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City of Pomona City Council Meeting
The city of Pomona is in the process of re-vitalizing itself as a strategic location in the Pacific Rim for businesses and industry. Concurrently, as the City is greatly involved in improving these standards and opportunities for growth, the City Council must also attend to issues relevant to the people of Pomona. As it were, February 10th's City Council meeting fielded comments and issues from the general public during a brief one-hour public meeting.
On February 10th, 2003, the City Council meeting commenced at 7:00pm for the public. The council meeting itself began at 6pm in the Council Chambers. Various points and issues regarding the city of Pomona were addressed, despite the Rt. Honorable Mayor not being in attendance. Because of this, points 1, 2(a), (b), 3, 8 and 9 were not brought into discussion.
A select few individuals - namely Marcos Robles, Elliott…… [Read More]
These are federal stimulus funds for policing programs that are community oriented. As these programs has already awarded $1 billion in ARRA funds. (2010).
If the Lowell Police Department is able to receive ARRA funding from the COPS program, additional layoffs can be averted, while building a rapport with the community. Many lessons became evident, when we were undergoing the painstaking cuts for the police department. One lesson that could be the most valuable is: understanding the community and its needs. Therefore, all of the City of Lowell's departments appreciate the camaraderie established through the process of budgetary cuts. As they are working together to: provide as many services as possible to benefit the community. Once this takes place, it means that the government is more efficient and responsive to the needs of the people.
While cutting any budget is an experience: a department head, staff, and the community never…… [Read More]
The Property Taxes revenues' evolution is: for 2001-2002: $33,583,659; for 2002-2003: $39,474,865; for 2003-2004: $43,631,829; for 2004-2005: $56,254,917; for 2005-2006: $61,055,240; the proposed revenue for 2006-2007 is $67,102,454, with a 9.9% increase.
The Licenses and Permits revenues' evolution is: for 2001-2002: $1,956,365; for 2002-2003: $2,305,118; for 2003-2004: $3,483,020; for 2004-2005: $3,061,667; for 2005-2006: $3,027,345; the proposed revenue for 2006-2007 is $2,819,900 with a 6.85% decrease.
The Intergovernmental revenues' evolution is: for 2001-2002: $7,253,139; for 2002-2003: $6,035,742; for 2003-2004: $6,014,233; for 2004-2005: $4,266,673; for 2005-2006: $3,965,291; the proposed revenue level for 2006-2007 is 2,488,100 with a 37.25% decrease.
The Charges for current services revues' evolution is: for 2001-2002: $10,318,366; for 2002-2003: $11,099,872; for 2003-2004: $11,899,279; for 2004-2005: $13,063,134; for 2005-2006: $12,601,949; the proposed revenue level for 2006-2007 is $13,211,561 with a 4.84% increase.
The Fines, Forfeitures and Penalties revenues' evolution is: for 2001-2002: $3,252,387; for 2002-2003: $3,380,531; for 2003-2004: $3,551,515; for…… [Read More]
City of Park idge, Illinois: Budget Analysis
The budget for Park City, Illinois is complete with a table of contents, which identifies all pages by page number, and the page numbers are correct according to the table of contents. Included in the budget for Park idge, Illinois are the city's non-financial policy goals as well as these being stated in the Budget Message separate from departmental sections. Other planning processes are discussed addressing both short-term factors affecting the budgeting decisions and relating how these short-term factors affected the development of the city's annual budget. Included in the budget is information that sets out the city's priorities and goals for the year including issues facing the city's budget development along with the city's solution for addressing these issues. The present budget is compared to previous years. Included in the budget is an overview of the budget with summary information clearly labeled…… [Read More]
City of Brooklyn Park
Structure and Function
The City of Brooklyn Park focuses on family. It's governmental style encourages community participation. It encourages a sense of community pride by funding many projects that originate in ideas from citizens. Brooklyn Park utilizes a Council/Mayor form of government with Council meetings divided into both open and closed sessions.
City of Brooklyn Park
Brooklyn Park is a great place to work and play. Brooklyn Park is the sixth largest city in Minnesota. It is located in Hennepin County. The median age is 27 years old, making it a family oriented community. The city lies on the Mississippi iver, just north of Minneapolis. Brooklyn Park is best known for its system of parks and trails, taking hikers through some of the most scenic routes in Minnesota. Let us now embark on a journey that will enlighten citizens as…… [Read More]
City Town eimaging Using Sports Strategies
A common challenge that has been impacting a number of cities throughout the UK is shifts in the local economy. This is because many industrial centers have been facing a decline in the manufacturing base. As employers, are seeking out locations overseas, where they can perform these functions cheaper. This has been causing various regions to begin to have image problems from these economic issues. (Gratton 2001)
To deal with these challenges, a number of cities have been focusing on using sports strategies to rebrand themselves. This is when they are creating large arenas that can serve as a location for various events. Moreover, many of these regions are concentrating on improving the brand image of the local teams to have a positive impact on the community. The combination of these factors is showing how various cities have been aggressively working to change the…… [Read More]
Christ died on the cross in order to prove the infinite love of god towards his creatures. Using fear as a catalyst for faith has people acting out of hatred.
The second consequence is that people are more easily to be controlled. Fear is an instrument of control. It is highly efficient because it practically means getting into people's heads. Afterwards, small inputs are necessary in order to achieve the desired actions. Fear is connected with a way of being (living) focused on having as opposed to the paradigm focused on being.
When an individual is controlled by somebody else this clearly implies that the latter part is the stringer one. Therefore such doctrines as the one of Augustine regarding baptism serves a mechanism through which power is installed and maintained. It is highly efficient through the immense psychological power which it induces.
