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Cisco has "bought 36 companies, including ebEx, a eb meeting specialist, for $3.2 billion…Cisco also picked up PostPath, a maker of e-mail software, and Jabber, a leader in corporate instant messaging" (Vance 2008). At present, unified communications is a small part of Cisco's annual revenue, but one it intends to grow.
Another ambitious venture it intends to embark upon within the next few months is its introduction of a computer server computer equipped with sophisticated virtualization software. Some analysts fear that this will disrupt Cisco's traditionally friendly relationship with current manufactures of makers of computer hardware, such as H.P., I.B.M. And Dell. However, interest in virtualization software has expanded at an exponential rate. "Virtualization products let companies run numerous business applications, rather than just one, on each physical server, allowing them to save electricity and get more out of their hardware purchases" (Vance 2009). Cisco seeks to become a pioneer…
"Cisco Systems." The New York Times Topics. April 3, 2009.
"Corporate overview." Cisco Systems Official Website. 2009. April 3, 2009.
Cisco Systems Culture
Organizational Goals for Recruiting and Retaining Employees
Cisco is a company that has a high rate of retention on its employees. According to Yves Lermusiaux, in his Recruiting at Cisco, the company's highest turnover rate in the 90s was 7.3%. In 1999, it only has 6.3% of turnovers. Randall irkwood, Cisco's Director of Employment, states the following formulas with regards to retaining employees (Lermusiaux, 2000).
The right culture for Cisco's employees
Its focus on empowerment
Communication and team-centric organization
To have a customer-centric organization
Cisco values people skills. Its goal is to provide its employees with what they need in today's changing economy. It aims to meet employees' expectations. This includes security and opportunity to gain more experiences. Cisco considers people as its most important investment. ased from his interview with Randall, Lermusiaux (2000) indicates that Time has come for organizations to understand that the role of…
Lermusiaux, Y. Recruiting at Cisco.
Retrieved on May 26, 2004, from ILOGOS.com
Web site: http://www.ilogos.com/en/expertviews/articles/process/20010208_YL.html
Firm Strategy and Internal Strengths.
Cisco Systems, the self-proclaimed "worldwide leader in networking for the Internet," has dominated similar firms in its industry. As Wall-Streets' beloved stock and an essential stock in any investor's portfolio, with over 35,566 employees worldwide and boasting revenues totaling 22.2 billion in the previous fiscal year the company aims to ensure that networks both public and private operate with maximum performance, security, and flexibility. As a result the competition is left scrambling to keep up. Like many other market leaders, Cisco Systems too, has become a victim of the current economic state that once propelled the company into the limelight. While the firm is down, it is by no means out. Cisco has shifted its strategy and has returned to cultivate the internal strengths that it leveraged in order to reclaim its market dominance. There are four core components that are the pillar…
Borsum, Christina. Synopsis of September Meeting: Internet Business Solutions in Finance. Retrieved October 27, 2002 from Web Site: http://www.fei.org/chapter/Austin/news100401134523.cfm
Cisco Systems Announces New Organizational Structure (2001). Retrieved on October 25, 2002 from Web site: http://newsroom.cisco.com/dlls/corp_082301b.html .
John Chambers Discusses New Cisco's New Internal Organizational Structure. (2001). Retrieved on October 28, 2002 from the World Wide Web http://newsroom.cisco.com/dlls/hd_082301.html
Musical Chairs at Cisco Systems. (2001). Electronic News. Retrieved on Ocotober 26th from Web Site: http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m0EKF/35_47/77673038/p1/article.jhtml?term=cisco+systems+organization
Strategic usiness Unit of Publicly Traded Organization
The objective of this study is to select any strategic business unit from a publicly traded multi-national corporation and to analyze the overall competitive environment including market conditions, evaluate the current growth and new business strategies, along with implications, analyze the organization's primary business model, evaluate the organization's competencies and resources, evaluate the leveraging of growth strategies through partnerships and alliances and identify future opportunities for innovation based on past success and failure. This study will additionally assess the ability of the organization to effectively execute its growth strategies and demonstrate how the strategies compare, based on past results with the eight components of the strategy execution model referred to by Thompson et al. In chapter 10. Finally this study will analyze the organization's corporate culture and leadership and how they are evidenced in this corporation. For the purpose of this study the…
Chatman, J. O'Reilly, C., Chang, V. (2005) Cisco Systems: Developing a human capital Strategy. CALIFORNIA Management REVIEW VOL. 47, NO.2 WINTER 2005. Retrieved from: http://faculty.haas.berkeley.edu/chatman/papers/16_humancapitalcisco.pdf
Cisco Partner Growth Gateway (2013) Cisco Systems. Retrieved from: http://www.cisco.com/ web/ANZ/partners/partnergrowth.html
Cisco's Organization Culture (2014) Cisco Networking Academy. Slideshare. Retrieved from: http://www.slideshare.net/gauravgolu/ciscos-organization-culture
Cuccia, N. (2014) How The 'Internet Of Things' Will Bring New Competitive Advantage To Provider Organizations. Open Minds. 12 July 2014. Retrieved from: http://www.openminds.com/market-intelligence/executive-briefings/internet-things-provider-perspective.htm
Cisco is a well managed company that has successfully maneuvered past downturns in the company through a management structure that encourage teamwork. Although the teamwork model has been successful, it took a great deal of time form many in the company to adapt to the new structure including the changes in the compensation model which is now heavily based on meeting organizational goals through teamwork. At the current time there is some question as to whether the current economic climate will allow the company to continue utilizing its current teamwork strategy.
The problem facing Cisco could be handled appropriately by making some simple adjustments that will assist in making employees more confident with the arrangement. For instance the company could lower the percentage of compensation that is reliant on teamwork. Other alternatives might include the consolidation of some of the teams so that each employee is…
The Cisco Board of Directors had to vote and approve of the plan. ERP installations are not just a large it project. They are instead a complete re-examining of the company's business model and a re-defining of interprocess communication and the defining of process conduits between systems. In short, Cisco completely re-architected the core business processes that their company was based on, down to the Bill of Materials (BOM) used for managing their production operations.
As the company completed the multi-phased implementation plan for getting the ERP system up and running, the decision was made to also get a data warehouse in place and functioning. The data warehouse would give the company, for the first time ever, an opportunity to have all enterprise applications using the same data set, for the first time. Having a single data warehouse significantly improved accuracy of key processes including quote-to-cash over the long-term. This…
A Discussion of Cisco Systems SWOTS
Cisco Systems is a company that has been in business for the past 25 years and they have grown from the basement of a few visionaries from Stanford University into the largest computer networking company in the world. The business model that they have put together has allowed the company to thrive despite many threats which have caused the demise of lesser companies. However, because of increased pressure from competitors and the economic downturn, Cisco faces new threats which have already eroded some of its profitability. To remain the market leader, Cisco systems will have to rely on what made them a great company (innovation, acquisitions, management, etc.) and continue to advance with the technology as it occurs.
A Discussion of Cisco Systems SWOTS
Cisco Systems is the world leader in the computer networking equipment (Sidhu, 2002),…
Cisco Systems. (2000, June 5). SWOT analysis. Sec 8-K report.
Datamonitor. (2010). New market study, "Cisco Systems, Inc. -- SWOT Analysis" has been published. Datamonitor. Retrieved December 11, 2010 from http://www.pr- inside.com/new-market-study-cisco-systems-inc-r2032100.htm
Sidhu, I. (2010). Cisco's virtual management lab: How one of the world's most innovative companies discovered the value of focusing its R&D attention on its own business practices. From Doing both: How Cisco captures today's profits and drives tomorrow's growth. Upper Saddle River, NJ: FT Press.
Cisco began its acquisition spree in 1993 with the purchase of Crescendo Communications Inc. (Cisco, 1993). The purpose of this acquisition was to acquire a product that Cisco's customers wanted, but that Cisco did not at the time provide. Over the rest of the 1990s, Cisco focused on that type of expansion, totaling 71 acquisitions and a massive growth in the size of the company both in terms of revenue and employees (Ibid).
The company was driven to make these acquisitions because it wanted to serve its major customers better. Cisco was selling to firms like Ford and Boeing, and it was under pressure to add new products to its lineup in order to meet their needs. Acquiring companies that already had those products was seen by Cisco management as the quickest way to meet this market need to hold competitors at bay. The initial acquisitions were made in this…
Cartwright, S. & Cooper, C. (1993). The role of culture compatibility in successful organizational marriage. Academy of Management Executive. Vol. 7 (2) 57-70.
Cisco (1993). Cisco Systems Corporate Timeline. Cisco Systems press release. Retrieved December 14, 2008 from http://newsroom.cisco.com/dlls/timeline/1993_index.shtml
Singh, H. & Chaudhuri, S. (2008). Cisco's acquisition strategy (1993 to 2000): Value growth through buying early-stage companies. Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania. In possession of the author.
Weber, Y., Shenkar, O. & Raveh, A. (1996). National and corporate cultural fit in mergers/acquisitions: An exploratory study. Management Science. Vol. 42 (8) 1215-1227.
