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For example, this individual believed that where a conflict in law existed between two countries, instead of following the code of conduct that stated the more stringent law had to be followed, he followed the law of the country that the company or issue was located in. This was in direct violation of the company's code of conduct, but his behavior was not illegal or unjust because he was still following the law. The ethical problem existed because he was not following the regulation set in the code of conduct.
The ramifications of this behavior was that other employees began to interpret the code of conduct just as relaxed as he did, and often employed their one personal thought when making decisions affecting the company. This is a negative ramification because there may be instances where the employee's choice has a larger impact on the company as a whole. Another…
Bass, B.M. (1985). Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations. New York:
Bianco, a., Symonds, W., Byrnes, N. & Poleki, D. (2002). The Rise and Fall of Dennis
Kozlowski. Retrieved September 10, 2007, at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/02_51/b3813001.htm .
Code of Conduct -- The school environment has changed over the past several decades. As is typical, the schools reflect many of society's values and certainly the cultural changes experienced in society are then reflected within the classroom. This has become particularly true when it comes to school violence, behavior, and the availability of firearms or weapons within the school environment. These factors, as well as other sociological changes (one-parent households, technology, gang behavior, substance abuse, etc.) require that schools adopt a stricter Code of Conduct that allows a semblance of safety for both faculty and the student body (Ballantine, 2007). However, it is important that any Code of Conduct also adequately reflect the standards expected of students, be reasonable, fair, and equitable -- as well as enforceable. It should suit the development of the learners at all levels. It must contain a set of moral values, norms and principles…
Ethics in the Schools (1913 & 2006). OldandSold.com. / Cited in:
Barry, B. (2006). Schools and the Law: A Participant's Guide. Capetown: Juta & Co.
Ballantine, J. (2008). Schools and Society: A Sociological Approach to Education. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Falsifying qualifications and other paperwork, which is also expressly forbidden in the code, would qualify as legal fraud in most instances, and would be punishable through both criminal and civil actions (NSPE 2007). Other provisions of the code are more purely ethical; the disclosure of conflicts of interest, even seemingly minor ones, would not always be a legal requirement (especially when the engineer is engaged in private projects with non-publicly traded companies/entities). The maintenance of public welfare that is the preeminent and paramount duty of engineers according to the code is also above and beyond the purely legal requirements (NSPE 2007).
One of the major purposes for the development and adoption of a code of ethics is to establish consistent practices -- and thus expectations -- within a profession (Davis 1991). This creates a system of ethics and conduct that serves almost all ethical frameworks that could be brought to…
Davis, M. (1991). "Thinking like an engineer." Princeton university press. Accessed 6 February 2010. http://ethics.iit.edu/publication/md_te.html
NSPE. (2007). Code of ethics for engineers. National society of professional engineers. Accessed 6 February 2010. http://www.nspe.org/resources/pdfs/Ethics/CodeofEthics/Code-2007-July.pdf
TAMU. (2008). "Introducing Ethics Case Studies Into Required Undergraduate Engineering Courses." Texas A&M university. Accessed 6 February 2010. http://ethics.tamu.edu/
Other programs will be developed along the way and they will integrate all staff members. The emphasis placed on these educational agendas is given by the fact that the sales and marketing employees represent the link between organization and its customers, and also by the ability of these programs to improve the employee, and consequently its relationship with the clients.
6. The employees must at all times act in accordance with the legal stipulations, provided by the legislation enforced in the countries where the facilities operate
7. The staff members must always have at heart the best interest of the Apple organization and must act in accordance with its stated goals.
8. The sales and marketing employees will guide themselves by the principles of ethics and morality and will treat all customers fairly and diligently. There could occur situations in which the customer is extremely difficult to satisfy. In such…
Armour, N.L., 1995, the Beginning of Stress Reduction: Creating a Code of Conduct for How Team Members Treat Each Other, Public Personnel Management, Vol. 24
Kuchera, M.C., Larsen, K.L., 1994, Introducing a Code of Conduct: Seeking a New Approach to Sharing, the Ecumenical Review, Vol. 46
2006, Code of Conduct, the MARA, Retrieved at http://www.themara.com.au/ArticleDocuments/Code%20of%20Conduct.pdfon February 6, 2009
Code of Conduct
A professional code of conduct is essential for any profession. Indeed, a code of conduct is one of the things that uniformly separates professions from other types of jobs. Because professionals such as lawyers, doctors, accountants, and therapists hold positions of trust in which they can do both great good and great harm to their clients, it is imperative that professionals are bound to a code of conduct that limits their entirely human tendency to succumb to temptation.
The professional codes of conduct vary from profession to profession as one might expect, but they also share a number of similarities. Most codes of conduct, including those for lawyers as well as others involved in the legal system such as judges, include a provision that professionals do not misrepresent themselves. This requires lawyers to be truthful when describing their education, skills, experience, and training.
Professionals cannot be motivated…
In this case because of the substance abuse acknowledged by the nurse, special considerations would apply. According to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, "Substance abuse is a recognized universal health problem affecting the nursing community that requires appropriate management" (American, 1996, p. 253). The question then becomes was the first administrator correct in her view, or was a full-blown discussion necessary in order to address the second administrator's concerns?
Accordingly the website espoused the fact that special care was to be implemented in this case.
The key, according to the website, was not what should or should not be the end result, but the steps taken in order to culminate in a fair and just decision for all involved. Justice, in this particular case would have to pertain to more than just what actions should be taken to punish the nurse for her choices. Other items to consider…
American Association of Colleges of Nursing, (1996) Policy and guidelines for prevention and management of substance abuse in the nursing education community. Journal of Professional Nursing, Vol. 12, Issue 4, pp. 253-257
Badzek, L.A., Mitchell, K., Marra, S.E., Bower, M.M., (1998) Administrative Ethics and Confidentiality/Privacy Issues, ANA Periodicals, Vol. 3, No. 3
Badaracco, J.L., & Webb, a. (1995). Business ethics: A view from the trenches. California Management Review, Vol. 37, pp. 8-21
It Professional Code of Conduct and Ethics
The objective of this work in writing is to examine the code of conduct and ethics for Internet Technology (IT) professionals. Towards this end this study will examine the literature in this area of study.
Defining the IT Professional
There is no one set definition for the IT professional however, an IT professional is a professional that works with information technology including installation, implementation, servicing, training, and upgrades to computer and networking systems. Being a professional however, is more that possessing the knowledge of how to perform a job or possessing specific skills because being a professional means acting and conducting oneself in an ethical and honorable manner.
Information Systems Audit and Control Association, Inc. (ISACA) Code of Professional Ethics
The Information Systems Audit and Control Association, Inc. (ISACA) reports that the professional ethics set out by the ISACA are such that provides…
Association for Computing Machinery (2014) Retrieved from: https://www.acm.org/about/code-of-ethics
Chapter 2 Ethics for IT Workers and IT Users (nd) Ethics in Information Technology, Fourth Edition. Retrieved from: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=21&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CDgQFjAAOBQ&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.auburn.edu%2F~fordfn1%2Fethcpp02.ppt&ei=73haU-jxK-XC8QG29oDIBg&usg=AFQjCNGP1RBrwnzGn7XIsacmHc_G5U3lcA&sig2=UxtlcTfh_mp1ce7ViLeKmA
Code of Ethics & Standards of Professional Conduct (nd) CFA Institute. Retrieved from: http://www.cfainstitute.org/ethics/codes/ethics/pages/index.aspx
Code of Ethics (2014) Canada's Association of IT Professionals. Retrieved from: http://www.cips.ca/ethics
Code of Ethics and a Code of Conduct
Hiring Ethical People & Code of Conduct
Differences between Code of Ethics and a Code of Conduct
Code of ethics describes principles related to decision making within an organization. They are simple statements that reflect the ideal steps to take in decision making on normal running of the organization (Stuart & Gilman, 2005). They also elaborate on those values of the organization that need to be upheld. Code of conduct describes standards that are firmly enforced in the organization outlining in detail the required and prohibited behaviors within an organization. A code of conduct borrows from the code of ethics and provides in detail the "do" and "do not" listing and explaining the situations they apply and legal implications. Code of conduct helps organizations build a reputation and healthy climates for work (Stuart & Gilman, 2005).
