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Brave New orld and the Island
The Need for a "ay Out" in Brave New orld and the Island
The future looks grim for mankind in the dystopian novel Brave New orld and the film The Island. In both works, a terrible dependency upon technology and "science" has caused mankind to lose its "soul" and forget the transcendental values that make life worth living. Both works are effective in displaying the negative aspects of this sort of dystopia. But neither offers an effective alternative to such a future: John the Savage hangs himself in despair, and the heroes of The Island merely go boating (on what appears to be a permanent holiday). This paper will explain the satirical points of both and show how each is only partially effective in communicating a moral/social message that can elicit people to think and change.
E. Michael Jones states that the only life…
Bay, Michael, dir. The Island. LA: DreamWorks, 2005. Film.
Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. NY: Harper and Row, 1969. Print.
Jones, E. Michael. Libido Dominandi: Sexual Liberation and Political Control. IN: St.
Augustine's Press, 2000. Print.
Brave New orld:
Oh onder! That Has Such Similar People (to us) in it!
Aldous Huxley is often cited as an architect of a society that is eerily prescient of our own future. "In a number of specifics Huxley's prophecies are tellingly accurate," writes literary critic Kirkpatrick Sale, such as "the ubiquity of sports, television in hotel and hospital rooms, a general ignorance of history," and "psychology and chemistry as important change agents," as opposed to religion. (Sale, 2000, p.3) This new world of the future, however, is often depicted as a world of falsehood, in contrast to the truth embodied by the savage John. However, perhaps Huxley's distopia it is not so much a society where truth and happinees are incomensurate, but a place where personal choice and freedom are impossible to experience at the same time as one is perfectly happy. To take responsibility for one's present actions…
Gray, John. "Back to the future: Aldous Huxley was very much a product of his time; racist, snobbish and superior. But he was also a visionary, a chronicler of our disturbed modernity: Aldous Huxley: An English Intellectual." New Statesman. April 8, 2002. 15 Jan 2004.
Critical book review of Huxley's novel and of a recent biography of the novel. Provides an overview of contemporary and modern critical reception to the novel.
Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. 1931. Searchable Online. 15 Jan 2004.
rave New World
Largely, the World State is able to control society through technology in this fiction, set in the year 2540, or for 632 years after the creation of the first Model T. car by American industrialist Henry Ford. This is the Central London Hatching and Conditioning Centre, a savage reservation in New Mexico, a Utopia, where no family life has existed for more than six centuries. Human life is manufactured from the okanosky and Podsnan Processes, which produce almost identical human embryos and condition them in bottles, according to five castes: Alpha, eta, Gamma, Delta and Epsilon. Alpha embryos are to become the leaders and thinkers of the World State, like ernard Marx. The two lesser castes are slightly less physically and intellectually programmed than the Alphans. The Deltans are conditioned to be averse to intellectual and artistic objects and made into docile and eager consumers. As children,…
Dass, Ram. The World Must Decide. http://www.ramdass.org/huxley-bnw-island.htm
Farmer, Cat. Brave New World Revisited. http://www.srtrike-root.com/clumns/Farmer/farmer4.html
3. Gehlhaus, Ricky. Brave New World: the Cost of Stability. Somaweb.org., 1998. http://somaweb.org/w/sub/BNW_CostO/Stability.html
Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World.. Paperback. Perennial Classics Reprint Edition, 1998
He went to jail for refusing to pay taxes, to protest America's involvement in the Mexican ar"(Henry David Thoreau," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia, 2007). hile it could be argued that refusing to pay taxes hurt Americans who had nothing to do with the government's decision, Thoreau would counter that if no one obeyed their conscience, and everyone simply conformed to societal dictates, positive change would be impossible in the world. Even in protest, Thoreau still showed respect for others, adopting a strategy of passive resistance, while remaining true to his convictions"(Henry David Thoreau," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia, 2007).
Upon seeing Huxley's world, Thoreau would no doubt immediately leave and begin a new alden-like homestead in isolation, on the outskirts of John's remote reservation. Thoreau, as evidenced in his pacifism and social conscience, would agree with Socrates and the scientists of Brave New orld that to be happy, an individual must…
Henry David Thoreau." Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2007. 30 Mar 2008. http://encarta.msn.com.
Republic." Classics Technology Center. 2000. 30 Mar 2008. http://ablemedia.com/ctcweb/netshots/republic.htm
living in the kind of horrific society that Aldous Huxley warned about almost a century ago. In Brave New orld, Huxley wrote about a world where people are only concerned with satisfaction of desires. They are constantly entertained through visual and tactile means in addition to being constantly drugged. Although we have not yet reached a pointer where we are artificially reproducing, there are still far too many similarities. Decades ago, Huxley was concerned that society was denigrating into a condition where people are obsessed with consumption and with feeling satiated to the point where they no longer question their government or the motivations of other people. He was fearful of people becoming so complacent as to allow themselves to be dominated by a dictator. The subject matter he writes about might not be pleasant, but it is necessary. The closer our society comes to reflecting the one he imagined,…
Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World: And, Brave New World Revisited. New York: HarperCollins,
John the Savage manifests the kind of high, independent spirituality spoken of in "Beyond Good and Evil." However, while John seeks a more conventional, common good Nietzsche spurns any predetermined moral systems at all, and advocates an independent, emotional, and irrational wilfulness. Nietzsche's system, unlike Epictetus, is not based upon acceptance of the limits of the human condition, but seeks deeper happiness (not pleasure) in resistance.
But both Epictetus and Nietzsche seek happiness, not pleasure, as well as truth, and that is what is so vital, life-sustaining, and human about their philosophy. They advocate the need for freedom and choice, and resisting easy solutions and obedience to conventional norms. hile Bentham might have found a utilitarian home in Brave New orld, he would not have found happiness, much less truth. Happiness is different from pleasure, it is based upon choice and engagement in the world, and necessitates some internal self-willed…
Bentham, Jeremy. "An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation." 1781.
30 Oct 2008. http://www.utilitarianism.com/jeremy-bentham/index.html#four
Epictetus. "The Enchiridion." Translated by Elizabeth Carter. 135 a.C.E.
30 Oct 2008. http://classics.mit.edu/Epictetus/epicench.html
Brave New orld
One of the surprising aspects of Brave New orld, which was written by Aldous Huxley in 1931, is its parallels with today's society. People drug themselves with soma and meaningless sex in Huxley's dystopia. Today, we live in a world where people are over-prescribed pharmaceuticals; are more interested in their smartphones than the person sitting in front of them; and everyone can easily find meaningless hookups by using an app. The worship of Henry Ford may be no more but many are equally worshipful of the Apple Corporation that designed their phones. Today's emphasis on self-esteem and feeling good about one's self, taken to the extreme, can also be seen as analogous to the conditioned contentment with the status quo in Brave New orld, along with the inhabitant's lack of political activism, despite living in a society which denies them any kind of freedom to choose their…
Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York: HarperPerennial, 2006.
Miner, Horace. "Body Ritual among the Nacirema." The American Anthropologist, 58.3 (1956),
Freedom and Individuality in Brave New orld
Stories are popular when they enable audiences to escape from reality for a bit. Fiction is unique because it can tell a story while also making appoint. In Aldous Huxley's novel, Brave New orld, we have an entertaining story as well as social commentary. The novel's significance lies in its ability to explore several complex, social issues stemming from a thoroughly conditioned society. Huxley uses realistic characters, such as the Savage, to caution us of the dangers of a becoming a society that acquiesces control to the government, becoming a victim of advanced technology and counterfeit happiness. In this kind of society, freedom is a myth and citizens are happy only because their minds are numb. This type of society may sound far-fetched but the reality is that it could emerge in the very society we live in today through a powerful government…
Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York: Harper and Row Publishers. 1960.
