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Research into the legalization of marijuana will seek to determine what people's views on the issue are. The population is going to be the entire United States, as we are seeking to determine national views about the issue. The sampling will be done at random, using databases of phone numbers and computer-generated dialing. The operators will only know of and gather non-personal information such as age bracket, gender and state of residence. The major downside to this form of sampling is that many younger people will not be sampled because they often do not have landlines.
Random sampling is the "purest form" of probability sampling in that it is free from researcher bias and is more likely to accurately reflect the total population as a result (StatPac, 2012). Landline ownership is a reasonable proxy for the total population, with the caveat noted above. However, other sampling methods are…
StatPac. (2012). Survey sampling methods. StatPac. Retrieved November 25, 2012 from http://www.statpac.com/surveys/sampling.htm
Statistics.com. (2012). Glossary of statistical terms: sampling frame. Institute for Statistics Education. Retrieved November 25, 2012 from http://www.statistics.com/index.php?page=glossary&term_id=851
CRS. (2012). Sample size calculator. Creative Research Systems. Retrieved November 25, 2012 from http://www.surveysystem.com/sscalc.htm
It is projected that at least 10% of the individuals receiving the survey will respond.
There are a variety of reasons for using qualitative methods in a study such as this one. Even though there are drawbacks to the qualitative method including (but not limited to) the fact that respondents are not known and could be lying, the responses are very subjective, and the questions themselves are quantitative in nature, it is still deemed that the expense and time necessary to employ other methods would be to exorbiant in nature.
It is also determined that there are a number of others studies currently available that can provide data that shows the effectiveness of direct mail advertising, therefore, the focus would be on the sports magazine aspect rather than direct mail per se. Qualitative methods are therefore deemed the most appropriate for this study.
De Chematony, L.; Cottam, S.; (2009)…
De Chematony, L.; Cottam, S.; (2009) Interacting contributions of different departments to brand success, Journal of Business Research, Vol. 62, Iss. 3, pg. 297
Payne, a.; Storbacka, K.; Frow, P.; Knox, S.; (2009) Co-creating brands: Diagnosing and designing the relationship experience, Journal of Business Research, Vol. 62, Iss. 3, pg. 379
Roderick, J.B.; Whittome, J.R.M.; Brush, G.J.; (2009) Investigating the service brand: A customer value perspective, Journal of Business Research, Vol. 62, Iss.3, pg. 345
Teddington; (2008) the innovative media offerings for a man's world, Campaign, Oct 10, 2008, pg. 17
0 applications. The survey also attempts to define the eturn on Investment from investing in social networking applications, and derives a figure of $1.9M by 2013, corroborating a figure from Forrester esearch.
Completing any research project designed to capture business-to-business (B2B) market data takes an approach to isolating respondents within each organization that have a role in evaluating the technology being studied. The survey methodology concentrates on the role of it staff in evaluating social media applications. It would have been more effective if the researchers had also concentrated on the line-of-business managers and those responsible for the performance of business units who could make use of social networking applications as well. The integration aspects of Enterprise 2.0, as the coordination point for legacy systems, are what the it staff most concentrated on. To make this a more effective study, the unmet needs of the line-of-business users also need…
Ashley Jones (2008, September). Studies Suggest That Enterprise Social Media Will Change the Face of Business. EContent, 31(7), 14-15. Retrieved October 11, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1556481791).
http://www.econtentmag.com/Articles/News/News-Feature/Studies-Suggest-That-Enterprise-Social-Media-Will -- Change-the-Face-of-Business-50353.htm
Link to press release from Trampoline Systems:
In order to study career aspirations, a survey of fifteen students was conducted to determine what level the student expected to achieve as their highest level. The students polled were all business students. The unit of analysis was scalar, with the options reflecting hierarchical levels within a corporation. The results of the survey were as follows:
These results show that business students have a wide range of aspirations and expectations for their careers. While some see themselves on a path to executive-level leadership, others see themselves slotting into middle- or upper-level managerial positions as their apex. None of the business students surveyed felt that they were likely to end up in a non-management role. Because of the desire to create scalar units of measurement, the question did not distinguish between these levels and entrepreneurship. So the size of the company…
Lund Research (2012). Stratified random sampling. Lund Research. Retrieved April 3, 2014 from http://dissertation.laerd.com/stratified-random-sampling.php
No author (2014). Business research process: An overview. EIS.HU.EDU. Retrieved April 3, 2014 from https://eis.hu.edu.jo/ACUploads/10643/Chapter%204.pdf
This introduces another theoretical and practical difference between business proposals and formal research, and that is the evaluation of their results. Typically business proposals have specific revenue and cost objectives associated with them, yet lack the precision of results that formal research has. Business proposals' variability is not as easily quantified and measured, and therefore potentially overcome as the more planned approach of formal research. Formal research methodologies can take into account potential sampling errors, respondent biases and also control for specific errors in completing the study. The finite and highly measured result of formal research is in contrast to the business proposal's multitudinous effects on people and groups in the company it is meant for. Formal research also can be longitudinal or focused on comparing the implications of a given research methodology over time, with no specific payback except for the creation of knowledge. For business proposals it is…
Jeffrey Jablonski (1999). Teaching the complexity of business proposals. Business Communication Quarterly, 62(3), 108-111. Retrieved January 6, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 44309653)
Judd, Larry R. (1990). Importance and Use of Formal Research and Evaluation. Public Relations Review, 16(4), 17. Retrieved January 7, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 9051599).
Luuk Lagerwerf, Ellis Bossers. (2002). Assessing business proposals: Genre conventions and audience response in document design. The Journal of Business Communication, 39(4), 437-460. Retrieved January 7, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 238607751).
In need of research on a variety of items I approached the internet in search of what was needed. The information I was in need of included data concerning; 1) financial needs, 2) regulatory issues, 3) SBA information, 4) offices supplies and equipment, 5) print costs for literature, and 6) current tour offerings.
I discovered that the financial needs for my travel agency would be relative minimal based on the fact that (initially) the company only needed to support one employee (me). A small office space could be rented on a month to month basis for approximately $300 and the office would be supplied with a desk, a cabinet, chair, lamp and desk phone. The office is in a shared space building, which also provides a shared receptionist. A shared receptionist answers the phones for all the offices in order to make it seem as if smaller companies…
The unethical research behavior discussed was conducted by yeth, and is symptomatic of the systemic issues that the pharmaceutical industry has with respect to research. The article details a case involving yeth that resulted in class action litigation. The ethical issue in this case is fraudulent research. The allegation is that yeth fabricated research by using "vendors to produce ghostwritten manuscripts and place them into medical journals." The research produced was therefore entirely fraudulent, but passed off in medical journals as legitimate research. The objective of placing this research in the journals was to legitimize the new drug that yeth was about launch, Prempro, a menopausal hormone therapy.
The larger issue is publication planning, described by Fugh-Berman (2010) as "the process by which pharmaceutical, biotech and medical device companies produce and release articles in medical journals and posters at meetings to establish key marketing messages." These companies use…
Fugh-Berman, A. (2010). The haunting of medical journals: How ghostwriting sold "HRT." PLOS Medicine. Vol. 7 (9) Retrieved October 31, 2012 from http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed.1000335
hile the employees are generally satisfied, clearly there are specific aspects to their employment that reduce that satisfaction from time-to-time. Further statistical analysis of this survey would not yield better results, in part due to the nature of the survey question and in part due to the small sample size, but regardless the data provided by the survey can be useful for helping management to improve relations with employees.