In as much both the code…
Collins, D. (2011). Business Ethics New York John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Stephen, P., Robbins, & A., T. (2008). Judge, Essentials of Organizational Behavior, 9th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Stuart, C., & Gilman, P.D. (2005). Ethics Codes And Codes Of Conduct As Tools For Promoting An Ethical And Professional Public Service: Comparative Successes And Lessons. Washington, DC: PREM, the World Bank.
Ethical Code of Conduct
Every company needs to understand the importance of having an ethical code of conduct in place. For an organization working in import and export, the same stays true and will in fact need to be further enhanced since the organization will be frequently dealing with people in other countries and hence needs to be even more ethical in its practices. Ethical code of conduct needs to follow a simple ethical framework where what is universally unacceptable should also be considered unacceptable for the organization.
The firm adheres to the policy of equal opportunity for all and hence makes no discrimination on the basis of age, sex, color, race, religion or gender. The company will review each candidate applying for a position and give everyone due consideration and equal chance to qualify with no regard for anything other than experience, eligibility and screening naturally required…
Description of Business
AT&T is a telecommunications provider. In their 2013 Form 10-K, they describe their business as being "wireless communications, local exchange services, long distance services, data/broadband and Internet services, video services, telecommunications equipment, managed networking, and wholesale services. The company has three operating groups under its organizational structure: Wireless, Wireline and Other. The scope of its business is primarily in the United States, largely due to stringent telecommunications restrictions in most countries that discourage reliance on foreign providers. There are a couple of foreign subsidiaries but as yet these are not a critical component of the company's business. In total, 54% of revenues are provided by wireless and 46% by wireline (2013 Form 10-K).
There are several key issues that are critical for success. The first is technological investment. AT&T is engaged in competition in wireless that requires constant upgrading of infrastructure to meet market demands. This…
AT&T 2013 Form 10-K. Retrieved May 26, 2014 from http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=113088&p=irol-sec&control_selectgroup=Annual%20Filings
AT&T (2014). AT&T code of ethics. AT&T. Retrieved May 26, 2014 from http://www.att.com/gen/investor-relations?pid=5595
Chandrashekar, K. (2014). AT&T retracts pulling out of 2015 FCC spectrum auction. Latin Post. Retrieved May 26, 2014 from http://www.latinpost.com/articles/11368/20140428/t-retracts-pulling-out-2015-fcc-spectrum-auction.htm
No author. (2014). FCC limiting 2015 A&T, Verizon, bandwidth auction purchases. Electronista. Retrieved May 26, 2014 from http://www.electronista.com/articles/14/04/17/smaller.carriers.favored.in.auction....30mhz.reserved/
Codes of Conduct
Describe your company and benchmark the codes of conduct used by similar companies. Critique the codes of conduct for three other companies.
Benchmark codes: The code of conduct for my company (a newspaper publisher in a small town) is quite straightforward and unsophisticated. Basic to the code for my company are ethical issues which are in effect behavioral issues: there shall be no use or profanity, no alcohol or drug use, no wagering and no activities that detract from the daily routine. The federal laws against discrimination (based on gender, ethnicity, age, disabilities and other issues), and sexual harassment, are clearly spelled out in the code of conduct. Also federal laws pertaining to the workplace are posted conspicuously in several areas, including the cafeteria.
Our company also warns against conflicts of interest, that is, using one's position or the knowledge an employee has to some kind of…
Los Angeles Times. (2007). Readers' Representative Journal / L.A. Times Ethics Guidelines.
Retrieved June 10, 2013, from http://latimesblogs.latimes.com .
Myers, Steve. (2012). Sacramento Bee fires Bryan Patrick for photo manipulation. Poynter.
Retrieved June 10, 2013, from http://www.poynter.org .
Codes of Conduct
The APA's specialty guidelines for forensic psychologists help establish a good baseline for behavior for forensic psychologists, but states may have more stringent requirements. For example, in the state of Texas, the Texas Administrative Code has a particular chapter devoted to the specific rules of practice governing forensic psychologists. The provisions of that chapter have the force of law and failure to abide by them can not only subject a psychologist to professional censure, but may also impact civil and criminal liability.
The guideline that seems the most challenging to me is one found in the state specific Texas guidelines. Under Texas Administrative Code § 465.18(d)(3), "the role of the psychologist in a child custody forensic engagement is one of a professional expert. The psychologist cannot function as an advocate and must retain impartiality and objectivity, regardless of whether retained by the court or a party to…
American Psychological Association. (2011). Specialty guidelines for forensic psychologists.
Retrieved September 8, 2013 from American Psychology-Law Society website: http://www.ap-ls.org/aboutpsychlaw/SGFP_Final_Approved_2011.pdf
22.21 Texas Administrative Code § 465.18.
These codes go too far in punishing acts like alcohol and tobacco abuse without attempting in any real way to have an open discussion about these topics.
A more effective code of conduct is one that outlines general ethical and moral principles without listing specific punishments for specific offenses. In this way, students can be judged on the whole of their merits, rather than on a single incident, which renders the code more fairly applicable and efficient, too. The Colorado High School Activities Association Code of Ethics outlines such principles, including the principle to "strongly encourage the development of proper health habits," which includes not drinking and smoking (CHSAA, 2009). This code still promotes the same behaviors as the stricter codes, but with room for the realities of being a high school student facing various pressures and desires. It is doubtful that the adults who develop these codes of conduct…
Alamance-Burlington School System. (2009). "High School Extracurricular/Cocurricular Code of Conduct." Accessed 18 February 2009. http://abss.k12.nc.us/modules/groups/homepagefiles/cms/32236/File/policies_procedures/extracocurcode.pdf?sessionid=0544
American Athletic Institute. (2006). "Alcohol Use in Adolescents: The Scope of the Problem and Strategies for Intervention." Accessed 18 February 2009. http://www.americanathleticinstitute.org/prevention/index.html
Colorado High School Activities Association. (2009). "Code of Ethics." Accessed 18 February 2009. http://www.chsaa.org/about/pdf/code_of_ethics.pdf
Denison High School. (2007). "Code of Conduct." Accessed 18 February 2009. http://www.denison.k12.ia.us/High%20School/codeOfConduct.asp
Members agree to report any breach of the TPI Code to the Institute, subject to legal restrictions and assist the Institute in any related investigation. Lastly, the Council has the power to discipline members who are in breach of the code, yet this action will only be undertaken if the Council believes is personally responsible for the breach.
Does the Code of Conduct Address the Conceptual and Legal Meaning of Professionalism:
The TPI Code of Conduct addresses some of the conceptual meaning of professionalism. Duty, honor and integrity are addressed in the clauses in a variety of ways. The clauses concerning conflict of interest, the commitment to lifelong learning, reporting of gifts or commissions, ensuring members do not make statements contrary to their bona fide opinions, and taking all steps possible to maintain professional competence cover these two aspects quite well. Caring and altruism, however, are not fully addressed with…
Code of professional conduct, (1 Jan 2007), [Online], Available: http://www.rtpi.org.uk/download/154/Code-of-Professional-Conduct-2007.pdf [08/05/09].
Guide to the assessment of professional competence, (No date), [Online], Available: http://www.rtpi.org.uk/download/164/Guide-to-the-APC.pdf [08/05/09].
Hammer, D., Berger, B., Beardsley, R., & Easton, M. 2003, "Student professionalism," American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education no. 67, article 96.
A strain on the Medicaid budged as a result of managed care can lead to raised healthcare costs and an increase in Medicaid bills (Shern et al., 2008).
The fair distribution principle in such a case is a difficult issue. On the one hand, patients receiving managed care benefit in terms of their health and keeping their costs low. Society does not benefit in general, and indeed the increase in costs to them can be seen as unfair. On the other hand, the benefit derived from managed care can be seen as fair to certain patients. As mentioned above, caring for some patients and not for others on the grounds of financial issues is not fair, while expecting the community to incur increased costs from managed care is also unfair. Again, a careful balance should be maintained between costs, quality and distribution of care.
