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Classification in Prison
Classification systems aid in the minimization of the upheaval of prison violence, institutional delinquency, and break out situations. During the past several years, professionals in prisons and those that are employed in correctional systems have worked unremittingly in order for them to improvise their recent approaches in the classification of offenders i.e. In accordance with work, supervision, and programming needs. The process of classification takes place in order to assure the safety of the prisoners and to ensure over classification, there are set criteria's which are followed for this process. There are systematic assessments conducted to make certain the validity of the classifications. It has been ever since the year of 1980's that the objective prison classification systems have been widely implemented in countries such as the United States, New Zealand, Australia, Canada, and Europe. Early classification systems were largely based on clinical assessments. These…
Carr, W.A. (2006). Structured Assessment of Correctional Adaptation (SACA): A measure of the impact of incarceration on the mentally ill in a therapeutic setting. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, 570-581.
Chamberlain, P., & Ried, J.B. (1998). Comparison of two community alternatives to incarceration for chronic juvenile offenders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 624-633.
Cohen, N.P., & Gobert, J.J. (1983). Law of Probation and Parole. Colorado: Shepard's/McGraw Hill.
Douglas, J., Burgess, A.W., Burgess, A.G., & Ressle, R.K. (2011). Crime classification manual. London.
The word 'Classification' comes from the word class and it refers to the division of living and non-living things on the predefined criterion. These criteria could be a shared quality such as all animals, plants, human, bacteria; germs etc. are classified as living things because they can be differentiated form a chair, a pen and a phone on the basis of the quality that they breathe. The classification can be on the difference in color, as in blacks and whites, difference in texture like smooth and rough materials, on the basis of sounds, weight (heavy machinery), nature like conductors and insulators etc. Classification is done after a distinguishing feature is picked and then according to that materials are put into groups or classes.
This term is especially important in the study of Science and then in Biology. However, we can use and do use classification in our day-to-day home…
Classification is an important and useful technique that is commonly used throughout the world. It allows large groups of concepts to be broken down into smaller, more manageable groups on the basis of specific and defining characteristics. The concept of classification is relatively simple, despite its utility. Merriam-ebster's Collegiate Dictionary defines classification as the "systematic arrangement in groups or categories according to established criteria; specifically: TAXONOMY b: CLASS, CATEGORY."
The technique of classification can easily be used to break down the social structure of contemporary American society. Modern American society is a truly diverse culture that can be classified into a number of subcategories. However, the complexity of American society can also make it difficult to determine a specific principle for classification. Specifically, American society consists of individuals with a wide mixture of religions, races, nationalities, political opinions, sexual orientations, ages, occupations, incomes, geographical locations, and pastimes.
This specific classification…
Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. 31 October 2002. http://www.merriam-webster.com
Classification of Drug Users
Drug usage, often identified synonymously with drug dependence, is an individual's utilization of drugs (oftentimes in excess amounts) that provides him/her an experience of psychological and/or physical gratification. Individual who subsist to drug dependence or usage are called drug users, and every drug user is identified and classified into various types. Types of drug users, as discussed in this paper, are mainly determined through frequency of drug dependence or usage.
Ideally, drug users may be identified based on their frequent use -- that is, a drug user may be a first timer, a regular user, or a 'drug addict,' although these classifications may be too simplistic and vague. Andy Mooneyhan, in his discussion of drug and drug dependence, classified drug users into three, namely: experimenters, compulsive, and floaters/chippers drug users. These classifications identify drug users not only on the frequency of their drug usage, but also…
Goode, E. "The Marijuana Users." The Psychedelic Library Web site. Accessed: 10 April 2004. Available at http://www.psychedelic-library.org/mjsmokers2.htm .
Leshner, A. (2001). "Oops: How a Casual Drug Use Leads to Addiction." National Institute of Drug Abuse Web site. Accessed: 10 April 2004. Available at http://www.nde.state.ne.us/sdfs/ATOD/Oops-Leshner.pdf.
Mooneyhan, A. Center for Learning Studies, Arkansas State University Web site. Accessed: 10 April 2004. Available at http://www.clt.astate.edu/amooneyhan/Drug/chapterone.htm.
Drama in simple words can be defined as role-playing. For a more comprehensive definition, we turn to experts. Courtney (1980) defines Drama as, "the human process whereby imaginative thought becomes action, drama is based on internal empathy and identification, and leads to external impersonation (both overt and covert). It is this act of impersonation that creates meaning through interaction with the external world, specially other people. In education such spontaneous dramatic action takes the form of children's play, improvisation and role-play." (Courtney, 1980 p. vii)
Drama and theatre have been an important part of literature and entertainment. The plays can range from one to ten acts but the main elements will always be the same, depending on the classification. A play can either be a tragedy or comedy. These are two broad classifications of drama and while they differ in the techniques they use, the fact remains that…
Essays on Modern Quebec Theater. Contributors: Joseph I. Donohoe Jr. - editor, Jonathan M. Weiss - editor. Michigan State University Press.East Lansing, MI. 1995.
Richard Courtney, the Dramatic Curriculum. (New York: Drama Book Specialists, 1980),
Robert Hollander, Dante's Epistle to Cangrade, 1994
Bernardino Daniello, La poetica (Vinegia, 1536)
Classification of Professors
The educational system that is being followed in the United States, allows students to grade their teachers. Before marking the grades, students are advised to grade their teachers according to the teacher's efficiency and their commitment to the students. Most students however, grade their teachers according to their affability and not strictly according to their demonstrated abilities as a teacher. For example, it has been observed that in many schools and colleges, teachers who are strict, uncompromising and stern, but nevertheless good in their lecture delivery and class taking strategies are often branded as bad teachers while Professors who are affable, lenient and not very strict are considered as easy or good professors. Of course those that come in between the hard and the easy type are graded as the middle type professor.
The temperament of the professor must be known in advance to help the…
Jennifer Nichols, MAKING THE GRADE course selection and study tips, Careers and Colleges, March, 2001
Kaoru Yamamoto, THE LIFE OE THE MIND, Change, Sept, 2000
Classification or division of a whole entity into numerous specific groups has long been embraced as a method in which focused attention can be applied to the different areas, with the end result being the smoother function of the entity in general. Dividing organizations, government, studies, written works, and species of plants and animals into specific categories allows for more complete or focused attention to be applied to specifically functioning members within the given macrocosm. The same principle of division and classification can be applied to the human body and its various, specific, functions within a medical setting. It is perhaps the understanding of classification of the human functions that has brought about the concept of classification to be applied to the world around us.
hether focus is upon a government structure, a company, a military structure or upon the individual human body, specific compartmental functions can be singled out…
Gardner, William. "Human Body." World Book Encyclopedia. Field Enterprises Educational Corporation. 1969.
Gray, Henry, Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. "Gray's Anatomy." 1974. Running Press.
Seer's Training Website. Training Modules - anatomy and physiology. August, 2002. 10/04/02 http://training.seer.cancer.gov/module_anatomy/unit1_1_body_structure.html
(Wolsey, 2006) p.472
The work of Savelsbergh (1992) entitled: "The Vehicle Routing Problem with Time Windows: Minimizing Route Duration" reports the investigation of the implementation of "edge-exchange improvement methods for the vehicle routing problem with time windows with maximization of route duration as the objective." During the past decade, researchers investigating vehicle routing and scheduling have highlighted use of algorithms for problems in real-life however, the problems have increased in size and constraints of practicality are no longer brushed aside in consideration of the research in this area of study.
Stated as one such constraint is "the specification of time window at customers, i.e., time intervals during which they must be served. These lead to mixed routing and scheduling problems." (Savelsbergh, 1992) p.146 the introduction of time windows at customers is stated to allow "the specification of more realistic objective functions, compared to minimizing distance, such as minimizing waiting time,…
Brahimi, N., Dauz'ere-P'er'es, S., Najid, N.M.: Capacitated multi-item lot-sizing problems with time windows. Technical report, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, 2005
Brahimi, N.: Planification de la production: mod'eles et algorithmes pour les problemes de dimensionnement de lots. PhD thesis, Universit'e de Nantes, 2004
Dauz'ere-P'er'es, S., Brahimi, N., Najid, N.M., Nordli, a.: Uncapacitated lot-sizing problems with time windows. Technical report, Ecole des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2005
Lee, C.-Y., Cetinkaya, S.,Wagelmans, a.P.M.: A dynamic lot-sizing model with demand time windows. Manage. Sci. 47, 1384 -- 1395 (2001)
During 1879, Morgan visited the pueblos, simultaneously directing the attention of the Bureau of Ethnology in 1879 to the pueblos. The plain historical relationship between the prehistoric Puebloan ruins and the living Pueblos captivated the interest of both Powell and Morgan.