Cisco highly successful EP effort. What accounts success? What important things CISCO correctly? * Please reference ( attached paper), search / sources/references.
Cisco is one of the most successful global companies. The sources of its success are numerous, to include among others, a well developed business plan or the creation of market efficiencies. Still, one notable contribution to the success of the company is represented by the ability to understand market features and adapt to them.
Cisco has developed and sold countless devices that supported and propagated technologic innovation and evolution. In an age in which the internet was beginning to make a more notable presence within the business community, Cisco created a new system that would further support business operations.
This was represented by the EP -- enterprise resource planning system. EPs are one of the most complex and useful technologies used by the modern day economic…
Nolan, R.L., 2005, Cisco Systems Architecture: ERP and Web-enabled IT, Harvard Business School
In addition, Cisco launched their first e-commerce website during this period which quickly grew in importance and also provided opportunities for the company to learn extensively about how their products and services would compliment their customers' e-commerce strategies as well. Cisco also concentrated on marketing through the web and supporting the first iterations of Virtual Private Networks (VPN). In short, the ERP and Web-enablement strategies led to many valuable lessons learned for Cisco in creating their new generation networking products.
To what extent does it contribute to the Cisco strategy?
As is the case with their strategic infrastructure plan Cisco defined for the realigning of systems, Cisco also views it as an enabler of business processes first, and a utility second. It is seen as a business process enabler and expected to know not only the key technologies for streamlining processes, it is also expected to know how best to…
Cisco SAFE's Network Security Planning
Cisco SAFE has significantly help in securing large internetwork that has remain a daunting challenge; this complexity has been facilitated through cloud computing as well as social networks. Cisco SAFE architecture offer guidelines of design and implementation which are detailed that is used for building secure and reliable network infrastructures as well as the policies supporting them. The guides have been established based on security best practices that have been amalgamated with several hours spent in designing, testing, and documentation.
Since the contemporary organizational environment is full of threats, the target is directed on everything and Cisco SAFE uses defense-in-depth approach to provide the needed security. Systemwide intelligence approach for SAFE tend to address network devices; security of the infrastructure, applications and application servers; endpoints; email; web; databases; storage systems; communications devices; and other servers. This is accomplished through putting emphasis…
The subject matter of systems administration includes computer systems and the ways people use them in an organization. This entails knowledge of operating systems and applications, as well as hardware and software troubleshooting, but also knowledge of the purposes for which people in the organization use the computers.
The most important skill for a system administrator is problem solving. The systems administrator is on call when a computer system goes down or malfunctions, and must be able to quickly and correctly diagnose what is wrong and how best to fix it. In some organizations, computer security administration is a separate role responsible for overall security and the upkeep of firewalls and intrusion detection systems, but all systems administrators are generally responsible for the security of the systems in their keep. (Encyclopedia.com, 2011)
What is a computer network? According to McGraw Hill Online Learning Center, "a network is two…
Armstrong, L. (1995), Let's Call the Whole Thing Off
Dignan, Ars Technica, Jan 28, 2001, post 305, http://arstechnica.com/civis/viewtopic
Encyclopedia.com - Information Technology- accessed 2011/1/14
Hegel, G.W.F., the Phenomenology of Mind, (1807), translated by J.B. Baillie, New York, Harper & Row, 1967
The relevance of ethics and corporate social responsibility cannot be overstated. This is more so the case given that a business that has in place an effective ethics and CSR framework is likely to develop a reputation as a responsible entity and minimize the regulatory burden (Andersen, 2004). It is for this reason that most companies take ethics and CSR undertakings seriously. Cisco is one such company. In a bold move, the company developed Ethics Idol as a more engaging and exciting alternative to PowerPoint presentations in training employees about ethical decision making.
Question #1. What are the advantages of Ethics Idol as an ethics training communication medium over in-person PowerPoint training?
A survey of ethics and compliance issues training at Cisco found out that employees regarded the in-person PowerPoint based exercise boring, dull, and unexciting. This is more so the case given that in essence, what the company had…
Open communications is a concept that forms the central nerve of the entire communication system within many contemporary organizations. Open communication is considered the virtue of the employees and the management within an organization to effectively share information about the company with trust to each other and also allow the customers to have access to the information if there is need for this (Kristina G. & Sanchez Y., 2005). The deliberate sharing of information, some of which could be sensitive, must be supported by the management who will also participate in the communication process. There are different platforms that organizations can share information like the social network and the regular meetings, at time through teleconferencing and video link, that are held for employees to have a time to share their concerns and also to ask the management questions. There are several benefits that come with the embracing…
Business Knowledge Sources, (2014). How to create an open line of communication between you and your employees. Retrieved November 29, 2012 from http://www.businessknowledgesource.com/blog/how_to_create_an_open_line_of_communication_between_you_and_your_employees_025159.html
Hahn L.K., et.al, (n.d). Survey of Communication Study: Organizational Communication. Retrieved November 29, 2012 from http://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/BUS209-6.1.1-OrganizationalCommunication.pdf
Johnson R., (2008). What Are the Benefits of Effective Communication in the Workplace? Retrieved November 29, 2012 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/benefits-effective-communication-workplace-20198.html
Kristina G. & Sanchez Y., (2005). Workplace Communication. Retrieved November 29, 2012 from http://tawanmandi.org.af/knowledge-portal/Media/Workplace_communication_chapter_in_communications.pdf
Network Management and System Administration
The aim of the paper is to establish the difference between a system administrator and a network administrator. The paper is thus divided into three sections. The first section deals with the basic definition and responsibilities of a system administrator; the second does the same for a network administrator and the third compares their responsibilities to clearly identify the differences between the two.
The maintenance of computer systems in a company is the sole responsibility of a system administrator. They are responsible for maintaining, upgrading and installing servers. They are also entrusted with the task of checking the security of the server and maintaining its backup as well. They are also involved in programming for automating tasks at the server. For this purpose, they write programs, also known as scripting (Schneider, 2012a).
Education criteria for System Administrators:
With respect to the level of…
Schneider, L. (2012a). System Administrator. Accessed March 7th, 2012 from: http://jobsearchtech.about.com/od/careersintechnology/p/SysAdmin.htm
Schneider, L. (2012b). Network Administrator Profile -- " What is a Network Administrator. Accessed March 7th, 2012 from: http://jobsearchtech.about.com/od/careersintechnology/p/NetAdmin.htm
Morgan, H. (2010) Difference between Network and Systems Admin. eHow .com. Accessed March 7th, 2012 from: http://www.ehow.com/facts_6155311_difference-between-network-systems-admin.html
Protecting Vital Resources
Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems
IDPS and Components
Intrusion from the outside world, for good or bad, is serious concern in the networked global arena (Ierace et al., 2005). The loss of data and important and confidential business information can be utterly disastrous. Network systems that will detect and prevent such intrusions, therefore, are a necessity of the first order among enterprises. Intrusion attacks can come from hackers, malware or other old or new malicious creations from other sources. Intrusion detection is performed by monitoring computer systems and networks to sense indications of potential threats or violations on an organization's security policies. Another added feature is thwarting these threats before they can occur. Together, these are the components of an intrusion detection and prevention system or IDPS (Ierace et al.).
There are four classes of IDPS according to their functions and the methods they use (Ierace et…
Ierace, N., et al. (2005). Intrusion prevention systems. Ubiquity Information Everywhere:
Association of Computing Machinery. Retrieved on February 12, 2014 from http://ubiquity.acm.org/article.cfm?id=1071927
Kanika (2013). Intrusion detection system and intrusion prevention system -- a review study. Vol. 4 Issue 8, International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research;
International Scientific and Engineering Research. Retrieved on February 12, 2014
Fun is Good
The Benefits of Google Inc.
The benefits and compensation system for Google Inc. is both varied and complex. It offers many options for the worker at Google Inc. And is meant to increase employee retention rates within the company. Compensation and benefits systems enable leaders to generate and maintain a chance for an effective mechanism that stimulates a culture of self-empowerment, creative modernization, and self-motivating employees. Google is among the top companies in promoting self-motivation and innovation within its employee pool leading to its continual success and high profits.
Google Inc. has become one of the top 100 companies in the world with profits increasing since its formation in 1998 and its first public offering in 2004. Ever since the mid-2000's, Google has received a steady wave of success. "Companies like Cisco Inc. And Google Inc. have structured their leadership to provide the best environment to motivate…
Bershidsky, Leonid. "Why Are Google Employees So Disloyal?" Bloomberg. Bloomberg, 29 July 2013. Web. 22 Feb. 2014. .
Cook, Joshua. "How Google Motivates their Employees with Rewards and Perks." HubPages. Thinkingleaders.com, n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2014. .
Datamonitor.com. "Datamonitor Research Store - Google Inc." Datamonitor | the home of Business Information. N.p., 2014. Web. 21 Feb. 2014. .
Glassdoor. "Google Salaries and Benefits." Glassdoor. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2014. .
