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The act gives the Department of Education the right to withhold funding if it believes a school, district, or even a state is not complying and is making no effort to comply." (New York Times, Teachers Dig Deeper to Fill Gap in Supplies, 2002).
ecause the American Constitution does not contain any legislations on education, the U.S. government can not exercise its controlling role over the educational system. However, given the fact that the U.S. As a country financially supports the educational process and most of its institutions, the government can influence the decisions made by universities and colleges. In other words, "the federal government uses the threat of decreased funding to enforce laws pertaining to education." (the U.S. Department of Education, the Federal Role in Education, 2006)
Even if America has produced many valuable science and literary men, the sad fact remains that the overall…
Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, Higher Education, last modified on October 15, 2006 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/College_education,last accessed on October 18, 2006
Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, Universities in the United States, last modified on October 8, 2006 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universities_in_the_United_States,last accessed on October 18, 2006
Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, Education in the United States, last modified on October 16, 2006, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_the_United_States,last accessed on October 18, 2006
Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Astronomy Education in the United States, http://www.astrosociety.org/education/resources/useduc03.html , last accessed on October 18, 2006
hat should be included in a college education? hat courses, skills, experiences, and expectations should be required? Research the requirements of other campuses and compare these to Appalachian State University's requirements. hat ideas would you recommend Appalachian keep and what ideas would you take from other campuses?
No college education can be 'all things' to 'all people.' Every campus and college community is diverse, and must cater to the needs of its own unique population. Given this stipulation, however, no college can ignore the state of flux and change in the world. A college education must meet the changing needs of the student, the economy, and the demands of life. It must give students the necessary skills to succeed in today's economy and learning environment and prepare them for the future, not the past. Thus, changing the components of a college experience is something that a school must…
"Academics." Colorado College. Official Website. 2005
http://www.coloradocollege.edu/academics / [13 Nov 2005]
"The Core Curriculum." Columbia College. Official Website. 2005. http://www.college.columbia.edu/students/academics/core / [13 Nov 2005]
"Hands on Learning." Johnson and Wales. Official Website. 2005.
One of them is the presence or absence of the financial resources required in this regard. Another one is represented by the long-term importance that actual work experince might have. Some might choose to get a job instead of going to college, believing that in this manner they will get more relevant experience, learning from doing instead of learning from books.
The individual's value is intrinsic, but society often does not seize it. This means that the individual has to wear the social mask in order to be well integrated (the social "mask" serving as a sort of identification code). The social position that one has serves as a tool which allows his positioning within the bigger system. Through it he or she will be judged and evaluated and based on the results of this evaluation the others at their turn will position themselves. Under these circumstances, it is easier…
Witt, Jon (2006) The big picture: A sociology primer, McGraw Hill/Humanities-Social sciences- Languages
college education increase one's human capital?
College education has a positive impact on human capital. The reason why, is because the various concepts and ideas that you are learning are establishing a foundation for an individual to learn specialized skills. This will allow them to work in those areas that require greater amounts of technical training. Once this occurs, is when this person can begin working in these career fields and increasing their total earnings dramatically. A good example of this can be seen with someone who has a achelor's degree in comparison with a high school graduate. As, this person has basic foundation that can be used to train them in areas such as: medicine or law. This is because the 4 years of college, have created a base that can lead into other career fields. These elements are significant, because it is showing how the overall levels of…
Comparative Advantage. (2011). Business Dictionary. Retrieved from: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/comparative-advantage.html
Comparative Advantage. (2011). Investopedia. Retrieved from: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/comparativeadvantage.asp#axzz1dchw8VZ1
Opportunity Cost. (2011). Invest Words. Retrieved from: http://www.investorwords.com/3470/opportunity_cost.html
Production Possibilities Curve. (2011). Business Dictionary. Retrieved from: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/production-possibility-curve.html
"The younger children of college graduates display higher levels of school readiness indicators than children of non-college graduates" (Baum, 2005). Moreover, the report continues, after they graduate from high school, students whose parents have attended college are "…significantly more likely than those with similar incomes whose parents do not have a college education to go to college themselves" (Baum).
Knowing that my pursuit of a college education at this point in my life will likely stimulate my own children to go on to college is part of what drives my dreams right now. I am also sharing with them the facts of life relative to education. For example, higher levels of education "correspond to lower levels of unemployment and poverty," Baum explains; and with the economic downturn -- and signs of an another possible recession at hand -- and so many people out of work, I want my children to…
Baum, Sandy, and Payea, Kathleen. (2005). Education Pays 2004: The Benefits of Higher
Education for Individuals and Society. CollegeBoard.com. Retrieved September 27,
2011, from http://www.collegeboard.com .
University of Maryland University College. (2008). The Benefits of a College Education.
Understanding these theories can help balance against the instinct I think I would otherwise have that the rules governing police behavior hinder effective law enforcement behavior. I can see myself having the desire to expedite things by bending or tweaking rules in order to accomplish my goals. Knowing what that would do to the ability to prosecute an offender, will make it that much easier for me to make the correct decision, the legal decision, when working in the field.
Likewise, I feel as if an enhanced education will help me avoid the use of inappropriate force with suspects. I do not think any police officer enters the profession thinking that he or she will use inappropriate force against a suspect. However, with the badge comes a tremendous amount of power, and it has been proven time and time again that power corrupts. I can see how even good officers…
college education, two activities have proven most meaningful to me: skiing and cooking. Besides being great exercise, skiing has made me proud of who I am. As the only small Asian male in the skiing club, I initially found it awkward being the slowest person. I pushed myself to my limits and worked out arduously to improve my sport. I had to sacrifice most of my leisure time and devote it to swimming and weight lifting to make me physically stronger. I ultimately improved my skiing to be as skillful as others. It increased my confidence and I realized that through rigorous work I could compete with people who are physically stronger than I am. As a result of my own hard work, I have become a leader who always supports and encourages new members. Also, the fierce competition that I had in the beginning has transformed into compassion and…
High School before Entering College
Entering college is one of the most important goals of students when finishing their studies in high school. College is the major venue in which students are prepared in a deeper level of education before they begin to face the world by themselves, as part of the society that contributes to its development. How do we ensure that students can deliver their best in this preparatory level of a successful life?
One of the most common preferences of students who graduated from high school is to take a year off before entering college. One reason is because they want to take a break from the struggles they encountered in high school. Similar to how our body needs rest for good health, a year off after four years of high school trials can provide the students with time to prepare themselves for a healthy college. Otherwise,…
Villaire, Ted. Life After High School: Alternatives that Don't Require a Four-Year Degree. 2000. National PTA. 16 Oct 2003. http://www.pta.org/parentinvolvement/helpchild/oc_alternatives.asp
" (McClure, 2002) the outcome of the higher costs of college education is that the education gap existing in the country is widened. "Teens whose parents have degrees start out thinking they'll go to college (86% say they plan to get a bachelor's degree). ut less than half of the kids whose parents have a high school diploma or less expect to get a college degree. Later, those expectations are often fulfilled: 65% of young people from more educated families enroll in four-year institutions - compared to just 21% of young people from families with less formal education." (McClure, 2002) Further stated is a racial divide as in 1998: "41% of white non-Hispanic 18- to 24-year-olds were enrolled in college, compared to 30% of blacks, and 20% of Latinos, according to the Digest of Education Statistics." (McClure, 2002) McClure relates that: "Financial aid could help close these gaps. ut in…
Free Tuition at all Public Colleges and Universities for Students who Meet Admissions Standards (2002) Debs-Jones Institute Working Paper. Online available at http://www.freehighered.org/h_paper.pdf
Frequently Asked Questions About Free Higher Education (2004) Free Higher Ed Campaign - South Carolina Labor Party 2004. Online available at http://www.freehighered.org/h_faqs.html
GI Bill of Rights: A Profitable Investment for the United States (2004) Free Higher ED. Online available at http://www.freehighered.org/h_gifact.html
McClure, Laura (2002) Higher Sights. Free Higher Ed Campaign. South Carolina Labor Party Online available at http://www.freehighered.org/h_lpp.html
The modern day society is ongoing constant processes of change, as a result of which the society evolves and develops new features, trends as well as challenges. In order to survive in this continually changing environment, the people must be able to also develop and adapt. This is where a college education intervenes.
