Comedy Essays (Examples)

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Nora Ephron and Romantic Comedies

Words: 2989 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68361704

On the contrary, "You Have Got Mail" is a new style of comedy movie that involves romance in a much open manner that it could not attract all age groups.

Key Features of New Comedy

Few traits of new comedy are as follows:

It revolves more around a boy and a girl and their love story

It involves a lot of physical relationship between male and female ( Richmond )

Related with love, desire and money

The comedy involves many subjects that were not considered as appropriate to be discussed openly in the past like homosexuality (Duralde).

Sex related jokes have become an integral part of comedy

Sex is also involved in today's concept of comedy

Destructive Impacts of Comedy

Comedy has always been a source of entertainment for every individual of all fields of life. It is a means to relax and with its involvement in Hollywood movies, number…… [Read More]


Bowman, Barbara . Master Space: Film Images of Capra, Lubitsch, Sternberg, and Wyler. New York: Greenwood Press, 1992.

Ciecko, Anne. "Hollywood's "Scriptgirls." Literature/Film Quarterly (2000): 33-55.

Duralde, Alonso. "Where the Gays Are: A Quick Look at the Queerest Movies the Season Has to Offer. (Summer Movie Special)." The Advocate (the national gay & lesbian newsmagazine) (2002): 33-44.

Kaufman, David. "Unfinished Women." 27 January 2003. The Nation. 1 May 2013.
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Romantic Comedies Love Has Been

Words: 1026 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66765155

This film depicts the life of a woman who has not lived up to her cultural expectations and by the time she is thirty, she realizes that she is getting too old to find love. She then meets a man whom she falls in love with, but the problem lies in his not being from her same ethnic and cultural background. This creates turmoil among her extremely traditional family. Her father refuses to accept her new fiance, but insisting that she is in love, she gets her family to accept a non-Greek individual into their family. Unlike It Happened One Night (1934), My Big Fat Greek Wedding (2002) shows how culture influences love in our civilization.

The relationship between these two individuals, demonstrates how much love means in our society. The underlying concern in this case is how two different cultures could unite to form a mutual one where everyone…… [Read More]


My Big Fat Greek Wedding. Dir. Joel Zwick. Perf. Nia Vardalos and John Corbett.

Gold Circle Film, 2002. Film.

It Happened One Night. Dir. Frank Capra. Perf. Clark Gable and Claudette

Colbert. Columbia Pictures, 1934. Film.
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Spring Awakening Examining Melodrama as

Words: 784 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45135830

This suggests that it is an intellectual understanding of her friend's beatings and not a true emotional empathy that she is after. Though the scene is most definitely tragic, if it is approached with the same intellectual curiosity that the two adolescents bring to it can only be seen as an episode of horribly dark humor. The fact that endla can be so foolish as to desire an intellectual understanding of child abuse shows her complete lack of a true appreciation for the situation, and is thus a comic -- not necessarily humorous, but comical nonetheless -- situation.

The end of a play is also one way to determine if a particular work is a comedy or a tragedy. The fact that Moritz and endla are both unnecessarily dead at the end of the play at first seems to suggest a tragedy, as does Melchior's expulsion. hen the characters end…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Wedekind, Frank. Spring Awakening, Edward Bond, trans. London: Methuen Drama, 1980.
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Bergson and Kubrick How I

Words: 3234 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88954084

And Sellers plays the repressed social engineer Strangelove, the timid Merkin Muffley, and the persevering Mandrake -- all with mechanical precision. Kubrick's unflinching camera acts as a character, too, slyly observing the exposition of humanity in all its grimly humorous glory.

This film belongs to a culture that has rejected the status quo -- the quaint picturesque comedies of the 1940s and 1950s; it belongs to a culture that is bordering on nihilism, anarchy, revolution -- anything that will help it to get away from the culture that has brought us the faceless, nameless idiots running the ar Room in Dr. Strangelove. The film offers no solutions -- it only asks us to present ourselves to world with fresh eyes, a pure soul able and willing to laugh at its human foibles and failings, and begin to meditate upon a new direction, a new solution perhaps to the problem of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aristotle. Poetics. Sacred-texts. 13 May 2013. Web. < http://www.sacred->

Bergson, Henri. Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic. NY: MacMillan,

1914. Print.
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Dante and Beatrice an Analysis of the

Words: 3655 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76156362

Dante and Beatrice

An Analysis of the Relationship of Beatrice to Dante

Dante describes his meeting with Beatrice at an early age and in La Vita Nuova (The New Life) discusses and poeticizes the love he instantly held for her. Beatrice becomes for Dante a gate to the divine love that he examines in La Comedia, today referred to as The Divine Comedy. This paper will analyze the relationship between Dante and Beatrice and show how her role in his life is like that of a muse -- an agent of God, drawing the poet closer and closer not to herself but to the Divine.

The Vita Nuova

In the Vita Nuova, of course, Dante is drawn solely to Beatrice without anticipating the higher love that Beatrice reflects in her own person. It is this reflection in her that attracts Dante, although he does not place it as a reflection…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dante. The Inferno. [trans. John Ciardi]. NY: New American Library, 2003. Print.

Dante. The Paradiso. [trans. John Ciardi]. NY: New American Library, 2003. Print.

Dante. The Purgatorio. [trans. John Ciardi]. NY: New American Library, 2003. Print.

Dante. The Vita Nuova. London: Parker, Son, and Bourn, 1862. Print.
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Race and Social Class in

Words: 1772 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93329578

In fact, the Toy is considered to be one of the most racist films of all time due to these issues (Sastry).

