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and, Barton personally oversaw relief to civilians that had been devastated by the religious wars in Turkey and Armenia in 1896 (Pryor, 2006). It was during this time that nearly 200,000 Armenians had been killed, alone (Barnett, 2004).
What little time Barton could spare from her ed Cross efforts went towards her larger interest in social reform. "In 1883 she reluctantly served as the superintendent of the Massachusetts eformatory Prison for Women in Sherborn, a sobering experience that reinforced the politicization of her innate feminism" (Pryor, 2006). She worked hard to raise the economic and political status of women, attending rallies for the promotion of woman suffrage and developing friendships with Susan B. Anthony, Lucretia Mott and Lucy Stone, as well as other leaders (O'Connor, 1995). Barton traveled to four states, alone, in 1888, on behalf of women's rights and was a featured speaker at the First International Woman's Suffrage…
Barnett, V. (Aug 10, 2004). Do-gooder dilemma: The limits of humanitarian intervention. Christian Century. Retrieved September 26, 2006, from FindArticles database.
Basbanes, N. (24 Mar 2001). Celebrate amazing women in history. The Patriot Ledger. Retrieved September 26, 2006, from ProQuest database.
Clara Barton's perfect storm. (10 Sept 2000). Washington Post. Retrieved September 26, 2006, from ProQuest database.
Bowers, F. (2000). Nurses Taking the Lead: Personal Qualities of Effective Leadership. New York: W.B. Saunders Company.
Angel of the Battlefield The Story of Clara Barton
Clara Harlowe Barton played an important role in the Civil War. As a self-taught nurse, she had a natural compassion for those in need, and many an injured soldier saw her as a guardian angel during the War (Barton 1980). She was first there in 1861 to nurse the men wounded in the Baltimore Riot, where she tended to the men of the 6th Massachusetts Militia (Pryor 2018). She gave them more than just bandages and aid; she supported them morally and emotionally by reading to them—books, letters, whatever they wanted—and by writing their letters for them to families back at home (American Red Cross 2016).
Her contributions to the war effort were so significant that General Butler made her the “Lady in Charge” in 1864. In other words, she was put in charge of the Army of the James hospitals—all…
American Red Cross. (2016). Who was Clara Barton? Retrieved from https://www.redcross.org/about-us/who-we-are/history/clara-barton.html
Barton, C. (1980). The story of my childhood. New York, NY: Arno Press.
Howard, A. & Kavenick, F. (1990). Handbook of American women’s history. New York, NY: Garland.
Pryor, E. B. (2018). Clara Barton. Retrieved from http://www.anb.org/view/10.1093/anb/9780198606697.001.0001/anb-9780198606697-e-1200054;jsessionid=133CC1D7052A25878014724A371980C5
Tsui, Bonnie (2006). She Went to the Field: Women Soldiers of the Civil War. Guilford: Two Dot.
In any discussion of pioneers of Human Services, one name should immediately come to mind—Clara Barton. This self-taught nurse and founder of the American Red Cross left of legacy of humanitarian aid behind when she died in 1912. Born in 1821, she served as a hospital nurse in the American Civil War and became a member of the National Women’s Hall of Fame in 1973. This paper will provide the background biographical information on Clara Barton, discuss her most significant contribution to Human Services, describe where she did her work, and explain her legacy.
Clara Barton was born on Christmas Day in 1821 in North Oxford, Massachusetts. Her family religion was Universalist and she believed in the Universalist doctrine that all people are born saved because a good God would never create a person who could be damned to hell (Pryor, 2018). Perhaps for that…
I hope all is well with you and your family. It's been a while since I've written; forgive me as I've been busy with school, work and life in general. Over the past few weeks, I've become quite interested in the life and triumphs of Clara Barton, a 19th century nurse, teacher and pioneer who was by my account, a woman way ahead of her time. Clara Barton is a true hero, this letter is to give you a glimpse of her life and successes and how she contributed to nursing as we know it today. During Ms. Bartons' era women were largely shut out of working in certain professions or if they were allowed to work at all -- they were not allowed to climb the ladder to be promoted to other positions. There also lacked an institution that provided aid to those affected by disaster.…
Ardalan, C. (2010). Clara Barton's 1898 Battles in Cuba: A Reexamination of Her Nursing Contributions. Florida Atlantic Comparative Studies Journal, 12, 1-20.
