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We have over 446 essays for "Chaos Theory"

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Epistemology and Meta-Theory of Sound

Words: 1414 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11358809



For instance, according to Slaatte (1968), the "paradox of the paradox per se refers to two opposite properties of the paradox itself: its sheer impertinence to reason, on the one hand, and its profounder pertinence to reason, on the other" (p. 6). From Slaatte's perspective, "Truth is seen in vital relation to the self in his existence-as-he-experiences-it; it is not related as though one object is thrust upon another. If truth is to be known, it must be something in which we are perennially involved as knowing subjects and from which, as persons, we are never exempt" (p. 33). This means that companies today must ensure that mechanisms are in place to ensure that any analysis of their environment takes into account the potential for such bias and constraints, and identify appropriate ways of overcoming these limitations.

Although there are a wide range of tools and techniques available for accomplishing…… [Read More]

References

Baden-Fuller, C., & Volberda, H.W. (1997). Strategic renewal: How large complex organizations prepare for the future. International Studies of Management & Organization, 27(2), 95.

Carper W.B., & Snizek, W.E. (1980). The nature and types of organizational taxonomies: An overview. Academy of Management Review, 5(1), 65-75.

Doherty, N. & Delener, N. (2001). Chaos theory: Marketing and management implications. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 9(4), 66-75.

Harcar, T.D., & Khalil, O.E.M. (1999). Relationship marketing and data quality management. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 64(2), 26.
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Theory of Constraints

Words: 8470 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49169861

Constraints

What is the Theory of Constraints?

There has been a continuous development of management from the time it was realized that it can be studied carefully to form a branch of knowledge and the individuals who had studied it generally performed better as managers than others who never spent time on the matter. The Theory of Constraints or TOC is basically a philosophy of management and improvement. The first person to draw the attention of the world to this was Eliyahu M. Goldratt and he brought it to the notice of others through his famous book, The Goal. The guiding principle behind this theory is that in any organization there exists a weak link, and this acts somewhat like a chain with a weak link. This tops the organization from performing even better than it is performing at any period of time. In short, it is important to remove…… [Read More]

References

Chaleff, Ira. (October, 1995) "Process Improvement for Knowledge Workers" AFSM International. Vol: 20; No: 3. Retrieved from http://www.ibt-pep.com/default.asp?ObjectID=257 Accessed on 29 May, 2005

'Constraint Management & Supplier Relations" Retrieved from  http://www.focusedperformance.com/supp1.html  Accessed on 30 May, 2005

"Constraint Management & the Market" Retrieved from  http://www.focusedperformance.com/mktg1.html  Accessed on 30 May, 2005

'Critical Chain & Project Management the TOC Way" Retrieved from  http://www.focusedperformance.com/projects.html  Accessed on 30 May, 2005
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Art Criticism and Theory Question How Constraints

Words: 917 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32407750

ART CRITICISM AND THEORY: Question: How constraints practices artists/designers/architects influence make? Make reference TO response: - Site - Views art critics historians - Historical precedents - Materials technologies - Time - Audience expectations.

Post-modern art and theory

Artists in the post-modern era realized that they dealt with a lot of pressure coming from the public and that it was important for them to employ attitudes that would reflect positively on their works. Even with this, people need to understand that artists have always been constrained and that being limited actually had a constructive effect on most individuals. Chaos is difficult to discuss when regarding things from an artistic point-of-view, as while some people consider it to be an important asset, others believe that it is better for an artist to work with a limited amount of tools because this makes it possible for him or her to actually demonstrate that…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Gehry, Frank, "Fred & Ginger Building," 1996

Gehry, Frank, "Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao," 1997

Dir. Bill Viola. Ocean without a shore. 2007

Dir. Bill Viola. Silent Mountain. 2001.
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Bioecological Theory Bioecological Model Differs From Others

Words: 2639 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71801296

Bioecological Theory

Bioecological model differs from others in that it charts and describes the development of the human and the group over the spectrum of the life course, through successive generations both past and present.

The model consists of four principal components and the prime dynamic, interactive element that guides them. The four processes are:

the forms of interaction between organism and environment, usually called 'proximal processes that due to interaction between organism and environment effect human development

Persons -- the individual who is effected by the processes (proximal process)

the environment (socio-geo-historical etc.) in which the proximal processes occur and impact

Time -- the period in which the proximal processes occur.

Characteristics of the person can shape the proximal process and there are three key typologies that are actually predominant. These are:

Dispositions -- these set the processes in motion in a particular direction and sustain their trajectory

2.…… [Read More]

References

Adamsons, K., O'Brien, M., & Pasley, K. (2007). An ecological approach to father involvement in biological and stepfather families. Fathering, 5, 129 -- 147.

Bronfenbrenner, U. & Morris, PA (2006). The bioecological model of human development, Handbook of Child Psychology, 1, 793-828

Hetherington, D. & Parke, G. (1999) Child Psychology: A Contemporary Viewpoint, 5th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill

McAlister AL, Perry CL, & Parcel GS. (2008) How Individuals, Environments, and Health Behaviors Interact: Social Cognitive Theory. In: Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research, and Practice 4th Edition. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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System Theory the Origin and

Words: 4711 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 99908857

However, in the most recent theory of evolution which discusses the living world appears as the result of chance and an output of different randomly selected natural mills. This kind of development came to present as a result of the need of more subjects or topics in areas such as cybernetic, general system theory, information theory, theories of games which is needed in most decision making process in line with real applications. In mathematics techniques however, there are a number of general assumption which are insufficient and most of the time very contradict themselves (Laszlo & Krippner, 1982).

Again, Laszlo (1982) outlined that von Bertalanffy considered the idea of organization to be involved at various stages in the expression of natural system. This could be highlighted from his first statement on the system which he made between the years 1925-1926, during the time when similar thinking of organism was being…… [Read More]

References

Bailey, K.D. (2004). Beyond System Internals: Expanding the Scope of Living Systems Theory. Los Angeles: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Bailey, K.D. (2006). Living systems theory and social entropy theory. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 23, 291-300.

Bertalanffy, L. (1951). General system theory - a new approach to unity of science. (Symposium), Human Biology, 23, 303-361. Dec 1951.

Bertalanffy, L. (1972). General system theory: Foundations, development, applications. London: Allen Lane.
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Travis H's Theories Controlling Chaos

Words: 716 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Discussion Chapter Paper #: 44246122

There are five techniques of neutralization; denial of responsibility, denial of injury, denial of victim, condemnation of the condemners, and the appeal to higher loyalties" (David Matza, 1998, FSU).

These theories stress the need for strong social and personal control mechanisms to be instilled in young people early on in their lives, so that individuals have a strong super-ego to control their actions and thwart social influences that encourage a denial of personal responsibility and the reality of the victim's suffering. A good example of this is the DAE (Drug Abuse esistance Education) program run by law enforcement to encourage children not to use drugs. The law enforcement officials are supposed to present a positive image of the law to young people, and encourage youths to take responsibility for their actions and resist peer pressure to use drugs -- appealing to the 'higher loyalties' often absent amongst drug users, according…… [Read More]

References

David Matza. (1998, November 30). FSU. Retrieved June 9, 2011 at  http://www.criminology.fsu.edu/crimtheory/matza.htm 

Gottfredson, Michael R. & Travis Hirschi. (2011). A general theory of crime. Stanford University Press. Retrieved June 9, 2011 at  http://www.sup.org/book.cgi?id=2686 

No Excuse for Peer Abuse. (2011). Anti-Bullying Programs. Retrieved June 9, 2011 at http://antibullyingprograms.org/Programs.html

Welch, Kelly. (1998, November 30). Two major theories of Travis Hirschi. FSU.
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Organization Development and Complexity Theory

Words: 1249 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27582047

Businesses constantly face the need to update, the need to innovate. With these businesses come its leaders who feel the same bombardment at all levels. The speed at which change arises causes the lifecycles of typical businesses and the products they sell to last just a short time unless they learn to successfully adapt. As Keen (2000), explains: "Change is seen as necessary merely to survive; transformation is required to thrive and a constant need for reinvention is needed to secure long-term success (Keene, 2000, p. 15). In order to meet those demands, sometimes businesses may use a method or theory to help them.