In a traditional setting, a college education was understood as an opportunity to improve one's life by gaining more education, and as such gaining more access to better paid positions and employment opportunities. Such a perception is sustainable at the statistical level, since the unemployment rate is lower among the people who possess college degrees, comparative to the individuals who only possess a high school diploma, or less (Gulbrandsen, 2011).
In other words, a college education was traditionally associated with better opportunities in life and the increased ability to secure a good job in the…
Gulbrandsen, C. (2011). The importance and value of a college degree. http://www.rasmussen.edu/student-life/blogs/main/importance-and-value-of-a-college-degree / accessed on January 23, 2013
Importance of college education. College View. http://www.collegeview.com/articles/article/importance-of-college-education accessed on January 23, 2013
1. Intelligence is a very complex concept and even though people typically associate with the idea of smartness, most fail to understand that there are actually several forms of
ole of a College Education
Over the last several years, the importance of a college education has been continually debated. This is because there are many examples of individuals who never went to or dropped out of college that are successful. For instance, Michael Dell (the founder and CEO of Dell Computer) quit the University of Texas in order to build low cost computers. At the time, many people laughed and though he was crazy. However, years later, the choices that he made have provided greater financial results than if he had stayed in college. (Baldwin, 2008)
Moreover, there are a number of university graduates who are not working and have trouble finding a job. According to study that was conducted by the job placement firm Adecco. They found that nearly 60% of graduates are underemployed in their field. This is because most candidates have focused on understanding concepts within…
Space Coast. (2012). CBS News. Retrieved from: http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504803_162-57407321-10391709/space-coast-through-the-lens-of-60-minutes/
Baldwin, G. (2008). Reality Check. Springfield, MO: Priority Productions.
Bittar, C. (2012). The Economics of Higher Education. Huffington Post. Retrieved from: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/catherine-bittar/college-investment_b_1989876.html
Carnegie, D. (1981). How to Win Friends and Influence People. New York, NY: Pocket Books.
Within the field of psychology, I hope to qualify as a marriage counselor - a decision I made after I experienced the pain of my parents' divorce and subsequent break up of my family. For it was at this time that I realized the important role that family plays in an individual's sense of psychological well-being.
As a first step to achieving my career ambition and dream, I plan to attend the University of Findlay, from where I hope to obtain a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology, followed by a Master's Degree. However, I find that the assistance of a scholarship would go a long way in helping me achieve my educational and career goals. I am, therefore, applying for a scholarship with the sincere hope that my request will be given due consideration.
Consequently a student when graduate is already under debt thousands of dollars. Most of the time those students are awarded aid that are need-based but quite a number of students are entertained based on academic merit, sports ability or musical talent rather than financial need. Universities gave almost half of their $14.5 billion in scholarship money in 2000 to students based on merit or ability.
Students gaining admissions and financial aid could still display poor result as shown by the 1996 study of UCLA according to which there were less than 40% students who finished their degree in the first four years of joining university, a decline by 7% from 20 years ago.
As the large some of public money goes into the higher education system public definitely do take cognizance of who is taking advantage of the scheme and how much is been spent. Majorities say it's important to…
1]the state constitution of 1974
http://senate.legis.state.la.us/Documents/Constitution/Default.htm Accessed March 8, 2007
http://www.publicagenda.org/research/research_reports.cfm Accessed March 8, 2007
university education. Critical thinking requires that the thinker consider all elements of an idea, concept or statement. There is a wide range of such elements, including the motives of the communicator, the subtext, the timing and more. The ability to analyze these elements and to criticize them and to make conclusions based on sound inferences about these elements is core to critical thinking (Freeley & Steinberg, 2008). orldview is just one of the different elements that must be considered in the context of critical thinking. However, it is a trap to fall into the idea that all worldviews should be given equal consideration -- some can be substantiated with facts while others cannot; some are more objective while others are more subjective. Indeed, attempts to be more inclusive of worldviews often suffer from the same myopia that characterizes non-inclusion.
As part of their learning in university, students should be exposed…
Walters, K. (1994). Re-thinking reason: New perspectives in critical thinking. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Freeley, A. & Steinberg, D. (2008). Argumentation and debate: Critical thinking for reasoned decision making. Boston: Cengage.
Rusbult, C. (2003). Critical thinking in public schools and the potential dangers of worldview education. American Scientific Affiliation: A Network of Christians in Science. Retrieved January 29, 2011 from http://www.asa3.org/ASA/education/views/dangers.htm
Education forms the foundation of an individual's character and provides a separate identity differing from the others existing around. The beginning of education of an individual originates from the individual's home through parents and through observation as well as from the people around. As a result it plays an essential part in the formation of an individual's personality. Like Hosea Ballou once said, "Education commences at the mother's knee, and every word spoken within the hearing of little children tends towards the formation of character"(quotable quotes). Education is of many forms including early or basic education at home, education at school or an institution. In this analytical research paper, we will discuss one of the many ways of obtaining education, which is an institute particularly a college as well as its advantages for an individual.
The term 'education' has several definitions, it can be defined as " The…
Quotable quotes. Available at: http://education.ollusa.edu/student/ubricm/quotable_quotes.htm (February 26,2003)
Definition of education. Available at: http://www.cheathouse.com/essay/essay_view.php?p_essay_id=3311(February 26,2003)
Benefits of college. Available at: http://www.arizona.edu/prospective/college-benefits.shtml (February 26,2003)
Retaining Managers. Business China (1993, October 4), p. 5-6.
attaining a college education and degree, I do not think that I was identified as a college-bound person in High School. I know this statement sounds like a contradiction, but hopefully the explanation that follows will succeed in clearing up any ambiguity.
o start with, I think it is important to understand that my high school persona was pretty much that of the typical, all-round, average American teenage girl. As such, I dressed according to the fashion statements of that time and hung out with the crowd I personally felt comfortable with. When I reflect back on my High School days, I believe that perhaps the image that I projected affected my identification as a college-bound person. I am consciously saying this because I am well aware of the prevalence of some rather unfortunate stereotypical profiling. For instance, it was, and perhaps still is, commonly perceived that the career goal…
Thus, I ended up joining a community college that was close to home, right after I graduated from High School. This was in the year 1989. Post obtaining my Associate in Science degree, however, I transferred to California State University, Long Beach and thereafter to California State University, Los Angeles.
My goals remained steadfast right through my years in community college. Indeed, this is highly evident by the fact that I went on to work in the field of Electronics for ten years. In fact, my career goals underwent a change only recently for two very good reasons. The first impetus for a change in direction was caused by an increasing realization that I just could not keep up with the pace of change in technology. The second reason was a growing personal interest in working with children, which I felt was perhaps my true calling in life.