Blazing Saddles and the Toy approach comedy from distinct perspectives, and although they may have common elements, the differences in their approach to humor, comedy, and race allow the audience to understand why Blazing Saddles is successful in its commentary on society and why the Toy fails miserably at changing people's perspectives about society in a positive way. Brooks's approach to race and social status helps to redefine how blacks were viewed in cinema, and also helps to demonstrate that previous cinematic depictions have been skewed due the control exercised by Hollywood executives. On the other hand, Donner's approach to race and social status ends up being degrading, racist, and further reinforces negative stereotypes of race and social status. It is through these various depictions and approaches that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Blazing Saddles. Directed by Mel Brooks. United States: Warner Bros., 1974. DVD.

Dirks, Tim. "Comedy Films." AMC Filmsite. Web. 13 April 2013.

Rice, Kathryn. "Race Consciousness and Class Invisibility in American Comedy." Dissident

Voice: A radical newsletter in the struggle for peace and social justice. 4 Sept 2010. Web. 12 April 2013.
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Romeo & Juliet the Most

Words: 972 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31789714

Juliet's speeches to the Friar after learning that she must marry Paris in a week's time indicate this as she lists the horrors she would rather endure: "bid me leap... / From off the battlements of any tower...lurk / here serpents are; chain me with roaring bears..." (Riverside 1130, IV.i. 77-80). She continues in much the same vein, and this is not her only moment of such emotional extremity. To see this as comedic, it must be remembered that Juliet is only twelve years old, and Romeo probably around fourteen, and although people married younger in those days it is ridiculous to assume that they could possibly have had the same emotional maturity as other of Shakespeare's heroes and heroines.

In Baz Luhrmann's 1997 film version of Romeo and Juliet, certain aspects of the storyline are also ridiculously overblown. Luhrmann does not attempt to approach comedy in the tragic moments…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dobson, Michael. "Shakespeare on the Page and on the Stage." The Cambridge

Companion to Shakespeare. New York: Cambridge University Press 2001.

Evans, G. Blakemore and M. Tobin, eds. The Riverside Shakespeare. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2003.

Shakespeare, William. Romeo and Juliet. In the Riverside Shakespeare.
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Hang Over A Comedic Analysis

Words: 1468 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86219523

The city itself is a draw for drunken debauchery and many of the stereotypical Las Vegas attitudes and cultural keystones pervade the film. One of the friends marries a stripper named Jade, played by Heather Graham, who in fact is the mother of the baby the three friends find in their hotel suite near the beginning of the film. The film's attempt at complete plot extremes are realized in this plot twist, as well as when conservative, conscientious dentist Stu, as played by Ed Helms, awakes to find one of his incisors missing. Later in the film, the audience learns that Stu has removed his own tooth with a pair of pliers on a drunken bet. The base level irony and extreme nature of Stu's drunken behavior are also highlights of the film, and help make this comedy fun to watch and very unpredictable.

The group of friends has to…… [Read More]

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Merchant Parents Child Parent Models in

Words: 1658 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5905049

The parallels between these situations and Frye's basic assessment of the plot of New Comedies are not, perhaps, immediately apparent, but they have the same effect by the end of the play, where "the audience witnesses the birth of a renewed sense of social integration" (Frye 94). The parent/child relationships have been largely done away with in favor of te romantic ties that seem to be favored by the play. It is disingenuous, however, to dismiss the issue of class in this play outright. In many ways, the relationships between the various fathers and their children can be een to be indicative of class lines. Launcelot's position and its possible implications in his treatment of his father have already been discussed, but both his and Jessica's treatment of Shylock still deserved comment. Jessica is somewhat exonerated for her actions towards her father (again, the degree depends on the particular choices…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Frye, Northrop. "The Argument of Comedy." Shakespeare, Russ McDonald, ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2004.

Shakespeare, William. The Merchant of Venice. New York: Folger, 1997.
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Humor in Three Films

Words: 1394 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18718933

Humor in 3 Films

Comedy has often provided the perfect vehicle for social and political commentary. Three films that use comedy to as the basis for social and political commentary are Duck Soup (1933), The Great Dictator (1940), and Some Like It Hot (1959). Duck Soup, The Great Dictator, and Some Like It Hot provide commentary on social and political issues, as well as on issues of sex and gender.

Duck Soup is a Marx Brothers classic directed by Leo McCarey in which Groucho Marx plays Rufus T. Firefly, a man who is appointed to the position of Freedonia, a small country that has recently gone bankrupt (Duck Soup). Firefly's appointment as leader is made as part of an agreement between undisclosed members of the country in exchange for continued financial support from Mrs. Gloria Teasdale, a wealthy widow. At the same time, Freedonia's neighbor, Sylvania, is plotting to take…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Duck Soup. Directed by Leo McCarey. United States: Paramount Pictures, 1933. Netflix Instant

Streaming. Web. 1 March 2013.

The Great Dictator. Directed by Charles Chaplin. United States: United Artists, 1940. DVD.

Polsson, Ken. "Chronology of World History." 14 February 2013. Web. 1 March 2013.
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Music A Connection to the

Words: 2215 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11572506

His father agreed to teach him music if he would marry his daughter. The man agreed, but the girl was so ugly that they never spoke. They continued to learn music with the father's strict teaching. The man leaves and does not marry the daughter. She is coming to the river to purify herself and to rid herself of desire. The narrator in the story is at the same river to rid him of worldly desires, just as the daughter is trying to.


The moral of this story is that music and its spiritual connection is better than any earthly desire. e see the same portrayal of music and spirituality in Dante's work as well. Music is used in Dante's work to signal the reader that something wonderful and beyond normal human experience is happening. Music is used to set the mood in Dante's work. For instance, the use…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aligheri, Dante. Paradise. The Divine Comedy. Tanscribed by Judith Smith and Natalie

Salter. Project Gutenburg. Trans Rev. H.F. Cary. Online at

King James Bible. Ezekiel I (17-2210.

