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Precis: W.J. Eccles, "Society and the Frontier."
While elementary exposure to history cloisters many in an idealistic interpretation of the past, it is the job of the academic historian to push past the nebulous tales of heroes and villains and evince a clearer illumination of actualities. While Canadian history, like many others, is filled with the protagonists and antagonists and stories of great fortune that build a nation, W.J. Eccles has pursued a career in dissuading the myths of historical reticence and injecting the old with true scholarship in pursuit of a greater base of knowledge. In The Canadian Frontier, this has never been truer. In "Society and the Frontier," W.J. Eccles provides a sound disclosure of fact and theory that knit together the nuanced truths and assumptions of Canadian history to create an accurate reflection of the development of northern frontier society.
In the entirety of his…
Ten thousand years before Europeans set foot on the vast territories now known as Canada, indigenous peoples resided there. In fact, the name "Canada" derives from a native word meaning "village." The first Europeans to land on Canadian soil were Nordic Vikings from Greenland who accidentally discovered the richly forested regions of northern Newfoundland before 1000 and set up small settlements specifically to harvest lumber for their homes in Greenland. Lief Eriksson arrived in Newfoundland in 1000, after the original Viking Greenland colony had died out. Europeans did not set foot on Canada again until the late fifteenth century, when John Cabot, an Italian explorer under British patronage, sought a trade route to the Orient. Cabot's explorations of the northern coasts of North America gave England the right of discovery over those regions. The French sent Jacques Cartier in 1534 on an exploratory expedition, securing right of discovery…
"Canada: Information Pages Dealing with Our History." Canadian Information Pages. Retrieved online 15 Nov 2004. .
"History of Canada." Wikipedia. 30 Oct 2004. Retrieved online 15 Nov 2004. .
Leeck, Beverly. "Oh Canada: History." Canadian History on the Internet. 24 Aug 2004. Retrieved online 15 Nov 2004. .
British Parliament proclaimed the British North America Act; with this, Ontario, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia were made into the Dominion of Canada. Ever since this event a number of events and trends have threatened to pull Canada apart, but ultimately held it together. Such a large, varied, and sparsely settled nation resisted any obvious prescriptions of nationalism, and often, it seemed that the differences between the people and cultures that have lived in Canada were all that mattered. Nevertheless, Canada has been threaded together with first, the expansion of the railroad; second, its successful contribution to and advancement from the pressures of orld ar; and third, its devotion to maintaining a peaceable and pluralistic existence. Superficially, Canada seems to be a haphazardly thrown together nation, in which the land and the people tend to defy any typical characterizations. Yet, it is just this diversity that grants Canada its character:…
1. Chui, Tina and Kelly Tran et al. 2005. "Chinese Canadians: Enriching the Cultural Mosaic." Canadian Social Trends, Spring 11 (8): 24-32.
2. Joyce, William W. And Richard Beach. 1997. Touching Canada. Washington D.C.: National Council for the Social Studies.
3. Leacock, Stephen. 1996. Social Criticism. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
4. Manning, Erin. 2003. Ephemeral Territories. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Thus, some suggest that the competition between the workers was crucial. More precisely "competition between high-wage white workers and low-wage Asian workers explains racial exclusion (...) labor competition was the central feature of ethnic division in the working class, and exclusion was the only viable strategy under these circumstances." (Creese, 1988, 294)
Despite this possible explanation there were other factors as well that determined the white workers to exclude Asians. However, there was a sense of lack of organization at the level of immigrant workers especially because they were considered to have no desire for such an organization. Even so, in some cases, there was also a fear of the extremist workers who were considered to be capable of radicalism (Creese, 1988, 294). Other opinions suggest that economic factors as well as ideological ones are also viable for offering an explanation. In this sense, there were irreconcilable differences in terms…
Creese, G. (1988) "Exclusion or solidarity? Vancouver Workers confront the 'Oriental Problem." BC Studies, University of British Columbia Press.
Heron, C. (1984) '"Laborism and the Canadian Working Class." Labor / Le Travail. Memorial University of Newfoundland.
Marks, L. (1991) "The Knights of Labor and the Salvation Army: religion and working-class culture in Ontario, 1882-1890." Labor / Le Travail, 28, 89-127.
Phelan, C. (2000) Grand Master Workman: Terence Powderly and the Knights of Labor. Westport: Greenwood Press.
Canadian is to be British
Between 1867 and 1914, it was said that "to be Canadian is to be British." That was both a strength and a weakness for Canada. It affected how the people in that country felt about themselves. It also affected how the rest of the world thought about Canadians. One of the reasons people believed that Canadians were British was imperialism. Canada wanted to be a successful nation. Many people who lived there thought the only way to do that was through being tied to British imperialism.
Other people disagreed, and said that Canada had to break away and be on its own.
Those people did not think Canada's ideals and beliefs were compatible with the British way of doing things. For more than 30 years, the two groups would argue back and forth about how Canada should be ruled.
Then the First World War broke…
Berger, C. (2006). "Imperialism and nationalism, 1884 to 1914: A conflict in Canadian thought." In R.D. Francis & D.B. Smith, eds. Readings in Canadian history: Post-confederation, (7th. ed.). Canada: Nelson-Thomson Learning.
Brown, C. (2006). "The nationalism of the national policy." In R.D. Francis & D.B. Smith, eds. Readings in Canadian history: Post-confederation, (7th. ed.). Canada: Nelson-Thomson Learning.
Lee, D. (2006). "The Metis militant rebels of 1885." In R.D. Francis & D.B. Smith, eds. Readings in Canadian history: Post-confederation, (7th. ed.). Canada: Nelson-Thomson Learning.
Levitt, J. (2006). "Henri Bourassa on imperialism and biculturalism, 1900-1918." In R.D. Francis & D.B. Smith, eds. Readings in Canadian history: Post-confederation, (7th. ed.). Canada: Nelson-Thomson Learning.
History Syllabus Has Us Gasping': History in Canada Schools -- Past, Present, and Future" by Ken Osborne
Canada's history as a nation goes as far back during the 10th-16th centuries, where prehistoric civilization and eventual colonization of its people happened. After the colonial period, Canada finally achieved its freedom from the ritish and French forces in 19th century, where the American Revolution and War of 1812 that occurred in the United States influenced Canada's freedom from colonial rule.
Thus, as the 20th century arrived, Canada is rebuilding its country as a nation. Social institutions were established, which includes the educational system, considered as an essential tool in developing Canada's citizens as future leaders and providers to the country's progress. After two world wars that left the whole world crippled, Canadians had once again rebuilt their nation during the years 1930s-1940s, wherein significant social changes have occurred. These social changes involves…
Osborne, K. (2000). 'Our History Syllabus Has Us Gasping': History in Canadian Schools -- Past, Present, and Future. Canadian Historical Review, 81:3.
history of the native American Indians is a long and colorful one. The first Indians arrived on the North American continent subsequent to the end of the Ice Age approximately 15,000 years ago. These early Indians arrived from Siberia as they passed through Alaska and gradually settled throughout what is now the United States. These early arriving Indians were hunter-gatherers and, as a result, they traveled freely across the vast North American continent and by 8,000 years ago had spread as far east as the eastern seaboard.
As indicated, the early Indians were hunter-gatherers and many of the tribes remained such until the early 1900's but a select few tribes began farming. The Indian tribes electing such life style were centered in present day Mexico City and by the time that this area began to be explored and settled by Europeans the farming life-style of these Indian tribes had been…
Canadian Women and the Struggle for Equality, Marsden (2012) focuses on how far women have come in the past 150 years towards gaining equality with men in terms of law, work, marriage and society. Her own position in the movement towards equality serves as the point-of-view of this socio-historical account, which covers a great many years but always with the purpose being to show that change and progress towards equal rights for women has certainly been made. The strength of the book is that it proves this time and time again, showing continuously how (though there is still some distance to cover) women of today now have more opportunities than they did a century and a half ago in Canada. One of the weaknesses of the book, however, is that it fails to reflect some of the more radical feminist action over the decades in favor of a more moderate…
Marsden, L. (2012). Canadian Women and the Struggle for Equality. UK: Oxford
For the aboriginal population of British Columbia, industrialization and capitalism threatened and later undermined traditional ways of life. Trading was soon replaced by wage labour systems. Shifting from barter to a labour market unraveled the essential social institutions of traditional aboriginal society. Potlatches once served as a "bulwark which enabled the aboriginal people to resist acculturation," (p. 252). Lutz, unlike Kealey or DeLottinville, examines the effects of colonialism on industrialization. Colonial power structures legitimized the social hierarchies that form the backbone of capitalist infrastructure.
The ways capitalism transformed traditional aboriginal society from being barter-based to being wage labour-based closely resemble the ways capitalism transformed traditional European skilled labour culture. As Kealey points out, the European artisan model of labour persisted until the Industrial evolution. Skilled labourers like coopers and smiths once apprenticed their work, entering into careers that offered a high degree of control over the means of production and…
DeLottinville, P. "Joe Beef of Montreal: Working-Class Culture and the Tavern, 1869-1889." In Canadian Working Class History: Selected Readings, pp. 190-214.