Obviously, it was the second reason that played a far larger role in bringing about a change in my career goals. And, believe me, it was not an easy call to make by any stretch of the imagination! For, it involved taking a decision to give up a long established career and literally make a fresh start. But my desire to build a future career in counseling children was strong enough to do so, leading to my going back to college to obtain a Bachelor's degree in Human Services.
Database Administrator, Manager of IT, and the value of a college education
As a result of swift distribution of computers and information technology, a necessity for well trained workers to design and promote new hardware and software systems and to integrate new technologies. These workers comprises of computer systems analysts, database administrators, and computer scientists. Based on the choices and procedures of employers and on development of new areas of specialization or alterations in technology, the job responsibilities and professional titles relating these workers change quickly. An ever-increasing level of talent and education from the employees is demanded by the speedily shifting technology. Organization's expectation on professionals is broadening from wholesome technical knowledge to communication and other interpersonal skills. Hence, workers who can manage various tasks are in great need.
Though employers favor workers with technical degrees, persons with degrees in a range of majors also get employment in these…
Allen, Gemmy. (1998) "Managerial Roles" retrieved from http://ollie.dcccd.edu/mgmt1374/book_contents/1overview/managerial_roles/mgrl_roles.htm Accessed on 7 May 2005
"Career guide for Database Administrator" retrieved from http://jobs.state.va.us/careerguides/DataBaseAdmin.htm Accessed on 7 May 2005
"Computer Database Analysts & Administrators" (5 May, 2005) Retrieved from http://www3.ccps.virginia.edu/career_prospects/briefs/A-D/DatabaseAdmin.shtml Accessed on 7 May 2005
"Computer Systems Analysts, Database Administrators, and Computer Scientists" (May 18, 2004) U.S. Department of Labor: Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos042.htm Accessed on 7 May 2005
Public College Education in the United States Be Free for All?
Education should be free for all U.S. citizens in the United States in order for the U.S. workforce to effectively compete in the globalized economy.
I believe education is integral to national and personal well-being. The current U.S. economy is highly global and competitive, and for it to become, and remain, strong, the nation requires the world's most highly educated workforce. This cannot be achieved if, year after year, several thousand bright youngsters in the nation are unable to afford college education, whilst several million more quit school deep in debts. The U.S. must ensure that each youngster in the nation who aspires to earn a college diploma/degree can realize his/her dream, without falling in debt, irrespective of family income (Sanders para. 5). United States is the leader of the western world and the western world is the leader…
Bolinder, Connor. "Why college should be free." Technician 17 February, 2016. Print.
Ellison, Keith. "The Argument for Tuition-Free College." The American Prospect 14 April 2016. Print
Sanders, Bernie. "Make college free for all." Washington Post 22 October 2015. Print.
Community colleges are well suited to provide many of these basic courses, both for students who will later leave for a larger college and those who attend community college for other reasons.
When it comes to who decides what courses should be offered at the community college, college administrators and teachers are better suited than students in the matter. Educators and administrators have a greater view of what students need to succeed in a job and at other schools. They are more likely to understand the trends within certain fields. Additionally, as advisors and educators, they have a responsibility to turn out graduates who are able to successfully find jobs based on their skills. While students may feel like they understand what they are doing and where they are going, many students simply do not have the perspective needed to guide their own educations.
While community colleges must offer courses…
With Kim's help, I saw that I had a knack for helping people. I was able not just to be supportive of others, but I could really connect with people and help them. I also had a great knowledge of course planning for almost every major at UConn, because I liked to read through the course booklet and see what kinds of classes were out there and see the different majors and what the requisites were for each. Also, I realized that I often helped my friends with their course selections and major planning before they went to their own advisors. Therefore, I decided to major in Human Services, where my concentration was in academic advising.
Thus, in my own way, I was able to travel through each of the seven vectors identified by Chickering and elucidated by eisser, ultimately arriving at the final point: the development of purpose in…
Chickering, a.W. Education and Identity. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1969.
Straub, C. And Roberts, R.F. "An Exploration of Chickering's Theory and Women's
Development." Journal of College Student Personnel, 1986, 27, pp. 216-224.
Reisser, L. "Revisiting the Seven Vectors." Journal of College Student Personnel, 1995, 36, pp.
The United Kingdom (and Northern Ireland) used to provide free higher education to all native Brits, but contemporary economic realities have forced UK and Northern Ireland colleges and universities to charge up to the approximate equivalent of $6,000 annually to offset the enormous cost of education. Unlike Canada, Britain provides higher education at the same price for students from Continental European nations but charges students from other nations more than the maximum allowed to be charged to UK students (Ciccone & Peri, 2006). Unlike in the U.S., there are few opportunities to earn scholarships to UK colleges and universities. Similarly, higher education in Southern Ireland costs only the approximate equivalent of $2,000 in the form of registration and related fees for students from Ireland and the European Union.
France provides (essentially) free education that is paid for by public funds and only imposes a nominal annual enrollment fee that is…
Ciccone, A. And Peri, G. "Identifying human-capital externalities: Theory with applications."
Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 73, No. 2; (2006): 381-412.
Dur, R. And Glazer, A. "Subsidizing enjoyable education" Labour Economics, Vol 15, No.
5; (2008): 1023-1039.
According to both testimonials and statistics, educated people report higher levels of personal happiness and job satisfaction. In her book, Nickel and Dimed, comfortably wealthy author Barbara Ehrenreich reports being taken out for a "$30 lunch and some understated French country-style place" and discussing "future articles I might write for [the editor of Harpoer's] magazine" (1). It is lunching with this editor from Harpers that she decides to take on a monumental task: leaving her posh environment and working in a blue collar job in order to prove, or not prove, that such one can get by making so little.
It is not only her work, but also her ability to take on such a task that proves the importance of education in both personal happiness and job satisfaction. Here, in the first few lines of the introduction, Ehrenreich alludes to her education and the choices it has allowed her…
Ehrenreich, Barbara. Nickel and Dimed. New York: Holt Paperbacks, 2002.
Gamoran, Adam. Standards-Based Reform and the Poverty Gap. Washington D.C.:
Brookings Institute Press, 2007.
In this report on the No Child Left Behind Act, author Adam Gamoran looks
A two-year degree can offer an affordable foundation towards a Bachelor's degree through a community college, however, it is important to have students take courses that can easily transfer to a university when the time comes. Educators and administrators should be mindful of the importance of guiding students to choose courses wisely with a focus on transferring.
What it all Means
The changes are here to stay. Students with Bachelor's degrees are more economically successful than those who do not attain them. esearch concludes that the disparity between incomes of those who are educated and those who are not, is only going to get wider until there is serious class distinction between the two lifestyles.
Educators nationwide can work to bridge that gap at every level of education. Those charged with educating grades kindergarten through high school, need to focus on learning styles, and the importance of teaching students how…
Becker, Christine (2004) Panel examines link between jobs, education.
Nation's Cities Weekly "
Bernake, Harold (2007) RPT - Bernanke: Education Will Cut Income Gap
According to a British Study conducted on all students born in the first week of March 1958, and following them through adolescence and on until the age of twenty-three:
There were no average differences between grouped and ungrouped schools because within the grouped schools, high-group students performed better than similar students in ungrouped schools, but low-group students did worse. Students in remedial classes performed especially poorly compared to ungrouped students with similar family backgrounds and initial achievement. With low-group losses offsetting high-group gains, the effects on productivity were about zero, but the impact on inequality was substantial." (Gamoran 1992)
As Gamoran points out, grouping or "tracking" tended to accentuate a student's skills or lack thereof. High-ability students benefited from segregation, but low-ability students did even worse than before. And while low-ability pupils received no benefit whatsoever from the tracking system, neither did their schools. The net gain in performance among…
Barth, R.S. (2001). Teacher Leader. Phi Delta Kappan, 82(6), 443.
