1000+ documents containing “child psychology”.
Child and Adolescent Psychology
Over the last several years, major advancements have taken place in child and adolescent psychology. This is occurring with mental health professionals trying to gain a better understanding about which issues are impacting individuals from these demographics. The main idea is to learn how the challenges they are facing early in life will influence their behavior. Once this happens, is when new ideas can address these issues and help the person grow into a responsible adult. To fully understand what is happening requires comparing different theories, describing child / adolescent psychology, formulating treatment plans, examining legal / ethical issues, existing research, analyzing and incorporating this information. Together, these elements will offer insights about which factors influence the mental health professionals and the way they interact with them. (Wolf, 2015)
Compare and contrast theories of normal and abnormal development
There are number of theories that are used in normal and….
ACA Code of Ethics. (2014). Counseling.org. Retrieved from: http://www.counseling.org/resources/aca-code-of-ethics.pdf
Dan Pink: The Puzzle of Motivation. (2009). You Tube. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rrkrvAUbU9Y&feature=BFa&list=SP70DEC2B0568B5469
Boykin, A. (2001). Nursing as Caring. Boston, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Duchesne, S. (2013). Educational Psychology. Mason, OH: Southwestern.
Child Psychology Study
This study is designed to test the hypothesis that environmental enrichment among the impoverished ad underprivileged children can lead to an improvement in their IQ levels. This is why the 20 children who were from the underprivileged sector of the society were picked and subjected to a non-residential school that was less crowded than their previous situations. This is a program that was initiated at the age of 3 and special attention was put on development of social and cognitive skills.
An independent variable in psychology experiment is the characteristic that is changed or manipulated in order to see the effect the manipulation has on the dependent variable (Kendra Cherry, 2011). For instance, in this study, the independent variable is the environment under which the three-year children are subjected to for a period of four days a week until they began infant school. This is the characteristic that was….
Kendra Cherry, (2011). What Is the Independent Variable? Retrieved October 8, 2011 from http://psychology.about.com/od/iindex/g/independent-variable.htm
Saul Mcleod, (2008). Independent & Dependent Variable. Retrieved October 8, 2011 from http://www.simplypsychology.org/variables.html
In order to decrease the risk of burnout, it is important to find ways to deal with stress. Learning to generate a division between ones work life and personal life is a significant first step. Practicing good stress management methods can also be very helpful (Pros and Cons of Being a Clinical Psychologist, 2012).
Even though one establishes normal work hours during the day, as a psychologist they may find that they are required to deal with client issues at unforeseen times. Some clients may not be able to meet during normal business hours due to their own busy work schedules, so one might have to shuffle their own plans around to make time for these people. In other cases, one might be called during off-hours or weekends to meet with clients who need help or are facing crisis circumstances. Because of this, flexibility is a significant skill for any….
Becoming a Clinical Psychologist. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.innerbody.com/careers-in-health/becoming-clinical-psychologist.htmlCherry , K. (2012). Child Psychologist. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/psychologycareerprofiles/a/child-psychologist.htm
Child Psychologist: Job Duties, Employment Outlook, and Educational Requirements.
(2012). Retrieved from http://degreedirectory.org/articles/Child_Psychologist_Job_Duties_Employment_Outlook_and_Educational_Requirements.html
Clinical Child Psychologist: Career Information and Requirements. (2012). Retrieved from http://education-
Mander, G. (May 2001). "Fatherhood Today: variations on a theme." Psychodynamic Counselling, Vol. 7, ssue 2.
This journal article centers on the increasing role that fathers play in parenting, especially among single parents. Mander discusses how parenting among fathers has become more an exception than the norm, and they were relegated to "minimal" roles that downplay their role as a parent, such as simply being "mere sperm donors." The article recommends that laws should be studied in order to improve the state of single parenting in society, for it is possible for children to experience having a 'complete family' even though their parents are separated. This, for the author, is a big step towards improving marriage and family laws, resulting to better child development in the process.
Seaman, P. And H. Sweeting. (June 2004). "Assisting young people's access to social capital in contemporary families: a qualitative study." Journal of Youth Studies,….
Important findings from this study show that single parents have "less intimate" relationships with their children than those families between children and their parents (from intact families). This study demonstrates how single parenting poses as a major influence in child development, and determining the factors that contribute to the decline in intimacy between single parent and child (children) is vital.
Dunn, J. And T. O'Connor. (December 2002). "Out of the picture: a study of family drawings by children from step-, single-parent, and non-step families." Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, Vol.31, Issue 4.
This study was conducted in order to determine how children cope with the effects of divorce and remarriage, which was found to affect their development. Results from the study reflect that non-biological relatedness, i.e., the addition of a step-family, results to greater disconnectedness between the child and the family than those children from single-parent and non-step families.