Kealey, G.S. "The Honest Workingman and Workers' Control: The experience of Toronto Skilled Workers, 1860-1892." In Canadian Working Class History: Selected Readings, pp. 112-142.
Lutz, J. "After the Fur Trade: The Aboriginal Labouring Class of British Columbia 1849-1890" in Canadian Working Class History: Selected Readings, pp. 235-259.
" (Turkstra, 2008)
VII. CHURCH & LAOR ALLIANCE ENDS
The alliance between labour and the church began to notably weaken and in 1921 the printers' strike in Toronto "was the final blow that ended the alliance between the churches and labour." (Turkstra, 2008) Turkstra states that this conflict centered around the Methodist ook Room and the refusal of the superintendent S.W. Fallis to agree to the demand of workers for a 44-hour workweek. This strike is stated to have caused "irreparable damage to the alliance between labour and the churches..." (Turkstra, 2008) the labour leaders had been willing to engage with the churches prior to the war because."..a complete rejection of the churches might have alienated potential supports. Also they would have recognized that church bodies and ministers were important models in the community and an alliance, therefore, would help put pressure on the government to pass legislation that was…
Leir, Mark (2003) the Strike as Political Protest. Online available at http://www.sfu.ca/labour/HEU,%20The%20Strike%20as%20Political%20Protest5.pdf
Turkstra, Melissa, Constructing a Labour Gospel: Labour and Religion in Early 20th-Century Ontario. Labour/Le Travail.57 (2006): 53 pars. 12 Aug. 2008 http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/llt/57/turkstra.html
Palmer, Bryan D. (2003) What's Law Got to do With it? Historical Considerations on Class Struggle, Boundaries of Constraint, and Capitalist Authority? Canadian Research Chair 2003. Online available at http://www.ohlj.ca/archive/articles/41_23_palmer.pdf
Canadian Current Events Magazine
Prduced by NAME
This article describes the grwing trend in the crprate wrld f eliminating perfrmance reviews, which many find t be ineffective and even cunterprductive. The article ntes that wrkers and managers alike ften feel that perfrmance reviews d nt measure what they are meant t measure, and that they fail t prvide
Cntinued n New Mining Activity in Alberta
Letters t the Editr
Interview with Financial Expert
Prjected Grwth in 2012
Signs f imprvement in the labr market in the United States cntinue as the rate f peple applying fr unemplyment benefits hit its lwest number since May f 2008, accrding t recent numbers released by the U.S.
Canada is a cuntry whse main exprts are hckey players and cld frnts. Our main imprts are baseball players and acid rain.…
other: 3% (2006 est.)
Unemployment rate: 8% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
Even in the second half of the 17th century did doctors prescribe apparently absurd remedies such as viper's flesh, red coral, sweet almonds, and fresh flowers for diabetes sufferers (DiabetesHealth.com). Of course, these had little effect, and sufferers were generally condemned to death. The first breakthrough before the 1920s came in the form of Dr. John Rollo, who built on the work of Dr. Dobson of Liverpool to prescribe the first relatively successful treatment of the disease: a diet that was high in fat and meat and low in grains and breads. This improved the prognosis significantly, and for the first time in history could diabetes sufferers expect an extended life.
The year 1921 saw a miraculous discovery that would change the treatment of diabetes forever (Sattley). The surgeon Frederick Banting and his assistant Charles Best were instrumental in the discovery of insulin as an effective treatment for the disease.…
Canadian Diabetes Association. The History of Diabetes. 2009. http://www.diabetes.ca/about-diabetes/what/history/
Diabetes Health. History of Diabetes: From Raw Quinces & Gruel to Insulin. http://www.diabeteshealth.com/read/1992/11/01/25/history-of-diabetes-from-raw-quinces-and-gruel-to-insulin/
Health.Savvy. A Timeline of the History of Diabetes. Feb 8, 2008. http://health.savvy-cafe.com/a-timeline-of-the-history-of-diabetes-2008-02-08/
Sattley, Melissa. The History of Diabetes. Dec. 17, 2008. Diabetes Health. http://www.diabeteshealth.com/read/2008/12/17/715/the-history-of-diabetes/
Moreover, multiculturalism is alive and well in Canada today; to wit, foreign-born Canadian citizens are "over-represented in the fields of mathematics and physical science, the health professions, sciences and technologies," Thompson concludes, as well as in the fields of engineering and applied sciences.
Boyd, Monica. 1976. Immigration Policies and Trends: A Comparison of Canada and the United States. Demography 13 (1): 83-104.
Canadian Council for Refugees. 2001. A hundred years of immigration to Canada 1900-1999:
chronology focusing on refugees and discrimination. Retrieved March 20, 2007 at http://www.web.net/~ccr/history.html.
CIC Canada. 2001. The Role of Transportation in Canadian Immigration 1900-2000. Retrieved March 20, 2007 at http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/department/transport/chap-3b.html.
Patrias, Carmela. 2000. The Making of the Mosaic: A History of Canadian Immigration Policy
By Ninette Kelley; Michael Trebilcock. The American Historical Review 105 (2): 532-533.
The Canadian Encyclopedia. 2003. Immigration. Retrieved march 20, 2007 at http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com.
Thompson, John Herd; & einfeld, Morton. 1995.…
Boyd, Monica. 1976. Immigration Policies and Trends: A Comparison of Canada and the United States. Demography 13 (1): 83-104.
Canadian Council for Refugees. 2001. A hundred years of immigration to Canada 1900-1999:
chronology focusing on refugees and discrimination. Retrieved March 20, 2007 at http://www.web.net/~ccr/history.html .
CIC Canada. 2001. The Role of Transportation in Canadian Immigration 1900-2000. Retrieved March 20, 2007 at http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/department/transport/chap-3b.html .
" (Rouillard, 1987) There was a desire to "humanize the economy" based on the value of work being "more important than capital since the individual had to take priority over the accumulation of goods." (Rouillard, 1987)
VIII. LIERAL HUMANISM & ECONOMIC PLANNING
In 1958 this liberal humanism of the CTCC "manifested itself in a new theme that appeared...economic planning." (Rouillard, 1987) Abuses of the system were corrected by the intervention of the state even though it was symbolic intervention only and it even "further directed the economy toward satisfying the real needs of individuals." (Rouillard, 1987) the CTCC gradually became nondenominational over the years and finally in 1960 the CTCC dropped 'Catholic' from its title and "all direct references to the Church's social doctrine." (Rouillard, 1987)
IX. ETHNICALLY SUMERGED SPLIT LAOUR MARKET
The work of Calliste entitled: "Sleeping Car Porters in Canada: An Ethnically Submerged Split Labour Market" (1987) states…
Calliste, Agnes (1987) Sleeping Car Porters in Canada: An Ethnically Submerged Split Labour Market. Canadian Ethnic Studies. 1987 Canadian Ethnic Studies Association.
Gindin, Sam (1987) Globalization, Nationalism, and Internationalism (1987) the Modern Era (1960-1990).
Iacovetta, Franca (1987) From Contadina to Workers: Southern Italian Immigrant Working Women in Toronto, 1947-1962. The Modern Era. (1960-1990)
McDowell, Laurel Sefton (1987)the Formation of the Canadian Industrial Relations System During World War Two. Labour/Le Travail 1987 Memorial University of Newfoundland.
The Army's Special Forces, referred to as the legendary Green Berets, consist of a unique, unconventional combat arms organization, that are considered the most versatile Special Operations soldiers in the world. Their lineage dates back more than two hundred years of unconventional warfare, including predecessors such as Francis Marion of the Revolutionary ar, the orld ar II OSS Jedbourg Teams and Detachment 101 in Burma, and the Alamo Scouts.
According to Robert Andrews, principal deputy assistant secretary of defense for special operations and low-intensity conflict, it takes two years to train some of the enlisted personnel, and longer for officers. In fact, Special Forces units "continually train to conduct unconventional warfare in any of its forms - guerrilla tactics, evasion and escape subversion." In order to learn to fight in cold weather and mountainous environments, special operators attend a two-week course at the Army's Mountain arfare School in Jericho,…
Dyhouse, Tim. (2004 February 01). 'Black ops' shine in Iraq War: the scope of U.S. special operations in the Iraq War was the largest in American military history. VFW Magazine. Retrieved July 02, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.
Kennedy, Harold. (2002 February 01). Special ops equipment: Newest -- and Oldest.
National Defense. Retrieved July 02, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.
Special Forces: History. Special Operations Recruiting Battalion. Retrieved July 02, 2006 at http://www.bragg.army.mil/specialforces/History.htm
According to Longworth, "the reason (the bank) insist on keeping inflation in line is because this is the best contribution the bank can make to a healthy economy." In other words, keeping inflation low, stable and predictable is key to keeping the economy "on the smoothest possible track for long-lasting economic growth and job creation," says Longworth. By doing this, the Canadian public and private monetary policy is able to avoid an inflationary "boom-and-bust" cycle is one of the leading causes to recessions and increased rates of unemployment. "To put it another way, the Bank's focus on inflation means that the gap between the potential and actual performance of the economy can be kept as narrow as possible."