Mehta, Gita. A River Sutra (New York N.A. Talese, 1993)
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Humor in America Evolution of

Words: 2916 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97706464

For example, the popular sitcoms Good Times and Sanford and Son showed working class neighborhoods and the problems of violence, crime, and social oppression, and yet how humor always finds its way into these character's lives.

The 1970s also brought about a new late night live comedy show, called Saturday Night Live. This show had its first run from 1975 to 1980, and made political humor the centerpiece of Saturday night television. The original cast consisted of Dan Aykroyd, John Belushi, Chevy Chase, George Coe, Jane Curtin, Garrett Morris, Laraine Newman, Michael O'Donoghue and Gilda Radner, a diverse mix of young comedians from around New York City. Saturday Night Live is famous for its portrayals of U.S. Presidents, from Gerald Ford to Barack Obama, and has helped to shape Americans impressions of how these presidents have reacted to events in the world. (Boskin, 46) Saturday Night Live created a demanding…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Boskin, J. (1997). Rebellious laughter: People's humor in american culture. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.

Dudden, a. (1989). American humor. (p. 184). New York: Oxford University Press.
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samantha bee and jesse watters'satire

Words: 2085 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37027025

Political satire has long been a standard method of political and social commentary. Jonathan Swift's essay "A Modest Proposal" is a prime example of how satire is a powerful vehicle for raising awareness about critical social and political issues, but doing so in a relatively nonthreatening and accessible way. In the United States, political cartoons have long been the bastion of political satire. Howeve, r as allachy puts it, "American satire has changed a great deal since Benjamin Franklin's 'Join or Die' cartoon," (1). Technology is one reason why political satire in America has changed its approach. Both Jesse atters and Samantha Bee have traditional television shows on the one hand, but both also benefit from new media both to find fodder for their discussions but also to propagate their ideas. However, there are critical differences between these two political humor shows. The most glaring difference is that Bee offers…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Batalion, Judy. "Jewish Joke's On You." Jewish Quarterly, Vol. 64, No.1, 2017, pp. 33-35.

Becker, Amy B. and Bode, Leticia. "Satire as a source for learning? The differential impact of news versus satire exposure on net neutrality knowledge gain." Information, Communication, and Society, 2017, DOI: 10.1080/1369118X.2017.1301517

Bee, Samantha. Full Frontal. [Various Episodes].

Johnson, Derek. "Activating Activism." Critical Studies in Media Communication, 2017,
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Moore Flight Sincerity Sarcasm and

Words: 1258 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55906064

In the third chapter of Flight, Zits describes who is perhaps "the only real friend of [his] life" as a "pretty white boy" who "doesn't even like or respect Jesus -- or Allah or Buddha or LeBron James or any other God" (Alexie 24). In what is otherwise a very poignant passage, where Zits is explaining is near-instant love for this boy he meets in jail, the mention of LeBron James in the company of various prophets/deities is a not-so-subtle cynical undercut of what could be an intensely emotional scene. It is not further referenced, and this type of occurrence doesn't appear again in this passage, but there is a sense of slight self-mocking throughout due to remarks like these.

The self-mocking is anything but slight in Moore's "How to Become a riter." The speaker opens by telling you to try to be something else, and to fail at it…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alexie, Sherman. Flight. New York: Grove Press, 2007.

Moore, Lorrie. "How to Become a Writer." In Self-Help. New York: Grand Central Publishing, 1995.
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Comedians Robbin Williams Jim Carrey I Love

Words: 850 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17740994

comedians obbin Williams Jim Carrey. I love actors favorite comedic actors. obin Williams Jim Carey a slapstick stand routines.

Comparing and Contrasting Jim Carrey and obin Williams

Brief intro into comedy history and it's transformation

What comedy means

obin Williams

Biographical information

Comedy background

Jim Carrey

Biographical information

Comedy background

Compare both characters

Slapstick comedy

apid fire verbal and physical comedy

Stand-up comedy when first started career

Contrast both characters

Age difference

Williams has had longer career than Carrey

Types of comedy when first began career

Carrey more physical

Williams more "silly" and "off the wall"

Success rates with other genre besides comedy

Williams has had more "serious" roles than Carrey

Williams has a higher success rate than Carrey in other venues besides cinema iii. Williams more awards than Carrey

Williams in more roles outside of comedy

VI- Conclusion

a. Summary of paper

b. How the two comedians have made…… [Read More]

Robin Williams and Jim Carrey have been known for doing very similar comedic routines. Both actors started off with stand-up comedy and moved onto slapstick and physical comedy as their next career move. Williams acted in Mork and Mindy (1978), which made him into a household name and sealed his success rate with viewers from then on. Jim Carrey was a regular on In Living Color (1990) and also aided in helping Carrey advance his career. Both actors have been recognized for their contribution to Hollywood, since both of them have won awards for their performances inside and outside of the comedy genre. Both actors have also been invited to perform on Saturday Night Live for their amazing sketch comedy. Although Jim Carrey and Robin Williams have both had about the same amount of influence in Comedy history, they have made their impact in very different ways.

Both actors have had tremendous success rates in comedy and both have moved on to become icons in this generation, but the way they have done so has differed. Williams has had a longer career than Jim Carrey has, giving him more opportunity for success. Carrey has always had a more physical aspect to his comedy in his career than Williams has. Carrey's focus in cinema has tended to always deal with comedy (except for some roles in movies like The Majestic (2001) and Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004)), while Williams on the other hand, has more than dabbled into more genres, including Drama, Children's Cinema, Action, and Science Fiction. Williams has also been recognized more for his other roles outside of Comedy; he has won an Academy Award, which Carrey is yet to do. Robin Williams is also known for being the most "off the wall" comedian out of the two. His routines have been more provocative than Carrey, giving Williams the edgier career. Although both comedians have been successful at what they specialize in, comedy, only Robin Williams has truly mastered the art of acting outside of the comedic role.