One of the most important principles…
Baptist Health South Florida. Code of Ethics: A Guide to Ethical Standards. http://www.baptisthealth.net/en/about-baptist-health/Documents/code_of_ethics/104673676CodeofEthics2.pdf
Green, Ben. (2009). Medical Ethics. Medicine Online. Retrieved from http://priory.com/ethics.htm#Hippocratic
Shern, David L., Jones, Kristine, Chen, Juey Jen, Jordan, Neil, Ramoni-Perazzi, Josefa, Boothroyd,
oger A. (2008). Medicaid Managed Care and Distribution of Societal Costs for Persons with Severe Mental Illness. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 165:254-260. Retrieved from http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/reprint/165/2/254
The main issue that needs to be considered in the case of the Little Albert experiment conducted by Watson and Raynor at Johns Hopkins University with results published in 1920 is that the study would not pass the ethical criteria of today's standards because of the possibility of long-term psychological trauma that could potentially result for the human child participant known as "Albert" and the fact that informed consent was not obtained. The child was the subject of an operant conditioning in humans and the conditioned fear that the child developed was not extinguished upon the experiment's termination. While it is not likely that the child would have developed long-term psychological damage as a result of this, the ethical considerations of today's American Psychological Association would not permit such chances to be taken with a human life. Indeed, both legislation and an ethical code of conduct exist to…
It also publishes interpretations about certain rules.
WHEN AN ACCOUNTANT FAILS
The AICPA's Code of Professional Conduct is considered to be a binding agreement for every CPA in America.
As with other professions most accountants are ethical and honest in their dealings with their clients, however every so often a problem arises that must be disciplined. This can happen in a purposeful attempt to be deceitful, or it can happen by an error in judgment or an error in practice. egardless of how or why it happened a review is called for and a sanction or discipline course of action is decided upon (Badawi, 2002).
Most of the violations that occur are ethical dilemmas that are relatively easy to solve but some of the problems become quite in depth and resolution is more difficult to reach.
A study of conduct violations in a ten-year period produced the following result.
Badawi, Ibrahim M.(2002) Accounting codes of conduct, violations and disciplinary actions. Review of Business; 1/1/2002;
Carey, J.L. The CPA Plans for the Future. New York, NY: AICPA, 1965.
Demski, J.S. And J. L Zimmerman.(2000) "On Research vs. Teaching: A Long-Term Perspective." Accounting Horizons
A Code of Ethics Importance
Key areas of the company's code of conduct policies
Explain the key steps that the company should take to ensure that employees follow the code of conduct
Suggest three ways in which the restaurant can engage in socially responsive activities in the community within which it operates
A Code of Ethics Importance
A code of ethics is a necessary component for all companies that intend to do business in an ethical manner in general, and a detailed code of ethics that targets various aspects of operations can actually be used as a competitive advantage that serves as the basis of managerial decisions based on the specific set of objectives the company wishes to accomplish. Such a code forms the common framework used as the foundation of all business decisions (Barth, 2003).
Apart from keeping a company away from any suspicions with regards to…
Amended and Restated Code of Ethics for Executive Officers, Senior Financial Officers, and Directors. (2016). http://investors.thecheesecakefactory.com/ . Retrieved 3 June 2016, from http://media.corporate-ir.net/media_files/IROL/10/109258/CG/code%20of%20ethics%20for%20executives.pdf
Barth, S. (2003). Corporate ethics. [Boston]: Aspatore.
Code of Ethics and Code of Business Conduct (Revised March 2006). (2016).
Ethics in Management
Hiring ethical people
A couple things were interesting in chapter three namely attraction-selection-attrition cycle, title VII of the civil rights act, disparate impact, equal employment opportunity commission, and integrity tests. Attraction-selection-attrition cycle mainly deals with what attracts, and connects people to their place of work and vice versa (Dickson, Nieminen, & Biermeier-Hanson, 2012). Their own interests, personalities, values, and faith guide people towards the company they work for eventually. When an employee is satisfied with their work, it would be hard for them to resign, which makes more people to stay. Selection is meant to satisfy a given goal or fill a specific position. Therefore, it is vital to select the right person to suit the available position.
Disparate impact theory posits that any employment practices may be considered discriminatory if they have an adverse effect on specific persons. Protected classes of people may vary by statute,…
Dickson, M.W., Nieminen, L., & Biermeier-Hanson, B. (2012). Nepotism and organizational homogeneity: How the attraction -- selection -- attrition (ASA) process is accelerated by nonmerit-based decision making. Nepotism in organizations, 93-128.
Ones, D.S., Viswesvaran, C., & Schmidt, F.L. (2012). Integrity tests predict counterproductive work behaviors and job performance well: Comment on Van Iddekinge, Roth, Raymark, and Odle-Dusseau (2012).
Wilson, N. (2012). Uncovering teachers? beliefs through the development of a vision statement. Paper presented at the American Reading Forum Annual Yearbook [online].
In his seminal work, Second-Language Acquisition in Childhood, McLaughlin (1985) reports that early research into language acquisition by preschool children suggested that interference between languages is not as inevitable or universal as was once believed. "Contrastive analysis, in its traditional form, was not able to account for the vast majority of errors that second-language learners made; in fact, learners from quite different language backgrounds appeared to make the same types of mistakes in the target language," he adds (McLaughlin, 1985, p. 14).
Since these early studies into language acquisition, other studies have shown that transfer from the first language does take place in the speech of children from certain first-language backgrounds and at certain times during the learning process. Therefore, McLaughlin cautions that, "It is an exaggeration to say that transfer from the first language is minimal and unimportant. The acquisition of phonological, syntactic, and morphological structures in a…
Bakker, P. (1997). A language of our own: The genesis of Michif, the mixed Cree-French
language of the Canadian Maetis. New York: Oxford University Press.
Bialystok, E., & Hakuta, E. (1994). In other words: The science and psychology of second-
language acquisition. New York: Basic Books.
a) Changes in APA Public Policy
According to several changes made in APA Public policy with relation to the role of psychologists in the interrogations session, APA has prohibited its psychologists from taking part in the varied torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading interrogation techniques by stating, "No psychiatrist should participate directly in the interrogation of persons held in custody by military or civilian investigative or law enforcement authorities, whether in the United States or elsewhere. Direct participation includes being present in the interrogation room, asking or suggesting questions, or advising authorities on the use of specific techniques of interrogation with particular detainees (Pope, 2008, Psychologists at the Center of the Controversy)." urthermore, it was asserted through referendum which took place in 2008 that psychologists must not operate outside territories which are under the jurisdiction of international law such as Guantanamo, Bagram, or the CIA or JSOC "black site" prisons,…
Furthermore, since APA complies with United Nations definition of human rights, it can be implied that APA's definition of human rights includes universality and inalienability. The principle of universality of human rights is the cornerstone of international human rights law. This principle, as first emphasized in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948, has been reiterated in numerous international human rights conventions, declarations, and resolutions (UNHR, 1996). Hence, APA recognizes humans to have rights which cannot be taken away (APA, 1987).
Impact of U.S. Policies on Detainees
Where treaties like Geneva Convention and convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, prohibit any inhumane behavior resulting into physical and mental distress, there are no governing bodies to supervise the law and order agencies as an organization like APA has been
ETHICAL DILEMMAS IN THE PACTICE OF FOENSIC PSYCHOLOGY
Professional code of ethics regulates the behavior and practicing of individuals from different fields. Psychologists conform to the stated professional code of ethics that guide them in the provision of safe and quality services to their clients. Similarly, psychologists can practice in firms, including the law to aid in forensic examination of the convicted individuals. As such, it may require the application of the law code of ethics and psychological code of ethics, a fact that might present a significant challenge to them. Therefore, the following analysis identifies the standards of ethics psychologist (Dr. Joven) faces when practicing forensic psychology.
Dr. Joven has to follow numerous ethical standards guiding his professional practice as a future forensic psychologist. He will have to ensure confidentiality of the information of his clients. Confidentiality entails respecting one's right of privacy to the extent applicable,…
APA Ethics Code Commentary and Case Illustrations. (n.d.). http://www.apa.org. Retrieved May 8, 2014, from http://www.apa.org/education/ce/1360279.aspx
Bush, S.S., Connell, M.A., & Denney, R.L. (2006). Ethical practice in forensic psychology: A systematic model for decision-making. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Ethics Rounds -- APA's Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct: An ethics code for all psychologists? (n.d.). http://www.apa.org. Retrieved May 8, 2014, from http://www.apa.org/monitor/sep06/ethics.aspx
Zapf, P.A., Hart, S.D., & Roesch, R. (2013). Forensic psychology and law. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley
Judicial Impropriety in United States Supreme Court
A judicial impropriety occurs when a judge disregards existing legal standards expected of him /her when they are discharging their roles during judicial proceedings. For instance, a judge who does not base his or her ruling on the evidence provided and the applicable laws but disregards a defendant while giving undue advantage to the prosecutor or the litigant commits judicial impropriety (Leyland & Anthony, 2016). Judicial impropriety has been reported Judiciary of the United States on several occasions. For instance, Judge Sharon Keller of the Court of Appeal in Texas was accused of judicial impropriety when he ordered the closure of the courtroom by 5 pm. She did so with the intention of blocking an appeal by a person sentenced to execution (Equal Justice Initiative, 2015). Such cases exemplify the extent of judicial impropriety in the American judicial system.