Complexity science is a recently examined field of study. It is fast-growing, in use across all dimensions of business. Complexity science is a term typically used to signify an increasing body of interdisciplinary studies about the structure, behaviour and dynamics of change in a particular category…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, P. (1999). Perspective: Complexity Theory and Organization Science. Organization Science, 10(3). doi:10.1287/orsc.10.3.216

Dolan, S.L., Garcia, S., & Auerbach, A. (2003). Understanding and Managing Chaos in Organisations. International Journal of Management, 20(1), 23-37.

Griffin, D., Shaw, P., & Stacey, R. (1999). Knowing and Acting in Conditions of Uncertainty: A Complexity Perspective. Systemic Practice and Action Research, 12(3), 295-310. doi:10.1023/A:1022403802302

Keene, A. (2000). Complexity theory: the changing role of leadership. Industrial and Commercial Training, 32(1), 15-18.
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Sociology Theories How Do Berger

Words: 1369 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98964612



QUESTION THREE: "Is inequality of social classes inevitable?" The conflict theory put forward by Ralf Dahrendorf begins with a discussion of Marxism and the fact that in industry, the conflict between classes - the capitalist and proletariat (worker) - the worker had a natural inclination to be in conflict with the capitalists who were the authority, the bosses. The same kind of conflict carried over into the political realm as well, sometimes violent. The problem was that there was no system whereby conflicts could be resolved. But Marx's analysis, Dahrendorf goes on, was tainted because of his obsession with proletarian revolution.

At this point in his essay, Dahrendorf, though rejecting Marx in that context, asserts that since there are "interest groups" and "quasi-groups" those must then be considered "classes." And if there are classes, it is then logical to assume there will be groups, and quasi-groups that will always have…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Berger, Peter; & Luckmann, Thomas. (1966). The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise

In the Sociology of Knowledge. Garden City NY: Anchor Books, pp. 51-55, 59-61.

Collins, Particia Hill. (1990). Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. Boston: UnwinHyman, pp. 221-238.

Dahrendorf, Ralf. (1959). Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society. Stanford: Stanford
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Function of Theory in Nursing

Words: 2840 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 29582100

According to Newman, nurses practicing within this theory find their own lives are enhanced and transformed (Neill, 2002). Her beliefs and consciousness-centered approach were born from her early nursing experiences involving rehabilitation patients (Weingourt, 1998). She came to understand the altered connection between the concept of time for her patients and their limited mobility. For most of her patients, the day would seem to drag along despite the fact that their rehabilitation sessions were relatively short. Her conclusion was that these patients had an altered sense of reality. This eventually sparked her theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness (HEC).

Looking at the practice of nursing through a more metaphysical lens, the HEC posits that there is a universal and expanding consciousness in which all humans participate -- the healthy, the recuperating, and the incurably ill. Newman believed this was a natural law just as real as the law of gravity…… [Read More]

Margaret Newman and James Fowler both focus their attention on the larger, more spiritual context of human experience and the implication this has in one's healing. There are commonalities that exist between the philosophies of both theorists: human reasoning, the ability to adopt to another's perspective, social awareness, and human formation of a world-view. Newman offers the nurse-patient relationship can be enhanced if it is viewed as a caring partnership. HEC does not really pretend to be a quick fix or direct nursing intervention; instead, it presents an opportunity to assist the sick by recognizing patterns and using this intelligence to expand a patient's consciousness, self-care, and comfort (Awa & Yamashita, 2008).

Fowler concerns himself more with faith as a lens through which we see the world. His ideas about faith over the span of one's lifetime can be particularly beneficial when working with elderly populations. Older, Stage 5 and 6 adults may begin to reincorporate earlier religious beliefs and traditions that were previously discarded (Fowler, 2004). This could be due to physical limitations or also used as a self-healing mechanism to avoid feelings of helplessness or abandonment. A nurse who is attentive can acknowledge this mature spirituality as being helpful to a patient attempting to find meaning in his or her illness.

In sum, both theories/frameworks have implications for the practice of nursing. A theory, by definition, is a group of related concepts that propose action that guide practice. From Margaret Newman and even non-nursing theorist James Fowler we see how using a systematic view of inter-relationships between concepts of spirituality, higher consciousness, caring and empathy can be useful for describing, explaining, predicting, and prescribing nursing interventions that make a difference in the lives of patients. Both philosophies offer insight that can create better nurses.
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Nursing Theory Framework

Words: 2702 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 33960538

Nursing Theory Framework

Attachment Theory

ecognizing Addiction through Attachment Theory

Affect egulation and Addiction

Handling Addiction as an Attachment Disorder

The First Phase of Therapy

Concepts

Autonomy

Beneficence

Nonmaleficence

Nursing Theory Framework

The misappropriation of prescription drugs by teens in the United States is a growing public health issue. Using a nursing theory framework, the scope of the problem of prescription drug use among teens is reviewed. Equal in variety to manifestations of addiction are sundry psychological theories that attempt to explain and treat the problem. Hardy (2011) was able to look into four traditional models for recognizing alcoholism (social learning theory, tension reduction theory, personality theory, and interactional theory,) in addition to five theoretical models that were developing at the time of their writing.

An approach to treating and understanding addiction that has created a huge amount of research in current decades, and which displays big promise for effective…… [Read More]

References

Caplan, J.P. (2012). Neuropsychiatric effects of prescription drug abuse. Neuropsychology Review, 17(3), 363-80.

Elkashef, A.M. (2012). Prevention and treatment of addiction. Psychiatric Times, 16-18.

Fischer, B.P. (n.d.). Assessing the prevalence of nonmedical prescription opioid use in the general canadian population: Methodological issues and questions. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 55(9), 606-9.

Flores, P.J. (2012). Group psychotherapy and neuro-plasticity: An attachment theory perspective. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 60(4), 546-70.
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Film Auteur Theory in Tim

Words: 2585 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 61136258

Gotham is a dark place, which manifests evil in the character of the Joker (Jack Nicholson). Bruce Wayne, Batman, is the force with which evil must reckon. Batman, however, has his own dark side, which is manifest in his costume, his gothic style mansion, and the technology he employs to combat the Joker and other criminal elements.

In this film, Burton needed only a few big name and talented actors -- Jack Nicholson (the Joker), Michael Keaton (Bruce Wayne aka Batman), Billy Dee Williams (Harvey Bent), and Kim Bassinger (Vicky Vale) to attract that audience that might otherwise have opted out of a comic book to film production. Yet the actors in this instance by virtue of their talent need minimal direction, and that allows Burton to focus on the structure of the film. The film is not structured around the actors, but the actors fill the structure of the…… [Read More]

Reference List

Dudley, Andrew (1984). Concepts in Film Theory, Oxford University Press.

Caughie, John (1982). Theories of Authorship: A Reader, Routledge, New York, New

York.

Valicha, Kishore (1988). The Moving Image: A Study of Indian Cinema, Orient
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Management Theories Historical Records Show That People

Words: 2061 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99899559

Management Theories

Historical records show that people always organized themselves in order to work together towards a common objective and they coordinated their efforts to achieve this objective (Accel-Team 2004). It was not until the latter part of the 19th century that the concept of scientific management entered history during the Industrial evolution, but management skills existed long before the 19th century. Ancient Egyptians built the pyramids, ancient Chinese erected the Great Wall of China, the Mesopotamians irrigated their lands and walled their cities and the omans of old put up their roads, aqueducts and notably Hadrian's Wall not without established and superb management standards of their leaders (Accel-Team) and massive obedience and coordination among the followers. The pyramids of Egypt, wonders of the world, each measure 75,600 square feet at the base, 480 feet high and consists of more than two million blocks of stone, each weighing 2.5 tons.…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

1. Accel-Team. (2004). Developments from Ancient History. Accel-Team.com. http://www.accel-team/scientific

2. Allen, G. (1998). Management History. Supervision. http://allie.dcccd.edu.mgnmt1374

3. Geocities. (2004). Human Behavior. http://www.geocities.com/the sydication/hr.html

4. McNamara, C. (1999). Very Brief History of Management Theories.  http://www.mapnp.org/library/mgmnt/history.htm
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Complexity Theory Management Goals and Innovation

Words: 957 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 90530643

Complexity Theory and Management: A Balance
Complexity theorists to indeed recommend that organizational leaders not focus so strongly on command-and control styles of management but rather establish performance goals and set simple rules that their team members can follow. This approach truly does offer the potential to open the doors for creativity and out-of-the-box thinking, but it can also foster discord and waste—if abused by destructive employees. Managers have the challenge of finding a way to let go of control, yet still ensure that there’s a level of coordination still involved. In this manner the others goals of the organization should still be met. This is delicate balance and achieving such objectives is something that many managers struggle with their entire professional careers. However, this paper will explore the ways that managers can take their hands off the proverbial wheel and give their employees greater freedom, yet still make sure…… [Read More]

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Samuel Background Information Theories of Authorship Date

Words: 899 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5878368

Samuel

Background information; theories of authorship, date of writing, other relevant background information related to location, other cultures, religious, political, social, etc.

and 2 Samuel was originally one book in the Hebrew Bible and is set in the 11th Century BC, roughly from 1050-970. It begins with the destruction of Shiloh about 1050 BC and in its present form has 55 chapters, although the authors remain anonymous. In the Greek Septuagint there were four "Books of eigns" (or Kingdoms) while Jerome named them the "Books of Kings" -- with the first dealing mainly with Saul and the second with David (Gordon, 1999, p. 19).

