Community Relations Essays (Examples)

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Communities and Police Coming Together

Words: 508 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26491031

Rodney King Documentary

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Policing and society have changed as a result of the Rodney King incident in the sense that society and the media are much more sensitive to how police interact with individuals, especially African-Americans. However, that does not mean violence has stopped or diminished because every year it seems there is another scandal about an African-American shot by a white police officer. Still, the Rodney King video of the beating helped to usher in a new awareness throughout society in the sense that every individual now carries a camera on the phone and can record everything at a moment’s notice. Even police are wearing body cameras now to help cut down on the risk that can arise when one feels that “no one is looking”—so that is one positive development.
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Police-community relations are both better and worse. One the one hand, there is more community input…… [Read More]

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Community Sports Development What Did

Words: 502 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19389583



The "Sport for All" program was initiated by the reformist Labour Government during the 1970s. Its aims and objectives included the increased community involvement of underrepresented groups (such as the unemployed) and the breaking down some of the exiting barriers to participation in sports. To a large extent, those initiatives consisted of financial and other resource investment in large-scale sports facilities. Unfortunately, the comparative absence of sports development structures within those facilities has greatly reduced their ability to provide the benefits envisioned for their communities, notwithstanding the dedication and professional experience of facility managers.

Explain difference in the roles of the Community Sports Development Officer and the traditional Sports Development Officer.

In keeping with the fundamental purpose of community sports development in general, the role of the community sports development officer relates substantially to the use of sport as a means to achieve other (i.e. non-sport-related) objectives. Conversely, the role…… [Read More]

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Creating a Proper Climate for Change When Implementing Community Policing

Words: 933 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84686379

Community Policing: Successful Implementation of Change

The adoption of a community policing strategy within police agencies is often a change that is instituted with much protest and unrest among officers. In order for community policing to be successful however, it has to be presented to organizations and individual police agents as a mechanism of positive change and law enforcement improvement.

Community policing is often in fact adopted by police agencies as a mechanism for improving internal and external relations and delivering optimal service to communities within a given area (Fielding, 1995). According to Fielding (1995) community policing can "evoke images of police-community relations in stable, consensus based and homogenous neighborhoods where crime is a mere irritant" (p.25). However, it is sometimes met with resistance among agents and officers alike.

Thus a suitable environment for change has to be created in order to ensure successful implementation of community policing aims. A…… [Read More]

References:

Davis, J.J. & Gianakis, G.A. "Reinventing or repackaging public services? The

Case of community-oriented policing." Public Administration Review, 58(6): (1998)485

Fielding, N.C. "Community policing." Oxford: Clarendon Press: 1995.

Hartnett, S. & Skogan, W.G. "Community policing, Chicago style." New York: Oxford
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History of Community Policing in America

Words: 1276 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41471056

Community Policing

The History and Concept of Community Policing in the U.S.

Community Policing Origins

Community Policing Philosophy

Community Projects

Office of Community Oriented Policing Services

Community policing is as much a philosophy as it is a practice. At the heart of the concept lies a deep level of collaboration between the community and the police. However, to form such a relationship many intermediary goals must first be achieved. Most likely, one of the primary values that must be established is a sense of trust between both the community and the police force. If the community perceives the police force as corrupt or ineffective then will generally remain apathetic to the goals of community policing. At the same time, if the police force is not fully engaged with the public then are not likely to benefit from the communities assistance. Therefore, to establish effective community policing efforts a balance between…… [Read More]

Works Cited

AA County Police. (2007, July 7). POLICE DISCRETION & ALTERNATIVES TO ARREST. Retrieved September 2, 2011, from Police Rules and Regulations: http://www.aacounty.org/Police/RulesRegs/Sections01-06/0105.2DiscretionAlternArrest.pdf

Bureau of Justice Assistance. (1994, August). Understanding Community Policing. Retrieved September 2, 2011, from U.S. Department of Justice:  https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/commp.pdf 

COPS. (2011). Community Policing Defined. Retrieved September 2, 2011, from Community Oriented Policing Services:  http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/default.asp?item=36 

Sherman, L. (1990). POLICING FOR CRIME PREVENTION. American Journal of Police, 43-74.
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Into to Community

Words: 1128 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68827003

Community

The term community is used for the settlements like town, villages and farms. The concept of community is considered as an inclusive one because it promotes collectivism rather than individualism. The term community can be understood in two broad categories. One category deals with its sociological perspective while other deals with its biological perspective. Its sociological perspective will be considered as a domain of the discussion. Community depicts the real picture of the society (Hampton, 2011). Those communities which have the capability of converting the raw information into some particular knowledge are considered as those which can create competitive advantage and contribute towards the development of the nation (Bartle, 2010). The talent of the people also comes forward when they live in community because there are many people who can identify the talent and promote it accordingly. The concept of community has become very much a colonial one. This…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bartle, P. (2010, September 22). Elements of Community Strength. Retrieved September 13, 2011, from  http://cec.vcn.bc.ca/cmp/modules/mea-ele.htm 

Bhattacharyya, Jnanabrata. "Theorizing Community Development." Journal of the Community Development Society 34.2 (2004): 5+. Questia. Web. 11 Sept. 2011.

Gallant, K., Smale, B., & Arai, S. (2010). Civic Engagement through Mandatory Community Service: Implications of Serious Leisure. Journal of Leisure Research, 42(2), 181+. Retrieved September 11, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5043554643

Hampton, J. (2011, January 31). Principles of Community . In  http://www.community4me.com/ . Retrieved September 13, 2011
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Community Participation

Words: 2081 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68143300

Community participation is a key ingredient of any powerful community. The life blood (citizens) of the community is pumped by the heart, called as participation. Community participation is a requirement as well as a condition. It is a condition for raising resources and achieving more results. It engages the citizens deeply in work of the development of community. Community participation is about performing activities for the benefits of any community. The partners of the community follow certain rules and posses unique elements. They have a goal to achieve. This topic has various aspects; the purpose of writing this case study is to explore the minor and major aspects of community participation among kids and adults, both. This case study begins with the background of use of community participation as a tool, its strengths and weaknesses, the role of government in expanding this tool and the ways of communication used for…… [Read More]

10. Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth, "The Wellbeing of Young Australians: Technical Report," Journal of Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth, no.7 (2008):117.

11. Chen, S, "The transition from juvenile to adult criminal careers," Crime and Justice Bulletin, New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, no. 86 (2005): 9-11.

12. Arnstein, S. "A ladder of citizen participation," Journal of the American Institute of Planners, no. 4 (1969): 216 -- 24.
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Community Oriented Policing

Words: 6694 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38020628

Community Oriented Policing

new and comprehensive strategy against crime: Community Policing:

For the purpose of reducing neighborhood crimes, creating a sense of security and reduce fear of crimes among the citizens and improving the quality of life in the community, the community policing strategy will be proved to be the most effective one. The accomplishment of all these objectives to develop a healthy and clean society can be done by combining the efforts of the police department, the members of the community and the local government. "The concept of community policing is not very new however it has gained attention in last few years. It is an approach to make a collaborative effort between the police and the community in order to identify and solve the problems of crime, societal disorder and disturbances. It combines all the element of the community to find out the solutions to the social problems.…… [Read More]

References

Gordon: Community Policing: Towards the Local Police State?: Law, Order and the Authoritarian State, Open University Press, Milton Keynes, 1987, p. 141.

O'Malley and D. Palmer: Post-Keynesian Policing, Economy and Society: 1996, p 115.

Bright: Crime Prevention: The British Experience: The Politics of Crime Control: Sage, London, 1991. p. 24-63.

MacDonald: Skills and Qualities of Police Leaders Required of Police Leaders Now and in the Future: Federation Press, Sydney, 1995. p. 72
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Community Health Epidemiology

Words: 1584 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89786557

Community Diagnosis: Pearland, Texas

Community Diagnosis

The community of Pearland is an ethnically-diverse, growing community located adjacent to the thriving metropolis of Houston, Texas (PEDC, n.d.). The population for the community was estimated to be 93,305 in 2011, up by 2.25% from the previous year (Census, 2013a). By comparison, the U.S. population grew by just 1.67%. There are slightly more females than males (51.4 vs. 48.6%) in Pearland and the median age is 34.1 years. This represents more women on average and a younger population by 3.1 years than the rest of the United States. An estimated 97.5% of residents considered themselves to be of one race and these are: 49.8% White, 20.0% Hispanic or Latino, 15.2% African-American, and 12.5% Asian. Pearland is therefore a minority community.