A third implication regarding faith supported by…… [Read More]
1-15). One may note that this amount is offset by a reduction in Federal Aid of $-2,596,200, a 29.4% drop (p. 1-15_. Educational expenses and operating the cities' public schools is by far the costliest budgetary item. This is followed by provision of police and fire services.
Costliest Line Item per Department
Office of Elections
Employee Compensation Increases
Parks, ecreation, and Cultural
Public Health and Assistance
Source: All data was obtained from the Expenditure Summary of the appropriate department section of the budget report.
The biggest expense in every department listed in the report was personnel and/or personnel related expenditures. Personnel services are the largest portion…… [Read More]
Daniels When City and Country Collide
Thomas L. Daniel's When City and Country Collide provides an interesting and largely effective analysis of the spread of urban sprawl in America. This paper outlines the key themes and findings within Daniel's book, and discusses the relationship between Daniel's book and Managing Urban America, by David . Morgan and obert E. England. Overall, When City and Country Collide provides a useful look into how urban sprawl characterizes modern city planning, and provides some somewhat limited insights into urban management and public administration.
In When City and Country Collide: Managing Growth in the Metropolitan Fringe, Thomas L. Daniels describes the recent emergence of the rural-urban fringe in a diversity of cities across the United States. Throughout the book, Daniels develops his thesis that the urban fringe has expanded in recent years as residential and commercial development in cities has boomed, and that growth management…… [Read More]
The searches take about fifteen minutes each, and added up, number millions of hours of police time spent conducting these Stop and Frisk searches, making the practice a core part of NYPD police training and street policy, and not simply a seldom used law. Another startling fact is that 88% of those who are stopped are not at all guilty of any crime, but are still forced to submit to the police officers conducting the search for the duration of the search, and cannot bypass the search under any circumstances. This means that the police are spending the vast majority of their time not catching criminals, which may seem like an inefficient method.
The NAACP, a political group representing African-Americans, has come out against the Stop and Frisk law because of statistics published by the NYPD that show that young black men are targeted at much higher rates for random…… [Read More]
old, my parents and I moved from the sprawling, suburban township of Hudson, Ohio to the village at its center, and I fell in love with small, walkable cities and towns that are built on grids. I believe that such environments promote socialization due to the activation energy involved in going out. If we accept that socialization is more comfortable for the majority in the traditional context of a high-density city, why do the majority of new home permits proclaim otherwise? Why don't people just don't pick up and move to places where people have traditionally conducted their daily affairs without the use of a car, like San Francisco and New York City?
The 1960's and 1970's in America saw an urban transition still unknown in most of the major cities of Europe. The Federal Housing Administration had precipitated the explosion in suburban development by offering 4% interest loans following…… [Read More]
Here, we see the Mediascape landscape alongside many other of the success factors for design in real-world situations:
[MORE PHOTO HERE]
Compare that last to the landscape identified as Ethnoscapes here:
[APPLICABLE PHOTO HERE]
Here we find Ethnoscapes defined:
In the anthropology of globalization, the suffix "-scape" signifies transnational distributions of correlated elements whose display can be represented as landscapes. For example, transnational arrangements of technological, financial, media, and political resources can be seen, respectively, as technoscapes, financescapes, mediascapes, and ideoscapes (Appadurai 1996: 33). The prefix "ethno-" refers to "people" rather than stricly to "ethnicity."
Next up we have Financescapes. Through these next images the heart of this majestic capitalist nation: the financial market alongside the culture associated with financial markets:
[CAPITALIT PHOTO HERE]
Up next, of this Anthropology of Globalization, here we find Ethnoscapes, or the people (Greek, ethno-) + the transnational distribution of correlated…… [Read More]
location will lend knowledge to the present and the future. s a citizen of any region understanding the how and why of historical reflections upon the landscape of a city or town is crucial for a holistic view of the culture, economy and even of that town landscape. Without this knowledge decisions made by an individual can seem to lack in depth and purpose. The history of California, it's place within the union of the United States and also it's pre-union history is not only fascinating but it is also poignant when used to reflect upon current circumstances, be they positive or perceptually negative.
One city's history lends particular interest to this theory in all aspects of culture, economy, and landscape. The city of Downey California has a substantial pre-1900 history and is also home to three firsts, which have become international symbols of merican culture and ingenuity. "We are…… [Read More]
Young Diverse Children Living in ig Cities
This paper will focus on the lives and challenges minority and culturally diverse youths face growing up in major urban city environments, such as Newark, New York, altimore or Seattle. The advent of major metropolitan areas has stimulated a rapidly increasing population of disadvantaged and volatile youths. In today's America, it seems that more and more young people growing up in major cities are subjected to poor socio-economic conditions, which anymore lead to an increased likelihood for violence and life disruption.