Appendix a: Basic Tabulated Responses
Our company is a leader in the industry.
Our company is a strong competitor in key growth areas.
Our company's leadership has a clear vision of the future.
Our company's leadership has made changes which are positive for the company.
Our company's leadership has made changes which are positive for me.
I receive appropriate recognition for my contributions.
No author. (2007). Ordinal, interval and ratio variables. GraphPad.com. Retrieved June 28, 2010 from http://www.graphpad.com/help/prism5/the_different_kinds_of_variabl.htm
Q7. The survey should be demographically balanced: in other words, it should be representative of the consumers whose behavior the survey was designed to assess in terms of gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. The questions should be clear and simple, and free from misleading wording that could influence the results. The survey questions should be internally consistent -- in other words, responses that indicate wildly different views in the responses of the same individual raise questions about internal validity. There should be controls to prevent respondents from presenting themselves in an overly positive light. The survey should not draw overly broad conclusions, based upon what respondents were asked.
5a. The city should take public responsibility for its actions, stating that although it was trying to act in the best interests of the city, it crossed the line when it hired a private investigator to infiltrate the boating organization. Avoiding litigation…
Basic vs. applied research. (2009). Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
Retrieved January 12, 2009 at http://www.lbl.gov/Education/ELSI/research-main.html
ROI. (2009). Investopedia. Retrieved January 12, 2009 at http://www.investopedia.com/terms/r/returnoninvestment.asp
Trochim, William. (2006). Variables. Social Research Methods.
"Now we're coming over the top of the curve and heading down the wrong side of it" (Welsh-Huggins, 2008).
Among the numerous features, common to the cities in the analyzed sample, one could point out the following:
Throughout the past year, the city budgets have reduced the spendings in recreational programs and facilities; they reduced the working hours for the public libraries and laid off municipal workers; the agenda is likely to continue throughout 2009
The revenues generated from property taxes have decreased drastically throughout 2008 as a direct result of the devaluing of the houses; 2009 is likely to follow a similar trend
Sales and income taxes are also decreasing, posing even more difficulties in the background of increasing health care, employee, safety and fuel costs
For all cities analyzed, the general economic stability is being threatened and in this context, raising the taxes is not a recommendable course…
Welsh-Huggins, a., 2008, Financial Hardship for Most Cities to Grow in '09, Business Week, http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D936UMV00.html . Ast accessed on September 15, 2008
Denial of Security Clearance: An Examination and Application of eal World Business Statistics
The purpose of this research is to identify the factors most relevant to decisions involving access to classified information and the denial of such security clearance. From an analysis of the commonly cited reasons for such denials, which range in official reports from sexual misconduct to the equally ambiguous and somehow more intriguing issue of "financial considerations," to acquiring specific information regarding the circumstances and considerations involved in particular incidents of either clearance approval or denial, this research would aim to develop an understanding of who might be granted clearance and who would be denied such clearance and access (Dice 2011). A broad and accurate understanding of current security clearance procedures and rationales would hopefully be developed as the ultimate objective and conclusion of the data analysis conducted in this research.
This research problem is…
Dice. (2011). Top reasons for security clearance denial. Accessed 21 February 2011.
For example, if Jason wants to know the locals' knowledge of classical music, or their tastes in concerts, then he needs to quantify these responses so that each individual response can be used to build an aggregate response. The content of the interview therefore should specifically reflect the interview's objectives. It should answer the questions that Jason wants answered.
Criterion-related validity should also be considered. Jason needs to ensure that the information he is trying to gather would be available and reliable. This can be difficult because he is trying to gauge reactions of his subjects. Construct validity also needs to be considered. Convergent validity is required -- he must understand how the attitudes of the townsfolk different from those of the general population. Thus, he must have a comparable. He may therefore need to conduct his survey with the general population to use as a comparable. Discriminant validity will…
The interview setting was likely a poor choice because it not only reduces the perception of anonymity but it also gives the respondents more opportunity to be evasive. I would advise Mary conduct such research in a written format, which minimizes opportunities for evasion and maximizes the perception of anonymity.
3. I would suggest to Mary that part of the reason the HR manager is hostile is because part of the intent of the study is to question whether the Human Resources department is "aware of some of the gendered cultural processes at work in their companies." Thus, the research is attempting to show that HR is not doing its job, or not doing it well enough. That the research was not cleared with the HR Director first only exacerbates this problem. Mary's first step before conducting the surveys should have been to discuss the issue with the HR Director…
In the context of the sleep/rest support systems the integration of patient monitoring systems is a major market opportunity. A second key technological development is the adoption of lean manufacturing techniques in this industry. The use of Kanban manufacturing, demand-driven manufacturing, and distributed order management and supply chain optimization systems are all fueling the level of innovation occurring in this market. In addition to all these factors, the medical products industry is experimenting with Six Sigma manufacturing practices with offshore manufacturing partners to further reduce costs. These cost reductions are significantly impacting the industry's ability to invest even more into R&D and speed up the product lifecycles that set the pace of the entire global medical products industry. A third factor of technological innovation is the investment manufacturers are making in virtual instrumentation and its use to create combined monitoring and preventative assessment analysis. For medical products manufacturers of sleep/rest…
This comes as a dramatic turnaround from Chang's statements to the Economist only six months ago, in which he indicated that the company was preparing to scrap part of its large fleet in addition to halting orders for new ships (2009, pp. 57). The reason for this turnaround, according to Shen, is the rather rapid return to profitability that the company has seen in its Asia-European shipping routes, and an expected similar return to profits in the Asia-American routs in the coming quarters (2010). As trade once again increases, the new ships will lead to a more modern and more environmentally sound and economically efficient fleet for the Evergreen Group.
The Future of Shipping
The internal analyses of the Evergreen Group are not the only reasons for the company -- and the shipping industry as a whole -- to take heart about future prospects. Current plans underway in the United…
Dean, J. (2003). "Evergreen Group Plans to Expand Its Shipping Fleet." Wall Street Journal 242(49), pp. A2
Drobetz, W.; Schilling, D. & Tegtmeiler, L. (2010). "Common risk factors in the returns of shipping stocks." Maritime policy & management 37(2), pp. 93-120.
Economist, the. (2009). "Sea of troubles." Economist 392(8642), pp. 55-7.
Shen, B. (2010). "Evergreen Group of Taiwan builds new ships." China economic news service. Accessed 17 March 2010. http://news.cens.com/cens/html/en/news/news_inner_31624.html
This underscores why hypotheses are so critical for a research design, because as can be seen from the above discussion, they have a direct bearing on the selection of variables, the selection of research strategies, and ultimately how the research is used. The selection of variables were based, in both studies, on those factors most controllable by either the online e-tailers themselves or in the case of organizations, measurable internally and susceptible to arbitrary standards. Notice that each set of variables, in each studies, does not look to an external evaluation of trustworthiness. The use of attitudinal variables, the collection of psychographic data both from online customers and it professionals to ascertain how they are grouping themselves, and a more precise set of hypotheses and research variables would yield a much more balanced and accurate assessment of the issues of online trust and it Professional performance as it relates to…
Krishnamurthy, Sandeep. An Empirical Study of the Causal Antecedents of Customer Confidence in E-Tailers by First Monday, volume 6, number 1 (January 2001),
Oz, Effy. Organizational commitment and ethical behavior: An empirical study of information system professionals. Journal of Business Ethics; Dordrecht; Nov 2001
The advertising might be catchy, interesting, or cutting edge -- but in terms of what most clients care about, of making more money for a company, the results were uncertain, even in the minds of industry professionals. orse yet, from the point-of-view of the marketing industry, the idea of cutting spending did not seem to automatically translate into lower revenue.