Several factors contribute to…
In terms of the public, values and principles should be kept in mind during the teaching process, while obligation to the profession entails integrity in terms of official documentation as well as towards colleagues.
Personally, I found the obligation to allow students to obtain alternative viewpoints the most striking. This is important not only to me as teacher in my particular situation, but also because I have had experiences where this was not allowed. As an educator, it is unacceptable for a person to assume that only one viewpoint is correct. Indeed, in all my teaching endeavors I try to emphasize to students how there seldom is only one viewpoint. Admittedly, the stronger my view of a particular issue, the harder it is to remain open enough to alternative views from students or colleagues, but I am aware of this, and I do try to maintain an open mind.
Code of the Street
Anderson in "Code of the Street" seeks to highlight many of the ills and problems that seem to plague inner-city African-American families and communities, and highlights aggression and interpersonal violence as the most prominent factors (p. 171). The propensity for violence, according to Anderson predisposes 'a cultural adaptation' that has hampered growth and development within this particular part of society. Following is an examination of The Code of the Street by Elijah Anderson. The examination seeks to determine the proposed hypothesis, dependent and independent variables, source of the data, methodology and analysis, and whether or not the author serves to effectively answer the hypothetical questions posited.
Anderson takes an ethnographic approach in looking at the culture of what he determines as control, respect and violence in inner city streets. According to Philipsen in "Speaking Culturally: Explorations in Social Community" ethnography is a qualitative research design…
Philipsen, G. Speaking Culturally: Explorations in Social Communication. Albany, New
York: State University of New York Press. 1992. Print.
*PDF needs to be added here.
company code of ethics for Boeing. In this document I will explore Boeing's code and attempt to reveal important items relevant to understanding how a functional code of ethics may be applied to a large organization. I will first describe a general background of the company to help provide context in this evaluation. Next, I will give an overview of the code of conduct and highlight important details that are worthy of discussion. This paper will also include how this code of ethics can be applied to the differing levels of responsibility and accountability within the company itself. I will also examine a recent specific case study of ethical violations within Boeing to help test the validity and quality of this company's attitude towards ethics. This specific case will help understand important factors on the stability and feasibility of their ethical codes and programs.
Boeing's company website describes the…
Boeing Corporate Website. Ethics. Viewed 31 Aug 2012. Retrieved from http://www.boeing.com/companyoffices/aboutus/ethics/hotline.html#howto
Reeder, J. & Hickey, D. (2005). Boeing strengthens, enhances ethics program. National Defense. February 2005. Retrieved from http://www2.gtlaw.com/pub/articles/2005/reederj05a.pdf
Richman, D. (2005, Mar 7). Analysis: Boeing conduct code worked properly, expert says. Seatllepi.com. Retrieved from http://www.seattlepi.com/business/article/Analysis - Boeing-conduct-code-worked-properly-1168027.php
It also promotes research in the field and therefore the improvement of the research methods and applications. Other ways in which the Association improves the understanding and use of knowledge in the field is by means of meetings, contacts, reports, papers, discussion and publication (American Psychological Association, 2012).
The APA is governed by volunteer governance members, who are responsible for the direction of the advocacy, publishing, member service, and other functions of the APA. Specifically, the governance members include a Council of epresentatives, whose responsibility includes approving policy and the appropriation of revenues. The Board of Directors is elected by members and administers the functions of the Council of epresentatives. The APA president is an annual position that is filled by a person who is elected by the membership. The president provides a leadership contact for the Association. Other ruling parties include committees, boards and task forces with specific functions…
Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards. (2012). About ASPPB. Retrieved from: http://www.asppb.net/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=3285
American Psychological Association Code of Ethics, Chapter 5.
American Psychological Association (2012). About APA. Retrieved from: http://www.apa.org/about/index.aspx
American Psychological Association (2010, Feb 20). Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct.
Another main factor that has also been mentioned above is the factor of Personal Development that is held highly important at Saint Leo University. The administration and education board at the university feels that it is essential for every educational institution to have the kind of educational setup that will promote the progress of every individual's mental, physical and spiritual being in an appropriate and composed way (ALA/ACL, 2008).
esponsible Stewardship is another important factor in the educational setup of the university as the administration feels that an individual's capability and service spectrum can not be fully utilized without his or her ability to truly use the resources available to him or her. The administration feels that they, as an institution, can use all the resources available to them and their students towards not only developing their university but also their community as well as the neighboring communities (ALA/ACL, 2008).…
ALA/ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education. 2008. Accessed at http://www.ala.org/ala/acrl/acrlstandards/informationliteracycompetency.htm
Andberg, M., M. Caught in the Middle: Ethical/Legal Mandates and Test Security. Symposium: Recent Developments in Psychological Testing - Update for Assessment Professionals. American Psychological Association Convention; Honolulu, Hawaii. Marcia Andberg Associates LLC, 2004.
American Psychological Association (APA). Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. American Psychological Association, Inc. December 2002; 57, 12
Dr. Kirk, a.F. The State of Saint Leo University. President of Saint Leo University Community Day. 2006. Accessed from https://www.saintleo.edu/resources/docs/intranet/commday_aug2006_kirkspch.pdf
Organizational Theory #1
Create a code of ethics for an organization of your choice. For each point in the code of ethics, describe an ethical dilemma that would be resolved using the code of ethics.
All employees will conduct business honestly and ethically. We will constantly improve the quality of our services, products and operations and create a reputation for honesty, fairness, respect, responsibility, integrity, trust and sound business judgment. (Provides a clearly stated, over-arching business philosophy for honesty and fair dealings that every employee can follow).
No illegal or unethical conduct on the part of company employees or affiliates is in the company's best interest. All are expected to adhere to high standards of personal integrity -- not allowing their personal interests to conflict with the interests of the company, its clients or affiliates. We will not compromise our principles for short-term advantage. (Encourages all employees to seek the…
Beauchamp, L., & O'Connor, A. (2012). America's most admired companies: A descriptive analysis of CEO corporate social responsibility statements. Public Relations Review, 38(3), 494-497. doi:10.1016/j.pubrev.2012.03.006
Jones, G. (2010). Organizational theory, design, and change (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Raytheon Corporation: Code of conduct and ethics
Raytheon Company is a well reputed technology and innovation company which deals in security, defense and civil marketson a global scale. It has a rich and bright history of 92 years and continuing, Raytheon can provide top of the line electronics, integration of mission systems as well as other capabilities indicated below:
• Sensing capabilities
• Command and control
• Intelligence systems
• A diverse array of mission support services
Raytheon was one of the first startups, which were founded in Cambridge in Massachusetts Institute of Technology on July of 1922. It was started as an American appliance corporation (Raytheon Company, 2014).
The founder of the company was three associates namely:
• Vannevar ush (future dean of engineering department of MIT)
• Charles G. Smith (scientist notable for his work on electrical characteristics of gases)
• Laurence Marshall…
Akamai Technologies. (2014). Code of ethics. Retrieved from www.akamai.com/html/policies/code_ethics.html
Corrections Corporations of America. (2005). A guide to our code of ethics and business conduct. Retrived from https://www.cca.com/Media/Default/documents/Social-Responsibility/Fostering-Meaningful-Careers/Code_of_Ethics.pdf
Chunhua, C., & Yihan, N. (n.d.). How to Motivate Employees' Ethical Behavior-Based On Management Control Theory. Retrieved from http://www.seiofbluemountain.com/upload/product/201010/2010qychzh05a2.pdf
Department of Education, Training and the Arts. (2011). Code of conduct. Retrieved from http://deta.qld.gov.au/right-to-information/pdf/codecond.pdf
The decision making process of each decision maker must be supervised by his superior. Also, certain decisions and actions cannot be delegated to subordinates. In addition to this, the ethical role and ethical responsibilities of each employee, middle manager, and top manager must be identified before decision making.