Maikell-Thomas, B. "Discovered Historical Documents Uncover The First Official Missing Persons Investigator, Clara Barton" National Association of Investigative Specialists. http://www.pimall.com/nais/n.barton.html
Tooker, J. (2007). Antietam: Aspects of Medicine, Nursing and the Civil War. Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association, 118, 215-223.
Sarah's first filed duty occurred in February 1864, when the 153d marched 700 miles to join the Red River campaign in Louisiana (Sarah pp). As the campaign was nearing the end, Sarah was stricken with dysentery and died in the Marine Hospital of New Orleans on May 22, 1864 (Sarah pp). Her identity remained undiscovered for more than a hundred years, until the letters she had written home during the war surfaced (Sarah pp). She had left behind a ring, on which was engraved her regiment and name (Sarah pp). She is buried in Louisiana in a grave marked Lyons (Sarah pp).
Cathay illiams was born into slavery in 1842 near Independence, Missouri (omen pp). She grew up and worked as a house-girl for illiam Johnson, a wealthy planter in Jefferson City, Missouri (omen pp). During the Civil ar, Union soldiers liberated Cathay and she spent the remainder of the…
Women Were There." http://userpages.aug.com/captbarb/femvets2.html
Sarah Emma Edmonds: 1842-1898." http://www.civilwarhome.com/edmondsbio.htm
Clara Barton:1821-1912." http://www.americancivilwar.com/women/cb.html
American Civil War Women." http://intellit.muskingum.edu/civwar_folder/civwarunwomen.html
The 1900 Storm of Galveston
Galveston was one of the most promising cities in the state of Texas. ith a population of around 37,000 people it was one of the richest cities in the U.S.A. It was one of the most conveniently located cities among the Gulf Coast. Galveston boasted of an excellent seaport. The city's good fortunes gave birth to a lot of millionaires. Most of their revenue came from the ships, which used its port to load and unload cotton. The warm climate attracted a lot of tourists who wanted to bath in the warm waters of the Gulf Coast. A lot of money was being made in every way possible. Morale was very high as the U.S. was getting more industrialized and adapting new technologies. Due to the turn of good events the people of Galveston thought that their city was invincible and nothing could go wrong.…
The 1900 Storm: Tragedy and Triumph, 2003 (http://www.1900storm.com/storm/storm2.lasso)
T.H. Watkins, Blown Away, The Washington Post, 1999
Erik Lawson, "Isaac's Storm: A Man, A time, and the deadliest Hurricane in History, Random House, 1999
John Christian Hoyle, The Worst weather ever, Christian Science Monitor, 1999
Nursing is a strong tradition among the women of my family. I cannot remember a time when I did not have the drive to continue that tradition and enter the healthcare profession. The desire to put the welfare of others before my own was instilled in me as a child, and this combined with my natural drive to dedicate myself entirely to my goals made nursing an obvious career choice for me. Qualified nurses will always have an important role to play in the healthcare field, and in fact it is predicted that the need for these professionals will only increase with time. So not only is nursing an important part of my family tradition, and something about which I feel strongly, but it is also a good growth industry where I know that hard work will make me likely to succeed.
Ultimately, I would like to become…
Elizabeth Kerr Porter
Elizabeth Kerr Porter "was a leader in nursing education and an advocate for nurses' rights," (ANA 2011). Porter advocated for nurses' labor rights in terms of the right to collective bargaining and professional organization. Her work helped improve working conditions for nurses and also lobbied against racial discrimination in the nursing professions. Porter served for many years as the president of the American Nurses Association and also as the Dean of the nursing graduate degree program at Case Western eserve University. Therefore, Elizabeth Kerr Porter promoted the interests of nursing education, enhanced the image of the profession, and also championed the labor rights interests of professional nurses.