For several years, Powell steadily collected material relating to Pueblos and ruins in the southwestern portion of the United States. During the summer of 1879, Powell sent out an expedition for the third time to the southwestern section of the U.S.; adding to parties at Zuni and other parts of the country. He also personally visited the Pueblos; noting it to be an interesting country.
Powell collected a massive amount of material that he estimated would develop into at least two quarto volumes with an atlas. "To give you some idea of what has already been done," Powell wrote Morgan, "let me state that I have over 6000 articles…
About John Wesley Powell. John Wesley Powell River History Museum. 2009. Aavailable at http://johnwesleypowell.com/about_jwp.html. Internet. Accessed 23 February 2009.
Bast, Robert. North America. Survive 2012. 2008. Monk's Mound at Cahokia, USA section. Available at http://www.survive2012.com/america_pyramids.php.Internet . Accessed 28 February 2009.
Ethnology," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2008. Available at http://encarta.msn.com © 1997-2008 Microsoft Corporation. Internet. Accessed 28 February 2009.
Garlinghouse, Thomas S., "Revisiting the Mound-Builder Controversy," History Today, September 2001, 38. [database online]; available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000871014;Internet . Accessed 23 February 2009.
Classification of Federal Agencies:
The Administrative Procedure Act is regarded as one of the most significant legislations because it focuses on establishing rules and regulations with which federal regulatory agencies enforce major legislative acts. The act governs the functioning of various federal agencies either directly or indirectly resulting in a huge impact on the lives of millions of people who are influenced by the agencies every day. This legislation has four basic purposes including enhancing public participation in the informal process of making rules and requiring agencies to update the public on their organization, policies, and protocols. The other functions of the law are to reaffirm the judicial review policy and to develop standardized principles for the conduct of formal rulemaking and adjudicative happenings (Nylander, 2006).
As an important piece of legislation, the Administrative Procedure Act ensures that federal regulatory agencies do not become indiscriminant in their processes of rule-making.…
"Discretional Powers." (n.d.). U.S. Legal, Inc. Retrieved February 26, 2012, from http://administrativelaw.uslegal.com/administrative-agencies/discretionary-powers/
Nylander, J. (2006, November). Administrative Law -- The Administrative Procedure Act.
Retrieved February 26, 2012, from http://www.michbar.org/journal/pdf/pdf4article1078.pdf
"Police Department." (2000, November 8). Philadelphia Information Locator Service. Retrieved from Department of Records -- City of Philadelphia website: http://www.phila.gov/phils/docs/inventor/graphics/agencies/A079.htm
classification system (codes, colors, categories, etc.) of themes or patterns based upon what appears to be most illuminative. What themes or patterns emerged from your notes? What are your main interpretations of the patterns of interaction that you have observed and identified? Develop a synopsis of your interpretations, and any organizing principles of interaction that you observed. Identify your reactions while analyzing the data.
Characters grandmother. Mother, grandfather. Father . Husband. This is family.
Heroes. Inspirational people. People who endured hardships. People who educated themselves. People who make the world a better place whether these people are or are not famous. Resilient individuals. Selfless individuals. People who give to others and are respected, not for their intellectual qualities or gifts as much as for their character traits and perseverance in overcoming difficulty. People who make a difference in life.
The qualities are the following: responsible, resilience,…
The classification of gangs is helpful from a sociological and criminological standpoint. However, sociologists must be careful not to carelessly classify groups of individuals as gangs, given that the majority of what are known as street gangs are not as highly organized as the media has presented them to be (Weisel, n.d.). Some law enforcement officers have identified axes of classification based on age of membership, and their orientation toward socializing and partying on the one hand, versus pure delinquency on the other (Weisel, n.d.). Moreover, law enforcement acknowledges that most gangs are loosely knit rather than being hierarchical organizations. There are regional-based classification systems as well as classification systems that take into account the structure and function of the gangs. The urban gangs do tend to be more highly structured and better organized than gangs that are not based on specific urban jurisdictions (Weisel, n.d.). Focused on criminal…
classification of an industry into a particular economic market system is really necessary to understand it clearly. Without it we can not analyze the market the way it should be done. This paper discusses about the market, its types as well as it discusses about its impacts on the decision of a company involved in the market in achieving its goals. After that there is a discussion about UK super market industry and it has been analyzed that the oligopoly nature of UK super market industry is why not under the investigation of the commission of competition act and antitrust laws.
The economic market system is normally defined as a system that is self adjustable and works on its own. It needs no controlling body for current operations. Because of ongoing human activities and changing needs the economic system itself adjusts the supply according to demand and production according to…
Bulow, I. (1982). Durable Good Monopolists. Journal of Political Economy, 90 (2), pp. 314-322.
Caves, R. And Porter, M. (1978). Market Structure, Oligopoly, and Stability of Market Shares. The Journal of Industrial Economics, 26 (4), pp. 289-313
Clarke, I. (2000). Retail power, competition and local consumer choice in the UK grocery sector. European Journal of Marketing, 34 (8), pp.975 -- 1002.
Clarkson, R., Clarke-Hill, C. And Robinson, T. (1996). UK supermarket location assessment. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, 24 (6), pp.22 -- 33.
Classification of Osteogenesis Imperfecta Syndromes
Osteogenesis Imperfecta is a daunting condition which has a number of very difficult symptoms to deal with, which can even result in death. Congenital bone condition, where the individual suffers from brittle bones that are much more likely to break or fracture compared to normal bone tissue. It is "commonly known as brittle bone disease" (9). It can range in symptom type and severity dramatically. Some cases show very slight symptoms, while others can prove fatal. The most obvious and common symptoms relate to bone strength being compromised. In fact, "the hallmark feature of OI is fragile bones that fracture easily" (9). As such, bones become brittle and weak, being able to break and fracture much easier than typical bone tissue. However, the condition does not stop at affecting only bone tissue. It can impact other bodily systems as well. For example, "in some people,…
NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases. (2007). Guide to Osteogenesis Imperfecta for Pediatricians and Family practice Physicians. The National Institutes of Health. Web.
Inmate Classification in Iowa
Iowa Inmate Classification
The classification system used for prison inmates is primarily designed to stratify prison populations by their tendency to commit violent acts, either in public or in the prison system (reviewed by Gaes and Camp, 2009). This approach is believed to increase the efficiency of a correctional system by housing nonviolent offenders in less costly facilities and to minimize the negative influence of the worst offenders on the relatively well-behaved, non-violent offenders. The Iowa Department of Corrections recently reviewed its inmate classification system and made significant changes. This essay will examine the classification system in use within the Iowa correctional system and how it affects the inmate distribution.
Iowa Inmate Classification System
Classification of inmates in U.S. prisons can be divided into external and internal (Austin and Hardyman, 2004). External classification determines the custody classification and facility assignment. In Iowa, prisoners are primarily classified…
Austin, James and Hardyman, Patricia L. (2004). Objective prison classification: A guide for correctional agencies. National Institute of Corrections, U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved 23 Jan. 2013 from http://nicic.gov/Library/019319 .
CJI (Criminal Justice Institute, Inc.). (2008). Validation and redesign of the Iowa Department of Corrections Inmate Classification System. Department of Corrections, State of Iowa. Retrieved 23 Jan. 2013 from http://www.doc.state.ia.us/Research/IAClassificationReportFinal.pdf.
Gaes, Gerald G. And Camp, Scott D. (2009). Unintended consequences: Experimental evidence for the criminogenic effect of prison security level placement on post-release recidivism. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 5, 139-162.