Brown Center on Education Policy, the Brookings Institution. (2000). "Part 2: A Closer Look at Mathematics Achievement." How Well are American Students Learning? Brown Center Report on American Education: 2000.
Therefore, instead of requiring non-science majors to enroll in general studies science courses such as biology, chemistry, or "physics for non-majors," the only mandatory science instruction should be courses that relate more directly to useful information. For example, obesity is a virtual epidemic in American society; therefore, a science class in practical nutrition makes mush more sense than the traditional focus of science courses for non-majors. Similarly, computer use classes would be more useful, as would classes emphasizing the logical scientific method rather than substantive science subject matter. Perhaps if mandatory scientific courses related more directly to useful information and to beneficial intellectual processes, American presidential election politics would not feature potential candidates with college (and advanced academic) degrees who still believe that Creationism or "Intelligent Design" are more plausible explanations for the existence of human life than Darwinian evolutionary theory.
As pertains to the study of foreign languages, it…
Carter, J. (2001) an Hour Before Daylight: Memories of a Rural Boyhood. New York: Touchstone.
Gardner, H. (1991) the Unschooled Mind: How Children Think and How Schools Should Teach. New York: Basic Books.
Gerrig, R, Zimbardo, P. (2005) Psychology and Life. 17th Edition.
New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Education for the Mind, Heart, And Soul
Intellectual growth, social stimulation, and holistic development: these are the main thrusts that I subscribe to; main thrusts that I used as my motivations in planning to pursue a career in pharmacy. One important reason why I chose to have a career in pharmacy is I want to achieve a formal education that constructively affects my mind, heart, and soul. These three important elements, I believe, are present in the pharmacy course I intend to take.
Why these three elements? For me, an education must not only focus on matters that promote intellectual growth, but education must also develop an individual socially and spiritually. Combination of these elements will not only make me a successful Pharmacy student, but also prepare me for a life ahead of me as a pharmacist in the future. The following are my reasons why I chose Pharmacy as…
Education for Economy Theory as it elates to Adult Education
In an economy motivated by improvement and information, in marketplaces betrothed in powerful opposition and steady regeneration, in a world of incredible chances and risks, in a culture facing multifaceted business, political, scientific, technological, health and environmental challenges, and in diverse workplaces and neighborhoods that center on mutual associations and social networking, the cleverness, nimbleness and skills of the American people are vital to U.S. competitiveness (21st Century Skills, Education & Competitiveness, 2008).
Education economics is the study of economic matters as they relate to education, comprising the demand for education and the funding and condition of education. The leading model of the demand for education is founded on human capital theory. The main idea is that undertaking education is an investment in the attainment of skills and information which will augment earnings, or offer long-range benefits such as an…
21st Century Skills, Education & Competitiveness. (2008). Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/documents/21st_century_skills_education_and_competitiveness_gui
Bouchard, P. (n.d.). Human Capital and the Knowledge Economy. Retreived from http://doe.concordia.ca/Downloads/PDF/Colloquium_PBouchard.pdf
Checchi, Daniele. (2006). The Economics of Education: Human Capital, Family Background
Even if a student has low grades, if they want to attend college, they should have the opportunity. Many students do better in college because they are more interested in their courses and in learning, and so, even if they had lower grades in high school they should have the opportunity to attend college.
Higher education prepares the students for the "real" world of work and family, but it can make a true difference in a person's life, as well. Just two examples of many that exist are Oprah Winfrey and Barack Obama. Winfrey grew up poor, was shuttled between relatives, and was molested by members of her family when she was young. She managed to attend college, and it prepared her for her career in broadcasting, which began when she was 17. "She attended Tennessee State University, where she majored in Speech Communications and Performing Arts" (Editors). She began…
Archibald, Robert B., and David H. Feldman. "Explaining Increases in Higher Education Costs." Journal of Higher Education 79.3 (2008): 268+.
Clausen, Christopher. "The New Ivory Tower: America's Higher Education Complex Is a Behemoth of Mass Production. But What, Exactly, Is Coming off the Assembly Line? A Veteran Professor and Administrator Looks Inside the New Ivory Tower." The Wilson Quarterly Autumn 2006: 31+.
Editors. "Oprah Winfrey Biography." Academy of Achievement. 2009. 9 March 2009. http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/win0bio-1 .
Nearly all failing schools fit this description (Six Secrets of School Success 2000)." If a country is to overcome educational problems, they must take into account the mentality that poverty creates and how that mentality deteriorates the wherewithal to do well in school.
Although poverty is the issue that affects most underachieving schools, the idea of the super head was conceived as the answer to poorly performing schools. According to Marshall (2001), recruiting exceptional headmasters to improve schools was begun with what was once known as the Hammersmith County School (Marshall, 2001). The local authority school was located in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham (Marshall, 2001). The neighboring schools were grant maintained and church schools (Marshall, 2001). The Hammersmith School was being closed because of poor results and OFSTED reports (Marshall, 2001). However, instead of closing the school the administration decided to reopen it and called it the…
Education. 2004. Official Site of the Labor Party. retrieved January 15, 2005 from;
Mixed feelings from 'super heads'. retrieved January 15, 2005 from; http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/2132516.stm
Superheads' call for £120k a year, (2000). retrieved January 15, 2005 from; http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/914516.stm
(Added value from associate degree 2003)
Indeed, in addition to gaining access to jobs in corporate America, college graduates also have other advantages over non-graduates. The most obvious advantage is upward mobility. College graduates have a higher lifetime earnings than non-graduates. As a result graduates also have a better quality of life than non-graduates do.
Post Secondary education is also important later in life. An article found in the journal Social Work esearch, explains that the attainment of a college degree it especially significant with women during pre-retirement (Pandey and Zhan 2002). The article asserts that having a college degree can help in solidifying a woman's well being after retirement (Pandey and Zhan 2002). The author explains that this is significant because retired women are twice as likely as retired men to live in poverty (Pandey and Zhan 2002).
The article contends that, "Economic well-being after retirement is determined largely…
Added Value from Associate Degree. (2003). Monthly Labor Review, 126(4), 2.
Boesel, D. (2001). The College Movement and Its Critics. Phi Delta Kappan, 82(7), 537.
College -- Importance, Values, and Goals
The global labor market has changed dramatically over the last half century. Increasingly, access to jobs in technology and Internet communications don't require college degrees so much as the ability to successfully contribute to a technology start-up. A recent trend shows technology entrepreneurs hiring savvy undergraduates who have become disenchanted with college (William, 2012). These young whiz-kids -- often programmers who spend their days inventing new software applications and writing code -- reject the idea of spending years in classes that seem irrelevant to their interests and result in enormous student load debt (William, 2012). The problem with this mass migration away from higher education is that there are only so many jobs in the labor market that fit this mold. Like a "one and done" college-age hoopster who shows up on campus just to get noticed, with the hope that they will be…
Hacker, A. (2012, February 28). Is Algebra Necessary? The Sunday Review. The New York Times. Retrieved http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/29/opinion/sunday/is-algebra-necessary.html
R.A. [Washington Correspondent]. (2011, January 18). The value of college. Free exchange: Education. The Economist. Retrieved http://www.economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2011/01/education_0
Williams, A. (2012, December 2). The old college try? No way. The New York Times, ST, 1, 16. New York, NY: The New York Times.