Dorothea Dix worked as both an educator and a nurse, but never actually combined her two careers. Dix devoted most of her career to raising awareness about mental illness. Dix advocated for the humane treatment of both…
American Nurses Association (ANA 2011). Elizabeth Kerr Porter. Retrieved online: http://www.nursingworld.org/ElizabethKerrPorter
Buckwalter, K.C. & Church, O.M. (2009). Euphemia Jane Taylor: An Uncommon Psychiatric Nurse. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care 17(3):125-131
Bumb, J. (n.d.). Dorothea Dix. Retrieved online: http://www.webster.edu/~woolflm/dorotheadix.html
Lewis, J.J. (n.d.). Clara Barton biography. About.com. Retrieved online: http://womenshistory.about.com/od/bartonclara/a/clara_barton.htm
Florence Nightingale (d.1910), founder of modern nursing is born.
Florence Nightingale is widely credited for developing what has been called an 'environmental' theory of nursing. When Nightingale began to practice her craft during the Crimean War, there were no professional protocols for how nurses should behave, nor was nursing a standardized profession. Nightingale suggested the need for cleanliness and well-ventilated areas to facilitate the healing of patients. She also stressed the need for psychological relief from the distress of illness for the sick. "Patients are to be put in the best condition for nature to act on them, it is the responsibility of nurses to reduce noise, to relieve patients' anxieties, and to help them sleep" ("Theory of Florence Nightingale," 2014).
1860: Nightingale establishes the first nursing school in London
1873: First nursing school founded in the United States
1882: Clara Barton founds the American ed Cross, charter…
Betty Neuman's systems model. (2012). Current Nursing. Retrieved from:
Clara Barton. (2014). American Red Cross. Retrieved from:
Civil ar many people from both sides of the battle lines (the Unions and the Confederates) endured hardships. hile men fought, women worked in various ways to help the cause. hether they assisted in the home, as nurses, or in other positions, the women of the Civil ar were an important part of its history. Some women like Clara Barton went to the field and worked as a nurse, tending to soldiers. Born December 25, 1821, she founded the American Red Cross and took on the job of patent clerk and teacher.
In a poem she wrote of her experiences as a nurse during the Civil ar, she highlights the reactions some had when seeing blood. 'They would faint at the first drop of blood, in their sight.' (Barton) She also shares how the women were the, 'consolers, saviors of men', always there to help and heal. omen's roles in…
Barton, Clara. "The Women Who Went to The Field." Civilwar.org. N.p., 2016. Web. 16 Apr. 2016.
Carter, Sue. Valley.lib.virginia.edu. N.p., 2016. Web. 16 Apr. 2016.
Emerson, Nancy. Valley.lib.virginia.edu. N.p., 2016. Web. 16 Apr. 2016.
Her involvement finally earned her the Medal of Honor, and enduring gratitude for her contribution as a physician to the war effort.
Probably one of the most famous women who worked during the Civil War was Clara Harlowe Barton. Barton was a nurse during the war, who at first simply stockpiled medical supplies and food that she knew the soldiers would need, and later took her supplies into the field where they were most needed. One historian wrote of her right after the war ended, "Her devotion to her work has been remarkable, and her organizing abilities are unsurpassed among her own sex and equaled by very few among the other" (Brockett and Bellows 132). Later, her work in the field and her stockpiling of supplies in warehouses became known as the "Sanitary Commission," which eventually evolved into the worldwide humanitarian organization known as the ed Cross. Clara Barton worked…
Brockett, L.P., and Henry W. Bellows. Woman's Work in the Civil War: A Record of Heroism, Patriotism and Patience. Ed. Mary C. Vaughan. Philadelphia: Zeigler, McCurdy, 1867.
Dumene, Joanne E. "A Woman's Military Service as 'Albert Cashier'." The Washington Times 7 Dec. 2002: B03.