Development psychologists love to quote this stage among their discussion of adolescent growth. This is perhaps the most appropriate theory to apply when it comes to explaining about the impulsive behavior of adolescents. (hapman, 2006)
OGNITIVE THEORY by Jean Piaget
Piaget's cognitive theory discusses how a child thinks or how her mind works from birth to adulthood. She believes that development of the child is not a smooth task, but rather, a leap. There are new tasks that a child learns that marks the start of each stage. This theory seems to occur in a chronological order in a rigid but orderly manner. This can be a good tool in evaluation of the development of the cognition of a child. Her theory is useful in the educational world, and in helping the child learn about his environment. Her key ideas include adaptation in which one learns and adapts himself to his….
Chapman, a., (2006) Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Development.
Retrieved May 4, 2008 on the World Wide Web: http://www.businessballs.com/erik_erikson_psychosocial_theory.htm
Stevenson, D., (1992) Freud's Psychosexual Stages of Development. Retrieved May 4, 2008 on the World Wide Web: http://www.victorianweb.org/science/freud/develop.html
The most fundamental theorist in this area is Jean Piaget. Additionally, Piaget demonstrated one of the first scientific movements in the filed, with the utilization of direct observation as the best tool for understanding. (Piaget, 1962, p. 107) Piaget also believes, and his theories reflect that children play a very active and dynamic role in development through interaction with their environment and active role imitation. (Piaget, 1962, p. 159)
Sensory-motor intelligence is, in our view, the development of an assimilating activity which tends to incorporate external objects in its schemas while at the same time accommodating the schemas to the external world. A stable equilibrium between assimilation and accommodation results in properly intelligent adaptation. But if the subject's schemas of action are modified by the external world without his utilising this external world, i.e., if there is primacy of accommodation over assimilation, the activity tends to become imitation. Imitation is….
Ainsworth, M.D., Blehar, M.C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of Attachment: A Psychological Study of the Strange Situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Barnett, W.S. (1996). Lives in the balance: Age-27 benefit-cost analysis of the High/Scope Perry Preschool Program (Monographs of the High/Scope Educational Research Foundation, 11). Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope Press.
Biller, H.B. (1993). Fathers and Families: Paternal Factors in Child Development. Westport, CT: Auburn House.
Bowlby, J. (1988). A Secure Base: Parent-Child Attachment and Healthy Human Development. New York: Basic Books.
The movie Willa Wonka and the Chocolate factory and Child Psychology
The Movie Willa Wonka and the Chocolate factory
And Child Psychology
The movie, "Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory," is one that will always captivate imagination. The entire movie is central to oald Dahl's book (Dahl and Schindelman, 1964). In addition, this movie is among the best of human imaginations. Although some people may perceive that the thoughts and situations depicted in the movie are possible in hallucination, others perceive the thoughts as those of a genius man full of imagination. When the movie starts, it portrays reality because the audience can see poverty represented by poor families. However, as the film progresses, there is gradual exposure of the mysterious chocolate factory, which takes the audience back to the most extraordinary situations.
Owing to the inclusion of children in this film, it is likely that the main audience will be children. This….
Dahl, R., & Schindelman, J. (1964). Charlie and the chocolate factory. New York: Knopf.
Craven, G.R., & Marsh, W.H. (2008). The centrality of self-concept construct for psychological well-being and unlocking human potential: Implications for child and educational psychologists. Educational and child psychology, 25(2), 104-118.
It is clear from the studies thus far examined (plus a few more) that the ability to distinguish between animate and inanimate objects develops much earlier than Piaget imagined. Second, while it is unclear from this study if the rules of grammar inform the child's sense of animacy or vice versa, we find that children significantly tend to attribute animate characteristics to a sentence's first noun and inanimate qualities to the second. In either case, clearly children are able to make early deductions about the characteristics of animate objects vs. inanimate ones. Perhaps they were able to draw conclusions about the most logical configuration about the sentence based on their preexisting knowledge of animacy, or perhaps the opposite is true. Perhaps the rules of grammar that have already been taught informed children's sense of animacy. Whichever the reality, the development of an understanding of the differences between animate and….
Dewart, M.H. (1979). Children's hypotheses about the animacy of actor and object nouns. British Journal of Psychology, 70(4), pp. 525-530.
Dolgin, K., & Behrend, D. (1984). Children's knowledge about animates and inanimates. Child Development, 55(4), pp. 1646-1650.
Greif, M.L., Nelson, D.G.K., Keil, F.C., and Gutierrez, F. (2006). What do children want to know about animals and artifacts? Psychological Science, 17(6), pp. 455-459.
Inagaki, K. & Hatano, G. (2006). Young children's conception of the biological world. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15(4), pp. 177-181.