In conclusion, both comedians have had such an important impact on our society, that it is nearly impossible to imagine Hollywood and Cinema without these two characters. From the 1970's until now, and probably for a while, both Robin Williams and Jim Carrey will continue to entertain viewers with their charismatic personas and their great talent.
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Comedic Writing How Does One Describe the

Words: 1754 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73604233

Comedic Writing

How does one describe the nature of comedy? Comedy is both simple and complicated. How comedy works is simple, but what is funny is complicated. Comedy describes the nature of the universe in universal terms. Every culture has a sense of humor. Every culture across the global and across time values humor. There are figures in literature and culture such as "the fool," and "the jester." These kinds of figures in literature and history and culture are valuable. The voice of comedy is often one that is able to cross social boundaries/construction, class, institutions, etc. The Shakespearean fool gets to speak the truth when often many other characters cannot. As Shakespeare wrote in "Hamlet," "Much truth is said in jest." Comedy as a psychological expression or function is also very interesting. The ways people use comedy say a lot about who they are and what they think. Comedic…… [Read More]


Swift, Jonathan. "A Modest Proposal." 1729

Wilde, Oscar. "The Importance of Being Earnest." 1895.

Wodehouse, P.G. "Jeeves & the Unbidden Guest." 1915.
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Jennifer Saunders AB Fab

Words: 3815 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95308377

She notes that "the laughter from the women in the group led to a pretty obvious bleeding of mascara" (2006). During this uproar, a male voice from the audience piped up and said he didn't find any of it funny. A few more men murmured sounds of agreement. The man said these women were nothing more than a couple of drunks. He ended with the comment, "I don't get the joke" (2006). Umberto Eco has a theory on comedy and cathartic pleasure, "the rule has to be completely understood and, according to Eco, 'inviolable'" (2006).

For women to be able to express themselves freely without worrying if men get the joke or not is important and about time. Sex has always been a part of a discursive notion of 'fun', one with rigidly drawn boundaries which position readers in specific ways. "Men were in on the joke; women could play…… [Read More]


Arthurs, Jane. (1999). Women's bodies (Sexual politics). Continuum International


Berman, Garry. (1999). Best of the Britcoms: From Faulty Towers to Absolutely

Fabulous. Taylor Trade Publishing.
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Restoration Drama

Words: 4917 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85708015

Restoration Drama: the Rake as a Symbol of Social Disorder

One of the distinctive features of Restoration comedy is the figure of the rake as romantic hero. The image of the rake-hero is of a witty, cynical, calculating, and self-serving man who pursues his own pleasure above all other considerations. Antagonistic to established rules and mores, the rake rejects conventional ideas of virtue, integrity, fidelity, restraint; above all he adopts a rhetorical position of opposition to the institution of marriage. However, it is significant that in most plays which feature a rake-hero in a prominent role, he becomes reconciled to the concept of marriage and ends up either actually married or firmly committed to marriage. It is the contention of this paper that first, it is overly simplistic to see the rake as irredeemably opposed to marriage, and that the relationship between such figures and the institution of wedlock is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Birdsall, Virginia Ogden. Wild Civility: the English Comic Spirit and the Restoration Stage. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1970.

Cibber, Colley. Love's Last Shift. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1973.

Clayton, R. & Cordner, M. eds. Four Restoration Marriage Plays. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Dharwadker, Aparna. 'Class, Authorship, and the Social Intertexture of Genre in Restoration Theater.' Studies in English Literature, 37, 3 (1997), 461-82.
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Funny Thing Happened on the

Words: 877 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13747199

Pseudolus carries a large portion of the dialogue and appears in most of the scenes. Pseudolus introduces the characters and scenes in the movie's opening, and speaks directly to the audience. While one is not expected to find sympathy with the character, it is recognized that the servi character, particularly Pseudolus, is the best-informed character and his machinations directly impact most of what occurs in the movie.

The character of Miles Gloriosus is named after the Roman character archetype. The name refers to a braggart soldier. This character typically is full of himself, viewing himself as superior. For example when Marcus Lycus says that he is dazzled by Miles' presence, Miles responds "Everyone is." Miles Gloriosus serves the plot by providing a comedic counterpoint to the protagonist of the play, the adulescens character.

The braggart soldier is a traditional archetype in Roman theatre, largely because the character was familiar to…… [Read More]

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Music and Dance in Indian Films in

Words: 2575 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30617024

Music and Dance in Indian Films

In sheer quantity, INDIA produces more movies than any other country in the world-over 900 feature-length films in at least 16 languages, according to a recent industry survey. This productivity is explained by several factors: the size of the Indian audience, low literacy rates, the limited diffusion of television in India, and well-developed export markets in both hemispheres. (

In its historical development, India's film industry paralleled that of the West. Dadasaheb Phalke's Raja Harishchandra, the first silent film for popular consumption, appeared in 1913; Alam Ara, the first "talkie," was released in 1931. ut the Indian cinema derived its unique flavor from the older Indian musical theater-particularly from the Urdu poetic dramas of the late nineteenth century. The influence of this tradition ensured that Indian movies would favor mythological or legendary-historical stories, that their dialogue would carry an Urdu flavor even in languages…… [Read More]


National Identity in Indian Popular Cinema 1947-1987 (Texas Film Studies) by Sumita S. Chakravarty Univ of Texas Pr; (December 1993)

Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema by Ashish Rajadhyaksha (Editor), Paul Willemen (Editor) British Film Inst; Revised edition (September 1999)

Cinema of Interruptions: Action Genres in Contemporary Indian Cinema by Lalitha Gopalan British Film Inst; (July 1, 2002)
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Film and Events in American History There

Words: 927 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43825457

film and events in American history. There are five references used for this paper.