MDOC (Mississippi Department of Corrections). (2004). Definition of correctional terminology. MDOC.State.MS.U.S.. Retrieved 23 Jan. 2013 from http://www.mdoc.state.ms.us/Annual%20Report%20PDF/Annual%20Report%2005/A%20-%20Website%20-%20FY04%20Annual%20Report/Introduction/Terminology%20-%20Correctional.pdf .
Securing information is vital in the modern business world to assist in safeguarding organization's assets of value such as stored data. Nonetheless, most firms view information security as inhibitor in achieving business goals thus, they initiate ineffective procedures which render information access and storage meaningless. In this regard, this paper aims at discussing information classification and supporting evidence why organizations should initiate classification of information in their daily operations.
In the modern world, businesses handle different types of information which require securing and storing in different ways. Therefore, a classification system is necessary whereby information is organized and polices introduced on ways of handling the information according to its class and security mechanisms enforced on systems handling information accordingly (Blackley, Peltier, & Peltier, 2003). Information classification involves categorization of information organizations claim is sensitive which could prejudice the organizations' security as well as public perceptions. Access to…
Blackley, J.A., Peltier, J., & Peltier, T.R. (2003). Information Security Fundamentals, 1st Ed. Auerbach Publications.
Byrnes, C.F., & Kutnick, D. (2001). Securing Business Information: Strategies to Protect the Enterprise and its Network. Intel Press.
Kang, L.S., & Paulson, B.C. (1997). Adaptability of Information Classification Systems for Civil Works. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 123 (4), 419-426.
classification and risk analysis are some of the major initiatives that companies consider to be very expensive and unwarranted in relation to protection measures to business need. As a result of this consideration, organizations prefer seeking information technology support organizations to identify information that needs protection and the degree of protection as well as the technology solution. However, information classification is still an important protection measure to business need because of the need to secure different types of information in different ways.
Information classification can be described as the process of categorizing information, establishing a policy on how to handle information based on its category, and developing security measures on systems handling information accordingly. The classification of the information in order to determine protection measures to business need is dependent on the nature and type of the business or company. The need for information classification in the modern business world…
Fowler, Susan. "Information Classification -- Who, Why and How." SANS Institute InfoSec Reading Room. SANS Institute, 28 Feb. 2003. Web. 9 May 2014. .
Ouyang, Alfred. "Security Architecture & Design Domain." CISSP Common Body of Knowledge Review. Creative Commons, Jan. 2012. Web. 9 May 2014. .
Family of International Classifications
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is a system of disease classification adopted by orld Health Organization members. The ICD, now in its tenth revision, was adopted in 1967. The HO Nomenclature Regulations require the use of ICD in its most current revision to report mortality and morbidity statistics by all Member States (orld Health Organization, 2011).
The ICD is the international standard diagnostic classification for all general epidemiological use; it is also used for many health management purposes as well as clinical use. These uses include the analysis of the general health situation of population groups along with the monitoring of the incidence and prevalence of diseases and other health problems, as they relate to other variables including the characteristics and circumstances of the individuals affected, resource allocation and so forth (orld Health Organization, 2011).
The ICD is used to classify diseases and other health…
World Health Organization. (2011). ICD-10 Version: 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2011 from: http://apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2010/en#/X
World Health Organization. (2011). International classification of diseases (ICD). Retrieved December 8, 2011 from: http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/
World Health Organization. (2011). International classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF). Retrieved December 8, 2011 from: http://www.who.int/classifications/icf/en/
World Health Organization. (2011). International classification of health interventions (ICHI). Retrieved December 8, 2011 from: http://www.who.int/classifications/ichi/en/
There are various criteria’s that are used to categorize athletes in sports. The same does apply when it comes to sport for people with disabilities. The classification system used for para-athletics is the basis for establishing who can compete in certain sports and in what class. The classification is done by the International Paralympic Committee. Individuals with vision, physical, and intellectual disabilities are eligible to compete in para-athletics. The classification system aims at dividing eligible athletes into sports classes with an aim of ensuring that each class consists of athletes with impairments that cause the same amount of activity limitation (International Paralympic Committee, 2016). In order for a person to be considered eligible for the para-athletics, they must have an impairment type that is considered eligible and the impairment must be considered to be severe enough that it will have an impact on the sport. There is a classification panel…
Friendship can sometimes be a very strong connection and can last for a lifetime precisely because there are always people with common interests that feel the need to communicate with each other.
Another important type of relationship in my life is that with my teachers and colleagues. Education is also an important environment for developing relationships. For me, teachers and colleagues are significant because they help establish my personality on a professional level. School is the context where the individual develops significantly, while acquiring skills and knowledge. The teachers are therefore very important for the development of an individual. For me, teachers have often served as guidance and even as role-models. A teacher can open new horizons for me, as he or she is able to influence and feed my personality and my view of the world. The colleagues on the other hand are also important as they can sometimes…
Economic activity in Japan [...] classification, categories, and types of economic activity in Japan. Japan's economy is one of the world's strongest economies, and it can influence other economies around the world. It is an industrial economy based on high technology and manufacturing. This is primarily because of geographical factors that limit the area that can effectively be farmed.
Japan's agricultural industries are not as prevalent as many others in the world, but what they do have they utilize quite effectively. The Japanese import large amounts of wheat, sorghum, and soybeans, but they grow enough rice to feed their people with a small surplus, and they also are beginning to export specialty agricultural items such as Kobe beef. Other agricultural industries in the country include fishing and poultry production. ice is so important to the Japanese that in ancient times, it was used as money, and it still plays an…
Editors. (2004). Economy of Japan. Retrieved from the Wikipedia.org Web site: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Japan14 June 2004.
Editors. (2003). Japan statistical yearbook. Retrieved from the Japan Statistics Bureau Web site: http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/nenkan/index.htm14 June 2004.
This is the stage in which classifiers stratify (often in terms of importance or ability) the several job factors which comprise a position's description -- all of which contains a fair degree of subjectivity based on the classifier's own personal opinions. The solution, naturally, would be to assign a numeric value to each of these job factors and to come up with a quantitative point-factor comparison method, but as Cayer points out, this approach merely transfers the subjectivity to the numbers assigned to each job factor.
The apex of subjectivity for the classification process, however, exists in the tendency of managers, laborers, and employers to "overclassify" themselves and their positions in order to improve their ranking as well as their remuneration and benefits. The determining of adequate compensation on an equitable scale to all is one of the primary objectives of classification, which any number of workers may exploit for…
" Contributing factors include poverty, racial issues, teachers' assumptions and social positioning, and culturally-deficit instruction. Among these, teacher's assumptions appear to be the most significant. Additional research is recommended to explore these assumptions as they often result in an unwarranted diagnosis of disability and special education placement, especially among male African-American students.
4. Walther-Thomas, C. & Brownell, M. (1999). An interview with...Mara Sapon-Shevin: Implications for students and teachers of labeling students as learning disabled/gifted. Intervention in School and Clinic, 34(4), 244. Retrieved October 4, 2009, from Academic Research Library. (Document ID: 39366792).
Sapon-Shevin, an expert in special and gifted education, talks about the implications of labeling in children. Labels in schools affect both the opportunities for children and their subsequent performance in class. Instead of labeling, she suggests to describe students as being "good at some things" and "having difficulty with others." Noteworthy is a brainstorming activity she usually conducts…
PARENTAL CONCERNS and SPECIAL EDUCATORS
1. Greene, R. Beszterczey, S., Katzenstein, T. & et al. (2002). Are students with ADHD more stressful to teach? Patterns of teacher stress in an elementary school sample. J. Emotional & Behavioral Disorders, 10(2), 79-89. Retrieved Oct. 3, 2009, from Academic Research Library. (Document ID: 121853427).
The authors report that general education teachers in elementary schools find students with ADHD more stressful to teach compared to their classmates without ADHD. Their findings have implications on teacher training, seeking viable options for pursuing
Classification and common features
Monkeys are classified under the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Primates, superfamilies Cercopithecoidea and Ceboidea. (Classification: Infoplease) More specifically the term monkey "includes all primates that do not belong to the categories human, ape, or prosimian." (Monkey: Encyclopedia Com) There are two main groupings under which monkeys fall. These are New World and Old World monkeys. (Monkey: Wikipedia.)