Furthermore, this leads to identifying and analyzing objectives for each employee, in order to benefit from a well established and efficient decision making process. Although there are categories of employees that do not have a direct decisional role within the organization, they play a very important role in the decision making process.
This is because they can provide useful information to decision makers that should help them select the best alternative for the situation in case. Employees must be aware of the role they play in the decision making process and the importance of their activity in relation to that of the…
1. National Association of Child Care Professionals Code of Ethics (2009). The National Association of Child Care Professionals. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
2. Problem Solving Techniques (2009). Mind Tools. Retrieved November 16, 2009 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/main/newMN_TMC.htm .
PRIVACY and CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
Protection and safeguarding of information created in the conduct of Lenox Hill
Hospital and its affiliates business including patient information, staff data, financial data, research data, strategic plans, statistical information, purchasing agreements and contracts.
The words information created are an unnecessary limitation that narrow the applicability of the provision, contrary to its obvious intent to apply as broadly as possible. Under a literal interpretation, the provision, as drafted, does not apply to any of the types of information listed unless that information is "created" by the hospital.
Therefore, a better formulation of that portion of the provision would read as follows:
Protection and safeguarding of any and all information created, accessed, maintained, collected, transmitted, duplicated, or utilized by the hospital or by any of the hospital's employees, agents, associates, consultants, contractors, and any other person or entity affiliated in any way with the hospital..."
emergence of the Hollywood Production Code and the PCA
Motion pictures production codes emerged in the 1930's and referred to as the Hays codes after ill hays who was the censor chief at Hollywood during this time. The production codes governed the production of motion pictures in the United States by major studios at the time. The motion pictures production code can be referred to as a set of moral censorship rules that governed the motion picture industry. The codes were adapted by the Motion Pictures Association of America in 1930, commenced enforcing the code in 1934 and deserted them in 1968. The association then adapted Motion Pictures Association of Americas film rating systems which are effective to date. The work of the association was to determine what was morally acceptable in the content produced by American production studios. The code of ethics protected the public audience from images that…
Doherty, Thomas P. Hollywood's Censor: Joseph I. Breen and the Production Code Administration. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009. Print.
Kiszely, Philip. Hollywood Through Private Eyes: The Screen Adaptation of the American Private Detective Novel During the Studio Era. Oxford: Lang, 2003. Print.
Phillips, Kendall R. Controversial Cinema: The Films That Outraged America. Westport, Conn. [u.a.: Praeger, 2008. Print.
Ethics Code: Importance of Written Form
A written code of ethics is highly important for the corrections system, for the simple fact that it greatly assists in keeping corrections personnel both honest and forthright in the carrying out of their duties. Additionally, a written code of ethics is fairly significant to the carrying out of various jobs performed within correctional institutions because there are a number of disparate parties that have a vested interest in the fulfillment of the obligations of those working within corrections. Such people of interest within the ethical stewardship of responsibility within correctional institutions not only include inmates, but "the families of such persons, the general public, and…commercial and industrial firms, with whom the Department does business" (State of New Jersey, 1978). To that end, it is highly significant to have a written code of ethical standards to ensure to such different people and organizations that…
Most ethical codes that members of corrections have to adhere to contain information that is not altogether different from ethical standards that can be found within other professions. Common components of such codes include employees not accepting any forms of bribes or gifts which might influence their work, or not undertaking any other sort of employment of formal interest which would conflict with the correct way of carrying out of one's job. The actual significance of having such a written code, of course, lies in its enforcement. According to guidelines approved by the Executive Commission on Ethical Standards and promulgated into effect on September 1, 1978, the violation of the written code was "cause for removal, suspension, demotion or other disciplinary action by the Department" (State of New Jersey, 1978). The value of the code, then, is in the disciplinary measures that may be taken to keep members of the corrections department honest in the performance of their respective jobs.
In terms of leadership from the top of such an organization as a department of corrections, it is fairly integral to have managerial or administrative support of such codes of ethics. One of the primary reasons why the involvement of those in the upper echelons of authority in a department of corrections is so vital is because oftentimes, it is this body which determines whether or not punishments should be disseminated, as well as whether or not there have been any transgressions of the ethical code of conduct. This fact is closely alluded to in the flowing quotation. "No disciplinary action shall be taken, however, except upon the referral of or with the approval of the Executive Commission on Ethical Standards" (State of New Jersey, 1978). In this case, the Executive Commission on Ethical Standards is the governing body which oversees issues of ethics related to a corrections department, and is the basis for any potential violations of ethics that may occur.
Furthermore, there is evidence that indicates that the code of ethics which members of corrections departments must adhere to is merely part
Global corporations are often difficult to control because they operate in various countries throughout the world. As such actions that may be illegal in some countries are perfectly legal in others. Furthermore law enforcement officials and governments do not have the power to enforce laws that are outside of their jurisdictions. These issues call into question the effectiveness mechanisms that exist to control global corporate conduct. The purpose of this discussion is to Assess the effectiveness of various mechanisms that exist to control global corporate conduct and recommend a mechanism that I believe is the most effective.
Survey of Mechanisms and their Advantages/Disadvantages
Private regulations employ civil regulations to compel transnational corporations to operate according to a certain set of standards. According to the "defining feature of civil regulation is that its legitimacy, governance and implementation is not rooted in public authority. Operating beside or around…
Fritsch, S.(2008) The UN Global Compact and the Global Governance
of Corporate Social Responsibility: ComplexMultilateralism for a More Human Globalisation? Global Society, Vol. 22, No. 1, pg. 2-26
Haufler, V. 2003 "Globalization and Industry Self-Regulation," in Governance in A Global Economy: Political Authority in Transition, Miles Kahler and David Lake, eds. Princeton University Press, 2003, p. 226
Haufler, V. 2002 The Public Role for the Private Sector, and The Emergence of Private Authority in Global Governance Rodney Hall and Thomas Biersteker, eds. Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Satisfy IB Code & ule Criteria
The literature has identified the manner and form by which conduct of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and the Milgram Study have violated the provisions of the Institutional eview Board (IB) policies and standards. In an effort to clarify how the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and the Milgram Study might have complied with the Institutional eview Board (IB) policies, this analysis proceeds as follows. For the main deviations from IB policies identified, alternative procedures and safeguards that do reflect compliance with IB policies and standards are identified and discussed. A caveat is relevant: realistically, changes to the research protocols would, in effect, render the research useless. Unfortunately, the experimental design required deceit and obfuscation of the actual research procedures. In effect, and in each case, the research should never have been conducted.
Tuskegee Syphilis Study
The following sections of IB were violated by the research. 46.103;…
American Psychological Association. (2010). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct (003-066X). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Code of Federal Regulations. (2009). Title 45: Public Welfare. Department of Human Services, Part 46. Protection of Human Subjects.
Jones, J.H. (1993). Bad blood: The Tuskegee syphilis experiment: History, facts, bad blood, bad science. New York, NY: Free Press.
Milgram, S (1963). Behavioral study of obedience. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67(4), 317-378.
Human ights Protection and APA Ethics Code
Human rights have been defined as rights that are given to everyone. The protection of these rights should be the priority of every practicing psychologist, because doing this enables the psychologist to help improve his society. In essence, Human rights are basic fundamental ethical and moral principles that set the minimum standards for treating others and/or for behavior (Hudson, 2015).
Governments have to legally enforce these rights and every individual by the fact that he or she is human is entitled to these rights, wherever he or she is lives in the world. Immediately after the end of World War II there emerged a movement that advocated for the adoption of human rights. Not long after, in the year 1953, the APA (American Psychological Association) came up with their own code for Ethical conduct of practitioners in the field (Hudson, 2015). Even though…
A Code of Ethics for Psychology. (n.d.). http://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/49938_ch_1.pdf
Definition: Nuremberg Defense. (n.d.). http://www.adversity.net/Terms_Definitions/TERMS/Nuremberg_Defense.htm
Ethical Principles of Psychologists and code of conduct. (n.d.). http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/
Fisher, C. B. (2012). Decoding the ethics code: A practical guide for psychologists. (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
campus speech codes violate student rights?
