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City Governement Budget Analysis Newport
Words: 2665 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89703996
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The Property Taxes revenues' evolution is: for 2001-2002: $33,583,659; for 2002-2003: $39,474,865; for 2003-2004: $43,631,829; for 2004-2005: $56,254,917; for 2005-2006: $61,055,240; the proposed revenue for 2006-2007 is $67,102,454, with a 9.9% increase.

The Licenses and Permits revenues' evolution is: for 2001-2002: $1,956,365; for 2002-2003: $2,305,118; for 2003-2004: $3,483,020; for 2004-2005: $3,061,667; for 2005-2006: $3,027,345; the proposed revenue for 2006-2007 is $2,819,900 with a 6.85% decrease.

The Intergovernmental revenues' evolution is: for 2001-2002: $7,253,139; for 2002-2003: $6,035,742; for 2003-2004: $6,014,233; for 2004-2005: $4,266,673; for 2005-2006: $3,965,291; the proposed revenue level for 2006-2007 is 2,488,100 with a 37.25% decrease.

The Charges for current services revues' evolution is: for 2001-2002: $10,318,366; for 2002-2003: $11,099,872; for 2003-2004: $11,899,279; for 2004-2005: $13,063,134; for 2005-2006: $12,601,949; the proposed revenue level for 2006-2007 is $13,211,561 with a 4.84% increase.

The Fines, Forfeitures and Penalties revenues' evolution is: for 2001-2002: $3,252,387; for 2002-2003: $3,380,531; for 2003-2004: $3,551,515; for…

Reference List

Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000. U.S. Bureau of Census, Census 2000. Retrieved February 4, 2007 at .

Profile of Selected Social Characteristics: 2000. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census 2000. Retrieved February 4, 2007 at

City Budget of Park Ridge Illinois
Words: 2150 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40420933
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City of Park idge, Illinois: Budget Analysis

The budget for Park City, Illinois is complete with a table of contents, which identifies all pages by page number, and the page numbers are correct according to the table of contents. Included in the budget for Park idge, Illinois are the city's non-financial policy goals as well as these being stated in the Budget Message separate from departmental sections. Other planning processes are discussed addressing both short-term factors affecting the budgeting decisions and relating how these short-term factors affected the development of the city's annual budget. Included in the budget is information that sets out the city's priorities and goals for the year including issues facing the city's budget development along with the city's solution for addressing these issues. The present budget is compared to previous years. Included in the budget is an overview of the budget with summary information clearly labeled…


Annual Budget Fiscal Year Ending April 30, 2012. Park Ridge, Illinois Budget Report. Retrieved from: 

City Council Policy Statements Manual (2011) Park Ridge, Illinois. Retrieved from:

City of Brooklyn Park Structure and Function
Words: 725 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 43096534
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City of Brooklyn Park

Structure and Function



Evolution Openness

Power Structure

The City of Brooklyn Park focuses on family. It's governmental style encourages community participation. It encourages a sense of community pride by funding many projects that originate in ideas from citizens. Brooklyn Park utilizes a Council/Mayor form of government with Council meetings divided into both open and closed sessions.

City of Brooklyn Park

Brooklyn Park is a great place to work and play. Brooklyn Park is the sixth largest city in Minnesota. It is located in Hennepin County. The median age is 27 years old, making it a family oriented community. The city lies on the Mississippi iver, just north of Minneapolis. Brooklyn Park is best known for its system of parks and trails, taking hikers through some of the most scenic routes in Minnesota. Let us now embark on a journey that will enlighten citizens as…


Brooklyn Park. (2012a). Government. Retrieved from 

Brooklyn Park. (2012b). History. Retrieved from 

Brooklyn Park. (2012c). Regular Council Meeting -- Agenda #12 Retrieved from

Brooklyn Park. (2012d). Community Engagement Retrieved from

City Town Reimaging Using Sport Strategies
Words: 3246 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 85375537
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City Town eimaging Using Sports Strategies

A common challenge that has been impacting a number of cities throughout the UK is shifts in the local economy. This is because many industrial centers have been facing a decline in the manufacturing base. As employers, are seeking out locations overseas, where they can perform these functions cheaper. This has been causing various regions to begin to have image problems from these economic issues. (Gratton 2001)

To deal with these challenges, a number of cities have been focusing on using sports strategies to rebrand themselves. This is when they are creating large arenas that can serve as a location for various events. Moreover, many of these regions are concentrating on improving the brand image of the local teams to have a positive impact on the community. The combination of these factors is showing how various cities have been aggressively working to change the…


General Area Profile, 2001, West York Observatory. Available from: [28 May 2012].

Make Bradford British, 2012, BBC. Available from: [28 May 2012].

Bradford: Britain's Worst Tourism City, 2010, Telegraph. Available from:  [8 May 2012]

Bloyce, D, 2009, Sport Policy and Development, Taylor and Francis, New York.

City of God by E L Doctorow
Words: 2490 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 31778723
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Christ died on the cross in order to prove the infinite love of god towards his creatures. Using fear as a catalyst for faith has people acting out of hatred.

The second consequence is that people are more easily to be controlled. Fear is an instrument of control. It is highly efficient because it practically means getting into people's heads. Afterwards, small inputs are necessary in order to achieve the desired actions. Fear is connected with a way of being (living) focused on having as opposed to the paradigm focused on being.

When an individual is controlled by somebody else this clearly implies that the latter part is the stringer one. Therefore such doctrines as the one of Augustine regarding baptism serves a mechanism through which power is installed and maintained. It is highly efficient through the immense psychological power which it induces.

A third implication regarding faith supported by…


Bellman, S. City of God, an interpretation. Retrieved December 3, 2009 from 

City of God, Penguin Readings, Retrieved December 2, 2009 from 

Doctorow, E.L. City of God, Plume, 2001

Eshom, Daniel. Teachers' guide to the Plume edition of E.L. Doctorow's City of God, retrieved December 3, 2009 from

City of Norfolk VA 2008
Words: 4546 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 44210269
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1-15). One may note that this amount is offset by a reduction in Federal Aid of $-2,596,200, a 29.4% drop (p. 1-15_. Educational expenses and operating the cities' public schools is by far the costliest budgetary item. This is followed by provision of police and fire services.

Costliest Line Item per Department




Personnel Services


Personnel Services


Personnel Services

Personnel Services


Personnel Services

Office of Elections

Personnel Services

General Management

Personnel Services

Non-Departmental Appropriations

Employee Compensation Increases

Community Development

Personnel Services

Parks, ecreation, and Cultural

Personnel Services

Public Health and Assistance

Personnel Services

Public Safety

Personnel Services

Public Works

Personnel Services

Debt Service

Debt Principal

Source: All data was obtained from the Expenditure Summary of the appropriate department section of the budget report.

The biggest expense in every department listed in the report was personnel and/or personnel related expenditures. Personnel services are the largest portion…


City of Norfolk. FY 2008 Approved Departmental Budget. The Office of Budget and Management. Accessed August 24.

Daniels When City and Country Collide Thomas
Words: 1526 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 26340485
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Daniels When City and Country Collide

Thomas L. Daniel's When City and Country Collide provides an interesting and largely effective analysis of the spread of urban sprawl in America. This paper outlines the key themes and findings within Daniel's book, and discusses the relationship between Daniel's book and Managing Urban America, by David . Morgan and obert E. England. Overall, When City and Country Collide provides a useful look into how urban sprawl characterizes modern city planning, and provides some somewhat limited insights into urban management and public administration.

In When City and Country Collide: Managing Growth in the Metropolitan Fringe, Thomas L. Daniels describes the recent emergence of the rural-urban fringe in a diversity of cities across the United States. Throughout the book, Daniels develops his thesis that the urban fringe has expanded in recent years as residential and commercial development in cities has boomed, and that growth management…


Morgan, David R. And England, Robert E. 1999. Managing Urban America (Public Administration and Public Policy), 5th edition. Chatham House Publishers.

Daniels, Thomas L. 1998. When City and Country Collide: Managing Growth in the Metropolitan Fringe. Island Press, Washington, DC.

