Caribbean Essays (Examples)

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Tourism Nobel Prize Laureate Derek Walcott Begins

Words: 1305 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8651154


Nobel Prize laureate Derek Walcott begins his oration with an anecdote about the village of Felicity in Trinidad, which is predominantly East Indian. The story begins as the local towns prepare for a Saturday performance of the amleela, which is a stage version of the Hindu epic amayana. Walcott describes vividly with rich detail the cane fields, reminding listeners that the Indians are here because they were brought here during colonial times to be indentured laborers. Now a vibrant Indian community is entrenched, adding richness and color to the tropical landscapes of Trinidad and Tobago. As Walcott and his American friends arrive, the amleela cast and crew are setting up their multiplicity of deities, one of which is a huge effigy constructed of local materials like bamboo.

Briefly Walcott draws a parallel between the amleela and his own stage production, or reinvention and reconstruction, of Homer's Odyssey, the screenplay…… [Read More]


British and Commonwealth History Collections. Retrieved online:

"Caribbean Histories Revealed." The National Archives. Retrieved online: 

Higman, B.W. A Concise History of the Caribbean. Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Palmie, Stephan. The Caribbean: A History of the Region and its Peoples. University of Chicago Press, 2011.
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Immigration of Puerto Ricans in to America

Words: 2138 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28468934

Puerto ico is a Caribbean Island which was formerly settled by two Native American tribes, Caribe and Arawak. In 1493, this Island was captured by Spain and up until about 400 years it was ruled by the Spanish. The native settlers during this time period had become slaves to the Spanish and with time as their population began to lessen, outsiders including black slaves were imported and the Indian race became less prominent. (Whalen)

The association between the United States and Puerto ico goes back to the times of the Spanish-American war which took place in 1898. As a result of this war and due to the terms which were presented under the Treaty of Paris in 1898, Spain had to let go of Puerto ico. Since then it has been an unincorporated territory of the United States of America. (Duany)

For Puerto ico, the 20th century started under the…… [Read More]


Aranda, Elizabeth. Emotional Bridges to Puerto Rico: Migration, Return Migration, and the Struggles of Incorporation. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2006. Print.

Duany, Jorge. The Puerto Rican Nation on the Move: Identities on the Island and in the United States. The University of North Carolina Press, 2001. Print.

Flores, Juan. Divided Arrival: Narratives of the Puerto Rican Migration, 1920-1950. Markus Wiener Publishers, 2003. Print.

Whalen, Carmen. The Puerto Rican Diaspora: Historical Perspectives. Temple University Press, 2005. Print.
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Eclac the Economic Commission for

Words: 2786 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95321535

5% unemployment figure, 7.6% inflation ratio, and $4.5 trillion in debt, Guatemala is forced to rely on external factors to survive.

National exports are coffee, sugar, bananas, fruits and vegetables, cardamom, meat, apparel, petroleum, electricity and the 9/11 events in the United States have severely impacted tourist trade.


Venezuela is a federal republic with over 24 million citizens, 67% of which live in poverty and 14% are unemployed.

The GDP is made up primarily of services with petroleum, bauxite and aluminum, steel, chemicals, and agricultural products composing the primary exports. Tourism is impacted negatively by the events of terrorism and the typical 587,000 visitors each year has dwindled considerably.

The Argument

ECLAC's annual calendar reflects multiple meetings, lectures, educational workshops, conferences, seminars, and training sessions. Nowhere is there found a work initiative, a concerted on-site initiative or focused fund raiser, or any effort of measurable practicality.

According to the…… [Read More]


Altimir, Oscar & Sourrouille, Juan. Measuring Levels of Living in Latin America -- an Overview of Main Problems. The World Bank -- Working Paper no. 3. World Bank. Washington, D.C. 1980. Benson Collection. HC 59.7 a 47, 1980 LAC. (6)

Altimir, Oscar. The Extent of Poverty in Latin America. World Bank Staff Working Papers - Number 522. The World Bank. Washington, D.C. March 1982. (4-6)

Cardoso, Fernando Henrique & Faletto, Enzo. Depend ncia e Desenvolvimento na America Latina. Zahar Editores. Sao Paulo, 1970-73. Benson Collection HC 125 C3413 LAC. (1-3)

Cardoso, Fernando Henrique. Dependency Revisited. Institute of Latin American Studies - the University of Texas at Austin. Austin, 1973. Benson Collection HC 125 C34162 LAC. (1)
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World Regional Geography

Words: 2680 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29821841

Regional Geography

hy could Africa be considered on of the richest continents on Earth? Discuss some of sub-Saharan Africa's Assets. Then address why, despite these facts, the majority of African states remain poor. Be sure to include several factors relation to this region's unique physical geography, complex human geography, history.

The spectrum of environments which exist in Africa spans entire moisture and temperature gradients, from perhaps the most arid to among the well-watered places on earth, from the coolness of the Cape to the furnace that is the Sahara. This environmental diversity is mirrored in the proliferation of its fauna and flora, for Africa has seemingly every conceivable combination of climatological, geological, and pedological factors; the plant and animal communities have evolved over time to reflect this heterogeneity. Moreover, it is an ancient continent that has provided a cradle for a wide range of taxonomic groups, from among the very…… [Read More]

Works Cited

1. Chen-Young, et al. Transnationals of tourism in the Caribbean. London: Commonwealth Secretariat. 2001.

2. Richard Wiffin, William Phettipace, Anas Todkill; Imagining Distance: Spanish Explorers in America. Early American Literature, Vol. 25, 1990.

3. Stephen Zunes; The United States and the Western Sahara Peace Process. Middle East Policy, Vol. 5, 1998.
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Language and Identity

Words: 904 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99910380


Language and Identity

A large part of culture has to do with the language that people speak. It is a unifying concept that allows a group of people to identify one another as belonging to the same group. It does matter how the group is bounded, usually more by geographical bounds than ethnic of racial, it matters more how the person related to the world through the spoken word. This paper looks at the culture of the Caribbean, especially those people who were brought to the region as slaves from the African continent, and how they have maintained their identity through the commonality of language.

Many examples exist in literature that solidify the notion that language and identity are very closely intertwined. As a matter of fact, one author states "Language and identity are inseparable. The quest for identity is another prevalent concern in Caribbean literature" (Dance 5). hy…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bennett-Coverly, Louise. "Colonization in Reverse." 1966. Web.

Dance, Daryl Cumber. Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographic-Critical Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc., 1986. Print.

Morris, Mervyn. "On Reading Miss Lou Seriously." Caribbean Quarterly 28.1/2 (1982): 44-56.