The freedom of expression is not for students alone. It is for all citizens and for students the rights and liberties that are available for all citizens apply in the same manner. In that context if the citizen has a right of speech and expression, it also implies that the citizen student also enjoys this right. Where the general laws abrogate the freedom of speech, making some kinds of speech and expression culpable, it is also applicable to the student. The question is if the academic institution passes rules that prohibit speeches and other form of expressions defined as 'hate speech', it has to be assumed that the 'hate speech' as defined inside the campus differs from the general legislation, or there is no general legislation that covers the 'hate speech 'and therefore being introduced in the campus make it unique to the student…
Legal guidelines, ethics codes, and specialty guidelines play a tremendous part in the way that practitioners conduct diagnoses and assessments in general. In addition to formal training, the aforementioned legal and ethical guidelines help to constitute the general procedures and practices that professionals must adhere to while performing their jobs. It is especially important for psychologists, not to mention forensic psychologists, to follow these mandated codes. These professionals play critical roles in interacting with the public. As such, they must be accountable to standards that play a positive or assistive role in aiding the public to deal with a number of substantial issues that can seriously impact their lives.
The main way that legal guidelines, ethics codes and specialty guidelines influence the daily operations of psychologists in terms of diagnosis and assessment is by keeping them honest. These professionals can best achieve the desired outcomes of their jobs -- assisting…
American Psychology-Law Society (AP-LS): "Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists' "
Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards
Less emphasis, too, should be placed on material values (such as driving, consumer education, and business) and more on academic traditional values that last and promote value. It is these that can produce a multi-faceted individual and serve the individual in all manners of his existence.
Lastly too, the school might consider offering workshops such as on ethics or social skills in its curricula. This would help the student more effectively deal with post-graduate existence and the challenges of living in an increasingly complex, diversified world.
Summary of Findings
A Curriculum Analysis provides a resource for the school to help them make certain that their philosophy/mission is begin carried out in the curriculum and make recommendations on how they can improve the means in which they align the school philosophy and policies to the curriculum.
This curriculum analysis recognizes that the philosophical beliefs and policies of LTHS are somewhat misaligned.…
Lyons Township High School (LTHS). About LTHS. Retrieved on January 27, 2011 from: ( http://www.lths.net/About_LTHS/ ).
Lyons Township High School (LTHS). Code of Conduct. Retrieved on January 27, 2011 from: ( http://www.lths.net/Activities/Code_of_Conduct.html ).
Ethical Fiscal Matters in Public Organizations
Pension padding depicts a practice whereby organizations engage in the manipulation of salary and overtime payments to acquire inflated pensions (Walsh & Schoenfeld, 2010). The practice contravenes ethical standards enshrined in our constitution and ethics in the workplace. Pension padding also referred to as pension spiking occurs at the expense of taxpayers who have to pay for the inflated pensions. In this paper, we analyze pension padding in the Yonkers Police Department within the state of New York.
In 2010, for example, more than 100 retired firefighters and police officers collected pension payouts, amounts that exceeded their pay when they were still in service. Before retiring, some of the police officers and firefighters engaged in the pension padding practice enabling them to earn a better pension scheme than their salary. In one case, an employee who retired aged 44 and previously earning $74,000 yearly…
American Society for Public Administration. (2012). The Proposed Code of Ethics. Retrieved from http://www.aspanet.org/public/ASPADocs/Principles%2012-09-10.pdf
New York State Office of the Attorney General. (2010). Attorney General Cuomo Expands Investigation Into "Pension Padding." Retrieved from http://www.ag.ny.gov/pressrelease/attorney-general-cuomo-expands-investigation-pension-padding
Romero, S. (2015, Nov 16).TIAA-CREF, U.S. Investment Giant, Accused of Land Grabs in Brazil. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/17/world/americas/tiaa-cref-us-investment-giant-accused-of-land-grabs-in-brazil.html
Walsh, M. & Schoenfeld, A. (2010, May 20). Padded Pensions Add to New York Fiscal Woes. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/21/business/economy/21pension.html ?
This will prevent oversimplification, and allow counselors to confront complex issues more effectively. As for the "health and well-being of the self" issue, the author is saying that counselors cannot do their best at helping others unless they take care of themselves with proper diet, exercise, meditation or prayer, self-reflection to promote self-integration, and the study of integral theory. This recommended approach to self-care is called "Integral Life Practice (ILP). A final key concept is the idea of considering the importance of the developmental perspective of the counselor when explaining ethical codes of conduct; in other words, what developmental lines or life questions are at play (cognitive, self, values, morals) when a particular counselor is confronting ethical concerns? And how does his or her developmental level in these different areas affect their approach to the ethical concerns? In other words, like intelligence, professional and personal development consists of various "lines"…
Apple Case Study
Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL) is a global leader in the development, design, manufacturing and marketing of smartphones, tablets, media devices, personal computers, operating systems, services, peripherals and network solutions. As of December 2014 the company is operating in 16 nations, with 444 open Apple retail outlets (Apple Investor Relations, 2014). The company has 92,600 employees and generated $182 in revenue during their latest financial or fiscal year that ended September 31, 2014 (Apple Investor Relations, 2014). This was a 7% increase over the previous year. The company is very profitable, generating $52.5 in profits in their latest financial reporting year, also increasing 7.2% over 2013. Countries the company operates include Australia, razil, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom with the majority of stores in the United States (Apple Investor Relations, 2014).
Analysis of Market Systems
The nations that…
Apple - Investor Relations (2014). Retrieved December 27, 2014, from http://investor.apple.com/
Brustein, J. (2014, Oct). New iPads, iMacs, and apple pay: Nine things we learned from Apple. Business Week, 1.
Coy, P. (2014, Nov). Inside Apple's gigantic rewards program for shareholders. Business Week, 1.
Domanico, A. (2014, 11). New iPhones: Roomier, thinner, and speedier. Macworld, 31, 28.
In life and in business, there are situations that challenge, question, and test an individual's set of personal and professional ethics. Ethics is a crucial element to sustain a society as well as an organization. This paper will discuss several issues regarding the practice of ethics and the practice of leadership within organizations. The kind of leadership an organization maintains and models for employees plays a significant role in the practice of ethical conduct within the organization as well as ethical conduct during business practices with parties outside of the organization, including suppliers and consumers. As part of this discussion, the paper identifies prominent issues regarding leadership ethics in organizations, factors that directly contribute to the practice or lack of ethics on the individual and organizational levels. With analysis and references to relevant texts, the paper proposes an ethical code for a fictitious company such that there…
Dorasamy, N. (2010) Enhancing an ethical culture through purpose -- directed leadership for improved public service delivery: A case for South Africa. African Journal of Business Management, 4(1), 56 -- 64.
Stanwick, P.A., & Stanwick, S.D. (2009). Understanding business ethics. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Waggoner, J. (2010) Ethics and Leadership: How Personal Ethics Produce Effective Leaders. CMC Senior Theses, Available from: http://scholarship.claremont.edu/cmc_theses/26 . 30 June 2012.
In order to truly be judged by his/her peers, a physician in an outlying area like Redding should be periodically visited by others to evaluate outcomes.
It is clear that Tenet's top management failed its ethical responsibilities in two ways: (1) they failed to reinforce the ethical guidelines central to any hospital or medical management group, and (2) they failed to monitor the performance of their institutions to insure that they were ethically compliant.
How Individual's Professional Conduct is Guided or Not Guided by the Code of Ethics.
Individuals in the medical profession take an oath to conduct themselves in an ethical manner. Nurses have a 9-point oath, which is fairly far-reaching. Physicians' oaths are shorter, but no less binding. Since each profession (this includes firemen, lawyers and accountants, not just healthcare professionals) has an important 'self-policing' element, the primary enforcer of ethical conduct is the professional his/herself.
City Data. (2007). Redding, California. Retrieved August 10, 2007, from City-Data: http://www.city-data.com/city/Redding-California.html
Weintraub, a. (2002, November 25). A Scandal-Ridden Tenet Stands by Its Man. Business Week, p. n.p.