Community Is New York City
Words: 1190 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 47479522
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The searches take about fifteen minutes each, and added up, number millions of hours of police time spent conducting these Stop and Frisk searches, making the practice a core part of NYPD police training and street policy, and not simply a seldom used law. Another startling fact is that 88% of those who are stopped are not at all guilty of any crime, but are still forced to submit to the police officers conducting the search for the duration of the search, and cannot bypass the search under any circumstances. This means that the police are spending the vast majority of their time not catching criminals, which may seem like an inefficient method.

The NAACP, a political group representing African-Americans, has come out against the Stop and Frisk law because of statistics published by the NYPD that show that young black men are targeted at much higher rates for random…

Works Cited

NYCLU. (2011, December). Stop and frisk. Retrieved from .

Rivera, R. (2010, September 28). Police mum and stop and frisk hearing. Retrieved from .

Signore, J. (n.d.). Gothamist. Retrieved from .

WNYC Newsroom. (2012, May 10). Bloomberg: Stop and frisk deterrent. Retrieved from .

Suburban Cities
Words: 3200 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50779641
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old, my parents and I moved from the sprawling, suburban township of Hudson, Ohio to the village at its center, and I fell in love with small, walkable cities and towns that are built on grids. I believe that such environments promote socialization due to the activation energy involved in going out. If we accept that socialization is more comfortable for the majority in the traditional context of a high-density city, why do the majority of new home permits proclaim otherwise? Why don't people just don't pick up and move to places where people have traditionally conducted their daily affairs without the use of a car, like San Francisco and New York City?

The 1960's and 1970's in America saw an urban transition still unknown in most of the major cities of Europe. The Federal Housing Administration had precipitated the explosion in suburban development by offering 4% interest loans following…


Stephen Sobek. "A long, hard road to desegregation: New Castle County had significant role in national movement." Delaware News-Journal, 12/21/2000.

When life is more interesting than art." Economist, 3/23/2000.

Peter Gordon and Harry W. Richardson. "Critiquing Sprawl's Critics." Policy Analysis: The Cato Institute Press, January 24, 2000

Peter Samuel and Randal O'Toole. Smart Growth at the Federal Trough

Block in NYC I Have
Words: 1672 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93623331
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(Absolute Astronomy).


Here, we see the Mediascape landscape alongside many other of the success factors for design in real-world situations:


Compare that last to the landscape identified as Ethnoscapes here:


Here we find Ethnoscapes defined:

In the anthropology of globalization, the suffix "-scape" signifies transnational distributions of correlated elements whose display can be represented as landscapes. For example, transnational arrangements of technological, financial, media, and political resources can be seen, respectively, as technoscapes, financescapes, mediascapes, and ideoscapes (Appadurai 1996: 33). The prefix "ethno-" refers to "people" rather than stricly to "ethnicity."

Next up we have Financescapes. Through these next images the heart of this majestic capitalist nation: the financial market alongside the culture associated with financial markets:


Up next, of this Anthropology of Globalization, here we find Ethnoscapes, or the people (Greek, ethno-) + the transnational distribution of correlated…

Local City
Words: 2095 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24211276
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location will lend knowledge to the present and the future. s a citizen of any region understanding the how and why of historical reflections upon the landscape of a city or town is crucial for a holistic view of the culture, economy and even of that town landscape. Without this knowledge decisions made by an individual can seem to lack in depth and purpose. The history of California, it's place within the union of the United States and also it's pre-union history is not only fascinating but it is also poignant when used to reflect upon current circumstances, be they positive or perceptually negative.

One city's history lends particular interest to this theory in all aspects of culture, economy, and landscape. The city of Downey California has a substantial pre-1900 history and is also home to three firsts, which have become international symbols of merican culture and ingenuity. "We are…

Aerospace Legacy Foundation website 2002 retrieved November 11, 2003 at

Adams, John "Council approves EIR, Specific Plan for Boeing site; Includes new Kaiser Hospital," Downey Eagle March 15th, 2002

Adams, John "Old Film Footage," Downey Eagle February, 22, 2002 .

Young Diverse Children Living in Big City
Words: 2600 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26026878
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Young Diverse Children Living in ig Cities

This paper will focus on the lives and challenges minority and culturally diverse youths face growing up in major urban city environments, such as Newark, New York, altimore or Seattle. The advent of major metropolitan areas has stimulated a rapidly increasing population of disadvantaged and volatile youths. In today's America, it seems that more and more young people growing up in major cities are subjected to poor socio-economic conditions, which anymore lead to an increased likelihood for violence and life disruption.

Today's youths growing up in major urban cities are often disadvantaged; they lack the self-esteem, confidence and tools necessary to succeed in their later adulthood. I hope through my research to uncover facts related to urban distress among youths. I hope to also explore community organizations that have focused their efforts on improving the conditions prevalent among urban youths. I propose that…


Achtyes, Eric. (1998). "Big Problem, Small Band Aid." The Daily. Available:

Casey Foundation. (2004). Available: 

Casey Foundation. Child Trends.

Child Trends. (2004). "Raising Children in Big Cities." Right Start City Trends. Child Trends Kids Count Special Report. The Annie E. Casey Foundation. Available:

County of Miami Dade Florida and City of Hialeah
Words: 625 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 70049801
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Miami Dade

Miami-Dade county is the most populous in the state of Florida and comprises several dozen incorporated cities including Miami itself, Miami Beach, and Hialeah. The archaeological history of the region extends into the Neolithic, when nomadic people followed their sources of food through the region. More recent history of the region that is now South Florida includes primarily Native American (mainly Tequesta) and Spanish. Under Spanish rule, south Florida was a region besieged by invasions and ultimately the United States gained control of the peninsula: in 1821, when Spain sold the state to the United States for five million dollars ("About Miami-Dade County: History, 2012). Miami Dade County (formerly known as Dade County) was created in 1836, and stretched from Jupiter in the north to Indian Key in the South. Part of what is now Miami-Dade County became slave barracks during the nineteenth century, and the Seminoles also…


"About Miami-Dade County: History," (2012). Miami Dade. Retrieved online:

"History of the City," (2012). City of Hialeah. Retrieved online:

Redwood City Health
Words: 602 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 81091795
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Health Manager

A public health issue of importance in edwood City, California is obesity. As of 2010, 37.4% of edwood City residents were classified as being overweight or obese (Babey, et al., 2012). Because obesity is associated with a number of illnesses that can be prevented simply by reducing the obesity rate, it is important from a social ethical, and financial reason to help improve health outcomes for edwood City. With about 75,000 people, edwood City already has a wealth of resources and organizations in place that can work together to prevent obesity, help residents lose weight, and improve overall health outcomes for the community. The local and state health departments can also play a role.

The first tier of organizations that should be involved in a coalition includes all hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare organizations including private practices. Health care organizations can participate on every level of a public…


"About the City." Redwood City, California. Retrieved online: 

Babey, S.H., et al. (2012). Overweight and obesity among children by California cities -- 2010. Retrieved online:

Mcguinness E 2009 City Eyes
Words: 848 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 91632948
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Freschel (2009) seems to be arguing on behalf of a small number of cyclists of disobey traffic rules or who ride aggressively.

5. The writer's point-of-view is obvious because of the author's tone, style, and diction. Dreschel (2009) claims that cyclists "flout the rules of the road every single day without fear of probable consequences or concern for the safety of others." Freschel (2009) writes with an irritated tone because of what he sees as dangerous or simply rude riding habits.

Reilly, E. (2009). City to hike bus fares, starting Jan 1. The Hamilton Spectator. Nov 12, 2009. Retrieved Nov 12, 2009 from

1. The main purpose of the article is to inform the public about the impending rate increase for bus fares.

2. The key questions being asked and answered in Reilly's (2009) article is how much the fares are increasing and for which passengers. Reilly (2009) also…

3. The most important information in the article is clarification of HST limitations, and noting that coffee, newspapers, and fast food will still be subject to GST. Benzie (2009) also indicates what other items are exempt from HST such as diapers, books, and children's clothing.