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To some, that suggests that college is a more viable alternative for many of those who would otherwise have sought jobs in the manufacturing sector previously.
However, there are at least two reasons that such a conclusion may be invalid. First, while many manufacturing jobs have disappeared, many other types of technical jobs opportunities have emerged from numerous new technologies (Klein, 2012). Many of them require vocational degrees and certifications but no college degrees. For many people without specific interests in vocational applications of any college degrees being considered, training programs for these types of jobs is much less expensive, quicker, and more likely to lead to satisfying employment options than a college diploma in a random academic area or one of great intellectual value but few employment prospects outside of academia (Klein, 2012).
Second, vocational training, in general, has changed significantly in the last several decades. Specifically, whereas vocational…
Coy, P. (2009). "The lost generation." Business Week (October 19, 2009): 33-35.
Ewing, J. (2009). "Germany's answer: The apprentice." Business Week (October 19,
Hay, J. (2013). Question of 'Is college worth it?' weighs on local students. The Press
This was achieved by the fact that college has allowed me to take 5 courses that are totally different from one another in each semester.
One of the essential aspects in personal development and eventual self-fulfillment is individual freedom. College promotes the achievement of personal development and fulfillment through providing freedom that is quite liberating. In essence, the student has to make decisions independently regarding significant aspects of his/her education. This contributes to personal development since the person is taught how to make smart choices and concentrate on what is best for him/her. As there are numerous opportunities to explore, the individual must learn to make decisions without increased supervision from parents or teachers. As a result, the ability of a person to make decisions is tested through analysis of the effectiveness of these decisions, which results in individual growth and ability to determine self-fulfillment.
Discovery of Passion:…
Ehrenreich, Barbara. "Higher Education Conformity." Alternet. Alternet, 1 May 2007. Web. 17 Sept. 2012. .
Menand, Louis. "Live and Learn." The New Yorker. Conde Nast., 6 June 2011. Web. 17 Sept. 2012. .
Schwartz, Steven. "The Higher Purpose." Times Higher Education. TSL Education Ltd., 16 May 2003. Web. 17 Sept. 2012. .
Tugend, Alina. "Vocation or Exploration? Pondering the Purpose of College." The New York Times. The New York Times, 05 May 2012. Web. 17 Sept. 2012. .
Higher Education Should Be Free
Should higher education in the United States be free? An examination of available evidence suggests that it should be. I hope to go through a number of the most persuasive argumens as to why higher education in the United States should be regarded as a public good (like clean air or working highways) rather than as a market commodity (like iPhones or Furbies). The United States is definitely out of step with the rest of the world, which does not attempt to make higher education financially inaccessible to qualified applicants. The current situation with the cost of higher education in America is untenable, as students complete their studies with crippling amounts of debt. The level of student debt has additional unexpected effects on the economic and social life of the nation, as I hope to demonstrate. Moreover recent attempts to provide free higher education, done…
Bady, Aaron and Konczal, Mike. "From Master Plan to No Plan: The Slow Death of Public Higher Education." Dissent. Fall 2012. Web. Accessed 17 March 2014 at: http://www.dissentmagazine.org/article/from-master-plan-to-no-plan-the-slow-death-of-public-higher-education
Cohen, Howard. "Who Should Pay for Higher Education?" July 8, 2003. The New York Times. Web. Accessed 17 March 2014 at: http://www.nytimes.com/ref/college/collegespecial2/coll_aascu_povcohen.html
Delbanco, Andrew. "The Universities in Trouble." May 14, 2009. The New York Review of Books. Web. Accessed 17 March 2014 at: http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2009/may/14/the-universities-in-trouble/?pagination=false&printpage=true
Frank, Thomas. "The Price of Admission." June, 2012. Harper's Magazine. Web. Accessed 17 March 2014 at: http://www.tcfrank.com/essays/The_Price_of_Admission
College a right or a privilege
For a long time majority of colleges took themselves to exist in place of a parent, and evinced a worry with the development of characters of their students. A geared up acknowledgement had long been in place that college education was a privilege, but not a right, and that individuals who enjoyed it were obligated to others. In addition a strong element of paternalism existed and it was extensively considered that college administrators and professors in particular as well as adults in general, had better knowledge of what was good for a student than the student himself. Role of taking place of parents later came to an end. Dormitory life regulations were relaxed, as the same applied generally to regulation of campus life, as well as of the curriculum. Majority of professors came to realize their function as tutor in their subject, without meddlesome…
Dewey, John. Democracy and Education. New York: Free Press. (Originally published in 1916):1966
OECD, Chapter A: The output of educational institutions and the impact of learning: Education at a Glance 2002
R.S. Peters: Ethics and education. 5th edn, George Allen & Unwin Ltd., London 1968.
R.S. Peters: The philosophy of education J.W. Tibble (Ed.):1966.
This can be achieved by creating more open universities, adult education centers and informal learning venues. Companies can be encouraged to provide employees with the facility to upgrade skills in the spare time. It can lead to a degree, but other than the necessity of the individual's employment or his or her personal interests, compulsory higher education is liable to fail. This is also because the funding problems will always persist. One of the general arguments is for the liberal education for all youth in such a manner that they become more effective in the modern industrial setting and the education must be practical and must suit the vocational calling of the student. This it is argued that it would provide for a better workforce eliminating the 'low-skilled, unemployed young people.' (Skilbeck; Connell; Lowe; Tait, 228)
In the market-based societies like UK and USA the need to create a skilled…
Barr, Nicholas; Crawford, Iain. Financing Higher Education: Answers from the UK.
Routledge: London, 2005.
Gray, David Edward; Griffin, Colin. Post-compulsory education and the new millennium.
Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2000.
education essential to my success. Since returning to school at XXX College of XXX, I have worked very hard to not only learn all I could from the courses, but to apply my knowledge to my professional life. Because my profession is in the financial industry, I believe that the degree program in Management Studies will be very helpful.
Unfortunately, I had to leave school because I was no longer able to afford tuition. I went into the workforce so that I could earn money for college and reflect on what I wanted from my university experience. I was very shy and reserved in my early college years and found it difficult to find my way in large universities. Because I came from a small private all girls' school, I was out of my comfort zone while attending a large university.
The working world taught me some lessons. I learned…
Not only are college ratings more important, but the social status of going to a highly-rated school has more added social cache for a wider variety of demographic groups. While the Ivy League schools always had a great deal of importance for their 'name' amongst a certain social set, the explosion of the college ratings industry has meant that students on virtually ever 'level' of college admissions has an obsession with rising above the competition.
Fallows takes a more light-hearted and humorous attitude towards the social obsessions of parents than does Confessore's more analytical article. "The counselors and admissions officers we interviewed said time and again that their collective message to America's parents is 'Calm down!'" he notes (Fallows 2003). But in an increasingly competitive job market, this sentiment of calm has become in scarce supply in 2010. Additionally, as noted by Fallows, the ever-increasing price tag of a private…
Confessore, N. (2003). What makes a college good? Atlantic Monthly, 292(4), 118-126. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.
Fallows, J., Ganeshananthan, V., Confessore, N., Peck, D., & Matthews, J. (2003). Our first annual college-admissions survey. Atlantic Monthly, 292(4), 104-40. Retrieved from ERIC database.
college campus across the country, students are greeted with the familiar sight of individuals seated at folding tables, with the purpose of marketing credit cards to them. These salespeople are most frequently seen during the beginning of the college semester and are usually young and attractive and smiling, barely older than the students themselves. Quite often, if a student fills out an application for the credit card, he or she may receive a small toy or a gigantic in exchange for his or her pains. hat could be more harmless? hat's wrong with having a credit card on hand, 'just in case?'