III. The Negative Side of the Canadian Economy
On the flip side of the careful monetary policy planning is the government's fiscal policy planning, or, according to some, lack of planning. According…
Central Intelligence Agency. (2005): CIA World Factbook: Canada. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Publishing.
Fortin, Pierre. (1995). The Canadian Fiscal Problem: The Macroeconomic Connection. Atlantic Economic Journal.
Howlett, Michael and M. Ramesh. (1992). Political Economy of Canada: An Introduction. Toronto: McClelland and Steward.
Longworth, David. (2007). Canadian Monetary Policy.
The cost to its economy is greater than just lost opportunity as it extends to further damage the credibility of a relationship which the public views as suspect, in accordance with Campbell's estimation.
The oversight of international regulation is undertaken by the orld Trade Organization, which brings the globe's free trade partners together to broker affairs of economic cooperation or contract. However, this has proved to be an agency with too diluted a focus to effectively maintain balance between such partners as Canada and the U.S. Campbell addresses most of the regulatory differences between the two nations as being historical and incidental in some ways, indicating that perhaps the inconsistencies are simply in need of concentrated attention. This notion accounts for the 2005 launch of a Trilateral Regulatory Commission, partnering Canada, the U.S. And Mexico in an agreement to acknowledge a central forum for regulation of trade discrepancies. Though its…
AFX. (2006). WTO Rules Against Canada in Lumber Dispute with U.S.
Forbes. Online at http://www.forbes.com/markets/feeds/afx/2006/04/03/afx2644053.html
Anderson, a.D.M. (1995). Seeking Common Ground Canada-U.S. Trade Dispute Settlement Policies in the Nineties. San Francisco: Westview Press.
Campbell, B. (2006). Canada-U.S. Relations: Paul Martin's Dilemma. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.
Both what make up a race and how one recognizes a racial difference is culturally determined. Whether two individuals consider themselves as of the same or of different races depends not on the degree of similarity of their genetic make up but on whether history, tradition, and personal training and experiences have brought them to think of themselves as belonging to the same group or to different groups (Spickard, Fong and Ewalt, 1995).
Prejudices, stereotypes, insults, pejorative labels and other things are usually articulated in racist communications. Explicit racism helps to legitimize individual and collective action that creates and sustains inequality and oppression between social groups. The history of mankind provides thousands of examples of racist violence: genocide, colonialism, repressive immigration policies and all kinds of discriminatory behavior. This kind of racism is explicit and visible. Unfortunately, racism can also be invisible. acism is totally embedded in the social structures…
Hier, Sean E. And Walby, Kevin 2006. "Competing Analytical Paradigms in the Sociological Study of Racism in Canada." Canadian Ethnic Studies. 38(1), p83-104.
La Parra Casado, Daniel and Perez, Miguel Angel Mateo 2007, "Scientifically Correct Racism: Health Studies' Unintended Effects against Minority Groups. 2007." Language & Intercultural Communication. 7(2), p152-162.
Paradies, Yin 2005, "Anti-Racism and Indigenous Australians." Analyses of Social Issues & Public Policy. 5(1), p1-28.
"Racism." 2010. Viewed 1 April 2010,
CANADA'S ABOIGINAL PEOPLE
Suicide amongst Canada's Aboriginal People
Suicide amongst Canada's Aboriginal People
The aboriginal people of Canada have faced injustices perpetrated through colonization, cultural prejudice, and forced assimilation among many other social injustices. The perpetrators, who include the Canadian dominant population, did this without considering the aboriginal people's well-being. Therefore, in an attempt to reduce the social problems they faced, the aboriginal people taken part in habits such as alcoholism, violence, and suicide. The aboriginal youth remain the most affected, mainly because of the development of suicidal thoughts, which have driven them to commit suicide (Kirmayer, & Valaskakis, 2009). To make it worse, the aboriginal people are denied access to healthcare services, which has contributed to lack of identification of suicidal youths.
The social problems they face result to depression, and some of the people opt to take part in some life-threatening habits, for example, suicide (Lavelle & Poole,…
Baskin, C. (2011). Strong Helpers' Teachings: The Value of Indigenous Knowledge in the Helping Professions. Toronto, ON: Canadian Scholar's Press.
Blackstock, C. (2009). The Occasional Evil of Angels: Learning from the Experiences of Aboriginal Peoples and Social Work. First Peoples Child and Family Review, 4(1), 28-37.
Hart, M., Sinclair, R., & Bruyere, G. (2009). Wi-cihitowin: Aboriginal social work in Canada.
Halifax: Fernwood Pub.
istory from 1865 to te present day. To focus te researc, select six subtopics (specific events or developments related to te topic, separated in time); tree from before 1930 and tree from after.
Tere are more tan 50 million immigrants (legal and illegal) and teir U.S.-born cildren (under 18) in te United States as of August 2012. As of te last decade, most immigrants come from te following countries: Honduras (85%), India (74%), Guatemala (73%), Peru (54%), El Salvador (49%), Ecuador (48%), and Cina (43%). Approximately, 28% of tese immigrants are in te country illegally. Rougly alf of Mexican and Central American and one-tird of Sout American immigrants are ere illegally.
Te Center for Immigration Studies (Rigt Side news) finds tat immigration as dramatically increased te population of low-income individuals in te United States, altoug many immigrants, te longer tey live in te country, make significant progress. However, immigrants…
Pula, James S. "American Immigration Policy and the Dillingham Commission," Polish-American Studies (1980) 37#1 pp 5-31
Yakushko, O et al. (2008) Stress and Coping in the Lives of Recent Immigrants and Refugees: Considerations for Counseling International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 30, 3, 167-178
A Brief History of Cool Jazz
December 6, 2012, would have marked the ninety-second birthday of pianist Dave Brubeck. The nonagenarian was looking forward to performing at the Palace Theater near his home in aterbury, Connecticut. Sadly, Brubeck died of heart failure just one day shy of the celebratory concert. The concert went on as scheduled, but it was a memorial rather than a birthday party. It is what Brubeck would have wanted. Brubeck was one of the originators of a jazz style that became known as "cool jazz." He was a brilliant pianist who loved to experiment with rhythms and instrumentation in ensemble work. Brubeck never stopped innovating over his long career during which he composed symphonies, classical and religious music, ballets and film scores He valued musical integrity over commercial reward. "You never know what's going to work," he said. "You just go with what you…
Dave Brubeck Quartet. 1961. YouTube. Web. 10 Dec. 2012. .
Dryden, Ken. "Take five: The public and private lives of Paul Desmond." All About Jazz.
2 Feb. 2011. Web. 10 Dec. 2012. http://www.allaboutjazz.com/php/article.php?id=17894 >.
She has memories of "sad poverty" she wants to escape, and even though she has roots in this town, she would sever those roots and become something else.
Rose is central to the stories in this book in every way. Her point-of-view is always the one that takes control. She views herself as an outsider in Hanratty, though clearly she is not. The fact is she wants to be an outsider, and she also believes that being an outsider makes it both more possible and more acceptable for her to comment on the people she finds there, as if w=she were an anthropologist and they were only subject for study. Her role as an outsider is ironic in many ways, and while it is an assumed role, it also symbolizes the real plight of women in society, for women are always outsiders. Rose is seen to be an outsider in…
Denham, Philip. "Narrative Technique in Sinclair Ross's
As for Me and My House. Studies in Canadian Literature (2008). July 23, 2008. http://www.lib.unb.ca/Texts/SCL/bin/get.cgi?directory=vol5_1/&filename=denham.htm .
Mcgill, Robert. "Where Do You Think You Are? Alice Munro's Open Houses." Mosaic, Vol. 35 (2002). July 31, 2008. http://www.questia.com/googleScholar.qst?docId=5000644745#top .
Munro, Alice. Who Do You Think You Are?
history of the 1920's, a colorful era of tycoons, gangsters, bohemians and inventors. Areas covered include the arts, news and politics, science and humanities, business and industry, society fads and sports. The bibliography includes fives sources, with five quotations from secondary sources, and footnotes.
The 1920's are commonly referred to as the 'Roaring Twenties', an appropriate title for a decade that did indeed roar out of the Victorian Era. Gone were the corsets and up went the skirt hems as flapper girls bared their legs and speakeasies with bathtub gin dominated the nightlife.
Tycoons became America's royalties while bohemian lifestyles bore the twentieth century's most influential era of art and literature. Inventions brought us into the modern age of convenience and history making events.
The twenties began with a serious but short-lived post-war recession, following World War 1.
Yet, by the mid-twenties, business and industry had created legends that have…
Bryer, Jackson R. Edited. F. Scott Fitzgerald: Novels and Stories 1920-1922.
Library of America. September 2000.
http://classiclit.about.com/library/weekly/aa100100a.htm . (accessed 02-14-2002).