Parts of these books, such as the History of the Throne Succession were very likely written during the time of David and Solomon or shortly afterward. Many stories about these kings were "of ancient origin and in fixed form by the mid-tenth century," and probably based…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Bright, J. (2000). A History of Israel, 4th Edition. John Knox Press.

Brueggemann, W. (1990). First and Second Samuel. John Knox Press.

Gordon, R.P. (1999). I and II Samuel: A Commentary. Paternoster Press.
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Mind and Human Behavior Theories

Words: 4187 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33968140

Mind and Human Behavior

Define and discuss a particular theory of consciousness

Consciousness can be best grasped in context as a facet of an interactive wakeful state wherein most cognitive processing occurs non-consciously. However, on combining non-conscious and conscious processing in the wakeful state, how can we differentiate one from the other, how can consciousness be defined, and what purpose does it serve? The conclusions drawn with respect to the former question critically influence how the latter question is answered. What property makes a state non-conscious rather than conscious? This section will support the argument that, out of all possible answers commonly put forth (i.e., accessibility, intentionality, reflexivity, subjectivity), the element-- reflexive, auto noetic-consciousness -- is the only one observed solely in the state of consciousness (Peters, 2013).

The Quantum Theory of Consciousness

The consciousness issue has opposed traditional approaches, in which the human brain is perceived as a computer…… [Read More]

References

Albensi, B.C. and Janigro, D. (2003).Traumatic brain injury and its effects on synaptic plasticity. Brain Inj. 17(8): p. 653-63.

Anderson, J. R. (1990). Cognitive psychology and its implications. New York: Freeman.

Cerasoli, C. P., & Ford, M. T. (2014). Intrinsic Motivation, Performance, and the Mediating Role of Mastery Goal Orientation: A Test of Self-Determination Theory.JournalOf Psychology, 148(3), 267-286. doi:10.1080/00223980.2013.783778

Eccles, J. S., & Wigfield, A. (2002).Motivational beliefs, values, and goals.Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 109-132.
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Testing Theory

Words: 508 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 53101248

Public Safety Networks supported by information and communication technology infrastructure, are products of one or more characteristics of their member agencies, which aggregate to complicated network behavior thereby reducing public safety events. PSNs operate as CAS because they are made up of multiple agencies, acting on condition and in parallel with member agencies leading to continuous adaptation and evolution. PSNs are organized to tackle Public safety exercises, such as anti-terrorism, fire prevention, law enforcement, and medical emergency that are deemed as wicked problems.

A broad range of cross-agency intergovernmental collaborative initiatives employing inter-organizational systems encounter challenges associated with cost inefficiencies, performance as well as social fabrics in PSNs. This study is meant to offer considerations for Public Safety Network managers. It applies CAS systems theory to explain the changes in Public Safety Networks as they address the "wicked problems" they encounter on their daily operations.

Study

Public Safety Networks as…… [Read More]

References

Tomasino, A.P. (2012). Public Safety Networks as a Type of Complex Adaptive System. Information and Process Management .

Tyworth, M., & Sawyer, S. (2006). Organic development: a top-down and bottom-up approach to design of public sector information systems. Proceedings of the 2006 international conference on Digital government research .

Waldrop, M.M. (1992). Complexity: The Emerging Science at the Edge of Chaos. New York: Simon and Schuster.
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Epidemic Theory of Crime

Words: 1279 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80886737

Smith and Kidron, the end of the Cold War ironically initiated a series of belligerent conflicts across the globe. The international news media reported shocking brutality that ravaged osnia-Herzegovina, Chechnya, and especially in Rwanda, where nearly 800,000 people were slaughtered during the brief six-week period in 1994. Despite the sharp increase in human casualties lost to warfare, states hardly lifted a finger to stop it. udgets for military spending were curtailed, the production of nuclear weapons slowed, and the United Nations embarked on more peace operations than ever before. However, the events of September 11 abruptly terminated the United States' passivity; policymakers quickly approved dramatically increased budgets for military operations while thousands of troops boarded ships and airplanes to be dropped off in the most perilous war zone of the new millennium. Though incessant warfare may seem inevitable in many parts of the world, including Georgia and Iraq, there is…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Baker, Peter. "Called Home to Rebuild, Georgian Led Revolution." The Washington

Post 27 November 2003. http://www.washingt ... / A16312-

2003 Nov26?language=printe. Online Accessed 26 November 2003.

Gordon, Michael. "Nation Building in Iraq: Lessons from the Past." The New York
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Environmental Theory and Emancipatory Knowledge

Words: 5800 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 66395592

Nightingale met a friend Richard Monckton Miles in 1842. Then in 1844, Nightingale asked Dr. Howe if she could do a charitable job in a hospital like the catholic nuns, and refused her marriage to her cousin, Henry Nicholson. By 1845, Nightingale started training herself in the nearby Salisbury Hospital, but her parents were not happy about it, seeing nursing as an inappropriate job for a well to do woman like their daughter. In the next year, Nightingale began teaching herself from the government blue books. In the meantime, Monckton Miles wanted to marry her, but soon she travelled to Rome, Italy with friends to avoid him. Britain unlimited, 2009). Finally, after she attended the Herbert's Charmouth convalescent home, her knowledge was recognized. In 1849, after refusing finally to Miles proposal, she decided to go to Egypt while accompanying her friends, the Bracebridges. They then travelled through Europe, and ended…… [Read More]

(Source: Cody, 2006, p. 259).

Differences Between Nightingale's Theory and Emancipatory Knowing -- When Nightingale thought about the benefits of a well-ventilated room, she was not basing her view on previous knowledge. Emancipatory progress is now evident in the way world healthcare approaches a patient's room -- typically well-ventilated and clean (Beck, 2005, pg. 140). Nightingale was born in an era were by women has very little voice most of the work done by women were in-house work so most of Nightingale's major innovation was providing place for women to work with and for women (Selanders, 2005, pg., 83). Today with Emancipatory knowledge we see a more educated workforce of both men and women in nursing. Although in the late 19th century there were still arguments regarding Nightingale's visions, today's theorists use her broad-based knowledge as a best -- practice template for modern conceptions (Attewell, 2005).

The Legacy of Nightingale Part 1 -- Nursing Ethics -- Most modern ethical theorist are based on traditions dating back as far as Ancient Greece. However, medical, and in particular nursing, ethics are clearly a post-Nightingale logical evolution (never a conclusion). The philosophical combination of advocacy and ethics, while still remaining true to the realities of budgets and the need for a medical institution to
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Leadership Theories Change in Response

Words: 1242 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 6372423

However, Avery points out an important shift in managerial leadership styles. She sees it as a shift in the balance of power within an organization, rather than a shift in the way managers perform their daily tasks. She states, leadership involves letting go of conventional notions of control, order, and hierarchy, replacing them with trust and an acceptance of continual change, chaos, and respect for diverse members of the organization...the members are expected to be self-managing and self-leading (Avery, 29-30).

This statement summarizes Avery's view of how leadership styles will evolve in the future. The balance of power is shifting from the leader to the employee. In the future, employees will continue to become more independent and to seek their own methods of self-management. Leaders will have to be wiling to let go and become more of a guidance counselor than an authority figure. This trend was perhaps the most…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Avery, G. Understanding Leadership. London: Sage Publications, 2004.
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Divine Command Theory

Words: 1031 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31101690

Ethics

On the surface, both ethical relativism and ethical egotism are appealing theories. The ethical relativist avoids many of the problems that arise from encounters with different moral codes, and can help to eliminate some of the culture clashes and social problems inherent in the human condition. For example, when many esterners come into contact with Middle Eastern cultures such as that of Saudi Arabia, they are tempted to pass judgment on the status of women. However, ethical relativism holds that all moral systems are valid, that ethics cannot be absolute or imposed from without. Therefore, ethical relativism is closely connected with cultural relativism. Such a stance makes it easy for people to get along and to resist fighting. "Anything goes," and "live and let live" are in fact some of the basic hallmarks of a liberal democracy and to an extent ethical relativism should always be at least entertained.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Holt, Tim. "Divine Command Theory." Philosophy of Religion. 2005. Online at .