4. Benzie (2009) infers that the HST is an important political issue, and one that is affecting consumers in a troubled economic time.

5. The point-of-view in the article is expressed with neutrality, but certainly shows sensitivity to the concerns of consumers who are affected by the HST.

City of Bloomington Illinois Is
Words: 1973 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 24656306
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Instead, the EDC focused its efforts on attracting new businesses to the area and helping the businesses that were already operating in the area to at least sustain their present production.

The success of the Bloomington economy in the face of a struggling national economic situation must be partially, at least, attributed to the fact that the area enjoyed a population increase. hether the population increase was the result of good economic conditions or that the population increase caused the good economic conditions is an interesting question but it is likely that there was a correlation.

For a community the size of Bloomington the success and aggressiveness of its privately funded Economic Development Council is a wonderful blessing. The Council has worked tirelessly to promote the area and these efforts must be at least partially credited with allowing the area to prosper in difficult times.

The City of Bloomington still…

Works Cited

City of Bloomington . "Parks and Recreation ." 2009. City of Bloomington. 7 May 2011 .

City of Bloomington. "Community Development." 6 May 2011. City of Bloomington . 7 May 2011 . Bloomington, Illinois. 2009. 8 May 2011 .

Department of Housing and Urband Development. Analysis of the Bloomington-Normal, Illinois Housing Market. Economic Research. Washington, D.C.: Department of Housing and Urband Development, 2004.

City of New York Was
Words: 1298 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86767643
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While each country struggled to repay its debt, England was quicker to do so; this was logical, for not only did it have more manpower, its livelihood faced less demolition than did the physical face of France. Yet, England struggled with its success in paying off its debt; it looked, with great disdain, upon its ever-hated neighbor, still in debt to the nited States. "England thought only of herself," Smith wrote, "and her prestige when she undertook to begin payment of her debt to us - a financial gesture without parallel in history."

While it was clear that Smith was grateful for England's eagerness to repay America, and the American taxpayers by turn, it was also evident that he understood this gesture to be what it was - a political declaration of strength and sovereignty by England, pointed directly at France. Smith perceived a less than subtle snubbing of France…

Until this last war we have never had an opportunity to requite the good turn France did us in our War of Independence. No Englishman can claim that England rendered us help at that time. And France helped us in a peculiarly generous manner which ahs never been fully realized by our people and which we have far not imitated." In that light, the American patriots felt a disarming lack of association with the British; this contrasted starkly with the popular sentiment for the French government, who had come to the aid of America in its time of need.

The letter to the editor that appeared on this day received special status for its intellectual adaptation of civil truths - indebtedness to France, historical barriers with England, and the aftermath of the war as it imprinted not only social and political changes but also new international dimensions. While all of this was important to the editor then, whose dominion placed it directly under the masthead for mass attention, its significance to history is found beneath the meaning and inside the words. Addressing the efforts of France that made American liberty possible, Smith wrote, "She did not so much lend us money as spend it in our behalf." These pronouns, simple as they seemed then, provide understanding now to future generations, shedding light on a time gone by when nations were not just people and states were not just land. They were one and the same, a motherland and fatherland, powerful enough to launch war and fight. In those days, we had a nation, and she was the reason for battle; the right to war was not so cut and dry on economic issues and political theology. The editor of the Times understood that Smith's Letter to the Editor was significant, yielding it not just front-page status on January 24th, but a lasting historical relevance.

Basis for Favoring France." Letter to the Editor. New York Times. December 24, 1924. Page 1. (From PROQUEST Historical Newspapers)

Police on Jupiter Madame Council
Words: 318 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73779958
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In addition we have made, and continue to make, efforts to employ people of all backgrounds for Jupiter's police force so that people of all backgrounds see people from their cultures in law enforcement.

People, no matter where they are from, tend to fear the unknown (Carter, 1995), so we feel that a policy of community policing -- getting the officers into the various neighborhoods of Jupiter in positive ways -- is important. One of the things we have done to accomplish that is to put our officers in the vicinity of school crosswalks when children are traveling to and from school. This allows them to interact positively with children from an early age as well as allow the parents to see police officers in their most important role -- protecting all of Jupiter's inhabitants. I hope these comments will put any concerns to rest.


Carter, Ronnie A. 1995.…


Carter, Ronnie A. 1995. "Improving minority relations." The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, December.

Temporarily Use of Empty Spaces in NYC
Words: 4440 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84861847
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New York City

Use of Temporary Space

(NYC Department of Parks & ecreation)

Images & Charts

Illy Push Button House

Store Front Library

Brooklyn Bridge Park


Images & Charts

According to the NYC Department of Parks & ecreation, Dutch traders established farming communities and villages east of Manhattan around 1652. One such village, Vlackebos, literally translated into the "wooded plain." This wooded plane area at the time consisted of virgin thick forests coupled with flat terrain so it eventually was called Flatbush. The area stayed in this overgrown natural state for nearly three centuries. "But, in the 1920s, the new Interborough apid Transit linked Flatbush to the rest of the city, sparking new developments that began welcoming successive generations of immigrants. As with the Dutch traders, these newcomers built homes and roads, only more quickly and densely. iding through East Flatbush today, there are still trees that line…

References cont.

Vega, Eric. (2009). "New York Social Society." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from

Yahoo Finance. (2009). "Commercial Real Estate Loans A Growing Problem For Banks." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from 

Zip Car. (2009). "Zip Car." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from .

Fire in the City Savonarola
Words: 1202 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41139582
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He was one of the few people to speak out early on against Medici corruption and the Medici's subversion of democratic institutions like the Great Council. When the ruling Medicis fell from power, Savonarola actually led the movement to empower the parliament, called the Great Council, which led the city under the oversight of the emerging Florentine middle-class for almost twenty years until the restoration of the monarchy. "Savonarola's followers often referred to the new hall of the Great Council as 'the Hall of Christ' (sala di Cristo), and they occasionally spoke of 'holy liberty' even when serving in office" (Martines 141).

Martines stresses that, for all of his flaws, the friar was more interested in enforcing what he saw as the truth, rather than gaining power for his own use. In this age, republicanism and religious fundamentalism were not at odds, as they are often seen in the contemporary…

Reducing the Carbon Footprint of Cities
Words: 981 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41457498
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Environmental Pollution Scenario: eview and Summary

Although cities contribute to both waste and global warming because of population density and the demands of urban life, they also offer the potential to conserve energy in terms of transportation costs, in comparison to suburban and rural areas. The compact nature of cities makes alternative transportation such as buses, subways, walking, jogging, and bicycle use a feasible alternative to using cars. egarding the effectiveness of public transportation, in terms of mitigating the effects of global warming it is estimated that "public transit reduces carbon monoxide emissions by nearly 745,000 tons annually. This equals nearly 75% of the carbon monoxide emissions by all chemical manufacturers in the United States" (How public transportation helps the environment, 2014). Public transportation also reduces smog-generating pollutants by 100,000 tons per year (How public transportation helps the environment, 2014).

Finally, using public transportation reduces U.S. dependency on oil in…


Baur, J. (2014). grrl power: encouraging more female riders key to city's cycling health.

Fresh Water. Retrieved: 

Grynbaum, M. & Connelly, M. (2012). Bicycle lanes draw wide support among New Yorkers, survey finds. The New York Times. Retrieved from:

Phenix City Story Once Known
Words: 2170 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1385020
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Let it be understood here and now, once and for all, that there will be no return to Russell County of that tragic era, the days when the law violator reigned supreme, and trampled the Constitution and laws under his foot. From this day forward the reign of law has come to Russell County to stay, and stay it will under the providence of God and all the power of Alabama's government....

To those who have had part in the lawlessness in this country, who have made crime their livelihood, who have grown fat in the debauchery of our youth and the destruction of the morale of our Nation's young soldiers, your day is ended, your hour of reckoning is at hand, you stand at Armageddon.... (Ibid.)