Some events in history and various aspects of the entertainment industry have been known to affect each other. It is interesting to determine whether the Great Depression affected American Comedy, as well as why newsreels were important during orld ar II, and how they influenced fictional combat film.

The Great Depression

hen the Great Depression occurred, many Americans went from living in comfortable homes with plenty to eat, to living on the streets and begging for money and food on corners. These people did not have many reasons to laugh, and therefore it was important for the entertainment industry to find ways to take their minds of their troubles.

The Screwball Comedy

Since the "earliest days of cinema, there has been the existence of clown comedy, however the screwball variety arose during the Great Depression. One…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bresler, Robert J. "The death of Hollywood's Golden Age and the changing American character." USA Today. (1997): 01 March.

Gehring, Wes D. "Screwballs of the silver screen: a treasured comedy genre turns 70: the

1934 releases of 'It Happened One Night' and 'Twentieth Century' launched

Hollywood into an era of madcap zaniness that endures to this day." USA Today
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Afraid of Virginia Woolf Classic Tragedies Possess

Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44980532

Afraid of Virginia Woolf?

Classic tragedies possess tragic heroes and cataclysmic endings. Otherwise strong and potentially great leaders fall prey to human character flaws such as hubris. In a true tragedy, the protagonist does not emerge victorious, but rather, typically brings about their own and others' downfalls. Tragic heroes squander their personal power and usually learn from their mistakes, but moments too late. Classical tragedies rarely have more than a smidgen of comic relief and are typically devoid of lighter moments. Comedies, on the other hand, can include tragic elements and remain comedies. So-called "black" comedies include elements of the tragic and the funny. Through farce, the themes of the drama are imparted powerfully. Edward Albee's play Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf is therefore an example of a comedy, not a tragedy. The play's protagonist, George, is no tragic hero, and nor is his wife Martha. Unlike classic heroes like…… [Read More]

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Admired Those That Have Done

Words: 627 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82390172

Instead, he proved that art can be achieved through more than one means and that his movies would ultimately achieve great results in the film industry.

The main reason for why Kubrick has drawn many critiques for his movies is that he chose to satirize society through a series of cliches.

Similar to Kubrick, Park Chan-Wook, the South-Korean filmmaker, has intended to make movies that would bring together both comedy and drama into films that have a touch of satire of the society.

Park's films are generally recognized for the direct way that he uses to make his audience better accustomed with his work. Both Park and Kubrick have abused extreme violence and S.F. In their movies, but this only added to the dramatic feeling that one gets when viewing one of their creations. Kubrick and Park stand out from the rest of the film directors for the reason that…… [Read More]

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New Historicists' Viewpoints on Renaissance

Words: 2688 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62994132

In addition, Lett (1987) emphasizes that, "Cultural materialists maintain that a society's modes of production and reproduction determine its social structure and ideological superstructure, but cultural materialists reject the metaphysical notion of Hegelian dialectics that is part of dialectical materialism" (80). Indeed, according to Bradshaw (1993), "the British cultural materialist knows that the 'radical,' 'subversive,' 'marginal,' or 'dissident' perspective is always superior (9). This author maintains that British cultural materialist readings of Shakespeare tend to assign particular characters or speeches a privileged, supra-dramatic significance that may override meaningful analysis if care is not taken (Bradshaw 9).

According to Bate (1994), it has become increasingly common in recent years for scholars to adopt either the new historicism or cultural materialist perspective alone when considering these literary works, particularly as they apply to Shakespeare. In this regard, MacDonald (1994) suggests that the New Historicist camp enjoys a clear advantage because they "define…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bate, Jonathan. Shakespeare and Ovid. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Bertens, Hans. Literary Theory: The Basics. London: Routledge, 2001.

Bradshaw, Graham. Misrepresentations: Shakespeare and the Materialists. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1993.

Cartelli, Thomas. Marlowe, Shakespeare and the Economy of Theatrical Experience. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991.
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Rage in Shakespeare of All the Emotions

Words: 828 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10588138

Rage in Shakespeare

Of all the emotions, rage is one of the most unpredictable and often ends with unexpected consequences. illiam Shakespeare used rage as a major theme is many of his plays because of the unexpected consequences of the emotion. In his play Othello, for instance, rage was used as a tool by which tragedy ultimately occurs. On the other hand, in The Comedy of Errors, Shakespeare used tragedy to invoke a comedic response on the part of the audience. These two plays demonstrate how rage can be used in different ways with different results.

One of the most prominent themes of Shakespeare's Othello is that of rage, it dominated the entire play. It began with the rage of Iago, who has been angered because he had been passed over for a promotion. His rage unleashed a series of events that caused a great deal of destruction, not only…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"The Compete Text of Othello." Shakespeare Online. Web. 01. Dec. 2011.


" The Complete Text of The Comedy of Errors." Shakespeare Online. Web. 02 Dec.

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Aristophanes Fragments

Words: 3386 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68304506

Aristophanic invective against a rival dramatist: the fragment from the lost Lemnian omen included in Henderson's edition as number 382, attested to in two separate ancient sources (suggesting it was considered a particularly choice joke):

Because it is a pun made on the name of the tragedian Dorillus or Dorilaos -- we are not sure of the spelling, since none of his work survives and the pun in Aristophanes' fragment is the chief testimony to his work -- Henderson finds a novel solution for translating this untranslatable joke: "the women fence off their pussy shelleys" (Henderson 291). As a hint to the plot of the lost Lemnian women, the sense of sexual pleasure being deliberately withheld, as in Lysistrata, seems to adhere to this particular fragment: but indeed Martin (1987), in an important article on the use of the mythology of Lemnos and Lemnian women within Lysistrata, indicates that the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes.

Aeschylus, Suppliant Women.

Alciphron. Letters.