Music and Brain Development
The link is recognized by Georgia Head tart program
Recently, the Georgia Head start organization began distributing CD's with classical music on them to every newborn child's mother as part of a program designed to aid in the early childhood development of children's intelligence. ome applaud Governor Zell Miller's push to establish this program as a step in the direction of improving the health and well being of a future generation. Others, citing disagreements with the research behind the program, doubt as to whether this program is beneficial to children, or just a bureaucratic waste of time. This paper will research the date behind the initiative, attempt to evaluate the desires of those who support and oppose the initiative, and then consider changes in the policy which may further aid the mental and social development of newborn children.
Governor Zell Miller was instrumental in establishing Georgia's policy.….
Leng X, Shaw GL. (1991) Toward a neural theory of higher brain function using music as a window. Concepts Neurosci. 2:229.
Moughty, Sarah. The Zero to Three Debate. (2002) Frontline. Accessed 8 Dec 2003. Available from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/teenbrain/science/zero.html .
Prigge, D. (2002) 20 ways to...: promote brain-based teaching and learning. Intervention in School & Clinic, Vol. 37.
Rauscher FH, Shaw GL, Levine LJ, Wright EL, Dennis WR, Newcomb RL. (1997) Music training causes long-term enhancement of preschool children's reasoning Neuro. Res; 19:2.
Mountain Meets the Moon by Grace Lin, and answers several questions covering topics from age appropriate content, theoretical perspectives, book summary, and opinion. Social conflict theory and Piaget's cognitive theory of development are briefly covered. Opinions on book selection will highlight the reasons for selecting such a book as well as whether or not the protagonist of the story is a positive role model or follows preconceived gender stereotypes.
Some topics like ethnic diversity will be explained as many books tend to focus on particular kind of character while others bring in a new and rare perspective. Grace Lin is an award winning children's author and her book has delighted children for years. Thanks to her effort, children get to see a hint of China's culture through the eyes of Minli and Dragon. The book is perfect for children ages 8-12 and a good choice for English classrooms grades 3-7.
Child Play Time Naturalistic Observation
Describe the setting and why you chose it.
The naturalistic observation approach is performed in a pre-school environment. The reason being that the environment allows the experiment to focus on the possibility of behavior of a child to be influenced by environmental factors or conditions, giving a comprehensive depiction of what occurs in classrooms in the case of preschool children. The following study gives a unique observational design and approach which allows numerous observations on a child for the purpose of examining the trends of behaviors both within and across classroom event settings and the manner in which they relate to a given child's gender and also basic tutor conducts (Leslie M. Booren, Jason T. Downer, & Virginia E. Vitiello, 2012).
Discuss the age, gender, ethnicity and overall physical description of the child?
The observation was performed on a child of pre-school age, around five years of age who….
(the National Institute of Mental Health, 2008) Though we are able to identify some external factors, like drug use, and development problems in the womb, mainly it is the genes which determine the occurrence of this disease. We may say that it is a biological disorder. The persons suffering by this disease are largely affected by programs on TV, games, bad environments food intake and similar occurrences. It is Genes that have control over the chemicals in the neurotransmitters and the affected child has these chemical output out of balance. The scans conducted reveal that these defects can be noted in the areas of the brain that deals with psycho motor reflexes. This imbalance creates and distorts the functions of the person in changing focus of thought, organization of things and methods, planning out things, memory, and emotion and reasoning and differentiating between the two. They have impairments of….
Adler, Lenard. (2007) "Scattered Minds: Hope and Help for Adults with Attention Deficit..."
American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry. (2008) "Child and Adolescent Mental
Illness and Drug Abuse Statistics" Retrieved 27 February, 2008 at http://www.aacap.org/cs/root/resources_for_families/child_and_adolescent_mental_illness_statistics
Chapter 5 of the Abnormal Child Psychology textbook is about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity (ADHD). The chapter provides a brief description and history of the disorder. Then, core characteristics of ADHD are listed, such as inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity. This information is helpful for understanding how ADHD is diagnosed. The authors also give information on the DSM criteria, which are critical for an actual diagnosis of the disorder. A section on associated characteristics refers to cognitive deficits, speech and language impairments, tic disorders, and medical concerns associated with ADHD.
The authors also talk about accompanying or related psychological disorders such as conduct disorder, anxiety disorders, and mood disorders. Prevalence, course, and outcomes of ADHD are discussed along with social variables including gender. There is a section outlining various theories as to why ADHD exists, such as genetics, diet, and family influences. Finally, treatment options are listed including medications, parent management training, and educational….
Children's Use of Play
Children use play as a way of role-playing and expression. Anxiety expression, mastering of conflict as well as many other developmental benefits are derived from play by children. This paper intends to explore the play of children in relation to the developmental benefits that play provides.