The research contained qualitative as well as quantitative data, which made the results even more industry from an insider's perspective. hile the Internet and availability of new media, as well as a widening of old media channels such as televisions' multiplicity of channels, another reason may be more recent. One respondent cited that halo effect of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. His response centered on the difference the law was making in the way top managers run companies. He stated that "marketing as the last bastion of uncontrolled spending," in…
Elliott, Stuart. (20 Jul 2005) "How Effective is this Ad? Beats Me!" The New York Times. Retrieved 21 Jul 2005 at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/20/business/media/20adco.html
Forrester. (2005) the Forrester Company Website. Retrieved 21 Jul 2005 at http://www.forrester.com/my/1,1-0,FF.html
Furthermore, the research will eventually lead to the development of both an understanding and a means through which an individual can improve his or her business sense. Though some papers have been published on this topic, there has not been enough research in this respect.
Some preliminary questions will address;.
Is the brain programmed for business success in all individuals?
If one can remember most effectively images and associations, why do so many people use standard outlining techniques?
How can one use one's whole brain to make dreams come true?
How can on improve the brain in order to maximize one's abilities?
What are the ways to increase the power of our memory, focus and creativity?
With regards to research methods, mostly qualitative research methods will be employed during the research, such as the analysis of an interview, for instance, but the addition of quantitative methods will also be employed,…
References that may be utilized
Pillay S. (November 15, 2010) Your Brain and Business: The Neuroscience of Great Leaders
Buzan T., Think Buzan Inventors of Mind Mapping, http://www.thinkbuzan.com/us/
Business Research Project "E-democracy, E-governance, and Public Net-ork"
Steven Clift's article about technology and how it is changing the face of government gives much insight into several issues and concepts. The three most important concepts are the ones mentioned in the article title -- e-democracy, e-governance, and public net-work. The purposes of this paper are to define these three terms, to discuss how these concepts are being implemented throughout the world, and to indicate opinion as to why the United States appears to lag behind other parts of the world when it comes to these issues.
E-democracy is defined by the article's author as "the use of information and communications technologies and strategies by 'democratic sectors' within the political processes of local communities, states/regions, nations and on the global stage" (Clift, 2003). A discussion of what this really means is important. Democratic sectors include everything from governments to the voters…
Clift, Steven. (2003). "E-Democracy, e-governance, and public net-work." Publicus.net .
Business Tools & Methods
Q1.What is business research? Why should there be any question about the definition of research?
The purpose of business research is to further the goals of a business, whether it is exploratory marketing research to determine the future needs of customers or more focused research such as determining which products were the most popular during the past season so the company can determine how to allocate specific assets. Depending on its purpose, research can fulfill very different functions -- unlike academic research, which does not necessarily have a particular purpose or objective other than to prove a hypothesis, business research is undertaken with the aim of improving profitability, not simply as an intellectual exercise or for the good of humanity.
Q2. What is the difference between applied research and basic or pure research? Use a decision about how a salesperson is to be paid, by commission…
Basic vs. applied research. (2014). Research Methods by Dummies.
Business esearch Methods
The company selected for this particular analysis is Samsung Group. This public company is one of the biggest companies in the mobile industry. The following table will outline the SWOT analysis of the company.
Easy integration with different operating systems and software
High level of innovation and design
Low production costs
Strong brand marketing
Significant share market in many products
Too reliant on other software companies
Place emphasis on too many products
Minimal profit margin
Key rival companies are largest buyers
Increased growth in tablet market
Developing mobile advertising market
Great prospects for diversification
Growing Indian market
ival companies place emphasis on one product
Change in innovation and technology
Depletion of one product line impacts the others
Competition from Chinese commodities
1. Easy integration with different operating systems and software: Samsung places great emphasis on creating…
Bohm, A. (2009). The SWOT Analysis. Berlin: GRIN Publishers.
Warner, A. (2010). Strategic Analysis and choice: A structured approach. New York: Business Expert Press, LLC.
The information presented (Ch. 12) notes that the perception of respect is an important determinant of customer satisfaction. The company, Campbell-Ewald, used surveys to determine the importance of respect to customer loyalty, and further linked loyalty to purchasing. The company's surveys sought to operationalize respect using a number of questions. Its output is a set of five "people principles" that it believe are correlated with customer perception of respect. Customers want to feel appreciated, actions matter more than intentions, customers want companies to listen, it's about the customer and customers want companies to admit when they make mistakes.
The survey questions were responded to in a Likert scale from 1-5 ranging from "strongly agree" to "strongly disagree." This provides information not only about the importance of respect but also the key issues that are the most important to customers. The questions that score the highest are the most…
Unethical Business esearch Practices
What unethical research behavior was involved?
The antitrust case brought by Wal-Mart and other retailers against Visa and MasterCard in the U.S. Eastern District court, was settled in 2003 for $3 billion and primarily involved a dispute concerning the efficient pricing of access to payment information, including security data that confirmed or refuted the transactional identities of cardholders (oberds & Schreft, 2009). In their pleadings, Wal-Mart and other class action litigants argued that third-party providers such as Visa and MasterCard required them to accept both debit and credit cards issued by MasterCard but the interchange fees were higher for debit cards (Ulzheimer, 2012). In sum, the suit filed by Wal-Mart and other large retailers claimed that Visa and MasterCard "required all merchants who accept their credit cards to also accept their signature debit cards [which] constitutes an illegal tie-in in violation of antitrust law" (Peterson, 2002,…
An introduction to ISO 27001. (2012). The ISO2700 Directory. Retrieved from http://www.
Azola, M. (2011). The Reconciliation Project: Separation and integration in business ethics research. Journal of Business Ethics, 99, 19 -- 36.
Binning, D. (2012). Top five cloud computing security issues. ComputerWeekly. Retrieved from:
Fortunately, in this instance, no patient was serious injured, although the patient had to have the device replaced, possibly causing trauma to the mental state of the individual. Still this particular failure on the part of the company is unlike some of the more problematic cases regarding drugs research and the company's decision to ignore potential medical complaints such as Merck's advertising of its painkiller Vioxx. Guidant said it was now investigating other instances of malfunction, including another possible injury, and no lawsuits were pending.
But Guidant has done a poor job assuring its users and buyers that this problem is under control, and limited to a few devices as it refused to answer questions directly from the media and merely issued press statements that do not explain what research was involved regarding the use, safety regulations, and information given to health care providers regarding the devices. As a result,…
AP Wire. (23 Jul 2005) "Guidant's Defibrillator 'Fix' May Raise Other Risks." The New York Times. Business News. Retrieved 23 Jul 2005 at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/23/business/23guidant.html ?
Unethical Business esearch Conduct
Business research is conducted for many reasons that are dependent on intended recipient of the research. For business marketers, research might include customer surveys of focus groups. When the research is for the development of a product, it can have a scientific basis and when it comes to stakeholders the research may include financial projections. This paper will therefore look at an article that focuses on some of the unethical business research conduct. The paper will clearly highlight some of the unethical research behavior that is involved and the people who are affected by these unethical research behaviors. The paper will further highlight how the unethical behavior has affected the organization, individuals and society at large. Finally a conclusion will be made on how the unethical behavior can be avoided or resolved.