However, this familiar sight is one of the many reasons that college students are becoming more and more deeply ensnared in debt. These smiling individuals prey upon students when they are at their most vulnerable. Most of these students have just had to pay hundreds of dollars for…
Indentured Servitude Contract in 17th Century Virginia. Stratford Hall History Resource of Historical Documents. http://www.history.pdx.edu/hst201/headrts.htm
Encarta Encyclopedia. "Sharecropping."
' That is, as early as high school, students are already motivated to think about their future, to reflect and discern what professional career they would like to eventually pursue. This is accomplished in two ways, both with the intent to pursue a professional career in the future. In high school, the student chooses the course that s/he will take in college, which would reflect his/her choice of a professional career. And in college, the course and academic track that the student pursues, in addition to his/her choice of job and potential employer, remain consistent (ideally) with the goal to eventually become what the student aspired to be in high school.
While high school and college has its similarities, more pronounced are the differences between the two. One of the important differences between high school and college is the change in social environment and interactions among students, and even between…
Core Analysis - UMASS
This report is a critical analysis of the at University of Massachusetts Amherst budget. The intention of the report is to make recommendations in the university's resource allocations in order to improve spending tendencies in order to improve the quality of services provided to the students and the immediate community. The analysis includes several considerations. For example, the budget, a comparison of the schools other institutions and the services they provide to the community. Another objective of this report will be to provide a definition of quality in order to evaluate if the University of Massachusetts at Amherst is providing quality service. As budgets continue to shrink, the expectation of a public school education is still expected to be top notch. Although the Ivy League schools are credited as the best providers of a college education, public schools are actually responsible for providing 80% of…
Clawson, Dan. Presentation. Professor of Sociology and Vice-President of the faculty union, the Massachusetts Society of Professors.
FY05 House Higher Education Budget. Ed. State Budget. House of Rep. Massachusetts. 24 Sept. 2004 http://mscaunion.org/news/040430.pdf .
Shea, Rachel Hartigan, et al. "The Students Keep on Coming." U.S. News & World Report 23 Sept. 2002.
University of Massachusetts. Ed. UMASS. University of Massachusetts. 25 Sept. 2004 http://www.umass.edu .
Over the last few decades there has been an increase in the number of students that express a desire to attend collage (Haralambos and Holborn, 2010). In the U.S. 88% of high school students in the eighth grade said they wanted to go on to higher education, and approximately 70% did go on to college within a period of two years following her graduation (Venezia et al., 2013). The increase in demand and attendance maybe argued is unsurprising, given the wealth of literature which extols the virtues of a college education. Higher education is associated with a range of positive outcomes, including the potential for a higher income and the high level of affluence associated with a higher income, as well as being seen as generally socially advantageous. It has been argued that a four-year college degree has become the new "Holy Grail in American life" (Sawhill, 2013). However,…
Haralambos M, Holborn M, (2010), Sociology Themes and Perspectives, London, Collins
Nelson, B, (2012, Jan 25), Why You Should Postpone College, Forbes, [online] accessed at http://www.forbes.com/sites/brettnelson/2012/01/25/why-you-should-postpone-college/
Owen, S, Sawhillm I, (2013, May 8), Should Everyone Go To College? Brookings, [Online] accessed http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2013/05/08-should-everyone-go-to-college-owen-sawhill
Parker, S, (2013, Feb 15), Does Every High School Student Need to Go to College? [online] accessed http://www.takepart.com/article/2013/02/15/vocational-education-popular-alternative-college
Considering your analysis of your audience, how do you plan on gaining their confidence and respect and touching their emotions, and what style choices will you make in order to do so?
My audience will consist of college students and professors. Therefore, the audience will be an academic one, concerned about issues related to academia and scholarship. I plan to gain the confidence and respect of the audience with the rhetorical foundations of pathos, ethos, and logos. First, I will offer background information about myself to establish personal credibility. I will relay anecdotal evidence from people that I know. This way, I will be creating ethos and bolstering my argument. Next, I will create an emotional connection with the audience by relating my topic to their personal lives. I will inspire and motivate my audience to make meaningful changes based on the information I will present. The information will…
Bruinsma, Marjon. Effectiveness of higher education: Factors that determine outcomes of university education. Universal 2003.
Roen, DH & Willey, R.J. The effects of audience awareness on drafting and revising. Research in the Teaching of English 22(1).
College Education Should be Free for Everyone
People everywhere in the U.S. are going into major debt just to get a college diploma so they can be eligible for a career in the job market. Fifty years ago, having to get into debt just to be eligible for a job was not a characteristic of starting a career. It is a new phenomenon that has developed as a result of the federal government backstopping all student loans (Avery, Turner). Whenever the federal government gets involved in anything in the free market, prices go up (Wolfram). That is the reason health care is so expensive today: the federal government subsidizes treatments, which means producers have no problem raising the prices as they know taxpayers are going to pay for it via Uncle Sam. Since Uncle Sam also started guaranteeing student loans, colleges have no problem offering them to student and raising…
miss the daily routine: setting my alarm clock at night, the smell of fresh coffee early in the morning, the final once-over in the mirror before I would head out the door. Before long I would be joining the others hurrying to get to their desks and checking their emails for the start of a long work day. I thought I would live this sort of life until retirement age. I thought wrong.
My tenure in the corporate world was abruptly cut short seven years ago when I was diagnosed with (STATE WHAT YOUR CONDITION IS). My life was forever changed -- but I'm determined to make that change be for the better. Granted, I have been on dialysis every day now since my initial diagnosis, and I am no longer able to work in (STATE THE FIELD YOU WORKED IN) as I once did. However, I believe I have…
It is now recognized that individuals learn in different ways -- they perceive and process information in various ways. The learning styles theory suggests that the way that children acquire information has more to do with whether the educational experience is slanted toward their specific style of learning than their intelligence.
The foundation of the learning styles methodology is based in the classification of psychological types. The research demonstrates that, due to heredity factors, upbringing, and present circumstantial demands, different students have an inclination to both perceive and process information differently. These different ways of learning consist of: 1) concrete or abstract perceivers, where concrete perceivers acquire information through direct experience of doing, sensing, and feeling, and abstract perceivers, instead accept new ideas through analyzing, observing and thinking; 2) active or reflective processors -- active processors understand a new experience by immediately utilizing new information, and reflective processors analyze an…
Bruner, J. (1973). Going Beyond the Information Given. New York: Norton.
Dewey, J. (1910) How We Think. Boston: Heath.
Dryden, G. And Vos, (1999) Jeannette. The Learning Revolution. Austin, TX: Jalmar
Gardner, Howard (1983) Frames of Mind: The theory of multiple intelligences, New York: Basic Books.
Denying certain individuals access to education at all, in a society that privileges literacy, also creates a societal imbalance and social inequality, as manifested in the examples of Frederick Douglass in America (Gutek, 2005).
Consider in our own contemporary public schools, how even simple actions taken for granted like pledging allegiance to the flag affirms the value of citizenship, how demarcating winter break as a time of rest reinforces the importance of Judeo-Christian holidays, and the content of the textbooks used determines what the child will later consider 'American history' or 'Great Literature.' Editing out certain authors or entire groups of people from the body of knowledge transmitted in a nation's schools creates an exclusionary message of what is intellectually valuable that the child will carry within his or her set of core assumptions, possibly forever.