Though play children grow in the understanding of not only themselves but of others and the world around them as well in their capacity to communicate with their friend and the adults in their lives Children's play is vital to the developmental growth in a child.
Progression of Play in Development:
Paiget, 1962 described what he termed "sensorimotor practice play" which refers to the experimentation of bodily sensation and motor movements on the part of infants and toddlers and as well as in connection with objects and people. y the time a baby is six months old the child will have developed consistent,….
Bergen, Doris (2001) "Pretend Play and Young Children's Development" ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education Champaign IL.
Online] located at http://www.ericfacility.net/ericdigests/ed307967.html
DeHart, G.B., Sroufe, L.A., & Cooper, R.G. (2004). Child development: Its nature and course (5th ed.). Toronto: McGraw-Hill.
Bear, G.G., & Rys, G.S. (1994). Moral reasoning, classroom behavior, and sociometric status among elementary school children. Developmental Psychology, 30, 633-638.
As explained by Gelles and Strauss in their works, "With the exception of the police and the military, the family is perhaps the most violent social group, and the home the most violent social setting, in our society. A person is more likely to be hit or killed in his or her home by another family member than anywhere else or by anyone else." (Gelles & Straus, 1985, p. 88). Therefore it is evident from this theory that the social connections and settings can impact upon a person's conduct and emotions and could force them to act violently, proving this theory to be true in explaining the biological connection with criminal behavior.
Another biological theory mentions that the gender differences, especially in cases of men, generate strings of violent reactions to the opposite gender. This theory argues that the natural superiority instincts in men push their brain functions to act….
Barkow, J., Cosmides, L., & Tooby, J. (1992). The Adapted Mind. New York: Oxford University Press.
Bartol, C.R., & Bartol, a.M. (2007). Criminal Behavior: A Psychosocial Approach (8th Edition). Prentice Hall.
Dawkins, R. (1986). The Blind Watchmaker. Harlow, UK: Longman.
Gelles, R.J., & Straus, M.A. (1985). In Crime and the Family. Springfield, U.S.: Thomas.
Child and Adolescent Psychology Over the last several years, major advancements have taken place in child and adolescent psychology. This is occurring with mental health professionals trying to gain a…Read Full Paper ❯
Child Psychology Study This study is designed to test the hypothesis that environmental enrichment among the impoverished ad underprivileged children can lead to an improvement in their IQ levels. This…Read Full Paper ❯
In order to decrease the risk of burnout, it is important to find ways to deal with stress. Learning to generate a division between ones work life and…Read Full Paper ❯
Child Psychology Mander, G. (May 2001). "Fatherhood Today: variations on a theme." Psychodynamic Counselling, Vol. 7, ssue 2. This journal article centers on the increasing role that fathers play in parenting,…Read Full Paper ❯
Development psychologists love to quote this stage among their discussion of adolescent growth. This is perhaps the most appropriate theory to apply when it comes to explaining about…Read Full Paper ❯
The most fundamental theorist in this area is Jean Piaget. Additionally, Piaget demonstrated one of the first scientific movements in the filed, with the utilization of direct observation…Read Full Paper ❯
Child Psychology The movie Willa Wonka and the Chocolate factory and Child Psychology The Movie Willa Wonka and the Chocolate factory And Child Psychology The movie, "Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory," is…Read Full Paper ❯
It is clear from the studies thus far examined (plus a few more) that the ability to distinguish between animate and inanimate objects develops much earlier than Piaget…Read Full Paper ❯
Child Psychology Music and Brain Development The link is recognized by Georgia Head tart program Recently, the Georgia Head start organization began distributing CD's with classical music on them to every newborn…Read Full Paper ❯
Family and Marriage
Mountain Meets the Moon by Grace Lin, and answers several questions covering topics from age appropriate content, theoretical perspectives, book summary, and opinion. Social conflict theory and Piaget's…Read Full Paper ❯
Child Play Time Naturalistic Observation Describe the setting and why you chose it. The naturalistic observation approach is performed in a pre-school environment. The reason being that the environment allows the…Read Full Paper ❯
(the National Institute of Mental Health, 2008) Though we are able to identify some external factors, like drug use, and development problems in the womb, mainly it is…Read Full Paper ❯
Psychology Chapter 5 of the Abnormal Child Psychology textbook is about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity (ADHD). The chapter provides a brief description and history of the disorder. Then, core characteristics of…Read Full Paper ❯
Psychology Developmental Children's Use of Play Children use play as a way of role-playing and expression. Anxiety expression, mastering of conflict as well as many other developmental benefits are derived from…Read Full Paper ❯
As explained by Gelles and Strauss in their works, "With the exception of the police and the military, the family is perhaps the most violent social group, and…Read Full Paper ❯