In terms of immigration patterns, Pearland is equivalent to the rest of the country (Census, 2013a). An estimated 15.3% and 12.8% of the…… [Read More]

References

AngiesList.com. (2013). Houston Acupuncturists. AngiesList.com. Retrieved 21 Feb. 2013 from http://www.angieslist.com/companylist/houston/acupuncture.htm.

AngiesList.com. (2013). Pearland Acupuncturists. AngiesList.com. Retrieved 21 Feb. 2013 from http://www.angieslist.com/companylist/us/tx/pearland/acupuncture.htm.

Barns, Patricia M., Bloom, Barbara, and Nahin, Richard L. (2008). Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults and children: United States, 2007. National Health Statistics Reports, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 17 Jan. 2013 from  http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhsr/nhsr012.pdf .

Census (U.S. Census Bureau). (2013a). American FactFinder: Community Facts -- Find popular facts (population, income, etc.) and frequently requested data about your community. Pearland City, Texas. Census.gov. Retrieved 20 Feb. 2013 from http://factfinder2.census.gov / faces/nav/jsf/pages/community_facts.xhtml.
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Community Outreach and Counterterrorism With Efforts Towards

Words: 2487 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65378735

Community outreach and counterterrorism with efforts towards exploitable weaknesses.

Community Outreach and Terrorism

International and domestic terrorism have reached levels previously believed to be impossible. hether fueled by profits they get from trafficking drugs or whether they are fueled by religious ideologies, a series of communities express particular interest in wanting to get actively involved in performing activities characteristic to terrorist organizations. Many governments have the tendency to focus on fighting them directly and fail to understand the significance of addressing factors that influence these people to take up arms against the system. Focusing on underlying concepts encouraging individuals to become terrorists is likely to destabilize terrorist institutions and to make it increasingly difficult for them to recruit people.

Background

The intelligence community in the contemporary society plays an important role in detecting terrorist threats and in making it less likely for individuals to engage in terrorist acts. Even with…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Coolsaet, R. (2011). "Jihadi Terrorism and the Radicalisation Challenge: European and American Experiences." Ashgate Publishing.

Johnson, J.A. Ledlow, G.R., & Cwiek, M. (2005)."Community Preparedness and Response to Terrorism: Communication and the media." Greenwood Publishing Group.

Nikbay, O. & Hancerli, S. (2007). "Understanding and Responding to the Terrorism Phenomenon: A Multi-Dimensional Perspective." IOS Press.

Spalek, B. (2012). "Counter-Terrorism: Community-Based Approaches to Preventing Terror Crime." Palgrave Macmillan.
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Community Prevention Drug Use Among

Words: 1195 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3917255

The selective type would enable me to make optimal use of the specific factors that are relevant to my target group. This IOM type would also enable me to identify cases of prior and current drug use, and to refer these to specialized groups and programs for help. The selective type is therefore optimal for the specific sector of society that I want to target.

Best Practice Program

From the "Best Practice Programs," I chose "Athletes Training and Learning to Avoid teroids: The ATLA Program," because it specifically focuses on high school athletes as a target group. While it focuses mostly on one particular kind of drug, I would perhaps modify it to address the specific problems, risks and protective factors of my target group.

The ATLA program focuses on male high school athletes and aims at reducing the risk factors involved in the use of anabolic steroids and other…… [Read More]

Sources

CASAT. Best Practice: Athletes Training and Learning to Avoid Steroids: The ATLAS Program

http://casat.unr.edu/bestpractices/view.php?program=7

Institute of Medicine. Projects: Adolescent Health Care Services and Models of Care for Treatment, Prevention, and Healthy Development http://www.iom.edu/CMS/12552/35625.aspx
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Community Health Strategies the Leading

Words: 1268 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54259575

Watson's origin of human life is tied to notions that one's soul possesses a body that is not restricted by objective space and time. The lived world of the experiencing person is not well-known by external and internal notions of time and space, but shapes its own time and space. "Nursing is a human science of persons and human health-illness experiences that are mediated by professional, personal, scientific, esthetic, and ethical human care transactions. The process of nursing is human care" (Fawcett, 2002).

The main concept of Watson's theory is transpersonal human caring which is best understood within the concepts of three subsidiary concepts: life, illness and health.

Human life is defined as spiritual, mental and physical being which is continuous in time and space.

Illness is not automatically a disease. Illness is turmoil or disharmony with a person's inner self or soul at some level or disharmony within the…… [Read More]

References

Fawcett, Jacqueline. (2002). Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring. Retrieved July 28, 2009,

from DeSales University Web site: http://www4.desales.edu/~sey0/watson.html

Obesity. (2009). Retrieved July 28, 2009, from MedicineNet.com Web site:

 http://www.medicinenet.com/obesity_weight_loss/article.htm
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Community Partnership the Notion That

Words: 4669 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99551624

, 1996):

To train those college students who aim to join the teaching profession;

To provide the teachers with a wide spectrum and grounds for exploration so that they can apply their knowledge and ability in a way that boosts the overall educational standards of the institution and the students;

To design a schedule and academic profile that aims to purely heighten the academic and social growth of the students; and to support and carry out studies that will in eventuality help escalate and improve the educational standards at not only the school level but also the college and university levels.

Harkavy (1998) believes that the partnership between the school, community and the university is far more complex and inter-dependent that believed by the masses. In his study he brings forth new theories and explanation of his statement with the help of annals and current studies and examples. He feels…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Anderson, B.D., & Stetler, E.G., & Midle, T. (2006). A case for expanded school-community partnerships in support of positive youth development. National Association of Social Workers, 28(3), 155-163.

Beaumont, J.J. & Hallmark, D.L. (1998). Introduction: School-university partnerships in urban settings. Urban Education, 32(5), 557-560.

Beaumont, J.J. (1998). Administrator and researcher: Conflicting dual roles in directing a school-university partnership. Urban Education, 32(5), 645-660.

Becker, J. (1999). Partnerships with families promote TRIO student achievement. (ERIC Document 432197)
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Community Watch Impact on Colleges

Words: 996 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77027758

(COPS, 2005)

IV. A Multidisciplinary Approach

The work entitled: "Campus Threat Assessment Training: A Multidisciplinary Approach" states that it t has been recommended by the Florida Gubernatorial Task Force for University Campus Safety as follows: "That each college and university develop a multidisciplinary crisis management team, integrating and ensuring communication between the university law enforcement or campus security agency, student affairs, residential housing, counseling center, health center, legal counsel, and any other appropriate campus entities to review individuals and incidents which indicate "at-risk" behavior. The team should facilitate the sharing of information, timely and effective intervention, and a coordinated response when required." (Community Policing Dispatch, 2009) Colleges and universities in the United States are "recognizing the particular applicability of community policing in the campus environment. The community policing model helps to create the framework for a productive relationship between the officers and those whom they serve." (Wilson and Grammich, 2009)…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Campus Threat Assessment Training: A Multidisciplinary Approach (2009) Community Policing Dispatch. Vol. 2 Issue 4 April 2009. Online available at:  http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/html/dispatch/April_2009/campus_threat.htm 

Campus Watch Program (nd) College of Lake County, Illinois. Online available at:  http://www.clcillinois.edu/depts/sec/CampusWatchBrochure.pdf 

Godfrey, Steven (nd) Assessing the Success of Community-Policing (Neighborhood Watch Program) Online available at: http://docs.google.com/gview?a=v&q=cache%3AUvBqWMSAHI0J%3Awww.emich.edu%2Fcerns%2Fdownloads%2Fpapers%2FPoliceStaff%2FCommunity%2520Policing%2FAssessing%2520the%2520Success%2520of%2520Community%2520Policing.pdf+colleges+and+universities%3A+community+watch+volunteers&hl=en&gl=us&pli=1

Gummere, Sara Lippincott (2003) Making a Better Place: Planning, Implementing & Managing a Student Volunteer Program. University of Oregon June 2003. Online available at: http://aad.uoregon.edu/icas/project_thesis_pdf/gummere_s.pdf
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Community Health Scenario

Words: 1574 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29707391

Community Health Scenario

Death is an inevitable destiny of life. It is essential to be able to provide the best care that a patient may need during his last days, when all medical treatment fails. Frequently, the battle of life and death leads one to formulate a concept or an analogy of these two processes. This concept is bound to interfere with what one does in life. As a nurse, my idea of death and dying has an impact on the quality of care I provide to patients undergoing this process.