III. The Name, "Phenix"

Excuses and Reasons

Besides, you start drinking whiskey gambling, it gives you an excuse for losing.

That's something you…

Works Cited

Bible: Hebrew Ecclesiastes, 7:1. The Columbia World of Quotations. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. 24 November 2006. .

Brasher, Bryan. "Barber: City needs new name: Man circulating petition; says area could be called Coweta Rapids," Columbus Ledger-Enquirer, April 14, 2005.

Could This Be Your Town?"(1994). 25 November 2006. .

Carroll, Sydney. And Robert Rossen.. (1961). Columbia World of Quotations. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. 25 November 2006. .

Local Elections in the City of York
Words: 2512 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44602072
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Local Elections in the City of York, UK

Many Western democracies are dealing with the problem of low voter turnout in elections. The United Kingdom is no different in this regard. Local elections seem to be particularly hard hit by an absence of voters participating in these elections. Political scientists everywhere have been studying the problem of low voter turnout for quite some time, though interviews and surveys with the voting population. Thus far, results of these studies have pointed to a variety of reasons why people may choose to not participate in voting in their local elections. This paper examines a May 2003 local election in the city of York in the United Kingdom, and looks at reasons why voter turnout in this election was relatively low.

In a local election in the city of York in May of 2003, the voter turnout was rather low. While it was…


Rallings, C. And Thrasher, M. (1997). Local Government Elections in Britain. London, Routledge.

Statistics About York." (2004). Neighborhood Statistics. Retrieved on January 12, 2004 at

A asp?aid=175815&hid=14&tid=13.

National Association of Regional Councils
Words: 4612 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3030099
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National Association of egional Councils: History And Evolution

NAC's History and Purpose: furthering the cause of regionalism

The National Association of egional Councils (NAC) has been an independent entity for over thirty-five years. "The National Association of egional Councils (NAC) is the preeminent alliance for fostering regional cooperation and building regional communities.

We advocate for regional approaches with federal and state governments; provide training and technical assistance on the latest regional developments; and conduct research on timely regional topics." (NAC, 2003, ( National Association of egional Councils is an integral part of the growth and development of countless communities, be they interstate or otherwise..

In 1998 Beverly a. Cigler wrote an article entitled "Emerging Trends in State-Local elations" and though it is questionable that regionalism be defined as emerging it is clear that the academic and governmental organizations that entitle change are sitting up and taking notice of organizations like…


1935). Regional Factors in National Planning and Development: National Resources

Committee. December, 1935. Washington: [Washington, U.S. Govt. print. off., 1935].

Adams, DH, & Savitch, H.V. (1997). Chapter 12 Central Cities and Suburbs. In Handbook of Research on Urban Politics and Policy in the United States, Vogel, R.K. (Ed.) (pp. 170-

181). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Local Economic Development in Porirua
Words: 3414 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47188932
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The local and regional councils that administer the Porirua City metropolitan area have different, but interrelated responsibilities that must be taken into account in formulating effective economic developmental initiatives as described in Table 1 below.

Table 1

espective esponsibilities and Areas of Interest for egional and Local Councils in New Zealand

Council Type

Description of esponsibilities and Areas of Interest

egional Councils

esponsible for the integrated management of natural and physical resources, management of natural resources such as water and soil.

Local Councils

esponsible for carrying out multiple functions that enable them, among other things, to promote development projects with the private sector; also responsible for land-use planning, subdivision, service delivery, etc.; however, local councils are not involved in educational, health and welfare matters and these remain in the domain of national government.

Source: Gouldson & oberts, p. 54

Therefore, local councils would be best suited for establishing priorities for…


Blair, J.P. & Carroll. (2009). Local economic development: Analysis, practices, and globalization. New York: Sage Publishing.

-. Social capital in local economic development. In Theories of local economic development:

linking theory to practice, J.E. Rowe (ed.) (2009), Auckland: Ashgate Publishing.

Colbert, E. (1997). The Pacific Islands: Paths to the present. Boulder, CO: Westview Press

Police Force You Are Memo The Need
Words: 1220 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79832299
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Police Force

You are

Memo: The need to increase our members of the city police force

ecently, there has been a heated debate in the city council regarding crime rates. epresentative Brown has alleged that crime rates are skyrocketing and says that increased members of the police are necessary to engage in effective policing. Although members of our force have taken umbrage at these allegations that we are not performing our duties in an effective manner, I would contend that this is a critical juncture for law enforcement in our town. Although the actual crime rates have not been going up, there is still a vital need to increase members of our force. Our city is changing, and the police force must change with it likewise.

Our city is classified as a mid-sized metropolis of approximately 75,000 residents. However, for the past several years we have been steadily expanding at…


Broken windows theory. (2012). Google. Retrieved:

Town Village Development in UK in the Medieval Ages
Words: 3089 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 21897883
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Town/Village Development in the UK in the Medieval Ages

Leicester Development in the Medieval Ages

Leicester provides an excellent example of fort-settlement-town-city development through the Medieval Ages. Controlled at different stages by the Romans, Anglo Saxons, Danish and, of course, Great Britain, Leicester shows the combined contributions, primarily of the Romans, Anglo Saxons and British in its development. Realizing the importance of these contributions, the University of Leicester has undertaken various archaeological projects to continually learn about the city's Medieval development and the Leicester City Council has undertaken a considerable preservation project, particularly of the marketplace area. Both the University and the City Council intend to uncover and preserve Leicester's rich history.

Backdrop: British to Roman to Anglo Saxon to Danish to British

Leicester is a city located at 52°38"06"N 1°08"06" in modern-day East Midlands, Great Britain (Google, Inc., 2006). However, it did not become an organized settlement until it…

Works Cited

Artsin Leicester/shire. (n.d.). Historic buildings and monuments, from Roman times to 1800. Retrieved from Artsin Leicestershire Web site: 

Chaucer, G. (2007). Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. Retrieved from Electronic Lierature Foundation Web site:

Geolocation. (n.d.). The Free Grammar School in Leicester, England. Retrieved from Web site: 

Google, Inc. (2006, July 2). Leicester, UK. Google Earth (Version 5.1.3533.1731) [Software]. Mountain View, CA, USA: Google, Inc. Retrieved from Google Earth Web site.

Markeaton Park Is Derby's Most Heavily Used
Words: 3536 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 3585453
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Markeaton Park is Derby's most heavily used park and is indeed one of the most frequently visited of all East Midlands sites, two facts that would suggest that its upkeep is highly important (Turbutt 1999: 18-20). However, a combination of this high degree of use and a lack of consistent funding for upkeep and infrastructure improvement has left the park in a far-less-than-ideal state. While the park remains attractive to a range of visitors (including families with children), it has entered what the Derby City Council believes may be a cycle of decline in which poor upkeep and the failure to modernize lead to a decline in use and popularity, which in turn will lead to fewer visitors and less money (Derby City Council 2011).

Keenly aware of the fact that the park's future hangs in the balance depending on what decisions are made now, the Council has begun to…


Adams, W.H. (1991). Nature Perfected: Gardens Through History. New York: Abbeville Press.

Agranoff, R. (2008). Managing Within Networks: Adding Value to Public Organizations. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press.

Agranoff, R. & McGuire, M. (2003). Collaborative Public Management: New Strategies for Local Governments. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press.

Boyne, G. (2003). Sources of Public Service Improvement: A Critical Review and Research Agenda. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 13/3, 367-394.

Los Angeles Budget Assessment L A
Words: 2822 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 82555002
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The reason for this shortfall, as noted by the Balance Budget website, emanates from pension costs, previously agreed to cost of living pay increases, rising health care costs overall and a general weakness in the overall economic recovery that has ensued, albeit very slowly, since the end of the so-called "Great ecession" period that ended in approximately 2009 for the nation as a whole. The balance budget website notes that the shortfall in question is equivalent to 20% of the total police officer salary budget, 60% of the total firefighter budget and over 100% of the city's expenses for their libraries and parks (L.A. Budget Challenge, 2013).

Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, in this budget summary document, notes that budget shortfalls will be addressed through expenditure cuts and increase efficiency. He makes mention of "painful" layoffs but not addressing the real problem of employee-level costs per person being the issue…


City of Los Angeles. (2012, October 29). The City of Los Angeles: LA City Controller: Adopted Budget. The City of Los Angeles: LA City Controller: Home. Retrieved April 16, 2013, from 

City of Los Angeles. (2013, April 16). The Mayor of the City of Los Angeles. The City of Los Angeles: Office of Mayor: Home. Retrieved April 16, 2013, from 

City of Los Angeles. (2013, April 16). The City of Los Angeles. The City of Los Angeles. Retrieved April 16, 2013, from 

City of Los Angeles. (2013, April 16). The City of Los Angeles: City of Los Angeles Council Committees: Budget and Finance. The City of Los Angeles: City of Los Angeles Council Committees: Home. Retrieved April 16, 2013, from

Pre-Negotiation Memorandum
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Prenegotiation Memorandum (pm)

Negotiation Team

Re: Tamarack, MN and Twin Lakes Mining Company

Position Structure

Twin Lakes Mining Company

The Twin Lakes Mining Company (hereafter known as 'company') makes significant contribution to Tamarack, Minnesota - employing 21% of the residents, providing 33% of the total real estate tax base - and is considered an integral entity to the town's longevity. The city needs Twin Lakes to maintain the current standard of living the residents enjoy.

The City of Tamarack

The city operates on a zero deficit per annum decree. Twin Lakes Mining Company has directly caused some of the need for improvements concerning water quality, air quality, and effluvia and pollution management. The city also relies upon the heavy property taxation to provide economic, culture, and recreation services to the community. Twin Lakes Mining Company does not need the City of Tamarack (hereafter known as 'city') to continue operations in…

Marion Barry on Political Perceptions in D C
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Marion Barry on Political Perceptions in D.C.

This paper examines the political life of Marion Barry, former mayor of Washington D.C. And current member of Washington's city council. Barry was arrested and convicted of possession of crack. He has also been linked to a number of other political and personal scandals. This paper attempts to determine: the impact Barry's contemporaries believed his actions would have on his political career; the impact that his actions have had on his political career; how Barry remains politically relevant after a criminal conviction; the role that race plays in Barry's continued political viability; and what Barry's continued political viability say about the current state of racial relations in the United States.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 2. Framing the Problem

Chapter 3. Study Questions

Chapter 4. Data Collection, Composition, and eporting

Chapter 5. Discussion

Chapter 6. Conclusion


Chapter 1: Introduction…


A&E. (2013). Marion S. Barry, Jr. Retrieved April 9, 2013 from Biography website: 

Ashley, J. (1990, January 21). The Barry years: Triumphs and troubles. Retrieved April 9,

2013 from The Washington Post website:

Will and Estates Law in Australia
Words: 2779 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74640817
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Australian Property and Trust Law

The objective of this study is to examine a specific scenario. That scenario involves the writer of this work as solicitor for the Goldstone City Council, a fictional authority in Queensland, Australia and head of the property law division of the Council under the direction of the Head Legal Counsel. The Head Legal Counsel has asked the writer to provide a written response to her in regards to the following matter: In 2014, a wealthy local citizen, Mr. obert Kennedy, died. Clause 5 of his Will provides:

"I GIVE AND BEQUEATH the sum of FIVE HUNDED THOUSAND DOLLAS ($500,000.00) to my trustee, the said James Stewart, to establish a fund for the intercultural education of my grandchildren within the Asia-Pacific region AND I DECLAE that the fund so created shall be utilized towards the costs of travel and accommodation within that region and the costs…


Preece, AA (2000) The Impact of the Law of Inheritance on the Family. Paper delivered at the 7th Australian Institute of Family Studies. Conference Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Darling Harbor Sydney, 24-26 July 2000. Retrieved from: 

Types of Testamentary Trusts (nd) Moores. Retrieved from: 

Wills and the Legal Effects of Changed Circumstances (2010) Alberta Law Reform Institute. Edmonton, Alberta. Retrieved from: 

Wills: The Anti-Lapse Rule: Supplementary Report to the Standing Committee of Attorneys General. National Committee for Uniform Succession Laws. Retrieved from:

Red Lights Camera Sharpshooting Driving
Words: 1994 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61177263
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Livesey, J. (2007). Officials Smile for Red-Light Cameras. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers

The successful use of red-light cameras by the Millbrae Police Department would lead to an expansion of the program. The City's Red Light Photo Enforcement Program said that it generated more than $110,000 in revenue. Sgt John Aronis said that there was a reduction in the volume of red-light runners at Millbrae Avenue and Rollins Road since the installation of these cameras. Some residents, however, had complained about these cameras flashing too brightly. Some others considered it an invasion of privacy. The rest protested the tickets issued for violations.

Peceimer, et al. (2006). Against Red-Light Cameras. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers

Some residents and observers expressed disfavor towards the installation and use of red-light cameras. They said that red-light running was not a problem in Menlo Park where these cameras would be set up. They also said that these…


Hakkert, a.S. And Gitelman Viktoria (2004). Effectiveness of red-light cameras. 11 pages. Road & Transport Research: ARRB Transport

Harvey, D. (2005). Red-light cameras. 2 pages. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers

Livesey, J. (2007). Officials smile for red-light cameras. 2 pages. Oakland Tribune:

ANG Newspapers

Risk Melathion I Have Been
Words: 825 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45509417
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Mosquitoes cause immediate hazards to human beings. For the pesticide, it is required only that human beings not be exposed to the application process. The substance degrades to harmless soon after application. It could furthermore reduce the mosquito population by 90%, which also means a like reduction in WNV hazards to local inhabitants and tourists.

c. Exposure

As mentioned above, the effects of exposure are immediate. Exposure to either mosquito carriers of WNV and the pesticide during and immediately after application should be entirely avoided. Education regarding pesticide exposure is easier to control than mosquito exposure.

d. Risk Characterization

Another concern voiced by opponents to the pesticide option is that an information program may not reach all inhabitants. Some of the poorer community may for example not have televisions, radios, or the Internet so that such vital information can reach them. This is however easily mitigated by door-to-door visits, as…

Housing Issues for Los Angeles
Words: 2212 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 90952798
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Additionally, the creation of a trust fund for housing could help to alleviate some of the economic burden on developers in Los Angeles. As compared to other major metropolis' such as San Jose, New York, and Chicago, Los Angeles uses the least amount of federal block grant funds on affordable housing on a per person basis, with just $23 per resident (In Short Demand). In addition to adopting an inclusionary zoning ordinance, the city should also implement an in-lieu fee to help fund it. Such a fee could be an alternative method to the institution of including an affordable unit in new developments, and could be directly applied to a housing trust fund. Estimates indicate that a $7 per square foot in-lieu fee would produce a surplus of upwards of $20 million a year, and could be used to remedy the housing shortage that not only affects Latinos, but other…

Works Cited

Kushner, James. Gov. Discrimination: Equal Protection Law & Litigation. Eagan: Clark Boardman Callaghan, 2008. Print

Los Angeles Housing Department, "Program Components -- City of Los Angeles Inclusionary Zoning Ordinance. 2004. Web. 

Los Angeles Housing Department. In Short Supply: Recommendations of the Los Angeles Housing Crisis task Force. 1999. Web.

Liu, Cathy. "Ethnic Enclave Residence and Employment Accessibility of Latino Workers in Chicago, Los Angeles, and Washington D.C." University of Southern California, 2008. Web.

Reducing Employees in an Organization
Words: 1591 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12757836
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Economic Downturn in Police

Chief of Police: Dealing with the Economic Downturn

The process of reducing employees can be nerve wrecking especially in the police sector. As the Chief of Police, the process of layoff proves difficult. It is a nightmare on imagination of the scene of termination especially where a family member is part of the layoff. The process may raise valid concerns, but reducing various employees will have a positive impact in the management of the team, and efficient delivery of services. It is, therefore, crucial to take consideration on the economic reality in the current days. It may not be ethical for the city council to have employees whom it may not manage in the current economic state.