Today's youths growing up in major urban cities are often disadvantaged; they lack the self-esteem, confidence and tools necessary to succeed in their later adulthood. I hope through my research to uncover facts related to urban distress among youths. I hope to also explore community organizations that have focused their efforts on improving the conditions prevalent among urban youths. I propose that…… [Read More]
Miami-Dade county is the most populous in the state of Florida and comprises several dozen incorporated cities including Miami itself, Miami Beach, and Hialeah. The archaeological history of the region extends into the Neolithic, when nomadic people followed their sources of food through the region. More recent history of the region that is now South Florida includes primarily Native American (mainly Tequesta) and Spanish. Under Spanish rule, south Florida was a region besieged by invasions and ultimately the United States gained control of the peninsula: in 1821, when Spain sold the state to the United States for five million dollars ("About Miami-Dade County: History, 2012). Miami Dade County (formerly known as Dade County) was created in 1836, and stretched from Jupiter in the north to Indian Key in the South. Part of what is now Miami-Dade County became slave barracks during the nineteenth century, and the Seminoles also…… [Read More]
A public health issue of importance in edwood City, California is obesity. As of 2010, 37.4% of edwood City residents were classified as being overweight or obese (Babey, et al., 2012). Because obesity is associated with a number of illnesses that can be prevented simply by reducing the obesity rate, it is important from a social ethical, and financial reason to help improve health outcomes for edwood City. With about 75,000 people, edwood City already has a wealth of resources and organizations in place that can work together to prevent obesity, help residents lose weight, and improve overall health outcomes for the community. The local and state health departments can also play a role.
The first tier of organizations that should be involved in a coalition includes all hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare organizations including private practices. Health care organizations can participate on every level of a public…… [Read More]
Freschel (2009) seems to be arguing on behalf of a small number of cyclists of disobey traffic rules or who ride aggressively.
5. The writer's point-of-view is obvious because of the author's tone, style, and diction. Dreschel (2009) claims that cyclists "flout the rules of the road every single day without fear of probable consequences or concern for the safety of others." Freschel (2009) writes with an irritated tone because of what he sees as dangerous or simply rude riding habits.
Reilly, E. (2009). City to hike bus fares, starting Jan 1. The Hamilton Spectator. Nov 12, 2009. Retrieved Nov 12, 2009 from http://www.thespec.com/News/Local/article/67114
1. The main purpose of the article is to inform the public about the impending rate increase for bus fares.
2. The key questions being asked and answered in Reilly's (2009) article is how much the fares are increasing and for which passengers. Reilly (2009) also…… [Read More]
Instead, the EDC focused its efforts on attracting new businesses to the area and helping the businesses that were already operating in the area to at least sustain their present production.
The success of the Bloomington economy in the face of a struggling national economic situation must be partially, at least, attributed to the fact that the area enjoyed a population increase. hether the population increase was the result of good economic conditions or that the population increase caused the good economic conditions is an interesting question but it is likely that there was a correlation.
For a community the size of Bloomington the success and aggressiveness of its privately funded Economic Development Council is a wonderful blessing. The Council has worked tirelessly to promote the area and these efforts must be at least partially credited with allowing the area to prosper in difficult times.
The City of Bloomington still…… [Read More]
While each country struggled to repay its debt, England was quicker to do so; this was logical, for not only did it have more manpower, its livelihood faced less demolition than did the physical face of France. Yet, England struggled with its success in paying off its debt; it looked, with great disdain, upon its ever-hated neighbor, still in debt to the nited States. "England thought only of herself," Smith wrote, "and her prestige when she undertook to begin payment of her debt to us - a financial gesture without parallel in history."
While it was clear that Smith was grateful for England's eagerness to repay America, and the American taxpayers by turn, it was also evident that he understood this gesture to be what it was - a political declaration of strength and sovereignty by England, pointed directly at France. Smith perceived a less than subtle snubbing of France…… [Read More]
In addition we have made, and continue to make, efforts to employ people of all backgrounds for Jupiter's police force so that people of all backgrounds see people from their cultures in law enforcement.
People, no matter where they are from, tend to fear the unknown (Carter, 1995), so we feel that a policy of community policing -- getting the officers into the various neighborhoods of Jupiter in positive ways -- is important. One of the things we have done to accomplish that is to put our officers in the vicinity of school crosswalks when children are traveling to and from school. This allows them to interact positively with children from an early age as well as allow the parents to see police officers in their most important role -- protecting all of Jupiter's inhabitants. I hope these comments will put any concerns to rest.
Carter, Ronnie A. 1995.…… [Read More]
New York City
Use of Temporary Space
(NYC Department of Parks & ecreation)
Images & Charts
Illy Push Button House
Store Front Library
Brooklyn Bridge Park
Images & Charts
According to the NYC Department of Parks & ecreation, Dutch traders established farming communities and villages east of Manhattan around 1652. One such village, Vlackebos, literally translated into the "wooded plain." This wooded plane area at the time consisted of virgin thick forests coupled with flat terrain so it eventually was called Flatbush. The area stayed in this overgrown natural state for nearly three centuries. "But, in the 1920s, the new Interborough apid Transit linked Flatbush to the rest of the city, sparking new developments that began welcoming successive generations of immigrants. As with the Dutch traders, these newcomers built homes and roads, only more quickly and densely. iding through East Flatbush today, there are still trees that line…… [Read More]
He was one of the few people to speak out early on against Medici corruption and the Medici's subversion of democratic institutions like the Great Council. When the ruling Medicis fell from power, Savonarola actually led the movement to empower the parliament, called the Great Council, which led the city under the oversight of the emerging Florentine middle-class for almost twenty years until the restoration of the monarchy. "Savonarola's followers often referred to the new hall of the Great Council as 'the Hall of Christ' (sala di Cristo), and they occasionally spoke of 'holy liberty' even when serving in office" (Martines 141).