Wynne, M. (2003, July). Tenet Healthcare, Scandal in General Hospitals. Retrieved August 10, 2007, from U. Of Washington: http://www.uow.edu.au/arts/sts/bmartin/dissent/documents/health/tenet2002story.html
There are about 2 million angioplasties done in the U.S. each year. Given Redding's size, that means that about 1,500 angioplasties per year should be performed in that town. In fact, over 7,000 were performed per year.
grey areas associated with medical ethics is that executive personnel in the medical community are not always subject to the same rigorous ethical codes that other workers in the field are. Arthur Lazarus notes, "American Medical Association (AMA) Principles of Medical Ethics provides norms for treating patients, but provides little guidance for physician executives in terms of helping their organizations comply with legal and regulatory requirements, avoiding litigation, improving productivity and quality and building organizational trust and integrity."
This is particularly true regarding executive practitioners in nontraditional medical fields and private practice. Fundamentally, the wide variety of organizational settings in modern medicine can generate an atmosphere where the straightforward application of any single code of ethics is simply not possible. Additionally, modern ethical codes need "to reflect the medical technology industry's unique relationships with health care professionals."
So, while the doctrines set forward by the AMA, American Psychiatric Association, American…
1. American Psychiatric Association. (2001). "The Principles of Medical Ethics with Annotations Especially Applicable to Psychiatry." American Psychiatric Association: http://www.psych.org/psych_pract/ethics/ppaethics.cfm .
2. Childs, Blair. (2005). "Decoding the Different Ethical Codes and Guidance." Journal of Health Care Compliance. Frederick: Jan/Feb. Vol. 7, Iss. 1.
3. Lazarus, Arthur. (2004). "The Moral Obligations of Physician Executives." Physician Executive, Tampa: Nov/Dec. Vol. 30, Iss. 6.
Lazarus, Arthur. (2004). "The Moral Obligations of Physician Executives." Physician Executive, Tampa: Nov/Dec. Vol. 30, Iss. 6. Page, 40.
Ethical Case Using the Applied Ethical Decision Model
Recognize the Ethical Issue
In the case in question, there is certainly a clear-cut ethical lapse on behalf of young Julia. Her failure to appropriately inform her clients of the potential risks associated with their newly proposed investments was dishonest and selfish. This lack of full disclosure certainly undermines the trust that these clients have put in her hands. Even the formulation of a relationship with the securities salesman is highly unethical. As an objective member of a financial planning firm, Julia must approach her job and her client recommendations with an opened and unbiased mind. Having a business relationship that would potentially award her personal gains for professional consideration unquestionably coincides with Julia's equitable responsibility to her customers.
Evaluate Alternative Actions
In this case, the consequences of Julia's unethical behavior can have massive effects on the lives of her clients.…
medical field is one that is populated with professionals whom non-medical individuals do not think about every day; yet these professionals profoundly affect the care received and in many cases the life or death of an individual being treated by the medical community. Individuals such as a radiology technician, a dietician, or even the assistant who carries medications to patients can be an integral part of a patient's treatment and survival. Emergency Medical Technicians are often the first responders to a trauma or sudden illness and, as such, may be a patient's only interaction with the medical community. In emergency situations, these individuals become especially important and, as a result, have more complex roles to play.
The role of the Emergency Medical Technician, or EMT, is highly involved and constantly evolving. hat is considered proper procedure on one day may change in the next, with advances and discoveries in medical…
Annas, G., 2004. The Rights of Patients. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press .
n, Tuma, Dolen-Sewell, Borja and Fleischman 2004. "Ethical Issues Pertaining to Research in the Aftermath of Disaster," Journal of Traumatic Stress, 17:5.
Gillespie, C., 1978. "The EMT Code of Ethics," published online at www.naemt.org/aboutNAEMT/EMTCodeOfEthics.htm
The field is social psychology, and the selected title is bullying. The articles selected as follows:
Mundbjerg Eriksen, T. L., Hogh, A., & Hansen, A. M. (2016). Long-Term Consequences of Workplace Bullying On Sickness Absence. Labor Economics, 43: 129-150. doi:10.1016/j.labeco.2016.06.008
This peer-reviewed article explores the effects of bullying at the place of work. The study done in the article indicates that sickness, boredom, and poor productivity are some of the results of bullying from among employees. The article is significant in that it helps to understand the effects of bullying at the workplace and hence aids in deriving ways to reduce its occurrence. The social setting at workplace relates to the social psychology effects as seen with the occurrence of bullying (Mundbjerg Eriksen et al., 2016).
Priest, N., King, T., Becares, L., & Kavanagh, A. M. (2016). Bullying Victimization and Racial Discrimination among Australian Children. American Journal of Public Health,…
Code of Ethics
Introduction and Company Background
Purpose of the Code
Training and Education
Implementation and Communication
Enforcement and eporting
Code of Ethics: The XYZ Company
Introduction and Company Background
Having a code of ethics is a big part of doing business. It is not something every company has, but those that do have these codes provide them because they want to be ethical and strong. Ethical codes help make requirements clear for every employee, and can avoid discrepancies in conduct (Clark, 2012). Avoiding or lessening the possibility for misunderstandings and discrepancies is an excellent way to protect both the company's bottom line and its reputation. Employees who fail to act in an ethical manner can cause serious harm to the companies for which they work (Clark, 2012). Keeping that in mind, one must ensure that an ethical code is direct and…
Clark, C.M. (2012). Individual moralities and institutional ethics: Implications for the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists. Psychotherapy and Politics International, 10(3): 187-204.
Davidson, B.I. & Stevens, D.E. (2013). Can a code of ethics improve manager behavior and investor confidence? An experimental study. The Accounting Review, 88(1): 51-74.
Hartley, R., Grayston, R., & Ryle, A. (2010). Developing a modern code of ethics for engineering practice. The 5th Civil Engineering Conference in the Asian Region and Australasian Structural Engineering Conference 2010. Sydney, N.S.W.: Engineers Australia, 2010: 1276-1281.
Code of Ethics Development
Description: Begin by preparing a code of ethics for a fictional company, which should include a minimum of 10 elements. Once you have compiled the code of ethics, respond to the following questions: 1. hy did you include each of the 10 elements? 2. hy is a code of ethics an important part of every business from an employer standpoint? 3. hy is a code of ethics an important part of every business from an employee standpoint? 4. Once you have written the code of ethics, how would you implement it to ensure compliance? Your completed assignment must be a minimum of three pages (One page for the code of ethics and two pages for question responses).
Code of Ethics
Transparency -- the company will make every effort to be transparent to all stakeholders, including employees and partners
Diversity -- the company will go far beyond…
Chrobot-Mason, D. (2012). Developing Multicultural Competence to Improve Cross-Race Work Relationships. The Psychologist-Manager Journal, 199-218.
Hughen, L., Lulseged, A., & Upton, D. (2014). Improving Stakeholder Value through Sustainability and Integrated Reporting. The CPA Journal, 57-61.
Jimoh, O., & Danlami, A. (2011). Strategic Human Resource Management and Organizational. International Journal of Business and Managment, 46-59.
All respondents also engage in code-switching on a linguistic level to clarify meaning when referring to both stories. The linguistic responses were not culturally monolithic -- rather, bilingual speakers showed a remarkable ability to fuse the two cultures and languages in which they were fluent. Although the different English and Greek scenarios elicited different responses, when speaking about their feelings the study subjects were able to delve into both vocabularies to find the right word to express their ideas. The study suggested that "1) one's emotional reaction shifts with language (and cultural context) and (2) all emotion terms (and reactions) are available to bilingual speakers, almost regardless of the context" (Panayiotou 2004: 132). Their use of different linguistic tropes also highlighted how language and culture were inexorably intertwined, given that the subjects' expressed emotional responses were substantially different, depending on whether the scenario was presented as about a Greek or…
Bishop, M.M., & Peterson, M. (2010). Impact of media context on consumers' responses to code-switched advertising. Journal of Advertising, 39(3), 55-67.
Panayiotou, N. (2004). Switching code, switching codes: Bilinguals' emotional responses in English and Greek. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 25 (2&3),
Qing, X. (2012). A tentative analysis of code-switching in college bilingual education.
AAMFT Code of Ethics
Is it enough to know and follow the AAMFT Code of Ethics? Why or why not?
Yes, it is enough to know and follow American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy (AAMFT) code of ethics. AAMFT codes of ethics set standard for the ethical practice in the therapeutic profession which guides the conducts of therapists. Typically, AAMFT ethical standard defines the professional expectations that marriage and family therapists should follow, and AAMFT code of ethics covers all aspects of therapeutic practice which include responsibility of a therapist to clients and the confidentiality of client information which a therapist should respect at all time. While both law and ethics govern the practices of marriage and family therapists, however, AAMFT code of ethics is an essential tool that a marriage and family therapist must consult when making decision regarding the professional practice.
In addition, AAMFT code of ethics…
American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy. (2011). Code of Ethics. Retrieved 24 December 2011 From http://www.aamft.org/imis15/content/legal_ethics/code_of_ethics.aspx
Wilcoxon, A., Remly, T., Gladding, S.T., & Huber, C.H. (2007). Ethical, legal, and Professional Issues in the Practice of Marriage and Family Therapy Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.
There is no mention of any higher level ethical ideals and is composed primarily of transactional or procedural items.
One item of interest found in the employees ethical code published by Wells Fargo, is that they have established what they call EthicsLine. This allows employees to contact an investigator (employed by Wells Fargo) to report any violations of the ethics code. The line is anonymous under most circumstances; only reports that involve criminal activity are require that the caller states any personal information. This allows employees an avenue to report any unethical behavior safely. This is extraordinarily efficient way to promote ethical behavior. However, Wells Fargo did not implement this item by choice; it is now required by corporations by comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2006. Therefore, it is unclear if Wells Fargo would have this option if it was not required of them.
Wells Fargo has…
Honor Code of Chinese Warriors
The objective of this study is to discuss the honor code of warrior-heroes in Chinese history and to answer to what the honor code consists of and the origin of the honor code. As well, this study will examine how this honor code influenced the intentions, words, and actions of the warriors and how the honor code manifests itself in novels, how and when the codes apply and what competing visions existed in human conduct.
Wuxia is a term in Mandarin that means literally "martial arts chivalry" and is representative of a unique Chinese type of story that is dated back as far as the Tang Dynasty (681-907). Wuxia is defined by stories "that combine wushu (martial arts) tradition with deeds of heroic chivalry perfomed by men and women." (Pollard, 2011, p.1) Wuxia stories are rooted in "early youxia (?
) and cike (?
The Warrior Code (nd) China History Forum. Retrieved from: http://www.chinahistoryforum.com/index.php?/topic/31149-warrior-spirit-in-china-chinese-warrior-codes/
Hsia, C.T.C.T. Hsia on Chinese Literature. Columbia University Press, 2004 (ISBN 0231129904), pg. 149
Bordahl, Vibeke. Four Masters Of Chinese Storytelling: Full-length Repertoires Of Yangzhou Storytelling On Video. Nordic Institute of Asian Studies; Bilingual edition, 2004 (ISBN 8-7911-1464-0), pg. 166
Guth, Christine. Longfellow's Tattoos: Tourism, Collecting, and Japan. University of Washington Press (2004), p147
Company X has faith in its employees to utilize their own ethical judgment in conjunction with the rules and standards set forth by the company in order to assure that actions within the company are performed at an optimal level across the board.
Implementation and Communication
In order to assure that a code of ethics is implemented to the best of its ability into a company, gradual implementation must be used along with clear communication as to each step of the process in order to assure that the code of ethics is fully understood and used within the company by its employees.
In order to begin implementation, a checklist regarding steps needed to begin code adherence could prove helpful in providing a smooth transition into code use. In the early stages of implementation, it is crucial that as many people as possible -- employees included -- are involved in both…
Emerson, T., McKinney, J. And Neubert, M. (2010). "The effects of ethical codes on ethical perceptions of actions toward stakeholders." Journal of Business Ethics. 97:1. p. 505-516. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
Gaumnitz, B. And Lere, J. (2007). "Codes of ethics with impact." The CPA Journal. 15:1.
p. 106. Retrieved from: LexisNexis Database.
Godkin, L. And Valentine, S. (2009). "Ethics, social responsibility, and ethical reasoning in an education-based center: when doing good results in good employees." Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics. 7:3. p. 1-18. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
ANA Nursing Code of Ethics
ANA Code of Ethics Applied to Current Practice Philosophy
The objective of this study is to discuss provisions one through nine of the ANA Code of Ethics and apply it to the current practice philosophy. A well this work will discuss provisions seven through nine of the ANA Code of Ethics and apply it to the current practice philosophy and answer how the two relate. The differences between professional responsibility and accountability in the nursing practice will be discussed and examples provided. Finally, this study seeks to answer after what has been learned in addition to readings and self-assessment activities what can be implemented in the practice that would strengthen this experience for one's peers and in terms of self-development on the Novice to Professional continuum.
The American Nurse Administration Code of Ethics Provision One states that the nurse practices, in all professional relationships "with…
Bamford, M, Wong CA and Laschinger H (2012) The Influence of Authentic Leadership and Areas of Worklife on Work Engagement of Registered Nurses. J Nurs Manag 2012 26 Apr. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=nurse+ethics
Butts, JB (nd) Ethics in Professional Nursing Practice. Chapter 3. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Retrieved from: http://www.jblearning.com/samples/0763748986/48986_ch03_pass3.pdf
Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements (2010) Nursing World. Retrieved from: http://nursingworld.org/FunctionalMenuCategories/AboutANA/Leadership-Governance/Nursing-Code-of-Ethics.pdf
Dahnke, MD (2009) The Role of the American Nurses Association Code in Ethical Decision Making. Holist Nurs Pract 2009. Mar-Apr;23(2):112-9. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19258853
In academic institutions throughout the world, there are systems of codes which dictate how administration expects the student bodies to behave. These codes can be different based upon the specific rules of the institution in question. Some have clothing rules, others alcohol or narcotic rules, but there are certain dictums which are more universal. Many schools have rules which dictate that students must behave in ways which the institution considers to be honorable. These honor codes can include different components, but it is primarily a pledge against cheating in any sense of the word. Students in many institutions must sign honor pledges wherein they promise that they will not cheat on their assignments or their examinations. Also, if they are witness to any dishonesty on the part of their classmates, then they are responsible for revealing that duplicity to members of the staff or administration. The students pledge…
McCabe, Donald L. "It Takes a Village: Academic Dishonesty and Educational Opportunity."
Ed. Rottenberg, Annette T., and Donna Haisty Winchell. Elements of Argument: A Text
and Reader. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martins, 2012. Print.
Rawe, Julie. "Battling Term-Paper Cheats." Ed. Rottenberg, Annette T., and Donna Haisty
They are a great source of strength and I will honor them while remaining true to myself.
I am committed to lifelong learning and I will constantly strive to advance my knowledge and skills in the field by attending conferences and clinics, and reading the current literature.
I will strive to be a contributing member of society, both professionally and personally. I value education and lifelong learning and will continue to expand my knowledge by attending classes. I also understand the value of work and feel that it is a necessary and constructive part of my life. I will continue to make myself more valuable to my employer by attending seminars and training and by doing my best for the company.
Continually improve my skills as a person and as an employee through educational enhancement programs to perform my job in a timely way at a high level of excellence.…
Beasley, M.S. & Jenkins, J.G. (2003). A primer for brainstorming fraud risks: There are good and bad ways to conduct brainstorming sessions. Journal of Accountancy, 196(6), 32.
Beker, M. (2004). Screenwriting with a conscience: Ethics for screenwriters. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Hancock, J. (2003, May 10). Personal code of ethics. Jill Hancock. [Online]. Available: http://www-distance.syr.edu/jillh.html.
Nash, R.J. (2002). Spirituality, ethics, religion, and teaching: A professor's journey. New York: Peter Lang.
The codes also serve as a model, in themselves, of an integrated, comprehensive regulatory framework for public safety in buildings.
City of Dallas uilding Code (2006)
City of Dallas Fire Code (2006)
http://www.dallascityhall.com//pdf/uilding/Chapter52ooklet.pdf - p. 10 Enforcement
Annual check not required, Questions arise about what city could have done to ensure safety
MICHAEL GRAELL and RENDAN M. Dallas Morning News, July 27, 2007.
Dallas to add more safety inspectors, MARK WROLSTAD and SELWYN CRAWFORD.
Dallas Morning News. February 22, 2003.
Code violations shut down homeless shelter. CYNTHIA VEGA. WFAA-TV. Thursday, December 11, 2008
Team didn't have roof work inspected, Cowboys were contractor for '08 project; inquiry may take months
RANDON FORMY. Dallas Morning News. May 5, 2009.
City of Dallas Building Code (2006)