Faust, Drew Gilpin. Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.
Johnson, Kellie. "Mary Edwards Walker, Pauline Cushman, Emeline Pigott, and Elizabeth Van Lew." University of San Diego. 20 Nov. 2002. 20 Dec. 2004. http://www.sandiego.edu/~kelliej/women.html
(Huff, Social ork, 2000, Chapter 1, p.3)
Private efforts were not enough to treat the ills caused by the unchecked capitalism of the Gilded Age, however, an age that brought tremendous wealth to some Americans and tremendous poverty to others. During the first depression occasioned by this split between the haves and the have-nots in 1890, private relief organizations could not cope. "In Mulberry Bend, the heart of the Italian district, one-third of all babies born in 1888 died before their first birthdays. Traditional agencies such as the Children's Aid Society and the Salvation Army were overwhelmed, incapable of meeting the demands placed on their services." (Huff, Social ork, 2000, Chapter 1, p.4) "The old shibboleths commonly accepted as the major causes of poverty, low character, indolence, and intemperance, were replaced with more systemic theories," that sought economic and social causes as the cure, rather than moral reform. (Huff, Social…
Murray, Jill. (1996) "The Social Work History Online Time-Line." The School of Social Work. Retrieved 10 Nov 2005. http://www.gnofn.org/~jill/swhistory/
Huff, Dan. (2000) Social Work: Progress and Reform. A Cyberhistory of Social Work's Most Formative Years. Retrieved 10 Nov 2005 http://www.idbsu.edu/socwork/dhuff/history/central/tc.htm
Personal and Organizational Ethics and Values between for-Profit and Not-For-Profit Organizations
For-profit and not-for-profit companies often operate very differently from one another. Here this will be shown with a comparison between the American ed Cross (a not-for-profit company) and the Coca-Cola Company (a for-profit company). The background of each one of them will be addressed, and they proposed solutions and recommendations will be discussed. Each company has its problems, whether it is for-profit or not, but there are unique problems faced by each kind of company. The differences in whether they are for-profit or not-for-profit can have a significant effect on the companies themselves and whether they are able to continue being successful or whether they must make changes in order to see growth and development in the future.
Case Study Analysis of Personal and Organizational Ethics and Values between For-Profit and Not-for-Profit Organizations:
The ed Cross and Coca-Cola
Bennett, A. (2005). The Geneva Convention: The Hidden Origins of the Red Cross. Sutton Publishing, Gloucestershire, England.
Boissier, P. (1985). History of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Volume I: From Solferino to Tsushima. Henry Dunant Institute, Geneva.
Forsythe, D.P. (2005). The Humanitarians: The International Committee of the Red Cross. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Giebelhaus, A.W. (2008). Coca-Cola Company. The New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council.
Nursing Timeline Week 2 • Create a 700- 1,050-word timeline paper historical development nursing science, starting Florence Nightingale continuing present. • Format timeline, word count assignment requirements met
Historical development of nursing timeline
The foundation of modern nursing. Before, nursing was largely the profession of disreputable people and not exclusively female. Based on her experiences during the Crimean War, Florence Nightingale strove to make it a respectable profession with uniform, professional standards. Her approach reduced the death toll in hospitals by 2/3rds during the Crimean War (Florence Nightingale, 2012, Biography: 1). She established the Nightingale Training School and wrote her foundational Notes on Nursing (Florence Nightingale, 2012, Biography: 2-3). Nightingale's canons of nursing compromised everything from an emphasis on proper sanitation to how the nurse should socially interact with the patient.
1880: Famed Civil War nurse Clara Barton founds the American ed Cross.