Narain, Denise DeCaires. Contemporary Caribbean women's Poetry: Making Style. London: Routledge, 2002. Print.
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Faculty Profile She May Not

Words: 827 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76756195

The one-time immigration lawyer moonlighted as an editor at the Latin American Review Press and was impressed with her boss, a 90-year-old woman. This experience has inspired Mahler, who eventually wants to have her own journal or press.

This independent streak dates to her upbringing. "I was a very latchkey kid," she explains, and was raised by her siblings. As a result, she was a bit of a neighborhood terror as well. "I even had my own army of 1st graders that I made do push-ups and if they didn't, I sent them to jail, which was the jungle gym."

For now, however, her focus is on Emory and her family. She married her high school sweetheart, Andrew Mahler, and the couple now reside in Stockbridge. Anna wants to focus on building bonds with her students as well. "I hope to make lasting personal and professional relationships and contribute to…… [Read More]

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Religion Comparing and Contrasting Vodou

Words: 2523 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49455140


oth religions are not technically held to be systems of belief by their adherents, but rather as systems of service or patronage to higher powers. The idea was present in African feudalism, but seems to be enhanced and highlighted in Creole religions by the slave experience. Seeking for a path away from the rule of cruel Europeans, African slaves turned to the rule of benevolent and helpful Orishas and Loas. Practitioners serve the demi-gods, and the demi-gods in turn serve the practitioners. The relationship between god and man is mainly business, although love and respect are also required. However, no true worship -- as a westerner would understand it -- is required; instead the Orishas and Loas are propitiated by sacrifices, and communicate their assistance mainly by oracles. In both Vodou and Santeria each Orisha or Loa is associated with a certain constellation of symbols, fetishes, sacrifices, and drum-rhythms…… [Read More]


1. Olmos, Margarite Fernandez and Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert Creole Religions of the Caribbean: An Introduction from Vodou and Santeria to Obeah and Espiritismo. New York: New York University Press. 2003. Print.

2. Filan, Kenaz The Haitian Vodou Handbook: Protocols for Riding with the Lwa. Vermont: Destiny Books. 2007. Print

3. Murphy, Joseph M. Santeria: African Spirits in America. Massachussets: Beacon Press. 1993, Print.

4. Stevens-Arroyo, Anthony M. "The Contribution of Catholic Orthodoxy to Caribbean Syncretism: The Case of La Virgen de la Caridad del Cobre in Cuba." Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions 117 (2002): p.37-58. WesScholar. Web. 10 April 2010
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Juan Bosch When Juan Bosch

Words: 3298 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24367632

" However, osch's writings were by no means one-dimensional, for he addressed many universal aspects of life. Indeed, osch's versatility as a writer is reflected in his ability to write works of fantasy, political thought, biographies, history, social realism, and cultural commentaries. He also published several poems and short stories in Cuban and Dominican newspapers and magazines, and worked for a period of time as literary editor for the influential newspaper, Listin Diario.

The fact that Juan osch was, first and foremost, a humanist who was interested in all aspects of human interest and welfare is clearly reflected in his writings. for, osch did not merely dwell on the miserable plight of the rural poor, but also reflected on the materialism and hypocrisy of the upper classes. For instance, in La bella alma de don Damian (the eautiful Soul of Don Damian), osch depicts Don Damian's soul examining itself with…… [Read More]


Alexander, R.J. Presidents of Central America, Mexico, Cuba, and Hispaniola:

Conversations and Correspondence. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1995.

Cambeira, a. Quisqueya La Bella: The Dominican Republic in Historical and Cultural

Perspective. Armonk, NY M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 1997.
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Navies in American Revolution for Hundreds of

Words: 4742 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12678935

Navies in American Revolution

For hundreds of years, maritime expansion represented the only way to reach distant shores, to attack enemies across channels of water, to explore uncharted territories, to make trade with regional neighbors and to connect the comprised empires. Leading directly into the 20th century, this was the chief mode of making war, maintaining occupations, colonizing lands and conducting the transport of goods acquired by trade or force. Peter Padfield theorized that ultimately, ritish maritime power was decisive in creating breathing space for liberal democracy in the world, as opposed to the autocratic states of continental Europe like Spain, France, Prussia and Russia. The Hapsburgs, the ourbons, Hitler and Stalin all failed to find a strategy that would defeat the maritime empires, which controlled the world's trade routes and raw materials. Successful maritime powers like ritain and, in the 20th Century, the United States, required coastlines with deep…… [Read More]


Black, Jeremy, "Naval Power, Strategy and Foreign Policy, 1775-1791" in Michael Duffy (ed). Parameters of British Naval Power, 1650-1850. University of Exeter Press, 1992, pp. 93-120.

Black, Jeremy. European Warfare in a Global Context, 1660-1815. Routledge, 2007.

Dull, Jonathan R. A Diplomatic History of the American Revolution. Yale University Press, 1985.

Kelly, J.K. "The Struggle for American Seaborne Independence as Viewed by John Adams." PhD Dissertation, University of Maine, 1973.
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Media the Issue Itself and

Words: 1129 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71005822

One reporter for the New York Daily News rants, "Come on, let's be serious…if anything is clear, it is that the trip of the famous couple to Havana has exposed the travel ban as what it is: a senseless, anachronistic and anti-democratic policy, contrary to U.S. interests and values," (uiz, 2013).

What was done to resolve the controversy?

There has yet to be a clear resolution to the controversy, but the expression of symbolic free speech on the part of Beyonce and Jay-Z has deepened the discourse about the purpose and effectiveness of the Cuba embargo. The celebrity visit has caused new dialogue about Cuban-American relations and the meaning behind the ongoing travel ban Many Americans do not give much thought to the travel ban; but Cuban-Americans take the ban personally. Now that the Cold War is over, it does not seem to make much sense to have an embargo.…… [Read More]


Boesveld, S. (2013). Beyonce and Jay-Z's Cuba jaunt sparks uproar as U.S. politicians accuse Obama of breaking tourism embargo. National Post. April 9, 2013. Retrieved online:

Brown, H. (2013). How the GOP response to Beyonce's Cuba trip highlights broken policy. Think Progress. April 9, 2013. Retrieved online: 

Hudson, D.L. (n.d.). Posts tagged 'nonverbal expression.' Inside the First Amendment. Retrieved online: 

Peralta, E. (2013). Treasury: Jay-Z and Beyonce Traveled to Cuba on U.S.-Approved Trip. NPR: The Two-Way. Retrieved online:
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Wars of Principles the Falklands and Malvinas

Words: 896 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76082748

Wars of Principle in the Falklands and Malvinas

Although the age of imperialism has slowly, but inexorably, been consigned to history books, with the great ritish, Spanish and Portuguese empires that once dominated the globe now largely defunct after the revolutionary spirit swept through colonies from America to Argentina, vestiges of this age-old system still remain to this day. Despite withdrawing from the vast majority of its former colonies after successful campaigns for independence were waged, the United Kingdom has strived to maintain a semblance of its former power by maintaining control over small areas of land within the nations it previously ruled over. Hong Kong in China, Gibraltar in the Iberian Peninsula, and a half dozen Caribbean islands from ermuda to Turks and Caicos, the custom of leaving behind ritish territories in the wake of widespread independence movements was instituted to ensure that the United Kingdom's dogged pursuit of…… [Read More]


Coll, Alberto R., and Anthony C. Arend, eds. The Falklands war: lessons for strategy, diplomacy, and international law. Allen & Unwin, 1985.