Weston, Anthony. A 21st Century Ethical Toolbox. Oxford University Press, 2001.
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Politics International Relations Analysis of Theories the

Words: 1276 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91739419

Politics

International Relations

Analysis of Theories

The field of international relations is based on many competing and complementary theories. These include realism, liberalism, constructivism, dependency theory, Marxism, etc. The theories are many; the field is expansive. What international relations seek to do is both formulate and analyze international politics, and work concomitantly with world governments, non-governmental organizations, and multi-national corporations. Due to the nature of work in these global affairs, several of the theories mentioned above are utilized to explain various phenomena. This paper will thus focus on a few questions as they relate to international relations and, specifically, to the theories which it employs.

To begin, one must understand that the field of international politics can be segmented into various categories, or levels of analysis. The most famous of these categories are Kenneth Waltz' groups, which include explanations of politics as being driven by individuals, by psychology, by states,…… [Read More]

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Living Theory

Words: 1713 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21400130

LABO UNIONS IN THE U.S.: Evaluation of Social Theory as Applied to the Concept of Organized Labor

CHAPTE IN BIEF INTODUCTION history of labor unions, their composition and development in the U.S. over time, discussion of the "building blocks" of such organizations

ELEVANCE OF LABO UNIONS ACCODING TO SOCIAL THEOISTS discussion of the relevance of labor unions according to the following social theorists: Durkheim, Simmel, Weber and Marx. Why labor unions are formed according to each of the social theorists; the idea of labor unions as a positive or negative force; labor unions as collective representatives of society; labor unions as reflective of society's need to collectively gather; who is represented by labor unions; economic factors in labor gatherings (Marx, on the idea that labor unions are created to promote the economic interests of employees within organizations)

CONCLUSION

Labor unions were created for a variety of reasons, in part to…… [Read More]

References

Hurst, Charles E. Living Theory. The Application of Classical Social Theory to Contemporary Life. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2000.

Schuster, Frederick. Human Resource Management. Reston: Reston Publishing

Company, 1985

Turner, Jonathan; Beeghley, Leonard; Powers, Charles. The Emergence of Social
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Analyzing the Self Control Theory

Words: 1428 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84409415

Self-Control Theory and ADHD

Self-Control Theory

Gottfredson and Hirschi's (1990) General Crime Theory, now referred to as the theory of self-control, remains one of the most well-known theories (Tibbetts & Gibson, 2002). Low self-control remains the main component of their theory. The time-stable individual difference that regulates behavior is low self-control. From what I learnt, individuals who have low self-control are mainly due to poor or ineffective parenting techniques during the early years-before they reached the age of eight. Particularly, parents that lack the consistency or effectiveness to form an emotional attachment with their children will find it hard to monitor the behavior of their children. The difficulty experienced in monitoring the child's behavior minimizes the possibility that the children's deviant behavior will be noticed by the parents. This will minimize the chance for the parents to administer non-corporal punishment for deviant behavior. Therefore, such persons would prefer easy and…… [Read More]

References

Higgins, G. E. (2007). Digital piracy, self-control theory, and rational choice: An examination of the role of value. International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 1(1), 33-55.

Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.

Tibbetts, S. G., & Gibson, C. L. (2002). Individual propensities and rational decision-making: Recent findings and promising approaches.

In: A. R. Piquero and S. G. Tibbetts (Eds.), Rational Choice and Criminal Behavior: Recent Research and Future Challenges. (pp. 3-24): New York, NY: Routledge Press.
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Lewin's Change Management Theory

Words: 909 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 52891289

Organizational Change Management Theory

The organization this document will assess in terms of its readiness for change is Dataversity. It operates within the data management industry. Its primary operations are two-fold. It hosts a website centered upon the education of consumers and businesses for data-driven applications. Also, the company hosts myriad conferences each year. These conferences are also dedicated to data-driven applications and technologies. This organization is a small one. There are only five full-time employees. However, it strongly relies on contractors and their work. The organization has been in existence for the past 10 years. It started off as simply hosting conferences before it branched out to publishing in the way of its internationally renowned web site.

The primary human resources practice employed by Dataversity that could benefit from change is the way that it hires is contractors. Presently, there is a decided dearth of protocol and consistency in…… [Read More]

References

Jones, S. (2012). Reading, reflection and application in reality. www.nursingreview.co.nz Retrieved from  http://www.nursingreview.co.nz/issue/november-2012/Change-management-A-classic-theory-revisited/#.WBJKyPnQfZj 

National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools (2013). Organizational readiness to change assessment (ORCA) tool.  http://www.nccmt.ca/  Retrieved from
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Change Management

Words: 1755 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43409537

Chaos theory states that change represents a contemporary corporate model which is best suited to the advanced corporations of the current era. The theory understands the fact that change is unavoidable, but that forecasting its trajectory and time is hard (Taneja, 2013). Mergers, acquisitions, governmental takeovers and liquidations, which are ever more frequently observed, all support chaos theory premises. Akin to chemistry, organizational change may be classified as organic (flowing from an existing process) or inorganic (entirely different) (Wong, 2016).

A Discussion That Assesses the Factors That Contribute to The Organic Evolution of Change

Just like in the case of living beings, an effective institution realizes the important aspect that the totality is always greater than its individual components' sum, that diverse areas must undergo organic growth and change, and that diverse groups must develop and adjust at their own pace (Oner, Benson, & Beser, 2014). As organic evolution necessitates…… [Read More]

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Bind Chaos in a Pair

Words: 1201 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92372475

What is the significance and quality of his life? He is a little like a force of nature, a little like a trickster god, a little like a criminal... his activities make his like and that of all those around him at once interesting and uncomfortable, and every day he challenges those around him to change and renew their lives.

To understand how his behavior itself is and creates chaos, one can just glance at a few of his reported activities. I wrote to him just a few days ago, asking him to tell me a few of his newest stories -- as always, they were full of humor and insight. Once upon a time, he said, not long ago, this little girl came up to him. "Are you a boy or a girl?" He grinned at her, leaned in close, and said: "I'm a radical gender*****." "What's that?" He…… [Read More]

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Major Theories in Work Motivation

Words: 1785 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77750945

Maslow's Hierarchy

The below triangle and framework has been in place since the 1940's. It was first put forth in 1943 and was later updated, also by Maslow, a little over a decade later in 1954. The triangle or pyramid is constructed in such a way that the more "basic" and major needs are lower down the chain and the lesser but yet still worthy of mention needs are higher up. Indeed, basic needs, like the first two levels mentioned, are going to go get the most attention from any given person. However, the needs that are higher up the pyramid will get attention as well. The idea is that, to one degree or another, all of the needs on the pyramid influence our motivation or actions to one degree or another.

Physiological

There are five different needs when it comes to the Maslow hierarchy. They are depicted in picture…… [Read More]

References

BBC. (2017). Abraham Maslow and the pyramid that beguiled business - BBC News. BBC News. Retrieved 2 April 2017, from  http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-23902918 

CM. (2017). Maslow's Hierarchy. Changingminds.org. Retrieved 2 April 2017, from  http://changingminds.org/explanations/needs/maslow.htm 

EPI. (2017). Educational Psychology Interactive: Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Edpsycinteractive.org. Retrieved 2 April 2017, from  http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/conation/maslow.html 

LT. (2017). MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS. Learning-theories.com. Retrieved 2 April 2017, from  https://www.learning-theories.com/maslows-hierarchy-of-needs.html
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Neural Network

Words: 3129 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7103440

Artificial Intelligence

hat is AI?

Future of AI

The Expert System

hat is an Expert System?

Three Major Components of an Expert System

Structure of an Expert System

Neural network

Fuzzy Logic

Chaos Engineering

Field and Benefit

Debate on Comparison

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Expert System Defined

Consulting applies a knowledge-based system to commercial loan officers using multimedia (Hedburg 121). Their system requires a fast IBM desktop computer. Other systems may require even more horsepower by using exotic computers or workstations. The software used is even more exotic. Considering there are very few applications that are pre-written using AI, each company has to write it's own software to determine the solution to their specific problem.