The activity may be a hard thing to do, but the economic state cannot allow for another alternative. Thus, lay off is the best activity to ensure that the…


Bailey, D. (2011). The recession and beyond: local and regional responses to the downturn. New York, NY: Routledge.

Belasen, A.T. (2000). Leading the learning organization: communication and competencies for managing change. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press.

Burke, R.J., & Cooper, C.L. (2000). The organization in crisis: Downsizing, restructuring and privatization. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers:

Johnston, M. (2005). Syndromes of corruption: wealth, power, and democracy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Memory and Place of Carlton
Words: 3276 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30816634
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Waverley Park was designed for and reflected a demographic shift in Melbourne's population away from the inner suburbs to the south and east. Waverley Park was a symbol of, and a contributor to, the shift of the locus of power within the Victorian, later Australian, Football League from the clubs to the league, a change whose consequences are still being felt in 2000. The stadium reflected an Australian tradition of multi-sports facilities despite its genesis in Australian ules, both in its conception and subsequent development. Waverley Park played a significant role in the development of post-war Australian football, cricket and baseball. In April 2000 it was nominated for the Victorian Heritage egister by the City of Greater Dandenong (Hay et al.).

Waverley reflected also a major geographic shift, taking the game away from the traditional inner urban areas to outlying suburbs where a more affluent society with discretionary income…


And the winners are...: The votes are in and business travellers across the region have had their say on Asia's best hotels. Business Asia, 15(2), 20.

Berry, J. & McGreal, S. (1999). Cities in the Pacific Rim: Planning systems and property markets. London: E & FN Spon.

Cannon, M. (1995). The land boomers: The complete illustrated history. Carlton: Melbourne University Press in Berry & McGreal at p. 225.

Crozier, M. (2003). Political legacies: Australian political studies and the University of Melbourne. Melbourne Journal of Politics, 29, 8.

Managing Homeland Security You Were
Words: 2062 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48708261
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S. DHS "Strategic Plan," 2008, ealistically acts of terrorism, domestic or foreign are exceedingly rare, though slightly more common than they have been in the past and at least marginally more violent in nature, they occur very, very rarely. (Lewis, 2000, p. 201) Though maintaining serious preparedness the mitigation of natural disasters, most which cannot be avoided is an issue needed to be addressed almost yearly, on both small and large scales, across the nation and is much more likely to directly effect people and resources on an intimate level and should be the Emergency Management system's first and primary concern! Though worst possible case scenarios, regarding the use of WMDs is important it is not where all the resources should go.

(5. In the course, you have been introduced to the various responsibilities of different levels of government in the homeland security effort. What level of government do…


Daniels, R.S. (2007). Revitalizing Emergency Management after Katrina: A Recent Survey of Emergency Managers Urges Improved Response, Planning, and Leadership and a Reinvigorated FEMA -- the Federal Government Has Responded by Making Most of the Recommended Changes. The Public Manager, 36(3), 16.

Department of Homeland Security Website

Depoorter, B. (2006). Horizontal Political Externalities: The Supply and Demand of Disaster Management. Duke Law Journal, 56(1), 101.

Hulnick, a.S. (2004). Keeping Us Safe: Secret Intelligence and Homeland Security. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Zoning and Land Use
Words: 1182 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93487761
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Zoning and Land Use

New York City has positioned itself as the capital of the world. The City is the world's financial capital and is playing a global command post in the business services, fashion, media, and culture and technology sectors. The City is also a popular tourist destination. According to the Strategic Policy Statement delivered by the Mayor in 1999, New York City will build on its economic successes in the past and continue to pursue its policies of lowering business taxes, streamlining regulations and improving public services to secure economic growth and opportunity Zoning is the way the governments control the physical development of land and the kinds of uses to which each individual property may be put. Zoning laws typically specify the areas in which residential, industrial, recreational or commercial activities may take place. For example, an R-1 residential zone might allow only single-family detached homes as…


Herbert H. Smith, The Citizen's Guide to Zoning, Amer Planning Assn; (July 1983)

Richard F. Babcock, Zoning Game: Municipal Practices and Policies, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy; (December 1966).

Richard F. Babcock, The Zoning Game Revisited, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy; Reprint edition (September 1990)

Larz T. Anderson, Guidelines for Preparing Urban Plans, Planners Pr; (June 1995)

Regional Planning Some Examples Which Will Be
Words: 3497 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58816441
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regional planning, some examples, which will be used, are the Tennessee Valley Authority, Regional Planning in New York City and its surrounding counties and the Appalachian Regional Commission. Regional planning is an important factor, which have to be considered by the government and its authorities. Regional planning departments should be formed in the countries all over the world so that these departments can work in the best interests of the people and can provide them with the better standard of living with in the country. Planning is an initial process in order to gain success and prosperity in any area; regional planning departments are formed for the purpose of serving the people for providing them with better housing and living facilities.

The start of any planning process is to develop a Planning Committee. The committee should consist of no more than seven people that come from a variety of backgrounds.…

Works Cited

As retrieved from Appalachian Regional Commission  May 1ST, 2004

As retrieved from About ARC History of ARC

On May 1ST, 2004

Ethical Issue Business Discusses Questions Mayor Bob
Words: 533 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 140464
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Ethical Issue Business discusses questions Mayor Bob Filner San Diego sexually harassing staff. • hat basis issue? • Identify ground rules manifested situation. He mayor San Diego sexually harassing staff, terminated city council .

Ethical behavior in the context of Bob Filner's sexual harassment charges

There is much controversy concerning San Diego Mayor Bob Filner on account of the public official being accused of having sexually harassed several of his employees. hile Filner claims to be innocent and believes that his current condition resulted from a series of rumors involving unspecified individuals. In spite of the fact that several female staff initially preferred to remain anonymous, evidence seemed credible and Filner was called out to respond to these allegations. Filner apparently abused his position and attempted to exploit female employees he was in charge of thinking that he would escape without being penalized as a result of this act.


Works cited:

Montoya, K. Bob Filner Apologizes, Resigns as Mayor of San Diego -- Kacey Montoya Reports. Retrieved August 30, 2013, from .

Wicks, D. Small Business > Business & Workplace Regulations > Workplace Harassment Ethical Implications of Sexual Harassment in the Workplace. Retrieved August 30, 2013, from

Advertisement One of the Best Examples of
Words: 329 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84450900
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One of the best examples of one of the world's most respected artists will be on display for all to see at the Art Now Gallery grand opening ceremony in Hometown, USA. Claude Monet, one of the leading figures of the Impressionist art movement that flourished at the beginning of the twentieth century, painted a series of water lilies using stunning colors and brush techniques. One of his water lilies paintings is currently on loan to the Art Now Gallery from the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the canvas will be on display to the public for the next two months. This is an opportunity you will not want to miss, as small galleries such as this rarely receive such high-profile works of art. Unless you have the chance to visit the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York or the Orsay in Paris, you might not…

Police Systems and Practices Question Set Discuss
Words: 856 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78880879
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Police Systems and Practices Question Set

Discuss how temperament can impair communication?

The ability control one's temperament at all times while working as a police officer is crucial to the performance of daily duties, because there are many instances when law enforcement personnel may be provoked to reaction in a purposeful manner. If an officer is unable to refrain from responding to insults in kind, or begins to yell or otherwise express anger, the course of an investigation or civilian interaction will become irrevocably altered. Simply put, ordinary people are less willing to cooperate with police officers and other authority figures who are openly frustrated, angry, spiteful, impatient, or otherwise perturbed -- so it is imperative that maintaining an even-keeled temperament become both a departmental and personal priority.

Discuss how failure of supervisors to act can impede future communication from subordinates.

A police officer's locker room is like any other…

Simulation Case Summary the Sales
Words: 559 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41847931
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Rather the decline in sales was due to a constellation of problems. For instance, the product mix did not cater to the customer's demands for new internet-related and multimedia products. The low variable pay for junior employees also seemed to be the cause of employee attrition and resulted in poor productivity, as new employees were less aware of product strengths. Thus, when asked by the prompt, "could these issues have contributed to the poor sales performance of your store?" The answer was a resounding yes.

List four key points from the reading assignments that were emphasized in this simulation.

The four key points were the "problem solving steps," involving

1) Defining the problem (poor sales and pending legal action)

2) Analyzing data (such as rates employee attrition, prices of the store's competition, and altered customer demand)

3) Evaluating and selecting potential solutions (including introducing multimedia-based products and a better variable…

Simulation Project The Underlying Objectives
Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13388203
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By clearly defining the problem, it is more assured that the root of the problem is identified as opposed to a symptom of another problem. Then, I would most likely institute a brainstorming session with my co-managers or even the entire sales team to evaluate potential solutions. It is far more likely that the combined brain power of the entire team that logical solution are created but it would be my responsibility as the leader to choose which prioritized solution would be the best fit. I would make this best fit decision by using a Plus-Minus-Implications or PMI decision making tree. The objective would be to weigh the pros and cons of the available solutions. This technique has been used for centuries and I believe is one of the more important Decision Making tools. This is because this process allows one to see if potential changes will in fact improve…

Boston Police Strike Was One
Words: 1783 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61801824
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For example, the police response to Occupy movement was widely viewed as disproportional and unnecessarily violent, and it is precisely leftist movements like Occupy that the police would need in order for a strike to be successful.

However, even if a contemporary strike were not successful, it seems likely that it would not end with the police being fired, but rather with nominal concessions on the part of the city or state. Police officers have secured a place of respect in American society not granted to other professions, and thus it seems difficult to imagine a governor, commissioner, or mayor being able to find much public support for firing an entire department a la the Boston police strike or eagan's firing of air traffic controllers. Instead, it seems likely that cities and states would call on the National Guard or private security contractors to make up for striking police, and…


Brecher, J. (2000). Strikes: The long view from below. Working USA, 4(2), 91-91.

Dempsey, J., & Forst, L. (2012). An introduction to policing. (6th ed.). New York: Cengage


Kerry, W.B. (2003). A president for the "great silent majority": Bruce barton's construction of calvin coolidge. The New England Quarterly, 76(4), 593-626.

Marketing Plan for Opening a
Words: 6854 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32314033
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Likewise, McCain (2003) reports that, "The United States is a dog-loving nation. The American Veterinary Medical Association says about 36% of U.S. households own dogs, compared with 31% that own cats. The most popular breeds, the American Kennel Club says, are Labrador retrievers, golden retrievers and German shepherds" (2). According to the Southwest Boston Dog Owners' Group (2007), "The number of licensed dogs in Boston is 8,500; Animal Control estimates the total number of dogs in the city is 40,000" (Petition to Boston City Council and Mayor's office 4).

The results of the 2000 census of Boston showed that the city enjoys a healthy percentage of middle- to upper-middle class residents as shown in Table ____ below.

Table ____.

2000 Census Breakdown of Household Incomes in Boston.





Less than $10,000

10,000 to $14,999

15,000 to $24,999

25,000 to $34,999

35,000 to $49,999

50,000 to $74,999


Works Cited

Barker, Randolph T. (2005). "On the Edge or Not? Opportunities for Interdisciplinary Scholars in Business Communication to Focus on the Individual and Organizational Benefits of Companion Animals in the Workplace." The Journal of Business Communication 42(3):299.

Boston Housing Authority: Elderly & Disabled Housing Program Pet Policy. (October 1, 2000). Boston Housing Authority. [Online]. Available: .

Dennick, Reg and Kate Exley. Small Group Teaching. New York: RoutledgeFalmer, 2004.

Goldberg, Jonah. (2002, December 9). "Man Bites Dog: The Axis of Evil Takes on Canines," National Review 54(23):37.

Transformation to Case Study
Words: 6645 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 45813502
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Hill People Page

In 1997, when Kirk Watson was running for mayor, Austin was in the drunken throes of enjoying a decade-long spell of unprecedented, economic growth. Unemployment was on the downswing. Corporate relocations and expansions were on the upswing. Venture capitol and new business creation was rising to an all-time high. Office buildings, apartment complexes, new home subdivisions, retail centers, along with all the roads to support them, were sprouting up all over the city. As a consequence, the city populace had become polarized in their feelings about growth and had split into two political camps. There were the developers who welcomed Austin's transition to a large, thriving metropolis much like the mega-cities of Dallas or Houston, and there were the environmentalists who didn't want Austin to be a city at all, but wanted to go back to the hip college town that was the Austin they knew in…


Fisher, R. & Ury, W. 1991, Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In, Penguin, New York.

Susskind, L. 1989, Breaking the Impasse: Consensual Approaches to Resolving Public Disputes, Basic Books, New York.

The Hill People Page

Urban Govt Over a Century
Words: 1488 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84839316
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Patronage jobs allowed local and regional businesses to flourish, offered political viability for minority groups, and ensured welfare services that state or federal funding would not have provided.

However, urban machines also colluded with organized crime, created impenetrable legacies of city boss cabals, and fomented corruption. Voters cast ballots based on the spoils system, diminishing the relevance of democratic freedoms. The patronage system also boosted special interests and prevented businesses from thriving independently of the machine. Around the 1920s, muckrakers began exposing the inner workings of the urban machine. Progressive politicians championed legitimate social welfare reform at the local level, speaking out against government corruption and collusion with big business (Caswell 2001).

The Progressive movement helped to eliminate or at least to diminish the scope of urban machine governments, even though Chicago's would persist well into the 1970s. In other cities like New York and Boston, the strong mayor system…


Biles, R. "Machine Politics." (2004). The Encyclopedia of Chicago. Retrieved Feb 7, 2007 at 

Caswell, T. (2001). "Progressive Era Reform." Regents Prep: U.S. History. Retrieved Feb 7, 2007 at 

Stave, B.M. (nd). "Urban Bosses and Machine Politics." Retrieved Feb 7, 2007 at 

Urban Political Machines." (2007). Digital History. Retrieved Feb 7, 2007 at

Local Jurisdiction What Are the
Words: 384 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 72766900
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(erg, 2007)

Community oards

Non-voting public advocate groups that will advise the City Council on: how different policies will affect neighborhoods. Their main responsibility is to represent the interests of the general public. (erg, 2007)

What form of city or county government does your local municipal or county jurisdiction have?

Executive branch

Representative democracy.

Legislative branch

Representative democracy.

Judicial branch

Representative democracy.

Community oards

Representative democracy. (erg, 2007)

What kinds of elections do your local city, county, and school board employ?

Executive branch

Direct elections every four years.

Legislative branch

Direct elections every four years.

Judicial branch

Direct elections every four years.

Community oards

Appointed by orough Presidents. (erg, 2007)


Community oards. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from:

Mayor loomberg. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from:

The New York City Council. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from:

New York City Courts. (2011). New York Unified Court System. Retrieved from:

erg, .…


Community Boards. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from:

Mayor Bloomberg. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from: 

The New York City Council. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from: 

New York City Courts. (2011). New York Unified Court System. Retrieved from:

Race and Community Your Community the Community
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ace and Community

Your Community

The community in which I have lived for the past several years of my life is Sioux Falls, South Dakota, a relatively agricultural community that combines some major metropolitan features with a distinctive suburban flair. Traditionally, this community has not been noted for its racial diversity, as the vast majority of its residents are Caucasian. According to the United States Census Bureau's information as of 2009, 87.9% of all Sioux Falls residents were Caucasian, while the next highest population group, the population of American Indian and Alaskan Native persons, merely constitutes 8.5% of the city's residents (State and County, 2009). The percentages of populations are comparatively non-existent following the aforementioned group, as 2.9% of the city's inhabitants are Hispanic or Latino in origin, 1.2% of people reported their ethnicity as being Black, .9% of residents are Asian and .1% of the city's inhabitants are native…


State and County Quick Facts. (n.d.). Retrieved May 15, 2011) from U.S. Census Bureau website,

Diversity (2010). Retrieved May 15, 2011 from Harvard, School of Public Health website,

Lift SD Families and Children Out of Poverty. (2009). Retrieved from 

Leonardson, G.R. & Loudenburg, R. (2005, June 24). Assessment of Disproportionate Minority Contact in South Dakota. Retrieved from

Globalizing L
Words: 1209 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40024886
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San Diego Can Emulate Los Angeles and Become a orld Player

The political leadership holding the reins of power in San Diego -- which touts itself arrogantly as "America's Finest City" -- has not put a very impressive foot forward when it comes to the stewardship of the city's fiscal, infrastructural, moral, and public assets over the last ten to fifteen years. There is a new scandal breaking out every few months, it seems, including the messy corruption trial in session at the present time, in which three city councilmen are accused of taking bribes (cash under the table) from the owner of seedy strip clubs.