According to the Cisco video (Cisco, 2014) SAP Big Data Solutions will enhance the firm in a variety of ways, especially when complementing existing Cisco (and SAP) software and applications already in use within the current Cisco system. SAP (SAP, 2014) is a German software company with offices in a large number of countries including the United States. The company has been in existence since the early 1970's and has a number of wide ranging software applications that assist companies, especially in the analysis of data.
SAP's HANA platform supports the analysis of a large amount of data in real time. This support allows companies such as Cisco to approach customers with effective and efficient computing data analysis support no matter how large the customer or need for parallel processing. The SAP HANA studio allows for "administration of the HANA database, and modeling of the data in HANA" (SAP…
In other words, as coding begins, testing begins and continues as a parallel process to the coding activity. Even when the installation process has begun, testing should continue.
Installation is the process of actually replacing the current system or programs with the new system or programs. Thus, coding, testing, and installation processes create several deliverables that can be used as signoff points for management. The testing and implementation process should allow for back out points where new direction or error and bug elimination can occur. The deliverables are fail safes in a sense because a next task should not be started until a previous task has been given the okay by management. This process therefore puts a system of checks and balances in place.
Documentation and Training
Most people think that coding and testing are the only crucial aspects of implementation. Ironically, one of the more critical things to accomplish…
Canberra. (n.d.). System Implementation. Retrieved on January 27, 2005, at http://www.ise.canberra.edu.au/u8310/l17.htm
Grabski, Severin V. (2002). International Lumberyards, Inc.: An Information System Consulting Case. Journal of Information Systems, 9/22.
Knight, Ph.D., Linda V. (2001, November 1). System Development Methodologies for Web Enabled E-Business: A Customization Paradigm. Retrieved January 16, 2005, at http://www.kellen.net/SysDev.htm
Peacock, Eileen (2004). Accounting for the development costs of internal-use software. Journal of Information Systems, 3/22.
Customer equirements Documents
The most critical aspect of managing any information technologies (IT) project is ensuring scalable, reliable change management programs are in place to provide those most affected by the new systems with assurance that their jobs and roles are stable and safe. Writing effective customer requirements documents needs to take into account change management requirements and needs to ensure the system(s) being produced align perfectly with user's needs (Patanakul, 2014). Writing any customer requirements document needs to first focus on change management, as that is the single largest cost of any IT project and often the most unpredictable as well (Dey, Kinch, Ogunlana, 2007). In defining the categories of customer requirements in this analysis, all integrate back to and support the goal that all successful IT projects are galvanized around, which is ensuring resistance to change is minimized and change management efforts excel (Sharma, Stone, Ekinci, 2009). The…
Dey, P.K., Kinch, J., & Ogunlana, S.O. (2007). Managing risk in software development projects: A case study. Industrial Management + Data Systems, 107(2), 284.
Doherty, M.J. (2014). Exploring project manager insights about IT project success using Q-methodology. Journal of Technology Research, 5, 1-24.
Lopez, R. (2013). Builders of tomorrow: A Cisco innovation project. Strategic Communication Management, 17(6), 16.
Patanakul, P. (2014). Managing large-scale IS/IT projects in the public sector: Problems and causes leading to poor performance. Journal of High Technology Management Research, 25(1), 21.
Brix can use NTP, but in our testing its active Verifiers employed small Code Division Multiple Access receivers, which receive timing signals similar to what is used for cellular telephony. Most vendors also support an option for satellite-based global positioning system (GPS) receivers" (22).
The research showed that Network Time Protocol is a longstanding Internet protocol that is used to ensure the accurate synchronization to the millisecond of computer clock times in a network of computers. The research also showed that in spite of its workhouse history, earlier versions of NTP are no longer adequate and improvements are in the works. hile NTP is widely used, some vendors have elected for alternative approaches that accomplish the same thing in a different manner, but even here, NTP was shown to be on the cutting edge by recognizing these constraints and taking steps to address them. In the final analysis, NTP…
Battistelli, Vincent J., Edwin E. Mier and Alan R. Miner. (2003, March). "Monitoring the QOS Monitors: Vendors of QOS Measuring/monitoring Products View Network Performance from Very Different Perspectives. Their Goals Are the Same, but Are Their Results?" Business Communications Review 33(3):22.
Hommer, Michael B., Edwin E. Mier and Cheryl a. Molle. (2002, June). "WAN Watchers: Testing the Testers; More IP Traffic Is 'Disappearing' into the Carriers' Network Cloud. How Can You Tell What's Really Happening in the WAN?" Business Communications Review 32(6):40.
Mier, Edwin E. And Kenneth M. Percy. (2001, May). "Measuring SLA Compliance." Business Communications Review 31(5):34.
Mills, David L. (2007, January 20). "Network Time Protocol (NTP) -- General Overview." Network Time Protocol Project. [Online]. Available: http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/database/brief/overview/overview.ppt .
Chef Delivery is a continuous and unified delivery service that provides enterprise DevOps teams with a new workflow framework in which they can better manage the continuous delivery of their infrastructure. In sum, Chef Delivery automates changes to infrastructure, runtime environments and applications, but it provides a useful framework in which automated testing and continuous integration and delivery can be achieved. In addition, Chef Delivery provides software developers with relevant metrics, permissions management and a comprehensive change history for their code.
The system is built for infrastructure, containers, and applications and is geared toward Fortune 2000 companies and is intended to help IT teams become a ?high-velocity development engine."
Chef Delivery further extends Chef Inc. into the DevOps market and automates changes to runtime environments, applications, and infrastructure. In addition Chef Delivery offers a framework for automated testing and continuous integration and delivery with tools such as Jenkins
Chef analytics. (2015). Chef Documents. Retrieved from https://docs.chef.io/analytics.html.
Chef development kit. (2015). Chef Software, Inc. Retrieved from https://downloads. chef.io/chef-dk/.
Chef-solo. (2015). Chef Documents. Retrieved from https://docs.chef.io/chef_solo.html .
Choose your installation. (2015). Chef Software, Inc. Retrieved from https://www.chef.io/chef / choose-your-version/.
The technological environment is characterized by rapid pace of change. Combined with the social environment, this is the biggest driver of business in routers. Brocade has a limited window of opportunity with the MLX to be the market leader, as it can reasonably be expected that within a year somebody will have a better, cheaper router on the market. This implies that the pace of technological change is a threat to Brocade, yet it is actually an opportunity, with Brocade being the technologically superior company today. If it can maintain its technological leadership, Brocade will be to be able to grow its business steadily over the coming years.
The legal environment is not particularly challenging for Brocade. The company is not subject to any major legal action. The biggest difficult that Brocade has is protecting its intellectual property rights overseas. Brocade will need to manage its patents effectively in order…
Bonney, J. (2010). Manufacturers group sees 'slow growth' for economy. The Journal of Commerce. Retrieved December 12, 2010 from http://www.joc.com/logistics-economy/manufacturers-group-sees-%E2%80%98slow-growth%E2%80%99-economy
Donoghue, a. (2008). at&T: Internet to hit full capacity by 2010. CNet News. Retrieved December 12, 2010 from http://news.cnet.com/2100-1034_3-6237715.html
Kerner, S. (2010). Brocade unleashes 15.36 terabit per second core routing platform. Enterprise Networking Planet. Retrieved December 12, 2010 from http://www.enterprisenetworkingplanet.com/news/article.php/3903741/Brocade-Unleashes-1536-Terabit-Per-Second-Core-Routing-Platform.htm
Newman, D. (2004). Adtran serves up newest low-cost router. Network World. Retrieved December 12, 2010 from http://www.networkworld.com/reviews/2004/112204rev.html
Communication Upgrade Plan
Communications Upgrade Plan
The Abco Company wishes to upgrade its telecommunications technology to a system that is more efficient than the outdated Centrex system now in place. As part of the upgrade plan, the CEO has asked for an explanation of the various systems and technologies available for the upgrade. This research explores various technologies and recommends the proper solution for the business problem at hand.
Communications Upgrade Plan
The Centrex phone system has been the standard in business telecommunications since the 1960s. The system has been the only system of this type for many years. usinesses, such as Abco have had their Centrex System for many years. However, aside from being outdated technology, the Centrex System is no longer the most cost effective solution for businesses. The Abco Corporation has had its Centrex system for as long as anyone can remember. Until recently, no one had…
Callahan, R. (2008). Businesses Move to Voice-over-IP. 12 September 2008. Forbes.com.
Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/2008/12/09/skype-vonage-ringcentral_leadership_clayton_in_rc_1209claytonchristensen_inl.html
This article explores the advantages and move towards VoIP in many businesses.
CISCO. (2011). Quality of Service for Voice over IP. Cisco Systems. Retrieved from http://www.cisco.com/ en/U.S./docs/ios/solutions_docs/qos_solutions/QoSVoIP/QoSVoIP.html
6: Existing Cable and Wireless Design
The company will establish wireless access using the LWAP (lightweight access point). The LWAP will be distributed to all the facilities through the WLS. Typically, WLS will be installed to assist in providing the traffic tunnel and failover authentication. To enhance the security of the WLAN, the company will install the encryption system at the wireless access point, the encryption protocols will contain WPA/WPA2, and there will be an AES encryption at all the wireless access point using the 802.1 X authentication.
The company will redesign the local backbone infrastructure in order to increase the network bandwidth. There would be 100 BASE-T4 cabling to the 7 Cisco 2613 routers. The cabling system will assist the company to achieve efficient network connectivity for future growth. The 100 BASE-FX (fiber) cabling will be attached to the Cisco 7507 routers, which will assist in achieving more expansion…
Cisco (2011). Product Overview. Cisco Inc. USA.
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Chen, T. Horng, G. & Yang, C.(2008).Public Key Authentication Schemes for Local Area. Informaticia.19(1):3-16.
Guillen, P. E. & Chacon, D. A (2009). VoIP Networks Performance Analysis with Encryption Systems. World Academy of Science, Engineering & Technology. 58: 688-695.
The diffused infrared configuration however, uses a transmitter that fills a given office space with signals. The signal receiver can then be located anywhere in the office area in order to successfully receive the I signal.
The Spread spectrum LANs
This form of arrangement utilizes the multiple-cell configuration. Each of the cells are appropriately assigned a unique center frequency that lies within a specific band in order to avoid signal interference. This transmission technique makes use of two methods; frequency hopping as well as direct sequence modulation
The Frequency hopping method uses signals that jumps from a given frequency to the other within a specific bandwidth. The transmission unit then "listens" to a give channel and if successfully detects any idle time (a time when no signal is transmitted),then transmits the packet via the full channel bandwidth .In case a channel is deemed "full," the transmitter then "hops" to the…
Bruce, WR (2002).Wireless LANs End to End, Ron Gilster (ed.), John Wiley & Sons.
Burell, J (2002) 'Wireless Local Area Networking: Security Assessment and Countermeasures: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Networks', Dec. 2002, retrieved 22 March
2011, < http://telecom.gmu.edu/sites/default/files/publications/Jim-Burrell-December-2002.pdf>
Cisco (n.d)"Cisco HWIC-AP WLAN Module for Cisco 1800 (Modular), 2800 and 3800."
"Setting New Standards: Changes Are Coming to the orld of iFi, here Safer and Speedier ins the Race." The Journal (Technological Horizons in Education) 35.3 (2008): 26.
Cisco Systems hite Paper "i-Fi-Based Real-Time Location Tracking: Solutions and Technology" 2006, http://www.cisco.com/en/U.S./prod/collateral/wireless/ps5755/ps6301/ps6386/prod_white_paper0900aecd80477957.pdf
Daly, Una. "The Hidden Costs of ireless Computer Labs: Mobile Labs May Bring Us a Step Closer to One-to-One Computing, but with the Proliferation of Security Problems and Tech Support Issues, Are They Really Ready to Replace Dedicated Computer Labs?." The Journal (Technological Horizons in Education) 33.1 (2005): 13.
Liu, Xing, Sen, Abhijit, Bauer, Johannes & Zitzmann, Christian, "A Software Client for i-Fi-Based Real-Time Location Tracking of Patients" Medical Imaging and Informatics 2008, 141. http://www.springerlink.com/content/f4373283n3026h20/
Katyal, Neal Kumar. "Digital Architecture as Crime Control." Yale Law Journal 112.8 (2003): 2261.
Mcchesney, Robert ., and John Podesta. "Let There Be i-Fi: Broadband Is the Electricity of the 21st Century -- and Much…
Chretien, Wendy. "Setting New Standards: Changes Are Coming to the World of WiFi, Where Safer and Speedier Wins the Race." The Journal (Technological Horizons in Education) 35.3 (2008): 26.
Cisco Systems White Paper "Wi-Fi-Based Real-Time Location Tracking: Solutions and Technology" 2006, http://www.cisco.com/ en/U.S./prod/collateral/wireless/ps5755/ps6301/ps6386/prod_white_paper0900aecd80477957.pdf
Daly, Una. "The Hidden Costs of Wireless Computer Labs: Mobile Labs May Bring Us a Step Closer to One-to-One Computing, but with the Proliferation of Security Problems and Tech Support Issues, Are They Really Ready to Replace Dedicated Computer Labs?." The Journal (Technological Horizons in Education) 33.1 (2005): 13.
Liu, Xing, Sen, Abhijit, Bauer, Johannes & Zitzmann, Christian, "A Software Client for Wi-Fi-Based Real-Time Location Tracking of Patients" Medical Imaging and Informatics 2008, 141. http://www.springerlink.com/content/f4373283n3026h20/
During my senior year in high school, we were asked to write an essay describing our dream job. It was for an English creative writing class, but for me, it was much more than a way to practice eliminating misplaced modifiers. I believe in the powers of visualization and planning, and here was my opportunity to envision working for CISCO. Every successful person I know had a plan. My uncle is one of them. He had a vision of success that oozed from every pore of his being, and his passion rubbed off on me when he came to visit. My uncle went on to own his own restaurant: something he'd dreamed about for longer than I even knew. Before he opened the restaurant, he developed a comprehensive business plan that covered every single expense and contingency he might encounter. The writing assignment for my English class demanded no…
"Corporate Social Responsibility." Retrieved online: http://csr.cisco.com/
Mitchell, B. (n.d.). What is (Computer Networking)? About.com. Retrieved online: http://compnetworking.about.com/cs/basicnetworking/f/whatsnetworking.htm
Consultancy Inc. is a small business organization specializing in the management consultancy for various businesses in the United States. ecent growth experienced by the Best Consultancy has made the company to integrate network technology to facilitate the business agility. Thus, my neighbor, who is the owner of the business, has contacted me to assist him in designing a network system that could serve his business purpose. Meanwhile, Best Consultancy requires the following network devices in the company network technology:
laptops, 2 workstations, and 1 server supporting 3 users
quality networked printer
File and folder sharing
Multiple email addresses
Basic security environment which similar to home environment
Initial investment of $5,000 or less
ecurring costs to be less than $200 per month
To design the network system for Best Consultancy, it is essential to integrate the following network devices for the company network technology:
Cisco (2010). Cisco 3900 Series, 2900 Series, and 1900 Series Integrated Services Routers Generation 2 Software Configuration Guide. Cisco Systems, Inc.
Clark, D.D. Pogran, K.T. & Reed, P.R. (2008). An Introduction to Local Area Networks. Proceddings of the IEEE Xplore 66(11): 1497-1517.
Jenkins, S. (2003). Secure Network Architecture: Best Practices for Small Business and Government Entities. SANS Institute.
Web conferencing, though it is a very effective tool has its own drawback. The lack of human element and the absence of nonverbal feedback, particularly when dealing with clients constitute the negative side of electronic communication.
The field of medicine is one that uses web conferencing to great success. Telemedicine success stories are a good indication of the useful application of web conferencing. Web Conferencing, for example allows physician assistants and nurses to consult physicians and experts pertaining to patients symptoms and start appropriate treatment method for patients in hospitals and health care units running in remote locations. Similarly educational institutions embrace the technology offering e-learning modules for students from geographically diverse areas.
With careful planning and implementation of access privileges for different group of end-users internal security concerns can be allayed. Sensitive information can thus be protected by authorization. VOIP security concerns are a deterring factor as time and…
1) Matt McKenzie. Five Web Conferencing Packages: Not Just Conference
Calls Anymore. NetworkComputing.com Dec 1, 2005 http://www.networkcomputing.com/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=174403432
2) Kelly Jackson-Higgins. Video IP Project Boosts Network's Profile: A Look at Cisco Media Network. NetworkComputing.com Apr 19, 2004 http://www.networkcomputing.com/showitem.jhtml?docid=1508centerfold
3) Kelly Jackson-Higgins. Concrete Company Trades Travel for Web
Technology and Society
All print media including books, newspapers and magazines are in deep trouble today thanks to new developments in technology, as are traditional methods of classroom instruction and school curricula. To that extent the Internet can be described as a revolutionary invention that has altered and transformed the way information is presented and conceived. Individuals are learning and creating innovative ways to contribute to relevant knowledge at an excessive speed, and the estern world has become dependent on this technology and also more aware of its negative side. hether the technology in our surroundings is causing human beings to become distracted, affecting our communication skills, or making them stupider is a question that has to be addressed.
This memorandum will describe these issues of trivialization and the 'shallow-ing out' of contemporary American culture, most of which are either as deliberately exaggerated and sensationalized as the Internet itself or…
Corey, G. et al. Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions, 8th Edition. Cengage Learning, 2011.
Milliken, J. Brands and Social Media Participation; United Breaks Guitars. Coreographytv, 2010.
Morozov, Evgeny. "Losing Our Minds to the Web." Prospect, June 22, 2010.
For most of us, dealing with money has been altered by technology. Most of us use money out of ATM's or we pay bills with online banking just as easily as we change channels on a television. Obviously printing presses and paper cutters create our physical money, but how is the idea of money really created? Do banks and laws really make the idea of money? This essay evaluates the efforts of the Federal eserve System, often called the Fed, in terms of regulating the money creation of financial institutions?
Congress passed the Federal eserve Act near Christmas in 1913 and that established the Federal eserve Banks and also created a more elastic currency and established new legal controls over the commercial banking industry. The Federal eserve is the central bank of the United States and is made up of 12 regional Federal eserve banks that are overseen…
Cisco Systems. (2009)." E-marketing." Retrieved on November 23, 2009, from http://www.cisco.com/ .
FED. (2009). "Structure: Responsibilities." Retrieved on November 23, 2009, from http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/frseries/frseri.htm
Mishkin, Frederic S.. (2002). "The Economics of Money, Banking, and Financial Markets." 6th ed.. New York: Addison-Wesley Publishing.
Explain the OSI reference model and TCP/IP protocol architecture.
The Open Systems Interconnection reference model is made up of seven layers to establish reliable communication between nodes. The first layer, the physical layer, controls how the digital information is transmitted between nodes while things such as encoding techniques, connector types, and data rate are established. The second layer, the data-link layer, is responsible for framing data, error detection and maintaining flow control over the physical connection. The third layer, the network layer, takes care of routing protocol-specific packets to their proper destination using IP addressing. The fourth layer, the transport layer, is the first of the seven layers that doesn't care about how the data actually gets from location to location; instead this layer concentrates on providing correct communication between applications. The fifth layer, the session layer handles communication between processes running on two different nodes. The sixth layer,…
CISCO Cisco Systems, Inc. Internetworking Technology Handbook OSI Model Physical Layer
Joseph G. Davies and Thomas F. Lee. Microsoft Windows Server 2003 TCP/IP Protocols and Services.
David M. Piscitello, A. Lyman Chapin, Open Systems Networking (Addison-Wesley, Reading, 1993)
Marshall T. Rose, The Open Book (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1990)
Internet and Democracy
In one sense, computers and the Internet are just a continuation of the communications revolution, starting with the printing press then continuing with the telegraph, telephone, motion pictures, radio and television. Could this be leading to a more fundamental change in history on the same level as the agricultural and industrial revolutions? This is a more problematic proposition. Of course, the idea of a post-industrial economy based on services and high technology dates back to the 1960s, although some visionaries had an inkling of it even in the 19th Century. Skills and education that were valuable in an industrial economy have become obsolete in the new system, although this has happened before in the history of capitalism. Society has changed relatively little from the era before the computer age, with only a few exceptions, such as the use of computers to speed up financial transactions and in…
Agre, P.E. And D. Schuler, (eds.). (1997) Reinventing Technology, Rediscovering Community: Critical Explorations of Computing as a Social Practice. Ablex Publishing Corporation.
Alavi, N. (2005). We Are Iran. Brooklyn, NY: Soft Skull Press, Inc.
Baase, S. (2009). A Gift of Fire: Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues in Computing, 3rd Edition. Prentice Hall.
Barglow, R. (1994). The Crisis of the Self in the Age of Information: Computers, Dolphins and Dreams. Routledge.
Vey High - IPSec woks at the potocol level, independent of applications, theefoe scalability is best-in-class
Compaing the technological and opeational benefits specifically in the aeas of client access options, access contol, client-side secuity, installation, and client configuation highlights just how diffeentiated the IPv4-based IPSec vs. IPv6 -based SSL potocols ae fom each othe. In analyzing these diffeences, Table 3: Compaing Technological and Opeational benefits of IPv6-based SSL and IPv4-based IPSec VPNS, was ceated. Stating fist with the client access options, IPv6-based SSL can suppot a clientless inteface though its bowse at longe addess lengths, suppot fo semi-clientless though Java and ActiveX clients developed in AJAX, and also in a full client configuation. This flexibility in use of the IPv6-based SSL potocol is leading to significantly highe levels of adoption oveall. IPv4-based IPSec has a single client access option that needs to be pe-installed on evey system. Requiing a full…
IPSec VPNs: Conformance & Performance Testing. 12 Jan. 2003. White Papers Ixia. 11 Apr. 2007. Accessed from the Internet on May 28, 2008 from location: http://www.ixiacom.com/library/white_papers/display?skey=ipsec
Lehtovirta, J (2006). Transition from IPv4 to IPv6. White Paper, 1, Retrieved June 3, 2008, at http://www.tascomm.fi/~jlv/ngtrans/
Kent, S. Security Architecture for the Security Protocol (2007). Network Working Group. Nov. 1998. Javvin Network Managing & Security. 05 Apr. 2007. Accessed from the Internet on June 4, 2008 from location:
Partnership or Alliance
At a recent conference, Acxiom Corporation Company Leader Charles D. Morgan said that constantly changing technology and the growing global landscape means successful companies must select the right partners and alliances to help achieve a true customer-centric enterprise.
In today's global marketplace, partnerships are becoming a major strategic move for many businesses. This paper discusses the elements of an effective partnership or business alliance in an effort to lay out the best business practices for forming one.
The pace of innovation today is too fast for any one company (especially technology company) to be all things to all customers. Last year alone, for example, the U.S. patent office awarded more than 16,000 patents to the top ten global high-tech companies for their innovations. Even a brief look at the industry's history reveals a graveyard of once successful companies that failed to adapt fast enough to industry changes.…
Acxiom. (February 26, 2001). Successful Companies Must Forge Smart Alliances, Acxiom Leader Tells Connections 2001 Executive Symposium. Acxiom White Paper. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.acxiom.com/images/horiz_dots_full2.gif
Arian, N. (January 1, 2003). Successful Public-Private Partnership. World Economic Forum.
Armaghanian, H. (2001). Successful Alliances. Haig Barrett, Inc.
Bamford, J. (2002). Mastering Alliance Strategy: A Comprehensive Guide to Design, Management, and Organization. Jossey-Bass.
Network Security: Past, Present and Future
The work of Curtin (2007) states that a network is defined as "any set of interlinking lines resembling a net, a network of roads -- an interconnected system, a network of alliances." Quite simply a computer network is a system of computers that are interconnected. There are seven layers of communication types identified by the International Standards Organization (ISO) Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) eference Model as well as the interfaces among them. Each layer is stated to be dependent on the services that the layer above it provides including the physical network hardware.
Technology: Description and Area of esearch
The most popular networks which have been used over the past twenty-five years and which include both private and public networks include the following network services: (1) UUCP -- Unix-to-Unix CoPy: This was developed originally for connecting Unix hosts together however, since that time UUCP…
Bouchard, Mark (2009) WANTED: The Future of Network Security for Service Providers -- Now!AimPoint Group, LLC. Juniper Networks. Retrieved from: http://www.juniper.net/us/en/local/pdf/whitepapers/2000301-en.pdf
Cisco Security Planning and Design Service (2010) Cisco Systems. Retrieved from: http://www.planetcisco.org/en/U.S./services/ps2961/ps2952/services_datasheet_securitypd.pdf
Graff, Mark (2002 ) The Future of Internet Security. Para-Protect. Retrieved from: http://www.markgraff.com/mg_writings/TFOIS6000.pdf
Keohane & Nye (2000) in: Schneider, Jim (2003) Globalization and Think-Tanks: Security Policy Networks. SAREM International Seminar, Istanbul, May 30, 2003. Retrieved from: http://www.policy.hu/schneider/GlobalTTs.pdf
glimpse into how technology companies work today, and what their strategies are for their continued growth. Hewlett-Packard (H-P) is one of the largest and most well-known high-tech companies in the world. In fact, the article states that it is the world's largest tech company by its revenues. H-P is acquiring 3 Com, a smaller company that has had problems in the current economic climate, to add another set of tools to its arsenal. A vice president with H-P says, "3Com has a better set of networking products for large corporate clients than H-P currently sells and a market share of more than 30% in the China networking market" (Scheck). Thus, H-P is positioning itself for a larger market share in China, and to better compete with Cisco Systems, another well-known high-tech competitor in the Silicon Valley.
Perhaps the most important aspect of this article is not that H-P is branching…
Scheck, Justin. "H-P to Acquire 3 Com for $2.7 Billion." Wall Street Journal. 2009. 14 Nov. 2009.
World's Most Ethical Companies: Analyzing Ford Motor Company
The Ford Motor Company, herein referred to as Ford, is a U.S.-based multinational manufacturer of transportation vehicles, particularly luxury cars and commercial trucks. It was formed by Henry Ford in 1903 and has its headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan. The company currently ranks second among America's largest automakers; and is fifth in Europe, and eighth in the world. Cisco Systems, one of its largest technological partners, acknowledges that the company's high-level moral consciousness in the treatment of its stakeholders has contributed to its success year after year. This text outlines the various ways through which Ford demonstrates its moral responsibility to different stakeholders and examines how these acts contribute to the company's overall success.
Ford's Moral esponsibility towards Customers
Organizations have a moral responsibility to ensure that customers receive value for their money and are kept satisfied through high-quality products. Ford goes out…
Cisco Systems. (2007). Ford's Innovative Customer Relations Programs Increase Owner Satisfaction and Promise 20% Reduction in Annual Savings. Cisco Systems Inc. Retrieved 30 August 2014 from http://www.cisco.com/ web/about/ac79/docs/wp/Ford_CS_1116.pdf
Ford Motor Company. (2012). Sustainability 2012/13. Ford Motor Company. Retrieved 30 August 2014 from http://corporate.ford.com/microsites/sustainability-report-2012-13/people-workplace-health
Ford Motor Company News Center. (2014). Let the Sun In: Ford C-Max Solar Energi Concept Goes off the Grid. Gives Glimpse of Clean Vehicle Future. Ford Motor Company. Retrieved 30 August 20145 from http://corporate.ford.com/news-center/press-releases-detail/let-the-sun-in -- ford-c-max-solar-energi-concept
The Volvo Group. (2012). The Volvo Group Sustainability Report 2012. The Volvo Group. Retrieved 30 August 2014 from http://www.volvogroup.com/SiteCollectionDocuments/VGHQ/Volvo%20Group/Investors/Financial%20reports/Sustainable%20reports/sustainability_report_12_eng.pdf
Abbey National Building Society
A 'Building Society' is in other words a Financial Institution that is owned by all its members rather than by its shareholders. The Building Society plays the role of paying interests on the deposits made by the members, and also of lending money to its members by proposing to keep the property as security in order to enable them to buy a house of their own. When compared to a Bank, the Building Society offers a lesser range of financial services, but at a lower cost than the Bank. (Finance: Glossary B) However, the Building Society is owned by the members who borrow and deposit money in it, whereas the Bank is not owned as such by any particular group of members. (A UK Mortgages Website) The innate benefit of the members is more important than any other function of the Building Society, and it is…
A UK Mortgages Website. http://www.a-mortgages-website.co.uk/glossary/mortgage-jargon-b.asp Accessed on 21 November, 2004
About Abbey: 1989 to 1999. Retrieved From
http://www.aboutabbey.com/home/group_info/group_info-history/group_info-history-1989_1999.htm Accessed on 21 November, 2004
Consolidation in the Swedish Banking Sector: A Central Bank Perspective. Retrieved From
IT Management Class
Networking Protocols Are Powerful Catalysts of Collaboration
Across Organizational Boundaries
The foundation of the Internet is based on the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) networking protocol that serves to arbitrate control of the many connections that comprise the Web, with design criterion specifically designed to avoid packet collisions and ensure the highest performance possible. The TCP/IP protocol is based on the Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detect (CSMA/CD), an approach to managing network traffic to anticipate and reduce packet collisions, increasing networking fidelity, performance and stability over the long-term. Inherent in the design of the CSMA/CD standard is support for simplex transmission, half-duplex and full duplex transmission approaches, all designed to enable the highest levels of performance possible for a given TCP/IP network configuration (Cisco Tutorial, 2007). The CSMA/CD standard is credited with the proliferation of the World Wide Web, as it successfully supported the Hypertext Transfer Protocol…
Ciampa, Mark (2005). Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals. 2nd Edition. Massachusetts: Thomson Course Technology, 2005
Cisco Tutorial (2007). Basics of the OSI Model and associated documents. Accessed from the Internet on March 27,2011from location: http://www.cisco.com/ univercd/cc/td/doc/cisintwk/ito_doc/introint.htm
Cisco Systems (2007). Networking Guides and Programs for Protocol Support . Retrieved March 27, 2011 from location:
The paper creates Extended Access Control Lists for ABC Corporation using Port Numbers.
Extended Access Control Lists for ABC Corporation using Port Numbers
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.3.0. 0.0.0.255 any eq 20
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.5.0. 0.0.0.255 any eq 21
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.3.1/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq 22
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.3.254/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq 25
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.5.254/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq 35
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.0.254/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq18
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.5.35/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq19
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.0.0/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq39
access-list 101 deny tcp 172.16.0.254/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq26
access-list 101 deny tcp 172.16.5.35/16 . 0.0.0.255 any eq23
Further steps is the configuration of ACL for ABC Corporation. Configuration of Extended Access Control list is critical for the protection of network infrastructures of ABC Corporation.
Configuration of Extended Access Control Lists for ABC Corporation using Port Numbers.
Cisco Systems (2002).Virtual LAN Security Best Practices. Cisco Inc. White Paper.
Cisco (2010).Protecting Your Core: Infrastructure Protection Access Control Lists Document ID: 43920. Cisco Systems, Inc. Research Paper.
National Institute of Science and Technology (2010). The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing USA.
Sun CTO (2009). Cloud computing is like the mainframe.Techtarget.
FDDI's emergence as a networking interface standard is assured given its adoption across both Token ing and TCP/IP-based networks and heterogeneous LANs that rely in large part on Fiber Optic cabling to ensure the highest level of performance possible.
Fiber optic cablings' unique set of advantages makes this specific type of connectivity solution ideal for high bandwidth requirements of LANs and WANs that transmit voice and data as the majority of their traffic. It departments that choose to implement Fiber Optics as their backbone cabling standard often include a series of repeaters to ensure the signals sent are strengthened before they reach their destination system. The development of cabling techniques for allowing for synchronous communication is also significantly changing how fiber optic cabling is used.
The role of fiber optic cabling in the creation of networks is clearly seen in the context of the OSI Model. The Data Link…
ARC Electronics, (2007). BRIEF OVER VIEW of FIBER OPTIC CABLE ADVANTAGES OVER COPPER. Retrieved October 10, 2007, from Arc Electronics Web site: http://www.arcelect.com/fibercable.htm
Barry, S, & Jones, J (2004). Hardware and the OSI Model for the CCNA Exam. CCNA Exam Cram Book, 1, Retrieved October 10, 2007, at http://www.examcram2.com/articles/article.asp?p=169517&rl=1 .
Webopedia (2007). What is fiber optics?. Retrieved October 10, 2007, from Webopedia Web site: http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/F/fiber_optics.html
Cisco Systems, (2006). FDDI Documentation. Retrieved October 9, 2007, from Cisco FDDI Documentation Web site: http://www.cisco.com/ univercd/cc/td/doc/cisintwk/ito_doc/fddi.htm#wp1020577
In actual fact, because of STCP's option of multiplicative amplify, STCP have to in stable state persuade congestion actions approximately all 13.4 round trip times, in spite of the connection speed. HSTCP encourages packet losses at a slower speed than STCP, but still much quicker than CP-eno.
3. Problems of the Existing Delay-based TCP Versions
In contrast, TCP Vegas, Enhanced TCP Vegas and FAST TCP are delay-based protocols. By relying upon changes in queuing delay measurements to detect changes in available bandwidth, these delay-based protocols achieve higher average throughout with good intra-protocol TT fairness (Cajon, 2004). However, they have more than a few deficiencies. For instance, both Vegas and FAST suffer from the overturn path congestion difficulty, in which simultaneous onward and overturn path traffic on a simple bidirectional blockage connection cannot attain full link operation. In addition, both Vegas and Enhanced Vegas employ a conservative window increase strategy of…
B. Melander, M. Bjorkman, and P.Gunningberg, 2000. A new end-to-end probing and analysis method for estimating bandwidth bottlenecks. In IEEE GLOBECOM '00, volume 1, pages 415 -- 420.
C. Dovrolis, P. Ramanathan, and D. Moore, 2001. What do packet dispersion techniques measure? In Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM '01, volume 2, pages 905 -- 914.
Cisco Systems Inc. NetFlow Introduction. 2008. http://www.cisco.com/ en/U.S./tech/tk812/tsd_technology_support_protocol_home.html (Accessed August 10, 2011)
C-S. Chang, R.L. Cruz, J-Y, Le Boudec, and P.THiran, 2002. "A min-+ system theory for constrained traffic regulation and dynamic service guarantees," IEEE/ACM Transaction on Networking, vol.10, no. 6, pp. 805-817.
Communication between instruments on a Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) is not distinct from any devices on a LAN. This is because a packet creation by the transmitting computer on the network means, which receives direction from the network, switches to the suitable computer with the recipient occurring on the same computer. In an ordinary LAN surrounding, each of the devices on the switch is a component of the similar LAN. The VLAN is remarkable since devices from two dissimilar networks connect to the similar switch, or in some instance, two devices from the similar network connect on dissimilar switches. The functioning of the switch maintains things straight.
The two main common VLAN set of connections is dynamic and static. Therefore, the benefits of a VLAN creation remain numerous including decreasing the consumption of bandwidth, security augmentation, as well as, the geographical separation in which the member consumers of…
Ford Motor Company's efforts to redefine strategies to address key strategic issues during the upcoming fiscal year. The essay also reviews Ford's business-level strategy, the company's value chain activities and identifies Ford positioning with respect to the five forces of competition.
Ford's current business- level strategy was developed as a result of challenges the company has faced in the last decade. Ford saw their market share in the U.S. decline from 23.7% in 2000 to 15.5% in 2006. Over the same period Ford's North American division reported billions in losses from the Ford, Lincoln and Mercury product lines. To return the North American division to profitability, Ford launched an ambitious restructuring plan, the Way Forward. (Kirtane, Shukla, Wang and Zhan, 2006).
Over the last decade, Ford's business-level strategies were ambiguous, with the result that they were neither a successful differentiator nor cost leader. Ford failed to innovate on many of…
Cisco Systems Inc. (2007). Ford's innovative customer relations programs increase owner satisfaction and promise 20% growth in annual savings. [online] Available at: [Accessed 11 September 2011].
Ford Motor Company. (2011). Our value chain and its impacts. Ford corporate website. [online] Available at: < http://corporate.ford.com/microsites/sustainability-report-2010-11/operations-value> [Accessed 11 September 2011].
Herman, C. (2007). Ford zooms past competition in quality. ABC News. [online] Available at: [Accessed 11 September 2011].
Johnson, D. (2011). Future Lincolns to be better differentiated from Ford counterparts. Left Lane. [online] Available at:< http://www.leftlanenews.com/future-lincolns-to-be-better-differentiated-from-ford-counterparts.html > [Accessed 11 September 2011].
planning, assessment and measurement of proposed idea plays the most important role. Steve Jobs, Michael Dell and ill Gates are renowned names for their ideas in computer businesses. ut in fact there is no mystery behind any successful business; just you need is the right procedure and decisions to follow.
Preparing a business model is the first step towards the path of successful business. However, before you start developing model one must estimate whether idea has the potential to return enough value to the business, sponsors, stakeholders and customers. For this purpose, one must do complete research of the target market.
This assignment is based on building a computer company that would supply desktop, PCs, software and hardware parts to the customers. It first requires identification of target market and needs whether there is an opportunity for this business. Develop model and structure your business accordingly; how the hardware and…
Cisco Systems. (n.d.). Network Essentials For Small Businesses: A Step-by-Step Planning Guide. Cisco Systems.
Global Trade. (2012, Feb 25). Computer Hardware and Peripherals. Retrieved Aug 9, 2012, from GlobalTrade.net: http://www.globaltrade.net/f/market-research/text/United-Kingdom/Computers-Telecommunications-Internet-Computer-Hardware-and-Peripherals.html
Nortel also lost ground in the 3G wireless market to a host of new startups with focused business models and an optical/IP emphasis that appealed to that market (Jander and ulkey, 2001). In 2001, Nortel made the decision to exit the DSL business after experiencing weak demand.
Last, but not least, Nortel's management was slow to react to market conditions. As evidence, closest direct rival Lucent Technologies overtook Nortel in 2001, growing its share of the global market from nine percent in the further quarter of 2000 to twenty-one percent in the second quarter of 2001. Analysts attributed this success to Lucent's quicker restructuring of its business that allowed it to undercut Nortel's prices (Kharif, 2001b).
Who Was Responsible?
Clearly, market conditions were a huge factor in Nortel's decline. However, Nortel's downfall is also largely attributable to its own strategies executed by its CEO John Roth and the company's senior…
Erwin, S. (2004, April 28). Nortel roller-coaster ride continues for investors whacked by disappointments. CANOE Money. Retrieved January 19, 2005 from Web site: http://money.canoe.ca/News/Sectors/Technology/Nortel/2004/04/28/441077-cp.html
Jander, M. And Bulkey, C. (2001, June 11). Nortel outlook degrades. Light Reading. Retrieved January 19, 2005 from Web site: http://www.lightreading.com/document.asp?doc_id=5946
Kharif, O. (2001a, December 26). Nortel's compass is pointing north. Business Week. Retrieved January 19, 2005 from Web site: http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/dec2001/nf20011226_9625.htm
Kharif, O. (2001b, October 3). Nortel's new CEO has his work cut out. Business Week. Retrieved January 19, 2005 from Web site: http://www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/oct2001/nf2001103_7050.htm
hereas adult obesity rates have always been present, they have never been so high. hat is more worrisome is that youth is becoming increasingly obese. The American Heart & Stroke Association conducted a study, for instance, in which it found the following data to be true:
"Among children ages 2 -- 19, about 1 in 3 are overweight and obese (BMI-for-age at or above the 85th percentile of the 2000 CDC growth charts.):
- 32.1% of all boys, and - 31.3% of all girls, and Among children ages 2 -- 19, about 1 in 6 are obese (BMI-for-age at or above e 95th percentile of the CDC growth charts.):
- 17.8% of all boys, and - 15.9% of all girls."
ith the aid of the internet, staying home has become much easier and just as mind stimulating as actual human interaction. The most prevalent example of such instances is the…
Clarke, Richard a., and Robert K. Knake. Cyber War: The next Threat to National Security and What to Do about it. New York: Ecco, 2010. Print.
"Deloitte Study Finds That Facebook Has an Overall Economic Impact of €2.6 Billion in the UK." Deloitte Study Finds That Facebook Has an Overall Economic Impact of €2.6 Billion in the UK. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. .
"Educational Benefits of Online Learning." Blackboard. 1998. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. .
"The Facebook Effect: How Congress Is Using Social Networks to Strengthen Ties to Constituents." Congressional Institute. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. < he Facebook Effect: How Congress is Using Social Networks to Strengthen Ties to Constituents>.
Discuss the types of switching expected to be found on a AN. How do the different types of switching in a AN influence the security of transmission? Comment on variations and the availability of the tools to help with the implementation of security measures.
According to the Internet search definition archive ebopedia, a AN or wide area access network is a type of computer network that spans a relatively large geographical area. Typically, a AN consists of two or more computer networks or LANs, local area access networks www.webopedia.com/TERM//local_area_network_LAN.html." Computers connected to a wide-area network are often connected through interconnected public networks, such as the telephone system, or through dial-up connections. These ANs can also be connected through leased lines or satellites. The largest AN in existence is the Internet, but smaller ANs such as within geographical areas of cities, companies, or university complexes or between academic areas…
Hotchmuth & Connor (July 5, 2004) "CISCO buy to link remote resources." http://www.nwfusion.com/cgi-bin/mailto/x.cgi
Newman, Robert C. (2003). Enterprise Security. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
WAN." (2003) Webopedia. http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/W/wide_area_network_WAN.html
80%). (Yahoo-Finance, 2004) the telecommunications equipment segment faces constant fluctuation in demand and this fluctuation can cause serious financial drains on the company. Lucent, for example, was hit hard when the technology bubble burst a few years ago. It was left holding the bag for a host of bankrupt customers. Holding on to outdated technology and the reticence to switch to newer technology also harmed the company during this stage. The management styles and ability of the company to make operational cost cutting decisions in 2001 also cost the company its bottom line.
Lucent however, has been able to survive in such a competitive environment due to its long history of commitment to innovation and providing cutting edge technology. Its market image is one of reliability and dependability. An educated and trained staff of over 34,500 also allows the company to move in a direction that can over the long-term…
Hoovers. (2004). Lucent technologies. Retrieved December 3, 2004, from the World Wide Web: http://www.hoovers.com/free/search/simple/xmillion/lucent/--ID__46656 -- /free-co-factsheet.xhtml
Lucent-History. (2004). History. Retrieved December 1, 2004, from the World Wide Web: http://www.lucent.com/corpinfo/history.html
Lucent-Home. (2004). Fast facts. Retrieved December 1, 2004, from the World Wide Web: http://www.lucent.com/corpinfo/fastfacts.html
Ryan, Vincent. (2001). A second look at Lucent's earnings. Retrieved December 1, 2004, from the World Wide Web: http://telephonyonline.com/ar/telecom_second_look_lucents/
Firms under the guidance of individual investors are more likely to take a conservative approach to ethics, since the shareholders may take a greater interest in this 'human' side to investing than a large firm like Fidelity. Also, very simply, if Fidelity or one of the companies in which it concentrates a large share of its ownership experiences financial difficulties is in trouble, then Fidelity, investors in Fidelity mutual funds, and the economy as a whole, can all be harmed far more than if individual investors selected from a wider range of businesses.
On a larger scale, such consolidation also means that there may be less diversity in investing in new companies in general, given that Fidelity likes to concentrate its holdings amongst several large sectors of the economy, in major and well-established firms. Individual investors have less of an opportunity in this investment climate to extend their influence to…
Lucent Technologies, and their drop from a top-Rated company to one in danger of bankruptcy.
HAT ENT RONG
At one time, Lucent Technologies was the most widely held stock in the United States. Therefore, when they issued an earnings warning in 2000, most of the financial world was shocked. How could Lucent lose money? Some advisors were not caught off guard, and had been warning about Lucent for months, including the Motley Fool. hat happened to Lucent, and can they recover?
Some background on Lucent is necessary to understand their fall from grace. Lucent formed out of the old Bell Laboratories, "the research and development arm of AT&T that has spawned such telecommunications technologies as the T-1 circuit, digital signaling, and the Private Branch Exchange (PBX), upon which the majority of office telecommunications environments are currently run" (Richey, Mann, and Gardner).
hile they invented just about all the modern communications…
Author not available. "Success Built on Failure' Being Taken Too Literally." SatireWire. 2001. http://www.satirewire.com/news/0104/success.shtml
D'Amelio, Frank. "2nd Quarter 2002 Earnings." Lucent Technologies. 2002. http://www.lucent.com/investor/charts/2q02charts.pdf
Richey, Matt, Mann, Bill, and Gardner, Tom. "Lessons From Lucent." Motley Fool. 13 Jan. 2000. http://www.fool.com/specials/2000/sp000113lucent.htm
Weiss, Phil. "Lucent At Bat." Motley Fool. 23 Oct. 2000. http://www.fool.com/Specials/2000/sp001023.htm
networking and TCP/IP and internetworking. Also discussed are risk management, network threats, firewalls, and also more special purpose network devices. The paper will provide a better insight on the general aspects of security and also get a better understanding of how to be able to reduce and manage risk personally at the workplace and at home.
In today's world, the Computer has become a common feature in any organization anywhere in the world. This may be due to the fact that a computer can be accessed by anybody who knows how to handle it and also because it can store a lot of information both confidential and general. A computer is connected through a physical network that allows a person or many persons to share any information necessary. (Conceptual Overview of Network Security) Though network security in Information Technology is an issue that has been discussed endlessly, implementation has definitely…
Bolding, Darren. "Network Security, Filters and Firewalls." Retrieved from ACM Cross Roads Student Magazine, 17 January, 2001 http://www.acm.org/crossroads/xrds2-1/security.html . Accessed on 03/09/2004
Curtin, Matt. "Introduction to Network Security March" 1997. Retrieved at http://www.interhack.net/pubs/network-securityAccessed on 03/09/2004
Home Internet security: Protection against network security attacks" Retrieved at http://www.buildwebsite4u.com/articles/home-internet-security.shtml. Accessed on 03/09/2004
Magalhaes, Ricky M. "Network Security recommendations that will enhance your windows" network" Oct 22, 2002. Retrieved at http://www.windowsecurity.com/articles/Net_Security_Recommendations.html . Accessed on 03/09/2004
wireless Web is truly' the next major wave of Internet computing
A its potential for bringing people together and expanding commerce is even greater than that of the wired Internet."
Edward Kozel, board member and former CTO of Cisco systems (AlterEgo, 2000, p. 12)
The integration of the Internet into our modern culture as a driving force behind business, convenience, services and merchandise acquisition has created a new set of desires for modern consumers. The trend started with the ease and availability of services and products being offer4ed through radio and television advertising, and then infomercials and shopping channels. The internet brought the availability to purchase products, goods, and information from our desks and kitchens. Now trough wireless hotspots and wireless devices, society is following their desires toward a marketing distribution channel which motivates them to pay for internet access, and mobile commerce (m-commerce) anytime, anywhere, and instantly. These sets…
AlterEgo (2000). Building the intelligent internet: Making the case for adaptive network services. [www.alterego.com].
Albright, B. (2000). Mobilize this!. Frontline Solutions, May, 28-32.
Bansal, P. (1.1.2001) Smart cards come of age. The Banker.
Barnett, N., Hodges, S. & Wilshire, M. (2000). M-commerce: An operator's manual. McKinsey Quarterly, 3,162-171.
Part of the set-up process should include an inventory of staff talent: a company needs to develop a database system "to catalog [staff] capabilities and equipment" including phone numbers, address, personal email addresses. If suddenly a key telecommuter is unavailable for any reason, alert organizations have "hordes of unofficial 'guerilla' teleworkers" that can step in remotely as needed. Hewlett-Packard (HP) for example has set up a "teleworker-tracking" database; this allows HP to use competent substitutes on a moment's notice, helping HP to "leverage the competitive Internet access rates for the home office." The HP system also provides flexibility to existing staff; indeed, 70% of HP's workforce in the U.S. has the training and ability to work remotely and about 10,000 HP employees "have given up dedicated office space entirely" (orldatork.org).
Business Plan: Building Community in the Virtual orkplace.
Although clearly there are economic and production positives with teleworkers, there are…
Auxillium West. (2009). Establishing a Corporate Telecommuting Program. Retrieved June 20, 2009, from http://www.auxillium.com/telecomu.shtm .
Carpenter, Jennifer L. (1998). Building Community in the Virtual Workplace. Harvard University Law School. Retrieved June 19, 2009, from http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/fallsem98/final_papers/Carpenter.html .
Golden, Timothy. (2007). Co-Workers who telework and the impact on those in the office:
Understanding the implications of virtual work for co-worker satisfaction and turnover
Technology in Education
For purposes of completing this study of the use of technology in higher education, a local high school was visited, where the technology coordinator provided a demonstration of the learning systems used there. In addition, one senior-level course in Physics was attended where the advance imaging and learning technologies where shown. What was unique about this visit was how easily these technologies can be made to align with the student's specific learning needs and requirements. This technique is called scaffolding, and is attained through the use of personalized applications and portals of the teaching systems in use (Najjar, 2008). This analysis reviews the hardware, software and support considerations, as well as discussing the technology competency skills required by educators.
Analysis of Learning Technologies in Higher Education
In teaching advanced mathematics and science courses, the high school has found that enabling greater collaboration and repetition of concepts is…
Adonis, A. (2006). Technology in schools. The British Journal of Administrative Management,, 14-15.
diFilipo, S. (2011). Connecting the dots to the future of technology in higher education. EDUCAUSE Review, 46(4), 58.
Najjar, M. (2008). On scaffolding adaptive teaching prompts within virtual labs. International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 6(2), 35-54.
Pons, A.P. (2003). Database tuning and its role in information technology education. Journal of Information Systems Education, 14(4), 381-387.
As the NLR seeks to bring diverse research communities together to confront and solve complex challenges "of building network architecture, end-to-end performance, and scaling," (Tash 32-33), the thought presented from Disraeli stressing that a leader must "follow the people," (Smith, and Cohon) aptly portrays the thought this researcher contends best relates the conclusion gained from this study. Just as a leader "follows" and notes the needs of people he/she serves, if NLR notes the needs of those it serves, it will in turn, lead in its field in its quest to "light the future." (National LambdaRail)
National Lambdarail Launches Transit and Peering Project. (2006, April 20) Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Pittsburgh PA. 10 Feb. 2008 http://www.psc.edu/publicinfo/news/2006/200604-20nlr.php
NLR National Lambda Rail...light the future." (2008) http://www.nlr.net" National LambdaRail. 10 Feb. 2008 http://www.nlr.net/researchers/guide/.
Tash, illiam R. Ph.D. (2006). Evaluating Research Centers and Institutes for…
National Lambdarail Launches Transit and Peering Project. (2006, April 20) Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Pittsburgh PA. 10 Feb. 2008 http://www.psc.edu/publicinfo/news/2006/200604-20nlr.php
NLR National Lambda Rail...light the future." (2008) http://www.nlr.net " National LambdaRail. 10 Feb. 2008
The passive style is described as management by exception where employees do not receive notice for their positive contributions to the organization, but instead are paid attention by their manager only when an error or problem arises. Punishment or disciplinary action is often the medium used in this approach. Active transactional leadership uses contingent rewards. With this approach, employees are praised for their performance and may be eligible for pay increases or other incentives (Bolman & Deal, 1991, p. 419). The type of leadership exhibited clearly determines the type of motivation used and often its success or failure.
The situational leadership theory of Hersey and Blanchard proposes that the optimal amount of task and relations behavior depends upon subordinate maturity. As the authors note, what the manager needs is a simple and logical framework for making decisions that will be successful (Hersey & Blanchard, 1990, p. 412). This theory prescribes…
Bolman, L. & Deal, T. (1991). Reframing organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Bossidy, Larry; Charan, Ram; Execution, the Discipline of Getting Things
Done; Crown Business, New York, NY. 2002.
DuBrin, a.J., R.D. Ireland, & J.C. Williams. Management & Organization. Cincinnati: South-Western, 1989.
Women and the Information Technology Industry: Where is the Attraction?
Opportunities in technology companies are fueling the economy, yet few women pursue them. A recent Pittsburgh Technology Council panel discussion revealed that there are many reasons for women's lack of interest in IT, as were personal priorities (Czetli, 2003). "It might be an issue of self-selection -- women might not be risk takers," said obin Steif, chief financial officer of Maya Design. "It might also have something to do with the work/family issue, because entrepreneurs work way more than 40 hours per week."
Acknowledging that women seeking careers in technology industries faced barriers, there was no evidence that those roadblocks were any more significant than those encountered by minorities or even by men. "I think there is certainly a glass ceiling," said Joy Evans, a management consulting partner at Deloitte & Touche (Czetli, 2003). "But I tend to think of…
Carr, Sylvia. (May 14, 2004). Women still outnumbered, underpaid in IT. San Jose Magazine.
Clements, David. (August 2, 2002). What are the Theories Behind Computer Technology Gender Gap? VOA News
Cockburn, Cynthia, (1985), Machinery of Dominance - Women, Men and Technical Know-how, Pluto Press, London.
Czetli, Steven. (April 3, 2003). Women in tech fields? Washington Post Gazette.