An easier way around this obstacle is to design an add-on. The company Fuziare has developed several applications which act as additions to larger applications. FuziCalc, FuziQuote, FuziCell, FuziChoice, and FuziCost are all products…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barron, Janet J. "Putting Fuzzy Logic into Focus." Byte April (1993): 111-118.

Butler, Charles, and Maureen Caudill. Naturally Intelligent Systems. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1990.

Bylinsky, Gene. "Computers That Learn By Doing." Fortune 6 Sep. 1993: 96-102.

Liebowitz, Jay. "Roll Your Own Hybrids." Byte July (1993): 113-115.
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Theatre Art

Words: 1066 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 37629048

Dee:

The Shape of Things, a play by Neil LaBute, (A) expands on the central themes of society's distortional emphasis on appearances, and art as a potentially limitless and human-sculpting instrument. Linearly structured in three acts, the plot closely follows the problematic evolution of a student couple from a Midwest university. Starting as a discrepant match, Evelyn and Adam develop an oddly unequal relationship, as the former increasingly impacts major changes in the apparel and psychological onset of her partner, who complies with every single suggestion out of innocent devotion.

The public clarification scene from the third act has a great potential for theatricality due to the fact that it comes across as a bitter surprise and a ruthlessly planned humiliation, yet admittedly it challenges the cultural and ethical boundaries concerning art and the human being as object for art. The reason why a large part of the audience exhibits…… [Read More]

References

Allen, James Sloan. "Tolstoy's Prophesy: "What Is Art?" Today." New Criterion, December 1998: 14-17.

Antakyalioglu, Zekiye. "Chaos Theory and Stoppard's Arcadia." Journal of Istanbul Kultur University, March 2006: 87-93
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Jurassic Park

Words: 907 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82491575

Jurassic Park

The famous 1991 novel, Jurassic Park, is based on the subject of a wildlife preserve for dinosaurs. The renowned writer of this novel, Michael Crichton, hoisted the conventional phantom of the revivification of species that have been wiped out from the face of the earth by using conserving DNA samples ("Jurassic Park' 20 Years" C10). The uncontrolled genetic engineering produced outcomes that were not the concern of just the scientists in the novel but are the concern of the whole human civilization (Sharp 507).

Crichton was able to craft a vibrantly dramatic action-adventure story with the Jurassic Park that revolved around the ideas of gluttony and crookedness of science. In this vivid tale of Crichton, an affluent investor builds a theme park that was located on an island off the coast of Costa ica. The peculiar part of the tale is that the investor hires a scientist to…… [Read More]

References

Fisher, B. & Magid, R. "Jurassic Park: When Dinosaurs Rule the Box Office." American Cinematographer June 1993: 37+. Questia. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. .

"Jurassic Park' 20 Years Later: How Close? Film Trilogy about Resurrected Dinosaurs Debuts on Blu-Ray." The Washington Times (Washington, DC) 25 Oct. 2011: C10. Questia. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. .

Sharp, Michael D., ed. Popular Contemporary Writers. Vol. 4. New York: Marshall Cavendish Reference, 2006. Questia. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. .

Trembley, Elizabeth A. Michael Crichton: A Critical Companion. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996. Questia. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. .
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Opportunities Faced by Leaders Society and Organizations

Words: 1107 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55163981

Opportunities Faced by Leaders, Society and Organizations

Problems and opportunities facing leaders, communities and organization are always a cause of debate in the society. They can arise in many different ways and exist in many forms and society finds it's our way of meeting these challenges and responding to such opportunities. The articles chosen for this paper focus primarily on the issue of rising tuition costs and it's impact on college enrollment and this topic is chosen because it affects leaders, communities and organizations alike.

The first article in this connection is written by Donald Heller. The article explains how rising costs impact enrollment in colleges and universities. The author found that all things being equal, rising tuition costs will lead to lower enrollment. A decline in enrollment is however a subjective issue dependent on some other factors including type of institution. For example it has been found the community…… [Read More]

References

Heller, Donald. The effects of tuition prices and financial

Aid on enrollment in higher education Accessed online

Dickson L, Pender. In-State Tuition Benefits Affect the Enrollment of Non-Citizens?

Evidence from Universities in Texas. Accessed online
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Rapid Growth of the Global

Words: 1457 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65023170

The term "hockey stick" was given to this controversy by Jerry Mahlman, a climatologist who described a patter that is relatively flat to 1900 (the shaft) and then a sharp increase after 1900 that corresponds to the blade (see above) (Climate Legacy, 2004). This graph has been the key piece of evidence in views supported by the United Nations and IPCC regarding greenhouse gas emissions and environmental change.

Arguments against using the Hockey Stick as the only answer to climate claim that it is taken out of context when it comes to global climatic time. In addition, graphing the last 150 years causes, what some scientists say, is noisy data in which relatively minor changes appear to be over exaggerated because of the template of the graph. This, called small-amplitude variations, may be true from an empirical sense, but have little meaning statistically when dealing with macro-science like climate (Von…… [Read More]

REFERENCES & WORKS CONSULTED

Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. (2007). IPCC. Cited in:

 http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/spms2.html 

Climate Legacy of 'Hockey Stick..' (2004). BBC News. Cited in:

 http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3569604.stm
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Business Environment Interaction of the Business Environment

Words: 1288 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86541801

Business Environment

Interaction of the Business Environment

The environment of a company is much like the natural world in that there are many layers to any single organization (Marques, 2007). Political forces are present because there are factions and beliefs within a company which cause different politics to be formed. The economics of running an organization are a different facet of the environment which many consider the most important part of the business (after all the business of business is to make money), but it is actually a piece of the larger while which is neither more important or less than any other. Very business also has a social component. All of the different relationships that occur in the wider world can be found in any large organization. Another part of the environmental whole that affects every other part has to do with the technical functioning of the business. Technology…… [Read More]

References

Laumer, S., Eckhardt, A., & Weitzel, T. (2010). Electrojnic human resources management in an e-business environment. Journal of Electronic Commerce Management, 11(4), 240-251.

Loewe, M., Blume, J., & Speer, J. (2008). How favoritism affects the business environment: Empirical evidence from Jordan. The Middle East Journal, 62(2), 259-272.

Marques, J. (2007). The influence of the global business environment in realizing the millennium development goals. Journal of Global Business Issues, 1(1), 17-25.

Ruff, F. (2006). Corporation foresight: Integrating the future business environment into innovation and strategy. Research Technology Management, 278-295.
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Imperialism and the Industrial Revolution

Words: 902 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21931924


1 Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution began in the 18th and 19th centuries and is responsible for the moving of nations away from farming to industry and manufacturing. The Industrial Revolution introduced trains, more advanced shipping, steel production, communications systems, cars, planes, and military equipment, and construction. The skyscraper came into existence, people moved to urban areas away from the countryside. Wars broke out as nations fought over natural resources like oil fields, minerals, and sea lanes to support the new industries.

The nations of the world were able to engage in Industrialization because of another rise—the rise of finance. Banks began to exert more and more influence over the activities of nations. They financed big productions and helped businessmen develop companies that would go on to dominate industries. Banks started working with governments too and together they started redrawing international territories, with wars financed by banks that led to…… [Read More]

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Corporate Roles in Environmental Ethics

Words: 5925 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 39363295

Corporate Social esponsibility and Environmental Ethics

Abstract/Introduction -- No one can argue that the international business community is becoming more and more complex as a result of globalism. In turn, this complexity is driven by an increasing understanding of sustainability, going "green," and bringing ethical and moral philosophy into the business community. British Telecom, for instance, noted in 2007 that it had reduced its carbon footprint by 60% since 1996, setting itself a target of 80% reductions by 2016 (Hawser, 2007). Francois Barrault, CEO, BT Global Services, said that by supporting sustainability his company hoped not only to reduce its carbon footprint but also to attract younger people who prefer to work for environmentally and socially responsible companies. He didn't always think that way, though. Barrault said that when he first met former U.S. vice president and environmental activist Al Gore, who showed him pictures of icecaps melting, he thought…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Career Services. The University of Edinburgh. Retrieved from:

 http://www.ed.ac.uk/schools-departments/careers .