The article "The case of Neurontin; Skewed esearch in service selling" is an example…
Ramirez de Arellano, A.B. (2009). The Case of Neurontin: Skewed Research in the Service of Selling. Retrieved November 27, 2012 from http://www.citizen.org/Page.aspx?pid=2887
Business esearch Issues
Any business that wishes to remain successful must conduct some level of ongoing research into various aspects of their business operations and effects. Microsoft is certainly no exception to this rule, and research into its level of customer satisfaction can suggest certain pitfalls that the company is endanger of falling into as well as providing clear and concrete methods by which the company can improve its sales and profitability. In order for such research to be effective, however, there must be proper controls on the validity and reliability of the data being collected and the methods of analyzing and interpreting such data. The following pages will examine specific ways by which the validity and reliability of data collected through customer surveys can be assured, and how that data can be put to direct and effective use within the Microsoft Corporation't improve its customer satisfaction levels.
Burns, R. & Burns, R. (2008). Business Research Methods and Statistics Using SPSS. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Herbst, F. & Coldwell, D. (2004). Business Research. Cape Town, SA: Juta and Company.
Landstrom, H. (2009). Pioneers in Entrepreneurship and Small Business Research. New York: Springer.
cientific and empirical research take time, and therefore detracts from the timeliness of such research. However, the truth level in such research is higher than in research that takes less time and is therefore more timely. The author points out that these are not the only factors involved in the quality of a piece, and that the purpose of publication should also be kept in mind when assessing the quality of a work. A persuasive piece of literature will therefore entail a lower level of absolute truth than a piece that addresses more than one side of an issue without bias.
This is where increasing access to sources such as the Internet provides the researcher with a valuable tool for assessing believability. Materials can for example be broadly investigated and cross-checked against others for consistency in content regarding a specific issue.
Another valuable tool, according to Kmetz, is the elements…
Kmetz, John. A Consumer's Guide to the Business and Management Literature. University of Delaware
Oulton, Tony. Management research for information. Library Management, 1995. Vol.16, Iss. 5; pg. 75-81
QNT/561 - APPLIED Business ESEACH & STATISTICS Assignments 3. Individual Assignment: A Decision Uncertainty. ead Week 3 Student oad Map scenario complete assignment. I work law enforcement, legal area.
Applied business research and statistics
Wal-Mart, the retail monolith of the United States, ended fiscal year 2010 on profits, but the stability of the profits was not primarily attributed to organizational improvements and strategic endeavors, but mostly to a general climate in which people focus on the lowest price -- Wal-Mart's core principle. As the economy revives however -- or at least shows the first signs of overcoming the recession -- easy and quick gains are no longer sustainable.
In this context, a decision would have to be made regarding the future strategic direction of the firm. In other words, the company has to decide on the best course of action to develop and implement in order to sustain its gains…
2011, Financial results WMT, Money Central MSN, http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/statemnt.aspx?lstStatement=Income&Symbol=U.S.%3aWMT&stmtView=Qtr last accessed on January 31, 2011
2011, The world factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook / last accessed on January 31, 2011
2011, Wal-Mart Stores, http://walmartstores.com / last accessed on January 31, 2011
2011, Wal-Mart Watch, http://walmartwatch.org / last accessed on January 31, 2011
Being able to merge the resources of a variety of different specialists is one strength of the Memorial Herman approach. In the future, as the interrelationship between the body and the brain, and psychological disorders and overall functioning has become an accepted part of mainstream science: studies such as these will be even more important for research institutes. Memorial Herman is clearly on the cutting-edge of the field in this regard.
Because of its impressive outreach, the hospital is also able to draw upon a wide array of specific populations, as in the case of studies such as the "Evaluation of cardiovascular effects of smoking cessation in HIV-infected patients" (Bell 2009). Few other hospitals would be able to draw from a large amount of HIV-positive patients who were smokers and willing to participate in research studies. The study may prove beneficial to the research subjects as well as to the…
About us. (2009). Memorial Hermann. Retrieved November 12, 2009 at http://www.memorialhermann.org/aboutus/
Bell, Tanvir. (2009). Evaluation of cardiovascular effects of smoking cessation in HIV-infected patients. Memorial Herman. Retrieved November 12, 2009 at http://www.memorialhermann.org/locations/texasmedicalcenter/heartandvascularinstitute/content.aspx?id=5772
Frazier, Lorraine. (2009). Interactions among depressive symptoms and genetic influences on cardiac outcomes. Memorial Herman. Retrieved November 12, 2009
Running Head: QUALITATIVE DOCTORAL BUSINESS RESEARCH ANALYSIS 1
QUALITATIVE DOCTORAL BUSINESS RESEARCH ANALYSIS 5
Analysis Role of Theory in Context of Qualitative Doctoral Business Research
Models and theories produce the basis upon which empirical inquiries are built. Empirical research is not only concerned with data variations (with respect to what is going on in the globe) but also with testing whether such data is in conformity with the theory or model (Creswell & Plano Clark, 2007). It is also our intention to progress existing theories or even come up with new ones on the basis of existing ones and on the basis of freshly acquired empirical evidence. Generally two strategies for carrying out quantitative research exist. The first strategy involves formulation of hypotheses by researchers based on previous research information and testing those hypotheses against available empirical data through a process called confirmatory research. Confirmatory research is used to…
Administration which relates to issues such as security, rules during work, holidays and vacations, office layout and services and personal record. Lastly human resources section is shouldered with the responsibility of industrial and labour relations which looks in to issues such as collective bargaining, grievance procedures and presentation of elections.
2.2 Challenges facing Human esources
According to Duncan (2005), "The identification close to eight areas which pose great challenge to the hotel industry including the five star hotels"; these are employment which includes increase in minimum wage, increasing flexibility of working hours, over dependence of foreign expatriates, employee training. As mentioned by Kim and Oh (2994), the issue of taxation that is in some cases high increases the rates of value added tax on the industry thus discouraging tourism. Environmental factors do also pose a challenge in the hotel sector for instance the banning of smoking in public places as…
Chauhan, J. 2009. Introduction to Hotel Industry. Internet.
Interaction of the Business Environment
The environment of a company is much like the natural world in that there are many layers to any single organization (Marques, 2007). Political forces are present because there are factions and beliefs within a company which cause different politics to be formed. The economics of running an organization are a different facet of the environment which many consider the most important part of the business (after all the business of business is to make money), but it is actually a piece of the larger while which is neither more important or less than any other. Very business also has a social component. All of the different relationships that occur in the wider world can be found in any large organization. Another part of the environmental whole that affects every other part has to do with the technical functioning of the business. Technology…
Laumer, S., Eckhardt, A., & Weitzel, T. (2010). Electrojnic human resources management in an e-business environment. Journal of Electronic Commerce Management, 11(4), 240-251.
Loewe, M., Blume, J., & Speer, J. (2008). How favoritism affects the business environment: Empirical evidence from Jordan. The Middle East Journal, 62(2), 259-272.
Marques, J. (2007). The influence of the global business environment in realizing the millennium development goals. Journal of Global Business Issues, 1(1), 17-25.
Ruff, F. (2006). Corporation foresight: Integrating the future business environment into innovation and strategy. Research Technology Management, 278-295.
The Head Pharmacist has worked as a pharmacist in the area for a long time, including at the small pharmacy in the medical clinic near the hospital where many doctors have their offices. As such, he is well positioned to make contacts with those doctors in order to build the reputation of our pharmacy.