Aristophanes, Ekklesiazusai.
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Dave Chappelle in Being Sued

Words: 1193 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43363360

(see verbal contract law at (

As is detailed in the lawsuit Chappelle offered Abuelhiji terms through a several week negotiation (July-August 2004), that was finalized by Abuelhiji's acceptance of the above terms on September 1, 2004, to begin that same day. Chappelle, informed many people in his employ and in the entertainment industry of Abuelhiji's acceptance and resumption of the role of personal manager and even discussed the terms with several of these people, both in and out of his employ in the entertainment industry and according to the lawsuit the personal and financial records of Chappelle's company reflect the fact that Abuelhiji accepted the terms and assumed the role of personal manger. Additionally, Abuelhiji, was paid advances on his commission in the form of $10,000 per month which amounted to a one time payment of $40,000 (mentioned earlier) when he was terminated by Chappelle on June 23, 2005.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ex-Manger to Chappelle: Pay up, *****!" The Smoking Gun Website at

Verbal Contract Information" Online Lawyer Source at

Simpson, a.W.B. The Rise of the Action of Assumpsit. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1987.
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Being Earnest a Critique of Wilde's the

Words: 2245 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14703682

Being Earnest

A Critique of Wilde's the Importance of Being Earnest

First performed in 1895, Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest satirized manners and social customs of late Victorian England. Focusing on a pair of young men who live "double lives," the comedy brings to light an element of English society that was ripe for exposure. Wilde was a master satirist. With this play, he shows how cynical attitudes creep into one and before long lead to all sorts of problems. For Jack and Algernon, maintaining a phony second identity is the only way to lead a satisfying life. However, as the story unfolds, the two realize that true fulfillment can only be obtained through honest living. This paper will critique Wilde's Importance of Being Earnest and show the plot, themes, characters and title all work to give an "important" message to the audience.

Critical Summary

Otto einert (1956)…… [Read More]

Reference List

Foster, R. (1956). Wilde as Parodist: A Second Look at the Importance of Being

Earnest. College English, 18(1): 18-23.

Pearce, J. (2000). The Unmasking of Oscar Wilde. UK: HarperCollins.

Reinert, O. (1956). Satiric Strategy in The Importance of Being Earnest. College English, 18(1): 14-18.
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Auteurism in Cinema

Words: 2217 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84032221

Howard Hawks, Auteur

Giving Howard Hawks the label of film auteur was a bit of revisionist history initiated by the New ave Cinema of France during the late 1940s into the 50s. Championed by directors Jean Luc Godard and Francois Truffaut, the French directors were seeking to justify their own individualism as an answer to the lifting of the quota on American Films after orld ar II, which led to a flood of big budget Hollywood films into French movie houses. The French directors unable to compete with the flash and panache of Hollywood, pointed out that individualism made their films stronger. The French anointed John Ford, Alfred Hitchcock and Hawks as the patron saints of the auteurs. Said Godard,

The great filmmakers always tie themselves down by complying with the rules of the game. I have not done so because I am just a minor filmmaker. Take, for example,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cohan, Steven. Masked Men: Masculinity and the Movies in the Fifties. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997.

Gehring, Wes D., ed. Handbook of American Film Genres. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988.

Gehring and Largent. American Dark Comedy: Beyond Satire. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996.

Jasto (2002). "Howard Hawks "Online at Books and Writers. Available:
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Midsummer Bottom's Up in a

Words: 924 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18382307

This is why Shakespeare included a character and plot of such low comedy in a play with such far-reaching and complex themes; in the end, all of the complexity boils down to a few very simple facts bout humanity. As Valerie Traub notes, "early modern England was a culture of contradictions, with official ideology often challenged by actual social practice," and Midsummer makes this exceedingly clear (131). Such contradictions necessarily lead to complications, as the central plot of the play (that of the lovers) clearly illustrates, and though these complications are comedic in their own way it is also hysterical watching someone who is unabashedly human -- and quite asinine in several senses because of it. His transformation is yet one more piece of honesty that Shakespeare includes in his commentary on humanity.

This aspect of both the character and the pay is captured brilliantly in Michael Hoffman's 1999 film…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Evans, G. Blakemore and M. Tobin, eds. The Riverside Shakespeare. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2003.

Shakespeare, William. A Midsummer Night's Dream. In the Riverside Shakespeare.

Traub, Valerie. "Gender and Sexuality in Shakespeare." The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare. New York: Cambridge University Press 2001
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Relationship and Collaboration Between Louis

Words: 1571 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54882800

Versailles was more than just a place inhabited by the French royal family and those close to them, as it was a location where art was in the making, with Moliere and Lully being two of the individuals responsible for transforming the palace into the home of French art in the seventeenth century.

Louis, Lully, and Moliere all collaborated in assisting France in experiencing a process of enlightenment, as the country changed most of its policies during the seventeenth century with the purpose of having these three men and the rest of the country's people exploit its ability to host the concept of art. Even though Louis is likely to be condemned for bringing France into a financial impasse because of his excessive spending, most people are likely to agree that art is one of the best things that one can possibly invest in. The Sun King enabled people to…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Calder, Andrew, "Moliere: The Theory and Practice of Comedy,"

Continuum International Publishing Group, 2000

Campbell, Peter Robert, "Louis XIV, 1661-1715," Longman, 1993.

Parkin, John and Phillips, John, "Laughter and power," Peter Lang, 2006.
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Humor Achieving a Familiarity With

Words: 1739 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4308478


And as to Foxworthy and Engvall using material that ertainly would be onsidered in bad taste in some soial environments, Kant writes, "...The judgement of taste is not a ognitive judgement...and hene, also, is not grounded on onepts, nor yet intentionally direted to them." The judgement of taste on the "Blue Collar Comedy Tour" is that whih produes laughs, not that whih neessarily mathes up with the values expounded by syndiated radio host "Dr. Laura" or "Miss Manners" in the newspapers.