Considering the situation until recently in the country, this is a good sign for the democratization process. According to Rodriguez, the 1997-2000 Congress now ascribes 17% of its membership to women, while they also occupy 85 seats out of 500. In the United tates, only 51 out of 435 seats in the House of Representatives belong to women, which translates to a percentage of 11.5. till, Mexico is still far behind several other countries in female representation. Rodriguez however emphasizes that this number is not only important in terms of quantity, but also in terms of the work of women during the democratization of Mexico.
While it is true that Mexican women are underrepresented in institutional politics, it is also true that their participation in both institutional and non-institutional politics has increased dramatically during the last fifteen years. Indeed, Rodriguez states that women have also significantly increased their participation and…
Dobrowolsky, Alexandra. Intersecting identities and inclusive institutions; Women and a future transformative politics. Journal of Canadian Studies, Winter 2001. Online database: Findarticles.com.
Dametz, Claudia. Women's History in America. Women's International Center, 2007. http://www.wic.org/misc/history.htm
Heard, Anderw. Women and Canadian Elections. Political Science Department; Simon Fraser university. 2007. http://www.sfu.ca/~aheard/elections/women.html
Popa, Bogdan. Political Liberalism vs. Comprehensive liberalism: the problem of gender equality. www.feminism.ro/book_gender_post/part5/Bogdan_Popa.pdf
Louvigny returned to Quebec and was considered by Canadians to have ended the first Fox War. He returned to the area in 1717 to continue the policing of the Meskwaki forces, yet made little progress in making contact or forcing the provisions of the previous treaty. In later communication with the government, Meskwaki chiefs expressed their own desire for peace. During the period between 1714 and 1727, the French were able to reopen waterways and move freely throughout the areas previously hindered by the danger of Indian encounters. However, other communications between the French and the American Indians were failing. Among these, the greatest failure was the inability of the French to include the Indian groups in the agricultural settlements they had attempted, including the one at Detroit.
Though the city groups of Indians and white men did not last, the area remained secure enough for the French and Americans…
Edmunds, R. David, and Joseph L. Peyser. The Fox Wars: The Mesquakie Challenge to New France. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1993.
Hagen, William Thomas. The Sac and Fox Indians. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1958.
Jones, George O, and Norman S. McVean. History of Wood County, Wisconsin. Publication details unknown, 1923, accessed 22 October 2006; available at http://www.scls.lib.wi.us/mcm/wood_county/ .
Kay, Jeanne. "The Fur Trade and Native American Population Growth." Ethnohistory 31, no. 4 (1984): 265-287.
Criminal Justice in Canada
The Conservative Canadian Government and its "tough on crime" approach
The Conservative Government in Canada has emphasized its attitudes toward crimes by implementing a system that both deters and harshly punishes criminals in an attempt to make the country a safer place. Criminals such as child sex offenders are currently less likely to 'escape' with mild sentences and the authorities have generally been instructed to do everything in their power with the purpose to prevent serious crimes from taking place. This means that penalties have become more significant and the masses are encouraged to play a more active role in protecting the community.
The Conditional Sentencing Reform Bill is among the first principal "tough on crime" reforms that the Conservative Government has adopted since it came to power. "Proposed in 2006, the bill's objective was to restrict the availability of conditional releases (day and full parole…
Alvi, S. "Youth Criminal Justice Policy in Canada: A Critical Introduction." (Springer Science & Business Media, 2 Feb 2012)
Goff, C.H. "Criminal Justice in Canada." (Nelson Education Limited, 2007)
Kury, H., & Shea, E. "Punitivity: International Developments, Volume 3." (Brockmeyer Verlag, 2011)
Should the United States Normalize elations with Cuba?
It has been more than forty years now since Fidel Castro and his communist insurgents captured control of the Island of Cuba. Originally supported by the American government, Castro quickly lost United States backing once the communistic nature of his government became clear. The evolution did its work, and thousands upon thousands of Cubans were deprived of their property, property that was taken over by the Cuban State, and in accordance with Marxist tenets, "redistributed" among the workers. In response, huge numbers of Cuban citizens fled the country. Many settled in the United States, especially in and around Miami, where they quickly came to constitute a powerful bloc with strong influence over American policy toward their homeland. Of course, over the years, attitudes have softened. Originally cut off from all except its fellow communist nations, and from the non-aligned states of…
Augustine, Jean P.C., M.P. Secretary of State. "Speaking Notes on the Occasion of The 7th Annual Toronto-Cuba Friendship Day," Toronto, Canada: 24 August 2002.
Buaza, Vanessa. "
Comedians and Levity Have Their Limits." The Sun Sentinel. 16 February 2003.
Feehan, Colleen E. "Prague in the '90's: The Paris of the '20s?" 1995. URL:
business founded in 1867 by Andrew Saks became Saks Fifth Avenue, one of the world's top luxury department stores, in 1924. Since then, the Saks brand has been associated with top quality fashion and design. It is now owned by Canadian firm Hudson Bay Company, which acquired Saks for the tune of $2.4 billion. While the decision to purchase the Saks department store and also that of competitor Lord & Taylor might have seemed "plucky" to some, the decision reflects current consumer shopping trends in that department stores can be valuable anchors for the brand (Klara, 2014). Online shopping through branded digital stores supplements but does not take the place of traditional browsing in brick-and-mortar establishments.
The world of fashion and merchandising has dramatically changed since Saks Fifth Avenue first set up shop in New York City. Emerging markets throughout the world are paying attention to the luxury sector, and…
Bryant, Kenzie, 2014. "Saks' New Strategy: Make the Saks Off 5th Outlet 'A Mess.'" Racked. Retrieved online: http://www.racked.com/2014/1/31/7621235/saks-new-strategy-make-the-saks-off-fifth-outlet-a-mess
Klara, Robert, 2014. "Saks Fifth Avenue CMO Mark Bridges Explains Sweeping Changes." AdWeek. 4 Sept, 2014. Retrieved online: http://www.adweek.com/news/advertising-branding/saks-fifth-avenue-cmo-mark-briggs-explains-sweeping-changes-159883
Loeb, Walter, 2013. "Good News: Saks Fifth Avenue is No Longer Elitist." Forbes. 4 March, 2013. Retrieved online: http://www.forbes.com/sites/walterloeb/2013/03/04/saks-5th-avenue-no-longer-elitist/
"Saks Fifth Avenue," n.d. Business of Fashion. Retrieved online: http://www.businessoffashion.com/community/companies/saks-fifth-avenue
The British created a well-educated, English-speaking Indian elite middle class d. new jobs were created for millions of Indian hand-spinner and hand-weavers
The Indian National Congress can best be described in which of the following ways:
a. An Indian Civil Service that administered British rule.
b. A group of upper-caste professionals seeking independence from Britain.
c. white settlers who administered British rule.
d. anglicized Indians who were the social equals of white rulers.
Under the Culture System, Indonesian peasants had to Answer:
a. learn to speak and read Dutch b. plant one-fifth of their land in export crops to be turned over to the Dutch colonial government c. convert to the Dutch Reformed Church d. join large state-run farms.
Modern Vietnamese nationalism traced much of its inspiration to Answer:
a. Japanese modernization.
b. China's "Hundred Days" Reform program.
c. The U.S. Declaration of Independence.
d. British Fabian socialism.
Immigration, Spatial, And Cultural Aspects of the Canadian Pacific Railway
At the turn of the 19th century, Chinese emigration began in Canada. The Chinese saw Canada as a place for new and prosperous opportunities in order to send money and goods back to their relatives in China. Voyagers from Hong Kong to Canada would take three weeks on water. Often they left China after being poverty or destitution.
From the 1880's up till the 1920's the kind of labor the Chinese were involved in was the raw work of a beginning industrial economy. The Chinese workers were either semiskilled or skilled and worked in the British Columbia salmon canneries and sawmills. hile some worked in the factories and sawmills, still others worked farming, clearing land, or becoming shopkeepers, peddlers, or even restaurateurs. The Chinese immigrants who were unskilled, typically found work in the laundry trade.
Before the 1920's however, Chinese…
Cleveland, Jennifer, and Brittany Dewar. Connecting Canada: a History of the Railway through Rogers Pass from 1865 to 1916. British Columbia: University of Victoria, BC, 2010. Web. 22 Nov. 2013. .
Downey, Jack C. "The Chinese in Canada - The Good, The Bad and the Ugly by Jack CD Downey AKA The Gallopping Geezer." Canadian Culture- Canada's Number 1 Supportive Networking Directory - Find yourself here Canada. N.p., 2012. Web. 22 Nov. 2013. .
FCCRWC. "The Ties that Bind." MHSO - Multicultural History Society of Ontario. MHSO, 2010. Web. 20 Nov. 2013. .
"History of the Chinese in Canada." Welcome to Mysteries of Canada. Debates of the Senate (Hansard) 1st Session, 36th Parliament, Vol. 137, 2 Feb. 1999. Web. 23 Nov. 2013. .