Martines stresses that, for all of his flaws, the friar was more interested in enforcing what he saw as the truth, rather than gaining power for his own use. In this age, republicanism and religious fundamentalism were not at odds, as they are often seen in the contemporary…… [Read More]
Environmental Pollution Scenario: eview and Summary
Although cities contribute to both waste and global warming because of population density and the demands of urban life, they also offer the potential to conserve energy in terms of transportation costs, in comparison to suburban and rural areas. The compact nature of cities makes alternative transportation such as buses, subways, walking, jogging, and bicycle use a feasible alternative to using cars. egarding the effectiveness of public transportation, in terms of mitigating the effects of global warming it is estimated that "public transit reduces carbon monoxide emissions by nearly 745,000 tons annually. This equals nearly 75% of the carbon monoxide emissions by all chemical manufacturers in the United States" (How public transportation helps the environment, 2014). Public transportation also reduces smog-generating pollutants by 100,000 tons per year (How public transportation helps the environment, 2014).
Finally, using public transportation reduces U.S. dependency on oil in…… [Read More]
Let it be understood here and now, once and for all, that there will be no return to Russell County of that tragic era, the days when the law violator reigned supreme, and trampled the Constitution and laws under his foot. From this day forward the reign of law has come to Russell County to stay, and stay it will under the providence of God and all the power of Alabama's government....
To those who have had part in the lawlessness in this country, who have made crime their livelihood, who have grown fat in the debauchery of our youth and the destruction of the morale of our Nation's young soldiers, your day is ended, your hour of reckoning is at hand, you stand at Armageddon.... (Ibid.)
III. The Name, "Phenix"
Excuses and Reasons
Besides, you start drinking whiskey gambling, it gives you an excuse for losing.
That's something you…… [Read More]
Local Elections in the City of York, UK
Many Western democracies are dealing with the problem of low voter turnout in elections. The United Kingdom is no different in this regard. Local elections seem to be particularly hard hit by an absence of voters participating in these elections. Political scientists everywhere have been studying the problem of low voter turnout for quite some time, though interviews and surveys with the voting population. Thus far, results of these studies have pointed to a variety of reasons why people may choose to not participate in voting in their local elections. This paper examines a May 2003 local election in the city of York in the United Kingdom, and looks at reasons why voter turnout in this election was relatively low.
In a local election in the city of York in May of 2003, the voter turnout was rather low. While it was…… [Read More]
National Association of egional Councils: History And Evolution
NAC's History and Purpose: furthering the cause of regionalism
The National Association of egional Councils (NAC) has been an independent entity for over thirty-five years. "The National Association of egional Councils (NAC) is the preeminent alliance for fostering regional cooperation and building regional communities.
We advocate for regional approaches with federal and state governments; provide training and technical assistance on the latest regional developments; and conduct research on timely regional topics." (NAC, 2003, (http://www.narc.org/)the National Association of egional Councils is an integral part of the growth and development of countless communities, be they interstate or otherwise..
In 1998 Beverly a. Cigler wrote an article entitled "Emerging Trends in State-Local elations" and though it is questionable that regionalism be defined as emerging it is clear that the academic and governmental organizations that entitle change are sitting up and taking notice of organizations like…… [Read More]
The local and regional councils that administer the Porirua City metropolitan area have different, but interrelated responsibilities that must be taken into account in formulating effective economic developmental initiatives as described in Table 1 below.
espective esponsibilities and Areas of Interest for egional and Local Councils in New Zealand
Description of esponsibilities and Areas of Interest
esponsible for the integrated management of natural and physical resources, management of natural resources such as water and soil.
esponsible for carrying out multiple functions that enable them, among other things, to promote development projects with the private sector; also responsible for land-use planning, subdivision, service delivery, etc.; however, local councils are not involved in educational, health and welfare matters and these remain in the domain of national government.
Source: Gouldson & oberts, p. 54
Therefore, local councils would be best suited for establishing priorities for…… [Read More]
Memo: The need to increase our members of the city police force
ecently, there has been a heated debate in the city council regarding crime rates. epresentative Brown has alleged that crime rates are skyrocketing and says that increased members of the police are necessary to engage in effective policing. Although members of our force have taken umbrage at these allegations that we are not performing our duties in an effective manner, I would contend that this is a critical juncture for law enforcement in our town. Although the actual crime rates have not been going up, there is still a vital need to increase members of our force. Our city is changing, and the police force must change with it likewise.
Our city is classified as a mid-sized metropolis of approximately 75,000 residents. However, for the past several years we have been steadily expanding at…… [Read More]
Town/Village Development in the UK in the Medieval Ages
Leicester Development in the Medieval Ages
Leicester provides an excellent example of fort-settlement-town-city development through the Medieval Ages. Controlled at different stages by the Romans, Anglo Saxons, Danish and, of course, Great Britain, Leicester shows the combined contributions, primarily of the Romans, Anglo Saxons and British in its development. Realizing the importance of these contributions, the University of Leicester has undertaken various archaeological projects to continually learn about the city's Medieval development and the Leicester City Council has undertaken a considerable preservation project, particularly of the marketplace area. Both the University and the City Council intend to uncover and preserve Leicester's rich history.
Backdrop: British to Roman to Anglo Saxon to Danish to British
Leicester is a city located at 52°38"06"N 1°08"06" in modern-day East Midlands, Great Britain (Google, Inc., 2006). However, it did not become an organized settlement until it…… [Read More]
Markeaton Park is Derby's most heavily used park and is indeed one of the most frequently visited of all East Midlands sites, two facts that would suggest that its upkeep is highly important (Turbutt 1999: 18-20). However, a combination of this high degree of use and a lack of consistent funding for upkeep and infrastructure improvement has left the park in a far-less-than-ideal state. While the park remains attractive to a range of visitors (including families with children), it has entered what the Derby City Council believes may be a cycle of decline in which poor upkeep and the failure to modernize lead to a decline in use and popularity, which in turn will lead to fewer visitors and less money (Derby City Council 2011).