Freedman, Lawrence, and Virginia Gamba-Stonehouse. Signals of war: the Falklands conflict of

1982. Faber & Faber, 1990.

Gustafson, Lowell S. The sovereignty dispute over the Falkland (Malvinas) Islands. Oxford University Press, 1988.
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Political Status of PR

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49840707

Puerto ico became a possession of the United States after the Spanish-American War in 1898, but has never been fully incorporated into the Union (Pantojas-Garcia, 2013). It later became a Commonwealth in 1952, a status it maintains to this day. The subject of the status of Puerto ico has, since that time, been controversial. There have been multiple referendums on the subject, the latest in 2012, but as yet there has not been a change in the status of Puerto ico. The 2012 referendum indicated a majority of Puerto icans want the status of their territory changed, with most preferring full statehood. Yet this number is not sufficient to break what is essentially a stalemate, and there are other options as yet on the table. This paper will look at the issue of the stalemate, its causes, and will explore the ideas of solutions.

Analysis of History

Puerto icans are…… [Read More]


Davilla, A. (1997). Sponsored Identities: Cultural Politics in Puerto Rico. Temple University Press: Philadelphia.

Garrett, R. (2011). Political status of Puerto Rico: Options for Congress. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved November 18, 2014 from

Pantojas-Garcia, E. (2013). The Puerto Rico status question: Can the stalemate be broken? Caribbean Journal of International Relations & Diplomacy. Vol. 1 (2) 41-52.
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European Union Member States Relations With Their Overseas Territories

Words: 17554 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16781713

political framework of EU and OCT

European Union (EU) and Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) are in association with each other via a system which is based on the provisions of part IV of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU), consisting of detailed rules and measures which are laid down in the document issued on 27th November 2001 title Oversees Association Decision. The expiry date of this association decision is 31st December 2013. Stress has been laid down by the European Council in its conclusions issued on 22nd December 2009 that the relationship between OCT and EU should continuously be updated in order to reflect latest developments not only in EU and OCT but thorough out the world. The commission has also been encouraged to make revisions to the Overseas Association Decision and present it in front of the council prior to July 2012 (Hill et al.,…… [Read More]


Agnew John, "Geopolitics re-vision world politics," Routledge Taylor & Francies Group, pp 1-5

Alan Taylor, American Colonies: New York: Viking, 2001, pp. 57 -- 8.

Baldwin, David. Ed. Neo-Realism And Neoliberalism: The Contemporary Debate, New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

Balzacq, T. (Ed.). Understanding securitization theory. The design and evolution of security problems. Oxon: Routledge, 2010.
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Foundation of Peace

Words: 7104 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18200902


Freedom is the Foundation of Peace. Without freedom, there is no peace. America, by nature, stands for freedom, and we must always remember, we benefit when it expands. So we must stand by those nations moving toward freedom. We must stand up to those nations who deny freedom and threaten our neighbors or our vital interests. We must assert emphatically that the future will belong to the free. Today's world is different from the one we faced just several years ago. We are no longer divided into armed camps, locked in a careful balance of terror. Yet, freedom still has enemies. Our present dangers are less concentrated and more varied. They come from rogue nations, from terrorism, from missiles that threaten our forces, our friends, our allies and our homeland.

Since the signing of the Treaty of Ryswick between the kingdoms of Spain and France in 1697, the island…… [Read More]


"Beginning of Diplomatic Relations." Department of Foreign Affairs and International Relations. (January 2004) Retrieved June 3, 2005 from     /latinamerica/haitirelations-en.asp.

Graham, Andrew. "Canada bolsters support to Haiti." Media Relations Office

Canadian International Development Agency. (July 2004) Retrieved June 3, 2005 from
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Abolition of Slavery Abolition of

Words: 2137 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72178216

The manner in which consumer goods can affect human affairs, however, differs. hile demand for certain consumer goods can lead to oppression, the way people demand consumer goods may also destroy oppressive practices. hen Britons demanded sugar with no regard to the way sugar and coffee they enjoyed for the breakfast were produced, slavery flourished. But when the Britons began to demand goods that they believed were not causing slavery, the change of tastes undermined slave trade and contributed to the ending of slavery. hile tobacco and cotton were not as important at the time as sugar, they played a similar function in abolitionist and independence movements that fought against slavery.

The function of consumer goods is also linked to material culture. This was the case in the eighteenth century, as books by Dubois and Carrigus and Hochschild demonstrate. European colonial practices that led to the enslavement of tens of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dubois, Laurent and John D. Carrigus. Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents. Boston: St. Martin's Press, 2006. Print.

Hochschild, Adam. Bury the Chain: Prophets and Rebels in the Fight to Free an Empire's Slaves. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2005. Print.
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Cruise Line Industry the Objective

Words: 2119 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8097498

(Ibid; paraphrased) on a more positive note, according to one report: "Cruise ships have become one of the many options for corporate meeting planners when faced with a decision regarding a destination for meetings and incentives (employee rewards). In the past five years, all major cruise lines have unveiled mega cruise ships to attract a piece of the more than $20 billion corporate meeting and incentives market (uia, 2001; as cited by Phillips, 2005).


To summarize the competitive rivalry in the industry is fierce although the threat of new entrants is highly improbable due to concentration in the industry. The industry as stated by the Abacus system report will need to concentrate on luring female travelers and retirees into booking their cruise lines. Younger travelers will be targeted with budget cruise offers. Fuel costs, passport requirements, and environmental concerns, terrorists concerns, and natural disasters…… [Read More]


Which Way is the Travel Industry Headed? (2005) eMarketer. 14 Nov 2005 Online available at

Robertson, Graeme (2006) Cruise Ship Tourism Industry Lighthouse Foundation for the Seas and Oceans. Online available at

New Breed of Travelers (2006) Abacus International 25 Feb 2006 Online available at

The World Cruise Shipping Industry to 2020 (2005) Bharat Book Bureau Online available at
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Maya Conquistador About the Author the Historian

Words: 978 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95956303

Maya Conquistador

About the Author

The historian writer Matthew Restall is an associate lecturer of Colonial Latin American History as well as in the omen's Studies. Furthermore, at the Pennsylvania State University, he is also the director of Latin American Studies (Project Muse).The Maya orld: Yucatec Culture and Society 1550-1850, published in 1997 whereas Maya Conquistador was followed in 1998. His latest publications include a book on Blacks in colonial Yucatan along with editing a volume on black-native relations in colonial Latin America (Project Muse).