The financial plan will begin with the income statement. There are two main revenue streams, being retail and pharmacy. A third revenue stream within Pharmacy will be the online ordering, whereby customers can order over the eb and have their drugs ready for pick-up, or for delivery via the courier of their choice. Such revenue will be attributed to Pharmacy, and retail products will not be included in these orders.
ith respect to costs, labor costs are expected to reflect the staffing levels. hile there will be as many as 20 staff members, there…
ACCP. (2008). The definition of clinical pharmacy. Pharmacotherapy. Vol 28 (6) 816-817.
Fein, a. (2006) How pharmacists view Wal-Mart's pricing strategy. Drug Channels. Retrieved November 12, 2012 from http://www.drugchannels.net/2006/10/how-pharmacists-view-wal-marts-pricing.html
Hellinger, F. (1995). Any-willing-provider and freedom-of-choice laws: An economic assessment. Health Affairs. Vol. 14 (4) 297-302.
Miles, M. (2011). A research note on market creation in the pharmaceutical industry. The Journal of Business Research. Vol. 64 (7) 723-727.
Also people enjoying decent salaies with huge emuneation believe that thei level of pefomance is so high that they ae woking on low salaies. (Vickes, 2005) at the time of the boom duing the 1990s because of the unpaalleled stock options, the high anked manages possessed immensely moe monetay inducement to influence the eanings epot compaed to the executives in the pevious yeas. These inducements sometimes supassed the CEO and acoss the top levels of management - a eality which suppots to descibe the paticipation of seveal of the chief financial executives in copoate scandals. (Callahan, 2004)
Apat fom the sepaate instances of insatiability and wath, U.S. business cultue also suffes fom vey sevee attention on the bottom line, an issue that pemeates into the sphee of business eseach. While a team of eseaches inspected all the empiical eseach eleased by the Academy of Management fom 1958 to 2000, it…
references they encounter, take decisions within ethical perspectives, and create and upkeep an ethical work atmosphere. (Sims, 1994) Norms of ethical behavior must be devised methodically at the apex level of management. Employees anticipate supervisors and managers to be a precept. Maybe this is the reason behind 50% of the workforce reviewed in a research supported by the Ethics Officer Association and the American Society of Chartered Life Underwriters and Chartered Financial Consultant acknowledged to behaving in an unethical manner or unlawfully at the time of job. Roughly, 60%, nevertheless, supposed that ethical predicaments cannot be evaded in carrying out business. (Jackson, 2005) lot of business analysts maintain that apex management regularly must be accountable for the performances of their sub-staff. The plan is that till the higher officers are made answerable for the unethical works of their sub-staff, organizational cultures will carry on supporting -- if tacitly-- unethical behavior that generate short-term advantages. To put it differently, the leaders at the apex level of the organization might be the most efficient manner of instilling a culture that disheartens unethical behavior. This state presumes that leadership will be contributing a lot in building an ethical organizational culture. (Sims, 1994)
Even though the support of the apex management and real dedication to an ethical atmosphere is vital, other campaigners for these types of atmosphere are required - individuals who will assume a powerful stands on the urgency for ethical behavior, standardize the actions needed to strengthen these behaviors, and help in regularly striving to move the organization in the forward direction in an ethical manner. (Sims, 1994) Managers must fix achievable targets in consonance with the team associates. Employees can be urged to channel their thought process in an ethical manner and to calculate more accurately efficient and ethical decision making. Moreover serious assurance by the management to deal with ethical concerns by giving training would assist in tackling with the matter. (Jackson, 2005)
Greater disagreements of interest contribute an important part in dealing with the matter of business ethics. In order to handle the problem of ethics, managers initially have to appreciate that disagreement of interest happens. During the year 2000, the Ethics Officer Association undertook a review of 213 members of 150 firms and revealed that the most popularly stated cause for getting in touch with the ethics office were clashes of interest, showed by 74% of respondents. Even though these types of disagreements emanate from a lot of sources, the most significant among these is management, which is recommended in an April 2003 research
usiness Marketing brand manager was quoted as saying, "You may think you define your relevant market." Comment.
rand management, as a recognized organizational objective, is attributed to Neil McElroy in 1931, who was then a junior marketing manager assigned to advertising Camay soap, and who later become Procter & Gamble's CEO. The intended purpose of brand management was to solve sales problems through the use of research to understand weakening sales in distinct markets, followed by the design and implementation of strategies to turn around these markets. Strategies used many marketing tools including advertising, pricing, promotion, packaging and displays (Aaker & Joachimsthaler, 2000). This desired objective of brand management has remained the primary role of brand managers since McElroy explicitly stated his intent in 1931. However organizations in general, and brand managers in particular, need to be aware that forces other than the strategies of brand managers will affect brands,…
Aaker, David and Erich Joachimsthaler. Brand Leadership. Brandweek. Feb. 21, 2000; 41, 8; pages 30-38.
Customer Vs. Brand Management. Brandweek. Nov. 2, 1998; 39, 41; pages 32-33.
Beckman, M. Dale, David Kurtz and Louis Boone. Foundations of Marketing. Toronto; Harcourt Brace & Company Canada, Ltd.; 1997.
esearchers have an occasion to further organizational science and to make research practical by producing information that can impact changing organizational forms and circumstances. Pragmatically, academic researchers are not likely to get access to a company that is going through change unless the practitioners believe the research will be helpful (Gibson & Mohrman, 2001).
There have been a number of calls to augment the significance and effectiveness of organizational science to companies. The usefulness challenge cannot be defined merely as getting practitioners to value and include what academics learn. It is believed that the usefulness of research depends, somewhat, on the degree to which the perspectives of organization members are incorporated in research procedures and the results are included into those members' organization design activities that take place as their company adjusts to its changing environment. esearch is more likely to be seen as useful if there are occasions for…
Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (U.S.), National Academy of Sciences
(U.S.), National Academy of Engineering & Institute of Medicine (U.S.). (2009). On
being a scientist: A guide to responsible conduct in research, (3rd ed.). Washington,
D.C.: National Academies Press. Retrieved from:
The main reason why is, is because it is inviting everyone to understand what is happening by going beyond the boundaries of traditional research. Instead, there is an emphasis on: who, what, where, when, why and how. This will force actuaries to look beyond the scope of the problem itself. Once this takes place, is the point that they can compare these findings with one another to understand the trends. This will ensure that any kind of research is taking a deeper look at the different techniques and their long-term effects. (ubin 2011, pp. 423 -- 425)
What is expected from these findings is to locate data that will help executives to minimize their risks. This is when they will have various tools for understanding the challenges affecting their firms and how to adjust with the changes that are occurring. Over the course of time, this will make the company…
Bryman, a, 2007, Business Research Methods, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Carson, D, 2001, Qualitative Marketing Research, Sage, London.
Coldwell, F, 2004, Business Research, JUTA Academic, New York.
Mahoney, J, 1992, 'The Resource-Based View', Strategic Management Journal, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 363 -- 380.
ole Of Leadership And Employees In Organizational Innovation
Organizational success in the current global environment characterized with significant challenges is highly dependent on innovation and creativity. Innovation and creativity contribute to the success of organizational interventions, thereby, contributing to its competitiveness. The current global environment is characterized by rapid adoption of new technologies, reduction in the life cycle of products, and globalization. As such, it implies the need for the organizations to become creative and innovative to compete, survive, lead, and grow in the wake of these challenges. Similarly, significant evidence shows that leadership and the employees play an important role in driving innovation and creativity within the organization. For instance, studies have shown that leadership styles such as transformational and transactional leadership styles, influences innovation, and creativity within the organization positively. However, limited knowledge on the contextual factors under which the effect occurs exists.