Throughout history, police management has experienced numerous changes because of the various significant changes that have continued to occur in the society. The emerging trends have contributed to the development of new policing governance, which has had considerable implications for police management. Towards the end of the 20th Century, the governmental police reforms have contributed to an end to public policing, a claim that is regarded as extrapolated towards a certain extreme. However, in light of the changes that have occurred in the recent past, it's evident that public policing has not come to an end but that the monopoly of public policing has come to an end. As a result, the dominance of public policing that characterized the 19th and 20th centuries is no longer a characteristic of the modern era. Actually, the emerging diverse totality of public policing is a reflection of the so-called post-modern period.…
Cope, S., Leishman, F. & Starie, P. (1997). Globalization, New Public Management and the Enabling State: Futures of Police Management. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 10(6), 444-460.
"Cooperation Agreement between the Government of Canada and the European Police Office."
(n.d.). Europol. Retrieved December 8, 2012, from https://www.europol.europa.eu/sites/default/files/flags/canada.pdf
Forcese, D. (2002). Police: current issues in Canadian law enforcement. Kemptville, Ontario:
Social ork History
Like America, Canadian social work has always been about helping the poor and distressed citizens of the nation. The ideas from England had migrated to America and Canada. Both countries are based on migrants from other countries. There were many movements that developed and promoted social work and the ways that social work was implemented. The industrial revolution had left many unemployed without proper job training for the new work. Migrants were migrating from country to country and from rural areas to the cities causing cities to be overcrowded with unemployment, low wages, and homelessness.
One area that differed from American social work and Canadian social work was the way the poor and disadvantaged were viewed and the systematic investigation approach in Canada. The poor were viewed negatively by other citizens. It was felt the problems the poor had were a result of a weakness of character.…
Directory M. Articles. (n.d.). Retrieved from History of Social Work: http://articles.directorym.com/History_of_Social_Work-a1069936.html
Drover, G. (n.d.). Social Work. Retrieved from The Canadian Encyclopedia: http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/social-work systematic. (n.d.). Retrieved from The Free Dictionary: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/systematic
The oyal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (CAP) was established in 1991 to investigate the issues faced by the Canadian First Nations in terms of both their social lives and justice issues. This entity also found that the Canadian First Nations have been disproportionally represented, and concluded that the justice system has "failed" these people (Office of the Correctional Investigator, 2010). CAP also found a particular overrepresentation of Aboriginal women in the criminal justice system, while the general federally incarcerated population in the country declined by 12.5% from 1996 to 2004. For the same period, First Nations representatives in the system increased by 21.7%.
Factors that influence this population include not only discrimination and racial or cultural prejudice, but also economic and social deprivation that tend to lead to substance abuse and violence across generations, as mentioned above.
Demographic information shows Aboriginal offenders to be among the younger age groups, who…
The History of Canada Online. (n.d.). First Nations and the Justice System. Northern Blue Publishing. Retrieved from: http://canadachannel.ca/HCO/index.php/6._First_Nations_and_the_Justice_System
Office of the Correctional Investigator. (2010). Backgrounder: Aboriginal Inmates. Retrieved from: http://www.oci-bec.gc.ca/rpt/annrpt/annrpt20052006info-eng.aspx
Women in 20th Century Canadian Society: Social Conventions and Change
20th century society placed Canadian women within restrictive conventions and norms. There was a very pronounced domestic expectation placed upon women that they would have jobs or careers, but only until they married. Once married, the expectation was that they would abandon their careers to be housewives, working within the domestic sphere of the home, cooking and cleaning and tending to the general needs of the family. During this period, the expectation was that the husband and father was the man of the house and the sole financial provider or “breadwinner” for the family. Given the narrowness of existence for these women, and how limited their choices were, their reactions to this type of domestic captivity were all very diverse. Some women responded to the limiting social conventions by conforming to the expectations placed upon them, while others made great…
Direct to Consumer Advertising
HISTRY F DRUG ADVERTISING
THE DTC ADVERTISING PHENMENN
DECEPTIVE ADVERTISING - A WLF IN SHEEP'S CLTHING
CAUSE F DEATH
UTILIZATIN, PRICING, AND DEMGRAPHICS
LEGISLATIN, PLITICS AND PATENTS
LEGISLATIVE INITIATIVES REGARDING DTC
RECALLED and/or DEADLY DRUGS
In order to provide the most efficient method of evaluation, the study will utilize existing stores of qualitative and quantitative data from reliable sources, such as U.S. Government statistical references, University studies, and the studies and publications of non-profit and consumer oriented organizations. Every attempt will be made to avoid sources of information sponsored by or directly influenced by the pharmaceutical industry.
Existing data regarding the history, levels, content and growth of direct-to-consumer advertising will be examined. In addition, the industry's composition prior to and after the proliferation of direct-to-consumer advertising will be examined, with regard to market share, type of substances sold, benefits of substances sold, and…
On January 9, 2002, Dr. Darlene Jody, Vice President of Medical Marketing for Bristol-Myers Squibb, issued a manufacturer's "Important Drug Warning Including Black Box Information." The Important Drug Warning advises healthcare practitioners that "cases of life-threatening hepatic failure have been reported in patients treated with SERZONE." The manufacturer's Warning indicates that numerous persons have or will suffer liver failure, death or transplantation. The manufacturer's Warning also indicates that the current estimate of the rate of liver failure associated with Serzone use is "about 3-4 times the estimated background rate of liver failure." A new Warning is being added to the Serzone prescribing information, advising that "patients should be advised to be alert for signs and symptoms of liver dysfunction (jaundice, anorexia, gastrointestinal complaints, malaise, etc.) and to report them to their doctor immediately if they occur." According to Warnings, Serzone should be promptly discontinued if signs or symptoms suggest liver failure.
Vioxx belongs to a class of drugs known as COX-2 inhibitors. When the drugs were introduced a few years ago, COX-2 inhibitors were thought to be safer and more effective than other drugs such as Aspirin and Ibuprofen. However, several studies have questioned the cardiovascular safety of Vioxx. Studies indicate that people taking Vioxx have four times the risk of a heart attack.
In May 2002, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published a Talk Paper about new label warnings for the popular arthritis and pain drug know as Vioxx (rofecoxib). The new label warnings are based on the results of the Vioxx Gastrointestinal Outcomes Research (VIGOR). According to the FDA, recent studies demonstrate that Vioxx is associated with a higher rate of serious cardiovascular thromboembolic adverse events (such as heart attacks, angina pectoris, and peripheral vascular events). Based on the recent study, the FDA agreed with the Arthritis Advisory Committee recommendations February 8, 2001 that the label for Vioxx include gastrointestinal and cardiovascular warning information. Serious side effects attributed to Vioxx are heart attacks, seizures, strokes, or liver/kidney problems. http://www.recalleddrugs.com
Ritalin: The Case History of a Drug
One of the most noticeable and prevalent disorders occurring in children is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is commonly diagnosed when the child begins to attend school or kindergarten, and occurs in 3 to 5% of the population. A chronic condition, it normally carries over into adolescence and perhaps into maturity as well. ADHD children can be hyperactive, inattentive, distractible, aggressive and impulsive, and as a result tend to do poorly in school and present behavioral problems both in academic, social and familial settings. ADHD adolescents, in addition to the above-mentioned difficulties, may be disposed toward delinquency and involvement in car accidents and substance abuse. Co-occurring disorders such as conduct disorder, anxiety and depression tend to exacerbate both the symptoms and the difficulty of treating ADHD. (Hyman, 2000)
Unfortunately there is no single diagnostic test to establish ADHD, and the etiology of…
American Chemical Society press release, March 22, 1999. "Improved Ritalin offers smaller doses and fewer side effects." [Online]. Retrieved January 11, 2003 at http://www.hypsos.ch/presse/improvedmph.htm
Attention Deficit Disorder Help Center. "Ritalin effects and ADD ADHD medicine side effects." [Online]. Retrieved January 4, 2003 at http://www.add-adhd-help-center.com/ritalin_side_effects.htm
Cantwell, D.P. "ADHD through the life span: the role of buproprion in treatment." J. Clin Psychiatry 1998; 59 Suppl 4: 92-4.
Colacot, T.J. "An overview on the applications of Doyle catalysts in asymmetric cyclopropanation and CH insertion reactions," Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Chem. Sci.) June 2000. Vol. 112, No. 3: 197-207.
"In the Nordic countries multitasked family policy system helps families to reconcile family life and employment" (Forssen, 2000, p.16). The stresses and strains of the Canadian system are; therefore, largely absent from the Nordic system. Canada's system of social welfare, being largely after the fact, does not possess the same prescriptive effect as Scandinavia's program's of paid family leave, paid childcare, income redistribution, and so forth. The Nordic nations seek to prevent the problems arising by altering the fundamental situation of children's upbringing and family life.
Naturally, physical and mental health play major roles in relative rates of poverty. Canada is lucky, at least, to have a system of universal free medical care that ensures that children, as well as adults, receive a wide range of health services regardless of income. The system provides Canada's children with a safety net that is largely absent in the United States, and which…
Barlow, M., & Clarke, T. (1996, July 15). Canada - the Broken Promise: In the Interests of a Greater Globalism, the Downsizing of a Nation's Heart. The Nation, 263, 23+.