1909. Hildegard Peplau is born. Heavily influenced…
Betty Neuman's Systems Theory, 2012, Current Nursing. Retrieved:
Clara Barton. (2012). The Civil War. Retrieved: http://www.civilwarhome.com/bartonbio.htm
Doctor of Philosophy. (2012). School of Nursing. Retrieved:
non-for-profit organizations. Specifically it will discuss the American ed Cross and what it is a not-for-profit entity. Nurse Clara Barton founded the American ed Cross in 1881. It has since spread to countries around the globe, and it is often the first relief agency on the scene after natural or man made disasters strike. There are local ed Cross organizations across the country that coordinate their aid with local disaster agencies. For example, it is often the ed Cross that aids victims of house fires in local communities. They find them shelter and offer them food, clothing, and even money to help them get back on their feet. The ed Cross is founded on not-for-profit principles, but they have come under fire for how they handled their donations in the past.
The American ed Cross began as a domestic organization that helped victims of war, and then that spread to…
Eckel, C., Grossman, P.J., & Milano, A. (2007). Is more information always better? Southern Economic Journal, 74(2), 388+.
Editors.(2010). About us. Retrieved 11 Feb. 2009 from the American Red Cross Web site: http://www.redcross.org/portal/site/en/menuitem.d8aaecf214c576bf971e4cfe43181aa0/?vgnextoid=477859f392ce8110VgnVCM10000030f3870aRCRD&vgnextfmt=default .
Forbes, K.A. (2005). The virtues of volunteering: Never underestimate the absolute necessity of trust. Journal of Accountancy, 200(5), 81+.
Irvine, R. (2002, April 15). Money seems to be motivating factor at American Red Cross. Insight on the News, 18, 45.
The Angel Learning information reflects the fact that nurses were very young (as young as 16 years) in WWI, and that many women volunteered to join the Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) and served with all military units.
But although through their bravery and competencies during WWI had a major impact on nursing, the war that shaped the nursing profession more than any other was WWII. The great needs for medical services in both theaters (Europe and the Pacific) of WWII gave impetus to the U.S. Army granting full officers' commissions to nurses -- in effect, legitimizing this profession in what had been hitherto a strictly male-dominated undertaking. Nurses were for the most part volunteers in WWI, but they were paid in WWII, and were provided free educations on their return home. Respect for nurses after and during WWII grew enormously, and their professionalism saved thousands of…
21). When pressed, the ed Cross said they did not know if any of their recipients had received aid from other agencies, or even actually lived in the affected areas (O'Meara, 2004, p. 21). There was a controversy after the facts became known, and after the controversy hit the news, the President of the organization, Dr. Bernadine Healy resigned in October 2001 after allegations that the organization did not use all the funds collected for victim relief. In December 2005, Marsha J. Evans also resigned her position as the President And CEO, after new allegations surfaced over the terrorist attacks and problems with the relief effort in the Gulf Coast area after the 2005 hurricane season. Today, the organization posts their tax returns and annual reports on their Web site, and has a list of commonly asked questions about where their funding comes from and where it goes.
Editors. (2006). American Red Cross. Retrieved from the RedCross.org Web site: http://www.redcross.org/index.html1 Dec. 2006.
Editors. (2006). Northern Nevada Chapter American Red Cross. Retrieved from the NevadaRedCross.org Web site: http://www.nevada.redcross.org/1 Dec. 2006.
O'Meara, Kelly Patrick. Are They Cheating on 9/11 Payouts? (2004, March 15). Insight on the News 21.
Without their guidance, the world be empty of the poetry of Maya Angelou, the courage of Clara Barton, the genius of Pearl . Buck, the leadership of Rosalynn Carter, the great voice of Ella, and the practical inventions of Temple Grandin. Though not warmly received across the board at first, the movement changed history.
ociety derives its gender roles from the religious doctrines it holds sacred; it is also important to note the anthropological perspectives which, frequently false, have also been factored into the social consciousness of a culture over time. Among these in the world of gender definitions are the ideas of Darwin, whose plebian social scope promoted an idea in which the best genes were transferred to males over females, programming men psychologically to be the better species. Fortunately, the age of social Darwinism that separated whites from their inferior racial peers has also brought the end to…
Sanday, Peggy Reeves. Women at the Center: Life in a Modern Matriarchy. New York: Cornell University Press, 2002. p. 13.