Introduction of the Book

The book, Maya Conquistador published in 1998 fits in to the historiography conflict or argument for better and bigger use of national or resident language, instead of Spanish (Caribbean and Latin America, April 2000). The author Matthew Restall has made an important role in the learning about the Maya where this book comprises of initial colonial primary sources that have been…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Caribbean and Latin America. The American Historical Review. Vol; 105, No: 2. April 2000.

Reviews. Seminary Co-Op. Bookstore..


The African Experience in Early Spanish America. Matthew Restall and Jane Landers. Project Muse. Scholarly Journals Online.
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Earth as the People of

Words: 3609 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34876836

There are sources claiming that the population of natives had fallen from several million to several tens of thousands. The sources cannot be verified in the present, since there are no notable documents to confirm either assumption. hat is certain is that the Taino population from Hispaniola had been severely diminished as a result on their interaction with the Europeans.

hile Columbus continued to visit the Caribbean in hope that he would find the famous kingdoms that he have heard about, his brother Bartolome became governor of the island. Still, similar to his brother, Bartolome did not seem to control the situation, as no major advancements have been performed during his governing. One of the biggest mistakes that the Europeans had done during their first years on Hispaniola had been that they did not want their community to have anything to do to the native one. The locals had not…… [Read More]

Works cited:

1. Atkins, Pope G. Wilson, Larman Curtis. The Dominican Republic and the United States: from imperialism to transnationalism. University of Georgia Press, 1998.

2. Bakewell, Peter John. "A history of Latin America: c. 1450 to the present."

3. Brown, Isabel Zakrzewski. Culture and customs of the Dominican Republic. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999.

4. Guitar, Lynne. "History of the Dominican Republic." Retrieved June 12, 2009, from Hispaniola Web site:
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Income Disparity and Development

Words: 2476 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13062707

Income Disparity and Development in Latin American Countries

The income disparity in the Latin American countries is the largest in the world and has a dramatic and complex impact on the development of these countries on many related levels. As one commentator states, "Inequality is as Latin American as good dance music and magical-realist fiction. Like those other regional products, it thrives." (Inequality in Latin America. A stubborn curse.)

Statistics from the World ank indicate that the richest tenth among Latin Americans earn 48% of total income, while the poorest tenth earn just 1.6%. The equivalent figures for rich countries are 29.1% and 2.5%. (Inequality in Latin America). While fifteen years of market reforms have resulted in income levels that are above those of Africa, yet " ... income disparity is the largest in the world and 222 million people live in poverty." (SANCHEZ M. 2005) Numerous studies and reports…… [Read More]


Barro, R. "Democracy and Growth," Journal of Economic Growth, 1, 1-27. 1996

CONSTANCE P. A yardstick for misfortune. November 6, 2005.

Economics A-Z. November 6, 2005. November 6, 2005.
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Bilateral Relations For the Better

Words: 3687 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84770068

All of these together constitute the full relationship, and it is confusing and contradictory" (1998, 3). The cast of public characters included U.S. diplomats, Navy and Marine officers, and congressmen. Private citizens, including bankers, journalists, lobbyists, and businessmen, rounded out the ensemble. All these groups interacted to influence U.S. relations with Trujillo, although rarely in a consolidated fashion. hile the Dominican Republic became a difficult place to do business, a querulous participant in negotiations, and a major cause of Caribbean disquiet, including genocide, war scares, and assassinations" Trujillo still continued to obtain U.S. support (1998, 3). Even after the Trujillo government was overthrown, the U.S. government insisted on maintaining its power over the region by insisting on "approving the new head of the army and keeping the military intact." In short, ashington moved to create a "guardian system" it could control or manipulate (McSherry 2003, 2). The United States support…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Atkins, Pope and Larm Wilson. 1998. "The Dominican Republic and the United States from Imperialism to Transnationalism." The U.S. And the Americas. Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Chester, Eric Thomas. 2001. "Rag-Tags, Scum, Riff-Raff, and Commies: The Intervention in the Dominican Republic 1965-1966. NY Monthly Review Press.

Desmarais P., Norman and James McGovern. "Essential Documents in American History, President Ulysses S. Grant's appeal for the Annexation of Santo Domingo, 1492-Present." Providential College.

Farmer, Richard S. 1985. "Economic Policy Toward the Caribbean Basin: The Balance Sheet." The Journal of Inter-American Studies and World Affairs, Vol. 27, No.1.
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Barbados Culture Gender Roles and Working Life

Words: 3839 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36207302

Barbados Culture

Barbados was once called the Little England due to its landscape of rolling terrain, as well as its customs of tea drinking and cricket, the Anglican Church, parliamentary democracy and the conservatism of its rural culture. It has a well-developed airport, electrical supply and road system, especially after independence in 1966 when the tourist industry became the most important sector of the economy. Of course, it also inherited a racial caste system from its three hundred years of slavery, and until very recent times, the white minority had almost all the political and economic power. Today, only about 5% of the population is white, 20% of mixed race background and the remaining 75% descended from African slaves. As with most of the Caribbean islands, the indigenous Arawak and Carib populations were devastated by disease in the fifty years after first contact with Europeans in 1492. Although there were…… [Read More]


Beckles, Hilary McD.. Natural Rebels: A Social History of Enslaved Black Women in Barbados. Rutgers University Press, 1989.

Beckles, Hilary McD. "The Slave-Drivers' War: Bussa and the 1816 Barbados Slave Rebellion" in Howe, Glenford H. And Don D. Marshall (Eds) The Empowering Impulse: The Nationalist Tradition of Barbados. Kingston, Jamaica: canoe Press, 2001: 1-33.

Breslaw, Elaine G. Tituba, Reluctant Witch of Salem: Devilish Indians and Puritan Fantasies. New York University Press, 1996.

Browne, David V.C. "The 1937 Disturbances and Barbadian Nationalism" in Howe and Marshall: 149-63.
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Economic Development in Honduras A Banana War

Words: 2008 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90285447

Economic Development in Honduras: A Banana ar Legacy

An Analysis of Economic Development in Honduras from 1820 to Present

In many Latin American countries such as Honduras, the historical emphasis that has been placed on agriculture as a money industry for export purposes has resulted in the term, "banana republic" (Nash & Jeffrey 1994). Following their independence, most Latin American countries continued to depend on the export of raw materials for their revenue, rather than investing in an economic infrastructure that would provide value-added services, which only further contributed to this pattern of dependence on foreign states. This is largely what has taken place in the Republic of Honduras as well, and the country continues to suffer from sporadic and inequitable foreign investment, much of which has illegally diverted into private hands rather than infrastructure development. This paper provides an overview of the Republic of Honduras, an assessment of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bates, Stephen. (January 8, 1999). Good friends slip on a banana skin. New Statesman,


Befus, David R., Debbie L. Mescon, Timothy S. Mescon and George S. Vozikis. (1988).