The common characteristics of moneys include the following. They are all excellent climbers and are arboreal. They mostly live and can be found in subtropical and tropical climates. They are almost exclusively day-active animals. Their physiognomy is similar to humans, with flat faces and eyes pointed forward. They also have stereoscopic vision. Another distinguishing characteristic is that their hands and feet are highly developed for grasping and climbing. Many species have big toes and thumbs which are opposable. (Monkey: Encyclopedia Com)
Monkeys have characteristics…
Bergman J. 2004)
Why Mammal Body Hair Is an Evolutionary Enigma. CRS Quarterly. [Online] Available from: http://www.creationresearch.org/crsq/articles/40/40_4/Bergman.htm . December 26, 2004.
Classification: Infoplease. [Online] Available from:
http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/sci/A0859744.html . December 26, 2004
Another concept that arises in the discourse on sustainability is what responsibility one generation has for the next in terms of caring for the environment and preventing problems like pollution or climate change. Thus, there are ecological, economic, and social issues as well as political problems at stake. The author also points out the legal and institutional issues involved in sustainability discourse as well as the technological implications.
Sustainability is at once a theoretical and practical concept. Both abstract and concrete, sustainability has different implications depending on the field of application. Therefore, an engineer will conceive of sustainability differently from an attorney or a consumer. The author outlines the various ideological underpinnings of sustainability discourse and presents a comprehensive model for a systems approach to sustainability science. Sustainability represents the intersection between science, philosophy, economics, ethics, and politics. Therefore, sustainability must be understood as a multi-dimensional and multi-disciplinary issue.
Hansa, a.M. (2010). Sustainability classifications in engineering: discipline and approach. International Journal of Sustainable Engineering, 3:4, 258-276, First published on: 14 September 2010.
Third, "Grace Happens" is a humorous bumper sticker for a similar reason as "Evolution is Intelligent." "Grace Happens" is a satire of "S&*^ Happens," which is also a common bumper sticker. However, "Grace Happens" refers to the Christian religion, making it a relevant topic for most people. "Yes, I'm Evil But it's a Part of My Charm" is a humorous bumper sticker because it cleverly makes fun of a deeply relevant philosophical issue. "If you Want Fur, Stop Shaving" is a humorous bumper sticker because the message refers to animal rights in a farcical way rather than simply stating something like "Fur is Murder!" which would not be humorous.
Bumper stickers like "Yes, I'm evil but its part of my charm," "If you want to wear fur, stop shaving," "You're a Republican, and that's sad," "Caution-Driver is Legally Blonde," and "Come to the Dark Side -- We have cookies!" are…
Classification of Gains or Losses on Futures Contracts
Facts: Taxpayer: In order to properly account for the loss that she took on her futures, Haig Simmons must understand the difference between a capital loss (or gain) and an ordinary loss (or gain). In her situation, the coal futures were a something that she entered into as a hedge in order to protect herself against fluctuations in the price of coal. This year, she has recorded a loss on the futures contract.
Is the futures contract considered a capital loss or an operating loss?
May the taxpayer deduct the loss on the futures contract from operating income?
Yes, the taxpayer may deduct the loss on the futures contract from her operating income.
In this situation, the futures contract was indicated to be a hedge at the time of the purchase. This means that it is not a capital asset.…
Arkansas Best Corporation, Petitioner v. Commissioner Of Internal Revenue.
No. 86-751. Retrieved October 4, 2011 from http://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt//text/485/212
Corn Products Refining Co. v. Commissioner, 350 U.S. 46 (1955) Retrieved October 4, 2011 from http://supreme.justia.com/us/350/46/case.html
LII. (no date). § 1221, U.S. Tax Code. Cornell University. Retrieved October 4, 2011 from http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/26/usc_sec_26_00001221-000-.html
Transition to ICD-10-CM/PCS
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is used by health organizations globally to track disease incidence and prevalence (WHO, 2012). ICD is also used in some countries to manage healthcare reimbursement and resource allocation, including the United States. The ICD has undergone periodic revisions to keep abreast of the constantly changing health conditions of populations, advances is detection and treatment of diseases, and the healthcare management needs of countries. In the United States, the current version, ICD-9, is scheduled to be replaced by ICD-10 on October 1, 2013 (CMS, 2010). In May 1990, ICD-10 was endorsed by the 43rd World Health Assembly and began to be implemented in member states as early as 1994 (WHO, 2012). The next revision, ICD-11, is currently being prepared and will probably be ready for endorsement by 2015.
Purpose of ICD-10-CM/PCS
In the United States, the ICD-10 nomenclature is appended with -CM/PCS,…
CMS (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services). (2010). The ICD-10 transition: An introduction. CMS.gov. Retrieved 5 Sep. 2012 from https://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Coding/ICD10/downloads/ICD-10Overview.pdf .
Sanders, Tekla, B., Bowens, Felicia M., Pierce, William, Stasher-Booker, Thompson, Erica Q., and Jones, Warren A. (2012). The road to ICD-10-CM/PCS implementation: Forecasting the transition for providers, payers, and other healthcare organizations. Perspectives in Health Information Management, Winter 2012. Retrieved 5 Sep. 2012 from http://perspectives.ahima.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=235:the-road-to-icd-10-cmpcs-implementation-forecasting-the-transition-for-providers-payers-and-other-healthcare-organizations&catid=45:icd-9icd-10&Itemid=93 .
WHO (World Health Organization). (2012). Classifications: International Classification of Diseases (ICD). WHO.Int. Retrieved 5 Sep. 2012 from http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/ .
' A cognitive behavioral therapist might ask, what will harming yourself do to improve your grades on the test? Cognitive therapies in general have been shown to be more effective than traditional supportive talk therapies when treating anxiety conditions because they offer concrete steps for self-improvement on a continuing basis (Reeves 2003, p1.). Patients are also asked to identify things they would like to do in which current behavior patterns prevent them from engaging, such as wearing short-sleeved shirts.
Cognitive and cognitive-behavioral therapy shows a higher success rate in anxiety disorders and OCD than traditional psychotherapy, likely because of its behavioral component. The fact that many DSH patients are diagnosed with BPD may complicate treatment, but BPT responds well in some instances to these therapies, too. BPT patients manifest disordered patterns of relationships, thinking, behavior, and coping mechanisms that contribute to unstable life patterns as well as contribute to the…
Bland, Ann R., Georgina Tudor & Deborah McNeil Whitehouse (2007, October). Nursing care of inpatients with Borderline Personality Disorder.
Perspectives in Psychiatric Care.
Retrieved from FindArticles.com on February 16, 2009 http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3804/is_200710/ai_n21099913?tag=content;col1
Mangnall, Jacqueline & Eleanor Yurkovich. (2008). A literature review of deliberate self-harm.
Because of the impact of his feelings of self, Julio's motorized chair must be kept in working order. Physical Therapy and Counseling are needed to allow Julio to grow and take more control over his environment and himself. Speech and Occupational Therapy are no longer needed as discreet services as Julio can reinforce and maintain previous levels of skill development in more natural environments.
Annual Goals and Short-Term Objectives
Julio will demonstrate improved self-concept skills as they relate to recognizing accomplishments through journal writing.
• Using a word processor, at the end of each school and/or work day, Julio will list 3 projects and/or jobs completed each day, 8/10 opportunities over a 2-week period.
• Using a word processor, Julio will describe himself using 3 positive words in response to the question "How do you feel when ?" 3 / 4 opportunities over a 2-week period.
• Using a word…
Classification of Microorganisms
The world is rife and full of what are known as microorganisms. These microorganisms, also known as microbes, come in a number of different forms. Five in total, these groups are viruses, bacteria, algae, fungi and protozoa. It is important to know why these different groups are classified differently and what each of them do. As is clear to most people, these groups range from the harmless to the useful and even the dangerous. Some groups are combinations of two or more. This brief response will cover each of these at a somewhat detailed level. hile microbes are not visible to the naked eye, they certainly have an effect on our lives.