Similarly, empirical evidence…
Eisenbeiβ, S.A., & Boerner, S. (2010). Transformational Leadership and R&D Innovation: Taking a Curvilinear Approach. Creativity and Innovation Management, 19(4), 364-372.
Gumusluoglu, L., & Ilsev, A. (2009). Transformational Leadership, Creativity, And Organizational Innovation. Journal of Business Research, 62(4), 461-473.
Hu, H., Gu, Q., & Chen, J. (2013). How and when does transformational leadership affect organizational creativity and innovation?: Critical review and future directions. Nankai Business Review International, 4(2), 147-166.
Liao, S., & Wu, C. (2010). System perspective of knowledge management, organizational learning, and organizational innovation. Expert Systems with Applications, 37(2), 1096-1103.
Business estructuring: the case study of IBM and HP
The word "restructuring" is interchangeably used as a whole and is a universal and broad world for all sorts of substantial changes and alterations that take place within an organization. Change management, restructuring as well as reorganization are all procedures and practices that are signified by the fact that they evaluate and assess the prevailing structures with the main intent of changing such processes by means of targeted and categorical interventions. This in particular takes place within the organization during its changing aspects. The decisions which are made are evaluated and assessed with mainly high doubts as a result of the scrutiny of procedures and structures. One distinguishing aspect of all kinds of organizational change processes is the directness and sincerity of the subsequent results. Even though, it is regarding purposely designed interventions, the intricacy and complication is very extreme to…
2012 Annual Report. (2012). Retrieved from http://h30261.www3.hp.com/~/media/Files/H/HP-IR/documents/reports/2013/hp-10-kar-searchable.pdf on March 17, 2015
Applegate, L.M., Austin, R.D., & Soule, D.L. (2009). Case I-1: IBM's decade of transformation: Turnaround to growth (pp.5-38). Corporate information strategy and management: Text and Cases (8th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
Balogun, J. & Hailey, H. (2004). Exploring strategie change. London: Prentice Hall
Bohn, U. (2007). Vertrauen in Organisationen: Welchen Einfluss haben Reorganisationsmassnahmen auf Vertrauensprozesse? Eine Fallstudie
The first decision with respect to measurement scale is whether the findings will be reported on a composite scale or a summated scale. A composite scale is probably the most appropriate for this study. A summated scale is commonly used in the social sciences, and can be used to reflect people's attitudes, emotions and feelings. There are four main characteristics of a summated scale. The first is that the scale must contain two or more items. The second is that the format must be a rating scale. The third is that the scales "must be designed to assess an underlying construct that is quantifiable. The fourth is that the items do not have correct answers (Spector, 2006). A Likert scale is an example of a summated scale.
The composite scale is one that transforms the original data point. There may be just a single variable, but sometimes there…
Marcus, B. (2006). Composite measurement. Sage Research Methods. Retrieved November 18, 2015 from https://srmo.sagepub.com/view/the-sage-dictionary-of-social-research-methods/n26.xml
Spector, P. (2006). Summated ratings scale. Sage Research Methods. Retrieved November 18, 2015 from http://srmo.sagepub.com/view/the-sage-dictionary-of-social-research-methods/n203.xml
attitudes that millennials have towads food. The suvey is pat of a boade scope of eseach on behalf of a majo food etaile. The suvey will contain two pats. The fist pat will contain basic demogaphic infomation, and the second pat will contain the suvey about you food attitudes.
The esults of this suvey will be held in confidence. At no point do we equie you name. The suvey will be maked with an identification code, by which the esults will be stoed. This does not contain you name, o any othe infomation that could be used ot identify you.
The suvey contains ten questions. It should take between 3-5 minutes to complete.
What is you age?
What type of wok do you do?
What is you highest education level?
Post Gaduate Degee
What is you income?
5) What is you…
references profile of each. Again, learning about differences is important.
The dependent variables are there to learn more about how the millennial generation -- and each demographic sub-group thereof -- responds to food. In some cases, the value of the question is much to give the appearance of this being a generic survey so as not to bias the respondents. Question 7 is of high importance to the client, and will be evaluated against not only the other independent variables but the dependent ones as well. The final conclusions of this survey should the client what the profiles of millennials who are customers look like, and allow the client to crunch the numbers on how many people fit each existing customer profile, and the profiles of people who are not customers. The client is trying to determine if attitudinal shifts are responsible for either shrinking the size of its target market reducing the number of visits that its customers are making.
As part of the research triangle, Raleigh has a significant portion of its population that fits the target market. For the Farmery to succeed, it only needs to capture a small portion of the market share. This is especially true because the store has a small footprint, and has the flexibility to set up on vacant lots without the costs of either renting or developing fixed real estate. The Farmery therefore needs to focus on two or three key elements to ensure adequate market penetration.
The first of these is location. Let it not be understated that location, location, location is critical to the success of any retail business. Because food is not normally something that people are willing to travel more than a few miles for, it is important that the Farmery target a neighborhood where there is a high concentration of individuals that fit the target market. There…
Falk, T. (2012). Detroit turns shipping containers into condos. Smart Planet. Retrieved December 4, 2012 from http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/bulletin/detroit-turns-shipping-containers-into-condos/5900
Food Marketing Institute. (2012). Supermarket facts. Food Marketing Institute. Retrieved December 4, 2012 from http://www.fmi.org/research-resources/supermarket-facts
Greene, B. (2012) the Farmery. Kickstarter.com Retrieved December 4, 2012 from http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/farmery/the-farmery
Imlay, T. (2006). Challenges in today's U.S. supermarket industry. Microsoft. Retrieved December 4, 2012 from http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa479076.aspx
Business Plan for a Financial Divorce Software
Business Plan Divorce Software
Business Plan relating to the Sales of a new Financial Divorce Software.
Business Plan relating to the Sales of a new Financial Divorce Software
Keys to Success
Legal Form of Ownership
Location and Facilities
Products and Service
Ps of Marketing
Financial Statements and Projections
evenue and Cost Estimate
Forecasted Profit and Loss Statement
Forecasted Balance Sheet
Financial planning is involved in every aspect of life. Individuals and businesses have to formulate their daily, monthly, and yearly budgets in order to achieve a balance between their incomes and expenditures.…
Association of Divorce Financial Planners, (2012). Divorce Financial Planning. Retrieved on July 7th, 2012, from
Blythe, J. & Megicks, P. (2010). Marketing Planning: Strategy, Environment and Context, 3rd Edition. U.K: Prentice Hall
Cadle, J., Paul, D., & Yeates, D. (2010). Business Analysis, 2nd Edition. Swindon: British Informatics Society
Francis, P. (2010). Creating the Marketing Executive of the Future Using Key Deming Principles, Journal of Executive Education, 9 (1): 127-138
Suppliers tend to have a moderate power on the steel industry. This situation is mostly determined by the switching costs of firms in the industry. Another factor of influence on this situation is represented by the importance of volume to suppliers.
It is difficult for companies to enter the steel industry. This is because of the great investments that are required in order to produce steel products or to purchase them. The limited success to distribution is another factor that increases the difficulty of addressing this industry.
3. Market analysis
This industry is characterized by an increasing demand for steel. The business sectors that report such significant demand increase of steel are represented by: the construction, the infrastructure, and automobile sectors. Producers of steel and organizations in the field tend to focus on developing user friendly steel products. This can be achieved by developing light weighted…
1. Porter's Five Forces (2010). QuickMBA. Retrieved February 10, 2012 from http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml .
2. Steel Industry Analysis (2010). EconomyWatch. Retrieved February 10, 2012 from http://www.economywatch.com/world-industries/steel-industry/analysis.html .
The company shall have sales section, which shall be in charge of reaching market already created by the marketing team. We shall employ gorilla tactics whereby sales people are send to the client premises to discuss and delivery the service or make a deal.
The Biz online shall also have a group of sales representative based in the office. These sales representatives shall be tasked with outsourcing potential clients' telephone number and calling them. However, we intends to sale most of our services through online. Every client who would like to buy any of our services could simply login on our system and make payment through their Visa cards. Finally, Biz online intends to have a sales desk in the office as its long time objectives, to listen to clients, call clients and solve their query amicable.
This is when the overall amounts of responsibilities are limited to: the percentage of ownership of the different shareholders. As a far as control is concerned, this means that management must carefully monitor who they are hiring to work as the jackhammer operator. The reason why, is because of the possibility of the on the job injuries that are work related. Taxation issues are limited mainly to the percentage of ownership of the various shareholders. As all income from the business will be divided and reported on the individual tax returns of the business owners. The possible liability issues include: workplace injuries, negligence and the loss of income that an employee can claim (in the event they are injured). To protect itself against the different risks, the business needs to have policies in place that will monitor the activities of managers, to ensure that they are following all regulations. This…
What is a Limited Liability Company. (2011). Wise Geek. Retrieved from: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-limited-liability-company.htm
Astarita, J. (2009). Introduction to Private Placements. SEC Law. Retrieved from: http://www.seclaw.com/docs/pplace.htm
Eadie, J. (2011). Using Private Placement Strategies. Covenant Info. Retrieved from: http://covenantmfo.com/blog/2011/3/17/using-private-placement-strategies-minimize-tax-headaches
Schied, J. (2009). What Rules do Franchises have to Follow. Bright Hub. Retrieved from: http://www.brighthub.com/office/entrepreneurs/articles/55272.aspx
In addition, we might ask ourselves if the richer nations have or not a greater responsibility as far as the research and development in the area of sustainable energy are concerned. (Reid, environmentalleader.com)
elieving that there are such energy sources or consumption policies which would allow the planet's resources to be maintained for a longer period, while making sure that all the nations are provided with a comfortable living is rather naive. Under these circumstances, it has been argued that doing the moral thing means choosing the least terrible solution. The problem is that this implies a relativistic evaluation of the matter which impacts the manner in which the moral principles are conceived.
efore stepping into a debate regarding the character of the moral principles, we may state that we agree with the opinions which state that there is no such thing as objective moral principles."Ethics can be seen as…
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics (Ross, W.D. Translator). Retrieved fromhttp://socserv.mcmaster.ca/econ/ugcm/3ll3/aristotle/Ethics.pdf September 30, 2010
Hartman Laura P. & Joe DesJardins. Business Ethics Decision Making for Personal integrity & Social Responsibility, Second Edition
This is because as night club owner, you will have to deal with host of issues to include: underage drinking, noise, possible violence and drugs. All of these different situations will inevitably bring law enforcement to your establishment. (Smith, 2007, pp. 7 -- 25) This is problematic, because as a club owner you are not responsible for the actions of a few individuals. However, you do have responsibility to uphold the law and cooperate with law enforcement in achieving this objective. This means that you must be able to have some kind of people skills, in being able to work with the customers and law enforcement about these issues. In my case, seeing these situations up close and how they were successfully resolved provides me with a basic foundation for having common sense. Where, I can be able to adjust to the different challenges that could be faced when owning…
Owning Your Own Night Club. (2010). Faze Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.fazeteen.com/issue03/owning_a_bar.html
Cassovoy, L. (2009). A Look Back At History. Start Your Own Bar and Nightclub. (pp. 3 -4). Irvine, CA: Jere Calms
Smith, R. (2008). Getting Started. How to Set Up and Operate A Successful Nightclub. (pp. 7 -- 25). Iowa City, IA: Upland Publishers.
P&G has recognized that there are three pillars needed to support its sustainable development strategy. These include environmental protection, economic development, and social responsibility (MacNealy, 2007).
Summary and Future esearch ecommendations
Procter and Gamble's commitment to sustainability has been shown by its development of new products. Product development is geared towards the preponderance of consumers who would like to improve sustainability outcomes without comprising value or quality. During 2008, Procter and Gamble was able to diminish packaging waste by changing many of their standard carton packaging to a fully recyclable seal tight plastic material packaging. This modification in packaging has resulted in an 80% decrease in the amount of packaging that is being used compared to carton packaging (Lloyd, 2009).
Environmental forces disclosed by Procter and Gamble have included water usage, energy usage, carbon emissions and total waste. The company has reported that energy use at its household care plant…
Corporate Social Responsibility. (2010).Retrieved August 15, 2010, from As you sow Web site:
CSR Profile of Procter & Gamble. (2010). Retrieved August 15, 2010, from CSR Wire Web site:
Governmental CS policies do not only assist consumers or organizations, they assist both the consumer and the organization (The Impact of Government egulations on Corporate Social esponsibility - How Government Policies Shape CS, 2009).
It is often said that international environmental laws do not differ from one another. European environmental regulations are very similar to the U.S. environmental laws. The United States Environmental Protection Agency has set up a database that contains all of the contaminated lands in the U.S. This database includes existing and formerly contaminated lands. The European Union, especially France has also put into place databases to track existing and formerly contaminated lands within France. These efforts are there to protect the public from coming into contact with contaminated lands. International governmental environmental policies do not differ from one another in the fact that they all seek to protect the public and the organizations (The Impact of…
Emani, Gazelle. (2010). BP Oil Spill: 7 Secrets BP Doesn't Want You to Know. Retrieved July
19, 2010, from The Huffington Post Web site:
Freeland, Chrystia. (2010). What's BP's social responsibility? Retrieved July 19, 2010, from The
Additionally, businesses must anticipate seasonal shifts in demand when allocating and anticipating costs. A toy company cannot assume that the revenue it enjoys after a Christmas marketing a 'hot toy' will be sustained all year 'round.
In terms of taking a long-term view, a business should treat its employees in an ethical fashion. If employees are treated in a respectful manner, they are likely to perform better and show more loyalty to the organization. Additionally, if a company is found to be exploiting its employees, as was the case of Nike and the 'sweatshop'-type conditions of its offshore operations, this negative publicity can deter individuals from buying from the company. Employee costs in the long and short-term, in terms of compensating employees for overtime and giving them reasonable benefits, must also be included in the business plan. Also, the possibility of stock options, should the company incorporate, is another issue…
Business plan for starting out, 2010, Score Retrieved September 4, 2010 at www.score.org/.../Business%20Plan%20for%20Startup%20Business.doc
The value of a business plan. (2010). Striding Out. Retrieved September 4, 2010 at http://www.stridingout.co.uk/business-planning/the-value-of-a-business-plan.html
Inventory Management Strategy. In his book, Streetwise Project Management, Dobson (2003) advocates the use of a just-in-time inventory management strategy to keep inventories low and manufacturing process more productive. This approach, though, will require close coordination with a Brazilian supplier, warehousing operations, planners and forecasters, and transportation directors throughout the inventory management process. In this regard, Epps (1995) advises, that such an approach requires the efficient transportation of materials from outside vendors directly to the work-in-process area, where the required value added processes of the manufacturing operations take place, which is followed by the shipping of the finished products to the customer within a reasonable timeframe. This inventory management strategy can save manufacturers the costs of inspection, stocking, material handling, inventory tracking, carrying the inventory, and the dangers that are typically related to damage to parts and their tendency to become obsolete over time (Epps).