International Investment of Expatriate Entrepreneurs: The Case of Honduras. Journal of Small Business Management, 26(3):40.
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Sandals Resort Based Brand Sandals Resort Develop

Words: 1034 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48417294

Sandals esort

Based Brand "Sandals esort" develop Product Price Using references found learn chosen brand (Sandals. ), write a page APA style essay Final Project Template, providing information: Product: Discuss classification product, stage product life cycle, product positioning, features benefits product.

Sandals esort: Product and Price


Sandals esort is a popular chain of resorts in the Caribbean. Because of the nature of the travel industry, Sandals tries to project an image of luxury and romance, even though it is not a 'high end' product, in terms of its cost. In contrast to some of its competitors, like Club Med, Sandals stresses its more 'adult' nature, including the option of wedding and honeymoon packages. On its website, Sandals advertises: "Come experience the very pinnacle of luxury all-inclusive Caribbean excellence. Sandals delights couples in love with supreme luxury resorts in St. Lucia, Jamaica, Antigua and the Bahamas, featuring gourmet candlelit dining…… [Read More]


Canyon Ranch. (2012). Retrieved:

Club Med. (2012). Retrieved:

Sandals. (2012). Retrieved:
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Challenges of Opening NYC Restaurant

Words: 4930 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66820861

NYC African Restaurants

African Restaurants

African Restaurants in NYC

The restaurant's soft industrial lighting makes the chrome gleam. A soft and expansive backdrop of blue gives the space a cool and slightly futuristic industrial like a hip loft in the future. Exposed brick walls are tinged in a blue sheen and the distressed wood chairs and tables have been stained steel gray and have marble table tops. In three weeks, Cisse Elhadji, the owner of Ponty Bistro in Midtown, will open his new restaurant La Terengea. Located at 144 West 139th St., the restaurant us nestled in between the Hudson and Harlem rivers a few blocks west of the City College of New York. The location of the restaurant is quite lucrative given its relative proximity to both Central Park as well as Yankee Stadium.

Though Elhadji has succeeded once with an African restaurant, La Teregenga is still a gamble.…… [Read More]

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Colombia Is the Third-Largest Recipient

Words: 19788 Length: 58 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63191933

During this penultimate period of violence under Rojas, the violence that wracked Colombia assumed a number of different characteristics that included an economic quality as well as a political one with numerous assassinations taking place. These were literally contract killings there were sponsored by opposition forms. There were also horrendous genocidal acts that were carried out by gangs combined with authentic revolutionary fighting in some regions of the country.

The fourth and final phase of the Violencia began with the fall of Rojas Pinilla and the reconciliation between the Conservative and Liberal parties that resulted in the creation of the Frente Nacional government.

The majority of the strictly sectarian Violencia was finally stopped for the most part during this final phase of this ugly chapter in Colombia's history, and the cessation provided the opportunity for the governmental forces to address the root causes of much of the violence during the…… [Read More]


Allen, Richard and Malcolm Turvey. 2003. Camera Obscura, Camera Lucida: Essays in Honor

of Annette Michelson (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press).

Anderson, Perry. 2004, January 26. "A Magical Realist and His Reality," the Nation 278(3): 23.

Bazzano-Nelson, Florencia. 2005. "Marta Traba: Internationalism or Regional Resistance?" Art
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Rastafarians Most Laypersons Are Familiar

Words: 962 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50372594

It deals with the recent problems created by colonialism and slavery, as a result of hite domination in the 20th and now the 21st century. Rastafarianism is located in the 'here and now' in terms of its millennial ideology. Ethiopia and the idea of Ethiopianism underline the messianic "cult" of the Rastafarians who view Haile Selassie, former Emperor of Ethiopia, as a kind of Black Messiah. (Barrett 2) In this worldview, Ethiopia functions as a kind of Israel, as it was one of the few African nations not to be subject to extended periods of colonial control. The Rastafarian cult's ideology is thus a kind of idealized return to origins, but not of the far past, like many native, older Caribbean religions, but the recent past history of the island. It also attempts to connect all Black persons in one common quest to escape the colonial past, rather than focuses…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barrett, Leonard. E. (Sr.) The Rastafarians. Boston: Beacon Press, 20th Anniversary edition, 1997.
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Masters of Dew for Most

Words: 1439 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29825399

Over the course of time, this helps to fuel anger and a sense of helplessness, that no can be able to take charge of their own future. A good example of this can be found with the passage that says, "For years, hate had become with them a habit. It had given an object and a target to their impotent anger. Only there was one condition: that was reconciliation. And what did it cost them? A mere gesture, a few steps like walking over a bridge, and they would leave behind bad days of poverty, they would enter the land of abundance." (Roumain, 1944, pr. 131) This is significant, because this passage is highlighting the underlying challenges facing Haiti on a daily basis. Where, everyone becomes focused on themselves and angry about the entire situation (i.e. The poverty and harsh economic conditions). At which point, they will begin to take…… [Read More]


Literature About Haiti. (1998). Language Works. Retrieved from: 

Arnold, J. (1994). Exile and Recent Literature. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. (pp. 451 -- 464). Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Carby, H. (1999). Proletarian of Literary Revolution. Cultures in Babylon. (pp. 135 -- 144). London, Verso.

Roumain, J. (1944). Masters of the Dew. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
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Salsa Music the Late 1950's

Words: 1066 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57798961

This apparent simplicity does not do justice to the complexity of emotion and mood capture and expressed by the music. The tempo of the music is usually between 180 to 210 beats per minute. This is a fast pace and alludes to the spicy excitement inherent in the music and corresponding dance. The lyrics of salsa music cover a wide range of themes from simple sentimental music to political and sexual themes. Salsa music also incorporates machoistic bravado into the lyrics as a way to express the virility and potency of the Latin male (Leymarie 268).

The comparison of salsa music and American popular music will consider two areas the lyrical content and the tempo of the various types of music. The focus will be on rhythm and blues (R & B) music. hile R&B began around the same time as salsa, the music was primarily directed toward urban African-Americans.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hernandez, Deborah Pacini. "Dancing with the Enemy: Cuban Popular Music, Race,

Authenticity, and the World-Music Landscape." Latin American Perspectives 25.3

(1998): 110-125.