As noted in the introduction, there are five groups when it comes to microbes. A virus, at its heart, is a microscopic organism that is a tiny bundle of genetic material. That material is shrouded…
Prince Edward Island. "The Microbe World." edu.pa.ca. N.p., 2016. Web. 26 Sept. 2016.
Classification of Crimes
Joe should be charged with murder, since he wielded the murder weapon. As it was a drive-by shooting, multiple shots were fired and another person was injured, the charges should include capital murder, and attempted capital murder. Larry, who served as an accomplice in the drive-by shooting, should also be charged with the same crimes, as he assisted in them by driving the car. Even though he did not operate the murder weapon, he was complicit in the act and enabled it to happen. Thus, the same charges that are leveled at Joe should also be leveled at Larry. They could also be charged with conspiracy to commit the crime, as it was premeditated.
As for Bob, he heard what the plan was and promptly quit the vehicle at the first chance he could. However, he did not attempt to stop what was about to happen and…
he hummingbird actually helps pollinate flowers. (National Geographic)
Birds live almost everywhere in the world. From the penguins at the South Pole to the Canadian Geese in the far north to the tiny finches and parrots of the jungle to the large and cumbersome Dodo birds in the Pacific, birds have adapted to whatever environment they are found in. Most birds live in an environments that have mild winters and summers, migrating by flying south in the winter to warmer climates and flying north in the summer, to find milder summers. (Sibley 5)
he largest bird is the ostrich of Australia, growing up to 9 feet tall, and the smallest bird is the bee hummingbird, which is only 2 1/2 inches long and weighs 0.06 oz. Hummingbirds can fly backwards and sideways, something that no other bird can do. he ostrich lays the largest eggs, which are up to 4.5…
The largest bird is the ostrich of Australia, growing up to 9 feet tall, and the smallest bird is the bee hummingbird, which is only 2 1/2 inches long and weighs 0.06 oz. Hummingbirds can fly backwards and sideways, something that no other bird can do. The ostrich lays the largest eggs, which are up to 4.5 X 7 inches around and weigh 3 pounds. Since the egg is so large, the incubation period for an ostrich egg is 42-50 days, which is more than twice as long as a chicken's egg (20-22 days). (Duncraft 2006)
One of the most unusual birds is the flamingo, which is pink to white in color, has orange eyes, grows to be four feet tall and has the longest tongue of any bird. It lives to be about 50 years old and eats crustaceans, insects and algae. It eats by putting its head under the water, observing everything upside down, and filters organisms from the water with its long tongue.
Birds eat in many different ways, from filtering water or catching fish, as the water fowl do, to diving from high in the air at small animals in the fields, killing them on the spot and eating the raw meat with their beaks. Each kind of bird is built to make eating whatever is in their diet easier. Birds that eat fish have large beaks. Pelicans can actually store many fish in their huge beaks. Birds that must find food in tiny cracks or holes have long, sharp beaks that they use almost like straws. Some birds have extremely strong beaks so that they can crack open their food, such as the parrot. Some birds have long legs so they can run fast or stand in shallow water without getting their bodies wet. Other birds, like the swift, have extremely tiny legs that do not hinder their flight as they swoop through the air after mosquitoes. Each bird has adapted
In psychology, parenting styles can be described as mental constructs that represent typical strategies used by parents in child rearing. Generally, many parents tend to develop their own strategies through a mixture of factors, which emerge over time as children move across various stages of life and develop their own personalities. In essence, parenting styles are influenced by the personalities of parents and children but are largely influenced by the parent's culture. Parenting styles are associated with several theories and opinions on the most effective means of child rearing and the varying levels of time and initiatives parents are ready to invest in the process of child rearing. Notably, the investment of a parent in the growth and development of a child usually begins before birth. However, parenting styles are also determined by various principles that contribute to division of these strategies in different categories.
Principles of Parenting…
Kopko, Kimberly. "Parenting Styles and Adolescents." Department of Policy Analysis and Management at Cornell University. Cornell Cooperative Extension - Cornell University, 2007. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. .
PRANGE, MARK. "GENERAL PARENTING INFORMATION." CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY - CHILD AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY. Dr. Mark Prange, n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. .
Schnell, Christina. "Examples of Each of the Four Parenting Styles." Global Post - America's World News Site. GlobalPost - International News, n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. .
Each standardized nursing language is designed for use in a number of clinical settings, including home care, ambulatory care, and inpatient treatment, with certain languages providing decided advantages within particular circumstances. Although it is true that "improved communication with other nurses, health care professionals, and administrators of the institutions in which nurses work is a key benefit of using a standardized nursing language" (utherford, 2008), the proliferation of several nursing languages throughout the years has inevitably resulted in discrepancies, wherein the personal preferences of nurses, the policy of a hospital's corporate ownership, or other factors determine when, where, and why a specific language is used.
To address the growing concern over the inability of nurse's to communicate through a single standardized language system, the International Council of Nurses (ICN) commissioned a comprehensive study which resulted in the International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP) being selected as the most advantageous option.…
Cho, I., & Park, H. (2006). Evaluation of the expressiveness of an ICNP-based nursing data dictionary in a computerized nursing record system. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 13(4), 456-464. Retrieved from http://126.96.36.199/content/13/4/456.full
Rutherford, M. (2008). Standardized nursing language: What does it mean for nursing practice?. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 13(1), 57-69. Retrieved from http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ThePracticeofProfessionalNursing/H ealth-it/StandardizedNursingLanguage.html
Today, computer technology makes it practical to collect, edit, distribute and store data in electronic format with little or no additional manual processing necessary (Kala pp). Integrating data from various agencies is now possible, "including police crash reports, truck inspections, traffic citations, motor vehicle records, emergency medical services (EMS) run reports, emergency and long-term health care records, highway inventories, and traffic volume records" (Kala pp).
According to the American National Standard's Manual on Classification of Motor Vehicle Accidents, there are eight definitions: Transport Vehicles and Transport ays; Land ay, Land Vehicles and Uses; Injuries and Damages; Accidents; Locations;
Road vehicle Accident Types; Location of Road Vehicle Accidents; School Bus (Manual pp). There are 13 classifications: Classification of Persons by Injury Severity; Classification of Road Vehicles by Damage Severity; Accident Classification by Transport Vehicle Type; Accident Classification by Injury Severity; Accident Classification by Damage Severity; Accident Classification by Number of Vehicles;…
Della-Giustina, Daniel. Motor Fleet Safety and Security Management. Retrieved September 26, 2005 at http://print.google.com/print?id=lEH4LetE5p8C&lpg=PA1&pg=PA2&sig=u7a-j_jQdGzTYW59S8iQKg9CQkc
Eckhardt, Bob. (1999 May 01). Measuring incidents under new ANSI standard.
Concrete Products. Retrieved September 26, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
Fleet1 management & maintenance. (1996 April 15). Public Works. Retrieved September
Living organisms are subdivided into 5 major kingdoms, including te Monera, te Protista (Protoctista), te Fungi, te Plantae, and te Animalia. Eac kingdom is furter subdivided into separate pyla or divisions. Generally "animals" are subdivided into pyla, wile "plants" are subdivided into divisions.
Kingdom of Protista
Laminariales (kelps) etc.
Te Brown algae are a large group of multi-cellular algae, including various sorts of seaweed. Teir distinctive greenis-brown color comes from te pigment fucoxantin. Well-known members include kelps and bladder wrack. Genetic studies sow teir closest relatives are te yellow-green algae.
Te red algae (Rodopyta) are a large group of mostly multi-cellular, marine algae, including many notable types of seaweed. Most of te coralline algae, wic secrete calcium carbonate and play a major role in building…
isk analysis projects are relatively expensive, and were so even in the mainframe computing era, because they involved the collection and evaluation of a significant volume of data. Earlier risk studies were conducted by in house staff or consultants and the in house people did not have much experience regarding the matter and the consultants did not know much about the requirements of the organization.
Presently, the familiarization task has become more complicated with the complex, multi-site networked and client server-based technology used now. A new system has developed now and here the first description is of the security entry classification and this classification involves object identifiers which will help the security officer to work. For developing this system, the risk assessors have significant knowledge of operating systems, the documentation procedures are versatile and comprehensive enough to makes the data collection task achievable and since the basic system is ready,…
Greenemeier, Larry. Behind The Numbers: Linux Gets High Marks for Security. 11 July, 2005.