The just-in-time inventory management strategy…
Bolten, E.F. (1997). Managing time and space in the modern warehouse with ready-to-use forms, checklist & documentation. New York: AMACOM.
Boyson, S., Harrington, L.H. & Corsi, T.M. (2004). In real time: Managing the new supply chain. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Brazil. (2009). U.S. government: CIA world factbook. [Online.] Available: https://www.cia.
Other measures can include sanctions against foreign companies that are engaged in bribery. This many motivate the governments of those countries to take stronger measures towards eliminating bribery.
3) There are a couple of reasons I think Starbucks has been so concerned about its corporate social responsibility. One is that it helps cultivate a positive image of the company, which can help to both attract and retain customers. Another reason is that the company comes from a culture in the Pacific Northwest where philanthropy and social responsibility is more accepted in business. This cultural difference may have impacted the overall philosophy of Starbucks with regards to this issue. Also, Starbucks is a high-profile company. They open themselves up to significant negative publicity if they engage in social irresponsible acts. Maintaining a high level of corporate social responsibility is therefore a defense against potentially damaging criticism.
Starbucks' various relationships are generally…
The treatment of the undocumented workers has legal and economic implications, but is only an issue in the political arena.
Companies that hire illegal immigrants are being socially responsible. The argument that illegals suppress wages is not based on sound evidence - the jobs illegals do would otherwise be unfilled. If anything, hiring illegals is socially responsible because it gives those people an opportunity to better themselves, something they otherwise would not have had. The notion is especially absurd given that 99% of Americans received this same opportunity at some point in their own family's history. Furthermore, mankind has an obligation to look out for our fellow man. This duty transcends any sense of duty to a state or that state's rule of law.
The only small issue with regards to illegal immigrants is that with regard to legal immigrants, those who play by the rules, sometimes to their detriment.…
Carroll, Archie B. (1991). The pyramid of corporate social responsibility. Business Horizons. Retrieved October 24, 2008 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1038/is_n4_v34/ai_11000639
Another factor that must be taken into consideration is represented by the business etiquette in China. Business etiquette in this country is significantly different than that of Western countries, but it is similar to other Asian countries. The analysis of business etiquette is based on the cultural dimensions that characterize the Chinese population. Same as in the case of other Asian cultures, China has a high long-term orientation, which means that the country's population has a strong attitude on persevering. Also, there is a high level of power and wealth inequality within the society. The Chinese culture is a collectivist one, and businessmen should refer to this fact in their meetings with Chinese partners (International Business Center, 2008).
The differences between the business etiquette in China and those in other countries refer to aspects like the appearance and clothing style, the behavior at meeting, offering and receiving gifts, and communications.…
1. Import Export Flow Chart (2008). HKTDC. Retrieved August 10, 2011 from http://www.hktdc.com/info/mi/a/bgcn/en/1X002LZA/1/Guide-to-Doing-Business-in-China/2-1-Import-Export-Flow-Chart.htm .
2. China (2008). International Business Center. Retrieved August 10, 2011 from http://www.cyborlink.com/besite/china.htm .
Reasons for Failure
usiness failures have become a properly investigated field of study in the past few years as a struggling economy and an overall difficult business environment have combined to discourage potential entrepreneurs from entering the market place and to cause many existing business owners / entrepreneurs from continuing their endeavors. This interest in business failures is precipitated by the fact that the number and nature of business failures impacts negatively on the overall business climate and examining possible causes in an effort to forestall further such failures is vital to maintaining a healthy business environment. The emphasis in recent years has shifted from examining why and how businesses fail toward an analysis of how to avoid and prevent business failures.
The failed business that I chose to review was a small ice cream / restaurant in my neighborhood. The name of the business was Charlie's Ice…
Goltz, J. (2011, January 5). Top 10 Reasons Small Business Fail. New York Tmes .
U.S. Small Business Administration. (n.d.). Standard Operating Procedures. Retrieved May 25, 2011, from SBA: http://www.sba.gov/about-sba-services/
Business Function and Criticality Matrix Worksheet
Organization: Homeland Security
Critical Equipment Needs
Critical Staffing and Assignments
High Level (Pentagon, CIA, FBI, President)
External Media Liaison
Supplies needed for Critical Operations
External non-critical communications (Web site, etc.)
All other supply requests
1. Unlike a manufacturing or service company, many of the regular business processes can be put off a few days in the event of a critical issue.
2. Critical issues for Homeland Security are those that will likely affect most of the country (Natural or man-made disasters, attacks, etc.).
3. Critical issues focus on allowing the…
The office and administrative expenses would remain constant even to that point, as would the insurance expense.
Exhibit B: Cash Flow Statement, Year Two
At this point, the business is earning a healthy return and Mr. Ahn is receiving will be able to bring in a reasonable salary. The nature of the business may well change at this point. At the maximum revenue of $144,000 per year the pretax profit would be $63,600. As a result, it is likely that a clinic will be formed with other practitioners in order to minimize expenses and increase profitability.
e did not include taxes in our cash flow examples because the company is going to be set up as a sole proprietorship. This means that the income from the company will be rolled into the income for Mr. Ahn, as well as his liabilities. Mr. Ahn's personal expenses are therefore not included in…
No author (2007). Traditional Chinese Medicine. Alternative Medicine Foundation. Retrieved December 18, 2008 at http://www.amfoundation.org/tcm.htm
No author (2005). Regulation of TCM in the United States. Medscape Today. Retrieved December 18, 2008 at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/511877_7
No author (2008). HIV / AIDS, the U.S.-China Partnership for Public Health at Work, and Traditional Chinese Medicine in the U.S. Fact Sheet. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved December 18, 2008 at http://www.hhs.gov/news/facts/chinahiv.html
Census information from U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2008 at http://factfinder.census.gov/home/saff/main.html?_lang=en
Business Plan -- ocky Mountain Sports Fishing, LLC
Definition of the Market
ecreational fishing is a multi-billion dollar industry in the United States, both for salt and freshwater. Conservative estimates show that there are upwards of 30 million individuals with more than a 1-2 time/annum interest in the sport. This has an overall impact on the economy of $125 billion (Williamson, 2012). Consumer demographics show that it is primarily a male oriented event. Mobility and technology have improved the sport in the last two decades, as well as maps, surveys, and handheld sonar and GPS devices. For this reason, as an organized sport, it is chiefly an upper middle and above income sport that also may require several thousand dollars in travel expense. There are even contests for ice and sport ice fishing in the U.S. And Canada.
Sport fishing is…
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Finding a Solution to Our Camera Failure Problems at Images Studio
Images Studio is a full service photography studio offering multiple photography services. For more than 15 years, Images Studio has been capturing life's memorable moments. Our creativity, knowledge and caring, professional service provide our clients with images of the highest quality. Our clientele choose Images Studio because they can be assured we deliver on our promises of exceptional quality and service.
hile we specialize in elegant wedding photography, we also photograph family portraits, children, senior portraits, special events, executive portraiture, sports, glamour shots, high-definition (HD) video services, commercial and aerial photography. Images Studio offers both in-studio and on-location services.
Since expanding our mix of photographic services in 2007, our revenues have grown steadily with the demand for our additional services. e have accommodated this additional demand by adding personnel and equipment. By hiring two additional full-time photographers…
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