James P.T. Fatt, "Why do we laugh?" Communiation World 15.9 (1998): 12-15.

Jeroen Vandaele, "Humor Mehanisms in Film Comedy: Inongruity and Superiority," Poetis Today 23.2 (2002): 221-228.

John Morreall, Taking Laughter Seriously (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1983) 15-16.

Jeffry H. Goldstein & Paul E. MGhee, The Psyhology of Humor (New York: Aademi Press, 1972) 10-11.

Franis Hutheson, "Refletions Upon Laughter," Eighteenth Century British Aesthetis, ed.…… [Read More]

cited in turn."

In this case, the mentioning of Astroglide also comes under the "relief" theory of humor, as obviously, the panning cameras on the DVD production shows women putting both hands to their mouths in the body language of embarrassment.

Conclusion: To the comedian, the "agreeable" and the "good" is an audience howling with laughter, no matter whether the humor is in good or bad taste. And, along those same lines, in the words of Immanuel Kant, "Both the agreeable and the good involve a reference to the faculty of desire, and are thus attended, the former with a delight pathologically conditioned (by stimuli), the latter with a pure practical delight."

And as to Foxworthy and Engvall using material that certainly would be considered in bad taste in some social environments, Kant writes, "...The judgement of taste is not a cognitive judgement...and hence, also, is not grounded on concepts, nor yet intentionally directed to them." The judgement of taste on the "Blue Collar Comedy Tour" is that which produces laughs, not that which necessarily matches up with the values expounded by syndicated radio host "Dr. Laura" or "Miss Manners" in the newspapers.

James P.T. Fatt, "Why do we laugh?" Communication World 15.9 (1998): 12-15.
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African-American Comedians Richard Pryor and His Influences

Words: 755 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57263588

ichard Pryor was one of the most influential comedians of the 1970s and 80s. He rose to prominence in the early1970s, bringing a style that echoed elements of Dick Gregory and edd Foxx, while serving as a counterpoint to Bill Cosby. Pryor's use of harsh language was heavily influential on the trade, and his style fit well with the social attitudes of the 70s.

Pryor grew up in the 1940 and 1950s in Illinois and had a troubled childhood in a racially-segregated part of the country. This influenced Pryor significantly, and by the time the civil rights movement gained steam he was in New York working on his standup. An early influence was Dick Gregory, who approached social issues in his comedy, and sough to change stereotypes of black people that existed in white America. A further influence during the 1960s was Bill Cosby, whose approach was more inclusive than…… [Read More]


Haggins, B. (2007). Laughing Mad: The Black Comic Persona in Post-Soul America Pescataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Pryor, R. (2013). Richard Pryor -- comedic influences. YouTube. Retrieved November 18, 2013 from
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12th Night

Words: 630 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73642527

Twelfth Night Response

William Shakespeare's Twelfth Night is a romantic comedy in which the basis of the comedy is love, suffering, misunderstandings, confusion, mistaken identities and sexual ambiguity. It tells the story of twin brother and sister who were shipwrecked and separated in the kingdom of Illyria; and the misunderstandings that occur in their attempt to discover each other's fate. In the midst of this, the romantic advances of a local nobleman, named Orsino, toward a young widow, Olivia, are being disrupted not only by her refusal to respond, but by his confused feelings toward his new male page Cesario. The page is actually the female twin, Viola, in disguise and adding to the situation is the fact that the young widow also becomes attracted to the page. When the male twin, named Sebastian, arrives and is mistaken for the page Cesario, even more confusion erupts. But in the end…… [Read More]

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Irish Writings Identify Then Compare

Words: 2157 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54039711

Many critics considered that Boucicault did nothing in favor of Ireland, even with his nationalist plays. "During the Irish Revival at the turn of the 20th century, Boucicault's plays were condemned as the vehicle of the "Stage Irishman," a caricature of the natives of the country that made the Irish the laughing stocks of English audiences, who drew the comforting conclusion that such people were unworthy of self-government" (Cody & Sprinchorn, 181).

Considering that some of the earliest stage Irishman representations presented people in Ireland as being savages or immoral individuals, Boucicault apparently wanted people to change their opinion regarding Irishmen by resorting to using comedy in his plays as a means of having his audiences understand that Irishmen are actually different from other nations. He intended spectators to comprehend that some of the particular characteristics in his people contained (among other traits) noble features. Boucicault gradually got audiences to…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Cody, H. Gabrielle and Sprinchorn Evert. "The Columbia encyclopedia of modern drama, Volume 1." (Columbia University Press, 2007)

Flynn, "Joyce Sites and Sights: The Iconology of the Subterranean in Late Nineteenth-Century Irish-American Drama," MELUS 18.1 (1993)

Vernon, Grenville Yankee Doodle-Doo: A Collection of Songs of the Early American Stage (New York: Payson & Clarke, 1927)
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City Slickers and Dances With

Words: 874 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82621140

In contrast, Dances with Wolves seems more like a western in that it takes place in the wild frontier and it centers on the white man's relationship with the Native Americans. The initial conflict and anxiety that the Natives experience is something that we can link to a western. There are other scenes, too, that make the film feel more like a western. These include a buffalo hunt and a fight with the angry tribe of Native Americans just to name a couple. It is important to note that we also have other battle scenes that make the movie feel more like a drama than a western. The move has been praised for its accuracy and historical detail and this makes it more than a western as well. This is not a light-hearted film like City Slickers. Instead, this movie encourages viewers to think about history and those that had…… [Read More]

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Reagan & the 80s Movies

Words: 4752 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87633231

Many young people voted for Reagan as he represented rebellion against the authority figures in society but was a rebellion characterized by valiance and effectuated through skillful communication. The approval rating of Reagan was approximately 42% when 1982 began but dropped to the record low 35% later that same year. The U.S. entered a recession. If one is to set their focus upon obtaining a chance at being the President of the United States, then that individual must take a political stance and hold a view that is somewhat differential from the opposing party. In the case of Ronald Reagan, who had been a democrat for most of his life, it was the democratic party that he must debate against in the attempt to establish a better public platform that the opposing candidate. Ronald Reagan may be viewed as a 'come-lately' at the time he entered the political scene at…… [Read More]


Jordan, C. (2003) Movies and the Reagan Presidency: Success and Ethics. Praeger June, 2003.