Hochman, Jhan. "An overview of Brave New World." GALE Resource Database. Site Accessed
March 24, 2008.
Hochman, Jhan. "An Overview of Brave New World." Exploring Novels. 1998. GALE
Future: Prediction's in Huxley's Brave New orld
Aldus Huxley's famous dystopian novel, Brave New orld, was written over 75 years ago, yet is because it's some of it's predictions about future society are seen to be amazingly prophetic. This is certainly one of the reason's the novel is considered a modern classic, since as Huxley writes in his 1958 introduction to the novel "a book about the future can interest us only if it looks as if it's prophecies can conceivably come true (7)." Of particular aptness in today's times are his descriptions of feats of biological engineering, his characters' aversion to aging and ugliness, and the constant use of drugs to provide happiness in the novel's vision of the world. These particular vision's of the future are all extremely relatable to today's society in the modern United States.
A great many essays on cloning, bioethics, genetic engineering, and related…
Gillis, Malcolm. "Harnessing Technologies for the 21st Century." Proceedings Sep. 2003: 63-75. Web. 2 Dec. 2010.
Hall, Stephen S. "The Short of It." The New York Times Magazine. 16 Oct. 2005. Web. 2 Dec. 2010.
Huxley, Aldus. Brave New World. 1932. New York: RosettaBooks. 2000. Kindle Edition.
O'Neill, Terry. "We Have Seen the Future." The Report 18 Mar. 2002: 36-41. Web. 2 Dec. 2010.
Plato the epublic and Huxley's Brave New World
IN WHAT WAYS DOES THE SOCIETY IN BAVE NEW WOLD MOST CLOSELY PAALLEL THE IDEAL CITY DESCIBED BY PLATO IN THE EPUBLIC?
In some modes the essence of The epublic is regarded as very complicated, however, it enjoins together completely to prepare the attitude of Plato on the society and government. It is transparent that the Platonic society is to be greatly hierarchical as is with the society in Huxley's World State. The model city state as per Plato had three hierarchal section. The 'Artisans' constitute the lowest class of the society, comprising of the laborers and artisans whose main objectives are concentrated in their sensations. Their immediate job is to attain skill in action upon the physical plane. The class above this lowest stratum is 'Auxillaries' comprising of the men who with their influential passions and attitudes are persistently struggling with…
Ancient Landmarks: Plato. Thesophy. Vol. 27, No. 10, August, 1939. pp: 435-440. Retrieved from http://www.wisdomworld.org/additional/ancientlandmarks/Plato.html Accessed on 25 June, 2005
Barash, Nanelle, R; Barash, David. P. Biology, Culture, and Persistent Literary Dystopias. The Chronicle Review. December 3, 2004. Volume 51, Issue 15,-Page B10. Retrieved from http://chronicle.com/free/v51/i15/15b01001.htm Accessed on 25 June, 2005
Brave New World Quotations. Retrieved from http://sun.menloschool.org/~sportman/westernstudies/first/brave/quotations.html Accessed on 25 June, 2005
Campbell, Courtney. Brave New World: Soma, Shakespeare, and Suicide: The Terrors of Techno Utopia. 1997. Retrieved from http://oregonstate.edu/Dept/philosophy/club/utopia/utopian-visions/courtney1.html Accessed on 25 June, 2005
Brave New World by Aldous Huxley
Today, the human genome has been successfully sequenced and researchers are continuing their efforts to reduce the incidence of birth defects through early in vitro detection. Moreover, prescription drug abuse in on the rise, and many observers caution against the emergence of a world government that controls all countries. In addition, the ready availability of birth control has created an environment in which promiscuous sex is not only tolerated, it is in essence being encouraged. Likewise, industry and consumer robots are increasingly automating formally manual tasks. In fact, in many ways, modern society is increasingly resembling that of Aldous Huxley's Brave New World (1932). This paper reviews Huxley's book to elaborate on these five most important ideas, followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion.
Review and Discussion
At first blush, the world of Bernard Marx, the story's protagonist,…
Finally, Huxley's Fordism is the religion of the land that celebrates automation, and this reflects the high value placed on the ability of this society to create its own citizens in an assembly line-like fashion.
The research showed that Aldous Huxley's Brave New World (1932) describes a number of trends that have actually come to pass in varying degrees in the 21st century, including most especially the increased abuse of drugs, the use of genetic engineering, the emergence of a one-world government, free sex and an automated production system that provides for society's consumer needs.
All of my life, I have felt as though I have been trapped in a play not of my own making. In my wildest dreams, I imagined myself a Hamlet-like character, suffering the "slings and arrows of outrageous fortune." Hamlet said: "to die, to sleep, aye, that's the rub," when contemplating suicide. However, in my present world, I have come to realize that all of those around me including my late mother have been dwelling in a kind of living sleep, not of their own making. Your satire is so apt, so accurate -- it highlights how the false pursuit of pleasure is a false notion. Although I do not desire suicide, rather I feel that the entire world in which I live is committing a kind of spiritual suicide and rejecting all that is truly good in life, versus what is pleasurable. "Grief and remorse, compassion and…
Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. HarperPerennial, 2006
That completely changes commercial patterns because customization becomes not special but standard. On the other hand, because reaching these markets of one is so direct and precise, it eliminates the waste involved in mass marketing. There is no need to send sales forces out in cars, or to waste untold hours cold-calling, in theory.
That, of course, raises one of the most significant advantages of the current trend toward increasingly technological sales and fulfillment to increasingly highly identified markets; less environmental damage. Granted, it may be that a buyer in Singapore wants an item only created in Istanbul, so shipping is involved. On the other hand, it is likely, applying Moore's Law to commerce as well as technology, that before long, mini-factories will spring up across the globe to fulfill desires close to the locus of their creation. It will be demanding: Marketers in such a commercial environment "will have…
Armstrong, a. And J. Hagel III. 1995. Real profits from virtual communities. The McKinsey Quarterly 3, 127. Retrieved 24 May 2005 from www.questia.com.
Armstrong, a.G. And J. Hagel III. 1997. Expanding markets through virtual communities, McKinsey Quarterly 1, 140+. Retrieved 24 May 2005 from www.questia.com.
Beck, J.C. And P.D. Lynch. 2001. Profiles of Internet buyers in 20 countries: Evidence of region-specific strategies. Journal of International Business Studies 32(4), 725+. Retrieved 24 May 2005 from www.questia.com.
Goss, J. 1995. 'We know who you are and we know where you live': The instrumental rationality of geodemographic systems. Economic Geography 71(2), 171+. Retrieved 24 May 2005 from www.questia.com.
E-Compensation: Benefits and Challenges
Compensation is one of the basic roles of the Human esource department. This refers to the process of rewarding effort of the employees by assigning salaries and wages for work done. Compensation serves as an appreciation for good work done and as a motivation for more work to be done. E-compensation is the art of making these said payments through the online platform. This is where the human resource managers issue payments for the work done through the online channels available over the Internet. This mode of payment does not involve the handling of cash in any way. All payments are made using the electronic means that the online platform provides. The following study identifies the merits and demerits web-based compensation systems compared to the usual stand-alone or a PC-based method.
This method of compensation involves the use of a fixed method where spreadsheets…
Bondarouk, T. (2014). Human Resource Management, Social Innovation, and Technology. Bradford: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Gueutal, H. (2011). The Brave New World of EHR Human Resources Management in the Digital Age. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass
Kleingartner, A., & California, L. (2013). Human Resource Management in High Technology Firms. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books.
Martocchio, J. (2009). Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management. Amsterdam: Elsevier JAI
The effects of information technology on the society
The social capital framework
In this paper, we evaluate the validity of the statement that IT is radically changing the social world. We perform a critical analysis of the concept of social world and social capital and how it is influenced by information technology. This is carried against the backdrop of the concept of information technology as the conceptual framework. The paper concludes that indeed the statement that IT is radically changing the social world is true.
The contemporary society has witnessed a series of transformations which can directly be attributed to the concept of technological dynamism. Technological dynamism is a concept which was defined by Albu (2009) as the rate of exchange in the level of predictability of new technologies. The technological advancements that we witness today are largely as a result of the lack of knowledge that exists…
Veenstra, G. (2000). Social capital, SES and health: An individual-level analysis. Social Science and Medicine, 50, 619-629.
Wellman, B.A., Quan-Haase, A., Witte, J., & Hampton, K. (2001). Does the Internet increase, decrease, or supplement social capital? Social networks, participation, and community commitment. American Behavioral Scientist, 45(3), 437-456.
Woolcock, M., & Narayan, D. (2000). Social capital: Implications for development theory, research, and policy. The World Bank Research Observer, 15, 225-249.
World War II called out the American troops, the country's economy could have been in grave danger had it not been for the untapped reservoir of human resources. Wives, mothers and sisters picked up where their husbands, sons and brothers left off. Not only were these women brave in their efforts to take on something as foreign as factory work, they also directly affected the outcome of the war. Conversely, without that call to action, women's roles in our society today would also be quite different.
Initially there was broad-based concern about women taking men's jobs, what would happen to the family structure and how society would deal with such a drastic change. However, it was a better solution than putting children to work as in the past.
There was no time to analyze or try and come up with a better solution. Women jump into industry with both feet…
Cornlius Ryan, one of the finest writers of the history of World War II, was born in Dublin in 192. He worked as a correspondent from 1941 to 1945 and covered stories of the battles in Europe for Reuters and the London Daily Telegraph and in the final months of the Pacific campaign.
The first book written, published in 1959, was The Longest Day, that sold four million copies in twenty -seven editions and later in 1962 a film was made on it. However, it is said that The Longest Day was originally published in 1959 and since then it ahs reprinted several times.
Furthermore, another book was published in 1966 The Last Battle, while in 1974, he finished his third book A Bridge Too Far, though at the same time he was undergoing treatment for cancer that killed him in 1976.
Moreover, he was the author was a native…
Whatever happened you vanished, and neither you nor your actions were ever heard of again" (Orwell, 1949, p.168).
Principles of mass production are very clear in the novels. Huxley for instance, applied the idea of mass production in human reproduction, since the people has abandoned the natural method of reproduction. Mass production as the conventional feature of capitalism and Huxley's novel reinforces such. He talked about the requirement of the World State about constant consumption, which is considered as foundation of its stability. Huxley apparently criticizes the commercial dependence of the world towards goods. Conditioning centers teaches people to consume. Orwell similarly provides criticism to capitalism as well: "The centuries of capitalism were held to have produced nothing of any value." The Proles are the symbols of the capitalist system as they constitute the working class who work in assembly lines.
Destruction of the concept of family
Bessa, Maria de Fatima (2007). Individuation in Aldous Huxley's Brave New World and Island: Jungian and Post-Jungian Perspectives. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
Beniger, James K. (1986) the Control Revolution. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 61.
Greenberg, Martin H., Joseph D. Olander and Eric S. Robbon. No Place Else: Expectations in Utopian and Dystopian Fiction. Southern Illinois: University Press, 1983. 29-97.
Grieder, Peter. "In Defense of Totalitarianism Theory as a Tool of Historical Scholarship" Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions 8.314 (September 2007) Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Grace Van Dyke Bird Library, Bakersfield, CA. 15 November 2008 ( http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct-true&db=aph&an=27009808&site=ehost-live .
Brave New orld
The two books 1984 and Brave New orld reflect futuristic views that are quite different and dichotomous. Indeed, 1984 reflects a world of dystopia and punitive government while the work Brave New orld reflects one of more utopian conditions but is no less controlled and crafted by a master plan. The noted social critic Neil Postman postulates that Huxley's version of the world in Brave New orld more closely matches that of our current actual world. However, while there is some grain of truth to that, there are some facets of Brave New orld that are not in place now and the chances of that changing in the foreseeable future is practically nil in the view of the author of this report.
First up on this report will be a compare and contrast of the two works in general terms. First off, an obvious difference between…
Huxley, Aldous. Brave new world. New York: Harper Perennial Modern Classics, 2006.
Orwell, George, Thomas Pynchon, and Erich Fromm. Nineteen eighty-four: a novel.
Centennial ed. New York City: Signet, 2003. Print.
TSC: What Is eality?
We pursue virtual reality not because we seek to embrace reality, but because we seek to escape it. The availability of virtual reality technology enables us to create a controllable world which 'feels' real, but without any of the actual consequences of inhabiting reality. In virtually real games, we can act violently; become sports stars; take on entirely different personas in a consequence-free universe. One of the definitions of technology is that it technology involves the use of various created implements to make our lives seem 'easier.' To some extent, this is true of virtual reality technology, given that virtually real universes do not hold within them the risks of actually fighting, pursuing death-defying sports, or confronting supernatural beings in strange realms. However, the risks of virtual reality are great, namely that we will enter into the 'real' world after 'playtime' with a less secure grasp…
Kass, L (2001). TNR Online (The New Republic Online). Retrieved:
In some ways, the Civil War was the analogue of the Terror for Americans: It was the bloodthirsty incestuous violence that allowed the nation to move onward to a full embrace of democracy, joining itself to Europe as the world began to tip toward democratic ideas and ideals.
Stephen Kantrowitz's biography of Benjamin Tillman demonstrates how he can be seen as a symbol for an entire cohort of Southerners of his generation, people (mostly but not exclusively men) who could neither understand nor tolerate the new order that had formally instituted itself after Emancipation. They could not understand a world in which black men were suddenly their legal equals. Tillman, and others like him, lived in a world that told them that blacks had to be treated like equals even though many white Southerners did not see their black compatriots as even being fully human.
This set up…
Further, warfare and poverty have all but been eliminated. But in order to have happiness, the people are dependent on government produced stimulation, including Soma and promiscuous sex. The reason for this is because this society lacks the staples of human identity and individuality, such as family, culture, art, literature, science, religion and philosophy.
n this sense, Huxley's utopia is an ironic, or false utopia as without individuality and happiness, society is not really a utopia. Thus, Socrates would agree with Huxley's underlying philosophy that true happiness is only possible through an expression of individuality. Without individuality, society is in fact a distopia.
This is a sentiment that Thoreau would agree with as the premise of his Walden Pond was to create a personal utopia through an expression of complete individuality. Thoreau's premise was that by depending on pure individuality one would experience true happiness. n order to accomplish this,…
In this sense, Huxley's utopia is an ironic, or false utopia as without individuality and happiness, society is not really a utopia. Thus, Socrates would agree with Huxley's underlying philosophy that true happiness is only possible through an expression of individuality. Without individuality, society is in fact a distopia.
This is a sentiment that Thoreau would agree with as the premise of his Walden Pond was to create a personal utopia through an expression of complete individuality. Thoreau's premise was that by depending on pure individuality one would experience true happiness. In order to accomplish this, Thoreau sought a return to nature and thus moved away from society and all of its Soma like forms of artificial stimulation and happiness. Thus, as Socrates and Huxley would agree, Thoreau believed that true happiness, or what they all referred to as the "good life" was only possible through an expression of independence and individuality.
Huxley, Aldous. (1998): Brave New World. New York: Perennial.
Technological Culture. Discussed: how it effects our life; B.F. Skinner; Aldous Huxley, and Zbigniew Brzezinski.
The world has become a technological mecca, filled with gadgets and wonders that only a generation ago would have been impossible for the average citizen to envision, except perhaps in science fiction novels. However, today, the majority of households have at least one computer, if not more. The Internet allows one to access endless sources of information and to communicate with people around the world with a click of the mouse. Cell phones, once a handy luxury for professionals, are now carried by children and parents as a way to keep in touch. Technological advances in genetics has enabled scientists to clone species, and make remarkable leaps in medical research. The last one hundred years has brought mankind from the horse and buggy days to space age technology as a part of daily…
Anthropology, Psychology, and Sociology B.F. Skinner." The Dictionary of Cultural
Literacy. January 01, 1988.
August 7, 2002: Death ray weapons 'ready in a decade.'" http://gpgwebdesign.com.au/haarp.htm .(accessed 12-12-2002).
B.F. Skinner." Francis Marion University. http://www.fmarion.edu/psych/bio/skinner.htm .(accessed 12-12-2002).
Some governments are terrified of their people: The military government that is running Burma (the junta calls the country Myanmar: Many of those who oppose the brutality of the regime refer to the nation by its former name of Burma) murders Buddhist monks who protest its policies.
The longer one thinks about this fact, the more clearly one summons up the image of the slaughter of young holy men, the clearer it will be that this is a government that will do anything that will increase its power, its control over the population, and the longevity of their regime. When one reads Orwell and thinks about Burma, one thinks that Orwell was a jolly optimist about human nature and the role of government.
And Orwell's vision of government is indeed grim one, and it gets grimmer over the course of the novel as Winston -- the protagonist who is nothing…
Paul's Thorn In The Flesh
Studying the Bible, it becomes apparent that Jesus handpicked a number of his disciples to continue to spread his message after Jesus ascended to heaven. In addition to the men who followed Jesus before his death and resurrection, the leaders of the movement known as "The Way" included the Apostle Paul. Saul of Tarsus had been one of Jesus' most vocal detractors during Jesus lifetime and was skeptical of Jesus' claims that he was the Messiah. However, when Saul encountered a resurrected Jesus on the Damascus oad, Saul's disbelief disappeared. He converted to what is now known as Christianity and began to travel and share Christ's teachings.
Paul was unique from the other apostles in another significant way; he was the only one who received a thorn in the flesh. What this thorn was is never explicitly stated in the Bible, though it seems to…
Barnett, Paul. The Second Epistle to the Corinthians:The New International Commentary
on the New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1997.
Dawson, Audrey. Healing, Weakness and Power: Perspectives on Healing in Writings of Mark, Luke and Paul. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2008.
Deane-Drummond, Celia. Brave New World?: Theology, Ethics, and the Human Genome.
More recently two schools of military history have developed that attempt to consider its object from a more eclectic, objective perspective, dubbed the "New Military History" and "War and Society" history. New Military History "refers to a partial turning away from the great captains, and from weapons, tactics, and operations as the main concerns of the historical study of war," and instead focusing on "the interaction of war with society, economics, politics, and culture."
New Military History is a relatively broad category, and its perspective can be evinced both on the level of a particular methodology and ideology.
Along with the "War and Society" school of thought, New Military History seeks to uncover the multifarious factors driving and influencing military conflict, with a particular view towards the interaction between these factors and the actual practice of war. That is to say, these schools of thought do no entirely abandon any…
Alexander, Joseph G. "The Truth about the Opium War." The North American Review (1821-
1940) 163, (1896): 381-383.
Bello, David. "The Venomous Course of Southwestern Opuim: Qing Prohibtion in Yunnan,
Sichuan, and Guizhou in the Early Nineteenth Century." The Journal of Asian Studies.
Social Media/Workplace Conflict
Every day, most of us create permanent records of our lives and the things we do through our Internet use, emails, texts, tweets, blogs, and similar technology. Information intended for friends and family can sometimes be disseminated more widely than expected or planned. Unless one avoids these technologies altogether -- a difficult feat in today's society -- one can no longer be assured that a private life is truly private. Further complicating the issue is the use of these technologies in the workplace. The line between our public and private selves continues to blur. Current legislation is aimed at protecting privacy rights of employees in balance with employers' concerns about the use of social media during work hours and, in some cases, with the use of employer-owned devices. Legal issues can quickly become complex and there is not sufficient practical guidance to help employers navigate an increasingly…
Dorsch, M. (2012). Tweeting the election. State Legislatures (38)4, pp. 28-30.
Folger, J.P., Poole, M.S., and Stutman, R.K. (2001). Working through conflict: strategies for relationships, groups, and organizations, 4th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Freifeld, L. (2012). Social media at work. Training 49(6), p. 7.
Hearing, G.A., and Ussery, B.C. (2012). The times they are a changin': The impact of technology and social media on the public workplace, part I. Florida Bar Journal 86(3), pp. 35-39.
As we have already mentioned, the mood and tone for moral corruption in New York City was prime in the 1920s and while it may seem there are the rich and the poor, class distinction among the rich plays an important role in the novel. Gatsby's success will only carry him so far because of a dividing line that exists between the new wealth and the old wealth. This is best depicted with the est and East Egg sections that divide individuals according to their wealth. Gatsby, regardless of how much money he makes, cannot hold a candle to the old wealth of the community in which Tom and Daisy live. Tom comes from an "enormously wealthy" (6) family and when he moved to the rich East Egg, he "brought down a string of ponies from Lake Forest" (6). The Buchanan's home is "more elaborate" (7) than what our narrator…
Alberto, Lena. "Deceitful traces of power: An analysis of the decadence of Tom Buchanan in the Great Gatsby." Canadian Review of American Studies. 1998. EBSCO Resource Database. Site Accessed November 01, 2008. http://search.epnet.com
Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. Bantam Books. New York. 1974.
Fussell, Edwin. "Fitzgerald's Brave New World." ELH. 1952. JSTOR Resource Database. Information Retrieved November 1, 2008. http://www.jstor.org/
Inge, Thomas. "F. Scott Fitzgerald: Overview." Reference Guide to American Literature. 1994. GALE Resource Database. Information Retrieved November 03, 2008. www.infotrac.galegroup.com
Global Issues in Design and Visuality in the 21st Century
Global Design & Visuality
Headline: Cubicles Rise in a Brave New orld of Publishing
The New York Times
The open-plan office space complete with cubicles has broken down the once hallowed walls of Manhattan's literary elite: publishing houses. Editors, who once prided themselves on their well-appointed offices reminiscent of British gentlemen's clubs, must eschew their former reclusiveness in favor of chummy shoulder-to-shoulder camaraderie. The change is driven by falling profit margins and the desire to maintain headquarters within Manhattan, close to the literary agents and media outlets that are the wheels on the publishing vehicle. Many editors consider the idea of open-plan offices and cubicles anathema to the intellectual work publishing entails. Those needing more quiet spaces are forced to work at home in the evenings or slink off to the tiny conference rooms known as "quiet cars." Open-plan offices…
Mahler, John. "Cubicles Rise in a Brave New World of Publishing. The New York Times, 9 November 2014. 10 November 2014.
hile the system is not exactly the same as that described in e, the result is much more dramatic, since a far greater number of Americans are disenfranchised.
As I mentioned above, e was not the first dystopian work that I encountered. However, it was the first dystopian work that I encountered, for the first time, in a post 9-11 world. hat shocked me was not how far OneState was from modern American society, but the startling similarities that the two share. hile modern life is not strictly limited in by tables and graphs, personal liberties have been restricted at an alarming rate. This is not mitigated by the fact that the trend in the last 75 years had been an increase in personal liberties. A free society is characterized by an expansion of civil liberties. For example, most democracies begin with powerful males having the right to vote, and…
Zamyatin, Evgeny. We. Trans. Clarence Brown. New York: Penguin Books, 1993.
Annabelle Lever makes a very strong argument for her case, and is ultimately convincing in her assertion that the degree of manipulation necessary to create a patentable gene warrants their continued patentable nature without ethical fears entering the picture. While it is important to respect life and the building blocks of life and to ensure that these building blocks do not suddenly fall under ridiculous legal restrictions or controls, it is also important to encourage progress in the new and still emerging area of gene creation and manipulation. Continuing to allow patents for genes and recognizing the ethical good that these patents can produce is important as brave new worlds of medical and technological capabilities are continuously invented, and limiting these patents out of a misguided fear that they will lead to control over life or the reduction of medical efficacy would be a great disservice to humanity.
Cape Wind Project proposed for Cape Cod, and the political, economic, and social impacts to Cape Cod and Nantucket. The Cape Wind Project is a proposed wind-turbine project off the shoreline of Cape Cod in Massachusetts. Supporters of the project believe it is the right clean-air, renewable energy project for the area, and it will negate the need for an old, outdated fossil fuel electrical generating plant. Opponents believe it is the wrong project for the area, and it will reduce their quality of life, as well as block local fishermen from their livelihoods. Controversial and very public, the project has been debated since 2001, and it still has not begun construction.
I am David McCullough, author and historian, and I live full time on Cape Cod. I am adamantly opposed to the Cape Wind project for a number of compelling reasons. First and foremost, in my mind, is that…
Editors. "Wind Farms." Cape Cod Times. 2009. 19 May 2009.
Editors. "Cape Wind: The Economy." Save Our Sound. 2009. 19 May 2009.
"Oh, brave new world indeed," she concludes (11).
Improving Online Education Programs
The growth of "distance education" offerings, also called online education, has been dramatic over the past few years. "Online education has experienced tremendous growth" as colleges and universities -- and private companies that offer training services -- convert "face-to-face classes to online courses" (Revere, et al., 2011, p. 114). riting in the Quarterly Review of Distance Education, the authors review the advantages of learning online, especially for adults and for students employed full time that cannot attend classes. Also, the authors note that online courses can be boring and even tedious when existing eb-based technologies are not put to use (Revere, 117).
"Because communication within online text-based systems does not always flow as naturally as in face-to-face settings," there is a need to embrace technologies to make the class work more interesting and vital (Revere, 120). The authors…
Aragon, Janni. (2007). Technologies and Pedagogy: How YouTubing, Social Networking, and Other Web Sources complement the Classroom. Feminist Collections, 28(4), 45.
Chmielewski, Dawn C. (2012). YouTube's Robert Kyncl charts Internet video's meteoric rise.
Los Angeles Times Business. Retrieved January 12, 2012, from http://latimesblogs.latimes.com .
Farnan, Jeanne M., Paro, John A.M., Higa, Jennifer, Edelson, Jay, and Arora, Vineet M.
Counter-Terrorism and Social Media: Freedom vs. Security
The United States prides itself to being the most democratic nation of the world, with the highest respect for the human being, for its values, norms, and dreams. At the same time, before 9/11, it was also considered to be one of the safest nations of the world. The attacks on the World Trade Center towers, in particular pointed out that there are gaps in security and that even the United States represent a vulnerable target. Since then, the security measures have been seriously increased, in certain areas of expertise; security rules have been created if they did not exist. All these measures fueled a constant debate on whether the security that has been increased affects or not the liberties and freedoms of the American population.
On May 1st 2011, Osama bin Laden has been announced dead by the U.S. President, arack Obama…
CNN Wire Staff. (2011) "Bin Laden killing caps decade-long manhunt." CNN Asia. http://edition.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/asiapcf/05/02/bin.laden.dead/index.html?hpt=T2
Cook, Martin L. (2001) Ethical Issues in Counterterrorism Warfare. Department of Command, Leadership, and Management. U.S. Army War College. May 3, 2011 http://ethics.sandiego.edu/Resources/PhilForum/Terrorism/Cook.html
Cornell University Law School. (N.d.) Michigan Dept. Of State Police v. Sitz. 1990. http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0496_0444_ZS.html
Cornell University Law School. (N.d.) Terry v. Ohio. 1967. May 3, 2011 http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0392_0001_ZS.html
International Corporation Walmart
Because of the abilities of the internet and the expansion of global interests, there are many more international corporations today than there were in the past. One of the largest and most recognized of those corporations is Walmart. It operates in nearly all developed countries in the world, and is one of the largest retailers on the planet (Fishman, 2006; Zook & Graham, 2006). While it started out small, the company has grown to enormous proportions. It has become so large that some countries and some communities have taken strong and significant steps to keep the company out. Not everyone is a fan of the company, and not all countries think Walmart is good for business. The way the company comes in and "takes over" is sometimes a problem for much smaller, "mom and pop" businesses that are not able to sell as inexpensively as Walmart. For…
Fishman, C. (2006). The Wal-Mart Effect: How the World's Most Powerful Company Really Works -- and How It's Transforming the American Economy. NY: Penguin.
Ingram, P., Yue, L.Q., & Rao, H. (2010). Trouble in Store: Probes, Protests, and Store Openings by Wal-Mart, 1998 -- 2007. American Journal of Sociology, 116(1): pp 53 -- 92.
Lichtenstein, N. (2009). The Retail Revolution: How Wal-Mart Created a Brave New World of Business. NY: Macmillan.
Vance, S.S. & Scott, R.V. (1997). Wal-Mart: A History of Sam Walton's Retail Phenomenon (Twayne's Evolution of Modern Business Series). NY: Twayne Publishers.
As America continues to struggle through a recession that was in many ways self inflicted, today's leading economic minds are debating the issue of offshore outsourcing with more interest than ever before. hile politicians and labor unions claim that offshore outsourcing weakens the nation's economy, this view is biased and shortsighted, as it fails to take into account the many benefits derived from the transfer of jobs overseas. In order to remain competitive in an ever evolving global market, America should take advantage of offshore outsourcing and utilize the practice as an effective means to strengthen and streamline its workforce. Innovation has always been a cornerstone of American economic superiority and offshore outsourcing is a reliable method of spurring employees both at home and abroad to adapt, improve and expand their skill sets. A profitable exchange of talented, educated employees from one country to another can…
Friedman, Thomas. "30 Little Turtles." New York Times 29 Feb 2004: 2. Print.
Parry, Ed. "Panel praises benefits of offshore outsourcing." SearchCIO.com. 28 Oct 2004. Web. 8 Mar 2011. .
La Nouvelle Vague, Lighting, & Alphaville
The focus of this essay will be on the aspect of lighting in the film Alphaville, directed by Jean-Luc Godard. The film is a detective story and a film noir released in 1965. The French New Wave, or La Nouvelle Vague, distinguishes itself from other movements in film in numerous ways, one of which is the use of and sculpture of the light. The following essay illuminates how the lighting in Alphaville distinguishes it as a French New Wave film, a film noir, and a surreal experience of the narrative. Movements such as the surrealists and the situationists heavily influenced the French New Wave filmmaking community. The use of light in Alphaville reveals the artistic and political perspective of Jean-Luc Godard and his crew. The paper, through examination and analysis, proposes that the lighting is an integral element in the aesthetic and artistic success…
Transparent Society: ill Technology Force Us
To Choose Between Privacy and Freedom?"
There seems to be no doubt that the genie is out of the bottle, never to be capped again. Individual privacy is being treaded upon daily by new technological devices that a mere generation ago were considered science fiction to be found only in novels such as George Orwell's "1984" and Aldous Huxley's "The Brave New orld." However, today these stories of surveillance and cloning have become reality. In "The Transparent Society: ill Technology Force Us to Choose Between Privacy and Freedom?" David Brin examines how privacy as it was known a quarter of a century ago is gone forever and how citizens of the world have very tough decisions to make regarding how this new technology will be used and more importantly who will be in control.
Brin argues that the more open a society is the…
Brin, David. The Transparent Society: Will Technology Force Us to Choose
Between Privacy and Freedom? Perseus Publishing. 1999; pp 4, 5, 6, 7,
Compulsory Licensing of Patents
The purpose of this paper is to highlight the causes and affects of the compulsory licensing of pharmaceutical products. Initially, the paper highlights the fundamental positions, attitude, inclination and concerns of the developed world and the under developed world with regard to the intellectual property rights of the pharmaceutical products. The paper also concentrates on the subject of the intellectual property rights of the biotechnology products (plants); this is because plants are the major source of almost all pharmaceutical products being used today. Furthermore, it is a matter of fact that the patentability of plants has been given a lot of attention by the developed world, in particular United States of America, as well as, the developing World. The paper also exposes the priorities of both the developed world and the under developed world, priorities that have been a major hurdle in all previous negotiations on…
Bernard Pecoul et al., Access to Essential Drugs in Poor Countries: A Lost Battle? 281 JAMA 361, 365 (1999).
David P. Fidler, International Law and Global Public Health, 48 KAN. L. REV. 1, 29 (1999).
David Benjamin Snyder, Comment, South Africa's Medicines and Related Substances Control Amendment Act: A Spoonful of Sugar or a Bitter Pill to Swallow?, 18 DICK. J. INT'L L. 175, 190 (1999).
David P. Fidler, Symposium on Globalization at the Margins: Perspectives on Globalization from Developing States: Neither Science Nor Shamans: Globalization of Markets and Health in the Developing World, 7 IND. J. GLOBAL LEG. STUD. 191, 212-213 (1999).
Educational Priorities of the High Sage of New Toronto
The newly appointed High Sage of Education for the small city of New Toronto was conflicted. On the one hand, this was an opportunity to help this struggling community educate its young people to not only cope with their precarious situation, but to instill appropriate values that can help guide their future. On the other hand, though, there are numerous obstacles involved in developing relevant curricular offerings for these children, including most especially determining what lessons should be learned from the collapse of human civilization and how these lessons should be taught. Drawing on the teachings of Augustine, Plato and Alfarabi, this paper provides a succinct analysis concerning the main reasons for the collapse of human civilization, followed by relevant guiding principles for the ethical education of the next generation of New Torontonians and a summary of the research in the…
Al-Talbi, A. (2015). Al-Farabi's doctrine of education: Between philosophy and sociological theory. Muslim Heritage. Retrieved from http://www.muslimheritage.com/article/al-farabis-doctrine-education-between-philosophy-and-sociological-theory.
McPherson, C. W. (2000, Summer). Augustine our contemporary. Cross Currents, 170.
Thesleff, H. (2009). Platonic patterns: A collection of studies. Las Vegas, NV: Parmenides.
Social Partnership' And
The Implications for Trade Unions
This report attempts to explain what is meant by the term social partnership and it also evaluates some implications of social partnerships on trade unions. Social Partnerships have been elevated to be more of the foundation of industrial relations policies. Industrialized nations in these highly global, competitive and technologically advanced economic situations have all new social demands and issues. Labor parties and management teams today have come to realize and understand that if there are going to be economic success stories in their future, then both sides will be required to put emphasis on the importance of partnerships in the workplace. These partnerships entail new methods for problem solving, quality control and productivity. Today, both sides must understand that partnership agreements will help produce more socially adept workers who are well trained, prepared and competitive. Labor and management must come to a…
Baccaro, Lucio, et al. (1999). "The Brave New World of European Labor: European Trade Unions at the Millennium." Oxford: Berghahn Books.
Boucher, Gerry, & Collins, Grainne (2003). Having One's Cake and Being Eaten Too: Irish Neo-Liberal Corporatism. Review of Social Economy, Vol. 61.
Ferner, A. And Hyman, R. (eds) (1998) "Changing Industrial Relations in Europe." Oxford: Blackwell.
Guest, D.E. And Peccei, R. (2001) "Partnership at work: mutuality and the balance of advantage" British Journal of Industrial Relations, vol. 399 no.2 pp.207-236
Because the home country is not required to reimburse foreign depositors for losses, there is no corresponding financial penalty for lax supervision; there is, though, a benefit to the country with lenient regulatory policies because of increased revenues generated and the employment opportunities these services provide (Edwards 1999). Furthermore, banks seeking to conduct multinational business are attracted to countries where incorporation laws and the regulatory framework offer less regulatory oversight (Edwards 1999). The quid pro quo nature of offshore financial services is clearly indicated by Edwards's observation that, "Multinational banks provide the offshore financial centre with increased tax revenue and employment for its citizens. Because the benefits outweigh the costs, offshore financial centres have a powerful incentive to maintain lenient regulatory policies. As a result, multinational banks incorporated in an offshore financial center successfully avoid supervision by an effective home country regulator" (1999, p. 1267). Given the scope of the…
Black's Law Dictionary. (1999). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
Boise, C.M. & Morriss, a.P. (2009). 'Change, Dependency, and Regime Plasticity in Offshore Financial
Intermediation: the Saga of the Netherlands Antilles.' Texas International Law Journal, vol. 45,
no. 2, pp. 377-379.
Lupack points out that conventional male and female roles are "comically reversed" (Lupack 96), emphasizing the "underlying principle of ironic contrast and the reason for the novel's universal appeal... madness is sanity and sanity is madness" (96). In addition, we come to grasp the notion that the patents are more "sane" (96) than their caretakers are but they only become aware of this after they check themselves into the asylum. Lupack observes, "The Combine's order is actually chaos, and the random natural elements of the world outside provide the only real meaning and order in life" (96). hile life appears to be orderly, it is actually empty. In Brave New orld, the irony exists in the premise of what defines happiness. The Savage touches on it briefly when he realizes that without pain, there can be no real, measurable pleasure. In a sense, everything is equal and while this may…
Hochman, Jhan. "An overview of Brave New World." Exploring Novels. 1998. Gale Resource Database. Information Retrieved February 01, 2005. www.infotrac.galegroup.com
Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York: Harper and Row Publishers. 1960.
Kesey, Ken. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. New York: Signet Books. 1962.
Lupack, Barbara. Insanity as Redemption in Contemporary American Fiction. Gainsville: University Press Florida. 1995.
.F. Skinner, a behavioral learning theorist, states that behaviors are learned and learning is represented by a permanent change in behavior. The components of this theory are reinforcers -- good or bad. Most people think of reinforcers as rewards for good behavior. There are actually two types of reinforcers -- positive and negative. Positive reinforcers are when a stimulus is given, and negative reinforcers are when a stimulus is taken away. However, negative reinforcers are different than punishments. Punishing is when either taking away a positive reinforcer or adding a negative reinforcer.
He also says that changes in behavior are the result of an individual's response to events, or stimuli, in the environment. When a particular Stimulus-Response pattern is reinforced, the individual is conditioned to respond. This pattern is known as Operant Conditioning, and the distinct characteristic of this is relative to previous forms of behaviorism, when the organism can…
Blavatsky, H.P. Psychology -- The Science of the Soul. 12 December 2002. www.blavatsky.net/blavatsky/arts/PsychologyTheScienceOfTheSoul.htm
Brave New Look at Behavioral Psychology. Ed. Kilburn-Peterson, Christopher. May 11, 1999. 12 December 2002. www.princeton.edu/~wws320/projects/99Fiction/ChrisKilburn-Peterson.htm
Rozycki, Edward G. Skinner's Concept of Person. 12 December 2002. http://mywebpages.comcast.net/erozycki/PracPerson.html
Operant Conditioning." TIP: Theories. 12 December 2002. http://tip.psychology.org/skinner.html
" hy is this the case? hy are some concerned about privacy and others not at all? The answer lies in the fact that society is mirroring both authors' perspectives, Orwell's and Huxley's -- one fearful and the other apathetic. Society is thus a dichotomy of two anti-utopian visions.