History of Salsa. Salsa, 2010. Web. 21 Oct 2010.
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Words: 2833 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64571330

..the astas have now penetrated the middle class. At present, the overwhelming majority of members are African, but there are also Chinese, East Indians, Afro-Chinese, Afro-Jews, mulattoes, and a few whites. astafarians are predominantly ex-Christians. "(Barrett, 1997, p. 2-3)

One of the early innovators and leaders of the movement,

Leonard Howell, stated a number of principles that have been the hallmark of astafarianism and still apply to a large extent today. These include the following:

1)hatred for the White race; (2) the complete superiority of the Black race; (3) revenge on Whites for their wickedness; (4) the negation, persecution, and humiliation of the government and legal bodies of Jamaica; (5) preparation to go back to Africa; and (6) acknowledging Emperor Haile Selassie as the Supreme Being and only ruler of Black people. (Barrett, 1997, p. 85)

Another essential aspect which is of cardinal importance in astafarianism is the concept of…… [Read More]


RELIGIONS. Retrieved 4 November, 2006, at

Rastafarianism. Retrieved 5 November 2006, at Royackers, M. (1999). Jamaica Genesis: Religion and the Politics of Moral Orders. Theological Studies, 60(2), 387. Retrieved November 7, 2006, from Questia database:, S. (2001). Transnationalism and Identity. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 27(4), 573+. Retrieved November 7, 2006, from Questia database:, H. (2003). Anthropology and History. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 9(4), 794+. Retrieved November 7, 2006, from Questia database:
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Personal Thoughts Dear Sirs Attached

Words: 764 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37824746

Positions such as Administrative Assistant and Front Office Manager for Celebrity Cruises and Royal Caribbean International consequently strengthened my job qualifications and established me as an effective communicator.

My main goal as a Front Office Manager and Customer Representative was to establish credibility. Due to my people-orientation skills I was able to effectively measure - with maturity - those circumstances surrounding my communications, including situational and cultural context. Through hard effort, patience, and serious consideration of the multi-national environment in which I was required to operate and engage, I consequently adopted an individual style of communicating.

My daily tasks included messages conveyed through channels; verbal face-to-face meetings, telephone, written letters, e-mails, memos, and reports were but a few of the communication opportunities encountered.

Clearly recognizing the actions or reactions influenced by my message, I worked to ensure that my communication was always unambiguous and clear. Keeping in mind that people…… [Read More]

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Sandals Resorts in Opening Sentence Briefly Introduce

Words: 1279 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98021473

Sandals esorts

In opening sentence, briefly introduce Sandals esorts intended analysis. This purpose statement. One sentences sufficient. For, a sentence "The purpose report analyze components marketing mix Gatorade brand.

Marketing Mix: Sandals esort

Overview of company

Sandals esorts is a brand-name series of chain resorts, most of which are located in the Caribbean. The target demographic for the resort is primarily established couples. Sandals seeks to showcase romantic yet affordable destinations for vacationers on honeymoons, weddings, and 'second' weddings. Segmentation variables include that of price and also purpose of the trip -- some individuals may want a quiet getaway, while others use Sandals to engage in major event planning, such as those orchestrating 'destination' weddings. The purpose of this report is to show how Sandals uses product, price, placement, and positioning to effectively segment the market of its target demographic of couples and sustain brand interest in the competitive resort…… [Read More]


FAQs. (2012). Sandals. Retrieved:

Luxury Suites. (2012). Sandals. Retrieved:

Sandals Resorts International. (2012). Funding Universe. Retrieved:
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Why the Cocks Fight

Words: 1344 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30918567

Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians, and the Struggle for Hispaniola

The American writer and free lance journalist Michele Wucker in her first book has written about both Haiti and the Dominican epublic complex relations in terms of their cultures and on the sources of their great effort both in their island home as well as in the United States.

According to the book, the Caribbean island of Hispaniola is home to historic, where this continuing conflict between two countries has been intensely separated by language, race and history. However, at the same time it has been forced continuously into argument by their shared geography. The book is emotional from the beginning with the fighting and posturing of blood sport, as observed by the writer in her first Haitian cockfight (1):

The air cracks with the impact of stiffened feathers as each bird tries to push the other to the ground. Around…… [Read More]


1. Bob Corbett. Why The Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians And The Struggle For Hispaniola

By Michele Wucker. New York: Hill & Wang. May 1999

2. Rob Ruck. Why The Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians, And The Struggle For Hispaniola by Michele Wucker. "A history of Hispaniola." August, 1999.

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Water Usage Methodology Section

Words: 651 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73353804

Operation and Data Management at the Water-Authority: will there be a sustainable water supply for the next century. A case study of Water Infrastructure Management in the Caribbean. As the research problem implies, I intend to conduct a case study examining water infrastructure management in the Caribbean with the goal of determining whether existing water infrastructure management will provide sustainable water usage for the next century. The nature of the research problem requires a comparison of the currently available water resources, the renewable water resources, current water usage, and projected water demand over the coming century to determine if the water resources are adequate and will continue to be adequate for the foreseeable time period. Although the question could be approached from a quantitative perspective or a mixed-methods perspective, I believe that water usage and water management are as much about perceptions and beliefs as they are about quantitative analysis…… [Read More]


Brikci, N., Green, J. 2007. A guide to using qualitative research methodology. Available from:

. [2 September 2014].

Shah, A. 2010. 'Water and Development', Global Issues. Available from:

. [2 September 2014].
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Use of Remote Sensing to Monitor the Health of Coral Reef Systems

Words: 2642 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90508413

Remote sensing can be utilized in order to give succinct information regarding the arrangement and the constituents of coral reef materials. The biological and physical attributes of the water bodies in which the coral reefs exist are monitored over a period of time and the changes note. This paper explores the different technologies available in the field of remote sensing. Over time, there has been a large improvement as the access to remotely sensed data is concerned. This turn of events mainly fueled by the advancements in the field of Information Technology has resulted in better, improved and more accurate and faster information extraction techniques. This has been accelerated by the fact that governments and institutions have heavily invested in improved technology that has enabled faster results and dissemination of the data obtained over the internet. This paper provides a complete and detailed approach as to the various methods that…… [Read More]


Curtis, Gregory (2006). The Cave Painters: Probing the Mysteries of the World's First

Artists. NY, USA: Knops

Bastin. J. (1988). Measuring areas of coral reefs using satellite imagery,

Symposium on Remote Sensing of the Coastal Zone, Gold Coast
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CIBC-Barclays Case Study the Potential

Words: 1035 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23169309

In the short run their financial results would be partially inflated from the acquisitions, and in the long-term, their share of market would significantly increase.