McChesney, R.W. And Nichols, J. (2002) Our Media, Not Theirs: The Democratic Struggle against Corporate Media. Seven Stories Press, 2002.

Curry, Tom (2004) Ronald Reagan, 1911-2004: An Indefatibable optimist who set American on a Consdervative Course: MSNBC Online avaialble at

Kashani, Tony (2004) Hollywood as an Agent of Hegemony: The War Film. Dissendent Voice Online available at
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Fall to Spring's Sprouting The

Words: 3355 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39314195

The Aeneid

Taking a character from The Iliad and setting him on his own journey, the Roman Virgil's epic The Aeneid necessarily contains certain parallels with the earlier Greek text. The overall story of this lengthy poem in and of itself reflects many of the same basic understandings of mankind's place in the universe, its relationship to the gods, and the relationships that exist within society and between men that are already described above, demonstrating that no real fundamental change has occurred in this schema. Aeneas, the titular hero of the tale who flees his native Troy after it is sacked by the Greeks, is as important as the individual heroes of the war itself, but more than a tale of individual heroism The Aeneid is the story of the founding of a people and the long trajectory of history and humanity. It is a tale for and in many…… [Read More]

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Impressions When in Rome the Film When

Words: 867 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92291568


hen in Rome

The film hen in Rome deals with a young woman has lived a fairly sheltered life and has had limited experience with relationships. The romances she has had have made her feel that love and romance are unimportant in her existence. This changes when she goes to Rome for her sister's wedding and meets her love interest. The male character proves to be Beth's ideal partner. However, since this film is clearly in the genre of romantic comedy, there has to be complication which separates the would-be lovers. In this case, Beth (Kristen Bell) becomes angry when she sees Nick (Josh Duhammel) kissing a woman after they have had encounters indicating mutual attraction. So, she takes several coins out of the Fountain of Love which mythology states will make the owners of the chips fall in love with her. As it turns out, there were several…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Impressions. Perf. Alvin Alley Dance Theater, 2009.

Losing Isaiah. Dir. Stephen Gyllenhaal. Perf. Jessica Lange and Halle Berry. Paramount, 1995.


When in Rome. Dir. Mark S. Johnson. Perf. Kristen Bell and Josh Duhamel. Touchstone, 2010.
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Shakespeare Tragedies

Words: 2554 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36157028

Shakespeare Never Read Aristotle?

Or, the dynamic forms of catharsis and tragic flaws in Shakespeare's plays

Shakespeare's most beloved plays are his tragedies. If one were to list his best and most popular plays: Othello, Romeo & Juliet, Hamlet, King Lear, and so forth, one would find the list comprised almost entirely of tragedies. So it would not be amiss to say that much of the modern literary conception of theatrical tragedy is shaped and influenced by Shakespeare. At the same time, the definitions of the tragic form as understood at the roots of theatrical history (in Greco-Roman times) continue to be part and parcel of the official comprehension of tragedy. Many critics have sought to fore Shakespeare into the mold of tragedy defined in Aristotle's Poetica, and many others have rightfully protested that he was not cast from that mold, and that in fact he owes little to it.…… [Read More]


Aristotle. Poetica. Trans. W.H. Fyfe.

Charlton, H.B. "Humanism and Mystery" Shakespeare The Tragedies. Ed. Alfred

Harbage. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1964. 10-18.

Harbage, Alfred. "Introduction" Shakespeare The Tragedies. Ed. Alfred Harbage.
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Kafka's Short Story Metamorphosis

Words: 1169 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49263545

But getting out of bed is problematic, and it is a humorous picture when a reader imagines what it must have looked like as he hears someone from his office arriving and he "…almost froze while his small limbs only danced around all the faster" (Kafka, 10).

It is also tragic that the apple that his father threw at him has caused inflammation; it is tragic that his room is now a dumping area; it is tragic that the new lodgers threaten to sue and that Gregor's sister thinks they should get rid of Gregor because he was driving away the renters. The incident in which Gregor's mother fainted and was "perhaps near death, thanks to him" (Kafka, 48) is tragic. Add to that the fact that broken glass wounded Gregor in the face and some "corrosive medicine dripped over him" -- and this is ironic and tragic. Medicine on…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kafka, Franz. "The Metamorphosis." Retrieved April 20, 2014, from .
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Dante One of the Great Ironies of

Words: 1556 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62615346


One of the great ironies of Dante's Inferno is the centrality of earth-bound fame, moral reputation, praise and blame. The importance of reputation would seem to contradict Virgil's efforts in leading Dante through Purgatory to impart a more meaningful moral message. Yet it is important to remember that Dante travels alive; Virgil's lessons are instructive in a direct and practical manner. Dante ascertains life lessons from those he encounters in the afterlife, so that he may improve his prospects for earthbound fame. The importance of fame seems paradoxical when considered in light of the transitory nature of existence. However, Purgatory presents the consequences of a poor public relations scheme. Investment in moral reputation has the potential to strengthen The Divine Comedy's overarching pretensions, by linking the importance of one's earthly life to the life beyond.

Dante makes it clear that reputation does not necessarily have to be pristine to…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Alighieri, Dante. Inferno. Retrieved online: