Bribery Essays (Examples)

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Garrity and the Fifth Amendment

Words: 410 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14394506

If an employee invokes the www.reference.comGarrity v. New Jersey, 385 U.S. (1967) the rule is most commonly applied to public employees such as police officers.

If a police officer is suspected of taking bribes and is investigated by internal affairs (IA), and he is given a "Garrity" warning by the IA investigator, then admits that he has taken bribes and resigns, he cannot be prosecuted in criminal court on the bribery allegation. The Garrity rule allows the officer to admit wrong-doing to an internal investigative officer utilizing the Garrity rule to obtain information, without being prosecuted for that wrong-doing. Even though the officer may be asked to resign his or her commission or be dismissed, any statements made after invoking Garrity, may only be used for department investigation purposes and not for criminal prosecution purposes. (Hall p. 145)

eferences

Constitution of the United Statse of America. etrieved January 20, 2007…… [Read More]

References

Constitution of the United Statse of America. Retrieved January 20, 2007 at http://www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Fifth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution.

Garrity Warning. New Jersey Law Enforcement. NJLawman. Retrieved January 30, 2007 at  http://www.njlawman.com/Garrity.htm .

Hall, Daniel. Administrative Law: Bureaucracy in a Democracy. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 2006.
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Cultural Ethical Variances With Gifting

Words: 750 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24539456

Cultural Ethical Variances

The author of this report has been asked to complete a short essay about the differing ethical dimensions that are present in different situations. One can compare and contrast among many different group types and locations. Indeed, the ethics of doing business and giving gifts can vary greatly from country to country, from region to region, from state to state, from city to city or even from business to business in the same general vicinity. The reasons for these variances typically vary based on things like religion, ethnicity, race, age and family status. This report shall explore the differences that exist all within the United States because even the differences in a single country can vary quite a bit. While there are some standards and practices in business that are pretty consistent, not everyone is singing from the same proverbial hymnal when it comes to what is…… [Read More]

References

Gilman, S.C. (2005). Ethics codes and codes of conduct as tools for promoting an ethical and professional public service: Comparative successes and lessons.

Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/mena/governance/35521418.pdf

National Conference of State Legislatures. (2013). Ethics: Legislator gift restrictions overview. Retrieved November 19, 2013, from http://www.ncsl.org/research/ethics/50-state-table-gift-laws.aspx
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Siemens AG Scandal Siemens AG Had Over

Words: 2649 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13053505

Siemens AG Scandal

Siemens AG had over one hundred fifty years of experience making business deals internationally by the time it became embroiled in several bribery scandals in 2006. Beginning in the mid-1800s, the company set up products such as telegraph networks and maintenance and initiated business practices such as fixed-hour workdays and employee career training that helped it get ahead. ith a long and solid history as a leading company in Germany and internationally, the accusations against it might seem surprising, but investigators turned up plenty of evidence that Siemens AG had made frequent bribes of foreign officials and businessmen in order to turn business its way. It was also accused of embezzlement and tax evasion. The resulting scandal, which involved authorities in Germany, Switzerland, Greece, the U.S., and other countries, cost Siemens billions of dollars, landed some managers in legal trouble, and harmed Siemens AG's reputation. The Siemens…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Agence France-Presse. (July 30, 2008). Siemens Posts Strong Results. Retrieved from the IndustryWeek.com website:  http://www.industryweek.com/articles/siemens_posts_strong_results_16938.aspx 

Deresky, Helen. (2010). International Management: Managing Across Borders and Cultures, 7th edition. Boston, MA: Prentice Hall.

Kaylan, Merlik. (March 24, 2009). Fork Over That Bonus Money. Retrieved from  http://www.forbes.com/2009/03/23/aig-taxpayers-outrage-opinions-columnists-bonus-payments.html 

Vanhonacker, Wilfried R. (2004). Guanxi Networks in China. The China Business Review, May-June, 2004, 48-53. Retrieved from: http://www.lombardglobal.com/attachments/Guanxi_Networks_in_China.pdf
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Bribing Unethical and Illegal or Just a

Words: 1334 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9597877

bribing" unethical and illegal or just a cost of doing business?

Bribery is unethical and illegal in some societies and a regular part of business in others. Whether or not an activity is unethical is largely dependent on the culture, customs, norms, values, and laws of the country where the activity takes place. It's a matter of perspective. When you consider that the act of bribery is intended to supplement the income of underpaid officials or increase the power of a nation's governments, the outcome of the bribe is a negative one. Most economists and ethicists agree that bribery's effects are largely detrimental (Weber and Getz, 2004). If the effect of the act is detrimental, then it can be argued that it is unethical to engage in bribery even if it is only a cost of doing business.

There are different types of corruption: bureaucratic corruption where officials take bribes;…… [Read More]

References

ABC News Productions (2002, November 20). Inside the Kingdom: Saudia Arabia. [Television broadcast]. New York: Nightline.

Gerasimova Ksenia. (2008). Can corruption and economic crime be controlled in developing countries and if so, is it cost-effective? Journal of Financial Crime, 15(2), 223-233. Retrieved January 13, 2011, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 1472787421).

Daniels, John, Radebaugh, Lee, Sulliven, Daniel (2010) International Business: Environments and Operations (13th Edition). Place of Publication needs to be inserted here: Prentice Hall.

Weber, J., & Getz, K. (2004). BUY BRIBES OR BYE-BYE BRIBES: THE FUTURE STATUS OF BRIBERY IN INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE. Business Ethics Quarterly, 14(4), 695-711. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
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Business Ethics Whether or Not

Words: 1164 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84741756

Other measures can include sanctions against foreign companies that are engaged in bribery. This many motivate the governments of those countries to take stronger measures towards eliminating bribery.

3) There are a couple of reasons I think Starbucks has been so concerned about its corporate social responsibility. One is that it helps cultivate a positive image of the company, which can help to both attract and retain customers. Another reason is that the company comes from a culture in the Pacific Northwest where philanthropy and social responsibility is more accepted in business. This cultural difference may have impacted the overall philosophy of Starbucks with regards to this issue. Also, Starbucks is a high-profile company. They open themselves up to significant negative publicity if they engage in social irresponsible acts. Maintaining a high level of corporate social responsibility is therefore a defense against potentially damaging criticism.

Starbucks' various relationships are generally…… [Read More]

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Legal Environment of Business According

Words: 339 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31352279

In a democratic system, whose underlying foundation is a philosophy of independence and equal representation, giving somebody the power to buy political power or interest is unethical. For this reason, must governing boards have codes of ethics that specifically prohibit bribery.

The mayor's proposed plan to lure tourism to igtown is akin to the illegal bribery committed by the SLOC. In other words, what the mayor proposes is to give convention planners government contracts for coming to igtown, which is essentially giving the planners political power not available to the city's citizens. According to the governing rules, this form of political bribery is illegal. If the mayor does go through with this plan, he could be punished with such actions as fines or an impeachment from his position.

ibliography

15 United States Code Sec. 78. (2006): The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.

Longman, Jere. (1999): "Olympics: 2 Officials Quit in Salt…… [Read More]

Bibliography

15 United States Code Sec. 78. (2006): The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.

Longman, Jere. (1999): "Olympics: 2 Officials Quit in Salt Lake City as Olympic Scandal Details Grow." New York Times.
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Business Entities Laws and Regulations Information

Words: 2499 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85770249

Transaction Under Each of the Five Ethical Theories

Ethical fundamentalism:

Juanita's behavior is clearly in contravention of a normative code of ethics since each of the world's religions proscribe bribery. The Bible, for instance, as does the Koran goes on in depth about the severity of perverting justice and bring officials or any one involved in the jurisprudence sector.

Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is somewhat stickier in application. If Juanita's behavior provides the greatest amount of people in her environment with pleasure, she can, consequently, proceed. Utilitarianism is, however, not so clear in this situation for how do you define and set the limits to providing happiness t o the greatest amount of people. Who are the majority in this case? Are they the employees in Giantcorp and the bribed official (as well as recipients who profit from the bribe)? Are they competitors to the company? Are they the specific country? Or…… [Read More]

References

EHow.com How to start a construction LLC

http://www.ehow.com/how_5747990_start-construction-llc.html

Employment Law Guide. Safety and Health Standards: Occupational Safety and Health. U.S. Department of Labor. http://www.dol.gov/elaws/elg/osha.htm

Federal Laws Prohibiting Job Discrimination. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.  http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/qanda.html
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Ethical Business Standards and Social

Words: 554 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44910006



BRIBERY AS AN ETHICAL ISSUE

Bribery is fundamentally unethical because it is inherently unfair. Regardless of the situation, bribery means that someone is transferring some form of compensation that is not permitted and that necessarily undermines the fair efforts of competitors or the purpose of rules and regulation. Where bribery occurs in connection with gaining an unfair advantage over others (such as bribing a college professor for a good grade), the ethical violation is a function of the fundamental right of others competing for the same goal to achieve it through only legitimate means. The student who bribes a college professor and receives a grade for it harms the other students by lowering the grading curve for everybody. In the long run, many instances of bribery of this kind would also diminish the value of the educational degree from an institution whose reputation as lowered by unqualified graduates who perform…… [Read More]

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Ethics in Relationship to Power Structures Ethical

Words: 1298 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72927204

Ethics in elationship to Power Structures

Ethical obligations allegedly breached by Smith or Halloran while in office

Senator Malcolm Smith and New York City Councilman Dan Halloran were accused of attempting to fix the mayoral ballot. They were allegedly reported having exchanged thousands of dollars in cash. This money was intended to pay off the officials of the epublican Party to agree to one of the Democrats, Smith on the GOP line. Halloran demonstrated clear ignorance as he walked into the evil bargain as the confidential witness dangled campaign funds for a personal interest bid. In the context of public ethics, the actions of Smith and Halloran raise questions their principles of justice, democratic society, and common good (Stensota, 2010).

Smith and Halloran must adhere to the principle of ethical policymaking. This principle requires that they hold one another accountable for what they know and value. As such, it draws…… [Read More]

References

Cody, J. (2012). Chicago called most corrupt city in the nation. CBS Chicago. Retrieved from  http://chicago.cbslocal.com/2012/02/14/chicago-called-most-corrupt-city-in-nation/ 

Politico. (2013). N.Y. state senator arrested in alleged mayor race plot. Retrieved from http://www.politico.com/story/2013/04/nyc-mayor-race-rig-malcolm-smith-89536.html

Stensota, H. (2010). The Conditions of Care: Reframing the Debate about Public Sector Ethics. University of Gothenburg; Blackwell Publishing Limited. Retrieved from http://faculty.cbpp.uaa.alaska.edu/afgjp/PADM601%20Fall%202010/Reframing%20the%20debate%20about%20public%20service%20ethics.

Ventriss, C. (2012). Democratic Citizenship and Public Ethics The Importance of Civic Stewardship in an Era of Public Distrust and Cynicism. Public Integrity, Summer 2012, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 283 -- 297.
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Electing Judges or Appointing Them a Question for the Courts

Words: 1406 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73528165

campaign financing in the election of judges and cites numerous studies which illustrate correlation between campaign donations and favorable court rulings. The point of the article is to highlight a possibly damaging policy that could be creating a perverse criminal justice system. Skaggs offers a number of solutions to the issue, each of which could conceivably address the problem. The best solution is to make elections dependent upon public financing, which would eliminate Big Money from the process; or it should be necessary for judges to show who has contributed to their election so that bias could be determined by litigants before a case goes to trial. This would ensure that the criminal justice system is kept honorably above board and it would also promote a more Christian sense of propriety on the judiciary's part, as the idea of judges being "bribed" by campaign donors would become obsolete along with…… [Read More]

References

Confessore, N., Thee-Brenan, M. (2015). Poll shows Americans favor an overhaul of campaign financing. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/03/us/politics/poll-shows-americans-favor-overhaul-of-campaign-financing.html?_r=0

Friedman, B., Lithwick, D. (2009). Speeding Locomotive: Did the Roberts Court misjudge the public mood on campaign finance reform? Slate. Retrieved from http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/jurisprudence/2010/01/speeding_locomotive.html

Skaggs, A. (2010). Symposium: Judicial Selection: Part I: Reform: Are campaign contributions compromising the independent judiciary? The Advocate, 40: 1-4.

Tufte, E. (2006). The cognitive style of powerpoint: pitching out corrupts within. CT:
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Hungary A as We Will

Words: 2714 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35412907



On the other hand, as I have mentioned in the previous paragraphs, bribery is one of the many compromises you are faced with in life. As in other cases, one can refuse to comprise and remain an ethical person, but with the risk of facing other losses. eing able to compromise, in any aspect, will help you to solve some problems easier, but you will probably remain ethically troubled. As an evaluation, small compromises should be acceptable and, in my opinion, bribery is a comparatively small compromise that one agrees to make.

According to one of the many definitions, intellectual property is "any intangible asset that consists of human knowledge and ideas" or "any product of the human intellect that is unique, novel, and unobvious (and has some value in the marketplace)." This generally refers to anything our mind creates that is unique, ranging from inventions to ideas, from perfumes…… [Read More]

Bibliography

http://ollie.dcccd.edu/mrkt2370/Chapters/ch3/3second.html

2. New Strategies for Property Rights: Gray Markets and the Net. On the Internet at http://www.bubblegeneration.com/?a=a&resource=proprights1

3. Investorwords. On the Internet at   http://www.investorwords.com/2526/intellectual_property.html  

4. Intellectual Properties. On the Internet at   http://www.uta.edu/tto/ip-defs.htm
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Political Scandals in Canada a Political Scandal

Words: 1937 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96003351

Political Scandals in Canada

A Political Scandal Involving Fraud

During the federal election in Canada in 2011 there was an electoral fraud issue that became known as the "Robocalls Scandal." This fraudulent activity took place in Ontario, in a town called Guelph.

Robocalls are previously recorded and automated phone calls to people from a computer that is programmed to call all phone numbers in a given area; usually robocalls carry a political message asking voters to behave a certain way.

In this case in Canada, the fraud took place because the robocalls were not from the organization they claimed to be from. People receiving the phone calls believed the calls were from the official group, "Elections Canada" but they were not from Elections Canada. The robocalls told voters their polling location had changed, and urged them to go to another place to vote that turned out to be a fraud.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Daly, Brian. (2012). Bribery scandal rocks Canada Revenue. News Canada. Retrieve August

12, 2012, from  http://www.saultstar.com .

MPR News. (2009). Why should the public care about a politician's private life? Retrieved

August 12, 2012, from http://minnesota.publicradio.org.
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Tension Between Businesses Interests in Maximizing Profits

Words: 3563 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27252552

tension between businesses interests in maximizing profits and the public's interest in receiving complete, truthful, and non-misleading information about products that they purchase.

The dangers against greenwashing are that consumers will have no confidence in the products or services they are buying. This means that they will not purchase specific items. As they feel they are being deceived and cheated through false labeling / misrepresentation. At the same time, there is the possibility that a firm could face penalties from government regulators who feel that they are engaging in false advertising. This will have a negative impact on the image of the organization and their ability to address the needs of customers in the future. ("Six Sins of Greenwashing," 2007)

For an executive; it is advisable to not practice these kinds of policies. The reason why is because it will hurt the brand image of the products they are selling…… [Read More]

References

Clean Air Act Summary. (2013). EPA. Retrieved from: http://www2.epa.gov/laws-regulations/summary-clean-air-act

Environmental Protections Rules and Regulations. (2012). Federal Register, 77 (32), 9304 -- 9513.

EPA To Set Modest Pace. (2010). EPA. Retrieved from: http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/6424ac1caa800aab85257359003f5337/d2f038e9daed78de8525780200568bec!OpenDocument

New Source Litigation. (2013). Southern Company. Retrieved from: http://www.southerncompany.com/about-us/suppliers/fuel-services/environmental.cshtml
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Business Scenanario on Parrent Company

Words: 1012 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54081385

It is as such necessary to assess it in light of the negative consequences it might generate, the resources available to the company so that it reduces the threat of the problem and finally, the criteria which need to be satisfied in order to state that the problem has been resolved (Principia Cybernetica Web).

a) Problem components: different views manifested primarily in cultural barriers (such as language barriers); lack of experience in the field of delivery services; the role of women in the workplace is still decreased and it has only improved recently as a result of the epidemics and the necessity for more labor force; gender discrimination could raise problems and it must be limited, if not at all eliminated. Bribery is also a growing problem in the region and the efforts of the delivery subsidiary could be easily compromised -- these problem components also represent the reasons as…… [Read More]

References:

Canwell, D., 1998, Marketing Campaigns, Cengage Learning EMEA

Wherther, W.B., Chandler, D., 2005, Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility: Stakeholders in a Global Environment, SAGE

2009, Our Company -- Mission, Strategy, Values, FedEx Website, http://about.FedEx.designcdt.com/our_company/company_information/mission_statement last accessed on August 10, 2009

2009, Our Customers, FedEx Multimedia Center, http://mediacenter.FedEx.designcdt.com/video/our_customers last accessed on August 10, 2009
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Tanaka Kakuei Corruption Chalmers Johnson

Words: 1391 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22556228

This was because of some of the reforms that he introduced for corporations, for public spending, environmental protection and transportation sectors. Since powerful LDP members had vested interests in these sectors, they did not approve of all the reforms and hence were wary of Koizumi and his brand of politics.

Economic problems

The articles about Koizumi and Abe suggest that Japan suffers from serious economic problems that the political system cannot resolve. Why not? What are the political obstacles to changing Japanese politics? How does it relate to the Johnson reading?

Japan has had enormous economic success over the decades but lately its problems are negating the effects of earlier successes. I cannot agree with the opinion that economic problems cannot be solved through political means. Even though other factors do play in, it is the political system that determines the path economy will take. By political system, we mean…… [Read More]

References

Tomohito Shinoda. Koizumi Diplomacy: Japan's Kantei Approach to Foreign and Defense Affairs University of Washington Press (April 15, 2007)

Chalmers A. Johnson. Japan: Who Governs?: The Rise of the Developmental State W.W. Norton & Company (March 1995)
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Enabling Others to Act

Words: 2813 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61072196

Old and New Leadership Styles

Max Weber was correct that in modern society, the power of the bureaucracy increased exponentially with urbanization and industrialization, particularly when it was called upon to deal increasingly with social and economic problems. Such organizations were hardly designed to enable others to act within a democratic or participatory system, but to act on their behalf and direct them from above in a very hierarchical system. For example, during the Progressive Era and New Deal in the United States, the civil service was expanded to regulate capitalism in a variety of ways, to administer large parts of the economy and the growing social welfare state. Of course, with the growth in the power and influence of the civil service, opportunities for bribery, corruption, authoritarian behavior and catering to special interests instead of the public interest became far more common as well. Building public trust and confidence…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Adrian, C. (2006). Political Democracy, Trust and Social Justice. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press.

Coles, R. (2001). Lives of Moral Leadership: Men and Women Who Have Made a Difference. Random House.

DePree, M. (1992). Leadership Jazz. Dell Trade Paperbacks.

Dobel, P. (1998). "Political Prudence and the Ethics of Leadership." Public Administration Review, 58, 74 -- 81.
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A Case Study About Glaxo

Words: 2812 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14897054

Glaxo Case Study

Conclusions and Lessons Learned

The world's fourth-largest pharmaceutical company measured by sales (after Pfizer, Novartis, and Sanofi) is GSk and is a British multinational pharmaceutical company that deals in biologics, vaccines, and consumer healthcare. The company operates internationally and has a very large product mix. The Chinese market is one of the focus areas for the company in terms of investments. After police accused it of funnelling up to 3 billion yuan (approx. £323 million) to travel agencies to facilitate bribes to doctors to boost the sale of its medicines in July 2013, the fact that some of its senior Chinese executives appeared to have broken the law was confirmed by GSK ("GSK Under Fire Again For Alleged Corruption in China -- Business -- tutor2u," 2013). More than £13bn has been fined on pharma companies by U.S. authorities in the last three years alone. The focus has…… [Read More]

References

ANTI-BRIBERY AND CORRUPTION FRAMEWORK THIRD PARTY PROCEDURES AND GUIDANCE. (2016). www.gsk.com. Retrieved 22 July 2016, from http://www.gsk.com/media/280708/anti-bribery-corruption-third-party.pdf

Beijing, H. (2014). GlaxoSmithKline Found Guilty of Bribery in China. WSJ. Retrieved 22 July 2016, from http://www.wsj.com/articles/glaxosmithkline-found-guilty-of-bribery-in-china-1411114817

Business Ethics & CSR - GSK Promises to be Good -- Business -- tutor2u. (2014). Tutor2u.net. Retrieved 23 July 2016, from http://www.tutor2u.net/blog/index.php/business-studies/comments/business-ethics-csr-gsk-promises-to-be-good

GlaxoSmithKline fined $490m by China for bribery - BBC News. (2014). BBC News. Retrieved 22 July 2016, from http://www.bbc.com/news/business-29274822
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Analyzing Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Fcpa

Words: 5505 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19277173

FCPA

The following till take a look at Foreign Corrupt Practice Act or in other words the FCPA.

Discovering the corporate payments difficulty in the middle of the 70s from a blend of work by the Watergate Special Prosecutor office, this includes related additional work and inquiry by SEC-Security and Exchange Commission and the Multinational Corporations Subcommittee by Senator Frank Church. In 1975, within four months, separate hearings were held by the Church Committee on Gulf Oil, Mobil Oil, Northrop, and Lockheed (Koehler). Every one of these corporations became the main subjects of allegations, concerning uncertain payments made either directly or indirectly to officials of foreign government or foreign political parties bearing a business purpose in mind. For example, the Gulf Oil primarily involved the contributions made to political campaigns of the epublic of Korea President. Northrop was mainly involved in making payments to a general in Saudi Arabia. Principally,…… [Read More]

References

Burns, D., Sullivan, & Gibson. (2009). Navigating the FCPA's Complex Scienter Requirements. Retrieved March 18, 2016, from http://www.gibsondunn.com/publications/Documents/Burns-Sullivan-NavigatingTheFCPAComplexScienterReq.pdf

Harris, A. (2011). Scholarship @ Claremont -- Claremont Colleges Research. The Impact of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act on American Business from 1977-2010. Retrieved March 18, 2016, from http://scholarship.claremont.edu/

International Whistleblower Reward Law Information Center. (n.d.). History of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Retrieved March 17, 2016, from http://www.internationalwhistleblower.com/history.html

KOEHLER, M. The Story of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Ohio State Law Journal, 73(5). Retrieved, from http://moritzlaw.osu.edu/students/groups/oslj/files/2013/02/73.5.Koehler
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Ethical Issues in This Case

Words: 1620 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17854026



From an egalitarian perspective, which holds that all stakeholders are given roughly equal treatment (Arneson, 2002) bribery is wrong, on two levels. The first is that it creates an unequal playing field within the oil industry between firms that adhere to the law and firms that do not. The second is that it favors some foreign employees for unlawful financial gain while others do not receive the same treatment.

The liner situation is egalitarian in that all customers are being put at risk equally. The family situation has some egalitarian issues, since the location has been framed by the couple as a choice between mutually exclusive options.

The three perspectives all point to Jacob leaving Richardson. The company's lack of ethics has corrupted Jacob already, but he can set the situation right by moving onwards. If Jacob feels that he has an implicit contract with his wife not to leave…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Bailes, R. (2006). Facilitation payments: Culturally acceptable or unacceptably corrupt? Business Ethics: A European Review. Vol. 15, 3, 293-298.

Alexander, L. & Moore, M. (2007). Deontological ethics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 22, 2009 from  http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-deontological/ 

Arneson, R. (2002). Egalitarianism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 23, 2009 from  http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/egalitarianism/
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Illicit Finance

Words: 1260 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22690119

Illicit finance has come to be a significant issue not only locally, but also internationally. There are numerous delineations of illicit finance, but fundamentally it comes about from the practices, approaches and crimes targeting to transfer financial capital within and out of a nation in violation of national and global laws. Across the world, government administrations are working in tandem and joining forces to combat different illicit financial flows, which include tax evasion, global bribery and money laundering (OECD, 2014). Despite the fact that the precise scale of the problem is unidentified, illicit finance has had shattering and disparaging effects on developing nations. In the recent number of years, nations have executed and put into practice standards and abided by most recommendations provided (OECD, 2014). The fight against illicit finance is largely dependent on the quality of state regulations and whether they abide by the set global best practices. This…… [Read More]

References

Gossel, S. (2016). Africa Needs New Ways to Stem Illicit Financial Flows. Eyewitness News. Retrieved from: http://ewn.co.za/2016/05/10/OPINION-Africa-needs-to-develop-new-ways-to-stem-illicit-financial-flows

Herkenrath, M. (2014). Illicit Financial Flows and their Developmental Impacts: An Overview. International Development Policy.

OECD. (2014). Illicit Financial Flows from Developing Countries: Measuring OECD Responses. Retrieved from: https://www.oecd.org/corruption/Illicit_Financial_Flows_from_Developing_Countries.pdf

The World Bank. (2016). Illicit Financial Flows (IFFs). Retrieved from: http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/financialmarketintegrity/brief/illicit-financial-flows-iffs
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Ethics Personal Differences and Preferences

Words: 1464 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1214215

She has two strong motivating reasons to not report the bribery. She could lose her work status in the United States and she would jeopardize her ability to receive her education. She owes herself and her partner a duty of care as well, to place value on her education and her ability to live in Chicago and therefore maintain the relationship. For Valerie, these considerations are powerful, since Waters' actions do not have the same strong impact on her life as reporting him could.

Valerie must determine which duties are most important -- to herself, to her partner, to the company and to her teammates. The teammates would appear to be the least relevant, the company the most relevant. Valerie is acting as in this capacity as a representative of Wisson and should conduct herself on the basis of that position. She is acting in the best interests of the…… [Read More]

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Business Scandals in the Early 2000s Brought

Words: 2630 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17178265

business scandals in the early 2000s brought the issue of business ethics to the fore -- Enron, WorldCom and Tyco. The three share some similarities but they are different in other ways. Enron was simply a case of criminal activity. The company's management did not publish financial statements and when they did the statements completely misrepresented the company's financial position. This occurred on the direction of the senior management team, with the complicity of the auditor, Arthur Andersen. These managers were heavily invested in Enron and therefore had a strong personal interest in creating phony financial statements in order to pump up the company's stock price. The corruption at Enron ran deep within the company, such that the scandal all but wiped the company out.

The situation at WorldCom was that CEO Bernie Ebbers was a heavy owner of the company's shares. As such, he benefitted from implementing an aggressive…… [Read More]

References

PBS. (2013). Accounting fraud is business as usual at the Pentagon. PBS News Hour. Retrieved December 4, 2013 from http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2013/11/accounting-fraud-is-business-as-usual-at-the-pentagon.html
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Ethics Foreign Corrupt Practices Act the Main

Words: 948 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60340578

Ethics: Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

The main thrust of the readings

The readings focus on the U.S. statutes prohibiting U.S. companies, citizens, and employees from issuing any valuable thing to foreign government executives for securing business benefits. The underlying thrust of the readings is twofold: first, that corruption must be deterred and second that government officials must promote economic relationships between their companies and foreign firms through the promotion of ethical foreign investment.

The rigid enactment of the FCPA has placed these two thrusts in a state of tension. Law enforcers and courts could interpret the readings broadly. For instance, any valuable thing includes not just payments in cash but also meals, gifts, entertainment and drinks. This element is not associated with any de minimis value and makes companies uncertain when they are expected to comply with the FCPA. From the readings, the FCPA has been enforced and institutes criminal…… [Read More]

References

Brenkert, G.G., & Beauchamp, T.L. (2010). The Oxford handbook of business ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cory, J. (2005). Business ethics: The ethical revolution of minority shareholders. New York: Springer.

Kumar, B.N., & Steinmann, H. (2008). Ethics in international management. Berlin, Ge: Walter de Gruyter.

Pastin, M., & Hooker, M. (1980). Ethics and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Business Horizons, 23(6), 43
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Marketing Ethics Recognizing and Justifying

Words: 817 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70294898

On one hand, public corruption is a case generally handled by both national authorities and international organizations and institutions, having been prioritized as a necessity that needs the full attention of society. Private corruption is less in the public's eye and generally left to be handled by each organization in part.

The different approach to bribery may be caused, as the writer tacitly acknowledges, by the fact that there is a wrong impression that private bribery has a limited effect on society itself. However, this is not the case. The article points out to an example of private corruption from one of the most reputable companies in Germany, Siemens AG, whose management used bribery in order to secure important orders from their customers. One can obviously not judge something like this as having a limited impact, because such types of private bribery and corruption can be essential in creating disequilibrium…… [Read More]

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Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

Words: 1503 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3612520

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: What it Is and What it Does

The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 as amended was passed in response to the discovery of numerous corporate misdeeds, including accounting irregularities, by Northrop, Lockheed, Gulf Oil by the Watergate special prosecutor and a subsequent investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission that found these practices were prevalent in American business, including nearly a quarter of the Fortune 500 companies. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature to determine the rationale in support of the passage of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and what it prohibits. An analysis concerning the impact that the Act has had on American business at the national and international level is followed by a discussion concerning penalties for violations of the Act. An assessment of the impact on U.S. commerce is followed by a discussion concerning enforcement responsibility for the Act…… [Read More]

References

Boedecker, K.A. (2011, July 1). Rising risks and uncertainties for U.S. firms' gifts, travel and entertainment expenses for marketing in foreign countries: The implications of increased

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act enforcement. Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory

Issues, 14(2), 73-77.

Culp, C.L. & Niskanen, W.A. (2003). Corporate aftershock: The public policy lessons from the collapse of Enron and other major corporations. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
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Compass Group Marketing Strategy Case

Words: 3509 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52319495

There is also the threat that given the significant inefficiencies in Compass Group that the risks of currency fluctuations could become very significant over time, especially as the dollar loses value and yet suppliers and logistics networks must be paid in this currency. Simply put, the price of food and the costs of running a global supply chain in perishable goods is exorbitant when currency fluctuations are also taken into account (Buzalka 2005, 46,48). To date there does not appear to be any benchmarking of sourcing, procurement, labor or inventory carrying and obsolescence costs, all factors that are major threat to Compass Group operating throughout North America and in the UK. All of these risks are in addition to the acute financial condition the company finds itself in during this period, with Net Current Assets as a Percentage of Total Assets (Table 1) negative throughout the five-year periods. This is…… [Read More]

References

Amanda Afiya 2005. Time for Compass to confront its demons. Caterer & Hotelkeeper, November 24, 5.               http://www.proquest.com               (Accessed July 21, 2008).

Tom Bill 2005. Compass in UN probe over £35m contract. Caterer & Hotelkeeper, October 20, 14.
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How Google Succeeded in China

Words: 1822 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87840822

Business Management

PERSPECTIVE FROM AN INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIONS Business

GOOGLE IN CHINA

In the early 21st century, a highly successful corporation called Google, Inc. decided to expand its business into China. The company first tried to circumvent China's heavy censorship, laws and regulations but China's ability to control the internet flow into and out of China all but defeated Google's attempts. After being thwarted by China, Google adjusted, began to comply with China and is now a successful business in China. However, Google's success in China may have cost the company its claim to the motto "Don't be evil."

Google Background

Google was founded in 1998 by two Stanford University students. Larry Page and Sergey Brin met the University in 1995, built a search engine by 1996 that discerned the importance of different webpages and incorporated in 1998 as Google, Inc. with the mantra of "Don't be evil" (Google, Inc.). Though…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Boatright, John R. Ethics and the Conduct of Business, 7th Edition. Pearson Education, Inc.: Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2012.

Chandler, Clay. Inside the great firewall of China. 20 February 2006. Web. 8 May 2016.

Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Letter from the founders: "An Owner's Manual" for Google's Shareholders. 29 April 2004. Web. 8 May 2016.

Google, Inc. Company overview. 2016. Web. 8 May 2016.
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Global Marketing Management the Question

Words: 1312 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76326088

By boosting the benefits part of the value equation to match the increase in the price part of the value equation, KFC can been able to thrive in Malaysia, but with a very different value equation from what it offers to American consumers.

For global marketers, it is therefore important to remember that the value equation not only remains important as the product or brand is taken around the world, but that the value equation changes in each country around the world. Another example is Starbucks, which succeeds in Japan's congested cities not because the Japanese like its coffee (they are tea drinkers) but because Japanese city dwellers have tiny apartments unfit for socializing, so they enjoy the comfort of a Starbucks as a place to meet people. The value equation of Starbucks is very different to Japanese than it is to Americans and the company has succeeded by marketing…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Pitman, G. & Sanford, J. (2006). The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act revisited: Attempting to regulate "ethical bribes" in global business. Journal of Supply Chain Management. Vol. 30 (3) 14-20.

Neal, W. & Bathe, S. (1996). Using the value equation to evaluate campaign effectiveness. ARF Advertising Tracking and Campaign Effectiveness Workshop. Retrieved June 16, 2010 from  http://www.sdrnet.com/article6.html 

QuickMBA.com (2007). Marketing research. QuickMBA.com. Retrieved June 16, 2010 from  http://www.quickmba.com/marketing/research/
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Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Ethics Foreign Corrupt

Words: 701 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1044551

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

Ethics

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: How this affects U.S. business interests overseas

Simply because United States corporations do business in nations with different ethical standards does not mean that U.S. companies get a free legal 'pass' regarding how they comport themselves abroad. "The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, 15 U.S.C. § 78dd-1, et seq. ('FCPA'), was enacted for the purpose of making it unlawful for certain classes of persons and entities to make payments to foreign government officials to assist in obtaining or retaining business" (FCPA, 2012, DOJ). Even if bribery is an accepted aspect of doing business in the developing world, a U.S. business will still run afoul of the FCPA if it complies with this type of 'cultural tradition.' The "payment of money or anything of value to any person, while knowing that all or a portion of such money or…… [Read More]

References

Adkins, Robb & Segal, Dina. (2012). Is FCPA Enforcement in Russia the Next China? Law.com.

Retrieved: http://www.law.com/jsp/cc/PubArticleCC.jsp?id=1202563354894&Is_FCPA_Enforcement_in_Russia_the_Next_China

Barstow, David. (2012). Vast Mexico bribery case hushed up by Wal-Mart after top-level struggle. The New York Times. Retrieved:

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/22/business/at-wal-mart-in-mexico-a-bribe-inquiry-silenced.html?_r=2&hp
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Ethics Dilemma

Words: 1003 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55595971

Ethics

The Bureau of Land Management/Department of the Interior videos illustrate a wide variety of issues related to ethics in administrative civil service positions. All of the ethical dilemmas and issues addressed are outlined and codified in publications and handbooks. However, no booklet can cover the nuances and extent of all ethical situations and especially the trickiest conundrums. As the video points out, there is no substitute for actual advice from a skilled professional in the field of ethics counseling. This is why departments like the BLM or the Fish and Wildlife Service have on staff ethics counselors. Ethics counselors are on call to answer questions and solve dilemmas when they arise, thus preventing problems that can lead to severe penalties ranging from fines to probation and/or prison. All employees are responsible for their own ethical conduct, which is why it is not possible to plead ignorance in cases like…… [Read More]

References

Government of Canada (2015). Panel on research ethics. Retrieved online: http://www.pre.ethics.gc.ca/eng/policy-politique/initiatives/tcps2-eptc2/chapter7-chapitre7/

MLB National Training Center. (2009, September 22). Retrieved from http://www.ntc.blm.gov/krc/uploads/411/EthicsSep2209.html

United States Department of Justice (2015). Do it right. Retrieved online: http://www.justice.gov/jmd/do-it-right
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Healthcare Discrimination Against Minorities and Corporate Issues

Words: 5615 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82554464

healthcare services, many people could encounter some form of discrimination on the basis of their race, gender, or even sexual orientation. Discrimination in healthcare may seem like it is not something that is a major issue. However, it absolutely does come up in many situations, states and environments. hether based on gender, religion, race or sexuality, discrimination happens at overt or implied levels all of the time. In other situations, there are huge disparities in healthcare outcomes from one group to another and many experts say that this can only come from systemic or sporadic instance of racism from the healthcare sphere, from society in general or a combination of the two. hile most people get very good care, there are situations where the healthcare and/or government sectors fall short. It is important to note that although people are not always aware of this; there are various laws that seek…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cornell Law School. (n.d.). 11 U.S. Code Section 507 - Priorities. Retrieved from www.law.cornell.edu: https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/11/507

Cornell Law School. (n.d.). 18 U.S. Code Section 152 - Concealment of assets; false oaths and claims; bribery. Retrieved from www.law.cornell.edu: https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/152

lawschoolcasebriefs.net. (2002). Access Now, Inc. v. Southwest Airlines Co. Retrieved from www.lawschoolcasebriefs.net: http://www.lawschoolcasebriefs.net/2013/12/access-now-inc-v-southwest-airlines-co.html

State of California. (n.d.). California Corporations Code. Retrieved from www.leginfo.ca.gov: http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/.html/corp_table_of_contents.html
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Ethics Memorandum A3 Layout in

Words: 1591 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1182976



Conclusion

Overall the automobile industry must make a more concerted effort o behave in ways that are consistent with accepted business ethics. From a utilitarian standpoint the automakers must begins to consider the consequences of their actions in the decision making process. At the current time Toyota is fighting to rebuild its brand image because the company6 did not thoroughly take into consideration the consequences of their actions. From a deontological standpoint the automobile companies have failed to act in ways that are just as it relates to the bailout and the recall of defective vehicles by Toyota. Going forward the companies that make up the industry must learn from the issues they have been confronted with in recent years. It is only through such a process that the entire industry will reflect a more ethical business model. An increase in ethical responsibility will likely prove effective attracting customers back…… [Read More]

Works cited

Brady F.N., Dunn C. P 1995. Business Meta-Ethics: An Analysis of Two Theories. Business Ethics Quarterly, Vol. 5 (3) pp. 385-398

Finch, J. 2010. Toyota Sudden Acceleration: A Case Study of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Retrieved from: http://www.luc.edu/law/activities/publications/clr_vol22_issue4/pdfs/finch_toyota.pdf

Fuhrmans, V., Catan, T. (2010) Daimler to Settle With U.S. On Bribes. Wall Street Journal. 255 (68), pB1-B2

Newman, a. Auto Bailout: Lemon or Lemonade. New American 25 (1), p21-24
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Culture Crash Culture Conflicts Liu

Words: 610 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64745024

There are circumstances as Crane a. And Matten D. (2004)

discussed showing that the compromise on standards is likely to occur owing to the idea of gifts.

Contrary to this notion, in china gifts are not given to influence one decisions but as a norm of appreciating. While no specific standard to the gift is required, the gift works only to share one appreciation of the business undertaken. Looking at the situation at Almond and it potential business relations there is a specific value assigned to the gift expected. This clearly comes out as a measure to influence potential business relation an aspect that Singh J. et al. (2005)

describe as bribery. Singh J. et al. (2005)

argue that, assigning of value to a gift demonstrates bribery that is against international business code. The case for Almond having to give a specified volume of commission is indication of bribery.

Codes…… [Read More]

References

Crane a., & Matten D. (2004). Business Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Singh J., Carasco E., Svensson G., Wood G., & M., C. (2005). A Comparative Study of the Contents of Corporate Codes of Ethics in Australia, Canada and Sweden. Journal of World Business, 40, 91-109.
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Walmart Wal-Mart's Domestic and Global Marketing Challenges

Words: 586 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93692176

almart

al-Mart's Domestic and Global Marketing Challenges

al-Mart is at once one of the most visible retail firms in the world and one of the most consistently criticized. Due to its poor record on labor rights, its deleterious impact on local communities and businesses, and its various ethical sacrifices in the name of everyday low prices, al-Mart's marketing challenges generally center on these shortcomings in its domestic and global reputation. A consideration of the environmental circumstances impacting al-Mart's marketing conditions reveals a company a number of vulnerabilities to public impression but also with great opportunities to make improvements in this area.

One area in which balance is needed is that of global trade. In this context, al-Mart has established a level of global interdependence that demands relatively unregulated production in developing world contexts. It is this interdependence -- whereby its low everyday prices rely on the undercutting of labor and…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Humes, E. (2011). Wal-Mart's Green Hat. Los Angeles Times.

Savage, C. (2012). With Wal-Mart Claims, Greater Attention On a Law. The New York Times.

Virginian-Pilot. (2012). The Discounting of Integrity. PilotOnline.com.
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Ethics and Social Responsibility of Management

Words: 757 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92481171

Ethics and Social Responsibility

Companies, like people, are bound by ethical requirements -- a responsibility to consumers and customers. Companies are expected to do follow up on the promises of their advertisers. All companies make ethical declarations as part of their vision and operational philosophy, but quite a few to do little to live up these declarations. Recently, Enron's bankruptcy has brought to light some actions that appear to be at least unethical, if not actually illegal. The effect of the Enron fallout has affected not only the employees of Enron but also the shareholders and many of its offshore plants around the world (India).

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) was enacted in 1977. An investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in the mid-1970's showed that over 400 U.S. companies admitted to making questionable or illegal payments in excess of $300 million to foreign government officials, politicians, and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. "Understanding and Complying With The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act"

1999.) Extracted from Website:  http://www.coudert.com/practice/fcpa2.htm 

2. "The Yakuza influence on Lockheed Martin" (2001). Extracted from Website: http://www.crimelibrary.com/gangsters3/yakuza/3.htm

3. Booth, M. (2000). "The Dragon Syndicates: History of the Chinese Triads," Carol & Graff Publishers, New York.
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Social and Ethical Issues in Management

Words: 2485 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77419822

Social and Ethical Issues

Short Case

Consulting for a Tobacco Company

It would be difficult for me to consult for a tobacco company. I would have to seriously weigh the pros and cons of the assignment. One positive aspect is that it is only a short-term assignment. Thus if I did accept the assignment, it would only be for a short duration with a defined end point. Another advantage is that I would have some control over the decisions that the company made and I could recommend that ethics be applied in each situation. Although the sale of tobacco products is harmful to health in general, there are situations in which it can be relatively less harmful than it would otherwise be.

For example, there can be decisions made to use additives that are safer than others. There are also decisions to be made about marketing and distribution that could…… [Read More]

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SLP and International Business Analysis

Words: 11586 Length: 34 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33149230

political scenario illustrated that governments all over the globe are making their immigration rules more stringent because of the rise in terrorism; the implication of this phenomenon is a decrease in international traveling, which endangers continuance of a number of airlines, including Nigeria's Arik Air (Eze, 2010). Hofstede's power distance dimension denotes the degree to which unequal distribution of power is anticipated and accepted by the lower ranking members (in terms of authority), of organizations and institutions in the nation under consideration. UA's score on this dimension is relatively low (40). Power distance deals with members of a society not being on an equal footing with one another; the dimension conveys a particular culture's outlook towards power imbalances among countries, as well. Furthermore, the inequality that prevails in a given society is equally approved of by its leaders and followers. Nigeria demonstrates a high power distance score (80), signifying its…… [Read More]

Shih, S. C. (2010). Network Process Model for Group Choice of a Multinational Enterprises' Entry Mode. Contemporary Management Research, 6(3).

Stewart, M. R., & Maughn, R. D. (2011). International joint ventures, a practical approach. Davis Wright Tremaine LLP, Available at http://www. dwt. com/files/Publication/Article_Stewart.pdf

Venkateswaran, N. (2012). Chapter 8. Country evaluation and selection. International Business Management. New Age International. Daryaganj, IND. [Ebrary]
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RICO Act and the Mafia

Words: 2269 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91763001

Oreto, 37 F.3d 739 (1st Cir. 1994). The 2st Circuit rejected the defendant's claim that requiring two predicate acts for conviction under one theory of liability but only one act for conviction under "loan sharking," violated equal protection.

Due Process. The forfeiture provisions of RICO have been criticized for violating the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Numerous cases have rejected this criticism including U.S. v. Nichols, (10th Cir. 1994).

Tenth Amendment. Arguments that RICO unconstitutionally intrudes upon state sovereignty in violation of this Amendment have all been summarily rejected. U.S. v. Thompson, 685 F.2d 993-1001 (6th Cir. 1982).

Most experts agree that RICO has been abused since its first effective use against the Mafia in the 1980s. For certain, it has virtually destroyed the Mafia -- lakey's intended goal and its only intended purpose at the time. However, even prior to the first Mafia convictions under its statutes,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

AJFL. (2004). Divorce law determines how much property forfeited under RICO. American Journal of Family Law (AJFL), 175(3). Gordon, M. (2002). Ideas shoot bullets: How the RICO Act became a potent weapon in the war against organized crime. Retrieved March 15, 2010, from Villanova.edu: http://www.publications.villanova.edu/Concept/2003/Gordon%20Formatted%20Paper.htm

Harvard Law Review Assoc. . (2008). Ninth circuit holds that RICO enterprise need not have any particular organizational structure. Harvard Law Review, 1652(8).

Holt, M., & Davis, K. (Spring 2009). Racketeer influenced and corrupt organizations. (Twenty-fourth annual survey of white collar crime). American Criminal Law Review, 975+.

Jacobs, J., & Peters, E. (2003). Labor racketeering: The Mafia and the unions. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, 229-282.
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KBR Company Profile KBR Kellogg

Words: 3306 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82452069

There is no discussion of physical property rights in the annual report, and no insight is provided into physical property rights in a search of online resources either.

Corporate Social Responsibility Efforts

KBR generally has a poor CSR record. In recent years, the company has become embroiled in a number of scandals relating to its operations in the Middle East in particular. In addition to accusations of shoddy workmanship causing deaths, rape and subsequent cover-up, and human trafficking, the company has also committed environmental violations regarding so-called "burn pits" that contained a number of toxic chemicals to which American soldiers were exposed (ise & Olsen, 2010), has come under fire for essentially embezzling $12 billion (Newton-Small, 2007), and has been charged under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act for bribery in Nigeria (CNN, 2009). Over the past ten years, therefore, there is a profound pattern of lacking any semblance of corporate…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

AFP. (2008). Nepalese man sues KBR on human trafficking charges. AFP. Retrieved February 19, 2011 from http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5jmOzaTXaMkCsqiqqmIK6gc_rpg1g

Clanton, B. (2009). KBR profit jumps 40% on acquisition, government contracts. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved February 19, 2011 from http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/business/energy/6554652.html

CNN. (2009). KBR charged with bribing Nigerian officials for contracts. CNN. Retrieved February 19, 2011 from http://edition.cnn.com/2009/U.S./02/06/KBR.bribery/index.html

Cooper, L. (2008). KBR completes $550m acquisition of BE&K. Birmingham Business Journal. Retrieved February 19, 2011 from http://www.bizjournals.com/birmingham/stories/2008/06/30/daily11.html
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Waste Abuse Fraud and Corruption

Words: 2980 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55120406

" hile there are factors like peer pressure and authority that come into play, some research claims to have isolated significant features of an individual's character that make them more likely to commit acts of fraud, bribery and falsification in the corporate context (27, 2009). For example, those people with "high levels of ambition were more likely to transgress moral codes, competitively stab colleagues in the back and make dubious decisions relating to asset-stripping, disinvestment, and so on" (27, 2009).

Trevino's (1986) work is relevant when it comes to understanding individuals and corruption. There are a couple questions regarding moral personality that come up: first of all, whether or not a person sees an event or issue as a moral problem; the second is how they decide to act in relation to that problem. Kohlberg's theory of cognitive moral development emphasizes the cognitive or reasoning aspect of moral-decision making (604,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Bratsis, Peter. The Construction of Corruption, or Rules of Separation and Illusions of Purity in Bourgeois Societies. Social Texts, 21(4), 9-33.

Burke, Ronald J. & Cooper, Cary L. Research Companion to Corruption in Organizations

(New Horizons in Management). Edward Elgar Publishers, 2009.

Fleming, Peter. & Zyglodopoulos, Stelios C. Charting Corporate Corruption: Agency,
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Aloud or in Writing Making

Words: 17261 Length: 55 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71062622

Companies such as XYZ Widget Corporation are well situated to take advantage of burgeoning markets in developing nations, particularly in Asia and Africa.

2. XYZ can grow its business by expanding its operations to certain developing nations in ways that profit the company as well as the impoverished regions that are involved, particularly when marketing efforts are coordinated with nongovernmental organizations operating in the region.

3. Several constraints and challenges must be overcome in order to succeed in selling to impoverished regions of the world.

4. Time is of the essence. First movers will enjoy distinct competitive advantages over their counterparts who adopt a "wait-and-see" approach to targeting the poor in developing nations as potential markets.

Introduction

The world's population has never been larger, and there are more poor people today than ever before in history. Current trends provide some mixed messages concerning the direction that poverty is taking in…… [Read More]

References

Alserhan, B.A. & Brannick, T. (2002). Information technology in Ireland: the myth and the reality? Irish Journal of Management, 23(1), 1-2.

Black, R. & White, H. (2003). Targeting development: Critical perspectives on the millennium development goals. New York: Routledge.

Blair, A. & Hitchcock, D. (2001). Environment and business. London: Routledge.

Blank, S. (2007). A corporate solution to global poverty: How multinationals can help the poor and invigorate their own legitimacy. Journal of Economic Issues, 41(4), 1186-1187.
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Criminal Justice RICO in 1970

Words: 1557 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50410671



Since ICO focuses on a pattern of behavior instead of just on the criminal acts that are involved prosecutors find it relatively easy to prove these cases. If an organization is convicted of committing two of the specified crimes within a ten-year period then they can be convicted of racketeering.

Legitimate business owners deserve to have protection from groups that wish to pursue illegal activity. The ICO Act was put into place in order to afford these legitimate businesses this protection. Since the interpretation of the ICO Act has been expanded we have also seen protections from mail fraud and wire tapping to be included in the protections that are guaranteed to the people. The ICO Act is always going to be subject to interpretation, but the protections that if gives business owners will always be seen as good.

eferences

Cecil, Greek. (1991). Is This The End of ico? Or…… [Read More]

References

Cecil, Greek. (1991). Is This The End of Rico? Or Only The Beginning: The Ongoing Debate

Over the Expanded Use of Criminal and Civil Rico. Retrieved April 20, 2009, from Web

site: http://www.fsu.edu/~crimdo/rico.html

Chapter 96 -- Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations. (2000). Retrieved April 20, 2009,
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Corporate Compliance Plan for General

Words: 1654 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7521554

PENALTIES - CIVIL & CIMINAL

There are statutes that impose penalties both civil and criminal for government contractors who commit fraud, waste or abuse. Some of those statutes are as follows:

False Claims Act;

False Statements Act;

Forfeiture Statute;

Anti-Kickback Act

Bribery and Gratuities statutes;

Mail and Wire Fraud statutes; and the Public Integrity Act and recent legislative initiatives to strengthen criminal penalties for violations of conflict of interest laws. (Peckar & Abramson, 2007)

The government has the right to audit the records of the contractor for up to three years following a contract for the government being completed. Companies with contracts exceeding $5 million are required to: (1) post a fraud hotline poster; (2) establish a written code of ethics; (3) establish an employee ethics and compliance training program; and (4) establish an internal control system. (New ule for Government Contractors, nd)

SUMMAY & CONCLUSION

The Corporate Compliance Plan…… [Read More]

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Does a Strong Sense of External Community Correlate With Exceptional Company Performance

Words: 2877 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77192569

strong sense of external community correlate with exceptional company performance?

Large multinationals are well-known for their involvement in supporting the community they work in and also for their support for sports, humanitarian and social causes. The profitability and high visibility of these companies in external community activities certainly makes one believe that external community involvement and exceptional company performance go hand in hand.

A closer analysis of the community relation exercise shows that in many cases such involvement is an extension of business activities. The multi-billion dollar profits, of course give the exceptional performers the ability to buy the goodwill of political parties, news media, and the community in general to look after their present and future interests.

Whatever the motives, external community involvement shows that the company is performing well and has greater ambitions. External community involvement is also a result of increased social awareness and there are cases…… [Read More]

References

1. 'Corruption and Bribery', a Business for Social Responsibility Report, retrieved from Internet on 26 May 2005, http://www.bsr.org/CSRResources/IssueBriefDetail.cfm?DocumentID=49621

2. CEO Forum, Retrieved from Internet on 18 October 2005, http://www.ceoforum.com.au/CEO Dialogue.htm

3. China: The Ancient Road to Communism, Retrieved from Internet on 18 October 2005, http://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/sgabriel/prcancient.htm

4. Donnelly, S., Gamble, A., Jackson, G., Parkinson, J. (2000). The public interest and the company in Britain and Germany. London, England: Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society. Retrieved September 17, 2005, http://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=The+Community+Interest+Company& ie=UTF-8& oe
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Separation of Powers

Words: 1307 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13722538

Separation of Powers:

The United States Constitution protects the right to impeach public officials and provides the procedures and grounds for such measures. According to this constitution, civil servants in America shall be impeached for conviction of bribery, high crimes and misdemeanors, and treason. President Adam Johnson is one of the U.S. presidents who have been impeached while President ichard Nixon resigned before impeachment. President Bill Clinton faced impeachment during his tenure, which contributed to concerns that such an action could contribute to weakened presidency. The impeachment trials of these three presidents present some ethical dilemmas that were evident in the Senate's trial proceedings and political aspects. Moreover, these impeachment trials have certain similarities and differences that were fueled by the actions of the presidents in question.

Impeachment Trial of the Three Presidents:

President Adam Johnson was removed from office in May 1868 when the Senate voted unanimously to remove…… [Read More]

References:

Brunner, B. (2007). A Short History of Impeachment. Retrieved September 10, 2013, from  http://www.infoplease.com/spot/impeach.html 

Linder, D.O. (n.d.). The Impeachment Trial of Andrew Johnson. Retrieved from University of Missouri-Kansas City -- UMKC School of Law website:  http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/impeach/imp_account2.html 

"The Clinton Impeachment." (n.d.). Bill of Rights Institute. Retrieved September 10, 2013, from http://billofrightsinstitute.org/resources/educator-resources/lessons-plans/presidents/clinton-impeachment/

Whittington, K.E. (2000, March). Bill Clinton was No Andrew Johnson: Comparing Two
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Global Marketing and Management

Words: 4276 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2744509

Global Marketing Strategies and Management Techniques of Apple Inc.

The central objective of this report is to perform an environmental analysis of a country in which our selected company shall aim to establish a market for its products and services. The company chosen for the purposes of this report is Apple Inc. The country selected for the analysis is The People's Republic of China. The aim of this report is to assist the management of Apple Inc. In assessing whether the country presents a viable business opportunity or not. The product chosen for this purpose is the Apple iPhone 4S.

The Apple iPhone 4S is said to be the best technology that the company has come up with in the iPhone product line. With the dual-core A-5 chip, 8 megapixel iSight camera, io5 and iCloud functions coupled with a speech recognition personal assistant dubbed Siri, it is one the most…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Altucher, J., 2010. There's no stopping China, s.l.: New York Post.

Anon., 2010. Apple Form 10-K, s.l.: Apple Inc.

Anon., 2011. [Online]

Available at: http://www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2011/china?page=22&country=8016&year=2011
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Grand Corruption

Words: 5751 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29308264

Grand corruption is a serious issue throughout the world which has led to the development of many different laws. The United Nations defines grand corruption as "corruption that pervades the highest levels of a national Government, leading to a broad erosion of confidence in good governance, the rule of law and economic stability ("United Nations Convention against Corruption")." Grand corruption is such a concerning issue because of the costs associated with this deceptive activity. Eliminating grand corruption has become a major quest of NGOs such as the UN. According to an article entitled "The Global Programme against Corruption" published by the UN, efforts to raise awareness about corruption have been made since 1994. The report explains that corruption has an insidious nature and can have devastating impacts on entire countries and their citizens. The report asserts that "Corruption not only distorts economic decision-making, it also deters investment, undermines competitiveness and,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"African Charter on Human and People's Rights." http://www.achpr.org/english/_info/charter_en.html

Argandona A., (2007) The United Nations Convention Against Corruption and its Impact on International Companies . Journal of Business Ethics 74:481 -- 496

Baker, Raymond. 2005. Capitalism's Achilles Heel: Dirty Money and How to Renew the Free-Market

System. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
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Different Forms of Fraud

Words: 935 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33188692

Corporate fraud as a dishonest activity for organizations that is considered as white collar crime has serious legal implications. Though it can be difficult to detect and catch, it is important to prevent it by creating effective and efficient policies for the organizations that ensure an efficient system of checks and balances exists in the organization for its physical and fiscal security. Whenever fraud happens in a company or organization, it often takes the form of hiding sources of revenue, overstating expenses or growth, or disguising payments made to individuals in the company. Often, fraudulent activities within the organization are complex in nature and have a gross impact on the financial nature of the organization. It is usually perpetrated by the company management and other employees are often unaware of these fraudulent activities (Mele, 2005).

Corporate fraud, as difficult as it is to prevent, often has a ripple effect whereby…… [Read More]

References

Bertrand, V. (2009). Organizational Isomorphism and Corruption: An Empirical Research in Russia. Journal of Business Ethics, 89(1), 59-76.

Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2014). Rooting out health care fraud is central to the well-being of both our citizens and the overall economy. Retrieved April, 2014, from http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/investigate/white_collar/health-care-fraud

Mele, D. (2005). Ethical Education in Accounting: Integrating Rules, Values and Virtues. Journal of Business Ethics, 57(1), 97-109.

Panda, J.K. (2006). Accounting & Finance For Management. New Delhi: Sarup Book Publishers Pvt. Limited.
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Ethical Dilemma IML and Promotions

Words: 1728 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97454635

International medical Laboratories, acronymed as IML, is one of the largest manufacturers of biomedical equipments. The unique selling point of IML is completing heart surgeries using high class equipments. John Cannon is the man behind the structure of the German section of the company (Morris, 1997). John now aims to increase his market reach by approaching surgeons based in Germany. He targets all the clinics and hospitals of this area. John is also the marketing manager of this line of product so it is his responsibility to increase yhe company's reach in international lands. As John plans to expand the company's reach, he will need to address issues of quality, reliability and economic nationalism (Morris, 1997).

In order to establish the credibility of IML, John sets up a meeting with the known cardiovascular surgeon of the region, Dr. Hans ombach. John is sure that if Mr. ombach agrees to go…… [Read More]

References"

1) Morris, T. (1997). The Prominent Dr. Rombach. Case Research Journal, 117-121. (Case Study File Provided By Customer)

2) Dyck, B., & Neubert, M. (2008). Management: Current Practices and New Directions. Cengage Learning.

3) Writer Thoughts

4) Williams, J. (n.d.). Business Ethics Policies & Procedures. Retrieved February 18, 2015, from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/business-ethics-policies-procedures-2728.html
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Leadership in the Public Sector

Words: 1233 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51408173

ethical obligations -- as discussed, for example, in Chapter 16 of the Northouse text -- allegedly breached by Smith or Halloran while in office. (These obligations will not "fit" perfectly, as the real world does not always match the academic world precisely. Contemplate and give the best answer.) In each case, describe the ethically-proper course of action that was not taken by the relevant actors. Does New York -- like Chicago, Illinois, which was called the most corrupt city in the United States (Cody, 2012) -- have a special culture where corruption is accepted or even expected? Be sure to contrast the differences between leadership and power. Also discuss whether Smith and Halloran's behavior would have been unethical in the private sector.

Background

New York State Sen. Malcolm Smith and New York City Councilman Dan Halloran were arrested by federal authorities in an alleged plot to rig the New York…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Associated Press. (2013, April 2). Politico. Retrieved from N.Y. state sen. arrested in alleged mayor race plot: http://www.politico.com/story/2013/04/nyc-mayor-race-rig-malcolm-smith-89536.html

Bass, B. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.

Greenleafe Center. (2011). What is Servant Leadership? Retrieved from Greanleafe Center for Servant Leadership: http://www.greenleaf.org/whatissl/

Margolin, J. (2013, April 2). State Sen. Malcolm Smith, city Councilman Halloran arrested in 'bribery plot' to rig mayor race. Retrieved from New York Post:  http://nypost.com/2013/04/02/state-sen-malcolm-smith-city-councilman-halloran-arrested-in-bribery-plot-to-rig-mayor-race/
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Ethics of Business

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55636501

Multinational Corporations

In many powerful nations with whom U.S. corporations would like to do business (such as Mexico, India, and China) the price of bribery is factored into the everyday costs of doing business. There are profound cultural differences regarding perceptions of the ethics of bribery and in some government officials' views, receiving a bribe is an expected part of their informal salary. However, legally, the hands of U.S. companies are tied, no matter how widely embraced bribery may be abroad. "The United States' 1977 Foreign Corrupt Practices Act prohibits payments made to foreign government officials with the aim of gaining or maintaining business" although gifts "to officers working for foreign corporations are legal" which allows some organizations to disregard the spirit of the law; regardless, to do so is unwise and illegal (Allen 2000).

Topic 1: Ethics culture

Q1.How would you describe the ethics culture of the organization?

Google…… [Read More]

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Leadership Styles and When They Should Be Used

Words: 4751 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86759620

Leadership

The author of this report has been asked to answer four major questions when it comes to business, leadership and the skill sets required to excel in both. The first question will center on the role of Chief Executive Office. The role itself will be defined. There will also be a listing of the comptentcies and skills that a typical or desirable CEO should demonstrate and have. The second question will center on what the effective communication skills are. Indeed, it will be defined what skills will be mastered and displayed if a business and its leadership wishes to engage its employees and excel in business overall. Third, there will be an identification and definition of three different leadership styles and how each of those styles is best applied based on the circumstances and what is needed at the time. Finally, there will be a discussion of the role…… [Read More]

References

Baumgartner, J. (2016). The Innovation Process. Creativejeffrey.com. Retrieved 21 May 2016, from http://www.creativejeffrey.com/creative/innovationprocess.php?topic=creative

Beck, R. (2012). Building a Talent Machine. Gallup.com. Retrieved 21 May 2016, from http://www.gallup.com/businessjournal/153683/building-talent-machine.aspx

Belbin. (2016). Belbin Team Roles -- Belbin. Belbin.com. Retrieved 21 May 2016, from http://www.belbin.com/about/belbin-team-roles/

Chartered Accountants. (2016). Why business ethics matter...to your bottom line. Chartered Accountants. Retrieved 21 May 2016, from http://www.charteredaccountants.com.au%2F~%2Fmedia%2FFiles%2FIndustry%2520topics%2FBusiness%2520management%2FWorking%2520in%2520Business%2F041320%2520CC%2520Ethics%2520Paper_WEB_FAi.ashx&usg=AFQjCNF71q2uc43ie5ypm-RQ2Z_1LC4EhQ&sig2=FIHE2XzKKOhZIkW15N-uPg
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Analyzing the Risk Management

Words: 3962 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64888014

isk Management Plan for Exxon Mobil

A risk management process is a systematic application of management policies for the purpose of identifying, analyzing, evaluating and mitigating any possible risks within an organization. The following paper focuses on formulation of risk management plan for Exxon Mobil, one of the world's most renowned oil and gas companies. The risks would be identified and selected applicable to this firm and after their evaluation, a risk treatment plan would be advised.

Establish the isk Context

Identifying the Context for isk Assessment

eviewing current organizational processes

Being in the gas and power marketing department of the company, there are certain risks applicable within my area of operation. In order to clearly determine those risks, first, a comprehensive look at Exxon Mobil's organizational processes along with a SWOT analysis is presented. The firm is dedicated to create and maintain an environmental policy that would protect the…… [Read More]

References

Bastian, B.L. & Tucci, C. (2010). An empirical investigation on the effects of political risk on technology strategies of firms, presented at Summer Conference 2010, London, 2010. London: Imperial College London Business School. Retrieved from http://www2.druid.dk/conferences/viewpaper.php?id=501908&cf=43

Exxon Mobil. (n.d.). About us: How we operate. Retrieved from http://lubes.ExxonMobil.com/Lubes/about_how.aspx

Green Peace. (2011). Risks and potential impacts of oil exploration in the Arctic. Retrieved from http://www.greenpeace.org/international/Global/international/publications/climate/2011 / FinalArcticBriefing2011.pdf

Hirsch, A. (2011, June 17). Exxon Mobil accused of 'fraud' in Jacksonville gas spill trail. The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved from http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/baltimore- county/bs-md-co-exxon-trial-closing-20110617-story.html
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The Evolution of Organized Crime

Words: 2207 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78718392

History Of Organized Crime

More than a century of motion pictures and more than a half-century of television productions have created a somewhat romanticized version of organized crime as typified in "The Godfather" series. Indeed, there is even a National Museum of Organized Crime and Law Enforcement, commonly known as "The Mob Museum" in Las Vegas which is a popular tourist destination (Green, 2013). The reality of organized crime, however, contrasts sharply with any romanticized depiction and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) emphasizes that organized crime is not only prevalent in the United States, it has become far more complex and broader in scope compared to the past. To determine the facts about the history of organized crime, this paper provides a background and overview followed by an analysis of some of the main sources of revenues for these criminal organizations. Finally, the paper concludes with an analysis of…… [Read More]

References

Calderon, F. (2015, Summer). Drug trafficking and organized crime: Connected but different. Harvard International Review, 36(4), 52-55.

Drug trafficking. (2016). United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Retrieved from https:// www.unodc.org/unodc/en/drug-trafficking/.

Green, M. (2013, October 1). How the Mob (Museum) was won: Building a history of organized crime in the U.S. UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal, 17(2), 101-104.

Kelly, R. J. & Chin, K. L. (1999). Handbook of organized crime in the United States. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
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Personal Can Ethics Get Valerie

Words: 925 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27821517



aters appears to have fairly limited ethics. His moral imperative appears to be guided by whatever will benefit him the most personally. Under his watch, the organization has become less effective and has seen its size reduced by 60%. aters does not feel the need to work hard, so he provides a poor example for his team as well. He is an ineffective leader, and is not respected by his charges. Beyond that, he is failing in his responsibility to the shareholders. As a manager, he has a duty to act as an agent of the shareholders (Donaldson & Davis, 1991). This means that he should be pursuing tactics that will earn the company the most profit. aters instead is pursuing self-interest to the detriment of earning the most profit.

The corporate culture appears to be contributing to the dilemma. Nobody in senior management appears to be especially concerned with…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Donaldson, L., Davis, J. (1991). Stewardship theory or agency theory: CEO governance and shareholder returns. Australian Journal of Management. Vol. 16 (1).

Vitell, S., Davis, D. (1990). The relationship between ethics and job satisfaction: An empirical investigation. Journal of Business Ethics. Vol. 9 (6) 489-494.
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Educating the Expatriate in Papua

Words: 1469 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50310566



Like many traditional societies in Hofstede's typology, PNG is also called a 'feminine' society, in the emphasis it places upon relationships. The nation would be characterized very much as a 'high context' culture, one in which relational status is very important when conveying meaning. How information is conveyed is more important than the actual wording of the message. Nonverbal language is very important in high context cultures, and it can be very difficult for cultural outsiders to translate the dominant cultural script into their own terms. The culture is very change resistant in PNG, and this is exacerbated by logistical difficulties, such as the lack of highly qualified IT and business professionals to teach current undergraduates to pass on information about new ways of doing business.

Behaviors, ethnocentrism, self-reference criteria

However, while it has been called 'feminine' in terms of its valuation of relationships, an observer should know that for…… [Read More]

References

Cultural differences between Australia and Papua New Guinea. (2010). Convict Creations.

Retrieved November 8, 2010 at  http://www.convictcreations.com/culture/papuanewguinea.html 

Kelegai, Limbie & Michael Middleton. (2002). Information technology education in Papua New

Guinea: Cultural, economic and political influences. Journal of Information Technology
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Humans Information Technology It Managers

Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21880258



Managers may engage in fraudulent activities by selling company information or details of customers. The manager improperly accesses the company's it system to alter values for citation issued. raud is an illegal activity, and the manager that is choosing the bribing vendor over the other vendors is just very wrong. "Most commonly used types of bribes are cash, travel and entertainment rewards," as noted by Dillon (2008, p. 37). Once the it managers are affiliated with the unscrupulous vendors, the vendors do not need to be concerned about remaining competitive because they will be almost certain to be awarded new contracts or continuations of existing contracts, and they may even raise the prices that are charged to the organization in order to cover the costs of paying off the managers, a practice that is particularly commonplace in larger organizations. In this regard, Dillon (2008) adds that, "In very large firm…… [Read More]

Financial crisis pertaining outsourcing it projects

Fraud can affect organizations in a number of negative ways, including diminished bottom-line profits, negative publicity and the erosion of customer goodwill and shareholder confidence (Neural Technologies- the Home of Risk Management, 2010). An increasingly prevalent practice involves so-called "phantom vendors" that persuade purchasing managers that they offer they most competitive prices for superior products and services. Phantom vendors may even convince purchasing managers that they are already working with other large it firms and have a proven track record of reliability and trustworthiness. Without exercising due diligence early on, purchasing managers may be swayed by such presentations and award a bid (Podgor & Ellen, 1999). Once the bid is approved, the phantom vendors demand a hefty down payment and then simply disappear with their profits. Another version of phantom vendor fraud that can have enormous financial implications for it firms involves the purchasing managers themselves. In some cases, purchasing managers have fabricated vendors on paper and awarded contracts to these firms. Thereafter, invoices are processed as normal but the purchasing manager pockets the profits and the organization never receives the contracted goods or services (Podgor & Ellen, 1999).

Yet another way purchase managers can become involved in fraudulent practices involved product substitution. In those cases where vendors have paid bribes to purchasing managers to secure a contract, they may attempt to cover their costs by providing organizations with inferior goods or services that do not meet the contract specifications. In the case of software vendors, they may provide software that is replete with errors and technical difficulties to the extent that it is unusable. A vendor that involves in fraudulent activity means his business is also not in
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International Fraud -- the Case

Words: 890 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21889207

This type of international fraud occurs due to a desire to develop a climate that allows investors to benefit from the comparative advantages of countries such as Mali and Senegal (Barney and Hunt). These countries generally compete against other African states in order to attract more investors and, when the resources are insufficient to convince these foreigners, state officials engage in frauds.

4. Impact on International Business Setting

The increased levels of fraud generate a series of chain reactions upon the business setting within Senegal and Mali. First of all, they reduce general trust in the economic and political systems. This then means that foreign investors are not attracted to the region and that developmental opportunities are reduced. This in turn materializes in the lack of new jobs. It means as such that the federal authorities are unable to cash in taxes from foreign investors conducting business operations within Senegal…… [Read More]

References:

Altman, L.K., Broad, W.J., Global Trend: More Science, More Fraud, December 20, 2005

Barney (1986) and Hunt (1990), Resource-Based View of the Firm

Humphreys, M., Mohamed, H.A., Understanding Civil War -- Senegal and Mali

Peng, M.W., Wang, D.Y., Jiang, Y., An Institution-Based View of International Business Strategy: A Focus on Emerging Economies, Journal of International Business Studies, 2008
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Sallust Is the Saying What

Words: 4295 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68955797

In Bellum Iugurthinum he claimed that the state will gain more advantage from his otium than from the negotium of contemporary politicians

SALLUST'S HISTOICAL WOKS

Sallust wrote several historical works, but the two monographs that remain intact are the Bellum Catilinae and the Bellum Jugurthinum. There are also four speeches and two letters as well as approximately 500 parts of his Historiae that was published in five books. It is believed by historians that "Sallust's merits as an artist have obscured, or made his readers willing to forget, his faults. As a historical authority he is at best second rank…Yet Sallust's value to us is considerable, mainly because his writings contain an interpretation of oman history during the late epublic often differing from that in our other sources and opposed to optimate tradition."

Even his speeches are valuable historically, adds Laistner,

for they are full of ethos and convey Sallust's…… [Read More]

References

Allen, Walter Jr. Sallust's Political Career. Studies in Philology 51.1(1954):1-4.

Earl, Donald C. The Political Thought of Sallust. Amsterdam: Adolf M. Hakkert, 1966

Laistner, M.L.W. The Greater Roman Historians. Berkeley: University California Press, 1963

Levene, D.S. Sallust's Jugurtha: A Historical Fragment. The Journal of Roman Studies. 82 (1992): 53-70.
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RICO ACT in Conception and

Words: 4576 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80600205

Moreover, a prosecution of the core leadership of an organization under RICO charges is likely to produce revelations concerning the relationship between leadership and other members who are either guilty of racketeering or some lesser scope of individual crime. This is to say that RICO was essentially designed to push the door open on the activities of such typically obscured enterprises in order to systematically disrupt its initiatives and priorities.

Still, as this investigation finds as a recurrent theme in considered research materials, even when armed with RICO's expansive authorities, there remains a fundamental difficulty in overcoming the effectively obfuscating structure of the modern organized crime enterprise. In the case of the long-ingrained style of activity instituted by La Cosa Nostra, the protective degree to which structure is designed to insulate the activities, connections and implications relating to real decisions-makers and bosses tends to effect the ability of RICO statutes…… [Read More]

Works Cited

ACLU. (2003). How 'Patriot Act 2' Would Further Erode the Basic Checks on Government Power that Keeps America Safe and Free. American Civil Liberties Union. Online at http://www.aclu.org/SafeandFree/SafeandFree.cfm?ID=12161&c=206

Arshadi, N. (1998). Insider Trading Liability and Enforcement Strategy. Financial Management, 27(2), 70-84.

Cornell University Law School (CULS). (1970). Chapter 96-Racketeer Influences and Corrupt Organizations. U.S. Code Collection. Online at http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode18/usc_sup_01_18_10_I_20_96.html

FBI. (2004). Investigative Programs: Organized Crime. Department of Justice: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Online at http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cid/orgcrime/aboutocs.htm
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Legalization of Drugs of Abuse

Words: 2744 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61703736

That compared with 19% for alcohol and a secondary drug; 12% for alcohol alone; 3% for smoked cocaine; 2.4% for methamphetamines; and 2.3% for heroin (Abrams).

It is estimated that by 2010 there will be 35 million teens in America (Levinson). This is a significant demographic to be concerned about. There would also be an increased chance of illicit drugs falling into the hands of children, just like cigarettes and alcohol now that are prohibited from being sold to kids. A greater availability, in general, would increase the likelihood of children being able to obtain them (Messerli).

Harm reduction is one of the primary benefits of legalizing illicit drugs; however, opponents feel that this theory is fatally flawed. Although the suffering of drug users should be reduced, their destructive habits shouldn't be tolerated. "Harm eduction advocates forget the thousands of impressionable teenagers for whom the law is a reminder that…… [Read More]

References

Abrams, J. "Report: Teen Use of Pot Will Jump with Legalization - Move to Harder Drugs Follows, Group Says." Seattle Times 13 Jul, 1999: A5. ProQuest. ProQuest. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. December 5, 2006 http://proquest.umi.com.

An Unethical Reason for Legalizing Drugs." Business Week (3678) 24 Apr. 2000: 6. Academic OneFile. Thomson Gale. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. December 5, 2006        http://find.galegroup.com       .

Burden, K. "What's the Fuss About Legalizing Drugs? Many People Advocating a "Harm Reduction" Approach to Illegal Drugs are Well-Meaning but Misguided." Presbyterian Record 70(10) Nov. 1996: 10-11. Academic OneFile. Thomson Gale. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. December 5, 2006
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Vendor Selection Procedures

Words: 1617 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58525908

Tony oma's estaurant, a franchise in the restaurant industry that focuses on Italian food products. The company may employ anywhere from a dozen to 20+ employees per individual restaurant at any given time. Tony oma's like any restaurant in the food service industry has concerned itself with many different ethical issues and considerations including ethics related to vendor selection processes.

esearch suggests that a company such as Tony oma's must be particularly aware of ethical issues related to vendor selections, to ensure that vendors are selected for service in a fair and ethical manner along the strictest business morals. There are many opportunities for bribery and other ethical violations to occur in the vendor selection process.

The purpose of this report is to identify potential breeches of ethical conduct with regard to vendor selection and to help established a code of ethics related to vendor selection that is based on…… [Read More]

References:

CADA. "CADA Suggested Code of Ethics for Vendor Evaluation." June, 2002.

Retrieved 29, November 2004,

ICCMA. "The 'free' lunch, an online discussion." Public Management, 83(5), 2001:2

NFSMI. "Chapter 1 -- Vendor Selection Procedures." National Food Service Management
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Today's Russian Mafia

Words: 3585 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12136501

communism," "vodka," may be "Vladimir Putin." But everyone who would be asked about Russia would also say "Russian mafia" who are very cruel and dangerous gangs from Russia and who wouldn't stop behind anything in achieving their dirty plans.

The term and the phenomenon of Russian mafia are pretty young if compared to well-known mafia of Sicily, Italy, Latin American cartels. The first news and rumors about Russian mafia in the United stated appeared in 1980 ies, when a massive immigration of predominantly Russian Jews started from the Soviet Union. Russian mafia had penetrated into the infrastructure of the main business centers of the U.S.A.: New York, Los Angeles, Philadelphia and Boston. They spread their influence over the successful immigrants from Russia, who have to pay for their "protection" or who have to allow mafia representatives participate in running businesses.

If to look on the nature of relations of Russian…… [Read More]

3. Hoffmann, D. "Fragile Foundation," The Washington Post, December 26, 1996

4. Mafia invades New York, Article BBC NEWS available on web: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/special_report/1998/03/98/russian_mafia/70485.stm

5. Khonanikhin, A. Mafiocracy in Russia, Article available on web: http://konanykhin.com/press/wp1.htm
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Criminal Justice Ethics in Chapter

Words: 797 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56155015

For example, the Miranda decision of 1966 clarified the specific interrogation and arrest guidelines used by officers but even the reading of Miranda rights can be a manipulative function. Confessions must be reliable and fair. Trickery and deceit are commonplace in the interrogation procedure, for the officer of the law continually straddles the line between ethics and the necessity of capturing criminals.

Joycelyn Pollock describes police ethics in terms of four basic categories in Chapter 6: "Ethical Dilemmas in Police Work." The issues addressed in the literature, such as corruption, brutality, and bribery, are not necessarily encountered by police officers on a daily basis. In fact, many officers note that drinking, sleeping, and having sex on the job are more common ethical offenses than bribery (90). Pollock notes that officers generally view five main elements that comprise the "good" police officer: legality, service, honesty/integrity, loyalty, and ascription to the Golden…… [Read More]

Similarly, Jerome H. Skolnick and Richard a. Leo describe the legal and moral gray areas of police work in Chapter Five: "The Ethics of Deceptive Interrogation." Whereas the use of physical force was tolerated in the past, nowadays, psychological coercion is more the norm. Psychological coercion raises a host of complex issues that use of physical force does not. The legal system has attempted and continues to try to differentiate between what should and should not be acceptable police practices, but the law remains deliberately vague. For example, the Miranda decision of 1966 clarified the specific interrogation and arrest guidelines used by officers but even the reading of Miranda rights can be a manipulative function. Confessions must be reliable and fair. Trickery and deceit are commonplace in the interrogation procedure, for the officer of the law continually straddles the line between ethics and the necessity of capturing criminals.