Yet, Zittrain, like Boyd and Baym, supports the new media technology by asserting that "the Net is quite literally what we make it." So even as society moves toward a state that intertwines both Huxley's and Orwell's visions, another portion of society attempts to keep a balanced viewpoint by suggesting that such movement does not necessarily have to be as bad as it might seem.
In conclusion, although civilization is headed in a direction that looks much like that described by Orwell and Huxley -- those anti-utopian visions are not necessarily what are in store for society. Boyd and Baym do…
Baym, Nancy. Personal Connections in the Digital Age. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press,
Boyd, Danah. "Social Network Sites: Public, Private, or What?" The Knowledge Tree.
2007. Web. 8 May 2011.
270. Chen, Tsui, arton, and Mechesheimer (2004) state the fact that analysts have control over many things during the course of a simulation study. There are many things which are under the control of analysts during the simulation study. Analysts have control over many things during the course of a simulation study. This is stated to include the "maximum run time for terminating simulations.
For steady-state simulations this control includes the specification of the warm-up period as well as the run lengths including the time-series output is averaged or aggregated into batches." (2004) p. 271 the choice of the number of batches and batch sizes important topic of research in itself, and an implicit assumption in many simulation-analysis techniques is that appropriate batch sizes and warm-up periods are used. Often simulation-analysis techniques is that appropriate batch sizes and warm-up periods are used." (Chen, Tsui, arton and Mechesheimer, 2004) p.272
Kleijnen, Jack P.C., Sanchez, Susan M., Lucas, Thomas W. (2005) a User's Guide the Brave New World of Designing Simulation Experiments. State of the Art Review. INFORMS Journal on Computing. Vo.. 17, No. 3 Summer 2005.
Chen, Victoria C.P.,, Kwok-Leung, Tsui, Barton, Russell R., and Mechesheimer, Martin (2006) a Review on Design, Modeling and Applications of Computer Experiments. IIE Transactions (2006) 38 273-291.
If it has, how has it? If it hasn't, how much is it left?
Fordism thus remains. It remains in worker surveillance, to guard against morality and time theft. It remains in the increased bureaucratization of the global economy, as multi-million dollar conglomerates dominate the world. It remains in the modern emphasis on productivity, rather than training in franchises. It also remains in the developing world, where the poor with little hope of mobility, labor for the rich. And it remains at companies that invest little in worker training like al-Mart.
If it is a combination of both? (Recommend to choose this)
Fordism has given the world many benefits -- affordable goods, particularly technological goods that would be prohibitively expensive without mass production. However, companies such as Google that strive to maximize efficiency, create a corporate culture and climate that permeates every facet of employee's lives, yet still makes an…
Brody, David Review of Michael J. Piore and Charles F. Sabel.
The Second Industrial Divide: Possibilities for Prosperity. Reviews in American History. Vol. 13. No. 4. Dec. 1985, pp. 612-615.
Dunn, Bill. Global Restructuring and the Power of Labour. Palgrave, 2004
Ehrenreich, Barbara. Nickel and Dimed. Holt, 2002.
Take Minority Report, for instance. In the film, technology is trumpeted as a savior: ith the ability to foretell crime, police officers are able to save innocent people from dying. However, the obvious challenges to our constitutional law system are not only latent, they are openly discussed and debated in the work. The courts and legislature, for instance, have yet to decide on the viability of declaring "perpetrators" guilty simply because of the innocent-until-proven guilty tenets of our system.
Minority Report deals with the negative ramifications of the advances in technology with frightening bleakness. In society and on the media, we generally hear only about the positive advances in technology, especially information technology, but this film truly brings home the scarier aspects.
Based on a Philip K. Dick short story, Minority Report takes place in the 2054 in ashington, DC. The ashington, DC Police Department has begun to incorporate technology…
We see this same question today in the Patriot Act. We have hi-tech surveillance systems that may save us from another terrorist attack, but they impinge upon the constitutional rights of those being watched. it's the question that arises today more than in any other point in our history: Do we sacrifice our principles for quality of life?
What the pre-crime unit does, essentially, is convict solely on mens rea. Under criminal law both means rea (bad mental thought) and actus reus (a bad act) are required to convict. Here, we are eliminating one whole element. If I were to design the computer systems for the pre-crime division, I'd program in the requirement for at least some actus reus, however small. For instance, the pre-crime cops would not be able to stop a murder until at least the suspect reached for his gun to kill the supposed victim.
The idea here is to keep the quality of life improvements offered by the precogs in that fewer people will be murdered, while not letting technology run rampant in imprisoning those who've only had bad thoughts. We cannot stray into Brave New World or 1984 grounds.
Ethics of Human Cloning
In 1971, Nobel Prize winning-scientist James atson wrote an article warning about the growing possibility of a "clonal man." Because of both the moral and social dangers cloning posed to humankind, atson called for a worldwide ban on any research leading to cloning technology (atson 8).
Until then, cloning had been largely relegated to the realm of science fiction. Scientific research concerning cloning and in vitro fertilization was obtuse and technical, and hardly written about in the news. atson, however, was a highly-respected scientist, a Harvard professor famous for his discovery of the double helix structure of the DNA. The article he wrote sparked an intense debate over cloning, a debate that was renewed with the 1996 birth of Dolly the lamb, the first cloned mammal.
The argument no longer centers on whether cloning is possible, but on whether cloning is ethical. This paper examines the…
Annas, George. "Scientific Discoveries and Cloning: Challenges for Public Policy." Flesh of My Flesh: The Ethics of Cloning Humans. Gregory E. Pence, ed. Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998.
Bailey, Ronald. "Cloning is Ethical." Ethics. Brenda Stalcup, ed. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2000.
Garcia, Jorge L.A. "Cloning Humans is Not Ethical." The Ethics of Genetic Engineering. Lisa Yount, ed. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2002.
Kass, Leon. "The Wisdom of Repugnance." Flesh of My Flesh: The Ethics of Cloning Humans. Gregory E. Pence, ed. Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998.
As such, every human being has 70,000 pairs of these genes or instructions that tell the body what to be and how to behave. They have garnered the name "designer" not so much as to pre-selection but more toward blueprint. Although biotechnological development might well be able to "design" a fetus to have all the characteristics that parents want in a child, the more scientific approach is one of natural development in the genes patterning. Not with standing naturalism there are efforts underway to alter some of the 70,000 pairs of genes to cure diseases and prevent defective inherited characteristics. Wherein the debate turns philosophical, ethical, and righteous is on an entire different level however. When reality is present that babies can be genetically engineered to be smarter, better looking, more athletic, and happier the face of human evolution will have changed forever. The lingering question facing citizenry is how…
Andrews, Lori B (1999). The Clone Age: Adventures in the New
World of Reproductive Technology. New York, Henry Holt and Company.
