." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(2), 2008. pp. 125-135.
(3.) Beveren, V.J. "A Model of Knowledge Acquisition that Refocuses Knowledge Management." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(1), 2002. pp. 18-22.
(4.) Bhatt, G. "Organizing Knowledge in the Knowledge Development Cycle." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(1), 2009. pp. 15-26.
Zara Case Analysis
Zara: IT for Fast Fashion is a unique case study in that it powerfully illustrates how a lack of IT integration and process efficiency can over time force an organization into complacency, lowering the standards of performance due to a lack of real-time market and operations data and analytics. The POS terminals that are running on a discontinued version of the Microsoft DOS operating system is a metaphor of the entire company's approach to using IT more effectively. Adopting a more agile IT architecture based on the Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) platform is needed. Integrating ordering fulfillment, distribution and manufacturing is needed.
Zara's management teams are being pulled in spe4rate directions as the company continues to aggressively expand, operating 11,558 stores in 45 countries as part of the Inditex group, 550 of which are branded as Zara stores. Inditex is on pace to open one store a…
Azevedo, S., & Ferreira, J.. (2009). RFID Technology in Retailing: An Exploratory Study on Fashion Apparels. IUP Journal of Managerial Economics, 7(1), 7-22.
Carr, K.. (2010, April). It's about value, not cost. Marketing: Field Marketing Essays,15.
Wujin Chu, & Paul R. Messinger. (1997). Information and channel profits. Journal of Retailing, 73(4), 487-499.
Howard Cox, & Simon Mowatt. (2004). Consumer-driven innovation networks and e-business management systems. Qualitative Market Research, 7(1), 9-19.
Medical l Nursing
The United States has the largest number of professional nurses in the world totalled 3 millions approximately. Despite the available large number of professional nurses, there is still imbalance between the supply and demand for nurses in the United States. Demand for the professional nurses has outnumbered the supply. Typically, critical nursing shortage has become a serious issue in the United States, and the production capacity is lagging based on the estimated future needs. The concept of nursing shortage refers to the situation where the demand for nurses outnumbers the supply. The worsening nursing shortage in the United States has created the demand for more nurses to fill the gap. Many private and public sectors healthcare leaders have advocated for the serious solution to boost the supply of nurses. One of the solutions advocated is that the U.S. should facilitate the migration of foreign graduate…
Aiken, L.H. (2007). U.S. Nurse Labor Market Dynamics Are Key to Global Nurse
Sufficiency. Health Service Research.42(3):1299-1320.
Brush, B.L. Sochalski, J. & Berger, A.M. (2004). Imported Care: Recruiting Foreign Nurses
to U.S. Health Care Facilities. Health Affairs. 23(3):78.87.
(Cherie Booth, 2001)
MONI BASU (2001) writes, "In every developing nation, the United Nations says, men fare better than women, with the exception of life expectancy (because of biological reasons). In Islamic nations, such as Afghanistan, women not only live in crushing poverty but are subjected to injustices imposed on them in the name of God. The threat of being penniless often forces Muslim women to remain in bad marriages, as it does poor women worldwide."
If the economic conditions improve it can lead to more rights for women in Afghanistan. During the Taliban regime, many professional women were not allowed to participate in economic activity, which deteriorated the economy even further. With economy sliding downwards, women rights also declined continuously, resulting in an extremely oppressed social setup.
The world is now watching closely as Afghanistan went to polls recently. People want to see how America-led government can bring reforms…
1) Larry P. Goodson, Afghanistan's Endless War State Failure, Regional Politics, and the Rise of the Taliban, University of Washington Press: June 2001
2) Afghanistan: "The Biggest Prison for Women in the World." Vol. 27, Contemporary Women's Issues Database, 03-01-1997, pp 12-3.
3) CIA- The World Fact book, 2003 http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/af.html
4) Basics of Afghanistan economy: http://www.afghan-web.com/economy/basics2.html
However, most of them have gradually resigned themselves to their situation and are enduring the circumstances in the best way possible.
Perhaps the most appropriate way to analyze the Soviet society in the post-Soviet period is to look at the effect of the change on different age groups of the population as has been done in a 2001 "Human Development eport" published by UNDP. The report reveals that among the different age-groups of ussians -- the "soviet" generation, born in the 1920s and 30s have been "pushed to the sidelines of public life" and suffer from an intense feeling of depression close to a feeling of being a social outcast. The "middle generation" groups too suffer from a deep "socio-emotional" crisis, considering itself as a generation "lost" in the waves of transformation and in their "struggle for survival." The younger ussian generation, on the other hand, has coped…
Country Study: Russia." (2004) Country Studies: The Library of Congress. October 1, 2004. Retrieved on February 3, 2005 at http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/rutoc.html
Human Development Report on Russia, 2001." (2002) Edited by Prof. Serguei Bobylev. UNDP. Retrieved on February 3, 2005 at http://www.undp.ru/index.phtml?iso=RU&lid=1&cmd=publications
Russia." (2005). CIA World Fact Book. Retrieved on February 3, 2005 at http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/rs.html
2004 Estimate; Source: CIA World Fact book legacy of the Soviet era when the ruling ideology encouraged the adoption of a uniform Russian culture and enforced Russian as the official language throughout the Union
When the wall fell, the United States could somewhat smugly say, "I told you so" to the former Soviet sympathizers. Political and ideological victory was a key advantage of reunification for the United States.