Cahn, Steven M. 1997. Classic and contemporary readings in the philosophy of…
Cahn, Steven M. 1997. Classic and contemporary readings in the philosophy of education. New York: McGraw-Hill
Gutek, Gerald L. 2005. Historical and philosophical foundations of education: A biographical introduction. 4th ed. Merrill/Prentice Hall.
" Having said man's very nature to associate himself with other people all the more gives but rational explanation to why it is very important for the children, even during their elementary years in school, to develop their interpersonal skills. In different settings, excellent interpersonal skills have always led to excellent dyadic relationships and team dynamics, and therefore generating excellent outputs. As Hogan (2004) also articulated, our personalities determine how we can be leaders in our own right within the teams we belong to.
The elementary students - because of their young minds and fresh ideas - may need to be instructed how to deal with their personal needs as well as the needs of the people around them. they must learn how to interact people in a positive way. They must learn to understand the value of giving and sharing in the same way that they should learn how…
Aristotle. 2006. http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-arist.html
Barry, David. (1991). Managing the Bossless Team: Lessons in Distributed Leadership. http://www.geocities.com/drdavidbarry/DistributedLeadership.doc
Butler, Timothy and James Waldroop. (2004). Leveraging Your Team's Interpersonal Skills. http://hbswk.hbs.edu/archive/4187.html
Dewey, J. (1897). My pedagogic creed. The School Journal (65), 3.
Education is a basic need and a fundamental right of every human being regardless of what background or class he belongs to. An important nurturing ground for any child is his primary educational institute. This is a place where a child is groomed and prepared into a confident human being in order to face the world practically in future. However, for many young children this very place becomes a source of damaging their confidence and esteem and pushing them towards isolation by subjecting them towards constant physical and/or verbal abuse. This paper highlights such forms of bullying that is prevalent in schools not only in Canada, but in many parts around the world. The paper evaluates the actions that could and that could not be classified as an act of bullying. Furthermore, the paper also evaluates the causes and effects of bullying. Finally, the paper discusses the ways in which…
Education, and that too, a quality education is a right of every human being regardless of gender, race, cast, color, creed or socio economic background. Education plays an important role in the grooming, upbringing, nurturing and mental nourishment of a person. Good education does not only guarantee good living, but also builds one's confidence and esteem. Unfortunately, the double standards and inequality in the provision of education has led to a lot of social problems. These inequalities lead to serious social gaps, and in many cases, the ones who are not among the privileged lot, face social discrimination and are treated as inferiors. There are various forms of inequality in the education system that exists. These include inequality in terms of class and economical background, racial and religious discrimination and discrimination on account of one's mental or physical abilities. The victims of these double standards usually fail to get into the same institution as their superior and privileged counter parts. However, even if they somehow manage to make into those superior institutions, they many a times are subjected to severe discrimination, both intentional, and unintentional, which makes them feel alienated and leads to their isolation. These issues, in turn have serious psychological impact on the victim (Pivik, McComas & Laflamme, 2002). Many a times, this discrimination takes an extreme form and as a result, offends and abuses the victim. This is referred to as bullying.
Bullying is one of the most common, and at the same time,
Because spelling is such an important concern to me, my first step would be to appoint a person who is concerned with this area as I am. My first strategy would therefore to create a job advertisement in which the wording would indicate the importance of this concern for me. I would also emphasize the need for excellent research skills, so that the existing policy can be modified according to the latest information on the importance of teaching spelling, as well as strategies on how to do this. During the interview phase, I would ensure that all candidates are questioned on their devotion to teaching spelling, as well as whether they have any ideas on how to implement a policy regarding this across the curriculum. The candidate will also need considerable leadership qualities to handle not only the English department at the school, but also to help implement the…
As the educational system continues to come unde inceasing amounts of scutiny, the teache is ultimately at the fulcum of pessue. They ae equied to digest new educational theoy and sot out the wheat fom the chaff. They ae asked to manage inceasing levels of divesity in the classoom, and students who come to class acoss a widening spectum of pepaedness. At the same time, they ae expected to be a students fiend, motivato, and at times suogate paent. Technological advances in the maketplace have made it necessay fo teaches to adapt to inceasing amounts of technology in the classoom. All of these issues ae coming at a time when fedeal mandates in the No Child Left Behind act ae demanding impoved pefomance, in some cased damatically impoved pefomance.
In light of the inceased levels of demands placed on teaches and the continuing decline of academic pefomance, it is…
references for ways and means of communicating and sharing information
The pedagogy takes into account the e-learning styles of different students, 4) Learners have no option other than to "hack" their way through a lesson, picking up tips and tricks as they stumble across them The pedagogy encourages the development of team communication skills, in order to reduce information overload, and leverage team learning and improve group practices and performance.
Adapted from C. Willet (2002) "eRoom for Power Users, http://www.akgroup.com/solutions/eRoom_powerusers.pdf
Part Seven: Miscellaneous.
The final section of this book contain a collection of essays that address larger cultural issues in the framework of the classroom. Equality in races, between black, white, Hispanic, and others is still a hotly debated topic. Some want to measure equality by equality of outcome. However, in an increasing diverse culture, this measuring stick often does not contain the correct units to make a valid evaluation. Schools cannot guarantee equality of outcome between students, because the outcome is a function of the input the student applies. The equality of opportunity is the cry which must be heard in educational institutions. Whether a student is male of female, white or colored, upper middle class or urban poor, schools need to provide equal access, and equal opportunity. The results, ultimately, are up to the child to take advantage of the opportunity, and become an educated person.
In this narrative, the story teller tells of both his informal education in his tribe and the formal education he received through the Indian boarding school run by whites which attempts to assimilate him to the Anglo world, one that differs greatly from the Cherokee way. What the educator can take away from this book is that the best educational approaches are those that are culturally sensitive. One of the main reason our schools are failing in low-income and high minority areas is because it was originally created to teach middle class white children. When this same curriculum is used in a low-income classroom, what is essentially happening is a modern-day form of assimilation. Instead, a more culturally sensitive approach needs to be developed, as was done by Ms. Guell.
Finally, like the educational memoir of Ms. Guell, Jesse Stuart's the Thread that Runs so True, provides a personal account…
Carter, Forrest. (2001): Education of Little Tree. Santa Fe: University of New Mexico Press.
Gruwell, Erin. (2007): Teach with Your Heart: Lessons I Learned from the Freedom Writers. New York: Broadway Books.
Stuart, Jesse. (1950): The Thread that Runs so True. New York: Simon and Schuster Adult Publishing Group.
Education in the Community
A major issue currently effecting culture, population, and demographics is that of wealth inequality. As the global economic downturn continues throughout the world, wealth disparity is increasing rapidly. This affects culture, population, and overall demographics in a litany of ways. First, due primarily to lower wages, families are postponing child birth. The uncertainty surrounding the future creates an atmosphere of fear. Families are now waiting until the economic climate becomes more certain before they have their children. Furthermore, the median income for middle class families has plummeted within the last 3 years. The median income for the average American household was roughly $51,000 in 2008. Now the median income is roughly $48,000. This creates problems as families are less apt to spend money are discretionary activities that form the basis of their culture. Holiday spending, for example has yet to reach its 2007 heights. Families are…
1) "Employment Situation Summary." U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Web. 14 July 2011. .
2) Rice Culture of China." China.org.cn - China News, Weather, Business, Travel & Language Courses. Web. 14 July 2011. .