The ideal attitude of a nurse's care for terminally ill patients involves the criteria of flexibility in interpersonal relations, effective communication about critical issues, such as in Mrs. Thomas's case, and psychological stability and mindedness in relation to dying patients their families. (A oberta and A. olland. Nurses' attitudes about end-of-life referrals. 2009).

According to the Journal of Medicine…… [Read More]

References

Bottarf, JL. (1995). Comforting: exploring the work of cancer nurses. School Of Nursing. 22(6), 1077-84.

Dunn, K.S., Cecilia, O. & Stephans, E. (2005). Nursing experience and the care of dying patients. Oncology Nursing Forum. 32(1), 97-104.

Gloria, W. (2004). Basic geriatric nursing. Philadelphia: Library of Congress.

Matzo, M. And Witt Sherman, D. (2010). Palliative care nursing: quality care to the end of life. Springer Publishing Company: New York.
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Community Health Shortage of Family Practice Physicians

Words: 633 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43203443

Community Health

Shortage of family practice physicians should be a worrying trend if America is to achieve its goal of ensuring that it has a surplus of 139, 531 family physicians in the medical practice in 2020 (Lloyd, 2009). Matters are complicated by the fact that not so many students are enrolling for such programs. America attracts only half of the number of future family physicians that it needs. The situation is also worrying factoring in the scope of a family physician practice that entails provision of personal, comprehensive, and continuing care for individuals in context of the family and the community (Halsey, 2009).

As a CEO of a community hospital I would consider paying family practice physicians within my facility to enable them pay their student loans. I would also consider hiring family practice physicians from other countries who have been equipped with standard training from countries where they…… [Read More]

References

Halsey, A. (June 20, 2009). Primary Care Doctor Shortage May Undermine Health Reform

Efforts. The Washington Post.

Lloyd, J. (2009). Doctor Shortage Looms as Primary Care Loses its Pull. Retrieved from  http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/health/2009-08-17-doctor-gp-shortage_N.htm 

Mast, T. (October 25, 2010). New Community Health Center Planned. The Billings Gazette.
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Community Power Distribution

Words: 1538 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55565895

Community Power and Social Distribution: A Debate Over Social Stratification and Elitism from Hunter Onwards

Floyd Hunter was a sociologist whom identified himself as part of the early stages of a movement to enact greater systems of localized, community social justice. Such movements were to later grip the American nation during the 1960's. However, as early as the 1950's, Hunter sought to quantitatively and qualitatively measure who had 'political power' in the community of Regional City in the American South over the course of the early 1950's. Hunter stated in his text Community Power Structure that in Atlanta, ostensibly a regional power base of the time, he had 'found' an elite whom formed the core of the local political power nexus, an elite that was not institutional in nature, but personal. In other words, through Hunter's social excavation over the course of his doctorial dissertation, Hunter discovered a hidden elitist…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bachrach, Peter and Morton Baratz, (December 1962). "Two Faces of Power." American Political Science Review. Volume 56. December 1962. Pp.947-952.

Hunter, Floyd. Community Power Structure. (1953). Chapter 4: The Structure of Power in Regional City.

Polsby, Nelson. (1980). Community Power and Political Theory. Second Edition. Chapter 5: Power and Social Stratification: Theory or Ideology?

Stone, Clarence N. (1980). "Systemic Power in Community Decision Making: A Restatement of Stratification Theory." American Political Science Review 74: 976-90
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Community Profile Research Community Diversity

Words: 1055 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9244680

'In New York City, the controls are better. Since Sept. 11, as police are looking for terrorists and those who mail anthrax, the controls have increased. So crime continues to go down. Everyone is much more alert.'" (NewsMax Wires)

Queens, NY has also become really diverse with people from different ethnic and racial backgrounds coming in and living there. There are large numbers of Hispanics, Asians and African-American in Queens. However there is a difference in the drop of crime rate in Queens and Brooklyn. "Year to date, overall crime is down 7.1% in Queens, 5.6% in Brooklyn" (Anonymous). However the overall general change is that in both communities, crime rates have plummeted and there is increased safety for the civilians. Normally in areas where there is a wide diversity of people living, there is an increased rate in crime and although there has been unemployment in the entire city…… [Read More]

References

1) U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Estimates Program, Population Division, "Counties Ranked by Black Population in 1998" (Table CO-98-16), September 15, 1999.

2) Anonymous - The Tipping Point. [Online website] Available at http://www.gladwell.com/1996/1996_06_03_a_tipping.htm[Accessed on: 15/09/2005]

3) Randy Bergmann - New York City: Few places can match Brooklyn's imprint on American culture. [Online website] Available at http://www.phillyburbs.com/pb-dyn/news/170-11122002-120.html[Accessed on: 15/09/2005]

4) NewsMax Wires - NYC Crime Rate Continues To Drop. [Online website] Available at http://www.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2002/3/20/60653.shtml[Accessed on: 15/09/2005]
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Community Race Relations Observations of

Words: 1568 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19683467

Similarly, modern educational materials seem to make an effort to allow minorities to identify with the material presented, compared to earlier eras, when all major media figures and educational materials represented middle class white people almost exclusively (CPEC, 1997).

Conclusion:

Ultimately, I believe that passive racism is more detrimental to positive race relations in society as well as in my particular community. Overt racists are, in effect, likely to be "lost causes" in terms of their ability to change their attitudes. Their views are unapologetic and usually are a function of belief as opposed to experience.

Passive racism seems to be more a function of learned expectation or, in a sense, rebuttable presumption in the minds of those who are still capable of reevaluating their expectations depending on the circumstances. I would conclude that passive racism among minorities relates more to past experience and that passive racism in white people…… [Read More]

References

California Postsecondary Education Commission (1997) Toward a Greater Understanding of the State's Educational Equity Policies, Programs, and Practices (UP/97-5). Accessed September 18, 2007, at  http://www.cpec.ca.gov/HigherEdUpdates/Update1997/UP97-05.pdf 

Perreault, S. Bourhis R. (1999) Ethnocentrism, Social Identification, and Discrimination. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

Vol. 25, No.1, pp. 92-103.

Ridley, J. (9/18/07) Isiah Thomas: Worse if Whites Use 'B' Word;
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Community Policing Future Changes in

Words: 1508 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5421121

Frequent town meetings where residents can air concerns to representatives of the force likewise fosters a sense of community empowerment.

Finally, it goes without saying that officers must, to establish trust, always seem ethical and not act as if they are above the law. Not abusing police privileges, not accepting things 'on the house' such as free food, upholding the law when engaging in searches, stops, and seizures, and including ethics training as a part of the education of new officers are all positive steps in this direction. Having a strong and impartial internal affairs department within the force and minimizing events that can generate bad publicity and erode community trust and damage relations with community leaders is likewise essential.

orks Cited

School Safety." (2008). COPS: U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved 22 Jun 2008 at http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/default.asp?Item=106

Newman, Grahame. (2008). "Check and Card Fraud." COPS: U.S. Department of Justice.

Retrieved 22…… [Read More]

Works Cited

School Safety." (2008). COPS: U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved 22 Jun 2008 at  http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/default.asp?Item=106 

Newman, Grahame. (2008). "Check and Card Fraud." COPS: U.S. Department of Justice.

Retrieved 22 Jun 2008 at http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/files/RIC/Publications/e07042442.pdf

Police integrity." (2008). COPS: U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved 22 Jun
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Community Healthcare Marketing Campaign

Words: 4551 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42420625

Community Needs Assessment

Recent obsevations in the ti-county aea of ual Iowa have shown a distubing tend of a constant incease in women and young childen in the emegency depatments and sheltes. These women and young childen visits emegency depatments and sheltes with diffeent healthcae concens including undetected female cances, miscaiages, pediatic pediculosis, and symptoms of malnouishment. The county's health executive, Susan, has convened a meeting on behalf of the thee counties to discuss this distubing tend. The emegency sevices diecto noted that most of the women and childen visiting the emegency depatments have no addesses, which is an indicato of them being homeless. While the healthcae executives ecognize the need to addess the healthcae concens of this population, the county's healthcae system has limited esouces and schedule to even help 5% of this population. By the end of the meeting, the attendees agee that thee is need to involve…… [Read More]

reference: A Descriptive Evaluation of Billings, Montana Mothers. Journal of Management and Marketing Research, 1-22.

The Community Tool Box. (2016). Section 4: Segmenting the Market to Reach the Targeted Population. Retrieved from University of Kansas website: http://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/sustain/social-marketing/reach-targeted-populations/main
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Improving Public Relations between the Police Department and the Citizens

Words: 5895 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22172329

Abstract

In the wake of numerous public complaints as well as allegations within the last two years that point towards excessive use of force by police officers in the apprehension of suspects within the city, there is need to develop a brief that explores the various measures that could be adopted in seeking to enhance our officers’ relations with the community while at the same time attempting to minimize instances of unnecessary aggression and use of force. In essence, in seeking to effect arrests, officers should utilize force that is not only commensurate with the risk posed, but also objectively reasonable. The relevance of formulating blueprints and implementing strategies meant to address the use of force as well as promote or advance the de-escalation of scenarios that turn violent cannot be overstated. In seeking to comprehensively address the issue raised by members of the public regarding the use of force…… [Read More]

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Function of Public Relations

Words: 845 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89664477

Functions of Public Relations

The line between organizational and societal functions of public relations is increasingly becoming blurred. For the purposes of this assignment, marketing communications and employee relations have been grouped into the organizational function while social responsibility and community relations have been grouped into the societal function. These segmentations have been derived primarily be examining direct links to profits and how much a company has focused on either inward or outward activities. However, companies that seek better profits are now realizing that they are tied to what they can do for the welfare of the members of society. Along with this realization comes a tighter linkage between organizational and society functions of public relations to achieve a new business vision called corporate social responsibility (CSR).

Marketing communications is more aligned with organizational functions because it helps meet the internal needs of promotion to advance sales of products and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Global Alliance For Public Relations And Communications Management. Retrieved August 13, 2005 from Web site: http://www.globalpr.org/news/features/csr_statement_280604.asp

Pantelleva, M. Public relations and public responsibility. Retrieved August, 13, 2005 from Web site: http://66.102.7.104/search?q=cache:fwlnzBXEQdAJ:www.eprn.org/EuropeanPRNews2/Milena_Panteleeva.pdf+%22public+relations%22+%22social+responsibility%22& hl=en

Public relations FAQ. Retrieved August 13, 2005 from Web site:  http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/a/m/amm17/pr.html 

Riesterer, T. Accountability marketing. Retrieved August 13, 2005 from Web site:  http://www.marcommwise.com/articlecat.phtml?c=Marcomm%20Measurement
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Police and Public Relations

Words: 427 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17889194

Video One: Can Volunteers Protect Communities?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=67XKF7CkHLQ

Is this a "Police-Public Relations" or "Police-Community Relations" program? Explain why.

In a sense, it is. While the people in question are volunteers and are thus not members of the police force. Even so, the volunteer force is a manifestation of a group that has at least somewhat good intentions when it comes to the crime rates involved.

Is this the answer in these tough fiscal times?

It can be given that having more and more police on hand costs money and this is not the easiest thing to do when budgets are stretched thin due to recession, over-use of resources and so forth.

Is this a good idea? Yes? or No? Explain why.

Only if it is properly limited and controlled. It can be good in that the volunteers can be extra sets of eyes and ears and this can in many…… [Read More]

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Functions of Public Relations Public

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5704541

he function of marketing communications is also the integral part of any new product introduction process in a company as well. In fact, oshiba America, known for their laptop computers, has the product launch and introduction managed as a project inside marketing communications to provide for greater coordination and synchronizing with other departments. Marketing communications acts in many companies as the activity hub for all strategies, as this department is often serving the sales force, product management, product marketing, service, finance, and very often the executive managers who are the spokespeople for strategies and products.

Societal functions of Public Relations

In a sense government agencies and their constituents, the citizens of a given region or nation, are "customers" of the services of the societal institutions and governments. he only difference is of course that to shop between governments is to have to move, while consumers can choose between organizations by…… [Read More]

Two functions that define the societal role of public relations are consumer relations and community relations.

Perhaps no other set of nations in the world has a more thorough set of laws to protect its citizens from shoddy and unsafe merchandise, services schemes that defraud them or foods that don't pass certain health criteria than the United States and several other westernized nations. The reason is that the laws surrounding products, services, foods, drugs and even transportation have been created to protect the consumer. In the context of public relations, the societal function that influences the most amounts of people is consumer relations.

From a societal context, consumer relations fulfills the role of both coordinator of information flow between manufacturers, the government, and the consumer, ultimately looking out for what's best for the consumer and their well-being. This is a critical step in many countries as the function can expose risks to consumers of unsafe products. During the 19th century for example, Upton Sinclair (2002) and his classic book, the Jungle, showed the many practices in the meat processing and packing industry that needed overhauling to
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Establishing a Community Policing Program

Words: 5970 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54696928

According to ohe and his colleagues, though, "Over time, however, there has been a tendency for departments to expand their programs to involve a larger number of officers and to cover wider geographic areas. Besides these special units, a number of police departments also expect all of their officers to embrace the principles of community policing and to undertake at least some community problem-solving activities" (ohe et al., 1996, p. 78).

Constraints to Implementation study by Sadd and Grinc in 1994 concluded that, of all the implementation problems these programs faced, "the most perplexing... was the inability of the police departments to organize and maintain active community involvement in their projects" (p. 442). Hartnett and Skogan suggest that because every community is unique, the implementation problems will likewise be local in nature but there have been some consistent problems reported with implementation across the country that can serve as a…… [Read More]

References

Bass, S. (2001). Policing space, policing race: Social control imperatives and police discretionary decisions. Social Justice, 28(1), 156.

Comey, J.T., Hartnett, S.M., Kaiser, M., Lovig, J.H., & Skogan, W.G. (1999). On the beat: Police and community problem solving. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Davis, G.J., III, & Gianakis, G.A. (1998). Reinventing or repackaging public services? The case of community-oriented policing. Public Administration Review, 58(6), 485.

Fielding, N. (1995). Community policing. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
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Employee Relations Plan Starbucks Inc Most Companies

Words: 1253 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88678873

Employee Relations Plan: Starbucks, Inc.

Most companies assert to prospective employees that the corporation offers excellent benefits and a good salary. But few corporations make such assertions part of its corporate, core mission statement. According to Starbucks, the motto of the international, Seattle-based coffee company is that "Our success depends on your success." This statement is not simply directed at Starbuck's customers, but to its employees as well. (Starbucks, "Job Center," Official ebsite, 2004)

hat does this effusive corporate motto and mission statement really mean? Starbucks is unique as a franchise restaurant in that it offers a variety of employment opportunities, such as retail store manager, as advertised upon the Internet. Despite jokes about the shame being a barista after graduating from a prestigious university, the Starbucks Support Center in Seattle credibly offers "career opportunities span a wide range of functions and departments, including not only openings behind the coffee…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Starbucks (2004) "Community Relations." Retrieved on August 18, 2004 at Retrieved on August 18, 2004 at http://www.starbucks.com/aboutus/csr.asp

Starbucks. (2004). "Job Center." Official Website. Retrieved on August 18, 2004 at http://www.starbucks.com/aboutus/jobcenter.asp

Starbucks. (2004) "Mission Statement." Official Website. Retrieved on August 18, 2004 at http://www.starbucks.com/aboutus/environment.asp.

Starbucks. (2004). "Starbucks Coffee International." Retrieved on August 18, 2004 at http://www.starbucks.com/aboutus/international.asp
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Jewish Community Within the U S A

Words: 1919 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17003883

S. Although this concern has remained, nowadays, the agenda of such agencies features a wider range of issues, especially the relationship between the American Jewish community and Israel, as well as that with other Jewish communities all over the world (Chanes: Advocacy Organizations). The Jewish Education Service of North America (JESNA) and the Coalition for the Advancement of Jewish Education (CAJE) are national bodies dealing with Jewish education (Ibid.: Educational and Cultural Organizations).

Social services have always been one of the strengths of the American Jewish community. Central to the Jewish community, the first federation was established in 1895 and functioned thanks to its volunteers who managed to link philanthropic institutions and Jewish social services in a very efficient fund-raising effort. The growth of the community also brought about the development of the federations which have achieved considerable power and influence within the Jewish community. Today, federations around the country…… [Read More]

2006 Annual Survey of Jewish-American Opinion. American Jewish Community. http://www.ajc.org/site/apps/nl/content3.asp?c=ijITI2PHKoG&b=846741&ct=3152877

National Jewish Population Survey 2000-01. United Jewish Communities of North America. http://www.ujc.org/page.html?ArticleID=46411

Religious Affiliations 2000. Association of Religion Data Archives.  http://www.thearda.com/mapsReports/reports/US_2000.asp
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Race and the Community Suburb

Words: 1727 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22021158

The committee should investigate new curricular models that empower students and which especially promote inclusion. Transforming our public schools is an essential first step toward eliminating many of the social problems extant in Joliet and in the country as a whole.

Second I would help create more small business development opportunities in Joliet. An organization or collection of organizations that can help minorities and the poor receive funding would be a tremendous help for the community and individual residents. Not only would small business development create jobs, it would enrich and uplift Joliet by enhancing prosperity. Instead of attracting outside investors like big box corporate entities who offer nothing more than insecure low income jobs, small business development creates creative, self-sustaining, and empowering opportunities for local growth. I therefore believe that small business development is a key to easing race relations and eliminating social injustice. Small business ownership is empowering…… [Read More]

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Does a Strong Sense of External Community Correlate With Exceptional Company Performance

Words: 2877 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77192569

strong sense of external community correlate with exceptional company performance?

Large multinationals are well-known for their involvement in supporting the community they work in and also for their support for sports, humanitarian and social causes. The profitability and high visibility of these companies in external community activities certainly makes one believe that external community involvement and exceptional company performance go hand in hand.

A closer analysis of the community relation exercise shows that in many cases such involvement is an extension of business activities. The multi-billion dollar profits, of course give the exceptional performers the ability to buy the goodwill of political parties, news media, and the community in general to look after their present and future interests.

Whatever the motives, external community involvement shows that the company is performing well and has greater ambitions. External community involvement is also a result of increased social awareness and there are cases…… [Read More]

References

1. 'Corruption and Bribery', a Business for Social Responsibility Report, retrieved from Internet on 26 May 2005, http://www.bsr.org/CSRResources/IssueBriefDetail.cfm?DocumentID=49621

2. CEO Forum, Retrieved from Internet on 18 October 2005, http://www.ceoforum.com.au/CEO Dialogue.htm

3. China: The Ancient Road to Communism, Retrieved from Internet on 18 October 2005, http://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/sgabriel/prcancient.htm

4. Donnelly, S., Gamble, A., Jackson, G., Parkinson, J. (2000). The public interest and the company in Britain and Germany. London, England: Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society. Retrieved September 17, 2005, http://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=The+Community+Interest+Company& ie=UTF-8& oe
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Building Trust Between Police and Communities Police

Words: 1148 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58441676

Police: Building Trust Between Police and Communities

Building Trust between Police and Communities: Police

Police Trust, Integrity and Ethics in Bridging the Gap in Community elations

The death of Eric Garner in the hands of New York police, and the shootings of 12-year-old ice Tamir and Michael Brown in Ohio and Missouri respectively, have and continue to brew a wave of public mistrust in the police service. Such incidences often spur massive public protests that eventually destroy relations between police and the communities they serve. A study conducted by euters on 3,600 citizens between December 2014 and January 2015 found that a significant 27.6% of adult Americans do not trust the police to be fair and just (euters, 2015). In December, 2015, President Barrack Obama signed an executive order creating the Task Force on 21st Century Policing, whose primary aim is to build confidence and trust in the local police.…… [Read More]

References

IACP. (2010). Building Trust between the Police and the Citizens they Serve. The International Association of Chiefs of Police (ICAP). Retrieved from http://www.theiacp.org/portals/0/pdfs/BuildingTrust.pdf

Miller, L. & Hess, K. (2007). Community Policing: Partnerships for Problem-Solving (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.

Raines, J. (2011). Ethics in Policing: Misconduct and Integrity. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Reuters. (2015). Do Americans Trust their Cops to be Fair and Just? New Poll Contains Surprises. Reuters.com. Retrieved from http://blogs.reuters.com/great-debate/2015/01/15/one-third-of-americans-believe-police-lie-routinely/
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Public Relations Has Successfully Distanced

Words: 2106 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17708887

In creating a brand it is impossible for Pr campaigns to lie. People however tend to divide PR in good and bad. A PR campaign trying to convince people to wear the seatbelt fastened while driving is considered good, a PR campaign trying to discredit a political candidate's opponents is considered bad. If the former case is pretty clear, the latter one makes s wonder where the border between ethics and efficiency is. We must always keep in mind the fact PR has become and ethical profession therefore regardless of its final purpose it must respect a code of ethics which is universally valid (doing otherwise would compromise it, its very success depends on this).

One example of an extremely efficient PR campaign is the one initiated by the candidate to be president arack Obama. The campaign included all the possible media, press, TV, radio, advertising and the internet. Through…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Bernays, E 1998, 'Counselling not communications', International Public Relations Review, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 28-32.

Gower, K 2008, 'U.S. corporate public relations in the progressive era', Journal of Communication Management, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1-19, .

Heath, RL 2001, 'Shifting foundations: public relations as relationship building', in RL Heath & GM Vasquez (eds.), Handbook of public relations, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, California, pp. 1-9.

Ledingham, JA 2003, 'Explicating relationship management as a general theory of public relations', Journal of Public Relations Research, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 181-198, EBSCOhost, Communication & Mass Media Complete
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Poilice Community Strained Relationships

Words: 599 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42075733

Police Community elations

Does it eally Exist?

The policing organizations throughout the United States have been the subject of vast amounts of negative publicity in recent years. Although these relationships have always perceived as tense, especially by minority groups, in recent years many instances of police brutality have been digitally recorded and shared throughout many forms of media, including social media. The advancement of technology has allowed for most people to be able to create their own videos on demand, typically with the use of smart phones, which has created a situation in which many questionable acts by police officers have been documented. Because of this relatively recent development, it is unclear if there is actually a rise in occurrences of issues such as police brutality, or if there are just more examples of such instances that are being documented and shared.

ecently, the U.S. Justice Department's Office of Community…… [Read More]

References

Gest, T. (2015, October 2). DOJ Slams St. Louis County Cops on Community Relations. Retrieved from The Crime Report: http://www.thecrimereport.org/news/inside-criminal-justice/2015-10-cops-on-st-louis-county

Weitzer, R., Tuch, S., & Skogan, W. (2008). Police -- Community Relations in a Majority-Black City. Journal of Research in Crime & Deliquency.
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Community's Main Demands and the Company's Responses

Words: 1377 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82683358

community's main demands and the company's responses, we need to briefly discuss the three main categories of concern that the Manchester community has brought forward. These basically refer to pollution concerns, safety concerns and overall communication with the company's representatives.

The pollution concerns include both phonic and chemical pollution. As a chemical plant, Rhone - Poulenc transports out of the company impressive quantities of chemical waste. Additionally, preparing sulfuric acid, the company's main endeavor, implies the release into the atmosphere of hazardous residues that can only prove harmful to the citizens' health. The examples of cancer and other diseases are numerous in the area, although, as an observation, Rhone-Poulenc is not the only factory operating in the area. Pollution also includes phonic pollution, as numerous transport facilities, notably trains, ensure a noisy day.

In terms of safety, living next to a chemical plant means that one never knows what to…… [Read More]

Wheeler, Michael. Negotiating the Right to Know: Rhone-Poulenc and Manchester, Texas (A-2). Harvard Business School. May 1998. Page 2.

Ibid. Page 3

Ibid.
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Community Planning Methods that Involve Legalization of Recreational Marijuana

Words: 3131 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22078473

In the shifting views about the health effects of marijuana, there is a general trend for states to relax the rules around this substance across the nation. Some states have already lifted the ban against marijuana for recreational purposes. The state of California set the pace in this discussion and shifting perceptions when it passed a proposal now popularly known as proposal 215 to allow possession of small amounts of the substance for medical uses (Murphy and Carnevale 2016). Other states have followed suit. The most notable among these states are the District of Columbia and six other states. They represent about 6% of the population of the nation. They have all allowed possession of marijuana; not for medical use only, but for recreational purposes.

There are several contributing factors to this phenomenon. One of the most outstanding reasons is that the much-touted war on drugs across the nation has…… [Read More]

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Community Health

Words: 2829 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 451523

Health - Nursing

Community Health 9400

Community Health

Community Health

Community

America is the most obese nation in the world. American nation in general and people of Lansdowne in particular are studied here for the issues of obesity. Lansdowne is located in county of Delaware, Pennsylvania with a diverse population and demographics.

Geographical area

Lansdowne is located in east of America. The city is at WikiMiniAtlas

39°56"29"N 75°16"31"W? / ?39.94139°N 75.27528°W. The city has land area of ? / 39.94139; -75.275281.2 square miles and zero percent area is covered with water. Geographically the city is in southwest of Philadelphia at about 5 miles' distance. The area is majorly covered by residential apartments and some area is also commercial. City also has some artistic and historic buildings.

Population and Demographics

In 2010, the population of Lansdowne, Pennsylvania was 10,579 (State & County Quick Facts, 2013). During the census of 2010, it…… [Read More]

References

Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Overweight and Obesity, (2012), Retrieved from:

http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/stateprograms/fundedstates/alabama.html

State & County Quick Facts, (2013), Retrieved from:

http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/01000.html
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Community Outreach

Words: 1677 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83681436

Troubled Youth and Aged Individuals: Contemporary Community Case Study

There are two age groups in the present population with specific needs required to fulfill and direct them at a pivotal moment in their life's development when paired together represent reciprocal provision of care during a critical stage in the lives of each of these two representative groups of contemporary society. The two age groups at focus in this study are today's youth and the present aged population in the community. Youth are disproportionately characterized as having behavioral problems and the community elders are a reservoir of guidance for these youth who in return have much to offer the aged as well.

The research proposed in this specific study involves collaboration with teacher, the school board, and counselors to prepare a method of providing school credits in return for volunteer work on the part of students who are also categorized as…… [Read More]

Bibliography

A Year's Worth of Mentoring Activities: 52 Ideas -- One for Each Week of the Year, Legacy Project. Retrieved from:  http://www.legacyproject.org/valentinekit/part1/yearsworthmentoring.pdf 

Bosak, SV (nd) Effective Mentoring. Retrieved from:  http://www.legacyproject.org/guides/mentors.html 

Elements of Effective Mentoring Practices (nd) Legacy Project. . Retrieved from:  http://www.legacyproject.org/valentinekit/part1/effectivementoring.pdf 

MENTORING INITIATIVES: An Overview of Youth Mentoring. A Center for Substance Abuse Prevention Conference and Meeting Document. April, 2000. Retrieved:  http://www.nationalfamilies.org/parents/mentor.pdf
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Into to Community My Community

Words: 1544 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75789212

Community

hat makes a community, and how are individuals positioned within a community? hat challenges are part of belonging to a community and what are the challenges associated with membership in a community? Answers to these and other questions will be presented in this paper.

The Literature on Community

Among the key questions addressed in social work is this one: how is your role as a social worker influenced by the community you participate with and live within? Moreover, how does the social worker establish his or her identity within the framework of community and social work?

Lori Thomas and colleagues write in the Journal of Social ork Education that because of the attention paid to the concept and position of a "community organizer" during the last presidential election, it provided social work educators with an opportunity to "revisit and enhance community practice" (Thomas, 2011, p. 337). After all, Thomas…… [Read More]

Works Cited

[Chapter 1] "Importance of Community"

[Chapter 2] "Introduction to Community Development"

Thomas, Lori M., Netting, Ellen F., and O'Connor, Mary Katherine. (2011). A Framework for Teaching Community Practice. Journal of Social Work Education, 47(2), 337-354.

Transcript: Miawpulek First Nation.
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Definition of Community

Words: 1912 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46267914

Community

Etymology of a "Community"u

Community is a group of people that share similar values and interests, work towards similar goals and support each other. There are many different types or groups of people that qualify as a "community." A community does not have to be a particular size to qualify as a "community" although generally most communities consist of a group of people that is roughly a dozen or more (Smith, 2001). The neighborhood most people live in and work in is generally considered a community.

Smith (2001) quotes Hoggett (1997) in stating that since the late 19th century, the "use of the term community has remained to some extent associated with the hope and the wish of reviving once more the closer, warmer, more harmonious type of bonds between people vaguely attributed to past ages" (p. 5). Most people consider the term community a "positive" term, meaning they…… [Read More]

References:

Cohen, A.P. (ed). 1982. Belonging. Identity and social organization in British rural cultures,

Manchester: University of Manchester Press. u

Lindeman, E.C. 1921. The Community. An introduction to the study of community leadership and organization. New York: Association Press.

Putnam, R.D. 2000. Bowling alone. The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon and Schuster.
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How Community Policing Has a Positive Effect on Suburban Communities

Words: 1340 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48331808

Community policing arose from dissatisfaction with traditional policing. According to Brogden (1999), traditional police work focuses primarily on fighting serious crime. Proponents of community policing claim that this framework of policing has failed to serve the needs of the community and that traditional police work ignores the factors that most communities regard as priority. Fleming (2005) adds that traditional crime control methods failed to adequately address crime. Brogden (1999) explains that traditional policing "has been faced with several inter-linked crises -- of operations (policing practices are highly ineffective at dealing with crime): of efficiency in crime prevention, especially in the failure to enlist the potential of citizens and communities in this process of crime prevention, and in dealing with the symptoms rather than the causes of crime; of professionalism (the lack of relations between higher police pay, codes of conduct, and effectiveness); and of accountability" (p. 173). Fleming (2005) adds…… [Read More]

References:

Alldredge, P. (2009). The Contradictions of Neighborhood Watch: The Growth and Success of a Failed Crime Prevention Strategy. Conference Papers -- American Sociological Association, 1. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

Bennett, T., Holloway, K., & Farrington, D. (2006). Does neighborhood watch reduce crime? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 2(4), 437-458. doi:10.1007/s11292-006-9018-5

Brogden, M.M. (1999). CHAPTER 10: Community Policing as Cherry Pie. In, Policing Across the World (pp. 167-186). Taylor & Francis Ltd. / Books. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

U.S. Department of Justice. (2011). Community policing. Office of Justice Programs: Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved from http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=81#terms_def
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Characteristics Cops a Community of Practice in

Words: 1925 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13920733

Characteristics CoPs

A community of practice in the procurement department

The procurement of materials and equipment such as schoolbooks and construction materials by government officials for the construction of public services and infrastructure involves contracting agencies that provide such services. These processes are often plagued with wastage of public resources, mismanagement, corruption, and graft. In this regard, Community-Led Procurement (CLP) allows local communities to control and implements the procurement process. They achieve this by creating groups that lead to accountability and openness, improved value of money, reduced wastage, and corruption, better quality of services and works and increased use of local contractors and workers. CLP also assists local community members to develop according to their vision (Alvesson & Karreman, 2007).

All government procurement programs have been plagued by waste and inefficiencies. The local communities have been lacking knowledge in terms of actors, processes, and costs involved. Cumbersome and slow systems…… [Read More]

References

Abrahamson, E. (2006). Management fashion. New York: ProQuest.

Alvesson, M. & Karreman, D. (2007). Odd couple: making sense of the curious concept of Knowledge Management: Journal of Management Studies, 38(7), 995-1018

Baym, N. (2005). Tune in, log on: soaps, fandom and online community. Thousand Oaks, CA:

Sage Publications
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Family Relations as Portrayed in Commercial Ads

Words: 3259 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10879807

Family Relations as Portrayed in Commercial Ads

Family relations are an important consideration in how companies interact with them. his is based on the knowledge that families form the nucleus of the society. As a result, ad developers have realized the necessity of addressing family relations in ad development. Commercial ad development with family consideration has a deep history relating back to the industrial revolution. Intuitive ads developed at the time focused inherently on the social attitudes (behavior and principles) as reflected on the reach of the ad to the society. In engineering the ad, different members of the family, are presented in their demographic role of a society or a family. his analysis will comprehensively analyze thirty-five ads, twenty-four commercial ads and eleven prints ads by examining the nature of family relationships in the society targeted by the each ad. he study will also analyze the dominant family types…… [Read More]

This print advertises the Kalbe Family initiative

The main context of the advert is a nuclear family matching in front

The dominant family is the nuclear family. The ad communicates on the essentiality of having protection covers for a family http://www.behance.net/gallery/KALBE-FAMILY-REWARDS-PRINT-AD-2012-%28KEY-VISUAL%29/8611195
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Neighbourly Relations Making and Remaking Neighbourly Relations

Words: 1145 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52610259

Neighbourly elations

Making and emaking Neighbourly elations

For many residents, the idea of have a neighbourhood with a sense of community is very important. It is often the kinds of things that those interested in selling properties uses as a means of reassuring prospective buyers of the 'great neighbourhood' and the sense of solidarity neighbors can provide although interactions within neighbourhoods is not as clearly defined. esearchers assert that in the process of being neighbours in representing the relational identity of neighbor there is an ongoing process, both physical and ideological, of developing, modifying, and infracting and rebuilding boundaries between what is deemed public and private, and the home and street.

According to scholars, individual relationships with neighbours are contingent upon a number of factors inclusive of cultural background, socioeconomic stratification, age, and length of residency, individual preferences and social characteristics (Taylor, Hunchliffe, Clarke & Bromley, 2009). One of the…… [Read More]

References

Attwood, C., singh, G., Prime, D., Creasey, R. et al. (2003) 2001 Home Office Citizenship

Survey: People, families and communities, London, Home Office.

Crow, G., Allan, G., and Summers, M. (2002), 'Neither busybodies nor nobodies: managing proximity and distance in neighbourly relations', Sociology, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 127-45.

Harris, K. And Gale, T. (2004) Looking out for each other: Manchester Neighbourliness Review [online], community Development Foundation.
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Minority and Social Relations Between Christians and Muslims in the Mediterranean 1400

Words: 1321 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8528694

Minority and Social elations Between Christians and Muslims in the Mediterranean

In the 14th century, a change was occurring on the Iberian Peninsula. This is when the Christians were able to expel the Muslims and cement the foundations for modern European expansionism. To fully understand what took place requires examining the books The oyal Treasure and The Muslims of Valencia. This will be accomplished by focusing on: the author's thesis / supporting arguments, life between Christians / Muslims and the thesis established on minority dissident. Together, these elements will highlight the social relations between these groups during this time.

Both author's thesis and supporting arguments on populations groups' hegemony was secured and established dissident minority

According to Boswell (1977), the Muslims living in Valencia and other areas were provided with greater amounts of protection under the King in comparison with the Catholic Church. This is because the crown allowed them…… [Read More]

References

Boswell, John. The royal treasure: Muslim communities under the Crown of Aragon in the fourteenth century. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977.

Cohen, Yehuda. The Spanish. Portland: Sussex Academic Press, 2012.

Menocal, Maria. The Ornament of the World. New York: Warner Books, 2009.

Meyerson, Mark. The Muslims of Valencia in the age of Fernando and Isabel: between coexistence and crusade. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.
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Constructing a Cooperative Community in Education

Words: 1881 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29313173

Constructing a Cooperative Community in Education

In a drama film "12 angry men" of 1957, one can draw some vital lessons that can help manage a community as well as an organization. The film explores various techniques on consensus building, and the difficulties a person encounters when managing a large number of people. When managing a large number of individuals, one cannot escape the fact that there is a variation of personalities to control. The film centers on an 18-year-old boy accused of stabbing his father to death. The judge in the case informs the jury that a guilty verdict will include a mandatory death sentence. The team of jurors retires to a private room before proclaiming their verdict.

They take a vote on the case, and majority members of the team have already taken a guilty stand except juror 8. However, the vote of juror 8 annoys other jurors…… [Read More]

References

Johnson, C.E. (2007). Ethics in the workplace: Tools and tactics for organizational transformation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Johnson, C.E. (2012). Meeting the ethical challenges of leadership: Casting light or shadow. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Kouzes, J.M., & Posner, B.Z. (2011). Credibility: How leaders gain and lose it, why people demand it. San Francisco, Calif: Jossey-Bass.

Nicholi, A.M. (2002). The question of God: C.S. Lewis and Sigmund Freud debate God, love, sex, and the meaning of life. New York: Free Press.
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Halfway House Programs Community Resistance and Possible

Words: 1055 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77511519

Halfway House Programs: Community esistance and Possible Solutions

Halfway houses are Community-Based esidential Facilities or Community esidential Centers. Additionally, volunteers or correctional officer's head this halfway house programs in a community-based setting. Halfway house programs provide an important role between institutional care and the community (Sechrest, 1991). This is because they offer rehabilitative and residential services to the designated community. In addition, they provide a chance for exceptional and creative programming aimed at solving the needs of the community and its residents at large.

In addition, the use of these programs is not a new idea because most of the offenders under observation, they are supervised in the community. Some of the offenders who receive community supervision include offenders under probation, those who receive a conditional sentence, and people who are gradually in the process of release into the community through a parole or a statutory release (Lindsay, 1991). It…… [Read More]

References

ICCA. (2010). Siting Community Corrections Facilities. ICCA. Retrieved 29 September, 2013

from http://iccalive.org/icca/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=95&Itemid=554

Krause, J.D. (n.d) Community opposition to correctional facility siting: Beyond the "NIMBY"

explanation. Humboldt Journal of Social Relations, 17(1&2), 239-262.
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Future Trends in Community Corrections

Words: 1684 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8999499



Future community corrections should also address economic, social, and cultural development of the society. This involves executing correction programs such as work releases. ork release programs would enable inmates to focus on transition and healthy interaction within the community. The inmates participating in this program have the opportunity to find and retain employment chance. They also have the chance to connect with their families thus development of the functional unit of society. Participation in the work release program would enable criminals to contribute to the community effectively and productively. The inmates grow and develop by learning and refining social and economical skills such as attending to stores, driving buses, and offering managing skills to financial resources (Corbett p. 306).

Community correction agencies should also consider developments of community-based jails to deliver towards safety of the society. This would help reduce the number of criminals among the other members of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Sampl, Susan, Sara Wakai, and Robert L. Trestman. "Translating Evidence-Based Practices

from Community to Corrections: An Example of Implementing DBT-CM." Journal of Behavior Analysis of Offender & Victim: Treatment & Prevention 2.2 (2010): 114-123.

Criminal Justice Abstracts with Full Text. Web. 18 Sept. 2012.

Gunnison, Elaine, and Jacqueline B. Helfgott. "Factors That Hinder Offender Reentry Success:
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Cap Community Action Programs Caps

Words: 1102 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94406464

("hite House Drug Policy: Funding." (2006) Office of National Drug Control Policy) The lack of medical resources, however, currently available through most CAPs may make it difficult for CAPs to provide meaningful medical aid to addicted individuals. Most of the aid is likely to be directed towards hosting counseling and support groups. However, unlike federal drug efforts, CAPs, by allying themselves with faith-based community partnerships can provide psychological support by directing persons in need towards the potentially beneficial role that faith and spirituality play in the prevention of drug and alcohol abuse as conveyed through programs designed to treat and promote recovery from substance abuse such as Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous. ("Faith Based and Community Initiatives," 2006, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration)

Relationship between CAPs and HIV / AIDS

CAPs would seem ideal to fight AIDS, given that CAPs can deploy "community-oriented primary care," or an approach…… [Read More]

Works Cited

About Us: Community Action Agencies (CAA)." (2006). Community Action

Partnership (CAP). Retrieved 2 Dec 2006 at http://www.communityactionpartnership.com/about/about_caas/default.asp

Community Action Agencies and Faith-Based Organizations: A Legacy of Productive partnerships." 2000). Community Action Partnership (CAP). Retrieved 2 Dec 2006 at http://www.communityactionpartnership.com/research/CAAs-FBOs.pdf

Community Action Agencies and Local Youth: Building a Future Together." (2003).
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Coi the Community of Inquiry

Words: 419 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56927947



My approach can now be summarized and classified into one of the COI's subdivision categories which definitely helps me simplify my academic approach. Having an anchor point that corresponds to Frontier's philosophy essentially gives me a new way of communicating any topic to anyone who can understand the basic tenets of both COI and Frontier. It is essentially like speaking a different language that is specific to our line of thought.