Keenly aware of the fact that the park's future hangs in the balance depending on what decisions are made now, the Council has begun to…… [Read More]
The reason for this shortfall, as noted by the Balance Budget website, emanates from pension costs, previously agreed to cost of living pay increases, rising health care costs overall and a general weakness in the overall economic recovery that has ensued, albeit very slowly, since the end of the so-called "Great ecession" period that ended in approximately 2009 for the nation as a whole. The balance budget website notes that the shortfall in question is equivalent to 20% of the total police officer salary budget, 60% of the total firefighter budget and over 100% of the city's expenses for their libraries and parks (L.A. Budget Challenge, 2013).
Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, in this budget summary document, notes that budget shortfalls will be addressed through expenditure cuts and increase efficiency. He makes mention of "painful" layoffs but not addressing the real problem of employee-level costs per person being the issue…… [Read More]
Prenegotiation Memorandum (pm)
Re: Tamarack, MN and Twin Lakes Mining Company
Twin Lakes Mining Company
The Twin Lakes Mining Company (hereafter known as 'company') makes significant contribution to Tamarack, Minnesota - employing 21% of the residents, providing 33% of the total real estate tax base - and is considered an integral entity to the town's longevity. The city needs Twin Lakes to maintain the current standard of living the residents enjoy.
The City of Tamarack
The city operates on a zero deficit per annum decree. Twin Lakes Mining Company has directly caused some of the need for improvements concerning water quality, air quality, and effluvia and pollution management. The city also relies upon the heavy property taxation to provide economic, culture, and recreation services to the community. Twin Lakes Mining Company does not need the City of Tamarack (hereafter known as 'city') to continue operations in…… [Read More]
Marion Barry on Political Perceptions in D.C.
This paper examines the political life of Marion Barry, former mayor of Washington D.C. And current member of Washington's city council. Barry was arrested and convicted of possession of crack. He has also been linked to a number of other political and personal scandals. This paper attempts to determine: the impact Barry's contemporaries believed his actions would have on his political career; the impact that his actions have had on his political career; how Barry remains politically relevant after a criminal conviction; the role that race plays in Barry's continued political viability; and what Barry's continued political viability say about the current state of racial relations in the United States.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Framing the Problem
Chapter 3. Study Questions
Chapter 4. Data Collection, Composition, and eporting
Chapter 5. Discussion
Chapter 6. Conclusion
Chapter 1: Introduction…… [Read More]
Eight Models of Policy Change as Related to a Problem-Structuring Method
Comprehensive Rationality and Synectics
According to the text, comprehensive rationality occurs when "an individual or collective decision maker […] weighs the cost and benefits of all available alternatives and takes actions that are motivated by a concern with the efficient use of resources" (Chapter 2, 48).
Here, problems within the community are addressed and discussed in terms of importance to see if they are worth acting upon. Some may not ever be dealt with, while others are sent forth onto the next stage.
An example of this is when a council member prepares a presentation for public policy change independently and then produces it to the Council.
Thus, the City Council should pair this with the Synectics problem structuring approach because of the fact an individual can create and discern comparisons without the distraction of the group.…… [Read More]
Australian Property and Trust Law
The objective of this study is to examine a specific scenario. That scenario involves the writer of this work as solicitor for the Goldstone City Council, a fictional authority in Queensland, Australia and head of the property law division of the Council under the direction of the Head Legal Counsel. The Head Legal Counsel has asked the writer to provide a written response to her in regards to the following matter: In 2014, a wealthy local citizen, Mr. obert Kennedy, died. Clause 5 of his Will provides:
"I GIVE AND BEQUEATH the sum of FIVE HUNDED THOUSAND DOLLAS ($500,000.00) to my trustee, the said James Stewart, to establish a fund for the intercultural education of my grandchildren within the Asia-Pacific region AND I DECLAE that the fund so created shall be utilized towards the costs of travel and accommodation within that region and the costs…… [Read More]
Livesey, J. (2007). Officials Smile for Red-Light Cameras. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers
The successful use of red-light cameras by the Millbrae Police Department would lead to an expansion of the program. The City's Red Light Photo Enforcement Program said that it generated more than $110,000 in revenue. Sgt John Aronis said that there was a reduction in the volume of red-light runners at Millbrae Avenue and Rollins Road since the installation of these cameras. Some residents, however, had complained about these cameras flashing too brightly. Some others considered it an invasion of privacy. The rest protested the tickets issued for violations.
Peceimer, et al. (2006). Against Red-Light Cameras. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers
Some residents and observers expressed disfavor towards the installation and use of red-light cameras. They said that red-light running was not a problem in Menlo Park where these cameras would be set up. They also said that these…… [Read More]
Mosquitoes cause immediate hazards to human beings. For the pesticide, it is required only that human beings not be exposed to the application process. The substance degrades to harmless soon after application. It could furthermore reduce the mosquito population by 90%, which also means a like reduction in WNV hazards to local inhabitants and tourists.
As mentioned above, the effects of exposure are immediate. Exposure to either mosquito carriers of WNV and the pesticide during and immediately after application should be entirely avoided. Education regarding pesticide exposure is easier to control than mosquito exposure.
d. Risk Characterization
Another concern voiced by opponents to the pesticide option is that an information program may not reach all inhabitants. Some of the poorer community may for example not have televisions, radios, or the Internet so that such vital information can reach them. This is however easily mitigated by door-to-door visits, as…… [Read More]
Additionally, the creation of a trust fund for housing could help to alleviate some of the economic burden on developers in Los Angeles. As compared to other major metropolis' such as San Jose, New York, and Chicago, Los Angeles uses the least amount of federal block grant funds on affordable housing on a per person basis, with just $23 per resident (In Short Demand). In addition to adopting an inclusionary zoning ordinance, the city should also implement an in-lieu fee to help fund it. Such a fee could be an alternative method to the institution of including an affordable unit in new developments, and could be directly applied to a housing trust fund. Estimates indicate that a $7 per square foot in-lieu fee would produce a surplus of upwards of $20 million a year, and could be used to remedy the housing shortage that not only affects Latinos, but other…… [Read More]
Economic Downturn in Police
Chief of Police: Dealing with the Economic Downturn
The process of reducing employees can be nerve wrecking especially in the police sector. As the Chief of Police, the process of layoff proves difficult. It is a nightmare on imagination of the scene of termination especially where a family member is part of the layoff. The process may raise valid concerns, but reducing various employees will have a positive impact in the management of the team, and efficient delivery of services. It is, therefore, crucial to take consideration on the economic reality in the current days. It may not be ethical for the city council to have employees whom it may not manage in the current economic state.
The activity may be a hard thing to do, but the economic state cannot allow for another alternative. Thus, lay off is the best activity to ensure that the…… [Read More]
Waverley Park was designed for and reflected a demographic shift in Melbourne's population away from the inner suburbs to the south and east. Waverley Park was a symbol of, and a contributor to, the shift of the locus of power within the Victorian, later Australian, Football League from the clubs to the league, a change whose consequences are still being felt in 2000. The stadium reflected an Australian tradition of multi-sports facilities despite its genesis in Australian ules, both in its conception and subsequent development. Waverley Park played a significant role in the development of post-war Australian football, cricket and baseball. In April 2000 it was nominated for the Victorian Heritage egister by the City of Greater Dandenong (Hay et al.).
Waverley reflected also a major geographic shift, taking the game away from the traditional inner urban areas to outlying suburbs where a more affluent society with discretionary income…… [Read More]
S. DHS "Strategic Plan," 2008, http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/strategicplan/) ealistically acts of terrorism, domestic or foreign are exceedingly rare, though slightly more common than they have been in the past and at least marginally more violent in nature, they occur very, very rarely. (Lewis, 2000, p. 201) Though maintaining serious preparedness the mitigation of natural disasters, most which cannot be avoided is an issue needed to be addressed almost yearly, on both small and large scales, across the nation and is much more likely to directly effect people and resources on an intimate level and should be the Emergency Management system's first and primary concern! Though worst possible case scenarios, regarding the use of WMDs is important it is not where all the resources should go.
(5. In the course, you have been introduced to the various responsibilities of different levels of government in the homeland security effort. What level of government do…… [Read More]
Zoning and Land Use
New York City has positioned itself as the capital of the world. The City is the world's financial capital and is playing a global command post in the business services, fashion, media, and culture and technology sectors. The City is also a popular tourist destination. According to the Strategic Policy Statement delivered by the Mayor in 1999, New York City will build on its economic successes in the past and continue to pursue its policies of lowering business taxes, streamlining regulations and improving public services to secure economic growth and opportunity Zoning is the way the governments control the physical development of land and the kinds of uses to which each individual property may be put. Zoning laws typically specify the areas in which residential, industrial, recreational or commercial activities may take place. For example, an R-1 residential zone might allow only single-family detached homes as…… [Read More]
regional planning, some examples, which will be used, are the Tennessee Valley Authority, Regional Planning in New York City and its surrounding counties and the Appalachian Regional Commission. Regional planning is an important factor, which have to be considered by the government and its authorities. Regional planning departments should be formed in the countries all over the world so that these departments can work in the best interests of the people and can provide them with the better standard of living with in the country. Planning is an initial process in order to gain success and prosperity in any area; regional planning departments are formed for the purpose of serving the people for providing them with better housing and living facilities.
The start of any planning process is to develop a Planning Committee. The committee should consist of no more than seven people that come from a variety of backgrounds.…… [Read More]
Ethical Issue Business discusses questions Mayor Bob Filner San Diego sexually harassing staff. • hat basis issue? • Identify ground rules manifested situation. He mayor San Diego sexually harassing staff, terminated city council .
Ethical behavior in the context of Bob Filner's sexual harassment charges
There is much controversy concerning San Diego Mayor Bob Filner on account of the public official being accused of having sexually harassed several of his employees. hile Filner claims to be innocent and believes that his current condition resulted from a series of rumors involving unspecified individuals. In spite of the fact that several female staff initially preferred to remain anonymous, evidence seemed credible and Filner was called out to respond to these allegations. Filner apparently abused his position and attempted to exploit female employees he was in charge of thinking that he would escape without being penalized as a result of this act.
Some…… [Read More]
One of the best examples of one of the world's most respected artists will be on display for all to see at the Art Now Gallery grand opening ceremony in Hometown, USA. Claude Monet, one of the leading figures of the Impressionist art movement that flourished at the beginning of the twentieth century, painted a series of water lilies using stunning colors and brush techniques. One of his water lilies paintings is currently on loan to the Art Now Gallery from the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the canvas will be on display to the public for the next two months. This is an opportunity you will not want to miss, as small galleries such as this rarely receive such high-profile works of art. Unless you have the chance to visit the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York or the Orsay in Paris, you might not…… [Read More]
Police Systems and Practices Question Set
Discuss how temperament can impair communication?
The ability control one's temperament at all times while working as a police officer is crucial to the performance of daily duties, because there are many instances when law enforcement personnel may be provoked to reaction in a purposeful manner. If an officer is unable to refrain from responding to insults in kind, or begins to yell or otherwise express anger, the course of an investigation or civilian interaction will become irrevocably altered. Simply put, ordinary people are less willing to cooperate with police officers and other authority figures who are openly frustrated, angry, spiteful, impatient, or otherwise perturbed -- so it is imperative that maintaining an even-keeled temperament become both a departmental and personal priority.
Discuss how failure of supervisors to act can impede future communication from subordinates.
A police officer's locker room is like any other…… [Read More]
Rather the decline in sales was due to a constellation of problems. For instance, the product mix did not cater to the customer's demands for new internet-related and multimedia products. The low variable pay for junior employees also seemed to be the cause of employee attrition and resulted in poor productivity, as new employees were less aware of product strengths. Thus, when asked by the prompt, "could these issues have contributed to the poor sales performance of your store?" The answer was a resounding yes.
List four key points from the reading assignments that were emphasized in this simulation.
The four key points were the "problem solving steps," involving
1) Defining the problem (poor sales and pending legal action)
2) Analyzing data (such as rates employee attrition, prices of the store's competition, and altered customer demand)
3) Evaluating and selecting potential solutions (including introducing multimedia-based products and a better variable…… [Read More]
By clearly defining the problem, it is more assured that the root of the problem is identified as opposed to a symptom of another problem. Then, I would most likely institute a brainstorming session with my co-managers or even the entire sales team to evaluate potential solutions. It is far more likely that the combined brain power of the entire team that logical solution are created but it would be my responsibility as the leader to choose which prioritized solution would be the best fit. I would make this best fit decision by using a Plus-Minus-Implications or PMI decision making tree. The objective would be to weigh the pros and cons of the available solutions. This technique has been used for centuries and I believe is one of the more important Decision Making tools. This is because this process allows one to see if potential changes will in fact improve…… [Read More]
For example, the police response to Occupy movement was widely viewed as disproportional and unnecessarily violent, and it is precisely leftist movements like Occupy that the police would need in order for a strike to be successful.
However, even if a contemporary strike were not successful, it seems likely that it would not end with the police being fired, but rather with nominal concessions on the part of the city or state. Police officers have secured a place of respect in American society not granted to other professions, and thus it seems difficult to imagine a governor, commissioner, or mayor being able to find much public support for firing an entire department a la the Boston police strike or eagan's firing of air traffic controllers. Instead, it seems likely that cities and states would call on the National Guard or private security contractors to make up for striking police, and…… [Read More]
Likewise, McCain (2003) reports that, "The United States is a dog-loving nation. The American Veterinary Medical Association says about 36% of U.S. households own dogs, compared with 31% that own cats. The most popular breeds, the American Kennel Club says, are Labrador retrievers, golden retrievers and German shepherds" (2). According to the Southwest Boston Dog Owners' Group (2007), "The number of licensed dogs in Boston is 8,500; Animal Control estimates the total number of dogs in the city is 40,000" (Petition to Boston City Council and Mayor's office 4).
The results of the 2000 census of Boston showed that the city enjoys a healthy percentage of middle- to upper-middle class residents as shown in Table ____ below.
2000 Census Breakdown of Household Incomes in Boston.
Less than $10,000
10,000 to $14,999
15,000 to $24,999
25,000 to $34,999
35,000 to $49,999
50,000 to $74,999
75,000…… [Read More]
Hill People Page
In 1997, when Kirk Watson was running for mayor, Austin was in the drunken throes of enjoying a decade-long spell of unprecedented, economic growth. Unemployment was on the downswing. Corporate relocations and expansions were on the upswing. Venture capitol and new business creation was rising to an all-time high. Office buildings, apartment complexes, new home subdivisions, retail centers, along with all the roads to support them, were sprouting up all over the city. As a consequence, the city populace had become polarized in their feelings about growth and had split into two political camps. There were the developers who welcomed Austin's transition to a large, thriving metropolis much like the mega-cities of Dallas or Houston, and there were the environmentalists who didn't want Austin to be a city at all, but wanted to go back to the hip college town that was the Austin they knew in…… [Read More]
Patronage jobs allowed local and regional businesses to flourish, offered political viability for minority groups, and ensured welfare services that state or federal funding would not have provided.
However, urban machines also colluded with organized crime, created impenetrable legacies of city boss cabals, and fomented corruption. Voters cast ballots based on the spoils system, diminishing the relevance of democratic freedoms. The patronage system also boosted special interests and prevented businesses from thriving independently of the machine. Around the 1920s, muckrakers began exposing the inner workings of the urban machine. Progressive politicians championed legitimate social welfare reform at the local level, speaking out against government corruption and collusion with big business (Caswell 2001).
The Progressive movement helped to eliminate or at least to diminish the scope of urban machine governments, even though Chicago's would persist well into the 1970s. In other cities like New York and Boston, the strong mayor system…… [Read More]
Non-voting public advocate groups that will advise the City Council on: how different policies will affect neighborhoods. Their main responsibility is to represent the interests of the general public. (erg, 2007)
What form of city or county government does your local municipal or county jurisdiction have?
Representative democracy. (erg, 2007)
What kinds of elections do your local city, county, and school board employ?
Direct elections every four years.
Direct elections every four years.
Direct elections every four years.