Corporate Social Responsibility in the Global Supply Chain.. APEC

Human Resources Development Working Group. Retrieved from: http://hrd.apec.org/index.php/Corporate_Social_Responsibility_in_the_Global_Supply_Chain.
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Bleep Do We Know Traveling

Words: 3658 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38931531

In this interpretation Heitler accepts the modified Copenahgenist observer created reality, but adds that the act of observation dissolves the barrier between observer and the observed. The observer is a necessary part of the whole. Once observed, the object is now an inseparable part of the observer (leuler). Arntz addresses this bridge between the observer, the observer, and reality by asking "why aren't we magicians?"; indeed, if we create our reality and can change our reality simply through the act of how we perceive it, and how we choose to perceive it, we should be able shape our world and our place in our world. In Arntz' way, he is offering to the reader what so many self-help gurus have done -- put responsibility for one's reality in the hands of the person living that particular reality, and saying, 'here you go, you can change it.' Empowering, yes….but is it…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Albert, David and Barry Loewer. "Interpreting the Many Worlds Interpretation." Synthese (2004): 195-213.

Arntz, William, Betsy Chasse and Mark Vicente. What the Bleep Do We Know. Deerfield Beach: Health Communications, Inc., 2005.

Bey, Hakim. "Quantum Mechanics & Chaos Theory: Anarchist Meditations on N. Herbert's Quantum Reality: Beyond the New Physics." 2010. Hakim Bey and Ontological Anarchy. 27 March 2010 .

Bleuler, K., Heitler, W. "The Reversal of Time and the Quantization of the Longitudinal Field in Quantum Electrodynamics." Progress of Theoretical Physics (1950): 600-605.
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Truth One Cannot Simply Define

Words: 3618 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44253527

Two belief systems, then -- true believe, and justified true belief (Hauser, 1992).

Humans, however, according to Pierce, turn justified true beliefs into true beliefs by converting them into axioms. Once we have proven something there is no need to prove it again, and we use the part that was proven before to further extend our study and the inquisition of knowledge. And so it becomes necessary to accept things as the truth without proving them at every single moment. However, does not mean that the belief is an unjustified belief, for it again is the conflictual nature of justified against unjustified that, for scholars like Pierce, outpours a reality he can view as "true" (Ibid).

ene' Descartes' purpose was to make humans analyze the introspective nature of being, and to postulate on the veracity of truth as a nature of thought -- if we think it, it is, and…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Ayer, A.J. (2001). David Hume: A Short Introduction .Oxford University Press.

Billington, M. (2007). Harold Pinter. Faber and Faber.

Cottingham, J., ed. (1992). The Cambridge Companion to Descartes. Cambridge Gould, J. And R. Mulvaney. (2008). Classic Philosophical Questions, 13th ed.. Prentice-

Hall.
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Enron Was a Texas-Based Energy

Words: 1863 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 74794225

cis.upenn.edu/.../nwlife06.html)

One can not begin to trace the various lines and connections of the myriad of relationships, but the chart does fulfill the purpose of showing how much of a web this situation involved.

In the wake of the Enron scandal many questions have arisen centering on the strength of the U.S. Economy. Investors have questioned the accounting practices of many other firms; there has been significant fallout on the financial market; and considerable negative consequences in the market, the economy, the investment paradigm, and public confidence. All this contributed to a decline in the strength of the American economy, and certainly also had global repercussions.

The increased skepticism about accounting practices has forced many multi-national corporations all over the world to defend their financial statements. This loss of investor confidence has lead to significant changes in accounting standards and auditing practices. Corporate executives are now being required to be…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Bryce, Robert, (2002), Pipe Dreams: Greed, Ego, and the Death of Enron,

Public Affair Press.

Conroy, S. And T. Emerson. (2006). "Changing Ethical Attitudes: The Case of the Enron and ImClone Scandals." Social Science Quarterly.

87(2): 395-410.
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Product Management Issues Quality of Design Performance

Words: 2626 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83044849

Product Management Issues

Quality of Design, Performance, and TQM -- As manufacturing design and implementation became even more complex, an integrative approach to the end product became necessary. There are many theoretical rubrics for this, but one of the more stable and robust is that of TQM, or Total Quality Management. TQM, like other theories such as Six Sigma, is based on the idea that the quality of the end product is the responsibility of everyone who touches the process -- from the creation to the manufacturing to the distribution. TQM, as noted, is an evolving process, and one that includes design, process management, stakeholder involvement and integration, leadership and management, strategic planning, cross-functional training opportunities, and the ongoing involvement of all employees. It becomes, in fact, the culture of the company. (Peratec, 1995). There are different aspects of TQM that impact the organization in slightly different ways, although the…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Chaos Theory: A Brief Introduction. (2010) IMHO. Retrieved from:

www.inho.com/grae/choas/chaos/html

Trend and Control Chart Interpretation. (2009). Success Through Quality. Retrieved from: http://www.successthroughquality.com/trend_Interpretation.htm

Using Change Concepts for Improvement. (March 30, 2012). Institute for Healthcare Improvement. Retrieved from:  http://www.ihi.org/knowledge/Pages  / Changes/UsingChangeConceptsforImprovement.aspx
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Theoretical Approaches Towards the Development of Organizations

Words: 1262 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 36452175

social organizations are increasingly multifaceted systems, primarily because of strong criticisms to the conventional mechanistic model, which formed the original basis for organizational theory, and because of related issues concerning ineffectiveness of associated hierarchical control. In the context of today's open and globalized markets, there is increased pressure for skillfulness, competitiveness, and flexibility, requiring more adaptive systems. Consequently, there is great demand for modern complexity theories that would provide ideas to managers, with regard to organizational structures modeled on neural networks and self-organization, in consultancy as well as academic journals (Arevalo & Espinosa, 2015).

Chaos Theory: The term chaos denotes confusion and turmoil. Theoretically, chaos signifies uncertainty of occurrences and reactions in a system against posited effect. Chaos theory doesn't consider organization as purely static, with mechanical operation; rather, it views organization as a dynamic arrangement operating a dynamic system. Thus, organizations must be regarded similar to other natural living…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Arevalo, L. E., & Espinosa, A. (2015). heoretical approaches to managing complexity in organizations: A comparative analysis. Elsevier, 20-29.

Banerjee, S. (2013). Chaos, Complexity and Leadership 2012. New York City: Springer Science & Business Media.

CONTINGENCY APPROACH To MANAGEMENT. (n.d.). Retrieved from referenceforbusiness.com:  http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/management/Comp-De/Contingency-Approach-to-Management.html 

Davis, K., and Blomstrom, R. L. 1980. Concepts and Policy Issues: Environment and Responsibility. New York: McGraw-Hill.
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Oganization Complex Organization in the

Words: 1830 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8200583

In the case of Leadership and the new science…the second edition has brought about more business clarifications and applications, making the initial ideas more easily to understand in business practice.

Margaret J. Wheatley is the author of several books in fields of business, her most popular books being a simpler way, Leadership and the new science: discovering order in a chaotic world, Turning to one another: simple conversations to restore hope to the future and Finding our way: leadership for an uncertain time. Wheatley is a writer and a management consultant, focusing her attention on means to "organize and accomplish work in chaotic times, sustain our relationships, and willingly step forward to serve" (Amazon, 2012). Peter M. Senge is another management expert, with the difference that his expertise is more theoretical. Senge is a scientist and has the merit of influencing the business community. He currently occupies the position of…… [Read More]

References:

Senge, P.M., (2006). The fifth discipline: the art and practice of the learning organization. 2nd edition. Crown Business. ISBN 0385517254.

Wheatley, M., (2010). Leadership and the new science: discovering order in a chaotic world. 2nd edition. ReadHowYouWant.com. ISBN 145877760X

Williams, C. (2010). Management. 6th edition. Cengage Learning. ISBN 0538745975

(2012). Margaret J. Wheatley. Amazon.  http://www.amazon.com/Margaret-J.-Wheatley/e/B000APA88O  accessed on November 8, 2012
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Marketing Plan Mission and Business Objective Products

Words: 5830 Length: 21 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 491024

Marketing Plan

Mission and Business Objective

Products and Services

Keys to Success

Macro Environment

Economic Value Added

Cash Value Added

Cash Flow eturn on Investment

This report is a detailed marketing plan for a new financial service company called Online Analyst, Inc. The company is a combination database management company that also specializes in the financial services markets. The company will offer a plethora of information, data and financial-based market services such as online real time market segment analysis, brokerage services and information 'black box' management for the data industries clients. This plan therefore serves as an evaluation and summary of the organization's marketing and business processing options. Online Analyst, Inc. will utilize this foundation document to design, implement and integrate the company's new series of business products and services into a viable consumer and sales blueprint.