Covell, K., & Howe, R.B. (2001). The Challenge of Children's Rights for Canada. Waterloo, Ont.: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.
A aspx?e=This high only is not only being threat for Us economy but also for others too it has touches the boom although it has start coming back down little but still it is a threat for economy recently Dalton MCguinty calls at the bank of Canada as it is damaging their province they said that this has harm their province much more than the western Canada so its time to take benefit of interest rate reduction in additional words they should do something which will formulate Canadian dollar less attractive in international market. There is a firm believe that this high rate can not only damage economy of any one province but it can do similar for entire Canada so federal government should do anything which can make it comes beneath control while on other hand some people believes that this boost Is making Canada more powerful as compare…
CBC news, "What's behind the soaring Canadian dollar," May 2, 2006, ( http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/dollar_cdn/ ).This article tells us about history of Canadian dollar rate and factors which are responsible for raise in Canadian dollar and what are its positive and negative effects.
Nfreview.com, " Soaring Canadian dollar hits U.S. 1.10strong loonies put heat on bank to cut rates," November 7, 2007, (http://www.nfreview.com/ArticleDisplay.aspx?e=767394&auth),in this article we can read reviews of different peoples what they say and think about this increase in Canadian dollar it also tells its negative effects.
Yahoo news, "Harper express concern over rapid Canadian dollar rise," ( http://ca.news.yahoo.com/s/reuters/071107/canada/canada_dollar_harper_col_1 ),this article represented on whom claim of this goes on.
Cbcnews," soaring dollar a threat to Canadian economy," ( http://www.cbc.ca/canada/toronto/story/2007/11/08/tto-dollar.html?ref=rss ),here we can read that too much increase in Canadian dollar is taken as a threat to Canadian economy.
In 2004, a Ten-Year Plan to Strengthen Health Care was announced, primarily intended to improve access to medical services, decrease wait times, and update medical equipment and ensure accurate reporting and enhance public health promotion and prevention programs. Shortly thereafter, the Canadian Supreme Court affirmed the nation's health care philosophy and the immediate need to implement further improvements envisioned by the ambitious 2004 plan in striking down a Quebec law that had prohibited private medical insurance for covered services:
The evidence in this case shows that delays in the public health care system are widespread and that in some serious cases, patients die as a result of waiting lists for public health care...In sum, the prohibition on obtaining private health insurance is not constitutional where the public system fails to deliver reasonable services."
According to legal experts, the decision could "open the door to a wave of lawsuits challenging the…
Canadian Medical Association Journal.
1939 September; 41(3):
Chaoulli v. Quebec: Judgments of the Supreme Court of Canada Accessed, September 2, 2007, at http://scc.lexum.umontreal.ca/en/index.html
Kraus, C. (2005) Canada's Supreme Court Chips Away at National Health Care.
Chinese and Canadian Negotiation Styles
When dealing with businessmen globally, it's critical to be aware of the cultural beliefs and values that shape their negotiation style and business behavior. This is imperative for successful and positive business relationship because not all cultural foster similar beliefs and hence there can vast differences in negotiation styles. These differences become more pronounced as we move from west to east because while most western countries may have few things similar in terms of culture and education, the same is not true for eastern countries. In this paper we shall compare the negotiation style of Chinese and Canadians. This will help us understand what a business person from the west need to know about the Chinese business communication style in order to be successful in their relationship with them.
Negotiation refers to the process where two or more parties communicate with each other in order…
Graham J. And Lam, M. 2006 The Chinese Negotiation. Harvard Business Review.
Silverman, J. (1997). Doing business internationally. New Jersey: Princeton Training
James, D. (2003) Communication guide lines for doing business in Asia
What Israel Offers Today in General
Israel offers a great plethora of historical and religious sites. It also offers beach resorts, archaeological tourism sites, heritage tourism sites and ecotourism. Israel now has the highest number of museums of any country per capita in the world. Most of the countries tourists visit from the U.S., Canada, rance, Russia, the UK, Russia, Germany and Italy.
Jerusalem -- the Main Attraction
Jerusalem has some 3.5 million tourist arrivals annually. One of the oldest cities in the world, it is the capital of Israel and largest city of Israel if the area and population of occupied East Jerusalem are included. The city is holy to 3 major religions, including Judaism, Christianity and also Islam. Most important is the Temple Mount site of the ancient Temple in Jerusalem with the Western Wall at its foot and with the Dome of the Rock, Al-Aqsa Mosque and…
February 27, 2012
Future Projects-"Hot" Information List
In coordination with other countries' tourism departments, we have a link sharing service on the Israeli Department of Tourism website and our related social media sites in Facebook, Twitter and Myspace. Given our past happy history of sharing, we would like to offer this service to you where we would offer to feature top links in Canadian on our sites in exchange for your doing the same on Canadian Department of Tourism sites. Giver the growth of social networking especially, we feel that this approach has incredible potential for mutual tourism promotion, since many tourists visit certain countries on a regular basis. They then will share these links and information with their friends and family in a natural word of mouth advertising campaign. Please consider becoming part of this promotional project. Its success depends upon your help and our mutual cooperation will help your department, just as we have worked together so profitably in the past. Please refer to www.goisrael.com for more information about this project. Thank you for your attention.
Many people fear that hollandaise, because of its opaque color is used to conceal tainted meat, or old fish, and there are concerns about food poisoning if white sauces are allowed to stand too long. Raw or uncooked eggs can transmit salmonella and other diseases, and diners may wish to make sure that they only consume well-cooked eggs. The poached eggs of Eggs Benedict pose another problem for this resistance to uncooked or undercooked eggs. Also, in today's fast-paced society, breakfast and brunch foods are less popular than in the past and many people are simply not familiar with hollandaise sauce, except as mayonnaise in sandwiches or as the cheese component of fast food breakfast sandwiches. Learning how to handling dairy-based sauces with proper precautions as well as techniques are essential for all chefs. hen menu-planning, there are also dietary concerns related to the heavy fat content in the sauce.…
Hollandaise Sauce." Gourmet Sleuth. 2007. 18 Dec 2007. http://www.gourmetsleuth.com/recipe_hollandaise.htm
Hollandaise Sauce." (2007). Hollandaise Sauce United Kingdom. 2007. 18 Dec 2007. http://www.hollandaisesauce.co.uk/
Karpf, Josh. "Recipes." Eggs Benedict New York. 2007. 18 Dec 2007. http://www.echonyc.com/~jkarpf/eggs/what.html
Stradley, Linda. "History of Sauces." What's Cooking America? 18 Dec 2007. http://whatscookingamerica.net/History/SauceHistory.htm
Disparity and Discrimination
The history of criminal justice and race.
The racial makeup of the criminal justice system.
The misunderstanding between discrimination and disparity.
How disparity and discrimination are addressed in the criminal justice system.
The difference between discrimination and disparity.
scholarly articles - each addressing an aspect of criminal justice.
How race and disparity are seen in the criminal justice system.
How race and discrimination are seen in the criminal justice system.
The treatment of criminals regardless of race.
An examination of the information collected from the articles.
Information regarding what the information means to the criminal justice system.
How to help the criminal justice system deal with race appropriately.
How discrimination can be avoided in favor of naturally-occurring disparity.
The future of discrimination and disparity in the criminal justice system.
What can be done to improve race relations when it comes to criminal justice.
Binswanger, I.A., Redmond, N., Steiner, J.F., & Hicks, L.S. 2011. Health disparities and the criminal justice system: An agenda for further research and action. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 1-10.
Crutchfield, R.D., Skinner, M.L., Haggerty, K.P., McGlynn, A., & Catalano, R.F. 2009. Racial disparities in early criminal justice involvement. Race and Social Problems, 1(4): 218-230.
Davis, A.J. 2008. Racial fairness in the criminal justice system: The role of the prosecutor. 39 Columbia Journal of Human Rights Law Review 202: 202-230.
Garland, B.E., Spohn, C., & Wodahl, E.J. 2008. Racial disproportionality in the American prison population: Using the Blumstein Method to address the critical race and justice issues of the 21st century. Justice Policy Journal, 5(2). 1-42. Retrieved from http://www.cjcj.org/files/racial_disproportionality.pdf
External references, even to source material that is not online such as printed documents, would tremendously boost the credibility of the Web site. Even so, the author does not claim to be a scholastic resource.
One of the strengths of the "European and Asian History" Web site is its objectivity. The author presents the historical information dryly and without opinion, and there is no noticeable bias. In fact, the information is listed as simple chronological tidbits as opposed to sentences. The Web site is informative and not analytical. Without a main thesis, Garneau's information is more encyclopedic than it is essay-like. Bias can therefore be avoided, as Garneau is not proving a point or persuading readers. What Garneau's site lacks in academic credibility, it makes up for in evident objectivity. No broad assertions or conclusions are being made.
"European and Asian History" includes few external links and therefore few links…
Third is a series of passwords and personal information chosen by the customer. On top of this they guarantee customers that if they are victims of fraudulent activity on their Egg accounts, any losses are covered in full. "This has never happened," says Andrew. "There has never been any breach of internet security." ("- -- : Safety Net for" 2001:44)
Again internet and bank security are largely overexagertated yet they are occurring more frequently all banks and many other institutions are taking daily active precautions to reduce risk to customers and they are largely successful in doing so Electronic banking can take many forms. A recent trend that is a direct threat to banks is the development of e-money which takes the jurisdiction of stored financial value away from banks. The trend is growing as an alternative way in which to do online commerce transactions without utilizing bank systems including…
Figure 5 Online Banking and Ecommerce in Europe (Meyer 2006: http://www.dbresearch.com/PROD/DBR_INTERNET_EN-PROD/PROD0000000000196129.pdf )
Figure 6 Security Breech Experience is Rare in Europe (Meyer 2006:
Car travel may also pose a threat if gas prices continue to 'idle' or decline as the economy worsens.
Do its customers have special requirements?
In response to consumer demand and a shifting political climate, Bombardier has tried to incorporate sustainability into its business model to a greater degree. Providing rail travel in a way to reduce the planet's and the company's carbon footprint has become a core part of its mission ("Corporate responsibility," Bombardier, 2009)
Bombardier is organized into two separate sections, rail and aerospace, both of which have a presence worldwide.
Current financial analysis
The company's financial performance is strong. On January 31, 2009 Bombardier "showed improvements in revenues, profitability and a robust cash position. Revenues increased by 13% to reach $19.7 billion" and Bombardier Transportation specifically "Bombardier Transportation's revenues totaled $9.8 billion, an increase of 25% over last fiscal year" ("Bombardier, Marketwire, 2009).…
"About us: History." Bombardier. May 16, 2009.
"Bombardier Announces Extended Range Option for Learjet 40 XR Aircraft." Webwire.
May 13, 2009
Undeclared War in the Atlantic
America's move to escort convoys into the Atlantic meant America was ready to enter undeclared naval war with Germany during World War II, and yet these very actions have been subject of many criticisms. That is, many claimed it happened because during the time of this war, the oosevelt administration did not establish clear defense tactics that would have defended the U.S. during war. The United States may have been a sitting duck until a time when it was attacked. Some claim the U.S. security was deeply influenced by what was going on elsewhere in the world. For example, if Britain were to crumble under the weight of war, then the Axis powers would essential control the resources of the entire Old World. The New World would then be living in war. This paper discusses more about the United States' undeclared war against…
Bailey, Thomas A. & Ryan, Paul B. 1979. Hitler vs. Roosevelt: The Undeclared Naval War.
New York: Penguin.
Kershaw, Ian. 2007. Fateful choices: Ten decisions that changed the world. 1940-41. New York:
Penguin, p. 624.
Cornlius Ryan, one of the finest writers of the history of World War II, was born in Dublin in 192. He worked as a correspondent from 1941 to 1945 and covered stories of the battles in Europe for Reuters and the London Daily Telegraph and in the final months of the Pacific campaign.
The first book written, published in 1959, was The Longest Day, that sold four million copies in twenty -seven editions and later in 1962 a film was made on it. However, it is said that The Longest Day was originally published in 1959 and since then it ahs reprinted several times.
Furthermore, another book was published in 1966 The Last Battle, while in 1974, he finished his third book A Bridge Too Far, though at the same time he was undergoing treatment for cancer that killed him in 1976.
Moreover, he was the author was a native…
Solidarity (Solidarnosc) Movement in Poland Led to the Collapse of Communism in Poland
History has shown time and again that when people are subjected to inordinately oppressive conditions long enough, they will rise up and slay their oppressors, literally or figuratively, and this is precisely what happened in Poland during the 1980s. This paper provides an analysis of the Solidarity (Solidarnosc) movement in Poland that led to the collapse of communism in Poland. A description of the events that led to the growth of the Solidarity movement is followed by the identification and an analysis of the events that followed Gorbachev's policy of political pluralism in Poland. Finally, an evaluation of the relative success of democracy and capitalism in Poland after the end of the Cold War is followed by a summary of the research in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
In retrospect, the events that led up to the…
Magner, M. (2005, March-June). Civil society in Poland after 1989: A legacy of socialism?
Canadian Slavonic Papers, 47(1/2), 49-55.
Poland. (2013). World factbook. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library / publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pl.html.
Poland economy. (2013). World factbook. Retrieved from
Their respective roles were regarded as complementary, and both were necessary for the maintenance of society" (Joy, n.d.).
There is a sense of evolution in the position of the Jewish woman in the sense that in time they came to be given certain rights to be part of the society and not only as part of the family environment. However, even so "as the roles of women came to be socially constructed, women's human contributions appeared to be of less significance" (Joy, n.d.). Therefore, it is rather hard to consider the Jewish woman as being equal to the man, particularly because the nature of their relation was one based on environments of manifestations which could not be compared.
Nonetheless, although women were considered to be of limited use in the traditional way of perceiving life and they were seen as equal only through the perspective of the role they played…
Berstein, Serge, and Milza. Pierre. Histoire de l'Europe. Paris: Hatier, 1994.
Dickerman, Lysander. "The Condition of Woman in Ancient Egypt." Journal of the American Geographical Society of New York, Vol. 26, No. 1 (1894), pp. 494-527.
Furseth, Inger. "Women's Role in Historic Religious and Political Movements." Sociology of Religion. 2001. 3 April 2008 http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0SOR/is_1_62/ai_73692411
Geffen, Rela M. Celebration & Renewal: Rites of Passage in Judaism. Jewish Publication Society, 1993.
The book the Divided Ground: Indians, Settlers, and the Northern Borderland of the American evolution by Alan Taylor is an engrossing and enlightening book of Native American history and perspective. It masterfully investigates the transition of the alliance of the Six Nations, (Iroquoia) from a cohesive nation with a central borderland, to the division into two, bordered lands, which transformed into New York State in America, and the Upper Canadian province in Canada. It shows this division from differing perspectives, and highlights how the Natives were mishandled, abused, and robbed of their traditional tribal lands through broken treaties, ignorance, and sometimes abhorrence.
The book centers on two historic friends who turned into bitter enemies, Mohawk Indian Joseph Brant, and white Samuel Kirkland, a clergyman's son. They were schoolmates at a school training them to teach and work with the Indians, but Kirkland became a revolutionary supporter, while Brant…
Taylor, Alan. 2006. The Divided Ground: Indians, Settlers, and the Northern Borderland of the American Revolution. New York: Alfred a. Knopf.
Reduced overhead is good news for cash-conscious consumers, but bad news for hotel staff, although some former front desk employees may be promoted 'laterally' to other parts of a company.
However, subsequent IT security and maintenance demands may offset some of these cost savings. "Self-serve applications such as the Fairmont's kiosk are different from desk applications because they have to run 24/7. Once deployed, there are no ways to intervene. The kiosk can't be automatically restarted, so it needs to be a rock-solid, robust device" (Lombardi 2005). The security system must be constantly monitored for possible infringement: "The kiosks are sitting on a secure network, and we're also running EP security, a wireless encryption protocol. That's not 100 per cent bullet proof, so there's another server-based layer of security which authenticates transactions as well as providing another level of encryption" says the Fairmont (Lombardi 2009).
Kiosks can be tailored to…
Chakravorty, Jui. "Self-service hotel check-in to increase." Reuters. March 16, 2005.
November 23, 2003.
Lombardi, Rosie. "Fairmont enhances customer service with self-service kiosks.
ship called the MV Sun Sea carrying 490 asylum seekers from Sri Lanka, was intercepted off the B.C. coast. The arrival of these Tamil migrants sparked a controversy as to how Canada should receive Tamil and other potential refugees fleeing Southeast Asia. On one side of the controversy, Canadian officials voiced concern that the migrants could be criminals and terrorists, and should not be allowed to enter Canadian borders. On the other hand, these accusations could have been utterly baseless, originally espoused by the Sri Lankan government for the purpose of deflecting international attention from their human rights abuses. Indeed, screenings of 76 Tamil migrants who arrived from Sri Lanka in October 2009 revealed that all were eligible to claim political refugee status, despite rumors that they might have had criminal ties. The recent debate regarding whether to accept the Tamil migrants on the MV Sun Sea was reminiscent of…
Human rights organizations have reported that in spite of official denials throughout the 1980s through the present, the government has initiated political killings, abductions, and armed clashes with the Tamils. Currently, the UN is investigating thousands of unresolved disappearances of innocent civilians there. The separatist resistance group, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), which formed in opposition to government repression, have also violated human rights and engaged in terrorist acts, mostly within Sri Lankan territory. Nonetheless, it is dangerous and irresponsible for the Canadian government and media to espouse speculative rhetoric that Tamil migrants are terrorist or have links to al-Qaeda.