Overall the experience at Frontier Bound really opened my eyes not only at ways that I can succeed and get better, but also introduced me to the serious problems that I will soon face. Learning about the conditions of our community can be a little disheartening at times, but with support of both my school and classmates, it appears I am part of something bigger than myself and can draw strength from this source. This new perspective of community…… [Read More]

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Health Community Health Even Though

Words: 618 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55407161



As a group, the 3 groups in this study showed significant increases on both the school-level accountability indicators like performance and progress and the core content indicators like reading, math, and writing for the 3-year period. This was expected and likely due to the importance placed on academic reform throughout the entire state educational system. Holding time constant, the level of implementation was an important factor, particularly on the reading and math indicators. Schools implementing CSHP at a low level had a considerably lower proportion of students meeting both the reading and the math standards than schools implementing CSHP at a high level.

Interestingly, schools implementing CSHP at a low level also had a considerably lower proportion of students meeting both the reading and the mathematics standards than those schools not implementing CSHP at all. This finding was not surprising given that for academically struggling schools, upholding fidelity across multiple…… [Read More]

References

Rosas, S., Case, J., & Tholstrup, L. (2009). A Retrospective Examination of the Relationship

Between Implementation Quality of the Coordinated School Health Program Model

and School-Level Academic Indicators Over Time. Journal of School Health, 79(3),
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Indian-Israeli Relations Valuable to India's

Words: 9235 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99898853

' Indians across the political spectrum, especially the country's powerful nuclear weapons establishment, are critical of the NPT, arguing that it unfairly warps international hierarchies to the disadvantage of the non-nuclear-weapon states" (1998:15). In its efforts to balance the pressures from the international community with its own self-interests in formulating foreign policies, the position adopted by India has been starkly different than other countries. In this regard, Karp concludes that, "Most states party to the NPT accept the unfairness of the treaty as a tradeoff that serves their own and global interests. India's leaders insist that fair and genuine nuclear disarmament must start with the nuclear-weapon states themselves, a demand formalized by former Prime Minister ajiv Gandhi in his 1990 global nuclear disarmament initiative" (Karp 1998:14).

As a result of these events, the 20th century witnessed the formation of various positions in Indian foreign policy that would endure throughout the…… [Read More]

References

Berlin, D.L. 2006 "India in the Indian Ocean." Naval War College Review 59(2): 58-59.

Chollett, D. & Lindberg, T. 2007 "A Moral Core for U.S. Foreign Policy." Policy Review 146: 3-

4.

Davis, C.B. & Rill, L.A. 2008 "Testing the Second Level of Agenda Setting: Effects of News
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Functions of Public Relations PR

Words: 1191 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79467869

Therefore the pubic relations specialist has to be conscious and fully aware of his or her role as intermediary between the organization and the public. This is particularly true of P specialists who work for government and organizations affecting health and the environment.

An example of social responsible P marketing is marketing that;

Identifies areas where the firm can make a positive difference.

Makes sure local media are aware.

Informs and involve employees.

Invests in advertising and public relations to highlight the firm's efforts.

Public elations, egulations and Sponsorship Programs)

In terms of the external responsibilities and functions of the P officer in an organization, media relations often take priority. The P specialist is trained to communicate and to enable the media to write and present the organization in a light that is conducive to the good image of the company.

In order to achieve these functions the public relations…… [Read More]

References

Public Relations Specialists. Retrieved 18 February, 2007, at http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos086.htm

Public Relations, Regulations and Sponsorship Programs. Retrieved 18 February, 2007, at http://64.233.183.104/search?q=cache:eLqM0aWlAxgJ:www.cob.sjsu.edu/vitale_r/clowch13Selected.ppt+social+function+of+Public+relations&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=35&gl=za

Virtual Communities - Social Implications of Public Relations. Retrieved 18 February, 2007, at http://wiki.media-culture.org.au/index.php/Virtual_Communities_in_Public_Relations_-_Social_Implications
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Individual Learning Plans in Community

Words: 4463 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74917892



V. Government System RARPA

The government introduced the RARPA Program which is abbreviated for the:: "Recording and Recognition of Progress and Achievement Summary of the Evaluation Report" in relation to the Pilot Projects April 2003 to March 2004 Learning and Skills Development Agency National Institute of Adult Continuing Education 2004 August. Since 2002 the Learning and Skills Council (LSC) has focused its efforts on establishing an appropriate method of recognizing and recording the progress and achievement of learners that is non-accredited in nature. Development of a model called the 'Staged Process." The RARPA consists of the application "of an explicit and common staged process to the recognition and recording of progress and achievement, together with the validation of this process through a range of judgments about its consistent and effective application." The background of the project is stated to be that LSDA and NIACE were involved in preparation of work…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

McCallum, Myra K. (1999) "Strategies and Activities to Stimulate Adequate ESOL Instruction in Content Area Courses and Increase Honest Effort and Motivation Among ESOL Students Dekalb County School System, Decatur, GA 1999 November U.S. Department of Education: #FL026093.

Your Guide 2 Skills For Life Policy and Strategy (2005) Skills and Education Network March Online available at: http://senet.lsc.gov.uk/guide2/skill sforlife/G2skillsforlifeG028.pdf

English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) Case Studies of Provision, Learner's Needs and Resources, National Research and Development Centre for Adult Literacy and Numeracy Online at www.nrcd.org.uk ISBN 0 95456492 Kings College London, University of Leeds, Institute of Education, University of London and Lancaster University.

Fogel, H. & Ehri, L.C. (2000). Teaching elementary students who speak Black English Vernacular to write in Standard English: effects of dialect transformation practice. Contemporary Educational Psychology, vol. 25.
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Race and Ethnic Relations History

Words: 2599 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28621843

Sooner than expected, the place became populated with variation of races - natives and whites.

The place, now called as the New Brooklyn has the following characteristics (Hampson, 2003 pp 14):

Big area which can accommodate more or less 100,000 residents

The population is fast growing, with a 110% growth rate

The populace are racially and ethnically diverse

These characteristics of the area provided positive and negative impact to the people living in it. First, the hugeness of the face offers more housing and business spaces for the people. This would of course ensure that every family will have a place to own. In the same manner, this will also ensure that a number of employment opportunities will be opened to the public. However the hugeness of the place could also mean that there are more issues that people could fight about. The populace can fight about land ownership. Unhealthy…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dakst, D. "New Americans Fresh off the Presses," the NY Times Washington Street Journal, Pp 3-11, Spring 2003.

Gonzales, D. "At 40-year Bronx Beach Party, Who Needs Sand?" NY Times, pp 17-19

Hampson, R. "New Brooklyn's Replace White Suburbs," USA Today, pp 14-16, 19 May 2003.

Kinzie S. "Conflicting Images of Amish Life," the Washington Post, pp 9-10, 28 July 2004.
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the importance of trust

Words: 923 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42785931

Community Relations

Ideas to Build Rapport Between Police and Residents in a Community

The police force is ultimately accountable to the public in one manner or another. Therefore, not only must the police justify its policies and actions relative to the public service of the community, but the community will also be the most important critic of their actions as well. Various policing organizations have come under intense scrutiny and have received a great deal of negative publicity through the mainstream and social media channels. The relationship between a police force and the community they serve is often tense, but with the massive spread of smartphones and portable cameras, the levels of animosities have reached new heights in some jurisdictions due to improper use of force in many cases. The friction between public servants and the community are experiencing vast amounts of friction because of such instances and the publicity…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gest, T. (2015, October 2). DOJ Slams St. Louis County Cops on Community Relations. Retrieved from The Crime Report: http://www.thecrimereport.org/news/inside-criminal-justice/2015-10-cops-on-st-louis-county

U.S. Department of Justice. (2007, November). Building Trust Between the Police and the Citizens They Serve. Retrieved from COPS:  http://www.theiacp.org/portals/0/pdfs/buildingtrust.pdf 

Weitzer, R., Tuch, S., & Skogan, W. (2008). Police -- Community Relations in a Majority-Black City. Journal of Research in Crime & Deliquency.