Retrieved at http://www.informationweek.com/story/showArticle.jhtml;jsessionid=VFUJTNBW0C3TYQSNDBCCKHSCJUMEKJVN?articleID=165700960Accessed 9 October, 2005
Koerner, Brendan I. In Computer Security, a Bigger Reason to Squirm. The New York Times.
September 7, 2003. Retrieved at http://www.newamerica.net/index.cfm?pg=article&DocID=1348Accessed 9 October, 2005
edu). While this example just discusses one manner in which a given policy can empower a healthcare marketing strategy, social marketing is currently so engrained in our culture that its powers are truly widespread. Social marketing allows products and brands to have more flexible and sensitive pricing as their prices can be changed at any minutes and consumers alerted, given the instantaneous nature of social marketing. The same goes for service as well -- any changes or enhancements that are made to services can be alerted to the public immediately. Likewise, social marketing is a two-way process: it allows consumers to chat their thoughts, ideas and concerns to marketers, giving them immediate and constant feedback. Social marketing can impact large groups of people at once, as readily seen by campaigns used by the AHA or the FDA (Kotler et al., 2008).
Social networking can also be a means of social…
Berkowitz, E. (2011). Essentials of Health Care Marketing. Sudbury: Jones and Bartlett.
Brown, M. (1992). Healthcare Marketing Management. Gaithersburg: Apsen Publishers.
Hma, e. (n.d.). Stakeholders. Retrieved from Hma.eu: http://www.hma.eu/fileadmin/dateien/HMA_joint/02-_HMA_Topics/02-HMA_Strategy_Paper/Index/Section_III_01_Stakeholders.pdf
Kotler, P., Shalowitz, J., & Stevens, R. (2011). Strategic Marketing for Health Care Organizations: Building a Customer. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Customer Service Triage at Home Depot
Despite the self-service checkout lanes being staffed by an associate to manage all four of the self-service locations, with custom orders and big-ticket items they had to inevitably get the store manager involved to alleviate the conflicts with customers. The time required to resolve both the custom orders and big-ticket purchases actually took more time for customers than it would have taken to just go through the traditional checkout lanes. The lack of information workflow, process, pricing, and employee knowledge of the processes was evident by watching the series of transactions completed. The triage or problem solving of the store manager took an inordinate amount of time to troubleshoot the pricing discrepancies on the service contracts alone would have made it much simpler to have also gone through the traditional check-out lanes. The more complex the transaction the greater the need for Home Depot…
AMR Research (2003) - Self-Checkout Systems -- Waiting for the 'Aha!' Moment. Wednesday April 9, 2003. Paula Rosenblum. Boston, MA
AMR Research-1 (2003) - the Aha Moment Arrives Wednesday April 9, 2003. Paula Rosenblum. Boston, MA
CapGemini (2003) - TRANSFORMING the SHOPPING EXPERIENCE THROUGH TECHNOLOGY, a Study in European Consumer Buying Behaviour. Accessed from the Internet on November 6, 2007 from location: http://www.no.capgemini.com/m/no/tl/pdf_Transforming_The_Shopping_Experience_Through_Technology__A_Study_in_European_Consumer_Buying_Behaviour_.pdf
This framework with different approaches creates the premise for every regime to be characterized according to it.
As such, following this structural determination, Western democracies can be characterized through the constitutional-institutional approach as regimes where the population participates in the governance process through the free, democratic elections, while at the same time limiting the extent of power that the government can have. These regimes promote capitalist and free market economies and promote tolerance in terms of religious beliefs etc.
On the other hand, the new democracies, especially the ones in Eastern Europe, seem to follow through on the pass of Western democracies, according to the three approaches. They are following the road from autocracy to democracy and building the Western-type of democratic infrastructure.
Regimes in East Asia are predominantly characterized via the economic-ideological approach, with the political regime subordinated to economic interest. Finally, military regimes or Islamic regimes have their…
Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) announced in January that ICD- 10-CM will be implemented into the HIPAA mandated code set on Oct. 1, 2013.
Introduction to the new structure of ICD manual o Statistics
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is a program that is designed in order to record statistics of morbidity and mortality and for the indexing of hospital records of disease.
ICD is published by the World Health Organization (WHO).
It has always been statistically difficult to categorize diseases according to any one specific category since different professions that work with diseases have traditionally classified them according to different categories. The pathologist, for instance, is primarily interested in the natural course of the disease process, whilst the anatomist may prefer to have a classification that groups the disease according to the effected part of the body. The statistical classification of disease and injuries depends upon how the…
According to reports coming out of Japan, teasing is often associated with poor performance, and may be instigated by teachers in many cases. America, it should be noted, tens to have an anti-intellectualism streak in its politics and nature, while Japan tends towards the opposite. It seems possible that the fact that Woodsa and Wolkeb discovered that less intelligent, lower class, and rural children were significantly more likely to be bullied represents an overarching social trend which puts down lower academic achievement in favor of higher achievement, and that teachers themselves are subtly giving children cues as to who they should bully. This point deserves to be more extensively explored, perhaps with comparative studies in America or other countries. Additionally, the school climate towards bullying may be a far more relevant issue than this research lets on.
The concept of victimization is also particularly important to this research. Woodsa and…
Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Cells
Cells can be divided into two categories: prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells are significantly smaller than eukaryotic cells. This size difference is due to the many contents inside a eukaryotic cell that prokaryotic cells do not have. To begin with, prokaryotic cells are always going to be unicellular, while eukaryotic cells can also be unicellular but are many times multicellular (Murray & Baron, 2007). Prokaryotic cells do not have any membrane-bound organelles inside them, such as the nucleus, mitochondria, or lysosome as eukaryotic cells do. The DNA of eukaryotic cells is linear and is contained within the nucleus, while DNA in prokaryotic cells is circular and is contained within the nuclear body, a non-membrane surrounded structure (Murray & Baron, 2007). The number of ribosomes inside a prokaryotic cell is a lot less than those contained in a eukaryotic cell. Prokaryotic ribosomes are about 70s while…
Murray, Patrick R., and Ellen Jo. Baron. Manual of Clinical Microbiology. Vol. 1. Washington, D.C.: ASM, 2007. Print.
Nester, E., Anderson, D., & Roberts, C.E. (2012).Microbiology: A human perspective. (7th ed). New York, New York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Action: Exemption and California Law
Class action lawsuit: introduction
Class action lawsuits refer to those civil suits brought by a group of people in similar situation. It is one of the most effective and cost-efficient method of bringing charges against an employer for unfair business practices that caused harm to one several employees or consumers. In most cases, class action lawsuits are brought against corporations and large organizations, but in some rare care, legal professionals can also register a class action against any organization if it notices unfair practices and can gather individuals who would testify to the same.
A simple example of such a lawsuit is consumers leveling charges against an organization for bringing defective product to the market. Usually one or two individuals start class action, which is later joined by people similarly situated. In many cases, class action lawsuit is actually announced in newspapers or through other…
Class Action Lawsuits: Lieff Cabraser Heimann & Bernstein, 2003: retrieved online 8th September 2004: at http://www.lieffcabraser.com/about.ht
Bob Egelko, Chronicle Staff Writer Sav-on suit OKed as class action State high court approves status for overtime lawsuit Friday, August 27, 2004
Sandra Hughes, CBS News Correspondent: Insurer Hit With $90M Overtime Award: BARSTOW, Calif., July 11, 2001 http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2001/07/11/national/main300916.shtml
California Overtime Pay Laws: Harris & Kaufman Law Firm: Retrieved online 8th September 2004:
Evolution of Prison Life
hat were prisons like, how were prisoners treated and classified through American history -- including prison environments in the last few years? This paper delves into those topics and provides the available literature that validates the points to be made in this essay.