On-Line Analyst, Inc. is an organization that takes advantage of existing market analysis…… [Read More]

References

Altschuler, Stuart, et al. (2002). "Pricing Analysis for Merrill Lynch Integrated Choice." Interfaces: January -- February, Vol. 32, No. 1: 5-19.

Carliner, Saul. (1999). Writing Business Objectives: A Key Tool for Demonstrating the Value of Technical Communication Products. The Commerce of Content. Retrieved on April 22, 2005, from Saul Carliner Web Site at: http://saulcarliner.home.att.net/idbusiness/casestudy.htm

Durgee, Jeffrey F., Gina Colarelli O'Connor, and Robert W. Veryzer. (1996). "Translating values into product wants." Journal of Advertising Research Vol. 36.

Gill, Philip J. (1999). "Business Snapshot -- Business Modeling Tools Help Companies Align Their Business And Technology Goals." Information Week. April 19.
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Freedom and Human Action

Words: 1256 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53534583

Free Will

A friend of mine has just offered to give me a well-written paper that he wrote for a philosophy class. It just so happens that the paper topic is just like the one I have been assigned in my philosophy class. His paper got an "A," and I know that he has not sold this paper or posted it on his blog. The chances of my being caught, therefore, are nil. Moreover, I am very busy and because I am distracted, it is unlikely I will do a very good job on my philosophy paper. If I turn my friend's paper in as my own, I will get a good grade without doing much work. I still took the class; I am still learning. This would just alleviate my stress.

However, after some deliberation I decide that I will write my own paper. I was tempted, but I…… [Read More]

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imperialism the industrial revolution and management

Words: 926 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26724621

Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution refers to the wave of technological, economic, and social changes taking place during the nineteenth century. Although fueled by new technology, the industrial revolution had a tremendous effect on society. The Industrial Revolution led to urbanization, social class stratification, and the capitalist market economy.
One feature of the Industrial Revolution was the newfound ability to mass-produce goods. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, any machine that was used to aid manufacturing, such as a loom or the cotton gin, could only be used by a single individual producing one thing at a time (“Industrial Revolution,” n.d. 1). Such machines were unable to produce goods in large quantity in a short period of time. With the advent of large-scale machinery powered by technologies like coal, it was possible to bring products to market faster and cheaper.
Factories also expanded their labor forces to allow them to produce…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Yalom's if Rape Were Legal

Words: 2027 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37312645

Yalom Analysis

The case surrounds Carlos, a man in his late 30s with a growing tumor that will not respond to radiation or chemotherapy. Carlos has been fighting this cancer for about a decade, but it is now to the point in which medical science can do no more for him. Carlos was referred to therapy by his oncologist, and responded somewhat to individual therapy but became combative and confrontational in group therapy. Carlos is a classic narcissist and misogynist. He has few friends, is estranged from his children, and is, at best cynical and sarcastic. However, through individual therapy, Carlos was able to come to some conclusions about the walls he built around himself, and the tremendous insecurity he harbored; typically using sex and sarcasm to cover up his need to belong. He eventually revealed that he had come up with two insights about himself and his relationship to…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Corsini, R., Wedding, D. (2011). Current Psychotherapies, 9th ed. Mason, OH: Cenage.

Yalom, I. (1989). Love's Executioner & Other Tales of Psychotherapy. New York: Harper

Collins.
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International Conflict Analysis Nations Have

Words: 3628 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3926225

The coelation between coopeative initiation and eceptive tendencies, howeve, is much weake" (p. 32).

The oveiding theme that emeges fom all of the foegoing analytical models is the fact that although intenational conflicts and be effectively modeled and deconstucted in ode to gain a bette undestanding of the pecipitating factos and how they play out in eal-wold settings, they do not necessaily povide the insights needed to develop esolutions to these conflicts no do they povide peemptive altenatives that could stop the conflict fom stating in the fist place. Indeed, epidemiologists use compaable techniques to undestanding how disease pocesses evolve and spead thoughout a human population, but diffeent techniques ae equied to develop coesponding cues and teatments fo thei diseases. Similaly, the analysis of intenational conflicts that is needed to help decision-makes identify viable solutions will equie an additional and supplemental type of analytical methodology.

Given the potential fo death…… [Read More]

references. New York: United Nations University Press.

Bercovitch, J. (1999). Resolving international conflicts: The theory and practice of mediation.

Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.

Kenneth B. (1962). Conflict and defense. New York: Harper and Row.

Goertz, G. & Diehl, P.F. (1992). Territorial changes and international conflict. New York:
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Rise if the Industrial Revolution

Words: 1467 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19922595

The World Health Organization estimates that at least 15% of the world human population in non-developed countries lacks access to potable water. Because of this, at least 1/2 of the world's poor populations are infected with one or more of the main viral or parasitic diseases associated with rank or polluted water (Briscoe, Postel and de Villiers) . Changes in global population growth, unwise agricultural policies, and rapid and unchecked overdevelopment have skewed this balance to the point where almost 1 billion people lack access to safe water, resulting in almost 4 million deaths due to water related diseases annually. Ironically, less than 1% of the total fresh water globally is available for daily and direct human consumption. This is quite dramatic when one considers that a single American who takes a 5-minute shower uses more what than an individual in much of the developing world uses in an entire…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

"Atlas of a Thirsty Planet." July 2002. Nature.com. Cited in: .

Houghton, J. (2009). Global Warming: The Complete Briefing. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Lovelock, J. (2010). The Vanishing Face of Gaia: A Final Warning. New York:

Basic Books.
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ROI and Securities Malkiel B

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 34281308

In fact, Lowenstein's notion of efficiency is that market prices are always perfect reflections of true values because rational investors already erase most egregious discrepancies between price and value with their own strategies. Thus, the paradox is the issue and belief that if markets are efficient, then the most rational strategy is always to buy and hold low-cost broad-based securities; but if the market is indeed inefficient, then it is not sensible to invest in broad securities. The very nature of the market paradigm is, then whether the cup is half empty or half full, and one cannot find 100% agreement or proof for either position; but instead a series of examples that tend to buttress the argument depending on the nature and type of the security itself. Then, when one changes the dynamic of the hypothesis by adding a differing mix of securities, the paradigm becomes far more complex.…… [Read More]

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David Mamet's Sexual Perversity in Chicago and the Duck Variations

Words: 2867 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89748319

David Mamet

From the perspective of pure plot, David Mamet's 1974 play, Sexual Perversity in Chicago, is not exactly easy to summarize, although this difficulty is formally built in to the play, itself, which quite consciously rejects a standard narrative flow from one event to another for a cut-up collagistic style that rapidly jumps between scenes and events. Indeed, this sort of experimentation is hardly new in creative works, and was, in fact, a mainstay of modernist literature at the early part of the 20th century, but it can indeed still be jarring in the realm of theater, where one often tends to expect an emphasis on plot and narrative vision. Mamet's play, on the other hand, prefers to eschew these things in order to suggest something like the fractured nature of our own existences, and, rather than letting the plot hold the interest of the viewers, he realizes on…… [Read More]

Bibliography

About Last Night." MSN.com. retrieved November 5, 2003 at http://entertainment.

A msn.com/movies/movie.aspx?m=68137.

Frey, Hans-Jost. "On Presentation in Benjamin." Walter Benjamin: Theoretical

Questions. David S. Harris, ed. Stanford, CA: Stanford UP, 1996.
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Destruction of Bison the Destruction of the

Words: 1347 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96827876

Destruction of Bison

The Destruction of the Bison

The Destruction of the Bison: An Environmental History, 1750-1920 by Andrew Isenberg is an account of the near total-extermination of the bison in Great Plains of America. The bison population declined from being around 30,000,000 in the eighteenth century to less than a 1,000 by the end of the nineteenth century. In recounting the fate of the bison population and how it was decimated in Great Plains, Isenberg looks at various historical, cultural, economic, and ecological factors that contributed to the decimation of the animal. Isenberg challenges two conventional explanations of the bison destruction, both of which largely laid blame on the white Euro-American predators. It was believed that the behavior of Euro-American settlers in the Great Plains was characterized by wastefulness, while Native American Indians were conscious environmentalists (Gore) who preyed on the buffalo only out of necessity and did not…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cronon, William, "The Uses of Environmental History." Environmental History Review, 17 (Fall 1993), 1-22. .