Appointed by orough Presidents. (erg, 2007)
Community oards. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from: http://www.nyc.gov/html/cau/html/cb/directory.shtml
Mayor loomberg. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from: http://www.nyc.gov/portal/site/nycgov/?front_door=true
The New York City Council. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from: http://council.nyc.gov/html/home/home.shtml
New York City Courts. (2011). New York Unified Court System. Retrieved from: http://www.courts.state.ny.us/courts/nyc/index.shtml
erg, .…… [Read More]
ace and Community
The community in which I have lived for the past several years of my life is Sioux Falls, South Dakota, a relatively agricultural community that combines some major metropolitan features with a distinctive suburban flair. Traditionally, this community has not been noted for its racial diversity, as the vast majority of its residents are Caucasian. According to the United States Census Bureau's information as of 2009, 87.9% of all Sioux Falls residents were Caucasian, while the next highest population group, the population of American Indian and Alaskan Native persons, merely constitutes 8.5% of the city's residents (State and County, 2009). The percentages of populations are comparatively non-existent following the aforementioned group, as 2.9% of the city's inhabitants are Hispanic or Latino in origin, 1.2% of people reported their ethnicity as being Black, .9% of residents are Asian and .1% of the city's inhabitants are native…… [Read More]
San Diego Can Emulate Los Angeles and Become a orld Player
The political leadership holding the reins of power in San Diego -- which touts itself arrogantly as "America's Finest City" -- has not put a very impressive foot forward when it comes to the stewardship of the city's fiscal, infrastructural, moral, and public assets over the last ten to fifteen years. There is a new scandal breaking out every few months, it seems, including the messy corruption trial in session at the present time, in which three city councilmen are accused of taking bribes (cash under the table) from the owner of seedy strip clubs.
Meanwhile, beyond the political scandal which recently forced the mayor to resign and has brought in federal investigators to review the mishandling of millions of dollars in public funds it appears that, as author Steven P. Erie writes in Globalizing L.A., San Diego has…… [Read More]
Elg & Robinson
This promotional material contains photos and other visuals of the Elg & Robinson storefront without the company sign at the entry of the Coles Supermarket, the storefront with the company sign, some prepared meat products, population forecasts in Hobsons ay City, promotional photograph for the company, and a photography for the company Customer Loyalty Program.
The first photo shows the side of the storefront at the entry of the Coles Supermarket but which does not show the identifying company sign. The second photo shows the front part of the store at the Supermarket and the company name, elegantly lighted and posted on top of the store. The third photo shows a portion of the counter with prepared meat products. The fourth photo consists of population statistics of Hobson ay City. The fifth photo shows office supplies with Elg & Robinson's logo. And the sixth photo shows items…… [Read More]
Although Chicago's schools remain mired in a host of convoluted social and economic problems, the overall trend has been positive since these initiatives were implemented; however, analysts suggest that it remains unclear whether these modest gains can be attributed solely to the mayoral oversight or a combination of other factors as well (Merl, 2005).
According to analyst, Kenneth K. Wong, a professor of public policy and education at Vanderbilt University, there should be no doubt, at least in the cases of Chicago and Boston -- where mayoral control has been in place the longest -- that the successes enjoyed to date can be attributed to the "right kind of mayoral takeover -- with clear authority and a highly motivated municipal leader; the key to the successful implementation of this regimen for these two cities, at least, has been the fact that "the mayors have been willing to put their political…… [Read More]
Petersburg, would not discuss in detail SI's other work for agencies such as Special Operations Command, but said he hopes this work eventually will amount to a $36.5-million Navy contract. U.S. ep. Bill Young, -St. Petersburg, who has used his clout to funnel Defense Department dollars to the region, sees a bright future (Krueger).
Since 2007, SI St. Petersburg has grown to almost 70 staff members as its &D activities have expanded. In addition, the U.S. Naval Air Systems Command awarded SI and its National Center for Maritime and Port Security a five-year, $36.5 million contract to develop a maritime domain awareness system to improve port security in the United States. Other SI &D projects have included development and local testing of an innovative, energy-producing buoy device; mapping the floor of Tampa Bay in conjunction with a maritime homeland security experiment conducted by the U.S. Navy, Coast Guard and other…… [Read More]
. The state gives tax incentives for the creation and restoration of private wetlands and riparian zones, and the state's "Acres for Wildlife" program encourages farmers to take land out of production for the benefit of wildlife (Arkansas, 2007).
Environmental Concerns During Construction
Environmental issues are accounted for in planning and in the granting of permits, usually on the basis of an Environmental Assessment (EA) as required by law. During construction, the provisions of such a statement are to be followed to the satisfaction of city, state, and federal agencies charged with monitoring such issues, depending on the type of construction and jurisdictional considerations.
Public participation is encouraged during the hearings held by the Little ock Planning Commission in deciding on permits requested by developers and others or by the zoning agency if a variance is sought. The public may also participate in a similar manner when new…… [Read More]
Settled long ago by courageous pioneers, Kimball, Minnesota still maintains its small town feel. Today courageous pioneers are fighting to preserve a historic showpiece, the traditional City Hall. The 92-year-old City Hall stands proudly in the middle of downtown representing Kimball's heritage.
Many small towns are losing their historic buildings to age and lack of the building's ability to meet the community's needs. In fact, the Kimball building is starting to deteriorate and its fate lies in the hands of the people. Following is an analysis of the exterior and interior of the building.
The Village of Kimball Prairie broke ground on their new City Hall in 1908. It was a big decision to spend $6,490 for the building but they knew it would last at least a hundred years. They wanted the City Hall to become the town's historic anchor. Today the City Hall sits on top…… [Read More]