The History of Prisons and Prisoner Life in America
According to author and Professor Jack Lynch, prisons were among the very first public buildings when settlers began to populate and develop the New orld. And there were few long-term punishments that were meted out, and among those were individuals convicted of being "debtors" (Lynch, 2008). The problem with putting the poor in prison because they couldn't pay their debts was that "…they could never earn the money they owed"; but it wasn't until the 1830s that the U.S. began to "…abolish debtor's prisons" (Lynch, 3). Instead of being imprisoned, convicted criminals were forced…
American Civil Liberties Union. (2013). Prison Conditions. Retrieved March 19, 2014, from https://www.aclu.org .
Austin, J., and Hardyman, P.L. (2004). Objective Prison Classification: A Guide for Correctional Agencies. U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved March 19, 2014, from http://www.jfa-associates.com.
Lynch, J. (2008). Cruel and Unusual Prisons and Prison Reform. History.org. Colonial Williamsburg. Retrieved March 19, 2014, from http://www.history.org .
Schwirtz, M. (2014). Mental Illness and Violence Rise at a Vast Jail. The New York Times.
Most fungi can also reproduce through sexual reproduction both with the same organism mixing gametes and with reproduction between two separate organisms. The cells of many fungi are primarily copies of each other, without differentiation of organs (except in the fruiting sections of the organism, such as the mushrooms and molds typically visible and known to humans).
Fungi are considered a separate kingdom for several reasons. They are different from plants in their inability to produce energy from sunlight, and in fact most grow in dark places. Unlike animals and many protozoa, they cannot move; unlike most protozoa, they exist almost entirely as multicellular and colonial organisms.
The various classifications of fungi are determined based on their method(s) of reproduction. Zygomycota produce both asexual and sexual spores, while Basidiomycota rarely produce asexually and produce a different type of sexual spore. Ascomycota produce asexual spores, and can also grow…
stresses and challenges facing inmate families, especially children? Children of imprisoned parents suffer the most.
Children whose parents are imprisoned face adverse impacts. Criminal justice system focuses more on the individual guilt than the adversities that are faced by the children. It is important that the criminal justice system should keep in mind the effects that are seen in the children during their parents' imprisonment, release as well as trails and arrest systems. One of the main changes that are faced by the children includes a great change in the attitudes of the society as the children are treated in al ill manner. Being on an outside world, as compared to the world behind bars, the children are treated as inmate facing much harsher conditions created by the societies. When parents are imprisoned, children of the family, no matter how young or how old have to accept the responsibility of…
Carlson, M.P., and Garrett, S.J. (2008). Prison and Jail Administration: Practice and Theory. Edition 2. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Sweeney, M. (2010). Reading is my window: books and the art of reading in women's prisons. Univ of North Carolina Press.
Tartaro, C., and Lester, D. (2010). Suicide and Self-Harm in Prisons and Jails, G - Reference, Information and Interdisciplinary Subjects Series. Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc.
Tewksbury, R., and Dabney, A.D. (2008). Prisons and Jails: A Reader. McGraw-Hill.
However, some gang members specialize in multiple criminal activities such as street robbery, human trafficking and drug trafficking.
Street gangs are the major concern to parents, school administrators and the communities because they recruit students and the youths across the United States to enhance the growth of gang memberships. Street gangs are the most prevalent type of gangs in the United States because they influence a strong control in the large geographical regions. Typically, street gangs are characterized with criminal activities, which include brutality and drug trafficking. Presence of street gangs is broadened with their special relations with DTO (Drug Trafficking Organization) in Mexico, Canada, Columbia and other Central American countries. Type of street gangs includes regional-level street gangs specially known for their drug dealing. Functional regional-level street gangs include Latin Disciples, Florencia, Fresno Bulldogs, Tango Blast and United Blood Nation. Local street gangs also known as neighborhood-based…
Esbensen, F., and Osgood, D.W. (1999). Gang Resistance Education and Training
(G.R.E.A.T.): Results from the national evaluation. Journal of Research in Crime
and Delinquency 36(2):194 -- 225.
Esbensen, F.A. (2000). Preventing Adolescent Gang Involvement. Youth Gang Series.
The report reflects the actual figures. Variance columns are presented in comparing the actual with the revised budget. There is reconciliation between the budgetary basis and GAAP are presented on the comparison schedule. The major differences are in how they are reported. There are budgetary comparison schedules provided for reserve funds. All special reserves are included. ("Comprehensive Annual Financial eport," 2012)
3C. Look at the note that describes the basis of budgeting (usually in the Summary of Significant Accounting Policies). Is the budget prepared on the GAAP basis or some other basis? Are the differences, if any, between the budgetary basis and GAAP clearly explained? Does the note indicate that encumbrance accounting is used?
The budget is prepared on a GAAP basis. The differences between the two are clearly explained in the approaches. It is indicating that encumbrance accounting is not used. ("Comprehensive Annual Financial eport," 2012)
4A. Look at…
Fibrous connective tissue is also found in ligaments, tendons, cartilage, and bone (CliffsNotes.com, 2009, What are the four types of tissue found in the human body).
4: In Chapter 2 we discussed the importance polarity as it related to electron distribution around some molecules, such as water. In Chapter 4, however, polarity takes on a slightly different meaning. What does polarity refer to in this chapter? Please provide a specific cellular example of this form of polarity other than the epithelial example given in the text.
Cell polarity is involved in the "differentiation, proliferation and morphogenesis of unicellular and multicellular organisms. Cell polarity relies on the asymmetric organization of cellular components and structures, and the establishment and maintenance of cell polarity involves many processes including signaling cascades, membrane trafficking events and cytoskeletal dynamics, all of which need to be coordinated in a highly regulated manner" (Cell polarity, 2009, Nature.com).
Q6: Matrix is extracellular, that is, it exists outside the cell. How does the matrix get to its characteristic position, that is, how is it made?
"Components of the ECM are produced intracellularly by resident cells, and secreted into the ECM via exocytosis. Once secreted they then aggregate with the existing matrix. The ECM is composed of an interlocking mesh of fibrous proteins and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs)" (Extracellular matrix, 2009).
Q7: What tissue classification does blood fall under? Consider the four general functions of this broad tissue classification. Make an argument for how blood
At the simplest level, recognition is based on superficial similarity, such as that between a tablespoon and a teaspoon. However, the similarity-based approach to recognition and categorization is incapable of accounting for fuzzy boundaries and different concepts of relative similarity (obinson-iegler, 191).
Other forms of similarity-based approaches such as that based on prototypical similarity and exemplars resolve only some of the deficiencies of the classical similarity-based understanding of human recognition (obinson-iegler, 200). The essentialist approach, for example, provides a much more comprehensive understanding of the process and roles of concepts and classifications in human recognition because it accounts for the learned context in which recognition occurs (obinson-iegler, 200-201).
The classical, prototype, and exemplar explanation for human recognition cannot adequately account for the functional and contextual difference between a tablespoon and a shovel or the functional and contextual similarity of a tablespoon and a fork (obinson-iegler, 188). However, the essentialist approach…
Ackerman, D. (1991). A Natural History of the Senses. New York: Random House.
Robinson-Riegler, G., and Robinson-Riegler, B. (2008). Cognitive Psychology:
Applying the Science of the Mind, Second Edition. New Jersey: Allyn and Bacon/Pearson.
8. State the "law of the case" of each of the following: (10) a) Gonzales v. Raisch: ffirmed Oregon statute allowing doctors to prescribe controlled substances in assisted suicide and invalidated ttorney General's statutory interpretation that assisted suicide does not constitute practicing medicine..
b) First National Bank v. Bellotti: Invalidated Massachusetts law criminalizing corporate use of corporate funds to promote political agenda as a violation of corporations right to Free Speech under the 1st mendment..
c) Kelo v. New London: State power of eminent domain properly used even though taking of property inured to benefit of one private entity over another, because its effect was beneficial to the community..
d) darand v. Pina: Overturned Metro v FCC and decided that any type of racial classification used by any government agency triggers strict scrutiny.
e) Cole v. Burns International Security Systems: Employers may require employees to waive their right to litigate…
A b) Cole v. Burns International Security Company: D.C. District Court applies SCOTUS ruling in Gilmer, to uphold pre-employment arbitration agreements that meet the 5 elements of fairness articulated in Gilmer.