Dolph, James A., and Dolph, C. Ivar, "The American Bison: His Annihilation and Preservation." The Magazine of Western History, 25.3 (Summer, 1975), 14-25.

Gore, Al. Earth in the Balance: Ecology and the Human Spirit. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1992.

Isenberg, Andrew. The Destruction of the Bison: An Environmental History, 1750-1920. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
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Art Futurism Brashly and Boldly Embraced New

Words: 610 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56989238

Art

Futurism brashly and boldly embraced new technology, celebrating even the bellicose. In Marinetti's "Manifesto of Futurism," he states, "We will glorify war -- the world's only hygiene -- militarism, patriotism, the destructive gesture of freedom-bringers, beautiful ideas worth dying for, and scorn for women," (p. 148). This peculiar statement reveals the nature of futurism as it was manifest at early twentieth century. Futurism was all embracing, rejecting nothing based on immorality because futurism shunned morality. For this reason, Futurism emerged as a staunchly progressive and open-minded genre in the visual arts. The movement not just embraced new technology but celebrated it. Even the uglier side of technology, such as heavy industries and the pollution they create, was something futurists admired and incorporated into their visual art schema. Within the futurist framework, it is certainly possible to imagine works of art that represent something genuinely new.

One reason it is…… [Read More]

References

Boccioni, Umberto. "Futurist Painting: Technical Manifesto."

Marinette, Filippo Tommaso. "The Foundation and Manifesto of Futurism."
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Dream of the Red Chamber

Words: 1602 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8155170

" Herein is where the issue of "love and lust" plays a role, and the author uses the jade and stone imagery and the spiritual and cultural meanings of both to also relate to the reader the warmth of real love and the fire of pure carnal passion (lust).

The question of who is the most tragic figure in this story can be answered that there are several. One is Pao Yu, who comes a long way from his reputation as a womanizer and a drunk, to much improvement in his deportment, and then loses his love, Taste of Spring, albeit he gets back his stone and completes his examination successfully. The Princess Ancestress is also tragic, who has shared her treasures with the family, is then abducted, in a tragic twist of fate. But Black Jade is also tragic, as she is in the hearts of the readers as…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chin, Tsao Hsueh, & Ngoh, Kao. The Dream of the Red Chamber. New York: Pantheon, 1958.

Idema, Wilt. "The Story of Stone: Intertextuality, Ancient Chinese Stone Lore, and the Stone

Symbolism of Dream of the Red Chamber, Water Margin, and the Journey to the West."

The Journal of the American Oriental Society 114(1) (1994).
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Collective Cultural Shadow and Confrontation

Words: 4409 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19694367

10)."

Just as in the U.S. economy, where individuals have been economically left behind, such will be, and is, the case in the emerging global economy (p. 10). Ayres says that the impression, or the turning of society's blind eye towards the chaos of the economically disenfranchised, tends to cause the more affluent amongst us to believe that the term "global" means everybody will be a part of the emerging global economics, and this will produce an economic benefit that will be enjoyed by everyone (p. 10). That is not accurate, and, moreover, those people who presume to take a comfort in the economic globalization are not just turning a blind eye to the disenfranchised, but may find their selves vulnerable in a way that serves to be their light, much like Hank's in Monster's Ball. On this point Ayres says:

There is a popular impression, among the affluent and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000388341

Ayres, Ed. "The Expanding Shadow Economy." World Watch July-Aug. 1996: 10+. Questia. 3 Mar. 2008  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000388341 .

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=105966243

Boin, Arjen. Crafting Public Institutions: Leadership in Two Prison Systems. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2001. Questia. 3 Mar. 2008  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=105966245 .
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Art and Mathematics Are Related

Words: 2688 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 96643501

Note the distinct similarities.

An examination of Escher's Circle Limit III can thus tell us much about distance in hyperbolic geometry. In both Escher's woodcut and the Poincare disk, the images showcased appear smaller as one's eye moves toward the edge of the circle. However, this is an illusion created by our traditional, Euclidean perceptions. Because of the way that distance is measured in a hyperbolic space, all of the objects shown in the circle are actually the same size. As we follow the backbones of the fish in Escher's representation, we can see, then, that the lines separating one fish from the next are actually all the same distance even though they appear to grow shorter. This is because, as already noted, the hyperbolic space stretches to infinity at its edges. There is no end. Therefore, the perception that the lines are getting smaller toward the edges is, in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Corbitt, Mary Kay. "Geometry." World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia. World Book, Inc., 2003.

Dunham, Douglas. "A Tale Both Shocking and Hyperbolic." Math Horizons Apr. 2003: 22-26.

Ernst, Bruno. The Magic Mirror of M.C. Escher. NY: Barnes and Noble Books, 1994.

Granger, Tim. "Math Is Art." Teaching Children Mathematics 7.1 (Sept. 2000): 10.
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Interventionism From the Perspective of Realism vs

Words: 13409 Length: 44 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 80916514

interventionism from the perspective of realism vs. idealism. Realism is defined in relationship to states national interests whereas idealism is defined in relation to the UNs Responsibility to Protect doctrine -- a doctrine heavily influenced by Western rhetoric over the past decade. By addressing the question of interventionism from this standpoint, by way of a case study of Libya and Syria, a picture of the realistic implications of "humanitarian intervention" becomes clear. Idealistically, humanitarian interventionism is a process that stops atrocities and establishes peace and prosperity. Realistically, interventionism allows Western businesses to reap the spoils of destabilization -- as has been seen in Libya with the Libyan oil fields being claimed by Western oil companies -- and as is being seen in Syria, with the threat of invasion bound to have detrimental effects on the construction of a new pipeline that bypasses the Turkey-Israel pipeline. Syria also presents itself as…… [Read More]

'Violent chaos': Libya in deep crisis 2 years since rebels took over', 2013, RT, 26 Aug.

Available from . [24 Aug 2013].

Weiner, T 2008, Legacy of Ashes, Anchor Books, NY.
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Stonewall Riots Collective Behavior Collective Action

Words: 2172 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86359385

Collective behavior" and the tonewall Riots

The term "collective behavior" refers to behavior that militates against social norms and conventions regarding the way that individuals should behave in society and differing to the way that they normally behave when not in a crowd environment. A crowd environment causes certain spontaneity to actions and a certain animal emotion that is lacking in regular 'separate existence'. cholars have devoted considerable attention to assessing why such is the case, and have generated various theories that may explain the phenomena.

Examples of instances of collective behavior include religious revivalist meetings where individuals behave in unusual ways, oftentimes totally contradictory to their private persona; panic in a burning location; or the spectacle of Black Friday where frenzy climbs and swirls around bargain hunting. The phenomenon of collective behavior too was clearly evident in the debacle of the "The tonewall Riots" and we will, therefore, take…… [Read More]

Sources

Armstrong, Elizabeth A., & Crage, SM. (2006) Movements and Memory: The making of the Stonewall Myth American Sociological Review 71. 724-751. SocINDEX with Full Text. Web. 14 Nov. 2011.

Baird, Robert M. (1995. ) Homosexuality: debating the issues. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, Print. Notes on Stonewall (PGS 23-30)

Berk, Richard. (1974.). Collective Behavior W.C. Brown Co

Blumer, H. "Collective Behavior," in A.M. Lee, ed., Principles of Sociology, New York, Barnes & Noble, 1951
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Town in Turmoil the Actions of People

Words: 1398 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84987936

Town in Turmoil

The actions of people in a group are among the major theoretical underpinnings of sociology. The study talks about how those actions happened, why they happened, and what the ramifications are for society at large. Sociological theories try to explain the complexities of how people relate to one another and the major theoretical stances include: structural functionalism, social conflict, and symbolic interaction. With these three theories the article labeled "A town in Turmoil" will be analyzed.

Structural Functionalist Perspective

Basically, this theory states that there are certain structures within society that each have distinct functions. If a certain structure ceases to perform its function, then the entire system breaks down (Deiner, 1999). Many times the human body is used as an example of this theory. Within the body are structures called organs and they all serve distinct functions that are needed for the body to survive. If…… [Read More]

References

Briggs, J. (2010). Social-conflict theory. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/facts_5476453_socialconflict-theory.html

Deiner, J. (1999). The structural-functional approach. Retrieved from  http://udel.edu/~jdeiner/strufunc.html 

Mcclelland, K. (2000). Symbolic interactionism. Retrieved from  http://web.grinnell.edu/courses/soc/s00/soc111-01/IntroTheories/Symbolic.html