Look to CIBC for leadership in the processes that are people-centric, and in effect embrace a human Six Sigma approach to managing the transactions and processes that require bank staff to work with the public. Concentrating on a DMIC architecture from Six Sigma would serve to codify or capture the best practices of CIBC so they could be more effectively automated and streamlined by the it systems in Barclay.

Segment customer service strategies by the level of the customer requesting support. Both companies are not doing this within the context of the case study today. CIBC needs to concentrate on giving face time only to those customers who have high net worth, and Barclays' could concentrate on brining more advance electronic commerce initiatives to its…… [Read More]

Appendix I

Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Financial Ratio Analysis

Profitability Ratios 10/31/2001 10/31/2000 10/31/1999 10/31/1998 10/31/1997 10/31/1996 10/31/1995 10/31/1994 10/31/1993 Return on Equity (%) 14.17-18.12 9.31 9.48-15.14-15.63-11.69-10.55 9.18 EBITDA of Revenue (%) 105.46-131.12-131.1 143.56-160.41-166.69-162.56-161.8 159.59 Pre-Tax Margin 8.58-11.95 6.89 7.76-14.91-15.4-12.6-13.08-31.47 Net Profit Margin (%) 7.89 8.91 5.11 5.33 9.19 9.18 7.7-7.94-26.41 Effective Tax Rate (%) 0.23 1.47 0.84 1.21 3-3.32 2.57 2.62 2.87 Liquidity Indicators Quick Ratio 0.06 0.06 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.12 0.08 0.07 Current Ratio 0.06 0.06 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.13 0.09 0.08 Working Capital/Total Assets -0.64 -0.63 -0.59 -0.53 -0.55 -0.6 -0.64 -0.71 -0.74 Debt Management Current Liabilities/Equity 16.33-15.8-14.47-14.36-13.55-14.81-15.16-13.88-14.16 Total Debt to Equity 0.34 0.39 0.41 0.42 0.48 0.45 0.42 0.41 0.38 Long-Term Debt to Assets 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 Asset Management Revenues/Total Assets 0.07 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.06 Revenues/Working Capital -0.12 -0.14 -0.14 -0.13 -0.13 -0.12 -0.11 -0.11 -0.09
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British Raj Is One of

Words: 1956 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58947379

Moreover, "corruption and inefficiency have exacerbated problems," ("Fidel Castro: Cuba's Communism Not Working" 2010). Because of the problems currently plaguing Cuba, communism is likely wane gradually by an opening of Cuba's markets even if American-style capitalism is not the replacement. The rise and fall of communism in Cuba has taken place over a relatively short period of time in human history: less than a century. Because of this, the example of Cuba is a world historical event that significantly illustrates the theme of power, governance, and authority.

Themes in history such as geography, historical systems of power, institutions as mechanisms of social change, and science and technology as engines of economic growth and development can be illustrated by specific historical examples. The British aj's infiltration of Fiji and the trafficking of Indian indentured servants is an example of how geography and environmental factors impact the development of human societies over…… [Read More]


Blodgett, E. (2011). Fijian Sugar Plantations and the Ethnic Battle to Govern an Island Nation. TED Case Studies, Number 621. Retrieved online: 

"Castro's Communist regime in Cuba" The First Post. August 7, 2006. Retrieved online:,news-comment, news-politics, pros-and-cons-of-communism-in-cuba

"Enron Scandal At-a-Glance," (2002). BBC. August 22, 2002. Retrieved online: 

"Fidel Castro: Cuba's Communism Not Working" (2010). FoxNews. September 9, 2010. Retrieved online:
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History of the Native American Indians Is

Words: 4219 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67047316

history of the native American Indians is a long and colorful one. The first Indians arrived on the North American continent subsequent to the end of the Ice Age approximately 15,000 years ago. These early Indians arrived from Siberia as they passed through Alaska and gradually settled throughout what is now the United States. These early arriving Indians were hunter-gatherers and, as a result, they traveled freely across the vast North American continent and by 8,000 years ago had spread as far east as the eastern seaboard.

As indicated, the early Indians were hunter-gatherers and many of the tribes remained such until the early 1900's but a select few tribes began farming. The Indian tribes electing such life style were centered in present day Mexico City and by the time that this area began to be explored and settled by Europeans the farming life-style of these Indian tribes had been…… [Read More]

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Illicit Arms Trade in South

Words: 2310 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78740334

Involved people in these illegal transfers take advantage of institutional weaknesses and corruption to achieve their objectives.

One of the constant features found along the research is the weak handling of systematic information by the state authorities, especially from the police bodies. At the same time, the lack of channels that facilitate the free access to information about official proceedings make it difficult for the citizens to take part in solving the problem (ibid.).

The borders' porosity is another risk for democracy because bordering zones are strategic spaces for different illicit traffics which look to be controlled by organized crime. Internationalization of crime and its organization structures represent a problem for national security and for the region's stability.

Illegal traffic of fire arms is associated with other illicit traffics which are complemented mainly with drug traffic. Economic resources generated with those actions at the sideline of law are higher than…… [Read More]


Camacho, Daniel Avila . " Interrelationship between Drug Trafficking and the Illicit Arms Trade.", 2012. Web. 9 Apr 2012.

Cullinan, Jeanna . "Latin American Leaders Demand Action on Illicit Arms Trafficking ."
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Cruise Line Companies The Writer

Words: 2085 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77361950

S.-based headquarters, marketing and tour operations (Billion, 2006);

Purchase of goods and services necessary for cruise operations, including food and beverages, fuel, hotel supplies and equipment, navigation and communication equipment, etc. (Billion, 2006).;

Payments for port services at U.S. homeports and ports-of-call; and Maintenance and repair of cruise ships at U.S. shipyards and capital expenditures for port terminals, office facilities and other capital equipment (Billion, 2006). "

The cruise industry economics benefits the U.S. In all 50 states including money spent by cruise line vendors and businesses that are responsible for supplying the goods for the cruises (Billion, 2006).

Political elements are also something that have an impact on cruise lines and their business and revenue.

In the recent light of terrorism fears, cruise lines have had to regroup and assure their potential and returning customers that every precaution for safety is being taken.

Each of the cruise lines mentioned…… [Read More]


Cruise Industry Contributed $32.4 Billion to U.S. Economy in 2005.

PR Newswire; 8/31/2006

Martinez, Amy, Yanex, Luis (2006)1 passenger dead, 11 injured after cruise ship fire.