Meanwhile, beyond the political scandal which recently forced the mayor to resign and has brought in federal investigators to review the mishandling of millions of dollars in public funds it appears that, as author Steven P. Erie writes in Globalizing L.A., San Diego has…

Works Cited

Erie, Steven P. Globalizing L.A.: Trade, Infrastructure, and Regional Development. Stanford:

Stanford University Press, 2004.

The CalTrade Report. "San Diego Needs an Airport to Compete Globally, Experts Say." May

30, 2005, Accessed from

Elg & Robinson This Promotional Material Contains
Words: 2413 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62181181
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Elg & Robinson

This promotional material contains photos and other visuals of the Elg & Robinson storefront without the company sign at the entry of the Coles Supermarket, the storefront with the company sign, some prepared meat products, population forecasts in Hobsons ay City, promotional photograph for the company, and a photography for the company Customer Loyalty Program.

The first photo shows the side of the storefront at the entry of the Coles Supermarket but which does not show the identifying company sign. The second photo shows the front part of the store at the Supermarket and the company name, elegantly lighted and posted on top of the store. The third photo shows a portion of the counter with prepared meat products. The fourth photo consists of population statistics of Hobson ay City. The fifth photo shows office supplies with Elg & Robinson's logo. And the sixth photo shows items…


AMIC 2011, 'Hamming it up in Williamston,' Meat Industry News, [Online], Available

at /SitelMedia/w3svc116/Uploads/Documents/VICJune2011.pdf

- 2010, 'About AMIC,' Australian Meat Industry Council [Online], Available at

Mayoral Control of the Los
Words: 3067 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37717024
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Although Chicago's schools remain mired in a host of convoluted social and economic problems, the overall trend has been positive since these initiatives were implemented; however, analysts suggest that it remains unclear whether these modest gains can be attributed solely to the mayoral oversight or a combination of other factors as well (Merl, 2005).

According to analyst, Kenneth K. Wong, a professor of public policy and education at Vanderbilt University, there should be no doubt, at least in the cases of Chicago and Boston -- where mayoral control has been in place the longest -- that the successes enjoyed to date can be attributed to the "right kind of mayoral takeover -- with clear authority and a highly motivated municipal leader; the key to the successful implementation of this regimen for these two cities, at least, has been the fact that "the mayors have been willing to put their political…


Bulkley, K., & Kirst, M. (2000). 'New, Improved' Mayors Take over City Schools. Phi Delta Kappan, 81(7), 538.

Cassel, R.N. (2001). The Person-Centered High School in America Must Be a Microcosm of a Fully Democratic Society. Education, 121(4), 632.

Crowson, R.L. (1998). Community Empowerment and the Public Schools: Can Educational Professionalism Survive? PJE. Peabody Journal of Education, 73(1), 58.

Darling-Hammond, L. (1994). Who Will Speak for the Children; How 'Teach for America' Hurts Urban Schools and Students. Phi Delta Kappan, 76(1), 21.

Public Initiative Stanford Research Institute
Words: 2440 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 53944297
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Petersburg, would not discuss in detail SI's other work for agencies such as Special Operations Command, but said he hopes this work eventually will amount to a $36.5-million Navy contract. U.S. ep. Bill Young, -St. Petersburg, who has used his clout to funnel Defense Department dollars to the region, sees a bright future (Krueger).

Since 2007, SI St. Petersburg has grown to almost 70 staff members as its &D activities have expanded. In addition, the U.S. Naval Air Systems Command awarded SI and its National Center for Maritime and Port Security a five-year, $36.5 million contract to develop a maritime domain awareness system to improve port security in the United States. Other SI &D projects have included development and local testing of an innovative, energy-producing buoy device; mapping the floor of Tampa Bay in conjunction with a maritime homeland security experiment conducted by the U.S. Navy, Coast Guard and other…


Hundley, Kris. (2007). Incentives seem like small change for SRI. St. Petersburg Times. 4 Jan 2007.

Krueger, Curtis. (2008). Tech firm SRI slowly blossoming, St. Petersburg Times. 27 July 2008.

Pinellas County, (2006). Governor Bush Announces SRI International Selects St. Petersburg. 01 Dec 2006. Retrieved November 24, 2008 at 

Silva, Cristina. (2008). SRI tech research facility brings jobs, Tampa Bay Times, 29 Oct 2008.

Local Land Use Little Rock
Words: 1053 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26312346
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. The state gives tax incentives for the creation and restoration of private wetlands and riparian zones, and the state's "Acres for Wildlife" program encourages farmers to take land out of production for the benefit of wildlife (Arkansas, 2007).

Environmental Concerns During Construction

Environmental issues are accounted for in planning and in the granting of permits, usually on the basis of an Environmental Assessment (EA) as required by law. During construction, the provisions of such a statement are to be followed to the satisfaction of city, state, and federal agencies charged with monitoring such issues, depending on the type of construction and jurisdictional considerations.

Public Participation

Public participation is encouraged during the hearings held by the Little ock Planning Commission in deciding on permits requested by developers and others or by the zoning agency if a variance is sought. The public may also participate in a similar manner when new…


Arkansas (2007). New Mexico Center for Wildlife Law. Retrieved December 16, 2007 at

City of Little Rock (2007). Retrieved December 16, 2007 at .

Planning (2005). City of Little Rock. Retrieved December 16, 2007 at  
Many small towns are losing their historic buildings to age and lack of the building's ability to meet the community's needs. In fact, the Kimball building is starting to deteriorate and its fate lies in the hands of the people. Following is an analysis of the exterior and interior of the building.

The Village of Kimball Prairie broke ground on their new City Hall in 1908. It was a big decision to spend $6,490 for the building but they knew it would last at least a hundred years. They wanted the City Hall to become the town's historic anchor. Today the City Hall sits on top…


Brennan, Shari. "Kimball is ready to explode." Neighborhood America, March 2000.

City Council Meeting Notes from 1908 to 2002.

McDonald Jr., Travis C. "Preservation Briefs: 35." Architecture at, .

Minnesota Historical Society. .

Race Ethnicity and Cultural Diversity
Words: 2018 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 12382376
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And there are always a few racists in any town. But I believe we have a great, open, accepting community. e entertain tourists from all over the planet, and many of them are from ethnic cultures different from ours. They say they feel welcomed here.

Q: hat use does the community foundation make of the local AM station KMHS-AM?

M: I'm glad you asked. e have learning programs for parents and students. And students make up their own little reports and broadcasts. Topics range from the environment, world news, California news and Coos Bay news.

Q: Typically what news items from Coos Bay do you use on KMHS?

M: e interview people who are doing interesting things in town and with businesses. Biologists from the college and local fishermen. The news in this town isn't really very earth shaking. Look at the list of news items on the orld's ebsite…

Works Cited

City of Coos Bay, Oregon. (2010). Welcome to Coos Bay. Retrieved February 3, 2011, from . (2010). Coos Bay, Oregon. Retrieved February 3, 2011, from .

Coos Bay School District. (2010). Middle School -- Grade 8 -- Reading / Language. Retrieved February 2, 2011, from

Coos Bay School District. (2010). Welcome to Coos Bay School District. Retrieved February 2,