3) "History of American Agriculture - Farm Machinery and Technology." Inventors. Web. 14 July 2011. .
4) Breaden, M.C. (2008, Feb 6), "Teacher-Quality Gap Examined Worldwide," Education Week, Feb. 6, 2008. Education Trust,
Education of the Heart, Soul, And Mind
This paper explores the personal meaning of an education of the heart, mind, and soul.
An Education of the Heart, Mind, and Soul: Personal Meaning true education is so much more than simply learning certain facts and figures. While such rote information is useful and has its place, a true education is enriching for the entire person. All five senses are engaged and enlivened, the mind is opened up to a universe of ideas and possibilities, and the emotions are touched in many subtle, magic ways. A true education is not one of merely learning, but one of enrichment for the heart, mind, and soul. When an educational experience engages and uplifts the heart, mind, and soul, it affects the whole person in ways limited only by the imagination.
Music, art, and drama need to be included in this type of whole-person education.…
Finding out about other peoples and cultures, through technology, will be an essential part of education in the years to come.
Numerous aspects of the current educational system will need to be improved in future years. The focus must be on children's individual needs and abilities. Today, standardized tests and general requirements frequently restrict students' opportunities to learn. Many youngsters do not get the attention they need, or the enrichment they deserve. Teachers often lack the necessary resources to prepare children for the real world, or to deal with children's real world problems. "Teaching to the test" creates its own difficulties for the educator, leaving many unprepared for atypical classroom situations. Young people have difficulties at home, or in their personal lives, and educators do not have the training to deal with these potentially serious problems. Disruptive and violent behavior can lead to tragedy. Children do not receive sufficient ethical…
13. I also think that field experiences in the community are extremely necessary for success.
14. I don't think enough teachers complete their practicum or student teach in minority schools, and I think this area is underserved and not supported enough by administration and community in many areas.
15. I don't think many teachers would want immersion, living and teaching in a minority community, and I think this is far underserved in the educational community.
16. The group-setting model is very prevalent, and it does make for more challenge and support throughout college.
Almost all of these elements are extremely relevant to the 21st century learner, teacher, and total school environment. As classrooms become more diversified and unique, today's teachers must make more attempts to understand the different blends of students and cultures that fill their classroom, and educational curriculum is key to this basic understanding. Classrooms are not going…
Coballes-Vega, C. (1992). Considerations in teaching culturally diverse children. Retrieved from the Eric Digests Web site: http://www.ericdigests.org/1992-4/diverse.htm31 Aug. 2007.
Willis, a.I. (2000). Critical issue: Addressing literacy needs in culturally and linguistically diverse classrooms. Retrieved from the North Central Regional Educational Laboratory Web site: http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/content/cntareas/reading/li400.htm31 Aug. 2007.
Zeichner. (1993). 16 key elements of effective teacher education for diversity. Retrieved from the North Central Regional Educational Laboratory Web site: http://ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/educatrs/presrvce/pe3lk5.htm31 Aug. 2007.
Education - Classroom Management
Relationship etween the Use of ehavior Contracts and Student's Ability to Stay on Task
An Introduction to ehavioral Contracting
In dealing with children, there are cases when a teacher encounters a child who does not behave in a normal way as other children do. For instance, a child may show constant inattentiveness to learning, or may demonstrate irresponsiveness to discipline. A child with such disruptive behaviors oftentimes requires special attention and monitoring as part of a process of modifying an unpleasant behavior into an appropriate one. One strategy used to deal behavioral difficulties of a child is ehavioral Contracting. From Family Education Network (online), the following is a definition of behavioral contracting.
A behavioral contract is a written contract that specifies the child's behavioral obligations in meeting the terms of the contract and the teacher's (or parent's) obligations once the child has met his or her…
Watson, Christopher. Behavior Modification, A Proactive Intervention for the Classroom.
2003. University of Minnesota. 28 November 2003. http://ici2.umn.edu/preschoolbehavior/tip_sheets/behmod.htm
Gale Encyclopedia of Childhood & Adolescence. 28 November 2003. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/g2602/0000/2602000079/p1/article.jhtml
The empirical design and its results, not age, should determine the validity and relevance of a given educational theory. Too often, educational policy makers and the professional support system skip from level one research (theory and conjecture based on correlations) to policy. A shared knowledge base might be created from theory alone and as Grossen (nd) points out, it often is. "Most of the educational practices that become widely disseminated in our university teacher-training programs and across the nation do not even have level two research support, nevermind level three," (Grossen nd).
Greater gatekeeping is necessary to restore the integrity of the educational policy system and the professional networks that support it. Current gatekeepers do not draw their policies from science but from opinion. Almost all of the most popular educational theories touted today have little to no empirical support. Grossen lists a litany of common teaching methods and theories…
Grossen, B. (nd). What does it mean to be a research-based profession? Retrieved July 10, 2007 at http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~bgrossen/pubs/resprf.htm
Over the last several years, educators have been facing considerable challenges in meeting rising expectations for performance. This is because a host of solutions (such as the No Child Left Behind Act) have not addressed the lack of student achievement. Instead, academic performance has continued to linger and become worse in some areas (i.e. mathematics and science). (Hannah, 2012)
In New Jersey, the Core Content and Common Core Curriculum standards is designed to provide clarity on specific subjects and topics students must learn in order to graduate from high school. To fully understand how this occurring requires examining the way it is related to the concepts from Mary Zimmerman's Metamorphoses and a contemporary issue. This will be accomplished by focusing on the modes of communication, its shape and the way the literature can provoke cultural insights. Together, these elements will highlight how the Core Content and Common Core Curriculum…
Science Standards. (2013). NJ. Retrieved from: http://www.nj.gov/education/cccs/standards/5/
Hannah, D. (2012). 5 Ways No Child Left Behind Act. American Progress. Retrieved from: http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/education/news/2013/04/08/59542/5-ways-no-child-left-behind-waivers-help-state-education-reform/
Rich, M. (2012). U.S. Students Still Lag. New York Times. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/11/education/us-students-still-lag-globally-in-math-and-science-tests-show.html?_r=0
Wandberg, R. (2000). Communication. Mankato, MN: Life Matters.
Dr. Frank Pajares, writing in Reading and riting Quarterly (Pajares 2003), points out that in his view of Bandura's social learning theory, individuals are believed to possess "self-beliefs that enable them to exercise a measure of control over their thoughts, feelings, and actions."
As has been mentioned earlier in this paper, but put a slightly different way by Pajares ("Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Motivation, and Achievement in riting: A Review of the Literature") based on Bandura, behaviorists can better predict what individuals are capable of based on "their beliefs about their capabilities" than by what they are actually capable of accomplishing.
This aspect of self-efficacy carries over into a student's writing abilities; and a writer with a "strong sense of confidence" may excel while writing an essay because there will be less apprehension over the quality of what the writer is trying to express. The writer may have some doubts about whether…
Brandon, Thomas H.; Herzog, Thaddeus a.; Irvin, Jennifer E.; & Gwaltney, Chad J. (2004).
Cognitive and social learning models of drug dependence; implications for the assessment of Tobacco dependence in adolescents. Addiction, 99(1), 51-77.
Center on English Learning and Achievement. (2002). Scaffolding Student Performance of New and Difficult Tasks. Retrieved March 10, 2007, at http://cela.albany.edu/newslet/fall02/scaffolding.htm.
Demant, Meagan S, & Yates, Gregory C.R. (2003). Primary Teachers' Attitudes Toward the Direct Instruction Construct. Educational Psychology, 23(5), 483-489.