10. Respond to a colleague who asserts that we need to get rid of these liberal activist judges and replace them with conservative judges who interpret the law and do not make the law. (5)
The 2000 SCOTUS decision terminating the by-hand vote count then underway in Florida is a perfect example that "conservative" justices with no prior history of "liberal" statutory interpretation, in fact, make law, as evidenced in the way five "conservative" Republican justices effectively awarded the presidency to George W. Bush by their whim under the color of "judicial interpretation."
Crimes are classified as felonies or misdemeanors. Felony refers to serious crimes such as rape, murder, violent robbery, while misdemeanor refers to lesser crimes such as theft, fraud, or unlawful carrying of weapons.
2. eview the crimes of John Wayne Gacy. Classify his crimes and explain the classification. Examine each component of the classification modeling the examples used in the text. Use what you can find in published articles, interviews, and scholarly information on the web. Make sure to reference your sources.
John Wayne Casey was the notorious serial killer who was guilty of murdering at least thirty three young males between 1972 and 1978 in Chicago. His victims were males aged from twelve to their mid-twenties. His court trials began in 1980 after physical evidences pointed to his guilt and he had admitted to killing over thirty persons and burying them under his house. The prosecutors insisted that Gacy…
Bell, R., & Bardsley, M. (n.d.) John Wayne Gacy, Jr. TruTV. Retrieved from: http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/notorious/gacy/gacy_1.html
Crime classifications and definitions (n.d.) Retrieved from: http://public.getlegal.com/legal-info-center/types-of-crimes
Description of sex offender criminal offenses (n.d.) the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority. Retrieved from: http://www.icjia.state.il.us/public/index.cfm?metaSection=About&metaPage=sotrcdsoco#cp
Hawkins, K. (n.d.). The Baseline Killer. TruTV. Retrieved from:
Part 2: Answer the following questions as they relate to the nine phyla in the assignment table. (Porifera, Cnidaria, Nematoda, Arthropoda, Platyhelminthes, Annelida, Mollusca, Echinodermata, and Chordata.)
1. Which phyla lack organs? What type of symmetry do they have?
Porifera and Cnidaria lack organs. Porifera lack any symmetry hence these are asymmetrical while Cnidaria have radial Symmetry.
2. List all of the phyla that show cephalization.
The phyla that show cephalization are Mollusca, Annelida, Chordata, Platyhelminthes and nematoda.
3. Do all organisms on the table have 3 germ layers (endoderm, ectoderm, and mesoderm)? If not, which phyla have fewer than three germ layers?
No, not all these organisms have 3 germ layers. Porifera has no germ layer and Cnidaria has two of them.
4. One phylum on the table has more species than all the others. State the name of this phylum, and provide several different…
Jeanson, N.T., (2010), "New Frontiers in Animal Classification," Retrieved from:
Zhang, (2011). "Animal biodiversity: An introduction to higher-level classification and taxonomic richness." Zootaxa, 3148: 7 -- 12.
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This decision at the opportune time ensured that the SAT scores returned to their normal level during the current year, and the core admission processes have remained as in earlier years. However, in case the scores plummeted to more depths and minor tweaking was not sufficient to amend them, the Program Director would make endeavor to make important modifications in the admission procedures in an endeavor to ensure that the scores return to their earlier acceptable state of affairs. For instance, such a marked decline in the previous years resulted in the development of a new high school relations program giving courses to higher juniors and seniors in the span of two years, the SAT scores bounced back to the original levels. (Birnbaum, 1998)
7. What quality assurance processes are in place within the institution?
Quality assurance processes in a cybernetic system as that of Huxley is that…
Birnbaum, Robert. (1998) "How Colleges Work: The Cybernetics of Academic
Organization and Leadership" Jossey-Bass Inc.
Calas, Martha. B; Smircich, Linda. (1992) "Re-writing gender into organizational theorizing: Directions from feminist perspectives" in Rethinking organization: New directions in organization theory and analysis. Michael Read and Martin Hughes (eds.), 227-253. London: Sage.
Groups -- People sometimes act as a group to steal information for any number of reasons. They may be a company's customer or vendor, or they may be a fierce competitor trying to steal sensitive trade secrets (Elifoglu, 2002).
Some common threat attack groups include the following:
Domestic or Foreign Criminals;
Former Employees (Elifoglu, 2002).
In reality, the concept of intrusion detection systems is a straightforward matter of designing a system that can provide alerts when it is attacked. According to Andress (2003), the process of intrusion detection typically requires the identification of unauthorized access into computer systems. For example, this author notes, "obust intrusion-detection systems are placed at strategic locations on the network to look for suspicious usage patterns so that attacks can be detected before an intruder has gained access to the network, application, or operating system" (Andress, p. 66). This author…
Andress, a. (2003). Surviving security: How to integrate people, process, and technology. Boca Raton, FL: Auerbach Publications.
Elifoglu, I.H. (2002). Navigating the 'information super highway': How accountants can help clients assess and control the risks of Internet-based e-commerce. Review of Business, 23(1), 67-69.
Grimes, R.A. (2008). Honeypots, honeynets. Honeypots.net. [Online]. Available: http://www.honeypots.net/ .
Hinojosa, P. (2005). Information security: Where we've been and where we need to go the Journal, 32(7), 36.
The oeing 747-300 model was designed to hold 600 passengers. ut the founder of America's Flight Safety foundation, Jerome Lederer, commented that evacuation of such numbers in the event of disaster would be troublesome. Sitting next to an emergency exit did not promise anything, as shown by this tragedy. Only a bare few escaped and only as fate had it. These were the musings of many when dead bodies were brought down by helicopters from Mount Osutaka in bright blankets (Magnuson, Aviation Safety Network, AAIC, C, C (. This disaster and others before and subsequent call for more responsive prevention measures to save lives in this era of massive global air travel.
The Safety Promotion Center was opened in 2006 to train employees and alert them to the importance of airline safety and personal responsibility for safety. The ultimate responsibility falls squarely on the shoulders of Japan Airlines…
AAIC (2002). JA8254. Aircraft Accident Investigation Report. Aircraft Accident
Investigation Commission. Retrieved on January 30,
2012 from http://www.mlit.go.jp/jtsb/eng-air_report/JA8254.pdf
- (1985). http://www.mlit.go.jp/jtsb/eng-air_report/JA8119.pdf
legal system: Where laws come
The Constitution of U.S. is considered to be the 'supreme law of the country'. It provides the foundation for the American government, and provides the scope for the freedom and rights of all the citizens of the country. (Introduction to the United States Legal System) The Constitution describes the broad arenas wherein the federal government can legislate upon, when the other issues could be left to the scope of control by the state and local government. Hence, even though the federal government has the power to act in myriad arenas, most of the laws are being adopted by state and local governments. (Understanding the U.S. Legal System) Treaties which are being made by the U.S. are the Supreme law of the country and they come under the U.S. Constitution. When a conflict issue arises between a treaty and a federal statute, the one which is…
Criminal Law, Law: Divisions and Codes. Retrieved from http://reference.allrefer.com/encyclopedia/C/criminal-classification-of-crimes.html Accessed on 1 June, 2005
Criminal Law. Retrieved from http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761557653_3/Criminal_Law.html Accessed on 1 June, 2005
Introduction to the United States Legal System. Retrieved from http://tenant.net/Court/Legsystm/uslawsum.html Accessed on 1 June, 2005
Survey of Criminal Justice: Chapter Four -- Crime. Retrieved from http://www.iejs.com/Survey_of_CJ/CH04.htm Accessed on 1 June, 2005
Explain when or why each rhetorical mode is used.
Structure -- Explain what organizational method works best with each rhetorical mode.
Provide 2 tips for writing in each rhetorical mode.
Narration tells what happened.
Narration uses chronological order to help a story unfold. It is like a list of events in paragraph form.
The introductory paragraph provides an overview of the story to be told. Active voice is best.
To clarify abstract ideas, writers use illustration to facilitate understanding on the part of the reader.
The writer uses words and phrases to help the reader get the picture: "It is as though…" "Imagine that one has…"
Sometimes more than one example is needed to fully illustrate the concept. The writer must create an illustration that is familiar to most readers in order to make the point.
Description provides greater detail about a person or event.…