The Socialist Unity Party (Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands), headed by Ulbrecht for decades, laid the foundations for the state-controlled industrial economy that would characterize East Germany and which might have crippled the Eastern provinces' potential to thrive as part of the EU. Like the former GD, West Germany also emphasized heavy industry during the Cold War as a key to their economic growth, but the FG permitted at least some form of free enterprise and also enjoyed having the United States as a wealthy trading partner.
Many of the lessons derived from reunification can also be incorporated into American foreign and domestic policy, informing for instance, methods of reviving economically depressed regions at home and abroad. However,…
Blacksell, Mark. State and Nation: Germany Since Reunification. Europa. Number 3 Article 5-1997. Retrieved July 17, 2006 at http://www.intellectbooks.com/europa/number3/blacksel.htm
Delaney, Bill. "Germany Still Dealing with Remnants of Cold War." CNN World News. 1995. Retrieved July 17, 2006 at http://www-cgi.cnn.com/WORLD/9510/germany/index.html
East Germany." Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2006. Retrieved July 17, 2006 at http://encarta.msn.com
Manus, Susan. "Perspectives on German Reunification." Library of Congress Information Bulletin. Nov. 1997. Retrieved July 17, 2006 at http://www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/9711/sommer.html
Brain drain of the top performing scientists and patent holders to other corporations who could have offered very attractive packages to these key people to get they away from P&G at a very critical time.
Aguirre, Calderone, Jones (2004) -10 Principles of Change Management. esilience eport, Booz, Allen Hamilton. New York, NY. Accessed from the Internet on August 4, 2007:
AM esearch (2001) - Defining Your Direction in Guided Selling. AM esearch eport. Boston, MA. October, 2001. etrieved from the Internet on August 4, 2007:
Brody (2006). Packaging Innovation as a Marketing Tool. Food Technology. Aaron Brody. June, 2006. Accessed from the Internet on August 4, 2007 from location:
Columbus (2001) - Integrating E-Commerce into Exchanges: isks and ewards April 6, 2001. Sam's Publishing Company. Accessed from the Internet on August 5, 2007 at http://www.informit.com/articles/article.asp?p=21094&rl=1
Johansson and Nonaka (1987). Johnny K. Johansson and Ikujuro Nonaka. Market…
Aguirre, Calderone, Jones (2004) -10 Principles of Change Management. Resilience Report, Booz, Allen Hamilton. New York, NY. Accessed from the Internet on August 4, 2007:
AMR Research (2001) - Defining Your Direction in Guided Selling. AMR Research Report. Boston, MA. October, 2001. Retrieved from the Internet on August 4, 2007:
post brings up a number of topical issues associated with domestic violence as it relates to women. However, the claim that domestic violence "is not only a crime of oppression, but of sexism" is astute but should be modified to include the concession that domestic violence also occurs to men. The claims that domestic violence is an issue in media, and that it is global, are certainly true but not justified by any statistical evidence. Certainly, global cultures (Italian culture, for example, is highly patriarchal) although no examples are provided to support the claim that domestic violence is a global issue.
This post offers a comprehensive account of Slate's argument concerning the pitfalls of how distributive justice is implemented. The author is excessively deferential to Slate and would benefit from a greater degree of assertiveness. While it is true that fair allocation of resources is essential for the well-being of…
PetCo Workforce Planning
Workforce planning at Pet-Co
The Importance of Workforce Planning
Linking the Needs of Staffing With Workforce Planning
The Importance of Workforce Planning At Pet-Co
General information about Pet-Co
The Business Model Analysis of Pet-Co
The Pet-Co strategy
Company Profile in a Nutshell
The Workforce Planning Model
Setting the Strategic Direction
Conducting a Workforce Analysis
The Demand Side of WorkForce Planning
The supply side of workforce planning
Workforce Demand Forecast
Workforce Supple Forecast
Conducting Gap Analysis
Monitoring, Evaluation and evision
Functional Considerations of Workforce Planning
The Application of Workforce Planning Model at Pet-Co
Organizations today are formed on an on-going assumption, which emphasizes that a particular organization is formed with an aim to operate forever. Hence the organizations are well versed with the tactics and strategies that will facilitate their way to function profitably in the long run. In…
Anderson, M.W. (2004). The Metrics of Workforce Planning. Public Personnel Management, 33(4), 363+.
Helton, K.A., & Soubik, J.A. (2004). Case Study: Pennsylvania's Changing Workforce Planning Today with Tomorrow's Vision. Public Personnel Management, 33(4), 459+.
Horkan, N., & Hoefer, E. (2000). Workforce Planning at DOT. The Public Manager, 29(1), 13.
Jacobson, W.S. (2010). Preparing for Tomorrow: A Case Study of Workforce Planning in North Carolina Municipal Governments. Public Personnel Management, 39(4), 353+.
Technology Decision Making
Effect of technology decision making
Technology has been growing over a period of years due to globalization. All individuals, organizations, and even the society as a whole have been affected by the information and communication uprising. This has even changed their lifestyles. The Information is readily available in the computers mostly through internet technology and telecommunications. The Organizations are able to build their information systems in a variety of formats. A System may be defined as a sequence of functional components which are connected by communication links showing or demonstrating purpose and objective directed performance (Kampov 2010). However, it is important to analyze and discuss systems, informatics theories and DIK model. The paper will also discuss the role of expert system in nursing care, use of decision aids and also the decision support systems. There will be discussion on how the effect of technology on decision making…
Bahamonde L., DuMouchel W, Shea S . (2003). A meta-analysis in16 randomized controlled trials for evaluating computer-based clinical reminder systems in preventive care for ambulatory setting. J Am Med Inform Asso. c;3:399-409
Greenes R.A. (2009). Informatics and a health care strategy for the future -- general directions. Studies In Health Technology AndInformatics [Stud Health Technol Inform], Vol. 149, pp. 21-8; PMID: 19745469
Hart J. K, Newton B. W, Boone S.E. (2010).University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences electronic healthrecord and medical informatics training for undergraduatehealth professionals. Journal Of The Medical Library Association: JMLA [J Med Libr AssocVol. 98 (3), pp. 212-6.
Kampov J. (2010). Survey of biomedical and health care informatics programs in the United States. Journal of Medical Library Association.
ace to the Bottom
Social clause refers to standards which contractors observe in order to cater for public contracts. They usually must be respected to avoid downward pressure on income and working standards. This is usually viewed to bring division between the rich (also referred to as the global north) and the poor (referred to as the global south). The difference between the north and the south has led to a competition that seems to be bringing the north down to the same level with the global south also called the 'race to the bottom'. I believe that the 'race to the bottom' is happening and modern trends such as globalization and liberalization continue to catalyze the process. This paper will look at the 'race to the bottom' theory and how it is gradually unfolding in present times.
Actually, in the real world the competition does exist. This can be…
Grandy, S. (1998). "New Jersey Corporate Chartermongering, 1875-1929." The Journal of Economic History 49 (3): 677-692.
Rudra, N. (2008). Globalization and the Race to the Bottom in Developing Countries: Who Really Gets Hurt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tonelson, A. (2002). The Race to the Bottom: Why A Worldwide Worker Surplus and Uncontrolled Free Trade Are Sinking America Living Standards. New York: Basic Books.
opportunities in Asia (South East and South Asia) are huge and so are the challenges
For the last decade the countries like Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Hong Kong and South Korea that collectively forms the part of South East Asia have registered consistent growth year after year making an impressive position in the economic development on the international level (Pempel, 1999). These countries have shown the growth in terms of Gross Domestic Product at an average rate of 6% to 9% annually. The dawn of 1997 has darkened the glory of these courtiers with a major slump in the economic conditions and financial development. Asian financial crisis that erupted in 1997 has miserably affected the local stock market and currency market of the Asian countries. The Stock market of these countries had declined by 70% and with the same figure the currency of has also depreciated against dollar, forcing them…
Allen, F, & Gale, D 2000, 'Financial contagion', Journal of Political Economy, vol. 108, no. 1, pp. 1 -- 33.
Brunnermeier, M 2009, ' Deciphering the liquidity and credit crunch 2007-2008', Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 77 -- 100.
Bulow, J, Geanakoplos, J, and Klemperer, P 1985, ' Multimarket oligopoly: strategic substitutes and strategic complements', Journal of Political Economy, vol. 93, pp. 488-511.
Burnside, C, Eichenbaum, M, & Rebelo, S 2008, 'Currency crisis models', New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd ed.
motivation to an age divese wokplace. It ceates the undestanding of motivation in the context of a divese wok envionment. The pape explains why it is impotant fo manages of oganizations to acquie skills and knowledge egading divesity management. It pesents vaious challenges that manages face when motivating a divese wokfoce. The pape pefoms a desciption of the divese skill set that benefit oganizations which incopoate diffeent geneations of employees. The eseach fostes knowledge on the chaacteistics of vaious geneations, fo example, the Wold Wa II geneation, Baby Boomes, Geneation Xes and the millennial geneation. On this, it identifies vaious aspects such as attitudes, pefeences, and ways of thought and factos that motivate them. It descibes how an oganization benefits fom young and old geneation wokfoce in tems of taditional and technological skills. The pape povides infomation on the consequence of divesity, fo example, impovement of output, pomotion of innovation…
references. International Journal Of Human Resource Management, 22(6), 1262-1276.
Henderson, L., Washington, P., & Watkins-Batler, A. (n.d). Training for Business Success:
Does Diversity Training Improve Productivity, Performance, and Fair Promotions? Retrieved on 17th April 2013 from http://www.chicago-united.org/pdfs/2008-DiversityTrainingEffects.pdf
Nelson, D.L., & Quick, J.C. (2011). Organizational behavior: Science, the real world, and you.
Leadership Training for Adolescents
The focus of this work is the examination of whether early youth leadership training for adolescents could be a vehicle to address these problems among youth in rural communities. This study is quantitative in nature and investigates the existence of current leadership training programs at primary and high schools. The effect of newly developed leadership training programs and their effect on selected study participants will be examined. The sampling in this study will involve various age groups between 12 and 18 years of age.
Research questions in this study include those stated as follows:
(1) What is the relationship between early leadership training and problem solving skills among rural youth?
(2) What is the relationship between early leadership training and self-esteem among youth?
(3) What is the relationship between early leadership training and enhancing leadership skills among rural youth?
Significance of the Study
The significance of…
In a widespread "declaration of principles for youth participation in community research and evaluation" stated is that participation by youth in community research and evaluation transforms its participants, it transforms their ways of knowing, their activities, and their program of work." (Checkoway and Richards-Schuster, nd) Youth participation is additionally reported to promote the empowerment of youth and to acknowledge their experience and expertise and to develop their organizational and community capacities." (Checkoway and Richards-Schuster, nd) Youth participation additionally works in building partnerships and valuing the resources and assets of "all age groups" as well as providing strength to relationships that are supportive between adults and youths. (Checkoway and Richards-Schuster, nd ) Youth participation is reported as well to equalize "power relationships between youth and adults" as well as to establish common ground for them to overcome past inequities and collaborate as equals in institutions and decisions." (Checkoway and Richards-Schuster, nd)
Checkoway, B. And Richrds-Schuster, K. (nd) Participatory Evaluation with Young People. Retrieved from: http://ssw.umich.edu/public/currentprojects/youthAndCommunity/pubs/youthbook.pdf
Stiflier, L. (2010) Leadership Development in Rural Communities. Community and Economic Development in North Carolina and Beyond. Retrieved from: http://ced.sog.unc.edu/?p=872
HIV / AIDS Implication in African Governance
Implications of HIV / AIDS on Botswana's Governance
This dissertation paper is a research study that foresees on the governance structure of African nations, in particular, Botswana. The country has had a declining development on the improvements being instigated in government. This has been attributed to ht increasing rates of HIV / AIDS in the country; more so, it has been rated top among nations with the highest rate of HIV / AIDS infection. This paper raises concerns being implicated on in the social and economic aspects of Botswana government structure and Africa in general. The future is also prospected with a close analysis on the disease's trend in the country, and the importance of reducing the rate of infection for the betterment of governance.
Impact of HIV / AIDS on Botswana's Governance
Governance is the act of utilizing institutional resources in…
Adepoju, A., Naerssen, A. L & Zoomers, E.B. 2008. International migration and national development in Sub-Saharan Africa. New York: BRILL.
Bell, C., Shantayanan, D & Hans, G. 2003. The long-run economic costs of AIDS: Theory and an application to Southern Africa. Heidelberg: Heidelberg University.
Deacon, H., Stepheny, I & Prosalendis, S. 2005. Understanding HIV / AIDS stigma: a theoretical and methodological analysis. Chicago: HSRC Press.
EPub. 2002. Botswana: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix. New York: International Monetary Fund.
Turkey Join the European Union
The accession of Turkey to the European Union has long been a subject of contention. The route of Turkey's membership to the European Union has been in process since 1959, but the consideration of Turkey being a part of the European Union is still an unresolved issue. A clear difference of point-of-view, regarding Turkish accession to the European Union prevails among the entire world, but Turkey is now in a suitable position to depict its manifesto as an independently developing Muslim majority country that owns all the necessary resources to survive at par with its competitors.
The European Union regards its self as a secular organization of European countries, which is reflected in there slogan "United in Diversity" (Dinan, 2004)? The slogan draws a clear picture that the European Union intends to unite the diversities from across the cultures, religions and traditions in order to…
L Baracani, E. (2007). Pre-accession and Neighbourhood. The European Union's Democratic Conditionality in Turkey and Morocco, 335-350.
Baracani, E. (2007). Pre-accession and Neighbourhood. The European Union's Democratic Conditionality in Turkey and Morocco, 240-245.
Benedict, P. (1974). Turkey: geographic and social perspectives. Netherland: Begium.
Dinan, D. (2004). Europe Recast: A History of European Union. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Canada International Trade
International trade accounts for a dominant share of the Canadian economy, led by exports of natural resources. Exports accounted for approximately 25% of Canada's GDP in 2010. Agricultural, energy, forestry and mining exports accounted for about 58% of total exports. Machinery, equipment, automotive products and other manufactured goods accounted for a further 38% of exports. The United States is by far its largest trading partner, accounting for about 75% of exports and 51% of imports (followed by China 11% and Mexico 5%.) Canada's combined exports and imports ranked 8th among all nations. Canada recorded a positive balance of trade overall in 2010: exports C$407B and imports C$ 406B. Canada enjoyed a substantial positive balance of trade with the United States in 2007 and 2008, but slipped into the red in 2009 and 2010. (See Exhibit 1) (CIA, 2010)
Among the world's wealthiest nations, Canada has the ninth…
CIA World Fact Book, (2010). Retrieved March 17, 2011 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
Dung, T., (1998), "Exchange Rate Determination" Wright State University. Retrieved March 17, 2011 from http://www.wright.edu/~tdung/Lec_and_excer_on_Exchange_rate_determination.pdf
Encylopedia of the Nations, (2010). Retrieved March 17, 2011 from www.nationsencylopedia.com/economics/Canada-International-trade.html#ixzz1Gn4sLCd2
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, "The NAFTA's Impact." Retrieved March 17, 2011 from http://www.international.gc.ca/trade-agreements-accords-commerciaux/agr-acc/nafta-alena/nafta5_section04.aspx?lang=en
economic and social changes after 1870 are so striking and so qualitatively different from the developments of the First Industrial Revolution that they deserve to be labeled, "The Second Industrial Revolution."
The Second Industrial Revolution
Rapid changes in societies that radically transform the way of life for significant segments of the population are termed revolutions. Such revolutions have occurred frequently in many parts of the world throughout history. However, only a few in the history of mankind have transformed societies in irreversible and profoundly significant ways. Two such significant events that have taken place in the course of human history are -- The Neolithic Revolution and The Industrial Revolution. In the Neolithic Revolution people changed their way of life and social systems based on hunting and gathering to more complex systems dependant on agriculture and the domestication of animals. This led to the development of communities who lived in permanent…
Electricity and Electric Power." The Second Industrial Revolution. Open Door Web Site. October 15, 2002. November 2, 2002. http://www.saburchill.com/history/chapters/IR/050.html
Lewis, Pat. "Science and the 'Second' Industrial Revolution." Beginner's Guide to Research in the History of Science. Horus Publications Web Site. November 2, 2002. http://www.horuspublications.com/guide/sl103.html
Porter, Glenn. "Industrial Revolution." Article in Micosoft Encarta Encyclopedia, 2002. CD-ROM Version.
Making the Modern World." The Second Industrial Revolution, 1870-1914. The Science Museum Web Site. November 2, 2002. http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/online/mmw/south5.asp
China on Hong Kong after 1997
The purpose of this work is to examine and explore the impact that China has had upon Hong Kong since 1997.
Hong Kong has a population of 7,116,302 of which 96% are Chinese. Due to the political shifts on the Mainland a rapid change in population has taken place. Although many nationalities visit and live in Hong Kong the Chinese culture is the one that dominates in Hong Kong. Religions in Hong Kong can be identified as those of Chinese religions, of which 66% of the population adheres to, Non-religious other, 15% of the population, Christian religions 14% of Hong Kong's population, New religions, 4% and Muslim, 1% of the population.
Those of the 66 percentile in adherence to the Chinese folk religion hold beliefs that are a combination of uddhism, Animism, Confucianism, Taoism, and other beliefs. The main language is Cantonese with English…
Hong Kong 2004 Stamp Expo Opens on January 30 (2004) Xinhua News Agency Hong Kong [Online] at http://www.highbeam.com/library/doc3.asp?DOCID= 1G1:112187840&num=7&ctrlInfo=Round9%3AProd%3ASR%3AResult&ao=' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Cambodia is currently experiencing something of an economic renaissance, in particular vs. where the country has been. In the late 1970s, Cambodia faced brutal government under the Pol Pot regime. The cities were emptied as the Khmer ouge mobilized the nation's entire workforce to produce rice, most of which was exported to China. As part of this reorganization of society, the Khmer ouge killed all dissidents, intellectuals or people of skill. The result was that, when the Vietnamese liberated the country, Cambodia had absolutely no functioning economy, and no people who could drive the economy and the country forward. The Khmer ouge lingered on as a force in the country for a long time, further stunting opportunity for economic development. Now today, Cambodia's economy is beginning to show signs of life.
Facts & Figures
The country's GDP has increased an average of more than 6% per year since 2004, including…
CIA World Factbook. (2013). Cambodia. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved December 16, 2013 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ geos/cb.html
Remuneration & ther Subjects
The authors of this report have been asked to assess a number of subjects surrounding remuneration of employees and the overall corporate/social ethics involved in the same in Australia. There are also some tangential and related subjects that will also be spoken of. In total, there are five broad-based questions. The first question speaks about risk aversion, profit/wealth maximization, wealth management, different stances that different people and personnel take vis-a-vis risk and financial reporting manipulation. The second question references the horizon problem. This second question looks at the different motivations and perspectives that different people in an investment and accounting situation might take. Managers have their axe to grind and stakeholders typically have a different one. How bonuses for investment managers figure in will also be explored. Finally, there will be a review for the fifth question that pertains to the transparency and visibility of remuneration…
One way to counter the horizon problem is through use of equity instruments as a component of executive remuneration. Equity ownership and share options encourage managers to care not only about the short-term but also about the future (Conyon & Florou 2006). If a manager has shares and share options that cannot be exercised until after a period of time post-retirement, then they will be unlikely to engage in short-term firm value destroying actions (Conyon & Florou, 2006). As previously discussed, it is often the accounting measure of earnings which drives the calculation of bonuses paid to managers. Managers can manipulate accounting information in a manner such that a company will display short-term profitability. This could be achieved directly, through a reduction in spending on research and development or indirectly through reduced depreciation as a result of lower capital expenditure (Conyon & Florou 2006). It could be argued that as a result of this, there must be a reduced reliance on accounting information to drive the calculation of bonus plans that are designed to address the horizon problem. Managers, in particular CEOs and CFOs, have the greatest ability to manipulate this information. Bonus plans based on share payments and share options then force the manager to make decisions that result in an appropriate balance of both short-term performance as well as long-term growth and viability. Conyon & Florou (2006) suggest that this may even act as a substitute, allowing for reduced monitoring of executive activity.
Question III -- Non-Salary Components
Just as with regular employees, the facets of compensation relating to non-cash compensation is a major part of how executives are paid (IRS, 2014). There are multiple purposes and reasons for why these non-cash components are included. These include the fact that it is normal industry standard to offer certain benefits (e.g. health insurance, pension, etc.) (Jakobson, 2012). Cash compensation can vary widely with an obvious example being bonuses that are tied to the market, a company's performance and so forth (Thurm, 2013). However, non-cash compensation is very similar in that it manifests in a number of different ways. One reason to make heavy use of non-cash compensation is to skirt laws that relate to cash compensation such as regulations relating to bonuses, commissions, base salary and so forth (Holmberg, 2014). However, putting the kibosh on non-cash compensation such as stock and other similar items could cause a brain-drain situation for publicly traded companies (AP, 2009). Private
Cloud computing presents and represents a large amount of opportunity to expand and improve the manner in which information systems, computing and usage of internet technology is managed. However, as recent hacks and exploits have pointed out, cloud computing is far from a panacea and presents a large amount of new problems due to hackers, thieves and opportunists using the new technology to find new ways to victimize and snoop on people. While there are risks to cloud computing, the goods and potential goods far outweigh the bad but users need to be responsible, vigilant and careful.
As made clear in the introduction, cloud computing allows for some great new things but security is a concern that, while present in regular computing as well, is amplified greatly when talking about cloud computing due to the increase level of access and ability for any random internet user with the right password…
Davis, M. (2013, January 18). 4 Steps For Proactive Cybersecurity - InformationWeek. InformationWeek. Retrieved October 19, 2014, from http://www.informationweek.com/government/cybersecurity/4-steps-for-proactive-cybersecurity/d/d-id/1108270 ?
Gross, G. (2013, May 3). Veteran tech workers see themselves locked out of job market [infographic]. PCWorld. Retrieved October 19, 2014, from http://www.pcworld.com/article/2037161/veteran-tech-workers-see-themselves-locked-out-of-job-market.html
Samson, T. (2013, February 25). 9 top threats to cloud computing security. InfoWorld. Retrieved October 19, 2014, from http://www.infoworld.com/article/2613560/cloud-security/9-top-threats-to-cloud-computing-security.html
Zetter, K. (1923, March 10). TJX Hacker Gets 20 Years in Prison | WIRED. Wired.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014, from http://www.wired.com/2010/03/tjx-sentencing/
Lenovo in India
Lenovo is a Chinese-based PC manufacturer that has developed to be the world's third largest computing firm. The company has a net profit of $520 million as per the fiscal year 2011 (Doole & Lowe, 2008). Today, Lenovo has entered the Indian market. This essay will highlight one opportunity and one issue facing Lenovo in the Indian smartphone market respectively.
A major opportunity is the growing India's smartphone market. Lenovo, one of the world's leading PC vendors, has expanded its smartphone business in the Indian market (Qiao & Conyers, 2014). This expansion is driven by increasing distribution network and new product launches. The Indian smartphone market is growing at a tremendous rate. It is projected to grow more because people are exploring more things that they do with smartphones. Moreover, the price points have come down; this is one of the factors driving the growth. In fact,…
Doole, I., & Lowe, R. (2008). International Marketing Strategy: Analysis, Development, and Implementation. London: Cengage Learning.
Fahy, J., & Jobber, D. (2015). Foundations of Marketing. London [U.A.: Mcgraw-Hill.
Kotler, P., & Armstrong, G. (2014). Principles of Marketing. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson.
Qiao, G., & Conyers, Y. (2014). The Lenovo Way: Managing A Diverse Global Company For Optimal Performance. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional,
Latin Americans in the United States
Labor immigrants formed the bulk of foreign workers in search of menial and low paying jobs. Mexicans occurred as the dominant Latin group in this category. The level of the minimum wage, approximately $4.25, about six times higher than that in Mexico lured most of the laborers from their native lands (Portes and Rumbaut 20). Demand for foreign laborers, especially those from Mexico depicts the desired attributes of the laborers that include motivation, reliability, diligence, and willingness to work for low pay. The higher wages in the U.S. enables immigrants to plow back in various investments, and the support of families left back at home. 'Yield' obtained through wages also goes to consumption and upgrade of the social status of the immigrants. After accumulation of enough savings, most of the immigrants return home to gain a position of social respectability.
Logan, John. How Race Counts for Hispanic-Americans. pp 471-484
Portes, Alejandro and Rumbaut, Ruben. Chapter 1 "Who they are and why they come" in Legacies: The Story of the Immigrant Second Generation. California: University of California Press, 2001: 1-27
The multigenerational workforce in the United States presents a critical challenge for managers because each generation requires different expectations. Over the last few decades, the U.S. workforce has become so unique and diverse involving the mix of generation, gender, and ethnicity for the first time in the history of United States, workplace demographic spans four generations. The 2008 and 2009 U.S. economic crisis makes many older workers delaying retirement leading to a rich mixture of generation across different sectors. Consequently, this shift affects the workplace culture since values, attitudes as well as workplace style differ across a different generation. Moreover, each generation brings their work behaviors, values, motivation and relationship styles to the workplace assisting in enhancing the organizational development. Despite the benefits associated with the multi-generation work environment, a present of diverse generation can bring a challenge to managers with respect to communication, respect and work styles. Organizations can…
Globally, a nursing shortage is impeding the advancement of healthcare systems around the world. The nursing shortage refers to any situation in which the labor market cannot keep up with patient demands. Causes of the nursing shortage include poor working conditions leading to high turnover rates, insufficient nursing education programs, and lack of incentives for nurses to work in areas of critical concern. Effects of the nursing shortage include further staff shortages due to high stress environments and poor patient care—including higher rates of mortality and morbidity. Nursing shortages have affected almost every region of the world, and may become worse unless concerted efforts are made to remedy the problem.
Even the most advanced healthcare systems in the world are short on nursing staff. As a result, existing nurses are working longer hours under high duress, and are more prone to making errors or experiencing workplace violence and…
The exchange of the defective gene could be brought about by a process called homologous recombination. One of the first gene therapy experiments, though well intentioned, caused the death of the patient. esearchers at the University of Pennsylvania introduced a normal gene into a boy's body by using the rhino virus as a carrier. The body's immune system attacked this as a pathogen. This led to eventual organ failure and death. Gene therapy projects all over the world were largely abandoned. But more recently, gene therapy is beginning to make a comeback. (ONL, 2009)
Gene therapy has been tested in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. This is not a treatment that targets amyloid beta proteins or the tangles, but protects the brain cells from destruction. The regenerative properties of skin cells (stem cells) have been used to prevent the brain cells from "withering" away. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans reveal…
http://www.alzforum.org/drg/drc/detail.asp?id=84Alzforum . (2009). Retrieved April 18, 2009, from BBC. (2003). Alzheimer's vaccine 'promising'. Retrieved April 18, 2009, from Alzheimer's vaccine 'promising'
ChemoCare. (2005). Taxol. Retrieved April 18, 2009, from http://www.chemocare.com/bio/taxol.asp
Elements4health. (2009). PET Scans Reveal Plaques and Tangles In Alzheimer's Retrieved April 18, 2009, from http://www.elements4health.com/pet-scans-reveal-plaques-and-tangles-in-alzheimers.html
Feng, J.A., Crasto, C.J., & Matsumoto, Y. (1998). Deoxyribose phosphate excision by the N-terminal domain of the polymerase beta: the mechanism revisited. Biochemistry, 37(27), 9605-9611.
Herding in Bank Panics
The work of Devenow and Welch (1996) states that the most basic of human instincts is likely to be that of "…imitation and mimicry" which are the primary characteristics in what is known as 'herding' which often specifically occurs related to such as "fashion and fads…" (Devenow and Welch, 1996, p.603) Devenow and Welch go on to state that among financial economists there is a belief that "investors are influenced by the decisions of other investors and that this influence is a first-order effect." (p.603)
It is reported in the work of Donaldson (1992) entitled "Sources of Panics: Evidence from the Weekly Data" that panic is defined by Jevons (1884) as "a rapid rise in the rate of discount, a sudden flood of bankruptcy and a fall in consols, followed by a rise" (p.8). It is additionally reported that Calomiris and Gorton (1991) "define a panic…
Avgouleas, E. (20008) Reforming Investor Protection Regulation: The Impact of Cognitive Biases. Retrieved from: http://www.law.man.ac.uk/aboutus/staff/emilios_avgouleas/documents/AvgouleasCognitiveBiasesOgusfinal.pdf .
Bulow, Jeremy and Paul Klemperer, 1994, Rational frenzies and crashes, Journal of Political Economy 102, no. 1, 1-23. Chari, V.V. And Ravi Jagannathan, 1988, Banking panics, information, and rational expectations equilibrium, Journal of Finance 43, no. 3, 749-761.
Chen, Yehning, 1995a, Bank runs: Panic of efficient monitoring, Working paper (UCLA, Los Angeles, CA).
Chen, Yehning, 1995b, Banking panics: The role of the first-come, first-served rule and informational externalities, Working paper (UCLA, Los Angeles, CA). Donaldson, R. Glen, 1992, Sources of panics: Evidence from the weekly data, Journal of Monetary Economics 30, 277-305.
psychological trauma, and how does she relate it to repression? What evidence does she supply in support of her claim? Do you agree with her stance on this basic issue?
Slater, in her usual creative style, believes the current methods of dealing with psychological trauma to be ineffective in regards to the identifying a root cause. In fact, Slater believes the act of talking about a traumatic occurrence in an individual's life actually exacerbates the problem. Recollecting past events through constant conversation, Slater believes, does nothing to address the root cause of the problem. Further, by talking incessantly about this traumatic experience, patients may actually become more ill than they otherwise were. This is particularly important when patient are asks to revisit controversial areas in their lives in order to rid themselves of the traumatic event altogether. Slater is very quick to point out that conversation actually, emblazon fear within…
e. according to American norms and conventions. Part of this, incidentally, was due too to the fault of government itself that failed to provide them with the land, which the Hmong could have fertilized.
I realized that even thoguh America has gone a long way in attempting to appreciate other cultures and in refraining from foisting their own way of life on cultures other than they; they still do so to a certain extent.
I also wonder why people found it so hard to understand that others coming from lives so different than they would need time to acclimate and learn their 'language'.
Most of all I was impressed with the steadfastness, courage, and resilience of the Lees to resolutely cling to her traditions and way of life despite recrimination and hardship.
There are some things that are better in the Hmong culture than in the Western culture, such as…
Fadiman, A. The spirit catches you and you fall down. Farrar & co., 1997
Additionally, the water intake near Chelsea may be used, at times, to supplement New York City's water supply, during times of drought. The Town of Waterford and the Town of Halfmoon both get their muncipal water supply from the Upper Hudson iver ("Hudson iver PCBs," 2008).
GE's Involvement in the Build Up of PCBs in the Hudson iver
From 1947 to 1977, the General Electric Company discharged as much as 1.3 million pounds of PCBs into the Hudson iver, polluting 197 miles of the river and creating America's largest Superfund site. Two of GE's facilities, one at Hudson Falls and one at Fort Edward are reported to be the source of the pollution. As Angelo (2009) notes, PCBs were used as high-temperature insulators in the manufacturing process of transformers and capacitors, at the GE facilities. Even today, more than three decades later, PCBs still leak into the river from GE's…
Angelo, W. (25 Feb 2008) Hudson River PCB cleanup projects under construction. Engineering News Record, 260(7). Retrieved December 9, 2009, from Academic Search Complete database.
(1 Jun 2009). PCB remediation work starts in the Hudson River. Engineering News Record, 262(17). Retrieved December 9, 2009, from Academic Search Complete database.
Historic Hudson River cleanup to begin after years of delay, but will General Electric finish the job? (23 Mar 2007). Retrieved December 9, 2009, from http://www.nrdc.org/water/pollution/hhudson.asp .
Hudson River PCBs. (31 Dec 2008). Retrieved December 9, 2009, from http://www.epa.gov/region02/superfund/npl/0202229c.pdf .
Signs and Symptoms of Stroke
Patients with stroke symptoms are advised to seek out for emergency cure without any dilly-dallying. Definite signs of a stroke rely on the kind of stroke. However all kinds of stroke share several attributes. Warlow (1996, p.2) stated that cerebral embolism stroke generally comes on rather abruptly and is extreme right from the beginning. On the other hand schemic strokes signs consist of reduced vision in one eye or both eyes and stern headache. Other symptoms include feebleness, numbness or facial paralysis or arm and leg paralysis which are normally restricted on one side of the body.
Furthermore, other symptoms of schemic strokes include faintness, stability or coordination failure particularly when pooled with other signs. Hemorrhagic strokes are a bit different and the signs include loss of realization, distorted mental condition and seizure. Other signs include vomiting or stern nausea and extreme hypertension. Lastly, the…
American Heart Association and American Stroke Association (n.d.). Stoke diagnosis
Retrieved May 14, 2010, from http://www.americanheart.org
Caplan, L. R, Dyken, M.L., & Easton, J.D. (1996). American Heart Association Family
Guide to Stroke Treatment, Recovery, and Prevention. New York: Times Books.
Migraine, also known as hemi crania and megrim, is a severe and recurring headache. Commonly known as sick headache, it often affects only one side of the head, and is usually accompanied by nausea, vomiting, visual disturbances, and sensitivity to motion, light sound and odors.
'The, International Headache Society (HIS) has created a checklist by which migraine can be diagnosed. This is a simplified, standardized and globally accepted diagnostic test for migraine. The following criteria define common migraine, which is the migraine without aura:
A patient should have had at least five of these headaches.
The headache lasts from 4 to 72 hours.
The headache must have at least two of the following:
a. One sided location.
Pulsing or throbbing quality.
c. Moderate or severe intensity, making daily activities difficult or impossible to perform
d. Headache is worsened by routine physical activity. Such a bending over or climbing…
1. Stewart J. Tepper, M.D, 2004, Understanding Migraine and Other Headaches, Jackson, Ms. Publication, University Press of Mississippi.
2. Kathleen M. Heins, April 2003, Stopping migraine pain: don't let the doctor dismiss your migraine symptoms. New medicines and treatments are giving millions of women relief from the worst headache of all - Second Opinion, Better Homes and Gardens.
3. Ben Harder, Feb 19, 2005, Against the migraine: a procedure's serendipitous success hints that some headaches start in the heart, Science News.
4. Karen Goldberg Goff, August 1, 1999, HEADING OFF Migraine pain: Finding "Trigger," Right Treatment for debilitating pain, The Washington Times, pg: 1.
Sensation refers to the process that the sense organs perform when they encode physical energy from the environment. The physical stimulus energy is broken down into action potentials in the brain through the process of transduction. Perception, the interpretation of this transformed physical energy/stimuli into meaningful information, occurs in the brain. While sensation is a purely physical phenomenon occurring within the confines of a particular sensual modality and its associated neural registers, the process of perception is an interactive one where previous experiences, knowledge, expectations, etc. that are multi-modal interact with the physical sensations from the environment in order to produce current our experience. The mechanisms of these perceptions can either be unconscious (occur below the level of conscious awareness) or conscious (occur at the level of conscious awareness). These processes can also be automatic, occurring without conscious effort and conscious control and therefore use very little cognitive resources or…
Embracing the limits of my control will enable me to deal with stress appropriately.
Nonverbal and Cultural Barriers to Communication
It is only when the intended receiver of a message understands the information contained within the message that communication can be regarded effective. The world is today regarded a global village. This effectively means that intercultural communication will continue being even more common going forward. In so many ways, effective communication will enable me to successfully execute the mandate of my new position. Given the multicultural nature of our institution, there exists a significant need for me to explore ways of overcoming cultural barriers to communication. In seeking to overcome the said barriers, I will amongst other things ensure that I understand the receiver's perspective. This will help minimize instances of wrong interpretation. I will also ensure that the message is delivered in a format that can be understood by…
Armstrong, M. (2012). Armstrong's Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice (12th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Kogan Page Publishers.
Brain, C. (2002). Advanced Psychology: Applications, Issues & Perspectives. London: Nelson Thornes.
Sims, R.R. (2002). Managing Organizational Behavior. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.
She notified police and the parking ticket (because Berkowitz had parked too close to a fire hydrant) was traced to Berkowitz. But the police were just thinking that Berkowitz might be a witness; however, when the Yonkers police searched that Galaxie belonging to Berkowitz, they found a rifle and a .44 caliber Bulldog pistol -- along with detailed maps of the crime scenes that Berkowitz had created with his lust for killing women.
"hat took you so long?" Berkowitz is reported to have asked as the officers arrested him. In time during questioning, Berkowitz either played like he was mentally unbalanced -- which he of course was -- or was just rambling because he claimed that the dog he had killed was possessed by some kind of demon, and that the dog was demanding that Berkowitz go and do the killing. Other claims by Berkowitz included that he was a…
Breslin, Jimmy. (1993). 25th Anniversary. New York Magazine, 26(16), 153-154.
Brogaard, Berit. (2012). The Making of a Serial Killer / the Superhuman Mind. Psychology Today. Retrieved March 15, 2013, from http://www.psychologytoday.com .
Caputi, Jane. (1987). The Age of Sex Crime. Madison, WI: Popular Press.
Crossman, Ashley. (2013). Labeling Theory. About.com. Retrieved March 15, 2013, from http://sociology.about.com .