Descartes, Rene. Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, and Seeking Truth in the Sciences. 2 June. 2004 Retrieved Dec. 22, 2004 at http://www.literature.org/authors/descartes-rene/reason-discourse/
Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, (2000). 29th Edition, W.B. Saunders Company,
" This predictability is not and could never be a part of democracy; democracies must change with the will of the people, and so might have periods of instability. In fact, Berber notes, "Multinational corporations sometimes seem to prefer doing business with local oligarchs, inasmuch as they can take confidence from dealing with the boss on all crucial matters." Consistency and predictability are almost by definition easier to find in harsh dictatorships or oligarchies than democracies. The real danger I see in this is the possibility of a totalitarian state that looks like a democracy, such as the imagined by Aldous Huxley in Brave New World and which is every similar to the McWorld Barber sees us approaching. It might, in fact, already be happening, as warrant-less wiretapping becomes executive practice, and perhaps even more insidiously through the attempts of companies like Google to maintain huge databases of information about…
I do not believe that wearing glasses or make-up is wrong, even though this is an enhancement of the human body by improving one's life by being able to see, or covering blemishes and unsightly birthmarks that might make an individual self-conscious. Is selecting the best sperm donor really so much different than a man or a woman basing his or her choice of a mate upon that individual's appearance, intelligence, and lack of unpleasant 'skeletons' in the genetic closet? Svaulescu's idea that one has a moral obligation to screen for genetic defects or to personally improve the human race through reproduction makes one queasy, but the idea of leaving everything up to nature, in theory, would mean an end of folic acid for pregnant women or even birth control.
But really, the ultimate argument for allowing patients to attempt to engineer their offspring by selecting 'better sperm' may be…
According to this passage, people are afraid of black and white colors. In order to be okay with whatever a person is looking at, the images need to be colorized. Then again, there is also a fear of things that have color. Some kinds of colors get associated with ideas so people try to stay away from those colors. Painters who want to represent real life things are limited in their choices in terms of color and form. This is because although the artist wants to show his own ideas, he also has to make sure that what he is drawing or painting is enough like the real thing for the viewers of the work to understand it. Throughout history people have had trouble with the ideas of color. He also talks about the importance of the Fall and how people want to do everything within their powers to…
David Batchelor, Chromophobia (Reaktion), 21-49.
Banning Books in High School
Book Banning and Censorship
Social groups, including religious organizations, parents, and school administration among others, make decisions daily about what material will become a part of the regular school curriculum and what material will be excluded. Many decisions are made based on the educational value of text books and other learning material. However, many decisions are unfortunately made without educational potential in mind, but rather on the basis of what is considered to be profane or proper based on the opinions of certain people that feel they have the moral authority to make such decisions. American schools have always been built on the principle that children must be protected from that which is inappropriate for them to see, hear, or experience. "American schools have been pressured to restrict or deny students access to books or periodicals deemed objectionable by some individual or group on moral,…
Researchers at Cornell University discovered that Monarch butterfly caterpillars died when they ate plants dusted with the pollen of Bt corn that was growing in nearby fields, and many scientists worry that with so much insecticide in the corn plants, insects might develop a resistance to it (Dyer 2002). These fears and concerns are echoed by Francis Fukuyama who believes that genetic enhancement will undermine the system of human rights by disrupting the boundary that encloses all humans in a single group, thus believes society should limit genetic science to allow therapy but prohibit enhancement, such as genetically altered food crops, and non-therapeutic procedures (Tobey 2003). In other words, enhancement will allow society to increase genotypic and phenotypic diversity, yet such diversity will press society to the point of losing its shared humanity (Tobey 2003).
Adams, endy a. (2002, January 01). Reconciling private benefit and public risk in…
Welsh, Whitney. (2005, March 01). Brave new worlds: philosophy, politics, and science in human biotechnology. Population and Development Review. Retrieved July 09, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site: http://www.highbeam.com/library/doc3.asp?DOCID=1G1:132710930&num
This article discusses the ethics and political landscape concerning genetic engineering, particularly the current White House administration. It includes some twenty references.
Fear is an emotion that often paralyzes people and fear of the unknown often precipitates irrational thoughts and behavior. One hot topic that illustrates this point is cloning. Many opponents to the subject of cloning are basing their arguments on fear. This fear is irrational and totally unfounded and extremely damaging to the cause of science. As a society, we are on a path that is leading us to embark on nothing short of fantastic discoveries and allowing fear to hinder this growth would be a dreadful mistake. Cloning is not bad or wrong -- the fear that accompanies it is.
Alun Anderson brings to mind several reasons why human cloning could be beneficial. One example can be seen in the couple who carries a recessive gene for disease. In this scenario, one of the parents cloning him or herself would remove the risk of their child being born diseased.…
Anderson, Alun. "Cloning Can be an Ethical Form of Reproduction." Cloning. Winters,
Paul, ed. San Diego: Greenhaven Press. 1998.
Baum, Rudy. "Human Cloning is Inevitable." Cloning. Winters, Paul, ed. San Diego:
Greenhaven Press. 1998.
This is an essential part of understanding Seurat -- the ways in which he sought a seamless blending between art and science. He saw no barriers to doing so because his own ways of working along with his understanding of how the world worked lead him to view the world through a sort of bifocals. He viewed everything through both art and science -- through both fact and metaphor.
But while this is an essential perspective on Seurat and his work, there are other lenses through which his work must be viewed and understood. Analyses of both Seurat and generally of Impressionism and Neo-Impression tend to write about their marriage of science and art were a foregone conclusion. As if embracing the scientific and the new were the most natural pathway for artists to take.
But French artists might well have gone the way of a number of their British…
This attention to detail is one of the most fundamental skills to being a great accountant.
Another personal skill that is necessary for public accounting is the ability to communicate effectively with others. This is one of the most crucial skills that any individual must have in public accounting because auditors will have to work with many different types of people across different backgrounds and work cultures. Inter-personal skills are very hard to develop because it requires consistency, any individual can have friends or close relationship, but to constantly be a good and caring person is very difficult. Since I understand the importance of developing strong interpersonal communication skills as well as ability to work in team environments, I attempt to have helpful and caring relationships with everyone I meet. This extends not only to those who are closest to me, such as my parents, relatives, close friends, etc. But…
J.D. Edwards, History of Public Accounting in the United States (1960)
Booker, Quinton, Brenner, Vincent C., and Blum, James D. (1998). " Brave New World for the CPA Exam." Journal of Accountancy January:61-64.
American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. (1998). Information for Uniform CPA Examination Candidates, 15th ed. New York: Author.
Though not actually about the end of the world in any large-scale sense, Nadine Gordimer's July's People truly is a type of post-apocalyptic tale for two of its primary characters. Maureen and Bam Smale are forced to live in the village of their black former servant, July, following a hypothetical and violent end of apartheid that has left militant black revolutionaries in charge of Johannesburg and the South African government. For the Smale's, this essentially proves to be the complete end of their world. They are unable to return to their lives or even their homes in Johannesburg; that world certainly no longer exists, and would be mortally dangerous to them. At the same time, however, they are completely impotent and unnecessary in July's village; they have no function, no purpose, and are generally regarded with suspicion and fear that they will bring trouble to the villagers. These…
This particular perspective is used in the accurate identification of infrastructure that a given company must acquire so as to compete in the future dynamic and highly competitive global market place.
The Balanced Scorecard has not just been praised for its theoretical soundness but has actually produced real results. Prickett (2003) noted that in 2003, a study that involved 35 firms in the UK proved that the best performance measurement strategies were implemented by firms that employed the Balance Scorecard approach of measurement. This study further indicated that companies that had been successful in their measurements because the Balanced Scorecard approach successfully identified certain critical indicators after a thorough consultation with all sectors of the firm's business team (including the lower level and the front line employees).
Extant literature on the Balanced Scorecard approach have shown a constant praise of the model. This is because as noted by Hagood and…
Arora, R. (2002) "Implementing KM -- a balanced score card approach." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6 (3) 240-9.
Drury, C (2007).management and Cost Accounting. Cengage Learning EMEA
Gadenne, D. (2000) "Brave new world: how can business meet new challenges in the 21st century?" Inaugural professorial lecture delivered on September 6, Central Queensland
Hagood, W.O. And Friedman, L. (2002) "Using the balanced scorecard to measure the performance of your HR information system." Public Personnel