Joycelyn Pollock describes police ethics in terms of four basic categories in Chapter 6: "Ethical Dilemmas in Police Work." The issues addressed in the literature, such as corruption, brutality, and bribery, are not necessarily encountered by police officers on a daily basis. In fact, many officers note that drinking, sleeping, and having sex on the job are more common ethical offenses than bribery (90). Pollock notes that officers generally view five main elements that comprise the "good" police officer: legality, service, honesty/integrity, loyalty, and ascription to the Golden Rule. These five elements can be grouped into four main ethical categories: those involving discretion and the law; those involving duty and service; those involving honesty; and those involving loyalty. Of these, the conflict between loyalty and whistleblowing and the use of discretion in difficult situations are the most significant and widespread ethical issues experienced by officers of the law.

Victor E. Kappeler also investigates the complexities of police ethics in Chapter Seven, entitled "Police Ethics, Legal Proselytism, and the Social Order: Paving the Path to Misconduct." The author states that the path to unethical conduct "begins with a way of thinking," (111). Many individuals fall into the trap of black-and-white morals, which can be morally and ethically blinding. Officers of the law contend with a series of ethical conundrums, such as the fact that many behaviors that are permitted legally are actually unethical, such as the use of manipulation. Such behaviors are not only acceptable as a part of the job, but are even expected of the officer. Police officers can therefore get away with more borderline or overtly unethical behavior without suffering personal or social consequences. Furthermore, officers of the law can develop elaborate means of self-justification, including denial of responsibility, denial of injury, denial of the victim, condemning the condemners, and especially, appeals to higher loyalties. Finally, Kappeler asserts that police ethics are a collective responsibility.
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Criminal Justice Forensics Undercover Is a

Words: 11198 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97252031

However, as criminals become more aware of undercover tactics, the covert officer is required to provide more and more proof that he is indeed a criminal- which leads to the officer committing acts that compromise his or her integrity for the sake of maintaining cover. y understanding the often conflicting nature of these goals, deception and integrity, we can see how an undercover officer can become confused, lost, and susceptible to temptation (i.e. criminal behavior).

y examining both aspects- environmental factors and personality factors- we take into account both sides of a complex relationship. These two groups of factors, when combined together, shed some light on the exact nature of criminal tendencies amongst police officers.

Definition of Terms

Covert: another term for undercover, meaning the use of deception for the purpose of gathering information or intelligence.

Non-covert: police officers that, even in plain clothes, maintain their own true identity instead…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Choo, A., and Mellors, M. (1995) Undercover Police Operations and What the Suspect Said (Or Didn't Say). Web Journal of Current Legal Issues, Blackstone Press, University of Leicester. Web site: http://wenjcli.ncl.ac.uk/articles2/choo2.html

Girodo, M. (1985) Health and Legal Issues in Undercover Narcotics Investigations: Misrepresented Evidence. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 3(3),299-308.

Girodo, M. (1991) Drug Corruption in Undercover Agents: Measuring the Risk. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 9, 361-370.

Girodo, M. (1997) Undercover Agent Assessment Centers: Crafting Vice and Virtue for Impostors. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 12(5), 237-260.
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Communication an Ethical Approach to

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6693515

S.-based company is indeed confronted with a dilemma.

To remain competitive and ensure the survival of the enterprise, key expatriate executives are being compelled to engage in business practices that are deemed unethical in many parts of the West, but are an accepted way of doing business in other countries. To make matters even more serious and complicated for these U.S. enterprises, the Federal Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and other recent legislation prohibits American companies from bribing officials of foreign governments. In response to a series of corporate bribery scandals involving foreign government officials during the 1970s, the FCPA was enacted in 1977 following inquiries by the U.S. Senate and the Securities and Exchange Commission, at which time Congress became concerned that disclosures of corrupt corporate practices seriously undermined public confidence in the business community and harmed America's image abroad (Diersen, 1999).

Clearly, though, the legislation has not had all…… [Read More]

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Accounting Code of Conduct The

Words: 1283 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83471567

It also publishes interpretations about certain rules.

WHEN AN ACCOUNTANT FAILS

The AICPA's Code of Professional Conduct is considered to be a binding agreement for every CPA in America.

As with other professions most accountants are ethical and honest in their dealings with their clients, however every so often a problem arises that must be disciplined. This can happen in a purposeful attempt to be deceitful, or it can happen by an error in judgment or an error in practice. egardless of how or why it happened a review is called for and a sanction or discipline course of action is decided upon (Badawi, 2002).

Most of the violations that occur are ethical dilemmas that are relatively easy to solve but some of the problems become quite in depth and resolution is more difficult to reach.

A study of conduct violations in a ten-year period produced the following result.

The…… [Read More]

References

Badawi, Ibrahim M.(2002) Accounting codes of conduct, violations and disciplinary actions. Review of Business; 1/1/2002;

Carey, J.L. The CPA Plans for the Future. New York, NY: AICPA, 1965.

Demski, J.S. And J. L Zimmerman.(2000) "On Research vs. Teaching: A Long-Term Perspective." Accounting Horizons
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Metricum International Business Management Review of International

Words: 4896 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73106990

Metricum

International Business Management

eview of International Strategy at Metricum

Overview of the Metricum Company

Metricum is an SME manufacturer of materials handling equipment and intelligent handling systems. It has been based in the east of England for the last 28 years and has been catering to clients in several parts of the world. The company exports equipment to 40 countries around the world and has manufacturing facilities in Sweden and China in addition to the United Kingdom. Metricum has vertically integrated up the value chain by acquiring a key supplier in omania. The omanian subsidiary has great room for expansion. The company has expanded internationally through joint ventures and acquisitions. Manufacturing operations have been decentralized on the basis of local expertise. Standardized products are manufactured in China, which makes up 25% of total production. Innovative products are made in Sweden while a scaled-down labour force in the United Kingdom…… [Read More]

References

Bannock, G., 2005, The Economics and Management of Small Business: An International Perspective. New York. Routledge Briscoe, D.R., Schuler, R.S., & Claus, L., 2008, International Human Resource Management. Taylor & Francis

CIA, 2012. The World Factbook: Ukraine. Available at: <    https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/up.html   > [Accessed 20 April 2012].

Contractor, F.J., & Lorange, P., 2002, Cooperative Strategies in International Business. Rutgers University

Copsey, N., 2010. Ukraine. In D.O. Beachain, ed. 2010. The Colour Revolutions in the Former Soviet Republics: Successes and Failures. Taylor & Francis, p. 30.
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Economics as a Paid Lobbyist of FedEx

Words: 614 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22740864

Economics

As a paid lobbyist of FedEx, I would like to see the government encourage more global trade. There are two reasons for this. The first is that global air trade is one of my company's most profitable services, and the other is that our revenues are tied closely to the state of the global economy. Trade agreements are a form of trade policy that enjoy broad Congressional support and are easier to implement than spending-related fiscal policy or monetary policy. Chiff.com (2012) notes that lobbying is the "process of petitioning the government to intervene in special causes. Aside from broad trade-related issues, FedEx could benefit from its ongoing classification as an airline, something that gives it special privileges compared with UPS, especially with respect to labor freedoms. Maintaining this flexibility and cost advantage helps FedEx and its competitors are trying to undermine this advantage.

Shalal-Esa (2009) notes that there…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Chiff.com. (2012). What is lobbying? Chiff.com. Retrieved June 9, 2012 from  http://www.chiff.com/society/lobby.htm 

No author. (2008). This house believes that elected representatives should not hold any additional posts while serving in government. IDEA Beta. Retrieved June 9, 2012 from  http://idebate.org/debatabase/debates/constitutional-governance/house-believes-elected-representatives-should-not-hold-second-jobs 

Shalal-Esa, A. (2009). How many lobbyists are there in Washington? Reuters. Retrieved June 9, 2012 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2009/09/13/obama-lobbying-idUSN1348032520090913
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International Investments the Global Carmaker Work Investing

Words: 715 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9131302

International Investments

The global carmaker work investing automobile assembly facility Chennai, India a local partner. Explain potential reasons investment. Will company exercise a great deal control operation? Why ? Over areas company exercise control, areas cede control partner? If required resources http://hbswk

Automotive company: Investing in Chennai, India

While the automotive market of the developed world could be described as supersaturated, the market for cars in the developing world is growing. Establishing our company as a multinational firm could be an important cushion against potential economic downturns in the future. Our company, like so many automobile companies, was hard-hit by the economic recession. "On average, establishments with multinational ownership performed better than local competitors, but there was considerable differentiation in the role of foreign direct investment" (Alfaro & Chen 2010). Although all sectors of the global economy felt repercussions from the crisis, not all nations were equally hard-it and some…… [Read More]

References

Alfaro, Laura & Maggie Chen. (2010). Surviving the global financial crisis. HBS. Retrieved:

http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6451.html

Park, Daniel. (2008).Managing alliances, joint ventures. B2B International. Retrieved:

http://www.b2binternational.com/publications/white-papers/managing-alliance-jv/
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Ethical Failure Read the Encyclopedia of Ethical

Words: 1207 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80665564

Ethical Failure

ead the Encyclopedia of Ethical Failure. Select three of the violations discussed in the document. Explain the violation, including its U.S. Code, use examples from your own career or the document, and discuss the possible fines / imprisonment for the violation.

Three possible violations of the Encyclopedia of Ethical Failure include: bribery, fraud and gambling / other contest guidelines. In the case of bribery, the guide forbids anyone from taking kickbacks or money for special favors. In general, this can cost the government between $400 thousand and $1 million for every $115 thousand that is earned illegally. Under Section 18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(1)(B) (2003) it says that these practices, "Forbids any public official from accepting anything of value in exchange for an official act to be performed, or because of any official act already performed. Violations of this law can merit fines, imprisonment for up to 2 years,…… [Read More]

References

Encyclopedia of Unethical Failure. (2007). Department of Defense.

Bruce, A. (1998). Motivating Employees. New York, NY: McGraw Hill.

Nemeth, C. (2011). Private Security and the Law. Boston, MA: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann
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Transnational IT Operation Due to Improvements of

Words: 1196 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35193117

Transnational IT Operation

Due to improvements of technologies and world trade agreements new opportunities have been created for companies to carry out their business globally. The description of transnational companies is that they are companies which carry out their business in not only one country but more. From the researches transnational companies can be described as a transnational corporation (TNC), or multinational corporation (MNC), as well called multinational enterprise (MNE), and is an enterprise or corporation that controls delivers services or production in not only one country. It may be given another description of an international. This content has the analysis of pros and cons of graduating from domestics to transnational company. Matters associated to transnational IT operations, quality of work, transfer of work, service levels, language, cultural diversity, local customs, technological infrastructure, and control issues.

Information technology tends to be identical with outsourcing. Transnational IT operations has been facilitated…… [Read More]

References

Greaver, M.F (1999). Strategic Outsourcing: A Structured Approach to Outsourcing Decisions and Initiatives. AMACOM Div American Mgmt Assn.

Pearce, J.A, and Robinson R. B (2007). Strategic Management: Formulation, Implementation and Control. McGraw-Hill Irwin

Wasieleski, R., (2007). "Communicating with Cross-cultural Crews. (business management)." Concrete Contractor 7.3: 56. General One File. Gale. Apollo Library. Retrieved May 18, 2008 from .

Williams, L. And Kessler, R. (2000). "All I Really Need To Know About Pair