Freedman, Estelle. No Turning Back: The History of Feminism and the Future of Women. New York: Ballantine Books, 2003. Introduction.
Dennett, Daniel C. Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of Life. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996. VI.
omen to History
omen have contributed to the history of the world from the beginning of time. Their stories are found in legends, myths, and history books. Queens, martyrs, saints, and female warriors, usually referred to as Amazon omen, writers, artists, and political and social heroes dot our human history. By 1865, women moved into the public arena, as moral reform became the business of women, as they fought for immigrant settlement housing, fought and struggled for the right to earn living wages, and stood up to the threats of the lynch mobs. The years beginning in 1865 is known as the Civil ar era and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. It was a time of great changes, especially for African-American women such as Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth. omen of all races had to fight for equal rights, even the right to vote (http://women.eb.com/women/nineteenth09.html).omenhave indeed 'come a long…
Women in American History. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. http://women.eb.com/women/nineteenth09.html. http://women.eb.com/women/crossroads05.html. http://women.eb.com/women/crossroads12.html. http://women.eb.com/women/modernamerica06.html. http://women.eb.com/women/modernamerica02.html.
A accessed 07-04-2002).
Bryson, Donna. "MOTHER TERESA LED LIFE OF HARD WORK AND LOVE DIMINUTIVE NUN NEVER WAVERED FROM HER SELF-IMPOSED MISSION TO BRING COMFORT TO THE WORLD." Denver Rocky Mountain News. September 14, 1997, pp 3A. http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?pubname=Denver_Rocky_Mountain_News&puburl=http~C~~S~~S~InsideDenver.com~S~&querydocid=:bigchalk:U.S.;Lib&dtype=0~0&dinst=0&author=Donna+Bryson&title=MOTHER+TERESA+LED+LIFE+OF+HARD+WORK+AND+LOVE+DIMINUTIVE+NUN+NEVER+WAVERED+FROM+HER+SELF%2DIMPOSED+MISSION+TO+BRING+COMFORT+TO+THE+WORLD++&date=09%2D14%2D1997&query=+Mother+Teresa&maxdoc=90&idx=7.(accessed07-04-2002).
Lloyd, Marion. "Nun's Sainthood effort moves fast; Callers report miracles of Mother Teresa." The Washington Times. August 28, 1999, pp A6. http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?pubname=The_Washington_Times&puburl=http~C~~S~~S~www.washtimes.com&querydocid=:bigchalk:U.S.;Lib&dtype=0~0&dinst=0&author=Marion+Lloyd&title=Nun%27s+sainthood+effort+moves+fast%3B+Callers+report+miracles+of+Mother+Teresa++&date=08%2D28%2D1999&query=+Mother+Teresa&maxdoc=90&idx=6 accessed 07-04-2002).
Concept Synthesis on Personal Nursing Philosophy
My interest in nursing peaked at an early age when I attended Clara Barton High School for health professions in Brooklyn NY and graduated in 1991. I first worked as a nurse's aide and home health aide for about two years and found this position to be quite rewarding. I subsequently moved to North Carolina where I took the CNA course in 1995 and began working as a CNA at various nursing homes and hospitals in the regional area. My experience as a CNA certainly helped me in my journey and provided the foundation for the later developments in my career.
Later I moved to Las Vegas in 1997 where I got married in 1998. After forming this union I went back to school for my BSN in 2002 while working as a CNA. I finished my BSN from Nevada…
Andrews, H., & Roy, C. (1991). The Adaptive Model. Norwalk: Appleton and Lange.
Denler, H., Wolters, C., & Benzon, M. (2013). Social Cognitive Theory. Retrieved from Education: http://www.education.com/reference/article/social-cognitive-theory/
Farlex. (2011). The Medical Dictionary. Retrieved from Farlex: http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/adaptation+model
Nursing Theory. (2011). Sister Callista Roy. Retrieved from Nursing Theory: http://nursing-theory.org/nursing-theorists/Sister-Callista-Roy.php