Like the Tamils of Sri Lanka, the Ghadar was an organization founded by Punjabi Indians in Canada with the aim to liberate India from oppressive British colonial rule. The movement began with a group of immigrants who settled in Canada. It is important to note that migrants and migrants from Southeast Asia have been an integral part of Canada's culture and history for over a century, although they have faced long-standing resentment and prejudice from our white majority. For example, around the time of the 1914 arrival of the Komagata Maru at Vancouver, which carried Indians escaping the oppression of British colonial rule, British Columbia passed stringent laws discouraging Indians from immigrating to Canada. Indians were also denied the right to vote, prohibited to run for public office, serve on juries, and were not permitted to become professionals. Many race-based laws were enacted against Japanese and Chinese nationalities, who were also immigrating in large numbers to abandon challenging circumstances at home. At the same time, however, massive numbers of white European immigrants were welcomed into Canada. White Canadians seemed to specifically fear that darker-skinned people would take their jobs, a fear that may remain today.
However, there is one example of white refugees who were refused entrance into Canada pursuant to anti-Semitic fear in the years leading up to World War II. Approximately 900 German Jews fleeing persecution on 1939 the ship, St. Louis, were forced to return to Europe, where most of the passengers were later killed in Nazi concentration camps.
Hughes proceeded to institute a system of "Confusing Military Structures," the www.CDNMilitary.casitecontinues. Battlefront unites were "constantly formed, disbanded, reformed and disbanded again"; and as though that wasn't enough, the Ross Rifle issue was another problem that Hughes' legacy is left with, according to the site. One army driver is quoted as saying, "To hell with the [Ross Rifle]. I'll take a club." In fact, Ross did not fully understand why soldiers objected to the use of the Ross Rifle, the military eb site claims, because even though Hughes "dressed up like a military officer while being Minister of the Militia," he was "nothing more than a civilian...and never did have to use the rifle in combat" (www.CDNMilitary.ca).
And the Ross Rifle wasn't the only snag in Hughes' pursuit of innovative wartime materials and technologies, the CNDMilitary site claims. Indeed, the "MacAdam shield-shovel" - termed a "Canadian-designed miracle" by Hughes, who…
CDNMilitary.CA. 2002. "The Canadian World War One Mobilization: A Complicated
Matter." Retrieved March 15, 2009, at http://www.cdnmilitary.ca/index.php?p=20.
Cook, Tim. 2004. "The Madman and the Butcher: Sir Sam Hughes, Sir Arthur Currie,
And Their War of Reputations." The Canadian Historical Review 85 no. 4, 695-719.
Social Economic and Political Significance of the Military Establishment of New France
This paper presents an analytic review of the article titled the "Social, Economic and Political Significance of the Military Establishments in New France" by Eccles. The paper critically examines various aspects of this article including its strengths and weaknesses in addressing the main issues in addition to establishing important relationships with other scholarly articles and works in the field. The article begins by exploring the socio-economic spectrum of New France which provided the basis for the military establishments. It is perhaps prudent enough to take a general overview of New France so as to get an understanding of what the article is all about.
New France was an area in North America that was colonized by the French for a period of over two hundred years, beginning in 1534 when French explorers toured the Saint Lawrence River until…
Addall, T., Halifax Warden of the North, McClelland and Stewart; 2003
Armstrong, Frederick. Handbook of Upper Canadian Chronology; Dundurn Press.1985
Axelrod, A., Blooding at Great Meadows: young George Washington and the battle that.... Running Press, 2007
Boose, W. Over the beach: U.S. Army amphibious operations in the Korean War. Combat Studies Institute. 2008
Many considered horses a source of power and social activity, as well as pride and prestige within Canada (Hedley, 1988). Horses enabled mechanization of many agrarian tasks and changed the way many farmers and other rural citizens underwent daily living. esearchers have continually explored the ways horses have transformed society both from a cultural and environmental standpoint.
Significance of Study
Hedley (1988) points out that it is vital to understand the extend and ways the "practices of agrarian households are constrained through their involvement in commodity" and through the emergence of new tools or practices (p. 67). Many people fail to realize the significance of seemingly small events such as the arrival of horses into agrarian lifestyles and rural developments in the 1800s.
At present there is relatively little research that has been conducted related to the impact the arrival of horses have had not only on farm households but…
Crowe, H.S., McNaught, Kenneth & Reid, J.H. A source book of Canadian history:
Selected documents and personal papers. Toronto: Longmans Canada, 1964.
Hambleton, Josephine & Lanctot, Gustave. A history of Canada: Volume one from its origins to the Royale Regime, 1663. Toronto: Clarke, Irwin, 1963.
Hedley, M.J. "The peasant within: Agrarian life in New Zealand and Canada." Canadian
Particularly post war era women entered the workforce in huge numbers but there were many hindrances in their way as they tried to secure their credit. They had to found for the ownership of property as well as equal right to employment opportunities and salary. The idea of women being spender in the house also strengthened. As a result of reforms in the society women became powerful economically and socially.
eligious leaders were of the opinion that "religious principles should be broadened so as to include 'all useful social theories' lest Christianity be left behind in the onward march of society." (Charles Howard Hopkins, 1940. P.32)
As envisaged by the Christian religious leaders, the office of deaconess declared that women can a deaconess, with the provision that she holds right spirit and the appropriate training (Golder, 1908) yet the best role for her lies under the institution of marriage.
Charles Howard Hopkins, "The Rise of the Social Gospel in American Protestantism 1865-1915" New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1940, p. 32.
Charles Howard Hopkins, "The Rise of the Social Gospel in American Protestantism 1865-1915" New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1940, p. 32.
Chatman, S.. "Discourse: Non-narrated stories. In S. Chatman (Ed.), Story and discourse: Narrative structure in fiction and film" (pp. 146-195). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. 1978
Christian Golder, "History of the Deaconess Movement in the Christian Church" Cincinnati, OH: Jennings and Pye, 1908. pp. 527-528.
It is in this way that fiction from female aboriginal Canadian writers both empowers the authors and their people and brings to light better understandings of what native Canadians have faced and must continue to face. One native scholar on the subject has been quoted as saying, "our task…is two fold. To examine the past and culturally affirm toward a new future" (Armstrong, in Acoose 227). It is not simply a rumination on past injuries that this literature provides, but a way of analyzing the past that allows for forward movement.
It is also impossible to consider the literature produced by members of this community as pure fictions, but rather some historical knowledge is necessary to fully appreciate the intricacies and events of stories like in Search of April Raintree. The largely negative nature of the events of the novel and the rapidity with which they take place is easily…
Acoose, J. "The Problem of 'Searching' for April Raintree." In Search of April Raintree. Winnipeg: Penguis Publishers, 1999.
Groening, Laura Smyth. Listening to Old Women Speak: Natives and alterNatives in Canadian Literature. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2004.
Mosionier, Beatrice Culleton. In Search of April Raintree. Winnipeg: Penguis Publishers, 1999.
Perreault, Jeanne. "In Search of Cheryl Raintree, and Her Mother." In Search of April Raintree. Winnipeg: Penguis Publishers, 1999.
Courchene (2004) also discusses the changing nature of relations between federal Canada and Quebec and suggests that increasing cooperation has become a new vision that is now being explored. Brown (2003) takes particular note of the actions being taken in Quebec, and he notes that the Quebec Liberal Party (QLP) issued a paper "calling for a new federalism 'de concertation et de cooperation,' consisting of a better effort to manage global interdependence, a respect for the federal spirit (i.e. respect for provincial jurisdiction), a better fiscal balance between the federal and provincial governments, and more concerted interprovincial cooperation" (Brown, 2003, p. 6). In terms of how the Copuncil of the Federation, Brown finds that this may be little more than a continuation of the Annual Premiers' Conference under a different name, or it could lead to a return to the earlier practice seen in the Mulroney era when annual…
Brown, D.M. (2003). Getting Things Done in the Federation: Do We Need New Rules for an Old Game? Institute for Research on Public Policy (1).
Burelle, a. (2003). The Council of the Federation: From a Defensive to a Partnership Approach. Institute for Research on Public Policy (3 English).
Cameron, D. & Simeon, R. (2002). Intergovernmental relations in Canada: The emergence of collaborative federalism. Publius 32, 2, 49-70.
Chennells, D. (2001). The Politics of Nationalism in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
" Indeed, Lawrence most eloquently states that a constitution on a mere piece of paper will not serve Nova Scotia and that the only constitution worth its weight is one that is "written upon the hearts of the people." Lawrence concludes by stating that "Our liberty, once taken away, may never return." Lawrence is highly opposed to the losses in freedom that the Confederation would represent for Nova Scotia.
III. SPEECH by CHRISTOPHER DUNKIN-CANADIAN HOUSE of PARLIAMENT
The speech of Christopher Dunkin in the Canadian House of Parliament in February 1865 relates that the Confederation which has been proposed includes seventy-two resolutions and that these in actuality affirm way beyond another "seventy-two propositions, connected with almost every principle known to have reference to the theory and practice of popular government." Dunkin states that this is "a scheme" and one that is highly complex and broad as the imagination. Dunkin states…
From a speech by Joseph Howe at Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, 22 May 1867.
From a speech by William Lawrence in Nova Scotia House of Assembly
From a speech by Christopher Dunkin in Canadian House of Parliament 27 February 1865.
From P.B. Waite (1984-1967) the Life and Times of Confederation: Politics, Newspapers and the Union of British North America. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1962.