Miami Herald (Miami, Florida
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Black Women in America Speech

Words: 871 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12735835

" (Zeleza, 2003, p. 1) in the U.S. "there least four waves of African diasporas: first the historical communities of African-Americans, themselves formed out of complex internal and external migrations over several hundred years; second, migrant communities from other diasporic locations, such as the Caribbean that have maintained or invoke, when necessary or convenient, national identities such as Jamaicans, Puerto icans, Cubans....; third, the recent immigrants from the indigenous communities of Africa; and finally, African migrants who are themselves diasporas from Asia or Europe." (Zeleza, 2003, p. 2) Each of these diasporas "...has its own connections and commitments to Africa, its own memories and imaginations of Africa and its own conceptions of the diasporic condition and identity." (Zeleza, 2003, p. 2) the following figure illustrates these linkages among African-American women in American Institutions and throughout the world.

Linkages between African-American Women in American Institutions and Throughout the World

SHAPE…… [Read More]

Recent immigrants from the indigenous communities of Africa. (Zeleza, 2003)

African migrants who are themselves Diasporas from Asia or Europe. (Zeleza, 2003)

African-American women in American Institutions and their linkages in the African Diasporas. (Zeleza, 2003)
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Music and Genres List 3

Words: 1642 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69562801

This has led to the development of the culture of the Asian-Americans in the context of the United States thus an opportunity for global representation of the global culture. There is also an enhanced interaction between the United States and Asian nations following the increased influence on the development of the genres of the music in America (Aton p. 517).

Describe the roots of rap and hip-hop. Name the general categories we discussed and important artists from each category.

The roots of rap and hip hop are found in the culture of African-Americans following the slavery conditions in the context of the United States. The development of hip hop is often credited to the work of Keith Cowboy.

General Categories

Important Artists


Louis Armstrong, Johnny Hartman, Frank Sinatra, and Ella Fitzgerald.

Hip Hop

Run-DMC, NA, Sugarhill Gang, Erick B, and Rakim


Aliyah, Ashanti, Brady, and Bobby Brown

Rap…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Novello, Alberto, Martin M.F. McKinney, and Armin Kohlrausch. "Perceptual Evaluation

of Inter-Song Similarity in Western Popular Music." Journal of New Music Research

40.1 (2011): 1-26.

Ogude, James. "The Invention of Traditional Music in the City: Exploring History and Meaning in Urban Music in Contemporary Kenya." Research in African Literatures
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What Has Affected Poverty in Haiti

Words: 3527 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53245960

poverty challenges in Haiti. Haiti is one of the poorest nations in the Western hemisphere and the Caribbean Sea. It occupies the western third of the island of Hispaniola between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The nation's demographic statistics reveal the effect of extreme poverty. This condition has significantly reduced life expectancy to 49.2 years. This is highly contributed by high infant mortality rates due to poor health services and general high death rates. Despite the slow population growth rate and extreme poverty, Haiti is one of the most densely populated countries in the world with approximately 95% of the population made up of black people. Extreme poverty in Haiti and the challenges that this condition causes to the people are the main reasons for carrying out this study. The research explores the political, economic and social structures of Haiti in relation to the poverty level. It is…… [Read More]


International Monetary Fund.2008. Haiti Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. Washington D.C: IMF Publications.

Verner. D. 2007. Social Resilience and State Fragility in Haiti. Washington D.C: Recycled Paper.

International Monetary Fund. 2001. International Monetary Fund: Staff Country Reports. Washington D.C: IMF Publications.

Lundahil, M. 2013. The Political Economy of Disaster: Destitution Plunder and Earthquake in Haiti. New York: Routledge Publisher.
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Soviet Perspective of the Cuban Missile Crisis

Words: 6530 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42183183

Soviet Perspective of the Cuban Missile Crisis

The Cuban missile crisis -- that is also referred to as October crisis in Cuba as well as the Caribbean crisis within the Soviet Union -- was the clash between USS/Cuba and the U.S. states for a total of 13 days. The crisis or what most people refer to as a crucial part of the Cold War at the time, primarily happened in October 1962. Prior to the clash, the U.S. government had tried to overthrow the Cuban administration leading to incidents like the Bay of Pigs and the Operation Mongoose. This was done due to the fact that the Cuban and Soviet government authorities had privately started to construct bases in Cuba for several medium-range and intermediate-range ballistic nuclear missiles (MBMs and IBMs) having the ability to strike the majority of the continental U.S. States. This course of action then lead to…… [Read More]


Absher, Kenneth Michael (2009). Mind-Sets and Missiles: A First Hand Account of the Cuban Missile Crisis. Strategic Studies Institute, United States Army War College.

Allison, Graham (July/August 2012). The Cuban Missile Crisis at 50. Foreign Affairs Volume 91, Number 4: 11.

Allison, Graham and Philip Zelikow (1999). Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis. New York: Addison Wesley Longman. p. 80-105.

Blanton, Thomas. Annals of Blinksmanship. The Wilson Quarterly. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. 1997.
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Water Sustainability

Words: 636 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68192544

Sustainability of the Water Supply in the Caribbean

Water sustainability is not merely an environmental problem. It is a political and social issue as well. esearch articles such as "Challenges to manage the risk of water scarcity and climate change in the Mediterranean" by Iglesias (et al. 2007) focus on issues which specifically impact environmental changes such as global warming but do so in a manner to suggest specific policy prescriptions to scientists attempting to curtail crises created by the phenomenon. The paper suggests a different framework to cope with water scarcity that emphasizes preparation and prevention rather than taking a crisis management approach only after scarcity is in evidence. "The importance of local management at the basin level is emphasized, but the potential benefits depend on the appropriate multi-institutional and multi-stakeholder coordination" (Iglesias et al. 2007: 775). Stakeholder analysis is still required: something can be feasible on a technical…… [Read More]


Iglesias, A., Moneo., M, Garrote, L., & Flores, F. 2007. Challenges to manage the risk of water scarcity and climate change in the Mediterranean. Water Resources Management, 21 (5): 775-788

Rijsberman, F. n.d., Water scarcity: Fact or fiction. Agricultural Water Management, 80 (1)


Xu, Z., Takeuchi, K., Ishidaira, H., & Zhang, X. 2002. Sustainability analysis for Yellow River.
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Benetti Globalization According to Benetti

Words: 1421 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67650274

" (20)

This emphasis on technology is especially important to Benetti, who pays consideration to the fact that this force is very much a symptom of the inevitability of trade liberalization. Namely, it has the effect of inherently driving certain commercial interactions which will thereafter have an inescapable bearing on the interactions of nations. As Benetti describes it, "the introduction of the technology factor as an element favorable to business itself, brings about the possibility to interpret the cyclic phenomena linked to business itself, such as the learning, development, and imitation-lag of certain product typologies actually inter-linked by technological factors." (20)

Naturally, the claimed expectation is that participating nations on the receiving end of this development will experience a diversification of the trade market, an expansion of the labor market and a greater access to products, services, ideas and innovations theretofore not seen. For many developing nations, this will be…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Benetti, R. (2004). Survival of the Weak Countries in the Face of Globalization: Puerto Rico and the Carribean.